Newspaper of The New York Herald, 23 Mayıs 1845, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated 23 Mayıs 1845 Page 1
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W YORK HER AMD. Vol. XI., Ho. 140?Whole Ho. MOil. NEW YORK, FRIDAY MORNING, MAY 23, 1845. Price Two Cents. THE NEW YORK HERALD. JAMES GORDON BENNETT, Proprietor, Circulation? Forty Thousand. DAILY HERALD?Erery day. Price 3 cenU par copy?$.7 ii per annum?payable in advance. WEEKLY HERALD?Every Saturday?Price ?} cent* per copy?$S 13t cent* per annum?payah'e in advance ADVERTISEMENTS at the uaoal price*?alwayt ca?h in advance. PRINTING of all kind* executed with beauty and deipatch. OtT- All letter* or communication*, by mail, addrened to the eutablichment, mu?t be post paid, or the pottag* will be deducted from the *nb*cription money remitted JAMES GORDON BENNETT, TaoraiRToa op thc New Your Herald Establishment Northweit corner of Fulton ami Na**au itreeta TO WESTERN TRAVELLERS. jsg?j8fcji33 EXPRESS ANlJ PIONEER PACKKT LINK, From Philadelphia to Pittsburgh vis the PenMylvauit Rail roads and Ciuial?through iu 3^ dayj. The above line is now in lull operation and offers great inducements to persons who wish a mode of travelling to the wait. rhe cars are built in the most approved modern style, the bo its are fitted up in a superior manner, and every effort i* made by the proprietor* to condure to the comfort and convenience ol' travellers. The scenery on thU route is unrivalled, and the treat chain of Pannsylvauia internal improvement! is well wor thy i>( being seen. 15 v this route paaseugers avoid all the fatigues and dangers ah teiidant upon stage travelling, Aid at the same time make an e? Peditions trip. Tlie cars leave every morningat 7o'clock. Passengersan ad. vised to engage their places at Philadelphia. Office iu Philadel phia N. K. corner of Chcauut and Fourth streets, and at Nfla. IJ and lj South Third su. A. CUMMINGS, Agent. Philadelphia, May 17, l&IJ. For information, iu the city of New York, apply to it. H. KNISELL. Agent lor D. LEECH fc CO.'s Line. 7 West ?t, N. B. my 17 Cm rrc DRAFTS ON GREAT BRITAIN AND IRELAND?Persons wishing to remit mo ney to their friends in any part of England. Ireland, Scotland or Wales, can be supplied with drafts payable at sight, without dis count, lor any amount, from XI upwards. Ek<;la*d?Oil the Natioual and Provincial Bank of Eng. land; Messrs. J. Bartied & Co.. Eichange and Discount Bins, Liverpool; Messrs. James Bult It Sou, Loudon, and branches throughout England and Wales. In Ireland.?On the National Bank of Ireland, and Provin cial Bauk and branches throughout Ireland. I tr Scotland?On the Eastern Bank of Scotland, National Bank of Scotland, Greenock Banking Company, and branches throughout Scotland. The steamship Britannia sails from Boston on the 1st June, by which all drafts can be forwarded free. Apply to V/. *. J. T. TAPSCOTT. my 18 in 76 South st, cor. Maiden lane. FOR HALIFAX AND LIVERPOOL. THE Royal Mail Steam Ships HIBERNIA and BRITANNIA, will leave Boston for the l^above ports, as follows:? Hibernia, A. Ryrie, Esq., Commander.... . Friday, May 16th. Britannia, Juo. Hewitt, Esq., " Sunday, June 1st. Passage to Liverpool $120. Passage to Halifax 20. Apply to D. BINGHAM, Jr., Agent, 8 Wall st. P. S.?Persons wishing to embark are requested, in all cue*, to apply to the Agent before giving credit to auy report that "all berths are engaged." mlOrc H[lin ywa FARE SI 30.?Regular Opposition Liue be f!l| - W.1JIIW" Philadelphia and Baltimore, from the rVSaa>3BCKalower side of Chesnut street Wharf, every Moruing, Sundays excepted, at 7 o'clock, through in 9 hours, via Chesiqieake and Delaware Canal, and connect with all the lines south and west from Baltimore. On the Delaware. Ou Chesapeake Bay. Steamer PORTSMOUTH, Steamer THOS. J EVFER Cain. J. Devoe. SON, Capt. Phillips. And tlirough the Canal, a distance of 13 mile* ouly, are first rate packet boats. Iu fact the accommodation by this line, both for spaed and comfort, is equal to any other line between the two citietfl Philadelphia, April 17, 18-15. MORRIS BUCKMAN, Agent, a!7 lm*m Office No. 30 South Wharves. .Mft THE MOST" DELIGHTFUL OF ALL fo EXCURSIONS.?A sail across the Hudson LJr River to Hoboken, and then a walk to the Ely sun 1'ieliU, along the exceedingly beantifnl and picturesque shores of the place, will prove the most easily accomplished and attractive of all rural excursions that can be mad* from the "foe Grounds now present a charming aspect, the trees baing in leaf and the soil covered with a rich turf. The Walks are in excelleut order, liaving been considerably embellished the present spring. The Ferry Boats from Barclay, Canal and Christopher streets, are completely fitted up with Awuings and seats. Ni?'ht Boats run from Hoboken to Barclay street, until 1) o'clock Ferriage, 8!< cents. myll 2wis*re PEOPLES' LINE OF STEAMBOATS FOR ALB AN V DAILY?Sundays Excepted?Through Di ? rect, at 7 o'clock P. M., from the Pier between ?Courtlaudtand Liberty streets. leav Si __ . leave on Tuesday .Thursday and Saturday evenings, at 7 o'clock. At J o'clock P. M., lauding at intermediate place, from th* foot of Barclay street. Steamboat COLUMBIA. Capt. W. H. Peck, will leave on Monday, Wednesday, Friday aud Sunday Afternoons, at ) o'clock. Steamboat NORTH AMERICA. Captain L. W. Braiuard, will leave ou Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday Afternoons, at S o'clock. Passengers taking either of the above Lines will arrive in ample time for the Morning Train of Cars-for the east or west. The Boats are new aud substantial, are furnished with new and elegant state rooms, and for speed aud accommodations are nn rivalled ou tlie Hudson. Freight taken at moderate rates. All persons are forbid trusting any of the Boats of this Line, without a written order from tlie Captains or AgeuU. For passage or freight, apply on board the boats, or to P. C. Schultr.. at the office on the wharf. m!9rc STATEn'iSLAND 1? ERRY, FOOT OF WHITEHALL STREET. FARE REDUCED TO 6U CENTS. The Steamboats SYLPH and STA7EN ISLANDER will leave as follows until further notice:? LEAVE NEW YORK: 8,9, 10, II and 12, A. M.: 1, 2. 3X, 5 and6, P.M. LEAVE STATEN ISLAND: 8, 9, 10, II and 12, A. M.; 1, 2, 4, 1, and 6 P. M. myOrn NEW FERRY FOR STATEN ISLAND. The fast sailing steamboat WAVE, Captaiu ?Vandcrbilt. will, on and after Sunday, leave .Pier No. 1 East River, foot of Whitehall street, every Uay at ti uid 11 o'clock, A. M., aud 3 and 6 o'clock, P. M. Leave Sute.i Island at 8 and 10 o'clock, A. M., and 1 and i o'clock, P. M. Uv "Fare fi'a cents. Freight ui proportion. landing at Tompkintville and Stapletan each way. O.i Sundays the boat will leave every hour. N. U.?By patronizing this boat the public will have the fare ?t a price in proportion to other Ferries. For further informa tion, Inquire o.i board the boat, or at 19 West st. my!7 lm*ec LIVERPOOL LINE OF PACKET*?Packet ol ?the (itli June?The splendid aud favorite pockct ship (PATRICK HENRY, J. C. Delano master, will po sitively sail aa above, her regular day. Having very su)>erior accommodations for cabin, second cabin aud steerage passengers, persons desirions to embark by this su perior |>icket, should make early application on board, foot of .Maiden Lane, or to the subscriber, JOSEPH McMURRAY, 100 Pine street comer of South street The packet shin liide|ieudence, F. P. Allen, master, will suc ceed the Patrick llenry, and sail on the 6th df July. m8re FOR LIVERPOOL?New Line? Regular Packet ?of the 26th May?The elegant fast sailiug Packet Ship ?Sli Kill DAN, Capt. A. F. De Peystrr, of 1100 tous, will sail as abore, her regular day. I'or freight or passage, having accommodation unequalled for splendor and comfort, apply ou board, at Orleaaa wharf, foot ol' Wall street, or E K. COLLINS It CO., M South sum. Price of passage $100. Packet Sliip Ganrick, Capt. B. J. H. Trask, of 1181 ton*, will snec-ed lit- Sheridan, aud sail 20th June, her regular day. nZ7 ec ^ WANTED Oy>d and suitable vessels to freight Coal Irotn Philadelphia and Bristol to Boston, Provi dence. Saeo, Norwich, Allen's Point, Greeii|?irt, Hart loru, ?>. w Haven, Middleton, Albany, Troy aud other iwrts. The highest price vrill liepain and constant employment given. Appfv to KltEDERICK TYLER It CO., 6 Wall street, or E. 8AFFORD it CO., aW lm*rc HI Dock street. Philadelphia. NEW LINE OK PACKETS FOR LIVERPOOL ??IVkrrof "'st Mav?The splendid and favorite pack act ship <<l' KEN OF THE WEST, 1100 tons burthen, 4^t|iMin Philip Woodhonse, will sail on Wednesday, May 21? her reirnlar dav. W. fc J. T. TAPSCOTT At their general passage office, South street, m"flrc comer of Maiden Lane. KOR NEW ORLEANS?Louisiana and New > Vork Line?Regular Packet, to sail Monday, the 9th hwi'ii''''?Tlie elegant, fast sailing Packet Ship ST. MA l< i, t apt. Foster, will positively sail as abore, her regular day For freight or itaasage, having handsome famished accommo dations, apply ou hoaid, at Orleans wharf, foot of Wall St., or to . . E. K. COLLINS It CO., ? South st. Positively no goods received ou board after Saturday Evening; J line 7tli. .Agent in New Orleans Mr. JAMES t WOODRUFF, who will promptly forward all goods lo his address. mX m r PASSAGE FOR HAMBURG-With Despatch ? Tlie splendid new pscket ship SILAS HOLMES, ?< apt. O. C. Berry, will sail as above and can very couiiiiiiauly accommodate a limited number of of paavwigTTv in ciliiri and steer.ige. This ship having lieen built expressly for a New Orleans packet her accommodations are of the lieat and inost coatly description. Persons wishing to secure bartlis should in.ikv eaily application on board, or to <V. It J. T. TAPSCOTT. my20 rrc corner Smith street and Maiden lane. PACKET FOR M ARSEILLES.?The new ship PRINCE DE JOINV1LLE, Captain Lawrence will sail on the 1st proximo. The accommodations tin-1? .engers will he equal to those of suy of the rackets of the port. For freight or passage, cabin or steerage, apply to CHAMBERLAIN k PHKLPS, or to ui> II ec BOYD fc HINCKEN, Agents. LONDON LINE~OF PACKETS-Packet of lb* ,l?t June?1The splendid and Isst sailing packet ship ^MEDIATOR, J. M. Chadwiok, master, will sail as rtlmve, i?-r regular day. Ilaring su|ierior accnmmodations for cahin, second cabin and steerage passengers, |iersons wishing to secure lierths should make > irly application to the subscriber JOSEPH M'MURRAT, my22 _ _ JOO Pinejitreet corner of South. FOR LIVERPOOL?The New Li*? Regular Packet 2Ut June?The superior fast saiting Packet ship ROCHESTER. 800 tons burthsa, Capt. John Britton, will sail as above, her regular day. WOODHULL It MINTURNS, 87 South strMt. Trice of passage $108. myttrrc N Vii #i > \5 ??? Dressing and Ladies' and i? n 1 MlkieeJu?bU*ewt has removedfrom 1.1'Jr il ft BfOMwijf, ? few (loom below. He would n> spectfully inform hu customers and the pabli* that li? will al ways be ?? attendance to wait on those who will favor bin with tkoir patronage. . *rangers wishing to purchase Hair, of any d?a<riptioa, would do well to call and see the aaaortment which he haw constantly 0? hand at wholesale and retail. N. B.?His justly celebrated Japouica Jniae, for cleansing the head and moiiteninit tha hair, cannot baobtaiuedat any other place than at bia store. WILLIAM DIBBLEE, JSJH Broadway. bq) 20 lw* ja opposite the Park. ORGAN FOR SALE?A G O Church Orgau, with iu atopa, inclosed in a awell octave of pedals and shifting movement, oak painted case, ID feat high, ? feet front, 3-t deep, warranted of the beat materiala and woifcmanahip, and would be uJSSwX V!fi church. Terau moderate. Apply to Dr HOU8 rON, Herald Office. my 19 lw*nrc RATS, MICE-ANlTC0CKR0ACHES. THIS is to certify tliat we hare usedSoloman Levi's Eiter minator for Rata and Cockroaches, and it has given the greatest satisfaction for the purposes intended. U. 8. DUNNING, Dunning'* Hotel, _ S3 Courtland st. W. MOREHEAD. 41 Courtland st. D. GRAHAM, 79 Courtland st, . and a host of other*. jlFor sale at RUSHTON It CO's, No. 110 Broadway, 10 Astor House, aud 8.KJ Broadway, New York. m21 lm*rrc FIRE WORKS! FIRE fVORKS ! ! TVf R- EDGE respectfully informs the public that his ar ?LVX rangements this season are on tha Oost extensive soale ever attempted in this country. He is ROjr fully prepared to furnish Cities, Towns, Public Gardens, Theatre*, Parties, he. with pyrotechnic displays, varying in price from $30 to 13000, comprising tha moat brilliant and variegated fires and appropri ate designs. Mr. E. will also add to his display this season four entire new colors, never before exhibited ta the public?A Car mine, Royal Purple, Maroon aud Mai&rin* Blue, unknown to any other Pyrotechn i?t. N. B.?No agents. ISAAC EDGE, Jr., Pyrotechnist, my20 Im'ee Jersey t'itr. GENTLEMENS' LEFT OFF WARDROBK WANTED. GENTLEMEN and Families can obtain tha foil value for all superflous affects they wish to dispose of, (either gentlemen ?r I idles,) by sending to tnesubscriber, whodoes not pretend to give twenty per cant more than any other person, but will give * 'or all articles offered. Gentlemen leaving the city will find it to their advantage to aand for the subscriber previous to MUmg to any other person. J. LKVEnSTV N. N B?A line through the Post Mice, directed to 466 Broad way, will be promptly attended to. my2llin*m CJiST OFF CLOTHINGAND FURNffURR~ yyjftfTED f ADIES AND GENTLEMEN having say any cart off or -Li superfluous Clothing to dispose of will fnd it to their ad vantage to send for the subscriber, who will pay the highest cash price for the same. M. 8 COHEN, 69 Duanest. N. B.?A line through the Poat Office, or otherwise, will be promptly attended to. m90 lm*ec OENTLEMEN'S LEFT OFF WARDROBE. /""1ENTLEMEN or Families going to Europe or elsewhere, V? wishing to disencumber themselves of their superfluous Sfrifc,bft?2fe,r. gentlemen's; also. JEWELRY, rlKIt, AK.M8, kc. ?c, will obtain from the subscriber twenty percent more than from those who prete^to pnj^the highest _ ... , Office No. > Wall street. New York. Families or gentlemen attended at thair reeidence by ap pointment. And all orders left at tha subscriber's office, or sent through the post office, will be punctually attended to. m!7 lm*ec ULL) CLO'! OLD CIA)'! oi.l) r.ijyi THE SUBSCRIBER paya the highest pricea for Second Hand Clothing. Clothing altered, repair* leaned in a superior style. Remember the No., ISO street. GEO. LEvIE. *34 lm*re MONEY LENT. ~~ THE Subseriber has removed to 4S3 Pearl, comer ef Rase street, wh*n he continue* to loan mosey an any amount on do* goods, gold and silver watches, plate, jewelry, diamonds, IW nitur*, wearing apparel, and every description of personal proper ty. A. ADOLPHUS, Licensed Pawnbroker, _ 4U Pearl, corner of Ro*e street. ? N-,B.~,S,?0tu may be received in the private office by ring ing the bell at the hall door. a30 lm*rc MONEY TO LEND. A BRAHAM J. JACKSON, Pawn Broker. M Read* .treet, xl. near Broadwar, loans sseiiey, in large or small sums, as may be required, on gold and stlv*r watchea, diamonds, silver plate, jewelry, dry good*, furniture, wearing apparel aud merchandize, of every description a30 lm*rc HARPS?REMOVAL OF- WAREROOMS To No. 281 Broadway, opposite Washington Hall. JF. BROWNE, Maker and Importer of Improred Patent ? Grand 6>? and 6 octaveDouble Action Harps,begs to inform his friends and the musical world, he has remoren his ware rooms to the above commodiu* premises, and would cidl their special attention to a new, unique, and beautiful specimen of grand 6>? octave double action Harp he has just completed. ,J-F. B. is constantly receiving the most flattering testimoni als from the first musical talent, regarding the superiority and great brilliancy of tone, touch, and perfect finish of his Harps, aud has received the Franklin medal of the Philadelphia Socie ty of Art*, for his improvements in thi* very delightful instru ment- Harp* repaired, Strings, Music, See. J. F. BROWNE, London, 181 Broadway, aud 73Chambtis street, New Yurk. myl7 lmdfcW'rc Estsbli.hed HIP. PACKET SHIP GAKRICK, from Liverpool- Consignee* by this ship will please liave their permits on board, at Or leans wharf, foot af Wall *t, immediately. All good* not per muted in five days must unavoidably be sent ta the public store. miO GALVANIZED IRON AND TIN. IIT? "a3 Aee" rican Pig Iron, for sale liy "" "fcASS iTWARD, "* my!3 3m*ec No. 71 Broad street PROSPECT HALL, YORKVILLE. CONRAD ABELMAN respectfully informs his friends and the public, that the above wall knowu and favorite place of resort has recently been refitted, and i* now open to receive vi sitors or boarders, who may wish to escape the dust, noise and inconveniences of a city life during the heat of summer. Prospect Hall, one of the most beautiAil country seats in the neiphl orhood of the city, is situated directly over the Harlem Railroad tunnel, and can be reached from theCity Hall in thirty minutes, either nv railroad or by the Harlem stages. The beauty of the house and of the surrounding scenery is too well known toneed an extended description. The attention of military companie* is particularly directed to the excellent converfiences for target-shooting, drill and parade grounds, tenpiu alleys, quoit grounds, he. Itc. The present pro prietor,at a very great expenae, has built out hou*es for all these purpose*, and he trusts that his endeavors to please will procure tor him the patronage of a generous public, and particularly of hi* military friend*. He pledge* himself that refreshments, tic. shall at all times be of the best quality and charges moderate. iny22 lmeod*m Q U A R TERM AN & SOU, PAINTERS, NO. 18 BURLING SLIP, New York. House, Sign and Shit Painting, Graining, Marblinn an? QlAtlNO. ALSO-LEAD SASHES. Fob Churches and Gothic Buildinos, made to order. m4 im'ec CARRIAGES FOR SALE. CEVERAL secondhand Carriages, consisting of Coaches. O Barouches, Rockaway and other Wagons; also an imported Landsulet Carringa, with glass front; also, several saddle and harness Horses, just from the country; also, a roan Pouey, II hands high; also, a barouch pair of Honrs, 16 bauds high and harness, the property of a gentleman going to Europe, all ol which will tw sold st a bargain. Can be seen at DISBRoW'S Riding School, 408 Bowery. mil Jt'rrc rAsHiUN AND PEYTONA AGAIN. PHILADELPHIA AND CAMDEN RACES will com Jt metier on the Camden Coune, N. J. TUJESIijiY, nth May, and continue three day. Tuesday, May 27th, Plate Jure, $300, three mile heats, four year olda and upwards, to carnr 104 Iba. Entrance 10 per cent. Sirae day, pane $100, mile heats, entrance 10 per cent added. Wednesday, Mth, pune (1000, $300 to secojd horse, four mile heau. Sam* day, para* $100; entrance 10 per cent, added?mile heata. Tliunday, pnrae $300, $30 to aecond hone?two mile heata. Same day, pune $300, $100 to aecond hone?three mile heata. SOu tlie four mile day, without aome accident happaaa to n or IVytona, they will again contend for the pune of $100#, four mi le heats, and the championship of the turf. The following atablea will be in attendance:?Mr. Laird with Faahion, Stanley Kclipae, Pelawan, lie. Mr. Kirkman with IVytoua, Jannetean, Liatunah, kc. Mr. Hare, with Patay An theuv, and three othen. Mr. Ten Broeck with Maria Peyton and Martha Washington. Mr. Packet with Mi?? Robinson and two othen. Mr. Van Mater haa four Mr. Loyd three, and Mr. ('onover, Dunvegan and Livingston. Mr. Shawtwo. Mr. Town two. Peyton II. Johnaon, the Colouel, Victor, he. All horaea running in the Plate Race will be |iermittrd to rtart in any other racc. Eutriea to ha madee ach day at I o'clock, and depoeited in the box at the Judge* stand with the entrance money. In the event of )>ad weather the racca will be postponed until the fmt fair day. In hII caaea two or more to make a race. Should there be no second best horse the wiuner to receive but $230, $400 and $100. Ilia pursea will be hung up in eolil. JOSEPH H. HELLINOS, for the proprieton, my 20 9t*rre U. 8. Hotel, Philadelphia. KOULSTONE'S RIDING SCHOOL, 13T and 130 Mercer Street* SMR. JOHN S. ROULSTONE haa the hooor to inform hia frienda and the public in general, that hia School for Instruction in Honemanahip ia now open ening, a? follows .? Houn for Gentlemen from 1 to I A. M. " ? Ladiea " ? A. M. to S P. M. Terns of instruction made knows oa application to Mr. Roulstone. , ... Mr. R. haa just received from the coaatry several line and atylish Saddle Honea, which ha ia authorised SO sell at a rea sonable price. my7rc SA KINK. PAIR of bay CARRIAGE HORSKS, ust from the country, will be sold low if applied for loon, a* the owner haa no use for them. They caa be kaon'a stable, 94 Mercer at. myfl >*?> _ roK salb-Am ir of dark dun Hones, 3 and ( iSpyenrt old, aaund and kind, with flowing black tnanea M"?1 taila, about 17 bids high and very flue and spirit ed drirera; alao the "off" hosM, an aceompliahed aaddle hone. They will BMaU or eichwad for a pair of dranslit noraee of leee value, a 1U Inquire at Mr. REED'S Sta blea in Mern*ifc.NK 17*, nnlr Bleeeker at, New York. mil Jt'rrc to LET OH LKASK. A PIECE OE LAND, on the Eighth Avenue and ?3d street, containing about 12 aciea of land. There is on the ^premises a Frame Dwelling, which would be re naked for a good tenant. Apply to ANTHONY CARROLL, W Im'ee t3 Naaaan at. tenant. Apply to J* MJHNIMHKU ROOM* tO WENT. with Breaklaat >-?)? and Tea?Parlon and Bedrooms, saitahle for gentlemea .uMLand their wives, or aiagle gentlemen; the location in Broadway, near r ranklin St. Alao, a fine Basement, auitable for an oAce; well furnished. Apply at M6 Broadway. myll lw rrc TO LET.?A Parlor and Bedroom, very neatly lur niahedjfto ^entlemen^and their wivea, or single^eutMmen, It Movement in Favor of a Social Reformation In Karope and tlkla Country. J. G. Bennett, Estj.? It is with regret that I have read your repeated cnticwra. of Association, and the manner in which it nas been confounded with doctrines of a commu nity of property, infidelity, Sec. See., with which it ? nas nothing in common. Your paper, with its large circulation, must have prejudiced a great many minds against it, and I desire through the same me | diumi to explain what Association really is, its aims, and the principles upon which it is based. Association aims at a Social Reformation?at a i reform which shall go to the root of the evils that afflict the great body of mankind, the rich as well as the poor, and oiler some effectual means of eradica ting tlicm. Association decjares that these evils are far more social and industrial in their nature than political, particularly in this country, and that politi in (j can "Nle or nothing towards remedy We beiievc that this movement in favor of a So cial Kefonnation is a true and just one, called for by the sullenng condition of millions of our fellow crea tures, by sound reason^ and by true charily and jus tice. it would seem, in fact, as if the time had arri ved in the history of the race, when the most ad vanced uafions should undertake intelligendy and with foresight, a Social Reform, after having gone through, as tney have, so many political, legislative, religious, and other reforms: it would seem as if Providence, in its mercy, had at length decreed that man should emerge from the long career of suffering through which he has gone, and it is in the light of this faith diat we explain the reason why this great problem is beginning to be agitated at the present time, far and wide, among the civilized nations of the earth. Let us glance at the progress which it is making, and its condition in some of the nations of Christendom. In France, where so many political reforms have been tried and with such fruitless or disastrous results, independent and investigating minds have become convinced of their impotency, and have gradually had their attention drawn to a deeper re form?to n reform in the social organization itself, instead of in the government and ad numeration. ^The idea of a social reformation is penetrating in consequence into nearly all the spheres of ntblic life in France?into the press, into politics and legislative deliberations, into the teach ings of political economy, and into literature. In I ans, two daily papers, La Democratir Pacifitiuc. and La Reformc, besides some weeklies and re views, are devoted to the cause, edited for the most part, with great ability, and advocating and pressing this great question upon the attention of the people. In the sphere of politics, where nuturally less free dom exists, the fundamental part only of the ques tion, and that in the shape of the organization of labor and an industrial reform has come up ; this, however, is the true and practical commencement of a social reform,Tand it is exciting the attention of nearly the whole press of France, and already counts among its advocates many of the lending minds of the nation. By the last arrivals of the French pa pers, we observed in the Journal rfes Dtbatt, even the principal conservative paper of Paris and minis terial organ, four long columns upon the subject, a thing unthought of ten years since, and RI. L6dree Rodin, member of the Chamber of Dfeputies, lately presented n petition, covered with forty-one thou sand signatures, praying for an inquest into the con dition of the laboring classes, and the state of labor, which was got up by the friends of the organiz ation of labor. These are trifles, but they show that the auestion is taking hold strongly of the public mind. In political economy, Blanqui and Michel Chevalier, who occupy the two principal chaira de voted to this science, in the Universities of Paris discuss the questions of Association and an Indus trial Reform, with perfect freedom, and with a ta lent that is remarkable, and is giving a new direc tion to the investigations of poBticaT economy. M. Ctevnli", who has lately been elected member oi the Chamber of Deputies, made in one of his late C9urs#8, the following declaration, which sums up his views upon this great question, and which is u prophecy as profound as it is concise. "As the question of Liberty," said he,?" has oc ctipied the attention of the world for the last fifty years, so the auestion of Association and the Orga nization of .Labor, will occupy it for the next fifty years to come." And this is true ; political reforms have engaged the attention of the world, and with un absorbing in tensity for the last half century ; the results which they can produce have been fully demonstrated in the United States, and although great in many res pects, yet insufficient. Now comes the time for the study and discussion of a Social Reform, as the continuation and completion of all past reforms, and its ap|)lication in such ways as the genius of diilerent nations shall dictate. In Literature this great problem has found in rranee some powerful allies and advocates; one of its noblest champions is Eugene Sue. It was under the inspiration ot this new Bocial idea that he wrote the Mysteries of Paris. His first effort in this di rection, and its success, as well as that of the Wan dering Jew, in which the ideas of Association, the organization of labor, and a social reform, are more fully developed, shows how broad a field the grand conceptions of a mere just and fortunate order of things and a higher and happier destiny for man on earth throws open to literature. A kind and gener ous heart beats in the boBom of Eugene Sue, and his pen and his intelligence are hereafter gained to the sacred cause of social reformation, and the eleva tion of the human race. We have not space to cn >?? further into the social movements in France, but the little which we have said, shows its magnitude, and that it is not based upon a visionary idea, but upon one full of living truth and justice, and which gainsjto its cause the allegiance of minds of a practical as well as a poetical character. In (Germany, the people of which appreciate so well universal principles, this new social movement is interesting the higher philosophic and literary minds on the one hand, ana to some extent the lead ing industrialists or master-workmen on the other.? It is also beginning to excite the attention of portions of the religious world. In Germany the separation between the wages classes or prolitartet, and the employers, is not so profound as in France and England. A certain de gree of sympathy and union exists between thein, notwithstanding the conflict of interests, the jeal ousies and rivalries which the competition system engenders, and this sympathy and union do great honor to the humane, honest and social character of the German people. This feeling is arousing the leaders in industry, who see that free competition, monopolized machinery, and other principles of mo dern industrialism, are sure to bring the people into the destitution and pauperism that exist in England, where the system has been longer at work, and they are looking with deep interest to the question of the devotion of the laboring classes, and a reform capa ble of effecting this result. In the sphere of philosophy several distinguished minds are devoting their labors to this social move ment, and also in the sphere of literature. In the latter, I will mention only the celebrated Hettina Amine, known more in this country for her corres pondence with Goethe, and certainly one of the most remarkable women of the age. She has lately written a work on the subject; and occupying, as she does, a high place in society, and being cele brated for her genius, she has all Germany for her r?'blie. Another distinguished author, llcinrich Heine, the Sterne of Germany, has written in his peculiar manner upon the question, and is urousing I enquiry, and exciting thought. | The (.tormnns have never taken much interest in the shallow politieal reforms, and the legislative controversies of the modern liln-ral party in Kun>|>e. The profound instinct ot the jx'ople has taught diem that something deeper was to lie sought for?(hat far more diorougli and organic reforms must be under taken to effect any really great and beneficial re salts. In this grand question of asocial reformation, they wilKfind, as they did, in their religious refor mation, an understanding worthy of their deep sin cerity and philanthropy, and their devoted enthu siasm, and they will move in it, we believe, from what we have ohsewed, and from signs abroad, with the power which they have always shown when a tnily great, just and universal cause, updat ed to their conscience and their sympathy. I^et us speak briefly of the progress of this social movement in one more naiien?in the United States. Here, where perfect freedom for the ex pression of opinion, and the propagation of new ideas exists, and the people are intelligent enough to comprehend new principles, the question of asocial Kefonn has been advocated in a direct and positive manner, and a definite plan has been pro|K>sed for ef fecting it. Anew order of Society, based upon the great principles of Association (which is the Chris tian principle of brotherhood, applied to the social a Hairs of man) upon a system of honorable and at tractive industry, upon unity of interests, and the harmonious act ion and play of those springs of ac tion emplanted in man, called afleelions ana passions ?has been advocated and pro|>os?l in the place of the present order of things, based upon opposite princi ples, upon the general isolation and uisasKociaiion of classes and families, upon repugnant and degrad ing industry, upon the conflict ot all interests, social servitude, and the discordant and perverted action of the passions and affections. This idea of a combihed or associative order, has ! spread quite rapidly throughout the country?a great bf?en ??ined to it?Beveral at 'r,u"f.r;,,ng'which """k ""Rs ^SSS S1*" '"',l,,i" xxncthinK of the hS association rests and Its me A. B. American Sunday School Union?Twenty Anniversary. Tfc- ??.?.? Ph.uadclfhu, May Jlat, 184?. bJi.H 7? r ?nnirer.ary ofthi. Society was cele !" at the Mu,ical Fund Hall, in the pre " " iubout aoo? People, of whom more than four-fifth, were ladies. A more brilliant array of beauty and fashion nover before filled the spacious .aloon of the building. T?ing W" MATTH1A8?C. M. We have thought of thy loving kindntn, O God ? Ps*lm xirlii. 8. Let all assembled here, On this returning day, Review the mercies of the year. And grateful homage pay. To'he?. our Ood and King, We glad ho,annas raise ; wu'^!1 bear our voire* sing The honors of thy praise. Command thy blessing, Lord ! On all assembled here ; AikI may we still thy grace record, Through every circling year. fl,hy,m" and Praj cr being concluded, Mr. Packard the Secretary arose and read the annual report of which the following i. an abstract, affording a general vi>w ?f the trensactiona of the Society in the coufse ofthe year 1- ajj | ensas of agents to collect this sum, and of missionaries 3ffi??S?tVSpS"0" ?~STSKS ta Son ZeZBC 7Iue ?f.t,ieso -libraries is, within a^ tr*Z school* fwS0- ' ?Ui ,lt '? e'timated that the number of schools aided la not far lrom two thousand, and thev are Jy J^bute^^ fer?ofVcf?70?nn?nf?? report4'ulverts t0 thc munificent of lfkR BMm t^ K i 0?01^1?'t0 ff'vc $1,500 in addition to a mr i a!dvanced by th? Society towards supply wiih ? i h "T Sunday schools in that State each provided that not more th?n ^aasMr&B -at-j-35 recefvVd ?UM^mo?d#hW0^PRUc/w0n8 haTC alrca<ly been ly supplied T??h? !?"" !* , om havo been prompt ly supplied. To this practical, most beneficent and no la project, not a dollar has been contributed to aid the SfSTift k" d?i?g VU I,art of thc work. except a donation It is * Northern cJeigyman resident in Georgia ' It is hoped some generous heart will yet be onen in?iA in accomplishing what remain, to be^done be Ihe Society has printed during the year 185 new mih. locations. Of these 30 are bound library book,- some of them, such as "Good-Better-Best,'' "History o7 th? C ran1it?rt ' Tr? Martyr Missionary," and "Thomas ranfield are of sterling value for the use of all class u number of new pages stereotyped durinir the vear eacT WhiCh " e<1Ual ,0 "xt>- ,8mo. yolumea of 73^>ages v?Ti'f.n?mber Jof p?g8' put iT> circulation durimr the cludinir antral "'Rb'y^even millions without in lrffi1"ri0dteal or pamphlet publication.. dred Sfion. ! ' aggreffate would "? f*?y tw? bun fuJito the increased circulation of the P^riodieala?particularly the Sunday School w, k i? issued semi-monthly, and put at the ex ceedingly low price of twenty-Are cents a year Vnrfth. ?r ?? l l'Ty ?azetle'" wWch ^ pubUaffiVerv oU,. er week, and costs but twelve an/ahalfcenu a year ^m?very^ntereVti?nfJ0rtyi C?''iC3 are,ent to one adiress! ooma very interesting and impressive calculations are lhe Ta,t 8mount of valuable reading Society " pUt in clrculaUon in tbis form by thf Schools. * * coura?ln8 to the friends of Sunday conc7udedTh?ef^fd^ponLtho np0lt' *ni ?fterhe had oncluded, the following hymn was sung by the choir:? . . BiLtEam, C. M. wi. l ^?.hear,tho m,'Kbty deed* WWch Ood performed of old; Which in our younger year, we hear, And which our fathers told. He bids ui make his glories known. His works of power and grace: UJr. wc "convey his wonders down Through every rising race. Our lips shall tell them to our sons, And they again to their's, That generations yet unborn May teach them to their heirs. Thus shall they leanTin Ood alone, Their hope securely stands, That they may ne'er forget his words, J*ut practice hit commands. ?HT?h^r..?r Hemic, of New York, then rose and offer. Sunday^ e"f?reing the necessity of establishing books SUpp,y,n? neciW schools witfi dooks. ihe resolution was in general terms andwn. designed merely as the text for an address The snealcnr imparting Bible knowledge to the younsr, for whom thn Papal exertion was to hide the holy Scrinturesfrom he perusal, to excludothem not only from their owiUcc V16 ?obools founded by the friends of the I rotestant Bible: he thought such an inatitntinn _ _ the American Sunday School l^iion, anti-sectarian as it wa, it. character, was deserving of the aS ,?Dwrt Tj:Tt:T an? riKht-,nin,,e'1 Christian. ?he s|>eaiKer alluded to the attempts to exclude the Bihl* from the public schools, which he said, if successful would be so because of tho spurious liberality of Protes' tants. 1 he Reverend gentleman thought that the prone* Iflnd^v 2&ooU PJTU.KrU,e" W<U tho multiplication of SSSZSA .1 tlen?ave * "hort description of tho estabhshment of the 8unday School Union and its pro. f^.;t.i'CKmannerIm rhicf' itWM breaking down the ? j^amera in the Protestant community, and he concluded by reading a letter from a Methodist brother ^ZtTtirhVz\esiven' onclo"in*a <iraft f?r The Hey. Mr. Chidlow, of Ohio, arose to second ?h. lie'ved'that the ',lWa? a I'*0 of the Um??. for he be lfeved that the Sabbath school waa the instrument, under anti ( ^irisi"and 'fiV? ",f- Weit from ^e dominion of fh. n- I and,?ronfirm 'bis country in the true faith of the Redeemer. We want not, said he,a fertile soil,or a pou t?r!n0.1.C0mi.m"i'Kr the ?'ements of American chanc the RihuP.U ' ?iiWe want tho "P'ritual education of aVj"i t1 RreBt ,al,J <r?m the dominion of anti-christian idolatry. And this education must be car riled on in the name of true Christianity, and apart from the influence of sectarianism. When I go into the west eltshM.MnJ i rn?r ?f 'ectarianism for the purpose of establish ng Sunday schools, I must fail. But when I h?nn?rnfUm| r n?nnry ?f lhi" l?ni?n- ftn<1 Unfurl tho banner of urdreraal Protestantism, my efforts must be row nod with succcsa. The sneaker looked upon Sab knlli *c lino It ns the efficient instrument, under God of evangelising and christianizing the tee^inK west aml w?heS'it wasawhiM0ry ?f hi,.c"lJr '? that region, wnen it was a wilderness, and the romlt nf t?mCA _ii-, . when population and civilization had become fixe?!?" said he, we could enlist the resistless eneivina nf ?h? fff?? ?0it 9roa^ work of Bible truth we mirht bid defiance to all the wiles of papacy?the country would feredl^.nlnfini0"!!"' ?f B*'t'fnore. next arose and of byw"y of introducUon to a speech. lieve that ? wh.? believe, or affect to be i r Vi: means of moral culture among thc neo ?""i 'b'" country, had failed to operate heaeficiailv and that we were doomed to tee a deterioration of intel/i gence in the social condition of America?a sinking of frinc,Plou throughout the land. And ,ouKht to be accounted for? 1st. in the ranid increase of oui nonulation and iu tendency to diffuse itself, thua outrunninur the mean, ai> zati'on " ,m,'r0Ten,ent1 and 'orpreserving iu civil? , *d; being yearly flooded with a vast amount of ZMFJEF&y0"' Kmb1U0d wi,h 8,1 th0 rice* of the old world, and that no harriers we can erect will remedy of'our people?"leVent" fr?m ,inkin*tho '"?nd condition . ?,,r fn?e government, which places the Zn r. .^7hCn. T TUCh ^ithi" thc n"K' th'? in. roulrt destroys the only instrument which could resist this downward tendency, and give us at some period an upward start; in khort, that it left us ourselves recupermtiT? energy necessary to recovcr hi?ill ?r'nia'H,r ??Vb*,ieve in the predictions of these birds of ill-omen. If he were inclined to attach any im 1?'[ r*/mark,! be would not cease his exer tions in the work of moral and religious culture : for ho ?k i.n*r,'*d volume, that "the prudent man seeth the evil, and hideth himself from it." If, there fore, he saw the danger, it would be his duty to guard against it ami not to expatriate himself, as it were, and cease to do all h?i could for the safety of his country. No matter what danger, surround us ,we should (? on j that an American christian would but poorly discharge hii (lutiei to his country and hi* God, who, because of. the danger* which were apparent to hii riiion, withhold! his exertions in the conflict of opinion, which i* now going on around u*. At the preMnt moment, we want laborers. We want a band of devoted christians to labor in the machinery of christian enterprise. We want such men as Wilberforce, willing to rise or fell, br the rising or falling fortunes of the land that gave them birth. What if Europe were pouring in her thousands upon us, have we not room for them T I trust in God that the simple truism spoken of this country, as the refuge of the oppressed of all nations of the earth, may be perpetuated. I have no sympathy with that narrow, selfish spirit that would bar the door to the honest emigrant from other climes, or leek, by the increase of the term in which he could eiuoy the franchise, to deter his coming among us. Such an idea, in this country, is the most visionary of . any that ever entered the mind of man. It could never be accomplished, and ought not, if it could. In view of 1 our vast extent of territory, and the naturo of our gov ernment*, which are calculated to exalt humanity, the wonder to me is, not that the emigrants seek our shores, but that they do not crowd upon ua in greater number*. Let them come. I have no fear* of the result to ua. 1 have more faith in the character of our people and the uuritv of our religion to fear harm from such a source. Let them como among u*, and let u* baptize them in the enjoyment of our own free initiations. The great evil with ui is, that we are too prosperous, and, a* one of the results of our neglect to be duly thankful to the Almighty giver of all good, we see that prosperity manifesting it self in an increasing Protestant sectarianism throughout the land. We are becoming entirely too sectarian. I think I am correct, but I should be rejoiced if I should rove to be mistaken. I think we can see our Christian rethren drawn away in sectarianism from the great saving truths of our holy religion. This spirit of sect and creed is the subtle form In which the great tempter ?iiorts with the happineas and the lalvation of mankind. And accordingly we see on one hand episcopacy elevated as if there were no saving virtue beyond It; Methodism and other sects exalting their creeds as if only salvation was to be found in them. I admire the attachment of men to the churches to which they give in their adhesion. I admire the love of the Presbyterian or the Baptist to his church, and 1 claim for Kpiscopacy the same degree of affection from those who have adopted that mode ol religion. But, while admitting this, let U* not fritter away Protestantism?which 1 believe to be, under God, tiie safety of this country-? by en couraging the sectarian influences which now surround it Tho speaker referred to the American Sunday School Union as the instrument which was to do away with the spirit of sectarianism, and to guard against the dangers which had been threatened; and he said that if we could only give the schools the proper direction, these birds of ill omen might take flight. We can go on with our extensive enterprises?increase our population ?say to the population of Europe, come on and share witli us the blessings of freedom and pure religion, and we will let our legislative (lowers be within the reach of popular influences?a vital principle in our republican scheme of government; one which contemplates virtue in a people, and without which there is no safety. The Rev. gentleman then enumerated the advantages arising from this Union, one of which was the extension of Bi ble learning among the people. He said the success of the common school system was us yet problematical. When he looked upon it, he saw the two great divisions of the Christian community, the Catholic and Protestant, already jealous of each other with regard to the influ ence each might exert in tho public schools. They were watching each other with lynx eyes. An attempt had been made to remove the Bible from the public schools; and although ho deprecated such, and would stand with the Protostnnt community, shoulder to shoul der, in resistance, yet he could not see, with the princi ples which obtained in relation to our form of govern ment, how it was to be avoided. If the Bible were not excluded, it at least would be a dead letter to the youth ful mind, and it would be the business of the Sunday School to supply the deficiency. It was in supplying this deficiency in communicating Bible learning to the young, which they could not get at the public schools, which constituted tho true value of the American Sun day School Union. It was the great opponent of Anti Christ. " And what," said Dr. Johns, " is Auti-Chriat 1 It is the world, the flesh, and the devil, backed by the Bishop of Rome." The Rev. gentleman concluded by saying that we had a great battle to fight against this combination, and tiiat wo must fight it not with the wea pons of Rome, but with persuasion, truth, prayer and humility. The only antagonist of Popery is true reli gion. The Rev. Dr. Pahkkr, of this city, and others, follow ed ; after which the congregation dispersed. The choir previously sung a hymn, and concluded with these lines of the doxology :? To God the Father, God the Son, And God the Spirit, Three in One, Be honor, praise, and glory given, By all on earth and all in neaven. Varieties. Levi Leland, the Quaker Temperence Lecturer, stated tho.other day at Woonsocket, (R. I.) that if the girls at that place would refuse every young man who would not sign the Temperance pledge, he would chop their wood, draw their water, and do all their errands for them. The German papers state that emigration to the United States, to a very unusual extent, i* taking place amongst the better portion of the tierman agricultural laborers, fanners and artiians.Antwerp has been literally crowded with these emigrant*, recently, who were anx ious to procure Dcrths ou board vessels bound to New York. Dr. Louis E. Gayarre has been convicted of steal ing a negro at Macon, Miu., and sentenced to the peni tentiary for ten years. At the Belize, Honduras, Miss Fishwater com plained of defamation of character, and ttieir worships mulcted the defendant in the fine of ten shillings, in de fault of which she was to cut grass for " three orfour days."' A ballot was found in the ballot box at a township election in Ohio, endorsed " No Schule Tacks." A large vein of Graphite, or metal of Carbon, has been discovered in Wake county N. C. It makes a superior pigment, uniting readily with oil, and is incum bustible. It is said to be indestructible by weather or salt water. If so, it must be very valuable in ship build ing and for many other pur]>oses'. At Lowell, on Tuesday, James Little, Rollions B. Annis, William Lewis, and Albert Portor were charged with being common drunkards. Little pleaded not guilty; but on examination, was found so, and sent for months to the House of Correction. Annis was fined six dollars and costs of Court, or six month! in the House of Correc tion. Lewis and Porter three months each. In Ne ft Orleans, on the 10th inst., Allen Jones was fined $1000, and J. J. Bryant <j>'J000, (being his second of fence) for violations of the laws against gambling, and to remain in prison till the fines were paid. All the gaming apparatus was confiscated. The Steam Woollen Factory, at Danville, Penna. formerly owned by Dr. Fetrikin, has boen purchased by I)r. B. R. Gearhart, who designs to carry on the manu facture of cloths, satinets, Uannels, &cc. in a spirited man ner. Gen. Wilson, late Surveyor General of Iowa and Wisconsin is on a visit to Keeae, N. II.,his old town. Ho has bccomc the principal owner ol a location at the mouth orKugle Riser, on tho southern shoro of Lake Superior, found to contain a very extensive silverand copper mine. In a ton of the rock ore, as delivered by the miner on the bank, he found by analysis, that there was the following value:?Of silver $87 *J;>; copper $4*i 10; total value, $1'2?, 36. So that it was more 1*0,1 ,rly a silver than a copjier mine. Personal Movements. Robert Owen returned to this city some days ago, after a successful tour through the interior part of thin State. He will leave for Boston next week, and take passage in the iteamer of the 1st for Old Kngland again. It ii his intention, however, to return to the United States next September. It is stated that Mr. Raymond, the Texan Charge d'Alfaires to the United States, is about to return home. Hon. Littleton Kirkpatrick, one of the members of the last Congress, and lady,are among the passengers re cently sailed for Kurope. Coleman, brother of the inventor of the " attach ment," is in Washington, getting out a patent for his in vention of a means of running engines up inclined planes. Mr. Green, the reformed gambler, is stirrini? up the blacklegs of Rochester, N. V., pretty essentially.? Ilia lectures are atte-idod by large and respectable audi ences. Ex-Governor Yell, of Ark an Has. arrived in Wash ington city on Monday evening, by the nearest rou*c from New Orleans. He landed frojn (ialvcston in company with Major Donelson. John Cochran has been nominated as the locofoco candidate for Congress in the Macon District, Alabama, Janes B. lielser, the present member, having declined a re-elcction. John A. Nooe ii the candidate lor the loco focoa in the 0th, and Samuel K. Kice of those in the 7th district. The latter district is represented by Mr. McCon nell, who, it ii thought, will run on his own hook. War Movements ii* Canada.?Two iron steam frigates we 'earn are soon to be commenccd at Chippewa, for service on this and the unper lakes. The British Government seems determined to make use of cogent arguments in conducting its negotiations. Tuc mission to Canada of Mr. Tucker, the Admiralty Builder, who arrived out by the last steamer, is of a pri vate nature, probably that of inspection. This gentle man visited Kingston last Tuesdav, but left the same evening for Toronto and Niagara. It i* said that he will pass rapidly along both shores of Lakes Krie and Ontario, and return to Kngland with all convenient speed. While all present Meaol laying down the keels of the iron steam frigatos at Kingston Dock Vard must be abandoned, ! wo cannot help feeling that the prompt attention of the Board of Admiralty to the defenceless state of Canada, in 1 sending out their Builder, to inspect the actual condition of things on both sides, proves that abandoning the Canadas to the aggressions of our Yankee neighbours, is the last thing to be apprehended.?Kingtton H Ai>. More Factories in New Jersey.?We under stand that a large and splendid Cotton Factory is about to bo erected by our enterprising fellow-citizen, Col. J. 8. Neilson, In connection with Cant. H. K. stock ton, on the water power in this place. Wo trust this is only a beginning to bring this valuable water privilege to the notice of manufacturers. Our city is deeply in terested in this undertaking. May that success which it due to such enterprises attend these gentlemen.?Nrw Brum. Timti. Rochester. [Correspondence of the Herald.] Rochester, May 20, 1846. Our city for the butt week lias been in quite an uproar, caused by the appearance of Mr. Green, the reformed gambler. However good Mr. G.'b inten tions may be, or however much benefit he may have done other sections of the country in exposing the sccrets, games and tricks of the "gambling fra ternity," it is a general and conceded fact among the intelligent ones of this community, that he is doing more in one week to injure the young men of Rochester than all the secret gamblers that infeat our city could do in a year. The lancinating excite ment that Mr. G. describes as being produced by gambling, has induced many an old and young man to try the reality of his statements. Since he has been here our gambling houses have never been more crowded, out this is not all. If the curtain that hung before the window of a certain respecta ble house on Fitzhugh street, could have been drawn on a certain evening of last week, any "passer by" could have seen in that room a table, around which sat several respectable gentlemen, very busily en gaged with a pack of cards, and trying to win each others money, by performing the very tricks that Mr. Green had explained to them but a few days be fore. Mr. Green, in his lectures, throws out so ma ny inducemets for young men to make an easy liv ing by gambling, that quite a number of young men in this city have made up their minds to try it a lit tle while. No other excitemeut but this gambling business has troubled our city since election. Business is not as good as it was last year. The weather has been changeable and unpleasant. Your paper is in as great demand as ever. We got the first news of the result of the great race through that {taper. When any thing of importance turns up in thiB part of the country, you sliall hear from me. O. Theatricals, die. Mr. Jackson, the future lessee of the Bowery in prospective, advertises for a company, and announces that the Theatre will be completed by next August. The animals recently arrived here, we are credi bly informed, were shipped by, and are the property of Mr. Van Amburgh. Mr. A. A. Adams is drawing good honses in Norfolk. The Baker family urc giving Concerts in Montreal with great succesi. Messrs. Henry and Kuvil are in the same city with their exhibition. Mr. Henry Phillip is announced to give a series of. Concerts in Montreal previous to his departure for Europe. Mr. Robinson, late of the Montreal boards is about to open the (Quebec Theatre, at which Miss Kitz james U engaged. Rockwell and .Stone's Equestrian Company have arrived in New Bedford. The Campanalogians, we learn, gave a Concert on Monday evening at Schenectady, at which was present one of the largest and most fashionable audience* ever congregated in that ancient city. They proceed from thence to Utica. Starting a Lame Saii,or with a Cutlass, &c. ?Capt. Ira S. Wadey, of the whale ship Autumn, of New York, was put on trial in the U. S. Circuit Court, yesterday, on an indictment containing two count* ; the first charging an assault on James Wilson with a cutlass; the second, an assault with an iron bolt. These assault* were committed at sea, on the 10th of August last. Wil son, having accidentally received a severe hurt in his knee from an axe, was unable to move round as lively as Wadey wanted him to do ; and on the day named, while Wilson was sitting down, he slapped hun across the ihoulders with a cutlass till he made him rise. Ho then pricked him in the breast with the weapon. Wilson now negan to resist, and Wadey clenched him, tore his shirt oil. threw him down, forced a pump bolt into his mouth, and kept it there several minutes. No *ub*tan tiai defence was made out, and the jury returned a ver dict of guilty on both count*. On the arrival of the Autumnat New Vork, some weeks since, Wilson brought a civil action tor damages, which Wadey compromised by paying Subsequently a boarding-house keeper carried the matter before the U. S. Court in New York, and the grand jury found a bill, but not until Wader had come Kastward ; and in order to procure the arrest of Wadey in thi* State, Mr. Butler, U. S. District Attorney of New York, sent on a copy ef the indictment, with the necessary witnesses, to enable Mr. Kantoul, the District Attorney here, to commence the prosecution dt novo, and hence the indictment here. In consideration of the $?.113 paid to Wilson in New York, by Wadey, Judge Spraguc only sentenced him to pay a fine of $'45, and six day*' imprisonment in tho Boston jail.?Boston Pott, May 31. Guano.?A late English paper, in an article on this subject, says?Now Uiat the new manure, gua no, is exhausted, ingenuity is on the rack to discover some equivalent. The island of Ichaboe ha* been al most literally carried sway, and excellent employment it has afforded for British shipping. The (peculators in the excrement of bird* hsve realised pretty pickings by the discoverMif the contents of this hitherto Worthless place, and mlfes are entertained that similar deposits elsewhere may speedily be found. In the mean time, scientific skill is being brought to bear upon the farmer's craft, and the agricultural journals speak highly of the beneficial effects to be derived from the application of electricity, strange as it may sound, to the products of the earth. A Female Fiend.?A Mrs. Reed, under sentence of death at I^awrenceville, la., for tne murder of her huioand, after several ineffectual attempt* to hang her self,has confessed not only the poisoning of her husband, for which she was condemned, but two other persons be fore, a* well a* the murder of a nephew for hi* money; and, a* though theie enormities wero not enough,ahe has also confessed having caused the death of two children by starvation! Opposition on the Sound.?The steamers Massa chusetts and N'eptune started from New York at 5 o'clock, the Neptune ahead; after passing Hurl Gate, when nearing the |>oint on Long Island, at the entrance of flushing bay and near the buoy, the Massachusetts being inside and abteast of the Neptune, was consequent ly compelled to press the Neptune oft', or go ashore on the point of rock*; the Neptune at this time, had (uffl cient room to allow the Massachusetts to pass, and could have done so, without the least inconvenience or in fringement on her right of position, at the time. The Massachusetts did not como in direct collision with a heavy crash, nor did she make a second attempt to pass tho Neptune, as stated; and during the time the boats were in "peaking distance of each other, no brutal, pro fane. or disrespectful language wa* used by Capt. Corn stock, in reply to the Captain of tho Neptune, as stated. ?Providence Journal, May 20. Fiues in thk Woods.?Extensive fires have been ruging in the woods in this county during the |*st week, destroy ing an immense amount of property. At Crownpoint,' we are informed, that a saw-mill, and several dwelling house* and a largo uuantitv of sawed lumber were destroyed.?Wutport (Eitrx) Patriot. Effect of Opposition.?The new line of boats running between Whitehall and St. Johns has put down the fare to about three dollar* for the entire route between New Vork and Montreal, a distance of upwards of 400 miles. GENTLEMEN'S SPRING FASHIONS. THK gtJBSCHIUICHS have rMcirrd bjr Ittr arrivsls, from their Agent* in Paris ami London, their assortment of rich Cravat*. Gloves, Hoarfn. Suspenders, Silk Under (iarmeats, lie. kc. 'i'neir assortment of the above article* have been selected with much care aihI attention. and comprise net only Jhe richeit, luit the most expensive assortment to be fouud in the city. The Subscribers devote threat attention to the manufacturing of Gen tlemen's Linen and Muslin Shirt*. The article manufactured by them are cut after the moat approved French method, to *nit tha I'orm of the wearer?well ann faithfully made?and may he de luded on, not only for the beauty of tneir finish, but for their durability. The senior partner of the firm having been for the kit seventeen >ears engaged in the same line of busiaeae, hi* knowledge, not only in tin' science of cutting, but in the quality of the material* Wed in our manufactory, inves us a dacided .id ranliu.-r, uid irnaraiitec* to our patrons a taahionable and well finished garment. Our assortment of under garment* of all de scriptions?Hosiery, Pressing Robes, Pocket-kerchief*. Nii,ht Caps, Linen Collars, and Dreaa Fronts, Stock*, Stock Ti~*, (. r* vat Stiffener*. I'iiwi, Money and Hiding Belt*, kc. kc.. will ha found worthy the atteution of all who will favor wit''a visit the old establishment of TARSKLLS It AOATE. PI Broadway, comi'r of Park Mace. M. B.?P. k A. continue the manufacture of their eel >h rated Ela*tic, Shoulder, Brace and Riding Belt*. *11 Im'dh TO CITV AND COUNTRY MERCHANTS. HOTEL AND STEAMCOAT PROPRIETORS. CITY AND COUNTRY FAMILIES fce. EXTRA FIXE TEAS J 103 CJreenwIeh Street, Nkar Cou*TU*?<nT Sr., **o orroaiTi thk Picinc Horn., NkW VoftK. WE BEO LEAVE to inform you that wa c*t*bli?hed our selves at the above place, principally for the purpose of meeting our views of our wholesale anil large family custamera 011 the North River Side. The upright manner in which wa have carried on our business for several years paat in this city, together with the very high quality and moderate price of our poods, hive rarned tor us a degree of reputation and renown far beyond that of any similar house in the United States, and we consider these the baat reason* we can urga to obtain your pa tronage. We have, however, mnch pleasure ia stating, that we have made, with great care and judgment, our selections from all the spring cargoes, and which comprise the finest specimens of Young Hyson, Hyson, Ounpowder, Imperial Oolong Pekoe, Ningyong, Congou Souchong, kc . which have arrived here this season, which, with an immense variety"! Fine and (food Qualities, we offer at wholesale and retail. We have also true Government Java and other Coffee*, a* uaual, roa?ted and ground daily. We continue our operation* at our other place* M heretofore particularly st ? New York? 111 Chatham stl Ml Orand at. aud III Bleecker Philadelphia?M Cheataut street, and iS Fifth (treat, my? 2m*m

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