Newspaper of The New York Herald, May 23, 1845, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated May 23, 1845 Page 2
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W YORK HER AMD. Vol. XI., Ho. 140?Whole Ho. 40M. NEW YORK, FRIDAY MORNING, MAY 23, 1845. Price Two Cents. THE NEW YORK HERALD. JAMES GORDON BENNETT, Proprietor. Circulation? Forty Thousand. DAILY HERALD?Erery day. PHce 3 cenU per copy?$.7 35 per annum?payable in ad ranee. WEEKLY HKRALD?Erery Saturday?Prico ?} cento per copy?$3 13| cento per annum?payable in advance ADVERTISEMENTS at the uaual price*?alwayt caib in advance. PRINTING of all kind* executed with beauty and deipatch. (fijb All letter* or communication*, by mail, addreiied to tile eitabliihmentt mail be poit paid, or the poitage will be deducted from the *ub*cription money remitted JAMES GORDON BENNETT, raoraicToa or thc New York Hkrald Establishment Northweit corner of Kulton ami Naiaau street* TO WESTERN TRAVELLERS. full oiler Itiontn Intr""" "' 3^? l***' ^1? 4'><'Te ',ne >* ?0W in a t^^?oV^/ICt^^Cew^i;U ,0 "h? "i.h of Ir,,!ffitE co"(iu?'? "?'!'? Comfort aud convenience L-rn.frhii^'f ?ccneryoii this route is unrivalled, and the internal improvements Is well wor By this route piueugers avoid all the fatigues and dan re n ah idtismr?tr,Te,,in'- <nd-tthe"m' ti?rj^ The cars leive every morning at 7 o'clock. Paasengers an- ad. Iihii N' PWT "'J'lff ?' Plnladrlpliia. Office in Philadel. II1^.1 i' a. i C,le?uut **?' I*ourth atreets. and at Nfln. 13Ph3Jde^hUU; A cumusbs, Agent. hot information, in the city of New York, apply to n i DPmfSyk Agent for my!7 fim rrc LEEC,? It C& aline. 7 West at, N. R. ftVTOn?Np OR1?AT BRITAIN AND IKbLAND?Persons wishing to remit mo l >?anv part of England, ^Ireland, Scotland or Wales, can lie supplied r?,W"' """"" d'" icKii te 1 *??? ??? }K?J-4*"-?On the National Bank of Ireland, and Provin cial Bank and brauches throughout Ireland. R ,il Extern Bank of Scotland, National ?a,W&SW^'ffi.^5S,7Sr w,""'b' mvia ? W;AJ- ?? TAPSCOTT. y m 76 South at, cor. Maiden lane. FOR HALIFAX AND LIVERPOOL. THE JWaUIailSteam Ships HIBERNIA and BRITANNIA, will leave Boston for tlie ^above porta, as follows:? Hibernia, A. Rvrie, Esn Commander..... Friday, May 16th. Britai.nia, Jno. llewittTEaq., " Sunday, June 1st Passage to Liver|iool ?ion Passage to Halifax ' " ??' A|)|ily to . D. BINGHAM, Jr., Agent,'< Wail st. I. S.?lersons wishing to embark are requested, in all ewes bertlu areenga^d."1 CredU a">' re??>? th??ll ^n! V M ?RrKulir Onposmon Liue be iJU- v. Philadelphia and Bait!mora, from tlie Xf* . ? y.i lower side of Chesnut street WWf? ever? i k 8u".J,l>"* ? T o'clock, through in 9 hours jL^^dwStdft^u^"'1 andco<u,ectw,th MAi Steamer POMUMObTH, sSl^Tfiolf JE^FER. C"* * dbUnc* ?f^mil? ?'1ly!"^rfi?I M'e accommodation by this line, both for speed and XiX^?Ar?lTr7,T?iThoe ^wr*? thMwocit,?* .17 ? MORRIS BUCKMAN. Agent, ? _ m Office No. 30 Soutti Wharves. /esq THE MOST DELIOHTFUL OF ALL J;XCUR8ION8.?A .ail across the Hudson "iver to Hoboken, and then a walk to the Ely suu jp lelOs, along the exceedingly beautiful and picturesque Pril will prove the most easily .ccomplXd and attractive of all rural excursions that can be made from th? ? "f^e Grounds now present a charming aanect, the trees beinc "'leaf and the soil covcred wilJi a rich turf. i ii- i i?i*re ,u exce"e.,'t erder, liaving been considerably ?if present spriuir. 'ITie Ferry Dijau from Barclay, Canal and Christopher street* coiiipletely fitted up with Awuinga and seats. ' o'clock 04111 run ^roin to Barclay street, until 1) Ferriage. cents. myllSwis^ra PEOPLES' LINE OF STEAMBOATS FOR ALB AN V A"L l^AILY?Sundays Excepted?Through Di m 7 O'clock P, M., from the Pier bStweel, ^^MH^bflLaCourtlandtand Liberty streets. steamoout ROCHESTER, Camaiu R. O. Cruttendon, will leave ou Mondry. Wrdnnday and Friday Evenincs, at7o'clock Su-amhoat Klsi(^KRJBOCKKH, Captain A. Houghton, will leave onlueaday Thursday and Saturday evenings,at 7 o'clock, of Barclay stilet. lauJ"1* ?' intermediate place, from tlx foot Steamb,** COLUMBIA, Cape W, H. Peck, will leave on o'clock7' We<,,,Mj*y' '?""?V ?"<! Sunday AlWuooos, at S Steamboat NORTH AMERICA. Captaia L. W. Braiuard ?'clock'"* ?" * y'1 hur,d*r soo Saturday Afternoons, at 4 IWngers taking either of the above Line* will arrive in ample rr? 5 Monirng Train of Curfor the east or west. .Tlx1 Boat, are new and substantial, are furnished with new and eifgant stntc rooms, and for speed and accommodations are un rivalled on tlie Hudson. Freight takmi at moderate rates. All persons are forbid trusting any of the Boats of this Line, without a written order from the Captains or Ageuts. For passage or freight, apply on board the boats, or to P. C. cchultr., at the office on the Wnarf. mlftrc NOTICE. STATKN ISLAND FERRY, FOOT OF WHITEHALL STREET. FARE REDUCED TO t'l CENTS. The Hteimboats 8VLPH aud STATEN ISLANDER will have as follows until further notice LKAVK NfcW YORK: SlAMStM*''p"M 8, 9, 10, 11 and 12, A. M.; 1, 2, 4, i, and 6 P. M. myOin NEW FERRY FOR STATEN ISLAND. /5?L .The f?t sailing steamboat WAVE, Captain Vanderbilt. will, on and after Suuday. leave 3L?MT iT j'ier No. I tUst River, foot of Whitehall street, every day -t? uid 11 o'clock, A. M., and 3 and 6 o'clock, P. M Leave Sute.i Island at ? and 10 o'clock, A. M., and 1 and; o clock, P. AL _il-/"Fare r,'i cents. Freight in proi>ortion. Landinc at Tompkinsville iuid Stapleton each way. O.i Sn.id.iys the boat will leave every hour. N. U.?By iiatronizing this boat the public will have the fare at a price in proportion to other Ferries. Forfurther inform* tj^^'"?l"'re o.i board the boat, or at 19 West st. my 17 lm*ec K. L'VKRPOOL LINE OF PACKET?-Packetol .'XtH K-kT!ENR ^. Delano?m!ute7,CvriU*[h> snivel/ Mil as above, her regular d;iy. Having very su|>erior accommod-dions for cabin, second cabin and steerage Iflyeiik-rri, persons desirious to embark by this su perior |?icket, should make early application on board, foot ol Alaiden Lane, or to the subscriber, JOSEPH McMURRAY, , . . , "*> Pine street coruer of South street. IV l*acket ship Independence, F. P. Allen, master, will sue ceed tlie I atrick Henry, and sail (hi tlie 6th i>f Juty. m?re I'OR LIVERPOOL?New Line?Regular Packet Itsi I HIM A Ik,P,t ffi"'11"1 Packrt Sh'l' IfcMIKUIDA.N, I.apt. A. K De Peyster, of 1100 tous, ..... ?4?l us above, her regular day. Kor freight or rnssage, having accommodation unequalled for .'J, If comfort, apply ou board, at Orleaaa wharf, foot ol W all street, or n ? r COLLINS It CO., 56 South street. Price or passage $100. Packet Ship Warrick, 'apt. B. J. H. Trask, ol IIM tout will ?nrceeil tie* Sheridan, and sail 20th June, her regular day. ' aZ7 ec W ANTE I and suiuble ve*Mls to freight ? Coul Irom Philadelphia and Bristol to Boaton, Pmvi B lenee, Sail), Norwich, Allen's Point, On-en|iort, Hart Uirii, Maven, Middleton, Albany, Troy and other parti Tlie lux) est price Trill heiinid and constant employment iriren Apply to KHEOF.HICK TYLKR k CO., # Wall street, or ? , . F.. 8AFFORD It CO., Im^re ?l Hock str-et, Phils.lelidiia. ^'|,VVV 'JNK W JACKETS FOR LIVERPOOL wny-1 aehrt?of ""st May?'I lieiiilendidand favorite pack *?ai?et sh'P*itJEEN OF THE WEST, llOOtous burthen. CapMin flnlip Womlhon.e, will sail on Wednesday, May 21? her reirmar dav. . , , W k J. T. TAP8COTT .vi r,r I"?"! raesatfe office, South street, JL? comer ol Maiden Lane ORLEANS?Louisiana and New J?**yvork Line? Regular Packet, to sail Monday, the 9th rV ?'l'"gP?cketShip6V. MA ?? ' i.i.' ^ ?" l^itiveljr sail as above, her reeular day Kor freight or inuatre, having handsome fumuhed accommo dation. apply on w at ^ , jJilTjth ' "? * nCe'T'd ?" Saturday "van^iig; Agent in New Orleans Mr. JAMFfl r wnnnnrip who wiH promptly forwaH all roods to hia'a.1^2? ? EPAS8AOK FOR HAMByRO^WithD^patcb Th? M-le I.lid new packet ship SILAS Hof.MKS V?Pt. C. C. Berry, will sail as above and can verv . ianly accommodate a limited anmber of of rn.iMiji?!? cibiu a,::d steer.ige This ship havin, been bnilt e?WS|f7?."' New Orleans |virket her accommoiLtions are of the I Jit and inost costly description. Persona wishing to secure berths ahnuU ninke early application on board, or to ? w. It J. T. TArscOTT. mv" ? corner South stieet and Maiden lane MIL M AR8EILLES.?The new Mn ft! Vi JO'NVILLE, Captain I>awreuce ?* W,M "V "n 'oe 1st proximo. The aecommodations I n./.'/ 'Y" r i rq"* "f *"* "r the lockets of tin poit. r?r freight or passage, cabin or steerage, apply to CHAMBERLAIN Ic PHKLra, or to ?c BOVD fc HINCKEN, AgenU. ^HSLlsfj^yKl LloiLSt PACKETS?Packrt ofThe ViV m A^mn ,pi vi,d,Td. "'l'n? P?ket .hip r?^r ig\ill, day ChW,W,<lk' ?wi" " 11st nig ,u|?rior accommodations for cabin, second cabin and steerage passengers, persona winhing to secure berths shonld make early application to tlie subscriber* JOSEPH M'MURRAY. W Pine street comer ofSonth. KOR LIVERPOOL?Thn |"nr" I it..,,iT. ? HI -.1-1 above, her re?ulardav. ' ^ JOhn BnKn"' WOODHUXL It MINTURNS, V South street Price of passage tIM. m'??ro NOTICE?DIBBLEE'S Hair Drwini and ?.u (?eutlemens' Wig Making Eatabliahment luu removed from No. 171 lo *5% Broadway, a law door* below. Ha would re spectfully inform hia customers and the pablie tkal lie will al ways ba ia attendance u> wait ou those who will faTor bin with their patronage. Stranger* wishing to pureha** Hair, of any daacriptioa, woald do well to call and *ee tha aaaortmant which ha baa constantly on haml at wholeaale and retail. N. B.?Hia justly celebrated Japouica Juioe, for cleansing the head and moistening tbs hair, cannot ba obtained at any other place thaa at hia store. WILLIAM DIBBLEE, Broadway. ?)301w*je oppoaiu the Park. ORGAN FOR SALE?A G G Church Oiaui, with six atopa, enclosed in a awell octave of pedals and shifting movement, oak painted case, 10 Teet high, 6 feet front, 3-2 deep, warranted of the best materials and woAmanahip, and would be suitable for a small church. Terms moderate. Apply to Dr HOUSTON. Herald Office. _ myl? lw*rrc RATS, MICE AND COCKROACHES. THIS is to certify that we have used Solomau Levi's Exter minator for Rats and Cockroaches, and it haa given the greatest satis (action for the purposes intended. H. V. DUNNING, Duaning's Hotel. 63 Courtland at. W. MOREHEAD. 41 Courtlandst. D. GRAHAM, 79 Courtland at. , and a host of other*. IIFor *ale at RUSHTON It CO>*, No. 110 Broadway, It Aator House, aud tM Broadway, New York. mil lm*rrc FIRE WORKS! FIRE WORKS!! MR. EDGE respectfully inform* the public that hia ar rangement* this season are on the Moat extensive soale ever attempted in tlii* country. He ia aojr folly prepared to fumiah Citie*, Town*, Public Garden*, Theatre*, Parties, ate. with pyrotechnic displays, varying in price from $30 to $5000, computing the most brilliant and variegated Area and appropri ate design*. Mr. E. will alao add to hia display thia season four entire new color*, never before exhibited ta the public?ACar mme, Royal Purple, Maroon and Mazarine Blue, unknown to any other Pyrotechnut. . . N. B ?No agent*. ISAAC EDGE, Jr., Pyrotechnut, in>20 lm?ec Jertey City. OENTLEMKNS1 LEFT OFF WARDROJBK WANTED. GENTLEMEN and Families can obtain the full value for all ?upcrflousaffect* they wiah to dispose of, (either gentlemen or ladies,) by sending lo the subscriber, who does not pretend to give twenty per cent more than any other person, but will give a fair price for all articlea offered. Gentlemen leaving the eity will find it to their advantage lo ami for the subscriber previous to selling to auy other person. J. LEVEN8TVN. N B?A line through the Post Mice, directed to 466 Broad way, will be promptly attended to. myll lm*m CAST OFF CLOTHING AND FURNITURE WANTK1). T ADIE8 AND GENTLEMEN having any any cast off or JLi superfluous Clothing to dispo*e of will Ind it to their ad vaatage to seud for the *ub*criber, who will pay the higheat cash price for the *ame. M. S COHEN, 69 Doane st. N. B ?A line through the Poet Office, or otherwise, will be promptly attended to. mSO Im'ec GENTLEMEN'S LEFT OFF WARDROBL. GENTLEMEN or Familie* going to Europe or elsewhere, wishing to disencumber themselves of their superfluous wardrobe, either ladias' or gentlemen's; al*o. JEWELRY, FIRE ARMS, lie. fcc, will obtain from the subscriber twenty per cent more than from those who pretend to pay the higheat caah price*. H. LEVETT, Office No. S Wall afreet, New York. Families or gantleroeu attended at their residence by ap pointment. And sll orders left at the subscriber^ office, or sent through the post office, will be punctually attended to. m!7 lin'ec OLD CLO'! OLD CLO'! ULD CLO'! THK SUBSCRIBER pay* tha higliest price* for Second Hand Clothing. Clothing altered, repaire leaned in aiamrior style. Remember the No., 1S> street. GEO. LEvlE. a 24 1m*rc MONEY LENT. THE Sabaariber haa removed to 423 Pearl, comer ef Raee ?tract, where he continues to loan moaey an any amoant on "1 ?"<> ?ilver watches, plate, jewelry, diamonds, Air t apparel, and every de*cri|Hion orjereon^^*roi>er dry good*, gold i uiture, wraring i Licensed Pawnbroker, 48 P?arl, comer of Rose street. N. B.?Per*on* may barecetTed ia tha private office by riug ing the hell at the hall door. a30 lm*rc MONEY TO LEND. A B RAH AM J. JACKSON, Pawa Broker, 3? Reade street, /V near Broadway, loan* maney, ia large or imall nmi, a* may be required, on gold and ailvar watches, diamond*, *ilver plate, jewelry, dry good*, furniture, wearing apparel and merchandize, of every de*cri|>tiou. *30 las*rc HARPS?REMOVAL OF WAREROOMS To No. 281 Broadway, opposite Washington Hall. JF. BROWNE, Maker and Importer of Improved Patent ? Grand IK and t octaveDouble Action Hari>*,l>eg* to inform hi* friend* and the muaical world, he haa removed hi* ware room* to the above commodiu* premise*, and would call their special attention to a new. uniaue, and beautiful specimen of grand 6J. octave double action Harp he has just completed. J. F. B. is constantly receiving the moat flattering testimoni al? from the drat musical talent, regarding the superiority and great brilliaucy of tone, touch, and perfect finish of his Harps, aud has received the Franklin medal of the Philadelphia Socie ty of Arts, for his improvements in tlii* very delightful instru ment- Harps repaired, Strings, Music, Itc. J. F. BROwNE, Londou, 281 Broadway, aud 73 Chambeia street, New York. my!7 lmdltWrc Established 1810. PACKET SHIP GAKH1CK, from Liverpool?Couaiguee> by this ship will please have their permits on board, at Or leans wharf, foot ef Wall at, immediately. All goods not per mitted in five day* mu*t unavoidably be *ent ta the public store. mill GALVANIZED IRON AND TIN. p ALVANIZED SHEET IRON AND TIN, a very * vl perior article, warranted not to rust. Alto, Tin Plate, Siee Irou, Raiaia Sheet Iron, Slieet Copiier, Zinc, Scotch and Amet rican Pig Iron, for aide by CASS It WARD, my 13 3m* ec No. 71 Broad *traet PROSPECT HALL, YORKVILLE. CONRAD ABF.LMAN respectfully inform* hi* friend* and . the public, that the above well known and favorite place of | reeort ha* recently been refitted^ and ia now open to receive vi ?itore or boarders, who may wish to escape the du*t, noise and iueonvenience* of a city life during the heat of summer. Prospect Hall, one of the most beantiAil country *eat* in the neighborhood of the city, i* (ituated directly over the Harlem Railroad tunnel, and can be reached from theCity Hall in thirty minutes, either l>y railroad or by the Harlem stages. The beauty of the house and of the surrounding scenery is too well known to need an extended description. The attention of military companies i* particularly directed t.> the excellent convenience* for target-*hooting. drill and parade ground*, tenpiu alley*, quoit ground*, fcc. lie. The present pro prietor,at * vrry great expense, has built out houses for all these rmrpoae*. and lietruit* that hia endeavor* to please will procure for him the patronage of a generous public, and particularly of hia military friend*. He pledge* himself that refreshment*, lie. shall at all time* be of the be*t quality and charge* moderate. iny22 lmeod*m Q UART ERMAN Jc SOU, PAINTERS. NO. II BURLING SLIP, New Yoac. Horse, Sign and Smr Painting, Graining, Mahblinm and Outiiro. ALSO-LEAD SASHES. For Church** and Gothic Building*, made to ordrr. m4 lm*ee CARRIAGES FOR SALE. SEVERAL secondhand Carriage*. consisting of Coache*. Barouche*, Rockaway and other Wagons; alao an imported Lsndaulet Carriage, with (lam front; alio, several saddle and lumens Horses, just from the country; also, a roan Pooev, II hands high; also, a haronch pair of Honrs, 16 hands high and hame**, the property of a gentleman going to Kurone, all ol which will lie sold at a bargain. Can be seen at DISBROW'S Riding School, 408 Bowery- mil It * rrc FASHION AND PEYTONA AGAIN. FHILADELfHIA AND CAMDEN RACES will con. menee on the Camden Courae, N. J. TUESDAY, 97/A May, and continue three day. Tuesday, May !7th, Plate Race, $600, three mile heata, four year olds and npwards, to carry 104 lbs. Entrance 10 prr cent. Sine day, purse $100, mile heats, entrance 10 per cent added. Wednesday, Mth, purse $1000, $200 to seco-id horse, four mile heats. Same day, parse $100; entrance 10 per cent, added?mile heats. Thursday, purse $300, $50 to second hone?two mile heats. Same day. purse $900, $100 to second hone?three mile heats. \iT~ On tlie fonr mile day, without some accident happens to Fashion or Prytona, they will again contend for the pane of $1000, four mile heat*, and the championship of the turf. The following stsbles will be in attendance Mr. Laird with Fashion, Stanley Kcli|>se, Pelawan, lie. Mr. Kirkman with IVytoua, Jannetean, Lwtunah, Itc. Mr. Hare, with Patsy An thenv, and three othen. Mr. Teu Broeck with Maria Peyton and Martha Washington. Mr. Pucket with Miss Robinson and two othen. Mr. Van Mater has four- Mr. Loyd three, and Mr. ( ouoTer, Dnnregan and Livingston. Mr. Shaw two. Mr. Town two. Peyton R. Johnson, the Colonel, Victor, Itc. All horsea running in the Plate Race will be ivrmitted to rtart in any other race. Entries to be madee ach day at t o'clock, and depoeited in the box at the Judges stand with the entnnce money. In the event of )>ad weather the nccs will be postponed nntil the first fair day. In all caaes two or more to make a race. Should there be no second best horse the wiuner to receive bnt $230, $400 and MM. The purer* will be hang nn in gold. JOSEPH II. HELL IN OS, for the nroprietore, myf#9l*rTc U. 8. Hotel, Oiiladelphia. KOULSTONE'S riding school, 137 and 130 Mcrcer Street. MR. JOHN S. ROUL8TONE ha* the honor to inform his friends and the public in general, that his School for Instruction in Honnmanahin ia now open y and evening, as follow* .? Hours for Oentleuen from I to ? A. M. " " Ladies ?. ?A. M.toJP. M. Terms of instruction made known on application to Mr. Roulstone. , . _ Mr. R. has just received from the country several Ana and *tyli*h Saddle Horse*, whieh he it anthoriaed to tell at a rea sonable price^ i my7rc_ A FiNE PAIR of bay CARRIAGE HORSES, ?u?t from the country, will be *o|il low ifapplied for a* thr owner l>*s no use for them. They can be veiiatjackton's stable, 94 Mercer st. my$l >*?? FOR SALE?A pair of dark dun Hones, 4 and 6 years old, snnnd and kind, with flowing black manes and tails, about 17 bids high and rery fine and spirit ; also the "nff" hilgHL nil accompluhed saddle horse. They will TjiM or eichtpfftd for a pair of drCTghttyine* or l?n?ire?tMr. REED S Sta bles in Mere#KW l7t.Be#r Bleeckerst, New York. m2i Jt*rre To LET ok Lkask! tA PIECE OF LAND, on the Eighth Avenne and93d street^ containing about IS seres of l.unl. There is on the premise* a I1 rame Dwelling, which would bereiwkrd for tenant. Apply to ANTHONY CARROLL, )g Iw'ef M Nassau st. HH UKN IMHMi KU(?M? TO RENT, with Breakfast and Tea?Parlonand Bedrooms, suitable for gentlemen and their wive*, or single gentlemen; the location in vay, near Franklin st. Alto, a fine Basement, suitable for an oAee; well furnished. Apply ?t m Brosdway. ? myll lw rrc TO LET.?A Parlor and Bedmom, very neatly tu? nished, to gentlemen aad their wivea, or single gentlemen, at 117 FrMklin stmt. db Ikt*ee Movement In Favor of a Social Information In K a rope and tlila Country. J. G. Bknnett, Esq.? It is with regret that I have read your repeated criticisms of Association, and the manner in which it has been confounded with doctrinea 9f a commu nity of property, infidelity, &c. See., with which it has nothing in common. Your paper, with its large circulation, must have prejudiced a great many minds against it, and I desire through the same me dium to explain what Association really is, ita aims, and the principles upon which it is based. Association aims at a Social Reformation?at a reform which shall go to the root ot the evils that afflict the great body of mankind, the rich as well as the poor, and oiler aome elfectuul means of eradica ting them. Association declares that these evils are far more social and industrial in their nature than political, particularly in this country, and that politi cal reforms can do little or nothing towards remedy ing them. We believe that this movement in favor of a So cial Reformation is a true and just one, called for by the sull'ering condition of millions of our fellow crea tures, by sound reason, and by trae charity and jus tice. It would seem, in fact, as if the time had arri ved in the history of the race, when the most ad vanced uations should undertake intelligently and with foresight, a Social Reform, after having gone through, natney have, so many political, legislative, religious, and other reforms: it would seem as if Providence, in its mercy, had at length decreed that man should emerge from the long career of suffering through which he has gone, and it is in the light ot this faith that we explain the reason why this great problem ia beginning to be agitated at the present time, far and wide, among the civilized nations 9t the earth. Let us glance at the progress which it is making, nnd its condition in some of the nations of Christendom. In France, where so many political reforms have been tried and with such fruitless or disastrous results, independent and investigating minds have become convinced of their im|>otency, and have gradually hnd their attention drawn to a deeper re form?to a reform in the social organization itself, instead of in the government and ad ministration. i/The idea of a social reformation is penetrating in consequence into nearly all the spheres of public life in France?into the press, into politics and legislative deliberations, into the teach ings of political economy, and into literature. In Paris, two daily papers, Ln Democratic Pacifique. and La Rtformt, besides some weeklies and re views, are devoted to the cause, edited for the most part, with great ability, and advocating and pressing this great question upon the attention of the people. In the sphere of politics, where nuturally less free dom exists, the fundamental part only of the ques tion, and that in the shape of the organization of labor and an industrial reform has come up ; this, however, is the true and practical commencement of a social reform,tand it is exciting the attention of nearly the whole press of France, and already counts among its advocates many of the leading minds ot the nation. By the last arrivals of the French pa pers, we observed in the Journal dc? Dtbatt, even the principal conservative paper of Paris and minis terial organ, four long columns upon the subject, a thing untliought of ten years since, and M. L6dree Rodin, member of the Chamber of Dtputies, lately presented a petition, covered with forty-one thou sand signatures, praying for an inquest into the con dition of the laboring classes, and the state of labor, which was got up by the friends of the organiz ation of labor. These are trifl-3, but they show that the question is taking hold strongly of the public mind. In political economy, Blanqui and Michel Chevalier, who occupy the two principal chairs de voted to this science, in the Universities of Pans diecuss the questions of Association and an Indus trial Reform, with perfect freedom, and with a ta lent that is remarkable, and is giving a new direc tion to the investigations of political economy. M. Chevalier, who has lately been elected member ot the Chamber of Deputies, made in one of his late courses,"the following declaration, which sums UP his views upon this grent question, and which is a prophecy as profound as it is concise. "As the question of Liberty," said he,t " has oc cupied the attention of the world for the last fifty years, so the question of Association and the Orga nization of .baDor, will occupy it for the next fifty ' years to come." , . , And this is true ; political reforms have engaged the attention of the world, and with an absorbing in tensity for the last half century ; the results which they can produce have been fully demonstrated in the United States, and although great in many res pects, yet insufficient. Now comeB the time for the study and discussion of a Social Reform, as the continuation and completion of all past refonns, and its application in such ways as the genius of dillerent nations shall dictate. In Literature this great problem has found in France some powerful allies and advocates; one of its noblest champions is Eugene Sue. It was under the inspiration ot this new social idea that he wrote the Mysteries of Paris. His first effort in this di rection, and its success, as well as that of the Wan dering Jew, in which tne ideas of Association, the organization of labor, and a social reform, are more fully developed, shows how broad a field the grand conceptions of a mere just and fortunate order ot things and a higher and happier destiny for man on eartn throws open to literature. A kind and gener ous heart beats in the bosom of Eugene Sue, and his pen and his intelligence are hereafter gained to the sacred cause of social reformation, and the eleva tion of the human race. We have not space to en ter further into the social movements in France, but the little which we have said, shows its magnitude, and that it is not based upon a visionary idea, but upon one full of living truth and justice, and which gainsjto its cause the allegiance of minds of a practical as well as a poetical character. In Germany, die people of which appreciate so well universal principles, this new social movement is interesting the higher philosophic and hterarv minds on the one hand, and to some extent the lead ing industrialists or master-workmen on the other.? it is dso beginning to excite the attention of portions of the religious world. In Germany the separation between the wages classes or prulitarin, and the employers, is not so profound as in France and England. A certain de gree of sympathy and union exists between them, notwithstanding the conflht of interests, the jeal ousies and rivalries which the competition system engenders, and this sympathy and union do great honor to the humane, honest Riid social character oi the Herman people. This feeling is arousing the leaders in industry, who see that free competition, nionopoliiedmachinery, and other principles of mo dern industrialism, are sure to bring the people into the destitution and pauperism that exist in England, where the system has been longer at work, and they are looking with deep interest to the question ot the devotion of the laboring classes, and a reform cupa ble of effecting this result. . In the sphere of i?hilosopliy several distinguished minds are devoting their labors to this social move ment, and also in the sphere ot literature. In the latter, I will mention only the celebrated Bettma Amine, known more in this country for her corres pondence with Goethe, and certainly one of the most remarkable women ot the age. She has lately written a work on the subject; and occupying, as she does, a high place in society, and being cele brated for her genius, she has all Germany for her miblir. Another distinguished author, He.in rich Heine, the Steror of Germany, has written in his peculiar manner upon the question, and is arousing enquiry, and exciting thouubt. The Germnns have never taken much interest in lli?- shallow political reforms, and the legislative controversies of the modem liberal party in Europe. The profound instinct ot the |ieople has taught them that something deeper was to be sought for?that tar more thorough and organic reforms must be under taken to effect any really great and beneficial re salts. In this grand question ot a social reformation, they wil^ftnd, as they did, in their religious refor mation, an understanding worthy ot their deep sin cerity and philanthropy, and their devoted enthu siasm, and they will move in it, we believe, from what we have observed, and from signs abroad, with the power which they have always shown when a truly great, just and universal cause, appeal ed to their conscience and their symimihy. . Let us speak briefly of the progress of this soon movement in one more natian?in the I.nited States. Here, where perfect freedom for the ex pression of opinion, and the propagation of new ideas exists, and the people are intelligent enough to comprehend new principles, the question of a Social Reform has been advocated in a direct and positive manner, and a definite plan has been proved for ef fecting it. A new order of Society, based upon the great principles of Association (which is the (. hris tian principle of brotherhood, applied to the nocinl allairs of man) upon a aystem of honorable and at tractive industry, upon unity of interests, and the harmonious action and play of those springs of ac tion emplantcd in man, called affections and passions ?bus been advocated and pro^sed in the place of the , present order of things, based upon opposite princi ples, u|>on the general isolation and dissociation of clnsses and families, upon repugnant and degrad ing industry, upon the conflict of all interest?, social servitude, and the discordant and perverted action of the passions and affections. . . This idea of a combihed or associative order, has spread quite rapidly throughout the country?a great many persona have been gained to it?several at tempts at practical realization are making,and men of intelligence and devotion have"become its advocates.

The materials of a wide and efficient propagation are preparing, which will be applied as the times ripen for it. In another article I will explain something of the principles on which association rests and its me 1 ehanism. A. B. American Sunday School Union?Twenty* First Anniversary. Philadelphia, May list, 1845. The twenty-first anniversary of this Society was cele brated last night at the Muiical Fund Hall, in the pre sence of about 3000 people, of whom more than four-fifth* were ladiei. A more brilliant array of beauty and faahion nover before filled the spacious saloon of the building. There was a full choir in attendance, and the singing was accompanied by the piano. At 8 o'clock, Alexander Hknht, K*h., took tho chair. The following hymn was then sung by the choir, after which a prayer was offered to the Throne of lirace. MATTHIAS?C. M. " We have thought of thy loving kindntu, O God." Psalm xiriii. 9. Let all assembled here, On this returning day, Review the mercies of the year, Aud grateful homage pay. To thee, our God and King, We glad hosannas raise ; O deign to hear our voices sing The honors of thy praise. Command thy blessing, Lord ! On all assembled here ; And may we still thy grace record, Through every circling year. The hymn and prayer being concluded, Mr. Packard, (tie Secretary, arose and read the annual report, of which tho following is an abstract, affording a general view of the transaction* of the Society in the course of the year. The amount of books distributed is $91,113 55, which exceeds that of last year by $31,903 36, and is larger than in any previous year, except 1833. The donations also exceed those of fast year by the sum of $10,087 27. Tho total amount of donations and legacies received during the year is $35,930 .06, and the salaries and ex penses of agents to collect this sum, and of missionaries to establish schools, and promote the general interests of the institution is $9,333 89. The value of libraries, See., furnished gratuitously, in answor'to well-supported applications, is $14,330 33.? The average value of these libraries is, within a frac tion, $7 AO each, aud it is estimated that the number of schools aided i* not far from two thousand, and they are scattered all over the land. Seventy-two pages being assumed a* the average size of books in those gratuitous libraries, it would show the number of pages gratuitous ly distributed in the year, to be nearly fourteen mil lion*. One section of the report adverts to the munificent of fer of a citizen of Georgia, to give $1,500 in addition to a like sum to be advanced by the Society toward* supply ing ono hundred new Sunday schools in that State each with a library worth $30, provided that not more than three should do given in any one county, and that rea sonable assurance is given of the regular attendance of at least three teachers, and thirty scholars at oach school. Notice of the plan was given late last autumn, and one hundred and two applications have already been roceived ; and more than half of thom have been prompt ly supplied. To this practical, most beneficent and no ble project, not a dollar has been contributed to aid the Society in doing its part of the work, except a donation of $100 by a Northern clergyman resident in Ueorgia ! It i* hoped somegenerou* heart will yet be open, to aid in accomplishing what remain* to be done in this be half. The Society ha* printed during the year 185 new pub lications. Of these 30 are bound library books; some of them, such as "Good?Better?Best," "History of the Huguenots," "The Martyr Missionary," and "Thomas Cranfield,'' are of starling value for the use of all class es. Of these library book* 33 are original work* pre pared for the Society. The number of new pages stereotyped during the year i* 4309 which i* equal to lixty 18mo. volume* of 73 page* each. Tho number of page* put in circulation during the year i* upwards of eighty-seven millions without in cluding any of the periodical or pamphlet publications. Including these, tho aggregate would be tally two hun dred million*! The report advert* to the increaaed circulation of the Society'* periodical*?particularly the Sunday School Journal, which i* inucd aemi-monthly, and put at the ex ceedingly low price of twenty-five cent* a year, and the "Vouth'* Penny Gazette," which i* published every oth er week, and coat* but twelve and a half cent* a vear, where the number offorty copiei are *ent to one addre**. Some very interetting and impreisive calculation* are made, to show the vast amount of valuable reading matter which i* put in circulation in thi* form by the Society. Emphatic testimony has been given by the Reformed Dutch Church, to the value of the Society'* *erie* of Union Questions, in adopting^them into the list of their prescribed text book*, and the general tenor of the re port i* highly encouraging to the friends of Sunday School*. Mr. P. commented upon tho report, and after he had concluded, the following hymn wa* *ung by the choir:? Bellebmi, C. M. Let children hear tho mighty deed* Which God performed of old; Which in our younger year* we hear, And which our father* told. Ho bid* u* make hi* glorie* known, Hi* work* of power and grace; And we'll convey hi* wonder* down Through every rising raco. Our lips shall tell them to our son*, And they again to thcir's, That generation* yet unborn May tcach them to their heir*. Thus (hall they lcariTln God alone, Their hope securely stands, That they may ne'er forget his word*, But practice hi* command*. The Rev. Dr. Reese, of New York, then ro*e and offer ed a resolution enforcing the necessity of establishing Sunday schools, and supplying needy school* with book*. The resolution wa* in general terms, and was designed merely as tho text for an address. The speaker dwelt generally upon the advantages which flow from the Sunday School Union, in moulding the character of the riling generation In thi* country. The great charac teristic of the SundaytSchool* a* now established,was the imparting Bible knowledgo to the young, for whom the speaker had a peculiar reverence. He thought that Scripture knowledge was as neceisary now as in the time of Timothy; and at a time when the great aim of Papal exertion was to hide the holy Scripture* from pub lic peruial, to exclude them not only from their own sec tarian schools, but from the schools founded by the friends of the Protestant Bible; he thought such an institution a* the American Sunday School Union, anti-sectarian as it was in its character, was deserving of tho ardent support of every true Protestant and right-minded Christian. The speaker alluded to the attempts to exclude the Bible from the public schools, which ho said, if successful, would be so because of tho spuriou* liberality of Protes tants. The Reverend gentleman thought that the proper remedy against Papal rule* wa* tho multiplication of Sunday *chools. He then gave a *hort description of the establishment of the Sunday School Union and it* pro. gre**, the manner in which it wa* breaking down the sectartan barriers in the Protestant community, and he concluded by reading a letter from a Methodist brother, whose name was not given, enclosing a draft for $100 a* a donation to the cauie. Tho Kev. Mr. CmnLow, of Ohio, arose to aecond the resolution. He aaid it wa* align of the time*, for he be lieved that the Sabbath school was the instrument, under God, appointed to save the Weit from the dominion of anti-Christ, and confirm thi* country in the true faith of the Redeemer. We want not, aaid he,a fertile soil,or s pop ulation combining all the elements of American charac ter in its purity, but we want tho spiritual education of the Bible to save this great land from the dominion of anti-christian idolatry. And this education must be car ried on In the name of true Christianity, and apart from the influence of sectarianism. When I go into tho west and unfurl the banner of *ectarianism for the purpose of establishing Sunday schools, I must fail. But when I go as t>n humble missionary of this Union, and unfurl the banner of universal Protestantism, mv efforts must be crow nod with success. The speaker looked upon Sab bath schools as tho efficient instrument, under God, of evangelizing and christianizing the teoming west; and ho gave a brief history of hi* early effort* iu that region, when it was a wilderness, and the result of those effort* whon population and civilization had become fixed, if, said he, we could enlist the resistless energies of tho great west in tho great work of Bible truth, we might bid defiance to all the wiles ofpapacv?the country would be saved, a* he believe* it will be, from falling into er ror and luperstition. Tho Rev. Dr. Johws, of Baltimore, next arose and of fered a resolution, by way of introduction to a speech. He *aid, " thore are those who believe, or affect to be Ueve, that tho means of moral culture among tho peo ple of thi* country, had failed to operate beaeficiallv, and that we were'deomed to tee a deterioration of intelli gence In the *ocial condition of America?a linking of the tone of moral principle throughout the land. And this deterioration wa* sought to be accounted for? lit. In the rapid increaie of out population, and it* tendency to diffuse Itself, thu* outrunning the means ap pointed lor it* improvement, and ?or preserving it* civili zation. , 3d. In our being yearly flooded with a va*t amount or foreign population, imbued with all the vice* of the old world, and that no barrier* we can erect will remedy the evil, and prevent it from (inking the moral condition of our people. _ . 3d. In our frame of government, which places the legislative power too much within the range of these in flunncci, and thus destroys the only instrument which could resist thi* downward tendoncy, and give us at some period an upward start; In short, that it loft u* without the recuperative energy ncce*iary to recover ourselve*. Tho *peaker did not believe in the prediction* of these birds of Ill-omen. If he were inclined to attach any im portance to their remarks he would not cease hi* exer tion* In the work of a?oral and religiou* cultuie ; for he read in the inspired volume, that " the prudent man seeth tho evil, and hideth himself from it" If, there fore, ho saw the danger, it would be hi* duty to guard srainst it. and not to expatriate himself, a* it were, and cease to do all he could for the safety of hi* country. No matter what dangers surround u* ,we Mould go on ; that an American christian would but poorly discharge hii duties to hii country ami hit God, who, becauso of. the dangers which were apparent to hii vision, withhold* hi* exertions in the conflict of opinion, which is now going on around u*. At the present moment, we want laborer*. We want a band of dovoted christians to labor in the machinery of christian enterprise. We want such men as Wilherforce, willing to rise or fall, by the rising , or falling fortunes of the land that gave them birth. What if Kurope were pouring in her thousands upon us, hare we not room for them 1 I trust in God that the simple truism spoken of this country, as tho refuge of the oppressed of all nations of the earth, may be perpetuated. 1 hare no sympathy with that narrow, selfisn spirit that would bar the door to the honest emigrant from other climes, or seek, by the increase of the term in which he ! could emoy the franchise, to deter his coming among us. Such an idea, in this country, is the most visionary of any that ever entered the mind of man. It could never be accomplished, and ought not, if it could. In view of ! our vast extent of territory, and the nature of our gov ernments, which are calculated to exalt humanity, the I wonder to me is, not that the emigrants seek our shores, but that they do not crowd upon us in greater numbers. Let them come. I have no fears of the result to us. I have more faith in the character of our people and the Eurity of our religion to fear harm from sucn a source, et them come among us, and let us baptize them in the enjoyment of our own free institutions. The great evil with us is, that we are too prosperous, and, as one of the results of our neglect to be duly thankful to the Almighty giver of all good, we see that prosperity manifesting it self in an increasing Protestant sectarianism throughout the land. Wo aro becoming entirely too sectarian. I think I am correct, but I should be rejoiced if I should Erove to he mistaken. I think we can see our Christian rathrcu drawn away in sectarianism from the great saving truths of our holy religion. This spirit of soct and creed is the subtle form In which tho great tempter ?(torts with the happiness and the salvation of mankind. And accordingly we see ou one hand episcopacy elevated as if there were no saving virtue beyond It; Methodism and other sects exalting their creeds as if only salvation was to be found in them. I admire the attachment of men to the churches to which they give in their adhesion. I admire the love of the Presbyterian or the Baptist to his church, and 1 claim for Episcopacy the sainu degree of affection from those who have adoptod that mode of religion. But, while admitting this, (et us not fritter away Protestantism?which 1 believe to be, under Uod, the safety of this country?by en couraging tho sectarian influences which now surround it Tho speakor referred to the American Sunday School Union as the instrument which was to do away with the spirit of sectarianism, and to guard against the dangers which had been threatened; and he said that if we could only give the schools the propor direction, these birds of ill omen might take flight. We can go on with our extensive enterprises?increase our population ?say to tho population of Europe, come on and share with us the blessings of freedom and pure religion, and we will let our legislative powers be within the reach of popular influences?a vital principle in our republican scheme of government; one which contemplates virtue in a people, and without which there is no safety. The Rev. gentleman then enumerated the advantages arising from this Union, one of which was the extension of Bi ble learning among the people. He said the success of the common school system was as yet problematical. When he looked upon it, he saw the two great divisions of the Christian community, the Catholic and Protestant, already jealous of each other with regard to the influ ence each might exert in tho public schools. They were watching each other with lynx eyes. An attempt had been made to remove the Bible from the public schools; and although ho deprecated such, and would stand with the Protestant community, shoulder to shoul der, in resistance, yet he could not seo, with the princi ples which obtained in relation to our form of govern ment, how it was to be avoided. If the Bible were not excluded, it at least would be a dead letter to the youth ful mind, and it would be the business of the Sunday School to supply the deficiency. It was in supplying this deficiency in communicating Bible -learning to the young, which they could not get at the public schools, which constituted the truo value of the American Sun day School Union. It was the great opponent of Anti Christ. " And what,'' said Dr. Johns, " is Anti-Christ ? It is the world, the flesh, and the devil, backed by the Bishop of Rome." The Rev. gentleman concluded by saying that we had a great battle to fight against this combination, and tliat we must fight it not with the wea pons of Rome, but with persuasion, truth, prayer and humility. The only antagonist of Popery is true reli gion. The Rev. Dr. Pahkkr, of this city, and others, follow ed ; after which the congregation dispersed. The choir previously suag a hymn, and concluded with these lines of the doxology To God the Father, God the Son, And God the Spirit, Three in One, Be honor, praise, and glory given, By all on earth and all in heaven. Varieties. Levi Leland, the Quaker Temperence Lecturer, stated the .other da) at Woonsocket, (R. I.) that if the girls at that place would refuse every young man who would not sign the Temperance pledge, he would chop their wood, draw their water, and do all their errands for them. The German papers state that emigration to the United States, to a very unusual extent, is taking place amongst the better portion of the German agricultural laborers, farmers and artisans.Antwerp has been literally crowded with these emigrants, recently, who were anx ious to procure Dcrths ou board vessels bound to .New York. Dr. Louis E. Gayarre has been convicted of steal ing a negro at Macon, Miss., and sentenced to the peni tentiary for ten years. At the Belize, Honduras, Miss Fishwater com plained of defamation of character, and their worships mulctcd the defendant in tho fine of ten shillings, in de ftiult of which she was to cut grass for " three orfour day*." A ballot was found in the ballot box at a township election in Ohio, endorsed " No Schule Tacks." A large vein ofGraphite, or metal of Carbon, has been discovered in Wake county N. C. It makes a superior pigment, uniting readily with oil, and is incom bustible. It is said to be iudestructible by weather or salt water. If so, it must be very valuable in ship build ing and for many other purjtoses. At Lowell, on Tuesday, James Little, Rollions 13. Annis, William Lewis, and Albert Porter were charged with being common drunkards. Little pleaded not guilty; but on examination, was found so, and sent for 3, months to tho House of Correction. Annis was lined six dollars and costs of Court, or six months in the House of Correc tion. Lewis and Porter three months each. In Ne v Orleans, on the 10?h inst., Allen Jones was fined $1000, and J. J. Bryant $-2000, (being his second of fence) for violations of the laws against gambling, and to remain in prison till the fines were paid. All the gaming apparatus was confiscated. The Steam Woollen Factory, at Danville, l'enna. formerly owned by Dr. Petrikin, has been purchased by Dr. B. R. Gearhart, who designs to carry on the manu facture of cloths, satirets, flannels, Sic. in a spirited man ner. Gen. Wilson, late Surveyor (Jeneral of Iowa and Wisconsin is on a visit to Keeac, N. H.,his old town. He has become the principal owner ot a location at the mouth o'Kaglc liner, on the southern shore of Lake Superior, found to contain a very extensive silver and coppcr mine. In a ton of the rock ore, as delivered by the miner on the bank, he found by analysis, that there was the following value:?Of silver $87 'id; copper $42 10; total value, 3 >. So that it was inoro 1*0,1.ily a silver than a copper mine. Personal Movement*. Robert Owen returned to this city some days ago, after a successful tour through the interior part of this State. Ho will leave for Boston next week, and take passage in the steamer of the 1st for Old Kngland again. It is his intention, however, to return to the United States next September. It is stated that Mr. Raymond, the Texan Charge d'Affaires to the United States, is about to return homo. Hon. Littleton Kirkpatnck, one of the members of the last Congress, and lady,arc among the passengers re cently sailed for Kurope. Colemun, brother of the inventor of the " attach ment," is in Washington, getting out a patent for his in vention of a means of running engines up inclined planes. Mr. Green, the reformed gambler, is stirring up the blacklegs of Rochester, N. V'., prett) essentially.? His lectures are attc.ulod by large and respectable audi once*. . Ex-Governor Yell, of Arkansas, arrived in Wash ington city on Monday evening, by the nearest rou'e from New Orleans, lie landed frojn Ualveston in company with Major Donelson. John Cochran has been nominated as the locofoco candidate for Congress in the Macon District, Alabama, James E. Belser, tho present member, having declined a re-election. John A. Nooe is the candidate lor the loco focus in the tith, and Samuel K. Rice of those in the 7th district. The latter district is represented by Mr. McCon nell, who, it is thought, will nin on his own hook. War Movements ttr Canada.?Two iron steam frigates we 'earn are soon to be commenced at ( hippc wa, for servicc on this ami the upper lakes. The British Government seems determined to make use of cogent arguments in conducting its negotiations. The mission to Canada of Mr. Tucker, tho Admiralty Builder, who arrived out by the last steamer, is of a pri vate nature, probably that of inspection. 7 his gentle man visited Kingston last Tuesday, but left the same evening for Toronto and Niagara. It is said that he will pass rapidly along both shores of Lakes Krie and Ontario, and return to Kngland with all convenient speed. While all present tdca^of laying down the keels of the iron steain frigates nt Kingston Dock Yard must be abandoned, wo cannot help feeling that the prompt nttention of the Board of Admiralty to the defenceless state of Canada, in sending out their Builder, to inspect the actual condition of things on both sides, proves that abandoning the , Canadas to the aggression* of our Yankee neighbours, is the lait thing to bo apprehended.?Kingttnn IV*ig. More Factories iji Nkw Jersey?We under stand that a large and nplendid Cotton Factory is about to be erected by our enterprising fell0w-citi7.cn, Col. J. H. Neilson, in connection with ('apt. It. K. Stock ton, on tho water power in this place. We trust this i* only a beginning to bring this valuable water privilege to the notice of manufacturers. Our city 1* deeply in terested in this undertaking. May that success which i* due to *uch enterprises attend tnese gentlemen.?Nrw Biunt. Timu. HorhetUr. [Correspondence of the Herald.] HocHKbTEii, May 20,1846. Our city for the last week luia been in quite an uproar, caused by the api>earanco oi Mr. < "teen, the reformed gambler. However good Mr. G.'s inten tions may be, or however much benefit he may have done other sections of the country in exposing the secrets, games and tricks of the "gambling fra ternity," it is a general and conceded fact among the intelligent oneB of this community, that he is doing more in one week to injure the young men of Rochester than all the secret gamblers that infest our city could do in a year. The lascinating excite ment that Mr. G. describes as being produced by gambling, has induced many an old and young man to try the reality ot his statements. Since he has been here our gambling houses have never been more crowded, but thia is not all. If the curtain that hung before the window ot a certain respecta ble house on Fitzhugh street, could have been drawn on a certain evening of last week, any "passerby could have seen in that room a table, around wnicn sat several respectable gentlemen, very busily en (rjyred with a pack of cards, and trying to win eacfc others money, by performing the very tricksohat Mr. Green had explained to them but a few days be fore. Mr. Green, in his lectures, throws out so ma ny inducemets for young men to make an easy hv ing by gambling, that quite a number of young men in this city have made up their minds to try it a lit tle Mother excitemeut but this gambling business has troubled our city since election. 'fnol as flood as it was last year, lhe weather has been changeable and unpleasant. Your paper is in as great demand as ever. We got the first news of*h? result of the great race through that |?per. When any thing of uii|>ortance turns up in this part oi the country, you shall hear from me. v* Theatricals, Ac. Mr. Jackson, the future lessee of the Bowery in prospective, advertises for a company, a?d ?"?0"nCe* that the Theatre will be completed by next August. The animals recently arrived here, we are credi bly informed, were ihipped by, and are the property ot Mr. Van Amburgh. Mr. A. A. Adams is drawing good honses in Norfolk. . The Baker family are giving Concerts in Montreal with great success. Messrs. Henry and Kuvil are in the same city with their exhibition. Mr. Henry Phillips is announced to give a series of. Concerts in Montreal previous to his departure for Europe. Mr. Robinson, late of the Montreal boards is about to open the (Quebec Theatre, at which Miss titz james is engaged. Rockwell and Stone's Equestrian Company have | arrived in New Bedford. The Campanalogians, we learn, gave a Concert on Monday evening at Schenectady, at which was prosent one of the largest and most fashionable audiences ever congregated in that ancient city. They proceed from thence to Utica. Starting a Lame Sailor with a Cutlass, (See. ?Capt. Ira S. Wadey.of the whale ship Autumn, ot New Vork, was put on trial in the U. 8. Circuit (.ourt, yesterday, on an indictment containing two counts ; the first charging an assault on James Wilson with a cutlass; the second, an assault with an iron bolt These assaiUts were committed at sea, on the 10th of August last. Wfl* son, having accidentally received a severe hurt in his knee from an axe, was unable to move round as Uvely as Wadcy wanted him to do ; and on the day named, while Wilson was sitting down, he slapped him across the shoulders with a cutlass till he made him rue. Ho then pricked him in the breast with the weapon. Wilson now began to resist, and Wadey clenched him, tore his shirt oil, threw him down, forced a pump bolt into his mouth, and kept it there several minutes. No substan tial defence was made out, and the jury returned s ver diet of guilty on both counts. On the arnval of the Autumnat New York, some weeks since, Wilson brought a civil action for damages, which Wadey compromwea by paying $310. Subsequently a boarding-house keeper carried the matter beforo the U. 8. Court in Ne' Y^ and the grand jury found a bill, but not until Wadey had come Eastward ; and in order to procure the airest <? Wadey in this State, Mr. Butler, U. 8. District Attorney of New York, sent on a copy ef the indictment, with the necessary witnesses, to enable Mr. Rantoul, the District Attorney here, to commence the prosecution it net*, and hence the indictment here. In consideration of the j3l5 paid to Wilson in New York, by Wadey, Judge Sprague only sentenced him to pay a fine of days' imprisonment in the Boston jail.?Boiton roit, May 21. Guano.?A late English paper, in an article on this subject, says?Now that the new manure, gua no, is exhausted, ingenuity is on the rack to discover some equivalent. The island ol Ichaboe most literally carried away, and excellent emp oyment it has afforded for British shipping. The speculators in the excrement of birds have realised r.retty P^kingaby the discover?4>f the contents of this hitherto worthiwi place, and IrS^es are entertained that similar elsewhere may speedily be found. In the mean time, scientific skill is being brought to bear uI?n *h?/a"??r " craft, and the agricultural journals speak highlj of the beneficial effects to be derived from the appUcation of electricity, strange as it may sound, to the products of the earth. ? A Female Fiend.?A Mrs. Reed, under sentence of death at Lawrenceville, la., lor the murder ot her husoand, after several ineffectual attempts to hang her self,has confessed not only the poisoning of her husband, for which she was condemned, but two other persons he fore, as well as the murder of a nephew for his money; and, as though these enormities wero not enough,she has also confessed having caused the death of two children by starvation ! Opposition on the Sound.?The steamers Massa chusetts and Neptune started trom New j ork at 5 o'clock, the Neptune ahead; after passing Hurl Gate, when Hearing the point on Long island, at the entrance of Rushing bay and near the buoy, the Massachusetts being inside and abreast of the Neptune, was consequent ly compelled to press the Neptune off or go ashore on the point of rocks; the Neptune at this time, had suffi cient room to allow the Massachusetts to pass, and could have done so, without the least inconvenience or in fringement on her right of position, at the tune .The Massachusetts did not come in direct collision with a heavy crash, nor did she make a second attempt to pass the Neptuni, as stated; and during the time the boat, were in sneaking distance of each other, no brutal, pro fane, or disrespectful language was used by ( apt. < otn stock, in reply to the Captain of the Neptune, as stated. ?Providence Journal, May JO. Firfs ns TM15 Woods.?Extensive fires have been rairini; in the woods in this county during the pest week, destroy ing an immense amount of propertv. At Crownpoint, wo are informed, that a saw-mill, and sevoraJ dwelling houses and a largo quantity of sawed lumber were destroyed.? W eitport (???) 1 atnot. Effect of Opposition.?The new line of boats running between Whitehall and St. Johns has put down the faro to about three dollars for the enUre route between New Vork and Montreal, a distance of upwards of 400 miles. nl III tne name line 01 numneaa, ln? ? ?cience of cutting, hut in the quality ir manufactory, givea ut a decided ad onr imtroua a faahionable and well GKNTLEMEN'S SPRING FASHIONS. THK SUBSCRIBERS have rrcrivrd by late arriTaU, from thifir Amenta in Pan* and London, their assortment of rich Cravat* OIotm, Srart'n, So?|>enders, Silk Under Garmanta, lie. kc. Tnnr assortment of the above articlea have been selected with inurli ran- unl attention, and rompriaenat only ihe richeat, but the moat dfcniive assortment to be found in the city. The Sabecribers devote great attrntion to the manufacturing of Gen tlemen's Linen ami Muslin Shirts. The article manufactured by tin in are cm after the moat approved French method, to auit the lorm of thr wearer?well and faithfnllr made?and may be da peudrd oil, not only for the beauty of their finish, but lor their durability. The senior partner of the firm having been for the la*t seventeen years engaged in the saine line of husineaa, his knowledge, not only i? the ??' of the material* a ted in our I vantage, and guarantees to our imtroua fini*lwd garment. Oar assortment of under garmmta of all de scriptions?Hoalery, l)rr*?nig Hobea, Pocket-kerchiefs. Nikht (,'apa, Liaea Collars, and Drraa FrouU, Stocks, (Hock Ti"a, (. ra vat Stilfeners, raraea. Money and Riding Belts, kc. kc.. will he foaad worthy the attention of all who will favor wit'' a visit the old establishment of PAR8ELLS fc AOATF. J73 Droadway, corner of Park Flare. N. B.?P. k A. continue the manufacture of their celebrated Klaatic, Shoulder, Brace and Riding Belta. all lat'dh TO CITY AND COUNTRY MERCHANTS. HOTEL AND sfEAMEOAT PRO PR I HTM*. CITY AND COUNTRY FAMILIES, kc EXTRA FINE TEAS! 103 (irrrnwlch Street, Nur CovBTLAtoT Sr., afro orrosiT* thr Pacific Hotux, Nkw Yor*. r. wr.v. ?'inform yon ... ?riven at the above place, principally for the pnrpoaa of WE BEG LEAVE to inform yon that wc established onr ?rlvrs at the above place, principally for thr pnrpoae of meeting our views of our wholeaale and large family rnatamera on the North River Side. The upright manner in which wo have earned on our business for several year* paat in thia city, together with the very high quality and moderate price of our {pods, have earned (or ua a degree of reputation and renown flu leyond that ofany aimilar houae in the United Statea, and we conaider their the boat reaaona we can urge to obtain your pa tronage. We hare, however, mnch pleasure ia stating. that we hava madr, with great care and judgment, onr (election! from all the spring cargoea, and which comprise the finest specimens of Young Hyson, llyion, Gunpowder, Imperial Oolong I'akoe, Ningyong, Congou Souchong, kc., whirh hire arrived here thia leunn, which, with an immrnie variety ol Fine and * tood Qualities, we offer at wholeaale and retail. We have also trae Government Java and other Coffees, aa usual, roaated and ground daily. We continue our operations at our other places aa heretoforgf particularly at < "^-^Wc ardour.ob^enu New York?HI Chatham ?L; *1 Grand at. and III Bleecker "'Philadelphia?MI heatant itreet, and 4i Fifth meet. ?y9 2m*m