Newspaper of The New York Herald, May 26, 1845, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated May 26, 1845 Page 1
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THE NEW YORK HERA Vol. XI., Wo. 14 )?Whole No. 4005. NEW YORK, MONDAY MORNING, MAY 26, 1845. Price Two Cento. THE NEW YORK HERALD. JAMBS GORDON BENNETT, Proprietor. Circulation-?Forty Thousand. DAILY HERALD?Every day. Price 1 cents per copy?$7 as per annum?payable in advance. WEEKLY HERALD?Every Saturday?Prico 8} eenU per copy?$3 13} cent! per annum?payable in advance. ADVERTISEMENTS at the usual price*?always cash in advance. I'll!NTINS of all kind* executed with beauty and despatch. Crj- All letters or communications, by mail, addressed to the establishment, must be post paid, or the postage will be deducted from the subscription money remitted JAMES GORDON BENNETT, Profbiktob or thc New York Hkrald Kstahi.ishmknt Northwest corner of Fulton and Nassau streets TO WESTERN. TRAVELLERS. EXPRESS ANU PIONEER PACKET LINE, From Philadelphia to Pittsburgh via the Pennsylvania Rail roads and Canal?through in 3^ daya. The above hue is now in full operation aud offers great inducements to persons who wish a pleasant mode of travelling to the west. The cars are built ill the most approved modem style, the boat! are titled up in a superior manner, and every effort is made by the proprietors to conduce to the comfort and convenience of travellers. The scenery on this route is unrivalled, and the irre it chain of Pennsylvania internal improvement* is well wor thy of belli); seen. By this route lauengers avoid all the fatigues and dangers at tendant upon stage travelling, and at the same time make an ex peditious trip. The cars leave every morningat 7 o'clock. Passengers are ad vised to engage their places at Philadelphia. Office in Philadel phia N. E. corner ol Chesnut and Fourth street*, and at Nos. 13 and l.i South Third sts. A. CUMMlNGS, Agent. Philadelphia, May 17,1845. For information, in the city of New York, apply to B. H. KN18ELL, Agent lor D. LEECH It C6.*s Line. 7 West st, N. R. iny)7 (Sm rrc ALBANY AND BUFFALO RAILROAD OFFICE, No. 59 COURT LAN DT STREET. S NOTICE TO IMMIGRANTS. The Subscribers, Sole Agents in New York, for forwarding passengers by se-^9|HH(_ rood class cars from Albany to Buffalo. WB to send them per People's Line Steamboats to Al bany, anil thence, per Railroad, to Utica, for $2 06; Syracuse, $1 92; Auburn, $3 36; Rochester, $4 61; Buffalo, $5 M. Chi! dren from 2 to 12 years old. at half price; under 2 years free: and after the 15th instant, all baggage ou the Railroad is entirely All information as to different routes given gratis, and passen gers forwarded to every port on Lake Ontario and upper Lakes at the lowest rates. Thesubsrribers would call particular at tention to the fact that THKIR TICKETS ONL r are recog uized at the office at Albaiiy. WOLF (c RICKERS, No. 5# Courtlandt street, Sole Agents Albany k Buffalo Railroad, 2d class cars. New York, 8th April, 1845. a9 lm*ec _____ __ HOUH UNITED STATES MAIL LINES TO BALTIMORE. PHILADELPHIA, WILM1NNUTON AND BALTI MORE RAILROAD LINE. Via Chester, Wilmington, Newark, Elkton, Havre de Grace, lie. Through in Six Huurt?Fare $3. ?,taW8r',^Br'CTW>' jpCSBHC On and alter Monday next, May 12th,.the Cars will leave the Depot comer of Uth aud Market street, daily (except Sunday) at y o'clock, A. M.. the lines leaving st 4 P. M, and half past 10 P. M., being discontinued after I hat date.. This Liue will leave Baltimore for Philadelphia, at 9 o'clock, A. M. NEW CASTLE AND FRENCHTOWN RAILROAD AND STEAMBOAT LINE. Through in Seven Hour*?Fare $3. On anil after Monday next, May 12th, the steamboat RO BERT MORIUS, Capt. l)o>?!ass, will leave Dock street wharf daily, f exccpt Sunday,) at half past 3 o'clock. P. M., instead of 6 A. M. as heretofore. This Liue leaves Bowly'f wharf, Baltimore, for Philadelphia, at 7 P. M. SUNDAY MAIL LINE. The only Line lor Baltimore on Sunday leave* the Depot, comer of 11th and Market streets, at 4 o'clock, P. M. FREIGHT PASSENGER TRAIN. Fare to Baltimore 50 cents. A Passenger Car attached to the Freight Train, will lerve the Depot corner 11th and Market street, daily, (except Snnday) at 5 o'clock, P. M., and .?wh Baltimore at an early hour next moruing. (J. H. HUDDELL, Agent at Philadelphia, Pa. For further particulars, apply to __ OF.O. P. FISHER, Agent, mylO lm re No. 17 Wall street, org West street. FROM BOSTON TO PHILADELPHIA IN A DAY. THE TRAINS upon the LONG I8LAND RAILROAD are now arranged for |>assengers to leave Boston st 6 o'clock and arrive in New York at 4, as was the case last evening; and take the Philadelphia train at quarter before J, and arrive tliere at HP. M. mytStf SUMMER JiRRJlN GEMENT. LONG ISLAND RAILROAD COMPANY. TRAINS RUN AS FOLLOWS : From Brooklyn Depot? Benton Train?83i A. M.daily, Sundays excepted. _ Accommodation Train?9}? A. M and 4 P. M. for Hicksyille ami intermediateplaces. And on Tuesdays, Thursday* andS?l tnrdayx, through to Oreenport at 9>? A. M, From Oreenport Depot? Boston Tram, daily, Sundays excepted, at ItH o'clock P. M., or on the arrival oftnesteamers from Norwich Accommodation Train?At 9)4 A. M., on Mondays, Wedne* daysand Fridays. From Hicknille Depot? . . . ' j.ub ArcomimAlatioii Train for Brooklyn?At 7 A. M. and 1,3 r. Mj, daily, Sunday* excepted. . _ ,, , The Boiton Trains atop only at Farmingdale and St. Oeorge i MThe"Accommodation Trains atop at the following place* on the road, goine both way? to receive and deliver paaaeu le.llord ">< ge?f p"k , East New Yo k J$Z ^,2.,n1P,g'., X ! !2 Ilwe Conrae ? } >* Trotting Coune 1?* Lake: Road Station Ill Jiinaic.i 25 Medford Station 1 50 Brnshville .. ffi Milleville 1 62 Hyde p.irk, 17 mile* 44 St. George's Manor 1 75 Clowarille, (during ses- Riverbed 2 00 sion Court,) 44 Jameaport 2 06 Branch 44 Mattrtuck 2 00 t?le Cutchopie 212 Westlmry 50 Southold 2 12 Oreenport 2 23 NEW YORK AND HARUJM RAIliROAlJ CO SUMMKR ARRANOKMKNT. On and after Monday, April 14tn, 1845, the cars will run as follows:? ! i^ToTiiv llaTTl'o? ""Heave City Hall for L*5!X City Hall VorUvilli', Harlem Fordham and Wll- for White Hains. and Niorrisinna. 'la1"* Br'(lKT; ' JJ A- M r. nn A M 0 00 A. M. 10 no I, 00 A. M. 7 ^ s m p. M. in on 3 oo 7 00 R nn 9 w I <? p- M 10 00 J 30 1 no P. M. 5 00 2 00 :i no 3 30 5 IK) :?i LeeW6Morrbiiui? Leave Williams' Leave White and Harlem for Bridifpfor Plains for Citv Hall. City Hall. _ City Hall, f 40 A. M. 7 15 A. M. 7 10 A. M. A 00 7 40 ? 10 10 1 00 10 <? 2 M p- M. 10 on ?40 i 10 11 Oft 5 w? 2 00 P. M. 5 40 3 00 4 00 5 20 5 30 ? no B 30 7 ?0 The Kreight Train will leave White Plains at 7 A. M., and the City Hall at I 45 P. M., for the present. a!2 Im m " NEW FERRY FOR STATION ISLAND. The fast sailing steamboat WAVi, Captain Vanileihill, will, on and after Sunday, leave HI?g-IVr Nn. 1 Kant River, foot of Whitehall street, ei.-ry dayat 9 and II o'clock, A. M., and 3 and 8 o'clock, P. M. I.euro Htaten Island at 8 luid 10 o'clock, A. M., and 1 and 5 o'rloek, P. M. If/""Fare 6^ cents. Freight in proportion. Landing at Tompkinaville and Stapleton each wsy. On Sundays the boat will leave every honr. N. B.?By patronizing this boat the public will have the fare st a price in proportion to other Ferries. For further informa tion, ioqiitl m lioard the boat, or at 19 West at. myl7 lm*ec BUMMER ARRANGEMENT. NEWARK ANI) NKW YORK, DAILY. FARE ONLY I2W CKNTS. Change of Ilnur. On and after Saturday, May 17th, the steamer PASSAIC, Cwitaln John UafTy, will run as mmb^bI'oIIowi, until further notice, viz:? l.h.AVf. NKW ARK LF.AVK NF.W YORK. Foot of Centre street. Foot of Barclay street. Vi A. M, and IX P M. 10 A. M. and 4 P. M. ON SUNDAYS. Leave Newark, I Leave New York, I A. M. and 2 P. M. 1 10 A. M. and 4 P. M. The Passaic has been lengthened 55 feet, and is now two hnn dred and twenty feet long. She has anew boiler, and a new, commodious and elegantly furnished deck saloon, CO feet in leimital and is in complete order. Her accommodations for freight and passengew havelieen very much improved. Kreilfbt carried at reduced rales. a28 lm*m FARF. SI 50.?Regular Opposition Line lie A_.-. f 1 ,:-J*tweeii Philadelphia and Baltimore, from the 7^- . i ?? .Inwer aide of t'hesiint street Wnarf every JVli.n Hiii"I '* excepted, st 7 o'clock, throngh ill 9 hours, vi ' ( ! !?-aU. and Delaware Canal, and counect with all the linos and nest from Baltimore. tin the Delaware, On Che?apeake Bay, Steamer PORTSMOUTH. Steamer T1IOS. JKFFtR. Ca|>t. J. Devoe. RON, ("a|it. Phillips. And tbroiiKh the Canal, a distance of 13 miles only, sre first rale packet boats. In tact the accommodating by this line, both for speed and Coml'grt. is equal to any otli. r line between the two cities. Pliiladelplua, April 17, IW. AiORBIS BUCKMAN. h Wharves. sl7 lm*m Office No. 30 Bunt ri' 0 BOATMKN, AND OTHKRS.?Paving Stone of (Irs 1 rate quality, wanted . y al4lm*r No. 41 Norfolk stmt FASHION AND PEYTON A AGAIN. PHILADELPHIA AND CAMDEN RACKS will com X inence on the Camden Course, N. J. TUESDAY, Tttk May, and continue three dayt. Tuesday, May 27th, Plate Race, $500, three mile heats, four year old* and upward*, to carry 104 Iba. Entrance 10 |irr cent. Sink- day, |iurae $100, mile heats, entrance 10 per cent added. Wednesday, 28th, purse $1000, $200 to aecoud horae, four mile heata. Same day, pom $100; a at ranee 10 per cent, added?mile heata. Thursday, purse $300, $30 to second horse? two mile heats. S-ime day. purse $600, $100 to second horse?three mile heats. Q7* On the four mile day, without some accident happens to Fashion or Peytona, thev will again contend for the purse of $1000, four mile heats, aud the championship of the turf. The following stables will be in attendanceMr. Laird with Fashion, Stanley Eclipse, Pelawaa, fcc. Mr. Kirkm&n with Peytoua, Jauneteau, Ltatunah, fcc. Mr. Haret with Patsy An thony, and three others. Mr. Ten Broeck with Maria Peyton aud Martha Washington. Mr. Pucket with Miss Robinson and two otliers. Mr. Van Mater has four-Mr. Loyd three, and Mr. Couover, Duuvegan and Livingston. Mr. Shaw two. Mr. Town two. Peyton R. Johnson, tlie Colonel, Victor, be. All horses running iu the Plate Race will be permitted to start in any otlier race. Entries to be madee ach day at 1 o'clock, and deposited in the box Ht the Judges staud with the entrance money. In the event of bad weather the races will be postponed until the first fair day. In all cases two or more to make a race. Should there be no second best horse the winner to receive but Si'0,1400 and $800. Thepurtes will be hung op in gold. JOSEPH H. HELLING8, for the proprietors, my 20 9t*rrc U. 8. Hotel, Philadelphia. GENTLEMENS' LEFT OFF WARDROBE WANTED. GENTLEMEN and Families can obtain the full value for all supertlous u fleets they wish to dispose of, (either geutlemen or ladies,) by sending to tlie subscriber, who does not pretendto give twenty per cent more than any otlier person, but will give a fair price for all articles offered. Ovullemen leaving the city will find it to their advantage to send for the subscriber previous to selling to any other person. J. LEVENSTVN. N B?A line through the Post Office, directed to 406 Broad way, will be promptly attended to. mylMm'm CAST OFF CLOTHING AND FURNITURE WANTED. LADIES AND GENTLEMEN having any any cast off or superfluous Clothing to dispose of will find it to their rd vantage to send for the subscriber, who will pay the highest cash price for tlie samy. M. S. COHEN, G9 Duane st. N. B.?A line through tlie Post Office, or otherwise, will be promptly attended to. m20 lm*ec GENTLEMEN'S LEFT OFF WARDROBE. TViViJJ ? ? " seuiirinen ?, niio. Ji.irr.ijlll, r IKK ARMS, 8cc. fcc, will obtain from the subscriber twenty iwr cent more tlian from those who pretend to pay the highest cash prices. H. LEVETT, Office No. 8 Wall street, New York. Families or gentlemen attended at their residence by ai? pointment. And all orders left at the subscriber's office, or sent through the po<t office, will he punctually attended to. m!7 lin*ee OLD CLO'! OLD CLO'! OLD CLO'! THE SUBSCRIBER pays the highest prices for Becond Hand Clothing. Clothing altered, repaire leaned in a superior style. Rememoer the No., 130 street. OEO. LEVIE. a24 lm*rc HOBE'S PATENT EXTENSION DINING TABLES, WITH METALLIC SLIDES, long known as the most du rable, convenient, and elegant of extension Tables manu factured; warranted to run easy constantly, and not to h* affect ed by dampness or warping of the wood. A large assortment of choice patterns, suited lor private parlors, hotels, steamboats, lie., together with a general assortment of Cabinet Furniture, always ou hand, at the Ware-rooms, No. 140 Uraud street, cor uer of Elm, where the public-is respectfully invited to call and examine. a25 lm?ec COLT'S PATENT REPEATING FIREARMS, WITH THE LATEST IMPROVEMENT OF 1844. 'T'HE DEPOT for the sale of the Colt's Pistols. Rifles, Car JL bines and Fowling Pieces, has been removed from No. 171 Broadway to No. 2 Barclay St., near Broadway, under the Aster House, where a general assortment of these superior Fire-Arms is kept for sale at reduced prices. They also can be had at W, H. Horstmann tr Co'a, Maiden lane, Mnlford fc Wendall, Broadway. Albany, Lyman P. Knowles; Delhi, Delaware co.. N. V., Hvde fc Goodrich, and H. E. Baldwin it Co., New Or leans, at New York prices. Pistols at from $16 to $28 each, in a ease with equipments. Great impositions are practised upon the public iu representing and selliug the self-cocking and revolving six barrel Pistol for Colt's repeating Pistol, which is acknow ledged to be superior iu every respect to any other Pistol manu factured in this country or Europe. The Emperor of Russia, tlie Emiiemr of Austria, tlie King of Prussia, Prince de Joinville of France, the Imaum of Muscat, all have them and speak in the highest terms of them. Tile Texan Army and Navy are su|> plied with them, and theU. S. Navy has been supplied with them to some extent, and the officers have given the most favorable re port on Colt's repeating fire-arms. s20 lm*ec IF ESTHER COHEN, who formerly hved with Mr?. Hughes. Boardlnf-houae keeper, Union atieec, Liverpool? left England about nine years ago t* live iu New York?will write taher father. No. 14 New Bailey street, Salford. Manches ter, ia England, she will hear something greatly to her advan tage. my 10 2m dyfcwy*rc BLACK OXIDE OF MANGANESE. 1 4 UU1 LBS. Ground, of very superior quality, justre ceived and l'or sale by PER8SE It BROOKS, ml4ec No. 63 and 67 Nassau street. PROSPECT IIALL, YORKV1LLE. CONRAD ABELMAN respectfully informs his friends and the public, tlial tlie above well known and favorite place of resort has recently beeu refitted, and is uow open to receive vi sitors or boarders, who may wish tn escape the dust, noise and inconveniences of a city life during the heat of summer. Prospect Hall, one of the most beautiful country seats in the neighborhood of the city. is situatrd directly over the Harlem Railroad tunnel, and c*i be reached from the City Hall in tkirty minutes, either l>y railroad or by the Harlem stages. The beauty of tlie house aud of the surrounding scenery is too well known to need an extended description. The attention of militnry companies is particularly directed to tlie excellent l-onveniencei for target-shooting, drill and parade grounds, tenpin alleys, quoit grounds, lu. fcc. The present pro prietory a very great expense, lias built out houses for all these iiuriKises.aiid he trusts that bis endeavors to please will procure for him the patronage of a generous public, and particularly of his military friends. He pledges liimselfthat refreshments, fcc. shall at all times be of the best quality and charges moderate. my22 Imeod'm NB.?Private House of Refreshments by I).W. TELLER, ? 206 Front street?Breakfast, Dinner and Nnpper. Is 6d, each. Breakfast from tfi until 9; dining hours from a quarter before 12 until 3; Supper Irom 5 until 8W e'clock. Also, 2b Beds, all in prime order. Lodgings 2) cts. AD gentlemen wishing to resort to afiue cool dining apartment, will do well to call and satisfy themselves. The proprietor also keeps the old stand corner of Fulton and Front streets; 7, 8 and 9 Fulton Market, where he will continue to serve up all the delicacies of the season. Also. Wiues, Liquors, aud Segars of all kinds and of the choicest brands, direct from the importers. ml7 Im-rh BOARDING AT 27 COURTLANDT STREET. GOOD BOARDINO, with pleasant roo ns, for single gentle men. Likewise, a handsome furnished parlor witn bedroom idjoining, suitable for ? genteel family?by my!3 lm*rc MRS. GERE, 27 Cnnrtlandt street. SHARON SPRINGS PAVILION, SCHOHARRIE COUNTY, New York-The public are re spectfully informed that Mr. Laiifion, of Congress Hall, Al bany, has associated himself with Mr. Gardiner, and that thia establishment will be conducted by them. The Paviliou will be opened for the reception of visitors on the first day of June next. The subscribers 'nave made many improvements in the grounds and bathing-house, and pledge themselves to use their best exertiona to re ider this establish ment fully equal to any watering place in thia country. L* fc G. Stages will he iu readiness on the arrival of the cars at Caoa joharrie, to take passengers to the honse. Mr. L. will, as heretofore, continue the Congress Hall, which will, during tlie summer, be under the superintendence of Mr. Joslm. m>2l8mrrc V A VII JON, NEW BRIGHTON. THE PAVILION, at New Brighton, is now iu full opera tion, and the proprietor will be glaa ta enter into arrange ments with parties who who wish to engage apartments for the whole season or for a shorter period. Mr. Blancard will be found at the Pavilion every day from 12 to 2 o'clock, and at the Globe Hotel at all otlier hours. myl Jwre WILIJAMSB URGH COTTAGE. THE SUBSCRIBERS respectfully inform tlie cititens *1 New York, Brooklyu, Williamsburgh and its vicinity, that they have recently opened the large and splendid mansion known as the WILLIAMSBUROH COTTAGE. and furnished at great exiiense for the accommodation of resi dents and strangers. The Cottage ia eligibly situated, a ferrous south of the Peck Slip Ferry,and convenient to tlie Houston and Grand street Ferries commanding a beautiful and extended view of the Bay. New York and Brooklyn. They have also at tached to the COTTAGE a large and splendid Garden, conve nient Promenades, (trass riatts. Shade Trees, fcc.. making a most delightful summer resort to while away a few hours amid th* refreshing breezes of the Bay. Their MUSICAL CLOCK is richly worth a visit, being the lieat piece ef mechanism ofthe kind that was ever imported to thiscountry. It will play fifty different tunes with remarkable harmony and accuracy. The choicest variety ol refreshment will at all times be promptly furnished. N. B.?In connection with this establishment, they have WARM AND COLD SALT WATER BATHS-known aa the Washington Baths. The water is at all times clear and pure. Tlie Ferries run from Peck Slip, Graud street and Hous ton street every fifteen minutes. Ferriage four cents. mvl6 Im*ec HANDHELD fc HOEFT. DISBROIVS RIDING SCHOOL, tOS Uowcry, on Astor and Iiiifiiyrtlc Place*. MR. W. H. OISBROW liaa the honor to announce, that hi* School i? open diily, (Sunday* excepted) lor Kqueatrian Tuition and Eierci*e Riding Hour* for Ladie* from 9 A. M. to J P. M. Honn for Ucatlrmrn from 6 to I A. M. and 3 to 7 P. At. (tV"Termn made known on application *a above. N\ B.?Highly trained find quirt Horaea, for lha Road and Pa rade, to let. _ my6 lm?rr KUULSTONE'S hiding school, 137 anil 139 Mercer Street. <fl MR. JOHN 3. ROUL8TONE haa the honor to inform hia friend* and the rublic in general, that hia f \ ^ A h,i.?-i for iiiatrurtioA in Hor**m*nahip ia new open day and evening, aa followa .? Honra for Ofntltmtn from ? to t A. M. " " l.adie* " ? A. M. to 3 P. M. Term* of inatructioa mad* known on application to Mr. Ilouhtone. M'- R- haa JtM* received from the country aeveral fine and atyliah saddle Horaea, which he ia anthoriaed to aell at a rra aonanle price. my7rr KIIRNIHHKU ROOMS TO RKNT, with Breaklaat *" j W-' *r",r" and U<-dr<M)ma, aaitahle for Kentli-meii their wivea, or tingle geutlemen; the location ill nr< > mi way, near l> ranklin at. Also, a fine Bairmont, auitahle for an office; well fnmiahed. Apply at MB Broadway. my 11 Iw rrt 1OLKT. A Parlor aud Bedroom, eery neatly lur imlied. to gentlemen and their wirea, or aingle gentlemen. at 117 Franklin atreet. ,jia tm*ee li'OR HALK?A beautiful Country Reaidvnre. one mile from Roaaville Landing, on Staten liland, a h arm of tt Kere* of Ant-rate Land; a larrr llouae and good Barn, an) Inildinga; good Oarden. with plenty of Fruit Tree*? Mfj be aold reaaonakle and on good term*. Knqnire of l?y7 lm'rc SAM'L. HALL, M Broom* at. Highly Important from the Cherokee Nation. The "Ross" and "Ridge" Parties. Cherokee Nation, April 24,1816. Ma. James Gordon Bennett:? Sir:? I have observed recently many statements in the pa|x>rs concerning the agitations now existing in the Cherokee Nation; some of these statements have been made in truth and candor, but the most of them, however ably written, are destitute of any tiling like justice. They have been published with the single view of influencing the public mind in favor of what is called the " dominant party" umong the Cherokees, and blinding it to the character and interests of a cer tain other party. The Cherokee question is becom ing, if such is not the case already, one of thrilling interest, and must soon command the earnest atten tion of the whole United States. The history of the Cherokees for the last few years, containing as it does scenes of the wildest commotion, and trage dies of the most fearful nature and terrible con sequence, partakes strongly of the character or romance; and it is not without its instruction, for following up the path in which a nati oaascends from its pristine barbarity and ignorance to the dif ferent points of civilization, is to follow the human mind in some of its wildest, and at the same time grandest efforts. A people, who from age to age nave wandered savagely in dark forests and gloomy mountains until their very spirit become of a cor responding darkness and gloom, whohavelived from time immemorial under stern customs, even more imperious than laws themselves, and those customs far beyond the reach of wen an extreme shadow of civilization, suddenly emerging from their ancient state, and, throwingi off' the weights long centuries have imposed upon them, springing forward to the enjoyments', dignities, and the rights of civilized man, presents as noble a s(ieclacle as can well be pre sented to our imaginations ; und then to see them, just as they have reached a beautiful eminence as a nation, suddenly hurled back to a condition, if pos sible, worse than before, and yet, with the native energy of pride, struggling for the Bccond attainment of what they have lost, adds a shade to the picture, the contrast of which makes the spectacle still more noble. You are, aware, of course, that the Cherokee na tion is divided into two parties, and has been for several years ; known originally as th? Rosa and Ridge parties. In *839, a most tragical scene was enacted in the murder of the three leading men of the Ridge party?since then, but one side of the question has been heard by the larger portion of the citizens of the United States ; representations have been made entirely false, and deeply injurious to this latter party : the memory of those who were as sassinated in 1839 has been most cruelly insulted ; they hi've been denominated traitors to their coun try. receivers of bribes from their nation's enemies, and the act'by which they perished been termed just and right. Sir, justice to the dead, if not to the living, has long been an universal principle with mankind. These men are in dieir graves, and no voice can come from them to answer the charges against their actions in life ; it is nothing but jus tice, therefore, that this side should have a voice, and also a listening ear, and considering your He rald to be a paper proudly independent of all others, bound by the shackles of no party whatever, ana open to the free expression of opinion, 1 have con eluded to address a communication to you on the vexed subject of Cherokee affairs. I shall speak, however, in no partisan spirit, but shall give only a true statement of things ; and if the judgment fall against the Ross party, they can bear it; if against us, wo also can bear it. All we want is, of our bre thren of the United States, an unbiassed decision,af ter a fair view of the case us it stands. I have said there were two parties existing at present in the ? Cherokee nation. They were recently known as three, however, the Ross, Ridge, and Old Settler parties ; but the two latter, finding their interests mutual, have united, though I believe by no formal act, and are known now as the anti-R oss party.? Follow me. if you pleaec, in a very brief history of events, ana 1 will explain their existence. Previous to the year 1828, or a little while before that time, when the oppressions of the whites commenced, the Cherokees lived in the noticeable possession of a ter ritory lying within the limits of Georgia. Tennessee. Nortn Carolina and Alabama. Formerly they had |K>8se8sed a much larger territory, but having re duced themselves year after year, by treaties of ces sion, thev were then narrowed into a compass large enough, but none too large for their subsistence as an agricultural people. A portion of the Cherokees in 1785, had separated from the whole body of their tribe, on account of a dissatisfaction their part with the provisions of a treaty concluded in that year be tween their brethren ana the U. States,at the termina tion of a bloody war between them; and had remov ed to the then extremely wild country which lay in the Spanish province ot Louisiana, afterwards call ed the Territory of Arkansas. They settled at a point on the St. Francis River, andf held a home there long before the United States had any right to the country whatever. The Cherokees, finally, be ? inning to advance in a degree toward civilization, ecame divided in habits?one portion following ag riculture, and the other the game. From this cir cumstance, the Cherokees on the St. Francis River received freouent additions to their number, those in favor of the hunter state continually joining them, and soon became distinguished as the " western Cherokees," or " old settlers." After the United States obtained a reversionary title, (which soon became a stronger title,) to th? country, including the home of the old settlers, they recognised the right of the old settlers, to the land they claimed, and made frequent treaties with them, oy which they removed farther back from their original set tlements, exchanging the land theyfirst possessed for other lunds. They were treated, however, by the United States the same as other uncivilized Indian tribes around them, and held a title of the same tenure?a title by no means so sure as the one held by their brethren on the other side of the Mississippi. Rut the time came when n formal division of the tribe was to take place?those in favor of the hunter state expressed a wish that the nation might be split into two distinct communities; and by mutual agreement, a treaty was made with the United States, by which an ex change of lands was made?those now "emigrated to Arkansas, or who may hereafter emigrate," in the language of die treaty, (meaning those who should separate from time to time from the general body of tne nation,) exchanging their countnr "east of the Mississippi" for an equal quantity of land on the Arkansas and White rivers, or "west of the Mississippi." Thus, by open act and free conscnt of all th? Cherokees. tne nation was divided into two se|>arate and distinct communities, owing no obligations each to the other, maintaining no allegi ance, and bound by no compart whatever. This treaty was concluded in 1817. Treaties with the Western Chsrokees were made after that, for the adjustment of boundaries, Arc., and one for their removal farther West. It is unnecessary to trouble you with a minute detail of all the transactions of the United States relating to the Western Chero kees?the causes of their removul from one bounda ry to another, and so on, and so on. It suffices that they held a title, a sure title, acknowledged by the general government, to a goodly portion of land in the Territory of Arkansas. Though their avowed object waS, in the outset, to pursue a hunter life, they, soon after the year 1817, began to change their character as hunters, and betake themselves to agri culture. Their progress was rapid, and in 1824, the wbole nation became alive to the importance of es tablishing a regular government, under a written constitution. A general convention was accordingly held in that year?a constitution written and adopted, a form of government and a code of laws approved, and all started into instant operation. Now begins, ix-rhaps, the history of Cherokeedom. We have said that for several years previous to the year 1828, or a little while before that year, the Che rokees (we mean the Eastern Cherokees, or the general body of the Cherokee people) were in the peaceable possession of a territory lying within the limits of Tennessee, Georgia, Alabama, and North Carolina. The boundaries of that territory were marked out and fixed by treaty, and the right of the Cherokees to it acknowledged and maintained, by | twelve or thirteen treaties, on the part of the United States. By far the greater part of that territory lay within the " chartered limits of tieorgia." Georgia was one of the States approving these treaties, and binding herself, by her own consent, to their provi sions, as the supreme law of the land. She threw the first obstacle in the way of Cherokee improve ment, by setting up a ri^ht to the country included in her "chartered limits." These limits, let it be observed, were limits marked out by the old charter granted by the King af Kngland to the ancient colo ny of Georgia. That charter was of course thus granted by none other than a mere arbitrary right, die pleasure of the King, and could not extinguish the aboriginal right of tne Indians?and even if it had been originally right to grant the charter, and even if the Indian tide had been extinguished, the American Revolution produced a change. The United States established their independence, and 01 course irom tnat tune me King 01 tnaiana relin quished all claim to United State?noil. It remained therefore, with the United States alone tortile diffi culties and make arrangements with the Indians in relation to the soil. They immediately guaranteed all the territory claimed by the Cherokees to th Cherokees. Notwithstanding reason and the com mon justice of mankind, and the laws of this Union, and the laws of nations, were against the?' Georgians acted as though the Cherokee co>untt v was their own. The whites had already intrud?. into the Cherokee domain, and exercised the entire right to all the soil they claimed or set loot upon ; but nothing in the form of legality was done until the year 1828, when the Legislature ol Georgia passed an act to divide the Cherokee country m her "chartered limits" into portions separate, and to add them to the adjoining counties of the ^[ate. in 1S29 she passed another act, annulling all laws ana ordinances made by the Cherokee Indians, and forthwith extended her jurisdiction over the land, taking cognizance of all crimes committed by wvy Cherokees. The courts of Georgia, m their trials of Cherokee oflences, were exceedingly severe, reaching, in their severity, a high degree of legal tyranny. They punished not only real, but imaginary offences; and many an in nocent man has swung on the Georgia gallows, in nocent so far only as he was not an Indian . Alaba ma, Tennessee, and North Carolina, followed the example of Georgia, and the oppressions of the poor Indians, (poor at that time, indeed!) became intol erable?they were driven from their homes, their bodies buried in filthy dungeons, and lacerated by the white man's scourge. The native magnanimi I ty of the States themselves was appealed to, but in vain. Appeals, bearing the signatures ot thousands 1 of humane whites, were sent to the President at Washington, in behalf of the suffering Cherokees, I but all in vain. Iu 1831, as the last hone of an un fortunate people, as the last refuge to which a bleed ing nation could llee, an appeal was made to the Su preme Court of the United States, in its January term for a writ of injunction, restraining the . tate of Georgia from extending her jurisdiction over the Cherokee country. If this had been obtained, you perceive that when it would become necessary to apply for another against the other Suites, the prece dent would justify the appeal, and the writ be agiun obtained?but this failed, the Court answered 1 lie Writ of Injunction is denied." The government of the Cherokee nation was then, and had been, administered for several years by John R?"8, and what he called his "Constituted autho rity;" and although the act ot Georgia, and ot the other States would "annul laws and ordinances made by him or any body else in the nation, he still continued his control over Cherokee attairs It is important to notice what was that "constituted au thority." Let me extract from a letter written to the United States Government, in close relation to 1 this matter, by an intelligent and strong-minded Cherokee. "If obstacles to a speedy release irom their heart-rending situation (speaking ot his breth ren) did not exist bv a combination of a few rich I halt-breeds, it would be needless, tec . But sincc, for these long years, our government has been sup pressed by the jurisdiction of the States, a few men, at the head of whom is John Ross, who is a white man in color and feelings, have affected tobe the 'Constituted authority' in the nation, by holding councils on the frontier of our nation, in the form ot Committee and Council of his friends who have used up all the Cherokee annuities, and exhausted the credit of the nation, under the pretence of de fending and saving the Cherokee lands, while this wis believed by the Cherokees, lie maintained his authority in controlling their confidence, until, for any practical use, the poor Cherokees have no country, no homes, and no laws. Men there were who urged their people to consider their condition, and release themselves by treaty, so as to exist as a nation without the limits ol the States; but this self organized Council told them to rest assured 11 at they would all be restored to their rights, and the white people and their laws , would be expelled by the general government out of their country. Previous to the extension of the laws of Georgia, Alabama, I Tenrwsse, and North Carolina over our nation, our government was elective, accordingto a con stitution. This government ceased in lfSO. and no elections have been held since, and all the members ot that government, chiefs, members of committee and council, became private individuals; but t?eing still united, this government, which was thus expir ing contrary to the constitution, in a small council of the people, selected twenty-four men to hold a convention to decide how the government should be continued. They decided that the chief, John Row. and the members of committee and council should hold office until the nation should be restored. This Committee consisted of sixteen members, and the Council of twenty-four members. If vacancies oc curred, they were to be filled by the principal chiefs. This of course, was adopted in the form ot a law, by the very men who had chosen the twenty-four, to say they should continue in office. This council, thus organized, was tolerated while the people re tained confidence in it, but eventually the people rose and held councils in other parts ot the nation, 1 and called aloud for a treaty, and bid defiance to the Red Clay authority. (Ross' council was held at Red Clay.) Whenever any ot the chiefs left the council, John Ross would put in their places his friends ; so he has retained the influence of that council, and on the same principle he can keep it organized all his life, without any responsibi lity if the general government will allow this man to be the speculator of a nuned nat'?"v, At various times, Major Ridge, Alexander McCoy, Alexander McDonald, Win. Holing, John Ridge, David Vaun. W. S. Coody.Tus-a-tasku. and George Chambers abandoned this Council, and John Ross tilled the vacancies." Now this is matter of history. This "Constituted authority" was a mere arbitrary 1 power, organized without the consent ot the peon e, its members chosen by one man, and nut elccted b> the people according to the constitution?chosen by one man, who, himself, also, contrary to the consti tution, might hold his office for life. It is a matter of history, too, that this same man, with his friends, consumed individually the annuities due the nation, and blinded the i>eople to their true condition, telling them the whites would be driven from their borders, and they be restored to their ancient rights in their ancient country, when there was no possible power, and he knew it, to effect it. His "Constituted a itho ritv"when brought up to the standard ot the ( heroRee Constitution,would be as destitute of all just authori ty, as would the authority ot the President ot he United States, were he to assume to himselt the right of .choosing members of the Senate and House of Representatives, when brought up to the standard of his country's constitution?Fur it would be a ty rannical assumption, and if successful, a despotism. The people bid defiance, at one time, to the Red Clay authority, and thus is shown, there was no legal, no constitutional government in the Chero kee country, in the opinion ot the Cherokee people themselves. The whole nation was ruled by a few rich half-breeds! I might follow the acts of these men yet farther, and show how illegal, how uncon stitutional, and, in fact, how arbitrary,was this con stituted authority." Constituted authority! Consti tuted by whom f By itself?maintained by money, and underhanded influence. It began to be evident that no measure was practicab e for C heroKee sal vation but a treaty; and fearing that the people would be in favor ot it, (which appeared to be the case,) and they thus lose their power, this constituted authority" passed a law, punishing with death who ever should make a treaty. Jack Walker became a prominent advocate of the measure, and riding on Ins way home one day, he was shot by an unseen assassin?it was believed then, and yet believed, at the instance of this "constituted authority < hero kee patriots were, however, not to be intimidated, and other advocates arose for the same measure, among whom Major Ridge, John Ridge, and Klias Boudinot, were soon distinguished. lheir lives were threatened by the "constituted authori ty " and were in constant danger ?men with guns luy around their houses, night after ntgiit, seeking an opportunity to kill them, and all this merelybecause they had the independence to express their views in relation to Cherokee affairs, and to advise a treaty. They were called the " Treaty par ty" at first, and then the " R idge party,' John Ridge being the leading man. The Ptern decision of the Supreme Court, in 1831, confirmed those who had been in favor of a treaty?confirmed them ! It told them, in language plain as it it had been recorded on the Heavens, that that was the only alternative.? They must move beyond the limits of the States l?y \ treaty, or |>erish where they were. The "constitu ted authority" saw that something must be done to ' satisfy the jteople, and accordingly sent a delegation to Washington for the purpose of having, as they uniformly said, "an amicable adjustment of dif ficulties. But this delegation, instead of pushing forward the only practicable measure, threw every obstacle in its way. They resisted, on every occa sion, the liberal overture* of the government, and put their nation to the extravagant outlay ot bearing their expenses back and forward to W ash ington, and all for doing completely nothing. The government at last hearing their origin, and the i history of their organization, and the tyrannical ex ercise of their |>ower, refused to recognise thein as the authority ot the nation, in spite of their vehement protestations to that etlect! In 183fi, John P. merhonuand Gen. Wm Carroll were sent to the (her okee nation, as commissioners on the part ol uv United States, to negotiate a treaty with the l hero kees in (heir own country." John Koss made a compromise "then" witli tli" treaty party, to treat at Red ''lay, or elsewhere : and when the |>eo|>le con sented, and gave authority, having the majority of his friends in the delegation, he refused to treat there, determined lo come here, that is, to Washing ton city. Passing ovur the opposition made by John Ross and his adherents to the proposed treaty, and the difficulties he piled in the way, we point you to the Council oi the Cherokees, held at New Echota, C. N.. in the month of December, 1835. Gen. W. Carroll, one of the commissioners, being sick, and unable to proceed with business, John F. Schemer horn, the other commissioner, give notice to die Cherokee people, that on the 21st of December lie would meet them in General Council, for the purpose of entering into treaty aiTangements with them, at New Echota?that the decision of that council would he liual, he concluding, that those who remained at honn* or absent from the Council, gave their consent to whatever should be done and transacted there. The Council assembled, and it was a great Coun cil? composed of the intelligence and patriot ism of the nation; and the Commissioner, con cluding us he said he would, presented a treaty to the ussembly; which, being considered by a committee appointed for the purpose, and the ne cessary or desired alterations made, was unanimous ly approved, and being signed by the chiefs authoriz ed so to do by the council, was carried to Washing ton and laid before Congress. Gen. Win. Carroll signed it, when it was presented to him. And this is the famous treaty of the 25th December, 1835. It was immediately ratified, though not without the strongest opposition from the " Constituted authori ty." A delegation under ltoss arrived soon after its ratification, with a long and earnest protest against the treaty, signed by themselves, and claiming to have been signed by thousands more. This latter was not the case, for the number of signatures was about equal to the population of the whole Cherokee nation, (blacks excluded,) according to the census of 1835, counting men, women and children. There were more signatures, of course, than there were men in the nation, even including the men who met in the council that approved the treaty; and it would be unreasonable to sup|>ose that the men approving the treaty, would protest against it! We have the census before us of 1836. There were then in the Cherokee nation only 3,9!)2 men, and here are the signatures to this protest amounting to 15,964.? It would take men, women and children?those against und in favor of the treaty?to swell to that amount. The protest, however, had no effect. The protesting delegation were told, the United States recognized the authority of the New Echoti Council, and not their's,and the treaty being ratified,was now the supreme unchangeable law of the land. The treaty of 1835 provided for the removal of the Cherokees to the land occupied by the Western Cherokees or " old settlers it being understood by the Commissioners and Council at New Echota. that they had given their consent to it through a delega tion sent from their country, which delegation signed the New Echota treaty. The authority of this dele ? at ion was denied afterwards by the Old Settlers, ut for the sake of harmony they reconciled them selves to the removal under the treaty provisions.? I trust, you have noticed what I have said sufficient ly. to understand that the country occupied by the Old Settlers was their own country, and claimed by none other than themselves; that the government of the country was their government, and could be rightly administered by none other than themselves ?"then conies the question, how could the United States government treat away this country to the Eastern Cherokees! It could not do it justly?it did do it in direct contradiction to its own principles, and in flagrant violation of its own supreme law. " But it was understood the Western Cherokees gave their consent!!! Well, that forms no excuse for the man ner in which the United States have since allowed <he old settlers to be treated. Even granting that this treaty of 1835 was made by all the Cherokees, both the Eastern and Western?yet the Western Cherokees have received not a single benefit from one of its provisions! On the contrary, they have lost every thing?their homes, their country, their men. No party has been benefitted bv the treaty, but the very party that most strenuously and vehe mently op|K)sed it to the last inch ! The Eastern Chetoliees did not remove until 1838, and with the exception of a few families, when they did remove, came under the conduct of John Ross, as " agent for removal," who, although he refused to acknowledge the New Echota treaty, or to abide bv a single clause of it, received an enormous sum under its first arti cle. For removing eleven thousand souls, he receiv ed one million three hundred and fiftv-seven thou sand seven hundred and forty-five i*>-100 dollars (#1,357,745 86,) which, by umverad acknowledg ment, was a tremendous speculation?it was alto gether unnecessary, and robbed the Cherokees fair ly of thousands they would otherwise have been l?aid. Mnrk the conduct of this man after his arri val. In 1839 he gave notice to the Cherokee people, that he would hold a council, for the pur^se of uni ting all parties. All parties according met, and were eager for the union?but the pretensions of Koss were so monstrous, that all but his own party left in disgust. For instance! He claimed that the East ern Cherokees removed as a government, and of course, their government must go into operation im mediately on its arrival. Now here is a travelling government, and, as government implies jurisdiction over the land it stands on,?a government exercising its authority, as it moves over all th e States between Georgia and the Territory of Arkansas! giving its mandates to the governments 9f Georgia, Alabama, Tennessee, Kentucky, Mississippi, Missouri and Ar kansas, and at last letting itself down in a coun try under the jurisdiction of another government al ready permanently established ! Sucn a pretension would appear ridiculous, laughable in the extreme, were it not followed by events so ruinous, so disas trous in their character. After the " Ridge party," who favored the "Old Settlers," and the Old Settlers themselves had retired from the council ground, John Ross called a convention of the Cherokees, to consider on the state of things; and to determine what should be done. While this convention was holding, a plot was laid for the murder of the signers of the New Echota treaty, and so darkly was it hid, so carefully guarded from discovery, that nothing was known ot it beyond the minds of the conspira tors thern-elves, until the news of the assassination of John K:dge, Major Ridge and Elias lloudinot, on the 22d of June, came like a thunder-bolt from Hea ven. The other signers were to have been murdered on the same d ly, but by happy circumstances escap ed. These murders were committed within a few hours of each other, and with sixty or seventy miles distance between them ; yet early in the morning of the 22d June, John Ross's dwelling was surrounded by hundreds of his friends, as if to guard hiin, and the woods around rung on that day with long and loud shouts of Indian triumph. What did this mean? It told that John Koss was the arch con spirator, for how could the news reach him so earlv from a comer of the nation seventy miles remote from his house, unless by a |H>sitive miracle ? And what was the necessity of five hundred men to stand around him with as many guns, at that time, if he had not been the spirit [and director of that |>lan of death ? This was the suspicion then, anil sub:'e Quent developments have proved it tme. The mur derers themselves boasted of the deed, and of their authority, sought protection under John Ross's very roof, and, although poor before that, immediately after, piled silver dollars around them! The Ross party, as the next step, declared the long known "constituted authority "toe permanent government of the Cherokee Nation in the new couiitry?and this, "constituted authority" declared the government of the Western Cherokees no longer existent. Thus, in the face of the United States, before their very eyes, is a beautiful and harmonious government, for years favored and acknowledged tiy the United States, suddenly overthrown, and on its ruins erected another government, whose long history in the old country was but one connected tale of op pression, extoltion and murder!! It is needless to follow up, (xirticularly, the acts of Koss's govern ment. It was established over the Cherokees with out the consent of the Cherokees; laid in blood, and supjiorted by money alone?it was a violent usurpa tion! The murderers of the Kidges and Houdinot were pardoned by a formal decree of the Committee and Council, and another decree was addressed to the surviving signers of the treaty, requiring that they should come within a certain time, and bowing to the " constituted authority/' acknowledge their "iriiM," and ask forgiveness, with, in ease of refusal, the |>enalty of outlawry. And this was an awful |ienidty. It meant, that the victim should be thrust out from the pale of society, denied his natural rights, refused the protection of law, and be liable to death, even as a brute, from the hand of any who should chance to meet him. A few, who were not brave,! did come and thus bow down, and were pardoned, but the others refused, spurned the base otter, and have unto this day. They were out-lawed by a decree, and hunted from corner to corner; their property was taken and destroyed? their farms left to ruin?their names were branded with the epithet of "traitor," and $1000 reward of fered for their lives. The moneys arising from the treaty were, from some unaccountable motive on the part of the general government, paid into John Koss' hands, 'although in violation of the stipulations of that treaty, (I mean the greater (>art of the money, in fact almost all of it,) and John Koss divided it among his friends and himself, and made whatever appro priations of it jie pleased. There was a uer capita fund, which was to be distributed among all the Che rokees. allowing over one hundred dollars to every individual in the Cherokee Nation, but John Hoes has pocketed all this, and the poor starving Indian j haw received not a cent of it. Now, the?e ur? facts that can be proved to the 1 world, and have been proved to the Congress of the I United States, and we ask fearlessly, is it justice that the moneys due the Cherokee Nation by the treaty of 1H35, should be taken from them and kept forever, by the very men who opposed that treaty, and pro 1 tested against it after its ratification 1 " But the old I settlers!" They were driven from their homes, their property confiscated, their lives threatened, ara in continual danger. They were not only robbed of their country, but deprived ol all privileges in that country; not only denied a participation in the go\ ernment offices, but even the rights of common citi zens. What then could the " treaty i?rty" and "old settlers" become but anti-Koss men, the anti-Ross party ? This party have from time to time mad? their complaints to the general government, but of ficers of the government have changed so fast, and administrations come and passed so rapidly, thpt what one Congress has done in their favor has been destroyed by another, and so nothing has been done to the end. They have increased in numbers, and the only power that does keep them down is the moneyed power of John Ross. Their grievances have been laid before the present administration, and it remains now to be seen, whether, indeed, this " constituted authority" is to grind in the dust any longer Cherokee freedom, or to oury any deeper Che rokee civilization! A Chkkokee. Address by Robert Owen, on le*T,"? *** lllntcd State# for Europe, June 1, ?? AMERICANS: . After an absence of fifteen years 1 have aga spent nine months in your States, and nearly lour months of that i*riod in the city oi Washington, du ring the last session of Congress 1 have seen m my travels through New England and the middle States and presume the same has occurred in the south and west, a great increase to your cities-to your population, and in the extended cultivation of the soil. I have also ascertained that your means to increase wealth and power, for good or evil, are illi mitable for many hundredsor thousand of years, and you could now beneficially absorb into your Union the present population ol hurope. You have also progressed in a most extraordinary manner in new discoveries in science and in me S?5?,whSwill imk' tab? of little or nocotnmer cialvalue,or unsaleable,for the rightful support ol the iniliwtrioustion ^ your scientific |>ower to create wealt\. has increased, individual competition has in creased ignorant selfishness, vice, crime and mise ry among the masses, so as to make all parties blind to their present position ol high capabilities and to their interests as individuals and members of so Cl Your statesmen are occupied in unprofitable and whelmed iii speculations, hazardous to themselves, 2 of little comparative benefit to their country or o h wo ld T^e is no foresight, wisdom or oy d^r-no permanent, prosperous future in any ol their '"^muaders, wholesale and retail, are wasting, I most in juriously, much of the capital, talent and in dustry of your country, and at the same time keeP")g The mind and morals of the Union upon a low level; ???kyy cessarily in toil, ignorance, and consequent degreda " ^cnHele-s superstitions pervade the land without a paSof reTcharity created.between any of he classes, sects or iwrties, assessing any ?Je of these monster obstacles to human progress, lor any who h^e been made to differ from them ; and reli gion is perverted to worldly purposes. Your prisons and punishments increase, and the necessity for more, while the present state, of things continues, will daily bpcome stronger. You nave already, to a great extent, throughout I the Union, ignorance, |Hiverty, division and misery. And yet. as tlie atuses of these evils have been di covered they may be now easily removed. For you are in secure possession of a most magni ficent country ; of a territory even now, more than sufficient to amply supply the population ofdw world ; more than sufficient to ensure high comlort md elevation ol mind and feeling for all. You have all the materials to effect these resuU. in illimitable masses, and surplus power to obtain ''^here^s'nothing in your position deficient but the knowledge how, peaceably and beneficially for all. to apply thtMneans to accomplish these glorious results^ ^How important is it then that this knowledge should be attained m the shortest time m the incalculable evils which necessarily arise from ignorance, poverty, division, crime and misery should be made to terminate. _ . , Hut how can this change be sneedly efiected 1 It", now ascertained that j'ubhc ojnmon governs ^This change then may be effected by speedily cre atinir a new public opinion m its favor. Hut how is this new public opinion to be created . The answer is obvious. . All irreat improvements commence with one or a lew and these, by judicious measures, interest more and'more, until a sufficient number unite to accom 1,lThereisbjan1'admirable spirit abroad anxiously looking out for the right commencement of this change and bold truths announced in the pure spirit of' charity will now accomplish that object. Let then the proper measures to create this public onimon be now adopted, and let all good menof elery class, scct, party and state unite for this t-Tod llkTo fins'end let a Convention be called of dele gates from every State and territory in the Union, to consider what practical measures can be immediate ly carried into execution to anpty the enormous means to secure prosperity lor all the people of these Suites that they may become an example to the world'of what, with sound judgment,in *"}* order and with the least injury and the most benefit to every one, from the highest ?o the lowest, may be ll"l"ut what is every one's business is no one's m particular, and is too often neglected by all. 1, here ore feeling a deep interest in the immediate im provement of our race, recommend such Convention 0 be called the " World's Convention," to consider what measures of a practical charactercanbeado? ,.,i ,? ensure the immediate benefit ot every class, without violence, contest or competition, and espe cially what can be done to well educate and employ tii>- uneducated and unemployed, to fit them for he Imoerfor state of society, to create which for a I the % means are now so superabundant, not only in these Writes but wherever men need to live ; or it may be " The World's Convention" to emancipate ffhnnnui race from ignorance, poverty, div.son, ' Vhe e'luef business of my life has far, to we,ire all classes, from the highest to the lowest, t u fins great change in the condition of humanity in 1 world and thus, in the best manner to prepare it for Til future changes, whatever they may be after we shall have done all in our power to ensure know ledge, goodness and happiness in our present mode 01 nfve but to v>ut into activity the means to sccom ^'sstosrho-i? a? of Seplem'>e^ . ,oct, or partv in any country. Being of nocla.., being most desirous to but a sincere friend to all,ana oik thal the abolish all party d1 nreviously mentioned, be ?? World's fc?mvent.on, Y^kvlf0'cLmence on the held in the cit>?>f - ^ an({ to continue until the Sparta -a -jag o^??i r gSWbtfw.ll "Twill be found,on full investigation,that there is but circ..instances Of man's creation should bt rejjuceu Iron, around all by ihose only o a *1 inanimate, manent character, whether animate lor as theac are, so will im|ivi(}ua.l interest or Thewc measures hav t?iirnertly requested, ob|ect in view ; it IS, there i ^ (^e pr(1!W will ad forthe good of h!,r"J,",('t ,his Convention, and vocate the call ant'f J imi,i;c tor the great and glo prepare the minds o1 mV by these measures, be spee nous results whic h > rUssin every country, fitly obtained for all y KoBCRT Ow*w. New York, 24th May, UW5

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