Newspaper of The New York Herald, May 29, 1845, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated May 29, 1845 Page 1
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mksdm .,...?*. ? j.<,.,_^^ ?w. >.,t*? i .1 .? -?"*?' [.--" ? f-smtr"" ' ?' t -['"."*r7fJ i Tfflflr - ? ? ? ? -? ?? I /r Y iiiun ?'?. +Z& -- THE NEW YORK HERALD. Vol. XT., Mo. Htl-Whol* No. 40%. NEW YORK, THURSDAY MORNING, MAY 29, 1845. Prlc? Two Ceut*.] THE NEW YORK HERALD. JANES GORDON BENNETT, Proprietor. Circulation? Forty T housand. DAILY HERALD?Every day. Price 3 cent* per copy?$7 25 per annua?payable in advaaco. WEEKLY HERALD?Every Saturday?Prico 8} centi per copy?$3 1-2J cents per annum?payable in advance ADVERTISEMENTS at the usual price*?always cash in advance. PRINTING of all kinds executed with beauty and despatch. Q&- All letters oi communications, by mail, addresaed to the establishment, must be post paid, or the postage will be deducted from tho subscription money remitted JAMES GORDON BENNETT, PBOmiKTOIl OF THE N? w Voux Hkrai.d Kstablmhmkrt Northwest corner of Fulton and Nassau street* TO WESTEltN TKAVELLERS. ?wW HW*' EXPREH8 ANU PIONEER PACKET LINE, From Philadelphia to Pittsburgh via the Pennsylvania Rail roads and Canal ? through in 3^ ilayj. The above line is now in "fill! operation a d olfors great inducements te persons who wish a pleasant mode of travelling to the west. The ors are built iu the most approved modern style, the boats are itted up in a su'.wrior manner, and every efTort is made by the proprietor* to conduce to the comfort and convenience ol travellers. The scenery ou this route is unrivalled, and the great chain of Pennsylvania internal improvement* is well wor thy ol' l>eiii? seen. Bir this mte pnsseugers avoid all the fatigues and dangers at tendant upon stage travelling, aud at the same time make an ex pt liM'oiu trip. The cars leave every mornincat 7 o'clock. Passengers are ad vised to encage th-iirplaces at Philadelphia. Office in Philadel phia N. E corner of Cliesnut aud Fourth streets, and at Nos. IS and 15 South Third sts. A. CIJMMINGS, Agent. Philadelphia, May 17, ISO. For information, in the city of New York, apply to B. II. K MS ELL. Aeeiitlor D LEECH k CO.'s Line. 7 West st, N. R. my 17 6m rrc CHANGE OK HOUR. UNITED STATES MAIL LINES TO BALTIMORE. PHILADELPHIA, IVILMINNGTON AND BALTI MORE RAILROAD LINE. ViaChester, Wilmirgrtou, Newark, K.Ik ton, Havre de Grace, Sic Ttiweuifli in Six JJourt?Far? $3. On and alter Monday next, M ?> J2th,,lhe Car* will I en re the Depot corner of lltli and Market street, daily (escepr Sunday) at 9 o'clock, A. M.. the linen leaving at 4 P. M, and half past 10 P. M., being discontinued after tint date This Line will leave Baltimore for Philadelphia, at 9 o'clock A.M. NEW CASTLE AND FRENCHTOWN RAILROAD AND STEAMBOAT LINE Through in Seven Honrs?fare $'2. On and after Monday nett, May I2th. the steamboat ROBERT MORRIS, Capt. Douglass, will leave Dock street wharf daily . i except Sunday,) at half pastS o'clock. P. M., instead of 6 A 1. as heretofore. This Line leaves Bowly's wharf, Baltimore, for Philadelphia, at 7 P. M. SUNDAY MAIL LINE. The only Line lor Baltimore on Sunday leaves the Depot, corner of 11th and Market streets, at 4 o'clock, P. M. FREIGHT PASSENGER TRAIN. Fare to Baltimore JO cents. A Passenger Car attached to the Freight Train, will leave the Dci>ot corner 11th and Market street, daily, (except Sunday) at So clock, P. M., and reach Baltimore at an early hour next morning. G. II. HUDDELL, Agent at Philadelphia, Pa. For further particulars, apply to GEO. P. FISHER, Agent, mylO Im rc No. 17 Wall street, or 6 West street. FROM BOSTON fO~PHILADELPHIA IN A DAY. THE TRAINS noon the LONG ISLAND RAILROAD are now arranged for passengers to leare Boston at fi o'clock nnd arrive in New York at 4, as was the case last evening; and take the Philadelphia train at quarter before 5, and arrive there at 11 P. M. my23 tf SUMMER ARRJINGEMENT. LONG ISLAND RAILROAD COMPANY. TRAINS RUN AS FOLLOWS : From Brooklyn Depot? Boston Traiii?8X A. M. daily, Sundays excepted. Accommodation Train?9K A. M aud 4 P. M. for Hicksville and iuterinediateplares. And ou Tuesdays, Thursdays and Ss{ turdays, through to Ureenport at 9K A. M, /?Vow Greenport Depot? Boston Tram, daily, Sundays excepted, at 12>? o'clock P. M., or on the arrival of thesteamers from Norwich. Accommod ation Train?At 9X A. M., on Mondays, Wednes days anil Fridays. From Hicksville Depot? Accommodation Train for Brooklyn?At 7 A. M. and P. M., daily, Sundays excepted. The Boston Trains stop only at Farmingdale and St. George's Manor. The Accommodation Trains stop at the following places ou the road, going both ways to receive and deliver passen Ki. viz: lord 12K Deer Park 87 East New York IJ'4 Thompson. 1 00 Race Course .... IS* Suffolk Station._ 1 12 Trotting Course 18/? Lake Road Station. 1 31 Jamaica 23 Medford Station 1 30 Brushville 37>i Milleville 1 6X Hyde Park, 17 miles 44 St. George's Mano 1 73 Clowsville, (during ses- Riverheia 2 00 sion Court,) 44 Jamesport 2 06 Branch 44 Mattetuck.,.. ,? ? ...2 06 Carle Place 30 Cutchogne 2 12 Westlmry 30 Routhold 2 12 Hicksville 36 Greenport.f 2 23 Farmingdale 36 m v 22r f rrc NEW YORK AND HARLEM RAILROAD CO jNfcW iuiviv a SUMMER ARRANGEMENT. On and after Monday. April 14th, 1845, the cars will run a* followt LeHV<* City Hall for Fordham uid Wil Leave City Htdl tfla Innn' Bridge. l> 00 A. M. 7 00 in (Mi i oo P. M. 3 30 5 00 Leave William*' Bridge for City H ill. 7 14 A. M. 7 40 10 10 2 40 4 00 4 ill for White I'laina. 7 00 A. M. 10 00 2 00 P. M. 4 00 Leave White PUiiii for City Hall. 7 10 A.M. 10 10 2 10 P. M. 3 lb I/sive City tlaiTlor^ Yorkville, IJarlein and \iorrikiana. r, (HI A. M. 7 0(1 (I IK) 9 00 10 00 1 oft P. M. 2 00 3 (Ml :< 30 4 00 4 8f? P*"? ? . , I,e?re Mi'irni/in* ?Ami Harlem for CityHall. . 7 .r> A M. 8 <*| p ro ir no 11 co- ?. 2 CO P M. 3 CO 4 (Ml 5 SO 4 3U 5 Ob 6 30 7 30 The Freight Train will leave Whit# Plainiat 7 A. M., and th? CuyHJl at 1 45 P. M., forth* present. a!2 1m m STATKN ISLAND FERRY, FOOT OF WHITEHALL STREET. FARE REDUCED TO 6'i CENTS. Th* Steamboat* SYLPH and STATEN ISLANDER will leave a* follows until fuither uotic* LEAVE NEW YORK: ?, 9. 10, 11 and 12, A. M ; I 2. 3ii, 4 and ?, P. M. LEAVE STATkN ISLAND: 1,9, 10, 11 and 12, A.M.; 1,2. 4.4, and6 P. M. myilm SUMMEtt ARRANGKM~E.VT NEWARK AND NEW YORK, DAILY. FARE ONLY I2K CENTS, follow, until further notice, vix Chan?. . On a!id after Saturday, May 17th, th* ?te*m?r PASSAIC, Captain John tiiiffy. 'ill run i> LKAVK NKWAitK LEAVE' NEW YORK. Foot of Centre street. Foot of Barclay straet. 7H A. M. and IX r M. 10 A. M. and 4 P. M. ON SUNDAYS. Coave Newark. | Leave New York, 8 A. M. and 2 P. M. | 10 A. M. and 4 P. M. The Passe.ii has been lengthened 44 feet, and it now two hun dm! and twenty feet loon. She haa anew boiler, and a new, commodious and elegantly furnished deck aaloon, (0 feet in length, and i> in complete order. Hf? accommodations for freight and |uus>-ngeas haw been Tery much improve*!. I- reiglit carried at ivduced ratea. ajg lm*m l'KOPLES' LINE OK STEAMBOATS FOR ALBANY DAILY?8nnd?y? Kicepted?1Through Di ? rect, at 7 o'clock P. M., from the Pier between .Conrtlandt and Lil>erty ?treet?. Steamboat ROCHESTER, Captain R. U. Cmttendon, will leave on Monday Wednesday and Friday Kvunincs, at 7 o'clock. Steamboat K NIt)KKRBOCK KR, Captain A. Houghton, will UuTt* on Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday evening*. at 7 o'clock. At 4 o'clock P. M., landing at intermediate place, from th-> foot of ll irclay street. . ... _ Steamboat NORTH AMERICA, Captain L. W. Brainard, will leare on Slonday, Wednesday, Friday and Sunday After noons, at 4 o'clock. Steamboat COLUMBIA, Capt. W. H. Peck, will leav* on Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday Afternoons, at 4 o'clock. Passengers taking sithnr of the above Lines will airive in Alba ny in ample time for the Moruing Train of Car* for th* ea*t or 'Hie Boats are new and substantial, in furnished with new and eli-u uit slate rooms, and for spaed and accommodations are nn rivalli 'I "ii tlie Hudson. ' ! taken at moderate ratea. mum arc forbid trusting any of the Boats of this Line, . v\ rill' i order from the Captains or Agents. Freig'i! All I wiil>'"? For (? Bon.ii". i.r freight. apply ou board the boats, or to P. C. it the oifice on the wharf. m27rc FARE SI 4ft.?Regular Opposition Lin* be ween Philadelphia ami Baliiinnre, fn.m the ?_____.ower side of Cheanut stwet Wharf, every Monniiii, Sundays esceiitml, at 7 o'clock, through in ? hours, via Clieaaprake and Delaware Canal, and connect with all the lines smith !<nd west from B iltimore. On the Delaware, On Chesapeake Bay, Steamer PORTSMOUTH, Steamer TlipS. JEljFER Capt. .1. Devoe. SON, Capt. Phillips. And through the Canal, a distance of 13 miles only, are first pUp packet boat*. ... . ? r In f.irt the accommodation by thU >*ne, both for ?pw and coinl'ori, ia equal to any o^her line betwwsn the two Citi?*. 'mORRIS SUCKMAN, Ajwit, ?17 lm'Bl office No. 10 Booth Wharves. TO RENT?Kor three or Jour mouths, or lor Sale.? PTjf COTTAGE and four acres of land, 2?.i mill's from the '' VBi "I Bedford, Long Island. A delightful, healthy, retired residence, either furnished or unfurnished?coutainiug two parlors, 16 by 22 each, with library, small dining room, and six bed rooms ; capital stable, coach house, cow house, (fardener's house, with pasture for cow, and large garden planted ?a part with fruit trees. The communication with the eity is by cars, six times a day?f.ire 8 cent*. Apply to my27 3tl*rli GEO. 1). FI8K, !*) Merchants' Exchange. MTO LET?In Broadway, ou the fashionable side, be tween Grand and Chamber street, a Store fitted in very handsome style well calculated for a Fancy Dry Goods, or any other fashionable business; in the best possible situation, with a very commodious Dwelling iu good repair. Immediate possession and several years lease, to a good tenant. Apply forthwith. Address C, Box 7, Post Office, with real name. m27??t*rrc L TO LET?A front Room, with two closets, for K a gentleman and wife or two gentlemen, with breakfast tea, iu a private family consisting of five persons. Apply at 16 White street. m27 8t*rc TO LET?A handsome Parlor and a suit of Rooms, ou ' the second lioor, furnished or unfurnished, with brcak ___?fast and tea, and dinner on Sunday if required. Apply at 17 Howard St. References exchanged. my23 lw*rh TO LET.?A Parlor and Bedroom, very neatly tar nished, to gentlemen and their wives, or single gentlemen, at 117 Franklin street i!ll Im*^ k'OR HALE?A beautiful Country Residency oue mile jKok^ram Rossville Lauding, ou Staten Island, a Firm of 22 ores of first-rate Land; a large House and good Barn, ai*I other Buildings; good Garden. witn plenty of Fruit Trees?vtMl i? sold reasouable aud on good terms. Enquire of my7 lm*rc SAM'L. HALL. 369 Broome st FOR SALE CHEAP, A COTTAGE AT SOUTH AMBOY. THE house is of brick and rough cast. In the first story there is a breakfast room, library, drawing room, dining room ind pantry, together with a kitchen and servants'hall. Iu the second story there are five bedrooms, with four over the kitchen for servants. The Cottage is hi the Elizabethian style and has six pointed lables with overhanging roofs. The Piazza extends round three sides of the house, and is ornamented with Gothic Arches. It is new and has never yet been occupied. Though within walk ing distance (from a half to a quarter of a mile.) of the Rail Road and Steamboat Landing, the house is eutirely secluded.? With the exception of the lawn and wood and the Opposite shores of New Jersey and Staten Island, there is little else to be teen, save the waters and the vessels that navigate them. It is turrouuded and densely shaded by trees On the lawn thtTe ire fifteen or twenty groups of forest trees, varying in extent from two acres to a common sized clump, 'i he situation is high uid perfectly healthy, and commands a view of the sea, the lighthouses at Sandy Hook, Princes Bay and theRaritan River. There is a fine gravelly beach for Salt Water Bathing. The ttail Road cars and Steamboats leave and arrive at sucn hours is to enable a man of business lo breakfast at home and lie in town at half-past ten?to leave town at three aud be at home at ive. He may be iu New York in two, and at Philadelphia in lour hours. The purchaser may take ten, twenty, thirty or more acres with the house. For furtlier particulars apply to JOHN C. STEVfcNS, 14 Barclay st. P. S.?A short distance from the above, there is another hand some situation, with a house thirty-five or forty feet square. I it ill dispose of either or both, tor a view of the house and grounds, apply to Mr. Abraham Everett, Superiutendaut,South Unboy. my24 if rc THE " WRIGHT" HOUSE, 81 Nassau Street. nriLLIAM WRIGHT, formerly of the Ram's Head, Ful II ton street, begs leave to inform his friends that may be unacquainted with the fact at a distance, as well as those orthe . ity, that he has opened a public establishment at SI Nassau ?treet, upon a scale of comfort that cannot be surpassed by any in the Union. Hia bar is furnished with the best of wines ol every class, Ale, Scotch Whiskey of the purest brands. Porter, uid every other article necessary for a well stocked bar. Inde pendent of which, he has two splendid rooms, furnished, on the second door, specially adapted lor private ana public meetings, courts martial, or any geueral purpose; besides which he has provided accommodation for permanent and transient lodgers, in extensive and well ventilated bedrooms, the furniture new and well assorted, and every attention will be paid to the arrange ments of the lodgers, as well as the visiters of the "Retreat," on all occasions. WILLIAM WRIGHT, my26 lm*ec 81 Nassau street. HOTEL DES DEUX FRERES. THE Subscribers having opened the above establishment, which has been completely renovated, at lt>8 Duane Park, ind are now prepared to receive visiters. They respectfully so licit the favor of their father's frieuds, (the late P. E. Seignette) and the community at large. The most approved brands of wines, liquors, segars, kc. lie., selected by a connossieur. Billiard Tables made expressly for the subscribers by Bassford, superior to any in tne United States, and equal to any in Europe. Supper Rooms at all times of the day and evening, with every requisite attention. Clubs of gentlemen desirous of a suite of Kooms can be always accommodated at the shortest notice. JULIUS 8. SEIGNETTE, and m24 lw*rh AKZAC P. SEIGNETTE. SARACEN'S HEAD, 12 DEY ST. JOSEPH SMITH, late of Worcester, England, takes this method of informing his friends and the public, that having recently become the proprietor of the above establishment, is low prepared to supply all Refreshments usually to be found in in English Chop House He can also accommodate a few gentlemen with comfortable Lodgings at $1 30 per week, or 26 cents per night. N B.?Mr. SMITH lias now on hand and is daily manufac turing an article little known iu this City, called CreamCheese, which isconsidered by epicures iu England a great luxury.? Hotels and private families can be supplied at the shortest no tice. and at all hours customers to the house can be attended to. m24 lwfcrrc NEW JERSEY HOTEL?MORRISTOWN. THE SUBSCRIBERS respectfully inform their friends and the public generally, that the new and commodious house erected for a Hotel, at Morristown, New Jersey, is open for the entertainment of all those who will favor thom withtneir com pany, when they hope to furnish them such accommodations as to entitle them to public favor. D. W. NOE, m23 3taw2m*rc DAVID CROWEL. NB.?Private House of Refreshments by D. W. TELLER, ? 208 Front street?Breakfast, Dinner and Supper. Is6d, each. Breakfast from C>? until 9; dining hours from a quartet before 12 until 3; Supper trom 6 until 8K o'clock. Also, 26 Beds, all in prime order. Losings 23 cts. All gentlemen wishing to ??sort to a fine cool dining apartment, will do well to call and satisfy themselves. The proprietor also keepa the old stand corner of Fulten and Front streets; 7, 8 and 9 Fulton Market, where he will continue to serve up all the delicacies of the season. Also, Wines, Liquors, and Segars of all kinds and of the choicest brands, direct from the importers. m!7 lm-rh BOARDING AT 27 COURTLANDT STREET. GOOD BOARDING, with pleasant roo.ns, for single gentle men. Likewise, a handsome furnished parlor witn bedroom adjoining, suitable for a genteel family?by iny!3 lm?rc MRS. GERE. 27 Owitlwidt street. T1 PAVILION, NEW BRIGHTON. IIIK PAVILION, at New Brighton, is now in full opera tion, and the proprietor will be glad to enter into arrange menti with parties who who nuh to encase apartment! for tn> whole season or for a shorter period. Mr. Biancard will be. found at the Pavilion every day from 12 to 2 o'clock, and at the Gloo. Hotel at all other hoars. mvll twrr Willi a msb urgii cottage. THE SUBSCRIBERS respectfully inform the citixens ol New York, Brooklyn, Williamsburgh and its vicinity, that they hav? recently opened the large and splendid mansion known as the WILLIAMSBUROH COTTAGE, and furnished at great expense for the accommodation of resi dents and strangers. The Cottage is eligibly situated, a few rods south of the Perk Slip Kerry,and convenient to the Houston and Grand street Ferries commanding a beautiful and extended view of the Bay, New York and Brooklyn. They have also at tached to the CtJTTAGE a lar?e and splendid Garden, conve nient Promenades, Grass Platts, Shade Trees, Sic., making a most delightful summer resort to while away a few hours amid the refreshing of the Bay. Their MUSICAL CLOCK is richly worth a visit, being the best piece of mechanism of the kind that was ever imported to this country. It will play fift) different tunes with remarkable harmony and accuracy. The choicest variety oi refreshment will at all times be promptly furnished. N. B.?In connection with thie establishment, they have WARM AND COLD SALT WATER BATHS-knownaa the Washington Baths. The water is at all times clear and pure. The Ferries run from Peck Slip, Grand street and Hous ton street every fifteen minutes. Ferriage four cents. my IB lm?ec HANDFIELD & HOEFT. lOJULSTON HJ'S HIDING SCHOOL, 13T and 13V Mercer Street. MR. JOHN S. ROUL8TONE haa the honor to,, linform his friends and the liublic in general, that hi/" ? School for Instruction in Horsemanship is now open ly andevening, as follows Hours for Gentlemen from ? to I A. M. ? ? Ladies ? 9 A. M. to 3 P. M. Terms of instruction made known on application to Mr. Roulstone. Mr. R has jnst received from the country several fine and stylish Saddle Horses, which he is authorised to sell at a rea ?onnhle price. my7rc DISBROWS RIDING SCHOOL, f OS Bowery, on Astor and Lafayette Places. j^TR. W. H. DISBROW has the honor to announce, that his 1T1 School is open daily, (Sundays excepted) for Equestrian Tuition and Exercise Riding. Hours for Ladies from # A. M. to 3 P. M. Hours for Gentlemen from 6 to 8 A. M. and 3 to 7 P. M. ! /"Terms made known ou application as above. N B?Highly trained and quiet Horses, for tlie Road and Pa rade, to let. my6 lm*rc NOTICE?MR. CLARKE has removed his Intelligence Office from 330 Broadway to OiK Duane. st, one door from Bro 'dwaf, where he continues to provide protestanf help, both white and colored, of good character, at |2 a year. At 95H Dn<se street uncurrent money bought and exchanged, ii-v4 lm*M ; N BANK FOR SAVINGS. OTICE.?1This Institution is now removed to No 107 Chambers street. m3 lmrc RKM0VAL( MRS.CARROLL'S MEDICATED VAPOUR AND SUL PHUR BATHS are removed from No. 315 Broadway to IM Fultou street, west of Broadway Open rom t o'clock in the morning till 9 o'clock atnight. Sulphur Baths require onr hour's notice. ml Im cc THE SOCIAL INSTITUTE, now completed ready for the recaption of pupils, is situnted in Shrewsbury, three miles from the celebrated watering place, four miles from Red Ba>i k, where steamers ply daily from the foot of Fulton street It is calculated to give a sound practical education, qualify the stu dent to pursue any business, or enter any class in College.? Terms, per annum, $100, including all incidentals, except bed unci stationary. WANTED?A classical teacher, native ol France. Also, a female. Circulcrs and interview with the teacher may be had at l!il .Nassau street. a!2 Im'in ZT7 " TO TAILOR*. H E Second Edition of Stinemet's celebrated work on cut ting garments ol every description in a style of elegance un equalled, is now published snd ready for delivery. Those who desire to svail themselves of the great advantages to be derived from the use of the insWuctlon it contains, would do well to ob tain a copy without delay. Hie booh is lit to 17 inches square, and contains 17 elegant diagrams of all the various styles of gar ments worn at the present Jay, with fall and ample instructions for cutting in an easy Slid scientific manner The followingare a few of the many highly respectable names who testify to the merits or the books The undersigned being practically acquainted with Mr Stine met's Treatise on Cutting Garments, with pleasure recommend it ax a work complete in its arrangement, and in its practical ap plication to cutting, superior to any heretofore published, eitlier in Europe or A merics. P. Henry It Son, Daniel Cutter, Itaats It Banker. Charles Cox, E. W.Tryonlc Co., B.F.Horner, James Daily, Jolm Ha Vilaud, J. H. Banker The above rtn lie. ined of the anthor, No. 113 Broadway N"w Y ork Slin'er HK. MARK ADAM CAR H, from Glasgow?All persona are hereby cautioned against triistingsiiv ol the crew 01 thie ves sel, ss no debts of their contracting will he |>aid by the Captain or Consignees. myO rh Sporting Intelligence. Camden Races?Ever since the announcements of the races over this ground were first made,they have drawn considerable attention towards them, by the sporting world in particular, since it was pretty well known that Peytona and Fashion, the crack nags of the Northern and Southern stables would come to gether again, and contend for the recovery or main tenance of the laurels plucked from the latter on the Union Course, on the 13th inst. This was looked upon, also, by many, as to be a much fairer chance for a trial of speed between the two noble animals than the other, as it was well known that the horses of the Southern stable had not had time given them for their able trainer to ascertain their powers to the fullest extent ere the race whs to come off, after their long and wearisome journey. Another point, too, of some importance to the animals and their sup porters?it was expected that the track at Camden would be in much finer condition than that of the Union, before alluded to, consequently, if nothing else, this would favor time. The third reason was, that there was not so likely to be those great num bers present on the course on this occasion as there was on the formar, and that consequently there would, if needs be, "a fairer field and no favor" shown by those jiresent, or those having the manage ment of the affair. In short, that every thin" would be better arranged and better conducted. How far these expectations have been realized, the sequel will show. The tide of arrival began to set in on Sunday last, when several gentlemen from the South and West had arrived at the various hotels in Philadelphia; these were succeeded by still greater numbers on Monday, among which were several gentlemen from this cit> ; so that on the evening of that day there was some difficulty experienced in procuring ac- j commodations for those who arrived at a late hour. Kvery part of the United States Hotel, the grand ren dezvous of the sporting characters of the Union, was engaged for some time previous?the well known respectable character of the establishment, the good cheer afforded, the hospitable and gentlemanly con duct of the worthy host, making it a desirable place at which to sojourn while in Philadelphia, which caused manv to engage rooms in this establishment several weeks previous. Nor were the other hotels behind in numbers of their company. The Frank lin, Washington, Eagle, Jones', and others, we were 'iven to understand were equally crowded by those desirous of being present during the week. The steamer which left New York at half past 5 o'clock on Monday morning for South Amboy, was well tilled with parties wending their way to the Camden course. At South Amboy this party took the rail way cars to Camden,where they arrived without any thing particular occurring, shortly after two o'clock, almost in time for the whole of the first day's sport. Many were induced to delay their departure until the nine o'clock train to Philadelphia, which is ge nerally thought to arrive at its destination almost as early as the conveyance by die other route, But in this instance it was not the case. Between Eliza bethtown and Railway, they met with a stoppage in the shape of the New Brunswick train on the truck, the tender of which, in its progress to New York, at this spot, having broke the axle of its hind wheel. The consequence was that after about an hour's delay, the passengers and luggage of the Brunswick train were removed from the cars, and left on the roadside ; the engine, tender, and cars at tached to the New York train, and at a very slow pace taken forward to New Brunswick. Tne fur ther consequence of this was, that a few miles fur ther, the New York train met the nine o'clock Phi ladelphia train, when those from New York had to retrace their steps several miles to a break, to let the other pass, causinganother and further delay of up wards of half an hour. This threw the chance out of the party by the New York train seeing the first day's sport, and it was past four o'clock ere they ar rived in Philadelphia. First Day?Tuesday, May 27. On reaching the ground we found assembled be tween 5,000 and 7,000 persons, among whom were some of the most highly respectable and influential l>ersons in the Union, many fr?n this city. Eveiy thing appeared in first rate order. The track, was in very good condition, rather dusty to be sure, but quite as well as could possibly be expected. Shortly after the bugle sounded to bring forth the horses, which in a short time afterwards made their appearance; the first piece of sport was A Plate Race for S500 ; three mile heats. The horses entered were placea as follows : 1. P. R. Johnson, the Colonel, by Priam, dam My Lady, S years old. 2. Mr. Van Mater, b. h. Mercer, by Mercer, dam Miss Mattie, ft years old. 3. O. L. Hare, Patsey Anthony, by Priam, dam Virgi nia, 5 years old. 4. J. Puckct, b. m. Andrewanna, 6 years old, by An drew, dam by Oohanna. ft. Thomas Kirkman enters br. h. Sartnin, 6 years old, by Loughborough, dam Polly Rillen,by Virgini*. The latter wan withdrawn in consequence of triflinu lameness. The betting previous to the race was any where and every where, but the field was the favorite 1Q0 to W). Afterwards the Colonel got up a little, and was backed at 60 to 100, a few tunes over. Patsey Antony at about 50 to 100. In the lit heat,the went off at the first tap? Andrcwanna leading the way some 60 yard*, the others well up to gether, which she maintained to the back stretch, and so ou for the first mile and a half, going at a cracking rate, but at the half of the second mile, the Mercor colt went up to her and kept close on her quarter. At the last quar ter, the Colonel came up, and challenged the Mercer, and iioth took the lead from Andrcwanna?they pushed hard for it home, and came in abreast; Patsy Antony, about a couple of lengths behind, and Andrcwanna distanced. As usual, there was a great variety of opinion, among those around, as to which was tho winning horso ; but even tually the judges decided that it was a dead heat. Time 5:43. In the second heat, Patsy Anthony led the way; Mercer colt second ; the ('olonel, on whom was now mounted Oilpatrick, some 25 yards behind. They kept thus to the end of the 1st mile, where Patsy Anthonv fell off some what, and the Colonel closed the gap, between himself ind the Mercer colt. They kept this to the end of the second mile?the Colonel still lessening the space be tween them. They kept thus round the top, but ?pon entering the hack stretch, the Colonel went up alongside of the Mercer, and shortly after passed him. On the turn lor home, the Colonel challenged Antony, and ran on the outside of her, and took the track from her. A most beau tiful struggle now ensued ; but the Colonel reached home a length in front, with ease ; Patsy, second ; Mer cer colt, third. The rider of Patsy Anthony made a com {riaint of foul riding against Oilpatrick, and pointed to a iTight cut which sho had just above the corouet of the neel of her off hind leg, but liter some consideration, the judges deemed the matter sufficiently clear to warrant them in distancing tho Colonel, consequently he was de clared the winner of the heat. Time 8:64. There was very little doubt in the minds of those pre sent, that if Oilpatriek had been on the back of the Colonol in the first heat, it would have been a very dif ferent affair. His riding was'much admired, and there was a strong desire - expressed to see this able jockey contend against Joe Laird and Barney?threeofthe first riders in the country, and there are some hopes that it will he the cas# erts the end of the present meeting. It would be worth travelling lOOmilos to witnoss,if the nags wore in unison. For the third heat,Mercer led the way, closely follow ed by l'atsy Antony ; the Colonel considerably in the rear. Thcro was little or no change in the position for the first two miles, excepting that the Colonel gradually lessoned the spare between them, the Mercor colt having gone in front. Upon entering on the third mile, the Co lonel passed Patsy aod' ran up to the Mercer and took the lead from them both, but not without a struggle on their part, but it was in vain, the Colonel camo home an oasy winner upwards of tf length in advance ; Mercer secomf; l'atsy Anthony third. Time 5m. Ms?thus winning the purse. The following is a summary of the race :? P. R. Johnson's ('olonel (Oilpatrick). . .0 I 1 Mr. Van Mater's Mercer 0 3 2 O. L. Hare's Patsey Anthony 3 2 3 J. Puckett's Andrcwanna dist. Time, fl:4J-0:ftl?4:96. 9rco*D Pon?K?Si?iK Da*?Mile heats, purse $100, 10 per cent, added. Mr. J. I.aird's ch. h. Stanley Kclipse, 191 lbs. Mr. C. Lloyd's gr. f. F.sta, 101 lbs. .1. Pucket, h. li. Fanny Robinson, 6 years old, by Priam, dum Arietta, 113 lbs. R. Ten IJroeck, Martha Washington, & years old, by Zenganoe, dam Contention, 101 lbs. Mr. Van Mater's Longford cold, 4 years old, by Long ford, dam Caroline, 104 lbs. Previous to tho race, the betting was AO to 40 on the field, Fanny Robinson against any other horse ; but lit tle or no businoss was done. At the third attempt they went forth in good style, Longford colt leading, which position he maintained for some time, the others well up : Fanny second, Stanley third, Ksta fourth, Marthn behind. On making the turn tin the back stretch at tho lower end, Fanny went un alongside of Longford, and had a severe struggle with him lor the lead ; and during which, when Hearing the quarter, Longford fell, but fortunately neither ridor or horse whs much hurt. Kaiuiy then had the lead ; short ly after Stanley took up the running, and caught Fanny as she approached the last quarter, from whence they kept together for some time, hut on nearing the Judge's chair, Stanley came in front and reached home a length in advance. Time lm. 49s. The others pretty well np together. Previous to the second heat, it was f>0 to 40 on Stanley. | Martha took the lead, Ksta second, Stanley third, Fanny fourth. On entering the back stretch, Fanny went to I work with Stanley, and both of them in a very short time I passed the other two. Stanley shook Fanny on at tho turn down the straight side?where Ksta made an attempt o i take up the running and paused Fanny, but was notable to catch Stanley, who came homo an easy winner by up wards of a length, in Im. 50s.; Funny some five or six length* behind^ giving up the contest; the other* well tailed ott'. The following is the summary : ? Mr. Laird's Stanley Eclipse 1 ? Mr. Lloyd's Esta a - Mr. Puckett's Fanny Robinson ^ 3 Mr. Ten Broeck's Martha Washington 4 4 Timo lm. 49s.?lin./iOs. Thus ended the first day's sport, after which the prin cipal parties present repaired to Philadelphia, whero mine host of the United States had a good dinner, wines, &c., waiting for them, to which ample justice was done, Sic. itc. The betting on the great race of the following dav was very limited indeed?it appeared in tho minds of all as a settled thing. It was to be Peytona's race. Some little business done at 100 to 75 on the Southern mare. Even that it was done in 7:37. Key West. [Correspondence of the Herald.J Key West, May 17,1845. Wreck of the Rienzi?Capture of l\i>o Schooners by a Revenue Cutter?The Court Martial, fyc. The Sully Ann, from Truxillo, leaves to-day for your i>ort. I write in haste, to say that the ship Ri enzi, Captain Clark, is totally lost on the Reefj near Key Rodriguez. Her cargo is saved in part without damage, whilst some ia badly wet. Captain Clark has just landed from the wrecking sloop Ludlow, which brings down a load from the wreck. News like this is quite acceptable to us poor fallows, and it must be refresh ing to Captain Clark to know that his arrival among us, creates quite a sensation. Even the Guyaseutas, which the ingenuity of a scheming Yankee exhi bited at New Orleans, would be a less welcome vi siter than a well assorted cargo, with the prospect ?fa libel, salvage, &c. Business is very dull; the Hospital for sailors nearly ready, and the engineer, Captain Dalton, very active in Ins surveys. The revenue steamer Legare, Captain Day, the other night got under weigh, and about 1 o clock, captureaan American and Spanish schooner. It seems that the Spaniard bought some flour from the American, which was to be delivered near some Key, in order to avoid the discriminating duty of 1 $1 per barrel, as well as tonnage dues, which the Spanish vessel would have to pay. Thfe watchful ness of Captain Day was too much for both parties, and a prize crew brought in the Spaniard, whilst the American was brought up in tow by thti steamer.? In truth the Legare behaved well, and the opinion that her speed was not very great, was agreeably disappointed. She labors under the evil of speedily acquiring weed and otner substances on her bottom. Itie court-martial which had been in session closed its labors here, and I hope and believe every man on the island hopes and expects that it will result in an honorable acquittal of Lt. Johnson. _Lt. Johnson is known to be one of the bravest and finest fellows in the army, who came into it from private life. Se veral visiters are leaving us, depriving us of their pleasant company, and carrying olf all the spare change whicn they can, for fun, frolic and pleasure during their sojourn at the North. Politics run nigh when no wrecks are in sight, but the latter is a more absorbing and interesting j topic. We have whigs and democrats, candidates i for popular suffrage. One is a whole hog democrat, And one a whole hog whig, Whilst all the fuss in truth's about j As to who'll get the pig ! i Ice in the Baltic Sea and the Atlantic.? j Extract from a letter of Capt. Thomas Leach, of ship Florence, to his owners, dated Copenhagen, April 22d, 1845:? j "I arrived hero with the Florence yesterday, and at Eliineur the day before, in company with the Chicora, 1 Capt Holm, from Mobile. We lay together in the inner roads of this place, as it is unsafe to lie at Elsineur or the | outer roads here, on account of ice, of whieh the Catte gatt and Baltic are full. We were obliged to pick our 1 way through immense fields of ice all the way up the Cattefatt to Elsineur, which 1 never saw before in eigli I teen voyages to St. Petersburg. A Prussian brig sailed from here a few days silica, bound to one of tho lower ports in the Baltic. She had but just passod tho grounds when she came in contact with the ice, and sunk imme diately; the people had barely time to save themselves by getting on the ice. At present I shall keep tho ship here a week at least, before starting for St. Petersburg, unless we have a gale from the westward that will cairy a sea into the Gulf of Finlaad to break up tho ice; but 1 fear the navigation will not be open till late, as there has been the most severe win ter here over known. It is now only twenty days since carriages and all kinds of vehicles passed back wards and forwards from Denmark to Sweden.? There are no vessels down yet from the lower ports in the Baltic, consequently the whole Gulf of Finland is at present completely closed up. and the Baltic Sea full of drift ice ; therefore I think it very imprudent and unsalc to sail from heretnow, or for at least a week to come. On leaving New York I had a good passago and good wea ther to tho Grand Bank, without anything happening un til just oil the eastern edge of the Bank, when on the -23th March, at 3 o'clock at night, passod an immense iceberg; at ft in the morning passed five more; at 10 A. M. counted 33 ice islands from tho mast-head, and all tho time the weather was extremely cold?tho thermometer below zero. The F. was one sheet of ice all forward; every drop of water that came over froze as soon as it touched the ship. At 1J o'clock of tho 30th ult., being in the lat titude of 46 19, longitude 47 45, 1 went on tho foretorsail yard and to my Rurpriso I could sec nothing but one im penetrable barrier of ice, extending as far as the eye could reach, from NE. to SW.; tho wind ot the time was W by N., and fortunately tood weather, excepting ex tremely cold. 1 took in all studding sails and put the ship sharp on the wind to the SW. At 3, P. M., same day found 1 could not weather the southern extremity ol the connected ice?tacked ship to the NNW. 3 hours, and then tacked to the South again. At 8, P. M., saw to my *rent joy the southern extremity of the barrier of ice; "teered South, SSE. and SE. all night, and at daylight saw no more ice. I passed b v icebergs as near as I could judgo from 2 to 300 fcet.high; nothing but daylight and crood weather saved the ship; had it been dark, or a thick fog I should have run directly on to it down in a deep bav of ice, and no person could have lived in the boats, for cold?as we must have frozen had the boats not foun dered 1 never saw or heard of ce this time of the year on the Banks, excepting a little that remained during the summer. Should you have any vessels coming out soon, it would be well to caution the captains about going to the north of latitude 45, in the longitude 47 or 48. I am sure there will be accidents happening in the course of the season by it. I consider it as one of tho most narrow escapes I ever had; fortunately the Florence came all through and never touchod any of it, and have met with no accident whatever, and arrived at Eliineur, after a fair passage of 30 days from Sandy Hook.' The Collector and the Ward Meetings. JaMT'9 OeRDOX Beisnktt, Es<J.? Dr.** Sir :? In looking over your leader in yesterday's Herald, I notice a phrase, which may be construed, to conroy a meaning which ii entirely unintentional, unless you have been misinformed. It would seem ai though you thought that resolutions advene to the retention of Col lector Van Ness had been passed at all, or a great por tion of the meetings held on Monday might in tho Wards. This if an error. Thcro arc seventeen Ward*, and were seventeen meetings. At two of those meetings, those in the Fifth and Eleventh Wards, resolutions adverso to the Collector were passed?in one by a very meagre majori ty. Attempts were made in some other Wards to pass resolutions of a similar character, but thev were failures. In tho remaining Wards, so strong was the popular feel ing against the conspirators, that they were afraid to in troduce any thing ot tho kind, although resolutions u-err prepared for each of the. Wards, as Mr. Tildtn, late of the Morning Newt, can testify, if Kt likes; and situations under a new Collector were promised to some persons if they would assist in carrying the resolutions. While on this subject, I may as well mention that the last number of the "Wall street Reporter," an obscure weekly print, contains five bitter personal attacks on Collector Van Ness. Those who remember the laudation which that print, until very lately, bestowed on the Col lector, may be puzzled to account for the change of tone. Asolution of the puzzle maybe found in a simple fact. Mr. Charles, the proprietor of the paper, wrote a letter to Collector Van Ness, asking a clerkship in the Custom House for his son, a lad, we believe, of very respectable character. As the only backer to this application was the celebrated Tyler orator, Mr. Delazon (better known as Delusion) Smith, Mr. Van Noss has not made the ap pointmeut required. Mr. Charles, because of this, has declared his intention to "write tho (Jovernordown." Yours, A TOLK DEMOCRAT. Theatricals, Ac. Mr. H. Phillips is giving concerts in Quebec. The Bohemian Girl is universally admired by the patrons of the Opera in Philadelphia. It was performed last night at the Chesnut street house. Mr. Booth appeared as Hamlet last night at the Walnut street theatre, Philadelphia. The " Ebon Band," consisting of four younu ama teurs are putting all congo-bands in the shade in Wash ington. The Campanologians are ringing their bells in Cin cinnati. Sipnora Borghete gave n vocal Concert in Mobilp on Friday night last, accompanied by several of the troupe sne is now connected with. Ole Bull is giving Concerts in Cincinnati; the lo vers of music are in ecstacies. The Hon. Benjamin Ferguson, of Indiana, not long since blew his brains out after having had an angiy conversation w ith a lawyer about a security debt tor which he was bound. MiifU'enit- Court, Uefote a full llonch. May 28.?Cast of l'ull,j R<> !.?<? -The interest and ex citement that prevailed dun. ^ ll.o trial in tins case, would seem to have entirely subsided, a* the Court Koom w?s not moie crowded than on ordinary occasions. The CMO has been altea'ly so frequently reported, anil the facts so fully before the public, that we do not deem an introductory abstract ol the history ol it it ne Cefipr^-)r Witt rosumeJ the argument for the conside ration of the charge of Judge Kdmonds to the trier*, to which exception is taWeu upon '''? flrrt favor for bias, of jurors Board and McMillan. 1 he tirst point'lnthe Chaise of his Honor, was that in order to dikqualilj ilie J"?1- ll'? should hare formed a belief as to the truth ofU?jMakt which the jurors had heard or read An hypothetical opinion, based upon statement* hi aril ^ the formation of any opinion as to 1he t?uth oi wnoe 1 statements, is a disqualifying opinion , per to be submitted to the tners as "'X? J 0f tffe without specific instructions to them that a tieliot oi ine statements themselves i< absol'itolv noces^ry^ if the circumstances proved .houlJ um u pond with the statement. Iieanl oi read, tbo opuuM irom being hypothetical, becomes certain, which may <a el and Generally would be more dangerous t.ia.i a belicl of the statements without the formation ol the conclusion of fact deducib Us from them 2. Because themn.dinsucU case would be inclined to the samo conclusion. ilonlv a portion of the circumstances were proved..J. - ? turnr would be apt to regard more lavorabl) evidence ?upporting the conclusion, than ev,dence ^ Jo overthrow it; and lourth, because if he juror swears that he has formed an opinion, derivable lrom the en cumstanc^, itTs unsafe to enter into an enquiry how far the juror believed the circumstances which he hadreatL No man knows the degree of credit which he attaches to rumor or report' while every man attaches some> degree of credit to them ; and yet when placed upon the stand, there are few who would be willing to swear to a deli berate belie* inthe truth of such a rumOr or repotf. \irain it may well be, and it generally is true, that the first detail ol circumstances, as derived from Preliminary examinations, is substantially correct ; upon the trial is more frequently as to w he the it lie com elusion of guilt flows lrom the circumstances, than as to whether life circumstances themselves are true. The prisoner may admit all the circumstances, and them has a right to contend to the jury as matterof that thev are all consistent with innocence. W 1th what efleet then would the counsel for the l,r,,?.n?t>^.rt|? c*? the jury, that notwithstanding all the dre*m?tanc? nroved or admitted, their client was innocent! 1 hey DM to encounter the pride of a deliberately formed ?P'"'?"' as to the conclusion derivable from circumstances, which is more to be dreaded than a beliof in the truth o the circumstances without the fo?ation of any ?P?r er'ror** the"^l.ngTu.e Court, seems to have been, that the Judge lost sight of ^ distinction between the expression or formation of an op1"!""' which, as matter of law and as challengo for pnnc pal cause would disqualify a juror, and the stole of mind which ulthoueh not coming up to that standard, is not ine in this: that on a challenge for cause, the law infers, from the formation or expression ol an opinion, that the juror is biassed; but on a challence for lavor, it is a ques tion of fwt for the triers to decide; the juror from his state of mind, as described by himself, is biased or not Under a challenge to the favor for bias?the only ques tion is one of fact for the triors, is the biassed either for or against theprisonerT If thei triers are satisfied that in any way the mind of t e juror tas received an opinioa, or an impression as to guilt or^luiio cence?w hetSc r vague and unsettled, or faxed anInfi nite?whether from conversation, newspaper report. . evidence, personal knowledge, or any other source, the iuror is disqualified by reason of bias. If the juror state that he entertains such an opinion or impression, spec - lationas to it. strength or Axedne.s.-oras to w hether it will require cvidcnco to remove it is impro per The law presumes that an existing preconceived opinion impression, or inclination of mind, will require evidence to remove it, or at lea?t that the mi.d will be inclined to regard more favorably evidence which con firms than that which contradicts the pre-conceptiotv Whether it will require evidence to remove the oj j ^on or impression, is not the lest. It is enough, if slighter evidence in support of the 0Pin|0"0r '"1" iiression would suffice to produce conviction, than would otherwise he the case. I n -VPOrtof his po.itio^ ? ? KViX"" ? J3SSI Ylonroe Appendix -.14 Wendeil. 131 : 7 Cranch, 297 ; 0 Pickenag. 49tJ ; and several other authorities. 1 he founded' on such beuef. ol tne truth of the circumstances heardaud ead. i. nece-sary to disqua !?v the juror. He insistedtnat a belief ...the t. tl. ol the circumstances, without any conclusion founded on such belief, ?as sul licient to duqualily . I*> ause the juroi would listen moic favorably to e vide ace tending to support c'r^m,A*?,' than to evidence tending to contradict them. He alio submitted to the . ouit, that the < iieuit Judge had erred ia cTaremK the triers. -That a mere faint impress,on, founded on either ...-rsonal knowledge ol the circum [tances or on n rilat.on of then, by tl.o.e wl.o have such knowledge, or on mere rumor or report, is not such an opinion as disqualifies."' This last instruction I involved the proportion that if a juror knows, either personally or troxn eje witnesses, the leul lacts and cir cumstances of the case lrom whict. the conclusion of a-iiilt is sought to be deriTed. and has, in a IditioTi, fonned f faint impression as to the coiiclumou ol guiU or inno cence derivable from ti.e tacts aud circumstances ofw liich iCwai'noT necessary'that 'il should reqii^re"'. .'tence to i [^?tvhc ftiwr'wwU iS.teKw KA \ argument in .upport w pct of circumitance? from which the law infers guilt. Huilt is alwa>s ail in ference of fact to be drawn by the jurors from the^evi dence as thoy are satisfied from the conclusive tendency nf^he'evidence You had, therefore, no more right to hat a juror shall convict as matter of law on crcum saj that ajuro to tjiat ho ghBl| COIl. stanUal evide , 7 0f Jrcumstances, or on the evi cause lie sets up for himself s standard of e vi.Ujnce with merits to be true, ilui you tncu lorm an opinion as to ncr guilt or innocenco I Q. II" the evidence should support the circumitances which yon heard and read, have you a belief us to the guilt or innocence of the prisoner >? Quel.?li the cireumstancos which you have heard or read be true, have you now an opinion as to the guilt or innocence of the defendant ? Also, in overruling tho question to the juror, Manderow, " Did you give any dcgrec of credence to the statements you have heard or read:" and in overruling the question put to the juror Gardner?"Have you ever thought Mrs. Bodine was guilty of the crime for which she is now on trial." This question was objected to by the Counsel for the People. The objection was allowed and sustained by tho Coart, on the ground that the question should be, " had you an opinion," instead of " have you ever thought and in overruling the questions to the juror, Coon, "Did what you read, or heard, make any impression on your mind as to the guilt or innocenco of the prisoner r " Was your mina.then, or is it from any impression or bias a* to the guilt or innocence ol the prisoner V and in overrnling the question to tho juror, McColgan, "Did what you read produce any impression on your mind as to the guilt or innocenco of the prisoner ?" He contend ed that theso questions ought to have been allowed to be answered, because they tended to elicit the state o! mind of the jurors to whom they wero put, as to the guilt or innocence of the prisoner; and because they tended to show that the jurors iu point of fact, had retained feelings or sentiments of hostility towards tho prisoner. That any one of these queations, if answered in the af firmative, would have manifestly evinced, that the juror to whom it was put, was an unfit person to pass upon Mrs, Bodine's life or death. He referred to previ ous parts of his argument and authorities before cited, to show, that, whatever may be the character and degree of the opinion, as to the guilt or innocence of a party, necessary to be proved, in order to disqualify a juror, no question can be improper, which tends to throw light upon the state of the juror's mm.I, as to tho subject mat ter in dispute. We a:o not bound, he contended, to show the opinion, by askni^ in so many words ? "Havo you formed aa opi uon I" We may show by any form of question which we choose to adopt, that tho juror is unfavorably inclined towards the prisoner; or, that bni- really exists. There is no substantial diffeience between the terms "inclination of mind," ?impre**ion," "thougnt, ? opinion," and the like. They are sy nony mou'; and, the luuaiigof mind, of one juroi, might be letlerdrewn o it by one form of ques tions, and of another juror ! y another form. A man might be lontli to coidoa> tha; he had formed, without adequate mentis of information, a deliberate opinion* as to guilt or innocence, when by clothing the questions in less direct ttims, it might lie made perfectly apparent, and without Hie yiiror being aw.irc of it, I hit he really had formed a deliberate opinion Tho opinion of a juror may be protert, is many other things may , such as ftaud. murder, ot like, without petting the direct question, " Hate you an opinio :i ? Men general ly do not know the stale of their own minds. He is the wisest man who know? inn* elf." Menform opinions w ithout knowing the) etc opinions, and are not (infrequently ignorant ot the mode in which they have have arrive f at them. !h vcih! "I the jurors in this case had sworn in their first > nainination that they had no opinion whatever and no lia-: when upon being wore critically exam-nc , they have t > u lull;, convinced 'that they had fornieu ueci?eu opinion* eiid were lull ot preju I dice. On the other hand,the re were several instances on ! this and the former trial in thii cause,in which gentlemen have stated, upon first inquiry, that they Lad formed an opinion, when upon being cross-examined by the prose cution, it became perfectly apparent, even to the satisfac tion of the counsel for the prisoner, that they entertained , no opinion whatever. For instance, one of the jurors, I Gardner, testified that " he had a partial opinion, as tv j the guilt or iunocence of the prisoner;" when on being i cross-examined,|he stated "that the only opinion he had i formed was, that if she was guilty, she ought to be pun ished. Mr. D# W. contended from these and other il lustrations, the greatest latitude of examination, and the most searching course of inquiry should be permitted, in order to unveil, to the juror himself, to the court, and to the tiiers who were to pasi upon the challenge, the real state of his mind. He cited a case in 1st Ro binton'i Virginia Reporti, p. 73S, in "which it was decided, alter the juror had testified he had formed no opinion, that the court erred, in overruling further questions, of the character oi those mentioned above, which were put lor the purpose of showing, that notwithstanding the juror said he had formed no opinion, he, nevertheless hud formed one. ^ Alter some further remarks upon this point, in illustration ol the above argument, he proceeded to consider the next matter complained of, in the deci sion of the court below, which was this When Wil liam Gardner was called as a juror, he testified. " that having previously formed a partial opinion, he was now more biased against the prisoner than ever, from heaAng so many jurors come forward on the stand and express their opinion." Judge Kdmonds charged the triers, first, that they were to inquire, " whetiier Gardner had a dis qualifying opinion, before he came here." Second, " that a bias," as created upon the causes mentioned by Gardi ner, does not disqualify him. As to the first branch of the charge, Mr. De W. said that it was plainly contrary to law, and contrary to the ruling of his Honor on chal lenges to previous jurors. The only question to be de cided is, whether the juror now has a disqualifying opin ion ? If he has, lie is incompetent. It is the present, not a former opinion, which the prisoner has to fear, if he now has an opinion, it is immaterial whether he ever hod one before or hot. If he had an opinion before, hut has not now, he is a competent juror. The Judge then excluded from the consideration of the triers the only important question for them to pass upon?has the juror at present an opinion ? Although out of regard to the infirmity of the human mind, tlie law will not permit a juror, who has sworn that ho has once formed an opi nion, to be asked whether he still entertains it. It ii only because there is a fear that the juror is not a competent judge of the operations of his own mind; because it is to he apprehended, however that the juror may apprehend that his prejudices have been discarded, and however honestlv determined he may be to decide solely upon the evidence, when the whole state of facts is presented, tho prejudice will be removed, But if it could be really ascertained, that the opinion once formed has been for ever ami entirely removed, the juror would be compe tent, notwithstanding the previous opinion. The Judge therefore erred, when he instructed the triers, that they were to enquire whether the juror had a disqualifying opinion before he came here. He should have instruct ed them to enquire, has he such an opinion now 1? His Honor, he contended, was also mistaken in deciding that a bias existed by hearing others express their opi nions in court, did not disqualify a juror. A bias of this kind is more to be dreaded than any other opinion, im pression, or prejudice on the merits of the case. It is the moral atmosphere from without and around tho juror, the knowledge of the feelings and opinions of his neighbors, relatives and fellow-citizens ; tho public clamor for con viction or acquittal, whichfmore than any other cause in terferes with the security of private right and the public administration of justice. How often are the guilty borne away from the poitals of justice acquitted, and in tri umph, notwithstanding the clearest evidence of guilt, in consequence ofpopular clamor raised bymisdirected sym pathy ! How often did the innocent stand trembling at the very threshold of the law, lest tfcNf should be offer ed up the victims of mistaken puM^prejudices ? And shall it he said that one who, upon liii oath and upon.the stand acknowledges his terror of a popular opinion ad verse to tho prisoner, and admits the bias created upon his mind, as Gardner did, shall be allowed to past upon the life or dentil of a fellow being f Shall it lie permitted that a judge shall decide as matter of law, that such a bias is no disqualification7 Mr. i)eW. cited several au thorities in support of his position on this ground of his argument. The next point to which he adverted was this: " Hoe LocLwood, upon his challenge for favor, swore that he had lormod impressions as to the guilt or iunocence of the prisoner, and expressed them, derived from statements which he had heard and read at the time ot her arrust, and from reading part ol the testimony on the last trial; that it would require strong counteracting testimony to put his mind back where it was. In reply to a question put by the < ourt, he stated, " my impres sions are not so strong a* to justify me in convicting or acquitting on w hat I now know. " He contended the Court erred in charging the triers that '? the last remark of the witnoss would n? a? htm a good juror." After ubmitting an argument upon this point, and mak ing some observations upon the importance of all questions upon tlie punt) and regularity ot trials by lury, Mr. De Witt proceeded to discuss the |>oints raised during the course ol the tnal of the cause, relating to the rejection of evidence olleied by the defence, con tending that the Court erred on the charge in relation to medical testimony introduced on the trial, and resumed his argument upon the following points introduced in the bill 01 exceptions, citing a large mass of law authority in support of his position. He further (contended The Juuge erree in admitting evidence of tho independent acts of tho witness, George W. Houseman, in the ab sence of the prisoner. The question put on the cross examination ol Mrs. Wampolewas proper and necessa ry, to lay the foundation required by law for impeaohing her. She may not have been bound to answer the ques tion : but she could not be contradicted upon the point involved in it, without turning her attention to the sub ject matter, and giving her an opportunity to explain, if she chose to do so. The Judge erred in instructing the jury, as he did substantially, that the jury should draw an unfavorable inference against the prisoner, from the absence of evidence of good general character. The Judge erred in charging the jury, that it was for them to judge, whether tlM proof given by tho prisoner, of her kindness of disposition and affection for tho deceased, did not acquire an unfavorable tendency from tho absence of further evidence on the subject of general character. The Judge erred ill directing the jury, that if the testi mony on the part of the prosecution had shown that the prisoner might have been at the scene of the fire on .Mon day night, the onus was cast on her, to get rid of the sus picion which thus attached to her, to show where she was on Monday night; that in this respect, the burden did not rest upon the prosecution ; but that there was evidence enough to throw a suspicion upon the prisoner, and entitle them to call upon the prisoner to show her whereabouts on that night. The Judge erred in refusing to ch?rge as requested, that the prosecution must prove Mrs. Ooitine to have been in the immediate neighborhood of George Houseman's on the night of the fire. After speaking for nearly five hours, Mr. De Witt concluded. Mr. Clark opened in reply, and offered some brief ar gument, inVelation to circumstantial testimony, when the Court adjourned. He will resume this forenoon at 111 o'clock. Mr. Graham will follow on the part ofthe defence, and Mr. Whitixu will wind up the argument. Marine Court. Before a full Bench. Mat 28.? Michael Tracy vs. Patrick Curran.?Thin wn? an action of assumpsit for goods sold and delivered with the initial moncv counts. The defendant had bean pio ceeded against by short summons as a non-resident. On the return day, the defendant's attorney presented the af fidavit of the defendant himself, setting forth, amongst other things, that there was a conspiracy on the part of the plaiiittn to bring the defendant within the jurisdiction of this court, and in order to maintain his position, read a letter to the Court. The following is a true copy New Yoke, May 'JI, 184.V Sir :?There is a contract to be let on to-morrow in for ty-second street, near the Kast River, which, I think, will be a very good one. If you can come over here about eleven o'clock, I will go with you. Yours, respectfully, J. MURPHY. Tho defendant's attorney moved the court that the pro ceedings be quashed, as (hero had been a contrivance, on the part of the plaintiff, to bring the defendant within the jurisdiction. The plaintifTg attorney replied, for argu ment sake, that even if there was a contrivance on the jiart oftho plaintiff', which he, the attorney,did not admit, it would not apply in this case, as the ooutri\ ancc, of which the defendant's attorney complained, applied only to arrests, and not to summons. in H'en. liltfi. The three Judges retired for about twelve minutes, and then came into court with a decision in favor of plaintiff. For plain till', Peter Mulvey. For defendant, Daniel Kgan. Common Plea*. Before Judge Daly. Mat 28?Jonrt ri fatter arut another.?This replevin suit was commenced ou Monday, and haa been going on up to last evening. The jury retired to their quarters at the adjournment of the Court, hot had not given in their verdict up to a late hour laat night, bat will, it is pre sumed, early this forenoon. Rev. Dort. Tyng. Ac. Philadelphia, May 'ft, 1844. J. O. Bennett,-tts<|.? Mv Dkar 9ui?Your correspondent here, in his article giving a notice of Hev. Dr. Tyng el at. members ef the Church of the Epiphany, has greftth erred in what he states of the undersigned. In regard to getting up com plimentary concerts, &c., I never got up one in my life, although I have ofton been appointed a member ol com mittees on the subject, and generally gave more than my means justified. In respect to the business of my late father, lie kept not a imall, but a very large grocery tsore. and realised a handsome property. I am sir, very sincerely and truly, vour ob't, fcc. WILLIAM P. SMITH. IJoRRrRT.K Occtrrewck.?'The IViylestown, Pa. htelliprnrrr say*, on Monday evening last, l>r.John 1'. Petut, of Taylorsville, Bucks county, oame to hi* death under most distressing circumstances. He had been called to visit a patient a few miles distant, and on his return;Ins horse ran away, and threw him front hia seat, by which his feet became entangled in some part of the sulky.which dragged him for several hundred vardi, bruising'his head so dreadfully as to leave him insen ble, an>l produce death in a lew minutes after he wia discovered. Fire in Hitfalo.-i?1>ut Hift the heavy Wow this morning the larae atone warehouse on Ohio street, talongiitg to Wifkeson, took fire. The buildiug was oc cupied by Beecher ik. < o. and contained I WW barrels of Hour, 10v.? of which was owned by Haves Ik Johnson, and i >Ohy Wm. Andrews, on which we learn there wat not a dollar of Insurance. Damage to the building about $1000 ]tnj/ala .iili'., Mn\i il.

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