Newspaper of The New York Herald, May 29, 1845, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated May 29, 1845 Page 2
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NEW YORK HERALD. New York, Thursday, M?y IMS* Highly I in port .in I fhiiu M?lro? Kxtraordl nary Movrurnt ugalnst Annexation. The importance and interest of the intelligence from Mexico which we give in another column of our paper this morning, will strike every reader We are thus presented with the most marked and extraordinary coniirmation of the accuracy of the views expressed by us afewjdays since on the subject of annexation, and the great and growing diflicul ies which stood in the way of the accomplish ment of that measure. It will be perceived that the Executive of Texas has made prot>osals to the Mexican govern ment for an amicable settlement of all differ ences on condition of a recognition ol the in dependence of the former republic. This is precisely what we stated as the probable course of the government of Texas, and the whole thing has been brought about by the subtle and successful in strumentality of the French and English agents.? With this information before us every movement which has taken place in Texas and Mexico, and on the part of EnglacAt and France, is perfectly intelli gible. The great struggle will be in the Texan Congress. The question of Independence or Annexa tion will be presented, and all the power and influ ence of the Executive will be brought to bear in ef fecting a decision in favor of the former. All the European population is opposed to Annexation, and the instrumentality of foreign i>owcrs has not been inactive in preparing for the trial of strength be tween it and the portion of the American population in favor of the measure, which will take place in Congress. A well-laid scheme, of which the mission of Ashbel Smith to England, was doubtless a part, is thus rapidly approaching to the attainment of its end. In every particular our views have been confirm ed, and the folly and blindness of the Washington Union, in announcing annexation as quite certain, which we somewhat pointedly rebuked, at the time, are very signally exposed. We have no doubt at all that there has been a perfect understanding between England, France, and the Executive ofT#xasinthis whole movement, now revealed for the first time, and that the memorable declarations of Sir Robert Peel on the Oregon question, were intended to de ceive the United States, and to make Texas annex ation the real issue between the two countries, but in this indirect, underhand and sneaking way. Truly the plot thickens. Before this contest be settled, a collision between the naval force of the United States and the fleetsfof England, France, and Mexi co, may be inevitable President Polk and the Offlce-Beggnrs of New York. The declaration of war made on Monday evening last at two of the ward meetings, and at tempted at many of the others, by the demo cratic office-beggars in New York, against President Polk and his administration, for the awful crime of retaining in the Custom House of New York a com petent and intelligent man, instead of putting in some patron of the "Butt-enders," has created a greater, and certainly a much more amusing excite ment in this community, than even the recent de claration of war against the United States on ac count of Oregon, by Sir Robert Peel and Lord Aber deen, in the British Parliament. The office-beg gars belonging to the locofoco party in New York have the advantage, however, over the British Min isters, on the score of spirit, impudence, and feroci ty, probably arising from some contact with three cent whiskey, which is to be found in all those grog geries where the meetings were held, and the reso lutions concocted. At all events, this declaration of war is certainly irresistible music in this commu nity, equal almost to the delicious strains that float on the cool refreshing breezes at Castle Garden.? The most amusing developments are taking place at every step of the progress of this interesting quar rel between the hungry office-beggars of New York and his Excellency, the President of the United States. Formerly it was a question amongst the opponents of the President?"who is James K. Polk 1?where does he come from 1?what is he 1" But now.we believe it is asked amongst the loco focos with still greater interest?"Who is James K. Polk 1?where does he come from ??what is he to do with us 1" Before the office-beggars can render a philoso phical solution of this question, we will endeavor to show them up and all those connected with them, and that in the most graphic manner, to the Presi dent?to the country?and to both parties through out the republic. We have already noticed the reso lutions of the seventeen groggeries, "many denun ciatory of the Mayor of this city and the President of the United States, because they would not relin quish one particle of independence and common sense, at the bidding of these celebrated and omni potent bar-room and oyster-cellar politicians. The organ of the seventeen groggeries?the MomingNcxv* ?has come out with a sort of defence, but instead of meeting the {point which we placed before the coun try, relative to the opposition now hatching against Mr. Polk, it makes an attack, and a very ridiculous attack, upon this journal, imputing to it the old charge of being " in the pay of the Custom House" ?of being "that very notorious print"?and adding that it is altogether destitute of influence, and that nothing appears in its columns calculated to make any impression or produce any effect. Do not those silly and insipid blockheads, who manage the News, perceive how they stultify their own imputations and assertions 1 If we are so useless?so feeble?so utterly bereft of influence?who would have us in pay \?who would be so verdant as to contribute the pay 1 Bah! The imputation is as impertinent and silly as it is false. We know nothing of the Custom I louse, or of pay from any party, or any clique, or any patronage of the government, or any of its function aries. The American people have the New York He rald in pay. Nearly forty thousand subscribers and two hundred thousand readers, including advertisers, are those who keep this journal in pay. We are not the miserable, hungry, ghastly mendicants who seek the Custom House printing,or the printing of the Cor poration, or the printing of any of the government offices at Washington. We are not like the Nciv* and other journals of that class, the wretched stipen diaries of a faction. We despise all such pay from all such quarters; and if the American people keep us in pay, as we do acimit with grateful pride, they receive a full equivalent for their generous and mu nificent support in the fruits of the industry, talentt enterprise, and JJdevotion ""to truth and independ ence which are displayed on our sheet daily. But enough of this miserable attempt on the part of the New* to meet the facts and arguments which we presented relative to the progress of poli tical events and the movements of party. The clique who control the Newt cannot deceive the public or the President by this attempt to change the issue, from our intelligent view of the elements of opposi tion to Mr. Polk and his administration, now con centrating here at the North, to the mere petty, per sonal, contemptible imputations against the Nnr York Herald. Then, again, with respect to Mr. John Van Buren, we reiterate the statement made by us relative to the feelings expressed at the recent meeting in Albany towards the present admininistra tion. There can be no mistake in imputing hostile feelings to Mr. Polk in thai quarter. And the very resolution quoted by the Ncw$, confirms the accu racy of the statement. We allude to the resolution passed in reference to the independent Sub-Treasu ry system. This exploded humbug?the invention of Silas Wright himself?is no doubt one of the forms in which the opposition to Mr. Polk will deve lope itself in the next Congress. Just look at this! Here we have this Albany meeting passing a reso lution full of hypocritical professions of attachment to the administration, and on the very hack of it an other insolently asserting that "flr?f among the du ties" of Mr. Polk is tli-1 " re establishment of the in dependent Treasury system." There 10 the snake 'n the grays. Who is so blind as not to see through the whole of this jwltry trickery 1 The " indepen lent Treasury system!" A system conceived in ut ter ignorance of the stute of the country?its finan cial institutions?its spirit?itsenterprise?all the ele ments, indeed, on which its prosperity depends. This new opposition to Mr. Polk may not be able to effect anything on the question of the Congressional print ing, but we have no doubt they will attempt to suc ceed on the inde|>endentTreasury system; and from the very passage of the resolution by the barn-burn ing Convention at Albany, we are more and more convinced of the existence of the deep-laid scheme and cunningly devised conspiracy amongst the ultra locofocos in this region to make war, at the first fa vorable opportunity, on the administration of Mr. Polk and his Cabinet. These views are confirmed beyond the injssibility of a doubt, in die mind of every intelligent and inde pendent man, by an inspection of the proceedings at the ward meetings, on last Monday evening. The impudence?the unheard-of insolence, utterly un known till now in j>arty tactics, with which two or three of those groggenes issue their decrees to the President of the United States, calling on him to make removals to suit them and their ulterior designs of conspiracy and opposition?to make appointments satisfactory to their craving appetites, will not fail, most assuredly, in awakening feelings of indignation in the minds of the President and his Cabinet. The attempts of the office-begging clique heer through it organs?the j News?to talk of our notoriety and our reputation as a set-off to these facts and movements, will only impress still more forcibly upon the minds of all in telligent men, the truth of die views which we have presented. The damning evidences of a well con certed plot for the organization of all the elements of opposition to Mr. Polk, stand out in still bolder relief, in consequence of this palty and miserable effort to divert public attention. As for ourselves, we care nothing whether the present Collector be turned out or not. Personally it would be a matter of not the slightest consequence to us if the President should think proper to change his collectors every week. We have no more inte rest in this question of Mr. Polk's retention of the present Collector of this port, than has any other in dependent mm. We receive none of his patronage, neither do we expect any from that or any other quarter than the great masses of the American people, and men of business in this country. But all the abuse which the office-begging clique can throw upon us, will not prevent us from endeavor ing to give a correct view of the secret and public movements, not only of their party, but of every party, here and elsewhere. Our journal is an inde pendent journal. It belongs to no section, sect, clique, or party. Our only desire is to give an accu rate history of passing events. We shall, therefore, continue to exhibit all the facts that may transpire, relative to the present and future movements of the office beggars of New York, and draw therelrom just conclusions?conclusions which Mr. Polk and his cabinet can deduce as easily and accurately as we, or any other person. Interesting from China.?The ship Bazar, Capt. Kilham, arrived yesterday morning from iCanton, whence she sailed on the 29th of January. Among her passengers is Mr. John R. Peters, Jr., late of the American embassy. We learn diat he has brought home the largest Chinese collection out of China, and superior, in every respect, to Dunn's, now in London. Two long-queued celestials ?one a philosopher, and the other a gentleman?ac company this collection. The Emperor of China has written a letter?six feet long and three feet wide?to the President of the United States, which is filled with expressions of love and esteem. It was to have been sent in the Bazar, but the Rev. Dr. Parker, one of the Ameri can interpreters, had not completed its translation when the B. sailed. It may now be daily expected in the Navigator. This curious document is written on Imperial yellow paper, in the Chinese and Mantchoo lan guages, the columns of both of which run from the top to the bottom of the page, instead of from left to right, as ours do. The Mantchoo is to be read, however, from the left to the right, and the Chinese from the right to left?thus bringing the Emperor's signature Taou-Kwang (Reason's Glory)?in the centre of the page. The letter was enclosed in a silk case, and then in a magnificent box, made of a dark wood, some what like mahogany. Pay Your Postage.?A writer in the National Intelligencer says that Mr. Clay and Mr. Calhoun are much annoyed by numerous letters addressed to them, many of them anonymous, subjecting them to the payment of enormous postage and a great deal of trouble. The writer requests all friendly correspondents of these gentlemen, to pay their pos tage. We reiterate the request, and beg to add,that all those who write to editors of newspapers Bhould do likewise. We have ourself been often imposed upon by anonymous and abusive letters from various parts of the country, sent under the impression that we would loose the postage. This is not so. The postage of all such letters is remitted by the Post Master General on being sent to Washington, so that this malicious mode of annoyance fails of its mark. The New Steam Line to Liverpool. ?We have frequently given notice of the new steam line of ves sels, four in number, now building at Boston, and intended to sail between this port and Liverpool.? The first is to be ready to start from this city on the first of September. All the arrangements are now made,' and we understand that Harnden <fc Co., of this city, have been appointed agents. It will be re collected that these vessels are constructed so as to combine the power of steam and sails, with a sub merged screw in the stern, on the Ericsson plan, which can be used as circumstances require. Singular Medical Discovery.?An extraordinary discovery in medicine has recently been made in En gland, by which the action of the galvanic battery can be applied in a very cllicacious and simple man ner, by wearing a "galvanic ring." The most won derful cures ? have, it is said, been effected in this manner. The brother of the inventor of the galvanic rings has recently arrived in this country, and we direct the attention of the medical profession of this city, who are always prepared to adopt any valuable new discovery, and also that of the public, to the card of this gentleman, in another column. Test the Question.?We would like to see Mr. Havemeyer resign the mayoralty, and place himself again before the iieople as candidate for Mayor, against any other man the locofocos could name. That would test the question of the Police nomina tion by the popular vote. Do, Mr. Havemeyer, try it. Benevolence of Lawyers.?The lawyers of this city have now an opportunity to exhibit some of their benevolence. A subscription for the relief of the widow of the late Mr. Wilson, will be opened to-day in the Law Library. Haytien Affairs.?The William Nelson and Vo lusia, arrived yesterday from Port Republican and Jucmel, with later dates. They bring no news.? Nothing known of Herrard, or of the reported battle between the Dominicans and Haytivns. East India Squadron.?The Columbus and Vin cennes, will sail to-day for China, under the com mand of Com. Biddle. The Hon. A. II. Everett and family, take passage in the Columbus. Short Passage.?The schr Mary Jane, Captain Powell, nrrived yesterday in twenty-three hours from Norfolk. We received by her the Norfolk Her ahl of Tuesday. No news. ^TrcAWFH Swallow.?Th* owners of this boat Imve abandoned lir-r hull They will save her ma chinery only. , Camden Races. SECOND DA Y? WEDNE8DA Y. FEARFUL AND ALMOST FATAL ACCIDENT. Breaking Down of the Public Stand with near One Thousand Persons upon It?Up wards of Fifty Seriously Hurt?The "Graml Race" no Race at all. Every vehicle on each side of the Delaware, near Philadelphia, watt in requisition at an early hour this morning: charcoal wagons, cars, carriages, curri cles and carts. The boats crossing the river were crowded to sutfocation?the boat to Gloucester Point, which ran every hour, was crowded to the water's edge each trip. Matters went on thus from five in the morning until one in the afternoon. At the latter hour, there could not be fewer than 60,000 persons present, on the stands, in the field track and parts adjacent. About ten minutes after one o'clock, the bugle sounded to bring up the horses. Shortly after they ap|>eared, and as soon as it was known that they were on the ground, the persons on the public stand, which was crowded at the time, rushsd to the front to catch a glimpse of them. At that moment a sharp crack was heard, and some one called out " the stand is falling." This being thought to be a mere act of folly, commonly called ajoke, the party was highly reprobated by a gentle man belonging to the course?but he had scarce got the censure out of his mouth, when another crack I was heard and the stand, amidst a loud shout I of horror, was seen to shelve inwards to the track, encasing both the reprobator and the repro bated in its nuns, as well as several others, both on the stand and parts adjacent. Just previous to the second crash, from some indication or another, a rush was made to the stair case, which became re gularly jammed ; other3 finding no chance of escap ing by that way, jumped from the frontt some before aud some while the building was falling, more or less injuring themselves. The scene at this moment was truly awful. The mob on the outside and in the field track, broke through all the fences and rails and rushed to the spot of the accident, and promptly and energetically began to remove the ruins. The first person taken out was highly respectably dressed; he appeared to be severely injured about the face and head, and was quite insensible?many declared him uuite dead. He was carried to a carriage in the field track,where Dr. McClellan was soon in attend ance ; who said the gentleman was not dead, but had received a concussion of the brain, and some severe injuries in various parts of the body. This person was shortly after removed from the ground to Phila delphia. Our reporter, who was on the spot, and within an ace of sharing the misfortune, could not ascertain the name of this party at the time, but shortly after was informed, that it was Mr. Frazer, the vocalist; how far this may be true, as regards that gentleman, up to the time of the train leaving, we were not able to ascertain. In the meanwhile, several others were extricated, more or less injured, some thirteen or fourteen borne on various kinds of litters, insensible, to the Whitehall Hotel, near the course. This gave rise to a report that they were dead. Several others were conducted to various vehicles about, of which there were several hundreds and conveyed principally to the city, while still greater numbers might be seen with their heads covered up, their faces clot ted with blood, others with their arms in slings, and many limping away as well as they were able. In this state in the space of about twenty minutes, some fifty-three persons were counted, but doubtless the number was much greater, as many were con veyed by their friends to a distance as quick ly as possible. The more dangerously hurt were conveyed to Whitehall, where several medical gentlemen were promptly in attend ance ana rendered the most valuable services to the unfortunates; among those we could only ascertain the names of Dr. McClelland and son, and Dr. C. 1). Hendry, of New Jersey, the latter at one time had no less than eight persons to attend to. There were others most assiduously engaged in the praiseworthy task of rendering assistance to the more unfortunate. The house at one time had more the appearance of an hospital after a battle than any thins else; it was truly shocking to look upon. The ruin having been thoroughly examined, ana it having been found there were no more persons in it, Dr. McClellan came on the judge's stand and an nounced that he had seen all the persons who had been injured, and was glad to say that no life was in danger. This having Deen announced to the mob, by one of the judges, it was received with the greatest gratification by the thousands assembled. The part of the stand which fell was about sixty or beventy feet in length and about fifty feet in depth on the left of the club stand, al most opposite the judge's stand. Another piece fell in at a little distance from it, on the other side of the staircase, when the rush was made, but here not so much injury was done to any one. How such an accident coula occur, without loss of life, is truly miraculous ; and many very singular and hair breadth cscapes took place, some of which, accord ing as we nave heard them, would astonish the most incredulous. At the same time, there were others which, amid all the misfortunes around, drew forth smiles?particularly the sudden routs to which a certain class ofplayersand rum dealers in the low er parts of the stands were put; such a crash and run upon the various banks was never seen, and many endangered their lives to make a grab at the spoils, or to save as much as they coulcT Such a fall of roulette tables, sweat cloths, little jokers, and faro uunas, was never Known. The following are the names of those more seri ously hurt that remained at the Whitehall Hotel, at five o'clock, last evening:? Mr. John Brownell, Philadelphia, shoulder dislo cated : John Riddle, Trenton, one of his legs broke and otherwise injured; Pat. Quigley, Hunting Park Course. Pa., hurt in the back ana various parts of the boajr severlv: Mr. E. Openshine, Philadelphia, three flesh wounds and hurt in various parts of the body; Mr. Talbots, Jr., Philadelphia, hurt severely in the back; John Hunter, of Pine street, N. Y., bruised in various parts of the body severely j Pat. McElroy, Philad., two ribs broken and otherwise in jured ; Mr. W. Johnson. Philad, shoulder dislocat ed ana otherwise injured; Mr. Kesley, Philadelphia, hurt in both shoulders ; Daniel Cochrane, Philadel phia, left leg fractured ; Daniel Hill. Philadelphia, severely hurt in various parts of his Dody; Mr. Ab bott. Philadelphia, broken knee ; Mr. O'Daniel, Philadelphia, severely hurt in various parts; Wm. Meirsoin, sprained wrist and hurt in various parts of the body. There were two others lying injured, but refused to give their names, fearing unnecessary alarm. Mr. E. Tenbroeck was slightly hurt. The above are the only names that could be ascertained, the others were conveyed off the ground, by their friends, immediately after the accident. The full extent of the injury and damage done has not been ascertained. In the meanwhile the horses had been withdrawn to the Btables?and the various riders having withdrawn from the course. Mr. Leiper, one of the judges, came forward, and said, that as there were no lives in danger, and as great numbers had come a long distance to see these two noble unimalscontend together once more, if it was the pleasure of those present, the race should come off. The proprietors of the course, and the judges, were quite at their mercy to keep order, if they were desirous the race coming off, seeing that they had no stands and no fences, and hoped, if such was their pleasure, they would act accordingly ? This was received with cheers, and the mob called out for the race to come off. Shortly after, the horses were brought on the ground, and some four or five feet wide of space having with difficulty been obtain ed, they went forth, but owing to the mob, our reporter had no opportunity of seeing further of the first heat than that Fashion took the lead and maintained it pretty well throughout, perform ing the four miles in 7 minutes 48 seconds.? For the second heat, they kept neck and neck together, the first three miles?on entering the fourth mile Fashion went in front amid great shouting, the people flocking in upon the horses in considerable numbers; Fashion increased her distance from her opponent to the home quarter, where the latter pulled up, and Fashion won in 7:57. The time tells the nature of the race?if such it may be called. It is only justice to mention, that the parties con nected with this course, so far appear no way blameable for the accident that occurred; they have had carpenters at work strengthening the stands for several days previous, and on Saturday jast some of the most respectable builders in the neighborhood examined it, and gave it as their opinion, that its strength was quite sufficient to maintain as many as it would hold.? Upon inspection of the timbers after the accident, it was found that many of the joists were rotten in the interior part?a tning very likely to escape the Military Academy at West Point.?Congress has refused, for a year or two past, to make any ap propriation for a board of visiters at West Point. But, instead of the former board, a number of mili tary gentlemen assembled there oy direction of the Secretary of War. The following is a copy of the last order issued on this subject:? War Dkpastme^t, May #, 1848.?"In order that the deportment may obtain the usual information on the working* of the United State* military academy, within the laws and regulations provided for iti government, the officer* mentioned below are appointed inspectors of the institution for the year. They will meet at West Point on the first MondaV in June; attend the annual exa mination of the corps of cadets, and mako report upon the ditcipline, instruction, and general condition of the academy Major (leneral Scott, Brigadier General Brooke, Brigadier General Gibson, Brigadier General Towson,Colonel G. Bomford. Surgeon ^(Jenoral I.nwson, Major Levi Whiting "Major (leneral Soott will appoint nn aid or aid* do camp to record the proceedings of the inspectors. W. L. MARCY, Secretary of Wtr. Union Square and its View it v.?This part of the city is rapidly becoming one of the moot splendid and imposing among all our environs, and those streets that but a few short years ago,were looked on as the acme of all architectural beauty in New York, must now give way and be content to be ranked second. It certainly is a gratifying proof of the succaaa at tendant on the etiorts of New York enterprise, to see the spiendid churches, private houses, public grounds, fountains and other embellishments that are being added year alter year to our city, making it one of the handsomest in the world. The esta blishment of squares like Union Square.affording de lightful walks for the citizens, is a plan that has been adopted in many European cities, and they have been found most conducive to the recreation and enjoy ment ot their population. In London and Edinburgh the St. James Park and Castle street Gardens afford the masses of the working classes most delightful walks, and obviate the temptation to Sunday excur sions which the laborer can ill afford. In fact, they have been well named " the lungs" pf a city, ana certainly when our parks and squares, in a few years, are adorned with hundsome trees and sparkling fountains, no one will have cause to regret the lay ing out of the ground in the way it has been done. The various churches that are being built in this vicinity are approaching to their completion, and Dr. Potts' new one in University Place will be ready for that divine in a few weeks; in fact the pews are all finished in the interior, and nothing remains to be done save the upholstery work and the organ. The new church that iB building to take the place of Grace Church is also advancing, part of it being roofed in, and it is anticipated that in a year it will be also ready. Above Ascension Church is the building for Dr. Phillips' Society. On University Place there are some splendid private houses, among others that of Mr. Aspinwall, which, when finished, will be a most princely establishment; Mr. Lenox's new house, from its extent and splendid architecture, will at tract much attention. There, are also some other most magnificent buildings in the vicinity, and al together it is well worthy of a ride that distance to some of our residents down town, who may not be aware of the length our city is moving out of town. Fink Collection of Birds.?At No. 6 John street is located the bird establishment of Archy Grieve, a man of endless lore in all that relates to the feather ed songsters of the grove, and an enthusiastic fol lower of his calling, as a dealer in them. It would take a long time to examine Archy's collection tho roughly, much longer to describe it. Perhaps the beBt way would be to rise very early in the morning, when Archy and his assistants might be found as siduously engaged in providing his numerous fami ly with breakfast, and supplying their other minute but varied wants. This takes some hours to ac complish. When this is over, the buying and sell ing sets in, and the number of purchasers that fre quent this place would not fail to strike the obser ver. Birds of every kind may be had here, foreign and native. Of cockatoos, narrots, blackbirds, skylarks, thrushes, mocking biras, Chinese wrens, cardinal birds, waumees, minos, there are a large number. All are in line feather, full of vivacity, music and life. The ears of the visitor are tilled with the lively notes of the songsters, while he remains. Some fine starlings, in perfect plumage, and black birds also may be seen here. Archy values them and others in his collection, pretly high. It is quite a common thing for him to self a bullfinch, or a blackbird and cage for from thirty to forty dollars ?less than fifteen dollars would not purchase his starlings, and twice that would scarcely be consi dered sufficient for his waumees, each?and he has, before now, found customers for choice mocking birds to the tune of a hundred dollars. Not the least attractive part of his stock, are his canary birds. Of these he can muster, at the present moment, over two hundred of all colors, ana in dif ferent cages. Archy, it will be seen, deals on an extensive scale. The canaries he imports from Amsterdam, where the peasants of Saxeny, who rear them in large numbers, find a good market. Sometimes these birds are conveyed a long distance from the interior, in oblong square shaped wooden boxes, which tne peasants sling on their back, bringing at one haul nine or ten scores of birds. Arcny's last purchase for ready money, a principle to which he closely adheres, was for $563. The cages too, are no inconsiderable item in his busi ness. Ol these there some of highly ingenious struc ture, particularly those from China. Perhaps, a thousand dollars a year is paid by him for cages? this, added to the cost of food, tending and other in cidental expenses, makes this no trifle of a concern. A very commendable feature in it is, that pur chasers are satisfied for their money?as, for in stance, if the bird purchased does not sing, he is exchanged, or putander tuition until he acquires re | spectable powers of performance. Archy Grieve I is quite as great a man among birds, as Van Am burgh is among quadrupeds. Those who have a taste for singing birds, ought to visit him. Constitution of Louisiana.?The principal chan ges adopted by the recent Convention are? An extension of the right of suffrage to all white malei above twenty-one, who have resided two consecutive years in the State, and destroying the property qualifica tion. No naturalised citizen to voto until two yean af ter he becomes a citizen. The life tenure of judges abolished;'the Supreme Court appointed for eight years, and the lower courts for six years. Sheriffs, coroners, clerks of court, and justices of the peace to be elected by the people. Biennial sessions of the Legislature, and the period of the session limited to sixty days. Legislature prohibited from granting any bank char ters, or renewing any now in existence; prohibited also from loaning the credit of the State or borrowing money, except in case of war, invasion, or insurrection. Governor, Lieutenant Governor, and Senate elected for four years; House for two years. All citizens disfranchised, both as to voting and hold ing office, who may fight, or in any way be connected with fighting a duel, either in or out of the State. Future changes to the constitution to be made by a vote of two successive Legislatures, and subsequently to be approved by a majority of all the Qualified voters of the State; the first vote of the Legislature to be at least three-fifths of both houses. If the constitution is accepted in November, the first election under it will take place in January. The sub sequent elections are to be held in November every se cond year. Sandwich Islanders?The Philadelphia Record er publishes an extract of a letter from one of the missionaries stationed on the island ofMalaika referring to the increase of civilization among the natives as lollows: The change and improvement in the general appearance of the people, within the last five years, is certainly great. In 1838 1 visited this station ; and the alteration which has since taken place is truly surprising and de lightful. Very few of the people then wore any thing except nativo kapa, which can scarcely be called raiment. Comparatively few of the natives are now destitute of clothes made of foreign cloth. Even the children generally have a shirt or a frock, and on the Sabbath some additional garment. They then had a house of worship of rough stones, laid up in mud, with, out plastering, and with mere openings in the wails for windows. Now they have a substantial stone meeting, house, laid up in mortar, 1(10 feet by 46, neatly finished throughout, with a gallery 18 feet wide in the end opposito the pulpit. It has an earthen floor wliitlHs entirely covered with mats of the pandanus leaf. Nearly all the audience sit on decent settees of their on mauufuc ture; and for order and propriety of conduct they will compare advantageously with assemblies in some parts of the U. S. A similiar change, and nearly to the same extent, is observable at various other stations which I have visited. In all places where there is a market lor native produce,|they are beginning to enjoy the comforts of civilized life. In the houses of the more cnterprizing we find chests, chairs, lamps, tables bedsteads, portable desks, and even bureaus and clocks ?ccasionally. Very many own horses; some have cattle and sell milk, butter and beef to foreigners. Mr. Hitchcock, who is also a missionary on Mulaika, confirms the testimony ab?Te given, so far as it relates to that island. Thirty-one persons were received in the chuch last year ; and sixty now stand propounded for admission. The whole num ber of communicants is about six hundred and fifty. Stabbing in Cincinnati.?A p>nrt of "the city was thrown into considerable excitement yesterday, about three o'clock in the afternoon. Three country men were standing on the comer of Fouth and Main streets, conversing, when they were approached from behind by a stranger, who stabbed each of them with ? large dirk knife. Immediately on thrusting the knife into them, the stranger walked off, and proceeded some two to three rods east on Fourth street. A constable seeing his movements, ran over into the store and knocked him down. Ho was taken to the watch house and confined. The names of the three individuals stab bed are James Shivers, liennet King, and fair Taylor? the first belonging to Washington.Fayette county, Ohio, the two others to Randolph Co., Indiana. Tho name of the young man who stabbed them is William I'eirce. He is the son of a respectable coach maker in this city. His conduct about tho cityfor a day or two has been singular, and he is believed to have fceen insane at the time of committing the deed. About $100 were found in his possession?more than half of it in gold.?Ci'n. Gazrttr, May '21. Law of Libel.?The doctrine of n publication's being libellous, though true, is well settled in an in dictment or criminal proceeding. To constitute the truth a complete defence or justification in such a case; will dejiend on the motives with which it was published. If done for good motives and justifiable ends, then it is a complete defence. But if the wea pon of truth is wantonly used for the purpose of ex posing personal defects, disturbing the peace of fann ies, and holding up individuals to public contampt and ridicule, then the publication is libellous, though the matter contained it be true. In a civil suit, however, the truth of the libel is n complete justification ; for, in the language of Chief Justice Ilronson.of the Supreme Court, (in the case >f I la urn vs. Clause, 5th Hill's Renorts,) '|Onr laws illow a man to s|>eak the truth, although it be done maliciously." Mansfield. Important fiom Mexico* The soothem mail of yesterday brought us inte resting and important intelligence from Mexico. It confirms what we before published. [From New Orleans Picayune, May 20.] The Titi arrived yesterday from Havana, w hich place she left on the 10th instant. We have received Havana files to the day of her departure. The onlv news of importance brought by the T. relates to Mexican afikirs. The Thames arrived at Havana on the 6th from Vera Cruz, hav ing left the Mexican port on the 1st instant. The intelligence brought by her Is eight days later from Vera Cruz and nine days later from the city of Mex ico. The papers we have seen assert that the Execu tive of Texas has re-opened negotiations with Mexi co, in regard to the recognition of the independence of the former State. It would upjiear from these ad vices that President Jones, with the help of the En glish and French embassies, has got the Mexican government to entertain the negotiation, upon the understanding that Annexation should not take place. The following message, sent to Congress on the 21st ult., explains the views of the Government in regard to the Texas proposition. There is little or no room to doubt that the English minister has performed the part of go-between in the transaction, as neither of the contracting powers have diplomatic relations with the other. Senor Cueva's message is to this effect: Gentlemen?The affairs of Texas being of such deep importance as to claim the first consideration of the Con gress and Executive, the Government cannot, without assuming a special responsibility, defer the resolution that must bo taken to bring them to an issue compatible with the honor and interest of the Republic. Tne Go vernment having assembled a considerable bodyof troops upon that frontier, and employed all its resources to ac complish the proposed end, and having considered of those acts of the legislative bodies, sees no other course to pursue than to carry out the plan proposed to sustain the Republic in all the dignity due to its honor and good name. Circumstances have transpired which render it both necessary and proper to enter upon negotiations that will prevent the annexation of Texas to the United States, as such an event would inevitably lead to a war with the American Republic?for Mexico would not agree to annexation?however deplorable such a conflict might be. Texas has taken the initiative in proposing a settlement, and his Excellency, the President ad interim, well understanding it* importance and the necessity of taking a revolution in relation to it, is also persuaded that the Executive cannot proceed in the matter without being first authorised to do so by the Chambers ; that in the case before,him he should not exercise the powers conferred by the Constitution for conducting negotiations with foreign powers. The Government?always faithful to its duty, and desirous of submitting its acts to free dis cussion, and considering that national questions should be disposed ofwith patriotic spirit and a conscientiousness su perior to assaults and above prejudices of every character ?cannot decline tho proffered negotiation witnout, in his opinion.violating his duty by deciding so delicate a ques tion before submitting it to Congress, If he could make an arrangement honorable in itself, and such as would satisfy the national honor, ho would Bubmit it with great pleasure to Congress ; and if such could not be achieved, the same Government which is so desirous of a peace conformable to the dignity of the Republic, would be the first to decide in favor of a war, which would be more just after all efforts to avert it had failed. The preliminary propositions of Texas are of a character honorable and fair towards the Republic, and the Go vernment, without deciding upon them, had no doubt about accepting them as the initiative to the arrange ment sought by Texas. Not to have accepted it, would have been to establish the annexation of Texas to the United States, and Congress will perceive that a step so ill-advised would have been a terrible charge to the present Administration. To refuse to hear proposals of peace that may lead to a satisfactory result would have been an extreme measure the least profitable to the Republic, however it might at first flatter a justly irritated patriotism ; but this is not what tho na tion expects from its Supreme Government, which is obliged to foresee and weigh the evils of a long and cost ly war, and to avoid them as long as its honor can be maintained, as in the present case. If the Government had acted solely upon its impulses, as soon as the law of annexation passed the Congress of the United States, the Chambers well know what its coaduct would have been, and what its firmness in resisting all other propositions than war, which the patriotism of all Mexicans would have sustained with glory. His Excellency, the Presi dent ad interim, aa well as his ministers, make a great sacrifice in asking the authorization at the end of this message; but it is made upon mature deliberation, and from an anient desire for the prosperity of the Republic, and with the conviction that if war should ensue after making every effort to preserve peace, it will end in the glory of the national arms, and in accordance with sub lie justice as regards those who provoke it. Therefore, his Excellency, the President ad interim, in ministerial council, and with the unanimous advice of his Cabinet, has directed me to present for your deliberation the fol lowing resolution : "The government is authorized to receive thefpropositions made by Texas, and to proceed to the formation of a treaty that it deems honorable to the Republic ; to be laid before Congress for its examina tion and approbation." With the highest consideration, &c., LITIS <}. CUEVA8. God and Liberty ! Mexico, April 21st, 1845. It would teem that the Mcxican Government, aotwith standing the abovo letter, is desirous to prepare for war, and has asked Congress for a loan of $3,000,000. On the 16th of April Congress passed a resolution al lowing Santa Anna and Canalizo to expatriate themselves within eight days, for ten years. If they refuse,the prose cutions against them are to bo urged forward. The earthquakes in the city of Mexico had ceased.? From the Departments accounts continue to arrive of the devastation caused by those of the 7th and 10th ult. Two projects are before Congress, growing out of the Executive message signed by Cuevas. The first considers that the law of Congress of the Uni ted States in no respect impairs the right of Mexico over Texas; that it has violated the treaties between the two countries, especially that in relatioa to boundaries; and that Mexico ought to arm herself and repel the threaten ed usurpation by force. The other project calls all Mexicans to arms, and au thorises the government to arm the permanent and activo militia, and gives the administrative power the necessa ry means from all sources. [From New Orleans Bee, May 90.] The Mexican government, in the event of the failure of the proposed negotiations, is preparing for war. The authority of Congress has been required, in order to con tract a loan of three millions of dollars, at an interest not greater than fifteen per cent. Authority has like wise been asked for the settlement of the foreign de bt of Mexico. Various projects have been sabmitted to Congress for a general amnesty of the military chiefs, against whom prosecution has been commenced; and some have pro posed that the amnesty should be extended to all the po litical criminals, witn the restriction that Santa Anna and Canalizo, and the four ministers who signed the de cree of the 39th November, should quit the country for ten years, or submit to the continuation of their trial. The latter proposition, slightly modified, was adopted by the Chamber of Deputies on the 16th. Santa Anna, Ca nalizo, and the four ministers are allowed eight days to determine whether they will choose an expatriation of ten years, or the continuation of their trials. Breaches of trust in pecuniary matters form an exception to this general pardon, and Santa Anna's abdication of the Pre sidency is accepted. Gen. Almonte had arrived in the city of Mexico. [Correspondence of the Heiyld] Vera Cruz, May 2,1846. tVtir with the United States?General Almonte? Santa Anna and the Dictatorship?Texas and Trade. I send you a few items of news, which may be interesting to your readers, by that meteor of the ocean, the " Eugenia," commanded by the celebra ted Captain James Biscoe. In the month of March last, great preparations were made in the Vera Cruz fortifications; and, per haps, for the only time in their existence, the Mexi cans had their house in order. This was backed by wrathy imprecations against the United States, and, to a casual observer, war was inevitable; how ever all this noise disappeared with the lamb of March, and in April, General Almonte arrived from that pure city of righteousness, Washington. His deliberations with the Mexican authorities, at once gave a quietus to what was going on, as from that time to this little has been said publicly respec ting a war, although the people arc still unanimous in their animosity to this country, and they would be delighted to phinge the two nations into diifi culties. Public feeling had changed very much respecting Santa Ana; he was now looked on as a very ill-used great man, and from the sentiments expressed it was very evident a movement sooner or later would take place in his favor, the object of which would be his restoration to absolute power. Gen. Almonte and other influential persons had been underhandedly getting up an excitement, and as it is well known some millions of dollars will never be paid to certain houses without Santa Anna is restored, you mury be certain that funds will be supplied for any movement in his favor. Mr. Elliot, of China notoriety, and now British minister to Texas, arrived at Vera Cruz in a British vessel of war; his movements were kept so secret that it was not until he had left for the canitol that it was known he had ever been in Vera Cruz. His mission, I understand, is for the purpose of offering certain terms from Texas to Mexico, which, if she accepts, Texas will not come into the Union, but re main the forlorn star. Mr. Elliot was robbed on his journey, and all his papers were taken from him, the ladrontc1 zishing to compare notes with Caleb Cush ing's never-to-be-forgotten productions, which unfor tunately died "still-bornso we may now look out for their appearance. The earthquake had caused much greater damage than was at first anticipated. Many foreigners were leaving the country for fear of another shock. Congress had requested three million of dollars to carry on a war with the United States. There wai no likelihood of their obtaining this amount. It if only a few months ago they forced the snme sun) from the people for a war with Texas ; they are try ing it once again ; so far the people give the answei the monkey gave when he pointed the end of his tar at th? (log, defined by some as, "don't you wiwhyou may get it 1" Commodore Stockton had not arrived. It wu expected that the new tariff would be pub julied in three or four months, although the manu facturers were opposing the repeal of the present law. on New YorktU per cent, premium. From Mexico, exchange on Vera Crux, 6). Mmrkttt?Cockiueal $30 a $30 SO per 26 lb*.; Jalap, *38 a $38 per 100 lbs.; Ooat Skint, $1 04 per pair ; Vanilla Deans, $88 per 1000 bean*. Busines* very dull; all im port! losing money, without any exception. Sajita Fe Trade.?The Indians were becoming bolder daily, and the Eutaws had commenced their war against them, having killed many Indian! in the neighborhood of Tao*. The Apache Indiana were alio very daring, stealing mule*, and killing them daily. The traders who had gone to Chihuahua will reach Indepen dence in about a month, the roadi being good and the prairie beautiful. Mr. Spever, who sustained such a loss by the Apache Indiana, had got back from them about one-half of hit mules, and they had promised to deliver moat of the other*?he paying them a trifling sum per head. Gooda were acarce in Chihuahua and the lower countries, and no doubt, as Mr. flayer had just arrived there, he would reap a rerv handsome profit?he having all the gooda that were for sale, by wholesale, in that place. The Mexican traders had given up all idea of coming to the States this spring, and it ia very doubtful if they will venture in the fall. Varieties* There were not lees than 3000 bushels of straw berries offered for sale at the Baltimore markets on Saturday. They aold at 4 to 8 cents per quart Wild pigeons are brought to the Albany markets in auch quantities that they cannot be sold. We aaw 1200 dozen aold on Saturday for about three-quarter* of a cent each. The steamer Hibemia, Ryrie, from Boston, arri ved at Halifax on the 19th inst., at 3 P. M. Thirty-two couple were divorced at the last ses sion of the Legislature of Alabama. The Rev. J. N. Maffit is preaching in Baltimore. In 1748 the number of Episcopal churches in New England was 36. They now number 333. Orders have been received at Newport to mount the guns at Fort Adama, and the men were busily enga ged In the work laat Sunday. The repeal association of Norfolk has been dis aolved. An attempt was made to burn the steamer St. Croix, at Baltimore, lately. A quantity of spurious coin, generally Spanish shilling*, made of pewter, with a galvanic coating of silver, is circulating down .east. In the Presbyterian General Assembly, now in session in Cincinnati, a vote was taken on the question arf striking out the following sentence in the confesaion of faith :?" A man may not marry any of hia wife'a kindred nearer in blood than he may of hi* own, nor the woman of her husband'* kindred nearer in blood than of her own." Negatived by 98 to 79. It is stated in a Paris Journal, that the society of the Jesuits is, at the present moment, more flourishing than at any former period, and that their number through out Europe, and especially in France, ha* increased within the last year to an extraordinary extent. From a census taken in March last, there were upwards of a thousand more Jesuits in France, than at the correspon ding poried of the preceding year. Eugene Sue'a writ ings have exceedingly exasperated this clasa of the peo ple. The Police Court of Boston is doing a large busi ness at present; a fearful array of crime of all kinds, i* daily disposed of in that city of high pretensions. Persico, the sculptor, has received nearly $100,000 from the National Government, for his group of Colum bus, and other works. On the night of Saturday, the 17th inst., the rooms of two or three gentleman stopping at the Virginia Hotel, St. Louis, were entered, and $180 and a gold watch taken from J. D. Wellman, and nearly eighty more from two other*. Edward Oran, the young man who was run over bv the Washington engine, in Philadelphia, ha* died of his wounds. Large Hog.?-Mr. Wright Faison, of Hardeman county, Tenn., lately killed a hog of nl* own railing, which lacked one month of being three years old, and which weighed 070 pound*. A whole hog, and no mis take. The Mobile Register announces the death of Col. James B. Hogan ofiliat city, and states that he was a gal lant officer during the late war, and served with energy in the Creek war. The appropriations for fulfilling treaty stipulations between the United States and the several tribes of In dians for the year ending 30th June, 1840, amount to $700,096. German League.?According to the late census of German StatoB, includod in the Customs Union, the popa lation, which was twenty-seven and a hall millions, has increased 876,000 souls in three years, or by 34-100 per cent. Paris in the month of August next, will exhibit tho imposing and exciting spectacle of uo less than six crowned heads at one and the same time, viz: Louis Phillippe himself, the Queen of England, the King of the Belgians, the King of Naples, the Qneen of Spain, and the King of Holland. An Atpi.k of Gold in a Picture or Silver.?We learn that the venerable widow of the late Hon. Klbridge Gerry, now a resident of this city, has become the lega tee or inheritor of a handsome fortune, by the death of a brother in England. The amount is said to be 60,000 dollars.?New Haven Herald, May 27. Iowa.?The Legislature of Iowa assembled at Iowa City on Monday, May 5, Shepherd Lefiler, (democrat) of Des Moines,was chosen President pro tem of the Council. James M, Morgan, (democrat) of Des Moines, was chosen Speaker of the Hotl*0 of Represen tatives. The whigs have but two member* pf the Coun cil and nine in the House. General Jackson.?We yesterday saw a n.,tter? Eostmarked "Nashville,May 20tn," and franked in a clt" and by General Jackson. The rumor of his death,there* fore, was without foundation.?Philadelphia Enquirer, May 28. City Intelligence. Police Office?Mat 28.?The usual number of as sault and battery cases and arrests for disorderly conduct, were brought to the notice of the magistrates to-day, but nothing occurred worth mentioning. No "horrible murders," nor " dire and fearful calamities"?no " hair breadth scapes i' the imminent peril of the deadly breach," floated bv to shock our sensibilities?ail was calm and peace. We visited Babe, who has just been reprieved for the sixth time, in his cell, and found him in most ex cellent spirits?buoved up no doubt by hopes of a free pardon?which we have no doubt he will get. But we found, like Mark Meddle, that news was scarce in the market?the lovers of novelty must, therefore, blame tho too cautious public, and not us whose duty it U to chronicle passing events. We found the following cases ef Petit Larcenies.?George | Warren was arrested, charged with stealing a bar of soap from Alfred Hill, druggist, No. 208 Greenwich street. Committed. Stealing a Pail op Butter.?Thomas McCulcan, charged with stealing a pail of butter, value $6, from Washington Market. Committed. Amusements. Palmo's.?It appears that the Ethiopian Serena dors will shortly take their departure from this city, and we would strongly impress on the mind* of the public that they should not let an opportunity pass which will not, for some time again be offered. Last night wis most brilliant?the house was crowded to the attic.? There will not be anv performance to-night in conse quence of the Philolexfan Society having engaged the Theatre to hold their general meeting, but will appear again on Friday evening with a change of scenery and performance. A voice from Lowell. Lowell, April 30th, IMS. "Dr. Gouraud? Dear Sir Weenclose fifty dollars, which is little more than w? are now indebted to you, hut we send it so as to enclose but one bill. Your articles seem to be selling very well, considering there is no advertising done here. We tinve a supply of every thing lor the present, except Lily White?we have about one and a hall dozen of that? Please send us more. Respectfully your?, _ m G. H. CARLi.TON ICO. , That a really meritorious article will find fa rut with the pub lic, even without the powerful aid of the Pr*?$, is k nH'y PfVri'a by the above pithy epistle. The value of GO-' KAU U a Italian Medicated Soap, in the curation of salt rheuJUi J^*1" pelas, pustules, ringworm, See.; aud in tne removal |>imples, freckles, suiibum, sallowness, rrd:iess, and roughw''" Irom the skin, is duly becoming more appreciated?so much Sfc't indeed, th it I)r GOURAUD finds it dithcult to supply the de mand, even with the aid of his new and commodious Laborato ry. The talian Medicated Soap is beautifully buoyant, can be used in either hard or?alt Water, (making it invaluable for gentlemen of the army and navy.) and forms a most delicious iharing compound. GOURAUD'S Poudree Subfiles sre celebrated for their astonishing properties in immedistely eradicating superfluous human hair, and without injury to the skin. GOURAUD'S inestimable Toilet preparations can only he had genuine at the Doctor's Depot, 67 Walker itree , first store from Broadway. The public are particularly requested to beer this in mind. Pnlns In the Hide and Breast, Headache, lie.?It should be remembered that Wright's Indian Vegetable Pills are a certain cure forevery description of pains, because they purge from (he body those stagnant and corrupt humors, which, deposited upon the various parts of the body, are the cause of every pain or ache we suffer, From two to five pills taken every night on going to bed, will in a short time com pletely rid the body of thecause of every disease, vii : morbid humors, and therefore pains in the side and breastvheadacheAor distress of any kind will be absolutely impossible. Caution?As many unprincipled persons are industriously en gaged in selling counterfeit Pills, the public should be eitreme ly ran'fill to purchase fiom.ione except advertised agents, per sons of known iiilen ity. or at the office and general depot, 28S Greenwich st., New \oik. N. B.?In all casfs be particular to ask for genuine Wright's Indian Vegetable Pills. The Battery Hotel Is situated In the moat healthy and plessant part of New York, and to those who visit the city on business or for pleasure, it is one of the heat heuses 'o stop st, it being the nearest hotel to the cars and steamboats from the Kast and South, and what is more,those who stop at it meet with good attention and civility All Philadelphia Subscriptions to the Herald must be paid to the onlv authorised Auk-its, Zie ber It Co., 3 Ledger Building, Third street, near Chestnut.? Term a-?'7J cents a month, inclnding the Sundsy paper; or 6,1 cents without it; delivered free of charge in any part of Phila delphia. Single copies for sale as above, daily, at I o'clock Price 3 cents. The Wekri.t Herald is also for sale every Saturday morn ing? Price flSa cents, or S3 per annum, delivered in any part of Philadelphia, free of postage. It All the new and cheap Publications for sale at their es tablishment, as soon ss issued, wholesale and retail. If?" With the exception of one piper, the " Herald" is read as much, perhaps in Phil idetphj*,as i:iv paper published in that city, anordi'ig i valuable nvdinm to advertisers. Advertise ments handed lo tin' t?e: ts at li dl pwt 4 o'clock, will appear in the Herald next day. ___________ Medlml Notice?The Advertisements of the New Yolk College of Medicine and Pharmacy, established for the Suppression oT Quackery, in the cure of all diseases, will kraafter appear on the fourth page, and last column or this ? per. W. 8. RICHARDSON, M l)., Agent. Office ud CoM?ltinf Rooms of the College, M Nassau st.

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