Newspaper of The New York Herald, June 9, 1845, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated June 9, 1845 Page 2
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NEW YORK HERALD. N?w York., Holiday. June 9. Tui Chi.nksk Langiagx?We have in typ? one ol the most curious, learned and original papers on the origin, formation and nature of the Chinese language that has ever been published in this country. It has been furnished us by the Secretary of the National Institute?an association of which the republic will soon fee+justly proud?and was written by one ol the attarhe* of the late American Legation at Can ton. Its appearance in our columns has been delay ed in order to atford time to our urtist to engrave some fifty or sixty Chinese characters, introduced us illustrations. It will be published to-inorrow. The Prospect Before IT*. The elements of pros|>eriiy and wealth were never so active und so rapidly progressing in this country or any other, as they arc at this moment throughout the United .States. Nothing seems to mar the pros |iect of au extraordinary increase in all species of wealth for th* next tew years, unless the little black I'loud alluded to by Sir Robert Peel?Texas and Or egon?should expand into any dangerous dimensions and break upon the world. It is the opinion, how ever, of a great many sensible men, that the British Government will be very cautious how they get into a serious quarrel with the United States on account ot annexation. She has so many interests connec ted with this country, commercial and manufactur ing, that it seems impossible to many minds that she can for an instant entertain the idea of actual ho: - I tility. Others, however, think differently, and be lieve that the British aristocracy and privileged in combination with similar interests in France, and on the continent of Europe, think that it is time to make a stand against the influence and progress of republican principles, even at the risk of interrupting all the commercial intercourse between Europe and America. It seems, therefore, to be a question involved in some doubt, whether the great struggle between the popular and privileged classes is or is not to be postponed for some considerable time. Under the supj>osition, however, that the peaceful relations of the two countries will continue unbro ken, even with the annexation of Texas and other menacing questions between Euroj>e and America, we cannot resist the conviction that the progress of this eountry in wealth, prosj>erity, i?opulation and power will be greater during the next ten years than in any ten years ot the past existence of the repul> lic. The agricultural interests?obviously worthy <if the lirst and highest consideration, in estimating the elements of our national greatness?are in a condition most flourishing and promising. Every year sees vaat tracts of virgin soil brought under the plough und harrow, and bringing forth in due sea son teeming harvests. The cultivation of the earth begins to be carefully studied, and practised as a science. Immense numbers ure directing their means and industry to the tillage of the ground The rapid sales of public lands in the far west ?the swelling tide of emigration to those fer tile regions?the vast increase in the annual aggregate of agricultural productions?all afford the most gratifying evidence of the prosperity und growth of agriculture. The commercial in terepts of the country are also in a state of great health and vigour. Our seaports are growing with extraordinary rapidity. The internal commerce of the country is increasing at a pace that is really sur prising. On the borders of our lakes and on the banks of our rivers, great cities and towns are springing up like the work of inagic. On our canals afld railroads, and innumerable navigable rivers, immense quantities of all descriptions of merchan dize are oonveyed daily. In every direction we see the evidences of unequivocal commercial prosperity. Our manufacturing interests present the same marks of nourishing progress. In New England and New York, manufactures have been established on a large scale and stable basis, and begin to penetrate into the regions of the South and West, to an extra ordinary extent. Thus growing up, steadily and prosperously, side by side with the agricultural in tirests, our manufactures afford us the most cheering assurances of the future progress of the country, and its rapid growth in the most essential elements of national wealth and power. In reviewing the present condition of the country, we must not overlook the improvement in the bank ing system. This improvement has been marked in the extreme, and constitutes one of the best possible omens of future prosperity. The old financial er rors and false principles have been exploded. No one, now, talks of a Natioual Bank. Everybody looks with the severest scrutiny to all the move ments, separate or combined, of the State Danks, in order to keep them properly controlled. The bank ing system is now in a comparatively healthy con dition, and may be kept so by the vigilance of on intelligent and philosophical press and people Money is plenty, as may be seen by the rates of interest and the premium given on recent loans to this Slate. It' peace be preserved, all these elements of wealth and power must increase beyond the anticipations even of the most sanguine imagination, and rapidly make us the wealthiest nation in the world. All the riches of the earth must gradually extend to these great centres of agricultural, manufacturing, commercial and mining industry and wealth; whilst the city of New York, as the great metropolis of the whole nation is giving evidence of its growth, en terprise and |wwer in every department of human life. The splendid palaces which are now in pro gress of erection in different parts of the city, nnd intended for private residences, are even more su perb than those built in 1836. Yet every thing ap pears healthy, stable and sound. All this prospect?brilliant and inviting as it is? will increase and widen if peace should be preserv ed, and if the powers of western ICuroi>e keep a pro l>cr distance in reference to all questions connected with this continent, and the progress of society and government here. If they do continue theirjinterfe rrncc in a more hostile form?if war come?then there will be a great and terrible effort, which will give a new direction to all the energies of this coun try, and o|>en a chapter of human character on this continent which has never yet been unsealed. Rkpkal Meetini; To-Nioht.?The re|?alers meet to-night at Tammany Hall, and it is probable that a treat struggle will take placc between the O'Con- | nelhtes and the more sensible members of the asso ciation, who nrr disposed to follow the patriotic ex- I ample ?l their hrethren throughout the country; i though, indeed, it will be somewhat surprising if 1 any man be found with sufficient hardihood to de- | tend O'Connell in his infamous course with regard | to this country. The great questioil will probably be about the propriety of dissolving the association- I On all principles of right, reason, and sound com mon sense, the association ought to be abolished at I once. Such associations are used merely to serve the purposes of little agitators here and there, with out the great body of the members being aware of the maiiujuvrc. The natives of Ireland, who oome to this country, ought to keep themselves carefully aloof from any thing like distinctive organization. Florida Election.?There is not much doubt of the result of the rccent contest in the new State of Florida; the democrats have carried the election and secured their Governor and member of Congress. This is important to them. It was stated in the Tribune, a paper remark able for its political foresight, that Florida had gone for the whigs. The reputation for accuracy which that paper has obtained, does not long exist with a close observer of its course. Thf. Strekts?The streets are nearly as bad as ever. There is any quantity of filth nnd dirt nnd garbage in various parts of the streets, which, in this hot season, is not only offensive, but dangerous Fever will inevitably set in, or some such dangerous di-??fi*?\ nnl"s?< imrrcvlhtc <>irps arr taken to clean If streets Rimovals from Office.?We refer our reader? to a letter published under our Washington head, which gives a list of removals from office already made in the capita, on the principle that to the vic tors belong the spoils. About thirty or forty remo vals have been made, and probably one hundred or one hundred and fifty will follow. Indeed, by the last accounts, we perceive that the oflice-beggars in that magnificent capital are growing more and more savage every day, and are actually holding meetings, calling upon the President and the heads of Depart ments to carry out the work of reform, as they call it. Probably the number of removals in the large cities may be equal to two or three hundred, to say nothing of the numerous postmasters that may be decapitated without our knowing any thing about it The removals thus .far, however, are not equal in number to those which were made under Gen eral Harrison's administration, in the first month of its existence, including part of Mr. Tyler's first year. This principle of removal from office?of proscrip tion on account of political opinions?is most de testable, no matter by what party it is adopted. It has only risen up during the last fifteen years to any degree of magnitude, but now it appears to be adopt ed and practised by both parlies to the fullest itossible extent, each, when out of i>ower, denouncing it in the most hypocritical manner. We do not believe that there is any remedy for this evil but time. It inust inevitably produce such confusion and de moralization, that all parties will see its danger and relinquish it. It led to the defeat of the democratic party under Van Buren?it had the same effect amongst the whig party?and if it be carried out by the party at present in power, it will be the means of introducing the elements of weakness and defeat to such a degree,as to produce their utter overthrow in 1&18 by the whigs. The great mass of the people are thoroughly disgusted with this detestable princi ple. The Government Organ and Annexation.?The Union appears to be quite annoyed because the pub lic obstinately persist in the belief that Great Bri tain is really exerting every effort in the way of di plomatic intrigue and exertion to defeat annexation. It undertakes to deny that there is any such treaty or provisional arrangement between England and Mexico, or any other jiower, in order to prevent the union of Texas with this Republic. It also denies that Lord Aberdeen has given instructions to Mr. f'akenham to insist on the mouth of the Columbia Kiver as the dividing line between the American and British possessions in the Oregon Territory; but the organ declares in the same breath, that if such instructions have been given, its voice is for immediate war. Well, be it so. lie may have a chance of letting off'his military ardor by_and by. It is not probable that the British Commissioner in Texas would take so much trouble in the recent diplomatic movements, unless he were fully autho rized by his own government to do so. Nor Is il likely that the British Government would have in termeddled to that extent unless they meant to go farther. If they retreat now, they must be the laughing-stock of the civilized world. On the other hand, if Texas annexation be carried in spite of all opposition, it will be one of the greatest triumphs ever achieved by the diplomatic talent of the United States, covering at the same time with contempt and ridicule, to the latett times, the ludicrous efforts of Mexico, France and England combined, to defeat the measure, ^or Great Britain there is now no escape from either horn of this dilemma. Police.?The city is, at present, without a police, and the lives and liberties of our citizens are quite at the mercy of every rowdy who may choose to assail their persons. The police who had been ap pointed under the late Corporation have ceased to act, and the misunderstanding between the Mayor and the two Boards of Common Council, on the subject of the appointment of a Police Inspector, has caused the introduction of an ordinance, to be re ported from a special committee, giving the details of a bill in relation to the formation of a police force. It is truly lamentable that a city like this, with such an immense population, should be left, from time to time, without an effective |>olice force, through the jars and squabbles of party, it is equally to be de plored that, no matter how the machinery of a bill may be laid down, some difficulty will be thrown in the way?some hair-splitting abjuration?so as to prevent our enjoying the blessings of a good police. We have not only to contend with jmrty, but with shades of party, who quarrel " dt I arm raprina and thus the community are deprived of a police force. We trust that we will, as soon as possible, be supplied with those necessary guardians of the public peace nnd property of our citizens, as the city is in a most deploruble condition without them. Theatricals.?The present will be the last week of the Reason at the Park?a season more brilliant and prosperous than any for th? last seven years. Anderson plays for the last time positively on Wed nesday night, ns lie is " booked" for the CJreut Western which sails for England on the following day. lie will sustain his two best characters? " Claude Melnotte," and " Charles," in the " Elder Brother." On Friday night Mrs. Mowatt makes her ihlmt, which is looked to with the greatest interest and curiosity. There is a good deal of curiosity, also, to see Crisp as " Claude Melnotte." Nini.o's Garden?Spite of the cold last Saturday evening, there was an excellent saloon to witness the new Drama, a sure proof of its rising popularity. Edge has given some superb pieces of Fireworks? he is certainly first in his art. The " Prisoner of Hoelielle," a comic, musical sketch is produced to-night after the "Seven Castles ?of the Passions." Go early. Removal op Til* Collector?Not so Certain. ?We have been ussured by a highly respectable gentleman, who saw the best authority at Washing ton, as late as Saturday last, that the removal of Mr. Van Ness, or the appointment of Mr. Lawrence, ien? unknown and unheard of in thut latitude. Is it jxwsible that the offer of this ollice to Mr. Lawrence lias been only as yet an arrangement between Se cretary Marcy and his friends here, with a promise to get the consent of the President and Cabinet as soon as possible! The Collectorship of this por1 has been several tines disposed of in a like way be fore. We pause for further information. Pli mbe's National Dachterhian Gallery.? This exhibition, in Broadway, opposite the Park, is one of the most complete of the kind in the country. It has become a place of great fashionable resort and strangers in the city visit it as one of the city sights. There is probably no collection of portraits of distinguished persons so large and so correct as this one. It has become an established fact, that Plittnbe's Daguerreotype likenesses arc the infec tion of the art ; their softness and distinctness (tar take equally of the line and mezzotinto engravings. season for yachting has again o|>ened. This sort of pleasure seems to be on the increase among Americans,and we shall soon equal the English in swift and splendid skimmers of the se?. Those beautiful boats, the Charlotte Ann, and Zenobia, are for sale, and it is to be hoped that they will join the fleet of yachts now in existence. They can be seen at the Floating Dry Dock. 00~ It will be seen by our table of " movements," that Monsieur E. Previot, Madle. Maria Giefla, Madle. Calve and Madle. Casino, the principal members of the New Orleans French Opera Com l*?ny, which arrived on Saturday, occupy apart ments at the Globe Hotel. Warm Wrather.?The weather in this region is | remarkably warm. July weather has anticipated the month. Steamship Great Western.?This fire vessel will leave next Thursday for Liverpool. Her passen ger list is fast filling up. Tiir XnxT Nsw*. CnleJonia, Willi halt a month later news, is now in her fifth day. Sporting Intelligence PedksteiAMS.M, Hurdle Racing, See.?The sprint! meetings for races, in this section of the country, being now pretty well over, the attention of the sporting community is directed to a different species of amusement, namely?Pedestrianism and Hurdle Racing; in other words, biped raoing and hurdle jumping. The first great a Hair of this description is announced to come off over the Beacon Course on the 30th inst. Every pre|>aration is being made on the ground, and several of the most able pedes trians of England have arrived here, and others an on their way thither, to take part in the ad'air? to try their powers against the most able in this peculiar line of the natives oi this "great country." Among the former are Jackson, so well known in England under the cognomen of the ''American Deer," one of the greatest victor* in long and severe contests that has ever appeared in that or any other country. He was accompanied by George Seward, one of those who, in a snort race of a mile or so, never saw the back of an opponent at the winning post. Stephen Mack, another well known pedestrian, generally termed in England and Scotland " the Scotch Bantuin," is on his way thith er. and if he does not give a good account of him self in every race in which he runs, he will very much disappoint those who have known him for years in the old country. Indie twenty mile race, within two hours, that is talked of to come off in the early part of the fall,.it is not unlikely but that Maxtiela, the " North Star." the winner of a like race recendy in England, will come out to make one in this great undertaking. If it is done, it will only be the second time that this great feat has ever been performed. To compete against these, there is already in actjye training John Gildersleeve, whose prowess and character are so well known from one end of the Union to the other, and whose wonderful perform ances are so fresh in the memories of all. in this neighborhood in particular, that nothing further need be'said of him. Major H. Stannard is also in the field, in finer condition, better health and spirits, than he ever was; and although he may be some what the senior in years of most of the others, his bottomt at least, is equal to any of them. Stecprock, the Indian, also is said to be in active training in the neighborhood of Buffalo, astonishing all who have had the opportunity of seeing him by his per formances. They say tnat it will be by tact alone that he can be defeated. Another Indian, of the Iroquois tribe, is in active training in Canada, of whom the Canadians speak very high!;, and are ouite sanguine of his powers. In addition to these, there is a great number training who gave a very good account of themselves last year; many of whom are considerably improved since that time. Among them are Ambrose Jackson, and Barlow, who have now become permanent residents of this country. There are also outsiders without number, anxious to partake of the chance. Weekly, nay, almost daily, are the diilerent tracks in the neigh borhood attended by jwrties trying their powers, or getting themselves in readiness for the great affair. Not a day elapses but some six or eight may be met with at W right's, Bergen Cottage, Hoboken, about their dailv toil, rivalling each other with their exer tions. These alone, so far, promise to make this affair of greater interest, if |>ossible, than the like affair of last year, and it is hoped will terminate as cordially. Of the Hurdle racing not much can yet be known, as the entries will not terminate until the 30th inst. But retort speaks of one in this city, another from Boston, a third from Canadu, that will not turn their horses from a five foot stone wall, and perform the mile in out-and-out time. It is according to report to be quite a diilerent atfair to the one of last year, both in horsemanship and speed. So be it; only riders take care of your necks?an assurance on your lives previously would not be injudicious. Every preparation is being made by the spirited proprietor of the Beacon Course to make things go otf as they should do ; new stands are being erect ed ; the old ones removed where it is needed ; a large stand in the middle of the ground is formed, for those who may not like to venture on the other stands; a new fence 15 feet high erected, around which on the outside a deep trench is dug, and va rious other alterations made which promises a great er degree of comfort and security than hitherto ? Having the recent dangerous accident at Camden before our eyes, when all is complete we shalljudge for ourselves and report progress, upon which the public may depend. It will be necessary to have every thing examined by competent persons ere this atfair comes otf, as doubtless tnere will be thousands present. Tub Late Philadelphia Duel.?In reference to this fashionable atfair, the two young gendemen who went out to take a crack at each other, we find ther? are two sides to the story. We recently pub lished a statement from one of the parties, which the other finds unsatisfactory and denounces it. We have received through a third person the fol lowing statement from Philadelphia yesterday, which is the view the other party takes of the origin of the matter:? Philadelphia, 7th June, 1845. Mb. J. O. Bewkett sir Having noticed in your paper of the 6th inst., a state ment relative to the late duel in Philadelphia, introduced by some editorial remarlti, (and, therefore, of come qucnce,) in which you say, " and we have been autho rised by some of the partiei to publish the following statement," &c., that statement demands correction. 80 far from Mr. Willing insulting Mr. Schott on Satur day evening, no words or intercourse of any kind passed between the parties at that time, or at any time previous to their meeting on Sunday?when Mr. Schott, without any provocation, grossly insulted Mr. Willing. The following morning, Mr. Schott, refusing all explanation or apology for his conduct, left Mr. Willing no alterna tive. The duel between the parties, on Tuesday morn ing, was the consequence. Yours, tec. R. B This is the willing Bide of the affair; we give it for what it is worth, having responsible names for its accuracy. Not knowing any thing of the matter ourselves, we leave the belligerent parties to settle their differences between themselves in the best way they can. It is probably as interesting to the imblic as the rise or fall of fancy stocks. News prom tub West India Islands.?We have received the Bermuda Herald of the 29th ult., and the Turk* Inland Gazette of the 21st., See. They contain some items of interest. It appears that n famine threatens several of the islands. [From Bermuda Herald, May 39.] A traffic was opened a short time ago between some of the merchants of the Bahamas and those of Hayti, which bids fair to prove beneficial to both places. The Baha mians export Knglish manufactured goods to Hayti, and in return rcceire coffee, and other productions of that island. [From Turks Island Gazette, May 30.] The Turks1 Inlanders are so entirely dependant on an intercourse with the United States, that our present Re strictive Revenue measures, are felt as highly injurious to our prosperity. In confirmation of thu we may in stance the fact that for several months our market has been without provisions, excepting a casual supply for a few days. Our merchants have done all that their im poverished condition will allow them to do. Orders for supplies have been in New York, since December: un der proper revenue regulations, these orders would have been long since executed and renewed, and our con sumption would have been perhaps quadrupled, maugrc the low price of our staple in the United Stales. We have the tantalizing view el merchantmen crowding un der full canvass through this passage to the St. Domin go, Cuba, and Jamaica markets, laden with the necessa ries, for the want of which we are starving. How is it that they do not stop here and dispose of their Corn and Flour ! How is it that our friends in the United States do not engage these maritime and commercial freemen to touch here with our supplies at a moderate freight, in their progress to the larger Islands ? Is it not because our Revenue Act imposes a double tonnage duty on all who would do this ? How short sighted, how inhuman is such policy ! Our marketappears to be starvingly supplied week af ter week, with provisions, the remains of cargoes of ves sels from windward. Such is the scarcity of food that boats board vessels at sea, take them off their intended voyage and bring them into port, for the sake of a few bushels of corn or anything in the shape of provisions. [From the West Indian, May 8.] The Barbadoes crop for 1846 is neai ly reaped. In many districts the estates nave completed their labors ; but some few properties have not taken off' all tlioir canes. When the produce shall have been shipped, it will be found that the expectations which were entertained last ear, in consequence of the promising weather, have not een realized. The crop will not, probably, come up to that of last your. The following is the quantity of produce shipped to date : Sugar, 10.067 hhds., 1096 tres, 978 bbls. molasses, 391 I puns, 117 hhds., J.'? bbls. Arrow root, 146 packages. Aloes, WW gourds. The weather continues dry. A distressing drought has prevailed for many weeks. The quantity of rain has not been sufficient to preserve the young canes, in many parts of the Island. Native provision is consequently soarce and exceedingly high. Were it not for the ample importations of American produce, we should soon be re duced to the condition of a besieged city. Fatal Accident.?A week ago last Friday, Mr. Alden Dale, shoemaker, who was on his way from New Vork to this place, with a stock of goods for the purpose of establishing himself in this city, came to his death at Manheim, a few miles below Little Falls, by the accidental discharge of a gun. At one of the locks he Sot off'the boat for a walk, with another passenger who ad a gun. Seeing a bird, he borrowed the gun, but as he aimed the biru flew away, and he dropped the gun down 011 its breach by his side with such force as to dis charge it The contents passed up through his head, and killed him instantly. He was about twenty-eight years of age, a Scotchman by birth, and had lived some four years in New York. He left a wife and two children, ivho were accompanying him.? Viir.a (intent. Fort Niagara.?A number of guns (18 pounders *nd smaller,) were last week mounted at this Fort, in accordance with 0 recent order from the War Depart ment. This movement is not on account of any appre 'lansioii of hostilities, but to Ascertain the condition ol tie ordnances, cairiagi'1, Icc., and the extent of repairs necessary.? Buffalo JUv City Intelligence. Fine? Afcout two o'clock yesterday morning, a fir* broke out iu the basement story of Rushton & Co., Dnig gists, Altoi Houae, but by the promptness end zeal of UM Are companies, was soon extinguished. It is supposed It originated lrom the bursting of a bottle of oil of vitriol. Tho damage was very trilling. The premises are insured. Anothkb.?About three o'clock same morning, a fire broke out in the Police Ofttce, in the rear oi the Alms House in the Park, which was occasioned by the taking lire of one of the "bunks." It is presumed that some person got in through one of the windows, the appart ment being vacant at the time, and having drawn tho hunk near the hearth, it caught fire. Very little damage was sustained. A Grand Flare Up.?A regular row took place on 8a tarday night at the new Bowery theatre. We under stand the disturbance originated from Mrs. Philips refu sing to play her part until the manager should pay her certain back moneys due her. Tlie stage manager an nounced the fact to the audience, and requested tnem to apply at the box office for their money. A tremendous rush took place, but from some cause unknown, no Trea surer or money was forthcoming. Coroner's Ofllce, Juno 8.?Thbowk from a Waoon ?Instant Death.?The Coroner held an inquest on the body of James W. Shaw, at No. 33 Hamilton street. Shaw had been in a very had state of health for some time past, and got into a milk cart, in Hamilton street, for the purpose or having a vide with the milkman. When in Ridge street near Grand, while the milkman was out, the horse took fright, in consequence of aomo lire crac. kers thrown by boys in the neighborhood, and running down Ridge near Delancy, Shaw was thrown out, stri king his head ugaiust a wagon, and instantly killed. The wagon was broken, and the horse seriously injured. This should be a warning to all boys who are in the habit of throwing fire crackers. Duatm ht Drowning.?The Coroner held an inquest on tho body of Michael Larkin, at 106th street. Verdict, came to his death by being drowned. Another The Coroner was called to hold an inquest on the body of a man drowned at the foot of Rivington street, East river. Movement* of Traveller*. Few Sundays have presented a greater dearth of ar rivals, than yesterday, at the various Hotels. Neverthe less we found the following?at the Ameriman.?Q. Bampland, L. Bumpkee, La; Julia Chevas, Fritz Chevooko, Gaudaloupe ; A. G. Chandler, Cedars, Maine : D. (J. and A. B. Haines, Howland and Wood, N.J Bedford: 8. M. Blanc hard, Geo.; R. Heath, New Orleans ; Judge Archer, Maryland ; Clias. Hay, U. 8. N. Astor.?Mr. Oxley and family, England ; Capt. Swift, U. S. Engineer, B. Magattin, Mexico ; Capt. Chad wick, Packet-ship Wellington; O. W. Lathan, Phila.; Geo. Lewis, Boston ; Geo. w. Bulls, Buffalo; Geo. W. Barnwah, London, England; Benjamin Wyser, Va; Mr. McCleod, Porto Rico; Jacob Moses, Columbus, Geo ; Swift and 8. V. Tahot, Albany. Citt.?Capt. Richard Bennett, Baltimore; Charles Waters, Boston ; F. B. Wallan, Goshen ; Gideon Hurd, Albany ; W. II. Anerler, Cooperstewn; Capt. D.' Long cop, Baltimoro. .Franklin.?W. P. Van Antwerp, St. Louis ; J. C. Ab bott, do ; R. Sc B. Noble, Esqs.; H. G. Haight, Rochester, J. 8. Colwich, N. Orleans ; J. D. Harris, Phila. Gi.obk.?E. Previol, Mad. Marie Geifl'er, Mad. Calve, Mad. Caaini, of the New Orleans French opera, (Park Theatre); J. S. Hepburn, Brazil; Mr. Edward Menton, G. Gligg, N. C?.; Mr. Aspinwall. Howard. -Capt. R. B. Fitzgerald, Baltimore ; Willen and Jarvis, Boston ; Col. 8tone, Pittsburgh ; Mr. Blache lcy, Cincinnati; M. J. Greves, Jordan ; Mr. Stenson, De troit ; E. G.Tucker, Richmond; J.J. Worthiugton, Ohio; C. Duffield, Maryland ; Chaa. F. Werner, Burlington. Wavkhlv.?E- Marsh, Alton, Illinois ; Mr. McCartney, Providcnce ; Edwin Upham,do ; Chas. A. Smith, Boston; Henry H. Hitch, Pernambuco. VarltlMk The Criminal Court is now engaged in the trial of Caleb J. McNultv, late clerk of the House of Represen tatives of the Umted States. Mr. lloban, counsel for de fendant, demurs to tne indictment. It was argued to-day, for an hour, and its further consideration postponed until Monday.? Wuthinglon Paper, June 7. Gov. Feuner, of Rhode Island, is seriously un well, and fears ure entertained that lie may never wholly recover from his present sickness. The Hon. Mr. Bidlack, the newly appointed Mi nister to Bogota, will embark from Boston this week, in the U. S. steam frigate Mississippi, for the diplomatic destination. Gov. Jackson, of Khode Island, has dcchned call ing an extra session of the General Assembly. He says, that an adjourned session of the Assembly will be holuen on the 'Jlst of this month. May we not hope, that at this sessiou the whole subject will lie disposed of to the satis faction of the friends oi liberation I If it is not, I trust I hardly need say that 1 shall continue to do all in my power, both individually and officially, to accomplish tlie groat object of the liberation party. On Saturday forenoon an Irish laborer, named Dennis Long, about thirty years old, suddenly rushed into a provision store in Broad street, Boston, seized a butcher knife that was on the counter, ran out into the street and cut his throat. He was taken to the hospital, but no hopes are entertained of his recovery. The trial of John Hardison for murder, at Norfolk, was given to the jury on Wednesday evening last, it having occupied the Court during tho whole oi that day. The jury disagreed for some time, but at 1*2 o'clock, yes terday, rendered a verdict of acquittal. The condition of Elizabeth Ballard, the colored woman who was shot on Friday afternoon, in Philadel phia, by George Southard, who killed himself immedi ately alterwards, is such this morning as to justify the belief that she will ultimately recover. At a late hour tha same night she was taken to the hospital. It was found that the ball had struck a rib and glanced around her body and lodged under the skin on the other side of the place where it entered. The ball has been extract ad. Elsworth, the pedestrian, completed 792 miles out of hii 1,000 over the Eclipso Course, Carrolton, on the 30th ult. The odds arc now in his favor that he will gomplete his task within tho time. Arrival of a Steamboat from New York at Danville.?On Wednesday morning last our citi zen* were surpriaed by the appearance of an iron steam boat on the canal, direct from New York, on an experi mental trip to thii place, loaded with mcrchandiie. The puffing and hitting noiie of the (team engine created quite an excitement among the apectator* along the wharf, albeit our people are accuatomed to the opera tion* of ateam. The name of the boat ia Phoenix, and abe ia commanded by her owner Captain Low. She haa Rrricson's propellers attached to her, and her engine if of twenty horse power. Her whole appearance ia neat and aubatantial, being about the aizo of a large tide wa ter canal boat The captain informed ba that he started front New York, on Tuesday, the 27th ult, and was nine daya on the way, having been detained at least four 'lay a, partly by a break in the tide water canal, and part ly by boats being jammed in the Pennsylvania canal on account of the low water. He also stated that both ca nals were filled up to a considerable extent, with sand and gravel, so that his boat repeatedly stuck fast, al though she scarcely draws three feet of water. If the canals were thoroughly cleansed he thinks steam pow er might be advantageously applied to their navigation ?and by widening the channel a few feet, boats of hun dred tons burden and upward* might carry on a lucra tive trade alonp the Susquehanna, by (hipping freight as well a* by towing common boat*. The locks he consi der* wide enough for that purpoao. The Phcenix wai loaded with pig metal, and returned la*t night for New York ; but her owner ha* concluded not to make another trip, having met with too many obstacle* on hi* first ex cursion.?Danville (Pa.) Int. June 6. Western Free Trade.?The uteanier Frolic, which was chartered by the Union Fur Company, of the city of New York, and despatched, in Jnly last, to their station on the Yellow Stone, returned here yes terday, alter an absence of ten months. On acoount of the extreme low water, she was unable to reach the point of her destination; but after proceeding about one hundred and fifty miles above Fort George, on the Mis souri, put about and returned to that place, where she was detained seven month*, the river being too low to permit her to descend. Captain Dick* informs u* that the winter was remarkably mild, and very little rain or snow had fallen. The trappers had been tolerably suc cessful in taking beaver, aad the hunters in killing buf falo. The Frolic left Fort George oil the 9th iu*t? with about seven hundred packs of robes and furs, but the ri ver was so low she was obliged to return and ship them on Mackinaw boats. She left a^aiti on tha 11th, and wa* overtaken by a rise of thrco and a half feet in a day or two after, which enabled her to descend without further difficulty. She brought down about one hundred pack* robe*, ami about aixty trapper* and hunter*. The river commenced falling again, and on Sunday morning had fallen four inchea at Weston. The Mackinaw boata will be down in a few day*.? St. Linus Rep. May JH. Shocking Mtrders.?We learn from the Missis sippi Free Trader of Tuesday last, that on the 25th initant, the bodie* of three per*on??two women and one man, were found in a flat boat, about ten miles above Natchez, in *uch a condition a* to leave no doubt of their having been murdered with an axe. It api?ears that the boat was occupied by the man a* a trading boat,and that he had nearly disposed of hi* itock of goods or cargo.? The murderer is supposed to have been a man employ ed by the owner of the boat at Vicksburg, but having some difficulty he was di*chatT|{ed, and afterwards came on board, committed the horrid act, and fired the boat in hopes, no doubt, of consuming at pnee the evidence* of his atrocity and his victims; but being discovered in time, and the fire subdued, the bodies were found with their heads mashed, and an axe near bore the evidence of having been the instrument of death. The murderer, or the one suspected of the deed, was in Natchez the evening or the 'Jilli ult, and.took passage up the river on the Queen City.?Picayune' "A Fix."?Dr. J. N. McDowell and Dr. Sykes, the reputed surgeons in the late duel between Meaars. Barr and Colt, at St. Loui*, have been committed to jail for refuaing to answer qaeations as witnesse* be fore the Grand Jury in reference to the duel. The New Era aay*, they rested their refusal oa the ground that confidential communications made to them as surgeons, in the exercise of their profession*, could not be proper ly disclosed, and would riot be lawfully extorted Irom them ; and alao that they could not be lawfully required to give testimony that would criminate themselves. The court took a different view of the subject, an<l commit ted them to jail, where they now are, and where they will have leisure to hold consultation together. There are now two lawyer* and two doctors in prison forfaiting to ipeak, and the officer* are in search of fraiti *u >i?cts The New Comet?The Comet which has been noticed in the Norfolk mid Savannah p.i|>ern, was observed by several gentlemen ill Charleston, at the same hour, and in the same direction, on Monday morn ing last. Tho Comet wa* obterved on the evening of the Hth inst., after sunset, at the Cambridge (Ma**.) Observatory, 4nd also on the 7th before sunrise. A rough computa tion of its element* *howa it to be very near Ita -perihe lion, and to have pasaed It within the laat twenty-four 'ionrs. It will be distinctly vlalble this evening in the 101th west, not far from tho bright star Capel la, if not >b*ciired by clouds, although the moon will soon Inter fere with ita brilliancy. ??bwrtptlan IcUefFwid for Poor Inftrm from Fire. T* TKI EdITOB Of TNI HeKALD ! 8ia?An eye witness to the diatreM after the fire on 4?aday, 1st inst , it occurred to me that in a city like this such calamities shoul J be provided for by prompt and immediate assistance to the poor sud'erers. It is an okl saying, applicable in this case, " while the grass S-ows the steed is starring and though I trust sornc iug handsome will yet be done, as charity begins at home, (and we can afford it to strangers,) still this sort ol lingering state of misery for the future should not be. 1 propose then, in view thereof, the creation of a fund by voluntary subscription, the City Treasury the place of deposit, (allowing interest thereon,) and the acting Mayor the dispenser thereof. Subscriptions to be made in one sum, us well as yearly, and always in advance. And when the sum of five thousand dollars have accu mulated, (and the funds 1 trust would be always on the increase,) in such an event as lire, each poor suffering family should, on the following day, by a certificate from the Alderman in the Ward, be entitled to receive twenty fivo dollar*. And the funds should not be controverted or made use of for any other purpose. Here then would be un oasis in their misery?no public bogging or private charity importuned, so degrading to tne ieelings, for many of our poor have seen better days. The poor are not too much thought of. Are they not neoestary to so ciety 1 Who does Ihe labor but the poor I Are we not all democrats here?all human beings I I hope that such a fund will be immediately raised. If the Mayor will open the books in his office in furtherance of such a re sult, much misery, for ethe future, will be obviated. And please consider rae first on the list, * subscriber for ten dollars per annum. I am, yours, &c. OKI). KOOKH8, 3 Chambers street. New York, June 6th, 184j. N. B.?The majority of the sufferers by the late fire havo received no assistance whatever, and are in a state of abject misery,showing the necessity of some measure, prompt and efficient, being carried into execution. TUcntrlcixlu, Ac. Mc3sre. Rockwell and Stone's equestrian com pany are at Thomastown, Maine. The Campanolosians, alias Swiss,alias Lancashire Bell-Ringer*, and the Campanologian Band of Brothers, alias Yankee Bell-Ringers, are out in rather a strong pa per war against each other, in the neighborhood of Al bany. The Hughes family are giving concerts with great success in Charleston. Mr. Chambers, the celebrated accordion perfor mer, is giving concerts in Kingston, Canada. Mr. Roberts, un English actor, famous in London for his performance of "Don Ctesar de Bazan," is enga ged, we hear, at Niblo's. Mr. Winchell, the drollerist, will give the citizens of Newark an opportunity to enjoy a hearty laugh on Tuesday and Wednesday next. Christy's Minstrels are giving concerts at the City Hall, Detroit A PROPHECY. "Ten yours from this time no man will think of usiug other remedies, when sickness sssails his frame, than those which cleanse and purify." THE BRANDRETH TILLS cleanse and parity and cannot injure. The weak become strong while they ore used. We may use "bark" or any "tonics', what is their effect ? They bind the disease, the "foul humors" in the body, which ultimately become so great in quantity that apoplexy or paralysis is the result. The |>atient then finds too late his mistake. How different are the consequences when the simple method of purifying the body with Brandreth's Pills is a-'opted. Ex|<erience, that touch-stone of all human knowledge, has proved beyond doubt that this celebrated medicine and the hu man body are naturally adapted one for the other. By theiraid the whole mass of the fluids, and even the solids (tor are not the solids made and renewed from the fluids t) can be entirely evacuated, altered and completely regenerated; and iu a manner so simple as to give every day ease and pleasure. The fact is, that hundreds of thousands have been cured of the most inveterate diseases by the use of these Pills alone. It is net well to enumerate the diseasas by name. Let tiie afflicted with any paiu.wlietfier of internal or external origiu, give this medicine ONE OR TWO WEEK8' trial?there wili be no necessity for any further persuasion afterwards; heissureto continue it until a perfect cure is effected. 1 have often found persons desirous to know how soon this medicine will cure them. It is impossible to say?it altogether deiH-nds upon the state of the blood and humors. One thing may be relied ii|>on?that if the Pills are iiersevered with according to the printed direction which accompanies each boa, the curt will be effected much soouer than the patient could have ex pected. The many lingering chronic diseases we daily see, are owing either to mercury or bleeding, or to not having been pro perly purged iu Kevers, Inflammations, Colds, Measles or Small Pox. It is utterly impossible for us to attain or keep health without sound purgiugs. SCRIPTURAL PROOF or the raorsiETv or using ruaoino medicines. The all usious to purging may be said, by many, to be spiritu ally applied in the following texts. But 1 would ask?What ef fect would they have iu a figurative sense, unless couformed by practical experience in the body of matter ? Psalms SI: 7?Purge me with nyssop and 1 shall be clean: wash me and I shall be whiter than snow. Psalms 6S: 3?As for our transgressions thou shalt purge them away. Psalms 7V: 9?Deliver as, and purge away our sins for thy name's sake. Mai. 3:3?And he shall sit as a refiner and purifier of silver: and he shall purify the sous of Levi, and purge them as gold ana silver. Matt. 3:12?He will thoroughly purge his floor, and gather his wheat into the garner. 1 Cor. 5:7?Purge out therefore the old Iraven, that you may be a new lump. 2 Tim. 2: 21?If a man tlierefora purge himself from these, he shall be a vessel nnto heaven, sanctified and meet for the Master's use, and prepared unto every ijood work. Heb. 9: 14?How much more shall the bloed of Christ who, through the Eternal Spirit, offered himselr without spot to God, purge your conscience from dead works to serve the living God. Heb 1: 3?Christ when he had by himself, purged our sins. Prov. 16: 6?By mercy and truth iniquity u purged, and by tlie fear of the Lord men depart from evil. , lsa. 8: 7?And he laia it upon my mouth and said, Lo! this has touched thine lips, and thine iniquity is takeu away and thy sin purged. Isa. 27: 9?By this therefore shall the iuiquity of Jacob be purged. Ex. 24: 13?In thy filthiuess is lewdness; because I hare purg ed thee and thou waat not minted, tnou shalt not be purged from thy filthiness any more, till I nave caused my fury lo rest upon thee. 2 Pet. 1: 9?But lie that tasteth these things is blind and can not see afar off, and hath forgotten that he was purged from his old sius. John li: 2?Every branch iu me that boareth not fruit he tak eth away; and every branch that beareth fruit he purgeth it, that it may bring forth more fruit. 47: 12.?And the fruit thereof shall be for meat, and the leaf thereof for medicine. Peter 11: 19?Hath forgotten that he was purged from his own sins. Now. these are not all the texts which prove that pniying and internal medicine are recommended in the sscred writings, but they are sufficient to establish the fact beyond nil dispute, ex cept to the man who would endeavor to make the world believe that by rubbing ointment all the good possible can be done to the human hody that ean be done by the use of internal medi cines. The iwople can jndge and act for themselves. DYSPEPSIA OF TWELVE YEARS* STANDING currd nv BRANDRETH'S PILLS. This is to certify that I was taken ill during the season of the cholera, in the year 1832, and continued thus until the spring of 1W2, during which time I was severely tronbled with dyspep sia, and all its farinas train of suffering, so that life itselfseem ed linrthensome. I, in the meantime, applied to a number of the liest physicians, who prescribed for me, and many was the hitter dose of medicine I took, bat all without avail. At last, I yielded to despair. The idea of takiug the physicians'prescrip tions longer was useless, and I was utterly opposed to taking pills. My friends became alarmed?often solicited me to try nr<indrtth,M asserting that they had derived great bene fit from their use. At last I was tempted to give them a. trial, and it is but just to say that, after using them a short time', lbe Sn to recover, and soon was entirely restored to health, and I ink it a duty which I owe to the world, and to Dr. Brandreth, to make this public acknowledgment. N. BLISS Bushwick, King's Comity, L.I., March 1, 1845. FROM AMERICAN NEWSPAPERS. The New York Evening Star says : "Brandreth's Pills are a medicine which their own intrinsic worth will always secure for them a large and ready sale. They have deservedly a high reputation ; and as a family and anti-bilious remedy, it would ue difficult to equal them among all the patent medicines of the present day." The New York Commercial says: " They remove all mor bid humors and purify the blood." The New York Sun says: "Brandreth's Pills have been used among many of our friend*, and in our own family we have used them nearly fonr years, when we required medicine, In that period no Doctor save Dr. Brandreth has crossed our threshhold, and no medicine besides the Doctor's Pills used. Our belief is, " keep your bowels and blood purr," and even kind of disease will be prevented or cured. The Brandreth Pills are eminently calculated to do this, and thereby much lessen the sum of human misery." The iVew York Transcript says of Brandreth's Pills : " One of our carriers soma tune since gave notice that he was not able to attend to the duties of his situation, in consequence of violent pains in his back and side. We recommended him not to de spair, bub to use these Pills. He did so, and thev cueed him perfectly. This is no puff. It is an actual fact. We know the medicine is good. We speak from experience." The *il6any Jirgus considers the Brandreth Pills a medicine well worthy the confidence of the public?that the principle on which they cure tlie disease is the sarna as that or Le Roy. ol Paris, and Swedcaux, of Germany?that all the variety of dis ease proceed from, or are nearly allied to, disorders of tlie sto mach and bowels, ami by using those remedies which restore to health these important organs, the disease will ? anish. Tlie Brandreth medicines profess to c\rry out this important princi ple We liave heard them strongly recommended " [From the Globe.] Brawdrkth's Pills.?We were for a long time among the sceptical as to the efficacy of these justly celebrated Pills. Wr believed that they had got into general and universal use more by the numerous newspaper puffs than by any virtue they possess ed. A recent trial of them upon a friend of ours who was at tacked with a most violent bilious cholic. has removed all doubts in our minds as to their being the very best cathartics thit can be administered: and, believing so, we think we do the public a benefit in saying what we think of them. [From the Mi souri News.] Thk Brandrkth Pills.?This medicine has been made a subject of much merriment throughout the United StUes, while its utility has been extensively acknowledged. The impression seems to be gaining ground that Brandreth's medicine may be employed with safety and effect, as a remedy for ordinary infirmities. There are many sensible persons in this city, as well as in other parts of this country, who with great propriety testify the good effects of Brandreth's Pills, from frequent experiment; and no evil need be apprehended from the use of them, according to the direc tion. In directing public attention to the Brandreth medicine, we only express our honest conviction that the Brandreth Pills have none more service to the present generation, than all the patent medicines which have ever been introduced into gene ral use. Over FIVE HUNDRED EXTRACTS from tlie most re sjiectable newspapers could be inserted, but the above, closing with tlie following from the New Vork Argus, el Much t, IMS, must suffice lor the present?so says oursi<ace :? [From tlie New York Araus.] POLITICS vs. PILLS. w There has been, ever siuce the election in November last, a continued political excitement, and if we were to form our ni>i nion from the excellent article in Tl.nrsd ly's Herald, of their do ings in Washington, it had now reached Its climax. But such appears to be any tiling but the c ise with Dr. Br.uidreth's Tills. That they have been before tlie public for years is most true, and they near out the character of good wine, ("the older it gets the better it is,") for the longer they are known the more tiieir beneficial effects seem to be appreciau-d by (lie great mass of the te-ople. We have, it is true, been const mtly in the habit of bearing them spoken well of in Private society, but hive seldom hearutneir good effects niiou the system more ably descanted on, or more clearly proved to tlie satisf ictiou of all prese it, than we did a few evenings since at the Slniles, in our sister city of Brooklyn, and by one so fully Competent to the tnk. bei ng no less a personage than the well known anil respected Alderman of the 4th. He alluded during his rem irks to the benefit he hi in self h id derived from tin- use of them, as well as numerous ca ses that had come to hi*-knowledge, and suggested, in conclu sion, that his hearers would for the ftiture, when they felt unwell, first try Dr. B.'s Pills, and he would venture to assert they would in every case supercede the necessity of applying to an M. D. From our experience wo most cordially agree with the worthy ildr'rma . , . Sold at Vt cents per box at Dr. B. Brandreth'* Principal Of ice. No. S4I Broadway. Also, at Dr. B.'s retail offices, No. Ml Hudson street and IT4 Bowery, sua Mf?. Booth, 1 Market 'treet, Brooklyn. Subscriptions to the *?w York Hh.HALD received by the Authoritad Rkddwo Ic Co., 8 State itraet. Tamil?Si OS i?er quarter, or uiree oents for ?iiiKle copies. ' Wdiim Huud, every Saturday morning, price 6 centa, or 53 tier aunum. All usvaudcheap publications for tale u ?oon u usued. Boston Publuhera of Thiers' Napoleou. All Philadelphia Subscriptions to the mu" }>e l"?"1 to the onlv authorixed Aoknts, Zie t>er ac Co., 3 Ledger Building, Third atreat, near Chestnut.? I erins 75 cents a mouth. Including tile Sunday paper; or 65 cents without it; delivered free of clurge in any |>ajrt of Phila delphia. Single copiea for aale aa above, daily, at 1 o'clock? Price 3 centa. 1'he Wiiekly Hbkau> ia alio for sale every Saturday morn* '"H?Price 6V cents, or $3 per annum, delivered iu auy part of nnladelphia, Tree of postage. < y*~ All the uew and cheap Publications for sale at their ea tabljshmeut, as soon as issued, wholesale and retail. A With the exception of one pa|>er, the " Herald" ia raad a much, |wrha|>s, in Philadelphia, aa any paper published iu that city, affording a valuable tnediuui to advertisers. Advertise ments handed to the agents at half past 4 o'clock, will appear iu the Herald uext day. " Who Is troubled with a Bad Cough," and emnot rest at night 7 Let him try Sherman's Cough Lo lenges. They lin e cured cases that were almost hopeless. They cured the Rev. Darius Anthony when his friends had given htm up. They relieved Rev. Sebastian Streeter, of Bos ton. more tliau all the remedies ever made use of, aud they will coutinue to cure all who are not beyond all hope. If you arealck, try them, and be sure you will not regret it. ..." Sherman's warehouse is lOti Nassau street. Agents. 217 Hudson; 188 Bowery; 77 East Broadway; 3 Ledger Buildings, Philadelphia, ondft State St., Boston. Medical Notice?-The Advertisements of the New York College of Medicine and Pharmacy, aatabliahed for the Suppression of (iuaekcry. in the cure of nil diseases, will hereafter appear on the fourth page, and last column of this paper. W. 8. RICHARDSON, M.D., Agent. Office and Consulting Rooms of the College, #5 Nassau at. MONEY MARKET. Sunday, June 8?6 P. M. There was a flight revival in the stock market about the middle of last week, but it was only temporary, the bull* not being able to sustain prices, and the week closed heavy. Some of the speculators anticipate a per manent improvement in stocks about the middle of July. Several of the largest operntors in the street have for sometime past been buying large lots on time, buyer'* option. Very little of this stock has been called in, and the contracts remain o|>en, liable to be closed at any moment. As soon as these purchaser* are ready to take the stock* purchased, which will bo a* soon a* they think price* have touched bottom, there will be quite an active demand for stock*, and an advance must take place. The time sales at both boards of Broker* within the past five or six weeks, have been principally at buy er's option, which is tho best evidence in the world that an improvement in prices is anticipated by these opera tor*. When a combination exists among the most ex tensive brokers to purchase in this way, it gives them the power to regulate the market just a* they please. This accounts in a measure for the present depression in the ?tock market, and we cannot look for any improvement in the extent of transactions, or in prices, until it may suit the interests sf this clique of cornerors to set tho speculators in motion. The money market is comparatively easy. The rate of interest ranges from 5] to 0 per cent, and the banks are discounting very liberally. There is yet a great want of outside operators in the street, and the broker* are having all the business to themselves. Any advance in stocks, no matter from what cause, will bring to the surface plenty of speculators. A rising market attracts operators, and more anxiety exists to get hold of *tocks after they have risen five or ten per cent, than at the lowest point The speculator who would not touch Har (om Railroad stock at 70, when the market was heavy, eagerly buys at 80 or 85, when a speculative lever exists. It requires a very strong excitement to induce operators to take hold, but after once getting under way, there usually is no limit to their transactions. We annex a comparative table giving the quotations for stock* in this market, for each day during the past week, compared with those current at the close of the previous week. Quotations ros the Principal Stocks in the New York Market. Sat. Mun. 7Vy. Wei. TVs fYy. Sat. Cong Island 71* 70* 70)J 71 72 *71)/ 71'.' Mohawk ? 59 ? 59 - - _4 Harlem 71 ? 70 71 70V 70V ? Canton 42 42 41V 42 V 43V 42V 43 Farmers' Loan 34 34 34 31V 35)2 35 351 - Nor. and Wor 72V 72 V 71.% 72V 73)2 73tf 73*2 Ohio Sixes 98V 98V 98% 99 99 99V 99*2 Illinois Sixes - J7 37?J 38 38 * 39 ? Indiana ? '33 ? 33 33 33V 33 V Kentucky Sixes ? ? ? 101)4 10IV ? IOIJ? Penn'a. I1 ives 72 73 73)? ? 74 V 74)4 74W Stotiington 34V 32.Si 32*4 33 33X 31 33 Erie Railroad 29'a 29 28), 30 30 30 ? Vicksburg 7), 7),' ? ? 7V - _ U. S. Bank 6 ? 6 ? 5* 6 5V Reading RR ? 49V ? 50 ? 50 ? Morris Caual 31V 31?, 31V 3? 31V 32 31 East Boston ? 13V 14V ? ? ? 1% The closing prices yesterday, compared with those current at tho close of the previous week, show an im provement in Long Island of j| per cent; Canton 1 per cent; Farmer*' Loan I}; Norwich and Worcester j; Ohio 6s, j; Penn Ss, '2J; Morris Canal and a decline in U. 8. Bank of j; Btonington lj; and Harlem J. We annex a comparative table showing the quantity of certain articles exported from this district for the first five months of the past three years, and the increase and de crease in the exportation of 1643, compared with the cor responding period in 1844. Exports from THE Port or Nr.w York. Jan. I to Same Same Trier. Deer A , ... Jiwl.'fl. (IMT Mmc '4J, IMI, 1815 Apple*, bbl*... 2.515 1,419 2,515 _ Ashes, pots, bbl* 5,122 9,048 18,660 9 612 ? Pes rl*... 30 l,9ll 4,972 3,020 _ Beef, pickled, bbl* 10,005 30,780 19,962 _ in SID Dried, cwt, 4,497 323 517 191 ' 2e**7".Vl, 2>417 3-072 _ 568 Brandy, X pipe* 64 31 93 62 ? '4 casks.. . 22 60 47 ?. ji Butter, firkin. 19,512 9,419 13,454 4 035 ? Cassia, mat* 7,181 3,731 3,818 87 ? ?Perm, boxei, 7,313 3,436 7,158 3 722 ? I allow, boies 10,395 12,419 19,342 fi!893 ? Cheese, cask, 2.781 6,436 4.328 ' _ 2 108 Boxes... l,i7J0 21>16, ttrf4 71|J ?_ Cloversoed, tierce*-.. 961 1,214 4,930 3 716 ? Cochineal, ceroou*... 52 52 134 oj Cocoa, ban 3,100 3,167 3,070 - 97 Coffee, bag*. 9,743 20,0117 16,836 ? 3 251 Cordage, Coil. 750 1,332 1.255 - 97 Corn, bu.beU, 20,553 86.959 66,076 - 20,883 Cornmeal hhd* 2,739 1,593 3,502 1 909 ? Cotton, bales 92,866 185,483 137,991 - 49401 Domettic Cotton Goods, 49.491 Bales and ca?es 11,498 5,450 11,080 5.630 ? Dyrwoods? 1 Logwood, tona 2,570 3,443 3.367 124 _ 759 56C 464 - 102 Nicaragua 14 8 32 39 7 - l-ub, dry cod, cwt,... 14,756 18,889 18,109 ? 780 Mackerel, bbli 1,371 718 1,695 847 ? Herring 1,689 2,844 2,290 - 554 Flaxseed, tierces. .... 3,781 2,134 5,389 3,255 ? Hour, wheat, bbl*.... 71,275 131,243 76,263 ? 51 980 ,,M>* . 3.027 2,011 1,888 ? '123 {'""powder, keg* 1,151 4,560 7,182 2 622 ? Main* and bacon, cwt . 2,267 3,071 2491 _ 503 Hide*, number 42.057 22,974 25,739 2,765 ? Hops, bales 1,386 409 2,123 1,714 _ Lard, keg* 53,954 47,^ 37,961 - 9 304 S'S;_v;-;;; 4<? '.?? Kosin, bbl*. ....... 23,781 40,385 27,721 - 12,861 8,1'irit* Turpentine.. 741 911 1,651 710 ? 7,810 7,759 15,461 7,702 ? Turpentine. 68,291 79,817 83,749 3,902 ? Oils, olive, basket*,... 297 302 195 ? 107 wiS1. * C.. " 10 63 !W 21 ? V\ hale, gallons ... 1,106,635 850,744 1,175.800 325,056 ? Sperm, 126,291 35,327 350,133 314,806 ? Pepper, bag 702 555 72i ,70 _ <.796 77 4,498 4,421 - I ork, bbla 17,038 31,981 28,928 - 3,063 Rice, tierce* 14,559 13.483 7,199 - 5,984 Rum, foreign, pun*... !I9 293 183 ? 110 ??m",ca,"- bbl? 348 621 1,858 1,237 ? Ssjtpetre, ba*s 283 - 463 463 ? Silk*, packages 280 604 840 230 ? Soap, boxe* . .. H,33j 17,539 15,113 - 2,426 specie, Gold, dollar-.. .125,221 213,21 M 457,962 214,694 ? Silver, dollars 155,293 296,2391,003,841 717,602 ? sugar* VVh it* Havana, bx*. 52 91 ? ? 91 Brown Havana.. 552 6 849 813 ? Muscovado, hhds... 163 44 1,725 1,681 ? Refined, ewt 49 5,060 12,350 7,290 ? Tea"'C 4,W9 4'W3 3,W1 ? 008 Sou It other blk, lb*. 8,480 38,309 85,257 46 948 ? Hyson Skin 13 X0 19,806 10 875 8,911 H. and V Hyson.... 67,210 129.069 201,601 72,532 ? Gunpowder aud Imp. 70,240 49,617 52,899 3 282 ? Tobacco, leal, hhds. .. 1,622 1,7!I5 1,475 ? 323 Leaf, b?|es, ca*e*,&c. 5,288 3,572 4,129 557 ? '1[?nuf?etd, keg*... 4,679 5,781 9,663 3,819 ? w r.lebone, cwt 6,201 4,712 9,913 5,201 - Wheat, bushel* 5,151 30,117 ] goo _ 28,847 Whiskey bbl. 12 337 439 102 - Wool, bale* 33 _ ]01 )0( _ The value of the export* from this port for the Ant live month* of the patt three year* wa* a* follow* : Valck or Exports?Port or NrwYoan, Jan. J to June I, 1811, 'II AND '45. T 1813. 1844. 1845. $1,474,880 1,728,321 2,098,450 1.38.,. IKK |,| 10,.597 1.911,335 1.762,*17 3.924,481 2,385.588 iVJ " 1,1.17,711 3 022,721 2 608,877 1,781,522 2,172,017 3,209,205 *8.0)1,871 11,888,137 $11,414,154 The value ol the export* from January 1 at to June 1st, ltM5, does not vary much from the value of the merchan' dine exported in the corresponding period last year. On reference to the comparative table of article* exported, it will be seen that there has been an increased ship ment of mos} of our prinoipal staples, such as ashes, but ter, candles, cheese, domestic goods, lard, naval stores oils, whale and (perm, whalebone, tobacco and wool, while the exportation of a few of our staple productions such a* beef, cotton, flour, lard, pork and rice ha* fallen off. Notwithstanding the variations in the quantity of these articles exported, there has been this year an in creuse in the vnlnn of rinme*tfo irtielos shipped from thi* port. The expoi'mion ol -po-ip diii year ha* been greater than in eitiior ol tlso two pieviotl*, which account* for part of the Increased ?KKi?<?t? value of merchandise shipped. This is an unfavoiable feature in our export trade, which otherwise i* in a very favorable and heal thy condition. W* annex ? table glrlnf the rtlue of Jonestic pro

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