Newspaper of The New York Herald, 22 Haziran 1845, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated 22 Haziran 1845 Page 2
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NEW YORK HERALD. New York, ?wndajr, Jane M, lM8. Foreign Appointment*?1The Administration ona the Opposition. The Hartford Times, following up the course adopted by the organs of that section of the democ racy, bays that Mr. Folk has been very unfortunate in his appointments to office, referring particularly to the appointment of Louis McLane to till the office of English Minister, made vacant by die recall of Mr. Everett These muttering* of discontent are very significant The Van Buren men are evidently not in a good hu mor. Poor Mr. Polk finds it as hard to please them aa the drummer found it impossible to satisfy the Irish soldier?no matter where he applied the lash in obedience to his request, the fellow grumbled as much aa ever The appointment of Marcy did not please them,?the appointment of Mr. Lawrence does not please them,?and now they are quite exasperated at the appointment of Mr. McLane. Sot content with expressing discontent at these and other appointments, they begin to insinuate that Mr. Polk has not kept faith with them. It is asserted that the appoinUnent of Eh Moore, as Surveyor, was in direct violation of a promise to give that uffice to Mr. Bleecker. Humors?charges?insinuations? sly] attacks?and all sorts of dissatisfactions, ill-will, disappointment and chagrin, arc now manifesting themselves in the ranks of the Van Buren-Wright democracy. Even in their journals we see the hos tile feeling oozing forth, every now and then. We will have plenty of storm and tempest by and by. The clouds are gathering, and on the meeting of Congress the grand conflict of the elements will commence. Thus ever fumes and simmers, the j>o liticul cauldron. Bubble, bubble, Toil and trouble. Collectoeship of this Port.?Mr. Lawrence, it appears, has resigned both the offices which he for merly held?the presidency of the State Bank and the chamberlaincy of this city?in order that he may be able to devote his whole time to the duties of the collectorship. This is all right. He will now enter office untrammelled by any other ties or any other interests, and will be able to give his whole time and energies to the certainly not very trifling or unimportant duties of his new station. He will truly have enough to do. The collectorship is no sinecure. His troubles will only begin after the 4th of July. What will he do1? Will he remove many from office 1 Whaf selections will he make to fill the vacancies ? The movements which ended in the resignation or removal of Mr. Van Ness and the appointment of Mr. Lawrence, originated with the office-beggarB of this city, numbering probably many thousands. They will now be most clamorous for office, and never will be satisfied until Mr. Lawrence makes a general sweep in the Custom House as at present organized. They are even already beginning in the various wards to get up petitions and commence an agitation, for fear Mr. Lawrence should not make the removals that are expected. If Mr. Lawrence do not satisfy those ravenous beings who were in strumental in the late agitation, they will organize the same materials against him which did such ser vice in the case of Governor Van Ness. Ver'ly, this collectorship is no sinecure. In the present state of the democratic party in New York,and with four or five thousand office-beggars, always hungry and in a state of eternal agitation, no Collector here can escape the dyspepsia. Libellous Advertisements.?We have been very much amused during the last few days by the diffi culty into which some of the editors have got in con sequence of their advertisers, particularly the adver tising doctors, libelling each other in their columns. We thought that some such result would take place as that we have just seen from the police reports.? Many months ago w? were troubled and annoyed by several of these advertising doctors quarrelling and fighting among themselves, and making use of our columns to libel each other. We ended the annoy ance very speedily, however, by at once excluding all parties from our advertising columns. We gave them perfect liberty to puff and praise their commodi ties as much as they pleased, but did not suffer them to attack each other or allude in any way to their rivals. Dr. Comstock, for instance, is privately a very quiet citizen, but in consequence of getting into these quarrels and difficulties,we were obliged to ex elude him from our columns for some time, together with several others. This is, indeed, the only re medy for newspa|>er proprietors in such cases. The Doctrine of Reprisals.?The Courier and Enquirer of yesterday, contains a sensible article? apparently fronj some contributor?commenting on the recent declarations of the Washington Union, relative to the treatment of foreign vessels, sailing under letters of marque issued by Mexico,as pirates. The writer in the Courier avers that in the article in the Union, there is a mixture of levity, ignorance, and ferocity, not at all creditable to the official or gan, and proceeds to show, that according to the highest authority, the privateering alluded to by the Union, is not contrary to the law of nations, and would not authorize proceeding against it as " piracy." The Union has certainly, we must say, in a variety of instances, discovered a carelessness, want of judgment, and an inconsistency and insta bility, not at all calculated to give it weight and in fluence as an organ of the government, or of any thing else. State Censi's.?The State census will be taken. We hope that all intelligent people will endeavor to remove the prejudices which exist amongst some of the lower classes and lead them often to give false returns. The selection of commissioners is also a matter which ought to be carefully looked to. Very often the returns are as far from the truth as can be. Governor Shannon has arrived, but not with the missing instalments in his pocket. Now that he is here, we trust he will give some explanation of the business?what became of the money and all about it. Mr. Green, the ex-Charge, has succeeded in completely mystifying the matter. Ixft Mr. Shan non clear it up. French Oi-era.?The grand musical celebration at the Tabcrnacle, on Tuesday evening, will be ex ceedingly acceptable to multitudes in this city. Se lections from the ?acred compositions of Mozart, llossini, and Auber, will he performed in splendid style. No more appropriate way of concluding the solemnities of the day rould be devised. Arrivai. prom ^Mexico,?The barque Anahu ac, Captain Wilson, arrived yesterday morning.from Vera Cruz, in twenty-two days i<ase>age. The Hon. Wilson Shannon, late Envoy Extraor dinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to Mexico, came in the Anahuac an passenger. It was the general feeling in Vera Cruz, when the Anahuac sailed, that Texas would never be annexed to this Union; such wu the confidence which the Mexicans reposed in the English. Ex-Governor Hammond's Letters on Slavery ? These letters are attracting a good deal of public attention, and deservedly too. They are able, elo quent and convincing?in the right tone and spirit, and ought to be universally read. We will endeavor to give e.ther the whole or the substance of them as Boon as possible. The Wbather.?During the last few days we have had abundant and refreshing shower*. Thebenefitto the country is incalculable. Every where you can *ee the advantages of the copious rain in the improv < d appeuranceof the growing crop*. Navai. Uniform.?The recent regulations i<t<ued ny the Secretory of the Navy, relative to changes in the uniform, give great satisfaction to ihe service. The old regulation, prescribing one epaulette only for a lieutenant, was ridiculous. IIeai.tii of the City.?Th<? my is now very tualthy Small-pox liai disappeared, and thf "treeti ? re not io ijuite petnierou* as formerly. American Actors and Artmts in Ewoland A A great dedl of |>ublic attention has recently been directed to American artists and actors in England which is interesting and gratifying in a variety of a* pacts. Charlotte Cuahman?Hackett?Dan Marble ?and Forest, among actors, have been received with great and marked favor, with the exception that the last was not very well received in London, although the warm-hearted Dublin people made up for that in some measure. Now we have to add the flattering reception of an American work ot art t e " Greek Slave,' of Powers, a young sculptor from Cincinnati Yet, not very long since, a literary man trom tins side of the water was regarded in England as a ra nty-a phenomenon. We recollect,a few years ago, when Washington Irving first visited England, what a noise was made about him?the British public ac tually gaped with astonishment, on seeing in their midst a live American, who was really a literary man. Since that time, however, we have furnished England with a variety of literary works o high and acknowledged merit, and now we are contributing our Bhare in all the departments o the fine arts?in the drama, in sculpture, and m painting. Besides, if we are to believe those distin guished characters of the age, the critics, a new optra has just been produced in Philadelphia, which is going to sei the world on fire, and eclipse all the glory of the musical genius of the past. Butol this we must say we have some doubts, which can not be removed until we have a chance of hearing this opera, and judging for ourselves. We allude to Fry's opera. Why, then, does not Mr. Fry come here t Do, Mr. Fry, bring your opera this way Musical Fry?eloquent Fry?inspired Fry, do come to this city. Tarry not longer, we pray thee, but come quickly, tor we are in an agony to hear thy wonderful opera, which has been nearly the death of so many of the critics. Health awd PLEASCRX.-The numerous charm ing spots which are around this city, it is pleasing to know, are daily resorted to by great numbers ot residents ot these close confined boundaries, per sons whose means or business prevent trom going further to seek health and pleasure; and, indeed, it they did so, it not unfrequently happens? " Further on you may fare worse." Hoboken and its delightful retreats comes in for its share of patronage daily; and on Sunday for more than its share, though certainly not unmerited. The respectable establishments, where all the good things ot this life may be enjoyed, are well wordiy of the support they receive. The new hotel close to the ferry, which is now nearly completed, will j add much to the beauty and accommodation of the place. With a second Louis Schwartz for a host, there is no doubt but that it will anBwer well. Statcn Island is also well patronised. Clifton House, Blancard's and other respectable hotels are quite full. Fort Hamilton lias its patrons also. The estab lishment of Mr. Alonzo Reed is always respectably attended. He deserves it. Burnham's, on the Bloomingdale Jtoad, daily re ceives its hundreds of visitors of the worthy host, with all the courtesy and hospitality tor which he is so famous. Stryker's Bay, the Abbey, Prospect Hall, New Rochelle, and various other charming spots in the vicinity, have numerous visitors and ad mirers. The new hotel, erected by Wm. Gibbons, Esq., at Morrietown, N. J., conducted by Messrs. Noe and Crowell, iB a most splendid establishment, and well worthy of a visit, particularly for families. The best of every thing?with courtesy and promptness. FRrrrsAND Flowkrs.?We yesterday moming were agreeably surprised by the advent of a basket of most splendid cherries, and two brilliant bou quets. We have never before seen such fine fruit, and the flowers were put up with the greatest taste. Mr. Ash, of the Elm, Throgs Neck, Westchester, was the sender of these beauties, and we can re commend the public to his hospitable mansion. ?? Funeral of GkkTJacksoh.?The Hon. Martin Van Baren, and his Excellency, Silas Wright, ar rived in town by the Albany boat yesterday alter noon, to take part in the funeral obsequies of Gen. Jackson, on Tuesday next. General Jackson.?The Board of Common Coun cil held a special meeting last evening, and appro priated a'sum of #2,500 to defray the expenses of the celebration ot the funeral obsequies ot (.eneral Jackson, which takes place on Tuesday next. Steamship Great Western, from New York foi Liverpool, was spoken 13th inst., in lat. 40 26, Ion. j 70 83. wa*? also npoken on the 14th, in lat. 41 I 02, l?n. #7 12. Theatrical*. The French OrERA.?" Les Diaman's de laCou ronne" was repeated last night at the Park, and will be, we hope, again, for it is certainly a captivating production. It breathes a soul of joyouenes* from beginning to end, and one that transfixes itself throughout the auditory, mulgr6 ear. The collo quial portions of the piece, without'possessing.inuch of the ipirituelle, have enough of re|iartee and point to exclude anything like heaviness; the rhyme is ns good as is usually made up tor operatic display; its union to the sweet music of Aubcr, however, is a most felicitous one. Mile. Calv? elicited the warmest plaudits in one of those trifiing moreeaux in the second act? " Ah! ie reux briier ma chaine, Diaait le bel Ivan!" , And in several other parts of her role, and the per formance of every other, was quite unexceptionable. Hardly as many were present to admire the sparkling " diainans" as might be expected; we now speak in view of the excellence of the piece. Irre spective of this, the number of auditors was far from being meagre. A highly attractive cordon of beauty adorned the dress circle, nor was the par qnette wanting in a group of the young, ardent, and enthusiastic of the other sex, who listened with critical acumen, and anplauded most impartially? because they couldn't help it. The majority were citizens ot trench birth or extraction, whose ability to relish the performance is greater tnnn those who do not therein hear their mother tongue; yet there ought to be a larger attendance of all clatses; the vi vacity nnd grace of the French stage is proverbial, and infinitely superior to the Knglish; and all who can appreciate tnene points of excellence ought to be present at the Park as often as possible during the stay of the talented company now there. Casti.e Garden.?The Sunday promenade here is very attractive, and is much patronised. The se lectness and order that is kept by the proprietors, render it much superior to any of the usual Sunday places, and the small charge made for admission, also renders it|more eligible than a jaunt which costs two or three dollars, fii the evening an excellent band performs sacred music. The bill for Monday will be highly attractive, and on Tuesday there will be quite a novel feature in the delivery of an oration on the life of General Jackson, by Mr. Whitney, of whom we shall have more to say. The Weather.?We had several tine refreshing showers yesterday morning. They were much needed. Speaking of rain, the Albany Argut of yesterday, says: The recent rain* have extended through all lection* of tho country?East, North, South and wart. The Ohio. Indiana and Michigan pa pen are apeaklng of tha grateful ! ahowera which once more begin to gladden the heart* of the huibandmen. All tha crop* have anumed the ap pearance of vigoroua health, and tha recant despondency 11 yielding to a better feeling. Indian Murders.?The Davenport Gazette says that quite an excitement has been created at Red | Rock by the murder of three Indian*. It teams that two . Indian* of the Sauk tribe ttole the wife of an Iowa chief, ; and brought her down to the "line.'' The chief having ! got wordof the traniaction, immediately eame to Red ! Rock in liurauit, here an encounter took place, which resulted in thi death of the two "Saukie*.'* Old Path I r-Ae, one ot? the war^chief* of the Hunk nation, hearing of the affray, commanded a party of hi? men to take the i hie: and puniih him for the murder. The part) upon catching the chief, bound him to a tree, ana, with the sharp edge of a tomahawk, inflicted deep wound* upon each nuie of hi* neck, juit below the ear. In thi* nida tion they let him linger for the (pace of an hour, he all the time beaeeching them to kill him, and end hi* mi*er ie*. They, after a great deal of per*ua*ion upon the part of the chief, knocked him in the head and put aa end to hii existence. lie waathen taken and buried with great solemnity, and' a white flag *tnck at the head or hl? ?jrave.to nete that he waa a oeraon of iom? eminence. - .to much for aavage life en J lavage jurtioe ? Sf Omi f 'piMicjn Jum 13 asmmrnfmrnrnmimmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmm Ship Canal Betwrkr tub Atlantic Aim Pa cific Oceans.?The vast augmentation to the re sources of the commerce of the civilized world that wouM accrue from effecting nepeedy communica tion between the Atlantic and Pacific, baa been a prominent subject in the of the intelligent of modem times, and is too obvious to require illustra tion. For a long time alter the settlement, by the Spanish and Portuguese, of South America, they believed in the existence of straits in the neighbor hood of the Gulph of Mexico. Cortez, however, found it was a mistake ; but did not fail to attach due importance to'the remarkable geographical for mation known as the Isthmus of Darien, and saga ciom ly concluded that if ever a short route was effected, it would be there. The English took up, as curly as the Ibth century, the search the Portu guese- had left off, and carrying it farther north, begaa their efforts to make out a north-west pas sage, and which, alter herculean and costly !abours, have only tended to direct, with increased desire, the eyes of our contemporaries to the Isthmus which connects the two grand divisions of the westi rn world. At different tunes, nine different portions of the Isthmus have been proposed as the J?est for a line of ship ( anal from ocean to ocean ; but eventually they have been reduced to three, viz1st, the Isthmus o( Panama, proper; 2nd, the Isthmus of Nicaragua; 3rd, the Isthmus of Teliuantepec. The distance between the oceans at Panama is40 miles; at Nica raguu,95 miles, but the intervention of a lake lessens it a g >od deal; at Tehuantepec the distance is 190 mileu. It is said that, notwithstanding the great difference in favor of the first route us to distance, it is entirely impracticable, and that Tehuantepec, althongh'it is above three times as tar, it is out of ull raeaaure the most feasible. 1h the recent survey of the French govern ment, it is said that a ship canal by the Pa nama route is impracticable, at least, with out vessels being compelled to discharge their cargoes. Besides, the harbor of Panama has its anchorage some miles trom the shore, and is there fore inadequate to be one of the extremities of a ship Canal, which should have both extremities opening at once into the deep sea, with a port afford ing suitable anchorage to vessels close up against the land- In addition to this, Humboldt and other writers state that the climate is decidedly noxious, and M. Chevalier avers that there would be fearful responsibility in bringing those who alone could do the work?the masons, miners and excavators from Europe?as the climate is a deadly one for all who are exposed to the sun, or who inhale the miasmatu of the marshes, and those which issue trom the soil when newly turned up; in consequence of this, all work would be necessarily suspended from May to October. The obstacles to the Nicaragua line are far less, as the climate is good, the greater portion ot the 95 iniles occupied by lakes Leou and Nicaragua and the connecting river Tipitapa, and that of San Juan from Lake Nicaragua to the Atlantic. Still there is no exnet information as to the obstacles, which are in nil probability not a few. and this part of the ?;lobe, between the 11th ana 13th*degrees of North atitude is the most volcanic known, and therefore eruptions and earthquakes may be set down as among the most formidable enemies to an attempt at a canal here. By a decree of the Spanish Cortes, dated April 30, 1814, Tehuantepec was chosen as the point (or this Seat work, but the misrepresentation and confusion at screw out of the war of independence prevented it. Recent surveys have fixed its claims to sunerio* nty and perfect feasibility beyond cavil. Good har bors are found at each extremity, and according to Mr. Bilbi, the Coatzacaalcas, which is 785 yards wide at the mouth, with never less than 21 feet wa ter on the bar, is the finest port formed by any of the rivers that discharge themselves into the Gulf of Mexico, not even excepting the Mississippi. Europeans might be brought to do the work without any risk from the yellow fever, as the climate is good. Abundance of timber for ship building is at hand, and cattle and other resources are to be had for the supply of vessels requiring to reocuit their stores. If this communication was openra, " dou. bling theIlorn"would be no more thought of. Vessels from Eurone would bid farewell to the danger, ex pense, ana hardship incurred by that circuitous voyage on their way to any portion of the Western American Continent, or the South Sea Islands. The new route wonld be that of all vessels from the United States to China, and very likely many of those from Europe, too. All nations admit the importance of this great work; yet all are stupidly tardy in going through with it; and vet that people wno shall accomplish the vast scheme, will reap commensurate advan tages. But it is to be fervently desired that when it will be undertaken and eflected, it will be in no sellish or monopolizing spirit, but as an offering to the genius of universal commerce, whose devotee*, of whatever clime, nation, or kindred, shall freely participate in its advantages. It must be sacrea from the prows of hostile fleets in time of war; it must be free to all, irrespective of i>olitical or other conditions: it must be made to sub serve the ends of the human family; not a means of domineering for a part of them: otherwise it will prove a curse, and afflict the world with new evils, or rather a fresh batch of the old. This might all be accomplished by a union be tween Great Britain, the United States, and France, who have it in their power to purchase the soil, Wave it surveyed, to enter into obligations propor tionate to their respective commercial tonnage, to provide funds for making the canal, and keeping it for ever in repair, and prescribing for the latter pur pose a charge barely adequate, to be levied on thpse enjoying its advantages. In this there is nothing visionary or difficult; it requires but serious delibe ration and firm resolve to be put at oner in a fair way of progressing. It certainly will be clone fooner or later, but if not done by the united efforts of those great and leading powers named, instead of one or other ot them, it would be better let* alone. From Honduras.?We have received the Balixt Obttrver to the 31st ult., inclusive. It contains very little news of moment. We make the follow ing extract:? There is now no doubt that the anticipation* no gener ally formed ol an extraordinary increased production of Mahogany thil year, will be disappointed?and the most sanguine in their calculations have brought down their expectations to somewhere about seven millions. The causes which have led to this result are variously ao counted for?mainly by the frequent showers of rain and by the want of cattle?out the fact is, there is not within the settlement, nor immediately within its reach, a sup ply of labor eoual to a production of more than 7 to H mil lion feet of mahogany, and thus notwithstanding the in creased number of gangs, nearly double that of former years, the effective force brought into the field for the production of Mahogany scarcely exceeds that of any preceding season. The only gangs that have succeeded to an extant equal to the success of former years are two or three gangs in the Rio Hondo. The gangs in the Old River are generally very short : the gangs on our Southern Rivers and those failed, and the cuttings in the vicinity of Truxiilo and Roman are equally backward. The fears of an over production have proved utterly groundless,and the price* in England will not fie affected oy that cause, whatever causes may conduce to less profitable results, than the mahogany trade enjoyed last year. It is probable that the sanguine expectations entertained by the numerous cutters this season, and which led to the very erroneous calculations at the commencement of the year, reports of which reached England, may cause for a time a slight downward tendency in the market, but the real produc tion of mahogany for the year is now fairly ascertained, and we apprenend that there are greater doubts in the i minds of intending shippers, as to their ability to com I plete cargoes for tlie shipping ordered, than that prices ' will be affected by an over production. 1 Huprkmk Court?Friday, June 20.?The follow ing motions have been decided by Mr. Justice Jew ; kit, having been held under advisement by him from the June special term: Dunckel vs. Karley. Motion thai i nlft', be allowed full single costs ; granted, with costs I In the matter of the schooner " Brothers," wrecked or the shore Of Lake Ontario, on application for a munda mus; alternative mandamus granted, to be directed U the treasurer of the county of Niagara, public adm'x, j fcc. Strong, et al ads. Bangs at al. Motion to set aside executions issued to the sheriffs of Livingston and Mon ; roe ) granted, with costs, unless eertain conditions are performed by plff's, fee. Bogardus, ex?r, fcc., ads. Elder The order of tne circuit judge for discovery ; modified 1 in part, and confirmed. Willoughhy, plff. in error, vs, Comstock, pres't, &x.; deft in error. Motion for an I order to stay proceedings on the exeoution. Deft in er ror is to have $10 costs of opposing motion, and is allow | ed to proceed with hia execution unless pl'ff in error I shall within DO days, execute a new error, bond, fcc. In the matter of the attachment against the real and person al estate of Edwin Firth, a non-resident debtor, ads. j Thomas Denny and others trustees of creditors, lie. Motion for a supersedeas and discharge of the attach ment, -and also a discharge of the claims and demands , filed under it, fcc.; denied with cost*. Wilder et al vs Wheeler and one other cause. Motion to sat off judg ments: denied with costs. Van iloesen imp'd. fcc. nds. 1 The Delaware and Hudson f anal Co. Motion to satisfy judgment of record: denied with cost*. Stanford et al. ads. The Jofferson Countv Bank. Motion to set aside i Sheriff's sale of lands of cleft. Stanford alio a second execution in the hand: of the Sheriff?granted with costs; , and the judgment ordered to lie discharged of record. Carroll ads Frazee et al. Motion to set aside judgment, 1 denied, with costs. Comstock ads. Maher and one other cause. Motion for an allowance of a writ of error, co ram n?*r?, in each cause; denied with costs, In each cause; without prejudice. Tracy vs. Shumway and Shumway vs. same. Motion to set aside a judgment of confession In the last cause. Ordered that a feigned issne be 'ranted to try the validity of the judgment last men tioned- vanua to be iaIJ in Columbia county, fcc ?.* ?Arqtit Tub Great Foot Rack*, Walking Match and Hurdle Rack Over tub Beacon Course.?The first of iheee aflHira, the walking mutnh for $200, com? otf on the 80th hurt. For this there are If entries. It ia to be a fair heel aud toe walk ; among the competitors are somocof the beet pedestrians in the country; but just now the attention is particular ly directed towards Chas. Wright, the North Star of Canada. Those who have known him in that coun try aie willing to back him to a considerable extent against any other named. Indeeu, in some instances he h&a been backed against any two. On the saint; day, a one mile foot race for $900 comes off, in whic'i are the names of Major Stannard, Ambrose Jack ?n, Wm. Barlow, an Indian of the Iroquois tribe, from Canada, and some Ave other*. The powe ra ot three of the former are pretty well known tn this neighborhood, and they alone will make a good race. The Indian is said to be an out and outer, and is backed to a considerable extent against any other. The Hardle Race, for $400, comes off on 3d of July, the entries for which close to-morrow evening. Already there are several entries, and much tun, if not sport, is anticipated. It is a good opportunity for the owners of horses to test their powers. There are doubtless several in this city and neighborhood, that ,.could give a good account of themselves, if they were only tried. On the wane day, a five mile Foot Race, for $400, will come off, in which the principal performers in the previous mile race are expected further to display their pow ers, together with some ten or a dozen others. The entries for this race also close to-morrow evening; then tore, those who are desirous ot testing their abilit'es, had better do so at once. But the grand affsiii of all, is on the 5th of July, it ia a ten mile race, for $800, in which the best pedestrians in this court, ry, one trom Canada, two from England, and one i'.om Scotland, are expeeted to take a part. The miml>er of entries at present are upwards of 30, and then' is every reason to believe that ere they close, ten d ys previous to the race, the list will be much increased. These matches, certainly, for variety and iiovelty, promise considerable sport and amuse ment. Every preparation is being made on the Sroumi to aid in making the affair go off as it should o, and it is hoped, for the credit of the city, that those present on the different occasions, will aid the spirit :d proprietor in giving the competitors fai play. Mo.t Capitai, and Excjtinh Thot over the Haki.&.m Track, on Friday.?There was ka good must' r on Friday, on this most beautiful spot.? Some-thing more than common was expected, and such vas the result. The purse announced to be contended for was but trilling?$30?but the'interest was much greater than ten tunes the amount. The entries were? Wm. AVTielan's bay msre Kanhion, drawn. Jt.o. Spicer'a ch. gd. Ephm. Smooth. Jno. Somerdyke's. . . .ch.jgd. Bob Logic, drawn.

A. Conklin's gr. m. Fashion, drawn. D. MoManus' g. gd. Harry Dixon. For the purpose of sport ana to his great credit, Mr. Smith entered gr. g. Stockton in place of the two Fashions and Bod Logic, which were with drawn. The betting was 20 to 1 against Harry Dixon; Ephraim Smooth was backed against the field at about 5 to 2. The following is the result of the match, to the great astonishment of the knowing ones. The winning animal bears credit to the gentleman after whom he is named?Dr. Dixon, the celebrated veterinary surgeon of Providence, formerly of thit city:? Hnrry Dixon (owner) 2 10 2 11 Stockton (C. 8. Bartine) 3 i 3 1 3 3 Ephraim Smooth (J. Spicer) 1 303S8 Time?2:44 ; 2:41 ; 3:40 ; 2:41 ; 2:38 ; 2:37. Stockton stuck to the others well. In the fifth heat, just as he was looking like the winner, with the lend, his stirrup strap Droke and he fell hack, only losing the heat by a length. The third heat was a dead one between Harry Dixon and PJphraim. Just a a they reached the judges' stand abreast, they bodi broke, m such a style that the judges could nbt decide otherwise. Already is this Course doing considerable good in the neighborhood. It is drawing all the trotting and racing off the road, and thereby rendering it more comfortable and safe for pedestrians and eques trians?a thing that was very much required. The track promises to be one of the beet in the neigh borhood, and the whole of the arrangements are first rate. Trotting Matches over the Cbntreviu.e Covr8k, L. I., to-morrow.?Two matches and a purse come of! over the above track. From the entries there is every reason to expect good and in teresting sport. Louisville Races, June 8th.? T. G. Rucker's b. c. Red Eagle, 4 year* old, by Grey Eagle, dam by Moses 1 1 1 J. H. Miller* b. c., by imported Chesterfield, dam by Sumpter 3 3 4a. G. Aiallory's br. f., by imported Hedgeford, dam by Lafayette 3 3 ds. Time, 1:66?1:4*. A mule race followed, which was interesting in the extreme, and won by Mr. Means' mule, beating the field Theatrical*. Mr. and Mre. Charles, accompanied by a talented vocalist, are about to give a series of entertainments during the ensuing week at Poughkeepsie and other towm on the banki of the Hudson. Booth is at his tricks again. On Tuesday evening last, he appeared in the Richmond theatre, a* Pescara, in the Jipoitate, more than half scat over, and hai come in for no imal) share of censure from the press in that city in consequence. The author of Leonora realized a very handsome sum by the complimentary benefit at the Cnesnut street theatre, Philadelphia, on Friday evening. Mr. Magenis, >tnd Mr. E. W. Magenis, his son, will give a grand intellectual soiree on Monday evening in Philadelphia. W. K. Burton, Ksq. has leased the Chesnut street theatre for the coming season. Charles Mason, >.eafie, Miss Reynolds, and Mrs. Warren, were playing at Nashville some ten days since. Dr. Valentine made his last appearance in Boston on Friday evening. The Anglesea singers are giving concerts in Bea ton with great success. Fry's new opera of "Leonora" was performed last evening in the Musical Fund Hall, Philadelphia, tickets reduced to half price. The last time it is to be performed in that city. The Orphean Family gave a concert in Richmond, Va., on Friday evening. Movement* of Travellers. There was still, yesterday, a further, but dispropor tioned accession to the principal Hotels.of travellers, but the usual complement is yet in reservo. The names on the regestries appear voluminous, but they are chiefly composed of officers of the U. 8. Army, Cadets from West Point, and delegates of the Independent Order of Odd Fel lows, returning to their respective homes from Doston. At the American?R. B. Bnttierre, Baltimore; Js. Semonto, Charleston, S. C.; D. M. Hitchcock, Springfield, Mass.; Mr. Berry, L. J.j A. W. Sullivan, S. C., and several offi cers of the U. 8. Army. Astor.?Mr. H. Simpson, Boston ; Samuel Aspenwail, do ; W. B. Keen, Kentucky ; (Jeorge Hunting, Sag Har bor; Hugh Jenkins, Baltimore; E. K. Smith, Florida; M. Snow, Boston ; R. Walker, (ieorgia ; H. W. Hudson, Boston; Mr. Forsyth, Kingston, Canada; Capt. Lott, steamer Caledonia ; J. C. Mather, Troy ; George A. Par ker, Boston ; J. J. McCole, Philadelphia ; James Smith, do ; and 10 officers of the U. 8. army. Citv.?J. B. Knight, Kentucky ; J. J. Peavy, Maine ; Clement Marsh, Washington, D. C.; '). Fletcher, Virgi nia ; 8. A. Wait, Connecticut; Joseph Troker, Philadel phia ; A. B. Louthwad, Illinois ; Hon. Wilson Shannon, minister from Mexico ; M. Marshall, do: J. Anderson, B. A. Charles Kerkham, Philadelphia ; and 7 officers of the IT. 8. aimy. Fbankliw.?H. Hadlcy. New Hamp?hire ; N. F. Corn ley, Baltimore county ; B Do iglass, Tennessee ; James Hepburn, Elmira; S. P. Fosdich, Mobile: J. H. Van Ant werp, Albany ; P. Van Denthusen, do ; John Bocli, New Orleans ; A. Weeks, Michigan ; J. Venney and K. Read, do. Gloss ?A. Joseph, Canada; John Miller, Boston; Mr. Reid, Bermuda ; A. J. Miller ; and 7 officers of the U. a. army. Howard.?J. If. Davies, Washington, D. C.: R. W. C. Bradford, U. 8. army : T. G. Woodst, do ; J. II. Gibsoaj Upper Canada; J. A. Richie, Cincinnati; J. M. Wlnslow, Rochester ; Hon. G Parks, consul to Rio Janeiro ; R. T Branson, Utira; J. E. Mills and E. La Rocque, Montreal; l>. Richmond, Virginia; John Bowman, Montevideo; John Leach, St Louis, and 20 others. V/avkri.t.?Messrs. Hice and Douglass. Piermont; Albro. Hefl'ord, Rainsford and Lindsay, Fall River ; H. Allen, Providence; Grant and Kddy, Philadelphia; Daniel Cook, Boston. Great Fire at FAYETTKvn.i jk ?The following is a list of the sufferers by the calamity of the IStli ? Jas. Kyle, Isaac Dodd, Margaret Pearce, Owen Houston, J. M. Ueasley, H. Branson, Mrs. Brown, J. W. Sandford, C. P. Mallett, E. Glover, T. L. Hyhart, T. J. Johnson, D. W. M'Laurin, T. J. Curtis, Mr. Whitehead, E. Foilers, Messrs. Nott k Briggs, C. Lutterloh, D. A. Ray, R. W. Hardie. W. H. Beatty, J. 8. Grant, E. J. Hale. T Fuller, 8. W. Til ling hast, D. O'Hanlon, Drs. Cameron and Mal lett, Messrs. Clark and M'Culium, Messrs. Nott and Starr, J. W. Powell. E. J. Lilly, Mr. M'Arn, A. Johnson, J. Hooper, A. W. Steele, Messrs. Stewart and M'Oary, W. Prion, P. Montague, T. W. Blake. T. C. Blake, J. Arey, J. C. Thompson, J. C. Lotta, J. D. Williams, J. Dodd, A. M'Kemie, R. Wooten, C. W. Andrews, Messrs. Liebenstein, N. Sikes, Messrs. Phillips It Co., W. Marsh, J. Kelly, H. Leete, J. Brown, W. M'Intyre, Wm. Meckel, J. Huske, G. fc H. M'Millin, Messrs. Huskes, II. Camp bell, 8. J. Hinsdale, A. Johnson, Wm. H. Bavne, Drs. Ro binson, Miss Bingham, A. Alden, and others, whose names could not be ascertained. The loss can scarcely be less than three hundred thousand dollars, but is esti mated by many at $400,000, of which from $ 136.000 to flAO.OOO were insured. No doubt seems to rest on the mind of any oue, that it was the act of an incendiary : for a discovery of whom the municipal anthorlties will leave no effort untried. Fire w Ware Vjixa?k.?We leam, says the Hnmjmhirc Htrald, by a gentleman who came through War* Village late on Thusday afternoon last, that the great manufacturiM establishment there ha* been totally destroyed by fire ! It caught at about a o'clock, in the picking room, caused, as it is supposed, by a nail getting into the picker. The whole was con turned in an hour and a half from the commencement of the fire. Not the least afflicting clrcumstanae* attending ttVis conflagration, is that 'of ?j0 operatives being thus suddenly deprived of employment <>??11 ? III! Walks Asoct To^?The'll^H^'RlTar aide of lit town presents many interesting purticulars to a poraon who would wiah to paaa an hour or two in reflecting on the growth of our city. Though its atreeta do not, cer tainly, afford the pleaatnteit proraoutdea in town, still the v-iry bustle and confusion give evidence of the work goicK on. A little above Kector atreet, the foreign ship ping it the wiiami imperceptibly glide* into the sloops, towl oati and ateamboati of ue mighty Hudson, and from that | oi.it ui far up as the site of the Old State Prison, aud even farther, the docks are filled with all kinds of rivei craft. The old fashioned North River aioop, with a main aail l.irge enough for a frigate ; the jaunty schooner, the ponderous tow boat, and the splendid passenger boat, all are nuxed. An immense amount of produce ia brought to this market, and it is amusing to see the market peo ple arid butchers watching their chance to get first on ooari! a newly arrived towboat. The passengers going on shore, the hucksters rushing on board, ana the bleat !?* 01 sheep, lowing of calve j, tramping of the troops of horsej that are nightly brought down tne river, font, ai togetiier, a singular picture to the looker on. Such scene i as these are the Elysium of the pocket-book drop ping gentry, and in the hurry and excitement of landing m Ni w Vork, perhaps lor the first time in his lifo, many a cou utry couain has been taught that " all ia not gold that j litters," and that a pocket-book may as easily con tain anything else as bankable money, in the fruit Rea son, whole boat-loads of peaches, melons, apples, lie., ar rive, und great ia the rush to obtain the ear of the captain first. Oyster boats, fitted up to accommodate the consu mers of that dainty with stewed, fried or roasted, are in terapcrsed, along the wharves, and, by the bye, we have eaten as splendid oysters on board these humble vessels, as we ever tasted m the most splendid refectory. The whai vea of this side of the town appear to be the favorite resorts of the fishermen; in fact, on every dock five or six ragged boys, or sliv-ahod looking men, may be seen with rod in hand, tryiug their patience, though probably they are rewarded as well as a majority of fishermen are. About five o'clock in the afternoon, business looks up in this vicinity. Cabs come tearing down at a killing pace to the various docks?trunks, carpet-bags and valises, ap pear to grow in evory one's hand? bells are rung, steam is lot oil, and the horrid din that ia kept up, betokens that tho hour of departure has come. Adieus are said, part ing kisres and embraces openly indulged in on the dock; tho sense of loneliness that pervades the minda of those about to leave their friends, causing them to step over the triflir.;,'formalities of social lifo. The last bell has given its latt toll, the captain shouts "all abourd," and, quick quick us thought, u score of beautiful steamboats, that we challenge the world to equal, are speeding oil" over the v/aters of the Hudson, bearing their freight of?but here we stop. 'Twould require a volume to describe their " motley crcwa." There has been six or eight very fine brick buildings built ut the corner of Church and Leouard streets, and where the old National Theatre stood formerly, which will not only be the means of improving the neighbor hood, hut enhance the valjie of the property considera bly in that vicinity. Missing and SurrosEU to bk Drowned.- Margaret McMalian, who was living as cook at Insiftution for tho Deaf and Dumb, on the 4th avenue, left there early yesterday morning, without notice, and was last seen at about 5 o'clock in the afternoon, at the foot of 61st street, near the East River. The shawl she had on and one of her shoes have been found on the bank of the river, and It is frured that ?fie has drowned herself in a temporary fit of derangement. She was aged about 50 years, rathor small, and pock marked. She had on a striped muslin cap, with full borders, and a pink calico frock, atriped apron and a dark plaid handkerchief round her neck. A reward of $10 and all reasonable expenses will be paid to any person who can give any information of her, if living, or for the recovery of the body, if drowned. Police Office?J u.vn 21.?Officer Burley arrested a fellow named James Wilson, charged with stealing a grocer's waggon from John Meyer,l'ii Waahington atreet, valued at $16, last night. Wilson sold the waggon to Mr. John McKimmons, corner of Church and Duane streets, for $28. Stealing Brass.?Thomas O'Brennie, a young soap lock, who waa blessed by nature with large quantities of brass in his l'acc, was attracted by the force of sympathy to steal fourteen pounds moro irom Henry A. A'lld, 6 Howard street, wnich he probably put in his pocket. Stealing a Watch.?John Fray waa arrested, charg ed with stealing a watch of the value of $3, from John Neason, West street. Stealing Clothing.?Honorah Johnson was arrested, chargcd with stealing a coat, vest, and two handkerchiefs, from James Complon. Stealing Plaid.?William Williams was arrested, chargcd with stealiug a Bohemian plaid, 4A} yards, from Thomas Atkins, 86 Catherine street. Bua.iLARr.?About ton o'cloock on Friday night, the store of Mr. Alexander Johnson, draper and tailor, No. 141, West Broadway, was entered by means of a false latch kev, and robbed of the following article*, viz : one light drab coat, one silk and two satin vests, six yarda of mixed cloth and aeveral old ooata. It appears that one of the workmen who had been in charge of tho atore, had gone out for a short time, leaving the door on the latoh, and without any other fastening, and on his return found the door open and the articles above mentioned, taken therefrom. Brooklyn City Intelligence* New 1There are a great number of splen* did dwelling* ipringing up lately in this delightful city. In most of the principal streets, there are being built several fine brick houses in place of the miserable old shantiei, that formerly braved tho storm, but more espe cially in Fulton itreet and iti vicinity?tome few year* back, Brooklyn was o'eripread with nothing but frame building!, but by the perseverance and industry of its inhabitants, has become not only n flourishing town of trade, but the private residences of a number of our in fluential New-Vorkeii. Thk Streets?Those avenue!, which are in some in stances of wooden pavement, are being picked np and pared in a very neat and apparently durable manner, and the sidewalks which were heretofore neglected, aro very much improved, being in general laid down with very large flag! of granito. The Shops.?Thoie department! are in general ex tremely aeat, and no matter whether in the provision or lace store, everything leems as if they had been laid out for a fancy fair. The merchant! have in lome measure adopted the syitem so prevalent in Philadelphia, namely, of employing young ladies to traniact the buiincaa of their storei. The same system has been spoken of amongst many of our merchant! in thi! city, but never yet carried into eflect. The Markets.?'The principal market ia the "Old Kultou,r which is always supplied with every variety ol meats, vegetable!, fruit, and leveral other commodities, ?all of tho belt and primeit description, and the claanli neis of the different stalls and itandingi, reflect! much credit on tho occupauti. The market, which ii an angular form, ii about one hundred feet longboth sidei, by about fifty wide. It ii supplied with sewers and gut ters, so attached ai to carry on' all the unclean material which may be collected during busineai hours. The lite where the market standi is not the most desirable, but at the same time, and from the fast of its being ol very old standing, any difficulty which might otherwise arise, is at once obviated. Common Council. Joac 'il.?Board ok Ai.dermk*.? General Jackion This Board held a special meeting last evening. Oliver Charlick, Esq., President, in the chair. The reading of the minutes was diipenied with. Ali>. Batons moved the luypeiuion of the rules.forthe purpose of receiving the report of the special committee, to whom was referred the subject matter in connection with the celebratiou ol' the funeral obsequies of General Jackion ; the report asked an appropriation ol' *-1,000 for said purpose. Ald. Messerole moved to amend, by itriking out " $'4,000," and inserting " $3,000.'' The report as amend ed, was adopted. The Board adjourned. Board ok Assistants.?General Jackion.?This Board also met, and concurred in the adoption of the Deport; after which, it adjourned. General Hrxiloiia. Before the Recorder, and Aldermen Compton and Alesserole. M. C. Patterson, Esq., District Attorney. Trial for forgery.?Henry M. llagge, convicted last March of forgeries to a large amount, on the firm ol Aus ten, Wilmerding & Co., was now placed on trial, charged with forging the name of the same firm to a check on the riurnix Bank, in August, 18H, for $f>000. Henry M. Saunders, formerly a clerk in tho houie of Austen, Wilmerding It Co., also indicted withRagge, foi being concerned in these forgeries, and who plead guilty on tlmt occasion, was now placed on the itand as a wit ness, but refuted to aniwer any quostioni, ai they might implicate himself The Diitrict Attorney laid, therefore, he would allow a verdict for the defendant The jury returned a verdict of not guilty. Kagge was now arraigned for sentence, and the Court sentenced him to the State Priion at Sing Sing, for the term of five yeari. Henry M. Saunderi was alio sentenced for the tame term. Common Picas, Before a full Bench. Jl'NE '21?John J Forrrtt ndt. John Wallahar.?Deci sions. -This was an action of trover brought to recover the value of a note, which plaintiff purchased at an auc. ? ion sale, under tho authority of the general assignee <>t the effects of a party named Charles H Lovejoy, a bank rupt. Tho Court held that the purchaser, or assignee, peremptorily WM entitled to the note, ai of the time when the petition of the bankmpt was filed; and the as signee* can bring tr>ver or assumpsit at hit election The note was for $800. The Jury rendered a vordict foi $100 damages and 0 cents coiti. Verdict sot.,aside, and new trial ordered; costs to abide the event John IK. Snyder and Thuriton Mmhbetl, ci. Harriton Olmitead and Jofeph .1. Farming.?Action'to recover the price agreed upon for a quantity of eggs, to be paid to plaintiff' by defendant. The eggs, it appeared, were damaged, and consideration having therefore failed, ver dict wai had for defendant. New tritl ordered; cAsti to abide the event. Circuit Court. Before Jndge Edmonds. Ji'lt 21?Brockutny n. Leiale el at.?This tedious case lias not been diiposedof. The Court adjourned over to :i0(li June, when it will be resumed. llii Honor, Judge Kdmonds, goei oaoircult to Rich mond County on Monday. . V. ? Circuit Court Before Judge Neli<*> June 21.?Day r,. Meyer ?Thli caie, already noticed, stands adjourned over to Monday. Court for tike Correction of Krrore. Jl'vr. 91? Lawrmct el ah M. the Corporation, +c.?Mr. Or sham concluded his argument' Mr. 8rf:r?c> a will follow on Monday. Thk Mt'EutR ok tub Stapmcton".. -The triul of Seth P?n-y, the murderer, was concluded on the 18th instant. The evidence went to show that the de feated and other! were quarrelling in Perry'i houte, and were at lentgh turned out, the two Htapletons, B.itex and othert fighting with varied stici.esi, and when they bad got about two rods from tho house. Perry came ont with a gun and flred three times at the retreating combatants, killing the two fttapletens annd wounding Dowlan. For the dcfcnce, it wat contended that Perry was so beaten Iiy the Irishmen In the ihop as to make him fear for his life?or'hat the effect of tho blows produced a tempo rary insanity. The Jury, after being four hours out of court, brought In a verdict of manslaughter Amusement*. The burlesque Opera* of Shia-ds-heeL* and the Virginian Oiri, are advertised for to-morrow night at Palmo's Theatre. The former is a trmveitie on Cinderel la, and the Ethiopean Company introduce the whole of the muiic of that beautiful opera?the latter if a medley burleique, in which are introdaoed the gen* of the Bo hemian Glri and the laughable Polka. Eleventh Edition of the Proecrlbed Book ! ?"The Quaker City; or, Mouktof Monk Hill," Ujuat issued in one volume, complete, or ten numbers complete, price fl; tingle numbers It)* cents?for sale by all cheap publication ?feats. No Americau novel has ever met with such astonishing suc cess as " The Quaker City," of which <0,000 numbers have al ready been sola. " The trngediss from which the foundation of this work is drawn, were thrilling and horrible ; yet the forcible pen of the author has heightened the subjects into a fearful interest."? Western Literary Review. " This is a bold book. It is the first American work which, written with the intention of illustrating the secret life iu our lirge republican cities, has met with a decided approval from the public. The work will live in the records of our literature, m the first American novel describing life, and men. and man iers, not only as they appear, but as they aie."?Philadelphia Home Journal. 3t All Philadelphia Subscriptions to the Hkhald must be paid to the only auTHoaitcn Agents, Zie berkCo., 3 Ledger Building, Third street, near Chestnut.? T?rms-?74 cents a mouth, iucluding tlte Suuday pn)>er, or U ;?euts without it; delivered free of charge in any part of Phila lplphia. Single copies for sale as above, daily, at 1 o'clock Price 3 cents. The WttriCt Herald is also for sale every Saturday morn ing?Price <U cents, or $3 per annum, delivered in any part of Philadelphia, free of postage. K'jr* All tike new and cheap Publications for sale at their es tablishmeut, as soou as issued, wholesale and retail. BIT" With the exception of one paper, the " Herald" is read as much, perhaps, in Philadelphia, as any paper published in that city, affording a valuable medium to advertisen. Advertise ments handed to the agents at half past 4 o'clock, will appear in Ae Herald next day. Boaton Subscriptions to the Now York HERALD received by the Authorised Agents. Rcdoinq k Co.. 8 .State street. Term*?f 1 Di per quarter, or tniee oents for ?i?itle copies. Weekly HsatLD, every Saturday morning, price 6 ceuts, or 13 per annum. All new and cheap publications for sole as soon as issued. Boston Publishers of Thiers' Napoleon. llledlcal Notice?The Advertisements of the .Vew York College of Medicine and Pharmacy, established for the Suppression of Quaekery.iu the cure of all diseases, will hereafter appear oh the fourth page, and last column of this naper. W. S. RICHARDSON, M.D.. Agent nffiri" and Cnnsnltinff ltonm? of rtie CoIIhK" W Nmmii it MONEY M VRKET. Saturday, Jane ill?6 Pi M. The stook market is in a very unsettled state, and prices fluctuate from day to day a fraction. Stonington fell off J per cent; Harlem, J ; Long Island, J ; Norwich and Worcester improved I; Morris Canal, J ; Fanners' Loan, 1 ; Illinois, i ; Pennsylvania 6's and Canton closed firm at yesterday's prices. The transactions were very limited. Samuel Jones, Jr. Esq., has been appointed President pro tempore, of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Com: pany, during the absence of Louis McLane, Esq , ap pointed Minister to the Court of St. James. The Boston and Providence Railroad Company have declared a dividend of three and a half dollars per share, payable 1st of July at the Phenix Bank. At Mobile, on the 14th instant, foreign bills were a shade higher, with a light supply, while of domestio, the supply though moderate, was equal to the request. Rates have not varied materially, (the tendency, how ever, being in favor of drawers,) although it was neces sary to give a wider range to quotations to cover the dif ferent rates at wjiich time bills were negotiated. Checks on the North and East were in most cases sold at} pre mium. which is a trifle stiller than last week ; they were in tair request, also gold for travelling purposes. State notes have fallen off in value fully 1 perccnt during the week, owing to the comparatively limited request. The bank checks on New York at ? premium. Receipts of specie daring season, $1,214,803. At New Orleans on the ISth instant, foreign exchange was steady at last quotations. Bills on England, 9 a 9J premium ; on France, 5f. 25 a 8f. 27 J ; on the North at 60 days, J a J discount; sight, J a J premium. The people of New England appear to be more ex cited about railroad speculation now, than ever before, and there never was in that section so manynew roads in contemplation, at one time, since the first road was built, as at present. There is the Connecticut River and Lake Chatnplain Railroad ;* the Boston, Concord and Montreal Railroad ; the Nashua and Worcester ; the Providence and Worcester ; the Old Colony to Plymouth the Hart .. ,'ord and Danbury, and the Portland and Montreal Rail road, in contemplation, or in a state of completion. These lines would comprise at least one thousand miles of rail] road, costing not less than twenty millions of dollars. They will eventually be completed, but it will be the work of years. Many of these lines are underway, the stock fully subscribed, and already at par in the Bos ton market, while the subscriptions to the others are rapidly filling up. The stock in these lines is principally taken by people living on the route marked out. As an ovidence of the feeling so general in New England in relation to railroads, the subscriptions to the Portland and Montreal Railroad is about a fair one. One master workman stated, that he had six journeymen in his shop, and each man would take a share. Another mechanical company had fifteen, and they intended to have thirty iharos in that shop. A young tailoress at work in a family, declared herself ready to take two shares. The hired girl in the same house, was ready for one share. These cases are but a few in thousands. None of these people go beyond their present means, and willingly in vestevery dollar of their hard earned wages in the rail roads of the places they live in. A little ?f this spirit listributed among the laboring classes of this vicinity, would soon build our Erie Railroad, and complete all the other works in this section, now almost useless in their half finished state. The books of the Connecticut River and Lake Champlain Railroad, were opening in the prin cipal towns of Vermont along the line, and in two days the subscriptions amounted to $1,000,000, in sums from *100 to $10,000, by parties able to pay down at once eve ry dollar they subscribed. This is the proper spirit, so long as it is not carried too far ; and so long as it is con. lined to works of real value, there will be little danger of its being strained. There are three railroads in contemplation from Bos ton to Montreal, viz : the Boston, Fitchburg, Burlington and Montreal road ; the Boston, Concord and Montreal road, and the Boston, Portland and Montreal road. Ail these roads are partly built, and the friends of each are making efforts to push them through as rapidly as possi ble. The route of the Fitchburg will be without doubt the most productive, as it runs through a richer coun try than either of the others, and will doubtless be the tint completed. The Concord and Montreal railroad is the next most favorable route ; the country through which it is intended to run is rapidly improving. It has been ascertained that there will be no grade on the whole line exceeding forty-five feet to the mile?there will be no heavy rock cutting?there will be an unusual proportion of straight line -there will be no short curves. A very large proportion of the line is along the streams, bays and lakes, requiring light grades and moderate expenditures, that the grading of the whole line will be less in amount than any other road of equal length in New England. The survey has been made Anal, ready for the construction of the road. The Portland roate is nw.re direct, and about one hun* I red miles nearer than the Fitchburg; but it runs through a very poor section of the country, and its local travel would be very limited. The saving in distance would give it an advantage in cost of construction and in expedition; but these would, without much doubt, t>e more than off-et by the other roads in increased pro ductiveness. Old Stock Exthange. ?M0 NY City 4'i, TO 99 S? sh?? Morris C?a b45 Vtu 11*00 Penn'a y* ?? 73V 30 Ho b30 32* norm do 74$ 130 do ? i WOO do Wedn. 73jJ 23 do bt3 ?* , ,0110 do 1)90 70 ? do b*S WOO l id. .pel I'd? JSyr. 29 125 Stoninftoa RR 30 1000 MradmK RR bd? TJ JO no 29/< iflHo llliaoia ?pcl " Nor J Worc I?]} I .WOO do , l-MMH * 2" . ? JJK 2aliaaBkNYork l? M do bSO 73* 4 Ilk Cem. full 99 >?* do M0 Ti\ ino Farm's Tr ?I0 3R* J? j" ?!? inA do i30 36-4 50 do saw 7iJ^ "" 38* 75 do nw 73* ,'m do 37 200 Reading RR altm 52 ? ObioLifskTr ? 100 do MOM M I anion Co a30 43 100 do b30 30 A'l do ops 43 100 do S5M )0 do ItiO 43* 30 L Ialand RR S?0 71* M do I'M 42*4 IV? Harlem RR 07* 150 Mohawk RR .'<8 10 llonaatonie b90 32 iM'ttlid Hiwnl. *4500 OhioO'a, '.50 93 30 ?haa L lalsnd RR slO 72* 30 ah ui F irm a Tr a30 37 80 do , JJX 40 do a'to 37 !J Morris Canal 32% .->0 L Inland RR 130 72* New M toe Is Kiehangs. |IOO(i lllinoiaO's, >70 34* 223 alias Farm's Tr e 37V 1000 do 34 30 do bSO 37* 150 alias US Bank bS 3f< 100 jo a3 37 140 de b30 0 130 do sOO 30V. 30 do e 4* 30 do 28* V) do bnw 0 25 do i3 30* 24 Morria Canal si M ? _ f1" __ g ,i? 3}* 25 StoninRton RR s30 30 J? j? i3 32* 50 Nor and Wore a3 73* * do h30 JSjt 74 do e 73)5 W do M0 32* 74 do e 73J, ? Jo 32SI 50 do blO 73* < anton Co "I* u 2? hut nu 24 do slOafopg 43* 30 do blO 73* Haiti of Stocka at Boston. 73*1 X*. MatnifarturiiiK 3K5 rn if1' ?"? 113; w do. hjoa, 113; M do Il3*i I Waaavm H It I'Vt too .1 Mm 104 j 10 do I03*i 13 Nepfnns ln?aw r.- Co, HO; 50 "ortl i 'd, Haeo and Porti nonth RR. bl5d, 103W; 100 do, 1.14. . 103*; 30 Norwich and WorreH.r RRTtS; 2 do 71*; 100 Eaal Bortoa Co, 3*1 300 WilminctpM Rh, II*; 30 do, ilm, U*; lOOdo blm, II*; 310 Reading RR, IT*; *? do.Bla, H.