Newspaper of The New York Herald, June 30, 1845, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated June 30, 1845 Page 2
Text content (automatically generated)

MEW YORK HERALD. New York, Monday, June 3Q, 1W4B. MAILS FOR EUROPE. EXTRA NEW YORK HKRALD, Ac., dec. The steamship Caledonia will leave Hoston to morrow afternoon, for Halifax and Liverpool; her letter-bags fwill, therefore, close in this city this af ternoon, at j past 5 o'clock. In order to give the public an opportunity of send > mg the latest news to Europe by this steamer, we shall issue an Extra Herald at.3 o'clock this after noon. It will contain the latest intelligence from all parts of this continent, which may include some thing from Texas and Mexico. In addition to this Extra,we shall publish early to day another edition of the Weekly Herald, contain ing ihe news of last week?the particulars of the Great Funeral Procession, with illustrations, &e. The price of the Extra will be two cents per copy, and sixpence for a Weekly, in or out of wrappers. The FlUlotophy of Politics. A very brief period of time has elapeed since the great presidential contest, which shook and agita ted the country from one extremity to the other, terminated in ihe election of the Democratic candi date ; but already we see the fierce struggle be tween the contending parties resumed, and in al| directions the opposing elements ure again at work. The old cliques in both partiea^are active as ever, and ' new clique* are rapidly forming. A fresh game has \ been commenced, and on the greut political chess board, the players make,with more or less cautious ness and skill, the movements which are to result at the end of another four years in the ruin, for the time of one or other of the parties. What is the great object of all these movements of cliques and parties?these mutterings of discontent? these clamorous appeals to the administration? I these cunning and far-reaching manoeuvres 1 of aspiring party leaders ? A brief glance at the philosophy of the politics of the United States will render the w hole matter clear and intelligible, so that he that runs may read. Political movements in this country, in the State Legislatures and in the General Government, exhi bit a constant series of struggles between two great parties, who are in reality the government, and con" trol and direct the destinies of the republic. One party represents the strong popular impulses?the de mocratic, onward, ultra tendencies, sentiments and opinions of the people and the time?the other, the more subdued and restricted views and opinions of particular and powerful interests and classes, embodying much of the educated intelligence and acquired wealth of the community. These two great parties?the democrats and whigs? must always of necessity exercise the prepondera" ting influence in political all'airs. Third parties may ever and anon, as in time past, spring up,found ed on some particular idea, and acquiring varying degrees of strength and importance, but only giving the slightest direction to the great machinery of government, when by reason of the exceeding closeness of the contest between the two great antagonists in the field, a comparatively trifling influence employed one way or the other, may de termine the issue. In this category ranks the " liberty" party, and in it also we have the " na tives." The latter hardly raised a ripple on the broad ocean of politics, and their party now number ed amongst the things that were. Shrieking ap" peals may indeed still be made to the prejudices and bigotries of ignorant and malignant natures? Levins may blaspheme the memories of martyred patriots by howling over their very graves, and in sight of a monument raised in honor of their glorious deeds, frantic tirades against the first and best prin ciples of that civil and religious liberty in defence of which they shed their blood?but for all that," nativ ism" is dead and buried for ever. As for the " liber ty" party, the little influence which circumstances gave to it, is fast declining, and it cannot be at all included in any philosophical estimate of the ele ments which operate with controlling potency in the world of politics. Thus, then, the empire is divided between the two great parties?whir and democratic. And they,as we have eaid, are virtually the government of the country . The civil government ot the United States was framed on the same fictitious theory as that on which the British Constitution has been foanded. The President, .Senate, and House of Representatives, were supposed to be analagous to the King, Lord and Commons of Great Britain? the one operating as a check upon the other. In England, where the House of Peers is composed of the great landed proprietors, occupying their seats by hereditary title, and the highest dignitaries of the church, whilst the House of Commons is composed of representatives taken from the people, this theory, to a certain extent, holds good in practice.? But here it is a perfect fiction. In this country it is in the constant antagonism of the two great political parties that we find the check which effectually pre vents any continued course of legislation injurious to the interests of the whole people. It is this, in deed, which constitutes one of the surest safe guards of the prosperity and perpetuity of the republic. So long as the two predominant parties retain, and from .the nature of things they must re tain,their present so nicely balanced relative degrees of strength and influence, the most wholesome and aalutary check which the wisest statesman or Con stitution-minger could devise, exists in the practical administration of the different branches of the gov ernment. The very vastness of the territorial limits within which this system of government is in ope ration, we may also here add as one of the most es sential elements of its success and permanence.? Over so extended a dominion, individual sway ne ver can be exercised; and the wider it be extended, the greater the necessity of union for the securi 'v [of the mutual interests of all. U is in this view ot the action and influence ot |>olitical parties, that all the movements ot cach become invested with peculiar dignity and interest. Re garded in this light, these movements cease to be the mere squabbles of factions, contending for the 41 spoils" of office, or the paltry struggles ot ambi tious and seltish demagogues. Every great measure involving materially the interests of the country, is affei.-d in a greater or less degree, by these party movements. The foreign relalions of the republic? its internal prosperity?its trade, its agriculture, its manufactures, its financial atlairs, its civil institu tions?the administration of government and the jaws?may be all affected by the issue of a struggle between the two parties, about some comparatively trivial subject. Nay, even the faction-tight of two cliqurn of the same party, may have bound up in its issue, results of the most momentous importance. Hence it is, that to the philosophic and indepen dent observer, the movements now in progress al over the country, are so significant and so full of interest. To what do all these movements tend 1 They have all one common object?one bearing and tendency?and that is " the succession." As soon as one presidential election is over, the prepa rations for the next begin. The antagonism be tween the two opposing forces never ceases. At this moment, the various contending cltquet in the democratic party are just as keenly engaged in playing their respective parts in the great game as the were before the nomination of Mr. Polk united them in the common struggle. So also with the other party?the Whigs. They are equally busy. And thus we have the interesting and exciting spec tacle of each of the two great parties convulsed by its own internal struggles for the ascendancy of a particular dit/ue, whilst at the same time the conflict go*'s on between them both, on the wider theatre ot national politics?all these varied movements mean while operating upon, swaying, controlling, influen cing and directing the general policy of the country, ?nd the administration of the government. Here is the field for the independent journalist?-a field which we mean to occupy to a fuller ex tent than even hitherto We shall daily watch th? movements of the parties, not onty in thi? general conHiot with each otlier.but also as connect ed with their separate and individual efforts for the "succession," following "them up, week after week, and month uf u?r month, until the meeting of the great nominating conventions. We will thus enable the great mass of the people to under stand thoroughly the movements of the mere poli ticians, who have heretofore made them their tools I and instruments. By thus making the millions, I who have been hitherto only spectators, actual part ! ners in the game, it will certainly lose none of its I all-absorbing excitement. In a day or two we will open this new leal in the popular philosophy of poli tics, and present some singular revelations touching the practical import and tendency of recent move, ments here and elsewhere. Gross and Outrageous Falsehood and Libel.? At a very considerable expense, we published in this journal, as all our readers are aware, a com plete and beautiul series of engravings, illustrative of the great funeral procession in this city, on Tues day last. Our artists received from us about one hundred dollars for the wood cuts, and what with their pictorial illustrations, and the description, fur nished by our eight or ten reporters, we succeeded in giving an account of the solemnities of the day, immeasurably superior to that which appeared in any other paper in the city. The best evidence of this was the immense sale of the Herald, contain ing this graphic and elaborate account of the pro cession. "We sold between fifty and sixty thousand copies of the daily; and the orders for the weekly paper, containing the same matter, have been on the same scale. Annoyed and mortified by our superior enterprise, our jealous and envious contemporaries immediately set to work,with characteristic falsehood and malig nity,to depreciate our labor; and one of them,which still gasps and linger*! as the organ of " nativism" in this region, came out in the following manner:? Humbug.?-The Herald came out yesterday with a whole side, containing, what purported to be, a pictorial view of the Funeral Procession of General Jackson on Tuesday. We should like to know how manv times these sume stereotyped engraving are to be used,and for how many different purposes I If our history of them be true, they were used first by the Londtn Illustrated News, seven or eight yoars ago to represent the procession at the Coronation of Queen Victoria. They were afterwards imported into this country by Wilson to put in the picto rial Brother Jonathan. We next trace them down to the Crotoa Water Celebration, when they were used again ; and after being laid aside for a year or two, were made to represent the Ty lor Procession in this city in the Herald and Sunday Man. Now, to cap the climax, they are brought out, we hope far the last time, to be palmed oil' as a correct pictorial view of the great funeral proces sion of General Jackson in the city of New York. How very like is a Coronation of a Queen to the burial of an American President and hero ! No " native," we hope, would undertake to practice such a pieco of liumbuggery upon his countrymen, and it is disgraceful to tolerate it in any one. This is " a great country." Of this series of deliberate falsehoods, we find the following endorsement in the Albany Evening Jour nal, a paper conducted by Thurlow Weed:? Kntitlkd to a Discharge.?One of the New York pa pers alleges that the " full and accurate" illustrations of Oeneral Jackson's funeral procession on Tuesday last which appeared " exclusively" in a certain notorious journal of that city, have already performed duty on the following occasions:?The Coronation of Quocn Victoria ?Croton Water Celebration?Gen. Harrison's Funeral? The Tyler Procession in 1843?and lastly on this funeral occasion. Surely they are now entitled to a discharge. There should be a statute of limitations against these im positions upon the public. Now, see how easily we convict these wholesale slanderers of the grossest and most audacious false hoods:? Nk.w York, June 28th, 1845. Jamki Gordon Bknnett, Esq.:? Kditor of tiik Hkrald:? 8in I perceive that several of the city papers, and some out of it, from motives best understood by their editors, have indulged in some unjust remarks respect ing the wood cuts which appeared in your colums illus trating the funeral of General Jackson. As the engraver who executed them, I consider it due to you as well as myself to say fully and explicitly that they never appeared before in any newspaper, magazine 01 book published in this country or any other, but that they were executed at my place of business in Xastau street, nor were they ever out of my possession until they appeared in the Herald. One editor, in his knowledge, ha* even gone so far ns to say, that they originally appeared in the I*ndon Illustrated News at tho time of the coronation of Qneen Victoria, seven or eight years ago, when sny one that knows any thing at all of tin progress of wood engraving is aware that that pictorial has been published but aoout three years ! I reiterate, the Herald is the only paper the cuts ever appeared in, nor were they completely finished until af ter the funeral procession had taken place. One editor having^remarked that they were the work of no "native," rather sneeiingly, allow me to say that I was born in this city, where I hope to remain and execute with satisfac tion all order* the public may place in my hands. Your most obedient servant, Thomas W. Stkonu, Publisher and Wood Engraver. No. 9S Naicau street. Thus publicly convicted of forging and uttering an unmitigated lie, our respectable contemporaries must stand covered with the indignant reprobation of all honorable men. We do not, however, intend to allow Thurlow Weed to escape with impunity. He has brought a libel suit against us for our expo sure of his notorious Roorback forgery, and we have now got|a fair opportunity of just retaliation, which we will not neglect to improve, lie has slandered us in the most outrageous manner, repre senting us as guilty of " impositions upon the pub lic," a charge which we have now shown to be wholly false and malicious; and we will at once in stitute proceedings against him and prosecute them to the very utmost extremity?in the language of the sign-board* put up to warn thieves and trespass ers, " with the utmost rigor of the law." The "Union" Newspaper, as a Newspaper.? We see in many of the newspapers frequent attempts at depreciation of the character of the Union, as an organ of the government. It is alleged that it lacks dignity?sagacity?and discretion; and many doubts are expressed relative to its vitality, and the proba bility of its receiving the printing of Congress. We ditfer very much from these opinions. The Glob* may have had more dignity and more force in cer tain directions than the Union; but the Union is un questionably much more readable and more amus ing than its close-mouthed and ^blustering predeces sor, and no doubt will receive treble the public pa tronage which such a vindictive, violent, ferocious lournal as the Glob* received As to the printing of Congress, the Union lias just as good a chance as any other journal. It will be thus seen, that wc are decidedly in fa vor of Ritchie, notwithstanding all his amusing twaddle, and greenness of knowledge relative to the world about hitn. Although our venerable and philosophic friend is about seventy years of age in the meridian of Richmond, Virginia, the " old Do minion/' yet, in these regions, he is not much over seventeen. He hun all the youthful sprightli ness, versatility, verdancy, twaddle, natural wit, and natural silliness of a youth of one and twenty. We like him much; and we like him the better the more we taste him. And we very much approve of the demolition of the Globe, the removal *11 its fierce and savage conductors, its extermination from the lace of the eurth, and tho establishment of a read able journal in its place. We also approve of the ejectment of the old kitchen cabinet, and their dis missal to the regions of weeping, and wailing; and gnashing of teeth. If Mr. Polk wants a kitchen cabinent of his own, has he not a right to plant one, and set a hedge about it, nourishing and cherishing it with tender Bohcitude T Jackson's Last Letter.?A great deal of excite ment and curiosity exists relative to the character and contents of the letter addressed to Mr. Polk by the dying "hero of the Hermitage." Why has it not been given to the world 1 Can there be any impropriety in spreading before the whole nation, the last words of one in whose political sagacity so many reposed unbounded confidence 1 We do think chat the President owes it to himself, to the great man that has departed, and to the country, to make this letter public. New Poutaoe Law.?Letter writers may in dulge to any extent to-morrow, and the grumblings of those who have postage to pay will then be ornewhat calmed, as the new postage law charging only five cents per oz on letters sent to any place not exceeding 3(10 miles, and ten cents over that distance, will go into effect. Packet* for Europe.?The Montezuma, for Li verpool; Oneida, for Havre, and Victoria for Lon ? Ion, will nil to-morrow. They will carry out one I lay's later intelligence than goes in the steamer. OanAMixATio.N or tiik Nkw Police?His Hon or the Mayor, has at length entered heart and hand into the duty which devolves upon him un der the new police bill?namely, the appointment of captains, assistant-captains of police, and police men; and at last we are to have an able and well organized force, which we hope will rid the city of the disgraceful and crying nuisances which have so long infested it. A rigid enquiry into the character habits, associations, and capacity of each and every candidate is instituted, and the most searching ex amination pursued. This is as it should be. The new law .goes immediately into operation, and must stand or fall by the energy, efficiency and compe tency of those who. are to carry it into effect. The appointment of Justice Matsell, as chief, gives uni versal satisfaction. He possesses talents of a high order; his great*experience, acquired by long and intimite connexion with the department?excellent business qualifications and dignified and gentleman ly bearing, all combine to render him eminently qualiiied for the high and responsible duties of his office?and if he can but manage to steer clear of the miserable, infamous and petty diguei which have so long sought to control this city, hejhas nought to fear. Not more than half a dozen of the old officers have been re-appointed?no i>erson who has been tainted and corrupted by long and intimate connexion with the Tombs, and the thieves, stool pigeons and burglars who surround it, can hope to gain u place in the new list. The charactcr of our public officers should be pure, spotless and undefiled; but we are sorry to say such has not always been the case. The public are deeply interested in the suc cess of this new plan; their lives, property and se curity have been trifled with long enough, and all eyes are now directed to this quarter tor uid and succor. A rumor haa reac'^ us that an independent po lice is about being established bv the old officers.? Many of them are energetic and honest men;but how such an arrangement would succeed it is impossible to say?and whether they will be allowed to put their plans in op ration is extremely doubtful. It would certainly be a curious and strange proceeding, and one quite overlooked by the framers of this bill. I' will be seen by the annexed list of Captains and As sistant Caplatns that no appointments have been made in the 3d and 12th Wards. This is owing to the fact of the Aldermen and Assistants not having agreed on a nomination. Besides the Captains and Assistant Captains, who perform in addition to their regular duties, those of Health Wardens, Street Inspectors, Dock Masters, Hack and Cab Inspectors, tec , for their own Wards, there have been an average of six policemen ap pointed for each Ward,who were on duty yesterday. Firtl Word?Wm. Dill, Captain ; B. O. Cordray, lit Assistant; Martin Dwyer, 2dao. Second Ward?John Kurtz, Captain ; Thomas C. Har rison, 1st Assistant: Fred.Uilmore, 'Jd do. Fourth (Karri?Edmund Fitzgerald, Captain ; Thomas Smith, 1st Assistant; Wm. C. Yarwood,2d do. Fifth Ward.?Wm. E. Dusenbery, Captain ; Daniel D. Ideson, 1st Assistant ; James F.Webb, 2d do. Sixth IVard.? James McOrath, Captain ; Addison Hill, 1st Assistant; Robert A. Bouton,2d do. * Seventh Ward.? Wm. M. Howell, Captain ; James J. Timpson, 1st Assistant; Jarvis Reese, 2d do. Eighth Ward.?Benj. P. Fairchild, Captain; Wm. W. Hilliker, 1st Assistant ; F. Dunham, 2d do. Ninth IVard? James W. Bush, Captain : George Fra denburgh, 1st Assistant: Wm. Cargili, 2d do. Tenth IVard.?John Middleten, Captain ; Wm. Senn, 1st Assistant; John F. Gautry, 2d do. Eleventh Ward.?Peter Brown, Captain ; Wm. M. He neyford, 1st Assistant; John Mackey, 2d do. Thirteenth Ward.?John Tilley, Captain ; Stephen F. Keeks, 1st Assistant; John M. Deroy, 2d do. Fourteenth Ward.?David Kissner, Captain ; James Scatlift'^lst Assistant ; Philip O'Brien, 2d do. Fifteenth Ward ? Nathaniel M. Brown, Captain; Whit field Case, 1st Assistant ; James M. Dennis, 2d do. Sixteenth Ward.?T. V. Van Dooren, Captain; James Stone, lit Assistant. Serenteeuth Ward?Joseph Westerfield, Captain ; John A. Dalanoy, 1st Assistant; Howard 8. Schenck, 2d do. There is one apparent delect in this Bill, which may perhaps defeat its successful operation; it is this: the officers who are appointed being old resi dents of the ward in which their duty is performed, and being connected by ties of friendship with the other residents, and nominated by the Aldermen of the ward, they may not be as active and faithful in the discharge of their duty as if they were non-resi dents, and entirely independent of the favors of those with whom they may come in conflict; how ever, we shall see. Common Council.?Both Boards will meet this evening. Now that the police organization is near ly completed, the people are looking forward with much anxiety for those promised " reforms" which were the chief ground upon which the present Com mon Council got into office. There is a wide field lor the exercise of those salutary reforms which are so much needed ; and which we have, time and again, pointed out to our city fathers in the Corpo ration. The condition of the streets is worse than ever ; the great thirst that exists for the erection of new buildings has also created in many parts of the ' city a new kind of nuisance?namely, large piles of brick and mortar?thrown on the middle oi the streets, which render them in many places quite im passable. These remarks particularly apply to Ma. dison street. The patching in Broadway, also gives decided dissatisfaction. Indeed, the entire organi" zation, under the City Government, so much needs a thorough reformation, that we know not w litre to begin. We have repeatedly called the attention of the authorities to the interminable racing that is carried on daily, before our eyes, by the omnibuses in Broadway ; the collection of rowdies also, every Sunday, at the corners of the streets, who openly at* tack all respectable, Ume females who may chance to pass by. In fact, we could exhaust some co lumns of matter in pointing out their line of duty, to the Common Council, and the meant by which the numerous evils we complain o^ could effectually be checked. We are now in the commencement of the dog-days; and, yet, many of these animals are allowed to prowl about, unmuzzled, contrary to the exprenB provi sions of the law. The "swinish multitude," alsc, seem to enjoy the " nthim cum dignUatt" in the sinks and mud pools?stirring up the dangerous odor that springs lrom such reservoiis, for the oti'nl and refuse of the houses. We look forward with some anxiety to the new police, to put a check to all such dangerous nuisances; and, it is to be hoped, that the Common Council will commence this eve ning to do something substantial for the benefit of our citizens. Mayor Havkmeybr and the Porter Houses.? His Honor the Mayor's proclamation, forbidding the sale of all merchandise and liquora on the Sab bath, was little heeded by the good citizens of Gotham yesterday. The coffee houses and saloons were thronged with visitors, as usual. The fact is, it is most absurd in any case to attempt to legislate in advance of public sentiment?as long as a large majority of a people are in the daily and habitunl use of an article, it is utter folly to attempt to enact laws prohibiting its sale?for they never can be put in force. We would respectfully submit, whether it is proper or moral in our city functionaries, to per mit and countenance a man in the committal ofjan act on Monday, which he is not equally justified in doing on Sunday. Are not all days to be held sa cred?and is it possible for a thing to be right on one day, which is wrong on another 1 If the prac tice referred to is wrong m itself, it is always wrong; and moral suasion is the remedy?not legis lative enactments. Bathing in Salt Water.?This city is blessed with most excellent bathing establishment?. No other city in the Union can boast of better or more extensive ones. There are two at Castle Garden, kept by Rabineau and Thomas?two at the Fulton Ferry, in Brooklyn, under the management o^ Gray?and one at the foot of Desbrosses street, kept by Rabineau, Jr. These five establishments receive !>atronage enough to oonvince us that the inhabitants of this city and Brooklyn are determined to be a very clean people. Attached to the bathing houses of Gray and Rabineau, are warm and hot salt water baths, which are now almost universally recom mended by the medical faculty. And apart from the benefit to be derived from the saline properties oi the water, they are worth paying for a? a luxury. Theatricals. Park Theat*e.?The open of La Favorite, which hu been ho successful, will be performed again this evening. This composition of Donizet ti is one of the most brilliant of his musical works, and the manner in which it has been put on the stage by the French company is most admirable.? The singing of M'lle Calv6, and the remainder of the performers, is excellent, and the piece is on the fair road for a long run. Castle Garden.?The performances to-night will consist of a variety of dancing, singing, comic tab" leaux, and the beautiful act of Herr Cline,which, to gether with the promenade and agreeable view from the outside balcony, afford a most delightful even ing's entertainment. Niblo's Garden.?There will be novelty here this evening. The Acrobat Family, aided by Mr. Barnes, appear in a Comic Ballet. Mr. Roberta, the popular Comedian, is re-engaged for a few nights, and will repeat his favorite character in Koland for an Oliver. " Le Chapeau du General," a pleasant little musical piece, is also given. Chippendale, Sel [ ton, T. Placide, Miss Taylor, Miss Mathews, and thr Watts, are included in the casta. Altogether it is an unusually strong bill. Preparations on a most extensive scale are making to celebrate the fourth of July. No expense will be spared to render it worthy the great occasion. Pai.moY?Ths Ethiopians are under full head way, and their burlesques on the Bayadere and Bo hemian Girl nightly amuse large audiences. Vaixhall Garden.?The garden is well patron ised and deservedly so, with the varied performan ces that are nightly given. Sporting Intelligence. Grand Sport over the Beacon Course?This Day.?The cxcitement relative to the performance to come off as above, is most exciting. The ground, without doubt, will be crowded to excess; therefore, those who are desirous of Retting anything like a favorable view, had better go early. The one mile foot race will be the great feature of the day, for which are entered some of the best pedestrians of this and the old country. The contest, it is said, will bu between the 1st, 2d, 3d, 6th and 7th?mutual between native and foreign competitors?both wild and naturalized. Stannard and the Scotch Bantam against the field has been offered; but the three first on the list are most generally backed. The Iroquois Indian is backed at 3 to 5 against the field pretty freely; the Scotch Bantam at 5 to 4; Major Stannird at 4 to 5 against any other; the same with Ambrose Jackson and Wm. Barlow. By this it may be seen there is not much to be chosen. The walking match is to come 'faff' immediately after. There is a wide field?no one knows what is to be done. " The North Star of Canada," is of fered against any other, pretty freely, but no takers; Jas. "Wood is offered at 3 to" 5 against any other The others are, with the exception of those men tioned, backed by their mutual supporters, accord ing to their fancy. The novelty of the latter race puts all the sporting world abroad?they know not what is likely to be done?consequently they know not what is best to do. But the proof of the pud ding will be known ere the close of the setting sun. Thk Foot Race.?The novelty of a foot race in Kentucky attracted quite a large crowd at the Oak land Course on 14th inst. Mile heats?best 3 in 5. Purse $50?$5 entrance, to go with the purse. Seabury William*, of Kentucky 1 1 1 A. Gill, of Indiana 3 3 3 Madifon Davii, of Ohio dia. John Steaeall, of New York di*. James Uibbs, of Indiana di*. J. Ditziner, of Oermcny drawn. Time?5:17?6:47?8:33. Rowdyism.?The police are sadly wanted in the vicinity of the North River streets. On Saturday afternoon, about 5 o'clock, a foreigner was shameful ly treated at the corner of Watt and Greenwich streets by a set of young dock loafers, who tripped him up and beat him severely, while he was endea voring to secure his trunk from the gripe of a car man who was'making off with it. He was, how ever, so badly hurt by the rowdies that he was obli ged to give up the chase after the carman, and pro bably lost his property. Are such things to be tole rated ? The Skabon.?Ye?terday w?s really a cold day. Woollen clothing was comfortable. Police Oflce. Junk 29.?lnironTAWT Arrest.?Officers Chickering and Martin, yesterday arretted a man named Krieden burg, on a warrrnt, at a fugitive from justice in Philadel phia, where he is charged by Messrs. Reed, Anspack, und others, with obtaining goods to the amount of some $40,000, from difl'erent Arms in the city, by means of false pretences. He has occupied a prominent place among business men, and his character up to the time of this transaction has been stainless. Obtainiko Good* ukdm rir.inrts in Ntw York.?Officer Lalor arretted and brought on from Phila delphia a man named Thomai McGuthrie, on a requisi tion from the Governor. He i? charged with obtaining goods under false pretences from Hosmer It Sherman, 41 William street, and other large houses in this city, to the amount of about.$13,000. He was committed for exami nation. This is the same man who had a dry goods mer chant in Pearl street, to whom he was largely indebted, p i rested and carried to Philadelphia on a charge of send ing him charcoal in boxes, instead of dry goods, and re ceiving payment for the latter. Burolabt.?The house of John Clapp, 133 Henry street, was entered last night and robbed of a large quan tity of silver ware, tea spoona, fee. New Police.?The newly appointed Police officers made a number of arreita to-day of vagrants and disor derly persons, who were committed to answer. Movement* of Traveller*. Yesterday was in fact a "ditt non" at the hotel* in point of movement!. The subjoined name* nearly embrace all the arrival* at each. American?K French, Sing Sing; R W Linbech, Kla.; O VV Gage, St Johnsburgh; M Roger*, Baltimore; R 1' Lardner, Thila.; 8 Morgan, J M Gourgre**, Mui.; J Day, Kla ; J De la Watteric, Oa. Aitoh-H M Shaft, Phila.; RHkipwett, Va ; Stephen Price, N O ; Mr. Murdoch, Miss.; Robert Jordan, Phila.; Towsey, Texas; Charlei Match, Boiton; J Potter, Potter*' Mill*; Samuel Baker, Syracute; P Van Bentheu sen, Albany; Mr* II Cole, Boiton: R H Chilton, N O; W K Murdoch, Baltimore; G W Jellcott, Washington; J George, Oa.; Kd. ('ranch, Washington. City?C K Marsh, J S Pringle, Boston;Col. A H Mech ior, |F Peninjr, rhila.; R Smith, do; K T Balle, Boston; Reuben and Cowry, Phila. FaAWKLiN?W J Van Amnion, Albany; K J Church, Cleveland, Ohio; Capt. W Meredith, Utica; N Sherwood, Buffalo; J Jerome, N H; C K Bradley, Cin.; D P Pearce, Oa.; Brownlow and Stagg, St Louis; Evan* und Gwiune, Columbia; D M Zimmerman, Pha. Olobk?Wm. Moffat, Canada; Win. James, Tyrie, tCugland; Wm. Prichard, Boston; C II Jenkin, E Billow, Phi la. Howard?J W Field, Mobile; C Tappan, Man.; Jamc* I'arker, do; J W Mittieberger, Toronto, Canada; H A Clarke, Albany; J Hamilton, Washington; Martin and liowan, Ala; J R Chandler,Phila: I) A Barton,St. Albani; I* I) Coney, Amsterdam; K A Baker, La; Mr. McCraen, St. Johns, Canada; Charles Danna, Woodstock; W La Ronue, Montreal; I) C Sands, Baltimore; R. C Buck, do. Wavehlev?O H Kdward, II Hubhert, Boston; Sher loch and Haz/ard, Providence; D Sherman, Newport. Fire in Providence.?A fire was discovered yes terday morning, between 7 and 8 o'clock, in the third story of tho old brick calender building on Sabin ?treet, belonging to tbe Providence Dyeing, Bleacuing and Calendering Company, and lined for packing good. The upper story and roof were entirely destroyed. The good* in the loft were burnt?those in the lower part ol the building were very much damaged. The loss n esti mated at about $10,000, which wa* covered by insurance at the American Insurance Office, the Hartfort Insurance Company, and the Ueorgia Insurance and Trust Compa ny. We could not ascertain the amount at each office.? Providence Journal, June V8. The Wrsi,evanh in Lower Canada.?A Mont real correspondent of the Rothttler Democrat give* the following statistics of the Wesleyan Methodists in Lower Canada?Number of Chapels 37; Places of Preach ing 187; Missioraries 19; Mabuath Schools 148; Scholars J,A4o; Local Preachers 36; Sabbath School Teachers 303; Class Leaders 182; Members of Church 4,114; Regulai Hearers -JO,000. Matrimony.?A few days since there arrived at Southport, Wisconsin, in the Bteamer Empire, a lot of emigrants to the West, among whom were two pairs of twins. These twins were born of different parents, but under the same roof and in the same house. Kach pair comprised a boy and girl; they lived near neighbois From infancy, and the same dav before starting West they were united in marriage?the male and female of the dif ferent pairs. They were from St Lawrence county, New York. The Better Way.?A Mr. Wright was married to nMisti Hetterway, in some parts unknown, in thic State. An exchange paper says that Mr. Wnrtithad no doubt road Pope's Universal Prayer, particularly the fol lowing verse of it: If I am right, thy grace impart Still in the rignt way to stay ; If I am wrong, O teach my hoart To And the better way. ^00"The Trenton Sheet Anrho, gives quite a cheer ful piotnre of the thriving condition of that city. Busi ness is said to be active, buildings are increasing in num ber, and every thing wear* an sir of business prosperity. News prom Maxtoo.?The Water Witch arrived at New Orleans on the Stoth inst, with advices from Tob iaeo to the 9th, inciwivn. There is no political intelligence from that section of Mexico. ^It is reported that the yellow fe .er was raging to a great extent a'. Tobasco. All the crew of tlu Water Witch were sick on her arrival at New Or leans. The remains of the late Gen. iSentmanat, so bar barously executed in Tabasco a year or two since, were brought over in the Water Witch. The New Oritant Bulletin of the 21st inst. has the following paragraph relative to California:? From the comment* of the Northern paper* on the re cent revolution in California, it would appear that the hope wai indulged that it would lead to annexation, larger than that ofTexai. The last account* from Mex ico give no encouragement to luch anticipation*. Cali fornia ha* given in it* adheiion to the new order of thing* ?ince the overthrow of Santa Anna, and the pre sumption is, that the movement in the province waa only auxiliary to the main revolution la the city of Mexico. The day ha* not yet come to move for annexation in that remote region. There are not enough of American* yet icttled on the ihorea of the Pacific to away an influ ence on public opinion. However, emigrant* are coming in rapidfy from Oregon, and the vicinity of that growing settlement cannot fail to have an effect on the adjacent diitricts of California. The anarchy that ha* so long prevailed in Mexico ha* tended to render the govern ment unpopular with the inhabitant* on the di*taat fron tier. We find in a letter from Havana, dated 14th inst, the annexed intelligence. It iB no later from Mexico than we have had, but it is rather interesting. It gives the present condition of Mexico, and, with the exception of a few immaterial mistakes, relative i to the movements of Elliot, it is correct. In the British steamer from Vera Cruz, arrived the l*t, came passenger His Excellency Gen. Santa Anna, ac companied by hi* wife, nephew, and step-father. The General is at present residing in the city; he appear* quite cheerful, and in convertationis agreeable; hi* wife is very young, not more than seventeen, and ha* a sweet pleasant face; sho appears in manner* almost a girl. It is the General's intention to remain here until the end of February, when, if events do not again call him to Mex ico, he will make Venezuela, it i* aaid, hi* future resi dence. In the steamer from England, arrived the same day, came pasienger hi* Excellency Gen. Buitamente, who wa* expelled from hi* country by Gen. Santa Anna. Santa Anna i* now in exile, and Buitamente return* to Mexico seeking the Presidency; he embarked for Vera Cruz, in the tteamer oj the 10th. We havo received by the steamer the important intelli gence that Cant. Uliott, the British Charge at Texan, and a Mr. Smith, Tcxmn Commissioner, were bearer* of pro position* from the Government of Texan to that of Mex ico, offering to pay $'.10,000,000 for the recognition of their independence, fifteen million in the Mexican debt, and five million in cash, settlement of boundaries, and promising not to bo annexed to the United State*? Eng land and France becoming guarantees for the fulfilment of the proposals on the part of Texas, and allowing her certain commercial privilege*. The proposal* of Texas were laid before the Miniiter of Foreign Affairs, 8r. Cue van, who had a decree paaied through both Houses oi Congress, permitting the Cabinet to receive and delibe rate on these proposals?which weie published in the pa tters during the debate in the Senate. Mr. Elliott returned to Galveston in Ii. B. M. frigate Eurydico, and the Texas Commissioner to New Orleans in the French brig of war La Perouie. The Mexican Go vernment has negotiated a loan of $3,000,000 from the English house of Messrs. Manning (t Mcintosh, to be paid in daily instalments of $30,000 Tor one hundred days. Many of the Mexican provinces are represented in a very unsettled and distracted state, particularly Coahuila and San Louis de l'otosi, on account of permission having been given by the Government to an English house to import 40,000 bales of cotton, free of duty, which was before prohibited, and unde that prohibition certain interests grew up which are lively now to suffer materially. Affairs in Canada.?We have, received Mon treal papers of the 26th inst. They are barreu of news of importance, but contain something of interest. There appears to have been quite an increase m the commerce of Canada in the last year. ^Annexed are the arrivals at Quebec :? June 34, 1844. ? .. 444 1 54,87(1 June 34, 1845 646 337,049 Increase this year, 303 83,073 The Montreal Herald of the 26th, gives the fol~ lowing paragraph. That paper fears that too much of Canada will be annexed to this Uniong:? The other day we published a notice from a Ver mont paper of the proceedings of the Lineri, as they are called?that is?ot the persons employed by tlio British -and American governments to trace the line between the British pos?essions and the United States. They are divided into several parties. One of these, the American one, has been on tne Missisquoi frontier for tlio last fortnight.?They cut down the trees, and clear a track upon the line to the width of thirty feet, so that they leave a passable winter road. They erect an iron monument at every mile's distance, bearing a suitable inscription, and alto at places where roads of importance cross the frontier. The American narty has made strange work in somo Townships.?Although a line has been acknowledged for years, from the St. Lawrence to the sources of the Connecticut, and the inhabitants on both sides have a perfect knowledge of it, these liners have made elbowa and zig-zags into people's farms with out any apparent object. In the Township of 8utton, some farms are made to lose from four to eight acres by the way the track has been cut The people, however, are to remain easy until the British Commissioners come on, by whom they expect their land will be restored. We understand that the party we refer to use the com pass only for their guide in following the line, an instru | ment which a common Surveyor would be ashamed to use in laying down coursos which are expected to be mathematically correct, or as nearly so as possible. The compass has done, and we fear is still doing, incalculable mischief under the Crown Lands Department, both to the Queen and her subjects, but however domestic trou bles may arise from this cause, it is the duty of her Gov ernment to prevent all trouble from it between her own [Ksople and foreigners. If an arbitrary line is dosired, the Commissioners had better employ a man with a good eye to ran it from a couple of fixed points. Such a man, with the aid of three sticks, will do better than any com pass they can And. But if they deaire to mark out a true parallel of latitude, they must resort to other instru Liiieration of Gov. Dorr.?Thomas W. Dorr cainc out of prison on Friday. Theatrical*, Ac. Ole Bull recently arrived in this city, after a very successful tour in the South. He is about to take a tour through Michigan, Wisconsin, and other parts of the far West, after which he returns to these parts, and shortly after will take his departure for Europe. The Seguinsand Mr. Frazer are about to close their engagements in Philadelphia. It is rumored that thev will shortly visit Canada. Mr. May wood is still giving his entertainments il lustrative of Scottish character, with the greatest success in Canada. The Messrs. Macomber, and Wattle, the piper, were drawing good houses at the latest dates in St. Louis. The'Canipanologians, or Swiss Hell-ringers, have been giving Concerts with tho greatest success in Ca nada. Miss S. Cuslmian, Mrs. Cushman, and Mr. E. Merriman sailed for England 011 Wednesday last. Mi. Booth, at the latest dates, was in Richmond, as great a* ever, in more respects than one. Messrs. Welch and Mann's Equestrian Company are exhibiting in various town* east and west, with the greatest success. They are expected to return to this city toward* the fall. Miss Hosina Shaw and Mr. C. Howard have been recently marked in Albany. The new Opera of " Leonora," founded on th< " Lady of I.yons," by Mr. Kay, of Philadelphia, has beei partially successful?at least some Philadelpeians sa; no ; but it was in a great measure owing to the talents o the #eguins and Mf. Eraser. The ItalianO p.-ra troupe, with Borghese, were it New Orleans at the latest dates. It was exnected tha< they would be engaged by Maity, at Havana, and thai they would not proceed to Mexico at present. The old Bowery Company have been playing ai Albany with pretty good success. Messrs. Covert and Dodge, of Boston, were giv ing Concerts in Augusta, Me". Mr. Dempster, assisted by Miss and Master Scon cia, give a Concert in Albany to-morrow evening. St. Louis Theatre is in full blast; Messrs. Mason. Weston, Clarke, Karren, Russell, Roberta, together with Mrs. Karren and Miss Sylvia are engaged. North American Equestrian Company are draw ing good audiences in Toledo, Ohio. The Anglrsea singers favor the citizens of Rox hury this evening with one of their fine concert*. Mr. Chambers, the celebrated accordion player, recently from England, was giving Concerts in Montreal and other parts of Canada with great suoces*. Mr. T. D. Rice is in Baltimore. He is expected to visit England in the fall. The Front street Theatre, Baltimore, ha? been opened for a thort teaion by Mr. W. E. Burton, who in a?>iited by the principal performer* of the Arch itreet Theatre, Philadelphia. The Misses. Sloman are ntthe Utica Museum The National Theatre, Boston,closes on the fourth of July. A new theatre haa been opened in St. Johns. N. B., called the "Prince of Wale* Theatre." A new theatre on the site ?f the old Museum is to he opened in B.iaton, next winter, it ii whiipered. Master Sconcia and Misa Moss, of this city, are giving concert! in Hartford, Conn. Mr. and Mrs. Randall, the Scotch giant and giant en, have arrived in Cleveland, after a vary ?ucoe?iful tour in the touth and went. Amusements* The talented Ethiopean Opera Company have put their names up for a benefit, thia evening, at Palmo s theatre. They will play, for the flret time in thU city, an excellent hurletqiie on La Bayadere, entitled Buy-I Dara, which waa received with immen?e appUuia at Phi ladelphia. We predict ? crowded hoiwe. Dr. Wood's ter*?|wrill? ana Wild Cherry Bitten ar* now acknowledicrd by all who ham given them a trial, to be oua of (Ha but preparations in us*. Aj a Family Medicine it ia invaluable. It ia pleasant to the taste. which makes it an easy medicine to administer to children, and ia fast taking tiie place of thoae naaieatiug remedies which havr been so low in we. The proprietor caanot too strongly re ?ommemd this preparation aa a Family Medicine, as a few doses 'akm oa feeling a little unwell will ?a*a weeks anil months of sickness and suffer ?e, and prevent in most luataacea at tacks of fever and ague, bilious fev^f, aud all the local tVvers f- the country. For dyspepsia, headache, indigestion, hu !OOm, paiu in the back and side, they have been used with great lurce.,. I^dcalar to ask for Dr. Wood's 8arsat>arilla and Wild Cherry Bwm, and receive no others. Only Ageuta?New X??f; . H. Milnor, 192 Broadway, George C. Union, 3nBleeckersw?t;E.M. Union. 127 Bowery. Brooklyn, J. W. Smith, corue. Fulton and Cranberry streets. Ail Phllatle?ohla Hubaertptlona to the Hjcbalo inuat be paid Kjhe ohlv AUTHoaixco AotNTa, Zia ber It Co., 3 Ledger UMdiu*, Third street, ucar Chest nut Term!?75 cents a month, -.eluding the Sunday paper; or(S eenta without it; delivered frefc ,,r charge in any part of Phila delphia. Single copies for aaie - above, daily, *t 1 o'clock Price Seen ta. The Wkeil* Hkbald it alto for nu every Saturday morn .n^?Price 6M cenu, or $3 par annum, Mirered in a?y part of Philadelphia, free of poatage. _ , !(All the new and cheap Publications for sale at thair ea tabtiahmeat, as soon as issued, wholesale and <etail. (O" With the exception ef one paper, the * Herald" ia rekl aa much, perhaps, in Fhiladelliiia, as anypaper pvibliahed in that city, affording a valuable medium to advertisers. Advertise ments handed to the ageuta at half paat 4 o'clock, will appear in the Herald next day. Boston Subscription* to the New York HERALD received by the Aa&orised Agents, Hcddinu It Co.. I Bute street. Term*?$19S far quarter, or three cents for single copies. Wkcklv Herald, every Saturday taorning, price 6 cents, or 93 |>er annum. All new and cheap publications for sal* ?? soon as Uraed. Boston Publishers of Thiers' Napoleon. Medical Notice?The Advertisement* of the New York CoUeg* of Medicine and Pharmacy, established for the Suppression oT Quaakrry. in the cure of all diaeaaes. will lieraafter appear on the fourth^ pag^and^ UsM:ol?mn or this r Rnnma nfthp t'nll^f. ? MONKY MARKET. Sunday, June 39- O P. M. There has not been experienced for years a much more inactive week in the stock market; but prico have, not withstanding the itbsouce of operators and the complex ion of our foreign relations, been very Hrm. Transac tions have, it is true, been limited, but quotations seem to have touched bottom, and are on the turning point. It ii now full six months since the excitemont croated by the agitation of the Oregon and Texas quostiona commenced, and through the whole of this period tUo stock market has been becoming more and more depress ed. In addition to the inftuenceof our difflcultieswiUi nthe r nations upon prices, the efforts of those bearing storks have been ceaseless and successful. For more than fix months quotation* for most of the principal fancy stocks have been steadily declining, and have reached a lower level than realized within the past eighteon months. Stocks that havo within this time become permanent di vidend paying securities are now selling at ten and lit teen per cent below prices current when there was not the roost remote probability of a dividend hoing puid lor years. The principal cause of this depression in thcstuck market is not so mutch the position of our foreign rela tions,or the fears of a rupture with any nation,as the gene ral inactivity of business, the immense amount of stocks upon the market and the absence of outside speculators Many of the outside operators have not recovered from the losses of last spring, while others are large holders of stocks purchased at prices above the present market vsuue, which they are forced to hold for an advance, or stfomit to heavy losses. A moderate improvement in prices would enable some of these operators to get out safely and induce others to come in. When the stock speculations of Wall street are left to the brokers of that vicinity, prices cannot be sustained, and steadily fell oli', until an excitement is oreated sufficiently strong to draw into the business Uic ouerators with small capi tals. They are the prime movers in all speculations, and the broker* are disposed, when they can get them once started, to give them every facility to go their length in any operations they may feel anxious to make. We annex a comparative table giving the quotations for stockrin this market for each day during the past week, compared with those current at the close of the week previous. It will be observed that there has been but very little variation in prices for any of the fancies :? Quotations fob the PainctrAi, Stock* irr tub New Yobs Mabkxt. Sat. Man. TV^. Wfd. TK'y Fr^y. Sat. Lone Island Ntf 71% - W* 71*4 71 71W Mohawk 58 ? ? ? ? ? ? " Tlfi T3& - Harlem 6'K - - Canton 42>4 43 Farmers' Loan Nor. an J Wor. Ohio Sixes. Illinois Sixus 38*4 ? ? Indiana ? ? ? Kentucky Sixei ? ? ? Peuu'a. Fives 74?> 7i7\ ? Slnriington 29V 28M ? Erie ifailroad - - - Virksburg ? ? ? IJ. 8. Bauk J',' ? Roadinc RR 5i% S5>4 ? Moms Canal 32 32 ? East Boston ? ? ? A comparison of the quotations ruling at the close of the market yesterday, with those current at the close of the previous week, shows a decline in Farmer*' Loan of J percent; Ulineis ti's, J; U. S. Bank, Heading Railroad' I; and Morris Canal J; and an improvement in Pennsyl vania 6'* ol Stouington, }. The closing quotations for Norwich and Worce?t*r ore made with the dividend o three per cent ofl'. Bill* of the denomination of fifty dollar*, on the Che mical Bank, New York, altered from ones, are in circu lation. They are so well executed an to deceive lome of the Broker*. The Merchants'Bank of Baltimore, has declared a di - vidend of throe per cont for the last half year, payable on and after the 7th July. The Western Bank of Baltimore has declared a di' vidend of two and a half per cent for the last six month*; At Detroit, the bill* of the Farmers' and Mechanic* Bank were selling at a discount of 37 J per cent, and the Bank oi St Clair at 63c. We annex a table giving the quotations for foreign ex change for each month during the past year Quotations or Kokkion Exciianoe in tiii* Mabkt ljrnHon. fnrit. Jlmttrr'm Han't Brtm . 9l?a Di. ^ "k . mi/.ia 1*17 to . 9 V . 'Ja 9K . 3!,? ?X . 9Si*10 . raaM 9%*I0 OJialO Oct. 1J. 10 *IO?i " 31. .in>*a? Nov. IV.IO'ia? " . 9VI# Dec. 13.. 9;'4?10 " SO. .10 ?III1* Ian. 30. . 9\?I0 !?>!?, n.. 9M*1? Mar. 16.. 9?al0 " ?.. 9H? 9M Vpril. ti.. 9'.i i 9'i Vtay IS . *Wa 9X Vfay 30.. 9V'O Inrie ll..9Matll " ?.. 9)?a 9^4 Quotation! for Sterling ilrmly *uitained. The rates though the demand i* rather moderate. iily of bill* on all point* i* sufficient to meet any lemand. The remittance* on account of atock sales in hi* market, and payment* of interest on State and Go vernment stocks held in Europe, will, without doubt for the next sixty day* be larger than uiual, and tend to sustain pretent rate* for foreign exchange*. The oper?' tion* in exchange, both foreign and domeitic, at <h? outh, are limited. At Mobile, on t tie Mist initant, the de*>*nd for the jnirpoie of remittance, was limited, and prin" ?ipally confined to light fund*, to me?< which the Hank of Mobile had accumulated in anticipation a large fund, againat which to draw at the properpoinU. Check* in New York | premium j New Orl?*n* j prem. State lotei remained a* last quoted, wi<h a moderate *upply. Che demand created by the payment! on the lit i mtant, >ad subsided. One-third of the good debt! due the State matitutioni, were by law required to be paid by the lit >f Juae. The aggregate of thia debt wai about *lx and i half milliona, the fmtalmenti called in being nearly two and a quarter million*, excluiive of interest and coiti? It ii not aa yet known with any degree of preci tion what proportion of thi* large amount haa been re ceived ; but it i* understood that the payment! have greatly exceeded anticijmtion. At the bank in Mobile1 whieh ii much the target creditor, it i* (tated that near' ly three-fourth* of the initalmenti due have been paid. If the other banki have done ai well, the ontitending circulation of State paper muit now be confide rably un der two million*. On the l*t December laat it amounted to nearly three. Receipt* of apecie thi* iea*on, $1,318, ?oa. At New Orleana, on the 18th ln*t the exchange mar ket wa* very quiet, and the rate* for foreign bill* a ahade lower, notwithatanding the light lupply." Sterling wa* quiot at a ?J per cent premium; and France at ?f 34 a 3C.37J. Domeitic billi remained about theiame? say for lixty-day bill* on New York, i a J per cent diicount; Boiton, J; and Philadelphia and Baltimore I a 1] percent diicount. Sight check* on New York and Boiton j a J per cent premium. We annex a comparative itatement of the Schuylkill coal trade, for the fourth week in June of the pa*t three year*, compiled finm ofllrinl report* :? Snlurt xiLl. Co*). T?*nr.. Wrtk ftiding .Inn in ,'i. JuntVlk. Junt WA. ill 11. 1114. MM. 8r Schnylkill ('.anal, ton? h,:km Il.M 6,#77 y Heading Railroad, toni MM 9,ON Total, ton*... 11,TM NiN> ??.?*

Other pages from this issue: