Newspaper of The New York Herald, June 30, 1845, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated June 30, 1845 Page 4
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MEW YORK HERA LD. *ew York. MomUy, June 30, 1*45. PJAILS^C)R EUROPE. EXTRA SEW YORK HERALD, <Sfco., d&c. The steamship Caledonia will leave Boston to morrow afternoon, for Halifax nnd Liverpool ; her letter-bags |wiU, therefore, close in this city this af ternoon, at | past 5 o'clock. In order to give the public an opportunity of send ing the latest news to Kurope by this steamer, we shall issue an Extra Herald at.3 o'clock this after noon. ft will contain the latest intelligence from all parts of this continent, which may include some thing from Texas and Mexico. In addiiion to this Extra,we shall publish early to day another edition of the Weekly Herald, contain ing ihe news of last week?the particulars of the Great I- unerai Procession, with illustrations, &c The price of the Extra will be two cents per copy, and sixpence for a Weekly, in or out of wrappers. TUe Philosophy of Politics. A very brief period of time has elapsed since the great presidential contest, which shook and agita ted the country from one extremity to the other terminated inihe election of the Democratic candi' date ; but already we see die fierce struggle be tween the contending parties resumed, and in all directions the opposing elements are again at work. The old cliquei in both parties^re active as ever, and newdijutaare rapidly forming. Afresh game has been commenced, and on the great political chess- I board, the players make,with more or less cautious- i nes? and skill, the movements which are to result at the end ofanotherfouryearBin the ruin,for the time I of one or other of the parties. What is the great ; object of all these movements of eltt/utt and parties?these mutterings of discontent? i these clamorous appeals to the administration? I these cunning and far-reaching manoeuvres 1 of aspiring party leaders ! A brief glance at the philosophy of the politics of the United States will render the w hole matter clear and intelligible, so that he that runs may read. Political movements in this country, in the State Legislatures and in the General Government, exhi bit a constant series of struggles between two great parties, who are in reality the government, and con trol and direct the destinies of the republic. One party represents the strong popular impulses?the de mocratic, onward, ultra tendencies, sentiments and opinions of the people and the time?the other, the more subdued and restricted views and opinions of particular and powerful interests and classes embodying much of the educated intelligence" and acquired wealth of the community. These two great parties?the democrats and whigs? must always of necessity exercise the prepondera ting influence in political affairs. Third parties may ever and anon, as in time past, spring up.found ed on some particular idea, and acquiring varying degrees of strength and ini|)ortance, but only giving the slightest direction to the great machinery of government, when by reason of the exceeding closeness of the contest between the two great antagonists in the field, a comparatively trifling influence employed one way or the other, may de termine the issue. In this category ranks the "liberty" party, and in it also we have the "na tives." The latter hardly raised a ripple on the broad ocean of politics, and their i>arty now number ed amongst die things that were. Shrieking ap peals may indeed still be made to the prejudices and bigotries of ignorant and malignant natures? Levins may blaspheme the memories of martyred patriots by howling over their very graves, and in eight of a monument raised in honor of their glorious deeds, frantic tirades against the first and best prin ciples of that civil and religious liberty in defence of which they shed their blood?but for all that," nativ ism" is dead and buried for ever. As for the " liber ty" party, the little influence which circumstances gave to it, is fast declining, and it cannot be at all included in any philosophical estimate of the ele ments which operate with controlling potency in the world of politics. Thus, then, the empire is divided between the two great parties? whi i and democratic. And they, as we have said, are virtually the government of the country. The civil government of the United States was framed on the same fictitious theory as that on which the British Constitution has been founded. The President, Senate, and House of Representatives, were supposed to be analagous to the King, Lord and Commons of Great Britain the one operating as a check upon the other. In England, where the House of Peers is composed of the great landed proprietors, occupying their seats by hereditary tide, and the highest dignitaries of the church, whilst the House of Commons is composed of representatives taken from the people, this theory, to a certain extent, holds good in practice.? But here it is a perfect fiction. In this country it is in the constant antagonism of the two great political parties that we find the check which effectually pre vents any continued course of legislation injurious to the interests of the whole people. It is this, in deed, which constitutes one of the surest safe guards of the prosperity and perpetuity of the republic. So long as the two predominant parties retain, and from .the nature of things they must re tain, their present so nicely balanced relative degrees of strength and influence, the most wholesome and salutary check which the wisest statesman or Con stitution-minger could devise, exists in the practical admivistration of the different branches of the gov ernment. The very vastnessof the territorial limits within which this system of government is in ope ration, we may also here add as one of the most es sential elements of its success and permanence.? Over so extended a dominion, individual sway ne ver can be exercised; and the wider it be extended, the greater the necessity of union for the securi 'y [of the mutual interests of all. It is in this view of the action and influence of political parties, that all the movements of each become invested with peculiar dignity and interest. Re garded in this light, these movements cease to be the mere squabbles of factions, contending for the " spoils" of office, or the paltry struggles of ambi tious and selfish demagogues. Every great measure involving materially the interests of the country, is aflVi -d in a greater or less degree, by these party movements. The foreign relations of the republic? its internal pro*p-rity?its trade, its agriculture, its manufactures, its financial affairs, its civil institu tion*?the adminMtrBtioa of government and the laws?may be alhiffe-trd hy thr issue of a struggle between the tw- p*r'i?a, about ?ome comparatively srivial subject >*y, evn the faction-fight of two clique* of the same ("arty, may have bound up in its issue, results of the most momentous importance. Hence it is, that to the philosophic and indepen dent observer, the movements now in progress al over the country, are so .-Mgnilicant and so full of interest. To what do all these movements tend ? They have all one common object?one bearing and tendency?and that is " the succession." As soon as one presidential election is over, the prepa rations for the next begin. The antagonism be tween the two opposing forces never ceaaes. At this moment, the various contending chquet in the democratic party are just as keenly engaged in playing their respective parts in the great game as the were before the nomination of Mr. Polk united them in the common struggle. So also with the other party?the Whigs. They are equally busy. And thus we have the interesting and exciting epec tacle of each of the two great parties convulsed by its own internal struggles for the ascendancy of a particular clique, whilst at the same time the conflict got* on between them both, ?n the wider theatre of national politics?all these varied movements mean while operating upon, swaying, controlling, influen cing and directing the general policy of the country, and the administration of the government. Here is the field for the independent journalist?-a field which we mean to occupy to a fuller ex tent than even hitherto We shall daily watch I ih- movements ct the parties, not only in this general conflict with cach other,but also as connect ed with their separate and individual effort* for the "succession," following them up, w eek after week, and month alter month, until the meeting of the great nominating conventions. We will thus enable the great mass of the people to under stand thoroughly the movements of the mere poli ticians, who have heretofore made them their tools and instruments. By thus making the millions, who have been hitherto only spectators, actual part ners in the game, it will certainly lose none of its all-absorbing excitement. In a day or two we will open this new leal in the popular philosophy of poli tics, and present some singular revelations touching the practical import and tendency of recent move, ments here and elsewhere. GROSS AND OlTEAQKOUS FALSEHOOD AND LlBKL At a very considerable expense, we published in 1 is journal, as all our readers are aware, a com pete and beautiul series of engraving?, illustrative of the great funeral procession in this city, on Tues ay last. Our artists received from us about one hundred dollars for the wood cuts, and what with their pictorial illustrations, and the description, fur nished by our eight or ten reporters, we succeeded in giving an account of the solemnities of the day, immeasurably superior to that which appeared in any other paper in the city. The best evidence of this was the immense sale of the Herald, contain ing this graphic and elaborate account of the pro cession. We sold between fiityand sixty thousand copies of the daily; and the orders for the weekly paper, containing the same matter, have been on the same scale. Annoyed and mortified by our superior enterprise, our jealous and envious contemporaries immediately set to work,with characteristic falsehood and malig nity,to depreciate our labor; and one of them,which still gus,? and lingers ?s the organ of " nativism" in this region, came out in the following manner Humbuo.?The Herald came out yeiterdav w?h ? seve'n or aiirhf1"6 the (Tnonliii1 rt*ke l? practlce 8ucl1 a P'eco ofhumbuggery in ?ny one0" and ".U di,*racefuI to tolerate It in bii> one. rhu is ?' a great country." Of this series of deliberate falsehoods, we ilnd the following endorsement in the Albany Averting Jour nal, a paper conducted by Thurlow Weed hffTiTLKD to a Diicharoe.?One of the New York m> r?nprBie?e,i. l>th f " ful1 an<1 accurate" illustrations of journal of that city, have already performed1 Hu"yon?h" following occasions:?The Coronation of Queen Victoria Th^ T^u,^P Celebration?Gen. Harrison's Funeral? The Tyler 1 recession m 1843 ?and lastly on this funeral occasion Surely they are now entitle! to aTscha? po!utJou?upon the ""^tion. against these L Now, see how easily we convict these wholesale hoods r?8 ?l thC gr09SC9t and most audacious false Jamm Ookuoh Bknnktt, 1845. K?ito* of Till! Hkrald:? Sib I perceive that several of the city paners and editors0 h?v?i i't,/Tm.motive" bes' understood by their SwthL' t l,t ,U)geld. !n some ""J"'1 remarks respect before ... any new.paner, magazine hook publ.Tedin X Z iZZ r ?'T'tul ,hat <*<cut"i atmy "J m Ntistuu ttreet, not were thru trer out editor luTitTn" "?''J ""H aWared ?'? Herald. One "hat fiiirtr ? h e' ha1 evcn K?ne so far ns to say, at the tim^ ^a{'?Peare " the Und"n at . . the coronation of Queen Victoria thinir at al'fof ^thnT. Bg?' w'le? eny one that knows any Ikiwu f ? the progress of wood engraving is awara vearJ^I ESt ? h?8 rCCn Pub,ifhed but about thrte > ears . I reiterate, the Herald i? the only paper the nit, Z ZP,faneral 2ompleletJnUd until af. ?er the Juneral vroceinon had taken place. One editor rather snMdnrlthey Wfre ll,e workof no "native," X l Z hf . ? me t0 "J* that 1 was A'? ? in this Uon aU or^eL Z . nhTmaln "ld executc with satisfac 811 order? the public may place in my hands. Y our most obedient servant, t? utt l. Thomas W. Strong, Publisher and Wood Engraver, No. 98 Nassau street. Thus publicly convicted of forging and uttering an unmitigated lie, our respectable contemporaries must btand covered with the indignant reprobation of all honorable men. We do not, however, intend to allow Thurlow Weed to escape with impunity. He has brought a libel suit against us for our ex|K> Hure of his notorious Roorback forgery, and we have now goi|a fair opportunity of just retaliation, which we will not neglect to improve. He has slandered us in the most outrageous manner, repre senting us as guilty of " impositions upon the pub ' Ita char8? which we have now shown to be wholly false and malicious; and we will at once in stitute proceedings against him and prosecute them to the very utmost extremity?in the language of the sign-board* put up to warn thieves and trespass ers, " with the utmost rigor of the law." Thk "Union" Newspapkh, as a Newspapkr. We see in many of the newspapers frequent attempts at depreciation of the character of the Union, as an organ of the government. It is alleged that it lacks dignity?sagacity?and discretion; and many doubts are expressed relative to its vitality, and the proba bility of its receiving the printing of Congress. We differ very much from these opinions. The Olobe may have had more dignity and more force in cer tain directions than the Union; but the Union is un questionably much more readable and more amus ing than its close-mouthed and t blustering predeces sor, and no doubt will receive treble the public pa tronage which such a vindictive, violent, ferocious journal as the iUobt received As to the printing of Congress, the Union has just as good u chance as any other journal. It will be thus seen, that we are decidedly in fa vor of Ritchie, notwithstanding all his amusing twaddle, and greenness of knowledge relative to the world about him. Although our venerable and philosophic friend iH about seventy years of age in the meridian of Richmond, Virginia, the " old Do minion," yet, in these regions, he is not much over sevente?n. He has all the youthful sprightli ness, versatility, verdancy, twaddle, natural wit, and natural silliness of a youth of one and twenty. We like him much; and we like him the better the more we taste him. And we very much approve of the demolition of the Globe, the removal of all its fierce and savage conductors, its extermination from the face of the earth, and the establishment of a read able journal in its place. We also approve of the ejectment of the old kitchen cabinet, and their dis missal to the regions of weeping, and wailing; and gnashing of teeth. If Mr. Polk wants a kitchen cabinent of his own, has he not a right to plant one, and set a hedge aboot it, nourishing and cherishing it with tender solicitude ! Jackson's Last Litter.?A great deal of excite ment and curiosity exists relative to the character and contents of the letter addressed to Mr. Polk by the dying "hero of the Hermitage." Why has it not been given to the world 1 Can there be any impropriety in spreading before the whole nation, the last words of one in whose political sagacity so many reposed unbounded confidence 1 We do think that the President owes it to himself, to the great man that has departed, and to the country, to make this letter public. Nkw Postage Law.?Letter writers may in dulge to any extent to-morrow, and the grumblings of those who have postage to pay will then be ornewhat calmed, as the new postage law charging only five cents per OS. on letters sent to any place riot exceeding IttH) miles, and ten cents over that distance, will go into effect. Packet* for Europe.?The Montezuma, for Li verpool ; Oneida, for Havre, and Victoria for Lon lon, will sail to-morrow. They will carry out one 'lay's later intelligence than goes in the steamer. Osoanuation or the Nkw Police?His Hon or the Mayor, has at length entered heart and iiaad into the duly which devolves u|>on him un der the new police bill?namely, the appointment ofca;>tains, assistant-captains of police, and police men; and at last we are to have an able and well organized force, which we hope will rid the city of the disgraceful and crying nuisances which have so long infested it. A rigid enquiry into the character habits, associations, and capacity of each and every candidate is instituted, and the most searching ex amination pursued. This is as it should be. The new law .goes immediately into operation, and must stand or fall by the energy, efficiency and compe tency of those wh<^are t0 carry it into effect. The appointment of Justice Matsell, as chief, gives uni versal satisfaction. He possesses talents of a high order; his great" experience, acquired by long and intimtte connexion with the department?excellent business qualifications and dignified and gentleman ly bearing, all combine to render him eminently qualitied for the high and responsible duties of his office?and if he can but manage to steer clear of tht> miserable, infamous and petty cliques which have so long sought to control this city, hejhas nought to fear. Not more than half a dozen of the old oliicera have been re-appointed?no i>erson who has been tainted and corrupted by long and intimate connexion with the Tombs, and the thieves, stool pigeons and burglars who surround it, can hope to gain a place in the new list. The character of our public officers should be pure, spotless and undefiled; but we are sorry to say such has not always been the case. The public are deeply interested in the suc cess of this new plan; their lives, property and se curity have been trifled with long enough, and all eyes ure now directed to this nnnrler tnr ?? id nnH succor. A rumor has reat '"^d us that an independent i?o licc is about being established bv the old ollicers.? Many of them are energetic and honest men;but how such an arrangement would succeed it is impossible to say?and whether they will be allowed to put their plans in operation is extremely doubtful. It would certainly be a curious and strange proceeding, and one <(uite overlooked by the framers of this bill. I1 will be seen by the annexed list of Captains and As sistant Captatns that no appointments have been made in the 3d and 12th Wards. This is owing to the fact of the Aldermen and Assistants not having agreed on a nomination. Besides the Captains and Assistant Captains, who perform in addition to their regulur duties, those of Health Wardens, Street Inspectors, Dock Masters, Hack and Cab Inspectors, &c ,for their own Wards, there have been an average of six policemen ap pointed for each Ward,who were on duty yesterday. Firtl Ward?Wm. Dill, Captain ; B. G. Cord ray, let Assistant; Martin Dwyer, -id do. Srcond Ward?John Kurtz, Captain ; Thomas C. Har rison, 1st Assistant: Kred.Gilmore, 2d do. Fourth Warrl?Kdmtind Fitzgerald, Captain ; Thomas Smith, 1st Assistant; Wm. C. Yarwood, id do. Fifth Ward.?Wm. E. Dusenbery, Captain ; Daniel D. Meson, 1st Assistant ; James F. Webb,'.id do. Sixth Ward.?James McGrath, Captain ; Addison Hill, 1st Assistant; Robert A. Bouton, id do. ? Seventh Ward.?Wm. M. Howell, Captain ; James J. Timpsnn, 1st Assistant; Jarvis Reese, id do. Eighth Ward.?Benj. P. Fairchild, Captain ; Wm. W. Hilliker, 1st Assistant ; F. Dunham, id do. Ninth Ward.?James W. Bush, Captain ; George Fra denburgh, 1st Assistant : Wm. Cargill, id do. Tenth Ward.?John Middleton, Captain ; Wm. Senn, 1st Assistant: John F. Gantry, id do. Eleventh Ward.?Peter Brown, Captain ; Wm. M. Ha neyford, 1st Assistant; John Mackey, 3d do. Thirteenth Ward.?John Tilley, Captain ; Stephen F. Keeks, 1st Assistant ; John M. Deroy, id do. Fourteenth Ward.?David Kissner, Captain ; James $catlilt',2lst Assistant: Philip O'Brien, id do. Fifteenth Ward.?Nathaniel M. Brown, Captain ; Whit field Case, 1st Assistant ; James M. Dennis, 3d do. Sixteenth Ward.?T. V. Van Dooren, Captain; James Stone. 1st Assistant Seventeenth Ward?Joseph Westerfield, Captain ; John A. Delanoy, lit Aisiitant; Howard S. Schenck, ad do. There is one apparent delect in this Bill, which may perhaps defeat its successful operation; it is this: the officers who are appointed being old resi dents of the ward in which their duty is performed, and being connected by ties of friendship with the other residents, and nominated by the Aldermen of the ward, they may not be as active and faidiful in the discharge of their duty as if they were non-resi dents, and entirely independent of the favors of those with whom they may come in conflict; how ever, we shall see. Common Council.?Both Boards will meet this evening. Now that the police organization is near ly completed, the people are looking forward with much anxiety for those promised " reforms" which were the chief ground upon which the present Com mon Council got into office. There is a wide field for the exercise of those salutary reforms which are so much needed ; and which we have, time and again, pointed out to our city fathers in the Corpo ration. The condition of the streets is worse than ever ; the great thirst that exists for the erection of new buildings has also created in many parts of the city a new kind of nuisance?namely, large piles of brick and mortar?thrown on the middle of the streets, which render them in many places quite im passable. These remarks particularly apply to Ma. dison street. The patching in Broadway, also gives dccided dissatisfaction. Indeed, the entire org&ni" zation, under the City Government, so much needs a thorough reformation, that we know not wlitre to begin. We have repeatedly called the attention of the authorities to the interminable racing that is carried on daily, before our eyes, by the omnibuses | in Broadway ; the collection of rowdies also, every Sunday, at the corners of the streets, who openly at tack all respectable, lone females who may chance to pass by. In fact, we could exhaust some co lumns of matter in pointing out their line of duty, to the Common Council, and the mean* by which the numerous evils we complain o' could effectually be checked. We arc now in the commencement of the dog-days; and, yet, many of these animals are allowed to prowl about, unmuzzled, contrary to the express provi sions of the law. The "swinish multitude," alsc, seem to enjoy the " otrutn cum digniiate" in the sinks and mud pools?stirring up the dangerous odor that spri|igs from such reservoiis, for the offal and refuse of the houses. We look forward with some anxiety to the new police, to put a check to all such dangerous nuisances; and, it is to be hoped, that the Common Council will commence this eve ning to do something substantial for the benefit of our citizens. Mayor Havkmeybr and the Porter IIorsES.? His Honor the Mayor's proclamation, forbidding the sale of all merchandise and liquors on the Bab bath, was little heeded by the good citizens of Gotham yesterday. The coffee houses and saloons were thronged with visitors, as usual. The fact is, it is most absurd in any case to attempt to legislate in advance of public sentiment?as long as a large majority of a people are in the daily and habitual use of an article, it is utter folly to attempt to enact laws prohibiting its sale?for they never can be put in force. We would respectfully submit, whether it is proper or moral in our city functionaries, to per mit and countenance a man in the committal of|an act on Monday, which he is not equally justified in doing on Sunday. Are not all days to be held sa cred?and is it possible for a thing to be right on one day, which is wrong on another 1 If the prac tice referred to is wrong in itself, it is always wrong; and moral suasion is the remedy?not legis lative enactments. Bathing in Salt Water.?This city is blessed with most excellent bathing establishment*. No other city in the Union can boast of better or more extensive ones. There are two at Castle Garden, kept by Rabineau and Thomas?two at the Fulton Ferry, in Brooklyn, under the management Oj Gray?and one at the foot of Desbrosses street, kept by Rabineau, Jr. These five establishments receive l>atronage enough to oonvince us that the inhabitants of this city and Brooklyn are determined to be a very clean people. Attached to the bathing houses of Gray and Rabineau, are warm and hot salt water baths, which are now almost universally recom mended by the medical faculty. And apart from the benefit to be derived from the saline properties of the water, they are worth paying for m a luxury. Theatricals. Park Tiieat?k.?The open of La Favorite, which ha* been ho successful, will be performed again tIlia evening. This composition of Donizet ti is one of the most brilliant of hia musical works, and the manner in which it has been put on the stage by the French company is most admirable.? The singing of M'lle Calv6, and the remainder of the performers, is excellent, and the piece is on the fair road for a long run. Castle Garden.?The performances to-night will consist of a variety of dancing, singing, comic tab' leaux, and the beautiful act of Herr Cline,which, to gether with the promenade and agreeable view from the outside balcony, afford a most delightful even ing's entertainment. Nihlo's Garden.?There will be novelty here this evening. The Acrobat Family, aided by Mr. Barnes, appear in a Comic Ballet. Mr. Roberts, the popular Comedian, is re-engaged for a few nights, and will repeat his favorite character in Holand for an Oliver. " Le ('hapeau du General," a peasant little musical piece, is also given. Chippendale, Set ton, T. Placide, Miss Taylor, Miss Mathews, and the Watts, are included in the casts. Altogether it is an unusually strong bill. Preparations on a most extensive scale are making to celebrate the fourth of July. No expense will be spared to render it worthy the great occasion.'s.?The Ethiopians are under full head way, and their burlesques on the Bayadere and Bo hemian Girl nightly amuse large audienccs. Vai/xhall Garden.?The garden is well patron ised and deservedly so, with the varied performan ces that are nightly given. Sporting Intelligence. Gb.vnd SroKT over the Beacon Coukse?This Day.?The excitement relative to the performance to come off as above, is most exciting. The ground, without doubt, will be crowded to excess; therefore, those who are desirous of getting anything like a favorable view, had better go early. The one mile foot race will be the great feature of the day, for which are entered some of the best pedestrians of this and the old country. The contest, it is said, will bo between the 1st, 2d, 3d, 6th and 7th?mutual between native and foreign competitors?both wild and naturalized. Stannard and the Scotch Bantam against the field has been offered; but the three first on the list are most generally backed. The Iroquois Indian is backed at 3 to 5 against the field pretty freely; the Scotch Bantam at 5 to 4; Major Stannard at 4 to 5 against any other; the same with Ambrose Jackson and Wm. Barlow. By this it may be seen there is not much to be chosen. The walking match is to come 'bff immediately after. There is a wide field?no one knows what is to be done. " The North Star of Canada," is of fered ngainst any other, pretty freely, but no takers; .Taa. Wood is offered at 3 to'5 against any other. The others are, with the exception of those men tioned, backed by their mutual supporters, accord ing to their fancy. The novelty of the latter race puts all the sporting world abroad?they know not what is likely to be done?consequently they know not what is best to do. But the proof of the pud ding will be known ere the close of the setting sun. The Foot Race.?The novelty of a foot race in Kentucky attracted quite a large crowd at the Oak land Course on 14th inst. Mile heats?best 3 in 5. Purse $50?$5 entrance, to go with the purse. Seabury William*, of Kentucky A. Gill, of Indiana Madison Davit, of Ohio ...... John Steagall, of New York... 1 1 1 a a j dig. dis. dig. drawn. jonn oieaKoii, ui new i James Uibbs, of Indiana J. Ditziner, of Oermcny Time?8:17?8:47?8:8a. Rowdyism.?The police are sadly wanted in the vicinity of the North River streets. On Saturday afternoon, about 5 o'clock, a foreigner was shameful ly treated at the corner of Watt and Greenwich streets by a set of young dock loafers, who tripped him up and beat him severely, while he was endea voring to secure his trunk from the gripe of a car man who was 'making off with it. He was, how ever, so badly hurt by the rowdies that he was obli ged to give up the chase after the carman, and pro bably lost his property. Are such diings to ba tole rated 1 The Skason.?Yeiterday was really a cold day. Woollen clothing was comfortable. Police Office. June 29.?Important Arrest.?Officers Checkering and Martin, yesterday arretted a man named Krieden burg. on a warrrnt, us a fugitive from justice in Philadel phia, where he is charged by Messrs. Reed, Anspack, und others, with obtaining goods to the amount of some $20,000, from different firms in the city, by meaus of false pretences. He has occupied a prominent place among business men, and his character up to the time of this transaction has been stainless. Obtaining Goods under Pretences in New York.?Officer Lalor arrested and brought on from Phila delphia a man named Thomas McGuthrie, on a requisi tion from the Governor. He is charged with obtaining goods under false pretences from Hosmer & Sherman, 41 William street, and other large houses in this city, to the amount of about.$13,000. He was committed for exami nation. This is the same man who had a dry goods mer chant in Pearl street, to whom he was largely Indebted, arrested and carried to Philadelphia on a charge of send ing him charcoal in boxes, instead of dry goods, and re ceiving payment for the latter. Burolabt.?The bouse of John Clapp, 133 Henry street, waa entered last night and robbed of a large quan tity ef silver ware, tea spoons, lie. New Police.?The newly appointed Police officers made a number of arresta to-day of vagnnts and disor derly persons, who were committed to answer. Movement* of Travellers. Yesterday wan in fact a "diet ?ion" at the hotel* in point of movement*. The tubjoined name* nearly embrace all the arrival* at each. America!!?K French, Sing Sins; R W Linbech, Fla.; G W Gage, St. Johnsburgh; M Roger*, Baltimore; R 1' Lardner, Phila.; S Morgan, J M Gourgre**, Mm*.; J Day, Kla; J De la Watt eric, Ga. Aiioh-H M Shaflt, Phila.; R Hkipwett, Va ; Stephen Price, N O ; Mr. Murdoch, Mi**.; Robert Jordan, Phila.; Towsey, Tonus. Charle* Match, Boiton; J Potter, Potter*' Mill*; Samuel Baker, Syracuse; P Van Bentheu sen, Albany; Mr* H Cole, Boiton; R H Chilton, N O; W F Murdoch, Baltimore; G W Jellcott, Washington; J George, Ga.; Ed. C ranch, Washington. Citv?C F Marsh, J 8 Pringle, Boston;Col. A H Mech ler, |F Pening, I'hila.; R Smith, do; F. T Balle, Boiton; Keuben and Cowry, Phila. FaAi**LiN?W J Van Ammon, Albany; F..I Church, Cleveland, Ohio; Capt. W Meredith, Utica; N Sherwood, Buffalo; J Jerome, N H; C F Bradley, Cin.; D P Pearce, Ga.; Brownlow and Stagg, St Lotii*; Evan* und Gwinne, Columbia; D M Zimmerman, Pha. Globk?Wm. Moffat, Canada; Wm. James, Tyrie, England; Wm. Prichard, Boston; C 11 Jenkin, E Billow, Phila. Howard?J W Field, Mobile; C Tappan, Man.; James Parker, do; J W Mittlebcrger, Toronto, Canada; H A Clarke, Albany; J Hamilton, Weshiiyjton; Martin and Gowan, Ala; J R Chandler,Phila: D A Barton,St. Alban*; P D Coney, Amsterdam; FA Baker, I.a; Mr. McCraen, St. Johns, Canada; Charlei Donna, Woodstock; W La I toque, Montreal; I) C Sands, Baltimore; R. C Buck, do. H Edward, II Hubhert, Boston; Sher loch and Hazzard, Provldencc; D Sherman, Newport. Fire in Providence.? A fire was discovered yes terday morning, between 7 and 8 o'clock, in the third story of thb old brick calender building on Sabin street, belonging to tfac rrovidence Dyeing, Bleacning nnd Calendering Company, and lined for pncking good. The upper story and roof were entirely destroyed. The Siods in the loft were burnt-those in the lower part o( e building were very much damaged. The Ions 11 esti mated at about $10,000, which wa* covered by insurance at the American Insurance OAlce, the Hartfort Insurance Company, and the Georgia Insurance and Trust Compa ny. We could not ascertain the amount at each office.? Providcnce Journal, June 28. Tub Wksi.eyans in Lower Canada.?A Mont real correspondent of the Roc/u?ter Dtmocmt gives the following statistics of the Weslevan Methodists in Lower Canada? Number of Chapels 'J7; Places of Preach ing 137; Missioraries 10; Sab'oath Schools 148; Scholais 3,045; Local Preacher* 36; Sabbath School Teachers 3tt3; Class Leaders 182; Member* of Church 4,lid; Itcgulai Hearers U0,000. Matrimony.?A f?w days since there arrived at Southport, Wisconsin, in the steamer Empire, a lot of emigrants to the West, among whom were two pairs of twins. These twins were born of different parents, but under the name roof and in the same house. Kach Elr comprised a boy and girl; they lived near neighbois >m infancy, and the same dav before starting West they were united in marriage?the male and female of the dif ferent pairs. They were from St Lawrence county, New York. The Butter Way.?A Mr. Wright was married to a Miss Hetterway, in some parts unknown, in this State. An exchange paper says that Mr. Wright had no doubt read Pope's universal Trayer, particularly the fol lowing verse of it: If I am right, thy grace Impart Still in the right way to stay ; If I am wrong, O teach my hoart To And the hetltr tony. vJOThe TVenlon Sheet Anchor gives quite a cheer ful picture of the thriving condition of that city. Busi ness Is said to be active, buildings are increasing in num ber, and every thing wasrs an air of business prosperity News from Mexico.?The Water Witch arrived at New Orleans on the 2Uth mat, with advices from Tob ibco to the 9th, inclosive. There is no political intelligence irom that section of Mexico. ^It is reported that the yellow fe .er was tiging to j a groat extent a* Tobaseo. All the crew of tin Water Witch were sick on her arrival at New Or leans. The remains of the late Gen. .Sentmanat, so bar barously executed in Tabasco a year or two since, were brought over in the Water Witch. The New Orltanx Bulletin of the 21bI inst. has the following paragraph relative to California:? Kroni the comment! of the Northern pa peri on the re cent revolution in California, it woula appear that the hope wai indulged that it would lead to annexation, larger than that ofTexai. The last account* from Mex ico give no encouragement to mch anticipation*. Cali fornia ha* given in it* adheaion to the new order of thing* since the overthrow of Santa Anna, and the pre sumption is, that the movement in the province waa only auxiliary to the main revolution in the city of Mexico. The day ha* not yet come to move for annexation in that romote region. There are not enough of American* yet settled on the shore* of the Pacific to cway an influ ence on public opinion. However, emigrant* are coming in rapidly from Oregon, and the vioinity of that growing ?ettlement cannot fail to have an effect on the adjacent diitricts of California. The anarchy that ha* so long prevailed in Mexico has tended to render the govern ment unpopular with the inhabitant* on the di*taat fron tier. We find in a letter from Havana, dated 14th inat, the annexed intelligence. It is no later from Mexico than we have had, but it is rather interesting. It gives the present condition of Mexico, and, with the exception of a few immaterial mistakes, relative to the movements of Elliot, it is correct. In the Britiih steamer from Vera Cruz, arrived the l*t, came nassensrer lii* Excellencv Gen. Santa Anna, ac companied by hi* wife, nephew, and itep-father. The General ii at present residing in the city; he appears quite cheerful, and in conversation is agreeable; his wife is very young, not more than seventeen, and has a sweet pleasunt face; she appoars in manners almost a girl. It Is the General's intention to remain here until the end of February, when, if events do not again cull him to Mex ico, hu will make Venezuela, it is said, his future resi dence. In the steamer from England, arrived the same day, came passenger his Excellency Gen. Bustamente, who was expelled from his country by Gen. Santa Anna. Santa Anna is now in exile, and Bustamente returns to Mexico seeking the Presidency; he embarked for Vera Cruz, in the steamer oj the lOih. We have received by the steamer the important intelli gence that Capt. Elliott, the British Charge at Toxas.and a Mr. Smith, Texran Commissioner, were bearers of pro positions from the Government of Texan to that of Mex ico, offering to pay $30,000,000 for the recognition of their independence, fifteen million in the Mexican debt, and five million in cash, settlement of boundaries, and ftromising not to be annexed to the United States? and and France becoming guarantees for the fulfilment of the proposals on the part of Texas, and allowing her certain commercial privileges. The proposals of Texas were laid before the Minister of Foreign Affairs, Sr. Cue vas, who had a decree passed through both Houses ol Congress, permitting the Cabinet to receivc and delibe rate on these proposals?which weie published in the pa [>ers during the debate in the Senate. Mr. Elliott returned to Galveston in H. B. M. frigate Eurydice, and the Texas Commissioner to New Orleans ,n the French brig of war La Perouse. The Mexican Go vernment has negotiated a loan of $3,000,000 from the English house or Messrs. Manning h Mcintosh, to be >aid in daily instalments of $30,000 Tor one hundred days. Many of the Mexican provinces are represented in a rery unsettled and distractod state, particularly Coahuila ind San Louis de I'otosi, on account of permission laving been given by the Government to an English louse to import 40,000 bales of cotton, free of duty, which was before prohibited, and under that prohibition certain interests grew up which are likely now to suffer materially. Affairs in Canada.?We have, received Mon treal papers of the 26th inst. They are buncu of news of' importance, but contain something of interest. There appears to have been quite an increase in :he commerce of Canada in the last year. ^Annexed ire the arrivals at Quebec :? June 34, 1S44. . .... 444 164,870 June 24, 1846 648 337,949 Increase this year, 303 83,073 The Montreal Herald of the 26th, gives the fol* lowing paragraph. That paper fears that too much of Canada will be annexed to this UnionJ:? The other day we published a notice from a Ver mont paper of the proceedings of the Liners, as they are caUed?that is?ol the persons omployed by the British-ind American governments to trace the line between the British possessions and the United States. They are divided into soveral parties. One of these, the American one, has been on the Missisquoi frontier for the last fortnight.?They cut down the trees, and clear a track upon the line to the width of thirty feet, so that they leave a passable winter road. They erect an iron monument at every milo's distance, bearing a suitable inscription, and alco at places where roads of importance cross the frontier. The American party has made strange work in some Townships.?Although a line has been acknowledged for years, from the St. Lawrence to the sources of tne Connecticut, and the inhabitants on both sides have a perfect knowledge of it, these liners have made elbows and zig-zags into people's farms with out any apparent object. In the Township of Sutton, ?ome farms are made to lose from four to eight acros by the way the track has been cut The people, however, are to remain easy until the British Commissioner* come on, by whom they expect their land will be reitored. We understand that the party we refer to u*e the com pass only for their guido in following the line, an instru ment which a common Surveyor would be aahamed to use in laying down coursos which are expected to be mathematically correct, or as nearly so as possible. The compass has done, and we fear is still doing, incalculable mischief under the Crown Lands Department, both to the Queen and her subjects, but however domestic trou bles may arise from this cause, it is the duty of her Gov ernment to prevent all trouble from it between her own people and foreigners. If an arbitrary line is desired, the Commissioners had better employ a man with a good eye to ran it from a couple of fixed point*. Such a man, with the aid of three (ticks, will do better than any com pai* they can find. But if they deiire to mark out a true parallel of latitude, they must resort to other iMtru ments. ________ Li deration ok Gov. Dorr.?Thomas W. Dorr came out of prison on Friday. Theatricals, ?tc. Ole Bull recently arrived in this city, after a very *ucce**ful tour in the South. He i? about to take a tour through Michigan, Wisconsin, and other part* of the far West, after which he return* to these parts, and shortly after will take his departure for Europe. The Seguins and Mr. Frazer are about to close their engagements in Philadelphia. It is rumored that they will shortly visit Canada. Mr. May wood is still giving his entertainments il lustrative of Scottish character,with the greatest success in Canada. The Messrs. Macomber, and Wuttie, the piper, were drawing good houses at the latest dates in St. Louis. ThefCampanologiuns, or tfwiss Bell-ringers, have been giving Concerts with the greatest success in Ca nada. Miss JS. Cuslmian, Mrs. Cushman, and Mr. E. Merriman sailed for Kngland on Wednesday last. Mi. Booth, at the latest dates, was in Richmond, as great as ever, in more respects than one. Messrs. Welch and Mann's Equestrian Company are exhibiting in various towns cast and west, with the greatest success. They are expected to return to this city toward* the fall. Miss RosinaShaw and Mr. C. Howard have been recently married in Albany. The new Opera of " Leonora," founded on th? " Lady of Lyons," by Mr. Kay, of Philadelphia, has beei partially successful?at leant some Philadelpeians sa; ?o ; but it was in a great measure owing to the talents a thefeguin* and Mf. Kra/.cr. The ItalianO pr*ra troupe, with Borghese, were ii New Orleans at the latest dates. It was expected the' they would bo engaged by Maity, at Havana, and thai they would not proceed to Mexico at present. The old Bowery (Company have been playing ai Albany with pretty good success. Messrs. Covert and Dodge, of Boston, were giv ing Conceits in Aueusta. Me. Mr. Dempster, assisted by Miss and Master Scon cia, give a Concert in Albany to-morrow evening. St. Louib Theatre is in full blast; Messrs. Mason. Weiton, Clarko, Kan-en, Ruiaell, Roberta, together with Mr*. Karren and Miss Sylvia are engaged. North American Equestrian Company are draw ing good audience* in Toledo, Ohio. The Anglesea singers favor the citizens of Rox bury this evening with one of their fine concert!. Mr. Chambers, the celebrated accordion player, recently from England, wei giving Concert* in Montreal and other part* oi Canada with great lucce**. Mr. f. D. Rice is in Baltimore. He is expected to visit England in the fall. The Front street Theatre, Baltimore, has been opened for a ihort *ea*on by Mr. W. E. Burton, who it aatUted by the principal performer* of the Arch itreet Theatre, Philadelphia. The Misses. Sloman are at the Utica Museum. The National Theatre, Boston,closes on the fourth of July. A new theatre haa been opened in St. Johns. N. B., called the "Prince of Wale* Theatre." A new theatre on the site el'the old Museum is to be opened in B<i*ton, neat winter, it 1* whUpered. Master Sconcia and Miss Moss, of this city, are giving concert* in Hartford, Conn. Mr. and Mrs. Randall, the Scotch giant and giant en, have arrived in Cleveland, after a very *ucoe**ful tour in the couth and we*t. Amaacmenti. The talented Ethiopean Opera Company have pot their names up for a benefit, thia evening, at Palmo s theatre. Thoy will play, for the flr*t time in thl* city, an exoallent burlasque on La Bayadere, entitled Buy.J. Dare, which was received with immen*e appl ?u*e at Phi ladelphia. We predict a crowded house. ..P1"' Wood's Hwi?|wrl||? ?tn? Wild Cherry 'risf'tVC Sir VC,'l1n.Tl'dK-d by who hB"< firen thtrn ? ?".??WHO#! in ute. A? a Family nakei it.L?- 5S* e" to the uaU, whicli Wkinir th? - me^'e-'nf to administer to children, and is fast mot, naiiiin^** i i headiche, indigestion hu "Mir W tW ?"<??"?. they havebeen ,.?3 wUh g,?; Cherry Sf#mr *?-"?** for. Dr. Wood's Haraaparilla and Wild Vork.Dr {*? H MiKor ,??R^ 5?- ?",? Ageut.-New 311 Bfeecker?Je"\L?ro,^VV; ?torV W. Smith. cor?yVu^^BJ^rBo= Brooklyn, J. t. 411 pw}w,*5?hta Subscriptions to tha & fc CoT lX? V&V "LV.A?,J5,,0,,"D Aoeirra, Zi? r^^Ti ?L?rfj?jKj52fcS!S^C?SSJ^1l3s?,^5 centa without u; delivered Trek ,.r r?r?? ST..Tv rlZ ?r*p?'i delphia. Single copie* for3.?V,C^.1^SJlTl offlt rrice 3 coots. The Weekly Herald is alio for ??. ?fry Baturday morn 8KTW. t}i ce"tJ'or lu"um' Mivered in any pan of Philadelphia, free of postage. it r~ All the new and cheap Publications for sale at thur Mblishment, as soon as issued, wholesale ana ??tail. (Er With the exception of one paper, the " Herald" ia rebd as much, perhaps, in Philadellfcia, as any paper published in thai city, affording a valuable medium to advertisers. Advertise meuts handed to lite ageuti at hall put 4 o'clock, will appear in the Herald next day. Boston Subscription* to the New Vork HERALD received by tne Authorised Agents. Reddimu It Co., I State street. Terms?$196 t?r quarter, or three cents for single copies. Weerl* Herald, every Saturday uoruing, price 6 cents, or $3 per annum. All new and cheap publications for sale ?a soon as issued. Boston Publishers of Thiers' Nspoleon. Medical Notice-?The Advertisements of the New York College of Medicine and Pharmacy, established for the Suppression of Quackery, in the cure of all diseases, will liereafter appear on the fourth page, and last column or this paper. W. 8. RICH ARD80N, M.D.. Agent. I>ff? ?nd f'.ntinilUitijf Knnma of the Pnllw. ^ ?t MONEY MARKET. Sunday, June !49 6 P. M. There has not been experienced for years a much more inactive week intho stock market; but price;. have, not withstanding the absence of operators and the complex ion of our foreign rotations, been very Arm. Transac tions have, it is true, been limited, but quotations seem to havo touched bottom, and are on the turning point. It ii now full six months since the excitement created by the agitation of tho Orogon and Texas questions commenced, and through the whole of this piriod the stock market has been becoming more and more depress ed. In addition to the inAuenceof our difllcultieswiiu othe r nations upon prices, the effort* of those bearing storks have been ceaseless and successful. For more tlisn six months quotations for most of the principal fancy stocl s have been steadily declining, smd have reached a lower level than realized within the past elghteon montlc. Stocks that havo within this time become permanent di vidend paying securities are now selling at ten and fif teen per cent below prices current when there whs not the roost remote probability of a dividend being paid for years. The principal cause of this depression in thostuck market is not so mutch the position of our foreign rela tions,or the fears of a rupture with any nation,as the gene ral inactivity of buainess, the immense amount of stocks upon the market and the absonce of outside speculators Many of the outside operators have not recovered from the losses of last spring, while others are large holders of stocks purchased at prices above the present market vsuue, which they are forced to hold for an advance, or sitomit to hoavy losses. A moderate improvement in prices would enable some of these operator* to get out safely and induce others to come in. When the stock speculations of Wall street are left to the brokers of that vicinity, prices cannot be sustained, and steadily fell oil', until an excitement is oreated sufficiently strong to draw into the business tiie one rat on with small capi tals. They are the prime movers in all speculations, and the broker* are disposed, when they can get them once started, to give them every facility to go their leBgth in any operations they may feel anxious to make. We annex a comparative table giving the quotation* for stockrin this market for each day during the past week, compared with those current at the close of tho week previous. It will be observed that there has been but very little variation in prices for any of the fancies :? QUOTATIONS FOR THE PRINCirAL STOCKS IN Till N(W YORK Market. Sat. Mon. 7Vy. Wrd. Th'y Fr\. Sat. Lons Island TIM Wt ? 71-'* 71>* 71 71W Mohawk 60 ? ? ? ? ? ? fas t. - S& S3 = Harlem 6 ,ii ? Canton 425-4 43 Farmers' Loan. Nor. and Wor. Ohio Sixes... Illinois Sixes 38J? ? ? Indium ? ? ? Kentucky 8ixe:. ? ? ? Peuu'a. ? ive? 75J? 75JW ? Stall incton 281% ? 67 42 36X 73 67 41 S8 37 % 7,* 3* Eric Railroad Virluburg... U. 8. Bank... Readme KR. Morris Canal. Cast Boitou.. 1U2.V ? ? ? 7572 76 76 76 M* 28V 29? Mk JO 29% - ??; - . - - ? - 3h y-B - ii\ 55* - 32 32 ? M sx Si 55 55 54* 31 31>4 31V 54? ?1JL 13'? 13 13& 13>4 A companion of the quotations ruling at th? close of the market yesterday, with those current at the close of the previous woek. shows a decline in Farmers' Loan of J per cent-, Illineis 6's, ]; U. S. Bank, J; Reading Railroad I; and Morris Canal J; and an improvement in Pennsyl vania 6's of ji Htouington, J. The closing quotations for Norwich and WorceaWr are made with the dividend o three per cent ofl?. Bills of the denomination of fifty dollars, on the Che' mical Bank, New York, altered irvm ones, are in circu lation. They are so well executed as to deceive some of the Brokers. The Merchants'Bank of Baltimore, has declared a di vidend of three per ccnt for the last half year, payable on and after the 7th July. The Western Bank of Baltimore has declared a di* vidend of two and a half per cent for the last six months; At Detroit, the bills of the Farmers' and Mechanics Bank vrera selling at a discount of 37J per cent, and the Bank oi St. Clair at 63c. We annex a table giving the quotations for foreign ex change for each month during the past year Quotations or Foreign Kxoianoe in this Market London. Ang. 15.. 9; " 30.. Mi Sept. 13. . 9;JalO ?' 30.. OjJalO Oct. 15. .10 nl0l4 " 3K .lOUa? Nov. 15.. lO'ja? " 29.. 9j4al0 Dec. 13.. 9jjal0 " 30..10 alO'4 Ian. 30.. OUalO Feb. 27.. 9*al0 Mar. 16.. 9S>10 " 29.. 9?a 9X Vpril. 23.. 9V 9'* Vlay 15 . 9Wa 9* Vlay 30.. 9*al0 luue II.. BMalO " 24.. 9)?a 9& Quotation* for ilrmly sustained. The rate* are itill high, ?I. though the demand 1* rather moderate. The aup i>!y of bill* on all poinU it auffioient to meet any lemand. The remittances on account of atock tale* in hi* market, and payment* of intereit on State and Go vernment stocks held in Kuropo, will, without doubt for the next aixty days be larger than uiual, and tend to sustain present ratei for foreign exchange*. The open' tiom in exchange, both foreign and domestic, at <l>o touth, are limited. At Mobile, on the 'Hit initant, the demand for the purpose of remittance, was limited, end prin" ?ipally confined to sight funds, to me*< which the Dank of Mobile had accumulated in anticipation a large fund, against which to draw at the proper points. Check* jn New York J premium ; New OrlMl 1 prem. State notes remained as last quoted, wkh a moderate supply. 1'he demand created by the payments on the 1st i nstant, 'iad subsided. One-third of the good debts due the State institutions, were by law required to be paid by the 1st >f .line. The aggregate of this debt was about six and * half millions, the Instalments called in being nearly two and a quarter millions, exclusive of interest and costs. It is not as yet known with any degree of preci sion what proportion of this Urge amount ha* been re ceived ; but it is understood that the payment* have {realty excoeded anticipation. At the bank in Mobile* which i* much the largest creditor, it ia stated that near 'y three-fourtha of the instalmenta due have been paid. If the other banka have done aa well, the outstanding circulation of State paper muat now be considerably un der two milliona. On the lat December laat it amounted to nearly three. Receipt* of specie this *ea*on, $1,318, aoa. At New Orleans, on the 18th ln*t. the exchange mar ket we* very quiet, and the rate* for foreign bill* a (hade lower, notwithstanding the light supply.' Sterling wa* quiet at 0) a per cent premium; and France at ?f.24 a .if.27 J. Domestic bills remained about the same?say for sixty-day bill* on New Vork, 4 a J per cent discount; Boston, and Philadelphia and Baltimore I a 1| percent discount. 8ight check* on New York and Boaton j a j per cent premium. We annex a comparative statement of the Schuylkill eonl trade, for the fourth week in June of the peat three yenra, compiled fiom ofllcinl reports :? Scuutri.KiLi. Coai. Tmnr.. tVtrk etirfi'n* 'J'h.trnhtv J.nn SO h. Junt tllk. JuniWk. Hill. 1144. >?t5. By Schuylkill Canal, tons 14,:?4 11, lit 9,Ml By Headinc Railruea, tons 4,4M V.OM I3.M3 Total, ton*.,, U,7tt 10,HI

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