Newspaper of The New York Herald, July 1, 1845, Page 1

July 1, 1845 Tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 1
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V M-?"W Wl 1 THE NEW YORK H E Ml D. _=_= ? 1 ' ' ' NEW YORK, TUESDAY MORNING, JULY 1, 1845. 4 V7. ff Ol. X1M So. 170-WhoU Mo. 4041. PriC* Two OmM. : NEW YORK HERALD. J MES GORDON BENNETT, Proprietor, illation? Forty Thousand. Y HERALD? Every day. Price 3 cent* per t,7 M per annum ? payable in advance. KLY HERALD? Every Saturday ?Trice 6} cento y ? $3 l'J j cent* per annum ? payable in advance. ?'.RTI8EMENTS at the usual price* ? alwayi . advance. TINO of all kind* executed with beauty and i M i. VII letter* or communication*, by mail, addrened itabliilunent, muat be poit paid, or the poitage . deducted lroro the subscription money remitted JAMES GORDON BENNETT, t tor or the New York Hekald Establishment lorthwest corner of Pulton nnd Nassau street* ' NTREVLLLE COURSE, TROTTING. NESDAY, July 2d, at 3 o'clock, P.M. I'urse and ?die for $110, mile heats, best 3 in 5 ill harness. ' Whelan inters ch g Henry Clay. S. Bertine bg Trouble. ? Huut " .bg Moscow. ?sion to all part of the Course 50 ceiils. JOEL CONKL1N, Proprietor, ville, Jane 29th, 1845. j30 3t*m /? NEW POR T AND PROVIDENCE. Fare 91. DAY LINE via GRF.ENPORT. ,, The Long Island lt-iil Rnnd will run a traiu in \ ? connection with the Sound Steamer Worce?ter,ou i i Thursday. the 3d of July, at 8 o'clock. A. M., ,1 S from I lie Depot at Brooklyn. The days hereafter 1 I ving New York will be Mondays, Wednesdays and Fri. ' I . jyl 2wrc " FOURTH OF JULY EXCURSION. | ' 'VEEN NEW YORK & PHILADELPHIA, At reduced rates of Fare, by the New Jersey fiflj Rail Road and Transportation Company, from the - *j5KjjLfoot of Liberty street, N. R., from the 2d to the ** nh .liilv wiili the privilege of returning on the S< i or Cth July, 1845,iuclusive. Part for the. Excursion Four Dollars. .'Jew York on 2d. 3d and 4th July at 9 A. M., aud 2<1 and tit t\P. M? Returning from Philadelphia on the 5th i July ?t 8 A. M., and Ith, 5tli and 6th July at S P. M. i, :ts can be procured at the office of the Company, foot of ' ' ' street, N. R., and will not be received after the time kin * ".ated. ? huts from New York will be able by this arrangement Baltimore, Washington, Reading, I'ottsville, &c.; the ' ? .ii I'hiladelphia to the above places is?very low. ' 1 *rc ; "FOURTH OF JULY EXCURSION ' NEW BRUNSWICK AND PERTH AMBOY, ry ^.i From Barclay street, at 9 A. M.? The str im "" ^a*boat RARITAN, Captain Uaac Kisher, will 1 the foot of Barclay street on Friday " i, luly 4th. *t 9 o'clock, for the above places, making t Outer and Inner Passages, affording pleasant views of ' .ii d Harbor, Government Fortifications, Sandy Hook ?ml the beautiful tcenery of the Souud and Kilns. Re u.-mifc. the R?ritan leaves New Brunswick at J* before 2 P.M ' ,Jerth Amboy at 3 o'clock, arriving in the city at }* before 5 ?'clock. (fa-Fare for the whole Excursion Fifty Cents. r, S. ? Families and parties of pleasure will fiud this nneof the most pleasant and healthful Excursions made on the 4th. jyl lt*rc i PEOPLES' LINE OF STEAMBOATS FOR ALBANY , DAILY ? Sundays Excepted ? Through Di rect, at 7 o'clock P. M., from the Pier between .Courtlandt and Liberty streets. amboat UOCHE8TER, Captain R. O. Cruttenden, will leave on Monday, Wednesday and Friday Evenings, at7o'clock. Steamboat KNICKERBOCKER, Captain A. Houghton, will leave on I uesday, Thursday uiui Saturday evenings, at 7 o'clock. At 5 o'clock P. M., landing at Intermediate places, from the foot of "? 'relay street amboatNEW JERSEY, Capt. R H. Fur?y, will leave , t toiiday, Wednesday, Fridsy and Sunday Afternoons, st 5 o ? ck. . ? amboat NORTH AMERICA, Captain L. W. Brainard, v rave on Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday Afternoon., at 5 *i ck. . sengers taking either of the above Lines will arrive is Alba ample time for the Morning Traiu of Cars for the east or i f r Beau are new and substantial, sre furnished with new aud . . tit state rooms, and for speed and accommodations are uu ii ? .ed on tlie Hudson. vight take* at moderate rates. . l?-r?on? nre forbid trusting any of the Boats of this hine, >ut a written order from the Captains or Agents. r passage or freight, apply on board the boats, or to r. C. nix. at the office on the wharf. je30 m NEW KERRY TO FORT HAMILTON. YELLOW HOOK AND NEW YORK. Til E Steamboat HAMILTON, Captain H. ? Mallan, has been put on the above Ferry, and ?? will commence on Monday, the 30th nut., and ia* follows, unill further uolict : leaving Pier No. I taut River. I Fort Hamilton. 7 A.M. 1XP..M. 8 A.M. 5 P.M. 1U A. M. 6 P. M. I 12*4 P. M. 7 P. M. Fare, 12J* cents. lie lOLAS will be ready to commence her trips on July nd continue tut- season. je30 3t*rc ^LW YORK, ALJ1ANY AND TKxJTlINL. jfci FOR ALBANY AND TROY DIRECT. ? at T o'clock, P. M ?The steamboat EM- | ?? J8fcJE_PIRE, Capt&iu R. B. Macy, will leave the I Bboat pier foot of r.ourtlandt ?treet, every Tuesday, mday a id Saturday afternoou, at 7 o'clock. h? stiml oat COLl'MBIA, Captain Wu. H. Peck, every I adw, Wednesday a <1 Frids ' afternoon, at 7 o'clock, or Passage or Freight apply on board, or at Che office on the tt. ju29 rc i MORNING BOAT~FORALBA~N Y, AND intermediate landings. Breakfast and Dinner on hoard. ? The splendid steamboat SOUTH AMERICA, Captain H. 'i'rae?dell, will leave the foot of Barclay street (north aide J>e Ferry) on Thursday morning, June 20th, at 7 o'clock. Ir passage apply on board theboat^ tual Landings ? Caldwell' '?ie, Hyde Tark, Rhine" ,?oii, Coxsackie, Kiiid?i i on board the boat. Caldwell's, West Point. Newburgh, Pooch k, lilniiebeck. Iledlmok, Maiden, Catskill, I. KiiiJ?"hooli. and New Baltimore. MORNING LINK AT 7 O'CLOCK, yw ,/a FOR ALBANY. TRCY and intermediate ?-Bn-Sol* landings, from tlie Steamboat Pier at the foot of Barclay street. irvitfaat and Dinner on board the boat. Lea Its New York at 7 o'clock, A. M., Tuesdays, Thursdays il Srfurday , and Troy at 6 o'clock, A. M., Albany at 7 o'clock M Monday, Wednesday and Friday. rii, low-pressure steamboat 1 R O V , Captain A. Gorham, on eaiays, Thursdays and Saturdays, at 7 o'clock. Dii steamboat NIAGARA, Captain A. Degroot, on Mon r, Wednesday and Friday, at 7 o clock. woj passage or freight, apply on board, or to F. B. Hall, at the .en on the wharf. Notice? AH goods, freight, baggage, bank bills, specie, or any ler kind of property taken, shipped, or put on board this boat, i * be at the risk of the owners of such goods, freight, bag it, Sic. je!8rc NOTICE. STATEN ISLAND FERRY, FOOT OF WHITEHALL STREET. FARE C'? CENTS. On and after Saturday. 7th June, the Steamboats SYLPH and TATEN ISLANDER will leave New York every hour rxcept 'i P. M., commencing at 8 A. M., until 7 P. M. Leave *Uten Island every hour except 4, commencing at 8 A.M., ntil 7 P. M. ju7m FOR NEW ORLEANS? Louisiana and New ? York Line? Regular Packet, to sail Monday, 2 1 at ?instant? The elegant fast sailing packet ship OSWE ?0 Capt. \VTiod, will positively sail as above, her regular lay. I"" freight or passage, having handsome furnished accom ?odaons, apply on board, at Orlenns wharf, foot of Wall st, r to E. K. COLLINS & CO., 56 South st. Posi^w)y n0 goods received on board after Saturday evening >tli insmit. Agent h New Orleans James E.Woodrnff, who will prompt T forw?rd\)| goods to his adddress. j I rc ,0R ST. JOHNS, N. B.-The British brig V IO K)R ST. JOHNS, N. B.-The British brig V IC- I ? TON *, Price master, being detained, will tak? awhat Veight may oflfrr This Day, and tail To-mor l l?t July,) hr wliich, or passage, apply to the Captain ot oatd, foot of Trtij street, N.R.orto .. jefr) Ifrn PEHMiEfc BROOKS, Nos.M k67 Nassanst. PLEASURE BOAT FOR SALE. A heautifi'l and fast-sailing Pleasure Boat, 18 feet in KfJ9^'?'l|K<h and 8 feet in width, is oflered for sale. She is ?"??fccSjulaUly found in every respect, having just been >ut in comiiK? order. Price SIM). For particulars apply at lw office of J. i CROSBY, Esq., No. 20 Nassau st. j 29 3lis*ec v? VERPOOL? The superior ship NEP fflyT'NK.ISi,, Pelsch, will sail on her regular day. I .-WWWGe h or piiaage, having unsurpassed accommodations ii the Cabin only, t.9,,|yv, ? JOHN HERDMAN, '? *'-'7 rc ^ (it South street. i J&kk. ?n%A<i.Kar?v^4.V.,,% OLD LINE OF LIVER- I ^?VlJ.0<^ LIVERPOOL-Only aWMfclUKular Packet of the 1st fit Ju|y.? The magnificent ?ml ???lei. rated fast sailing.favortte P>"?v,hip MONTEZUMA bmtheii 11(10 tons, A. B. Lowbar, commk.J.r wlii ?i| poii. lively onTuesdav, 1st of July. Having ii.te,|ualled accommodations for civ_ 2d cabin and steerage passengers, those returning to the old c"iVV,rv or tug fur their fri.nd*, will liud it to their interest anh..olnfnrt to select this unequalled line of packets. For terms of passage and to secure tlie best hertlis, ev.|y plication should he mude on board, foot of Be?kinan streK or to t lie subscribers, ROCHE, BROTHERS k. CO, I i-27 V> Knltmi street. nest door to the Fulton Bank. N Y i JoK GLASGOW ?Regular Packet.? The well known, foat sailing British Barque ANN HARLEV, iDnnc ,n Smith ? 1 ' ? * ' c 7 ?niw nanjue HARLEl , ror ireignt or Fajstge. apply so i2?rc WOdDHULL It MINTURN8, t7 9 mth street AAi- FOR I IVF.HPOOL.-The splendid ship KEN ?30K.SIN(JTt?N. Captain Shumway, will positively sail ?' 1st July , ? . . , l-ii. ii. ss^e having excellent accommodations in I abin anu St? er?m- apply oil board the Ship foot of l)o\er street, or to jel7 ri1 JOHN HERDMAN, 61 South ?t. f<JK LIVERP?.)OL? ' iV New Line? Regular lcfjKsV Packei 21st July ? The sniierior fast sailing Packet ship ittttK.mmiNG1Tt-.lt, mo tons, Capt. Ira Bursley, will sail as niiove, her regular day. For freight or passu*, having excellent ami superior aacom ?Vidttiiws, apply to the Captain on board, or to WOODHULL lc MINTURNS, 87 Sonth street. PHee of latsssge $100. l'lie Packet Ship Liverpool, llM tons, Capt John Eldridge. will Miceevd tlie Hottiuguei and sail on lier regular ria v. >? of August. J je2fi ec A&Bt PACKET ff Jr.M AUSKII.L I.S.? t li Packet JjYxV Ship M ARCELoA, Captain G. Hagar, will sail on MMmHm the 1st of July. For freight or iwssage, apply to CHAMBERLAIN Ik PHELPS, 103 Front street, or to BOYD It HINCKEN, Agent*, No. 9 Toitlin* Buildings, comer Wall and Water ?trv?-u, JeUrro THE FUNERAL SOLEMNITIES AT WASHINGTON. MR. BANCROFT'S ORATION. Phe men of the American revolution are no more Th.it age of creative |?ower has jwssed away. The last surviving signer of the Declaration of Indepen dence has Jong *ince left the earth Wa?B?on IfnnTr "Wn i>otomac. surrounded by his fami y and h,d servants Adams, tl,e colossus of inde- | pendence, reposes in the modest grave-yard of his ' native region. Jefferson sleeps on the^he, Jts of his own Alonticcllo, whence his eye overlooked his I beloved Virginia. Mud .son, the list survivor of the m?n who i made our constitution, lives only in our the [ma J of r I "fc "ay thuf theLh?*roes. whom i the image of God shone most bright y, do not live I iSr 1 .Thfy: Mpd with ,he conceptions which called America into being; they lived lor those conceptions ; and their deeds praise them We are met to commemorate th? virtues of one South Carolina gave a birth-place to Andrew Jackson On its remote frontier, far up on the ror??t nin^t i ?? l i the Catawba, in a region wh^the SK? we?^t beginning to clutter, hii eyo first saw the light There ! hi* infancy sportcil in the ancient fore.ts and his m?nd ! ? as nursed to freedom by their influence. Ho was the youngest son of an Irish emigrant, of Scottish oriifiu yT *? " ? Freat war of Frederick of Pras' | ot our land were but a body of dependant rninn # scarcely more than two millions in number, scattered along an immense coast, with no army, or navy, or union and exposed to the attempts of England to contiol America by the aid of military force. His boyhood erew up in the midst of the contest with Great Britain The first great political truth that reached his heart was that SeaZ? BreJree a,"d ?t>ual i ?'? first great fact that pendence * understanding, was hi. country's inde Tisrs S; ?f "" nesaed the scei I horror t t '!e Wlt" and when but 1? , lXr\ clIi W8.r shouldered h msket a ! Ilt l ^ ./'fi. '6!;', lu: for his count' atrike a blow Joyous ci lor America and for humanity ! But for llrilv '/u1 y' ovents wore full of agony and giief. His lather was no more. His oldest brother fell a victim to the war of the revolution ; another ?hi? com panion in arms) died of wounds received in their v'ly ; his mother went down to the grave a victim r^n h effoi ts to rescue her sons ; and when peace cherish him "anH i'".? " 'h?? world? with no kindled to powers. heritance but his own untried orJadzTsiUelf1"' in,ar"ri',!lt(ed trom British rule ?tifution the ue " ' -,0" K T.6S W8y to th* co? event of the thoi "od^'h" 7that Sran<1 complished: Amei '>dern history-, 8 ac government, and tu, ' nttVnn'n"*7 8 powers of the earth. nation among the n,,! ''e ,'.'ext great office to be performed by America is the taking possession of the wilderness The niutrn'ifi laT?weSi%Viall0y C.ri?ed ?Ut t0 the civili2.ation ol popu Behold then n,'.rU if op1cnI,ie(1 bX cultivated man. "or mother, nor ,i,,.r. ?? ? own n?^ I F t,mu whc" Washington was pledging his h i i c't hat ??ad c?oinin ^ f rom't h' rC" e? 'n ^ J^a* ing in-the adventurous Ja?W? in ,h "*?? Wa" ral1" ani boundless hope ami comidont imrepioitr Jf g ?? one, plunged into the wilderness croSSeH ,hIWenty" mountain-barrier that divides the ? 0 Krow' the Atlantic, followed the r ath. of rater" ,rOD' fugitives, and, not content K )h. t' earl>' hunters and [Used as the great pioneer; under his courage* thecom" nig emigrants were sure to find a shield. m' into the territory a<whoserP| i?*" 10 J0"' """"selves soil in vited the pretence climate and fertile with his rifle and !tis axe attend.^1? ?^e buntei drer'i ll|e herdsman driving the few c a'u 1 e t ha t "w e re ' t ' ?!u I'i"," Prair,CR blossomed everywhere nrolnsiK with wild llowers- whose woods in spr^g .ml Fo ? iame by their magnihcence, the cultivated gardens of man fAnd now that these unlettered ftgith", -dur.tei th? ,'1'irit of freedom, destitute ofdeadletter erudition, but sharing the living ideas of the .ire Ll made their homes in the West what u-nnM fiii .! ^""'d they degrade themselves to ignorance andlnfl delity 1 Would they make the solitudf.of?he de.ert cuses for licentiousness ? Would the doctrines of free' of Taws^JidTJS ^utTsT ni"d '0Ciet> ' <les,'""e iWlgs Spsis-S-aSEiF-S The convention came together on tlio I lth hL\t r i nary, 1796, and f.nished its wo k?n ' Jt u-T smmmmM its essential forms w?a tn in.? ? fabric, which, in They wrought in sad sincerity, Then selves from God they could not free; They builded better than they knew; The conscious stones to beauty grew. In the inftrument which they framed, they embodied their faith in Ood, ai d in the immortal nature of man. ? They gave the right of suffrage to every freeman ; they vindieatod the sanctity of reaaon. by giving freedom of speech and of the presa; they reverenced the voice of Ood, as it speaks in the soul of man, by asserting the in defeasible right of man to worship the Infinite according to his conscience: they established the^reedom and equa lity of elections; and they demanded from everyfuture le gislator a solemn oath " never to consent to any act or thing whatever that shall have even a tendency to lessen tho rights of the people." These majestic lawgivers, wiser than the Soloni, and Lycurguses, and Numas of the Old World? these pro phetic founders of a State, who embodied in their consti tution the aublimest truths of humanity, acted without reference to human praises. They kept no special record of their doings; they took no pains to vaunt their deeds; and when their work was done, knew not that they had finished one of the sub- ; limest act* ever performed among men. They left no record, an to whoie agency was conspicuous, whose elo- , quence swayed, whose generous will predominated; nor i should we know, but for tradition, confirmed by what followed tmong themselves. The men of Tennessee were now a people, and they wore to send forth a man to stand for them in the Con ress of tae United States? that avenue to glory? that ome of eloquence? tho citadel of popular power ; and, with one consent, they united in selecting the foremost man among their law-givers ? Andhkw Jackson. The love of the peoplu of Tennesseo followed him to ; tho American Congress ; and he had served but a sin-'le j term, when the State of Tennessee made him one of its ; representatives in the American Senate, where he sat , under the auspices of Jefferson. Thus, when he was scarcely more than thirty, he had guided the settlement of the wilderness ; swayed the de- J liberation of a people in establishing its fundamental '?iwr ; ar ted as the representative ot that people, and "fc>in as tho representative ot hia organised State, disci plined to a knowledge of the power of the peaple and the poweiofthe States: the associate of republican states men, th* friend and companion of Jefferson. The men who framed the constitution of the L'nited j States, many ?( them, did not know the innate life and \ seli-nraseiring energy of their work. They feared that : freedom could not endure, and they plannod a strong go- 1 j vemmcnt (or ita protection. During his short career in Congress, Jackson showed his quiet, deeply-seated, innate, intuitive faith in human freedom, and 111 the institutions of freedom. lie w as ever, by bis votes and opinions, found among those who had confidence in humanity ; and in tho great diviaion of , minds, this child of the woodlands, this representative of forest life n the west, was found modestly and firmly on the aide ot freedom. It did not occur to him to doubt the right of man to thefrco development of his powers ;it did not occur to hiin to place a guardianship over the people; it did not occur to him to seek to give durability to popu lar institutions, by giving to government a strength inde pendent of)opular will. Prom the first, he was attached to the fundamental doc trines of popular power, and ol the i>olicy that tavora it ; and though hia reverence for Washington surpassed his reverence for any human being, ho voted agninst the ad- | Hress from tho Houae of Representatives to Washington : on hit retirsment, because iti language appeared to sane* 1 Hon the financial policy which he bettered hostile to re- I P' During ^u'pTriod of service in the Senate, Jackson was elected major general by the brigadier! and fiel 1 of fleers of the militia of Tennessee. Resigning las place in the Senate, he was irade judge of the supreme court in law aud equity, such was the confidence in his integ rity of purpose, nis clearness ol judgment, and his *>E?r of will to ileal justly among the turbulent who crowded into the new settlements of Tennessee. , Thus, in the short period of nine yeors, Andrew Jacic soil was signalized by as many evidenc?s of public e? teem as could fall to the lot of man. The moneer , of the wilderness, the defender of its statious, he was , their lawgiver, the sole representative of a new people in Congress, the representative of the State ia the Se nate, the highest in military command, the high?1* 'Ju dicial office, lie seemed to be recognised as tho ?rst in love of liberty, the first in tho scicnce of legislation, in jU<Kondof privateTife^'e would have resigned tho eial office- but the whole country demanded his service. "Nature"' they cried, "never designed that your power. of thought and independence of mind should be lost in retirement." But after a few years relieving himself from the cares of the bench, he gave himself to the i acti vitv and the independent life of a husbandman. He car ried into retirement the fame of natural u" was cherished as " a prompt, frank and ardent soul His vigor of character constituted him first whom he associated. A private man as he was, his i name was familiarly spoken rouud every ' nessee Men loved to discuss hi* qualities. All discern ed his power; and when the vehonienco and impetuosity of his nature wero observed upon, there were not want- | ing those who saw, beneath tho blazing fires ol his ge- , niu?, the solidity of his judgment. Hi;5 hospitable rool shcltored the omlgrant and the J 10 neer; and, .as they made their way to their new homes, they filled the mountaiu sides and the valley* with his | '"connecting himself, for a *ea*on, with a man of busi- j ness, Jackson soon discerned the misconduct of 1'ls ah'?' j ciate. It marked his character, that he insisted, himself, on paying every obligation that had been contracted, and, 'rather than endure the vassalage ol debt he in stantly parted with tho rich domain which his early en 1 terprisc had acquired-with his own mansion-with tl.e j fields wtiich he himself had tamed to the plough.hare with the forest whose trees were as familiar to him as lus friends? and chose rather to dwell, for a log cabin, in the pride of independence and Integrity. ">n all great occasions, Jackson's influenco was defer red to. "When Joflerson had acquired forthohco"tnt'J whole of Louisiana, and there seemed some hesitancy j>n the nail of Spain to acknowledge our possession, the ser vices ot Jackson were solicitedbv the national adminis tration and were not callod into full exercise, only from the peaceful termination of the iacidents that occasioned ""in the long serios of aggre*?ions on the freedom of the seas and tho rights of tho American (lag, Jackson was on the sido of his country, and the new maritime code ol renubllcaniim. In his inland home, where the roar of the breakers was never heard, and the mariner was never seen, he resented the continued aggression on our com mP\V h c n' th e"c o 11 1 i n uanc e of wrong compelled the nation to resort to arms, Jackson, led by the instii^tivo knou - lci'.ee of his own greatness, yet with a modest) .ia would have honored tho most sensitive delicacy of na ture confessed his willingness to be employed on the Canada frontier; and it is a fact that hea.Diredtothe I commnnd to which Winchester was appointed, we may ask what would have been the result, if the ? I tho northwestern army had, at the ?l)0"'"g ,o ! heen eutrusled to a man who, in action, ' was er er so I fortunate, that his vehement will seemed to ha\e ma le dThne^a"!;itofttgeiot?yhieddhiS,in another direction On 1 the declaration of war, twenty-five hundred had risen at his word to follow his standard, but, > countermanding orders from the seat ol government, the "a uml'grca't dangor hung over the West. The In dian tri^w^re to malce .cue* last effort to restore U to ; its solitude, and recover it lor savage life. The brave i relentless Shawnees? who, from time immemorial, had strolled from the waters ofthe Ohio so the rivers of A a bama-were animated by Tecumseh and his brother the i Set who spoke to them as with the voice of 0 e ' Great Spirit, and roused the Craek nation todesperate i massacres Who has not heard of their terrible deeds, when their ruthless cruelty spared neither sex nor age I When the infant and its mother, theldanter and lus lami ! ly, who had fled for refuge to the (o, tre;s the garrison i that capitulated ? all were slain, and not a >?stige ?Jjj? 1 lenc e yv as le ft in the county? The cry o I the ^ ^ mande.il Jackson for its defeuder; and though his arm was then fractured by a ball and hui.gin *^,n?n',e placed himself ?t the head of the volunteers of rennes | see, and resolved to terminate forever tho hereditary Who oan tell the horrors of that campaign 7 Who can oaint rightly the obstacles which Jackson overcame | mountains, the scarcity ol untenanted forests, winter, the ; failure ol supplies lrom the settlements, the 'n*"b,or<^"*0 lion of troops, mutiny, menances of desertion ' can measure the wonderful power over men, by which nis personal prowess and attractive energy, drew them in .nidiwinter from their home., across the mountains and morasses, and through trackless deserts 7 Who can de^ scribe the personal heroism of Jackson, never sparing himself, beyond any of his men ; encountering toil and fatigue, sharing every labor of the camp and ofthe march f fort-most in every danger ; giving up his horse to the invalid soldier, while be himself waded through the swamps on foot ? None equalled him in power of ei. durance ; and the private soldiers, as they found him passing them on the march, exclaimed, be is as tough as the hickory." " Yes," they cried to one another, ?' the ro goes Old Hickory !" 1 Who can narrate the terrible events of the double bat I ties of Kmuckfaw, or the glorious victory of T ohopeka, I where the anger of the general against the faltering was 1 more appalling than tho war-whoop and the rifle or the savage .' Who can rightly conceive the held of Lnoto chopco, where the general, as he attempted to draw the sword to cut down a flying colonel who was leading a regiment from the field, brook again the arm which was but newly knit together; aud quietly replacing itinthe slinc with his commanding voice arrested the flight ol the troops, and himself led them back to victory . In six short months of vehement action, the most terri ' ble Indian war in our annals was brought to a close: the prophets were silenced; tho consecrated region of the Creek nation reduced. Through scenes ol blood the avenging hero sought only the path to peace. 1 hus Ala bama. a part ol Mississippi, a part of his own Tennessee, and the highway to the Kloiidas, were his gifts to the Union. These were his trophies. Genius as extraordinary as military events can call forth was summoned into action in this rapid, efficient, and most fortunately conducted war. ' Time would fail were I to track our hero down the watercourses of Alabama to the neighborhood of Pensa cola How he longed to plant the eagle of his country ; on its battlements ! Time would fail, and words be wanting, were I to dwell on the magical influence of bin appearance in New Orleans. His presence dissipated gloom and dispelled alarm; at once ne changed the aspect of despair into a confidence of security and a hope of acquiring glory, livery man knows the tale of the heroic, sudden, and yet deliberate daring which led him, on the night of the twenty-third of December, to precipitate his fittie army on his' foes, in the thick darkness, beiore they grew fa miliar with their encampment, scattering dismay through veteran regiments of Kngland, and deleating them, and arresting their progress by a far inferior force. Who shall recount the counsels of prudence, the kind ling words of eloquence, that gushed from his lips to cheer his soldiers, his skirmishes and battles, till that eventful morning when the day at Bunker's Hill had its fulfilment in the glorious battle of New Orleans, and American independence stood before the world in the majesty of victorious power. These were great deeds lor the nation; for himself ho did a greater. Had not Jackson been renowned for the vehement impetuosity of his passions, for his defiance of other's authority, and the unbending vigor of his self will 7 Behold the savior of Louisiana, all garlanded with victory, viewing around him the city he had preserved, the maidens and children whom his heroism had protec ted, stand in the presence of a petty judgo, who gratifies his wounded vanity by an abuse ol his judicial jiower. ? fc.very breast in the crowded audience heaves with indig nation. He, the passionate, the impetuous ? he whose power was to be humbled, whose honor questioned, whose laurels tarnished, alone stood sublimely serene; and when the craven judgo trembled, and faltered, and dared not proceed, himself, the arraigned one, bade him take courage, and stood by the law even in the moment when the law wns made the instrument of intuit and wrong on himself-at the moment of his most perlect claim to the highest civic honors Ilis country, when it grew to hold many more million, the generrtion that then was coming in, has risen up to do homage to tho noble heroism of that hour. Woman, whose feeling is always right, did honor from the first to the purity of his heroism. The people of Louisiana, to the latest hour, will cherish his name as their greatest benelactor. The culture of Jackson's mind had been much promo ted by his services and associations in the war. His dis cipline of himself as the chiei in command, his intimate relations with men like Livingston, the wonderful deeds in which he bore a part, all matured hit judgment and mellowed his character. I'eaco camo with its delights; once more the country rushed forward in ti<e development of its powers: once more the arts of industry healed the wounds that war had inflicted; and, from commerce and agriculture and manufactures, wealth gushed abundantly under the free activity of unrestrained enterprise. And Jackson returned to his own fieldi and his owu pursuits, to cherish his plantation, to care for his servants, to look after his stud, to enjoy the aflection of tho most kind and devoted wife, whom he respected with the gen tlest deference, and loved with an almost miraculous ten derness. And there he stood, like one of the mightest forest trees of his own West, vigorous and colossal, sending its summit to the skies, and growing on its native soil in wild and inimitable magnificence, careless of beholders. From all parts of trie country he received appeals to his I political ambition, and tho severe modesty of his well- I balanced mind turned them all aside, lie was happy in > his farm, happy in seclusion, happy in his family, happy j within himseii. Btit the passions of the southern Indians were not al- I layedby the peace with (Ircat Britain ; and foreign emis- i sanes were still among them, to inflame and direct their malignity. Jackson was called forth by his country to restrain the ciuelty of tho troachetous and unsparing Seminole*. It was in the train of the events of t.iis war that he placed the American eagle on 8t. Mark's and above the are'ent towers of At. Augustine. His deeria in that war, of themselves, form a monument to human pow er, to the celerity of his genius, to the creative feitility ol his resources, hi* iutuitlve sagacity. A* Spain, in hi* ludgment, had committed aggression, be would have smancipated her islands ; of the Havana, he earned the recounoissance to be made ; and, with an army of five thousand men, he stood ready to guaranty her redemp ?on fro in colonial thraldom. r But when peace was restored, and hi* office wu ac complished, his physical strength sunk under the pesti lential influence of the climate, and, fast yielding to dis pose, he was borne in a litter across the swamps of Flor ida towards his home. It was Jackson's character that he never solicited aid from any one ; but he never forgot those who rendered him service in the hour of need. At ?.m*w"on all around him believed him near his end. Ins wile hastened to his side ; and, by her tenderness and nursing care, hur patient assiduity, and tho soothing in fluence of devoted loi-e, withheld him from tbe grave. i He would h&ve remained quietly at his home in rei>o*e, , but that he was privately intormed, his good name was to be attainted by somo intended congressional proceed ings; he came, therefore, into the proscnce of the peo ple s representatives at Washington, only to vindicate

his name; and, when that was achieved, he was once more communing with his own thoughts among the groves of the Hermitage. It was not his own ambition which brought him again if . P,lWic Tiew- The affection of Tennessee com pelled him to losun e a seat on the floor of the Ame lican Senate, and, after years of tbe iutensest political stnte, Andrew Jackson was elected President of the Uni ted States. I*ar from advancing his own pretension*, he always kept them back, and had I'or years repie?ed the solicita tion* of his friends to become * candidate He felt sen sibly that he was devoid of scientific culture, and little familiar with letters; and he never obtrude 1 his opinions, or preferred claims to place. But, whenever his opinion was demanded, he was always iea.|v to pronounce it; and whonevor his country invokod his service* be did not shrink even from the station which had been filled by the most cultivated men our nation had produced Behold, then, the unlettered man of th? West, the nur sling of the wilds, tho farmer of the Hermitage, little versed iu books, unconnected by science with tiie tradi tion of the past, raised by the will o! the people to the highest pinnacle of honor, to the central post in the civil ization of republican freedom, to tho 'iatiou where all the nations of the earth would watch his actions? where bis, words would vibrato through the civilised woill, and his spirit he ti.o moving-star to guide the nations ? what policy w 11 he pursue 7 What wisdom will he bnrg with him from the forest? What rules of duty will he evolve from the orncles of his own mind ! ' ''? man of 'h? Wast on mo as the iu*piied prophet o' the West : ho came as one tree from the hoiiiU ol here ditary or established custom; he came with nosuperioi but conscience, no oracle but Ins native judgment; and, true to his origin and his education? truo to tho condi tions and circumstances of his advancement, tie" valuo-t light more than usage ; he reverted irom the pressure ot established interests to the energy of first principle* We tread on ashes, where the lire is uot yet extin guished ; yet not to dwell on his caieor as President were to leavo out of view the grandest illustrations ol his magnanimity. The legislation of the United States had followed the precedents of the legislation of European monarchies; it was the office of Jackion to lift the country out ot the Kuropean forms of legislation, and to open to i? a career resting on American sentiment and American freedom ? He would have freedom everywhere? freedom under the restraints of right; freedom of industry, of commerce or mind, of universal action; freedom, unshackled by re strictive privileges, unrestrained by the thraldom of mo nopolies. The unitv of his mind and his consistency were with out a parallel. With natural dialectics he developed the political doctrines that suited every emergency, with a precision and a harmony that 110 theorist could hope to equal. On every subject in politic*? I speak but a fact he was thoroughly and profoundly and immovably radi cal; and would sit for hours, and in a continued flow of remark make the application of his principles to every question that could arise in legislation, or in the inter pretation of the constitution. His expression of himself was so clear, that hi* influ ence pervaded not our laud only, but all America and all mankind. They say that, in the physical world, the ma*, netic fluid is so diflused, that its vibrations are discerni ble simultaneously in every part of the globe. So it is with the element of lreedom. And as Jackson developed its doctrines from their source in the mind of humanity, the popular sympathy was moved and agitated through out tho world, till his name grow everywhere to be the symbol of popular power. Himself tho witness of the ruthlessne** of savage life he planned the removal of the Indian tribes beyond the limits of tbe organized States! and it is the result of his determined policy that the region east of the Mississippi has been transferred to the exclusive possesiion of cul tivated man. A pupil of the wilderness, his heart was with the pio neers of American life towards the setting sun. No Ame rican statesman has evor embraced within his affections a scheme so liberal for the emigrant* as that of Jackson lie longed to secure to them, not pre-emption rights onlv but more than pre-emption rights. He longed to Invite labor to take possession of the unoccupied fields without money and without price : with no obligation except the perpetual devotion of itself by allegiance to iu country U nder the beneficent influence of hi* opinion*, tho soni of mi*fortune, the children of adventure, find their wa\ to the uncultivated west. There in tome wilderness glade, or In trie thick forest of the fertile plain, or where the prairies mo*t sparkle with flower*, they, like the wild bee which sets them the example of industry mav choose their home, mark the extent of their po**e**ions by driving stake* or blazing trees, shelter their log cabin ? ith i boughs aud turf, and teach the virgin soil to yield itself to the Ploughshare. Theirs shall be the soil, theirs the beautiful farms which they teach to be productive? ( ome, children of sorrow ! you on whom the Old World frown* ; crowd fearlessly to the forests ; plant vour home* in confidence, tor the country watches over you j our children grow around you as hostages, and the wil derne**, at your bidding, surrenders its grandeur of use vltb iV'6 W aud loveliness of culture, let heautilul and lovely ai is this scene, it still br f-ir falls sboit of tbe ideal which lived in the affection* of Jackson. Hi* heart was ever with the pionee^ hTnS lity ever favored the diffusion of independent freehold* throughout the laboring cla**es of our land. It would be a sin against the occasion, were I to omit to commemorate the deep devotedness of Jackson to the cause and to the rights of labor. It was for the welfare M i'e,1K#b0.r!n?-ClBirCf 'i10 dcfied a11 ?'? storm* of po litical hoitility. He longed to aecure to labor the fruit* of its own industry; and he unceasingly oppo*ed every *j *tem which tended to lessen their reward, or which exposed them to be dcfiauded of their dues. The labor er* may bend over hi* grave with affectionate sor row; for never in the tide of time, did a statesman exist more heartily resolved to protect them in their right* and to advance their happiness. For thoir benefit, he op-' posed., .w tial legislation; for their benefit, he resisted all artificial method* ol controlling lobo', and *ubiecting it to capital. It was for their benefit that he loved freedom in all its forms- freedom of the individual in personal in dependence, freedom of the States as separate sovereign ties. lie never would listen to counsel* which tended to the centralization of power. The true American *vs ff,01 pre-suppose* the diffusion of fiecdom-oiea.iized iiie in all the parts o! tbe American hod) politic as there i- organised life in every part of the human svstem. lackson was .leaf to every counsel which sought to sub ject general labor to a central will. His vindication ol the just principles ol the constitution derived its sublimi ty from his deep conviction that this strict construction is required by the lasting welfare of the gieat iaborin* classe* ol tho United states. * 1? this end, Jack?on revived the tribunicial power ot the veto, and exerted it against the decisive actios oi Doth branches of C ongress, against the votes, the wishe-. tne entreaties of per*on*l aud political friends. "Show me, was his reply to them, "show me an express claust in the constitution authorising Congress to tnko the tiu ?iness of 8tate legislatures out of their bands." "lou will ruin us all," cried a firm partisam friend, "vou w ill ruin your party and your own prospects." "Providence answered Jackson, "will t&ko caie of me ."and he per.-e vered. * In proceeding to discharge the debt of tho L'n-ted states a measure thoroughly American? Jackson fol lowed the example of hi* predecessors , but lie follow en it with the lull con*ciou*nes* that lie wa* resciiir a the country from the artificial *ystem ol finance which had prevailed throughout the world ; and with him it former, a part of a system by which Americon legislation was i.. separate itself more and more effectually Irom I- urn pean precedent*, and develope itself more' and more, uc co?'n!f ,t0 U>e v't?l principle* of our political existence The discharge of the debt brought with it. of neces s'ty, ? great reduction of the public burdens, and brought, of necessity, into view, the question, how far America should follow, of choice, the old restrictive system of high duties, under which Europe had on pressed America ; or how far she ihould rely on her own freedom and enterpri*e and power, defying the competition, and seeking the markets, and receiving the products of the world. B The mind ol Jack*on on this mbject reasoned clearly and without passion. In the abuses of the system of revenue by excessive impott*, he ?aw evil* which the public mind would remedy ; and, incliniug with the whole might of hi* energetic nature to the side of reve nue dtitie*, he made hi* earneat but tranquil appeal to the judgment of the people. The portion* of country that suffered most severely from a system of legislation, which, in it* extreme charac ter a* it then existed, is now universally acknowledged to have boen unequal and unjust, were less tranquil; and rallying on the doctrine* of freedom, which made our government a limited one, they sow in the oppressive ?cts an assumption of power which was nugatory, be cause it was exercised, as they held, without authority from the people. 1 ho contest that ensued was the most momentous in our annals The greatest minds of America engaged in the di*cu**ion. Kioquence never achieved sublimer triumphs in the American Senate than on those occa sion*. The country became deeply divided; aud the an tagonist elemont* wero arrayed against each other under forms of clashing authority menacing civil war; the freedom of the several States was invoked against the power of the United State*; aud tinder the organization - ol a State in convention, the reserved right* of the peo pie w ore summoned to display their enorgy, and halanco the authority and neutralize the legislation of the central government. The State* wore agitated with prolonged excitement; the friends ol freedom throughout the world I looked on with divided sympathies, praying that the union of the States might lie perpetual, and also that the commerce of the world might be free. fortunately lor the country, and fortunately for man- , kind, Andrew lackson was at the holm of state, the re presentative of the principle* that were ta allay excite ment, and to reitore the nope* of peace aud freedom. ' By nature, by imnulse, by education, by conviction, a friend to personal freedom? by education, political sym pathies, and the fixed habit of hi* mind, a friend to the rights of the States unwilling that the liberty ol tlic ' St*tes should be trampled under foot?unwilling that the i constitution should loo?e iti vigor or be >?P*jl'?<?.' iV* lied for the constitution: and in it* name he pu ^ the world "The Umo*: it *u?t ?* " word* were a (pell to hush evil passion, ?n<1 , . oppression Under his guiding influence, the fayorea in terests, which had struggled to perpetuate unjust eg lation, yielded to the voice of moderation and roiorm. and every mind that had for a moment eontempiatea , a rupture of the States, discarded it forever. The whole influence of the past was invoked in ?yor of the constitution? from the council chambers ol tne fathers, who moulded our institutions? trom tne nan where American independence was declared, tne clear, loud cry was uttered? "the Union, H mutt be pre- ? served." From every battle-field of the revolution , from Lexington and Bunker Hill? from Saratoga and Vorktown-from the field* of Kutaw-from the canc- I brakes that sheltered the men or Marion- the repented, lone-prolonged echoes came up?" the Union, it must bo preserved" From every valley in our land? irom every cabin on the pleasant mountain sides? from the ships at our wharvesfrom- the tent, of the hunter in our western- | most prairies? from the living minds of the living millions of American freemen? from the thic.kly coming glories or futurity -the shout went up, like "?u n!*?' many waters, " the Union, it must be preserved. The friends of the protective syatem, and they who had de nounced the protective system-the statesmen of the North that had wounded the constitution in their love 01 central ism ?the Tta te s m e n of the South whoe.^d'h^ carried to ita extreme the theory of t"ity of spired together; all bieathed prayer, for the perpetuity ol the Union. Under the prudent firmness of Ja k.on under the mixture of justice and K?"e?ur^wBSturn. interests, the greatest danger to out .^at ed aside, and mankind was encouraged to believe that our Union, l;ke our freedom, is , tl : The moral of the great events of tho?e days i. this that the people can discern nirht, and will make their wav to u knowledge of right: that the whole human mind, and therefore with ,t tke mind ofthe i continuous, ever improving existenco; that the ?PPoal fio'o the unjust legislation of to-day must be m?d? qmeth , earne.tly, perseveringiy ; to the more onliglite ed collective reason of to-morrow ; that submiswonls due to the popular will, in the confidence that the pe p i when in error, will amend their doings;that 'nftP?Pu government inju.tice, i. neither to ^ ?UbUthedby force, nor to be resi.tod by force; i? a word, that the Union, which was constituted by consent, must be pre rlnel/fani to the happy lot of a statesman to receive Mich uuanimmiM ni-plause from the heart of a nation. Duty to the deal demand, that, om this occasion, the course of mea-nre. should not pass unnoticed, in the progies* of which his vigor of character most clearly nniHjrtred. ami his conflict with opposing parties was mo.t violent an I protracted. From his home in Tennessee, Jackson came to the Preside ncv resolved to lift American legis ation out ol the form, of Knglish legislation, and to plac ie our 1 laws on the currency in harmony with the lirinciplesofour government. He came to the Presidency of the United ?States resolved to deliver the Government Iromthe Bank of the United States, and to restore the regulation of exchanges to the rightful depository P?"7 the commerce of the country. He had < e???"?d to dei clare his views on this subject in his inaugural address but was persuaded to relinquish that purpose, on the ground that it belonged rather to a legislative message. When the period for addressing CoDgress drew near. ? wa. .till urged, that to attack the bank would forfeit hi. popularity and secure his luture defeat. It is not, answered, "It is not for myself that I care. urged that hastewas unnecessary, as the bank had stuisix unexpended years of chartered existence. " I may die, he replied, " before another Congress comes together, and I could not rest quietly in my grave, if 1 failed to do what 1 hold so essential to the liberty of my country. And his first annual message announced to the country that the bank was neither constitutional nor expedient. In this ho was in advance of the friends about him, in advance of Congress, and in advance of his party, i ms it no time for the analysis of measures or the discussion of questions of political economy: on the present occa sion, we havo to contemplate the character of the man. Never, from the first moment of his administration to the last, wa. there a calm in the .tril'e of parties on the subject of the currency: and never, during the whole pe riod, did he recede or falter. Always in advance or his party ? always having near him fuends who cowered be fore the hardihood ofhis cournge-he himself, through out all the contest, wa* unmoved, from the first sugges tion of the uncon.titutionnlity of the bank to the moment when he himself, first of all, reasoning from the certain tendency of it. policy, with singular sagacity predicted to unbelieving friends the coming Insolvency of the in stitution. . ... The storm throughout the country rose with nncxam dled vehemence; his opponents were not satisfied wi addressing the public, or Congress, or his cabinet; the threw their whole force personally on him. From a I parts men pressed around him, urging him. entreatin I him to bend. Congress wa. flexible, many of bis porso 1 nal friends faltered: the impetuous swelling wave rolled on, without one sufficient obstacle, till it reached his pre sence; but, as it dashed in it. highest fury at its feet, it broke before his firmness. The commanding majesty of his will appalled hi. epponents and revived his friends i He, himself, had a proud consciousness that hi. will was indomitable. Standing over the* rocks of the Rip Baps, i and looking out upon the ocean, " Providence," said he to a friend, " Providencc may chango my determination: i but man no more can do it, tnan he can remove these Hip Rap., which have resi.ted the relling ocean from the be S'nning of time." And though a panic was spreading rough the land, and the whole credit system, as it thei I existed, was crumbling to pieces, and crushing around i him, he stood erect, like a massive column, which the heaps of falling ruin, could not break, nor bend, nor sway from its fixed foundation. [At this point Mr. Bancroft turned to address the May or of the city of Washington: but finding him not pre sent, he proceeded ] People of the District of Columbia : I should fail of a duty on this occasion, if 1 did not give utterance to your sentiment of gratitude which followed General Jackson into retirement Dwelling amongst you, he desired your prosperity. This beautiful city, surrounded by height* the most attractive, watered by a river so magnificent, the home of the gentle and the cultivated, not less thu the seat of political power? this city, whose site Wash ington had selected ? was dear to his affections; and if he won your grateful attachment by adorniug it with monu ment. t?f useful architecture, by establishing it. credit, and relieving its burden., he regretted only that he had not the oppoitunity to have connected him.elf .till more intimately with your prosperity. As he prepared to take his final leave of the District, the mass of the population of this city, and the masses that had gathered from around, followed hi. carriage in crowd.. All in silence stood near him, to wish him adieu ; and a. the car. started, and he displayed hisgroy hairs, as he lifted hi. hat in token of farewell, you stood around with heads uncovered, too full of emotion to speak, in solemn silence gazing on him as he departed, never more to be seen in your midst. Behold the warrior and statesman, hi. work well done, retired to the Hermitage, to hold converse with hi. for ests; to cultivate his farm, to gather around him ho.itablv his friends ! Who was like him ? He wa. still the load starof the American people. Hi. fervid thoughts, traukly | uttered, still spread the flame of patriotism through the American breast; hi. counsels were still listened to with revercnce ; and, almost alone among statesmen, he in his retirement was in harmony with every onward novement of hi. time. His prevailing influence assisted io sway a neighboring nation to desire to share our insti tutions ; his ear heard the footsteps of the coming mil lion* that are to gladden our western shores ; and his eye ii-cerned in the dim distance the whitening sails that are to enliven the waters of the Pacific with the social sounds of our successful commerce. A*e had whitened his locks, and dimmed his eye, and ?prt??d around him the infirmitic ind venerable emblems of many * ears of toilsome servho ; but hi. heart beat as warmly us in hi* youth, and his courage was a. firm as it Hid ever been in the day of battle. But while his aflec tions were htill for his friend, and hi. country, his thoughts v ere ah eady in a better world. That exalted n. in", which in active life had always had unity of per ception, and will, which in action had never faltered l oin doubt, nnd which in council had always revolted to fli-t principles and general laws, now gave itself up to commuting with the Infinite. He was a believer : fiom feelirg, tioin experience, from conviction. Not a sha dow of scepticism ever dimmed the lustre of his mind. Proud philosopher '. will you smile to know that Andrew lack son perused reverently his P-udter, and Prayer-book and Bible T Know that Andrew Jackson had faith in the eternity of truth, in the imperishable power of popular freedom, in the destinies cf humanity, in the virtues and capacity of the people, In his country's institutions, in the being and overruling providencc of a merciful and ever-living God. The last moment of his lifo on earth is at hand. It is tho Sabbath oi the Lord : the brightness and beauty ol summer cloth# the field, around him : nature is in her glory ; but the suhlimest spectacle on that day, on earth, was the victory of his unbleiiching spirit over death it self When lie first felt the hand of death upon him, "May my enemies,'- he cried, "find peace ; may the liberties ol my country endure forever." Whon his exhausted .ystem, under the excess of pain . sunk, for a moment, from debility, " Do not weep, said he to his adopted daughter, "my sufferings are less than those of Christ upon the cross ;" for he, too, as a disciple of the cross, could have devoted himself, in sorrow, for mankind. Feeling his end near, he would see all his family once more; and he spoke to them, one by one, in words of tenderness and affection. His two little grand children were absent at Sunday school. He asked for them ; and as they came, he prayed for them, and kissed j them, and blessed them. His servants were then admit ' ted : they gathered, some in his room, and somo on the outside ofthe house, clinging to tho windows, that they might gaze and hear. And that dying man, thu. sur rounded, in a gush of fervid eloquence, spoke with inspi ration of God, of the Redeemer, of salvation through the atonement, or immortality, orheaven. For he ever thought that pure and undeftled religion was the foundation of private happinoss, and the bulwark or republican institu tions Having spoken of immortality in perfect conscious ness of his own approaching end, ho bade them all faro well. "Dear children," such wore his final words, "dear children, servants, and friends, I trust to meet you nil in heaven, both white and black? all, both white ami black." And having borne his te.timony to immortality, lie bow ed his mighty head, and, without n groan, the spirit ofthe greatest man of his age escaped to the bosom of his God In life, his career had beoii like the blaze ol the sun in the fierceness of its r.oon-day glory ; his death was love ly as the mildest sunset of a summer's evening, when the sun goes dow n in tranquil beauty without a cloud To the majestic energy of an indomitable will, he joined a heart capable ol the purest and most devoted love, rich in tho tenderestr flections. On the bloodv battle-fleld of Tohopeen, lie saved an infant thst clung to the breast of its dvlng mother; in tho stormiest moment of his I presidency ; at the imminent moment of his deci- ? ?ion, he paused in his w ay, to give good counsel to a poor suppliant that had come up to him for succor. Of the strifes in which he wan engage 1 in hii earlier life, not one sprung from himself, but in every case he became involved by standing foith at the champion of the weak, the poor, and the defenceless, to shelter the .gentle against oppression, to protect the emigrant against tb? avarice of the speculator. His generous soul revolted at the barbarous practice of duels, and by no man in the land have fo many been prevented. The sorrows of those that were near to him went deep ly into his soul ; and at the anguish of the wife whom he loved, the orphans whom he adopted, he would melt into tears, and weep and sob like a child. No man in private life so possessed the hearts of all around him ? no public man of this century ever return ed to private life with such an abiding mastery over the Affections of the people. No man with truer instinct re* ceived American ideas ? no man expressed them so com pletely, or so boldly, or so sincerely. He was as sincere a man as ever lived. He was wholly, always, and al together sincere and true. Up to the last, he dared do anything that it was right to do. He united personal courage and moral courage beyond any man of whom history Keeps the record. Be fore the nation, before the world, before coming ages, he stands forth the representative, for his generation, of the American mind. And the secret of his greatness is this : By intuitive conception, he shared and possessed all the creative ideas of his country and his time. He expressed them with dauntless intrepidity; be enforced them with un immovable will ; he executed them with anelectrie power that attracted and swayed the American people. ? The nation, in his time, hau not one great thought, of I which he was not the boldest and clearest expositor. History does not doKcribe the man that equalled him in firmness of nerve. Not danger, not an army in Cattle array, not wounds, not wide-spread clamor, not age, not the anguish of disease, could impair in the least degree the vigor of his steadfast mind. The heroes ef antiquity would have contemplated with awe the unmatched hardi hood of his character; and Napoleon, bad he possessed his disinterested will, could never have been vanquish ed. Jackson never was vanquished. He was always fortunate. He conquered the wilderness; he conquered the savage: he conquered the bravest veterans trained in the battle-fields of Europe; he conquered everywhere in statesmanship; and, when death came to get the mastery over him, he turned that last enemy aside as tranquilly as he had done the feeblest of his adversaries, and esca ped from earth in the triumphant consciousness of im mortality. His body has its fit resting-place in the great central valley of the Mississippi; his spirit rests upon our whole territory; it hovers over the vales of Oregon, and guards, in advance, the frontier of the Del Norte. The fires of party spirit are auenched at his grave. His faults and frailties have perished. Whatever of good he has done, lives, and will live forever. Boston. [Correspondence of the Herald.] Boston, June 36, 1840. Counter Statement of the Bell Ring ere. 1 have just seon, in your journal of yesterday, a let ter signed " H. Swift," for the Campanologian Brothers in which the writer complain* that I have drawn hi* band into a newspaper controversy, by denouncing them as impostors. I will, with your permission, state what 1 did, and leave it to the public to decide if 1 was not justified in the course I pursued. On June 2d I arrived in Cleveland, Ohio, and aaw for the first time, the advertisement of the new band of Bell ringers. This did not surprise me, lor I had heard that a band was forming?but I was very much surprised to find that they had assumed part of the title ol the origi nal band? had corned our advertisements almost verba tim? referred to their success in Kurepe !? (where they have never been)? assumed the same style of dress? and to cap the climax, had a foe simile of our wood cut at tho head of their advertisement. This 1 considered, andatill do consider, a most unjustifiable attempt to use the repu tation of the "original" band to their advantage, and a most palpable attempt to lead the public into error, and as such 1 denounced it in the card published by me on June 3d. With reference to their precipitate retreat from Clare land, it appears somewhat strange that they could not remain there a single night, on account of " prior en gagements," when, instead of going forward to Detroit, as they intended, they went back to Buffalo, and gave no concert for two or three nights afterwards. Mr. H. Swift speak* of a challenge said to have been offered by me. 1 offered neither challenge nor bet. The I editor ol' the Cleveland Herald told me they had assured 1 him that tliey could learn and perform a piece of music j in one day, which my band could not learn in less than a | week. 1 laugiiC'l at this ridiculous bragadocia, and said i I should like to give them an opportunity to prove their I assertion, |iid Uiat the original band would give them $100 then and there to do so. Further than this, 1 told the same gentleman that if they would remain and play, we would relinquish the .Apollo Hall on one of the two night* for which I engaged it. To this offer 1 received no reply; ami as quickly as possible alter their arrival, they lelt the city, and "returned whence they came." Since then I have " pursued the even tenor of my way ' without reference to their movements, and shall continue to do so. Of their performances I can offer no opinion, no ing heard them, which I regret Of their using ou> of name, dress, engraving and advertisements, think it both unjust and unwise? very unwis* firmly believe that an American band of artists attractive character, could, il properly conduct* pletely outstrip in public favor a band from an part of the world ; " provided always," (and thi impoitant point, )tliat thevposiess equal (mind.onlyequal,) talent with their competitors. But in the matter ot cam panology I have not the {lightest teason to doubt that 1 nave the pleasure of managing tho best? aye, incompar ably the best? band of bell ringers in the world; for a better, or even an equal band, would be ?hl? ?n ^ly-ou their ow talent, and not on anoth^.. .Mr. Swift propose* that the tw j? J .-eflould play ?' a quickstep," as a trial of (kill. This would be a very poor mode of ascertaining their comparative abilities. The " Swiss Bell-ringers play " quicksteps" merely a* entrrmeti in their feast of music. Overtures, symphonies, and selection? lrom the best operas, arc more solid proof* of their skill. Very mediocre bell-ringers^ witn six months' practice, can ring "quicksteps." The original* have attained excellence in anighcr order of music. I am now more than two hundred miles in advance of my band, and cannot, therefore, stipulate time and place, but should we meet in one of the large cities, the " Brothers" will find the " Swiss Bell-ringers" ready to meet them on fair term*. One word at parting, and 1 have done with the " Brothers." "Dearly Deloved brethren" ? You have partly altered your title ? partly ceased copying our ad vertisements, and attempting to look like the " original" band in print? proceed in the good work, brothers complete the task at once? drop the title " Campanolo gian"? call yourselves " American" Bell-ringers? brother* is pretty? call yourselves brothers, then? but behave like brothers. This is a great country, (as you'll say when you've been round it, as we have,) there is room enough for both bands; therefore be just, if not generous? take a title diitinct from our's? write your own advertisements ? don't copy our woodculs, and you will find only friendly rivals in the "Swiss Bell ringers," and W. Conavv, their Manager. Detroit. [Correspondence of the Herald.] Detroit, Mich., June 21, 1846. PojnUation and Trade of Detroit ? Shipping ? Wheat Crop? Wool Grower! ? Iron Steamer Michigan Presbyterian Convention. I wrote you about two weeks since, from this place, but not having seen the Herald since, cannot tell whether the letter was received and published. I was, as any one else would have been, very much surprised to find Detroit so well built and having so much business. The population is from 14,000 to 15,000, and the principal business streets are built in a tine substantial manner. It is the eastern termi nus of the Central Railroad, now terminating at Mar shall, one hundred and ten miles west, ana of the Pontiac road, running to a village of that name, twenty-five miles north-west. The tonnage owned here, consisting of steamers, brigs, schooners and tthipH, is 11,000 tons ; the increase over 1844 is about 3,500. There are two daily lines with Buffalo, one with Chicago, and a number of daily lines to places on Lake Erie, and St. Clair river, Canada, Arc., and two steam ferries wilh Canada. I have noticed amongst the stores some twelve wholesale dry goods establishments, and several wholesale groceries. 1 find, on enquiry, that goods are retailed here at about the same prices as in New York, and that, too, including molasses, sugars, tec. 1 have no data by which to give the umount of Hour shipped from here luM year, but I am assured by a gentleman who has just returned from the interior, ana who is engaged in the milling business, that the wheat in this State, ex cept north, looks extremely well, and willinall instan ces yield a full crop. He also informs me that there were at least ten thousand acres more of land put into wheat this year than last. Wool is also beco ming a staple, and large quantities have already gone forward; one county alone has sent* and will send, over fifty thousand |M>imds ; and the whole quantity will. 1 am credibly informed, come up to three hun dred thousand pounds, which will do mli?h towards supplying the immediate wants of the farmers. The breed ot sheep, is not by any means what it should be, rams being only one half blood. Horses too are inferior here, and little attention seems as yet to have been |?aid by the farmers to stock generally. The United States -steamer Michigan, iron you know, is here, and in my next 1 will give you a de scription of her. The Western Presbyterian Con vention is now in session, and numbers nearly three hand red delegates? few of thein men known in jour section. l)r. Beecher, of Cincinnati, and Dr. lie man, of Troy, aie amongst the members. < ?ne ob ject among others, is to establish a book concern, in opposition to the old school, but as yet it is all talk. No great talent has been exhibited in debate? what may lie, I cannot say. Dr. Duifirld, of this city, it President, but au rrvoir. fky - A Singinc Telejrraph has been invented ia Franco bj a physician named ftjilntun! and a meclssn^ usnied Gilbert.

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