Newspaper of The New York Herald, July 4, 1845, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated July 4, 1845 Page 1
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THE NEW YORK HERALD. Vol. No. UX-Whote Ho. 4044. NEW YORK, FRIDAY MORNING, JULY 4, 1845. Prlct Two Coats. ADAMS & CO'S EXPRESS. ARRIVAL OF THE STEAM SHIP A0AD1A, AT BOSTON. FIFTEEN DAYS LATER FROM EUROPE. Important Intelligence. POSITION OP FRANCE ON THE TEXAS QUESTION. DECLARATION (IF 61IZ0T. STATE OP THE COTTON MARKET. PASSAGE OF THE MAYNOOTH BILL, military Ordered Out in Ireland. ARRIVAL OP THE INDIA MAIL. Markets, Crops, &C. ?&??? &C. The steam-ship Acadia, Captain Harrison, arrived at Boston at 11 o'clock on Wednesday night. L ^hc sailed from Liverpool on the 19th nil . The intelligence is of importance. It will be perceived that France has unequivocal ly declared that she has not joined England in pro testing against the annexation oi Texas to this Union. If Texas wishes to be annexed, it is no affair of ours, says M. Guizot. Texas as an independent nation, can do what she thinks is best [for her own interests. This intelligence throws M. Saligny, the French Minister in Texas, in rather an unenviable |K>sition. What will the Texans do with him 1 The next piece of news of interest to us is the fact that large sales of cotton have been made in Liver jH)ol without any change in the prices. The Maynooth Bill had passed the House of Lords, in all its stages, by larger majorities than in the House of Commons. It only wanted, on the 18th ult., the royal assent. The attention of capitalists was still directed to Railway shares and other schemes. Accounts from China are to the end of March othing important. Trade was Hourishihg in all departments. There was an extensive demand for Colonial pro duce ? sugar ? wool? coffee, <fcc. TheJ Agricultural Reports are more satisfactory than at any former period in the present century, and there is every appearance of an overwhelming produce of every kind, which may, in some mea sure, prevent prices advancing too rapidly. ? The news from India is much later, but of no con sequence. The Peers, on the 10th ult., passed the Maynooth Bill through committee, the Earl of Wicklow ex pressing a hope that he might regard this measure as the forerunner of a bill, next session, for the en dowment of the Roman Catholic clergy by a rent on the land, and Lord Wharncliff observing that, how ever the government might be in favor of such a all the lines -hould start from that pointTlTutTne committee are op|>osed to advising the original dis. fnbution, and the good people of Havre are in con sequence very much enraged with them. The Britannia, whiah left Boston June 1, arrived at Liverpool on the 13th, in a passage of twelve-and a-half days. There was a grand meeting of the league at Co vent Ciarden Theatre on the evening of the IWth. ? The account of receipts of funds by the league was read, from which it appeared that the receipts to the league fund to December SI, 1811, amounted to ?UWi.OOO; subscriptions this year ?5,682; receipts through the Bazaar .?25,0 Mi, making a total of .?116,687. The reading of the receipts was receiv ed with immense cheering. On the evening of the 18th the Duke of Welling ton gave his annual banquet at Apsley House, in celebration of the 30th anniversary of the battle of Waterloo. The number of guests was 76, among whom were. Prince Albert, and all the most distin guished officers in the army. Sir Henry Pottinger's pension is to be ?1500. There was a debate in the House of Commons, June 17, on a scries of resolutions introduced by Mr. C. Buller, on the aftairs of New Zealand, in which the administration of the nfiairs of that colo ny were strongly censured. The debate was ad journed before coming to a quesiton. Among the Spanish news we notice, that al though most ol the Foreign Ministers had gone to Barcelona, our Minister, Mr. Irving, was still at Madrid. An accident of a somewhat serious character oc curred on the Great Western Railway on the 17th. The Kxeter express train, which has recently begun to rnn a distance of200 miles, in the short |>eriod of 14 hours, left the London station at the usual hour, and was proceeding towards Slough with great ve locity f ii was asserted more than a mile a minute,) when the oscillation of the carriages became so great, that the passengers could hardly retain their seats. Soon after, the engine and tender became separated from the carriages, and two of these, one of the first and another of the second class, were thrown from a bank twelve feet high. The passen gers were in great danger, and several were serious ly imured, but none dangerously. A lady was so much alarmed that her life was despaired of, and Sir R. Vivyan, Member of Parliament, received a revere cut in the head. There were 150 passengers, nil unable to escaiw, being locked into the cars, and it is remarkable that no greater injury was sus tained. The Duke and Duchess de Nemours arrived on the 5th ult. at Buckingham Palace, on a visit to the Queen of Great Britain nnd Prince Albert. At a "bal cottunu" given by the Queen, the first dance was led otl' by the Queen and the Duke d? Ne mours, and the Duchess de Nemours with Prince -It is said that Thomas Moore is to write the life of the late Rev. Sydney Smith. In Paris, the carpenters, to the number of 3000 to 4000, have struck lor higher wages, demanding 5 francs, instead of 4. . e Accounts from Beyrout represent atlairs in oyria as in a deplorable state. A civil war, and one ol extermination, was raging in the mountains between the Druses ana Christians. The iron trade has recovered from the temi?orary depression under which it labored. Her Majesty's Visit td Germany.? The often promised visit to Germany by Her Majesty the i Queen of England will, if no unforeseen obstacles | occur, take place this year in the beginning of Au gust and be confined to Coburg Gotha, the districts ofthe Rhine, Hnd Brussels. Accordingto creditable i sources, Her Majesty's presence here will last from the 9th to the 23d August. Her return to England^ will not, as wns expected, take place by the way of Hanover. ? Allgcmcine Zeitung. The "Old England" Roouehy. ? The Jockey Club have given judgment in this case. Messrs. Bloodworth and Stebbings arc declared guilty of conspiring with William Day to "stop" Old England, having bet largely against him, and they are " warn ed off" the Turl, while Day is declared incompetent to appear on any race course. House or Commons, Friday, June 13 ? Tin: 1 Slave Trade? Mr. Tylkr'b Messaue.? Mr. Foster ! had h question to put to the Right Hon. Baronet, | the First Lord of the Treasury, which a very few , words would explain to the house. About a week ago, he presented a petition to the house, most res- I pectably und numerously signed, complaining that the Right Hon. Caronet had improperly counte nanced certain charges against British merchants and capitalists for participation in the slave-trade,! contained in a message to Congress by Mr. Tyler, the late President of the United States. The mes sage arrived in this count? in March last, shortly j afterwards his Hon. friend the member for Leeds,; put a question to the 1 Ion. Baronet on the subject ol a gross misrepresentation contained in the same message on the subject of the treatment ofthe libe- j rated negroes. The Hon. Baronet denied and dis proved the latter falsehood, but at the same time j went rather out of his way togive his implied sane- ! tion to another misrepresentation in the message to which the petition referred. The conduct of the i Hon. Baronet excited so much surprise, that he (Mr. ! Foster) was requested a lew days afterwards to give him notice that the subject would be brought j before the house , and the petition would have been , presented sooner had the parties not wished to give i the Hon. Baronet full time for inauiry, and to pro- j duce proofs, if he could produce them, in support ol j the charge. The petitioners claimed the protection : ofthe house against calumnies so unfounded as res pected themselves, and so discreditable to the na- , tional character. And, before taking further steps, in the matter, he wished to inquire whether there are any documents in possession of government confirmatory ofthe participation, direct or indirect, j of British subjects in the slave trade, charged in Mr j Tyler's message to Congress, dated the 19th Feb., ; 1846 ; and if so, whether there is any objection to ; the production of such documents] Also, whether | government can furnish to this house the names i and description of any of those vessels alleged by ? Mr. Tyler to have been loaded with goods for the slave trade, by or on behalf of any British capital ist, merchant, or manufacturer (inserting or omit ting the names as thought proper) in the United Kingdom or elsewhere, or in any other manner, as alleged in the said message 1 Sir RonERT Peel said a question was put to him about two weeks ago by a gentleman on the 9PP0 site side of the house, with respect to certain al- ? legations contained in the message sent by the Pre sident of the United States to Congress, in which | he stated that he believed the subjects of the j United States were concerned in carrying on the African slave trade, particularly between Rio ! and the coast of Africa ; and he said also that he j djjuight some persons, the subjects of this country, i Hp- concerned in the slave trade. On that occa Hii he, (Sir R. Peel,) said Ik1 was not prepared to Hiy the facts mentioned by the President of the 1 Hited States ; but that if the fact were so, the law | Hthis country should, if possible, be applied to the i Hpression of such traffic. The message delivered ? the President of the United States was accom Hiied with various documents, and i". those docu Hnts the honorable member would find such infor Htion as lie (Sir R. Peel) was possessed of upon H subject. The honorable member would find that Hprrss reference was made to three vessels, the Kmerty of subjects ofthe United States, which ? led originally from the United States. The names Hthe three vessels were given in the document to Hich he had referred? the Agnes, the Montevideo, Hd the United States? they were consisted to ?merican citizens, and the consignees employed an Higlish broker, whose name was given. That was M, only information which he had received. About Ho years ago Parliament, on the assumption that Hitish capital was occasionally employed in foreign Huntries in carrying on the slave trade, passed an Ht which rendered British subjects, residing abroad, Hd so employing their capital, liable to certain pen Hies. If the statement to which he had alluded true, and if the law would reach the parties, it Huld be the duly of government to enforce that ^Klr. Forster. ?The lion . baronet has referred to Btain papers on which the President's messag ?? Is founded. 1 le held a copy of those papei s in his Hid, and to enable the house to judge of the credit He to any statement or charge made on such autho H-, he might mention that in those papers British Kval otiicers engaged in the suppression ofthe slave H<1<\ on the coast of Africa, were accused of per HtUng the embarkation of slaves, that they might Hpture them after shipment, and clnim the bounty H head money for taking them. From this the Kuse might judge of the spirit in which the papers ?ere concocted, nnd the nature of evidence on ?hich the charge against British merchants wat Hade by Mr. Tyler, and sanctioned by the right lion. ?Mr. M. Gibson said the name ol the Agnes had Ken mentioned, lie was authorised by the parties ?ho had been alluded to, to give a formal and un ?lalified contradiction to the assertion that they had Hid goods for the slave-trade tratlie. ? Great Britain Steamship ? The Great Britain ?ft London on Friday afternoon for ( owes, in the TOe of Wight, and thence to Plymouth. After stay ing there two or three days for public inspection, she will go on to Dublin, and thence to Liverpool, from wiiicli port she will start on the 2t?th of July, on the first trip across the Atlantic. At Cowes, whilst wait ing for the dispersion of a heavy fog, Captain Hos kins, with his accustomed kindness and urbanity, volunteered a series of experiments upon the huge fabric under his command, partly with the view to relieve his numerous passengers from the tedious ness of lying several hours at anchor, but more es pecially to satisfy several naval and scientific gen tlemen of the wonderful facility with which the ship could be managed in cases of emergency. Previous ly, however, to getting the ship under weigh for this purpose, an interesting experiment was made with one of the life-boats with which the ship is provi ded. The object was to try to sink it. for which pur- i pose it whs lowered into the water, the valves in the bottom being so arranged as to give free ingress t.nd egress to the water. To fill her more rapidly a num ber ol sailors were sent into her with buckets, and she was soon filled up to that height at which the water flowed out as fast as it was balled in. About thirty men were then sent into her to stand on the thwarts, when Irom the height she still floated out of the water it was very evident that she could when full with water, sustain from fifty or sixty persons without the probabilityof her sinking. '1 heGreat Bri tain is provided with four such boats, two on each quarter, and with one very large similar life-boat on deck, capable of carrying one hundred and forty people, besides two wooden boats of sixteen each. ? In all she lias boat room for three hundred and eighty persons. The life boats are of iron, and are patent ed by the inventor, Mr. Guppv, of Bristol. The day being |>erfectly calm, the Great Britain was put to her full speed, and on a given signal, the helm was put hard a-starboard to show the small space required to turn the vessel completely round without easing her engines. This having been done several times, it was found that the entire circle was made on the average in six minutes and thirty-three seconds, with only two men at the wheel, and the diameter of the circles made not exceeding three lengths of this immense craft. In the next experi ment the engines were reversed until a considerable degree of stern-way had been acquired, when they j were suddenly made to go ahead, the helm at the i same time being put hard to starboard, which in- ' stantly caused the vessel to swing nearly half round , previously to gaining the slightest headway; and had this manonivre of backing been alternately re- j peated, the ship would have been turned completely ; round as it were upon her own centre. This peculiar property of the screw propeller ap- j peared to interest more particularly the naval portion | of the Great Britain's passengers, as it is obvious that in naval actions, when cairns prevail, the power of turning our ships in a small space through its appli cation, in combination with an auxiliary steam en gine, would be of the greatest service, independent ly of its being placed with its machines so far below the water-line as to render it ball proof against an enemy's fire; and from its being so well protected, it is fair to infer that, even after die masts and rig ging of a line-of-battie ship had been shot away, she would have the means of maintaining her position or pursuing a vanquished opponent, who, through her havinu a few stumpt) left has before now esca|>ed by the aid of jury maets. The revolutions made by the engines were eigh teen per minute, and the log was rejieatedly hove in the presence of (he naval officers on board, when it whs found that the average kpeed of the vessel through the water was from 11| to 12 knots per hour. Many of the nautical men on board took pas sage round in her for the purpose of practically as certaining her capabilities, and were rather sceptical of her being able to accomplish even ten knotR. ? From being sceptics they soon became believers, and now speak loudly in ner praise. The Bank of British North America. ? The annual meeting of the proprietors in this corpora tion was held at the Bank House, St. Helen's place, on the 10th instant, to receive the report from the Court of Directors, relative to the state of the affairs of the establishment. The chair was taken by Mr. G. R. Robinson, and after a few preliminary re marks, Mr. S. de JRosco Attwood, (he secretary, read the following report : " Report of the Directors of the Bank of British North America, to the Proprietors, at tlieir Ninth Yearly Ge neral .Meeting, oa Tuesday, June 10th, 1846. " The Court of Directors have much satisfaction in stating that the improvement in the business of the bank, which, at the date of their last annual report, they anti cipated as a consequence of the continued political tran quillity and reviving commercial prosperity of the colo nies, has been fully realised ; and the legitimate demand for banking accommodation has caused the entire capi tal to be engaged in active and profitable employment. " The adherence ofthis bank to its established rules of business, and the determination of the directors not to be tempted by the recent superabundance of money ly ing almost without value in their hand*, to lock up the funds of the bank to any considerable extent, have now enabled them to extend its operations, with equal ad vantage to the bank and to the commercial community. " The directors have found it advisable to open a branch at Hamilton, near the head of Lake Ontario, at which place a largo portion of the commercial affairs of C anada West have centred ; and they have likewise made arrangements for agencies at Porthope and By town, which will secure to the inhabitants of those dis tricts the banking facilities to which they are entitled, without entailing on the bank the expense of additional branches. " These operations have been too recent to have had an effect on the profits of the past year ; but the accounts which have since reached the directors, confirm their opinion as to the soundness of the conclusions on which they have acted. " From the commencement of the bank, the directors have deemod it prudent to roserve at each of the branches a sum under tho head of Premium of Exchange, equiva lent to the specie rate between the colonies and this country, on the capital employed there. By a rocent act of the legislature of Canada, for assimilating the cur rency laws of the previously separate provinces of Up per and Lower Canada, which differed widely from each other, the current value of specie has been altered, and the sums reserved at the Canadian branches have bccome insufficient, and require an addition of ?2054 16s. lOd. sterling, which the directors have thought it right to set apart from the profits of the past year, in order to keep up the wholesome principle referred to, in full efficiency. " The directors have now to lBy before the proprietors the annual statement of the affairs of the bank, and to an nounce their intention of paying, on the 8th of July next, a half year's dividend, at the increased rate of five per cent per annum. " The amount of undivided nett profit, to the 318^ of December, 1843, was ?'i0,h'19 10 4 " The nett profit for the year 1844, after de duction of all current charges, and pro viding for all bad and doubtful debts, and after making the transfer of ?2004 16s. lOd. referred to above, on account of tho alte ration in the value of the Canadian cur rency, was 48,910 3 9 ?70,439 14 1 " From which is to be teken the amount of dividend paid at Midsummer, 1844 A'20,000 ) "Ditto at .Christmas, 1844 20,000 J " 0 " Leaving amount of undivided nett profit to 31st of December, 1844 ?30,44!) 14 1 The three retiring directors having been re-elec ted, the thanks 'of the meeting were" voted to the chairman, and to the court of directors, for their attention to the interests of the proprietors. The Chairman, in returning thanks, remarked upon the generally improved aspect of the aflairs of the bank. They would see by the accounts, that the profits were on the increase, the report exhibi ting an augmentation of ?9000 in the last year ; and, without being too sanguine, the court of directors anticipated, from late accounts already before them, that the profits of the present year would show a pro gressive improvement. The meeting then adjourned. Puhlic Lands surveyed in Canada.? It appears from an official report of the ."elect committee on the public lands of Canada, that the surveyed lands of Canada, West and East, are 35,839,161 acres, of which 30,439,161 acres have been disposed of by grants, sales, &c., leaving a balance at the disposal of the government of 5,410,000 acres. Jlcrtt. The surveyed lands in < anada West are 18,163,219 Of which are disposed to private persons 10,404,66:1 Clergy reserves 2,407,687 King s College. . 226,944 U. C. College 63,612 Canada Co.. on Huron block 1,100,000 Do. scattered 1,384,413 School lands remaining j.'>h,330 Indian reserves 808, MO 16,663,219 Leaving a balance of 1,600,000 at the disposal of the government. In Canada East the estimate of surveyed land is .' 17.086,943 In seignories, to individuals 7,496,000 In townships, do 3,847,629 Catholic seminaries in Montreal. . . .107,000 Seminaries in Quebec 426,000 Jesuits' estates 674,080 Nuus 121,800 Clergy reserves (English Church).. 903,433 13,77i>, 942 Balance jn Canada Knit.. Balance in Canada West. 6,410,000 The committee estimate the whole of the unsur veyed lands to be 8,500,000 acres, reckoning for fif teen miles in the rear of all the surveyed lands. The estimated value of the government lands in Canada West, set down from 80 cents to 1 dollar 60 cents per acre, it 7,101,120 In ( anada Kast, set down from SO to 80 cents. . 10,107,366 Due on sales already made 17,328,476 .Should the estimate of the unsurveyed lands in clude the tract lying between the surveyed lands and Hudson's Hay, the quantity of land at the disposal of the government would exceed one hundren millions of acres, but the estimates only include a district caiwble oi cultivation. American Cottok-Osowimi in Impia. ? By the last Overland Mail from India, we received a cony of the Report of the Bombay Chamber of Commerce for the "id quarter of 1844 ?>, in which we find the following details respecting tho result of some experiments mane in the culture of New Orleans cotton in India : ? " Your committee have, during the past quarter, re ceived from different parties various samples of cotton grown experimentally, and transmitted to them for a re port as to value and suitability for the Bombay market. Of tlieso references, the first in point of date was one from the Collector of Customs at the Presidency, who, under instructions from government, forwarded lor their opinion specimens of five different kinds of cotton from Dharwar. Subjoined is the report pronounced upon them : ? ' No. 3. Broach? Wood in color and very clean, but sta ple extiemely tender. Value Rs. 80 per candy. No. 4. Mixed do. ? Very good both in color and staple, and worth 1U. 96 at 100 per candy. No. 8. Columbatore ? Coarse nnd uneven, and of rather weak staple, but clean and of fair color. Value R*. 80 at 86 candy. No. 12. New Orleans Kair in color and well cleaned, with a fine but short weak staple. Value Rs. 86. No. 13. Abyssinian ? Good in color and well cleaned, but staple short and weak. Value Rs. 86 per candy.' Your Committee soon afterwards received trom Dr. Bradley, of Kllichpoor, samples of five varieties, grown by him in that place last season; and upon these, which were nil considered of fair quality, the following values were fixed : ? No. 1, Rs. 86 at 90 per candy; No. 2, 1U. 106 at 110 per candy; No. 3, Rs. 90 at 9.'> per c.andy; No. 4, Rs. 87 at 90 per candy; No. 6, Kj. 86 at 90 per candy. Dr. Bradley was unable to class these fqiecimens u n der their proper denominations, owing to the packets having become mixed up with each other; but he states that he believes " thuy are all American varieties from Broach or 8urat. The results," he observes, " are in fa vor of Nos. 1, 3 and fl, which take most kindly and yield well, particelarlv No. 3, which being a high plant, al lews its wool to be gathered clean, and free of leaves and rubbish. Nos. 9 nnd 4 have hardly had a fair trial this soaaon, in consequence of the little rain that fell, barely three inches, throughout those months when the , plant was growiag, and the result ii that they are now only boiling. Samples sent are only a few partial plants ' bearing; however, a field io?n experimentally last year of No. 3, has produced it* crop of tolerably fair produce, I and very probably as a biennial, it* second year1* crop will be better than its first." Your Committee hare also been favored by the primci pal Collector of Columbatore, with three samples of New Orleans cotton, (frown in that district for experimental purposes. The staple of all these was poor for New Or leans seed, but it was supposed this must hare arisen in a considerable measure, from injury received in the cleaning. This process had been very effectually per formed, and the specimens were consequently valued higher than any qualities of cotton in the market, viz :? Rs. 100 at 106 per candy for the two best, and Hs. 90 for the third, while Rroach and Surat were quoted at Ur. W, and Dollera and Oomrawuttee at Rs. 94 at 9ft. Major General Kraser, resident at Hvderbad in the Deccan, has likewise furnished them with some tine spe cimens of cotton from New Orleans seed, cultivated un der the superintendence of Captain Meadows Taylor. These are about to be circulated for the inspection and opinion of the members generally. Your Committee place in the appendix to the present report the letters of Captain Taylor relative to the samples, which give a ve ry favorable account of the progress making in the cul ture of New Orleans, Sea Island and Bourbon cotton*. It is gratifying to perceive that the native growers are en gaging actively in the cultivation of these varieties, and that instead of being with difficulty persuaded to make the smallest experiment? as has too often been the case before in other localities ? they evince the greatest ea Serness to obtain seed for sowing. The crops of Bour on and Sea Island, on the bank of the Krishna, are des cribed as most luxuriant; and the success of the New Orleans appears to be beyond a doubt. Captain Taylor states that he lias given directions for the whole of the cotton grown front the seed furnished, to be collected and sent to Sholsnore; and he adds that he purposes af terwards forwarding it to Bombay, iu order to ascertain its value in our maniet. Your Committee trust that the time is drawing nigh when we shall be able to calculate ! on a regular supply of such cotton. There can be no : doubt that it would fetch a good price here for shipment 1 to the home markets, and that it would amply remune- j rate both grower and dealer." (iKNICBAL ASSKMHI.V OF THK CtfUKCH OK SCOTLAND.? i Edinbubom, June 1-Jth. ?Dr. Clark said he had, on a for- i mer occasion, mentioned to the house that Dr. McLeod, ' of Morven, had consented to aot as one of the proposed deputation to America; and he had now to state that, while the acting Colonial Committee had used every ef fort to secure the services of another minister, they had not succeeded; but through the aid of the Moderator, and the intervention of this venerable house, they enter I tained hopes that their object might yet be attained. He would mention the name of Dr. Simpson, who was so well known to the church for the zeal and ability with which [ he discharged all his duties, and with whose talents for business they were all acquainted, in the conviction that il' the house were to lay this duty upon hint, his rev. friend's regard for the best interests of the church would, he (Dr. Clark) thought, operate ou him so strongly, that he would have very great difficulty in refusing a mission for which he was so eminently qllalifi?<i. He TDr. Clark) did think that the appeal to Dr. Simpsou's christian bene volence coming from that house would induce him to Sire the benefit of his abilities and business habits to the eputation ; and he knew that Dr. Simpson would be most acceptable to the other members of that body alrea dy nominated. The Moderator having put the question, j Mr. Souter said that Dr. Simpson had been of very es sential service to the church, and it would be exceeding ly gratifying if ho would add another to the many ob ligations under which they lay to him already. Dr. Clark said he Dr. Macleod, of Morven, would go with much freatev pleasure if he could get the co-operation of Dr. impson. Mr. Paul said he was sure he could say for the members of the I'resbytery of Edinburgh, that they would have great pleasure in giving supplies to the Rev. Doctor's parish. Mr. Walter Cook said that the committee had held con ference with several gentlemen from America. They concurred in expressing the opinion that it was of im mense consequence that the ciiurch should send out such a deputation as this. The Moderator. ? Is it the pleasure ol the assembly that Dr. Simpson should ho re quested to allow himself to be nominated one of the pro posed deputation ? (Agreed, agreed.) Dr. Simpson then said his jriend Dr. Clark had suggested that he should | undertake a duty for which he felt himself quite inade quate. He might state to the house that he had no per sonal objections to his nomination. The kindness of his friends had greatly overrated his qualifications ; but he ' would not have allowed anything to prevent him from at once entering upon the discharge of a duty which was ; prescribed to him by the church ; but his great difficulty was his reluctance to leave his own parish. Dr. Clark said every minister whom they could nominate must have , the same feeling. They could not supply Dr. Simpson's own place in his own parish; but they would do their best that no harm should ne done during his absence. Dr. ! Simpson having signified his acquiescence, he was then, I by acclamation, appointed a member of the deputation. Dr. Robertson then proposed that, in addition to Dr. ; Simpson and Dr. Macleod, Mr. Norman Macleod, of Dal keith, who was so eminently qualified for the office, , should be appointed. Mr. Souter said, so far as the Pres bytery of Dalkeith were concerned, no barrier should be allowed to lie in the way of supplies. Dr. Clark said Dr. Macleod had intimated his willingness to form one of I the deputaion, if they got ahead. Dr. Simpson, Dr. Mac i leod, of Morven, and Mr. Macleod, of Dalkeith, were | then duly appointed to form the deputation. France and Texan Annexation. M. Guizot gave the following explanation of the policy of France with regard to Texas, on the first evening of his re-appearance in the Chamber ot De puties. He said ? "No connexion between the policy he had followed with regard to TexaB and the aboli tion of right of search. If Texas wished to renounce its independence, and enter the American union, no body had a right to interfere or oppose the wish of the people. If the Texans. on the contrary, are de sirous to preserve their independence, not only have we no right to oppose their resolution, but I do not hesitate to say that France would approve their conduct, and acknowledge that they were right. We have recognjzed the inde pendance of Texas we consider it real, and we were interested in doing so. We not only recognized the independence ol Texas, but we have concluded with that country treaties of commerce, which will cease to exist the moment it shall no longer be an independent State. France is in terested in the duration and maintenance of independent States in America. There ure in America three great (lowers ? England, the United States, and the republics of Spanish origin. France is not an American power, but she has interests in iliat continent ; she must, consequently, desire that independent states should continue independent, that a balance should subsist between the three great Ame rican powers, and that none of them should obtain the prep<snderance. We do not mean to protest against the annexation of Texas to jhe United States, nor to engage in a struggle to prevent that annexation, if it is to take place. We wish to leave Texas at liberty to act as she pleases ; if they are anxious to join the (J. States, let them do so ; if not, they are free to re main as they are. France can only interfere by throwing her influence into the scale, and expressing her opinion in favor of the alternative which appears to her most conducive to her interests. She is not called upon to act a compromising part, nor to in volve herself in future difficulties, out it behoves her to protect, by the authority of her name, the inde pendence of States, and to maintain the equilibrium i of the great political powers in America." Ireland. fn the disturbed districts of Lettrim the disorder was increasing to an alarming extent. Having fail I ed to tranqnilize those districts, Mr. Steele, " head ; pacificator," had issued an address, violently de : nouncing tnc offenders ; addressing them as " You i traitorous wretches;" " You villains, lost to every i sense of duty ;" "You outcast traitors ;" " You mis I creant traitors to Ireland Ate. A search for arms has been ordered by Govern ment in the disturbed |>arts of the counties of l.ei trim and Rosscommon. Troops are ordered to lie stationed at Cloone and Hooskey. The Dublin Mail published some |>ort ion of a cor respondence between the Premier and the Archbish op of Armagh, from which it appears, that Sir Ko i bert Peel has again refused to propose a grant in aid ; of the Church Education Society of Ireland. The usual weekly meeting of the Repeal Associa tion took place on the 9th instant, in Concilialion Hall, Dublin, Mr. Devitt, ex-justice ot the peape in in the chair. Owing to the absence of Mr. O'Con nell, the attendance at the. meeting was scanty. The rent for the week was ?370. On the 18th, O'Neill Daunt took the. chair at the repeul meeting. In alluding to the leading events of the present Parliamentary Session, so far as re ? garded Ireland, he said a more unutterably insigni ficant measure than the Maynooth < jrant it would be impossible for imagination to conceive. It was pal pably intended as a bribe to the Irish clergy to de sert repeal, but there Peel would decidedly lail. The rent amounted to ?430 16s lOd. The Monster Kepeal Banquet, at Cork, for which preparations have been long in progress, took place on Monday the 9th, at the Imperial Clarence Koonis. About 600 persons were at tne table, and more than H00 ladies were present as spectators. 1 he Mayor of Cork presided. Mr. OVonnell, emboldened by ( recent events, delivered a s|>eech characterised by a I more than ordinary share of eloquent vehemence, ( rejecting with scorn the conciliatory advances of i the minister as "meanand paltry attempts to swamp j the great ends of agitation." He also told the city j members? one of whom, Mr. CallaL'han, was a guest | 1 ?that they must go out at the next election, unless they are prepared to discharge their Parliamentary , duties by a close attendance at Conciliation Hall j " Federalism," or any other " ism," he said, would j no longer be endured. Franco. We have received Paris papers of the 16th. Our I'aris letter announces that the entire Belgian Min istry had resigned, and that the King (Leopold) had sent for M. lrHuart to charge him with the forma tion of a new cabinet. " M. (Baron} D'Hnnrt has already been twice a member of a Liberal Adminis tration in Belgium," say?our correspondent, " and is at present governor of Namur. The retirement of the Ministry is the reault of the elections, and in dicates a triumph of the Liberal over the Catholic party. Tne Monit'ur announces that the Duke d'Aumale had been appointed, bv a Royal decision of the 29th ult., Commander-in-Chief of the camp of the Gi ronde. Generals Talandier and Perrot are to com mand the two brigades of infantry, and General La palire the brigade of cavalry. Marshal Soult was preparing to leave Paris for his estate of Soultberg, whence ne would visit the camp of Bordeaux. The CorutiltUionntl states that the appointment of Ilcau -Admiral de Moges to the command of the French naval station on the western coast of Africa experienced souie opposition, and that that mission wonld probably devolve upon M Montagnies La roque. Couks Authkntiqve. ? Paris, June 16.? Five per cents., 122f. 1211". 96c 90c; Three i>er cents., 81f. l()c. 83f. 95c. Ordeinhave been received at Toulon for immedi ately equipping three ships of the line for the coast of Merocco. Spain* Madrid, June 10. ? we are as usual in a very ex cited state in this capital; but 1 have little news to communicate. The brutal arrest of the editors of a newsp-iper, the Clamor Publico, has excited univer sal indignation. For publishing an article unpalata ble to tne military dictator who rules this country, they were dragged from their homes, thrust into a miserable dungeon, and subsequently removed, un der a strong escort, from the capital? no trial ? no accusation, even in a legal form? nothing but brute force! The Queen is at Barcelona. Most of the foreign ambassadors, however, remain in this city, and among them, the American Minister. Mr. Bulwer, the English Minister is on leave of absence. A new treaty has been signed between Spain and orocco, bat its provisions are not important to your readers. It was negotiated and is signed on behalf of Spain by Mr. Drunimond I lay, the English Con sul in Morocco. It has been reported that Llspartero had declared that he would again take arms if it be intended to marry the Queen to the son of Don Carlos "The young Queen is by no means handsome, and, for so young a lady, is remarkably stout. Her mo ther has been very pretty, and is still what is called a fine woman. >he appears to be doatingly fond of her plebeian husband, M. Munoz, thanks to her, a duke and a crandee of Spain. A bull light, which took place on the 9th, was one of the finest of the season; 21 horses were killed on the occasion. Another affair of the same kind is to come off shortly, for the especial gratification of the diplomatic^ body, and, amongst them, Mr. Living ston. Secretary to the American Legation. We have received Madrid papers of the 11th inst The excitement created by the ;ibdication of Don Carlos continued to increase, and the hopes of the Carlists to see themselves reinstated in power are raised to the highest pitch. At the same time the people generally nave declared themselves most un equivocally opposed to the Carlist connexion; and so strong does the feeling ainieitr to be, both among the public and in the press, that a revolution would be the inevitable consequences of any attempt on the part of the government to enforce it, and it is ?probable the government will find itself forced to bow to public opinion. No official declaration has, however, yet been made on the part of the govern ment, which is evidently waiting the course of events. Portugal. The dates from Lisbon are to the 10th of June The Queen and royal family were at Cintra. The elections are to take place on the 14th of August, and are expected to be favorable to the ministers. Costa Cabral will not resume the duties of his of fice until after his return from taking the mineral waters at Caldas. Meanwhile, his brother, Silva Cabral, continues to act for him as Minister of the Home Department. There is no further talk of the expected change in the Marine Department. In consequence of the loud complaints made on every side against the decree of the 19th September last, establishing the new sanitary code, the Govern ment have appointed a committee to revise and alter it. Madeira. The oi>eration of the new sanitary code has been suspended at the island of Madeira, in considera tion, as the order states, of that island being so fre quently touched ut by vessels proceeding from Europe to different parts of the globe ? a circum stance which renders the strict enforcement of those regulations extremely inconvenient there. The last accounts from Madeira represent it as suffering greatly from the depressed state of its commerce. The treaty with the United States of America, from which so much was expected, has not led to any increase in the exportation of wine, the staple produce of that island. Dr. Kalley is still there, and has not met with any further molestation At the instance of the new bishop, the Governor hap issued an order against working on Sundays and holidays. Greece. A letter dated Athens, May 30, states that Stratos. thu commandant of the troops on the frontiers of Western Greece, accompanied by his brother, has been attacked and wounded by night by General Girvas, assisted by two amnestied" brigands. The letter states that they were first assaileaby the bro thers Statos. The king has ordered a commission to investigate the affair. The Minister of Finance has produced his budsret for the year 1845. The income is estimated at 18, 000,000 drachmas, and the expenditure at 11,560,000. The loan does not appear in the budget of expenses. Turkey. Accounts from Constantinople, of the 21st ult.. state that the cousultions of the deputies convoked by the Sultan, have ended in a promise that, for the future, the taxes should be raised only at the har vest. The consuls of the five powers, at Beyrout, had addressed a strong remonstrance to the Sultan, relative to the state of anarchy into which Mount Lebanon was thrown, and which outfit, they say, to be promptly put down by the presence of an impos ing force. Aali Eflendi, late Ambassador in London, has been appointed a member of the Supreme Council of Constantinople. Essad Pacha, the recently removed governor of Saida, has been ordered to repair to Brusa. It is said that the British claims meet with more difficulties in the adjustment and settlement than were anticipated. Syria. The state of Syria and Palestine is deplorable. A civil war (and one of extermination) reigns in the Mountain between the Druses and the Christians.? The horrors perj>etrated * n dreadful. On every side the sounds of battle are heard, and nothing is seen but fire and flame ? houses, villages, churches, and convents becoming reciprocally a prey to the flames. A letter from Alexandria, dated May 2f>, says: ? "There has been but little doing in commercial mat ters for the last fortnight. Some cotton is moving off for the English market : and one house pur chased a lot so high as flj dols. |>er cantar (!>5 lb ) j Flax and flax seed are becoming scarce, and until ; August, when the new crop comes forward, any ad- | dition of consequence to the latter article can scarce- i ly be expected. English shipping continue in request, and the sup- j ply is still unequal to the demand. The exchange on NO day bills may be quoted as under: ? On London, OTi ; Marseilles, 5 26 a 5.2*. Trieste, I2t>i ; Leghorn, 1234 ; Malta, 30. Stocks of merchandize in the government ware- i houses in Alexandria: ? New corn, 29,215 ardebs; new beans, 7,172 ardebs; barley. 2, 8K3 ardebs; peas. 107 ardebs; linseed, 2,672 ardebs; seasaine seed. ?1,06-1 ardebs; new cotton, 28, 190 cantqrs; old cot ton, 13,335 cantars. Algiers. The Akhbar of Algiers states that on the 2d inst. Marshal Hugeaud had an engagement with the Arabs near Orleansville, and defeated them, killing 50, capturing 150, and taking a considerable quanti ty of cattle . India. We have received letters and papers from Bombay to the 12th of May. In conseqnence of the want of a steamer at Aden, during the monsoon, the Sesos tris was despatched on that day, and had brought a mail to Aden, which was there put on boardT the I Precursor, and conveyed to Suez. The intelligence which it brings is not of striking | importance. The chief subject of interest is the continuation of the intrigues at Lahore. Ooolab Singh was there a sort of state prisoner; for the troo|>s were unwilling to murder him until he had disgorged the vast sums of money which he and his j brothers and nephew had purloined from the trea sury of old Runjeet Singh. A part of the troops were said to be in his |?y. Since his coming to Lahore, whither, it is now said, he has been wheedled by the manrpuvres of the Queen Mother of the boy-King Khuleep, he has been under a sort of surveillance. Watched by the Queen's party, lest he should find means of bribing all the Khalsa, he has been called on to give up his fortresses and his wealth, fie vows that his wealth is concealed in place- known only to himself and that unless he ia allowed to return to his hill forts, he can only "aid t? be 8 iue" 'decided* -^ueen Mother's brother is treats him with marked n2Z& W?*u she heraelf ferred on him with ? hi 1 ' and h" even con troope, thetitie of" T*,,, "acUo* ?{ Khalaa mander-in-Chief of all the fnr" ?' f^.at if.' <"'oin " SS&TffS of thiaA on their iroS Zd wifl it7^; jinny..a8*'rabled aft/3? * ?X yptRtt&tts&s: 5 $? ^ herf-' iR00^ lnf ate attempt at invasion, dec dierj of thai St.**?"0* .when turbulent tol ^i^sssssr*^ m ,n ^ mo8t h hommedeTndfrH son'fe'18* th^t Dhoirt Ma events in Lahore will JKhu T Wai.Ung "ntil ahawur. " enable fhem ?e"e Pe deLnththoflnoldn?ChtndooLol|n,)UHli,y ^eVttik- ^ Nizam, ha, taken place. % ERffSS* ? quiet The court martial on Colonel Wallah hurt w?Saui'l Md h dhhiri?n Was mt known Sc?nde was tranquil and healthful; one or more of th? Rom & "cr were ?? ??. fi&K chlro^r^fir/. v^,lwn; reSetteH .n fn^ ? ' at Ctt cutta: he is much Er r India, m being an old and meritorious ^ssa&rSBWSftfSiSB ?' n JiSI'ffiKr" Islaln^C^f1 i?Ur corre?f??ndent mentions that islam Khan, the onlv one of the robber chiefs who ad escaped from being taken prisoner by Sir C. Napier, had returned to make a foray into Scinde but he was attacked and beaten by the Murree tribe* whotmV B"tieh friendship is respected, and who killed two Boogtie chiefs that joinedhim The frontier appears to be well defended The ^estien of the succession in Bhojral has been decided, by allowing the daughter of' the late Rajah to reum; Sw Lmh,7fr*Z"?Ce cho"n by *? Br""h ? China. March neTh? t?ni (:hmu jame doWn 10 the e"d of The Emperor had received some favorable notices of Christianity, and was disposed to tolerate ^,eut- A- McDonald, of H. M. 98th regiment, pad been tried by a court-martial, for sending an insulting note to his superior officer; he was sen tenced to be cashiered, but, on a revision, a milder punishment was inflicted. ... Theatricals, die. ?ithfp' a?" wtill continues her succest'ul career a' be f/"?cess'H Theatre. She has been plying Jul n ey ?n and the Stranger. The Lon lected for" fht'6) ?' the. Kty* of SWspeare, se l L ''l8play of Miss Cushman's talents, have been the Merchant of Venice, As You Like it and Macbeth. Miss Cushman's Portia was a c^re I"!a"d.we11 imagined conception, as were all her other characters, She is the only female of the DartofHf ftay capttbI,e ?!i doing justice to the different parts ot the great bard. ??LGeorg j ,v;'ans,lury. the clever and well-known cpmposer and dramatist, expired on the 4th ult, at his house Melina place, Lambeth, at the age of f t after a painful illness, which terminated inclropay. ? J^?d^?ri"1 had a" overflowing benefit at her Ma jesty's Theatre on the 12th ult. T|,e Juvenile Vienese Dancers have been re engaged at her Majesty's Theatre. The Brussels Operatic Company at Covent Gar den, are going on with increasing success. urodmS f,?!Fed? calIed ?[iendi< at Coun, has been Crl i Lyceum Theatre. It is completely French, both in subject and manner. lm,cA"rlls fulfilling his engagement at the St. ' a e w!dJ &re1' success. His popularity *a' inert asing nightly. He was to take nis depar ture about the 21st from London. 1 ih ???' n" P ,1 hadfa crowde? benefit concert, on ihebth, in the Opera Concert Room, London. Tiwf. whole | ot the operatic company from ihe ? I{?Val ot Brussels, including not only the calists and actors, but the ehorus and instrumental orchestra, have migrated to the Covent Garden Sfn'c'Si JteSS? ,wen,y ?f'hc rJ!m ce,ebratcd ?r'?'a donna, Madame Rosei Caccia was expected from Lisbon on the 10th ult. Lltewtnre, die. ley an(l Nlghtsin ,he East" ? By Miss Plum ter,' Eh4.?2UvJ? ChUm8"~A D?VeI' by Charle9 Li" '??hlei"ri!hefT^!n?,'~"By Tllbury Tramp. The Book of Ballads"? Edited by Von Gaultier, and illustrated by Alfred Crowquill. ' The Sapphic Odes of Horace," translated into nearly corresponding English verse. With the ori ginal text. By the Rev. John Peat, A. M. . Translations from the French Poets," to which I i* , areJ aPFnd"d Extracts from a Tourist's Journal, i ivc. liy the author ot "Critical Essays," Jec., &c x 1 angier, Arc. Visited in 1S40 1811"? B> ? ^fP.iTer?Sie. ^'isciple of the First Three Centu ? on" uC Mhn??an Era; her Trials and her Mie ?'on -By Mrs. Henry Smith. I ..tlAl ^xon," a tragedy in three acts. ?mK L ! Family?-By Mrs. Ponsonby. lected^ William Anderson; now tirst col Manyat^cT:'11' ?' *CenC8 Afri^"-Hy Capt. i ."?iesL8' Wlol"enj an<1 Families"? By. J. Miche Jf/''^Thn,ur the /nstitute of France, tec., author the I-VenA f rryt?f f railce," ,Vc. Translated from bation edition) with the Author's appro the w Ta.'e ?n?ihe Cotswolds, IftlS? By SoeurseColIeg^- Hun,,ey' M- A ' la^ of AS Obituary, i n the 8th instant, at London, Major-Genera I Artdierv s' C'a H'* lau lhe Ko/al Horse. Artillery. >ame day, at Bath, ased (jfi Lieut fnl 7th?m^ Marshall, of the Royal Marines.? I >n thn 7th tnat., at Stoke Cottage, near Exeter l^adv Va vasour, widow of ,|,e late Licinenant General S?r '* 'lrv Memn Maghull Vravasour, Bart., of Spald rn^"n' Yorkshire.? Same dav, at Coleorton Hall. mnn, n r1\ u ^or8c H Willoughby Beau mont, Bart ? On the bth inst., at hisseat, Halsteads Ma???nri" ' CuUn,i>erJa,nd'. in his 81st year, John Marshall, Ls,,., head of the firm of Marshall i Co , nnt?rt'i.rrrr8' ^ if >'ds' .und Pa,ent linen thread ma ' u Shrewsbury. ? On the r,th inst., at. w SS "f,11' the l V. wager Lady Arundell, of E r'~ .th',211 Inst7 al Banfl, North Britain, Major General James Ogilvie, C.B.,in the 8tll Regunent -Lately, Major General Sir J. rmnv 'p bHMd ,a d,recto,r Eaat India Com . n D> Eeaves,the chaplain to the British n!. ,Bey:ro"t' on fhe 27th April, aged .V> ? On the 3d nit dowager Lady Arundell, of War h Va j '-o'lgh borough, Leicestershire.? On the 2d ill., Lady Harriet Ferrers, at her scat, Baddesly. ( linton, Warw'ckshire, in her 64th year ? On the M ult., Sir Henry J. Tichborne, Bart, at Tichborne, his seat at Vrletford, Hants, from the eriects of the. nijuries he received by a fall from his horse. ? M. ?lorrand, an ex-member of lhe " National Conven tion. and of tile "Council of the .500 " under the I i rectory, died lately at Ahnn, in the department of the ( reuse, aged 89 Market*. Lo*don Moss* Mjiakkt, June 18.? .According to the details given in the Kxpress Kdition of the M ormug //??? alii no change of moment hud occurred in the money market of ( aluutta. There continued to be cousidera ble discrepancy in the rate of discount between the gov ernment paper and that of the private merchants even of the highest standing. Public securities are much the same this morning, with a limited business. Reduced Three per Cent*, have been done at 91?j, the Three-and-a-Quarter New at 102]; Kxchequer bills A 7 a .iff, and Consols for the Opening ffff^ ex. div. Spanish Three percent. Bonds have been done as high as4lf, and the Five per Centa. at S8j, but they havo since re-acted to 41} and -28} respectively The Passive Bond* have been last quoted 11, Bra/.il HO, Huenos Ayre* 4/>, Chilian Deferred A2, Columbian 17], .Mexican 371, Deferred 'JO}} Debentures 13, Portuguese Kive per Ceuta BH\ and the Converted Bonds, 67. London Moxrr Maskct, June IS, P. M. ? TheTunHa have been steady and the foreign exchanges firm. Th?* movement of the Bank of Kngland, for the week ending the 7th Inst, shows the following results, compared with the week ending on the 31st May In the department ot issue the notes in circulation had increased ?04,846, which had been effected by the purchase of ?73,011 of gold coin or gold bullion, and ?33,864 silver hnl lion. On the debit side of the banking department, the Rest had decreased ?44,lft4 ; the public deposits had increased ?303, 308 ; the private or other deposits ha<l decrease ?301,080; and the seven day and other hilla had decreased ?12,0<V8, making the total of the lia bilities ?36,017,004. On the credit side the govern ment securities had decreased ?80,000, the other se curities had decreased ?1-18,187, the notes increased

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