Newspaper of The New York Herald, July 6, 1845, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated July 6, 1845 Page 2
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NEW YORK HERALD. Sew York, Sunday, July 6, IMS. The ItWI from Texas. The news from Texas, which we give in this edi Iion of our paper, and which we also transmitted to all parts of the country in the second edition of the Weekly Herald, is, it will be seen at the first glance, of the highest importance, and the most gratifying character. Annexation is now settled. The popular feeling in Texas in favor of the measure hue swept away every obstacle, and entirely overwhelmed all the etiorts made to defeat it. It now only remain* to be seen wliat Mexico will do. And the British government have also to declare their future policy France has, aa we have seen by the last news from Europe, officially, declared otf, and washes her hand* of all interference in the atiairs of this continent, so far as they relate to Texan annexation. The consummation of this important measure will have one great and sulutary effect. It will a1 once impress the mind of Europe and of all civilized nation.-, with a becoming sense of the power of this country, and the irresistible strength of it* move ments, when the great body of the people and the go vernment are resolutely united. The lirst great step in the accomplishment of our work lias been taken. It is tiiumphantly successful. Our government can not j>aut>e in the woik. Oregon and California are al-o to be annexed, and the settlement of the con troversy with England relutive to the title to the forme', nust now engage the attention of the admin istrate n. Mexico has been, it will be perceived, preparing to make an inroad into California. But all the ef forts of the mongrel race of Mexico to retain power and strength on this continent, will be fruitless. The feeble sceptre has been broken forever ? Anglo Saxon energy and Anglo-Saxon will, are in the as cendant, and so must ever continue. The time is fast coming when the "American Union"will em brace the whole continent, north and south. That result is inevitable, and of that the annexation of ' Texas is but the signal of th* proof. The Mexican Instalments ? Explanation ok Gov. Shannon ? The Washington Union of the 3rd instant gives a letter from Gov. Shannon, relative to the missing instalments. It appears that they have never been paid. To the Hon James Buchanan, Secretary of Slate : Was hinotov, July 2, 1844. Sir:? Since my a. rival ill the United States, I have no ticed that at least a portion of the public are laboring under incorrect views with regard to the payment of the fourth and fifth instalments due our citizens from Mexi co, under the treaty of the 31st January, 1848; and also that some unjust reflections have beon* cast upon me. as well as others, in reference to the manner in which the business had been transacted. 1 deem it not out of place lor me to communicate to you tlie facts in relation to the two instalments in question, so far as they are within my knowledge, with the view not only of putting you in possession of the true state of the "case, but of setting myself right in the matter. This 1 should have done at an earlier period, had I been aware that there was any difficulty on trie subject, or that there was any doubt in any quarter as to the facts of the case. The fourth instalment fell due on the 30th April. 1R44, 1 and the tilth on the 30th of the following July; and 1 did uot arrive in Mexico until the evening of the 26th of the following August. On my arrival in Mexico, the fourth instalment had been due near four months, and the fifth near one month, and the date of Mr. Voss's receipt, clos ing the matter with the Mexican government, I under stand, is the 27th August It will be perceived from these dates, that I could have had no agency in advising the arrangement that was made with the Mexican gov ernment ny Mr. Voce. Soon after my arrival in Mexico, on inquiry of Mr. V'oss, our agent, w ho had been appoint ed to receive the money, as to the payment of the. two instalments in question, he informed me he had in vain sought to obtain the money from the national trea sury in Mexico; that he had failed in all his efforts to do so; 'lor the reason, that, as fast as the money came into the national treasury, it was absorbed forthe purposes of the arm)', and by 'Mexican claimants, whose influence with the government was such as to enable them to ob tain the preference over the American claimants; that finding all e (Torts to obtain payment in Mexico had failed, he prevailed on the government to give him drafts on ?he local treasuries for an amount sufficiently large to covn t!:e principal and interest due on the two instilments, ami the cost of collecting the same, and transmitting the mo ney to Vera Crux. He also advised me that the Knglish hou-e of Tayleur. Jamison. & Co , in Mexico, had claims on the Mexican government, and that they had taken drafts of a similar character, and were about to collect them; and that he had handed over the drafts, which he had received, to that house, for collection at the ?ame time. The house of Tayleur, Jamison, V Co., it is pro jier 1 should remark, is one of undoubted responsibility The contributions that hsul been levied, jn order to raise the four millions voted by Congress, and placed at the disposal of the government, were in a rapid course of collection at the time, and no doubts were entertained but the drafts would be promptly met and paid. He "tatedthat, under these circumstances, he considered the drafts a; cash, or the same as cash ; and that he had receipted to the Mexican government accordingly, and that I might consider the instalments in ques tion as paid; t lat there would be no other difficulty about thi matter, than a delay of a lew weeks in transmitting the money to the United States. On the day after 1 had been presented to the President? that is, on the 'Jd of September ? I received a note Irom Mr Rejon, the Mexican Secretary of State, a cop) of w hich has heretofore been communicated to your de partment, in which he states that he had been advised by the Secretary of the Treasury, under date of the 'J7th August, that the two instalments had been paid. On the 12th of September, I had an interview with President Santa Anna in relation to the release of the Texian pri ?oner*, and the unadjusted claims of our citizens on the government of Mexico ; in which he took occasion to i|>eak of the payment of ttie two instalments above named, and the difficulties the government had to en counter to meet them ; and assuring me, at the same time, that he had caused arrangements to be made, which would enable the government to meet the future in?tal ments promptly a<. they fell due. All this put my mind to rest on the subject of these indemnities; and it was upon this state of facts that 1 felt my self authorited to make the communication I did to Mr. Calhoun, in rela tion thereto, in September last. 1 did not at the time, nor until after the revolution broke out, which termina ted in the overthrow of President Santa Vnna and his party, anticipate the slightest difficulty in relation to the payment of the draft* in question. When the revo lution broke out, the money intended to meet these drafts was diverted from that purpose by the government ot Mexico, and applied to it* own purpose*. When it hud bcroise thus certain that there would be at least some considerable delay in the payment* of these drafts, I cal led on Mr. Vos* to report to me in wiiting all the facts ol the case, so that I might be able to put my government in possession of them I was taken sick shortly after, and confined to my room for two months, and was thus prevented from doing so l?p to the time ol my de| ar ture from Mexico, which wus on the 14th of May last, these draft* had not been paid, or any part of them. No doubt, however, was entertained ny Mr. Vo?* or Mr lam ison but that these draft* would paid as soon as the Mexican government could ! otiimun 1 the pecuniary meons The government does not claim that it is in any way released lrom the payment of these drafts; but the deranged state of the Mexican treasury, growing out ol the late revolution, ha* heretolore prevented the govern ment from discharging them. It is proper I should state, that 1 have no douot Mr. Vo*s has acted throughout with the most perfect good faith and integrity, and that he did what he believed to he the best for the claimant* at the time; that, upon a statement of the fact* and reasons on which he acted, I concurred with him in the opinion and so expressed myself to him at the time, that the course he had adopted wa* the belt, under all the circum stances of the case, that could have been adopted, in or der to secure the money for the claimants. While it may be exported that these draft* will be paid t>y Mexico so mou as her flnuncial abilities will enable her to do so, without regaid to the future relations of tin two countries. I do n ot leel justified in giving you an} assurances that the remaining instalments will he pin.' until the difficulties existing between the two countries are finally adjusted.or our government shall adopt strong measures in order to coerce Mexico into a compliance with hertreaty stipulation*. I have the honor to be, very respectfully, your obc djent servant. WILSON SHANNON. The Greatest Piece ??f Pkdestriamsm evek Performed. ? A fool race came ofl'?n Friday in the neighborhood of Utonington, Conn., in which Maj<>r Champlin performed a mile in the astonishing and almost incredible lime of four minutet and nineteen wont/*. He now challenges to run any man in the United Stales, one mile, for one thousand dollars, or upwnrdB. to come off over the Union or Beacon Course, any time between this and the first of Au gust. The challenger can be heard of, or seen, ai the American Hotel, Stonington. It is not unlikely but that he will be accommodated. The New Pulice. ? One of the usual features of the "Fourth ol July," in this city, was absent on the celebration this year; and for that omission we must blame Major Mats?U, the Superintendent of Police. There was not a single fire m any part of the city This certainly speaks well for the vigi lance of the new police. Diplomatic Movements.? His Excellency, Mon sieur Pageot, Minister from his Majesty the King of the French, his lady, family, and five servant*, ar rived yesterday at the City Hotel, on a tour to the Falls of Niagara, Canada, <tec., from Washington. Emigration to the West. ? The emigration to Wisconsin, at the present time, is said to be rapid beyond all precedent. There are whole lection* of coun try that ere now thickly settled that n few months ngo were ontirely uninhabited This applies to the northern M well the ?outhern c?untie< The emigration come ; p, lucipelly by the w?y uf the lakes, from the northern ?iul eastern Mates ! IMPORTANT FROM TEXAS, | MEETING OF THE TEXIAN CONGRESS. Consummation of Annexation. [From the Waihinjton Union, July 3.] Important and Glorious News ?On the eve oi die great day which is consecrated to the indepen dence of our country, we hail the re-union of Texas with the United States. We will now tread the 1 road of freedom and greatness together. This news : comes to us by the Princeton steamer, which ar | rived at Annapolis to-day at 2 o'clock. Dr. Wright brings the despatches from Annapolis. He left Washington, Texas, on the 21st June, and arrived at Galveston on the 23d ? on which day the Prince ton left that place. We are favored by the I\>ctor with the following memoranda i ? "The IJ. S. ship Princeton, Com Stockton, arri ved at Annapolis, from Galveston, Texas, after the short passage of nine days, having consumed only 93 tons of coal. Sh? steamed against head winds, with the exception of only hours, when she was , assisted by her sails. No Atlantic steamer has ever made so good an hourly average, with the same economy of fuel ; and, considering all the circum stances, it may be regarded as an unprecedented passage. " The news brou ?ht by the Princeton is of the moat interesting character. Both hou-es of th> Texan Congress have unanimously consented to the terms of the joint resolution of the United States The Semite had rejected the treaty with Mexico b> a unanimous vote. Captain Wagganun had arrived at Warhiqgtnn, Texas, to select posts to lit* occupied by the United States troops, and tc provide for theii j subsistence. A resolution was introduced into both Houses of Congress, requiring the executive to sur render all posts, navy yards, barracks, Ice, to the 1 proper authoi itiea of the United Stntes. The joint I resolutions were introduced into both Houses of : Congress on the same day, and were almost identi cal m their tenor The resolutions passed th< I Senate on the 18th of June, and were s^nt to th^ i House; the House laid them on the table, and pissed I their own resolutions unanimously, and sent them to the Senate on the next day. In the meantime. J considerable jealousy arose as to which branch I should claim the honor of the paternity of the re solutions; and it was finally settled that the Hous? should take up the resolutions of the Senate, and ' amend them in th- third section The House ihen i passed them in their present form, and sent them | back to the Senate, which body concurred in the amendment The President is pledged to givc- full I and immediate effect to the will of Congress, 6o far as depends upon himself " This important intelligence has just reached the President of the United States (this evening, half past 8.) Dr. Wright brings copious despatches from our able Chargl, Major Uonelson; but they art written prior to the adoption of the resolutions of the Congress of Texas He also brings newspapers embracing the National Register, printed at Wash ington. ot the 19th June, three days after Congress assembled. We must confine ourselves principally to the contents of the Galvesi on Neics extra, of the 23d June. The Xutional Register contains the correspon dence between Major Donelson and the Govern ment of'Texas, from March 31, 18-15, down to June 11th, accompanying President Jones's message to Congress [From Galveston News Extra.] president Jones's message, Arc. We are indebted to Mr Briggs for the following interesting documents, which we hasten to give our readers. Verbally we learn from Mr. Briggs, that the pro (lositions for our independence have been submit ted to the Senate. They are not yet made public, but it is understood that they are highly objection able, and will be promptly rejected. Executivi: Department, i Washington, June lti, 1815. 5 Gentlemen of the Senate, nnd nj the House nf Representatives : I am happy to greet you. on the interesting oo^asion 'teKS "o" h , Vhe T^- n!?nin rail nf? f of>?ur hl?h on*' important duties The 5a bv.heX(tra?^",Rry 'c,sion Ingres, at I", earlj V "? ?*?cutive, was not made without the mo*"t mature deliberation, and a due reference to the ereat cri sysfffsrs W'LZMA'zz'd s; S j^ara^s-ASiKVcsjiS: that great and kindred co^feXT/'Vogit'hcr wHh 'ulo correspondence between the t w government* wb eh ssa issr "? ?? ? -^ras J'l6 CXeiCUt.'VC has muc,i satisfaction in observing the attention of fhe i srJSisss h "ccor>"W?'tS? thSJTouu'tflr'l-he tion, bj a convention of deputies as r>r#?<;rri} >? resolution* of ? , ] , ? *" prescribed in the ^he executive to is?iiA hi* St">US ??'ured Mftv iil imn r J '"J Pror'ar"a,ion on the ?th ol iuh- ntit Thf"?1 the,ci,y of Xustin- on ,he 4th "I l , recommendation has met (he sanction ra 1 coi 1 nti? if *fencra''y- 1 ?>? deputie. in these'e ral counties, ?o far a heard from, having heen elected r^n. ,*? P"jpo?ed, it it confidently expected the convention awemble at the time and place fixed aLith? l o thie convention, the question of annexation an I the adoption ol a State constitution, will prooerM ty of the people whom thev will represent It ii important that the "consent of the ?!.? ing government should be given to tiieir exercising ti power, which have been delegated To thSm in orde set, ?rawt?i^?V"iss; ? as been convoked, and to it? wisdom, us a co-ordiriati fcnhen?Itt,rXeCUt'Ve "0W 'UbimtS 1,10 "totermin^ dependence of Texan by Mexico* w * r,c"K"iti?n of in of 'the latter, la't. and w ere transmitted t* t'li ? Ma) initaiit, by the Ilaron \1Ihvi> aL r ? enun".nJ on the id potentiary of his Majesty the liine oFthe' ?"ni,l,.er plen' court, by the hunds of c?. ?'?.m rii- ? l IC'1, " msssgsim*, ?op, 01 which i. herewith tAnsmiUed The , ? ? " ' ' '!?? being in the nature ofa treatj will witli .li /L*' o/re pondence in relation thereto, be forthwith cni 1 communicated to (TnVl^ ,mpor,\nt . ??*?<*. now ment, been one of "mCP, the,r'ate "'Uourn Auction, of murt"d,mcuitv emh"ra?.ment. - determination, upon which the fat. ^ pre!,fe,l,cd ,or bi* country depend^ and wi.w! . U "nd,we,,kre 01 the tional guide lor his governance l,e?a i?"' or ?on,,tilu assume, in consequence, vrert and to ties He trusts, however that ( nn? * re.pon.ibili tho course he has adopted, and b? th'.ir* ! "pprov# counsels, relieve and direct him in th?, ?'?lightened to be pursued in relatio^to those"!,.' tion."' herea,,er rexa. ?.*r?C" " hsp,'y t0 a?,,0""< * to Concteaa th . Texas ii at peace with the world? that with /ft t ' h>t power, with whom we have had ' 111 foreign telations are maintained The diftemn# ? v. fr,en'l'y on our borders, with whom treaties exist h? Ind',,n" to observe the same with good faith and ^ re ?on*?nu*d lew day., informaUon has been recei'ved that Ih V? band of Camanches withiti our limits mi'.u . only ed until then a hostile attitude towanUTe^. ,ma,nt?'n or peace, and expressed a whn to ' NTperm "id^ Wc'Z? to Bexar to celebrate a treaty of friend.h. . ? 50n,e the part of thl. government^.. .^"coJ iUdtith I ho arrangement, made at your regular sess^m V ??d.litional comnanie* of ranireri to f\. ? f j circulation ^ the peHoii^f vnT'Vf i* W,"rl' w?r? "> heen redeemed tnfvZbZLlV, "'journment, have executive is ham.y t? r, ? 'rom circulation j and the country upon a state of m i! congre.. and the never Wire e,pefio?J '.V;,' . .,!,pp,n*". a'"l pro.nerity, equalled by .? yl,^ul, 7""' ^ ? "'<> It only remain, for the exerntiv. . court lence in your individual wl.hV. . preM "" a""r?'' '?toreeuoi Tea.. .?d th? ut0 "u,,ain th* farr.nt hope that He, who i holJs the destines of men and nations In hi* hand, may ' crown your deliberations with his rlcheat blasting*. ANSON JONES. j JOINT KESOLUTION, J (ririr f the cons tut of tkt existing Gartmmtnl to th ' Jlnnoxation of Tumi to the Vrrittd Staft Whereas the Government of the United States hath proposed the following termi. guarantees and condition1 on which tha people and territory of the Republic ot Texas mav be erected Into a new State, to be called the , State of U'exas, and admitted ai one of the States of tht American Union, to wit : [Here follow the resolutions of the United States Con gress ] Ami whereas, by said terms, the consent of the exist ing government of Texas is required ; Therefore, See. 1 Be it resolved by the Senate, and llouso of Representatives of the republic of Texas, in Congress assembled, That the Government af Texan doth consent that the poople and territory of the republic of Texas may be erected into a new State, to be called the State of Texas, with n republican form of government, to be adopted by the people of said republic, by deputies in convention assembled, in order that the same mav be ad mitted as one of the States of the American Union; and said consent is given on the terms, guarantee*, and con ditions, set forth in the preamble to this joint resolution. Ski 3. Beitfurthor resolved, That the proclamation of tho President of the republic of Texas, bearing date May Mb, 184 V and the election of deputies to alt in con vention at Austin, on the 4th day of July next, for the adoption of a constitution for the Stato of Texas, had in accor lance therewith, hereby receive the consent of the existing government of Texas Sue. 3 Be it further Resolved, Thnt the Piesiden t of Texas is hereby requested immediately to furnish the government of the United States, through their accredited minister near this government, with a copy of this joint resolution; also to furnish the convention, to assemble at \ u st ion on the 4th of J uly nest, with a copy of the same; *nd that tho same shall take effect from and after its pas age. 1'hc above is a copy of the resolutions as they passed he tu o house*, and which will, we suppose, receive the 'anction of the President. They passed unanimously. TOD ROBINSON'. On the 1 H th instant, in the Senate. Mr Qieer introduced * joint resolution offering "a nation's gra'itude to Major General Andrew Jackson;" whioh resolution was unani mously adopted. On the same day, Major Koufman introduced a bill set. ting apart a portion ot the public land? lying between tho Arkansas and Ked rivers? for the payment of the im- ' tional debt; read the first and second time, and referred to the Coinmitte on the stnte of the Republic. A resolution has been offered by Mr. (J rear for altering 'he time of tin annual sussiou of Congress : read the first time. On Tuesday, Mr. Koufman, as chairman of the Com mittee on Foreign Relations, reported the " Joiut resolu * ion giving the consent of the existing government to the mnexation of Texa* to the United Sta'e*," which joiut resolution was passed through its third reading on the next day, the 19th? the rule being suspended, on motion of Colonel 11. L. Kinney, by a unanimous vote of the Senate. On the 19tlt, in the Senate, Mr. (Jreer introduced a oint lesolution, relative to the introduction of Unitod States troops into Texas : read the first time Mr Koufmau's bill, " setting apart land for the pay ment ofthe public debt," Uc , wua taken up, read the second and third time, and passed. Mr. Lawrence introduced a resolution for the relief of Post Captain E. W. Moore : read the first time. We are happy to stat? that Commodore Moore has already been restored to his command. We are further informed that Congress will probably adjourn on next Wednesday. We are informed that the propositions from Mexico have beon rejected, and that the resolution inviting the United States troops has been adopted. We are favored by Dr. Wright with the following memoranda, in MS., taken by himself at Washing ton, Texas, just before he left it for Galveston. Memoranda of the conditions preliminary to a treaty of peace, as agreed apon by Ashbel Smith, on the part of Texas, and Mr. Cuevas, on the part of Mexico, and the accompanying papers, as submitted to the Senate by President Jones. I. Message of Prosident Jones, transmitting the treaty and papers to the Senate. II. Letter from Baron Alleyc de Cvprey, transmitting to tho executive of Texas the conditions signed by Ash bel Smith, and the agreement on the part of Mexico to accede to them as the basis of a formal treaty. III. Conditions preliminary to a treaty of peace. 1. Mexico consents to acknowledge the independence of Texas. ?J. Texas engages that she will stipulate in the treaty not to annex herself, or become subject to any country whatever. 3. Limits and other arrangements to be matters of agreement in the final treaty. I. Trfxas to be willing to refer the disputed points with regard to territory, and other matters, to the arbitration oi umpires. Done at Washington (on the Brazos,) on tho 27th of March, 1846. (Signed) Asm iiel. Smith. Secretary of State. Certified copy of the original, presented bj Captain Ellictt. (Signed) Alleye Dk Cvrur. B.1NKHEAU. Mexico, -JOth of May. IV. Acknowledgment* by Cuevas ofthe receipt of'theso preliminaries, through the intervention of Baron Alleje le Cyprey ; and declares tliat the national < ongress hav ing consented that. Mexico will accede to the prelimina ries proposed by Texas, us the basin of a formal treaty. May 13th, 1845. V. Additional declaration of Cuevas. If this negotia tion is not realized on account of circumstances, 01 be cause Texas influenced by the law of the United States on annexation, consents tliereto, either directly or indi rectly, then the answer which is given under this date to Texas, shall be considered null and void. May 19th VI. Letter from President Jones to Baron Alleye de Cyprey, acknowledging his kind offices in bringing about the negotiation, btc., ice. To these was appended the proclamation of President Joncj, of June 4th, declaring a cessation of hostilities. This treaty was cons^lered by the Senate in secret session, on the *2 1 st of Jul e, and rejected by a unanimous vote, and the injunction of secresy removed. The following also comes in Ms., from which we copy it. It authenticates the resolutions adopted by Congress, as they appear above from " The Xews extra." Washington, Senate Chamber. I (Special Session,) June *JI, 184/>. )! Sir ? In compliance with jour request, I herewith transmit you a correct copy of the joint resolution, giv ing the con-ent of the existing government to the annex ation of Texas to the United States, which has passed both hous.sof the Texian Congress. Respectfully, Henry A., Secretary of the Senate. To A J. Donelson, Charge d' Affaires of the United States It is believed that the Mexicans were occupying two positions? in what firce does not appear. We lind the following article upon the subject in the National Re fiste' ofthe 19th: ? Corpi's Christi. ? The trade of Corpus Christi has been remarkably brisk within the last four or five weeks, tnd the town is now rapidly improving. Several large parties of traders from the Rio Grande have visited the place, and they expressed gieat confidence that the dif ficulties between the two countries would soon be ad justed. They report that large bodies of Mexican troops have recently arrived in the provinces east of the moun tains from the interior; but tliev did not state that any large body of these forces had crossed the Rio Grande. I VVu aie Inclined to believe that the forces east of the mountains have been overrated by the spies of * aptain Hays. We do not .believe that the w hole number of iroops at all the positions cast of the Sierra .Vladre ex ceeds three thousand. The whole number of troops in Matamoras is estimated at only three or four hundred. Telegraph. City Intelligence. Firi-.? About two o'clock on Friday morning, afire broke out in Little's chain manufactory, No. tij Broad street, but was extinguished beforo it had time to do much damage -the premises are insured. Attempted St iriDi . A young man attempted to kill himself on the 4th, by cutting his throat, lie also endea vored to sever the brachial artery, but failed in both in stances ; he was takun to the hospital where his wounds wete attended to, and it is anticipated that his life will be ave L Foi-nd Drowned. ? The body of a man in respectable attire, was found in the Last River at foot of James's street, yesteday morning. There was a large stone sus pended from his wrist. It is supposed he is a man who used to go about the wharves preaching tem|?rftncc. ? Ills oody lies at the dead house in the Park. .MovrmeiitH of Traveller*. The registries of yesterday and Friday at the principal Motels, fell very short ol the arrivals at the early part of the week. At the American. ? <?eo. Ililemouth, I'hila.; G. Bee, X. ().; fieo. Hopley, ? harleston, J. I'. Maher, N O.; J. D. Greene, Cambridge, W. Mott, < harleston; II Ford, S. I .; .las Pollard, Va , C. Jackman, Lancaster; Jno. Wood, Hamilton. Ohio; K. C. Anderson, Geo.; Col. Ilaynett, Charleston; Geo. E. Scott, Phila. Astor. ? L. Chittenden X. O.; A. S. Perry, Maryland; P. Maxwell, N. ().; J. V Porter, Florida. Messrs. Walsh, Brown and Waite. X. O.; Crossmnn and Patterson, do. ; W.Taylor, Norfolk, Chas. Carroll, Maryland: Mr. Por ter, N.O.; A. M. ScheafTe, Phila.; M. Bernard, do.; Dr. Farnsworth, New London. Richard Price, F.d. Taylor, Boston, Mr. Riach, Scotland; Mr Riach, Baltimore; .las. ChesnUt.S C.; J. Williams, do.; Mr. Justin, do; Mr. Jus tice and1 Mr. Greenfield, British Army, G. \. Burton, rtoth Rifles. Jno. F. Rathhone, Albany. Citv. Jus Presiie, Miss , J Stevens, Phila ; L. F.I dridge, do , R P. Campbell, Flo , J. Mc? nllom, Balti more; J. G. Gibson, Albany; J. Hoyt, < onn., Mr. Con ner, Hartlord; His F.xcellency, Monsieur Pageot, French Minister, Lady and five servants; N. F. Williams, X. O.; II J. Robertson, Va.; F II French, Tennessee. George Waterbury, Geo. Gough, Great Britain. Franklin. ? W. Cooke, Ala.; ? lias. May, Bridgeport; Capt. Curtis, Albany; Mr. Keph, Buffalo, W. Rattle, Ohio; J. Luke, Cleveland; II. I- inlay, Iowa; R. G. < amp hell, E. L Fenny, Aug , Geo.; J. L. Hardwicke, R. I.j Rev. I*. Van Pelt, Ohio. Glore.? Mr Garcia. X. O.; J. Wellinghart, N. H.; S. O. Aleen, R. I.: R A. Berry, U. S A. Howard. ? W. T Allen, U. S. X.; C. R., Burlington, Messrs. Charlton, McKenzie, McGill, Ryan, Nashville; S. Wilson, Va.; O. S. Talford, Baltimore. B L. Robin son, Vermont; Samuel Jackson, Phila , f apt Fellows, Albany; Jno. C. Fanny, Phila; M. L Porter, Boston; J. N. Lee, Mass.; J. P. Berkenshnw, Richmond, Va., Rev. A. < ole, Michigan Waterley A. Walker, Raleigh . Cha?. Brown. Phila. , Mr. Gain, I'rov.. J. H. Vaughan, do., G. \V. i ushing, Baltimore. Smith and Richards, Boston. W. II. Vanpel son and 14 others from Rhode Island; W. II. Parker, Prov.; Mr. Howard, Troy. An mferrntinp little son of Major S. M. Whitney, of the Cataiact House, Niagaia Kails, about A year* old, was taken out of the mill race, in the rear of the house, by his father, about 2 o'clock, on Sunday afternoon, drowned It was supposed that while at play with other boys on the bridge, in rear ol the hotel, he fell into the I water. j A letter from Cnptain Fatio, ol the revenue cutter j ' rawford, to the editor of the Sarannih (teorKian, slates tint he has discovered a harbor within thirteen miles of . Hnvanmb, having gioRt advantages fur a southern naval I depot. Its Jocition is on Ossataw tlound, uetr Montgo mery Important from Mexico. [From the New Orl*an? Picayune, June 3<J.] Lali .vul Important ? Another Revolution in Mexico ? Chamces of u fYar ? Santa Anna'* Farewell Ad dress ? Candidates for the Presidency in Mexico ? ' threat to Bombard Masatlan by the French ? President Herreixi's Address ? Troubles with the French Minister ? Movements of Mexican Troops The United Stales squadron under Commodore Conner, consisting of" the frigate Potomac, aloop of war Falmouth, and bnget Lawrence and Somers, which we announced as off the Balize on Saturday last, arrived at Pensacola on the 23rd instant, in ten d tya from Vera Cruz. By tins arrival we have received our files and correspondence to the day of the >aiiuig of the sauadron. The most important intelligence brought ?y the fleet relates to a revolu tion that had broken out in the city of Mexico, and the purposes of the Mexican Goverment in regard to annexation. The officers and crews of the squadron were well. The yellow fever was prevailing to a considerable exteu at Vera Crux. The only war vessels left in oort were the French brigs Griffon and Mercure l'lic schooner Creole was the only American vessel there when the squadron sailed, and little other ?hipping in j>ort. we proceed to lay before our readers at once the following letter, winch is the latest we have re I ceived, which gives a more decided opinion in re

gard to the intentions of the Mexican government touching Annexation than any we have before had from the same source. The writer considers war as certain in the event of Annexation ? a contingency that has in all probability taken place before this time. Our anticipation of a declaration of war upon the p irt of Mexico had begun to abate before the re ceipt of this letter. We are not attogether per suaded yet that such a step will be taken, though we have repeatedly explained why, in the present condi tion of Mexican politics, such a course might be pursued, without suiy definite views being enter tained by the Mexican Cabinet of its ends or the ob jects :o be accomplished by it. Perhaps the British government could give as good a solution of the de sign of such a war as President Herrera or any of his ministers. Ilere is the letter: ? VjcnA Cauz, June 11, 1845. An attempt at another revolution was made at the city of Mexico ou tho tith Inst, which at one time had a most serious appearance. A regiment broke through the uani stationed at the government palace and took the resident and Secretary of Foreign Relations prisoners; but t!ie revolutionists were immediately afterwards put down by the citizen soldiers, and the above distinguish ed personages set at liberty. In this affair and a colonel, a captain, and about thirtv of the privates belonging to the malconteuts were killed, when quiet was once more restored. Many men in high station at Mexico are sus pected of having a hand in causing this new outbreak, and it is said that ex-Secretary Toruel has been arrested and imprisoned. With respect to politics, Texas is the]all absorbing topic of the day, and all eyes are turned in the direction ol that country in anxious expectation of the final solution 1 of the pending question. The Government and people geneially are pretty well satisfied that nothing can now prevent annexation. Tho former sees the moment ar rive, with regret when it must declare war or fall, and the latter wait with anxiety the arrival of the time fer the Government to take a step which, hut for them, would have been taken long since, without even re flecting on the consequences ? the declaration of bos tilitie- against the Unite 1 States. As one of your cele brated editors says, neut rerrons. In the meanwhile, the Government is noiselessly marching troops from Mexico into tho interior; and although their destination is said to be California, still the knowledge of the fact that in that department the Government has no need, or immediate need, of more soldiers than are there now, would lead one to suppose that the real destination of those at present on the march northward is the frontier of Texas, or that vicinity. ? It would be folly, perfect madness, for a country like this, distracted and without means, to go to war with the United Slates, and for a territory that does not belong to them, but 1 still think the measure will be resorted to. ? In my mind the matter does not admit of a doubt? if Tex as is annexed. Mexico will declare war. Foreign mer chants are purchasing up all the cochineal that can be bought, and removing it to Europe by every opportu nity. Yours, &c. Sic. Besides our own correspondence, we have been favored with the perusal of other letters, received by the squadron, from which and our flies we give a summary of news that may be interesting to the public. We would add that from no quarter do we hear so strong an expression of a belief in a decla ration of war as from the letter above published. The following additional particulars of a revolu tion in Mexico, furnished us by a correspondent, may not prove uninteresting. It seems that " a part of the corps of grenadiers, headed by Gen. Reng lon, raised the cry of Federation, obtained itosses sion of the palace, and made prisoners the President and three of his ministers. The remainder of the troops, however, proved faithful, and after a skir mish succeeded in putting down the insurgents and re-establishing order." T'le some correspondent who furnishes us with this intelligence, also gives it as his opinion that in cue Texas accede to the proposition of the United States, Mexico will not deciars w?r against the lat ter if the (?mallest loophole is left for her to creep out of the scrape. It would really seem as though the President was ill prepared for a war while a revolu tion is staring him in the face at his very palace gates; bu.some of the factions which distract the unhappy country may yet drive him into the measure solely lor the purpose of putting him down and raisin;; themselves in his stead. They would not hesitate to plunge their fellow citizens into a war, so thai they might be able to rise to a brief auihority, albeit at the cost of the disastrous defeat and utter prostra tion of ihe country. The Mexican Congress adjourned 011 the 30th of May; but an extra session was called for the 15th of June, principally, it is alleged, to regulate the tarifl and remodel the election law?. The cotton growers will make a desperate effort to have the foreign arti cle excluded. Santa Anna, whose arrival in Havana we noticed some days ago, sailed from Vera Cruz on the 2d instant in the British steamer Medway. He was not brought into the city of Vera Crux, but was embark ed some miles to the north. The troops stationed | at Vera Cruz were distributed in small bodies to prevent uny rising. The General who escorted him | 10 the sea-side, makes a flaming report upon ihe me ritorious conduct of ins subalterns, and assures the 1 ministry that it was not from personal alarm that he took 8?X> men lor thai service, but for fear tin- coun try people would attempt some outrage upon the pri soner, as had been threatened. He apprehended that had such a purpose been consummated, the ene mies of the Government would make a handle of it. i Santa Anna left a farewell address to his country i men, in which (he throws himself ii|?on th* ii; judg 1 ment in their cooler moments. He declares that he 1 ilways loved them and had been devoted to their I interests. He boast, in good set phrase, that his ad ministration had always been mild and bloodies ? ! The country appears to breHthe freer and deejiei since his absence. Canali/o and Hasadre have agreed to the amnesty by which they are banished for ten years. A proclamation lias been issued for holding an election for President on the 1st of* August. The candidates are Gomez Farias, (the same who was for inany months an exile in this city) < ien. Almonte and Gen llerrera, the present incumbent. Of these the first, Gomez Farias, is deemed the most promi nent. It is difficult to arrive at the political views of Mexican candidates for office ; but Farias is in favor of the Federal form of government, which appeara to be gaining supporters rapidly. The difficulties in which the French Minister has become involved with the government are stated, in letters before us, 1 s near .is may be to the version of ihe story we published from a letter received via Havana. The a (fair began on account of the refusal of the Minister's groom to pay for washing horses at 1 bath. It proceeded to violence, and in the end compromised the personal liberty of the Minister himself. The whole business, if some accounts be true, is little above the dignity of Mr. Shinny's scrape with the Texan government about HuIIock's pigs. The Mexican press is belaboring; Huron Cy i?rey, the French Minister, for being caught in such iow company. We have accounts of a more serious disturbance that has taken place at Mazatlan. Il am>ears that some French bakers were ordeted by tue civil au thorities to close their shops in compliance with cer tain municipal regulations. I fpon this the comman ler of a French man of war, the Hermione, then at Vlazatlan, demanded an indemnity of 1 1,9110, with a threat that he would bombard the town in case of non-compliance. The next and latest information that has been received from Mazatlan, is contained in a letter from Tepic, dated 27ili May, which says that a schooner had just arrived at San Bias from Mazatlan, which place she left un the 23d, and re ports that the day before her sailing the commander of the Hermione gave notice to the foreign Consult) and to the captain of an English frigate the Thalia, iheri in port, that he was about to fire upon the town' The commander of the English vessel replied that lie would consider the attack as an act of piracy. At the time of the sailing of the schooner. the issue ol the nflair was not known. The Mexicans bear no love for the French, and a writer in the .SWosaya, " ft iahigh time the Mexicans should show that they did not achieve their independence to become the vile puppets of Frenchmen " We have before iih the addrens delivered by Pre sident Herrera on the 80th ultimo, ti|?on the closing of the session of Congress. It is not a document of suifkient interest to require translation. The Pre sident congratulates the Chambers upon the full reetomtion of order throughout the Republic, and the ascendancy of legal enactments over arbitrary will. The foreign relations of the country he st ites to be on the best possible footing, save only with the United States. The passage of the annexation resolutions had sundered these reUttona, and the Ministers of the two countries had been mutnally withdrawn, and he declares thai it if not easy to per ceive what will be the termination of these differ ence*, which neither the Government nor the Re public of Mexico has promoted either directly or in directly. lie applauds the action of Congress in conferring .:,>en the Executive the authority necessary to listen to fha overturns which Texas has made to Maxioo, and even to proceed so far as to nrgociat* a treaty subject to the examination and approbation ot the legislative body. He justifies this action of Con gress by the imminence of war, and the absolute lie cessity of resisting the unjust policy of the United States. He states that the preliminary proposition* of Texas had been received, and the Mexican go vernment he ving signified its readiness to enter upon the negotiations to which it had been invited, the negotiations would or would not have effect accord ing to the ludgment which the Mexican govern ment should form upon the honorable charac ter und advantages with which it could be con cluded. _ But should Texas, contrary to the expectations she has held out to Mexico, assent to annexation, he urges upon Con gress its duty to see that the justice and rights of Mexico, as well as the honor and dignity of the na tion should be protected, and the Executive support ed in the protest it had made against Annexation. ? He ullages that the Mexican government has done all in its power to prevent a rupture with the United States, ut the same time that it has strenuously re sisted the Annexation of Texas. He relies upon the justice of the Mexican cause, and course of proce dure to compensate for any want of force to secure the integrity of the republic. This is the most war like passage of the address, and it is uot very definite in its suggestions. We but give a clue to the general tone of it. He congratulates the Chambers upon getting rid so easily of |>oliticul State prisoners, and concludes with some general and common-place re marks upon the duty of Congress and the Execu tive to exert all their faculties to fulfil their duties to the country. El Six/a Die: y Nutvt advocates with zeal the claims ot Gen. Herrera as a candidate for the Presi dential chair of the Republic. The recent outrage upon the French Minister, | Baron Alleye de Cyprey, as we have noticed above, occupies the attention of the papers. The French Courier is exceedingly indignant at the treatment re ceived by him. und expresses its opinions in no inea- 1 sured terms. The Siglo defends Mexico, and in so doinir ulleges that the acts of violence complained of were the outbreaks of an ignorant rabble ; that there was no intention to insult the French Minister, and that its soon as he was recognized as such, all vio lence ceased, and he and his mite were protected. A force of 2000 picked men, remarks one of our correspondents, is said to lie on its way to Califor nia, underGen. Iniestra. A Mexican editor remarks i "( iod grant they may save that precious territory from the claws of the foreigner " The peculiar em phasis which our correspondent places upon the i word "said" shows that he doubts whether the des- j tination of these troops is really California, and in this he agrees with tne writer of the letter we pub lish from Vera Cruz. Anothek I)kstiu'otivf. Conflagration at Que bec ? One Third Mork of the City in Ruins ? The painful intelligence of another disastrous conlla- 1 g ration in the city of Quebec reached us at noon in a slip from the office of the Montreal Cuurier, through Virgil ' and Rice's Express. The lire occurred on the night of Saturday last. It will tie seen by the extract bolow from the Quebrc ttazettt, that the St. John Suberbs has been destroyed, as well us a considerable portion ol, the St. Lewis Suburbs. A depu tation, consisting of the Protestant and Roman Catholic Bishops of Quebec, the members for the City, some of the .Members of the Corporation, and one or two other leading citizens of Quebec, had arrived at Montreal for the purpose of waiting upon the Governor General to request that he would immediately convene Parliament for the purpose of getting an impropriation for the relief of the stifl'erers by this us well us the previous tire, and to assist in enabling parties about to rebuild to do so in a more substantial manner, und of a material not so liable to destruction by tire us the buildings which have been consumed. [Krom the Quebec Gazette, June 30. | On Saturday evening, the *J8th June, just one month attor the great lire of the JSth of May, which destroyed part of St. Valier's and St. John's Suburbs, nearly all St. Koch and the west part of the Lower Town to below Hope Gate, a fire commenced in St. John's Suburbs, near the place outside the Glacia, where it stopped on the ?irith May. On this occasion the wind was as strong from the north oast as it was to the west on the 29th of May, and the weather very dry. At both times the lire began to the windward of the densest part of the suburb, aim was car ried throughout the thickest part of the dwellings to the leeward. The fire has destroyed nearly the whole of St. John's and part of St. Lewis suburbs, from St. John's Gate and the north-west angle of the walls, along the brow ol (he Coteau Ste. Genevieve neatly to the Tower. No. 4, and up to a couple of streets below St. Lewis road. A num ber of houses in the scattered streets near Tower No. 3, having escaped, and a few near the Cote d'Abruham, and three or four in the vast extent destroyed. We have heard of only ono or two lives being lost. Although it was in the night, most of the inhabitants warned by the rapid progress of the fire of the idth May, made their escape in time, with a part of their moveables. It was only about 8 o'clock on Sunday morning, that the flames were exhausted towards tlic Tower No. .t, by there being nothing more to burn, and by blowing up a number of bouses north of tho St. Lewis road. A meeting ot the General Committeo of Kelief.appoint ed by the citizens after the fire of the '.28th May, met yes terday at 1 o'clock, and ordered distributions of provi sions, 4tc. to the destitute. All public buildings were thrown open to the sufferers, und tents were pitched west of the citadel, but many persous remained with their cft'ccts along the walls of the town and in the fields. Numbers were sent for by their relations, friends and ac quaintances in tho surrounding parishes. The scene of desolation, distress and affliction, and tho extent of the calamity arc nearly as great as afterthe former conflagration; tiie value ot the property destroy ed probably greater. The population of St. John Suburbs was about tenthousnnd, and the population of St. Tlochs had mostly found refuge in St. John Suburbs. (Quebec is now reduced to the Upper Town within the walls, and the Lower Town from the St. Charles, below Hope Gate to Cape Blanc, on the St. Lawrence, tho. ox tent which it occupied, but then more sparsely built, after the destruction of the Suburbs during the seige of 1775. The remaining houses in the Suburbs arc about as manp as there wer# half a 'century ago. We have seen them spread out as to contain about twenty-four thousand inhabitants, many of them wealthy, most of them proprietors of their dwellings, and living comfort ably. This was the work of persevering industry and general good conduct, and we trust it will be persevered in. There is ono truth which the recent misfortunes must have strongly impressed upon the minds of all; it is that every inhabitant has a direct interest in the good and careful conduct of every individual who lives in or fre quents the same city, particularly in regard to lire. Quebec formerly might be considered fortunate incx cmption from great fiies. 'i he total of the tires which have happened during the last seventy yean, do not equal one of those which have occurred within a month, and it is remarkable that no very extensive lire ever be fore occurred in the Suburbs. There was a lire to-day on the roof of a house in St.Va lici's Suburbs, near tho toll gate, but speedily got under. A nightly patrol is getting up, and the subscription list is at Mr. Crcma/ie's, bookseller, St. Famillc street. Track ok thk >irb.? From D'Argtiillon street, where it commenced, it extended on the one side to St. Joa chim r.trect, and on the other to the brow of the hill overhanging St. Kochs, taking St. Francoi* and <>lacis streets. As it swept onward it widened until it reached Artillery street, in the St Lewis Suhuib on the South, and on the north side to the edge of the St. lioclis' dis trict, all and between D'Arguillon, St. Fiaiicois, Glacis, St. John, St. Gooige, St. Dion, St. Augustin, St. Joachim ami Nouvelle streets, w ere one sheet of flame Passing nver the burial ground, destroying the small F.nglish church in its progress, the breadth of its path was consi derably contracted. A quarry intervening between the burning houses and the remainder of the St. Lewis Sub urbs, tended in a great degree to prevent its fuither ex tension to the South, and indeed contributed somewhat to airest its progress in that direction. It swept onward however, destroying St. Simon, St. James, St. .Marie, St Olivier, Richelieu, Deligny, and St. Peter streets, nor did it stop until ithnd reached Mr. Green's stoue house at Mount Pleasant ; and now the Upper and Lewei Town is all that remains of Quebec. At least 1'2,000 houses have been destroyed, and 18,(1(10 persons rendei ed houseless. It is reported that many lives are lo?t and we fear the rumor is too well founded. The sufl'et ers, for the most part, saved their furniture. Tho pre vious fire inspired them with n droad of its extension, and at an early stage of the fire those at a distance re moved their effects to some place of safety. The same consternation and peculiar appearance, indicative ol mental oppression so appai ent in the countenances of tin sufferers by the late fire was not so evident, the sccom impression was rot so astounding as the first; Indeeo the people seemed reconciled to their fate Stories approaching to the supernatural have heen if. circulation. Several people have declared that the) saw the images of angels in the air, surrounded by flame hovering over the devoted suburb. Singular as thii may appear, credence may be placed in the following facts, the probable cause of the story : Tho air, ol course, was highly rarified.and images of objects below ?the houses, crosses of steeples, men arid other objects, were reen inverted, In fact, the lurid sky was a bright mirror in which these objects were reflected - a mirage I*si>ra*(K? Quebec Office. ?11,000; by last lire, ?'17,000 ; Canada do A' 10,000, by last fire A'M,000; Mon treal do jE3,7A0, by last fire ?11.000. Firk in Washington City ? A fire broke out yes terday morning, in the brick dwelling at the eornei of F and Fourteenth streets, occupied by Mrs. Ilihler. The fire originated in the basement, and soon spread al overthc building, which was eventually destroyed. It also extended to the two adjoining buildings on the east which were considerably damaged by the flames. V\ i learn that ,vl rs. Ilihler and h servant, who slept in a back building, were with difficulty awaked, and were in dan ger of being burnt in tho file It in ascertained that $4, i .00 were insured on Mrs. Rihler's house and furniture by i the Potomac Insurance Fire romtinny of f?eorgetown ; | and the sum of $1,000 was insured on the two adjoining burnt buildings, owned by .Mrs. Webb and Mrs. Balser.? IVathington Int. July Henrietta ni,ANrnAnr>,? Thisyoiing woninn w;ip yesterday brought before Recorder lialdw.n, upon in application to be admitted to bail. The certificate of | Dr. Stone was produced in court, stating that Pettiwny's wound was not mortal. On motion of C K Johnson, i Ksn , het counsel, Recorder Baldwin admitted her to bail in the sum of }>2.'iflO, returnable on Monday, the7lh of July. Messrs. James H. Caldwell and Joseph R. Hoard entered into recognizances for her appearance ? l Those gentlemen Jesetve credit for volunteering their security for thi? noor girl, whom it would be useless cruelty to keep In prison. There is slight ground to fear that a woman who could go through suc h a scene as he did, day before yesterday, has any desire to escape Irom the penalty of her acts No punishment that the law metes out to the nioit hardened offenders can equal tb# tortures she has ulrendy suffered- and In herense Justice might throw away her sword, and pronounce sen tence as a woman .?tf. O He. Juni 94. IiwnTTOoit for Edccatm? Females ar Tirem own Industry ? Much has been said und written lately on the subject of providing means to Improve the condition oi that large and valuable clans of fe males in this country who have to earn their own living by their own skill and industry, but amid all the plans proposed (with probably the best inten tions) not one has been put in practice; and, as it by common consent, almost every one, for some time past, has ceased to write or speak upon the subject, ind this valuabl# class of society seems to have been left to work out (if we may use the term) their own salvation. The proposition, however, has been started by Mr. Thomas Goin, ol this city, that well deserves the consideration of Congress, and of the Secretaries of the Army and Navy. Mr. Goin pro poses to have a piece of land set apart, of Govern ment property in this county or State, a good and convenient building erected thereon, and there to have all the clothing even down to the knitting of stockings and suspenders required for the supply of the army and navy of the United States (inclusive of the service of the Indian Bureau), made by females under female arrangement. The United states Go vernment to pay no more pro rata than they would, or have done, to contractors for supplying the cloth ing for the above branches of the service. These various contractors annually make large fortunes by supplying the clothing for Government contracts, and as the greater part of this clothing is at present made by females, large profits are thu? wrung out of the intense exertions, tears and misery of this suf fering and much injured portion of thu community. Everv one admits that we have a large uumber ol excellent and industrious women in this country, who work intensely hard for their living, and who are not paid for their slavish labor one fourth part of what they ought to receive, although the Govern ment ultimately pays the full value Tor every article of clothing it purchises. Who then makes the en ormous profits'? the middle men, who stand between the producers and consumers ? that is, the contrac tors. What can be more reasonable or just, then, that they who do all the work, should have the pro fits arising therefrom 1 Common sense and com mon honesty alike point out the correctness of such a course. In an institution of this kind, and thus directed, these females could be received ut a comparatively early age. They could be well educated in valuable branches of learn ing, besides being taught a useful business, by which they could earn an honorable livelihood ? at once pay for their own education, their own board and clothing, and have a handsome surplus to contribute to the support of their parents and rela tives, who might stand in need of the same, or to their own establishment on their marriage, or ou their setting up in business for themselves, when .1 proper opportunity presented itself. Such are the . I vantages presented by the business aspect of the matter alone, to say nothing of its philanthropic and truly Christian character. There is a gre;;t deal of cant about relieving female distress, and preventing the vice and misery accruing to thousands of young women annually, But who does anything in the premises 1 Who suggests any really valuable plan! Now there is a plan proposed, that would do more to improve the condition of the working class of females than all the asylums, houses of refuge, Dor cas societies and female institutes in the city, put together. Why is it that we have so many unfor tunate girls in this city, lost to hope in this world and the next 1 Because the pay awarded them for honest industry is scarcely sufficient to keep soul and body together. Because whilst these contract ors and employers become wealthy enough by the labor of these women to roll round in carriages, the women themselves are so miserably paid for that labor, (a few cents for making a shirt, and a few shillings for making a coat,) that temptations of all kinds are staring them in the face eternally ; and too frequently the very sons of the contractors or employers become the seducers of the poor girls em ployed. Who will ? who can deny this 1 As far as we understand Mr. Goin, he merely throws out this plan to call the attention of our government to it, with the hope that it will be adopted, in which we heartily join. Whilst France and England, and even tyrannical Austria and despotic Russia, are teeming with valuable institutions for the improve tnent of* the industrious classes in every respect ? both male and female ? the United States, as a go vernment, does nothing whatever for the children of the poor and hard working man. Is this right 1 Is it just T Ought such a state of things longer to con tinue ! Have not all in this country equal rights, eijual claims upon the government : YVIiy then should we not have such an institution for females ! Is not the salvation of one virtuous female worth more than th" worldly fortunes of hundreds of con tractors 1 Why should we be continually lavishing money on parades, processions, fireworks, and all sorts ofidle public and pompous displays, that bring no lusting beneficial result, where the same monev ap plied as above proposed, would save hundreds of i'.iir mid valuable females annually from destruction 1 Citizens, you all have a voice in this matter ? let it be heard aflectually at thr. proper time and in the proper quarter. We appeal to head quarters in this matter ? to the people themselves. As to the details of such a plan as Mr. Coin proposes, he Ipavea that point to the wisdom of the Hon. Secretary of the Navy and Secretary of War. If desirable, Boston, Philadelphia, and Baltimore, could have similar in stitutions. or there could be one in every State of the Union ? the patronage to be distributed prorata* c cording to the population. The details could all be icudily arranged hereafter. It is the great principle, is laid down by Mr. Goin, that we wish to see ac knowledged by Congress and the heads of Depart ments, and carried into effect as speedily as possi ble, and we trust that our present well-informed and benevolent Secretary of the Navy will recommend the matter in his annual message to Congress. Let us i,rive a happy home and good education to those ,'?or girls who are destitute of friends to do that for For them; and thus save them from those "who lie in wait to destroy." They could be taken and made usef ul at a very early age ? they could remain as long as tlitvy pleased, though probably the greater number would leave before the age of 25, to be happily and resjiectubly married Others would leave with a small capital, saved from their honorable earnings, to embark in business, while those who choose to do so could remain to superintend and direct the otherB. at a good and fair salary. But all these and other details ? the location of the building site, the mode of its construction, &c , could ?u be easily settled hereafter. Give us, then, such an institution us we desire, to save the young and helpless from vies, want and miserv, and to render valuable chil dren happy wives and honorable mothers ? give us iich an institution as this, and virtue and happiness .-hall dwell forever in our midst. Wkstkrw Rivers ? The St f.nuis Era of the 2"?ih ult. says ? The n ?r opposite her; has risen bit ittle since yesterday morning. jit in new about on a stai.d, md bank full. Tlie steamer Balloon left Suvanah land in? on Saturday, the :11st inst : the river at that point was >> ordinary stage when she led and falling. Tho Kansas ml I'latte rivers were overrunning their banks, and (till rising very rapidly. The low bottoms on the Missouri ?ire entirely inundated, and much damage will be sus tained. In many places on the Missouri river the people are moving out of the bottoms in an anticipation of an over llow. The rivor is in many places over tho low parts of i lie banks, and finding its way into the bottoms through lie sloughs. A number of persous have been moving ?Vom Ulinoistown to tins city to keep out of tne water. ? 1'ho river has been rising very slowly of late, and we iavo hopes that it will not lie much higher. Three or 'our feet more would inundate most of the American 'iottom. The steamer Falcon reports the Illinois river very low iVom Peru to Beardstown, there being but I# inches vateron Hennepin Hats, and from 20 to ii inches on the principal bars below to Beardstown. whore it had risen onie two or three feet, but was again falling. Hi'dson River. ? We s|K?ke h few days since of ?he lownet-s of the water opposite the city.nnd of the icctimnlations constantly encroaching on the channel, mil threatening seriously to obstruct tho navigation ibove. Vet the navigation of the river below has never ieen less obstructed, nor the channel for five year* past if greater capacity. Even during the comparative Ironght which preceded the recent heavy rains, the lavlgntfon to Albany for vessels of the largest site was nore easy than during any preceding lummer. ? *ilhany Itlai, July 3. A colored prisoner, employed as cook in the Connecticut .State Prison, committed suicide by hanging on the 30th ult. He w as charged with furnishing the ?risoners with food which the rules of the prison old not ?illow them, or something of the kind, and out of this nine difficulty sprung up, and the prisoner hung him ?lf Poller Office* jtItT 5 ? |?tronf.\"? r Auhkst -Officers Martin and Whickering arrested Myer Christilla on the complaint of ? Liuville, (Merloh, and West, of Philadelphia, where be is charged with l aving entered into a conspi racy with Friedenhtirg .(the man sent on from here on a requisition from the (tovernor of Pennsylvania), and ibiained goods unrlir false pretences from their Arm to a large amount. A VsniiAisT? Julia Brown, f-w-e, was arrested by 'hat valuable officer Buckley, for being grossly intoxi cated in the streets. She was lentencad to Blackwell's Island for three months as u vagrant. OiiAnn l,*acn?fT -John Quin was arrested, charged with ftealing $37 37$ from Robert Anderson, 37 Cherry treet. (in in had just left the House of Refuge, where lie will probably be again sent. Coroner's Office. D**tm at l*THMrr.**!?rr? The (oroner held an in pieston the body of an unknown man at the Park dead liou>e. Verdict, came to his death by the deposition of i fatty substance in the rj';ht side of the heart, and in temperance and espo- ti*e Ri rriiat The 1 orom-r licl I i, i i guest on the body of a man calle l ill if i k it !* i rU dead house ? Verdict, came to his de.ilti by ti c i ntancons rupture of an aneurism of the Aorta Scicior, ? The ' oroner held an inquest nn the body of nn unknown man At the Park dead house He was found drowned at thafoot of Iloosvalt street, awlth a stone tied Id a pooket handkerchief round hie neck