Newspaper of The New York Herald, July 16, 1845, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated July 16, 1845 Page 2
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fclEW YORK' HERALD. York, W t July 10, 1H43* NfWs fioui KurojM*. 1 lie Great \\ extern and Britannia with news halt i< month inter will be due on Thursday and Friday. Principles and Policy of the Administration ?1 lie Collect urn hip nt Jlnv lurk. !t is a well settled principle that every man should be esteemed innocent until lie is proved guilty. Ac eordingly ever}1 man should be supposed to ?peak the truth, unless in some way lie is proved tofspeak Jaise. Mr. Polk has been at no small pains to esti blish and publish the fact, that he will under no cir cum fences, xonsenti[to be again a candidate for the 1 residency. It is but fair between man and man, find extending but a reasonable courtesy, to believe v iiat he says, and argue accordingly."; We take him Jtt his word. Me will not run again. Vow, there are but two ways of administering the government? one lor the general good of the com monwealth, and the other for private and selfish pur posea. W e are, therefore, compelled to believe that the President intends to administer the government f ,r :h ? public good, and not for private ends. Unless he prove recreant to every honorable feeling, he can never loiget thut he was nominated at the Baltimore ( onvention, and elected by the people, through the fpirit of compromise and concession. To no demo c a tic clique or party does he owe his election to the < 'luef Magistracy, bur to the union and compromise of them all, each conceding a part. For the good of the v hole, therefore, by every honorable consi deration, is he bound to administer the government ouch have been his professions, nor have we hitherto en an> thing m his practice in contravention of i That he may have been influenced by Gen. Jackson is highly probable; but that he was ed by him Major Lewis will deny. That he sha I" U9 administration to gratify the South, will '* denied by the friends of Mr. Calhoun. Ihat he sought an alliance with the friends 0 Mr. Jan Buren, will be denied by Col. Donton, ?i ud by that distinguished rifle shot, John C. Rives; of the Globe, who delivered the suppressed speech and by Silas Wright, who is not Secretary of the l.easury; and by Jonathan 1. Coddington, who is not Collector of the port of New York. Gov. Cass ' ti.i cultivates his wheat upon the fairies of Michi gan, Col. Johnson has nothing to do but tell his ?torv of old Tecumseh; and if others are not like them forgotten, there is to every alkaline Buchanan, hu acid W alker for an antidote. In short, all parties at satisfied, but none are pleased. John Tyler was ?i no-pai ty magistrate, seeking all and owned by none: J me- h. Polk is a no-party magistrate, seek ing but tolerated by all. What private view some of Mr. Polk's Cabinet may entertain, is not so clear. 1 iiat some of them are ambitious, even Mark Antony could not deny. But that the President has decision enough to act independently of them all will n?ver be denied by such of them as were ignorant or >ne appointment of Cornelius W. Lawrence as Col '?etor ot the port of New York, until after the deed was done. Ills not for a moment to be presumed that the most important financial department, and political agency ot the government, escaped the most ecniti nmng attention of the administration at Waslnn* on. 1- rom whatever quarter the wind at Washing ton "light blow, ,he va"e upon the Custom House " New \ork would be sure to show it. Hut how his the vane of this mighty financial and political agency How blows the wind 1 This much we can say in answer, that the clique who succeeded in badgering the President into the removal of Collec ,ii ' T rN< d? lncon,lnent|y declare that it is an ; J "" n0Wliere- Certainly it has not f S e/ 1,1 tlus "or do we hear that ir is like ly to do so. Continually solicited as we are to indicate the 1 hcyot Mr. Lawrence in the administration of the worn House, we will reply that we know nothing 2 he fubject' excePl *?!?<" an honest mind may al ays know of an honest man's conduct. Yet we hear a good deal. Whether he will remove a Day ion to secure a Dayton's vote, or retain a Marcv to ?t-r-ure a Marcy's favor, is a matter that we "can ^tarr-e.y I relieve he ever troub'es his head about Me has now been in office half a month, and some h f a dozen removals or changes have been made, bat for no political ends. It is not his policy, as we mderstand it. to administer this branch of 'the go vernment for the subservience of any clique, but for ? he general good. A man of capability and inteCTlty himself, he will require like qualifications in his^ub ordinate ^officers; and those whom he retains under ?urn will be retained because they possess tho?e gratifications and not because the Collector would - - V avoruith a I mted States Senate. The little ? yu, of office beggars who importuned the remova ' u,v. Van .Ness, and who fondly hoped to find in ^ successor some pliant tool to yield to their be hests. will be sadly disappointed, as they ought to be. We do not believe that Mr. Lawrence is the man either to be beguiled by their coquetry, or terri f-ed by their threats. We hope he is not, at any rate. It will and ought to be his ambition to administer he duties ofhisolfice soasto secure to himself a per petuity ot the honorable name he has already earned, and not damn himself. The merchants of this city will, we hope, have cause to be satisfied. We are asMired that in his decisions lie will look to the scope and intent ot the luw in all cases, and when a reasonable doubt exists as to the higher or lower rate of duty, he will take the lower rate : but never, as has some times been done, assume to be legislator, and enac' his decisions into laws. The administration at Washington has decided that the principle of rotation in ofHcn is applicable to those only who have held office twelve years ? that being the minimum period determined on. And as, with the exception of a few old men. very few of the present incumbents have held olfice for more than one third of that time, there will be no more removals, and it becomes a matter of charity to advise the three thousand and one office seekers who are now |testering the Collector, to go at once about their business? buy and sell matches ? set up fruit -tamls ? do any thing? and drop office begging Comino Fair of the America* Institute. ? We observe by a circular published by the commit" lee who have the regulation of this remarkable an .ual demonstration, that it will take place in jhe it ual place. N'iblo's, on the tith of October next. The cattle show will be held in the second week of the fair, on a plot of ground between 23d and 24th streets, near the intersection of Broadway and the fifth avenue Nothing can be liner thin the pro mises made by the committee, and if they be all actcd upon to the letter, there will he wonderful at tractions for the multitude, who, by the way, may thank themselves after all for the brilliancy that may mark the proceedings, for unless they forked out the cash, the fan would be a very dull ?/-fair. Va rious eloquent addresses will be delivered; the Silk Convention will discuss a variety of topics, and pin endless yarns about, if not of, raw silk; fire works and works of ingenuity of all kinds, will be exhibited, and the usual jam of both sexes will take place in the great saloon. We hope our lives may he prolonged to be present at this carnival. This Ingrathtde ot Party. ? Some of the leniocratic paiiere have been turning up their loses against the appointment of Mr. Melville as ."secretary to the American Minister to Kngland. and the AVtun? Pott m particular has given itself some unbecoming airs in speaking of lie matter. There was not a word about Mr. MH villi "a unfitness, when, in the last great great siruu gle he labored with signal assiduity and efficiency tn ihe same ranks with the Pott, and we wonder vhat inspiration has thrown this new light on the nind of that journal. It is a fortunate thing that the distribution of the spoils, and the reward of merit iioes not rest with the pMi ; if ,t did. those who bore the burthen and best of ihe day, would tve tt i'ar Worse chance than those without any bet alaim than paraouai intimacy, and auuh hi* ? 11 - h AwKKic.tK Akkaiks ? The sunm ship Acadia I vhich leave Boston to-day for Liverpool, will j ?irry some very important intelligence to Europe. The great unctions ot the day ? the annexation ol j rrxax, and the occuj>ation of Oregon ? have now as i utned a shajte tangible enough for England and | j . ranee to handle, it they feel so di?|>osed On the an ? fixation question, their agents, Messi*- Elliott and ; Saligny, have partially compromised their grvern nents, and Sir Robert Peel and M. (?uizot have aow to assume the responsibility of . the nets of those agents or to repudiate them altogether. M. Ouizot has already declared that France will not interfere with Texas in whatever she chooses to do, but he rather insists on the preservation of what he is pleased to call the balance of power on the American Continent. It was well enough lor him to repudiate the movements ofM. Saligny,but in assuming to dic tate the i>olicy of this country, lie has raised up a feeling of hostility against any interference of Eu ropean nations in the affairs of North and South Ame rica, that cannot be repressed. It is now lor Sir Kobert Peel to declare his intentions ? to repudiate, or assume the responsibility of all that Capt. Elliott has done. Tile intelligence that goes out to-day in the Acadia will compel him to take his choice. The Oregon question is not so nearly settled as that of Texus. The negotiations are in progress in Washington, and the lion. Louis McLane> the new Minister to England, with Ireeh in structions on the subject, takes passage in the Acadia. It is ditficult to tell what will be the result of the present negotiations. We know the feelings of the people of the country on the question ; we know, from the etfect produced by the rumor that the boundary line to the 49th degree had been agreed upon, that tli^re will be more difficulty in settling this question than any other ever brought before the country. -No compromise can be etfeet ed ; either Lugland nr America must Hive way. Will Anmriea ! This news will soon be acted upon in England and France, ant! those nations must define their po rtion towards this country. We shall, therefore look with interest for intelligence from the other -ide of the Atlantic, to the middle or close of Au gust. We may then know what to exi>ect. Morse's Tkleurai-h ? Common Cor.NCTL. ? The advantages that have resulted to the community a1 large, by the introduction of this most valuable me dium of communication ? no matter in what local ity it may be placed ? have been so repeatedly ac knowledged and commented upon, thut we do not deem it necessary, now thut its merits have been so universally allowed, and sufficiently tested, to add anything in relation to its efficient, and almost superhumau agency, as n means of communication We have repeatedly advocated its introduction in every available part of the Union, from n thorough conviction of its importance to every social and com mercial member, who breathes the free uirun(?er which we live. It has forced its way upon the con sideration of Congrees, whose tardiness in giving it a fair trial we have frequently condemned. Its successful operations between Washington and r>altimore, have, indeed, Rstonished every one who has glanced at the daily records tint have teemed through the press, communicating with electric rapidity, a synopsis ol the proceedings in Congress, and a general digest of the news ol the day every second from the Capitol to Baltimore Congress should have at once placed the telegraph in operation through the principal towns and cities of ihe I nion ; but, in its wisdom, it made a small appropriation for fixing the Telegraph in a favored locality, and so the matter has rested. We are gratified to perceive, that the Common Council have passed a resolution in favor of allow ing its introduction into this city, which, should Boston or Philadelphia have a sufficiency of public spirit, will enable both the latter cities to avail them I selves of this step, as a preliminary to the establish ment of a line on the electro-magnetic plan, be tween both cities. New York has done and will do 1 her part in the premises. What say Boston and i Philadelphia? We throw down the gauntlet from Old Gotham, and challenge them to enter the lists I on this enterprize. I The new Steamboat Rip Van Winkle ? This splendid boat built, as most of our readers know, by a society of wealthy young gentlemen belonging to this city and Albany, is to run between these two pi ices, and will begin her regular trips Thursday or Friday of this week. She measures 222 feet over all: 26 feet beam; 9 feet hold, and is between 450 and 500 tons, with a H inch cylinder, a 10 feet stroke, and a 2^ feet wheel, 9 feet face and 2$ inches deep. She draws 3 feet 9 inches water. The en gine is nearly similar to those of the steamboats Troy, Empire, vVc., and are called Lighthall im I proved half beam marine engines, and will be under | the care of a person of great worth as a gentleman I j and an engineer. The engine is of 130 horse} pow er, and the whole is so disposed as to ensure secu rity and celerity. The promenade deck, which is I entirely unobstructed, is 116 feet in length, the low er cabin 9^ Uet, and the saloon HO feet. So far as we could judge, she equals in beauty and in proi>or tion,Hll boats at present navigating the North River. The builder of the Rip Van Winkle, is Mr. George Collyer, who has certainly exhibited a great deal of taste and skill in the construction of this chef rf'ouvre of naval architecture. The outside of the wheels is covered by two splendid pictures ; one representing a view of the bay of New York, with the arms of the city; and the other, the venerable Rip Van Winkle himself, ust recovering from his protracted sleep, and lost in surprise at contemplating the great alterations in lhe country, which he finds it impossible to recog nize. Both paintings are beautifully finished, and rtre well worth a visit to the boat. The promenade deck, which, as we have already 'said, is entirely un obstructed, is the largest we have ever seen on a boat of the same size. The internal accommoda tions. both for Indies and gentlemen, art* of a very I ?uj>erior kind, and the elegance and splendor of the ! saloon and lower cabin rival anything we have ever j seen before. Captain L. L). Abe 1 1, who will com ! mand her, is a very gentlemanly man, and we feel I lufrtitied in saying that flie will be no less a favorite ! with the public, than the boat, now under his charge. Military Movements. ? We understand that the : New York City Guards, Capt. McArdle, intend I shortly to visit Boston. The Governor's Guards, and the State Fencibles, , commanded by Capt. George Lyon, and the Living ston Guards, comprising the Second Regiment of State Artillery, under the command of Col. William j Dodge, left this city last Monday evening for Ponghkeepsie, where they hold their annual en campment They were accompanied by the New York Bras- Band, and made u very soldier-like up j pea ranee. The Hancock Light Infantry of New Haven. Capt. Pray, will visit New York about the 2ftth o^ (his month. They will be accompanied by one of !he Boston Brass Bands. The City Cadets is :he significant and appropriate name of a new military corps now forming in Poughkeepsie. Qt ir KER Yet.? The train via Long Island, ar rived at Brooklyn at.10 minutes to 4 o'clock, yester day afternoon, and papers were delivered at half iiust 4 The trip was made over the Worcester and Norwich loads in three and a half hours. The new steamer, Traveller, crossed the sound to Greenport, '29k miles in one hour anil fifty-two minutes, and lie run was made over the Long Island in three I iiours and ten minutes. Indian Affairs ? The pending treaty between the eommiNHioner* of the United Stales and the Potta V* itmitiei him been broken oft. The PoltawaUmie* ow n tibout f>,noo oon an-es of law! which the Kovemmrnt do iroit to pur-hat* ,>t 10 pi>n'?, hot the ehicf* tu onl l not ike le?* ?h?n l.'i renin per acre. The prinri|>al ohjee ?ion to the PottHwttamie* was that they did not de?ire to itinoveto the nouth vMn of the MImuuiI, fn the vicl nil) oi the l'lwn?M iind othur hoitll* trlb?? ? Hi. Lvuii *? / a, 7 Theatrical*. P*r.\ Thkatki.? To-night will be represented, forth'- first tune in this country, the spUndld o|>erB Im ./? it, one of the chef d'truvrt of musical compo sition. The artists who are to sing in this opera, anon: whom the public will find most ot their ta ; voritc <, make a bill of no small attraction to the lov T9 of music. And the splendor ot the scenery, the magnificence of the dresses and accessories, will contribute greatly to remunerate tne public tor th'-ir attendance. M'lle CalvG, M'ine Casini, Messrs. Arnaud, Cueunot, Douvry and Garry will appear in this opera, and the names of so many em inently distinguished artists is sufficient to warrant the inoft sanguine expectations of the public, and se cure u liberal patronage to the company. We ad vise those who attend the performance .o-night to pr.?cuie the libretto which is sold at the office. It will prove very useful to them, especially if they are not vi ry well acquainted with the French language. The libretto contains the opera in French, *,with a literal translation in English, by Mr. Revoil, u gen tleman of great literary acquirements Nmilo'si Garden. ? Mrs. Mowatt is attracting crowded and overflowing saloons. Her popularity is actually on the increase. Nothing can exceed the excitement her appearance creates. Parties come from the neighboring watering places, and Kock -.way and New Rochelle are quite deserted the evenings Mrs. M. acts at Niblo's. She is to again delight a fashionable siloon to night by her persona tion < f Pauline. Mr. Crisp and Mr. Chippendale repeat the characters of Claude Melnotte and Col. J Damns. Ymerlcaa Institute? Farmers Club. Th" usual weekly meeting of this body took place I at their rooms in the Park yesterday at 12 o'clock. Dr. Archer Was, on motion to that eflect made, se lected to preside, for which he tendered his thanks to the meeting. Mr. Meigs acted as Secretary. The first business done, was the perusal of some pa|>ers by the Secretary. In the first place, he read an extract from a French journal, entitled " Le Re vue Scientifique," being a passage from an account of Abyssinia, drawn up by the exjiedition sent out by the French government to explore that country. The Secretary observed that his principal object in translating the passage for the use ot the Club, was the promulgation of the facts alleged therein, viz : that Abyssynia was throughout a level territory, ele vated nearly 2, OCX) feet above the level of the sea, and singularly mild in climate, salubrious and fer tile. lie did not know that such was generally known to be the case ; however, as it was new to him, he thought it right to introduce it to the club. The next communication of the Secretary was an oral one, and tor the purpose of calling their atten tion to a method of preserving po'atoes in boxes, so as to keep them for a very long time. The process, he said would be found fullv described in the Na tional Magazine ? page 190. The preservation of the potatoe was extremely important in every point ot view, but above all on account of its betngasure specific for the scurvy, which disease was power less against a subject who could procure a potatoe to eat. A short report from the visiting committee was next read. It related a visit to two or three iilaces, the state and kind of the crops, the mode of their culture, and a few other local facts of no importance whatever. A letter from Lieut. Hartlett, of the U. S. ship Portsmouth, dated front Valparaiso, 8th April last, was read by the Secretary. It gave an account of the sailing feats performed by the vessel named, which in tne opinion of the writer were unequalled. The voyage was commenced from llio Janeiro, March 8th, for Valparaiso. On the 20th, they made the Straits of La Maine, distant 2,400 miles ; thus continuing for twelve days to average 13J nautical or 15J statute mi'es an hour. The remainder of the voyage was almost equally successful. A member here announced that Mr. Green and Col. Hose were unable to attend and address the meeting on Texas, as had been published ; he re gretted it a good deal, but the less that he was ena bled to introduce a gentleman to them, who from residence and travel in that country, was able to gratify their laudable curiosity in relation to that country. lie would call upon Dr. Phof.? Who arose and said that he was not pre paied in do .justice to the subject, not having been ap prixed 1 1 1 at there would he a call made upon him. lie had in his possession some notes made from personal ob servation us well as good authorities, which, if they de sired he would read tor them, less in the hope of their j being found interesting than in the persuasion that such j a* they were they coutd be relied on. (A pause ) I do I not know that the club would like to hear them read. Skcbttarv.? For my part, sir, I should be anxious to hear from you. I want to learn something by listening to the perusal of your note*. Gentlemen, is it your wish to hear Or i'aige'f (Aye, aye, aye t O certainly !) Dr. Paioe proceeded. Few persons, he observed, ware aware of the beauty and resources of that country called Texas. It covered .160 thousand square miles ; was nearly as large as France and Spain together, containing an urea of 200 millions of square acres. It was five times as large as New Kngland; nearly equal to the whole of the Southern Stutes, which contained .'170,000 square miles, allowing it the same ratio of population as that of Knglund it would sustain 1.10 millions of people. The great variety of accounts that were published of it, some of them contradictory, one to another, was owing to the diflerent points of entrance into its varied soil by trav ellers. A great diversity ol frontier was presented on its surface, which together with the vast extent which it covered led to various statements on the subject. The alluvial district* abounded in forest trees of those grow ing in the valley of the Mississippi. Vet an erroneous impictsion prevails that Texas is scantily supplied with timber. In other districts may be raised cotton, sugar, tobacco, he, almost to any extent, with Tory little la'ior Its table lands are represented to exceed in salubrity and < productiveness those of Mexico herself. An abundance , of water power may be had. All travellers who have ?isited Texas agree in ascribing to it the most delight { fill climate in the world; tho range of the thermometer i in summer is HO dog, and in winter little or no ice is seen. Nor do changes of weather there produce the same, or any complaiuts, as elsewhere. In winter the North winds sweep down its plains with as much regit - j larity as the South winds in summer. But its climate is monified by such a variety of circumstances, thut the Miasma lire vailing in Louisiana is unknown in Texas in similar localities; and the emigrant can settle in any part of the country and escape disease, the fever and ague^ that beset him in^this. Texas abounds in prairie land, and natural meadows. Some of them are in ex ' tent ami beauty perfectly magnificent. Flowers and herbage and the glories ol the vegetable kingdom meet I the eye far as it can wander; while all the known and useful varieties of timber are found in lavish profusion, ' otton is to lie the great staple of Texas. Towards the Gulpk of Mexico it grows in length and fineness equal to the Sea Island. Sugar is plentiful, yet owing to certain present causes it can hardly bo had as plentifully as in Louisiana fer many years.? | The indigenous indigo of Texas is greatly su 1 perior to that cultivated in tho United States ? Bread stuffs can be had of the best quality and in excced i ing abundance. Two crops may be annually gathered, I each yielding T.i bushels ofwhoat peracre. All the ce 1 real grain* flourish in it. The soil is well suited for j hemp, and rice may be produced to any extent. The Vanilla plant, the Locust tree are both of much celibrity for their utility, and the Chilli is highly esteemed by the Mexicans as a luxury. Some of its vegetable produc tions are curious?among tliam is found the famed Me mosa, or sensitive plant. Texas is also very rich in mi nerals?gold, silver, coal, iron and all those most essen tial to man. It is considered the silver mines of Mexico are the richest in the world. Game abound in the woods : he who can use a fowling-| lece may have always a well furnished table. Its fish arc not deficient or inferior ? rome of them, indeed, delicious -. one of them? the Ued I- ish, being ranked next to the Salmon. Its reptiles are limited ; the oily noxious specie, with one or tw ? excep tions being the rattle-snake, for w hone bite, as well as that of all others, Ammonia is a ceitain and never-failing speci fic, when applied internally and externally. Another -inimal of the leptile class, is the Horned Kiog, which it , common in Texas, although itwasfora longtime held as a fabulous cteaturc. l'ho Tarantula is an inhabitant ? also, and an ugly one f.antharides are also found, but not in great abundance Bees swarm on every tree, almost. Dr I'aige continued to read a variety of interesting in I formation on Texas, and concluded by an extract ot a letter from a settler, which appeared two or three days ago in one of the city papers. A vote of thanks was unanimously recorded to Dr. P fji hi* valuable communication. Mr. W*?i), of Arkansas, being introduced to ?he meet ing, submitted a variety of specimens of a very superior kind of oil-stone, called tho Arkansas stone. Mr. W ! was in communication with tho members of the Soclet) for a considerable time, during which he pointed out the ! merits of his preparation of trie article, intimated his in tentionto establish agei.r *s (or the sale of them, the mode of sawing, finishing. fee., but reserving to himsell the graii't secret ol giving them their peculiar quality, lie was thanked for his pains, and he thanked the Society foi their patience. The Sr.c *? tarv next said that the subject for the day wH now in order, being "Substitute for a short Crop ol Hay.-' The discussion of this was not general, and did not last long. A Mt Mara made a few remarks in praise of Millet, hut said if not sown at a certain time, it was liable to be de stroyed by birds. fir. I 'ilium i i.i. wan not in favor of millet, it was a most exhausting crop on the soil. Green crops were a sure substitute for a deaith of hay. Many kinds of turnips? the white and yellow, Dean's Aberdeen, fco., might be sowed now to advantage. Indian corn too sown now broad cast would come iri season ; it would require to be cut green before the esrs were formed, and while the sac chaiine matter remained in the stnlk. A Mi Minn said that one great difficulty in this corn was its liability to heat. Dr. Undmimii i replied that lie found that by 'pinading it out ngain't a rail lencn the passage ofthe wind through it easoned it. Mr. Lro*? observed that a sura preservative was found r. the ujipLv a'.iJii Hi salt. i.. the proportion n! m:* peek to evoi y h agon load of coin stalks. I'd* meeting shortly after adlmirued Sporting i|ltrlll|cn?r. Th!' (Jravp p.ic'jcg Match htwekn Johm C 'alhi iff and James K. Polk.? Yesterday there was n pretty good muster on the Beacon Course, Hoboken, to see those celebrated horses once more "ome together. The match was the best three in tive for $1,000 James K Polk was driven by Albert Conklin, and lohnC. Calhoun by VVm. Whelan. The betting previous to the start was two to one against a named horse for winner. After some ten or a d'>zen attempts at a start, they went forth, J. C. Calhoun taking the lead about two lengths in front ; but at the drawgate James K. Polk went up and cellared him, and went in front, leading him some six or eight lengths at the quarter in 39 seconds ; they remained in this position to the halt mile pole in lm. 12s. Round the top James K Polk appeared to pull in somewhat to allow the other to <^et up, and at the drawgate Calhoun made up some little ! ;e way, but of little use, James K. Polk came in a winner some two or three lengths in front in 2:33$. In this heat J. C. Calhoun lost his fore shoe. Tlu-re was considerable delay and grumbling be fore the second heat came on, in consequence of Mr. Whelan's driving ; he would first pull up as they reached the score, then he made a break just as he approached it. Many said that this was done for the purpose of fatiguing the other, and loud and long were the murmurs thereat ; but, perhaps this was not altogether unavoidable, though it appeared in many instances to the contrary. After this dilficulty had I een got over they went forth, Calhoun tuking the lead, and shortly after broke but soon recovered, and at the half mile, which was done in lm 13s , Polk took the lead which he maintained round the top, where Calhoun made a brush for it, apparently gaining some litt e, but not of material consequence, and J K. Polk came in much as before in 2.31. Th- third heat at the start, or rather the attempt for such, was much as b?fore ; at length they got well off together, the Polk taking the lead, and ap l peared to be running away from the other altogether, i They reached the half mile in lm. 16s. Hound the I top Calhoun appeared to gain on the leader, and : down the straight side towards home ttill more so; ; Whelan plied Ins whip pretty freely, but not with i much success, lor the other came home a length in ' front in 2m. 39s., winning the stake. I Pit vious to the start it appeared as if both horses i were lame, one in the fore legs, and the other in the hind oH' leg. This will somewhat account for the time made on this occasion. # Skcttli In the tSl>slan Fields, Hoboken? (?rami H(|;ntta>-Mu?t?i'lng of the Yachts? Amusements, <Sit, Monday was one of those beautiful days in which all those who could possibly avail themselves of the opportunity, did so, to enjoy the cool and re freshing breeze of the river near the Klysiun Fields, away from the burning heat ot the high temperature of the city and its environs. The gentle shower of the previous evening drew many forth, and at an early hour might be seen the most delightful of all par ties ? families enjoying themselves beneath the shady foliage with which this beautiful retreat abounds. In one spot might be seen an individual stretched at full length on the greensward, viewing in silence and solitude the flow of the majestic Hudson be neath his feet. Then again on the right a troop of juveniles, in the hey-day of youth, amusing them" selves in a game of romp; while a little further on might be seen the youthful mother and her tender otlspring calmly enjoying the scene around, while leaning on the arm ot him to whom she now and then looked up to with pride and affection. Then again might be seen other parties, having in their midst a certain description of locomotive cradles, neatly covered over to protect from the sun's pierc ing rays the precious burdens therein contained, while the more adult carried in their hands baskets, iVc., showing that they had not been unmindful of the creature comforts of this life, while they en joyed its most pleasant scenes. To the sylvan shades abounding near this spot most ot these wend ed their way, to partake of what nature and indus try hau bestowed upon them, and here it was that the most hypochondriacal might feel satisfied that this earth still afforded something worth living for and enjoying, in |?eace and contentment, with his fellow man. Nor was this all that this delightful spot afforded. A series of entertainments are givenevery afternoon, of the most novel and chaste description. In front of Mr. M'Cartv's hotel is erected a stage, having its back towards the river, by about 20 feet wide and as many deep. On this three of the most popular hrliftes of the day make their ap|>ear ance, displaying a variety of novelties calcu lated to inspire the audience with useful knowledge and admiration. Among thfse are young Francisco, generally termed the " Fakir of Angelina," in which there are but lew that can surpass him, p.n ticularly in his Hindoo miracles. The Misses Bar ber's dancing is at once chaste and elegant, and their vocal powers o( a very res|*'Ct.ible order. These having been amply enjoyed, generally afford the the highest gr >ii!n ation. termiuming with unbound ed applause The enjoyment of the day is concluded with another stroll through these pleasant grounds, and all returned homeward, gratified, invigorated ? the bonds of love and friendship drawn doser and closer together. Thi* foregoing are daily tcenes in this delightful neighborhood, hut yesterday there were Mill further attractions. It was announced that the New Yoik Yacht Club would mutter off tins soot at 12 o'clock. At the entrance of the Elysian Fields amid a grove <>1 trees, was erected a wooden halt Gothic and Swiss building of about 40 feet long by 20 wide, and 90 high, having four large diamond pointed windows on each 9ide, and large doors ut each end l,4i the outside, around the (building, is a piazza oi about live leet wide, where a segar or cheeroot may be enjoyed in the shade. without be:ngun annoyance to any one. At the back is erected ample cooking apparatus. This building is intended as a dining room lor the Yacht Club ,and such oilier large and respectable boJies as may wish to adjourn to this spot on a like occasion, and will form a great ac quisition to the proprietors, and add to thejattraction of the place. The energy of the Messrs. Stevens may be understood.when it is known that on Thurs day last the foundation of the building was laid which now forms such an attractive feature among ihe many here to be enjoyed. Shortly after 12 o'clock the yacht Coquille moored oil the spot, the commander of which, J. C. Jay, Esq., who is the Secretary of the Club, immediately landed and hoisted the club flag on the Hag staff in front of the Hall. It is a large white flag having a large star in the centre with twenty-five other stare verging oil at live points. The Coquille is a centre boat of a most beautiful construction fitted lip in first rate style, with every comfort and accommoda tion. She is II feet 6 inches in length on deck: 14 feet t? inches in beam: draws I feet M inches of wa ter : her tonnage is 274. American measurement, about 13 tons English, and has about 35icet hoist oi mainsail The Cygnet, Captain Wni. Edgar, came to an chor shortly after. She is 52 feet long, 15 wide, draws 8 feet water; 44 tons burthen. The .Vlinna followed in a.horttime. She is a keel boat of about HO American tons; (5 feet between decks; 12 feet long, 1 1 wide, and is wfthe most beau tiful construction. The Adda, Capt. Kogers, next came up. She is i centre small boat, about :."j feet K inches long, 12 feet !) inches broad, 4 feet. 3 inches deen, draws 3 teet S inches water, and 3 feet forwarcl, having a most beautiful broadside. About two o'clock, the Commodore, .1. H. Ste vens, Esq , on board the " Gimcruck" hoye in sight, md came to anchor close to the others. Captains Jay and Edgar of the Coquille and Cvgnette, went immediately on board and re(>orten themselves The Commodore ap|H-ared surprised that the other vessels were not on the station as directed ; and ac counted for his own backwardness in liavng to pro vide for the squadron under considerable dNadvan lagesas to time, \c, which appeared jterfectly satis factory The "Gimcruck" is a centre built boat, ibout 50 feet long, with 11 feet beam, draws ?> feet water, with stretchers to her mainsail. She has been fresh painted and cleaned, and looks remarka bly well, and no doubt in the forthcoming contest will give a good account of herself. Shortly alter, the "Lancet," Capt. < > . Kollins, hove to She is 22J tons, 87 feet long, sharp built, dr ?ws 8 feet 4 inches water, and about 14 feet beam, ??opper bottomed and fasteed ; a most heautful boat, and looks every thing that could be wished. Most of the commanders ol the other boats shortly ifter made their a|>jiearance, and accounted for the tbsence of their vessels, by stating that they were undergoing rejwirs, cleaning, ?.Vc preparatory to the great match on Thursday. A most ample and ?umi> tuous dinner was provided for the occasion, but as die affair was wholly private, to make rules arid regulations for the future government of the club, and of no public interest, of course we do not pub lish the proceedings. Tne whole went off with the greatest satisfaction. There is little doubt but that in a short time, this association will become the leading nautical club in the United States. The following is a list of the different vessels be longing to the Club for the present season : ? The "Oimerack," John If. fltevcnn, K?q. Commodore The "Upiav," J. Hamilton \V'ilke? K?q. Vice f!om're Tlio "Cygnet," Willum Edgar, E*q. The "Syren," William Millar, K?q. The "Sybil," ('hrintoplinr Miller, K?q. Tlic "Milt," Loitl* !)<?]. a i, !.:nj The "Minna," Jan Wsterfiiiry, K?q. ' l.a ( w.| il!<\ lolin C.Jay.Kiq. riie " Aflfls." Jamex Hofreii, Kk|. Tim " Dream," Oenrfre I.. Hehnyler, K?q. The "I nnret,'" <<.-orge Itollinn, F.?q. J'lie "Northern I ight," W. P. Winrhaster, F.?q The lanthe," ( ieorge ' 'ailwnllDdcr, 1 *q The N ? (cnttar ynrht) ( apt. Kotnn?on. On Thursday, doubtlm, they will mu?ter in strung force, whan such ? display will be m?d? at 'i#vsr before was taen in this vtoiniiy. CfNTiwPED Hot Weather.?1 The thermomete'j r >ae to 112, at which point it wat at 3 o'clock. In al mrts of the country, so fur as heard from, the name extreme heat baa been experienced. [From Hudson Republican, July IS.] The thermometer at the Hudson river bank stood ut 99 in the shade at one o'clock, on Satuiday last, and on Bun lay It ranged a trifle above 100. We are told that a num ber or placet It wai at high ai 104. Yesterday at eleven o'clock the thermometer ttood at 100 at the bank, when i thunder shower came Up, and In half nn hour It bad fallen to 70 ?30 degree*. The shower lasted nearly an hour, during which time it raged with great violence. It wai accompanied with some liail, but not enough to do much injury. [From Albany Journal, July 14.] Yesterdey was the hottest day within the memory of Hie "oldest inhabitant." It was suffocating, and poor mortality almost sank under the infliction. Scarcely a breath or air was stirring, to mitigate the tortures of the intense heat. At different localities and under diffe rent exposures the thermometer marked different heights? the lowest, however, being high enough for all practical purpose*. At Apothecaries' Hall, in the imme diate "icmity of a soda fountain, the following degrees were marked : ? 12 o'clock, 93 I 2 o'clock, 974 I 4o'clock,95] I 6 o'clock, 92J 1 do 96 I 3 do 96} | 5 do 94^ | 7 do 91 [From Salem Register, July 14.] Friday anil Saturday were two of the warmest days of the season. On Fiiday night, at 12 o'clock, the mercury stood at 81. At sunrise on Saturday morning it was at 76, and throughout the day the heat was intense? the ther mometer indicating 94,:96, 98, and even 103, according to situation. Just bctore midnight of Saturday, there was a very sudden and remarkablo? almost instantaneous ? change of temperature. Without any rain or indication of ram, the wind veered round to the north-east, and be gan to blow with groat force, tho atmosphere at the same time assuming an uncomfortable coolness, which com pelled the good people to close their windows. At sun rise yesterday the mercury stood at 60? a change of 43 degrees in u few hours? at noon 74 ; and at sun down So. [From Baltimore Sun. July 14] Yesterday was decidedly the warmest day we have had this season, the thermometer, in various locations in the shade, ranging, at 3 o'clock, from 95 to 98 deg. [From Montreal Herald, July 12 J Yesterday was the warmest day of the season, the ther mometer ranging during the best part of it at 82 to 86 in the shade. The growing crops are advancing with great rapidity, and for tho first time for many years, no com plaint* of the fly in the wheat fields are yet heard. City Intelligence. Kirk. ? About 4 o'clock yesterday afternoon a fire broke out in the attic story of M r. K. W. Laight's resi dence. No. 38 Warren street, which in a short time de stroyed the whole of the root, and were it not for the ex ertions used by the fire department, the whole house wouid have been consumed. There was a carpeater living in the top of the house, who had, it is supposed, allowed a light of some kind to get connected with wood shavings, and by this means the fire took its origin. Theie were a couple of beds consumed. The furniture all through the house, together with the remainder of the beds, carpets, and in fact every thing which came within reach, have been more or less injured by water. The loss it is expected will amount to about $2,000, which is covered by insurance. Washington Market.? The west side of this market is in a very bad condition. The waterfrom the fish depart ment has become an intolerable nuisance. Will the street inspector in that district have the trouble re moved ? Coroner's Office, July 15. ? Death in the City Prison. ? A man named Harris, in prison for an assault and battery, died suddenly this morning. He was well yesterdav, and is supposed to have died In a fit. Death by Drowning. ? The Coroner held an inquest on the body of an unknown man at the Park dead house. Verdict? came to his death by being accidentally drown ed in the North River, foot of Cortlandt street. Death from Exposure. ? The Coroner held an inquest on the body of a man named Bernard Riley, at the Park dead house. Verdict? came to his death by congestion of the brain, produced by intemperance and exposure to the heat. Jluoplejty. ? The Coroner held an inquest on the body of Caroline Oockolen, 74 Chrystie street. Verdict came to her death by apoplexy. Congestion of the Lungs. ? The Coroner held an inquest on the body ot Mary Biers, at the Park dead house. Ver dict?came to her death by congestion of the lungs and hepatization of the same. Brooklyn City Intelligence. Inki est. ? The Coroner held an inquest yesterday morning on the body of a boy of the name of I.eeden, who was found foiting at Yellow Hook Dock, South Brooklyn. He was dressed with cotton shirt, cassimere pantaloons, and brown linen frock, and was about 12 years of ago. Another. ? Also on the body of James Haynes, found at loot of Dock street, who was drowned while bathing, I having taken a cramp in the water. He was observed by some persons who thought he was only funning. His body was conveyed on shore Monday night. ?Jersey City Intelligence. Accident. ? A servant girl in the employment of Mr. Dunherry, American Hotel, Montgomery street, Jeiaey City, fell from the second story on Monday afternoon, and liad her ankle seveiely fractured ; but hopes are enter tained of her recovery. Look out roil Robbers. ? On Monday night, about ten o'clock, as a man of the name of Maginnis was returning from Jersey City to Newark, he was attacked by two men the rear of Harsimus, who, no doubt, intended to have robbed, and, if possible, perhaps, committed murder, one ol tho fellows struck him with an iron Jemmy over the right ear, inflicting a severe wound, but Maginnis having recovered himself, immediately wrenched the weapon from him, when the fellow who had been in the meantime, deserted by his companion, made oft' in the direction of Newark. Maginnis immediately returned to Jersey City, where he remained until the following morning He had $310 about him, and were it not that he had been a powerful man, he, no doubt, would have been delivered of his burthen. Police Intelligence. Police OrricB, Tuesday. ? Petit Larceny. ? Urie Mann was arrested, charged with stealing $16 from A. II Reed, 88 Vesey street. Another. ? Catharine Baldwin was arreited charged with stealing $1 00 from Kliza Smith, 68 Grand street. Important threat. ? A man named Waller was arrested, charged with having stolen JliOO in Savannah, (ieo. Burglary. ? The house of Wm. Stewart, No. 44 Barclay stieet, was entered and robbed of four silk dresses. Court Intelligence. General Sessions, Tuesday.? Before the Recorder and Aldermen Connor and .luckson. M. C. Patterson, Baq. District Attorney. ? Trial far Grand Larceny. ? Henry was placed on trial, indicted for stealing prayer books, bibles, Sic., from the Kev. Dr. Pott's church in I'niversity Place. He was found selling them. The Jury returned a verdict of guilty. Sentenced to State Piison for *2 years. Trialfnr Grand Larceny. ? Wm. Smith was now tried for stealing a gold watch and chain valued at $ .">0, from Safl'ad H. Pond, corner of Mott and Broome streets, on the -2?>tn of June. Pond was sitting on a barrel at the cor ner intoxicated, and Smith seized the chain and escaped with the watch. The Miry returned a verdict of guilty. The Court sentenced him to the Houso of Refuge. Trial for ?l.matilt and linitny. ? Bernard Lowber was placed on trial, chargcd with assaulting and beating his apprentice, C. W. K. Miller. It was shown that he was beaten with a strap ; but'it was contended that a muster had a right to inflict chastisement on his apprentice. ? The Jury returned a verdict of guilty. Kino. I $35. Special Sessions, July lft. ? Trial for Heating a Wife. ? Peter Willard was tried for beating and abusing his ?.vile Fanny, a very pretty good-natured looking woman, l'he lady said, he was in the habit of getting drunk and would strike her? but she loved him still : it was only a way ho had, and she hoped the Court would forgive him. He was accordingly discharged. Stealing Money. ? Myer Baur was charged with stoal* ing f>3 fiom Patrick Fiiugan, Delancy street. Sent to the house of refuge. .rttiault and Hnttery. ? Mary Overdike was tried for an assault and batter}- on Mrs Mary Jane Parker and her mother. She was shown to be a bad character. Pene iontiary, si\ months. Jlnother. ? Wm. Varndell was tried for entering the room of Kdwaid Stiff, '2 Pine street, and throwing a lamp in his lace while ia bed. There were some curious inci dents in this case, and Varndell was discharged. U. S. Commissioners Orntl, July 14. ? James Naugli '#n. n seaman on board the ship Shanunga, on her la t trip from New Orleans, was examined on a charge of en- ! deavor to create a revolt on board said vessel, and di ? ] charged. Captain Patten, of the same vessel, was ex amined on a charge of cruel and unusual treatment, arid j wan also discharged. Nanghton has sued the captain in ! the Marine Court for Civil damages for assaul^ Si pehior Cocrt, July 16. ? Before a full Bench ? This < ou rt was engaged in hearing argument ca?es. The 'ollowing order was entered on the minutes by direc tion of the Court. Ordered, that this Court will adjourn lor the term on Saturday next, July 19, and that no argu ments will be heard during the present week, except by ' consent of both parties. Uniieu States Cimxit Colbt, July 16 ? The follow ing orders have been entered. Taxation ?j Cot/i ?Ordered, That in place of the pro- ' visions of rule !*6 of this court, for the taxation of costs 1 of parties, the cost of narties (their attornies, solicitors { and counsel) shall be allowed and taxed conformably to { the regulation and appointment of costs made in the last : proviso but one to section one, No. 169, of the act ol | ' ongress approved May 18th, 1843, entitled An Act Mak ing Appropriations for the Civil Riid Diplomatic K.xpen- ' ses oi ( iovernmeut for the year 184-2. Ordered, That for sotvices rendered pursuant to the 1 course ol practice of this court, for whirli no fees aro ap- | portioned specially by act of Congress and of the State ol ? Vew York, in force, theie shall he allowed on taxation ' the same lates of compensation as by usage or adjudica- I tion of this court, or the Supreme Court of the United States, were allowed therefor at the time of the passage ! ol the act of May 18, 1842, aforesaid. i Ordered, That in all cases of taxation of costs, fees i shall be allowed as having been appointed by the laws of j the State, only according to the ratos allowed for like services in similar cases in the highust courts of law and equity, ol original'Jurisdiction of the State of New Vork. Ordered, J hat it Special < ircuit of the United States be held at the City Hall in the City of New Vork, on the tiist Monday of September next, at II o'clock, A. M , for the purpose of hemug and deciding cases in equity, cases in appeals, issues ot law, motions i.i arrest ol judgment, motions for now trials, and to per form all oilier duties authorized by the art of Congress, . approved July 4th, 1810, entitlod An Act in addition to 1 the Acts i expecting the Judicial system of the 1 mteri j States. j ' uses on appeal and writs of error will be first hoard. ! N. V. Repreme Court. Ciittino vs. Kr.Ti'in ?t. Ketehum said a cutting thing, And rutting tried to match it, But found no words that bore a sting Or, if he had some good Ideas, He could net cetoh 'am it apt'?ar>, to Ketehum bad "to oatoh ii," Dcsi?*r?, Va., July 10, 1845. Society in Vir gin i a ?Cheap Living? Lour Farm. - Rents. From the Court Houae to the river, a high, hill/ stony country stretches north and south, so barren is to bid defiance to the agriculturist. The primi* live growth of the lorests, where not convenient to ? ransport for firewood, is still abundant! and the se condary growth of pines so dense and extensive, that roads not much used are soon so obscure that lone but the foresters can find them; hence a stran ger is certain to lose his way if he be too exclusive 10 enquire of the inhabitants, who are civil to the traveller. Highway robberies have been less frequent since the last man was handed lor it. But, only a few days ago one of the natives, who had carried f resit meat to market at July Court, returning home after dark, was set upon by a notorious petty thief, who it the onset succeeded in knocking him senseless out of his cart with a long pole, and commenced ri fling his pockets for the lew shillings he got for his meat. The market man at this juncture recovered; and seized the robber, whom he found to be Mass Rusiutt, one of the desperate gang who tor years have escaped detection. Hives tied Inm and curried him to jail, and it he is fouud guilty he will certainly be hanged . The natives are opposed to making magistrates of religious men, and generally in cases of felony the accused has been permitted to object to religious men on the jury. It is sustained on the ground of bias, prejudice, and partiality. The professor of reli gion does not see and feel through the same medium with the man of the world, or he whose walks of life is among the masses. I remember, not long since, a fellow named Hardp, one of those thieves who rob and steal on all occasions (and whose cunning aided by as cunning an attorney, has made him notorious) ' burned a house ofhis neighbor; it was clear from the evidence he had committed the deed, and if he had fallen into the hands of a northern iury would have been found guilty. But Hardo challenged evcrv re ligious man and every temperance man on the jury, wnich caused much merriment in the court, who, however, sustained him on the ground that lie should be tried by hiB peers. One of the challenged said he was not religious, but Hardo proved he hud been baptised, and the objection was held good He was cleared without leaving the jurv box, amid the shouts and laughter of all present. The magistrates get no pay for tneir services, and the people nave be come so turbulent that gentlemen of fortune refuse to actj of course then this ancient aristoctacy is now represented in the persons of the "lower crust," as you term them, and it frequently occurs that their genealogy and low origin is thrown up to them whil. t sitting onthe bench. They may order the traverser to jail, but to get him there they are obliged to execute the order themselves. The sheriff and constables refuse, and tell the poor magistrate to be cool and keep his tempei, and that the offender was beneath his notice. Twenty years ago the terrors of the taw prevented the commission of crime, but since the 4th of March, 1829, every man has imbibed the inde pendent spirit of that great man and warrior, Gene ral Jackson, and "I take the responsibility" is the justification for eve^ infraction of the rights of oth ers, and for every violation of the law. But, after all, Mr. Bennett, the people are better off than with you ? the females are more economical, more indus trious, more virtuous and more independent than they are at the north. There are no widows, and very few girls unmarried who are marriagable. Provisions of all kinds are abundant, and the Po tomac furnishes plenty of fish all the year round. ? The ]>eople (except very few, such as lawyers and preachers) spin and weave their own clothing, and many families use neither coffee or tea. Milk, in the summer, is as plenty here as drinking water is in Texas at this season. Very little money ssrves; and cows and calves are only worth five to ten dol lars. Small farms of 100 acres rent for twenty dol lars, and the best farms for one hundred dollars per annum. The orchards are numerous, and cider is as cheap as with you. and equally as good. Free negroes own land, and live with as few restraints as those in New York. They have many privileges the New York negro has been deprived of, such as driving hacks, cabs, and carts, for transportation as common carriers. They ure the chief boatmen and teamsters we have, and ara the most numerous hucksters for the Washington city market. Slaves are, with some exceptions, treated with patriarchal kindness, and live just as well as their masters. If any discontent is discovered, it is immediately traced to the preachers, who, for the life of them, cannot avoid saying something deploring the con dition of the poor slave ? his ignorance, his degrada tion, and his wrongs. This sets the negro to think ing, and his sulky, sullen demeanor is soon followed by his desertion Lttoberino on thk St. Lawrence? The Mon treal correspondent at the Hochextcr Democrat , (a capital letter writer forthe place,) describes wbat bo saw mi the -J-Jd June: ? Krotn my window this morning -22 largo lumber rafts arc in sight, destined far Quebec. All are contented, and happily plying the oar, with a song. All strike with precision, and all appear to enjoy them selves. Tliey get at the destined port and then re turn by steamer, and before they reach home their mo ney is generally gone, and they ore again eager to re peat the voyage. In this particular, they much resem ble the crew of a man of war that arrives at New York. They are paid oft'? a spree follows? money gone, and re nly for snipment. The lumber business at Quebec continues very pros perous. The ships arriving theie from Kurope for load ing, had reached 67:2, against 442 up to the same time last season. The number of emigrants ariived up to Thurs day last was 12, 860. Ships cleared this season, 308, leaving 364 in port. Several raft* of lumber from the United Slates had arrived at Quebec, mostly from St. I.awrence county, and sales made readily at good prices. Prices? white pine timber in the raft, 10 to 13 cents per loot; red pine 40 feet, averngo, '20 cents ?, oak, 16 cents ; elm, '22 to 2S; ash, 10 to 12; birch, 20 to -26. The duty on \mcrican lumber, $6 per M. The loss of raftsm?n on the Ottawa river the present season is enormcius,eighty one persons having found a watery grave. Trial of Green fou the Murder of ins Wife. This trial, a synopsis of which we copied from the '/Voi/ Hudgtt, occupied tho whole of the lnr.t, and runa into the present week. As tlio jury are not allowed to see newspaper*, until the triil is over, there can lie no harm in saying that the testimony disclose* one of the most deliberate, cold-hloodcd murder* that wc have ever read. Green had keen married hut a short time to a beau t. ful, affectionate, anil confiding girl of 18, he being 2U ? Without any provoca'ionor cause, (for when she was dy ing she appealed to liirn to say whether she had ever de ceived him. or in any way conducted improperly, and was answered in the negative) this monster dosed her, ilny and night, with arsenic, which he put into hereof P e, her chicken broth anil her medicine, standing by her bedside unmoved while the poison was agoni/.ing her with pain! And what is more strange than tlcion, is the fact that this poison was repeatedly administered while persons around the sufferer were witnessing it* deadly effect*. The victim herself, though apparently i-ontciou* that her husband wa* murdering her. took w hatoverhe offered. From the Prairies. ? A gentleman just from the Creek country informs us that on Friday or Satur day last, Car-se-roka, chief of the Wichetaws, and fifteen of his people, men and women, arrived at the residence of (}en. Holly Mcintosh, the Creek chief The Wiche <awa bring, with them a talk from on* of the principal lmndsof the Comanche*, to the Creeks and Cherokees. They are desirous of forming a treaty of friendship with j 'hem and request that deputations may be sent out for the purpose of conducting in one from thorn-elves. The I vVichetaws also, report that a short time previous to j : caving their own country they hail a skirmish with the I'awnee Mahas, in which they killed six of them. They I will shortly visit our country, when we hope to obtain | irom our friend Carse-ioka, a full account of the state | of affairs among the Prairie Indians. ? Chtrtktt Jldv. June 19. [ Nauvoo. ? The IV artaw Signal conta'ns numer ! ous htatements of violence in or about Nauvoo. ? | Irvine Hodges was murderel there? he said hi* host iriend killed him, yet gave no name. The Signal thinks lie ?ave the name, but it was suppressed. William "ackenstos, late Sheriff of Hancock, ha* been ordered 10 lenve the holy city. Ho is accuscd of being the cor i respondent of the H'artaw Signal Patriarch ilill Smith, nt Nauvoo, brother of the l'ro| het, whose wife died ' iibout four weeks since, was again married on last Sun lay week? having been a widower about 18 day*. Hi* bride i* about lit > ears of age.'iand he is 36. The split imong the Nauvoo Saints isgrowing wider. Bill Smith I. cads one paity, the twelve disciples the other. Case of Drowning. ? Yesterday evening, as some young men were bathing at Coney Island, one of them was observed to sink. A boy who had ac "ompanied him into the water, swam to his assis tance and nnuht have, in all probability, saved him, if he had m t become entangled with him: but the l?oy finding he was in dancer of sharing the aime late, extricated himself, when the unfortunate fel low sank to a watery grave. A fisherman in ihe neighborhood, it appears, has been using his utmos endeavors by sprea i us hie nets over t! e sjiof, re cover the body We u iderstatid the young man's triende reside at No. 17? Spring street in this city. Th* New Post ao e Law. ? The following state ment has been furnished us ol the amount of postage chargeable on letters forwarded by the New York tnd Albany steamboats:? The la?t 13 days ef June $00 06 First 18 days of July (same route) A3 90 Decrease $45 76 United States Naval Asylum. ? A rumor is cur rent at Baltimore, founded on reliable authority, that ail order ha* heeu issued by the Secretary of the Navy, lor the removal of the naval asylum from Philadelphia to t'ie City of Annapolis. Until more suitable building* can be erected, the barracks at Fort Severn will he used lor the accommodation of those who may be thore. Military M' vrui vr.? The Xrw Orleunt Pic tiyitnr of th?- 1< t i t i i , mi. im<' ? the arrival at that fort of the nil ,,/iit"- til i'e<! .lite* Inian'ry from Kort Jessup The .11 lo^imeut daily expected They urn on the rout* to the Kiu Oracle, and h?ve been ?receded by the (it regiment uf under oom mauJ of Ctpttin lulus, by Und

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