Newspaper of The New York Herald, July 18, 1845, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated July 18, 1845 Page 1
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Tli E NEW YORK HER ALP. JHES GflRpraKnTPropricYor. Ci r c vd alioD? -Forty T ho u san d, DAILY H?HAJ>D.? Every day. Price 3 oent? j w ctrtiy-^ $7 -jft per Murfttm? |/?jruble io nJviince. r< WKfcKLY H KRALD? Kvery Saturday? Price <# oenU per'rcpv ? cons* per umn?m? pivablp in advance. ADVERTISEMENTS at the uaual urioea? alwajrr os?li hi adrtnce. ' WlNTIiVU ol all krnua executed With beauty and doKfteti-h. ? '/ ? > %+? All letters or communications, by mflil addressed to tbe c.'tublHtmont.?>uat )>e post paid, or the pontage will ba deducted Iromthu rabicription money remitted 1 ? -JAMES GORDON BENNETT* P?ermwft* or tm* Nk'w Tor* HkHaiip. Kstsblishwht N'orHMmet-sNinw of P)lllft??ftd'T?iiMan street* - iVlAlh LLNE PmjK UU&l'LhS. , DAILY OVER TliK'WMr ISLAND KAIL ROAD, VIA new r.n.vnw, nenivrcu p-wurc ester. -At K n'cldrk ih the Mosrrmg.f-rnm the foot of Whitehall strefct, South Kerry? HuHdavs ?*eepted. W.?y C r iws isv iu re idiuess to .receive baggage fur New Londflifc.J?<>mrjcl? , :aiul.W*utfce*lw.. far Boston goe< . jutyi'ic FOR NEWPORT AND PROVIDENCE'. On Mondays, Wednt-sd.ys and. Fjiday*. . om . Jne JLoug L.lan^jUil Road to (IrcfHp.irf , (.li.-<ict- to Newport and Provi ile ici* in a splendid niwl Commodious sound.Stearuer. Thin Line leaves at H o'cjocB 'Hi'th?f Mdrilin'tf, frowi thd "Foil dr^W'-iU'h HiHitli h>rry.-; -jurftttfc c.heaa* hxcu r^(>n^''to7tme ' fishing.' HANKS OFF vSA-NIJY HOOK- -? KAHmWi-C KNT8-K.VGH. WAY- >?. wWi*]l /*r*L '1'H.ri fast Slu.iinlio.it BUKKALU :f?C*l't.i.i W^.Hm'ewx. uill.iniike Excursion ?3E? Mlfin rfi during ' I1**, 11 ^very.Mouday. Wednesday-, an'! Suiiu.y !e<ving Hammond street nt'8 o'clock; CauM, S'a; 1 'el inrj*y and Pike V*.?E. R'. 9,'Pfef Nd.'l.K. K.,9k'o*ct^k On rli'TefliYii pikfi/gs'rir Kill landed* at Coney Island, and one hour nUov ; d for B thing. ; ?? ?? ? ??-? All kind. nf itel'i>?hin>uils ott board. . Bait a( ?o?L. - < juU 2*.*ei: , ? j . KXgyKSlO^ TO THE FISHItffritt^ICf*. Si -aVnef It L. STEVENS! Cai r'on R. L . - ... J'Ma I >e j",' Will triakv- hu MxtnAmi to tile Fishing ? <Wf i ?lf.-?.Banli> ewiy Tuesday,' Thursday and ? ?Friday, du'intt the uraMi i, I .>?nnr Hammond sBm t at ?'clocU-, A~-M. fun dst eetatS1^; Drlincv ?ireet, Kist Kire.,at!); itnd I'ier Pto. 1 N R . at9Su' ? Vlock? . erurnir* t<> the city in good 'sea dun. A line Diuid of Muhic-U eoK"K'<i< Bait I'Uini sited gratia: and Joint at u aaiall claagv. ? ? ? ? . l-'are jl| ctiiU- JJi U lwi?*xh ???? ? ~ N14W ttk-UHV TO ?? '? - FORI HAMILTON, > YELLOW HOOK AND CONKY I^LAND. 'Pile itentnlioar 10I/A8, ( '?j>%mii Richard i.Yate*. Ua>t 'kon lier ylae? on the abore. ferry T IB? J?and will run m folli>\v?, aveJy day : ? . ... an.. r a.m. - " " " - - W A.'M.' ' ' ?? -llH' A" M.- " ' aw-P.M: 4 P. M. v ???'B.-M Leaving Fort Hanillot-. Kcr Coney Uland. Kor New ? ork. - 8 A. M. 1 " ' !0?i A.M. ? '12 M. ? ?? 1* P.M. ... ,?r. M. ,. . . . 424 ??? *L ., ... , .4 P,A\ j D'ltBuiidayaj Uk..Mp;m?iH T?P will be omitte<,l., . _ , , ' Fue Iz.'i cents. TlieSie-inhoat U. L. STBVEtfS, Capt. R. L. Mabey has 1teen att flicd to lha -thnve Kerry;. For tin- limn. < and plater of her itarting,' see her bills and ?dvert'?i*ineiits. . ' . .. . .... ? jul53t*ro W'lLtTlAMSWUlia U AND PECK SLIP : ferry:\ Tlie Trust ee3 of thin Ferrj', belii*Tini tlmt Mhi-re areiiiany of tlie citizen* 'of New York , .Mid vicinity that are' onacqwiintrd with tlie ??inline* this t"erry allordt m a pleasatit conununiccStt>n with WilliiuuliurH *nd Long Island, would state that there *n- two lijx.d Ferry Boats on this Ferry, whickleare l'eck SI Ll? eyrry lifteeo or twenty minutes tbrouah the d?y up to J o'clock, P. M., and then up to 8 o'clck, at each evenhour and nalTli,' it; after which a hoal leave* at 9 o'clock and 10 o'clock. The last boat WaviftB Willianratu.-Tr at half-pant 0 o'clock, P. . P. S ?On the evening of July 4th, the boat will continue to run until 12 o'clock. jy2 lm*rc - FOll HALIFAX AND LlVKHfOOL. - :~ THE Royal Mail Suam Ship* -HIBF.R NIA and BiUTyVNNlA, will leava Boaton '?for the above pons, us follows:? Hibemia, Alrt. Ifyrie, K?1, Commanda'r, Tuesday, July I6ili. Britannia, Jolin'Hewitt, " " Friday,' August 1st. Passage to Liverpool / $120. ['asitnae to Halifax ., . ? . . ............... k 20. Fx>r fcei*hi or passage, apply to , jyl? L ? ^BIUOH AM, Ir? Agrnt.li Wall ,f. DKAfcTS ON tiUr.AX BRITAIN AND JRkLAND? Peraons wishing to remit mo ney to their friends many part of Kugland. ? Ireland, Scotland or Walt's, can lie sujifitied 'witli drifts payable at without dis count, fhr any amount, from ?1 upwards, at the following ? Jilacee, vir: ? In Kivm-ANn? The National and Provincial Bank of K.ng lajid^Meurs. J. Ba.-attd ik Co.. Exchange and Discount Bank, LiveQKioil Me;sj>. James Billt it Sou, Loudon, and branches throughout England and Wiles. In fr.Kt.A^D.? 1 The Ntional Bank of Ireland, alid Frovin ri I B-.nk and branchee throughout Ireland. Iv !*<:ort.*?fti? The rvisrem Bank of Scotland. National 'flank of Scotland, Ureruock Banking Company, andliriuiohes 'throughout Sootl and. . The steamship H lirru ia wilt from Boston on tli* 16th July, by . which all drafts can be forwarded free. Apply to W. k J. T. TAPBCOTT. I jyll rc 7fi South M/edf.' VHiflen lata*. I /.A-a- HjK -W ARS1. ILL Packet of Ut August ? | T Tie superior ship AONXtj, I apt. Wetfiereu, Will inr ike the fila'ce oi the ueiv ship Nebraska, Hot tendy, 1 an-tsail i ih the 1st August. For freight or passage, apply to CHaMBKRLAIN ta PUfcXltJ, or?o \ j?17 rc BO V D & HINCKEN. Ageots. NKW LINE OK PACKETS KOR LIVERPOOL i ? Po itively first ship and only regular Packet of 21st luly? The splendid and favorite packet ship HOT- i Ia-OL tit, 1100 mus burthen, Capt lu.Bursley, will sail J Oil Mpud.ii', July 2J, her regular day. . ' The ships - f this line being all I0WI tonsaud upwards, i<er*ons ] aliout to ein bark for the Old Country it ill not fail to see the'! ?dYentages to be derived from nolwtim,' this line in preference ttfber. ajuUeif gr.-at aip>?:i[f toilers tJieio every way 4 tn 'ire comfortable-aud c;uive"it"t: [Tinu ship'? of a small class, . nuil thuir nrcofnmndutioi s lor entfi i, second cabin, and steerage . jiassenirers, it is well known, are superior V> tho$e of any other line of packets. Persons wiwlmig'lo secure berths should not fail to make t.lrly application on board, foot of Wall street, or '* ?o W. & J. T. TAPSCOTT, 70 So'.ith strce*, corner of Maiden Lane, e; jV9 rrc L'p Stairs. ( ""FOR LIVERPOOL? Th~ New' L?ne -Kegu IHr | . Tii r li i t ?lst July? Tile superior fast sailing Paeket ship slIOTTINOUKH, low (Out, Capt Ira Bursl'ey, will j sail as above, h?.r regular day. Kor freight or passage, having excellent and snjierior accom modations, apply ro die Captaiu on ho^rd, or to WOOOHULL fc. M1NTURN.87 Sonthitreet. I'rioe nf niws.ice film. The Paclict. SK-.ip Liverpool. 1150 ton*. Capt John F.ldridge, | will succeed toe HotttiifcueY, and sail ou her regular day. 2d of ; August. > . . ? iy 12 eg LONDON UlNK OF PACKETS- Packet of the 1 ?Wth July.? Tin splendid atld fist sailing Packet Ship bHKNDrM 'K HUDSON, Captain Moore, sails popi iivel, o.i Monday, July 21st. This ship has ipleud.d accommo- , Aitious f<ir cahiu, second cabiu and steerage passengefs; to se* , owe lierths, eirly application should he m de to i W. St J. T. TAT8COTT, dVlO rc 76 South street, comer of Maiden Lane. fi~; i'OR SaLIO -The Ne* \ in-k built copper lasten *Veii' d and eofipcred ship SS LVANUS JKNKINS. ijtsburtlieo per register. 5 7 tons? f>he sjiils fist,, carries ?WMlljM.d IS well found. Apply to Captain il?eLiegh,ou lioaid, at pier No. 4, N. R , or to ? ' v . . BOVD.k illNCKKN, iv'rc No. 9 Tontine Building, cur of Wull :wid Water its. ?ftltACK BALL OK OLU LINK. OK LIVKR frOt)L PACKKTS.- KOR LI V KRPOOIj? Only ?Regnlar Picket of the Itiih of July.? The n-w and in*<i" ii'ei" packet ship FIDKLIA, 1150 tom liurthen. Win. O. I Uclft fT, commander, will sail positively on Wednesday, IBtllof1 July. Knrtertoi of pas?igi' and to secure the hest berths, early ap. pile itioii should 1>e rrinde Oil hoard, foot of Bet kmaH street, or i " th" "ihscrihers, ROCItK, BROTHKR8 & CO. JyTec 15 Kiilten stn vt. n?<i <1"or to the Knlton Bank.V.y f>l KAA t.u or Mi'lru. Iroin Nu. 2b llononl street, oil bni.d iy mi rmug, a small \ ellow JJ<?, with both ?'"k ears dropped, Imu: lul, jnil koea hy tlie name of ^H.k- f- !** Bnllars?wHl begivwi for tlie return of said Dog. t iu'lft'in FUJI tSALE A PAUl of Dapple. O.ey Horses, 16 hn.ds high, 6 id 7 years old, kind and sound in everij respect. AI-, ?,i a beautiful SorrJI .Vis re aiiil Top Wskoii. '1 he' iiiaie i? > onng, ?ouud and kind, and a desirable saddle heas' ; the Wagon is of I rowers' make; been used but once. The above property will be sold, together or separate, as tliftjireseiit iiwuer has no farther uie for them. Avply to _ L|. HTARKo, ? julSlw'rc 4 tyilc lloiiv'. 3d Avenue. Jhjl TO LKT.uiinlthe tirst of May next and immediate pos session given, of the J story house N?. 101 Kirst Avenue XML between 6'h and 7th streets, The premises have lately been i n t in compleate order. Anu all has been painteu iuiide mid out, last Juae, the Croton water introduced, inarhle mantle piece*, folding doors, and it is well adapted tq aceouimod ite one or inijre l?iailir?; rent asked to one family lot the residue of the year to next Mavis 832.V Inquire at the office of Johk II. Pow er, Ks,| , No. 70 Nassau st. cornet of John, up stairs from the hour* ol 9 to 3 o'clock, or of Saml. R. B. Norton the ; nwirer, at the same office ou Tuesdays and Wednesday. I m ry I2*rh ~ , UJOK. AT TH18!l J. .HIST RKCKlVt.li ? Another lot vt Kretich Boots, ol tlH> Iwst kind, and will he iold at uie old price, $5, ami tlie best of French Call Boot* made to order tor 45; City made Lull Bpots,$:l; and Ihe greatest assortment of Gents tiail eis tjl' :|l ^inds to he found at very low price*. Alio the lihMt < alf Siloes, $12 and $2 50. A gieat variety of all other kind*. Ladie ? ia this Store will find a great assortment of Oaiteis, llnskirt , nil IIS .Ties. I'mnells. balm, ko. ' tor an assortment of all oilitir fciud* Misnfts and (;hiblrrn's _ Boots' n^.il Wio'es we chiiiiot be heat in tbrsorty. Do not tn is "lake th ' numbei ,361 Bfosdway, corner of Krankl in street. ji?3 1 lp*rh ^ i ^M. CAHILL. K1NkVr1CN<'H BOOTS for SI 50: City Made, and fc k1 \-Ib and durability they are eipial to those sold lor $5, at VoiingltCcT* Itrtnerial French Boot and Shoe Maun faetiirmg Depot, nl No. 4 Ann *lreet, one oftlie most Kash ioifl'ble Boot ;viiiiiufaotoiies in Uiia city. Kiue Kreuch llress Boi'ts, in ?le to order, for $4 .'j0 ; equal (o those made in oilier f.Vnes l'or and <7. Boots, Shoes, Untera, -kc., m?de to tir ilijr in Ihe shortest notice. Mending, kc., done in the store. Vffta.fll. To?M k Co. .Wholesale and Retail Manufscttireis, < No. 4 Ann ?t'?et, New York, near Broadway. WM. M. YOVNO, an<) ' ?ieMlm'rr H. B.JONKB GOV. HAMMOND'S LETTERS ' 'V v " ;'J Z"'u , 7.'.' SOUTHERN SLAVERY*. ? -'ADrmfcaSED-TO T?OMA?'CLAlfcK80Nr. ? l ll>: r.M;LI?!l abolitionist. ? * __ A . ifiUSKlt u Introduction -Me War? Trade, and futile attemiit * to abolish it ? Pi't 'Start it/ in ttif Mitract -?t?i Mural tm*iMiglvu+miinitct~'i>i it * I'oliPiraHn 'f/ unites, ?? tJ/'ri'ting bvllib' Oid,t\umi tUSuf*!*/ ?N<i --Povrtr StiHe. - ?? . . . , .. .. Blum, Hi C?? Jam." "Jrt, 1A4.V. Sf? ! ? I received a *hort time afco. ? letter from tho Uuv, Willouglihy M. I)ick.ii??ii, <lat?d at your r*udeuco, i " I'iayford Hall, near tofiwiaK, ?*Ut >?o*., W44," U> which w?s enclosed a oopy ofyour <;iw4jlar letter addressed U? ! profovsing^hiistians hi oijf Northern States, having wt : <?HCewi w kit Slavery , ?H(I to utfeori tlieic. U pronumo j tkot Mr. Dwliii^n's lottarwwi written with your kuotv ; ledge >"><1 the document enclosed with you* c?o?uitaud iii >i?i obatiou. J tliereloro loci tiiat there is no impropriety iij.mr fl(ldrcs*inK ?1>' .teplv ifjcctly t u j;'o u r >? e 1 fos pe c i a 1 h as there is nothing In Mr. I) icjii inson "s ctjtrnntrni'cajjon re quiring serious notice,. Having abundant leisure, it will be a recreation to mo to de\ute a portion of it 'to au"ex aruirtatton'uittj'free discussion oftho Question of Slavery as its exM* in.Otir Southern States, and since yon have thrown flown 'the gauntlet to me, 1 do not li'esitate to take It up; " ' " ' Familiar as you have been with the discussion* of tht ??phjvct in atl itr aspects, and under all the excitefoenfc; it has occasioned fdr sixty years past, 1 may not be' able to present nruch,that wilt be new to you. Nor ought 1 tb indulge the hope ol materially affecting the opinloMYcui have so long cherished, and so zealously promulgated Still time and experience have developed facts, (Hvastant ly furni?:rhjf freih testa to. opinions formed' sixty yeat1.- ! since, end continual ly placing this great" question Iti 1 points of- view, which couhl scarcely oc.cnr to 'the most consummate intellect even a quarter of a century ' ago ; ami which may -not have occurrotf yet Wthose: whos* tirevious convictions, prejudices 8nd habits' of thought rave- thoroughly and permanently biased them to one Itxed wfty of looking at the' irnitter. "Whifff there life peeiilhuities rn-the operation ofevery social uyfittrm, affd special- local as well a* moral r.nuses matertallriffrs'ttiftg | tt-which- nowise, placed at the illftance you are lVOur us rarrt'ullycomprclreTid-or properly appreciate.; 'Besides, j it mny be possibly, a novelty ?jttt' you to' encounter one "tv ho conscientiously Believes the t to me sh c Slavery ot these States to bo not oniy inr Inexorable ifecessrty fOi the present, but a moral and' huvmne instttiftion.'iiro duetiveoflhe greatest political' aird social ndvrantsjres. 1 and' who is disposed us - i am-,' to defend it 'on these I grounds.-' ? ? .y- ? * , I do notproposc, however, to defend the' African Utave Trade. That Is no longer a qnestion; I>onbtle*s grMi | eyrls-ame from itn?it Ims been; and Is now conducted-, unnecessary wars ami cruel' kidnapping in Africa ; the ! mart-shocking barbarities nr the Middle Passage': -ami ?perbapn a tcss1 humane system of slavery in countries continually supplied with fresh laborers at a cheap rate, i The evils ot it, however, it may bo fairlv "presumed; are j gTreat^'-exaggCTartcd: And if I might judge of 'the truth I of transactions stnteA as occuring in ttrls tra-1e, by that ' of those reported as transpiring among I 'rtirnild' n'o^ i hesitate to say that a large proportion of ? the stories in circulation are unfounded; and' inost of the reroairtder \ highly colored. '? "* ' " On tho passage of the Act of I'arliameirt'* prohibiting tbi* trade to BritMhinbiect* rests what yoir esteem the glory ?i j oitrhfe. ' It required twenty years of arduous Bgitation, and the intervening evtrnordinary political events, to -ronVnice your countrymen; and among the. rest your pious "King,' of the expediency of this measure; a-ni it ivhnt jnst to ?ny , that no individaal rendore l 'more essentitri servi.-o to the causa than von did. ' ftr rdloctirtg ; on the subject, yon must often aslc yoursctft*' What alter aft has been ancomplishedj tiow,. inirch hu nmu sufl'oring has hercn averted; how many htimtm beings have "been resctted'from transatlantic slavery? And on ihe answers youxsan giro tlu-so questions, 'must In a great measure, |1 'presume, depend the happiness ot your lifeii In 'framing them, how frequently mu*t yiju be reminded of the re I'mark of Mr.'GroiiYCTror, In one of the early debate* upon the subject, which 1 believe you have yourself recorded, " that he had twenty objections to the aboPtion of the Slavo'Trader'thefltst was, --that it was iwpossible-'-the ? rest he need not give." Can yon say to yourself, or Io the Tvortd, that this first objection ol Mr: fJrosvcnor hat ; been yet confuted f It was estimated at the eommtencc 1 ment of your agitation in 17H 1; that forty-Bve thousand | Africans were annually transported to America and the West tndies: And the mortality of tlie 'Middle I'asaige, Computed by sowre at .V is now admitted not to have ex ceeded 9 per' cent. Notwithstanding yonr Act of Par liament, the previous abolition by the Unite I' States, and that all the powers inthe'WoWtf-hrire snb-<vfnently pro | hibited this trade? some of the greatost ofthem declaring i 1t piracy, and covering the African seas' with arme* ) "vessels to prevent It. Sir Thorns Kowel Buxton, a coad jutor of yours, declared in 1810, that the number ol 'African* now annually sold Into slavery beyond tho rca. anrounts,' at the very least, to one hundred and fi'ttj thousand souls; while the Mortality of the Middle ? snge was increased, in consequence of -the measurer taken to suppress the trade, to 28 or 30 per cent. And ol the one hundred ftdd fifty thousand slaves who lrave 1>ecn captured and liberated by British men of war since the -passage' <Jf your Act, Judge lav, an American aboli tionist, asserts that one hundred thousand, or two-thirds, have perished between their capture and Hhcrntion.? Docs it not reatty seem that Mr. (rrosv-erior was a piO phet 1 That thro up h nearly all the " impossibilities" ol !7S7 have vanished, nn?l bocomo as familiar facts as out household custom*, under the mapic influcnoo ' of steam, 'eottdnand universal peace, yct'thir wonderful prophecy still stands; defying time and the energy and gemius of mankind. Thousands dfcnbmtrte lives and fifty- millions "bf pounds 'sterling hnve been given away by youi government in fruitless attempt* to overturn it. ' I hope you have not lived too long fox* yourown happiness, ttidrigh you have been spared to see that 1n Kjrite of all ' yotirttill and tho-e of yonr feltow laborers, and the ac- , 'complrsltTiient of rtli that human agency could do-, the ; African' Slave Trade I. as'fliC.reased three-fold under your . own eyes? more rapidly, perhaps, than any other ancient branch of commerco? and that your efforts to suppreis it. have elfcctod nothing more than a three-fold increase ' Of-ltS horrors, There is a God Who rules this world? all i poweifnt? far-seeing. He- does not permit His creatures I to foil" His designs. ft is' lie Who, for His fillwise. though j to us often inscrutable purposes, throws "imposibilities" ] "In theway of our fondest hope* land "must strenuous exertions, c^rryoo dottbt thisr . ... vK\pcri<>nce having settled the point, -that*. this Trade' J cannot He abolished by the Use Or force, ami that ? block-' I adiilg squadrons 'serve' only to nmke~jttnorc profitable j 6nd moi'e Cru6l, l am sUrprised"tlihttlie attempt is per sisted ill, unless as it serves as a Cloak to some other pur- i poses, it would ho far better than it noWlS; for the Afri- , c'aft, if the trade was freo from all restrictions, and left to the Mitigation and decay which time atjd' competion i would surely bring about. * If kidnapping, both secretly": "and by war made for (lie purpose, coilld be by any means ? prevented in Africa, the. next greatest IdC-silig yo'u coujld' ' Jiestow upon that country, would be to transpoit its ac- i tual slaves in comfortable vessels across the Atlantic. Though they lafght bo perpetual bondsmen, still they would emerge from darkness into light? from barbarism j to civilization? from idolatry to Christianity? in short i from death to life. But let us leave the African slave trade/which lias so signally defeated the philanthropy of tho world, and turn to American slavery, to which you have now directed ? your attention, and against which a crusade has been preached as enthusiastic anil ferocious as that of t'eter the Hermit? destined, I believe, to be about as success- i ful. And here let me say, there is not a vast difference between the two, though you may not acknowledge it j The wisdom of ages has concurrod in the justice and ex pediency of establishing rights by prescriptive use, j however tortious in thoir origin. they may have, been. You would deem a man insane whose ke<*\ seme of ! equity would lead him to denounce your right to the ] lands ytfu hold, and which perhaps you inherited from a long line of ancestry, because jour title was derived from a Saxon or Norman conqueror, and your lands were originally wrested by violence from the vanquished Britons. And so would thc'New Kngland Abolitionist regard eny one who would insist thiit he should restore his farm to the descendants of tho slaughtered red men, to whom, (Jod has as clearly (jiven it, at he gave life and freedom to the kidnapped African. That time does not consccrate wrong, is a fallacy which all history exposes; 1 and which the best and wisest men of all ages and pro fcssiiuis oi 'religion* faith, have practically denied. The means, therefore, whatever they may have been, by which the African race now in this country, have been reihiced to slavery, cannot affect us, since they arc oui property, as your land is yours, by iuneritanco or pur .chasc and prescriptive right. You will say that man cannot hold property in man. The answer is, that be can. and actually docs hold property in his fellow all the world over, in a variety of forms, and has always done ko. I will show presently his authority fordoing it. Governor Hammond here takes up flic question of slavery in the abstract, and after admitting Ins hos tility to th>u principle, proceeds to show the inutility of abstract truths, and discussions founded upon moral abstractions. Slavery must be -contemplated as it is. If it be found contrary to the will of (*od hs revenltd in scripture, the Writer admits that if is 1 sin, and every mah bound' to emancipate his slaves. 1 hen follows various citations from Scripture. First, Kxodus, 20th chnp.. 17tk verse, where God prohibits the coveting of the -goods of others, in cluding his servuntsor slaves. The writer contends tliat the term slave is the proper one : if so slavery tijin be traced to (,!od himself. The fact of Paul's nppre hen ding a run away slave nnd sending him to his master is adverted to-T also, Kxodus, 21st chap., fitli verse, in which Goa directs the Hebrews to "Vote holes in the ems of tliejr brothers," to mark tlirm, when under ctroumstarices tiiev become per jtetual slaves. From all this American slavery is argued to !><? no sin, but especially commanded by ( iod through Moses, andapi?roml by Christ through i File* iijiostli'S. 5 Thf remainder of the-first latter is dedicated tosla vf-ry holding on its influence o n man's political and tfotn'al Vtafe . The writer endorse* the saying of iMr. MHluffie that "shivery in the corner stone of our 4*ptili!u!iia edifice,'' urid repudiates that ol feflerson liiirt "all men are born equal." If Irs- great mistake to suppose, as is generally done abroad, that in case of war slavery would lie a source of weakness. It did not weaken Home, nor Athens, nor ' Sparlu, titomtlv'beit "tfv coi;ipajiitiy;cly f?- mure numerous than ours, of t^e. samo color for the most | .art j with themselves, and large -numbers' of them familiar w. 1U1 liie uici>l.:irma.. 1 Jlavu w ajipreiicaslun that our i slaves would seize such an oonortunity to revolt. The p/e'Mnt genOTtttlon.'ofthsmtiofn among us, would never tUuib u I such a thing, at any time, unless instigated to it by others. Against such instigations ?c are on our guard". In Time o( war \fre should bo" m 6 re watchful unfl It.iliei tn jmt down iMiim-ectious thw lit any \ other periods. Should any.J'ofeigii .nation he . so lost to every sentiment of civilized humanity, as to attempt to erect among Us the standard of revolt, or to mvade us v. ith (Jack Uuyps, tor the. base uijd haitajious purpose of stirring up servile war, their efforts would t?e signally rebuked. Onrnlavei couht not *be easily reduced, nor wuuld ?uy thiug delight them more thau tu wilt '? stripnin j Ctirt'ce of his regimentals to put him in the cot t(m tleld. which would be the late of most invaders, with out my vprjr ptoJix , lbim of. "approntictsslup.H If, us 1 am nit isfiod . w^uld n? Jhe case, our slaves remained peacefully off onr plantations, and ?Btrttivttted Hi em fn iinic ui wii', under.tbe supeiinlendauce oi ajimited Dum ber of our citizens', it u obviou/> that we coul,d put forth Avefe# Mtftfdgtlr i*r ?tlch afit!rtierf$ttaey;'at"lfcs's sacrMrtr, than any oiuor people- of the mime nuvbefg. An; I thu* we should in point of view, "out of this nettle dap geH 'plhfek tlife'flower 01 safety.*' " How far slavery may be un advantage or disadvantage to those r^ot uwijing sJaiyM, j el iwiituii with us in pojiti- ! cal associations, is a question f iriheir sole consideration, j h in true that our repi^wi'Uitiort in t;ongre#*-is iiKvteat-txi ; hy.ii; '/'it i>? We ,i?ui y.i.xos . and the non-slaye-holding '? Statei being the majority, divjde among themselves far the great'erfruiti'tfTi of the nmoirot levied fey the Federal ; tiovciuuicuL And 1 -doubt not that u'lif.i it comes to a | close ciUc'iiiationi they will not be slow liilding out j that the balance of profit arising from the connection is vastly in their lav-or. 1 ? wt Mam ? " . 'Slar-rt y iit-il* Ooi iat. ?Jtfuis? Hrfiuiia tum?lACrii!juunu*s.-rCviiii>aiMiii:r fUycuth . <>/ fr'H' j aiui Shu ( ^ l.uioi'' ? Xj t <it t{i i tij of. Starts ? lnsti u<~tioi\ ? Pimiinmrnct. In a social point of view, the AboLitianWUs. prouoiume slavery to be a monstrous evil. If it was so, it would Jtc ! iitttii^9WnjiuculiarjC0gCM'nt, und supe.rtluous bjijieVoIe'nce I in them to lament over it,. fjrtci'oK .their bitter hostility . to us, I'.v.'W 0 v ?? jv . t tve y w/ght. leave u$,.to ftopp. with our pjy.n calamities,. . JJjjt .tliQy.maltt. yvfr upon us out of ex cess of charity, and attempt to purify by covering us w i<h. r*Uuimy.i : ? . Join ly?,ye read twisted. Jp circulate a gteat (teal about n/fiay s, dypls .and rpurders occurring J'W? A?'l KJ.li.io terriblo demoralization ot slavery. Not a single evenl,gf. tljis sort takes place 4 is.?;a.igUt 1141, by ll'V-Al-vJitjoaists and paraded over the world with eycjles? comments, varia tions and exaggyratjog#.. V ou s)\ould not, take w hat reaches you as j pime ^a^mplp, an.< i^iil'er jhat there, is a vast ileal more jj.iiil.y9y Qpyef hvfiF., 'Voft hear all, and ,nw?e,tli!vu.all.the,liu,t,h. It is troftthjut the pQinf'of upnor js repogni/.etl through out the slave region, and tlio disputes of certain classes ?re fVtffiufcntf}' inferred 'for itdjutmfertt to the '"trial hy combat." It would uot be appropriate for iiie to ent^r, in this letter, into a defence of the practice of duelling, 'nor'tb inalrftjiin at length tliht lt ddes rtOt'ta#rtlrti'the'cha rhttter'o'f a pfcofiTq'to ackfiowled^o^ stan'dairl orf honor. H'hlltdver evils 'may 'tivis6 fr'6m ttie'rfi , however, 'they c!fnriot be attffbtlted to HavCTV, slnfe' the same notion ' ftn.f tifsforrt jti-evtiils both M'"r rhficeffcttd Kp^tSnd: 'Few of your Prime Ministers^ of the last hfttf celrtt/ry even, ririve crfcrfffed tP.cVontagiort, I belifeve. The affrays, ol Which fe8 mltcH is 89 W, ah'd ln'WhtcTi"ri(Tcs,'boWie-1vnlVts pi?tdta iif# so promiffMI, oC^til-'Wo^tly iti the ft-on tier States of the sphth'-Vv^st. 'They are fiatVirallj1 inci . dental to tbfc'o'oirtlHioh of sftcletj'. a'd it exists in many sections 'sf these r>?e'ntjy settled ('liuntrTes. and will as f)nthrMlJ'"ceafr in du'etirnfc^ )\?I<'eiit*ircrs frdotl'the dltler ' Htatfts htiil frohr Kurort, a.?'desp'etat6 in chaVticter a^ they are in fortune, congregate in tkese wild reVtoAk, ,|dstting "rfne fthtrthei; rfnd otf<vti fliYo'ing' the j>elicetihic ftffii honest ; into ft?ncouwlcrt!ia sclf-derWce'.' 'Sl&Vef-y hnw nothing to ; Hto' Wfth thfe<e things. StaTiilltv and ]>eac6'1ft the ffrst rte Slfe Of tfv'ery'slave-liolflor, the trhe teudfency of the system- It could not possibly exist amid the eternal anatChy tluVT fcivll broils df the ancietlt Sfrfthikh doiniu ' iOHs In Athei16a. AWd tot' thW voty reason, dOm'estid' sla very has ceased there. ' fo fdV front ebCOUfcigirtg strife, I such scenes of riot and hloo-lstied as have vitl in the few , yenTs tiisg^aced our N011 !? citios, and as you have I lately witnessed in Dirt<H:r{htii> .uid Bristol. uud Wales, .not onlyni 1 lun . occ lud.but l will venture to say ? ' ttetcr n i! our lavekolili ? ? States. The only ' thing that 1 c ite a mob (as you might call it) hero. L is the i?pp. e of an Abolition?' whoi i ttie people assomBle 1 istl?ie. And this is no ntore of a mob. than a ral. hepbcrSs to chase a wolf out of their pastures, v ,.l be one. lint. we indlers and repuiliators ! Pennsylvania is not a si. 1 -tate. A majority 01 the States wliicli have failed to 1. et their obligations imnctually arc non slaveholding ; and two-thirds the debt said to be repvtdia ted is owed by tliese States. Many of Uie States of this 'Union an; heavily eiicuiT.be red 'With debt ? none so hope lessly a* l&nglamu: Pennsylvania owe* $'23 for each in habitant? Holland, $a-2U, counting tier puupeis in. Nor' lias there been any repudiation definite ami final, of n lawful debt, that I am aware of. A few States liavo tail ed to pay ?pme instalments of interest. The extraordi nary lmsnrfat' difficulties which occurred a few years . ago account for it. Time will set all things right again. Kvbiy dollar, of both principal an<l iuteiest, owed by liny Mate, North or South, will be ultimately paid, tin les-i the abolition qf slavery overwhelm us in one com in fin ruin. But have 110 other nations failed to pay ? When were the French Assigrint* redcejned 1 now much inteicstdid vour National Bankjiay on its Immense circulation from 1797 to 1 Svi 1 . during w hich period, that circulation was inconvertible, and lor the lialo repudio- j ted .' How rmroh of your Natiaual debt has hoeii incur red for money borrowed to meet the interest on it. thus ^voiding delinquency in detail, by insuring inevitable biiiijvruptyy ujid. repudiation, in tijo end f Arid what sort of operation wa* that by which your present Ministry recently exjinrtged a hnndsoW amount of that debt by substituting, through a jfrocdsft jirilt, notcom nolsofy, one species of security lor another ? 1 am well awaTethat the faults of others do not exevse our own, but when. (ailiugH are charged to slaveiy, which are shown to occut to equal-cxteut where it does not exist, surely sla ve iy must he acquitted of the accusation. Id an economical point of view, which I will not omit, slavery presents some ditlieulties. As 9. general inle, I agree it must be admitted, that free labor is cheaper than slf?ve labor. It is a fallacy to suppose that ours is unpaid labor. "The slave hfmseli must Dc paid for, and thus his lahor is all' purchased at once, and for ito trifling sum.? ?Hij price \<-us in Jive first place paid mostly to your coun trymen,, and assisted iti building up seme of -thoso oolos : sui>'.tigljshfortuuos since illitstratc/iby patents of no .lu.litj, .uud splendid, piles ,<jf -.architecture, staiped and cemented, jf . yptj like. lb<! expiesfiou, wjili th^ blood oi kidnapped innocents; but loaded with no heaviercnrse " Uian Anolifion and its Tiegottexj fanaticisms lrave brought u|fon yOur land? nibmo ol (hem fulfilled, s'ome yet to be flirt Im.fides the ftr^t c.o<t of'ttre slnv'C.tie must tiq- fed -and-clothed; well felt nnd well clothed, il not lor hu manity's sake that -ho. hi ay do good werk, retain health and li;e, and near a family' to supply his place. When old, . or sick, he j.s a clear expense, and so is the helpless portion of his family. No poor law provides for him when unable* to work, or brings up hit cbilldren for our seivice when wo need th^ni,. These are all hea?y charges on slave labor. ? llonce, in all countries where the densenesp of the- popu lation hiis reduced it to a matter of -perfect certainty that Jabor can be obtained whenever wanted, and the laborer bo forced by 'sheer necessity to hiie for the small pittance that will keep sbal and bo* (Iv together, and rags updn his hack while in ac tual employment; dependent at all other time* orv alms orpeoniUes; in all such countries it is found cheaper to pay this pittance than to clothe, Iced, nurseu support through childhood, and pension in- old ago a race of slaves. Indeed, the advantage is so great as speedily to 'compensate for the loss ot the value ol the situ e. And I have no hesitation iri saj ing, thftt in could cultivate my i tends on these 'terms, I would, Withont u | word, resign my slaves, provided * they could.) be properly disposed of. But , tlie question it whe ther freo or slave labor- if? cheapest to use in this^ country Bl this time, situated as we are. And i.t it deci-. ded at once by tho fact, that toe cannot avail ourselves oil i finy other than slave labor. We neither have nor caa I we procure other labor to any extent, or oh My thing , like fhe tehns mentioned. We must therefore content ourreKes with our dear labor, under the consolir.g ro tlectlon that what is lost to us, is gain to humanity; and that inasmuch as our slave costs us more than your freo man costs you, by so much i? he hetter ,ofl'. You will promptly.? ay, emancipate your slaves, and then you will have free labor on suitable terms. That might ho, il there were five hundred where theic is now one, and the continent from the Atlantic to the Pacific, wbs as densely populated in your Island. But until that comes to pa s, no labor can be'ptocured in America on tho terms you have it. ?? While 1 thus freely admit that lo the individual propri etor, slave labor is dearer than lrce, I do not mean to , admit it us equally clear that it is dearer to the commu- ( nity and to the State. Though it i; certain that the slave i? a far greater consumer than yonr laborer, the year round, yet your pauper system is costly and wasteful, j Supported by your community at latge, it is not admin- | istered by your hired agents w itK that interested care ' nnd economy? not to speak of humanity ? which mark ! the management of ours by each proprietor for hi* n<m1' e/t'ectlves. and is both more expensive to those who pay, and less beneficial to those who receive its bounties. Reside* this, Slaieryis rapidly filling tin our country with a hardy and healthy lace, peculiarly adapted to our climate and productions, and contel ling signal poli tical an.1 social advantages on us n* a people, to which I j ha>e already referred. The research and ingenuity of the abolitionists, aided , by the invention ol' runaway *lav#a-? in which faculty, I so far as imiuoviKing falsehood goes, the African race is without a rival? have succeeded in shocking the world with a small number of pi eteuded instances of our bnr baiity. The only wonder I* that, considering tho extent of our country, the variety of our population, its fluctu ating chaiacter, and tho publicity of ell our transactions, tho niiQiher 6C cases collected is so small. It speaks well for Us. V'et Of these, niahy are false, all highly colored, *ome occurring hall a century, moftof them many year* ago; and no doubt a large proportion of them perpetrated In foreigners. With a tew rare exceptions, i the cmiginnt. Scotch and I nglish are the worst master* | among us, and next to them our northern fellow citi/.ent. Slave holders horn and hied hero, nrc llfiyi more hu mane to slavos, and those who have grown up to a lai go inheritance of them, the most so ol any -show ing clear ly Hia( the effect of the system is to loster kindly feel ings. I do not mean so much to Impute innate inhuman

ity to foreigners, aa to ahow that they some here with false notion* of the treatment usual and necestary for slave*, and that newly acquired power here, as every where else, is apt to be' abused. t cannot enter into a detailed examination of the c?Mi ktuted by the aholi tiouigts. It would be disgusting, and of little avail. t# know nothing of them. 1 have sectj nothing like them', though liofn and bred heie, and have rarely heard of nay thin* ilt "'I W he compared with them. 1'ermUnifl to say that I think most of j our fart* must have f>een drawn from the Wo?t Indies, where undoubtedly slaves were treated much more harshly than with us. This was owing to v. variety of causos, which might, if necessary, be stated. Numdei III. Phytic a I ifi I Moral Condition of Southern titttvei com ftarrd u>. 't JCn^/Uk Labtrci d ScAtmta nf ? ILvlilion ? Mural .S'koii'iiiv" ? h'orti ? Competition oj Fut Z.u/?rr? TUc growl i ijish'it of FKe*f/iU&a Ewrinripu'in'X. IVrlieps a lew general -farts will bo?t illustrate the treatment this race receives at our lijinds. l? i< acknow ledged that il is increased at least -as rapidly as the white. -I believe Mt-' is on e?.ttU?li?lu?d principle, that po puliation thrives, in proportion to its comlorts% But when it is considered, thai these "people are not re OTBiAfJ-by immigration from abroad as the white* arc?*U(i. &&t.,thejr are usually .settled lo our rich est and least healthy lands, "the fart of their c<|uail comparative inrreasfc M greater longevity . -oulwoigtiea thoiu^guiubfltiUfUi iM^thog^f, in f?vor of the leniency and piovidence of our management of them fl is also adfTuttefl tlrnttlu're are in<vTiiiparably fewer cases of ui sauiiv an i miiculu aipojig the. i tlid'i among the whites. The fact is, thot amopg tbe Mtvri of the African race, fhtt'se tHTngs afe almost wholly anlnowm However lie (juCnlly ? suk'ido may Uavo . been ?mong those brought from .Africa, I nan say that in my time, I cannot l cine in her to have known or beanl or a single instance Oi' ile libotaie'iielf-dwStiuotioii, and but ono ol suicide at all. As to insanity, I liave seen but one permanent case of it, ana that twenty year*' ago. It' cannot be doubted that among three millions of people there must be some in sane audaoine suicide* ; but I will venture to say, that more cases of both occur annually among every hundred ttioiKsfnd ofthe population of tireet flrittrin. -than among all our slaves, (.'an it be possible, then, that they pxist in that state of abject misery, goaded by constant inju ries, outraged hi their affections and worn down with httwlship*, which the abolitiojiisU jdepicl, and so many jgnorant and thoughtless persons religiously believe T \VnVregard to the" separatist! of htisoands and wives, jmrent* andciiiidren, nothing ?un he more untrue than JJyj,infw;e.ni,es drawn from what is so constantly harped on by abolitionists. Sonic painful instance* p?rlinps may oben r T re-i y few that den be prevented. It w ami always ,h?s bp$jj tyi gbject ol prin)e consideration with our slave holders to keep families together. Negroes are them ?Hrtttt's, both' perverse end cotspualllely indifferent .ttbuitttlus luattw. .It is u singular trajt, that they almost invariably prefer forming connexions with slaves be longing to other masters, and". -ot some distance. It id, therefore, iuipo?sibii: to prevent separation? some times bv tluj removal of the owner, his death, or failure, 'ftn'd tfMfitmoH of His property. In nil such cases, -ho* ?Mr > evepy reasonable elfort is made to keep the partial together, if they desire it. And .the negroes forming tfieso connexions, knowing the ehanccs of their prema ture dissolution, rarely complain more than we all do of Jhp, ^pe viable strokes of late. Sometimes it happens that a negro prefers to give up his family rather than separate Irom his master. 1 have known such instances. As to .wilfully., selling off a, hpsband, or a wife, or child, I believe it is rarely, very rarely done, except when Softie Offence has been- committed demanding " trans portation." At sales of estates, and oven at Sheriff's sales, they are always, if possible, sold in families. On flie'wholp, notwithstanding the migf^ory charactet of our population, I. belie vo their aro more hi in i lies among ohr slaves, who have lived and died together, without loosing a shigle member liom thoir cipoie, except by tho .process of nature, and in tho-gnjojnient of constant, un interrupted communion, than have flourished in the same space of time and among the Miine number of civ ilized peoido in moilcrn times. ,\nd to sum tin all, if pleasure is correctly defined to he the absence of pain? which so far as the gfeat'ftody of mankind is concerned, is undoubtedly iu true definition-rl believe our slaves are the happiest tinee millions of human beings on whom the sun shines. Into thoir Kdo'n is coming Satnti in the guise of an Abolitionist. Now I affirm, that in (Ijeat Britain the poor and labor ing classes of your own raoo and color, not only youi fellow beings, but yqur fellow citizens, are more miser able fand degraded, morally and physically, than our slaves ; to be elevated to tbe actual condition ol whom, would he to these your fellow citizens a jnost glorious act of emancipation. And I also affirm, that the poor and laboring classes of our older Kree- Statas would not he in a much more enviable condition but lor our sla very. One of their own Senators has declared in the "United States Senate, " that the repeal of the Tariff would reduce New Kngland to a howling wilderness." And the, American Tariff is neither more nor less than il system by which the Slave States are plundered for the benefit ol those States which do not tolerate Slavery. To prove what I say ol Oreat Uritain to be true, I make the following extracts from the Reports of Com missioners amiointed by I' arlinment, ami publish nil by the oilier of the House of Commons. I can ninke but few and short ones. But similar quotation*' might be made to any extent, an t I defy you tojdeny that tlmse specimens do not exhibit the real condition of your operatives in every branch of y our huftistry. There is a course of variety in tbuir nuiferingv. Hut the tame jncxcdibl* amount of toil, Irightlu) ? dilution, and utter want of morals, characterise tl o lot of eveiy class of them. And how unaccountable !? that philanthrophy, which closes It* ores upon such a : ta'o ol things as you have at home, ami tun ; n. Iiiurtx ' u to our Hii'airs be yond the Atlantic; <? '-tthj ? i.h wafers wlii.-!i no way ! concern them ? -m., - ? 'von" have lately done at meeting*, to don*; ?. .. , 'i.n-| iitj ul nur laws," and " the atrocity ofj u i i .n uitd to sympathise with infamous wretc, he- '.n ;n i "?? n i h"u for violating decrees promulgated both <>';??! mi>I mnn. Is this dojng the work of" j on i Father \\ hich i ia heaven," or is it seek ing only V.tli it jaou iu.?y iia\ a of man ?" Do you cemerabe; >;,c t'.y. uinciutiun of our Saviour, ?' Woo tinto you Sen' ei; il 1 Pfin t Iicct ! I .yimcrites! foryc milteTlean the OHlsidotoi .t'ro O/Up an i | MiWr, but within they -are full of exterliou and c:ccoss." I am well aware th.it a notable scheme ha-i beon set 1 ou foot to nchiove tiiuiiition, by making, what is by cour tesy calltd '? free" labor, so much cheaper than slave labor ns to fbrro the abandonment of the latter. Though I we are beginning to mamtlurtuie with slaves, I do not think you will attempt to pinch your operatives closer j itt Ore at Britain Von cannot curtail the rags with which thay vainly attempt to cover tbeir-nakedness., nor reduce the porridge which barely, and not always, keeps thos6 whh !.a v'tf employment from perishing with la miixs -When you. can. do this-, we will consider whether ,our slaves may not dispense with a pound pr two of ba con per weeT> , or a few garments annually'. Yoilraim, however, is to cheapen labor in the t topic*. The idea , of doing .this by exporting } our ".bold yeomanry," is, I i pietumo, ffiven up Cicioweil tried it when he sold the , captured frflltrWers of diaries into West India -slavery, w here they speedily found graves. Nor have your recent i experiments on British nnrlevenDutch constitution* sue- ] ceeded better. Havo you still faith in carrying thither I your ( oolies from llinllostan ! Doubtless that once wild lobber rnce, whose higtest eulogium was that they did not murder were!)' for- the hrve of blood, have been tamed down, ann are perhaps " keen for immigration," ibr since yoirr Civilisation has reached it, plunder has grown scarce in Onr.erat Hut that i* the result of the experiment thus ftirf Have the Coolies, ceasing to handle firm*, learned to linTirHe spmlos, and proVe hardy and profttahlfc laborers f" On the contrary, broken in spirit and stricken With disease nf home, the* -wretched victims l whom yon have hitherto kidnjtpperl' for a bounty .confined J in depots, put under hatches, ahd carrie<l across the | ocean, (breed into *' voluntary immigration,'' have done 1 little but lie down and dio on the pseudo soil of fYeedom. 1 At the end of live years, two- thirds, in some colonies a largo proportion, are no more! Humano and pious con- I trivanOf? To alleviate the fancied sufferings of the ac cursed posterity of Ham, you sacrifice by a cruel death 1 two-thirds of the children of the blessed Shfem? -and de- j rfiftfidthe #pf>fau*c of Chtrstiann, the blessing of heaven! ! TfthM " experiment" Is to go on, in Owl's nume try your hand Upon the Thngs. That other specie* ol " imm'igrn- ! tfOfi to whteh you are resorting 1 will-presently etuisi- j Hit.' ? ? ? - ? T'? - - A ? Ni'Mbkr IV. Jleuiral,oj (,'it SI are Trade under a vew nawr ? Emanr.i ? | patjoii in the United States certain to remit in the Ex- ! termination of the Negi o Race ? Conclusion. If any farther proof was wanted, of the utter and well ' known though not yet openly avowed failure ol West ! Indian-emancipation, it w-><ild be furnished by the start- ' ling fact that tW AMwm Wave Trade ha* been actually , revived under the auspice* and protection of the British j (foVernment. ? Under the specious guise ?f "Immigia tion'"they tire retilcnishhig these Island* with slaves ffoTrt the CoWt'OT AlVica. Vour colony of Sierra I,eone. faitndwd on thtft Coast to prevent tlni Slave Trade, and peopled hy the l>y in- the first instance by fiegroe* stolen f rom these Stares during the Hevolutionory WiirU* the de- t pot wlieai captivc* tuken lromSlaverh by your armed ves- < sols, ate transported.' I might say returned, since nearly ? half the Africaus carriud aero** the Atlantic arc under- ' stood to be emharked in this viciuity. The. wretched , survivor*, who are there ,sct.at liberty, are immediately snduced to "iwoiigrate" to the Veil Indies. The busi. j nssd is systematically carried ou liy Black "Delegates'5! sent expressly front tho West Indies, where on arrival, the "immigrants" are sobl into slavery Uor twenty -one I ears, under conditions ridiculously trivial uud wicked- I y void, since few or none wQlttVer be able todeTive any advantage fiom them. The whole prime *f life thus pas- , sod in bondage, it is contemplated, and doubtless it will ' be cairied into effect to turn them out in their old age to shift for themselves, and to supply their places with frekh and vigorous "Immigrants." Was ever a system of slavery so barbarous, devised bofore 1 < an you think ol comparing it with ours Even your own Religious Missionaries of Slerre I.cone, denonnco it "as worse than the Kluve stnte in Alrica." And your Black Dole gales fearful of the influence of thc-e.Missionaries, as well h? on account of tho inadequate silnply of tho captives are now preparing toprocuio the aide bodied and com paratively industrious Kroomen of the interior, b^- pur chasing from their Headmen the privilege of inveigling them tt?the West India mmket ! So endsjtlie magnificent f.irco? Jierhaps I should >ay tragedy of West India Abo lition ! I will not harrow your feelings by asking you to review tho labors of your life and tell me what you and} our brother Enthusiasts have accomplished for ( "injured Africa," but while agreeing with l.oid Stowell, that "Villeinsge doca) ed," and admitting that slavery might do so also, 1 think I am fully justified by passed ami passing events, In saying, a* Mr. Orosvenor said of the Slave trade, "that its abolition is impossible." You are greatly mistaken, however, you think tha 1 the consequences of emancipation here, would be simi> lar and ?i<> mure injurious tban those which followed from it in vour little sea giit West India Iiiafldl, where nearly *11 wero blaofc*. The system of slavery is noUn "decay" with us.| mtourishas (o Cull and growing rigoi. Our country is boundless in extent. Dotted he/* and there with villages an d fields, it is f ir ttio most part CoV ered with immense forests and (-'? .m;>s of ulnrcst un known sue. In such a country , w i h it people no rcji* le<* as our*, communicating of course some of that spirit to their domestics, can you <v?ri;ive'of an} thing short of the power el' lit* mastei over the sla*o,couJJ cou lino the African race, notoriously Idle and improvident, to labor on Our plantation* 1 BreaK lli!? bond hut for a' nay, and these plantations will be solitude*. The negro lovas chiinge, novelty and sensual^ excitements of all kinds, u hen awake. "Reason and order," of which Mr. Wtlberforce said "liberty was tlie c'hil.l,'' do net nharac terize hint, lielea-ctl from his present obligation:, hi? first imimlsc would be to go somewhere. Anil here no natural boundaries would restrain him. At first they would all sei*k to towns and riipidly accumulate ill squal led groups upon their outskirts. Driven thence by the "ftimpd police" which would immediately spring into existence, they would scatter' iii all directions. Hdme bodies of them might wander- to the ' Irec" Stat>ui ot Us tho western wilderness, marking tbeir tracks bjr their depredations or tlieir corpses. Many wool J" roam wild in our 'big woods." Many would seek the r?oe??e? ot swamps Iqi securo covert. Kew, very few of tltern could be prevailed on to do a stroke of work, none to labor continuously, while a' bead of cattle, sheep orswrne. could be found iu our ranges, or an ear of corp nudded iu our abandoned fields. These exhausted, our folds and poultry j arils, barns and store-houses would become thoir prey. Finally, our scattered dwellings would be plundered, perhaps lired, and the inmates murdered. ? Ffow long do you'su'ppose we could bear the-e tilings J How long would it be before we sJuiuld sleep with rides I ut our bedsides, and never move without one in our ! hands 1 This work once begun, let the story orour Bri'. j tish ancestors and the aboriginaes of. tho country tell the sequol. Far more rapid however, would he the catas trophe. "Ere many moons went by," the AfHfcart race would be exterminated) or reduced again to slavery, their ranks recruited, after j our example. by fresh "Em i igrants" from their fattier land. . . ..,*J t.i ...... .f. ? ? - - Number v. . Si i. \ kr Bluff, S. March '14, 18 1>. Sir : ? In rrty letter to you of the rJuth .January ? which 1 trust you have received ere this ? I mentioned that I had lo-t your <;irculai letter soon after it had couie to hand. It was. I am glad to say, only mMaid. and has ; within a few days been recovered. A second perusal ol iLiuducos mc to resume my pen- Unwilling to tr\ist,|i)j recollections from a Ringle reading, I did not in my last "OJtArrtunteation attempt to follow the connre ofyour ar gument, mid meet directly the points made and tlift terni.E ' used. I thought it better to tako a ge.ieral view of the i subject WhJBh could not fail td traverf c'your most mate vial charge*. lam well aware, however, that, lor fear 1 of being tedious, I omitted many interesji;^ topics alto I gether, and abstained from a complete discussion of some of those introduced. 1 do not pruposo now to exhaust i the Mibjqct ; which it would require volumes to do ; hut without waiting to learn -which I "fiiaij never do ? your opinion of what 1 have already said, I sit down to supply some of the deficiencies of my letter of January, and, with your circular before rnr, to reply to such parts of -it as have not been fully answered It i<? L perceive, ac&rossed among others to such hs have never visited the Southern States" of this confede ! racy, and professes to enlighten their ignorance of the 1 actual "condition of the poor slave, in their own conn ! try." - I canriot help thinking you would have displayed j prudence ip confining the circulation of your letter alto gether to such persons. You might then have indulged I with impunity in giving, as yon nave done, a picture of , .slavery drawn from your own excited imagination, or from those impure fountains, the Martineaus, .Marry atts, ' Trollopes and IHcltcnses, who have profited by catering, i at our expense^ to tlie jealous sensibilities and debauvh j ed tastes of jour countrymen. Admitting that you are ! familial- with the history of slavery and the past discus I sions of it, as I did, I now think rather broadly, in my former letter, what can you know of tiie true condition of the " poor slave"' here f am not aware that you have ever visited this conntry, or even the Weft Indies. Can you suppose that because you have devoted your life to the investigation of the subject ? commencing it under the influence of an enthusiasm so melancholy ot first and so volcanic afterward* as to be nothing shoit ot hallucination ? pursuing it as icon of ono idea do every thing, with the single purpose of establishing your own view of it? gathering your iutm mation from discharged seamou. disappointed speculators, factious politicians, visionary reformers an I acurrlloiU tourists? opening your cars to every species of complaint, exaggetation and falsehood that interested ingenuity could invent, and never for a moment questioning the truth of any thing ! that could make for your cause ? can you suppose tl. a 1 all this has qualified you, living the while in England, to lorm or approximate tow aids tho formation of a correct opinion ot ? lie condition of t-laves among us ? I know the power of self-delusion. I have not the least doubt that you think yourself the very l>e st informed man alive I on this subject, and that many think eo likewise. So fai as facta go, oven after deducting from your list a gic.it I deal that is not fact, I will not deny that probably your I collection is the most extensive in existence. But hi to I the truth in regard to slavery, there is not on adult in j this icgion but knows more of it than you do. Truth ] and fact are, you pre aware, by no means synonimou: terms. Ninety-nine facts may constitute a falsehood : the hundredth, added or alone, givo.s the truth. With all ! your knowledge of facts, 1 undertake to say that you arc ! entirely and giossly ignorant of the real condition of our \ slaves. Vnd from all that I can see. you are equally ig norant of tho essential principles of human association I revealed in history, both sacred and prolane, on which slavery rests, and which will perpetuate it for ever in some form or other. However you may declaim against ; it ; however powerfully you may ariay atrocious inci dents ; whatever appeals you may make to the heated ; imaginations and tender sensibilities oi mankind, believe ; mo, your total blindness to the whole truth, which alone constitutes the ti nth, incapacitates you from ever mak ' ing an impression on the sober reason and sound com mon sense of tUe world. You may seduce thousands ? you can convince no one. Whenever and wherever you of tf.e ndVocntes of your cause can arouse the passions of toe weak-minded and the ignorant, and, bringing to bear with tliem the inteiests of the vicious and unprinci pled, overwhelm common sense and reason.? as (rod sometimes permits to be done? you may triumph. Such a triumph we have witnessed in Ortat Britain. But I trust it is l'ar distant heic : nor can it from its nature be extensive or enduring. Other classes of reformers, ani- ' mated by* the saifie spirit a< the abolitionists, attack the institution- of niauiagc, an 1 even the established rela tions id' parent and child. And they collect instance* ol barbarous cruelty an I shocking degradation which nv al, if they <Ufc-no4 throw into the shade, your slavery statis tics. But tho rights of marriage and parental authority rest upon truths as obvious us they are unchangeable? coming home to every human being? self-imptessed for ever on the individual mind, and rinnot be shaken until tho whole man is corrupted, nor subverted until civil ized society becomes a putrid ma? Domestic slavery is not so universally understood, nor can it make such "a direct appeal to individuals or *o"iety beyond its pale. Here, prejudice and passion have room to sport at the expense ol others. They may be oxeited and urged to dangerous action, remote from the victims they mark out. They may, as they have done, effect great mis chief, but '.hey cannot be made to maintain, in the long run, dominion over reason and common sense, nor ulti mately put down what (Jod has ordained You deny, however, that slavery is sanctioned by Ciod, and your chiei argument is that when he gave to Adam dominion over the fruits of tho earth and the animal crea tion he stopped there " He Dever gave him any further right over his fellow men." You restrict the descend ants of Adam to a very short list of rights and powers, duties and responsibilities, if you limit them solely to those conferred and enjoined in *he first chapter of Gene sis. It is very obvious that in t .s narrative of the crea- I tion Moses did not have it in vk w to record any part of ' the I. aw intended for the government of man in his r.o- j cial or political state. Eve was not ) et created ; the ex pulsion had not yet taken place ; ('Pin was unborn ; and ' no allusion w hatever is made to the manifold decrees of God to which these events gave ri?e . The only -etious answer this argument desei ves is to say, what i* so mani festly true, that God's not expressly giving to * dam ??any right over his fellow men" by no means excluded him from conferring that right on his descendant < : which lie in fact did. We know that Abraham, the Chosen one of God, exercised it and held property in his fellow man, even anterior to the period when property inland wus acknowledged. We might infer that God ha 1 iiulhoii/cd it. But we arc no* reduced to inference or ooiijecture. At the hav.ard of fatiguing yon by repe tition, I wiil i ggin relcr you to tho ordinances of the . scriptures. Innumerable instances might be quoted ? where God has given and commanded men to assume do minion over their fellovy men. But ono w ill suffice In the twenty-fifth chapter of Lev iticus you will find Do- I mestic Slavery? precisely such as is maintained at this ! day in these Mates? orda. nod and established by God, in language which i defy you t? pervert so as to leave a I doubt Oil any honest mind that this institution was found ed hy Him and decreed to bo perpetual. I quote tho words : ? l.eviticiu, ch. 41 v.? " Both thy Bondmen and thy Bondmaids which thou shalt have, shall bo of the Heathen | Vfricans] that ore round snout you : of them ye shall ouy Bondmeu and Bonlmaids. 4 <. Mot cover, of tho children of the strangers that do solourn amo g you, of tl.em shall ye buy, and of their families that are with you which they begat in your land [descendants of Africans !] and they shall be' in your possession." Hi. " And ye shall take them as an inheritance for your children alter you, to inherit tbem for a possession. They shall be your Bondmen forever." What human Legislature could make a decree more full and explicit than this J What Court of Law or Chancery could defeat a title to i? slave couched in terms so clear mid complete as these ' As this is the I. aw of God, whom you pretend to worship, while you denounce and traduce us for respecting it. " * ' ' ' . Your next complaint, that our slaves are kept in bond age by the "Law of force." In what countrv or condi tion ot mankind do you see human affairs regulated nicio ly by the law oftovef Unless 1 pin greatly mistaken j on . will, if you look over the world, hnd nearly all certain and permanent rights, civil, social, and I may even add religious, resting on and ultimately secured bythe "law of force." The power of majorities -of aristocracies? of [ kings nay of priests, for the most part, and of property, resolves itself at la>t into "force, "and could not otherwise j be long maintained. Thus in every turn of your argument against our sj stem of slavery , you advance, whether con- ! scious of it or not, radical an^ revolutionary doctrines j calculated to change the wholo face of tne worjd. to overthrow all government, di;organiie society, and re duce man to a stato of nature? red with blood, and shrouded once more in barbaric ignorance. But you greatly err, If you suppose, because we rely on force in thi fast resort to maintain our supremacy over our slaves, that ours is a stern and unfeeling dwniuatiou at all to be compared in hard-hearted severity to that exer cised, not over the mere laborer only', but by the higher over ?nch lower order, where* er tho British sway is ac knowledged. Y.i'u say. that it those you addiess were to ??spend one 'lay In the south they would return home with imjtmsioM against slavery never to be erasad." I?'ut the lact is universal!) the reverse. I liave known numerous instances, and I never knew a single one, where there was no other cause of otfence and no object to promote by falsehood, that individuals from the non . luve-holdi.ig States di<> not, alter iw?i<tn>g among us long enough ty ui|ilorstand the subject, "return home" to it fend our tlarerif. ?. * ?? ? Vou charge us with looking on our slaves " as chattels or brutes," and enter into a somewhat elaborate argu ment to prove that they have " human forma," " talk," and qveu ' think.'' Now the fact is, that however you may indulge in this strain for efl'ect, it is the abolitionists and not the slaveholders who practically, and in themost important poiuj of a view, regard our slaves as "chattels or Drntcs * fn your calculations of the consequences of emancipation, you pass orer entirely those which most provo most st-iious. and which arise Irom the fact of their being nrr tout. Vou appear to think that we might ah stahilroai tke use of tiiern as readily an if they weie ??? cluyes.lo be laid aside, or cattle . that might be turned out to find pasturage for tnemselvef. 1 have heretofore glanced at some of the1 results that would follow from breaking the bonds of !>o many human beings now peace fully and happily linked into our social system. The tra gle horrors, tin decay and ruin that would for years, per uaps lor ages, brood over our land, if it could be accom plished, 1 will not attempt to portray. But do you fancy the blight would, in such an event' come to us alone t? The diminution of the augwerop of the Wast Indies af fected Oieat Britain onlj , and there chiefly the poor. It was a matter of no moment to Capital that Labor should have one comfort let*. -V et It has forced a reduction of tho British duty on sugar. Who can estimate the conse quences that must follow the annihilation of the cotton crop of the sieve-holding states ! I do not undervalue the importance of other articles of commerce, but no ca lamity could hefal the world at all comparable to the sud den loss of two millions of bales of cotton annually.? h'nuu tfy?j deserts of Africa to t he Siberian wilds? Irom Greenland to tine Chinese wall ? tV fi is not a spot of earth 1jnt \*>>a!d feel (lie son>utk>n. i ho factories of I'Ajrope w ould lull with a concussiu.i that would shako down castles, palaces, and even thrones ; whim th? "pUrSe-proud elbowing insolenre 'Of our northern mi ? uopoliMts would disappear forever under tin- sriotth speech of the pedlar, scouring our frontiers for a liveli hood, or the blutt' vulgarity of the South Sea whaler, lollow ing tho ha-poon amUi sloims and shoal*. Doubi less, the abolitionists .think' we could grow cotton with out slaves, or that at worst the reduction of the crop would be moderate and tompoiary. Such gross delusions show how profoundly ignorant tiiey are of ourconditiou here. But perhaps the most extraordinary part of your let ter is j our bold denunciation of " the shameful compro mises" of onr constitution, and your earnest recommen dation to tUose you address to overthrow or revolution ize it. In so many words you s#y to them, " you must either separate yourselves from all political connection with- the south, and make your own laws; or if you do not choose such a separation, you must break up the po litical ascendancy which the southern have had for a long time over the northern States." It is well for tho- < who circulate your letter here, that the Constitution you denounce requires an overt act to constitute treason, it nmy be tolerated for an American by birth to use on his own soil the freedom of speaking and writing which isguainnteed to him, and abuse our Constitution, our Union, and our people. But that a foreigner should use such seditious language, in a circular letter addressed to a pottion of the American people, is a presumption well calculated to excite the indignation of all. The party known iiitiiU country as the Abortion party, has long since avowed the sentiments you express, and adopted tlie policy you enjoin. At the recent Presiden I tiul election they gave over ?3,000 votes for their own | candidate, and held the balance of power in two of the largest States? wanting but little of doing it in several otheis. In the last lour years their vote has qua drupled. Should the infatuation continue, and their vote increase in the same ratio in the next four years, it will be as large as the vote of the actual slaveholders of the Union. Such a prospect is doubtless extremely gratifying to you. It gives a hope of a contest on such ? 'nrms as may ensure the downfall of slavery or our Con stitution. The South venerates the Constitution, and is prepared to stand by it forever, such as it came from the hands of our fathers; to risk every thing to defend and maintain it in its integrity. But the South is under no such delusion as to believe that it derives any peculiar protection front the Union. On the contrary, it is well known we incur peculiar danger, and that we bear far more than otir proportion of the burdens. The appre hension is also last lading away, that any of the dreadful consequences commonly predicted, will necessarily re suit lioin u separation of the States. And come what may, we are (irmly resolved that our system of domestic 1 slavery shall stand. The fate of the Union, then?but thank God, not of lit publican Government? rests mainly [ in the hands of the people to whom your letter Is ad | dressed, the " professing Christians of the Northern | States having no concern with slave-holding," and whom with incendiary zeal you are endeavoring to stir up ! to strife ? withont which fanaticism can neither live. | move, nor have any being. t t>E8TRn nVs Fire in Rochester. ? While other citiesot the Union were being visited with disas trous fires, we were congratulating ourselves that we had escaped, Jmt the destroyer has ulso visited us. Be : ween nine ami ten o'clock last evening, a tire broke out in the cabinet shop ol Robert Bell, on the east side ol Front street, which has proved more disastrous in Its ra vagvs than any wo have had fofeieveral j ears. B v :? most unlortunate calculation of the officers ot the Fne Department, 4 or .i of our fire companies were at Carthago awaiting the ariival of a fire company from Toronto. - , The wind ?u blowing from the northwest, and the (lames extc 'ed to about the centre of Charles H. Car ! rol's block o i the east side of Front ftreet. On the west i side of Kroi.. street seven brick stores and a wood block i belonging to William Simpson were destroyed ; on ; Works street two wood dwelling houses and ? black i smith shop belonging to William Simpson were also con sumed. Having proceeded thus far the flames were checked almost as it were by miracle. At one time if was thought that the entire square to Buffalo and State streets would bo consumed, and also that the fire would extend to buildings on the River bridge. Hut a change in the wind to the south, the arrival of some ot the fire men fiom Carthage, and the hydraulions of Messrs Giaves, Jennings and Heeler, prevented it. It is almost ' imjvosaible to estimate the amount lost and insured, this , morning, with any degiee of accuracy. The following is as near as we can ascertain:? Charles H. Carroll .wood building on Urc east si<!?of Front street and a part of the j .brick block >3.000, insured $800. Robert Hell, cabinet maker, $ I, iOfl; insured $->00. A. f.aughlin silver plater, $.'100. insured $".!00. John Miller, gun-smith. *lv:00, in suicd $1000. Sharp fe. Morton, tinners *400. insured i.'JOO, John Archer, carpenter, loss $300, insured $-.>00. Henry Fox, builder, on tools and lumber $1400, insured $400 Tools belonging to hands about iriOO, no insurance. Charles A. Clapp and T. Hives, removing goods, loss not ascertained V hnrles II. Carrol, brick block on veil side of Front street $3,000, insured $3,600. O. F. Avery, dour store, goods mostly removed ?covered by insurance G. Lavenworth, Chair .Maker, goods mostly got out partially insured. J. St W. Mcl'toslt, Gioceis? loss $1,000. S B. Merrick, Grocer, loss $3,000, insured *3, 000. Suydatn, Sage 8t Co., Burkank's Store, loss $1,600. Samuel D. l'orter, K.dgell's store, loss $l,/\00. Hnge S. Pancost, Merrick's store, loss $1,300 ; fully insured. - Johnson I. Robbing, painter, insurance on tiuilding will lully cover the loss, about $M)0. Losa on good* about $??200, no insurance. KJmuud Lyon, wool doaler. remo ving lie., loss trilling. Wm. Simpson, 3 wood building* and a blacksmith shop, loss flAOO, insured $1000. These I building were occupied by poor families, wi.o saved I most ol their t fleets. The entire loss will be about ?30, | 000. Amount insured about $10,000. The roof of I Graves' Tannery , and St. l'aul Church Steeple, caught I on fire by the >pstk?, but weie extinguished without ' much damage The lire raged with great fury aboHt , two hours and it is exceedingly fortunate that the loss is no more than it is. It is strongly suspected to be the work of un incendiary, taking advantage of the absence I of our firemen from tfie city. ? Rochttttr jldo. July 16. Deranwe.vent ok the Mails. ? The Batavin Spirit of the Timet, last received, makes the following re marks on the irregularity of the mails : ? Wo respectful ly reipiest the attention of the Postmaster* at New \ ork and Albany, and of the soveral Moil Agents between Albany anil Biid'ali, to the unusual derangement of the mails from the east, which has occurred during the last four or live weeks. Scurcely a day has passed during thai time, but wo have received more or less of our eastern papers via BuA'alo. On Tuesday last we received Boston. Albany, and other eastern papers, from fhe west. On four days of the preceding week we received a pail of our eastern exchanges from the same dirertion. And so it has been. Kitlier the newspaper packages for thi> plaeo liave been put into the Buffalo bag at .New Vork ot at Albany , or else been incorrectly distributed by the mail agents. At alt events, the evil is a subject of, seri ous complaint by our citizens, and should be corrected immediately. Starch Factories iv M.w.ne. ? The Norridge wock PrtM slates that there are I href starch facto ries in process of erection in the small town of Stark', and the amount of capital invested in them is from $!.>, (KtOto $40,000. These factories will bo completed an>l Ho into operation the ensuing fall. It is estimated that 70,000 bushels of potatoes will be consumed by the?c mills alone, which must be supplied by the farmers iti the immediate vicinity of their location, and that the needed bushels have been contracted for at 13} cents per bushel. There are now ten starch factories under way in Somerset county. ^AKATOtiA !SrRi,N<;s. ? The Sentinel of Moinl it states thnt the number ot' arrivals during last week was about 3,000, and that the village now presents all the life and gaity of a fashionable city. The steamboat now plying regularly on Saratoga l ake, adds largely to the agieeabilities of this favorite summer retreat. Sm i? Htru.niNo in West Jersky. ? The Newark Daily Advrrlitcr says the brig L)?niel Elmer, ot 2<I0 tons burthen, was launched from Godfrey's ship yard, on Dennis's Creek, Cape May, on the 9th instant -making the fiftieth vessel bnilt there. The Daily does not tel | us. however, how long they have been abeut it