Newspaper of The New York Herald, July 19, 1845, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated July 19, 1845 Page 2
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NEW iOHK HERALD >?t* Vurk, Saturday, July 10, The Weakly He- aid. T.iiti publication will be issued nt eight o'cloc tli i ^ morning, ut six j>ence u copy, in or out of wrui pr? :.Jt is, this week, illustrated with u beautiful engi viug of i< scene from th" m w French oi>era of "L J Jive," produced li- 1 Wednesday with great sia ce*s ut the Park ; also, a >ery correct likeness o Dr Archer, the "Old Roman" of Texas. Besides these, it contains the famous letters o Governor Hammond on Slavery, und the news o the week. Affalriln Kutope. Tiie Britannia is more than due, and the Gre;< W. stem is due. The v will bring news to the 5< inMunt? half a month later. It is looked lor wit n me interest, especially by the cotton dealers. The AdmtiiUtrntlon nnd the Succession. Til" present peculiar position of the new admit t?tr iii'in of the general govi rnme- t, forms the sbl j -ci of much remark and enquiry among politicia' o ' all classes, und the recent culm, has at lenai1 b-en followed by the commenc-m^nt of a storm ih will call the whole democratic party in the field j o Jer to s ivetiie ship of State from passing into th h m is of the opposition party. The discordant p< ? ] t cat elements, forced together at the Bultimop Convention, from motives of self-interest, havin> accom lished or noi-accomplish^d their ends, ar now s-eiting to m ike political capital in aid of the- i p.rticiiiar favorites for the njxt Preoidencj . Tin much is worth a thought. Previous to the or?*niz\tion of the new ca bi t2t i great stru^le wts mide by certain prom i nent politicians to secure for their friends the mo.-i nil lential positions in that council, in order to torn th? nucleus of power fjr a Presidential nomination It was with this view that the Hon James B>: chanan, the present Secret in' of State, aspired t the position he now hold*, and it was with this bam' view th it the Hon Kobert J. Walker, now Secreta rv of th- Treasury, secured his important and influ ential position. The former gentleman has discovered since the completion of the an nrxation question, that but little Ci.iiul h u be made in the station of Se cret try of St -ite, and no doubt will withdraw from th it position as soon as a proper opportunity present it elf, peih 'ps in a very few weeks, as wc have ai re. idy stated. The friends of Mr. W ilker original !> urged him for the St ite Department, but not with any real expectation or desire of success, as th? Treasury was the real object of their wishes ? The fi ien Is of Mr. Buchanan. from Pennsylvania sincerely urged him for the State Department, from the first, in supposition that he would be the instru ment of the settlement of the Tex is and Oregon q isstiona, and thus obtain a popularity throughont the country, ftrong enotuh to secure his nomination for th* Presidency in 1^45. This opinion has proved p irtially erroneous from the f icf of the settlement of the Texan question without his aid, and should the result .-h w that he has h"en in favor of a com promise on the Or-'iron question? a settlement to the 4). h tk'iiree ? he will retire from the otfice with fai le-f popularity th in before he entered it. Toe reverse, however, li - been the case with Mr. Walker In hi* position, as Secretary of the Trea sitrv, lie has secured an influenci ihat will place hm th- !i' ;'l of the democratic party in the campaign of lM-i? unless lie stumbles over a straw as lie re cently cam-* near doing in the case of Mr. Thomp son, nf Mi-sissipp ? and may prob ably secure i i n 'inin ttion for the Presidency at that period. T lme, h iwever. will settle that point. But his plan for th?* reduction of the present tariff to a revenue standard, th it will be presented in his report to Consrress at theop?nin? of the next session, will probably mee' with the approbation of th? whole south, west an ! south west, and thus give him an important position, which will tend to elevate him to a higher station than he now holds His plan of deposite of the public moneys, now preparine, and soon to be submitted, will, it is | snd. evince sound judgment and keen knowledge as n national fin incier. These two measures alone, may destroy the prospects of all the othT prominent can didates of ih>- democratic party, if th-y should dare to oppose them : and if they are successful, th honor and the credit of their adoption must fall to the benefit of the oMsin*l author. To thwart his plan for the deposite of the public moneys, an attempt will be made in the next C< n gre.?j, by th ? (secret op,x>nents of the present admi nistration. in this State and elsewhere, to revive the Sub-Treasury scli^m", which has been scouted by nearly the whole we<-t, south and south-west, as contrary to every principle of pure republican gov ernment. The advocates of this measure know full well that the democracy of Tennessee have almost u lanimously proclaimed against it, and in the last i c ?mp?ign it is also wrll known that thu th - deino- j cr itic orators ihroivrh"Ut ihut State denounced it at j al nost every hustings where the people were assem ble.!. We present ill* ?e views as sentinels on the politi c il w itch-tower of the country, and shall follow them up with opinions and i acta that will show con clusively that all the appointments from W. L. Mircy ue Secretary of War,, to Thomas N. Curr, as Consul to Tangier?, have been governed by influence* immediately connected wiih the succes sion. Tnese views, too, exhibit in a measure the , oau-e of the recent rumors from Washington. There js always a wheel within a wheel 111 politics. A Wolf im Sheep's Clothing ? That canting and abandoned rag of a paper, called the Alljony JSVentng Journal, is venting a rhapsady of trea.M n nble trash which it is pleased to style an admonition to the south A licentious abuse of the functions! editorial, are by no means a novelty in the cage of this organ: but those who know it be?.t, have been still willing to ascribe a good deal of it to lunar in 11 unce, although Dr. Ltrdnrr, in hi-* recent d is- ! c >urses on this subject, has iooked over this obvious instance of our satellit * ajrency. It may be the hot j weather has less or more to (Jo with the present rav- , ingf of this journal; if so, medical treatment would be the most desirable. Hut, hs there ap|H*ars to be I ?ome method in its madnet-s, it tnay not be out of j place to presume upon a lucid interval or two, and assure it that the south will treat its admonitions i ju.-t as it does the journal itself? with the utmort con- I tempt. It says, with evident nervousness, that w< are threatened with a war by Mexico; very true, and therefore to Mexico should its phillipics be addressed. It says also, with the confidence of a prophet, that a war with England for slavery will terminate its existence. One would think by the tone and temper of this scribe, as displayed in his remarks, that such a consummation as the annihila tion of slavery, would be a blestiug, and yet this ve ry result it in (de the ground for arguing against th' jsilicy lha would, by its own deel iration, lead th t to. In the same breath, however, we have a Miring oi sugg> siions thrown out obviously for th u*e of the enemy without, and intended to fostei that already too rampant disloyalty that pervades th' nnti-fclavety party within our borders. It is not wortl while 10 recapitulate the nonsensical speculations upon the defeat of the United ^tat<*s in the case oft. ?war, which are indulged in wiih evident dt-light b) this journal; tlie only excuse for noticing the inatie, at all is, the wickedness and treason that pervades itr remarks from first to last. Adams's St Co 'a Lxi-rkhs ? In consequence i the robbery of an express line of $5,000, and <> A imns Jc Co , of 9100, of which #99 were reco\ ered, there are reporta that A. At Co. hare met win serious loss. It appears, however, by a staternen made by themselves. tn*t since their organtzatioi they have loit less than'flWO; a remarkable inatanoi of ?Hiooese and safety in so large a business m- .'LUJ .Jll. UI>"UJUL!iL'?'-L'l- .a-"*"1" ! ? of" a Trip to the Wcit. Ai.Sany, Friday, July 11, i I h jve lust nriived in this ancient and modern i > -c^, in the famous steamer, the Niagara, Captain ; 1 VGroot A more sp'endid boat? or a more gentle i .nly und attentive Captain, c nnot he found on or tF the Xortii River. we li id about 6X) pissenger< <nn all pirts of' the world, and going to all parts ot ?ew V ork ? in Saratov* ? 1? ike (?eorirc? Aharon ? le Fulls? the I.ake> ? ihe far West ? the Prairies ? ?d some n> the ifp'ttd hereafter. I stop ut the very le new Hole], cal'ed ihe llelavan House, winch has ?cently been built hy Mr. D I ivan, ot Alb. my, and is ??pt in superb style by Mr Ropei s ot Boston, well i nown in that region of enterprise and spirit. The p flev.m House is peculiarly adapted for the travel* ng public It is contiguous to ihe steamboat land ?ig, also to the railroad depot. In a few minutes 1 lull be ot! to Uticu. I , Utica, Friday night, July 11. e h:?ye put arrived here, about 12 o'clock at [ mht. Night travelling in the ears isdeltciously eocl ' I hi s burning season of the year M iny parties' i both sexes, travelling for pleasure, seem to select "?se cool, clear nights for soing over their journey \ he idea is a good one. We took in a 1 irue crow I ' t passengers at Uticu, many of il-em ladies, and ten rush ? wish ? hish ? w^h, as the enirine says, 'arted for Syracuse, the city of salt and pickle 'ie grey morning began to appear soon after we lefi ' tic i, and the country gave forth a sober and agree- I ale appearance. Svh.m rSR, Saturday Morning i ? We have just arrived hMre in tune to tike break- I -t at the Syracuse House, which is mi well kept and j ?? f ivorably known to travellers in general. Mr I lust, the proprietor, tn?v be remembered as the gen email who was so sadly abused by a Wall street ?irnal a couple of years ago A more b ? ?? h minded ?id unblemished man does not exist in the west, and >s style of hotel keeping is of the tir?t quality here seenij to be no general topics of conversa ton as ) ou travel along in these days ? not a word cf otitic.- ? not a breath of religion ? not a syllable of iilosophy, disturbs ihe general quiet current of so ?i' ty. Each man ? each place ? e.tch town seems to e ? ngaged in advancing material int"re.-ts alone ? i getting i ich or accumulating means for future con niienciefi [t we had not elections, and a variety I sects and opinions. I verily bi-lievesocietv in this ??luntry would go back to its dull, stignent, half and i ill savage condition. Let no man ever leave Sy ac ise without seeing the salt works. Auburn. 11 o'clock. Passed Auburn, a pretty vill .tte, about 10 o'clock "he railroad from Albany to this pi ice i- tolen bl> .mid. it has, I believe, been improved of late ? new ail;-, in certain sections have bei-n laid oown, and the travel h is increased much of late years. Rochester. Dinner-time. Here the train stops an hour, to allow the p-iseen rers to t ike dinner. The best, way, ii vou want to reach Buffalo that ni?ht, is to" take a 25 or 37 cent I inner at the nearest tavern. We went into one ol these little places and got a capital dinner for 25 ?euts ? plenty of fish, meats, pies, and puddings. It you want to travel comfortably, always eat sparingly, nil drink sparingly, particularly the water of West ai New \ork. Unless a traveller from the Atlan mc cities is very careful, he will get very sick ol irinking the western water, which is very stron?l\ i impregnated with lime and other substances thai Jon t agree with stomachs not accustomed to it. Bi'Ffai.o, Saturday evening. Here we .-ire at Buffalo, which will in time be th^ rreat inland seaport of the west? re iching it in 3( _hort hours front New York, a distance of nearh >00 miles. This woudeiful city ihat is to be, is th< ?oininencement of oreat inland navigation of the continent In 1830 I first visited Bufl'do It had men about Gooo inhabitants, and was, withal, rather nean looking. It now counts 30,000 inhabitants, with street- as spacious and well built as New Yoik. u?(i .* i 'am marine of 50 lirffe vessels, nom? of them 'he lar^^t and most splendid Mcamers now afloat I miaht notice the great Empire steamer for one. comm itided hy Captain Ilowe ? but 1 must take an ther day and more tune. 13 tiffalo is going to be u vvv.n leiful place. Cool and Peaces of Resokt. ? Al| who can possibly raise the means are now looking nound tbem for some place to sojourn, where tip ?ve atlier is something like bearable to poor, almost xhausied nature, to escaj>e from the burning heat >f this furnace of a city. Forutnste it is for the in i ibitjnts that they hive in iheir immediate vicinity such a delightful place as Iiobokcn ? its shady bow ers, groves of trees, pleasant and cool promenades, splendid hotels, and obliging hosts. Of the latter, there h is been a treat addition lately, by the erection ot a ino't splendid house, near th" lerry, wnich is now open for the reception of boarders. Another is being erected near the same spot, which, with their cool and capacious well-covered greens at the rear, commanding a fine view of the river, will form a> treat a point of attraction as any in the neighbor hood. 'I hen tip-re are several well conducted estab lishments on Staten Island, where the cool and re freshing breeze from the bay may be amply enjoyed On the other side ot the ba\ there is as fine and as well con luct< d an establishment as there i.? in ilic State A I who have been there know in what an admirable m inner Mr. Reed, the proprietor, keeps the excel lent hotel at F ? -rt Hamilton. And in order still fur ther to increase th? comfort of his guests, he has leased a large part of the shore of Coney Island, to be used as a bathing-place for his boarders. To fa cilitate the landing ot' the bathers, lie (in conjunc tion with Mr. Bibley. the owner of :he steamboat line to Fort Hamilton,) had a dock and pier built thf r?*, and a long-raised causeway, leading up to a magnificent tent, where his boarders and visiters may rent and enjoy themselves for a few hour? during the day, if they please, after bathing, making tins one of the moat delightful resorts for the mm iner in the whole country. Thi? splendid tent will he opened to the public to i day, where a supply of the finest clam-chowder will | be provided, and tnay be enjoyed at the very reason able rate of one (.hilling a plat?, und other equalU ! good thing?, with every description of the most ' choice wines, spirits and cigars, at similar reasona ble charges. It is stated that Coney Island, during ihe past week, has b?en'ont!ie average from lato 20 degrees cooler than this city. There is also a fine es tablishment in New Jersey, called the Ocean House, where a good day's fishing and fine sea-bathing may be enjoyed. All the establi"hments in the neighbor hood of Glen Cove are well filled with respectable families from this city and other parts. Those who obiectto water mp?, the avenues und IJloomingdale road afford some delightful r"tr*at?. Tne Abbey. No win nV Hotel, Prospect Hall, anda number of oth erfplareg, are daily resorted to by hundreds of our parched up citizens, endeavoring to escape from the ntlnence of the burning dog-star, now raging *o fu riou-ly in this city. _ Nativi: Ma^ Meetiv-i ?A rather crowded oh aembly of natives took place at their room, corner nf Broadway and Grand street, last night Proceed ings commenced tit neatly nine o'clock, by ihe nomination of .lames Harper, Lsq , as chairman, who received an immensity of plaudits from the noisy crowd, with evident relish and a vast deal of suavity. The hall was oppress ively hot, and provo? kingly uproarious. After a few funny remaiks by the chairman, who, in addition to his pinchback i ipectaeles, was furnished with a fan, which he now (and again used, both to cool himself and excite the ( warmth of the meeting, for now and again as he j tlouri-hed it round his head, the roaring and shout I irigerew quite vociferous. Mr. Oakley resd the nd i dress and resolutions concocted at the Philadelphia convention, tn respond to which the meeting wai . called. M'h^n the perusal of these invaluable pro ductions was about half finished, the Shiffl^rClub irrived, wiih drums beating and colors Hying, and i so blocked u,i the hall that hearing w,ib out rl the j ]Uettion altogether. The chairman b^gg- d of them ! to persevere in listening to the udriress, and at us 1 conclusion, they would adjourn outride and have j i great hurrah ; which important event took place j about half past nine o'clock P M , but what wns ; said or done is not chronicled, the moon scarcely ; lx!ing bright enough for takme notes. The Weather a<;aiw ?More Deaths ?The 'hermometer at 3 o'clock, yesterday, was at 91| de" ,'rees in the shade. Yet a breeze made it feel cool ?r and more endurable than any previous day for a >veek. The etTVct of the heat for the last few days ias heen most deplorable; the list of deaths report- ' ?rd under the City Intelligence head, ia a sad one ? nou;h to act as serious caution to every one, not to expose himself to the mid-day sun ii Rochester the thermometer has been up to 102 ' decrees r j .j.' ... u ? i . . . I r..!ts TaiATrg ? At thi? very fanhionabU place I of nnusement was given, Ust night, " La Fillt du ' Reg writ," a very fine opera. Md'lle Cah6 wa t j splei iid; the brilliancy of her eye, and the livelineF~ of her acting are no well adapted to the charactei she r.eted, that we do not think it posaible she could be surpassed; nnd the audiencc sectn-'d to share our opinion, by th<* overwhelming applause which they I bestowed u,>on iheir great favorite. Every passage sing l?y this great artist* was much applauded, Hiid m ?())? wi?hed to have some of them fi\< ortH , but de sisted from fear of injuring Miss Calv6, whom they thought must have fult already very much fatigued on account of the heat of the season, and the length of the part she had to sing. Mr. Cceuriot being sick, Mr Busher had been appointed to take charge of the pirt of Tonio, and although^! was the first time thin artist had to sustain a part of such strength, he acquitted himself of his ta.-k in a very satisfactory manner ; making allowance for the want of con fident e lie must have It-It, we doubt whether it could have been done better, by any one else, in the sime circumstances. Mr. and Madame Mathieu, 1 and Mr Bernard, had also very long tasks to per firm; but their talent, which the public has long ' since conceded to them, carried them through easi ly, and they also were much applauded. The cho ruses, us they always do, sang with a perfect ensem ble, and to sjieak fairly our minds, we sincerely be ieve that there 13 not a number of the company, who, according to his emploie , is not a credit to it. 1'his play was preceded by " Le Roman d'une heure," a comedy in one act, which was very sutis lactoiily acted by Mr. M?>ntassier, M'ile Maria, and M'me Richer. M'lle Maria, whom we saw act inly once before, in " L<*s Premieres srmes de Kicheheu," is a very intelligent actress, and her acting in both plays deserves great credit. Next Monday night the company will give the finest act of the opera of "Guillaume Tell," the second one ; the third and fourth act of " La Favorite," which areolvo considered the finestof that opera, and in addition to this, " M'lle D'Angeville," a vaudeville in one act, in which M'me Cceuriot, one of the pub lic's great favorites, will act four ditrerent charac ters. This is a very great bill, and we doubt not hut the audience will be very numerous, as M'lla Cal\?, M'me Cu&ini, M'me Ccvuriot, and Messis Arnaud, Pouvry, Garry, and Montessier, will all appear in the evening. Castle Garden ? There was last night a very large crowd at that delightful retreat against the op pressive heat. The audience all Feemed verv well nleased with the entertainment, and no wonder ? the bill was sufficient, of itself, to cull there all our citizens, had not the prospect of getting a little fresh tir been enough inducement to draw them from ?heir homes. Madame Pico will make her second appearance at this establishment on Monday evening next. Nibi.o's Garden.? Another crowded saloon last night to witness Mrs. Mowatt in comedy. She was f*ven more buoyant,- dashing, and impressive than on Thursday. She improves nightly. Mr. Crisp is well adapted to the character of the Duke Aranza. ? The comic trio, Chippendale, Sefton and Placide, sustained their parts with great ability. Miss Tay lor looked and acted charmingly. We understand Mrs. Mowatt is shortly to appear in Sir Walter Scott's '"Bride of L immermoor." This a is a story well known on the Italian stage as '"Lucia di Lam 'nermoor." Mrs Mowatt, by appearing in an origi nal character, will no doubt create as great a scn?a lion as in Pauline or Juliana. To-night the popular magical drama ofthe "Seven Castles" will be played '"or the nineteenth time. Strung.- rs in the city should not omit seeing this piec?. Vacxhai.l Garden ? This G irden continues to be well attended, and all it agree in the opinion that this is one of the most delightful places 'o go and spend these warm evenings. The ?nusic and dances were very well performed, and tend greatly to render the Yauxhall a popular place of resort. Thk Great Mastadon. ? There is now exhibiting ii 2uiJ Bioailwiiy, the skeleton ol one of the^e won dertul antidiluvians. We invite the attention of the ,mblic to this memento of formet times, and most Mitieularly that of naturalists and geologist*, who will probably derive both pleasure and instruction, by contemplating this astonishing specimen of a be ing of an en'irely extinct species. "Jepth*." Hewett'a new Oratorio, is to be pet foimcd in this city, in t o course of the next month. Mr. Murdoch will appear at the Park next reason The re-ppeii'hg will tuUe place daring the month of Au $u?t, probably with Air. and Air*. Kean. Silas S. Steele's new opera, Post-heel-on, was re ceived with the greatest delight In Philadelphia. It I' ?aid that the dialogue and song* of tlie piece abound in jeni'is. wit, and nunior. The music is Irom various popilar opera*, and the adaptation throughout is akillul in the extrerre. The Naiad Qu?en has drawn good houses at the Walnut i tieet i'heatre, PlilUdelphia. At the Chestnut the Ethiopian* are doing fairly for the season. Til'* Acrobats were drawing capital houses at the \rch meet, Philadelphia, which closes on Tuesdat next, when Burton piepares for tho re-opening of the Chestnut. Hi? company i? pi incipally engaged. The Italian troupe ha\e left New Orleans for Ve ra Cruz. ? Jnlhen, the distinguished European musician, re cently gave a concert In London, in which thieo hun dred instrumental performer* were engaged. It would have been giatil) ing to listen to it, at a ?afe distance. M. Ponsard is the fortunate laureat, to whom the Krencli Academy have awarded the splendid prize ol Hi tidii francs lor the best play in five acts, lie is the au thor of " Lucretia *' Miss Anna Walters, a beautiful dancer, has been very successful at the Washington Theatre. Boston. Also Mrs. Pen?OD, formerly ol Mitchell'* Theatre. Mr. Dempster, the celebrated vocalist, accompatii* ed b) Master Sconcia, i* in Montreal, preparing a new series of conccrt*. There is a young giant growing in Limington, Me. He is nine yours old. weighs one hundred and fitty j-ouuds, and is a very cheerful little fellow ! Ill* fathe'i and mother arc rather below the nie.liun size. He has been growing at thl* tiemendous rate for about two years, and without the aid ol any artificial means, orelec tricity, or guano. New Postage Law ?The papers from all quar ters are full of remarks of one kind or another on the cheap postage system, some of which we regrei to Bay are not couched in a proper frame of mind. It is too soon yet to despond of the success ol this preat experiment, for such it is at best in tins coun try, and must remain for several months. It is no idle or rash one, however, and impatience or hosti litv eomes with a bad grace frotn any quarter until we can see whether the advantages of cheap post age are no: attainable in thin country as well as in others. For eo far there is nothing discouraging in the operation of the new law, but even if there wer? a few unpropi.ious symptoms observable, it does noi become the press to magnify them If the whole truth were known, probably those who now speak in doubt would have Cause of assurance of the ulli male success of the system. Whether or not, are we to refuse it a fair trial 1 Let it but have urns and it will tell its own story, in its own way, in a manner at once pleasing and profitable. Another Drret,.? A hostile meeting took place on i Thursday morning on the old ground at Weehaw- I ken, near Hamilton's Monument, between a Phi la delphian and a young gentleman from Colnmbis county, New York. I'hey fought with sm ill swords, and after a few passes the Plilidelphian received n severe wound in the right side, just b> low the *h< ul dt r blade, and immediately after a disaim, which ended (he conibat. The Surgeon pronounces the wound not immediately dangerous. Summek Kktheat ? One of the most attractive ?f the many places that invite to rural enjoyment and renovated spirits, is Richfield Springs, Oleego 1 county. Those who h ?ve visited this locality sjieak in warm terms of ?ulogy of Schuyler lake and the romantic beauty of its environs. From ail we heai ! we can recommend a of Ricliiield Springs, a? far preferable to the over crowded f ishinnable re sorts where a deal of tho boasted pleasure if imaginary. NaVaI.? The iloop of wMr John Adams dropper' rfown on Thnrsrlay, from the Hrnoklyn Vavy Yard into Buttermilk channel and has sailed forihe Gulf of Mexico, having on board a draiuht of men for the squadron cruising (here 1 -I L J", > "J.! U" ? ' A 'ormf. Letter to Major Lewis.? Anothei letter from General Jackson to one of the Kitchei Cabinet ha9 b^'on published. Here are a few ex tracts i ItcRMITAOE, April 9, ltUi. "I find that Mr Blair ami the President hare got int. 10 i* difficulty about the Qlobt (with Mr Blair aa it* o?i i n>r) I eii'K the executive organ Thi* 1? a difficulty the Piesj 'ent has got into where I can see no result but in i jury to Mm. mid no justifial le cau^e on the Piesidci.t ! part lor it. lie believe* .Mr Blair has become uupopulai ? w ith part of the Democracy ? be has opeueJ iii? eara t< hail a.lvisers Mr Blair has more popularity with th> demo rutic members of Congress and tlie doioocracy oi the L'uited Hiatus, than any editor iu them ? and, by the course adopted, (he) will disunite instead of uniting tilt dcmocrory. Present me to Mr. Blair, and say to him that 1 was s> sick \ osier. lay aud exhausted writing to the Irosiden that i coulJ not say half what I wuiied , but il I have strength I will soou write him again, lllair has taken * prup<- r stand, and 1 know will never suiter himself to lost character, or bo degraded. The Olute la to be boughi . by what pol.tical clique, an' to subservo what interest i Is the renegade politician ******* to have an interest 7 j My opinion is, that when the money is wanted it will i nut t o forthcoming I* Major ***?* of ,to be thi puiclia?oi? If ho, lie in here consideied oroke, and sat to Blair, if lie sells, to hnvu ilie cash, or good security that ii known and vouched to bo good. This iliifl julty wai entiiely unexpected to me, ana has vexed me sorely We all at the Hermitage greet theo with tho kindest salutations. Your tiuceiu friend, ANDREW JACKSON. What n?xt1 Political affairs in Washimjlon and elsewhere seem to be bubjling up very prettily ju i ut this moment. Th* President h id better Htep lor ward and publish all of General Jackson's letters it him. They may so: him light. Silence won't help him after this. Latek raoM Tobasco. ? The brig Othello, Capta:n Powt rs, arrived here laat evening from Tobacco, 23 days out. The only news of any importance is, the information of the revolution which broke out in that | !aca in favor of the Federal Constitution oi 1324, hc.ided by Martinez, the Commandant Gen? ral, hit officers and troops. They removed al' the can- 1 non from the fort at tho mouth of the river, up to thr city J. ?r safe keeping. A!1 was tranquil under the new system of government, and up to the 23d ult there was no killed, wounded or missing. The oulj j American vessel remaining there was the schooner ? Piedmont, for this port. Beware op Count krkiit Coin. ? A notorious cou rili it coiner, named Berbunk, [was arrested yesterday, and some hundreds of spurious dollar and half-dollar coin, found in his possession. See ar rest in the U. S. Marshal's office. Clly Intelligence, Fim ? Between 9 and 10 o'clock yesterday morning, a . a fire broke out in a one story dwelling house at the corj I erot Sixth street and First Avenue The piemises are connected with a rope walk in the rear, and fortunately ny the timely assistance of the Firo Department, the (lames wore at once extinguished, aud hefoie scarcely any damage was done. We could not ascertain its origin. Fi me.? About six o'clock yesterday evening, a very extensive fi;e broke out in Mr. 3 Phillips' fur and wool warehouse, No. Pearl street, which was not got un der until an immense quantity of valuable lurs, hat*, cops, wool, Stc. were totally de>t-oyed. Mr. Phillips ai d several members of the establishment, had a short timu previous to the alarm, quitted the warehouse for the night, never for a moment suspecting they should se *oon be called on to witness the great destruction of the r property which ensued. The fire commenced on the ground floor, and so gieat was the fury with which it raged, that nearly ail the lofts through the building were one mass of flame before the firemen could, in the .-?lightest degree, abate the fury of tho element. There aie many rumors afloat as tu the origin of this fire. ? dome -n> it took rise from a bale of cotton, which, in all probability, might have had a spark concealed in some part of it. since the 4th of July, a* the premises onthnt day were fired by, it is supposed, an incendiary , and this identical hale whs at that time placed where the fire u as observed, but >< gentleman belonging to the estahli>hment is inclined to think that the fire in the prc-ent instance, caught from sparks from a cigar which a man was smok ing in the stoic a short time before this calamity. At nil events, Mr. Phillips has been unfortunate, as he nstiueJ us his stock. at the lowest calculation, w as worth tw enty thousand dollars, and that nothing like one half of that iiiiottut i> instiled Sume time since, it appeirs. lie lost by a contract lie ha I entered into with parties, over '300 000. and was just now in a fair way of making a lit tle independence b) his industry; aud indeed we really sy nipathi-e much with him iu tnc pie^ent instance The fire companies were, as usual, at their post, and worked like men as long as occasion required, and were it not for iheir great exertions, the whole bloi:k between John Kinl Fulton ytieets, and goodness knows how much far ther, w ould have shared the same (ate Military Movement*. ? The visit of the Hartford Oieya to this city will not take placo until a lew days aii-r the time tlist appointed 'i'l>cy fir-t visit Albany, where they will be joined by the Light Guards of New Haven '1 ho two companies will ari ive in thin city on Wednesday. The Oreys are under the command ol the Hon. Colonel Thomas 11 Seymour. Firk ? Kxcitino Rack. ivmirvNoi. 14 avd 6 Fine Companies. ? About nine o'clock lull night, the Hull bell rnng hi) alarm of In e in the third district, Second avenue, which we undeistand proceeded from somo straw which was burning in the .street. 'A* soon a? the alarm wan sunn- j le I. as a matter of coui se, the different fiie companies were on the qui vivr. No. 11 was the first to pans the City llall to Centre street, when No 6 followed, the suiitness of an arrow in their tear, and continue i <o as fur as the Tombs, when the former wan collated by the l itter; hero a regular u-ho shall took place, and for | some seconds neither co npany would g ve one inch, ami ??on inue I co as far as White street. Just at this moment a regular Rccne of confusion took place, in which sevo ial men might have been seriously injured; tho speed t iat the companies wcio going at might well bo compar ed to railroad pace. Five men weio thrown from ibe rope which is attached to 14 company, and could scarce I) recover them?elve?, belote at least five hundred pet <oua u ho had joined to see the race, passed ovei them, hut happily without doing them nny injury By this lime 14 again went ahead, but was collared in a lew minutes by the opposing company, and continued so un lit near Centre market, when they were again obliged to fall in the rear; but never to be in the least daunted, they were determined to push forward, and see what tue Uowery was made of Heie tho contest was again le newed, but with the same eflec*., and No 14 went alieM, distancing their opponent By this time they had ariiveti as far as Houston street, when the bells ceased to ring, and a dead halt took place. W'e must say that though this system of business maybe very a nusing to some persons, and show a great enterprise tor superiority -iinong-t some ol the J uung men of tho fire department, that it is dtngerou* in the extreme, the result of which lias heretofore proved fatal; and ue confidenily hope unit tbia system may be put a stop to, ami 'lie he-tof friendship and hilarity exist amongst the brethren ot thin 'litlinguithrd and usetul corps. Aiother ? Scarcely had the fire companies arrived ut their engine houses, when the hell again sounded in the 3d district, and to work they went with as much com posure as if they had not been out before The fire pro ceeded from the attic story; of the New York Dispensary. Centre street, which is occupied as an organ and piano factory. The burst of flames were very sudJeu, for not the slightest appearance of fire was about the pre mises when the fire companies passed about e minutes previously. However, the hose and engine companies wero soon in attendance, by which time the roof of the building was oue mass of flaine; but di.l a-jt succeed in reaching the lower stories. Ladders and hooks were every where to be seen at work about the roof; attic windows were dashed out, and hose upon hose dragged through the appeitui e for the purpose oi con veying the water neater to the scene ol devastation which raged for nearly an hour. All the propeity in the nstablisiuneiit was nved fiom lire, l>ut it it much feared 'tic quantity of water which inumlatod t lit top loft, will do nearly as much damage as if tney had been totalh destroyed. After some time the flames were got undo, hut not until tho whole rool was completely gutted 'I'm mass of people which assembled wa< beyond co" putii tion but them could not ha?e been less tuan Iroin litteui to twenty thousand persons present; a great portion o whom vse blush to say belonged to the lair sex Tin damage will be considerable, ns both lite and water are i dead enemy to any thing, or any one, connected with tin musical woi Id. V. e uin erstand tlut the pienii.-es au< stuck arecotere 1 by insuiaica Coroner's Oku i t. July H -The number of death occurring in consequence of the extreme is indee< appalling. U'e hate published within the last fow day upwards i.f fifty ca-es which ate attributable to the wea ther Uelow wc give a long list of deaths which occui oil to-day. EJf'CU of tht Ileal. ~ The Coroner held an inquest ot the body ot Catherine Stewart, at t)9 Mulberry street - Verdict. tante to her death by congestion ot the biain caused by the hem of the sun Tho Coroner held an inquest ou the body of Bernar Kane, "?>6 \\ alker sticet Verdict, came to his death h> congestion of the br,.in, produced by Ihe heat ol the sun John McKoukey. a*. Catherine street, also died ol con gestion ol the brain The Coroner held an inquest on the body of Martit Haas, at the Bollo*uo Ho.pital Verdict, came to hi leath by congestion > f the hr.nn and effusion at its bast cauied by expo-.uie to the heat of the sun. The ? oroner held an inque-t on tue body of an tn know n u ontmi, at the New > oi k Hospital Verdict, cam to her death by exhaustion, produced by heat 1 bo ' oionei was caller! to hold nil iiiqne t at a port, house in Klitalteth t.oet, above (irauJ, where a ma ,B'I been sun siruck An mq iest was held on the body of Thomas McGuiiU :3 i heiry street Verujct, came to lis death by conge t.on ol tt e biain An inquest was held on the hody of l hristian JJchwei >. hotter, 101 hluabeth street Verdict, came to his deal liy congestion ol the lungs and brain. Um wnnt ? An impiest was held on the body of K?: ward ?icColl, 1*1 t herry street Verilict, cainu to In death by being diowned in the Kast river, loot of Walnu street Vu inquc't was held on the hody of an unknown ma it the New Vork Hospital Verdict, oamo to hi< ileal tty serous piostnition producctl by ex|tosute to the he < ml drinking cold water. About fourteen additional i |iiests weie held to-day, on persons who went s u , true '< nod drowned Tiik Fire at Math/as - I,' iters from Main 'Bs.ol a late date, rep e-ent that the lo?s by tlie rece Are ther* has been much exaggerated in the pub lsle .ircoont A mercantile hou e ul the first tahilit estimates it at |UM),UOO only. The lion George M Dallae and furnily. nr. spending the summer season at fealaiout Hall Jfchoeley > Mountains Movement* of Traveller*. i Tt lire was mill a further rl?e lu tlie tide of travellers vesUrday. They principally consisted of large parties ?1 ladles and gentlemen with their servants, who availed , bcvniselvcs ol the midnight arrival ol'th* southern truiui u ? % ide the intolerable heat of tha day. After resting a ow hour* in tlio city, they proceed northward by the ' ?Jil) morning boats' At the A?:i.*ica!?? J. Lade, Mr. Bractliwaite, Canada; Jos. | Montgomery, Philadelphia; W. W. Wa'son, Troy ; Mr : i'oui Philadelphia; P. S. Peabody, Va ; Jos. '1' Tod | >unt> r. Ballunuiti; J. Puullaino, Aug. , Hon. Air. Dunne, ; New Huvou, Conn . anil tan others. Astok ? Air. Crutteudou. St Louis; 11. T. Annttead, N. I J.; J. Millar, llamiltou. Ohio, E 0. tiner-on, Boston; ' I Randolph. Phil, id ; Geo H'euham, do; T. B Oliver, I datamas; S. O Butler, St. Louis; 11. \V. lleiser, II C. ilarrj Baltimore; G P Browne. N. O ; and 30 others. Cur? Capt fa larke, N. H.; T. R. Rankin, N J ; W. II. .Mukall'uy, N. II ; Joteph T. Todhunter, Baltimore; ohu Patton , N O.; JJ. .vialiran, do; H. Church, Bos' j ?on; A. W. Mcllvuine, Petersburg)!; A. llamiltou, St. I.oui ; J. A. Willis, N. C ; E D Bulloch, Mobile; J. P. AVbl, N. C.; Ilon'nle. H H llaiiscome, Copper llarhor, L I ; C. 11 Supple. Dover, Del ; W. B Sealbiook, 8. C.; llov. Mr W)att, N. O , S. O. Goldsborough, Baltimore; ?aid -Jo others. Franklin ? W. Donovan, Mobile; H. Davis, Albany; >1. D. Sherwood, Buffalo; H. Lewi*, Cincinnati: W O. ?loody, N. O.; W. II. llowen, do; N Bingham, Schenec ady-. C. A. Johnson, Savannah: J. Laikiu, Ohio; J. P. Pitch, Syracuse; H. Scott, Philad. Olobc-A. II. Cross, Westchester; Dr. Dolonier, F. Thomas, Luwii Il irvie, Ky ; Capt. Scott. Loudon; J F touiliom, Washington; Williams and Hand, Piulad ; 2 dortons. do; Chris Dunkin, Montreal; Charles Davis, 'hilad ; t ra icis L iwlor, Newport, nil I y? others Howard. ? John Dunn, Ohio; A. 11 Simpson, Boston; .1 James, Albany; W. H Grant, do ; B 11. Brown, Nor .oik, 11 Siugden, Troy; Air. Alcltenxie, vioatie?l; Air. V. Gunu, do.; T Dwight, Boston; J L Baily, Now Oc eans; A W Van Schmidt, Washington; J C. Kilton, olumhiis; W. P. Stanbrook, Richuioud, Va.; Samuel lei*, Washington, And S'J others. Wai'?.mlk* H. Baas, Boston; Oeorge Whittamore, lo ; J. H. Busclio, Phils.; Samuel Hopkins, Baltimore; I'hon. is Holmes, Ohio; J Wilkiiis, Albany; T. At. Dar< ingtou, Phila ; S. Miller, Massachusetts; Thomas La tleuey, Phila. ; George 11. Willis, Quebec; W. H. Ma> iard, Toronto. Police Intelligence. Polick OrricR, Friday, July 18th.? Mmott a Duel~ Grand Flan- <f> ?The days of chivalry are not over ? the triai by co'iibat is still in rogue ? the click of pis tols and the firing of hair-triggers occasionally saiute the car even in July. Hot headed gentlemen will grow valorous and expend their courago lit blowing out, or ittempting to blow out. each other's bruins ?or the >>ol't pulpy suhstanre which lies beneath the cranium, And m most eases seems to answer the purpose. This comba tive spirit is not confined to any particular class, but ex tends to all grades and colors. A quarrel ensues ? a challenge is sent, weapons selectod, and the parties meet lor the purpose of having a good-natured pop at one an ther in a gentlemanly way. To he sure, the .-state Legis lature has enactcd laws prohibiting this procedure, and imposing heavy tines on all parties concerned. The immortal Cassius M. Clay too has issued his Bull, and declared that the dutllt must no longer be practiced These prohibitions it might be presumed would prevent all adjustments in the good old fashion ; such however is not the case We have lately seen two members of the sporting fraternity leave lor the South, throwing the community into a " horrible state of excitement" ? two military gentlemen, also, adjourned to Hoboken with similar intentions, a few days sim e, but theircourage too, oo/.ed out at their lingers' ends. Anotherulfiirof honor, also, took place this morning, or rather, a challenge stf.n lelivered, which is worthy of record; the parties occu pying a distinguished and elevated position amongthe ancient order of White washers and Wall Coloreri. Lewis Schin, Esq., a gentleman of color, who boasts of being a dead shot at futeen paces, alwAvs ready to whip any man who insults him. and the hero of a* hundred bloody and terrific battles in Mexico, with cheeks all scarred and lurrowed, called this morning on Mr. Henry Stokes, a " brack brodder," 13 Anthouy street, at half past 6 o'clock, and with determination written on his face, tendered him a brass pocket pistol, leaden balls, and dry powder, challenging him to go out and settle their long standing difficulties in the manner practisod by officers in the " regular army," and white folks generally. Stokes, however, belongs to the Church, and his piety would not allow any such proceeding? be therefore distinctly refused ; upon which Schin threat ened to shoot him on the spot, saying he came pre pared for the purpose. Stokes finally got out of the way and succeeded in secreting himself in a neighboring grocery store until Schin loft, when lie came to ttie Policc Office and preferred his complaint. The explanation of this ludicrous affiir is simply this : Stokes is a eelobrated master whitewashes and belongs to a society ot pious darkies, who some time since em ployed Sciiin to do somo wall coloring The mouey for those important services had all been paid with the ex ception of <1 .>0, which Stokes >aid could not be given until the fraternity met and adopted a resolution to that effect. For it must bu understood that black societies as well as white l nve their rules and formulas. This ex planation diil not accord with the views of the ferocious sclun, who declared that Stokes inu?t cither pay or tight. Officer Mount arretted the warlike gentleman, amino was locked up. Reetioing Slolr n Goodt. ? Patrick Brady, of South street, charged with receiving a barrel of sugar, Sic , having explained his innocence of the charge, by showing that the goods were left with him on storage in hi. stoic, whs honorably discharged The goods belong ing to himself, taken by tlio police of the Fourth Waid, were promptly restored. Court Intelligence. Or.Mi rai SrssioN, July 18 ? Before the Recordcrand A1 Icrmeu Dodge and L'riggs ? M. C I'atteiiun, Ltq , District Attorney. ? Trial for Hurglary ?John C. Haines and Woltor Haines, were placed on trial indicted lorcn tering fie hou-e of W'm. Ball. on the day of the funeral pioce-sion in honor of General lackson, at tlio corner of 1 1 1 1 1 stieet Hn>1 I bird avenue, and stealing about J>19 in money bnd n silver watch. Maltha Hull, the daughter of tnu plaintiff, testified (lie *aw two l>oj ? leaving the pre mises in the afternoon, and think* they were John and Walter Haines. it a an proved on the part of the prosecution, that John C. Haines was nt work on th?t day. in the Cabinet shop of Mr viartiu, in First street, until 15 ininuiei of 4 o'clock, nnd from a quarter of 6 o'clock until dark. Several wit neisea weio called, uud proved the excellent character ! of the parties Ti.e Jury returned a vcrdict of guilty, and recommend ed them to (he mercy of the Court The Court leiitenced them to the State i'risou ut Sing sing for tho term of live years. ? Trial for .fosisting n Pritontr to Etcapt ? John II. Chadwlrk, imprisoned for obtaining money undor false prctence*. iu the f'ity prison, and Albert Leroy, wuie placed on trial, indicted for aiding Robert Morn*, alias Sou th mi) ed, in escaping from the prisen on the morning j of the 7th of July. Chadwick was cot fined in the cell , of Soiithmayed, who etraped by taking out the iron win dow Iranie, and lowering himself into the yard by menus of <i nlanket tied into strips. Mr. Kallon, the kee|>er.was ?worn, and testified that Chadwick told him next morn ing after the escape, that Southmayed had been engaged tor ?ome time in pi operations, and the reason why lie had not informed tho keeper? was. because he did not think it any of his business No evidence ap|>earing to show that either Chadwick or Leroy weie guilty of rooueiing any actual assistance to Southmayed, the jury returned a verdict of not guilty. Tiial for Grand r arceny ? Bassil BassniJ, n Krorich hoy, was placed on trial, indicted for robbing a French mau named .vl itchel 1 Laveggo. at a house railed the Rich mond Hotel, No I l ai lisle street. kept by a person called George Mendery. of six gold Imlf eagles n appeared iu evidence that l.uveggo, who i< an old tnan.qenei ully very much intoxicated, a lived in town on t'ie '.lib iust from Albany , iu compnn) with hi* sertantnnd Bataaid, whom he met on the steamboat. .Memlery met them at the boat and solicited them to go to his house to board, they ac cordingly went, and Laveggo was shown to a room by Wendery, who locked tho door himself an I took tne key. J i'he i ervaiit and Bassaid weie also shown to an adjoin ing room. In the morning the old Frenchman saiJ lie had been robbed, and the landlord seemed very officious in seHichiiig for the thief He went to the boy's bed and ? here lie found two gol.l hall eagles, one eagle, and a two dollar bill iu his ve t pocket uiu'er the pillow ; he tliere toie accused him of the robbery. The two dollar bill found iiendery now said was one which he himself had given in change to Luveggo. An Has rv, one of the Police Clerks, was sworn, and testified that Mendery when he made the Hlfi lavit at tne Police Office, stated that lie could not recognise the lull it all. .Mr Hasty also stated that Mendery made several ?ontradictory statements The OoTKicr Attokiry rose and said he was sa'isfied it was host to stop pioceedings in the ca?e, u* the boy ippeared to be innocent ; lie also intimate I that the ? oun should hold Memlery for bis false statements. The Jury remrned immediately a verdict of " not guilty, and the boy was discharged He understand his uncles and friends from I'anaila were iu Court ready to te-tily that they bad provided 'im with a large miiii of mone> when lie left home, and that lie was the heir to a large estate. U. S. Mabsmai.'s Orricr.. July 1H ? Connlrrfrit Coin. ? William II Uerhank was arrested by officer Leonard, of the Second ward, charged wi>h having circulated several pieces of rountei feit coin There were found in his pos es'ion between and f 300, ail spurious, in dollar and i tlf*dell,ir com Lookout. M*aif?c Counr, July 18? Before Judge Watermen ? Vauchlon vs. Palton ? Act! ?n of assault and battery, (already leierred to ) f'laiunfl' was a seaman on hoaid t e ship " iHlianunro," on her last voyage too aid# this 'Oil, and received ciuel and unnatural treatment, it was dieged from the defendant (Pulton) Verdict for pit ill iff ^300 damages, and ti cents co-ts. Winn Cot at, for Ihe 9tb, llth, iflth and 17th Wards, ! ?'riday.July IH ? Helm* Justice Newhou?e Urn/ .s. fain in Jotrjih E ? Mount ? \ction of assumpsit brought ,> recover an amount of taxes paid on a lot in 'lie upper ? it of the city It appear# I t ut >l.?u it, who original ? ou ne I the property. sold out his lutciest to a pariv I'ued Well*, who subsequently sold to plaint. ft' The inos acr i tied in 1811, wi. en viount held it, an I he now ?es to recover of Mount. The < on it nell that plaint, fl' ould not lecovei in assumpsit, but should bring suit on | covenant ; also, thit he could not recover against | ? I ou nt . but had his leriedy. if at all against Well*. ie pluiiitifl 's guarantor, there being no privity ot con met shown between plaintiff and defendant. j Srrrirn Wsao JitTlCr.s' Cur a r.? Before Justice I foxie ? T/ir Wai/or anrf Cff/iiis'iss'fy |n/ f'ihj of *f-w York vs. .latum Urush -This was :? n a*'.tion of debt | ? i penalty for a breach of the gume laws The Attorney | <r plaintiff mtro hired n record and m'Mltesof a loriner i al of tne likeoff^ire, in which the defendant in this I a witness on his cross esamiu ite I tha* bo ? i < had in his puses doo game co itrai > to the _,a oe I i? . lie defendant'* Vtoruey objerte I to ? iy sn i record , ? ?ing produced, maintaining that such no s-exn'oinution mil tin- be tin fi i?is of this aCtnn as it now stood, t iat the plaintiff waote l wa ited the evi once ot the Jin n to estaidi-h their cause, they .houM have made a ll ivit of that fi*t h i the re'urn ol the tum non . i id niebv have this can e put before ?onie otaer J isti ??, r otherwise that it OH^ht to have lie?u brought befo< o > <ie other tiourt. and serve Justice l<->ii? wit i a sub nsna duren irrum In order to make him a w|tne? < and iroduce the lernrd Tne Justice alter some co'isnltia ion, gave ? nonsuit in favor of defendant Kor plaintiff. J. MeOay? For defendant. Peter Mulrey. I ' I I M II IUI I ? I 1 ? ? 1 1 .. 1 - H United States Circuit Court.-'l'lM Cieik'i Office of (hi* C?an hu be* i removed this J ty from the wmi occupied by the Clerk of the I.' S. District Court, to a | ninn .if the apaitmeuts ofthe United Swie? Maiakal. mi the same door, u tier* the docket, fwcord*, and dies ot the Court Will be hereaftei kept. O" Penous desiring search*-* for judgments, instead of 4 It iiii a xeneial notice for searches ui (be Uuictd staler Court will pie <se send distinct uotices. Tuesday, July B, 1?I5_ Ail PlUltsdelphln SubMriptlotn to the Hf haLD (Dual be paid i?? the onu > aI'thokhkd Auknts, Zie letkCo., 3 l.odjtei Bui Idinu . Third street, wear Chestnut ? Terms-?' 75 cents a uonth, including iIh Sunday paper. orlij cents without it; delivered free of charge m any part of Hi i la J. ll'hia Single copies for sale as above, dally, at I o'clock? Price 3 cents. The Wk?*lt HkraLD is alto for tale every Saturday nioru ins;? Price CVi cents, or S3 !?' auuuui. delivered iu any part of Hilladelpliia, tree of postage. r All (he new aud cheap Publications for sale at their es tabliphuit'iii, as soou as issued, wholesale aud retail. With the eirrption of one pa|*r, the " Herald" u read ti much. perhaps, in rhilaaie^fiia, as any paper published in that city, atfordiuK a valuable medium to advertisers. Advertise ments handed to thr icenu at half past 4 o'clock, will appear m die Herald neat day Medical Notice-.? The Advertisement* of the New Vork College of Mediciue and Pharmacy, established for die Suppression oT Quaekery.iu tlie cure of nil diseases, will tiexeiilter appear 011 the fourth pane, and columu of tins paper W 8 RICHARDSON. MD. A*eut OiUm *p#t rnnillltmr U?<n???e if r>ilU(rH 0* V-iM?h ?? MONEY UtKKET. Friday, July IS -0 P. II. The stock market continues heavy and prices tending downward*. Norwich Si Worcester fell off } per cent; Long Island i; Farmers' Loan Stonington went uj> } percent; Canton}; Pennsy Irani* a's Reading Rail Iload, Erio. Mouis Canal, anil OUio O'l closed firm at yesterday's prices. A resolution passed the old board of brokers this morn ir. ??, agreeing to hold no second board until the flr-t of August next. The great depression in the stock market, mid the little prospect for any improvement in prices or transactions, luducos tho brokers to hold only one board daily for tho present. The receipt* of the Westoro Rail Road Company con tinue to decline. Wl.sTKR.t Il.Ul.HOAD Wrtk ending July 12. I8n. 1)145. Passengers, 8. 8:16 9 01.1 Inc. 179 Freight, See 7,233 6,8:3 Dec. 6U Total, S 'ti f 03 IJ.637 Dec. 432 The directors held a meeting at Springfield last week rtnd decided not to change the present rates of faro upon the road. The New Jersoy Railroad Company liwe declared a dividend of three percent, payable on the 1st of August. The Auburn and Syracuse Railroad four per cent, payable at tho American Exchange Bank, on tho 2jth inst. The Mechanics' and Traders' Hank of New Orleans have declared a dividend of three per cent, payable to the New York stockholders at the Bank of the .Manhat tan Company, on the 1st Monday in August (4th pro\ 1 The Planters" Bank of Tennessee have declaied a di vidend of two per cent, payable to the New York stork holders at the Bank of the Manhattan Company, on Mon day the 38th inst. The Canal Commissioners of this State met ut Albany on tho 1st of July, for the purpose of regulating the tariff of tolls upon our canals. A general reduction has been made in the rates of tolls, to tako effect at the opening of navigation in IBIS. " The rate on flour, wheat, beof, pork, and most agri cultural products, has been reduced from 4} to 4 miles, per 10O0 lbs. per mile. This alteration, on the quantity of agricultural products tiansported in 1844, will muke a difference of ruoie than one hundred thousund dollars. " I he rates on salt and gypsum of this State, not en titled to bounty, have bi-eu reduced from 3 mills aud 3-l(Hh to 1J mills per 1000 lbs. per mile. " Mineral coal, not entitled to bounty, has been re duced Irum lj mills to one mill. " Timber, squared and round, has been reduced from 6 to 4 mills. The same in rafts is not altered from the old rates. A scale of rates per 1000 pounds is fixed lor various kinds of sawed timber, but the toll i? not essen tially altered: when not weighed, the rate per 1000 leet 1 educed to inch measure, stands at 6 mil In " Staves and he<t'iiug lor barrels as well as hogsheads, are put at 1^ mills per 1000 lbs. per mile; wood lor luel, in boats, is reduced from one cent pei cord per mile, to half a cent, to tako effect on the M of August. 181-i. " All articles of .ukkchandizk, heretofore, have been grouped and charged at 9 mills. The board has now made a discrimination between heavy and light articles; and 011 sitfar, molassft, ceff-r, nails, tpik'S, iron atld llttl, the toll is reduced from 9 mills per IO11O pounds permilo, to A mills. All other articles of merchandize aud 110 n* enumerated ai tides gon g front tide wuter, ate to bo charged at d mills per IU00 pounds per mile "'loll on 1000 lbs. ol MiercNari liic from Albany to Buffilo, and en 1000 lbs. of flour or provisions fivin Buf lulo to Albau} : ? 1832. 1833. 1831. 1846. J. P toll SO 08 2-10 4.:iJGI0 3.3fi7ll-lfifl 23,'5-KO Down (oil 2 it t!lli-:0 1.62 3<-1U0 IJ120IW1 $7 02 2-10 6.17 1-10 4. 119 1-100 3 1U IS-IlK) " The toll on packet boats running on the liene-oe Valley, Chenango, and ayuga and Seneca canals, is re duced to 3 cents per mile, to '.ike offjet 1st Au<u-t AH nun-enumerated articles coming towards tulo water .ice reduced frotn I j to 4iaitlj per 1,090 poiials per mile " It it estimated that the whole re luction applied to ihe quantity of articles transported in Hit would be equal to fciiO.OOD. Reductions were m*de in the rate ; of toll in and '34, which, instead of reducing the re* venue for tolls, increased them. Tho receipts in 1H3S and "36 exceeded by more than three hun" dred thousand dollars the amount collcctod iu the two jeirs proce lin.{ the loluction We luvo no doubt but that the la<t reduction will have au effect upou t'ie roveiue 01 ia* c* uls i.milar to tin li st I'.ie canals of this State have powerful competitor* in tho lield, and a reduction of toll. was required to ro'aiu a ,air portion of the carrying tiale. With our large debt, the interest 01 wi l. h inu-t he paid from the income of the canals, a sufficient rate of toll* must tie su.umej to pro duce sufficient revenue fur tuat purpose, li the redu J . tiou recoii'l) male to go into Operation in 1318, should increase the quantity of merchandise tiansporte I to such an extent, that th revenue Detune larger than before, a further roJuction would lie lusorted to, if necessary, to attiact bu-niess from rival rotttet The tolls h.ive been reduced about o ie hull' since H3i. Wo u:i io< statements showing the dilt'creiice in tlie toll on a boat load of merchandize, accord. u.f to the rates no at charged and tho ;e charged un lei the reduction: ? The toll on ? boat load ol ft ty tout of mer ClwndiM, iro n Mtiany to Bml'alo l3J3 miles) would amount by the rotes in 1441, to (8J6 70 And by the rates iu Id4ti, estimating one naif the cargo to be sugar, mota<se?, an.l articles cniinieraied at a mills, aim the otuer half the cargo ut rl mills 231 93 (jlin to the owner on a single load >90 76 The toll on liity tons of ilour or agricultural products Irom BiiU'iio to Albany, would amount at the rates ol toll in 1314, to $103 35 And by the rates iu IU40, to 1 W> -JO 'Jain to the owner by tho reduction in the rates of toll $23 li The Board of Commissioners hive made no dicriniim\ tiou iu toll* on merchandize transported the entiro lengtn of the canals, and on merchandize transported only on a part of the line. The rates ate fixed according to dis tance* passed over, which is the only proper and just i. y stem. Discriminating tolls upon the public works of this State would seriou-ly affect the revenue. Sur rounded as we are by the public works of otuer States, and even by facilities witnin our own limits, striving to attract trade, from our own Slate improvements, it has become very necessary that the uiett liberal policy should characterize all uction upon the charges for tolls, and the most flattering inducements held out to forward ers of the east and the west, to give their carrying trade to our canals. The ?eml-annual reports of the Banlc of Kentucky and brunches, piosent tne annexed statement of the condition of these institutions at three different periods. There has been a decrease in the aggregate movement, since the first of Januaiy last, of about four hundred thuusand dollars. Ba-?ii or Kcisti'Ckv a-?o Bnsicurs. Rno i rcn. J <ty. Iflt I. Ju i y, I*i5. J ily, I81J. Notes Discounted. $2,1.20,197 2.h G ? 61 2.?Hfl.9il Bill, of Kichu I, MO, 259 I, #10.412 1,17 ?.?>?? Huspe dril Deb' *1I:>,M *17,2*1 198 ;iM Su.pend'd Bt,k B ilwicei . . . W.lil *?.'.?> 11.153 Bo'i lsoi tlirSt <te ofKe itnckv fur Stock m North ni Bms ofK utucky, 5 pei ce t. ... 210,000 250,000 250,000 11 i'id* "ftlie city ol Loui-vill*. Bp rent 200,000 200,000 200,000 City of Lou'svilli*, latere. t on 2 >0 17 '00 s.oro lf? . ViueV fii' ilri.t Ii2,il5 151,717 I4V97I '? fo B. ki IS -houses 8ti,?l0 87,iC6 *7,531 Oe Vie icy. bala c^ofll^. V".. I ueof Stock lytJchuyl.ill u ll .. 782,100 689,300 J?g BOO I) i iiu<* t t ck I7n jjo s'n S ,,i>.ii>( i'C'U.I 80 HO ltd n i ? lVo?> B > ks 811, 7l9 191, .31 H27.0fl? (t , Id an. I 8 l?er l,iH<9.Ki3 l,?*.',8l| I , ? '!?,H 7 Sutx. uf other Bu .k ll>,i, 3 .HI .? ni 3 2.341 lAahilititi. C ipitd S >c'i, (nrisri isl) ... Of" -i.-nf, by Sch iyiki|i ) B i rec?4 i^ed oid not , leeng ii?ed-les? rnnnu tf i tvi bi ed. . J Co I'.i'.se it Kund. F*u id 'o eos^r losses o i Mnuk j K.|??, 41,?#* 40 871 40,8*0 Ku id t" r coin losses h? bail ,| |?, 19.019 21,781 ?'.3fi* D ? d ni- n fnid I? Wi r, ?* 7, r,? l?iv d 'leclsred llii? d y . 69,tii2 87,386 10.1 7lJ S" ck I'u d, to pnich isr over i.. or ..f .toe i hy S?:hn> kill I) ,,u 015 12 '.730 Pri'lit H' d Loss 19.1 \ I 71197 Coil I "Ml H' C II ll to |MV COII po,i< or yi-t I' esi- iied . C'lfflmissio eriiftli Si k _ (Til i I I - Vt 9*90 lii> dual n .18. 1 '9 .Ml I '8 4 275 S,U1 714 - - - - . 873,111 8?*.,'?8 f>??l 10 B* ks , T,(' f,27 314, VW Wot04 | | f| cut ?' * U j ? I A s 9is f 4; ||-IJ tf.8 DstrUn.ourt in B. k *.191, 3t4 ?' * ? * rap'ey. ( K v. 1 >mr e|) inn I restmfi of the Ht.iie uf Ky 79.95? 90 5M It 710 61, *11 U.0tl,9U 9,I7m5? 7718,4 M

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