Newspaper of The New York Herald, July 21, 1845, Page 1

July 21, 1845 Tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 1
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THE NEW YORK HESAL Vol. XI., BTo. IMS? Whole Ho. 44)00. NEW YORK, MONDAY MORNING, JULY 21, 1S45. ??rlr? Two Cents* BY ADAMS ib CO.'S KXPUKSS. FIFTEEN DAYS LATER fROM EUROPE. ARRIVAL OF THE STEAMSHIP BRITANNIA, AT BOSTON. >arge Sale and Slight Improvement in the Cotton Market. ADTANCE IN AMERICAN SECURITIES. Increase Damand for American PROVISIONS, Activity in the Manufacturing Districts. RIOTS IN IRELAND, dtee. &c. dtc. The steamship Britannia, Capt. Hewett, arrived i at Boston early on Saturday morning, from Liver. j pool, and we have advices fifteen days later from al| ^ parts of Europe. Tne news is of very little interest in a politica' point of view, but the commercial intelligence is very f.ivorable and interesting. The cotton market had improved a little. The extensive sales, however, had not sent priceB up a very high point, because ot the anticipated large re ceipts. The overland mail from India arrived on the 1st. The news is not important. The prorogation of Parliament, it is confidently expected, will take place about the middle of August, after which the Queen and Prince Albert will leav<> for Germany. The Madrid Gazette publishes a despatch, an nouncing the capture of Cabrera, the famous Carlibt General, by the French authorities. He was taken on board a fishing smack near Leocate. The Paris Nationul states that M. Guizot had had a new attack of illness, which caused some alarm to his friends. The United Service Gazette states, that in conse quence of the massacre of the crew of the Wasp, on the coast of Africa, it has been determined to give no quarter to tlavers offering the slightest resist ance. The person lately arrested in New York under the Ashburton treaty, arrived in the Great Western, in charge of an officer. The Journal de? Debatet contains an account of the i Russian Count Apraxin, hrs wife and children, be ing burned in vengeance by their infuriated serfs. , He treated his murderers.it is said, with unheard of cruelty, and the .terrible retaliation is therefore the less surprising. The German booksellers talk of opening establish ments in the United States, to protect themselves against what* they consider the literary piracies which exut here. The Earl of Winchilsea and Nottingham has ad dressed a letter to the Protestants of Great Britain, calling upon them to establish nation clubs, for the support of Protestant principles, in every county and borough of the kingdom. Mr. Bentull, a member of the London Stock Ex change, whose liabilities amount to ?70,000, has failed. Fr tudulent bills of exchange are, according to the Banker's Magazine, in extensive circulation. The dinner to Mr. O'Connell, in Galway, has been fixed for the 28ih of July next. The Wexford Repeal demonstration will take place about the same time. The New American Consul. ? General Arm strong, the new American Consul, arrived in Liver jiool on the 23th ultimo, by the Great Western. Un h >ppily, the American Consuls of this port during the la*t dozen years have been so numerous, and iheir term of office bo brief, that just as they were becoming known and respected, their official career ha* been cut short by a missive from home. Such u system neither does justice to the individual nor to the Government which appoints him. Let us hope that the new Consul will be permitted to enjoy his honors during, at least, the Presidential term. Colonel Todd. ? We have the pleasure of stating that the American Minister nt St. Petersburg, so de servedly popular in the Russian capital, has been ap pointed a member of the Imperial Agricultural So ciety ? an honor never before conferred upon a fo reigner. The business intelligence from the East by the l.i at and the preceding arrivals, is satisfactory. Most satisfactory accounts continue to be received from all sections of Great Britain, relative to the prospects of the harvest, as far as can be judged trom present appearances. Should the weather con tinuo favorable, a heavy yield is confidently expect ed. Trade has not been so brisk in London durinc the past week .is for same weeks previously. Prices have generally been steady, excepting sugar and cof fee, which have shown a disposition to recede. Money has been easy as before, accessible on the best bills ut 2 j to ; merchants, 2i to 2.} ; others, S up to 6. Money on call, 2 to ; bank, 2J to 3. The usual monthly meeting of ironmasters was held in Glasgow on Wednesday last, when it was resolved that the price of pig iron should be conti nued at 20s. The demand for money has rather increased as is usually the case just before the payment of the divi dends. and there is fuller employment for it just at prebent, both for trading and Stock Exchange pur poses. The American Provision trade has been dull of late; t ie amount of business transacted being con siderably under the average, beef has been in limi ted request, and the same remark will apply to pork end lard. Cheese, however, of a gond quality, has ni iint iinerf previous rates, but the bulk of the stock ix ol an inferior description. One of the female Iowa Indians, O-ke-our-mi, wil?- of Little Wolf, died at Paris on the 25th, of giii'f for the loss of h*r young child in England. On Saturday laM, the Ojibbeway Indians, now so journing hi the metropolis, paid a v i > i t to Guy's Hos pital, to vi#w ihe grave of one of their chiefs, who died of small pox in that institution about thirteen > cars ago. At the Surrey Zoological Gardens, Julien's Con ecir was attended by upwards of 12.000 people. Three hundred and seven British vessels entered the Baltic sen, through the sound, in the month of May. Hentall, a member of the London Stock Exchange whose liabilities amounted to JE70,(XI0, has fulled. The number of fires in London during the last half-year, i? upwards of 100, an compared with for mer years, their magnitude hns increased. The money raised in England nnd Scotland, last y ar, by thirteen Missionary, Tract, Bible, and School societies, amounted to no less a sum than ?;!9;i,712 It is said that the Wesleyan Methodists of Great Britain are about to disown any connexion with those of the United States who are slaveholders. Mr. Charles Green, the aeronaut, made his tliree hmulrcdth|nscent in fiia lnrpe balloon, on Monday week, from the ground of the Albert saloon, at 1 fox ton. The London jl/orning llrrald states thnt Mr. New man, thv lender of the tmctsrinn party at Oxford, is writing a hook to justify his secession from the Cliutch of Kngland to that of Home. Another tmt'tarian, the Rev. J M. Capes, of St. .loliii the Baptist's Church, Eastover, Bridgewater, has formally announced his secession from the Church of England, and given up nil the emoln metits derived from his situation. Madame Montgollier died on Monday last, in Paris nt the ndvanced age of lit) yenrs. She was the wi dow of the far-famed aeronaut. The <;ambridge and Patrick Ilenry, had arrived at Liverpool, carrying out the account of the first great fire at Quebec, which excited the most intense interest. Tli" steamship Great Britain, left Dublin on the morning of the 3d i'jstant, and arrived at ten in the evening amid the cheers and enthusiasm of assem bled thousands. The Ewojuan Times of the 4th says: She is, unquestionably, a splendid vessel ? so elegant ? so frigate-like ? and her immense propor tions, great as they are, strike the eye with less sur prise than their symmetry and elegant buoyancy. Te her may be applied, without exaggeration, and with a vast improvement on the beauty and power of the craft, in Byrou's Corsair, eulogised by the poet She walks the waters like a thing of life, And *eoin* to dare the elements to strife ! She was announced for New York on the 2b'th inst., in the interim she was to be exhibited in Liv erpool, where her appearance had excited great in terest, which will yield a rich harvest to her owners. Tim Giieat Western and Camiiria. ? The (ire?t Western arrived here on the morning of the 27th ultimo, bringing American papers to the 12th; and the Cambria arrived here also in the afternoon of the same day, bringing papers to the Kith, tour days later. The voyage of the Cambria is the shortest on record? ten days sixt'-en hours! including her run ning into Halifax, to land her mails and passengers. The news by both tli'-se arrivals reached London ou the 27th, through private expresses. The New York Packet Ships. ? Since our las' publication two New York packet ships have arrived from that city at this ^>ort, supplying the European market with later intelligence from the western he misphere ? the Cambridge, Captain Burstow, and the Patrick Henry, Captain Delano. To both of these able and intelligent gentlemen our thanks are tender ed, for their prompt and polite attention to us on boarding their ships for our newspapers ? the early delivery of which enabled our private express to reach London in the short space of six hours from leaving Liverpool. The papers by the Cambridge, giving an account of the destructive lire at Quebec, j on the arrival of our express in London, excited the most intense interest. ? European Timet. Burning or me Ship Virginia, or America, Capt. CorriNfi. ? Accounts reached Calcutta of the total destruction by fire of the American ship Virgi nia, at about 10 A M , of th? 5th inst , about twenty five or thirty miles to the southward of the outer floating light. All hands were saved excepting the supercargo. She was homeward bound. ? Calcutta Star, Mny 7. We have received some particulars of the loss of the unfortunate ship Virginia, which was outward bound. It seems, the fire was first discovered by the man at the wheel, who observed the smoke issuing from the small hatchway under his feet. They had barely time to get the boat out, and just as they touched the water, the decks buret open, and the flames rushing up, compelled all hands to leap overboard. In less than twenty minutes from tin first discovery of the fire, the form of the hull was no longer discernable. Nothing was to be seen to indicate where she was, but one burning mass. The unfortunate supercargo, Mr. Lander, who had his life-preserver on.and was a capital swimmer besides, was seen with uplifted hands on the hows, from whe ce he leaped into the sea. He was taken into one id the boats, but suddedly jumped out of her and swum directly towards the blazing vessel. He disan|>eared, and was seen no more. He was iri bad health, and it is supposed that the dreadful catas trophe had brought on delirium. He was the only person lost, but the rest had barely time to es cape in such confusion that they saved nothing but their lives, if we except chronometers and compass es, as we stated yesterday. The fire is supposed to have originated in the lower hold, but how we do not clearly understand. All we know is, that the cargo was composed of salpetre and linseed. It is believed that the ship must have been en fire two or three weeks, as she must have been a mere shell to have disappeared so suddenly. She was a tine ves sel, about three years old, and the hull and cargo to gether are valued at 130,000 rupees. ? Hurkura, May 9. The Virginia belongs to Newburvport, but was chartered in Boston We learn that there is insu rance *on her in Boston to^J the amount of about $106,700 distributed between several offices in State street. Mr. Lander, the supergargo, was from Sa lem. On the Glendover, lost oil the coast of Ena land, there is insurance in|State street, to the amount of $27,000. Total ou both ships, 13<i,700. A* American Ship Bi-rnt at Sea. ? We read it: the Journal flu Havre of the 1st of July, that tilt rtoogly, Capt. Koubin, arrived at Havre on that day, having on boaid Capt. Crawford and the crew ol the American ship Ten Brothers, ol Waldoborough. : The H. fell in with the T. I? at sea, en the 20th Oi June, in Int. 46, and Ion. 21, with signals of distress. Capt. Rotibin lmmediutely repaired to her, bat as i; was blowing a gale at the time, he could not get near enough to speak to her, the answer coming vo ry indistinctly, lie was, however, made to under stand that fire was on board. He immediately ar u minced his intention of keeping as close to her a? I practicable, and shortened sails accordingly. Tlu' j two ships went in company the remainder of the > 1 day and the following night. The next day, Tune | 27th, the wind having subsided, he went near her, and the Captain told him that he came from Galveston, Texas, and was going to Ant werp. with a cargo of cotton ; that he had been forty-five days at sea ; that the lire had brok en out three days previous, and that he intended to make the port of Falmouth if he could. Captain Koubin then told hi in that he might rely upon him ; tie would not lose Oght of his ship. ('apt. Koubin says that at noon, the lire appearing to increase, he approached the Ten Brothers again, and Captain ! Crawford told him that the fire wasmokmg rapid j progress, and he was decided njion abandoning her. < Captain R. immediately sent his boats to help him to save his crew. At 5 o'clock, P M. Capt. Craw- I lord and hiscrew, mustering eight men, came on | board of the lloogley, with whatever effects they I had been able to save, and were received with the greatest hospitality. At (? o'clock the flames had invaded halt of the vessel ; the mrfsts burnt at the toot, fell down one after the other, and at half past 6 nothing was left of the vessel. Captain Koubin gives great credit to Captain Crawford tor the courage and coolness which he exhibited in this heart rending calamity. Captain C. having remained on board ol his ship, exerting himself to the utmost to save her until the Hames reached the whole quarter deck. ! The Princeton Monster Gch. ? The rumor, j which was current about a fortnight ago, and reviv | ed within the last few days, to the effect that govern I ment had issued orders to prevent the great gun, | manufactured at Fawcett Ac Co.'s foundry, from be I ing sent to the American war-steainer Princeton, , has been contradicted. Commercial. ? The state of the weather com mands at the present moment, much attention. The temperature, during the last tew days, has not been so high as when the last packet sailed. There has been a good deal of rain, accompanied by piercing winds, succeeded by occasional heat and sunshine But the general character of the weather has been favorable to the crops, and wheat is now in ear in the southern paitsofthe kingdom. The next six weeks will decide the fate ol the coming harvest; and, during that period, the fate of the agriculturist, not less than the politician will be iiilluenced by the weather. Any decided opinion on til* result would, of course, be premature; but this may be said ? an admitted fact on all hands ? that the next bail har vest will seal the fate of the Corn laws. The num ber in England is not tew who would submit to the inconvenience and loss of a bad harvest for the sake of cancelling the prohibitions on the tree importa tion of grain. The struggle between the landed and the commercial classes on this point has been mark ed with much fierceness during the last half-dozen years, but it is now drawing to a close, and victor) assuredly points in the direction of " ships, colonies, and commerce." An importation of 100 tierces of slave-grown iu gar, the produce of the Island of Cuba, wan otlered lor sale yesterday by Messrs. Priestly, Griffith and Cox, brokers, There was a considerable attend ance. The sugar was divided into lots ot ten tierces each, nnd consisted of several ditierent qualities. ? lhe oilers for the lirstlot ot two tierces commenced at 18s. |>ercwt. in bond, and for some time nothing lusher was bid, although it was stated tliat similar sugar in London was selling at 24s (id. The next otter was 1S? lid, beyond which there was an evident disinclination to go. and consequently the whole was , withdrawn. It was understood that sales would have been eflected at from 21b to 24s. The with drawal was the result of the uncertainty which hung over the ministerial views respecting the admission of Cubeun tugar. The Jron trade is somewhat unsettled, but fair rates are demanded and maintained. A large failure has 1 j taken place in this town during the week, and ru- i mour, with her hundred tongues, is making Iree with ' the names of others. In such a business, where the : speculation lias been so enormous, it is impossible to say what a dtiy may firing forth. American Hoes. ? An extensive fresh importation ? has just taken place ol very excellent quality. The duty on this produce is so high that the last which 1 were imported were sold for the use of Sydney and j the Channel Islands T" 'IK American Amuassaddu.? Al the meeting of the British Association lor the Advancement of Science, held the otherday at Cambridge, Mr. Kve reit, the American Minister, was introduced lie observed that, though he felt himself to be an un worthy representative of the men of science in the United States, |, e felt that h ? < >uld with confidence declare that I hey |o,nrd with in,,, in recognizing both the oeisonal and the hereditary c'aims to distinction i i J>(. i ' I** rscfifl. His illustrious father has added to the lyre of Heaven another string," and given to an inconspicuous star pi. me in our system, though so distant, that it had sc re ? yet completed a n r.'i .e^ tlon ,81nc.e "? discovery. He doubted ~.Lr II Me"'10,r<:l03y'ttn(J and Scienca Lenenlly would be as much indebted to the *on, aa Astronomy had been to the father. The people o! the t nited States hud shown that they were not insem, ,le to the appe,l which Sir Jolin Iler schel him ma !e to the government* of the civ i ized wi lid, to attend to the phenomena of ter J,Vr, , l' ;V-ne"'"1 "n?l meteorology. Tiiere already existed li?f> stations in America at which observa tions w. , made and recorded. He had that day present'- . t lie ?. > rvacons made at New Cambridge, and lie re ?? : t of a l-ttcr from New York, staling the advair .? n, it would result from the Hritiwh go vt innient cmiti iuingt northwards, the observations hat had been made in the States. He hoped that tins emulation 111 aidin ; the progress of science, and securing the practical benefits of knowledge, would lie t lie only rivalry which would ever exist between the two countries. He then feelingly alluded to him self as an alumnus of New Cambridge, and observed ?it if the philanthropic founder of that institution, who had come from Emmanuel College in Uld Cain nidge, could have anticipated the progress of either university, the prospect would have been one of the noblest ever o|K-ned to the eye of prophetic intelli gence. I laving once more alluded to the communi t) ot interest in literature and science which must ever identify the intelligence of England with that ot America, he proposed that the thanks of the meet '"g should lie given to Sir J. Herschel. 1 he motion wus seconded by the Marquis of Nor tuampton, mid passed unanimously. , Dangerous Sunken IIocks in the Straits op Gibraltar.? On the evening of the 7th ultimo, the uritish barque Unrper which had left Gibraltar the previous day. struck on the Pearl Kock, at (i P. M. Mr. Lou^lands Cowell, the agent for Lloyd's, with his usual vigilant activity, dispatched a boat to her aid. I lie vessel was got off at half past 2 A. M. on ?Sunday the 8th, and, as she made but little water the master has stood on his voyage. The Lowell Factory Girls.? The Rev. Dr Scoresby, Vicar of Bradford, and formerly of Liver pool has published a valuable and interesting little work under the title of "American Factories and their rem-We Operatives ; with an appeal on behalf ot the ISritish factory population, and suggestions lor improvement of their condition." The object ot it is to bring before the female population of the manufacturing districts a knowledge of the high nio ral characters and of the intelligence of the young females employed m the manufactories at Lowell, and to form a society for the improvement of the same class in this country. 1 auliamehtar y. ? Symptoms of the session draw ing to a close are observable in the withdrawal ol a number of bills. 1 here is no parliamentary session to which the memory of man extendeth, where la bor ol a niore severe and continuous kind has been exacted from the representatives of the people, and the royal speech which dismisses them to their respective districts, will be addressed to weary traines, and, it may be, impaired constitutions. VLanv a promising stateman has sickened and ex pired in the pursuit ot the reputation which can only be had in the House ol Commons. Hut so potent is ambition, that men? even those destitute of all the requirements of legislators ? will desert their "hapuy homes and altars free" to luxuriute for a time in the unhealthy atmosphere of the Commons. This year the pressure of railway business ha* been unprece dented, and the worst feature is, that it has not been half uis|>osed of, nor can it be, even if the session were to continue until the end of the year ? i N>me plan might be readily effected, if the House I rre, U t('n,u;i0u8 ? ?J ,ts privileges, to divide | (he labors, with satisfaction to the large parties i mainly interested, and to the country"at large Local tribunals, properly constituted, aiid well ac quainted with the part of the country to which I die proposed enactment refers, could' readily be | !orm>'d, which would at once answer the purpose ! and save the enormous expense which now attends in application for a parliamentary act. Hut the om nipotence of their privileges is so sacred in the eves of members, that rather than allow their drudgery to be shared by others, they will continue to sweat ind I nine under the infliction until exhausted nature can no longer sustain the tug. Apropos of privileges j the House has had a solemn "talk" on the oft moot eu question arising out of the collision with the Law Courts, lu the interminable case between Howard the litigious attorney, and the Serjeant-at-arms, S?ir William tiossett, Lord Deninan, and Judges Cole ndge and Whiteman have advanced opinions which Strike at the root ol that exclusive power over iheir own acts which the House of Commons have asserted with terrific effect in by-gone days, and the retention of which they now deem essential to their legislative inde^ndence the Commons thought proper in an evil hour to allow the judges to adjudicate on their privileges and the result has been what every one, w ho has ob served the peculiar formation of a lawyer's mind anticipated? an adverse decision. When the House allowed its law officer to plead the action brought against its servant, it inflicted "a heavy blow and great discouragement" on itself; and, as is usual m such cases, one false step is about to be followed up tjy another? bringing a writ of error to set aside the decision of the judges. If the writ of error fail? as fail in all probability it will? the House talks of as suming the ofjensive, with what eriect it remains to be seen. In the meantime, public opinion is against the House, and in favor of the legal tribunals of the country. I his is the more extraordinary, when it is considered that a popular body like the House of C ommons has a right to expect sup|>ort and sympa thy from the great public out of doors? those whose privileges, thus jeopardised, is the question at issue. Hut popular sympathy has always been fickle. The greatest men have felt its waywardness, the meanest men have been flattered by its existence There is every reason to believe that the Irish ?ci i '8i . prove a failure in the working. Hie Irish members, headed by O'Connell, who have tome over to Parliament in connexion with the measure, have not succeeded in persuading the go vernment to accede to the requirements of the Irish atholic Hishops. On Monday, when the House went into committee on the bill, Mr. O'Connell read le,teT from the Archbishop of Tuam, Dr. M Hale, condemnatory of the bill. The govern ment has made some concessions, but not enough o satisfy the Irish ecclesiastics. The bone of con tention is the religious education of the pupils. Mr. CHonneM requires the presence of the Episcopalian, Presbyterian nnd Catholic clergymen in the new Colleges, so that the religious equality of all may be unexceptionable. This seems fair enough, but the government set out with a de 'erinination to have nothing to do with the religious education of the pupils, and to this view they still adhere. 1 hey are willing to allow the diller ent religious communions to establish Professor ships ol iheirow-n creeds; but as the Protestants are the most wealthy, and the Roman Catholics the poore.t people, () Conned contends that the pro posed arrHnuenient will not put the pupils of the Ist ter. who win form the majority in the new colleges, on a fair footing with the former. There may pos sibly, he says, by private endowment, be eix Protes tant clergymen, and only one Catholic. The mea sure is thus opposed in the House of Commons bv the ultra-I rotestants, headed by Sir Hobert Inglis Vi1 ,c,5 hand, and by the ultra-Catholics, lead by .Mr o ( onnell and his tail, on the other. Lord lohn jiussell, s eing that the measure will not be regarded in Ireland as an " olive branch," expressed his doubts whether it ought not to be withdrawn on the third reading. Hut the Hill, in all probability, will pass? another painful record of the futility of attempting, by acts of Parliament, to harmonize a people who are distracted by the differences of race and religion? whose organization is, as the phrase "joes, ' wide as the poles asunder." The House of Commons, now that they have brought die Irish members within the walls of St. Stephen's, threaten to make them work on the rail way committees, nnd |>erform their portion of the drudgery of legislation, like others. For this pur pose, notes, requiring their attendance next week, have been addressed to Mr. Smith O'Hrien, Mr. John i M onnell, and others. These gentlemen have declared their determination nc t to sit on any com mittee whose duties are connected with, oi relate lo, England. The mntter will probably engage the attention of the House, when it is sure to give rise to a "scene." The Sioar Dttifs? Cuba A.vn Porto Rico ? ine eoi responilence between Lord Aberd' an, the J,?reign Secretary, and the Spanish Ambassador,! in!n r? V J /?1may()r' rHrt"' admission i Port, IVfl k I. Mln,v'"Krovvn of Cuba and i men 'n0' 1,''rn Lnld ?'d>les of I'arlia- ; ous the M?i.Torrn'r,n<l'Tr aon",what volumin- ' 'hantwnrJ i -,e earl ot Aberdeen filling more i, ^7 columns of the daily papers, but the substance may belbnefly stated The S|mn: it>h Minister rests his claim U|>on the treaty of 1713,' subsequently renewed, that S|>ain should be ad mitted to trade with this country on the terms of the most favored nations ; and he con tends tli.it the terms of thut and other trea ties extend to i he colonial dependencies I of Spain. Lord Aberdeen takes two grounds of objection to this claim ? first, that the treaties bo* tween Kn; ! ind and Spain exceuted the We? t India Colonies H both countries; and secondly, tlr.t the ' , subjects, not the produce of Spain, were alone en titled to wh it is called "the most favored nation ' clause." The grounds upon which th<; decision rests are of less importance than the den- ;...i itself. When the i ideation was tirst mooted, opinion seem ed to be in tavor of the admission of trie slave pro duce of t'uba and Porto Rico; but when the subject, in all its bearings, had been analysed, thi \i v dis appeared under the growing conviction, thut how ever the treaties might be held to apply to .Spain,

they did not extend to hercolonit-s. This result has greatly disappointed ti. Tree Tran* p>rty, and has elated, in the sanu- ilegree, the West India interest, By the former, i!. ; quet>- i tion was held to involve the admission < f the pro- ? duce of Brazil, an excell 'nt English market -lor if tli'! isluve sugars of the Havana were adnntto I, upon what ground of justice or expediency could we ex clude those of our best customers ? By the latter, this decision is held to have taken oitl of the tHu the most formidable comi>eiitor winch the British tropical colonists could possibly encounter. No doubt exists that West Indian Sugar must have receded in price if the two Spanish islands in ques tion, which produce more than all of them put to gether, were allowed to enter with n differential I duty of only ten shillings per cwt. As it is, the I | West Indians have little to fear from Louisiana or ! Venezuela, and considering the distance of the mar kets, they seem hkelv to retain permanent poaoes j sion of the home trade. Ireland* I The social condition of Ireland is at the j present moment distressing ? painful ? most de plorable. The physical destitution of the jteople impels them to crime. The disputes about land give rise to assassination. A few days back, a j magistrate named Hooth, m the county of Cavan, while returning from church in a gig with his children, was shot by a man who escaped with impunity alter committing the murder. The wretch hardly accelerated his movements when j his victim was no more, and yet all attempts to | arrest or to trace liiui have been fruitless, owing to ; the sirange and brutal propensity of the Irish i peasantry ty screen great culprits from ihe con I sequences of their crimes. This sympathy with criminals bus always been characteristic of the j Irish peasant, and while it may be vain to account i for such a moibid feeling, it is undeniable that its lexist^nce is the fruitful source of outrage and I murder. The " wild justice of revenge," us it is | termed, is carried in some of the rur.il districts of i the sister country to a degree of refinement that would shame the North American Indian. It is a singular anomaly in the Irish character, that while the people are generous to a fault, and will share with a stranger or a pauper their last crust or pota toe, they are deadly in their hatred against all whose conduct has a tendency to restrict them of a crumb | or deprive them of a bean stalk. Strange inconsis tency! We are constantly horrified by accounts of fatal feuds between the nearest relatives, arising out j of the possession or the dispossession of a few yards j j of soil. Mr. O'Connell asserts that there are at the I present moment four millions and a half of paupers , i in his country; if true, an astounding, and, as regards ! the British Government, a disgraceful confession. : ; With such combustible materials it is useless to ex I pect |>eriiianent peace, or safety for life or i>ro|>erty. I A military force has been sent into the disturbed : I districts, but the chronic complaint of the country | will not yield to mere blood-letting. While O'Connell is in Parliament the proceedings I of the Ke|x-'ul Association deserve and excite little ! I attention. He is the ruling spirit, and in his ab sence the vacuum is painful. 1 1 is power is omnipo ! tent; and while he boasts of possessing over count- j I less myriads a moral authority which is yielded to ' no living monarch, the assertion is not an idle boast. | But who is to succeed him 1 What pigmy is to be clothed in the giant's armour 1 The man is ad- ' vanced m life? the sear and yellow leaf is thick I npon him. These are questions which it is difficult I to answer, t'pon whom the mantle is to fall ismnt ter of conjecture ; but the shoulders have yet to be formed, it is tolerably clear, capable of bearing the burden. The "old boy," while in Parliament re cently, has shown, however, that if the mere corpo real frame is not in its pristine vigor, his intellect burns as briglulv and vividly aa ever. Soiii" of Ins iddresses, brief but terse, h ive di>pl*yed that versa tility so admired in all good actors? ol adapting themselves to their audience. At the annual fair of Balhnjihassing, held on the 36th of June, a fi/iit took plac< between two persons named Sullivan and Neale, and others having inter fered, Suilivan was tuk< n into custody by the po lice. Symptoms of :? rescue h iving been manifesto d, the nolice retired with their prisoner to a building j u.-ed as a dispensary ]i lere some stories were thrown : and the mob fired upon in return. The country peo ple then attaol 'd tie- ho:i?-e in the rear, and threw j stones on thereof, smashing it in several places, j ! The police tir li from the door and windows upon j j those assembled in front, with fatal efiect. The mob gave way, nnd the police retired to their barracks, I I firing upon thope who were collected by the way. ; I It was understood that no warning was given, no j magistrate was present, the riot net was not read, ; and no attempt made to disperse the people by bayo ; net charge, or blank cartridge. Among those killed were Jeremiah Coghlan, Mau rice Cockran, John Desmond, Jeremiah Conway. Cornelius Forde, Charles McCarty, iJeasy, and i ayouns* woman just married, named Johannan 1 1 ol- ? land, rf one of the police were dangerously injured, | but twenty-five of the country people were wound- I ed, tome supposed mortally. A letter from Balling hussing, dated on the 1st iiist.Isays : The utmost excitement prevails for several miles around. The people, and they Hre proverbial for ex emplary conduct, are sullen. They are most re spectful to all parties seeking information ; they nsk for an impartial investigation, a request that there seems ever}' prospect of having conceded to them. The magistrates, coroner, parish priests, and a con siderable number of the surrounding gentry and re spectable farmers, after a consultation, having agreed that the inquest shall not commence its sit tings until nine o'clock on Thursday morning, several circumstances concurring to render that course the most prudent. In the meantime, counsel and agents are to be engaged, the friends and rela tives of the ill-fated deceased and wounded having taken measures to insure justice. The coroner in- j timated thut he should issue summons for fifty or j sixty respectable gentlemen, from whom to select twenty-three to form the jury, whilst a full bench of j magistrates from nil parts of the country is looked j for. We are reminded of the terrible scene of Gur- j troe by the fearful transactions of last evening. ,Fr*ne?. Advices from Paris of the 2d instant give the fol lowing intelligence: ? The Chamber of Deputies has thrown over for discussion in the next session as many ot the pro jet * dr lot on its order as it was possible to postpone, and among them, that for establishing a regular steam communication between France and the Uni ted States. The discussion of the Budget has occu pied th<* attention of the Deputies almost exclusively during the last fortnight. The votes for the army , included the sum necessary for the mnintenance and equipment of 840,000 men, and 81,680 horses ? a very respectable army for time of |>eace. The dis russion of the navy estimates showed that the ma rine of France is by no means as formidable as has been believed ? indeed, according to the opposition, it was declared to be in a worse state Jthan at the worst period of the worst Ministry of the Kestora uon. So alarmed was the Chamber at the disclo sures that were made, that it adopted a resolution, contrary to the wish of the Minister*, that for the lutiirc a return of the state of every department of I the navy shall be laid before the Chamber at ihecom- j mencemsnt of nek session. M. Billanlt, the cele- > Iirated opposition ora tor. created more sensation, by bluntly recommending the government to send offi cers to survey the coast of England, so as to find out the most favorable point ot attacking them. The law for carrying into effect the new slave trade trea ty between Kngland and France, was adopted by the Chamber with unanimity, there being only one vote civen against it. The new treaty, and the in structions the treaty directs to be given to the naval officers, are precisely to the same effect as the trea ties against the slave tratle existing between Eng land and the United States. All that is done is to abolish the riuht of search, and to assimilate the ; means to be taken by France and England, for pre- j venting and putting down the traffic in human flesh, to the means already employed by the United States in conjunction with Great llritain. Nothincr has occurred of interest with respect | either to Texas or Q?ej;on. Mr. Ashbel Smith, en voy of Tex. is, is or was in Paris some little time ?i.*o, but the precise nature or result of his coinmuni- ( cations with the government has not transpired. ? j Some of the journals protest against England influ- | encing Mexico to employ all the means within her power to prevent the annexation of Texas to the United States, and others complain bitterly that the French government should have associated itself on ' this question with EngUmd, tolhe abandonment of her ancient friend and ally, the United States. Hut the genera! impression continues to be, that the (.'reat majority of the Tex ion people are in favor of the annexation, and that therefore it will take place beyond h dwubt. Immense excitement h..j been occasioned in every circle of society, and especially the hifzher, by the discovery that the young Prince de Iiergnes,heir to one of the most distinguished und ancient houses of France, has been arrested en the chaige of causing to be forged and circulated certain counters, imitating thos? u.-ed by the members of the Jockey Club, for the settlement of their debis of honor, and other pecuniary matters. The accused has fully avowed his guilt, and is now in prison awaiting his trial. What renders the matter more extraordinary is, that he is extremely rich, and that any banker or money lender, would have advanced him any amount on his own simple signature. A letter from M'lan, of the 14th of June, states that the Doc of Bordeaux, under the name of f ount de Chambord, was in that city the week previous, with General Talon and his son, the Marquis Bar baconi and Viscount de Monti. Ilis Koyal High ness is still a little lame. The rumors of a very interesting and astonish ing discovery begin to be circulated in Paris. It consists in furnishing the means of lighting simul taneously, all the different highways which cross France in all directions, by means of simple iron wires connected with electro-magnetic machines The utility of this discovery is immense, as it will render the roads as well lighted and safe as the most frequented streets of the capital. Several ex periments have already been made on the road from Paris to a small town on the Havre road, which were crowned with entire success. ( Jaslicht is said to be nothing in comparison with that given by the above process. The newspapers of Orenoble mention a very re markable meteor was visible around the sun at about 12 o'clock at noon, on the lflth of June. It was not, as is generally the case with day meteors, a single luminous crown near this planet, but a rainbow, forming a large circle, the centre of which was oc cupied by the sun, and which offered the colors of Iris, somewhat less brilliant. This phenome non lasted near one hour. The atmosphere was loaded with vapors; but afterwards it cleared olf. und the evening was a magnificent one. The Journal de flndrr speaks of a very great flood which proved very destructive. It appears that the j river Ipdre rose at Chateauroux; the whole district of' St. Christophe was transformed into an island, which it became difficult to reach. The water con tinued to rise, and, ut H o'clock, the garden walls be gan to fall down. Oxen, pigs, horses, Arc., were taken, by the waters, from their stables, and carried off with a prodigious rapidity. Doors and windows were forced in, and pieces carried on the top of the neighboring trees, the tops of which only appeared above the water. This horrid spectacle was nothing, however, to compare to that of the in habitants surprised in their houses, who had | just time to t-ike refuge in the upper stories, in the garrets, and even on the roots, waiting with great anxiety to be relieved from their dangerous I situations. The loss of property has been immense, I but so far as was known, no lite had been lost, al- i though many had very narrow escapes. The river Loire has also risen to a formidable ] height, the whole country on both sides of its ban!tu ] has sufiered greatly, and the loss ef harvests, pro perty, fee., is enormous. Maine, a branch of the Loire, did not follow the ' decreasing movement of the former, on the contru-.| ry, it continued its rise, and the lower streets of Angers began to be immerged. It is said that this flood is the greatest one that ever took place in that province at that season of the year. Madame Laret recently ascended in her balloon from Avignon. The balloon dropped into the H hone, and but for the exertions of a young man. who jumped into the river to her rescue, she would have been drowned. Spnln. The Carlists had confidently exacted that the pro- ' mitigation of the act of abdication ot Don Carlos, and the manifesto of his son, would have been most la- i vorably received by the Spanish nation ami the Spanish people. f!ut precisely the reverse has been the case. Doth government and people seem determined that on no consideration whatever, shall the youn^ Queen marry the son of Don Car los. Immediately on the abdication becoming ' known in Madrid, several councils of mini j sters were held, and it was proposed to issue a counter-manifesto; but this was abandoned in com pliance, as is said, with the e.irnest wishes of ! Christina. Since then, however, the violent, hot ! headed, and blustering AurvaaZ has issued an order to the army, in which lie declares, in the most deci i Jed and explicit terms, against the prensions of Don I Carlos' son to the Queen's hand. 1 he rough soldier j bluntly calls Don Carlos himself a "rebel." There is no doubt that Christina is anxious to bring about a wedding between her nephew (Don | Carlos's son) and her daughter, and notwithstand ing the violent demonstration mode against it by the press ? by a section of the Chamber of Deputies, who met privately to discuss the matter ? and last, and above all, by the cabinet, she will move heaven and earth to effect it. Switzerland. The Sardinian Government had consented to al low I >r. Stieger to belconfined in one of its fortresses; ' and Stieger himself had been coaxed or bullied into ! signing a document, declaring his readiness to be con- 1 fined, notwithstanding he had before protested most | loudly against it. Before, however, he could be remo ved, he contrived to effect his escape from prison, and is now at large. The escape isagreat mortification to the ultrti'pirty,and,of course, agreat triumph to the ra dicals. Stieger was undoubtedly ready to have taken arms, hut his cause was that of an immense minori ty, if not a majority of his fellow-countrymen, and Ins imprisonment could have been more of an em barrassment than a triumph to those whose authori ty he defied, and who got the npi>er hand of him. ? Mteger's escape has been enthusiastically greeted wherever he has appeared. Switzerland is in a very agitated state. The radicals have long designed to break out again, by any kind of reaction, and the Jesuits are determin ed to keep the triumph they have gain?d. It is pain- i ful to see countrymen thus prepared to shed each other's blood. Some Englishmen are scouring the length and breadth of the land, for the purpose of ascertaining if it be practicable, to undertake the formation of railways on an extensive scale. Sweden. The laws lately passed are very unpalatable in deed to the aristocracy. Not only do they extend the political privileges of the people, but one of them provide* that family successu ns shall be equally di vided among nil the children, and not go, as hereto fore, almost exclusively to the eldest son. The ef fect of this will be, that in the course of time, there will be no aristocracy, for it is the law of primoge niture alone that keep9 up the aristocracy. Germany. I am sorry to inform you that there is too much reason to believe that the Kinjj of Prussia has revi ved on nutting down, with a very high hand, every j proceeding of a liberal character, to discountenance | every person who professes liberal opinions, and in I a worn, to m ike the people understand that they i arc so nwny slaves, and that they must not presume to thifk or act for themselves. It is even said that his most gracious Majesty is resolved to banish from Berlin evpry political writer. The King of Prussia has gone on a visit to the King of I* nmnrk, where, according to all accounts, he has been very well received. His Majesty ex pects to have the honor of receiving Queen Vic toria 011 till' bunks of the Rhine in the month ol August, but th" Queen will not, it is believed, come as far as Berlin ?Dublin letter, June '23. The new church folk are beginning to quarrel among themselves, and the two principal leaders have formally declared deadly fear upon each other, and, alter the fashion of rival theologians, condemn ed each other to everlasting burning in brimstone, in the world to come. But still the new sect has gained many converts. Ronge, the man who began the movement, is going to marry a very pretty girl, with plenty of money. The reforming priest is wise in his generation. Rnaala. Contrary to all ex|>ectation, the Emperor has changed his plan of his journey. Instead of going i to Kiew, to review the troops, as we originally sta ted, he is going direct from Iwanogoroa to St. Pe- j tersburg, without returning to Warsaw. The Em pesor, indeed, is fond of surprises ; but on this occa sion every thing seemed to be prepared for his re ception in Southern Kussia. The military gover nors of Volhynia and Podolia received orders upon ; orders; the inferior officer! n I most lost their health j in executing them. Strong detachments of troops ' traversed in nil directions the step|>es of Southern ! Russia. The roads were repaired as well us their ; bad condition would permit, tree* planted, &c. One | must have lie.-n in Kussia to have a notion of the bustle which the words, "The Emperof is coming," occasion among the Russian automatons. And now all their trouble has been useless. Of course the sudden return of the Kmperor to his capital causes a great sensation ; there haa been a whisper of a con spiracy detected at St. Petersburg, connected with the rebellious movements said to nave been disco vered in Poland. The Emperor being informed bv liia emissaries of the plan of his enemies, designed lv announced a tour of military inspection to the South, and caused all the preparations for it to be made, in order, while they fancied he wan at a dis tance differently engaged, to appear among the re bels like a iJfus ex marhina, and to break the threads of the conspiracy, nil of which he hed in his hands lit Warsaw It would be ditficult to obtain any in sight into the truth or falsehood of these statements, for the bare attempt tolift'the veil oil many things, passes in Russia for a crimc. Belgium. The Prtw announces that " the King of the Bel gians has, by two royal ordinances, dated 19th inst., fur the present tilled the place of M. de Nothomb, whose resignation has be?it accepted, nnd who hu been appointed a Minister of State ; a title withoat functions, which will permit htni to take his seat in the Council whenever the King may wish to con sult him. '1 lie business of the department of M. de Nothomb lias been divided between M. Dechamps, Minister of Public Works, and the Baron Jules d'Anethan, Minister of Justice. No |>erson at Brus sels can tell how long this provincial Cabinet 1? to exist. If King Leopold had not found insurmount able difficulties amongst the statesmen of moderate opinions, he would not have adopted a plau which terminates nothing." Home. Letters from Rome of the 11th ult., state that M. Rossi, the Envoy Extraordinary of France ut Rome, finding that he could not prevail upon Cardinal Lam brushini to return a definite reply to his communica tions, had demanded and obtained an audience of the Poi>e. This interview, it appears, was not at tended with a satisfactory result. The reasons ad duced byM. Rossi with great firmness against the lesuites, so indisposed the Po[>e, that his Holiness deviated from that tranquil demeanor, which is his peculiar habit, and openly declared that he would resist France, as he resisted Ru .a and Prussia. !t was believed that M. Rossi would shortly quit Rome. Turkey. A few days back, to June 4, the old Emir Bechir, of Syria, was banished from the capital to a smalt town near Tocaf, in the mountains of Asia Minor ? a sentence which was executed after the most ap proved Turkish fashion of silcncc, politeness said expedition. Half an hour's notice or so was given him that he was required to change his abode, and at the time appointed he was handed into a Kaik. landed at Scrutari, and thereon at once commenced hia pilgrimage to the interior. When the new* reached Pera the French Embassy is said to have loudly expressed its opinion as to the arbitrary na ture of the procedure. The Emir, it is well known, was one of its select protege*. But it soon appeared there was no remedy. The Porte, on being applied to, produced proofs of a treasonable correspondence having been carried on of late between the Emir and a party among the malcontents in Syria. Situ ate where we are, it cannot, i think, be taid that Turk ish usages, though absolute, are at all times ob jectionable. On ti.e 27th ult. the British Ambassador reiterated in urgent terr-s, in a note to the Porte, the request for a firman ^to permit a Protestant church being built at Jerusalem. It is easy to explain the long delay which has hitherto occurred in this matter. Syria, as of old, is the battle-field for religious strife, and where the question of empire may still he de cided bv the conflict of creeds. France and Russia, ?ictuuted by political motives, each have vast religi ous interests to dt fer.d in Syria, and arealike ad verse to the progress of a new element. It is this opposition which has hitherto impeded the negotia tion; nor does it appear likely that it will soon be overcome. If the church uust be built, why is not ,i body of English workmen sent out for the pur pose ? In such an instance the Porte could not in terfer-*. Algiers. ' Official despatches received by the French Go vernment, announce that the unconquerable Abd-el Kader has not only left the territory ?f Morocco, but that lie has succeeded in rousing to arms all lb* principal tribes about Montagenem. He has had a battle with three French battalions under Colonel St. Amand, am.' thouuh he has been defeated, as he always is in a pitched battle, Marshal Bugeaud con sidered the movement so formidable, that he has abandoned Ins task of disarming the tribes on the ; banks of the river Chelifi, and marched to meet ! him. Morocco. j The Phart of Buyonnt , of the 29th ult., gives the I following : ? Our aHairs with Morocco w ere, as is known, brought again in question by the refusal of the Emperor to ratify the boundary treaty, signed on the 18th of March, at Msghrania, by General De laru and the Morocco plenipotentiaries. All further cause tor discord has, however, disappeared, it it be 'rue as affirmed by a commercial letter received yesterday from Gibraltar, addressed to a house in this town, that the Emperor has at last decided upon ratifying the treaty, and that the Pacha of Larrache w us daily expecting General Delarhu* to join in ful filling tins formality. This letter, which is dated the 2zd, adds that the news of the ratification of the treaty was considered at Gibraltar as positive." Overlm-d Mnll from India and China. The Ovcilund Mail arrived in London on the 1st instant. We have just received, by extraordinary express, ; our files of papers brought bv the Overland Mail; by which we have intelligence from Bombay of the 20tn .May, and from China of the 20th March. The in formation conveyed to us by this arrival is interest ing, but not important. The Victoriaarnved at Suez on the 11th ult. (out 22 days from Bombay) with the ' above mail and 32 passengers. She was despatched j eleven days in advance of the usual time ot pailing in consequence of the monsoon, which she did not, however, seriously encounter. The passengers per Victoria would have to remain in Egypt until the ar rival of the Iberia, about the 21st ult. The subjoin ed extracts are copied from the Bombay Twits of the 20th May i? The hot weather has now set in; the monsoon is at hand; and our communication with Scinde by sea is for the present cut off. The Bhoogiies have been ut their old trade again, plundering all around, just as if there had never been an expedition amongst 1 their mountains, and Bejar Khan was still at their I head, in attacking the Murrees they apjiear to have had the worst of it, having been defeated with con siderable slaughter, and the booty they were bearing ofl re-taken. The robber tribes destined for perma nent expatriation had crossed the Indus at Sukkur, about the 24th April, for their new location in the Khyrpore territories. The troubles in the Punjauh continue unabated. It is now thought that Goolah Singh must have been of insane mind, or in that state of dumentation which affects those predestined to fall, before he could have abandoned his moun tain stronghold to place himself in the power of the mob or soldiers at Lahore. As yet there is neither semblance nor truce of even the embryo of a govern ment. The Ameer of Cabool is said openly to have abandoned all idea of invading Peshuwur? moved chiefly th'-reto by tha belief th- 1 we are about to oc cupy the Punjaub, Gwalior, and the other pjaces in which, little more than a twelvemonth sirep, such wild disorder reigned. The kingdom of Oude i? last approaching that state of anarchy and confusion, in which it will become im|>eri\tive on onr govern ment to interfere in its affairs. Kandahar ? The sirdars of Kandahar have, to all apiiearance, been considerably alarmed by the military operation of Sir Charles Napier, nnd wrote to the Ameer Dhost Mahomed, to beg he would prevail on the British authorities not to think ot mo losting them. ( >ui m'Wf f rom China extends to the 20th of March, but is of no importance. Our letti-rs from Calcutta are to the 18th of May, from which we learn that on the Mill a destrmtive tire broke out in the office buildings of Messrs. Mucvicar, Smith Ar Co , which, with all they con tained. were entirely destroyed ? hooks, papers, and all. The fire soon seized the premises of Messrs Sewers At Co. adjoining, which quickly shared the same fate ; here, fortunately, a portion of the book; , property, etc., was saved. Messrs. Kilby <.V Co. also were sullerers, but principally in household fur niture. How the fire originated wras not known. The hiss of Macvicar, Smith Co. is estimated at about 2| lakhs of rupees. The total loss of all, in cluding the buildings, is estimated at about 5 or 0 lakhs. Such a fire, it is believed, has not occurred in Calcutta since it was taken, by Surg-oo-dowlah in 1756. Kngllsli Incidents. Madlle. Clotilde, the fascinating French nctress of the Boulevards, hns been robbed of her jewels and other valuables by the '* Man in Black"? a genus of the French swell mob ? who is supposed to be the same party as robbed General Tom Thumb of his watch. The French have been of late drnniHtising !.* Dinble. in such an intimtv of shapes, that it is believeu now that the "old gentleman" him self, in propria ptrttma, has made his appearance in the French capital. Poor Clotilde is inconsolable lor fne loss of lierdiamonds, presented to her by the Prince de . The Right Hcv. Dr. Kenrick, Catholic Bishop of Philadelphia, has returned from Home, where be j was most graciously received by the Pope. On lu??

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