Newspaper of The New York Herald, July 22, 1845, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated July 22, 1845 Page 2
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NEW YGttfcr-HERAW). !?ew York, Tuesday, July a#, 1840. The Foreign News. We give, on the outside, th?* news received by the Great Western. It is only one day later, but important enough to the commercial community. Cotton maintains the improvement noticed on the arrival ot the brttannia. Further of the Fire? A Few MuffK??tlona to those Concerned. What cannot be cured inusl be endured, says the old aphorism, with great truth, but "with rather too much coldness for inm, whose sensibility to suffer ing is not less than his patience. Many a worthy citizen, who, but a iew days ago, knew not what it was to suffer, whose career in life was smooth and auspicious, ara now familiar with adversity, the vic tims of a heavy blow and great discouragement. But ars they prostrate 1 Not at all ; there is an elasticity in a New Yorker which defies the storm, and start* erect after it has spent its futile violence " They shall march again," says my Uncle Toby ; again our rspulsed merchants shall pitch their tents, despite the foe, on the scene of the late disaster; ones more, and that ere many months elapse, the me chanic shall have ceased his renovating labors, and the trumpet voice of industry and enterprise shall summon to their accustomed avocations, those who ? are now observing a temporary, but corupuisiva ces sation from business. It is remarked, and without any impropriety open ly observed, that painful and dittroMing as great fire i are in their present and immediate effects upon individuals, yet they are attaadad with some posi. tive advantage, and that is tka substitution of more commodious and elegant buildings for those which are consumed. The memorable fire that almost an nihilated London, marked the commencement of the first era of improvement, which, it is probable, would not have had an existence, or which certainly would hive been de layed for centuries, but for the operation ol the cause to which it is ascribahle. So decided are the views of writers on this matter, that they all speak of the great fire of London as an opportune and beneficial occurrence. It would unquestionably have been difficult to persuade the worthy burgo masters who flourished in that period, of the cor rectness of this view, as it would now to convince those who suffer from the late fire in this c ity, that there can be any consideration offered fit to allevi ate the great evil that has fallen upon them. Never, theless, it is incontrovertible that improvement will march in the track of the flames here. It did so on the occasion of the last conflagration in that quarter of the city, and the same , if not additional inducements exist now for an investment of capita' in building projects. We shall see, then, in a very few months, the now smouldering ruins, give place to imposing and sub stantial edifices, marked by uniformity and archi tectural taste. Like a young Phoenix, it will start up new streets out of the ashes of the old. We would be glad to see those with whom the supervision of their erection will rest, alive to the importance of adopting all improvements that may tend to perpetu ate as well as beautify the new structures. The pleasure of looking at the work going bravely on, would be greatly enlivened by the assurance that it was invulnerable against the attacks of the arch enemy that laid low their predecessors. Those who are competent judges, say that there are many prac ticable means to be used for the safety of buildings that are too much neglected in New York. In Paris tiles are substituted for wood in the floors, roofs, and other parts of houses, and surely it were wise to make use of as little wood in the erection of stores as possible. Tin roofs conduce much to the security of whatever edifiees they cover. It Is a handsome, light and durable material. In the cities of Canada it is almost universally used, and although at first its cost may be a little more than that of other materials, it is eventually found to be the cheapest. We have heard it said that tin is more serv iceable in Quebec and Montreal than it could be in New York, whose proximity to the ocean gives it an atmosphere charged with saline particles, which corrode metallic substances, tin among rest Be this as it may, it would be prudent to attend to this matter, and if the tin can be used without a great sacrifice, it ought to be. Many other alterations for the better in the mode of building will occur to the architects of the new houses that are to be built on the burnt district, and various plans to contribute to their safety, may be adopted by the proper authorities, when they are finished. It will be for them to see that they are not made the receptacles for gunpowder, "villainous saltpetre," or any of the wicked race of combusti bles, which, although called necessary evils else where, are by no means necessary in the heart of a crowded city. Let them be transported to solitary confinement in some of the remote localities of our environs; they were made to be "outside barbari ans," and they ought nol to b? tolerated inside the circle of civilization. Hialth of the City. ? We refer our readers to I the Inspector's return of the mortality of last week. I It will be seen that the excessive heat of the wea ther for the last ten days has increased the number of deaths to a most fearful extent. There were no lesa than 474 deaths in the seven days ending last Satur day? 275 more than in the same time last year. Of this large number 80 died of cholera infantum ; 55 of apoplexy ; 67 of local inflammations ; and 52 of convulsions. This great number of deaths most act as a serious caution to the living. Let them take care not to expose themselves under the rays of a noon day sun. FrRBT Ward? The Fire? The Poor ? The in habitants of the First Ward have come to the deter mination to support their own poor, whiah ib truly laudable, particularly at this Beason of the year. First in the movement is Alderman Charlick, who, with characteristic energy and liberality .entered into it ; and, by his unremitting exertions, a large sum has been already collected. The late fire having oc curred in this Ward, '.many poor people have been thrown upon the world. Mr. Joseph Sturgis has given #200. We wish the project every success. Tint Weather.?' The heat of tha atmosphere was almost intolerable again yesterday. The mercury went up to92fc in the shade at 3 o'clock in tha after noon. We believe, however, that the atmosphere was considerably heated by the burning ruins in the lower part of the city. The south west wind which prevailed nearly all day, carried the heat from the ruina over the whole city. Brooklyn. ? In consequence of the recent calami tous affair in this city, Mayor Talmage, of Brook lyn, called n meeting of the citizens last evening, for the purpose of adopting measures for the preven. tion of a like calamity in that city. The meeting was held at Hall's Buildings, at the corner of Fulton and Cranberry streets, where a series of resolutions were paired to make suitabie arrangements for the formation of pntrola for the detection of those who niHy desire to carry their plunder from New York to their homes. Wo to those who attemp' it. Grahd Pacino Match over the Beacon Coirsk. ?The second grand match for #1,000, comes off over this track to-day, between the celebrated horses J. C. Calhoun and James K. Polk. This to settle the question, which is the best nag. Fikst Arrivals ruoai Texas.? Mesara. Adrian, Underwood, and Ball arrived yesterday at the Astor House, as c tizens of the United States from Texas, being the first who have visited the city since the Annexation They came in the Star Republic. Board or Scfrrvisors.? This Board met laat evening pursuant to adjournment. No quorum be ing present, tha Board furthar adjourned to ma?t this day at 11 o'clock. Too .wen op a (itxm Thing? Ai l Work and wo I Play. ? Po!iticareoTMu5Su9ffa!?^ ?P5im?3e?5Ie!PtT remarkable profundity ; they deal in statistics ho multifarious, generalities so extended, details so mi nute, und views ho comprehensive, that it requires a ; man to be one of " that ilk" himself to understand i them. It requires one to have faith, too, to discern ! the valuable truths of these worthy men ; without i faith, stubborn reason will not consent to its being a i science, because it would require some fundamental ; truths, some axioms, some self-evident propositions, upon which all should agree, to constitute it a science, which requisites doth not appear to be forth ! coming, nor ever shall, we fear, until Adam Smith, and Say, and Kicardo, and McCullough, and all the rest of them agree one with the other, and ceaae de molishing the $ntntijic structures of each other, much to the edification of wicked scoffers at the tcimct. Above all tilings we should like to see them agree as to what constitutes the source of wealth, concern I ing which much ingenious argument has been ex pended, and the discovery of which would, no doubt, in their opinions, bring round again the golden age. In the meantime, desponding somewhat at the pros pect of their concord, we must console ourselves in the absence of the radiance of the scientific lamp, with a glimmer of the lantern of common sense, whilet indulging in a few observations not remotely oonnected with the question, and in which we in- J tend to KHume, that industry, although a vulgar and wide spread commodity, in this country especially, I is a very considerable stream flowing either mto or out of the preoious fountain, if not the very souroe ! of wealth itself. The bulk of the community will agree, that indus try is a sure road to independence, if not always to , opulence. Exceptions may be foand, and ne scar- i city of them either ; for the greatest energy is not adequate to accomplish an object, unless it is pro perly directed. He who would be certain of attain ing his end, must be convinced that skill, as well as strength, is an element of success, and the forget fulness or ignorance of this, often entails a fearful amount of trouble and disappointment. There are those who labor too much, as well as too little. A person may attach all due importance to the exercise of industry, and yet not reap as much advantage from its practice, as another who makes far less physical effort. However strange it may sound, it is nevertheless true, that a large class are so carried away by a love of wealth, as to undergo op tionally a degree of exertion incompatible with health, or in other words with a sound mind, in a sound body. It is a matter of legitimate wonder that such should be the case ; that men, without be ing driven to it by coercion, or compulsion of any kind, save that which is tho fruit of perverted no tions, will throw away a positive good ? a capacity to enjoy ? for the Bake of acquiring possessions that they will find barren of gratification, because of the use of mistaken means in their attainment. Yet such is the case. There are thousands who seem insensible to the fact, that it is not in having, but in using the produce of industry, that we may com mand the means of happiness. Another class are those who are forced by circum stances to make over exertion, and certainly those who compose it are the proper objects of sympathy. It does not follow, that because a person is fairly re munerated at the fair market priee of his services, that he is not free to complain . If it is true that there can be an excess of labor beyond that which is con sistent with a proper regard for health and longevity, there is a right and an obligation to avoid it. Cus tom is to-blame very often for the evil of over work, and we see its influence on every hand. One of the most pernicious customs of the many that are prevalent, is that of keeping stores open for fifteen or sixteen hours a day. The man who delves in the stubborn soil, or who drudges with burthens of brick and mortar or his brawny shoulders be neath the scorching sun, for a dollar a day, is not s? badly off as he who toils with mind and body be hind the counter of the fashionable dry goods store in this city. From seven o'clock in the morning until eleven at night, hundreds of young men are obliged to bear the brunt of these exhausting du ties?to lift and lay, unfold and carry merchandize, until the body is fairly jaded ; to please the fanciful, manage the intractable, iaapire the suspicious with confidence, persuade the ignorant, and in a word> kill two birds with one stone ? serve their employ ers, and satisfy their customers. This duty entails a degree of mental exertion as well as physical, which is altogether exhausting. But it is detrimen tal in more ways than in its immediate effects. It totally excludes the possibility of recreation and self improvement. Some may be indifferent to these matters, but none but the ignorant and grovelling will deny that they are both desirable and essential. Man was not formed to toil and sweat, and sleep his whole lifetime. On every hand, the beautiful creation abounds in seductions to rational enjoyment, and even within ourselves there is an instinctive and powerful desire for relaxation, as well as for action, for repose as well as activity; to gratify lawful curiosity, as well as pursue with avidi ty, those objects whose external impressions are agreeable. Are the victims of this injurious custom of late and early toil in stores, without redress 1 In truth, to judge from the indifference prevalent in relation to it, we tear that little assistance may be expected from the community of this city. And here we are Borry to be compelled to lay the greater portion of the blame on the female part of society, who make it a practice to go shopping at unseasonable hourB. Not to speak of the infraction of that commonly admit ted truth as to impropriety of keeping late hours about the streets, which females attach great weight to, there is a degree of thoughtless indifference in roaming through stores at late hours, not in accord ance with our received notions of the superior gen tleness and sensibility of woman; and if oar ladies are informed of the hardshi and deprivation it ex poses young men to, they are culpable in not abstain ing from the practice. Moreover, it is astonishing that employers do not relinquish late hours volunta rily, for viewed as a question of profit and loss, they would, in the gas saved each day, by seasonable shut ting, be greater gainers than from 'the nocturnal cus tom of those who prefer to lay out their money by night. We hope that the coming winter may see some stop put to the evil, and we strongly recom mend all parties concerned, especially the sufferers, to make a move in the matter. ThK EnEROY OP THE A.MF.RICAM CHARACTER ? We have stated that Americans, in misfortune, were like India rubber balls; the harder they are knocked down, the higher up they bound. This is very true. We saw it plainly enough in 1835, and again in Pitts burgh, after the great fire there in'April last; and the annexed paragraph gives the result of the spirit of enterprize that pervaded thePittsburgians in trouble : It li gratifying to know that Pittsburgh in rapidly rising from the ashes of her late conflagration, jn renewed streagth and greatly improved appearance. A commu nity possessing energies like these cannot but prosper. The Pittihurg Gazelle says?" Ninety days hare elapsed lince the greal catastrophe, and the change since the night of April 10th, in the burnt diitrict exceed* all we ever dreamed of for energy in rebuilding. Had any one ventured to nit down on April ) }th and seriously assert that in three monthi time hundreds of brick buildings would have been put up, not by one aiul two, but by row* and blocks, wc should have thought h!m ve rv imaginative, to say the least. Hut what do wo sea? Why, in thu brief space of time whole blocks of houses some of thein very large and well finished, have shot up' as if by magic, have been covered in, and many of them occupied as placcs ofburiness. The warehouses now in course of erection far exceed those which previously oc cupied their sites. And this indomitable energy of character is again exhibited in this city. Already contracts have been made to build four or five large storea on the corner of Braver and Broad streets, where the ruins of the 1 recent fire are atill smouldering. Packet Shit Oxford.?1 The (ireat Western saw I the Oxford, Capt. Rafhbone, hence 17th June, going into Liverpool on the 5th inat.. giving her a fine pas sage of 18 dnys. _________ Hrkkn's Triaf..? The jury in the cnao of Green for the murder of his wife haa been found guilty, and sentenced to be t.Ujgerl in Troy on the 10th of September next. | Pnrilit'i Fftilleitfnra of the Urt?l Klrr? List ? dt FPhrillil IIIJYIied? Ainonnt of DnwAtigB 1)oii? liDuruii^^i | It will Ik: seen on reference to the proceedings be- j tore the Board of Aldermen last evening, that, it has been officially announced that powder was con cealed in New street, and lias been ilie principal agent in catuing the late calamitous destruction to life and property, in our city. The Chief Engineer in his communication, lias placed this lact beyond controversy, and haw given a signiticant hint to the effect that, unless the most effective and precau tionary steps are taken to prevent a recurrence of such an accident resulting from the concealment of powder in this city, the Fire companies would not run the risk of their lives, in protecting the property of the citizens. We fully concur in the views of the Chief Engineer, and now that the matter is refer ! red to a special committee, in whoso activity and earnestness we have every confidence, we trust tha1 the most prompt and energetic action will be taken on this subject to enable the authorities to investi gate with rigid scrutiny every fact in connexion with this awful conflagration. Should the commit tee be able to fix the fact of the concealment of gun powdsr in any house in .the locality of the burned district, the law affords an efUativa remedy ; and an example should b? made, such as will deter all offenders to avoid7 in future such a gross outrage upon the lawa ; such inhuman recklessness, an re* gards our lives and property. Messrs. Crocker At Warner are out with a oard that they had no gunpo wder on their premises at the time of the fire. What was itl Not saltpetre. Almost every one is satisfied of that. Thore are persons who nave resided in the neigh borhood, who do not hesitate to say, that they have seen gunpowder in small kegs taken into the store ; and others, that they have purchased some there. Some of the firemen themselves say, that shortly after the explosion they picked up a number of tin oanisters, very similar to those in which gunpowder is generally sold. It will not do to let the matter rest here. The'manes of those destroyed by thid calami ty? the numerous losers of property ? the poor man ? the widow and the orphan, call upon the authori ties to investigate this matter thoroughly, that full justice may be done to all. Never in this city before, we believe, was the benefit of a well organized police force, led by wil ling hearts and ready hands, so fully shown? as has been on the trying occasion of the previous three days. Never were men, from the highest to the lowest, so energetic, so cool and calculated, or went about their dangerous avocations with more prompt ness and firmness, at the same time with cau tion, as the authorities, civil and military, did throughout the trying period. There was no stand ing on rank and dignity? no squabbling about whose duty this or that was? no backwardness? no relaxa tion until all further danger for the present was en tirely removed. Within a few minutes after the commencement of the fire, the Mayor was on the ground, and in a short time afterwards was joined by Aldermen Stoneall, Charlick, Justice Matsell and several oth ers of the authorities. After a brief consultation, and having the remembrance of the calamitous affair of 1835, strong on their memory, thinking it might be necessary, Alderman Stoneall proceeded to the Navy Yard to make known the circumstances that had occurred, and to solicit the presence of the na val authorities in case it was found necessary ta blow up some buildings to prevent the spread of the flames. As soon as Captain Hudson was informed of how matters were, he hurried half dressed to the guard-room, ordered out the marines and a bpdy ot sailors, and immediately proceeded to the city. Here he put himself in communication with the commanding officer of the North Carolina, of- 1 ficer iii command of Governor's island, and others, I who responded to his request, and accompanied all the men they could possibly spare to the scene of the fearful disaster. In the meantime, the authorities were not idle. The police were stationed at all available points, to protect persons and pro(?erty ; several military companies were not slow in mus tering and rendering their a8sistance;Mr.Havemeyer adopted the most judicious measures for the preser vation of the public peace, as well as for the protec tion of individual property, and we have heard but one opinion expressed of the conduct of the city authorities in general, and of the new Municipal Po lice in particular. It was worthy of all praise. The policemen were atall points, and steadily and man fully met every requirement upon them, and that too, without forgetting in any instance, the proper regard due to the rights and privileges of individual citizens. , , ? . , I Yesterday morning about half-past 8 o clock, a , young lad residing at No. 4 Hester street, whose i name we understand is Clinch, had bis shoulder I fractured by the falling of a wall at the corner where Gould ing's forge store stood in Stone street; he has been since taken to the Hospital, and it is believed that the injuries he received will not prove fatal. Mr. D. Van Winkle of No. 5 Engine Company had hold of the pipe belonging to No. 42 Fire Com pany at the time Mr. Augustus Cowdry was blown up. He states that, at fiist he perceived the house full of Hames and made a rush towards the gang way near the stairs, but was blown out of the second story and landed in Exchange street, having re- 1 ceived a slight contusion. We have seen Mr. A. J. Beales, who was suppos ed to be killed. This gentleman had a providential escaite? being severely cut in the head and face. The books of Oelricks Ac Kniger have been re covered from their storehouse, some of them in a perfect state. . A member of No. 21 fire company had his arm ! severely injured Sunday evening, by the tailing of an iron grate from the second or third story of a 1 house in Broad street, where he had been at work. There is a chimney and wall standing in the rear of the Waverley House which should be immediate ly pulled down; it is at least ninety feet high, and I has not the slightest support. tumble, the consequences might, in all probability, prove fatal to the inhabitants at the opposite sideot Exchange st, the distance across being not more than fifteen feet. The remains of two females were dug out from the ruins of a house near where the ex plosion took place. A female, with an infant in her arms, escaped from the same house, the night ot the fire leaving the two unfortunates behind her. Hundreds of men are still at work, through the burned district, clearing the rubbish away to make room for the rebuilding of several fine stores, which the sufferers have been planning all the day. The appearance of the city yesterday was a strange one. Every where the air was pervaded with dead smoke, sickening to inhale, which increased as you approached the burnt district, and became almost in tolerable below the Howard House. The luilitan was removed about the middle af the day. At nigh: tall the view of the ruins was very distressing ; tht smoke emanating from them suffocating, and the heat almost unbearable to the passers by. It will cer tainly add much to the comfort of the inhabitants, if the remainder of the fire in this district, was as speedily aB possible extinau shed. It has been suggested, that those |>ersons, into I whot-e houses, furniture. merchandize, mid other I articles were received during the late fire, should adopt some measure, or fix unon some place, where information can be given and received of the tact ? Articles of value, furniture, trunks, boxe*, Arc were removed in a'hurry and fright, by friends, into places, of which they have no other recollection, than that they were kindly and safely received Articles of value have been discovered by the owners, nearly a mile from the scene of distress. [ One of the most distressing cases, as tar as loss of property is concerned, was that of Capt. P. C. lJu- I mas, late or the bns; " Cyrus," whom our readers may recollect wasl><f some time since on the coast of Africa by the crew of an English man-of war. It appears that on the evening previous to the fire he came from Washington and took lodgings at Mr. H. Pelerin's Hotel Franca is, No. Jfi Broadway, I and on Saturday morning the house was burnt to the I ground. He left the house in a hurry, in his slippers and without stockings, at the moment of the explo sion, leaving a pocket-book in a drawer ot a bureau, in which he had in siiihII bills #H2, besides some checks of 1837, paid by the Louisiana State Bank for I $1000, many family letters, and receipts. His shoes are lost and he cannot go out. He will reward any person who will restore his pocket book to him, at No. 7, Park Place. I Beaver Street.? There is n very heavy smell all through the ruins in this street, and thence 1 up through New street, and round through part of Broad near Wall street. It is rumored iliat in all pro bability several bodies will be exhumed from the ruins of ninny of the warehouses, by the time they I have been cleared out. I Exchange Street.? The warehouse of Fearing fe Hall, which was laid in ashes, has been cleared out, and the remains of a large quantity of dry goods, including merinos, French calicos, cloths, and various other commodities, have been recover- 1 ed, but they are, for most part, good for nothing. ! The warehouse of Joseph.Rhodes is in a similar I State. ,1 When the news reached Philadelphia by the early tr*in viu Camden and Arnboy, tha most in tense excitement prevailed, which was not a little heiuttt?rifl by the fact that, at the time of the start ing of the boat, the fire was still raging. The un common speed by which the nine o'clock train reached that eity, but increased this excitement, as the report, that the fire was still spreading The bulletin offices were crowded, and the news boys were running through the streets with the ex tras containing the news. Nothing further was of course ascertained until the five o'clock train of last night left New York. As tha cars passed each other in the city of Trenton, one of tha pasaengara on tha j platform, shouted thai the "fire was over " The cry spread' through the train, that the "lire was over. The passengers were, many of them, New l orkers, returning from Philadelphia on account of the reports which had already reached there. The news had just reached Boston as the train was coming out last evening. The curiosity of thai city will be satisfied by 'tie accounts which left here last evening, and which, doubtless, reached there this morning. The joint amount of Boston pro perty fn this city, and the insurance stocks held here, made them leel as much interested us if they were New Yorkers. . Iwcidknts, Arc. .'t 18 with pride that we refer to trie noble display pi character made by some of our more aliluent fel low citizens ; at the same time with pain we have heard of others, who could well afford to assist the needv und reward the meritorious, but refusing to do ao. In many instances the latter owe the principal of their great wealth to some of the very parties who nave now lost their all, and, at the present moment, are indebted to the police, firemen, and military companies, for the preservation of a considerable portion of their properly in various parts. .Shame on all such. To somewhut wipe ofF this stain on the city, with pleasure we mention, in addition to many others previously noticed, the very handsome ?Ct ? j proprietors of the Astor House, who, on Saturday, kept a troop of waiters from thut great es tablishment constantly on duty in carrying coffee and other refreshments to the firemen, while at work amidst the names, without which those gallantfellows woulJ not have been able to keep their posts. The Astor House itself was, during the whole morning and forenoon, open to all the firemen who chose to avail themselves of its ample tables. The proprietors of Howard's and other public Ileuses in that section of the city, have displayed great consideration and generosity in furnishing re freshments to the firemen and others who have been engaged in the urduous dutiesjof the three past days; and we regret that an exception to this liberal and hu mane spirit should be found on the part of the keepers of one of our hotels. It occurred early on Saturday morning, when the alarm and dismay occasioned by the terrific explosion waa at its height. The con cussion produced by the explosion demolished the windows of the chamber of an invalid lady, the wife of a merchant in Maiden lane, then absent from town, who boarded on the west side of Broadway, near the (i lobe Hotel. .She was so lrightened by the crash, and the excusable apprehension that the house would tumble upon the heads of all within it, that she rushed into the street in her night clethes ? even barefooted ? with her nurse, who bore her infantum the same state oidiahabillt, accompanying her. Scarcely cenacious of their situation, or of ought save their apprehended danger, they lied up Broadway to a large hotel, and applied for shelter , but they were most inhumanly refused even admit tance within the doors, and were obliged to seek a re|"p elsewhere. This is a disgrace to our city. The boarders at Bunker's deserve great credit, rhey emptied the Fountain in the Mansion House yard, of water, which was carried up to the roofs, and no doubt prevented the fire going through to Greenwich street. Messrs. Livingston iV Wells, and Messrs. Adaitfi & Co., of the express lines, on discovering 'the ex tent of the fire, immediately placed their horses, wagons and drivers, tree of expense, at the service of the merchunts and others who wished to have their goods and furniture removed. This will ac count for any irregularity which may have occurred on Saturday in the deliverv of packages. The store of James MctJall & Co^in William St., was at one time in imminent danger, and was only saved by the promptness and energy of John A (Gra ham, Lsq., of the firm of Graham, Bebb & Graham, who, being the first who obtained admission, caused wet blankets to be applied to the windows which were unprotected by shutters. Had this store taken hre, the whole row from Beaver to William street must have gone, adding many millions to the loss. At jNo' l46 *?aver street, (where the fire was stayed,) the efficacy of iron roofs and fire-proof shutters was gloriously tested. No where in its Ci?ur8ie c?nflaKr*tion rage more furiously than here? and this was the crisis? the turning point ?in the sad business of the day. The block of stores built by Mr. Titus nobly withstood the encroach ments of the foe and baffled its most furious assaults. As soon as the flames had burnt fairly up to these buildings, they made a tremendous attack, and then fell off at once? the wind lulled, and the dire contest was over, although destruction and devastation still li ngeied in different parts of the field. Blancard's establishment, the Globe Hotel, was in the vicinity of the fire. The boarders were alarmed? frightened? distracted. The only person cool, calm and collected, was Blancard himself. He resisted the advice of boarders to remove his furni tun?. He told them that they could remove their baggage as soon as they pleased, but that he should net remove a stick until the danger was apparent. 1 he boarders for the most part rushed out witli port manteaus and carpet bags, and went to other hotels. Buncard was all over the premises ? on the top of the house surveying the conflagration, and calcula ting the chances of its using up the great "Globe" itself. It was reported that he was blown from the roof, when he had only very quietly and comfortably disappeared through the scuttle. He was very effi ciently aided by Messrs. Gil and Ben Hays. While the fire was raging in the vicinity, some persons, policemen, it is said ? brought casks of ."pints and placed before the Globe, to the imminent peril of the establishment The proprietor, who might have had no objection to them at any other time, promptly ?rdered them off Blancard kept open house for the firemen during their exertions, and, indeed, until a late hour in the day. The marines from the North Carolina, under Lt. John G Reynolds, were actively engaged in pro tecting property and keeping order. We saw, says another reporter, a remarkable instance of the effect of discipline with one poor fellow. The heat of the weather, the smoke, and probably a little creature comfort, which some mistakingly kind person hud given him, overcame him, and he reclined in a spe cies of oblivion on the steps of a door on the west side ot Broadway, opposite the utter ruins of the Waverley. A gentleman in black passing by, recog aised him, and restored him to consciousness by pouring cold water down hia back. The remedy was evidently anything but pleasant, and the poor devil was vigorous in objecting to a renewal ot the application. The gentleman in black immediately gras|>ed the man by the throat, exclaiming, "Do you know me, sir?? do you know me?" The man look ed at hnn with glassy eyes, and recognising him, submitted ouietly to be drenched with water, and walked oir, being ordered to his quarters, to be pro bably severely punished. The police officers found six hundred dollars worth of stolen property at No. 13 Moore street, con sisting of carpeting in rolls, silk goods, hosiery and other dry goods, stolen at the fire under the pretence of removal for safety. At the Atlantic Garden, one man with ,r , n vass trowsers had them tied round the anc^s, and 111 these and his shirt bosom was carrying oil about 4 ihousand segars. Another had fliled the bosom of nis shirt with bottles of sarsaparilla. These two were taken to the station house. A fireman went into a Dutchman's 011 the corner ot I furl and "road streets, nnd pot some refresh' out :ind P'T"^ *Hr nnd saying that the Company would settlu. The Dutchman ran after fain and struck him with a knife or some other sharp instrument laying his head open with a horri ble gash. Several firemen then got together, entered the house and beat the Dutchman severely, who was gutteif tli rejCuet' ky the policemen, and completely . A large quan tity of whale and other oils was car ried through the sewers down Broad street, and through the main sewer into the basin, covering the water to the d pth of half an inch. Men in a number of small boats were busy with tin pans and wooden balers, skimming the oil from the salt water, and hose who had no casks, poured it into their boats One or two bouts were half filled. The greatest number of barrels filled by one man was twenty one and the smallest number three barrels, the total H "boutfifty, worth about ten dollars ?d XV i?q??*hueh*" wm "a,orei1 """> viT?.Mnd?CL0 |fi5Broad'tr?'- had the 1 *,00'900 ln books, money and accounts in their salamander safe. The contents were found in good condition. The store was burned down. Jt is a singular fact, that but for the comparatively mo dem introduction of iron safes, most of the merchants whose stores were destroyed, would have sustained still heavier losses. One gentleman saved #70 000 in bank bills and notes by means of Wilder's patent salamander safe, and in consequence bore the de struction of his place of business with cheerfulness Indeed these salamanders of Wilder's patent, fully sustained their high reputation. Not one of the many which were known to be in the burned district has been found unfaithful to its trust. In every in stance their content* have he#?n preserved, though often exposed to the intense heat. No man of busi ? ?????? At one time, two women, with infant children in their arms, ran alona the roofs of the houses as far as Beaver street, and were about to |CHp into the street in their terror, when some firemen broke oi>. -n the door of a warhouse, and let them down through a trap-door. * A woman was observed coming out of Gardener's Hotel m Broad street, when it was burning Ilei face was coveie.l with blood and ashe< ,s|l#. upli-r ai.ron to her Ht.,.Ve. ;;ncl it was said that ?. splinter had pierced it. An Irishwoman threw a pine tube out of a third story window of a Ijotue in Dmad street It f, li "I*!" ?he puvement within six inches of i,er hits band The latfer said he verily believed she '? jn. tended to kill him by accident." Mr. Gale, a reaident in the vicinity, succeeded in Mm. Jones, of the Chatham Theattfe, who was compelled by the lire to leave her boarding house, in Broadway, was charged ten dollars by a rascally cabman tor conveying her to < 'hathaiii street. Mrs. Jones appealed to autiiority, and the fellow was ot tered 42 cents. He prude ntly sloped. Near the corner of Broad street and Exchange Place, on the boundary of the burned district, a per son waw stationed, who staled that he wus at thut point when the explosion took place, and was blown up five or six steps in a hall where he then was. One ot the firm ot Sevin & Brother, 48 Broad way, had his head, neck and hands, much burned. When throwing out the furniture through the win dows, the flatnea burst into the establishment almost instantaneously, and long before it was expected they could have reached the locality. The lire in Exchange Place is said to have been headed off at the very point where stood Nos. 50 and 52, occupied, at the great fire of 1835, by Mr. Lord, and wliere that tire was also stopped in that direc tion by the blowing up, at the time, of those build* ings. A firm in South William street moved out $30,000 worth of silks, and sent it to a dwelling house in Broadway. The store was untouched, but the dwel ling was burned with its valuable contents. The iron shutters of the lofty stores opposite Xos. 8, 10 and 12 South William were all that saved the fire trom spreading in that direction. The paint on them was corrugated and came oft in scales, from the intensity of the heat. Mr. McCarthy, a lawyer, was blown from the roof of the Wave rley ^through the skylight, but caught by his elbows and was saved. Three Fire Companies from Newark came over about halt past ten, and did gallant service through out the war. They aro Nos. 3, 4 and 5. Success to them. The Police wore large metal stars on their uoats, on which are the city arms, and the word "Police'," Delrnonico's famous bu tiding escaped destruction, partly in consequence of the roofs and shutters of iron, put up by G. Titus, on Beaver st. Engine No. 6 was not at the great tire. She was broken at the second fire in the evening. No. 14 was there first, half an hour before the bell struck. There were #500,000 worth of choice teas in the store of the Boston and Providence Railroad Co., in Broadway. Mr. Stephen Whitney's dwelling at the Bowling Green was once on fire. The scenes on the Battery were very varied. In the midst of one household group, we saw a young woman in feeble health ; she reclined languidly in an easy chair, and her wan, thin cheek afforded ground for the belief that she had been hastily Borne, amid the terror and uproar of the disaster, from a bed of sickness. In close juxta-position was a little family party of children, with their nurse? the youngest delighted with the novelty of their posi tion and the hustle around them, while the elder, more thoughtful and more conscious of the evil, looked on with a pretty air of bewilderment, which seemed just ready to resolve itself into a burst of la mentation. A little further en a young man was coolly arranging his hair and contemplating the graces of his person before a large mirror, which leaned against a tree ; and our uttention was next eaught by a ragged loafing boy of some fourteen or fitteen years, who had flung himself upon a hand some sofa and was fast asleep. Perhaps he had been doing yeoman service at the brake of some engine, or in helping to remove the household ware of some burnt out family. At all events his slumbers were re spected ? though it may be that all were too busy to meddle with him. We can hardly describe, says a third reporter, the wonderful ludicrousness ef a little incident here ? n sweaty-faced man, rushing through the thick swarms around him, crying out," Where's the lire 1 Where's the tire 1" Another incident, too. ot a far different cast, we saw. A young fireman had been severely injured in some way, and two of his companions were carrying him either home or to a surgeon's. Me uttered no exclamation of pain, but his face was pale us ashes, and on his clothes we saw drops of blood. Occasionally here the cloud would surge back and forth like mighty waves on the sea-shore. The terror of the explosion early in the morning had not yet subsided, and some fears were felt that there might be ja repetition of it. At the crushing of u wall, or the falling of a roof, one ot those awful cries, I aving no resemblance in nature but itself ? the cry of a terror-stricken multitude ? would now and then break forth, causing the heart's blood to chill in its veins. There was one poor woman, with four children and three chairs, ail the property she had saved. A German who had some goods on the Battery, at tempted to remove them. He was told authorita tively to let them remain. Probably not well under standing the English language, or being wrapt up in the preservation of his own, he resisted, and was marched to the Tombs. Saturday night, at a late hour, was marked by a gloomy stillness. In some of the streets nothing wus to be seen except the mounted patrols, in couples, on their rounds, at short distances from each other. Occasionally some poor people wen seen, however, emerging from the scene ot the tire, with a small burthen on their backs, which the guard had suffered them to take from the remains of their late homes. So exhausted were the members of the new Po lice on Saturday night, that,, we believe, not a beat was supplied by watchmen in the upper part of the city. Patrol duty was performed by some companies of cavalry in the lower districts. Such u day ua Sa turday, and night as Saturday night, we hope never will, as indeed it rarely can, occur. Although the fire was properly said to be extin guished, yet, at great distances f rom the city, in (lie night, the flames rose so high from the rtiins thai they could be distinctly seen. On Sunday, passing from the Castle to Broadway, it was found that the walls ot the houses facing that street had all been thrown down during the day . A walk areund the ruins, through Stone, Beaver, Wil liam, pari of Broad and Wall streets, gave a full view of ?he scene of devastation. It was a terrible, yet magnificent spectacle. The dry goods, bale:; ot cotton and other merchandise, were burning in vast piles, and the. flames ascended to the height of filtecn of twenty feet. Here and there were seen groups or firemen play ing upoujthe flame*, watchmen were sta tioned ready to give the first alarm, sentinels posted to prevent the passing of suspicious persons, now ana then a wine cask was heard to explode, and merchant.* and their clerk? sut in front of the stores nearest the ruius, watching their premisea with great anxiety. There were many poor persons scattered over the Mattery, (most of them slept there,) and we learn that they were relieved by a "ministering angel," j Miss Livingston, who distributed money and food among tliem with an unstinting hand. The Mayor was busy in the various portions of the ' nit district, together with the Chief and Asso ci .ngiiieers, and several members of the Cotn niDii Council, taking measures for throwing down die wallswhtch still remained in a tottering state. Th. Chief of Police, alter many hours of severe duty, took aome rest in the morning. During his absence Captain McGrath acted us Chief pr?. (em. The members of Engine Co. No. 42, assisted by members of other companies, although busily cm ployed in efforts to recover the body oftheir lamented companion, Mr. Cowdry, supposed to be under the ruins. The task was trnfy an unpleasant and diffi cult one. owing to the vast quantities of smoke which blew directly upon them from the district, seriously affecting the sight, the immense quantity of nearly red hot brick that required to be removed, and the vast body of heated rubbish, by which the ruins were surrounded. About two o'clock they discovered the remains of the hose at which Mr. C. was probably at work when he was struck down They continued their labors unremittingly, though much worn down by fatigue. Aid was profit reuto them out of the department, which they declined, raying no persons were so fitting to look for a fallen brother aa themselves. The fatigue encountered by the department has been exceedingly revere. The military and public authorities had to exert them selves at distant points of the street to keep off the crowd which curiosity had drawn together. The moat intense exertions were used till nearly 8 o'clock in the evening, but without success, and n recess was taken for rest ? the efforts were renewed I yesterday morning. It is feared that th> body was blown by the explosion to some distance, and that , the immense labor in clearing the ruins will be una vtling. EitGiitE Co. No. 22.? The following interesting and graphic letter from Mr. Lane, the Foreman of the Company, has been published Dear Sir? Having read to many different statements concerning the explosion yesterday morning, and the Ion oi Protector Ktigine, No. 23, I deem it, as an eye witness, to stale the facts of the case. One pipe wad ordered to the 4th ?tory of the furniture stn'c. No a# Uroad street, and while we were at work in the 4tii itory, I perceived a large body of smoke coming tip stair- . In going down to the third *tory I fouad it wiapped in flames almost to the stairs, and I immediately ordered the mem bers down. They all succeeded in making their escnpe hot one. Ho was toiredto take to the root of the htiild ing, his egress having been cut off' by tlio (l imes. I then wont to the street nud found the doors of No. 38 Broad street ojieued, and tho store in flames from tho roof to the cellar. Tho tail of our engine was directly opposite tho front door. 1 ordered the members to the street, end they came down ai soon as jmssible. Wo then seized the en giue and tried to drag it towards Kxcliange street, but this wa> impossible, as the two hydrant streams wf re at taehed behind t!ius preventing us from removing it A: tho same time the fiie was coming out fro-n No. 3' Broad itreet at tho door, nearest to Exohango ?t, is disehar^et like the broad* Mo of a shiji of war; the itam" rosemblinir i DrnmtltOI) I light, went in a straight line noar'y ai'ros* Droad street Nom.i geHtlemnn near us sheuto l out, "l!un for ycir lives, N >. 3 i, tho building is full of gunpowder." We started, and by the time we had procaoJo I about tl htj ;ar Is the (list explosion took jilaro In about two *e con Is afterw ards the second explosion went off". The air was filled with bricks, rafters, liesins, end showers o' fire balls of salpetre. The stores >?os. 49, 40 'irt the building that exploded, occupied by Crocker tc Warren,) also, Nos. ?fl. 81. 31,. In, 3ft, and Ave or six large atores on the opposite side of Broad street, war* all blown to atoms and sot on lire. It { literally uiueJ glass, bud oar englmi \va. blown acrou i the utieet lit tlie fimt expio?iou. Mr. Francis Hart, the ? member who took to the roof, w?s blown from the corner I of liroad ana Exchange streets to the centre ol the block I between Broad aud New in Exchange (treet,audeicaped uuinjured with the exception ol a ipitlstd unkle. Respectfully yours, Uakkkt B. Lank, Fereman of Engine Company No. New Vork, June 20, 1W3. In New street stood the gasometer house of the New York Gas Light Company, and it was exten sively rumored on Saturday that the explosion which took place in the morning, proceeded from this ulace instead of No. 38 Broad street. Mr. Win, F. flop son, the foreman of the out-door works of the Com pany, assures us that at the time of the explosion, he was engaged in forcing the lock of the gasometer house, Cut after said explosion, he deemed it unsafe to inuintain his position and left the spot, proceeding, however, immediately to the Syphone which tin [ flooded, thus shutting off th? gas from the lower part of the city. The appearance of the water tank, surrounding the gasometer, and the various pipes and machinery attached, show most conclusively, that no explosion could have taken place in that quar ter. The following certificate has been published : ? " Understanding that a report is in circulation, that the : explosion at the great tire of this morning, wai from the : <>aM"neter houie of the " New Vork Oas Light Co," I 1 do iiertby certify, the laid explosion occurred before the Gasometer house took lire, and wai therefore, in no way connected with it. " Signed, C. V. Amission, Chief Engineer." , " New Vork, July ID, U-ts." Accidents. The following additional accidents have been as certained since our previous publication i? There can be no doubt that the loss of life has been much more fearfully extensive than was at first supposed. Mr. Oelrich, the Hamburg Consul, states that in the store occupied by hirn und Mr. Crugfer, there were at the time of the explosion, a lame num ber of men, that aot believing the fire would reach his premises, he went out a moment before the ex plosion, leaving these unfortunate men within ? eve Zone of whom he believes perished. He thinks ere were forty or fifty, but it is hoped that he is in error as to that large number. A Swiss was badly burned while helping to move some goocfc in Broad street. Also a German, and unother. A female received injuries from being thrown aeross a room by the concussicn. caused by the grandjexplosion. "These are all at the Hos pital. Timothy Waters, engine No. 22, slightly injured, in cutting the door, ana thus letting out some twen ty or twenty-five or his companions, who otherwise would inevitably have perished. A man was carried off by two firemen, belonging to No. 15, who had become deranged from his sis ter being burnt to death, and the loss of all his pro perty. we tried every way to get names and more particulars of this shocking catastrophe, but were totally unable. A Brooklyn fireman, Mr. Joseph Fuller, belonging to No. 9, had his arm broken and otherwise seri ously injured, in Greenwich street. It is .iaid to be beyond a doubt that a man, his wife and four or five children were buried in the ruins of a house which was blown down at the time of the explosion, and in its immediate vicinity. A boy was killed in Greenwich street by a bureau thrown out of a window, on Saturday. A woman was seen in Cedar street, with her nose blown off, and other parts of her face and head cut and bruised. A member of the Southwark Fire Company was blown, ut the time of the explosion, upward of twen ty yards down through Exchange Place, anrl others of the same company were more or less in jured. On Sanduy evening, it is stated that reports hnd been made to the Chief of Police of the skeletons of six bodies having bean found ? one in Broad street, one in New street, and the remaining four at other points. Among them those of Henry Ott man, (porter of Cas|ier, Meyer & Co.,) and the oth er supposed to be a Mr. Kutz. They entered the warehouse ju?t before the explosion, and the two bodies were found locked in each other's arms, as though each was attempting to protect the other at the fatal moment of the explosion. Two women and a child have been recognized among the bodies found. A hoy named Pine wa3 injured on Sunday near the ruin.f, by the falling of n fence. Dr. Townsend, of St. Peter's place, was passing at the timv, anil kindly dressed the wound, and the child was con veyed to his horne in Spruce street. A German merchant named Aldrich, is s iid to be missing. !?EW STREET Is entirely burnt, frnmKxchauge Place to Markettield street. It lies purallel and next to Broadway. 1 2 A carpenter's shop ? name not ascertained. 20j Joseph Edell, liquors. W. .Spencer, cooper. 22 L. Kennedy, porter; Lowerie Sc Hawley, carpentei*. 24 Ed ward Carey, porter house; John Coots, cider re finer. 25 and 27 J. S. Nugent, commission merchant. 20 Wm. Deitering, tailor. 29 cor. Kxchango i'lace ? M. W. Miller, porterhouse - First Ward House. 34 J. L. Van Doren, oil merchant and Stearin Candle Manufacturer. (The (ire caught here.) 35 Rifl'ken Si. Ironsides, merchants. 85$ Joseph Bouchard, importer; E. Thebaud, do. 3fi Burlagc it Hurter, commission merchants, 43 David McLeod, carpenter, 45 R. S. Robertson, elk. c'm* 16 John Foster, carpenter. :>0 P. Kvckniitn, couol.inn.koi ; J. Sullivan, laborer. 6 8 J. Tliorr.pson, blacksmith. 60 David Broderick, laborer; Wm. Burger, carpenter; Timothy Collins, laborer; T. Talbott, blaoksmith. 62 Nich. Dimond, porter house. 71 P. J. Figueira Si Co., wine merchants; P. N. Merle, wino merchant. 82 Residence of Sabin 81 C. & C. G. Sabin, stables. RRCUD ITItlT. 15 ^harles Meletta, merchant; Wm. H. Franklin, au#? tioneer; Oerdia lit Kunkelman, commission mer chant*. 17 Charles E. Quincy, merchant 19 Robert M. I'enoyor, merchant. 21 Davit, Brook* It Co., commiiiion merchant*. 3-2 W. B Durbrow, aailmaker; Fox It Livingston, mer chant*; Wm. Neilson, wines; O. 8. Stagg, merchant. Much damage done but not aeitroyed. 23 E. H. Ludlow It Co., auctioneer*; Joshua Hilton, com ininion merchant-, H. Meyerholi, liquor*; Eugene Borgon/io, commission merchant. 24 H. O. Duvivier, broker; Woodward J. Haven k Co, commission merchant*; Luc Palmieri, importer. Every house from hence to the corner of Stone street de stroyed ?25 George Brady, merchant. 26 Barclay & Livingston, commission merchant*; F. Stir. ling, merchant. 27 Bockwith N. Marvin, commiuion merchant; Herman C. J. Bado, merchant. 23 E. Shannun, commission merchant; Coe, Anderson k Co., do; Charles Bellow*, do; Robert Oracle, wine*; Andrews k Brother*. 29 Francis Kchartre, broker; Emeil H. Lecomb, mer chant; Charle* Darbefueil, breker; Wm. 1). Malt bie, commission merchant; Achilles Bogoden, im porter; *mes W. Maltbie. storage; John Brower, merchant; A. Tatterson, citv weigher. 30 Sherman, Atwater It Co., Agent* New Jer*ey Iron Company. 31 W. D, Scott, broker; R. C. Stone, merchant. 32 Wilson k Brown, commission merchant*. 33 E. Feidler, importer. 34 Schmidt k Voge), merchant*; removed to US Wall street. 3ft Thomas Clark, porter; Lumley Franklin, broker and importer. 86 W. T. Stoutenburgh, weigher; David Meeker, cabinet maker; W. Dubourdieu, cooper; T. M. McFarland, city weigher; Amr.l Look, furniture; R. Schoyer, wine merchant, but as special partner of J. R. Po merov in 36 Beaver street. >6,505? also wine* in 31 Broad street, $2,000? partly insured. 37 Michael Conner, carponter; T. Wall, grocer -Un der the ruin:) of this house, it is rupposed that a oung woman, Mrs. Ttoonan, latoly married, i* uried ? yesterday this house was insufferably hot, and still smoking? workmen are employed search ing the ruins. 89 O. Warren, com-; Crocker It Warren, commiition merchants. 39 Win. C. Maitland, commission merchant. 40 S. Coddington, metals; T. B. Coddington, do.; Jehn Michel, com. 41 Maitland, Comrie St Co , merchant*. 42 Oelrick* & Kruger, commissioa; Herckenrath la Von Damme, merchant*; John D. Kleugen, com.; Oeo.W. Kroger, Consul to Lubec. 11 Henry FUlier, importer; Schrage, Koop It Co.; drug importers 44 Fa her It Bierwith, mer. : De Rham It Moore, com mission merchants ? removed to 63 Wall; C. Struver, merchant; J. C. Zimmerman, consul. 4"> Thomas Braidwood, calico designer; M. T. Nichol son, broker; B. M. Picahia; Adolf Rodewald, mer chant; Nichola* Olovstein, do.; Clibhorn It Nichol son. brokcis; J.C. Zimmerman, Sr. merchant; O k F. Schumacher, merchant -rear, E. A. Strong? 4S to 45 have been occupied a* office*? here was the en trance to rome house* in the rear called "Meet's Camp"? thla house ha* been only one year built, and wan occupied by Wm. II. Meek*, lawyer; .1. Von Heydemarck, importer; Dickson St Co., merchants; Joseph Morrison, imj>orter; Washington Mceks; Samuel (i Davis, merchant; Edward Delany, porter; Ferdinand Holland, mahogany; William II. Tuion, weigher; E. A. Strong. 46 A. Stoutenbugh, weigher; Augmte Jeanrenatid com mi??ion; Wm. II. Onion, weigher; Wm. Blooilgood, merchant. 46 Edward Konsango, commission merchant; Wm. II. Loary, weigher; Leger, Freres, importers. 47 A new building, scarcely finished, owned by Joseph N>eks. 1H I,eir<ir, Freres. I ? T l> Ityan, merchant) J. B. La*ala 4 1 Co , merchants. 50 Jolh < lark, cabinet maker; Eilward C. Little, clnlr maUer; I. Wny dell, cooper. 51 II. S. Hav ward, wines; Heron, Lees It Co., commMon merchants; S. E. Weir, do ; James Robinson, do. 53 Jos. D. I'icrson. cabinet makers; T. Warner, paints; W. I) Vredenburgh, painter; Win. B. Fuller, pilots. 54 Ml Idlaton It Co., commission morchariU; Bayard St Deloynea, do. 55 D It A. Kiu^s land It Co., sperm oils and candle*; II. I, Itoutli It !?on, commissio ' merchants. 66 Win. It Smith, morchniii; VlpheVts J. I.lghiburn, mar ciinnt, Tucker It Llghtboumo, merchants 57 I.awrunce, Myers It Co., importers; William Taggait. cotton pretiar.

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