Newspaper of The New York Herald, July 24, 1845, Page 2

July 24, 1845 Tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 2
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NEW YORK HERALD. New York, Thursday, July a*, 1H45. THE WEEKLY HERALD. X&X.U8TRATX0NS OP THK GREAT CONFLAGRATION. ire. Arc. The lVrckly Herald, to be ready at 8 o'clock next Saturday morning, will be a splendid and valuable number of that publication. Among the most important and interesting matter, I it will contain the fullest particulars of the terrible contl.igration of Saturday last ; a correct map of the Burnt District, and the outline of the great fire of 1<15; a complete list of those burnt out; the inci dents and accidents; and two large and graphic il lustrations of the conflagration as it appeared in all its awful sublimity at different i>oints. In addition to this, the foreign news received by the Britannia, and Great Western, will be given in full. Agents will send in their orders as early as prac ticable. Price, at the desk, sixpence a copy. Notice to SubMribew. Subscribers in the country receiving their papers in yellow envelopes, will understand that their term of subscription has nearly expired. The Tn r I IT? The Course of the Cabinet? The Result. It is preity well understood by all parties, that the principal feature in the administration ol the govern ment will be the modification of. ihe tariff for the purpose of reducing it to a revenue standard. The Secretary of the Treasury has announced that he has for some time past been actively engured in procuring evidence in favor of a reduction, and has appointed commissioners or agents in some of the principd ports to examine and investigate the cus tom-house returns, and furnish the department with ficts, to be used in the Secretary's report to Con g-ess and in his new tariff system. It seems to have been the principal object of every Secretary of the Treasury, and of every adminiMra" tion, to make this tariff question as complicated as possible, and to get together a mass of matter entire ly irrelevant to the subject, and of no earihly use but to confuse the question, and place it beyond the reach of common understanding. It appears to us one of the most simple questions connected with the administration ? one upon which the two great parties of the day differ less than any other ? one which could be most satisfactorily arranged with all interests, were it not for the efforts made by the ultra organs of both parties to widen the existing differences. The use made of this question in the last Presidential campaign, by both parties, had a very serious effect upon the principles of each. The present administration made use of it us best suited its interests. The people of Pennsylvania were most astonishingly deceived at that time. They went for the taritf, and both parties advocated the principles of protection strongly in that latitude At the South, whenever it became necessary, a more liberal construction of the tariff was recommended. At that time both parties were equally culpable. While the democrats quibbled about the tariff at the north, the whigs played a similar game about the bank at the south, and both have been equally committed. II id the Whigs elected their candidate, they would have bee i as uncomfortably situated in relation to the bank, as the Democrats now are in relation to the tariff. The party were pledged in favor of a bank at the North, and against it at the South, while the Democratic party, or the leadors in the several States, made pledges in favor and against the tariff, as it best suited their interests. What will the people of Pennsylvania say to a reduction of the tariff", and what will they think of a party which, in a short six months, have advocated protection and free tradeTThe l>osilion of the Government in relation to this ques- j tion has very little to do with the question itaelf. The President and his cabinet have obtained power, and now we must expect they will use that power to carry out their real principles regarding finance and commerce. The people have, under false rep resentations, delegated their power, and they must abide the consequences. We have, in these f?*w remarks, merely alluded to the position of this question when th? j>ec ple were called upon to give their votes in fa vor or against. A review of the influences which have been brought to bear upon the tariff, in connection with the position ot parties, cannot but be at this time interesting. The tariff ques tion can be divided into three sections, each advo cated by a imwerfnl party. The first, and probably the most influential, is the Protectionists, in favor of an average per cent duty sufficient to afford protec tion to every interest, for the more rapid establish ment of domestic manufactures, and for the accumu lation of a revenue to meet the expenditures of go vernment, ordinary and extraordinary. The second, or what might be called upon this subject the Con servative party, is in favor of a revenue tariff; that is, an average per cent duty sufficient to yield an income to government large enough to just meet the current expenditures, without producing a single cent of surplus. The third, or what might be called the Radical party, is in favor of free trade with all nations, and the adoption of the most liberal system of comm-rcial intercourse . The principles of the first, or high tariff party, have predominated, and in the last twenty-five years have been in full force. In 182H Congress passed an net advancing the average rate of duty several per cent, in consequence of the distress and rum that hnd overtaken the manufacturers of the Eastern States. This tariff act was enforced until 1*32, and in the meantime the manufacturers were rapidly getting rich and that interest prosj>ering, but a strong and bitter opposition to that act made its appearance at the South, and threatened nullification and dissolu tion of the Union unless an immediate repeal of th it act was granted. The high tariff party arrang ed the differences, and the result was the celebrated compromise act of 1832, which continued in opera tion, and which was considered a conservative mea sure by beth parties, each believing that it made sa crifices for the other. The representatives of the free trade party of the South, considered the com promise act asa guaranty that no higher duty should, lifter the expiration of that act, be enforced than its last stage required, viz. twenty per cent. It unfor tunately happened that in 1*42, the year the compro mise act expired, the times were very hard, thou sands were out ol employment, agricultural products were not bringing remunerating prices, every de partment of business was stagnant, every interest of the country depressed, and the treasury of the Gene ral Government empty and in debt ; we say it was unfortunate at that time for the friends of a more li beral construction of the tariff, as it gave the friends and advocates of a protective tariff strong arguments in favor of adopting another act similar to that of 1S28 The distress existing at that time, and the de pressed state of all our staple productions and our markets generally, was attributed to the reduced average duty of the last years of the compromise act, and the impossibility of any industry in this country successfully competing with those of Eu rope. The arguments advanced were certainly very plausible, the times were such as gave them weight, and Congress passed an act advancing the average rate of duty upon foreign imports to about th* stan dard of 1H2* or 1*32. Very fortunately for the friends of this high tariff, times rapidly improved immedi ately after, and ,the prosperity of the country since has been of the soundest and most healthy nature. Phis state of things has of course been attributed entirely to the operations of the present tariff by its friends, and they profem to look upon the slightest modification or alteration, as the destruction of the most important interests of the country, but we i l> tfv tli- opposition to :t certain modificu t i . w ill b- very powerful. Many man ui touring interests have become to firmly establish ed, that the arrangement of the tariff is not of such vital imjiortance, and as other branches of industry become>stabhshed,theiroppo6ition to a more liberal construction to this act will be withdrawn, and a gra dual reduction of the tariff will be quietly submitted to. We see by the annual returns from the Treasury Department, that under the present act, the average per cent. duty upon imj>orts is becoming less and less every year. According to this, a Jew years will suf fice to reduce the average duty to a revenue point. ? The j>arty in favor of a revenue standard of the tar iff' is not disposed to await tins gradual reduction.? An immediate modification of the act of 1842, and an unrompromisinir opposition to everything above a 1 strict revenue |>oint, are the principles ?f that party which we have designated as the conservative party Niton this question. The principles we advocate in relation to the tar- , ifi are derived from the two great parties: A reve nue tariff with incidental discrimination for protec tion, we consider better suited to the present posi tion of this country and of our commercial affairs, than any other. We take a medium course between the high tariff party and the revenue standard party. The first is behind the age, and the latter is rather too liberal for the times. We are yet too young to adopt a system more liberal than the oldest commercial nations in the world have yet ventured tos. We j must come down gradually from a high to h lew ta riff There have bven too many experiments tried in this country already, and it is time we should legislate more carefully than we h tve heretofore. The tone of the Cabinet upon this question is con sidered of some importance, as a division upon the subject is confidently looked for. The Secretary of the Treasury, and the Secretary of the Navy, do not hesitate a moment to proclaim their princi ples, but the other Secretaries do not seem disposed to commit themselves in advance. Three Secreta ries of the lour composing the Cabinet, come from hiirh tariff States, and it is of the most vital impor tance to' them that they should not be called upon to take any position in the matter, although the Se cretary of the Navy leans to the stronger influence j tn the Cabinet. We have no doubt but that this question will lead to a dissolution of the Cabinet, or 1 to one or two resignations before the meeting of Congress. Symptoms of internal dilliculties have already made their appearance, and when the ex plosion comes, it will be seen that the Oregon ques" tion had very littlu to do with it. Gambols ok Nativeism? Their Recent Mani festo.? The natives are distressingly anxious to Persuade the ,>eople of the whole United States the Dutch and the Irish also, that they are not ye[ finally extinct. If noise and swagger, and bragga uocia, such as none but themselves can attempt, are proof of their existence, then there can be no doubt of it; they still possess some signs of vitality of a low order, still perform a few functions of ani mation, but they are of the lowest and most unim portant kind. All their shouting will not remove Me impression that they are on the eve of their de parture: that their contortions and groans are surer signs of expiring agony than of good health and sound organization. A few evenings ago they held what they were pleased to call a great mass meet, in? at which a set of philosophers assembled who would equal fhe appearance ol the rralbries of one of the cheap ? ' na<-t> h< tres a. 1 1,1 res. v r^re proportion , m v 1"- w'10 knew a . ttle of what they came a* they cared about it. We do not m. to say that there were not a spnnklin mPn of decent ?Urior> a?d who, if judgi . (heir own estimate of themselves were gentlemen ; parts and pretensions. Ex-Mayor Harper was there, too? a host in himself, and we never saw him more funny and flowery than on that occasion. No doubt he felt profoundly gratetul for the honor conferred upon him in his appointment as chairman of the meeiing, and he could not do less than seem pleased after saying he was so; but he could have dispensed with a vast deal of bowing and ?*ri:pinz, and shaking of hands? all of which are dangerous familiarities if he happens to be called to power aga:n, as there were very few surrounding above taking and soliciting favors, such as a man with a Mayor's patronage can dispense. Ii must be admitted t at there is rothing in these j noisy proceedings deserving of a notice were it not I that tiiere is evident symptoms breaking out of a , change of position-in other words, that the Na tives are "ratting." The greater portion of the time, at the meeting last Friday evening, was occupied in' reading the address and resolutions adopted at the Convention which sat in Philadelphia, and which was received with all the honors, and endorsed as the last revised and amended edition of the Native ; creed political. Like all that emanates from its au there, this address is replete with bombast and pre j sumption, consequently it was toomuch for ordinary ! , patience and sensibiluy to listen to from beginning I to end. \ et some parts of it did not pass unnoticed 1 lh'>ir singularity and inconsistency. One was I dedicated to the declaration that ihe exj-erience of I ; history had tauyht that persons brought up under one | form of government were unsafe depositories for |>o I htical |>ower under another, and hence foreign citi zens were unfit to enjoy the franchise in this coun try. In another portion of the nddress, they declare their readiness to admit foreigners to the right o< I citizenship after a residence of twenty-one yearef Now, Without saying a word about the absurdity o fhe first assertion, we may be content to ask these immaculate statesmen-these profound politicians how, ,f experience has shown it unsafe, can they pUce power in the hands of foreigners on any terms' ff they think it unsafe, they are iraitors-if thev :hink it is consistent with the safety of the country (hey convict themselves of falsehood. We leave them to take e,rher horn of the dilemna tney please. Again, they say ,hey are for extending toleration and protection to all on equal term* lhat they proscribe no religion, MO race i? ?articular. To this we have only to say that .1 it be true they are vastly changed since ,|iev HPt up in trade last year, for the only available stock thev had, their whole amount of capital, consisted of ti rades against the Catholic religion, its temporal head, the Pope of Rome, and the Irish. They can not forget these tirades ; they imy be ashamed of tnem, and now anxious to get rid of the odium of fhe intolerable stuff they spouted forth wherever one ?.f their wretched orators could mount a ricketty plat form at some street corner, or any hole or corner where a mob would listen to him. Hut they may pretend what they pieate ; the essence of nativeism IS ignorance and illiberality, and the deformed ofi -pring of the two? persecution. To be satisfied that the Natives possess these three altributes a per -on of intelligence has only to attend their meenngs and read of their doings. Go into one of their as -emblies, and you hear a speaker? one of their re gular trumps uttering a rhapsody which, not to say a word about its absurdity and incongruity is no, in irood English. We w,? venture to fay tL ?? out of ten of those men who rprate ?b education could not c?tr?cl|y ?? ject, for two consecutive minutes. We have li* tened to one of their great guns even, a member of Congress no less, and we-e heartily sorry for him such were his blunders speaking his mother tongue. As to their ilhberdity, read their organs listen to their fierce denunciations of foreigners' think of their attack on the poor old apple women' Are they persecutors ? Go and cast a glance on the I nuns of Philadelphia churches, and have evidence of what " N'afivrism" did and what it would do ?m if permitted. The maniefsto and resolutions ?P?"d at their late Convention are got up to delude public and subserve the bad purges on which "?y are bent; but they are so badly got up, so full of " fadiction, . tlronfery, and falsehood, that the ? n* o< be,ng deeded ? i was It, nil II ' lhlH ,ac,K>n nt" precisely what ?at is base and contemptible. i immk.-w.- refer our readers to the adver . i' j """I'ther column, of the Mercantile futti Insurance Company j Th s Site op tiik Kkcent Ghkat Firk. ? The ruins cawed by this calamitoiu affair makes the sjiect tor shudder w hile he gazea with astonishment upon ihetn. To think, for a moment, what devasta tion may be done in a few hours by this devouring element, and to what we are liable to every day of our lives, in a great measure through wilful negli gence, sordid avarice, or diabolical and dastardly cowardice, arising from a spirit of revenge, or for the love of plunder. The ruins yesterday presented an awful aspect? in several parts the flames were striving hard to get the ascendant again; but the copious discharge of the ever-bountiful Croton kept them within bounds. ThereJ is evidently beneath the rians a great quantity of combustible material, which, in many parts, may burn for several days to come, notwithstanding the ubundance of water that is thrown upon it. There are spotB in such a state of heat, on which those employed to clear away the mins, cannot stand. The liery ordeal these ruins have gone through may be understood, when massive iron work is displayed melted into one solid mass. Several instances of this nature may lie observed as the spectator wends his way along where was once Broad street; large massive iron 8 ifes have been reduced to the substance of tin; l imp pillars melted to less than one-halt their usual dimensions. In South William, and other street*, might be seen ba'es of goods partially de. stroyed ; chests charred and partially emptied ot their contents. There is a vast amount of property lying about in all directions. It would b< uvl' for those who have the right to do to, to remove them as early as possible ? it will tie so much tempta tion out of the way, and a greater amount of pro l?erty saved. There were near upon 2, (XX) persons employed yes terday on and about the ruins. Already are huge square piles of bricks being built up; temporary car penter's shops erected on such cool spots as could be found; and in one or two places, foundations of large stores cleared out preparatory to the erection of others still more capacious, on the spot. During the re searches of those employed yesterday, in the neighborhood of B load street, the remains of a male adult was found. It was not so much burned as crushed; it was pressed into such a small compass that it was placed with ease in a box of about two feet six inches long, by about eighteen inches wide. This i* supposed to have been the remains of John son, the porter employed by Dwight, Johnson & Co., but positive identification was entirely out of the question. The search for Mr. Cowdry and others is|stiU most assidiously persevered in, but, up to last evening, with no success, as far as we could learn It will be weeks henee ere the extent of the loss of life may be known; and it is very probable that the whole amount will never be known. A singular circumstance was related to us yester day by a person who resided close to where the ex plosion took place. It appeared that between the first and second explosions, he removed two of his children to some distance, when he observed in the creases of one of their necks, such marks as are generally left upon persons when they have been near an explosion of gunpowder, and was perfectly satisfied it could be nothing else. It has also been stated that, on Friday last, the day before the fire, some twenty or thirty kegs of powder were sent from the store, where the explosions took place, to a vessel that was expected to sail that day out of the Eaht River; but the vessel not being in readiness to receive them, they were sent back again to the store No doubt all these reports, and a iiost of others, will be properly investigated by the committee appointed lor the purpose by the Common Council. The Anti-K e.yters Bailed Out ? Big Thunder and his associates have had the good fortune to re gain their liberty once more, by giving bail for their appearance, when called U|>oii to answer to the in" dictments which ttill are lauding against them. ? We suspect they will not be called upon in a hurry to take their tri d; the last was by no means satis factory or encouraging to the authorities, and for all the good that was done, it would have done the St ate some service to have let it alone. The ex p-nses incurred in these prosecutions are enormous ly lnr<re, iind were the whole of it chargeable on the disailected counties, it would put the farmers in a humor !ar less ihtractuSle than they were during the late trial of Eig Thunder, who had need to look sharp if he comes up for trial again. The following is a statement of the sum already advanced from the State Treasury, on account of expenses incurred in the several counties named be" low : ? Count ift. Stale. Comity. Total. Columbia 32,665 16 1,138 .->0 33,803 96 Delaware ? 12,816 54 12, MO 54 L'lstfr ? 1,701 43 1,764 43 Sctioliane ? 2,846 2,846 Cnttarangus ? 691 21 C9I 21 32,665 46 19,286 68 51,952 II This tax of )jjil9,2S6 68, fails indiscriminately on the anti-renters and on those citizens who have turn ed out to aid the sheriff in maintaining the suprema cy of the laws. Th ? latter class might, with great justice, insist that '.he landlords should be made taxa ble in the town and county, to the extent of their rents, and thus bear their full share of assessments incurred in enforcing the collection of their rents, and maintaining the laws against those who resist them. ? If the good |ieople of Columbia Co. had been after forking out that $$4,000, when they refused to con vict Big Thunder last spring, they would have been too much occupied with the serious reality of the business to split hairs about his identity, and in volve themselves in quandaries as to the pattern of the printed calico dresses worn by the prisoner in the commission of his pranks. So long, however, as the State is generous, juries can afford to be con scientiously scrupulous, and counties beneficently liberal enough to let oflenders out on straw bail, or go scot free. It remains to be seen how these men will conduct themselves, now that they are restored to liberty. ? They have, as clearly appeared in the course of the investigations in Hudson city, great influence with the masses of ignorant and violent rustics who com l>osed the Indian forces, whose future behavior will not unreasonably be more or lesM attributed to the counsels of their chiefs. If they renew theirvioleni-e they certainly will increase the chance of condign punishment being inflicted on ihe leaders, sooner or later ; but if they return to their orderly habits, past misdeeds may be forgotten. The landlords, al though far from deserving if, have come off better than any others concerned. They ought to be made pay the half of the expenses, which would lessen th?*i r dignity a little, and make them forego some of the vexatious claims they so rigidly exact from their ! tenantry. Military Movements. ? The New Haven (ireys, Capf. Tollis, will arrive this morning on a visit to lliis city and Newark. They intend to have a drill on the Mattery at about 9 or 10 A. M , which, it is supposed, will draw many to witness their skill in military tactics. This comp iny is one of the oldest I in Connecticut, and i< a highly disciplined corps ? | They will leave'this city for Newark to-morrow. The Ilartford Light Guards, Capt. T. II Seymour, J will also arrive this evening, on their way home | from Albany, where they have been on a visit. ? They will probably march and drill with the N'ew Haven Greys. The Hancock Light Infantry, Cspt. Pray, will l"ave Roston foJ New York, on the l!)th of Augmt? and return via New Haven. Arrivai, from Halifax. ? What does it Mean! The steamer Unicorn, connected with the Canard line, arrived here yesterday morning?from Halifax. She left that |>ort at midnight on the 19th lust., at a moment's notice. Among her passengers are Capt i rough, of the British army, and Mr, Canard, a son i of the agent of the sir-am ship linn at Halifax ? | What brings this vessel here and in such haste ? Has ' litis visit any thing to do Willi establishing a branch fli'- m?il sfeiimers to this city, or doe? the llni , i !>rii '< de?p itr!ir\ to be forwarded to the Kriti <h .Minister at Washington ' I r irk investigation.? i lie Belect committee, ap point' d by the Hoard of Common Council, to in quire into the particulars in connection with the late disastrous tire in thin city, commenced their labors last evening. The committee, acting on the advice of several influential citizens, have deemed it ad visable to hold the investigation with closed dooi?> lest the publication of the proceedings might, in any way, prejudice the ends ot justice. They according ly iiuimuted their intention to ,the reporters who were in attendance, requesting they would use their influence to procure the attendance ot as many wit nesses as possible, who may be able to throw any light on the matter. The committee will report the proceedings in lull at a meeting of the li?ard, as early as possible, and will continue its sittings until the investigation is finally closed. Every person having any information to communicate on this melancholy subject, should not hesitate to do so promptly and cheerfully. The interests of the citi zens in general demand the most rigid and search ing scrutiny in this investigation, and we have every reason to believe that the active committee will dis charge their duties with zeal and efficiency. " Still Harping on My Daughter." ? The Union publishes un expurgated letter from one of its correspondents, lauding Mr. Polk to the skies, and dealing out some tunny twaddle about the eternal "succession," and in a note explanatory, apologetic, and annunciatory, Mr. Ritchie says that he "protests against the use of Mr. Polk's name" in connexion with tiie succession. This protestation is, however, made in a manner that is somewhat significant. ? The impression is leit that "the time has not yet come'' ? that the protestation refers only to the sup posed impropriety of putting Mr. Polk's name for ward note. What is the use of all this reiterated protet ition about Mr. Polk not being a candidate for re-election 1 Is it really sincere, or is it like the confession of the old lady who went to the min ister and exclaimed piteously ? "Pin a great sinner ? oh ! I'm a great sinner T' "Well, indeed, my poor woman, you are," said the holy man. "You he, I aint," was the instant response of the heart-broken penitent ! Verily all this fuss, and talk, and denial, and protestation has a meaning. He-organization of the Fire Department. ? The heroic conduct and unremitting efforts of our gallant firemen, during the late terrible conflagration, are the theme of universal remark and admiration.

And very deservedly. The firemen of New York, as a body, are truly an exemplar to those of all other American cities. But still, with greater force than ever, the truth is now forced upon us, that we should have a complete re-organization of the fire depart ment. The firemen should be all selected, appoint ed and paid by the Corporation ? larger and more powerful engines should supercede those now in use and be drawn by horses. With a properly organized fire department ? an efficient police force constantly on duty, patrolling their Beveral " beats" ? and the immense supply of water in our hydrants, New York should be rendered, humanly speaking, al most entirely secure against such another terrible visitation. All the cities of the Union, should at once set about this work of organizing their fire departments. Which/if ourAldermen will.be the first to move in this matter of such vast importance 1 .Public Sympathy. ? Owners of real estate, in the viciaity of the burnt district, have, since the tire, ad vanced rents for their buildings about one hundred I and fifty |>er cent. Many of the Insurance Compa nies of Wall street, have advanced the premium for | insurance, since the fire, full one hundred percent. It scams very strange, that these companies, with very reduced capitals, should require so much more for insuring, than when they were able to pay large losses. The capitals of nearly all the tire companies I in this city have been so nearly used up, that ano ther tire, an eight part as large as the last, would ruin nearly all of them, and in the face of this, they advance the rates full one hundred per cent. If | these companies t.dhere to this movement, they will compel those wiching insurance to go out of the city, and get policies from foreign companies. The sympathy of incorporated companies, and real estate owners, is regulated entirely by the .almighty dol lar. Who are They ? ? The "fiscal partner" of the Union has denied that the seven and five mysterious stars, in the last published letter of Gen. Jackson to Major Lewis, mean either Major Heiss or Mr Ritchie. If those stars do not spell theirnames, who were they intended for ? Taking the names of those, who apparently own the "organ," and the seven and five stars, into consideration, and a cu rious coincidence, at all events, presents itself to j our view. I Another New Packet Ship.? The new packet ; ship Nebraska, named after the proposed new terri I lory in the Great West, was launched at Newbury ! port last Tuesday. She is owned by Chamberlain ! <Sb Phelps, of this city, and is intended for the Mar 1 seilles and New York line of packets, of which the ; beautiful ship Prince de Joinville is one. The Ne braska will be commanded by Captain Joseph K. Brown. She is 550 tons in size, has a full poop deck, is heavily fastened, and has been built to sai' fast and carry a large cargo. Texan Diplomacy in Europe.? We notice that Mr. Ashbel Smith has had it announced, that his re cent visit to England and France, was to close, in an amicable manner, the relations between Texas and the several European powers, preparatory to the an-* nexation of the young republic to this Union. Will those, who are acquainted with the recent events in Texas, believe this 7 Will the Texans themselves swallow this humbug 1 Ole Bull at Niagara. ? This maestro is at Niaga ra ?uninpj his violin to the mighty music of the wa ter fall. His Niagara is now heard in all its sub limity?the clear notes of his accompaniment to the Errand piece itself, are unsurpassed in their thrilling effect. _________ Counter kbit Coin. ? I). M. Turner has been ar rested in Jefferson County, as the accomplice of Her bank, who stands under arrest, charged with circu lating counterfeit coin in this city. Steamboat Niagara. ? This boat left New York on Monday morning, at 7 o'clock ? made fifteen landings, and arrived at Albany at half past four. Launch by Lightning. ? The Boston Pont of yes terday gives the following: ? The beautiful packet nhi|> Massachusetts, wns launch ed from the ship y aril of Mr Samuel Mall, at Kant Bon ton, between one ami two o'clock on Tuesday morning Few were present, excepting the workmen, to witness the beautiful sight, 't he moon herself, pale " regent of the night," was oft ( bscured l jr passing clouds, an<l shed, at be<t, a dull and broken light Hut the sheet light ung teemed with ono continuous blaze to light the vaulted Armament. When all was ready, and Hie " tide :u im full," the last connecting plank was cut in twain, and, smooth and swiftly down the inclined ways, tho no bia ahip descended to the main, and ploughing through it cut the swelling lonin, and floated lightly on hi-r dec tired home. This is the pioneer of the new steam ship line to run between New York Hnd Liverpool. It certain ly begins with brilliant prospects. Digging up Indians ? A few days since, while the workmen on the Troy and Ureenbusn Railroad were ex cavating at the embankment at Winant's Hill, near Troy, the skeletons of about twenty Indians were found, and with them, arrow headland stone pestles, used for poun ding corn. The Saltpetre Kiploelon. Thf saltpetre question may very easily be settled. 1 is said that once, when a man boasted of jumping , irreat distance at the Inland of Rhodes, he was t .Id to jump so far now, and he would be believed. It ihose who contend that saltpetre is explosive, will be so good as to show the public its truth, by i xplodmg it, they will confer u great favor on thein. and on chemists generally, by adding h new fact to ciCtMe If they will attempt to explode saltpetre. :hey will Hnd that their opinions on the subject only are exploded. Gunpowder. M.Gardiner, sheriff of Payette oounty, Texas who was killed in a dual by Augustus Williams Rap' ? u--tl v.i in o.i^res*. wn a native of Kinderhook, >?w i oik, and J.I yaais ol age. ||? is spoken of in terra* of the highest respect Theatrical** Pakk Theatiie ?Last night was represented, for the wcond time, the magnificent opera Im Juiv*. This is certainly one of the rhef d'uuvrc* .f modern musical writers. There are, in tins opera, many beautiful passages, the more to be noticed a* ?he> oiler a good opportunity to many of the first artists of the comimny to appear with advantage, and give full sco|>e to their musical talent. We would vain ly endeavor to quote .all these passages, unl'-ss vv? were to copy the whole opera, it would be entirt y impossible. M'lle Calv?, (Rachel) acted in this se cond representation with the same grace, spirit unt energy which she exhibited at the first, and the in tonation ol her voice, and her expressive counte nance were, as they always are, in pertect harmony with the character she represented. Mad. Casini ap peared to be again a little intimidated by the number of spectators, and we regret it, for it prevented her from doing justice to herself; however, with a little more habit of the stage Madame Casini will become iierfect. Mr. Arnaud, (Kleazar,) acted and sung his part with great tact and spirit ; and this is, we believe, one of his best parts. It is necessary to see him to be able to form an idea of his acting in this play, and the expression of his voice, which he knows how to adapt to . the different incidents , of his port, shows that Mr. Arnaud possesses a first rate knowledge of his art. Mr. Camriot, who, for tenor twelve days past has been indisposed, came last nicht, for the first time since then, before the puhlicT We were afraid that his physical strength would be inadequate to the part of Uopold m this opera, but we were very agreeably disappointed, and in Mr. Cu-uriot's good actingand singing almost no trace was visible ot the etlect of Uis indisposition; and the frequent applauses of the public, demonstrated plainly that they were per fectly satisfied with him, and knew how to appreci ate his efforts to please \hem, in not delaying any longer the pleasure they anticipated from an other hearing of La Juive. Mr. Douvry, is an artist of jjreat talent, as has been generally admitted by those who have heard him in Guillaume Tell, La Favorite, and Robert le Viable, and his singing in ihe part ot Cardinal de Rrof>ni la La Juive goes far [to strengthen the opinion we had lormed on his abilities. Mr. Garry, (Ruggiero,) also sang very well, and we regret that his part was no longer, tor Mr. Garry, to a good'method adds, like Mr. Douvry, a beautiful intonation. The chorus last night sang with as much ememble as they have done heretofore, and we believe that the drinking rhoru* in La Juive was sung as well as the great chorus in the 3d act of La Favorite , for which they have been also much applauded. M'lle CalvG, as usual, was called out again by the audience, ..and flowers were sent to her from al parts of the house-a great proof {that she loses nothing in popularity. To-night the theatre will be closed on account ot the great preparations required by the Huguenots, another great opera by the author of Robert le Dta ble, which the company intend to give next week. To-morrow night La Juive will be repeated, and we doubt not but it will be again attended by a very lull and fashionable audience, as the house was crowd ed last night, and all seemed very well pleased with the opera and operatic corps. Castle Garden. -Since it has resumed its civil character, this fine place continues to be well at tended, and the lashionuble audiences who nightly throng its precincts, always appear highly delighted with the performers. To-night, La Signora Pico will again sing two different pieces lrom 1m Remc de Chypre and Zampa au, la Fianrfe, and a Spanish song El Taque. The drinking chorus from Lucio eia Borgia, will be also sung, and a series of attrac tive entertainments will be added, which will greatly contribute to the delight ol the audience. Vakxhall Gahden.? The bill for the performance of to-night is a very attractive one, and the series ol entertainments offered to the public will no doubt be attended, ns have been the preceding ones, by a numerous and fashionable audience. This Garden has been, for some time past, a very delightful re sort, and to judge, by the efforts of the director, it will long continue to be so. Niblo's GARDEN.-To-night this establishment will exhibit an unusual display of fashion, on the oc casion ot Mrs. Mowatt's first benefit in New York, in Tobin's comedy of the " Honey Moon," with Mrs. Mowatt as Juliana, and Mr. Crisp as the Duke Aranza ; with dancing by the elegant dancers, Misses Celeste and Partington. Mrs. Mowatt has evinced such consummate' ability in all the characters she has appeared in at Niblo's.that the Saloon has been crowded each night; indeed, the whole season ha, been very successful thus far, and we hear that ne gotiations are in progress, with performers of such ability, that a continuance of the well deserved po pularity of the Garden may be safely relied on. Welch, Mann & Delevan's Company of unrivalled equestrian performers are now at Buffalo, drawing crowded houses. It is stated that Mad. Taglioni will not visit this country during the piesent year. Mr. and Mrs. Bland, (second tenor and aoubrettt;) also n Miss Floyd, a young lody of considerable histrio nic powers, have been engaged by Mr. Simpson, for the Park Thcatro. ])e Begnislias offered engagements to some Ita lian singerj, including Mad. Alberta/./! ; but they re quire ' advances," or security. The Floating Theatre has proceeded to Albany, and lies at the foot of Lydius street. Palmo's Ethiopian troupe is at the Walnut, and perform in the opera of the I'ost-hecl-on ob I,ong-jaw bona. Mr. and Mrs. Wallack appear on Wednesday eve ning. The Arch street Theatre does not close, but will continue open, as well as the Walnut, during the sum mer. Both are doing well. Miss Anna Walters, the dunseuse, is producing a great sensation in Boston. Miss Charlotte Cushmnn is a contributor to the London \r.iv Monthly for this month. It is well known that a certain tragedian stipu lates with provincial managers that the plays in which he intends to perpetrato the piiucipal characters shall not be represented for a ccrtain period (perhaps soma mouths) before his arrival in the favored locality. A new manugtcsg, either in rut or in po*?t, has hit upon a new expedient of monopoly ? she makes it an express stipulation in all herlcmnle engagements that no lady shall wear any color that she (the managres*) does in any one ot the pieces on the same night '. This is hoist ing th? tri -color of pink, blue, and yellow, and driving the rest to red, black, white, (ic. Benedict is composing a new opera for Drury l.anc, to be produced the next season. He has offered Seguin and wile, now in America, the principal part*. Extent of the Thunder Storm.? The severe thunder storm of Tuesday morning, which frighten ed half of New York, and damaged the other half, extended to some distance to the north and east of this city. [From the Albany Journal, July 33 1 A magnificent thunder storm passed over our city last night. The lightning began to play and the thunder to toil about 10 o'clock, and shortly afterwards came the pleasant pattering ot the rain upon the scorching house tops and iilong the hot and dusty streets. Then there wus a lull for an hour or two, and towards j o'clock in tht morning the heavens were again lit up with vivid and lie<|uent lightning, and reverberated with heavy |,cili ol tlmn ler, while the thirsty earth rejoieed under a gentle hut grateful rain. This morning, though the '?cam- of the sun seem to have lost none <>i their power, the air is cool and the foliage Iresh ami verdint. [From the Boston Transciipt, July 33,1 A severe thunder storm passed over the city lust night omp.micd with king continued and vivid flashes of lightning and a continuous mi id -thunder. A more maguiftctnt display h?:s .??* been ? itiM'ied for years, the whole heavens appeared as one sheet of fire, so quickly did one flush succeed the other. The rain fell copiously lor about three hours, from two to five. We loam from the Mail, that the lightning struck a block of brick houses in Fayette street, [musing along the roof* of six dwellings, nearly demolishing the side roof of one, and considerably damaging the others. Fortunately none of;the inmates were seriously injured, though several of them experienced a sensation like that of a strong elec tric (hock. Several young Indies slept In one of the at tics, directly beneath w here the electric fluid passed, but sustained no injury except from fright. The houses were Nos. 'JS, HO, S3, and IS, and i vere occupied by Messrs. Alexander < lark, I homns Waterman, Wm. B. Peabody, H. K Potter, ( diaries itoath, Joseph (Joodale, and Joseph II. < urrier. In Mr Water man's home, ihe fluid glanced from the 1 bell wire to a feather bed and penetrating the clothei, , 'turned the bed coneiderably . The storm w?? severe from all points of the comnas*, mi it is feared that other damage mult have been done, i in the neighboring town*. We learn that a house and two barn* were tli-nck rind destroyed in Abington. a* we are informed by ii gentle, n hi from that town The rain in New Bedford and Full : Uvor was copious, but the storm not so aevore *? in thii vicinity. ! Novewrnlit ofTrnvcllfri. There seem* to be no diminution in the spirit of travel ling. Every train and steamer brings on a more crowd ?d cargo than the former, and all moving uorthward to scape the intolerable heat that teem*, by their account*, o increase as they approach our atmosphere. There ire, among others, on the registry ol the? AmebIca*? Andrew J. Polk. Tennessee; M. Ilubbard, !'onn.; Parker, Hardy, and Abbott, Boston; W. B Bia lish, Natclie/.; Francis SiitgoH. do.; E chapin, Mass.; I. M. Pettit, I'h ilu ; J. H. an I G M. Kutlen, Phila.; T. O. loffinan, Baltimore; Colonel Pierce, U.SA.; 8. E. Ives, Savannah, and tweuty others Astoh ? Capt. Gough, St. John's, N B ; F. A. Fisher, I'hila ;C. M. Pope, G.G. Johnson, . Mass. ;J. Connolly .N.O.: lieorge Thorndiker, Boston; J. Clumus, N O ; Samuel Wiggins, Cincinnati; N. G. Bree/.e, do.; J.K. Hammond, !St l.ouis; J.'lleevos, Phila. ; N. Carter, N. O. ; Edward McCleau, Savannah; B. B. Allen, Va.; Honorable Geo. Evan*, Maine; R. McAlpine, N. O.; Capt. Hopez, and llf'.y other*. Crrv ? Capt. Palmer, ship Southerner; Dr. Well*, Ilo c.heiter; I)r, Barton, Havana; W. J. Wainwright, Phila.; L. Morberry, Eden Snowden, do.; Dr. Jennings, Tennes see; Hon. Mr. Cunard, Boston; Messr*. K. C Lee, C. A. Blake, J. H. Black, Major Russell, Boston; C. Trow bridge, Mich.; C. Baldwin, Savannah; D. 11. Gordon, Blchmond, Va., and twenty other*. Fkankmm ? B. G. Cutter, Louisville; J. L. Owner, Conn.; J.W. (loll, H H. Doolittle, Boston; June* Mayer, Worcester; D.Phillip*, Buffalo; N. 8. Hammond, Monti cello; Edward Whitney, Cambridge; K. D Dungau, Baltimore; C. S. Sabino, Ala ; C. Culvin, Montgomery County, Ala.; H. Henry, Ohio, and twenty other*. Glohk? Edward Whitney .Cambridge, Mass.; L. Cross man, do.; Mr. Miller, Boston; T. Langenheim, Phila.; C. H. Fisher, do. Howard? Gen.-1 D. M. Dibble, Newport, R. 1; Lock wood, St. Loui*; Col. C. L. Peters, Ky.; M. Cutter, Bos ton; T. Howe*, Boston; J. H Loinas, do.; Rev. W. H. Tyler, Pittsfield; Louis Chapiu, Rochester; Colonel John Bradley, Boston; Gen. C. S. Mathews, Louisville; J. \V. .shaw, Jackson, Miss.-, G. Wilson, indiaua, and thirty other*. City In tell licence. Child Lost. ? A little boy, between 4 and a year* of nge, named George Clinton Deno, left his home, 01 Hud son street, at 11 o'clock on Tuesday morning, and has not since been heard of. He has black eye* and light hair, und had on when he left, black pantaloons, a green and white jacket, a light calico apron, and a straw hat. Watch Stolkn. ? Police officer* and pawnbroker* will please take notice of jthe advertisement in our column* of a fine watch stolen, and keep a sharp look out for the thief. Coronkii's Offick, July 23 ? Another Body Exhumed from the Ruins. ? The body of Henry Ottman. a poller, was this morning dug out from the ruins of Oelrich i*. Kruger's store, 43 Broad street, very much mutiljted. Taken to the Dead House. Drowned. ? The Coroner held an inquest on the body of George Turner, who was drowned by stepping ofl'tht " string piece'' leading from tho steamboat Caledonia, foot of Warien street. Intemperance.? The Coroner held an inquest on the body of Joseph Spauldinty, 181 Varick street. Verdict ? came to his death by effusion of sorum upon the biain and into its ventricles, and congestion of the bruin aivl its membranes, caused by intemperance. Police Intelligence. Polici: Officf., July i3.?Stealitig a IVatch ? John llus sel Ewel was arrested, charged with stealing a silver watch, valued at $15, from James Larkin, York Hotel. . Grand Larceny. ? John McManua was arrested, charg ed with stealing a silver watch and $147 AO worth of clothing from James Higney, 31} Orange street. Stealing a Bible. ? Wm. George Smith was arrested, charged with haviug stolen a Bible from N. C. Nafis, 378 Pearl street. Stealing Money.? Benjamin Richardson, Mary Ann Cordon, Ann Augusta Locklin, and Catherine Williams, were arrested, charged with stealing gold from George Anderson, 82 Centre street. Stealing Srgart.? John Roach and Peter Vance were arrested, charged with stealing eight boxes of segars from Henry Feiss, corner of Washington and Robinson streets. 4; Stealing a Sail.?' Two men, named Robertson and Jones, mates of the brig Toronto, were arrested, charg ed with stealing a pleasuie boat sail from the foot of Rector ctre it. Cotirt Intelligence. Unitiu States Bistbict Court ? In Admiralty, July S3. ? Before Judgo Bctts. Decision. ? Mutual Safety Insurance Company, et all, vs. Proceeds of cargo of the ship " George." ? This cause having been further heard, in respect to the aform of the order or decree to he rendered thereon, and one consideration be ing had of the premises, it is considered and adjudged by the Court, that the libellants recover against the pro ceeds of the cargo in the pleadings mentioned, a contri buting part, or general average, in proportion of the va lue saved, (represented in whole or in part by the said proceeds,) bore to the caigo on board paying freight. ? And it is further ordered and adjudged, that, for the pur pose of laid contribution ? the said ship be estimated at her value, at her port of departure, where the voyage in the pleadings mentioned commenced, such value tu bo proved on tbe part of the libellants, subject to such deduc tion for wear and tare, up to the time of her loss, as on the part of the claimants shall be found to be reasonable ; and, also deducting all sums received by the libellant on sale of said ship; or any part of her tackle or apparel, af ter the stranding in the pleadings mentioned. And it is further ordered and adjudged, that the cargo laden on board be valued for the purpose of contribution, at the prices stated in the invoices and bills of lading thereof, (or either, if both cannot be produced,) deducting there from salvage and the other necessary charges, in conse quence of the wreck of said ship. And.it is further or dered and adjuilged, that the freight of the said ship be contributed for its gross value; and that the freight saved alter the wreck, hIso contribute at its gross value, da ducting therefrom all necessary expen es. (if any,) subse quent to the wrack aforesaid. And, it is further ordored and adjudged, that it bo referred to the clerk of this ( :ourt (or at the option of the proctors, to an auditor to be se lected by their respective parties) tu adjust and state the average in their district, conformably to the direc tions of this decree, anil that on such reference the proofs produced in the hearing of the cause, and such other OTidence as may bo portinent and competent, may bo of fered by cither party, subject to all legal exceptions. And it is further ordered and decreed, that on the coming in and confirmation of the repoit of'the clerk or auditor, the libellant may take aud enier a final or der that the claimants, Josiah Mason and others in t he pleadings named, and holding in their hands part of the iroceeds aloresaid, pay over to the lihelluits respective y the sums so reported to be due tliem, with interest thereon, from January 10th, 1842, to the amount of the saiil sums in their hands if necessary for that purpose. And it is further ordered and decreed that the libellants receive their costs to be paid out of said pro ceeds, but no decree or process by virtue of tho proceed ings by foreign attachment is to be taken in pertontt against any party in the pleadings mentioned. Common Pleas, July 23? Before Judge UlslioefTer. ? I trench of Promise ? Louisa Mabrie vs. Clement Maixfer. This was an action to recover damages for breach of premise of marriage. I'laintilfis ?? French cook, and de fendant is a waiter, both are from l.a Helte /-'ranee, and came here some time ago, and both went out to ser vice, as man and wife, when, not being well skilled in the " ars matrimoni" they separated Oelendant proving ? also to his vow. Louisa having failed to show tliat ttie faithless ( lenient had made a direct proiniso, it was con tended by her counsel that tiie fact of their having lived together as man and wife, afforded sufficient proof pre sumptive as to the fact of a promise being made A nonsuit was moved for the delence, on tho ground of there being no direct proof of promise being made. The court ruled accordingly. I.ouisa was dressed in the very pink of fashion, and wore a tremendous bustle. She was accompanied bysoaie two or three fair companions, who received the verdict with philosophic complacency. Clement on leaving the court, looked daggers at Mis? Louisa and her com panions, and walked off with an overweening air of self eonsequence, feeling as if he were tho hero of some no ble exploit. He appeared to be a homely looking person, and no " great shakes" for a Lothario. Joseph IVaite vs. Jacob Fink. ? Action of trespass to re covor damages for breaking down a fence attached to a yard held and occupied by plaintiff', and, also for a nui sance. The defence set up was , that defendants threw ? irt (the alleged nuisance) on the yard, over the fence, t jflli up a wet lot near the yard. Verdict for defendant. In Chancery ? Before Judge Ingraham.? Habeas Cor pus. ? This writ was issued on behalf of I. Murray, who u as arresteJ last Saturday for stealing at the fire. It ap penrod that he had been confined without examination, lor three days ? and his Honor, Judge Ingialiam, allowed the writ, which was duly issued under the seal of the ??upreme Court, hut the committing Magistrate, on the issuing of the writ had no "room for him," and anticipat ing his discharge under the writ instantly, set the priso ner at liberty, thereby rendering unnecessary any fur liter proceedings on the matter. Cuppaidge and Major attornies for prisoner. " U. S. Commissioner's Off*;*, July '23 ?Samuel Wal Uer, charged with smuggling eight boxes of cigars on hoard the ship "Christoval Colon," on 12th July, was re manded on examination, and gave bail to answer in ? sum of $260. Marine Cor r t, July 23.? Before Judge Smith. ? Reity vs Gulick. ? This case, which was tried last week, and in which the jury not being able to agree, and were dis charged, was again brought up. It is an action of tres pass to recover damages for arresting nlaintiff under ? warrant, and pulling down his house. Veltllct this fore noon. Something Nkw Under tiikSi'n ? The new and hfMuitiil clipiier built schooner Alfred, burthen ISO ton*, arrived here yesterday from Baltimore, where iht Ins been built for Pope fc Morgan and others of this town, Hid is intended for the sperm whale fishery, under the command of I P. Ilavenport. formerly of the whale shin ?lartlia, of Newport. From the peculiarity of her model, ,nd excellence ?s a sailer, it is expected that she will be ihle successfully to pur?ne the monsters of the deep into 'he bays along the coa*t. hiMieito unexplored by our whale ships Tnis Is, we believe, an iirilirely new feature ,n the annals of our whale lishorj beyond < ape Horn, ,nd we shall look with interest for the result.? Arm Hert ford Mtreur y. Grin*.? The PUUburuh Gazette, of the 13fh mat. isayn: ? " Five more of Uncle .Sam's bull dogH are on the wharf far shipment to < leveland. They are beau tiful " 32's," asd intended, we believe, lor the defence of Buffalo, V. Y. Government is building aforttheie "HHSSHHiaHHSaBS All I'liliMilr iplilH Subacrl|ttlona to the Herald innst he natd to the otsi.y At'THonitKn Aueists, Zi? lerbCo., 1 Ledger Building, Third street, near Chestnut ? Partus ? ' 7.'> cents ? month, uirludinc the Snndsy paper; or to -ems without it; delivered free of charge in any part of P!,j!v Iflphin Minnie copies for sale as shove, daily , at I o'clock? - fi ice? cents. Hie Weekly IIkrai.ii is alio for sale every Siittirday nioru "><f? ''rice <t'i cents, or $.1 |>er milium, deli vend in aiiy part of 'hlladelphia, free of pustnge. All the new and rtn a|i PoMieatiuns for sale st thtir es shl?liment, us snm ,? n*?n?d wle !e I, mil retail. T y With i the i ? ? ? ' lie " j lerald"' is read is much, per i' r published in that ?ity ifpirib . i filers. Advertise nenis headed <n ?.< ?. < !? i < lock, will appear m "he Herald iieti iIm Metllrnl Notice.? The Ail vertlaeinenta of the Vew Vork College of Medicine and Pharmacy, established Tor "* Suppression of fjnackery. in theenre of all disease, will i?.rs?fur appear ?m the fourth page, and last column of tins ,W. 8. RICHARDSON, M.D.. Agent 0??e and ConialtiRg Room* of the Collage. M iW? ??

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