Newspaper of The New York Herald, July 25, 1845, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated July 25, 1845 Page 2
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NEW YORK HERALD. %ew York, Friday, July !W. 1*45. The U'rrkly H? rn lil . This publication will be illustrated with two spleu did views and a map of the Great Fire of Saturday It will contain the full particulars of the lire ad! u calamity ; the late foreign news, Arc Arc Copie*. in or out of wrappers, can be had at 8 o'clock to morrow morning, at sixpence each Tl?e Harmonious Cabinet nnd l ulled Dento erary. It is really amusing to observe the pertinacity? the zealous and unwearying perseverance with which our venerable and good hearted coiueni|>ora ry of the Union, government organ, insists uj>on it that the present cabinet is the most harmonious set of gentlemen that ever sat at the council board of the nation. The very angel of peace himself, Father Ritchie assures us again and again, never for a moment ceases, even in this hot weather, to fan the cabinet with his dove like wings, and the atmosphere of the administration is one of univer sal love and charity. In fact, the members of the cabinet are the only real bona JiJe " sons of harmo ny " to be found amongst the men of this genera tion?that is according to the finding of our affec tionate friend of the Union. Mr. Ritchie qualifies, however, his assertions of the perfect union of the members of the cabinet with a degree of naiveti quite charming. He informs us that there is not any greater variety of opinion amongst them on the great question of the day than would havi existed amongst any of their predecessors. This is really pretty near the mark, but as a corroborative argument in favor of the alleged extraordinary har mony subsisting in the Cabinet is a good deal of a une uquitur. Any one, however, at all well ac quainted with the workings of human nature, albeit but little familiar with the schemes, and manners, and plans and intrigues of members of Cabinets, will be but little influenced indeed by these repeated and vehement assertions of the Union relative to the brotherly love of the members of the administra tion. But why this so evident anxiety to convince the people that unbroken harmony exists in the Ca binet? Why does Father Ritchie recur to the sub" ject again und again, on each occasion, with added zeal and vehemence ? Why does he find it neces sary to parade in his columns long strings of extracts from obscure journals, of whose existence no one knows beyond their own narrow limits, setting forth the extreme admiration with which "the democra cy" regards this and that member of the Cabinet, and the perfect confidence reposed in all ! The reason is obvious. There is trouble in the camp ? The old serpent has entered the paradise of Father Ritchie, and discord and disunion have begun their work. The desires of Mr. Ritchie to create the impres sion, in spite of certain unpleasant facts to the con. trary, that all is peace in the camp, are natural and proper. A very important crisis in the history of the administration is approaching. Before many days its late will be in a great measure determined. ? After the first collision of the opposing elements it will be seen whether Mr. Polk's career is destined to be one of strength, success, and popularity, or one of weakness, failure and disgrace. In such a view of the case, it becomes very interestiug and impor tant to examine the condition of the democratic party itself ? that party on whom the administration must, of course, rely for its support. It is a great mistake to suppose that an administration necessa rily possesses in itself the elements of power and success. It is not so. The case of Mr. Tyler illustrated that in a manner snfficiently emphatic and intelligible. If, indeed, the head of the administra tion be a personage whose own name is a tower of strength ? a man who, like Jackson, is able to rule tht hearts and ntellects of great masses of the people, or if the administration be unitedly and zealously sustained by the party that elected it ? then it can wield tremendous influence. But when the Presi dent, as in the case of Mr. Polk, owes his election not solely to personal merit, but to adventitious cir cumstances ? to a policy of expediency adopted by contending /actions and the same party, who give up for the moment their intestine quarrels? with draw their leaders ? and 111 order to effect the safety of all against the common enemy, in the hour of ex treme peril, take up one of the captains who is fortu nate enough to present no very tangible point on which the prejudices of the various opposing sections can precipitate themselves, then the case is widely different the administration may create strength it may obtain a vigorous and controlling influence : i but it does not enter on its career with those un born and natural elements of power possessed by an administration of that opposite character to which we have already alluded. And it is well for Mr Polk to bear this wholesome truth in mind. Let him not be deceived either by circumstances which will often warp the most careful and waryjudgment Let him not be misled by flaming articles, full of eulojy and adulation, copied from obscure country prints into the columns of his organs ; nor by corn munications in the same vein from very disin* terested and anonymous office-beggars in the same quarter. Well, then, is the democracy united ? All may appear to some eyes calm, peaceful, and unruffled as I the bosom of a summer lake. But it is the calm that precedes the tempest. A terrible storm isapproach mg. Hundreds and hundreds of disappointed, pro scribed, and restless men, are at work all over the country, busily engaged in sowing the seeds of dis content and disunion. They are gradually marshal ling themselves under the banners of the various cliquet engaged in the preliminary struggles for the "succession." The quarrels and contests between the diligent factions, postponed by the nomination of Mr. Polk and the subsequent successful effort for his election, have been renewed. Every movement of the administration will be watched and improved and opposed, and supported, and attacked, and abu sed, just as it may be supjosed best for their own selfish ends, by tlies'.- various contending cliques The whigs also, internally distracted by the same unending struggle for the "succession," present a bold and formidable front of opposition Besides all these ordinary sources of annoyance and embarrass ment, it is also to be remembered that questions of great delicacy and paramount importance must (?? settled some way or other during the term of this ail ministration. Thus on all hands, Mr. Polk is sur rounded with difficulty, and danger. Hit only chances of safety are in a bold, vigorous, and popu lar action in accordance with the great impulses ol The masses ? a rather more rigid adherence to the 'eff'ersonian with respect to appointments and re movals, wifh the annunciation of whirh he began his administration ? a steady and decisive course | with regurd to the succession ? and the supjiori? which in case of the maintenance of this cause, mus1 follow? of the independent journalism of the coun try?the organ of the people, before whom all mere organs of clique*, or administrations must ever sub missively yield. Mexican Affairs.? The stfam trigates Princeton and Mississippi will probably be on the,r way to-day or to-morrow for the Gulf of, the former from Philadelphia and the latter from Boston They have both been put in complete order for war ser vice; their dandy looks painted over, and a black hull given to each. They will join the Gulf squad ron, now under the command of Com. Conner? the " Quaker Commodore, " as he is called, but Quaker only in appearance, I he American naval force on the coast of Mexico will be quite large, when it all reaches its destina ion. Including vessels of various size; there wilt tee two hundred serviceable guns, from a might) l'aixhan to a twenty-four pounder, all of which can be brought to bear on any given point in a week's - nee This hrge fV.r c? is placed in the Gulf to :' ?i ? lirtl.- contingency that may hap I The Foreign Kirk Pacific Appearances ? The news brought by th? late steamers is un- | isually H it. Those who expreted to be enlivened tnd enlightened by intelligence of a stirring or won lerful kind, ure disap|K>int?*d Like ourselves, our European connection* ? lor friends it is rather muct o cull them? ?re enjoying a cessation from politi ?ul agit.ition and social disquietude, which wouli appear to be to a cert tin degree necessary concom Mutants of social progression, but which, on th< other side of the Atlantic, often assume an appalling, and peculiarly repulsive aspect. We are not to sup pose, however, that this calm is to be permanent ; the winds are but retired into their unseen rock) caverns. Perhaps, at this instant, they are gather ing their pent up force, to dash out on the work ot revolution. Perhaps the repressed violence ?f the masses is but restrained for a day by temporary causes. The glories ot midsummer creation may soothe ? the grateful abundance of harvest may propi tiate ? a demand for labor may employ, for a little, the masses, but the day of discontent must come ; l?eace and contentment are, unfortunately, but inci dental, while the spirit of resistance, and the sense of injury, are sad and enduring characteristics of the people of the old world. The French minister seems thus to reason ; he has asked, und obtained from the Chambers, sup plies of money to sustain nn army of 960,000 men. To reason on this fact, it would be difficult to prognosticate a ten years peace for France. She has a population of over thirty millions; and to those it appears a standing army of 3t>0,<XM) is necessary to keep them at least in quiet obedience to Louis Philippe, if not in absolute good order, and good humor with their actual condition. Sir Robert Peel is using bribes, instead of bay onets, for the purpose of conciliating those pro vokingly intractable Irish, who have got, for once, a settled notion in their'heads ? and that is, that they know more about their own affairs than the English do ? that they care more about their individual comfort, and national pros perity than the British aristocracy ever did, or can do; and that upon the whole, there is neither pleasure, nor profit, nor honor, to be gained by the prolonged employment of foreign legislators, to forge laws for Ireland now, as they did fetters in other days. It would appear that the bait will not take ; the Irish clergy say that money is useful in its own way, but may be made extremely mis chievous in the hands of cunning statesmen. They are, nevertheless, strongly of opinion, that it is no all powerful, and even in the hands of Sir R. Peel cannot purchase the assent of Ireland to be educa ted in a manner which conscience forbids. There is a temporary quiet in that country apparently ; and yet perhaps at no time within the memory of the oldest, was there such a mass of intellect in ac. tive exercise in relation to its affairs. People have not seen hall of the great mental and moral war that has yet to shake the Isles into their propriety. One of the most striking changes that are now im pending in what is called the United Kingdom, is that in the relations between landlord and tenant No trifling results may be expected to follow the laborious and extensive researches of the commis sion which has been at work in Ireland. From the tone of the journals representing the cause of the aristocracy, it is clear they are trembling with ter ror. Some of these papers are indulging in most doleful bowlings at the prospect before them. Late transactions in Scotland, have given an increased prominence to this subject, and left nn indelible im pression on the ,iublic mind, of the cruelty of the I land-owners. Whole districts have been here depo pulated, whole families of hardy and laborious High landers have been expelled from their farms by the Duke of Sutherland, in the most relentless and wreckless manner, for no other reason than to test a new theory of tillage. Through the influence of the press, the enormity of the whole proceeding has been exposed, and a voice of execration has gone abroad, that will greatly contribute to redress the wrongs of the oppressed peasantry. The news from other parts of Europe are of a tri vial nature, but it would be a mistake to infer from present appearances that peace is established upon a sure foundation. Elements of discord are rife in Spain, in Portugal, and the Ottoman empire, while the autocrat of Russia is watching like the greai condor of the Andes, to pounce upon his prey. It is a consolation that one place of refuge is open from the storms generated by corruption and despotism? that in this vast hemisphere agladdening^and cheer- j tul slyr shines for those who love liberty yell enough fo seek the inspiring rays. The Saltpetre Discission. ? It is doubilesi highly desirable that the true cause of the late disas trous explosion which took place during the fire should be ascertained. People feel a strong curiosity on the point, and it is not to be wondered that they do, when the degree to which their persoral safety is involved in such occurrences is borne in inind But at the same time there is a useless expenditure ot words on the question of the power of saltpetre to produce an explosion. We see one writer coming out with his reasons in the affirmative, and another opposes him forthwith in no less plausible and positive language. We hope that this will not tend to carry away the attention of the authori ties from the main enquiry, which is ? What was the explosive substance in this easel If it be thought necessary to the question to test the explo sibility of saltpetre, the proper way is to have the counsel of one of our first-rate chemists at once; a few lines from a good authority would save the trouble of writing and reading whole chapters, that at best must be unsatisfactory and profitless. Military Movements. ? The New Haven Greys, Captain Tollis, arrived yesterday morning, and pa raded down Broadway to the B-tttery, escorted by the Lafayette Fusileers. They mustered over forty muskets, and were accompanied by their reactive bands, and presented quite a soldierly appearance. The Hartford Light Guards, Captain T. H. Sey mour, also arrived yesterday. They came last from Albany. On account of the fatigue and indisjiosi tion of some of the members, they took the remain ing part of the day to r<;st themselves. This morn ing, at 10 o'clock, they will visit tlie Arsenal, after which they will probably adjourn to the Park, where they contemplate to have a drill. We cannot say much about their skill in the ranks, not yet having seen them under arms, but tojudge by their general appearance we doubt not that they will make a hand some military display. The Indejiendence Guards, of this city, Capt Cairns, accompanied by Dod worth's Cornet Band, intend visiting Boston on the 25th of August. Visit of the Unicorn. ? The visit of this steam ship is a mysterious one. No one can positively tell what has brought her to this city. As she had hp. veral passengers, and as only one name was given to the public, her visit becomes still more strange and suspicious. It is the general opinion that she brought im|?firtant despatches to the British minis ter, and will await the instructions of Mr. Packen h&m. It is supposed by some, however, that she is here to be governed by the orders of Capt. Elliott) "the man with the white hat and that lier presence has something to do with the recent movements in Texas and Mexico. New York Gallery or Fine Arts. ? This in stitution is again put in order, nnd all the arrange, merits finished which were attendant upon its remo val to its new location, the Rotunda in the Park To-day there is to be a private opening, to which many of the friends of the institution have been in vited by circulars addressed to them. Of course, cu riosity to see how it looks in its new abode will bring out a good number. Cool Weather ? Yesterday was n cool, com fortable day. I he thermometer at 77?, and the air clear and bracing. Arrival nf another Texan.? Gen. G. W. Ter vill, Texan Minister to France nnd England, arriv ^ -U on WediwwUy, in Ui? Goruaka, izviu Liverpool. . Theatrical*. Pak* Thkatrk. ? The third representation of La Jutvt, will take place to-night. This opera, which has been attended by very full and fashionable t'idiences, at its former representations, truly de erves the patronage which has been bestowed upon t by the public. The talent arrayed, which has not neen yet contested ? its great beauty as a musical composition ? the magnificence of the sceneries, and the precision of all, is such as to draw general admi ration. We have not heard of any dissenting voice in the general expression of public opinion on this subject, and all the artists engaged in this opera have been overwhelmed witfi praises and applauses. M'lle. Calv6, Messrs. Arnaud, Douvry, Cceuriot, and ( >arry, have all had their share in the approba tion of the public, and if M'me. Casini has not shared so largely in the good will of the audience* it is only on account of her great want of confi* dence, which prevents her from giving to her fine voice, the extent of which it is susceptible, and makes her at tunes appear rather cold. Yet in some passages when M'me. Casini, forgetting the presence of the public in the enthusiasm of the artist, has allowed her talent to appear, she also has much pleased the audience who haveOeen thus enabled to perceive the cause of her want of animation. We sincerely deplore this timidity, and hope that a suc cession of good parts in the operas that will be rep resented hereafter, will make her overcome entirelj that diffidence so prejudicial to herself. The chorusses have also been much Mftplrttuled, fnpeci ally in the drinking chorus, which they sung with perfect mtemble and precision. In toto, this opera is, perhajis, the grandest thinp that ever appeared on anystage, in this country, and great credit is to be given to all the artists, and those who through good management have brought it be fore the public with such splendor. .All having expressed themselves well pleased with the opera, we doubt not but, to-night, it will be again very nu merously and fashionably attended. Mrs. Mowatt ? This lady, after receiving the highest possible proofs of the great regard in which she is held by the patrons of Niblo's Garden, pro ceeds to Buffalo, to fulfil a short engagement, pre vious to which, at the solicitation of many of her friends, she will delight them again by another per formance this evening, when she is to sustain two new characters, LadyFreelove, in the "Day after the Wedding," and Duchess, in "Faint Heart never won Fair Lady." We hear Mr. Ilenry Placide is_to ap. pear on Monday next. Casti.e Garden. ? To-night is the farewell appeat ance of La Signow Pico, at this line place of resotp We recommend to those who have not yet had the pleasure of hearing her, to make a call at the Garden to see her before she leaves, as La Signnra Pico is a lady of no common merit as a singer, and to hear her is well worth the trouble of going. The other parts of the performances are also well deserving the at tention of the amateurs. Vaihchall Garden. ? This establishment is still attended by very large and fashionable houses.? This does not surprise us for the peiformances are unusually attractive. The bill for to night presents great attraction, and we may safely suppose that it will be patronized by a numerous audience. More than 13,000 [>ersons visited Welch & Dela van's New York circus during their four days sojourn in liufl'alo. Their entertainments are spoken of as surpas sing anything of the kind ever ofl'cred to that commu nity. Welch Mann's national circus company are daily congn-gnting great numbers together in Canada. ? They make their public entry into the city of .Montreal on Monday next. This is the most splendid establish ment that erer visited Canada, numbering the greatest variety of male and lemale performers, of the greatest talent, and the most beautiful stud of horses. These will doubtless command their usual amount of success. Mr. Van Muxen, a pupil of Vieuxtemps, is giving concerts in Montreal. Report speaks of hiin in tiio high est terms, as being in every respect a credit to his tutor The Infant Sisters and Walter Ferguson, the pi per, were giving concerts in Cleveland. The Misses Hussey are giving concerts in Nan tucket. The Etheooian r^erenaders, after a very succesf fnl visit to Philadelphia, are about to visit Newport. Sa ratoga, ami other parts, and will return to this city about the end of August. Seth Boon, the Kentucky whistler, continues to attract and delight by his wonderful performances at the Albany Museum, Mr. C. W. Clark, late of the Park, is engaged at the same establishment. Signor Antognmi and M (iibert, gave a concert at tho American, Buffalo, on the 31st. M. Gibert, bears the reputation of great talent as a vocalist. Miss Huher presided at the piano forte* Sig. Valtelini will give concerts in Providence, Newport, Saratoga, and parts adjacent, previous to his departure for Kura|ie. Mr. and Mrs. Walcot are at the Baltimore Mu seum, which is nourishing considerably under the stage management of Mr Walcot. M Artot has bepn appointed first violin to her majesty the Queen of Spain. Mr. and Mrs Waliack nppeared at the Walnut street theatre on Tuesday evening. The directors of the Federal street Theatre have concluded to remodel the Odeon into a theatre again ? The lease of the present proprietors does not expire, however, till September, 1816, and ere that time arrives the directors may have changed their minds. Mrs. Maeder, (he wife of a talented professor of music, gave acondert on Tuesday evening, assisted by her husband and Mr. and Mrs. O. H. Andrews, in Hait ford. Mr. W.V.Wallace gave a concert at the Hano ver square rooms, l.ondon, lately, which was crammed on the occasion. Madame Doria Gras, Miss Dolby, Mar ras, and Vieux Temps appeared. The papers say that Mr Wallace's plaj ing was remarkable for energy, sur prising mechanical dexterity, and effective variety of ex pression. He was much applauded throughout. Drury lane Theatre, London, owes its name to Sir Wm. Drury, who was acommander in the Irish wars In his house the unfortunate Karl of Essex, the favorite of Elizabeth. frequently held, counsel with his friends, relating to the rash enterprise which caused his death. America* Ihstitutk Versus hie Corporation. ? A meeting of the American Institute was held last night, when, after the conduct of the Corporation in giving the Institute notice to quit the premises at present occupied by them, underwent a severe scru tiny and condemnation. A committee composed of the officers, trustees, and some members of the body was voted to take proper and immediate steps in the matter. Those Stars. ? The Union of the 22nd inst., almost swears that the seven stars do not mean Ritchie. Why not swear outright and let tin have the truth 1 Will not seven and five stars spell Ritchie and HeissJ The Oregon Question. ? The negociations on this question are Mill in progress in Washington. There has lately been a correspondence on the subject be" tween Messrs. Buchanan and Pakenham. Are the differences in the cabinet on this question all healed 1 Foreign Insurance .?Owing to the recent great fire, our merchants have reinsured their pro|ierty in Boston to the amount of $4,000,000. Other cities, Philadelphia, Hartford, and Baltimore, have proba bly obtained several ricks. Dr. Reks ? it will be seen on reference to the proceedings before the Board of Supervisors, that the case of Dr. Rees has been further postponed to Tuesday next. Mineral Lands at the .West.? Owing to the great number of permits to enier and makelocations (in the mineral|land* about LakeSuporior already issued, the Secretary of War ha* smpended the further i?*ue of them, and notified the applicant* of hi* determination, by addressing to oach a letter, of which the following in n copy Was OrrARTMf^T, ( Wa*hington, Julv in, $ St* '.? Should lorati..n* be made pursuant to the per mit* already issued from thin department, to ?elert land* in the lake Huperior mineral district, the on ntit y re quired to n?t infy tiiem would exceed one million one hundred thousand acre*. It i* apprehended that the whole region o|>eii lor location may not contain thi* ! quantity of mineral land*. Kxploration* and *urvoy* of I the*e land* have been ordered, and it ha* heen determin- 1 ed to suspend the further itane of permit* until tho re- , suits shall lie made known. The application* lor permit* received at the depart ment subsequent to the 17th in?tant, will ho filed in the office ; and if 'lie diicloturei ol the examination* *h?ll ' warrant the further issue of permit* for the lake Hnpe rior region, they will he considered in the order in which they have been, or shall tie, received It i* not expected th.?t the results of the examination* and sur vey*, to ascertain tho probable quantity of mineral land* in thi* region, and to make the locations, purauant to th? peimit* already ii*tied, can tie completed for *ome time to come I nm.Jwitn great respect, Vnttr obedient servant, iH'jned) VVm, L, Maxcy, ??ont?ry o( W?r. , New* from Texas. ? An arrival at New Orleans on the 13ili instant, brings advices from Galveston to the 8th. The intelligence does not appear to be of any importance. There is one item in the news, however, worth mentioning ? namely, that there is a strong desire unong the Texans to censure President Jones, to displace him in fact from all uuthority,lor the course lie ha ^ taken on the annexation question. We thought he would come to this or something worse, for hit coquetting in the business. [From the N. O. Picayune, July 18.] As yet we have no intelligence of the proceedings of the Convention at Austin, that body commencing its ses sion on the 4th, and it taking some six or seven days lor news to reach Galvoston. The Qah'eitan A'ew? of the oth initant, publishes the Mexican and Texan correspondence in relation to inde pendence?perhaps we should call it the propositions made by the Texan Secretary of Statu to the .Mexican Government ? in which Anson Jones, Baron Aileye de t'yprcy, Seuor Cuevas, and particularly Ashbel Smith, figure so extensively, ami in relation to this pretty diplo matic jumble holds the following comments : We to-day give our readers the correspondence (so far as committed to writing or made public) between our Government and Mexico, relative to a treaty of Inde pendence. "These very interesting and important pa pers" (so called by President Jones,) have been the re sult of the " good offices" of I'.ngland and France acting in concert in behalf of Texas. It appears that our Congress rejected these preliminary terms of President Jones unanimously. Thus they have decided between the alternatives of " peace with all the world und Independence" on the one hand, and " Annexa tion and its contingencies" on the other. Thus the) have contemptuously spurned the " valuable services" ol the Fienoh Minister in .Mexico, of the Hon. Ashbel Smith in Texas, and of I'resideut Jones, Capt Elliott, the irigato Kurydice and " the nian in the white hat" alto gether. All their " management of susceptibilities"? their "professions of friendship" ? their " mutual good office- '?have gone for nothing. What a memorable in stance of the ingratitude of Republics ! Who can de C) pher this salmagundi of folly , absurdity, dissimulation hypocrisy, treachery and treason / What a lesson of hu miliation to the independent Republic of Texas! A highly .respectable opponent of Annexation lately de claieu in conversation, that " The duplicity, insincerity and diplomatic coquetry of our Government had suffi cient!;. disgusted the world, but that the shameless at tempt publicly made to claim credit for such dishonora ble imposture, had disgusted him with our separate ex istence as a nation." A volume of commentary upon these disgracetul transactions could not bring their real character, with so much force of truth, to the conviction of every honest man. It is to be hoped that we have now teen the last of those preposterous sinuosities ol this diplomacy en masque. It is now the business of the Convention to cleanse the Augatn stables, lint this is indeed a Herculean task ; for we have so long been groping in the dark that itis now difficult for any man to see clearly. It i^ almost time for us to hear immedirtely from Ash bel Smith and his doings in England. It will be a funny meeting should he and Capt. Elliott come together, and we should like to see them comparing uotes and talking over Texas matters. The Galvtitnn Ciritian contains President Jones' veto of the bill re-instating Com Mooie to his rank in the ua vy. It is a wordy document; so long that we have no loom for it. A new steamboat, railed the Kate Ward, was launched at .Matagorda a few days since. She is 1 10 feet keel and ?24 feet beam, and is calculated to carry (>00 hales of cot ton in 3 feet water. She is to run on the Colorado, and during the coming season will probably roach as high a point as La Grange. [From N. O. Bulletin, July 16.] An arrival from Texas yesterday brings advices a few days later. It will be seen in the extracts copied by us from the Texian papers, that on the day of the adjourn ment of Congress a resolution was proposed to the House of Representatives, severely censuring the course ?>f 'President Jones, and recommending to the Convention, about to assemble, his removal and the establishment ol a government ad interim until annexation is complete. I'lie motion failed, but the vote in favor of it was strong enough to show in how suspicious aud obnoxious a light the Executive is regarded. It is but too apparent that diplomatic coquetry has been carried considerably be yond the bounds of discretion or morality. The actors ia the intrigue may fiad it difficult to escape the imputa tion of shameless dissimulation, and against some, the charge of bribery and treason is already hinted at broadly. We are at a loss to conjecture upon what ground an attempt will be'made to justify the policy of duplicity and of imposture that has been pursued: so long as the question of annexation hung in iloubt before the American Congress, the practice of a little finesse with other governments might have been allowable as a trick of diplomacy, resorted to for the purpose of stimu lating the united States and making us jealous and more eager lor the bargain. The (falreston Mews of the .Oth instant, contains the proceedings of Congress on the last day of the session. We find that Mr. McLeod proposed in the House of Rep resentatives the following resolution, censuring Presi dent Jones, for his conduct during the pendency of the negotiations relative to annexation, and recommending the Convention "to establish a government ad interim until the Constitution should go into effect." " Resolved by the House of Representatives, That the course of the Executive in relation to the question of an nexation has been unpatriotic and unwise, attempting to thwart the people in their welt-known wish, to re-unite themselves to the great political family of the United States, and throw them afloat again upon the troubled sea of a separate existence, to be the sport of a policy tiostile to liberty in both hemispheres, and that he may not be enabled to throw further obstacles in the way of this great measure, and ultimately effect its defeat, we recommend to the Convention of the people of Texas to establish a government ail interim, until the Constitution of the State of Texas shall go into effect, as being the most certain, etfcclual and economical mode of securing oui annexation to the United States." After reading of the resolution, u motion was made to adjourn sine die. The Speaker derided that the House eould not adjourn until the resolution was disposed of. The decision of the chair was appealed from, aud the appeal was sustained by a vote of ii3 to 14. An art was passed, to continue the old law in relation to foreign judgments under the sta'e Government. Ano ther making it imperative upon anil foreign bank* to pro duce regular exemplifications of their charters, and to show also that they have done no act incurring a lorlei ture of the same, before they can sustain a suit against a citizen of the Republic or State. Tne funeral solemnities in honor of the memory of General Jackson, were celebrated at Galveston, on the Ith, and were such as showed a high degree of respect for his character and services. Latf.r from Havana. ? By the arrival of the Etn presario, Capt. Collins, we have full liles ol Havana papers to the 6th instant. Havana appears to be comparatively healthy for ttiis season of the year. In the general ccmetry, during the month of June, there were 389 interments ? 1 04 whites and 23.'> blacks. The Tacon theatre was still open, a company of Span ish comedians giving regular pcrlormauces. Among the establishments destroy ed by tne great fire at Matanzas, were an American hotel and an American coflee house. Our files are almost entirely barren of local news, and the following letter from our correspondent will show that there is but little stirring : ? H*va*a, July ft, 1 846. The glorious Fourth passed off quietly as usual here One or two dinner parties were given by some of the leading Americans. and the shipping were decor ited with llags on the occasion-, but otherwise there was little done. Matanza* has been burnt up ? that is forty-seven houses of it? and the damage is said to be 5-2,000,000, Most pro bably much ovei rated. Santa Anna is still here, waiting advices as is said. He has taken a beautiful residence nine miles from the city . tor four months, at the expiration of which time he ex pects to be permitted to return to his beloved Mexico. ? He is in excellent health aud spirits. We aie without any laier intelligence from Mexico yet the Kuglisn steamer from Vera ( ruz is now due Business continues without change. Kvcrything very dull. ? y. O. Picayune, July ltf. Itkmh from Nauvoo. ? Win. HackenMon, latt* Shertll of Hancock County, lias got into trouble with the Suints, and litis been invited to leave Nauvoo Ilrighain Young is said to hiive charged him, upon the stand, a few Sunday! ago, with endeavoring to make a speculation out of the i hurch; with having endeavored 10 induced Kmma Smith, widow of the prophet, to leave the city and expose the Saints; witli being a correspon dent ot the Warsaw Signal; and with seducing Mormoi women. Voung mentioned no names, hut it was dis tinctly understood that he was speaking of Win llackenstos, and saidkof the person " lie guessed h?V leave before a week passed." llackenstos refuses to leave. Wm. Smith was married a few days since, his wife having been dead eighteen days, ^i'he murder of Hodges at .Nauvoo, is still involved ii i lystery. It is said that (lodges disclosed the author 01 the deed, which has been kept a secret. The Signal say s this crime has been charged by the Young party upon the Smitlutes, and these last lay n at the door of the Youngitos. The murder is unqueition ably connected with some rullianly combination in Nauvoo who were apprehensive that Hodges would make disclosuies which might not result so comfoitably to them We stated in a postscript last week, that the case of the Stato vs. certain persons charged with the murder 01 My rum Smith, was dismissed, at the late special court in Hancock. This w as done on the ground that no one | appeared to prosecute the case. I A late Nauvoo Neighbor contains a long article, d? [ signed to prove that tne office of Patriarch, which Smith assumed, as being the sole survivor of his family, is ol no account altei all ; that there are hundreds, perhaps thousands in the church w ho have eipial power to give the patriarchal blessing. It is evident from the whole article, that ita design is to strip Smith of all power and influence. The belief seemed to exist, that although Smith has a strong hold upon the affections and con Ihlence of the .lormons, and could, if he chose, bring about a new order of things in the Church,? he willksuh | mit to the tyranny exercised over him, hnd take the 1 place among the Mormons which shall he assigned to liirn by llrigham Young -Springfield (til.) Jour. 1 Fire at I'lympton. ? Tlie Satinet factory, owned ;.nd occupied |?y Mex*M. Taylor, whh rlestroyru l>> :ire about three o'clork on Tueiday morning. The grist null and store adjoining, and thu house of vlr. Joseph i ooper, were also burnt at the same time. The facton w 'is insured for $400(1, the mill lor f. >00, and tno store fo'i Ilrooklyn Clly Intelligence. Ftljr. a t Hi sown k, Loao Island thout nine on Wednesday night, a very extensive lire brok PoroHKEsi siE, July 22, 1&15. Military Vuitt from New York ? Fire ? Exertioi i of the Soldiers ? Major Lewis ( not of Ten net tee) and the Great Fire. We have had in our village the last week, even 'hint; appertaining to war. The 2d Regiment N Y. M 'te A. tillery, (Governor's Guard*) from your '-?ity, have been encamped near the village for tin ist live days, doing duty aw Regulars; and to us vil lagers it was a pleasing Bight? particularly to the la lies ? to see such an imposing force of (he hone uni! -iinew of our brother soldiers from New York, (o irotect them in the hour of danger from an invading toe. 1 he camp of the 2d was thronged daily by the leople, and hundreds came some twenty and tnirt> miles to witness the evolution* of the regiment, which to us gave entire satisfaction. I am happy to My that Col. Livingston and the Messrs. Vassars, ogetlier with Cupt AVright, late Chief Engineer of ihe Poughkeepsie Fire Department, tendered their civilities to the regiment in ihe most bountiful man ner. On Friday evening? being the gala night of rhe Regiment? the camp was literally jammed by i?ur citizens and those from some twenty or thirty miles, to witness the fire works from the camp, and ?? hear the concert from the celebrated Brass Hand roin your city, under the direction of Mr. Willis. After the concert and fire works were over, the com ?anies (being oil duty,) returned to the village, in :omnany with the Band, aWout 10 o'clock. The Buna, in passing the quarters of the Fix-Major Lew is, halted and played Ins quick step and some other -pleiidid pieces of music, alter which they repaired ii the Poughkeepsie Hotel, (Mr. Rutzor <,) where hey amused the company until near 12 o'clock, ?vhen the music and all were brought to a stand by ihe ringing of the Court House bell for a fire some three-fourths to a mile from the village. It being a beautiful moonlight night, the members if the regiment, instead of calling upon their Pough keepsie friends for serenading, repaired to the lire, where, through their exertions, and under the id vice of their old Major, (being an exempt Engi leer in the New York Fire Department, before en tering the military,) the fire was checked, by an as sistance unexpected by our Poughkeepsie Fire De partment. I regret to say that when the Major was about em barking in the 12 o'clock boat, he was informed by gentlemen in the morning boat up, that the fire was i dling in the neighborhood of his store. I understand that a vote of thanks is now in readi ness to be published in your New York papers from uir selectmen and citizens to the 2d Regiment, not inly for their gentlemanly conduct as soldiers while nere, but for theirexertions in arresting the progress of the fire ou Friday night last. City Intelligence. Arrest of a Counterfeiter. ? Last week, officer Jas. Leonard, ol' the Second ward, succeeded in arresting a man by the name of Burbank, for passing counteiloit coins. Upon examination before the Chief of Police. Burbank made such disclosures that Mr.L. was despatch ed to Wuteitown, and he there succeeded inarresting i tie chief of a gang of counterfeiters, who is now in durance, awaiting his examination by the {United States tlarshal. There is great probability that a number ol this gang will eventually be secured. Burbank was a travelling ugent between New York and Watertown, and was entrusted with large sums of money by the Uanks. Mr. Leonard, who is one of the New Police, de serves great credit for his promptness and activity on this occasion. Kumous Driviko in the Streets ? Yesterday evening as one of our Broadway stage drivers was proceeding trom the Battery towards the Park, he was encountered by ? drayman, who appeared as if he wished to drive in front of the omnibus, when a fearful race took place be tween both parties to the great terror of the passers by, several of whom ran for protection into many of the stores. They crossed and jostled each other several times, which enoed in the drayman being driven nearly on the sidewalk, in which case a number of ladies must have been torn to pieces by the -wheels. We confidently hope our new corps will keep a watchful eye after dri vers of vehicles, who are hourly endangering the lives of our citizens. Can any one give us the uumbei of the dray and omnibus. Board of Supervisors. ? This Board met last evening, his honor the Mayor in the chair. The minutes of the last meeting were read and ap proved. Dr. Rres.? The Mayor announced that the counsel for tne schools ( Mr. Nicols) was not prepared to proceed, from illness, with the trial in the ease of Dr. Hees, for the present, and wished to taka the pleasure of the Board as to the time to which they would adjourn. He thought Monday next at three o'clock would answer. It was subsequently resolved to meet on Tuesday next, when the trial will proceed, and counsel will be engag ed on both sides. Riports ? In (avor of remitting personal tax ol Tho mas Van Worst, T. Bartlet, and R. H. 'Turner. Ad verse to relieving from taxation certain petitioners. In favjr of reducing personal tax of Charles A. Luonie from > 15,000 to $1500. Pollu /iodine, ? Alderman Henry inquired if the com mittee had prepared their report on the subject of the expenses on the trial of Polly Bodine; to which Aid. Bkiogs replied, thaWie understood the committee were not prepared to report this evening. The Board adjourned to meet on Tuesday next at 3 o'clock. Movements- of Traveller*. There appears to be no end to the catalogue of tourist? and traveller* that brush t?y us in their rapid flight to more temperate climes than ours The Hotels yestei ilay were comfortably crowded ? to-day they make room 1' ? r others, all seeming to pursue the same destination, and the same objects? health, pleasure, and freedom ? At the Amkrican ? Lt. Rains, U. S. A , A. Olmsteid, Philadel phia: B 11. Buckingham, Ohio; ii. Ferguson, Win. Ser geant, Philadelphia; K. Trerers, Lancashire; C. R. Fit/. Baltimore; K. Al. Dnpny , Philadelphia; ( has K. Stewart New Orleans; W. Mete a If, do; .Mr. Whitmarsh, de; A B. Wood, Charleston; E. 11. Butler, Philadelphia, and 1. others. Aitor ? J. and F. A. Talbot, Verplanck; J. C. Olad ding, Providence; W. Brown, Worcester; E. Hope. Kng land; (i. W. Terrell, Texas: Fuller L. Walsh, Bostoi. Genion L. Collins, Louisville; K. G. Wood, Mississippi; Williams, Providence; George Ferguson, Glasgow; Lt Louis, Mr. Horsey, Baltimoie; J. W. Shaw, Louisville I W Biddle, Baltimoie; J. S. Ilaynes, do; C. K. ilugci, Charleston, S. C; Foster L. Emmett, Cincinnati; It. t ill lender. Boston; K 11 Mecon, St. Louis; Rev. Mr. Jack sen, Virginia, 11. A Arnold, Alabama, and 40others. Cnv-J, Walker, Pittsburgh ;|BD. Cohen, Baltimore: Mr. Lyng, Demnrara: Mr. McDonald, England; W. How ard, Nashville; J. C. Orovely, Richmond, A. Patterson Philadelphia; O. Dupuy, Louisville; J. Walker, Pitts burgh; S. B. French, Tennessee, and 30othcrs. Fmanki.i*? H. Phillips, Laporte; B. B Dodson, Phila delphia; W. Johnson, Pennsylvania; C. K. Freeman Connecticut; Mr Russell, New Orleans, A. Etui, Lou isville; T. A. Harrison, Mississippi; C Mygrctte, Geoi gia; S. O. Houghton, Hartford; l)r. Town>cnd, Roches ter: T. S Arthcrs, Philadelphia; Dr. Barber, Montreal and 'iO others. iOLOBf W. A. Evans, Washington; Fisher and That cher, Philadelphia. Howard.? Kingsley and Fuller, Providence ; D. Brey ton, New Bedford ; J. P. Howard, Burlington. Vt ; It. E. Simms, Washington ; Win. Claggett, do ; VVr. Brad ford, Georgia. Hyd8 and Holmes, C ambridge ; Mr. Hill Philadelphia; Mr. Richardson, Baltimore ; J. W. Brady, I'olumhus ; George C. Gillespie, Boston; W. Bullei, Indiana; 8 Ransom, Ohio; R. Boylon, Cincinnati ; B vlay, Georgia ; Mr Jones, F.ngland; Ed. Hope, do.; M Smith, Ohio ; J, McCleah, Montreal ; H. Hutchinson, Virginia, and 30 others. Court Intelligence. Common Plkas, July 44 ? Before Judge Ulshoefl'er. ? This was an action of assumpsit, adjourned over fron yesterday, to rocover a sum ol "MAO under the following crcumstances: It appeared that in the month of Sept 1 8-1 'J, a party nnnied Bohbet applied to the defendant to lire a house in Gland street, which was owned by hiti (defendant) upon which the defendant told liiin to call >ii a party named Lent/., to whom lie had hired for a y eai mil it was probable he might sell out his interest for ? ? mall consideration. Babbett called on Lent/, accord ingly, nml the latter agreed to let the store mid kitchei. mil another apartment to Babbett for f?3(K> a ) car. Bat' >ett then called on Von Wagner to know il any rent ash due by Lent/. Van Wagner replied there was not. and Babbett closed the Rgreement, took possession ol tin premises, and occupied them as a grocery store unti 'he following December, when he sold out to plaintifl hiiti elo.c the Mile was closed the plaintifl and Babheti ailed on Van Waguer and stated to him the naluie <1 'he arrangement between them, and that the plaintifl vould carry out the agieement between Babbett am ?entz., to w Inch Van Wngnet agreed. 1,'pon this intei view Babbett paid $.>0 rent, which was due of the pre nisei to Lentz, who paid it ovor to Van Wagner. The itter then agreed to wait a low days for another K>.'it vhieh was due, and the plaintiff took possession of the ?remises, hut in a few days alter Van Wagner iBMied h andlord's wanaiit for six months rent, which lie claim* 0 be due in advance, amounting to $'<160, seized tin idaintifTf. goons and sold them. The defence set up was that defendant was justified in -elling nfl' to secure bis rent, which, he contended, he iad a right to do according to agreement. The Jury icndered a verdict for plaintiff, fGi 46, and ?ix cents costs. (' hnrlt i Oihorne VI. IVillinm It'. Smith This was an action of trover to recover the value of a piano, which was set down at *4;>0 It appeared that some time since plaintifl" borrowed from defendant t>l/>0, leaving the piano IS security in his hands On the 1st of May last, de 'ondant sent to plaintiff stating he wanted to break tip house, ami requiting plaintifl' to take away the piano, nml l>ay the Plaintiff having failed to do so, it whs nl eged, and ;d?o liavinir I tiled to take up the piano on ie. ?living a notice to the effect that efendant would sell nfl 'he instrument in the event ofliis not paving the money 'lie piano wa? sold for a sum of *11'* at auction. Sub Cjuently plaintiff tendered the money, and stated -Cot no notice of the intention to sell which defendant contends whs duly served. Adjourned oror. Jet.* Ji Si'pkrior i oi'rt- In ( harsbora.? Before fudge Oakley .h'null Some furious ca-es occasion illy come tin ,n chambers, during the recess of thr court*. Mr. Major moved to hold a man named Henry lariis, to bail, for inflicting Hn injury upon th? person of t man named Michael Bulger, his client, by kicking him in the abdomen, so as to produce a dangerous ili?en?e ailed "hernia " The court granted the application ot !r. Major, and Harris was held to bail in a sum ol ?1 i00, to answer. Mari*k Cot it r, July 'Jt Before Judge Smith. ? ffi'/t/ vs fiulick The Jury In this cast already noticed, ren lered a verdict for defendant. 1 J. s Marsha I. 's Orricr, July '21 Itahhrry on Ihr High ? George Ions, a steerawe passenger on board he packet ship Cornelia, on liar last trip from Liverpool, wb? arrrested churned with having rohbed a fellow pas senger, named Owens, of ?47 3s. rtd Jones stands com mitted for examination. District Attorney's Orricr, July 44 -llubmi Cat n. s Benjamin G. Huddort, who was under arrest on a huge of patjury, has been discharged before the R?- i corder voglriag btU ia a iun 9 1 low, j Pol lei- Intelligence. Jri.v 24. ? John Smith come again ? Thii fellow has ac tually made hii appearance again. Can nothing be lone f Is there no way to put a stop to his depiedutionif le has been hanged twice? tent to the State prison four een times? committed as a vagrant by every sitting ma gistrate on the bench? and all to no purpose. He was ? nested to-day, charged with stealing a silver watch rom Win. Miller, 'Ji'3 Greenwich street. Mr. Miller ound him on the premises, and upon enquiring what he wanted, was told he was looking for his brother? Sam, we suppose. A Gentlemen in difficulty.? Mr. Amos Anson from Owego, came to the police office to-day, and complained of Miss Elizabeth Smith, who, by the power of her charms, enticed him into the house 88 Mott street, and, us he alleges, robbed him of $10. She was arrested and committed. stealing a Watch ?Win. McDermot was arrested, charged with stealing a silver watch from Elizabeth Balshaw, 1 16 20th street. Grand Larceny? Some of the morning papers stated that a girl named Catherine Kearney was arrested and fully committed for trial, on a charge made by Moses French, 312} Water street, of stealing $80 from him. ? The fact is, she was arrested, but on examination; the complaint appeared so groundless that she was immedi ately discharged. Sjemi-C'e.ntennial Anniversary of Union Col i-euk ? There was a grand display at Schenectady, ?n Tuesday. Nearly eight hundred of the surviving 'wo thousand Alumni, who went out with Union's highest honors, came once more to revive their fond recollections of this hallowed spot. Amongst those pre sent was tlieGovernor, Chancellor, Comptroller, Secretary of State and Attorney General. The dinner was pi epar ed under u spacious tent, spread upon the College hill, in the rear ol a small grove. Upon the Green, midway between the North and South College, was erected a tastetul arch of Evorgreens, under which the long train of sons marched on tlie way to the place of feeding. On cach end of this grotto was the word? " Salvete"? on the front, " Salvete Kilii Amie Matiis." The address was delivered by Mr. Jos. Sweetmau, principally consisting of a retrospective and prospective view oi the establish ment. The address was about an hour in the delivery, and was listened to with profound attention to its closo, save only when its eloquent appeals called forth enthu siastic testimonials of approvul and applause. A cold collation having been amply enjoyed, series of toasts of the usual character were given and responded to, and the whole passed off with nonsr to all concerned. Appointments by the President ? Charles Ward, ot Maine, as consul of the United States for the island ol Zanzibar, in the domin-ons of the Sultan of Muscat, in the place of Kicbard P. Waters, recalled. Notice.? The (gentleman who told me that he and his friend s?w the liquid thrown upon LOUIN CHAM BERLA1VS AWNING, on the 31st of May list, i? respect fu Iv requested to leave his address with Mr. Chamberlain, at 180 firoadwav. 2t J. RILEY". /Ktna Insurance Company of Hartford ? The Directors of this Company have always aced upon the principle of scattering their rislcs. so that in case of asweepi g lire, their ability to pay would not be impaired ; hence, by ad hering to this priucit le in a business of over ye us. ? bile many other Companies hare been unable to pay their lossei ami wound up, this Company has go e on prosperously. Its lo??es hy the great fire in 1836, in this city, were paid in full and be fore they were due, and the Company have again the pleasure of stating to those who have honored it with their patronage iiid confidence, that it it now prepared to pay all its losses in full and continue business as heretofore. New York, July 23d, ISO. A. O HAZARD, Agent, Iw Office 89 Wall st., corner ol Water. Office of the Kant River Mutual Inau RANCE CO., No. G1 Wall street, New York, 22d July, IMS ? Ataspecial meeting of the Board of Directors, af'er ta king into view the resources ol th- Company, in connection with reciu losses by the Kire of the 19th instant, (about one half of the capitil remaining unimpaired) it was unanimously Resolved, That the company proceed i i their business as usual. J NO. BROUWER, President. Gold S. Sillimaiv, Secretary. United States Circuit Court,? The Clerk's Office of this Court has been removed this -flay from the rooms occupied by the Clerk of the U S. District Court, to a portion of the apartments ofthe United States Marshal, on the same tioor, where the docket, records, and files of the Court, will be hereafter kept. , (! /"? Persons desiring searches for judgments, instead ofgiv ing a general notice for searches in the United States Court, will please send distinct notices. Tuesday, July 8, lEl.'i. All Philadelphia Subscriptions to th* Herald must be paid to the only authorized Agents, Zie 'ler&Co., 3 Le'lger Building, Third street, near Chestnut.? Turnis? "5 cents a month, including the Sunday paper; or 65 cents without it; delivered free of charge in any part of Phila 1 'Iphia. Single copies formle as above, daily, at 1 o'clock? Price 3 cents. Ti e Wkkki.v Herald is also for sale every Saturday morn inii ? Price 6V cents, or ?3 per annum, delivered in any part of Philadelphia, tree of postage. -7? All the new and cheap Publications for sale at their es '.nhl^hment, as soon as issued, wholesale and retail. rCz*' With the eiceptiun of one paper, the " Herald" IS read 4S much, |*' 1 haps, in Philadel)rfiia, a* any paper published ill that ?ity, affording a valuable medium to advertisers Advertise nents handed to the agent* at half post 4 o'clock, will appear iu :lie Herald neit day Medical Notice. ? 1 The Advertisements of tli? \'e? York College of Medicine and Pharmacy, established for ?.he Suppression of Quaekery. in the cure of all diseases, will iereaft?r appear 011 the fourth page, and last column of this >ap. r W S. RICHARDSON, M.D. Agent Oflfiee ami CftnsUltine nfrbe CMIflfl* V ?t MONEY MAUKKT. Thursday, July !4 I? 6 P. 91. The stock market appears to be a good deal unsettled, hut the tendency of prices is upwards. Norwich and Worcester improved | per cent; Stonington j; Erie Railroad J; Canton J;? Vickiburg Morris Canal, Far mers'Loan, and Ohio 6's closed firm at yesterday's pri ce*; Heading Hailroad fell off J percent; Long Island }. The sales were not very large, but thero appears to he a little better feeling in the street. Kiio stock* are daily improving. There were no sales to-day, but the prices offered were much better than yes terday. We now quote Mutual 46'iMaiih < . . . 6 Cniitriliutinnship 27}| Haglc 30 North Hirer. . 83 ^Etiin 8'l Merchants' 2 United States. 46 Howard f>0 Firemen's 40 C ty bii Bowery 1 19 Long Island,. , . 90 Greenwich. .. 40 Williamsburg . .. 90 Guard, an 10 hut Hirer... 48 The receipts of the Western Hailroad for the week en ding on the 19th instant, compared with the same week last year, were as follows Wester* Railroad. Week ending June I9(A. IH44. Passengers 8,601 Freight, die 8,00fi Total S 16. 307 (17,000 The above is the first week showing an increase for some time past. The receipts of the Reading road show a very rapid increase. We annex u comparative statement of the business of the Philadelphia and Heading Railroad, for s mie week in July for the past three years : ? Reading Hailroaii Week ending July 22, '13. July 20. '44. July 19. '45. Business $8/.lA r,8 12,606 27 29,?9? II Coal transported, tons,. . 4,S59 8,878 21, 360 The income of I his road is very large, nearly double that of any other road in the country. The increase thi4 year, over the corresponding week last, amounts to one hundred and thirty-three pet cent. The coal trade of Pennsylvania is rapidly increasing. The amount of coal required this year to supply the de mand, will not be much under two millions of tons. The Reading Railroad and the Schuylkill Canal will trans port from one million to twelve hundred thousand tons. Of this quantity, full five-sixths will be brought to mar ket by the Reading Railroad. We annex a statement, showing the amount of business done on the canal and railroad for the same week in July for three years : ? ScHtTrLKiix Coat. Trad*-. II "tek ending July July 18, '44. July 17, '4i. Schuylkill Canal, toiu '14.717 12. 9.W J,4'i0 Heading Railroad, tons 5,1,9 10,691 21,770 Total, tons 19,876 23,044 29,260 The complete revolution that has taken place in the ?itisiness ol those companion is really astonishing. The transportation of coal on the railroad has nearly doubled each year, while the business of the cannl has fallen off n about the same proportion. The road must be tapidly improving in value at this rate, while the canal must be lepreciating as rapidly The position of these two woi ks, competing for the trnnsportion of coal from the Schuylkill mines to the seaboard, will show which is lost likely to obtain the largest portion of business. "Pie nilrond oxtends from Port Richmond, on the Dela ware, to Mount Carbon, a distance of ninety-eight mile*. The Rchnylkill Canal extends from Port Carbon to Fair' mount Bridge, at Philadelphia, a distance of one hundred and eight miles. The grade of the Heading Railroad in no instance averages over nineteen feet to the mile, oxcept one mile near Port Richmond, which is about forty-two feet. The locomotive trains readily pass over |t. being aided by an engine stationed at the plane for the purpose The heaviest of Port Carbon is six hundred and sixteen feet above the level of tide water. This as rent is overcome by the canal through the agency of one hundred and nino locks, sevrnt; -six of which are lift locks. This elevation is decidedly disadvantageous to the canal, while it is it!varitiigenus to the railroad, it be ng highly favorable to the descent of powerful enginm drawing over the plane of the road enormous loads of coal in about nine hours, having the ascent to make with nearly empty cars. Taking everything Into considers, lion, there never was a road so favorably situated for '?arrying coal a* thia, for its length. Its principal depot in the coal region Is at Mount Carbon ; helow this depot several lateral roads branch into the extensive mines rhe cars coming from the mines on the lateral roads, are taken to Port Richmond on the main stem, and no change is made from the mines to the vessels at the doc.ks;and it is estimated that coal is delivered into the holds of ves sels at Port Richmond, when Ihi' roil is In operation, at the rate of <> ic to i < i "ii i ? i ? ?? | machinery used, and the fuciliii' all >n!?.! by c c u u Us of the company, are on tha most extensive scale While the most sur prising espedition Is daily accomplished onthis railroad, tha canal boats require at least five days to make the whmvei at Philadelphia. A day is allowed a boat to tin load. Bnd five days to return, making eleven dayi for tho tnuxportatioB of MohbeaWrou tha miaei to Philadelphia

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