Newspaper of The New York Herald, 28 Temmuz 1845, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated 28 Temmuz 1845 Page 2
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NEW YORK HERALD. Slew York, Monday, July aw, IMS. Important from Wellington. From a private and confidential source at Wash ington we have been favored with the views, on se veral important subjects of one of the most distin guished (.talesmen of this country. Ati?iirs in the White House and in the democratic party are now in a most curious and critical position. One of the mo^t important subjects now under in vestigation in this country is a revision of the tariff Mr. Secretary Walker has published his intention of making every |>ossible eriort to reduce it to a re venue standard. The concentration of Mr. Walker's energy and perseverance upon this subject has alarmed Mr. Buchanan for the fate of the present tariff, which, of course, he will endeavor to defend as long as there is a majority in Pennsylvania in fa vor of protection. Limited as he is, and crippled in his means of defence by his position in the State Department, it became necessary for him to employ whatever weapons of defence might turnup. One was s?on thrown into his hands and was taken ad vantage of at once in the appointment of Minister to England, which may be set down as a pure political movement. It lay with Mr. Polk and Mr. Buchanan i The cabinet may not have been consulted upon the j matter at all. as was the case in several highly im portant appointments. To gratify one wing of the democratic party the appointment was successively | offered to, and refused by, Messrs. Calhoun, Elmore, : Pickens, Woodbury, and others. After their decli nation, the appointment was left in the hands of Mr. Buchanan; and whom.does he name for that highly important and responsible trust which will be charg ed with all diplomatic negociations with England upon the subject of the tariff and the revenue ? i Why, a man that is looked suspiciously upon by nearly the whole democratic party ? one who said upon the nomination of Mr. Polk at Baltimore, that "Mr. Clay must be our next President," for "any body could beat such a wooden headed fellow as Polk." It is, therefore, considered that the Presi dent was overreached, and Mr McLane is our Mi- ; liister to England. Mr. McLane is a clever man, ! but it is expected that he will lend his influence to 1 sustain a tariff acceptable to the gentleman who no minated him. It Mr. McLane were not appoint ed to support a high tariff, pray what political end war gained by his appointment 1 The Union explicitly denies that he was sent out to negotiate! the Oregon question, for that negotiation is to bi I conducted upon the ground where a kindred states- ! man negoiiated the Northeastern boundary ; with what success it is not necessary to stop now to en- ' quire ; although something will be said upon the willingness of Mr. Buchanan to yield to all grasping England five degrees of t'nited Slates ter ritory; he, in truth, was and is ready to draw a line al >ng trie 49th degree. Was Mr. McLane appointed to gratify any great wing of the democratic party 1 If he is a whig, and does not belong to the democra tic party, what wing of the latter party could his ap pointment gratify 1 None, except a section in Penn sylvania, which calls itself democratic and yet sus tains the tariff of '42. Has he even any political capital either on account of his Stiite, position, or cliqitc That Mr. Walker has felt this appointment of Mr. Buchanan's may be easily believed. That he was opposed to it is unquestionable. And it will be diiiicult for the Union to make the people of the United States even suppose that perfect harmony o' sentiment exists between the Se.cretary of State and the Secretary of the Treasury. That this appoint ment was made by Mr. Buchanan, in spite and in defiance ot the Secretary of the Treasury, cannot be doubted by those who know the history of events in the administration of the government since the 4th of last March. And that Mr. Polk has been over reached is equally certain. All this may be called harmony, or anything else you please, but facts will prove this anything else than harmony. The conclu sion is, therefore, inevitable that there must have been a strong motive to risk such an appointment at all, and that that motive could only be the support of the tarifl of '42 against the attacks of Mr. Walker and ihe democratic party. We have a few more fact" in store. They will produce some astonishment in the political circles of this country. There is evidently some trouble ahead. St'FFERF.RS FROM THE LaTE FlRE ? REMISSION OF Ditties on Merchandise ? Government would be performing one of the most praiseworthy acts, in contributing in any way to alleviate the losses sus tained by those who have been victims of the late fire. As far as public sympathy eoes, it is not want ing, nor is there anv lack of courageous endurance among the sufferers. Any thing that can be done ought to be done by government to aid them ; it would be creditable to see it co-o|>erating with the public in kindly manifestations towards those who require it. A remission of the duty on goods in bond, the property of merchants whose stores and stock have been consumed, is the least that can take place. To exact duties on such goods would appear a hard and unfeeling proceeding. Some i?ersons speaking on this subject talk of an extension of the time al lowed to holders of goods in bond, as an act o grace. Twenty days are allowed by the law to land merchandise, and from sixty to ninety addi tional days before duties are payable, at the expira tion of which time, it is in the power of the authori ties to sell them at auction for the pur|>ose of obtain ing the duty with interest thereon for said term of sixty or ninety days. There would be little cause of thanks for any such beggarly favor as an exten sion of time merely in the present extraordinary circumstances, and as we said before, the very least that can be done by government is to cancel en tirely the obligations of the owners of such goods, on account of the duties payable on them. Some persons whose opinions are entitled to re spect go further, and say that all duties paid on the merchandize which has been consumed, ought to be refunded. This step would involve a far larger sacrifice of revenue, and is therefore far less likely to be effected. We should have no objection to recommend it, as the department is too rich, and can afford to be generous. But as the insurance CJinpanii's would be the gainers in this case, there is no great inducement to warmly advocate a trans fer of the national property out of the treasury to re plenish the coffers of these companies. Those who are holders of insurance stock are mostly people of wealth, who can aflord to have their capitals cur" tailed now and then, and not exactly of that gene rously disposed description of |>eople that would re spond to a call upon their bounty. Such being the case, it is a matter of little consequence whether their case is taken into consideration by govern ment or not. If the losses fell directly on the own ners of burnt pro|?erty ? if there was no intervention of insurance companies ? it would be by no means an extravagant view of the duty of government to tMy that such portion of the $4,700,000 now charge able on these companies, as consists in the duties already paid on goods, ought to be refunded by the government. At all events, we trust there will be no duties exacted on goods in bond. Fresh Water in Boston. ? That "fire is conta gious, is, unfortunately for this city and others, an axiom that recent experience has too painfully con firmed. Our Boston neighbors have at length been roused from their lethargy upon this point, and, with a praiseworthy but tardy etlort, seem 'deter mined to advance at least one step to secure their city from this destructive element It was not to b ? expected that New York', with her magni ficent aqueducts and reservoir-", could furnish any model ?r suggestion for the fastidious tastes of the Bostonians in the contrivance of their projected plan of operation ; and we find now, on their route to Philadelphia, a deputation of six from the collec tive wisdom of the fathers of that city, to seek such jnr>rmation as the exigencies of their condition I ay reqiure City Finances? Expkndittres of the Corpo ration. ? The Comptroller of the City, in accord ance with a resolution requiring information in rela tion to the expenses to the 13th of May last, has made out a report, showing the objects of the city "xpenditure. The expenditures for the year 1844, for each department, the estimated expenditures of 1SI5, on which tax is to be based, the amount ex pended from January 1st to May 13, 1845, in each department, will be found in the annexed table The expenditures for the year 1844 were $1,449,591 32. The estimate of expenditures for the year 1&15, ? ind upon which the taxes of the year are to be levied, was $1,371,677 26, being $?77,914 06 less than the ex|>enditures of 1844, and $158,875 98 less than the ascertained expenditure under the late Common Council, between May 14, 1844, and May 13, 1845. The expenditures between the 1st day of .January and the 13th day of May, 1844, amounted to $576,823 24 The expenditures of the corres ponding period of the present year amounted to $669,140 94, exceeding those of last year in the sum of $92,317 70. Rxn.NDiTi hi:? ok the Citv or New York, 1844 avd '45 Ksti mated ihunutit of | expenditure exjiend'ie Expendi- < J 1845, on fm Jan. 1 (to e of whit h tax is to May On account of year 1844. to he hated. 13, ISiy Waich $2-0,329 76 2 IS 391 W 103,107 till ] Lamps and gas, 129 .US 1 87 150,IHM> 00 76,'i71 38 Aqueduct repairs 11,988 43 10,010 00 fi,8:,'6 Hi Urns house 255,275 to 196,950 00 100,7(14 00 Board of health 128 40 4i( CO III 40 ' orODer's fees 4,2'M 73 3,500 01) 907 62 (.'leaning doc k - and slips,. 5,lfi0 12 7.5(10 00 308 10 County contingencies. . . 61,544 93 20, H O no 28,986 25 Coutingent exi*u*e* C. C. 5, 111 20 5.000 no 752 12 ( 'leaning ?tr,ets 112,1( 6 70 50,437 (10 49,387 55 Donations 8.00)1 00 8. Oil) 01 2. 25 I'O Docks and slips ?9,922 92 30,000 00 19,985 23 (Elections 10,199 10 10,(00 00 3,738 25 K.rror* and delinquencies,. 2 581 14 5,IXKI 00 2,45(1 56 Ki re depart m* t 3". 115 49 IB.IHlOOO 11,967 19 Interest on revenue boiuU 26.WI7 67 48,('(!U 00 19.971 81 Intestate estates 80 17 18,000 00 16,612 19 Lands and placet J, 430 00 2,750 00 1,500 00 Mayoralty twe luo 00 10000 Mad sou square 290 00 ... Markets 230 47 250 00 < Itfic-iV lues 55 570 33 50,000 00 11,85179 Printing and stationery... 25.481 S7 20,000 00 13 , 52 97 Hepeirs and supplies .... 51,777 75 10 096 00 20,750 36 Hi- its 1,200 00 1,2 JO 00 150 00 Heads and avenues. . . . .. Il,iu 8 84 I6.11OO 00 7,112 44 Heal estate, 1,77180 5.00# (.0 1,205 74 Street espeuses Hi sewers, 30,885 54 35,000 00 10,916 79 Salaries, 219. "15 7 3 200,000 00 94,194 68 Water pipes 8J,9>5 00 50,00(1 fO 22,683 It Chantei ou ar e r taxes. .. ... 1,500 00 1,087 00 Municipal police ... 120,500 00 35,080 01 $1,4(9,591 32 1,371,677 26 669,140 94 Add amount of bills p iid since May IS, for expen- 1 diture 1 r or to that d te. . . . 36,831 33 | " pre-ented since, uapnid, 9,772 14 K.xpenditure from Jan. I to May 11, 1815 715,741 41 Balance of estimate unexpended May 13, 1845, 655.032 85 Total estimated ex|ienditnre $1,371,677 26 | Should the expenditures, during the remainder of the year, equal in amount those of the correspond ing period of the last year, the expenditures of the k ear would exceed its receipts in the sum of $170, 231 76, as will be seen by th? following statement. Estimated amount of expenditures, for 1845, upon which I the taxes of the year aie to be levied, was $1,371,677 26 The expenditures between the 1st day of January and 13th day of May, 1S45, according to the above table, amounted to $669,140 94 An amount equal to that ex pended between May 13 and December 31, 1844, 872,768 08 1,541,909 03 Kxcess of expenditures 'over receipts on this basic, $ 170,231 76 The excess of expenditures, over receipts, must necessarily prove much larger, as the estimated ex senditures of the entire year have, on several ac counts, been exceeded in the first four and a half months. The estimated expense of the Watch department or 1S45, is within $21,935,50 of the amount paid in H14, notwithstanding the establishment of the Mu nicipal Police, the estimated expense of which is put down at $120,500. The estimate for cleaning streets in 1845 is about $62,000 less than paid in I S44; and the expenses of the Alms House, are esti mated at nearly $60,000 less. The Fire department is put down at $18,000 in 1815, against .$30, 1 15, in 1844, but the Comptroller says thit the esti mate for 1845 will have lo be increased at least $10, )00. The estimate tor cleaning streets will have to be increased, as $49,387,55 of the $50,000 estimated had been used from January 1st to May 13th, about four and a half months. The sum of $50,000 was estimated as sufficient for the expenditures of the year for the account of "Water Pi|?es" in the Aqueduct department. The amount expended on this account, on the 13th of May last, was $22,683 41. There has been paid since, for expenses previously incurred, the sum of $1,750 14, making together the sum of $24,433 55, and leaving a balance of appropriation of $25,566 45, of which the sum of $18,625 will be absorbed to de fray the amount of contracts made prior to the 13th of May last; leaving to be expended, in the discre tion of the present authorities, for the expenses con nected with this department, for the remainder of the year, the sum of $6,941 45. The estimated expenditure for "Lamps and (ias,'' ' for the year, and upon which the tax levy will be b ised, was $150,000, of which $76,971 3H were ex panded prior to the 13th of May, and $6,626 90, paid since, for expenses previously incurred, making to gether the sum ol $83,598 28, and leaving a balance of $66,401 72, of which $16,565 will be consumed in payments to be made under contracts made prior to the 13th of May, leaving to be expended, in the discretion of the present authorities, for the remain" der of the year, the sum of $49,836 72, which will probably fall short about $10,000. >These facts show that the estimates made for the expenditures of the city lor 1445, will be totally in adequate for the purpose. Judging from the amount already jwid, we should think that the expenses of the city in 1845, would exceed those of 1844, be tween one ahd two hundred thousand dollars, and that the expenses for the year would exceed the re ceipts, leaving the excess to be provided for in the taxes of 1846. The Fike Investigation ? The Committee will meet this forenoon, at ten o'clock, and res?unie their labor*. They have already made rapid progress, and will present a voluminous report, as they have t*k>-n a mass of testimony, most ot which will he included in it. We would earnestly recom mend every person who can throw any lialit upon the subject matter under investigation, todo so be lore the Committee re|xirt, as we understand that the most active steps w-iil b - uk"n to prevent, in fu ture, a recurrence ot all such awful disasters by lire, that have so frequently resulted in the utter ruin of many influential merchants and citizens. The Com mittee, to enable them to adopt some etlective mea sures to guard against all future losses to property, such as have recently taken place by fire, require every |>os8ible information from the intelligent and i the well disiiosed citizen. We sincerely trust thai ( the Common Council, after the Report, will apply j themselves to a re-organization of the Fire Compa I nies, whose services at the late fire are beyond all praise. The reorganization of the companies upon ( some such basis as the Police, having a night and j day patrol indiflerent districts, with fiorses to carry the lire engines, and also ajudicious distribution of the hose companies in various parts of the city, would be of vast service. We earnestly recom mend some such plan to the consideration of the Committee, as a matter in which every citizen is in" te rested. Movements of the Ocean Steamers ?The next steam ships due are the Cambria and Great Britain ?the latter the monster iron steamer. The (3. left i Liverpool on the 19th inst., and the G. B. on the 26th. The Great Western will leave this port next Thursday for Liverpool ; and the Britannia will sail from Boston next Friday. The new steam propeller packet Massachusetts, will soon be ready for sea. View of thk Coi;ntry. ? In to-day's paper, we publish several letters from various |>oints of the nion. In value and interest, and as giving a imji d'rril ()f the country, they have never been equalled in newspaper literature. ^ atciiino ? The beautiful piloteer Nettle, a nettle j lor any racing with her, ia ottered Ml*. See adver . somant. I ABToirroiNQ Disclosures? A nkw Gcmpowdkr Plot. ? The most extraordinary and novel disclo sures are daily taking place in this great city, which must startle the simple-minded and unsuspicious denizens. But a few days since, an awful and un forseen ealamity visited us, and the most unpleasant suspicions have been excited as to the cause. Again are we culled on to relate a transaction so in iquitous in its character, and which has been so long shrouded in mystery und darkness, that we doubt not the virtuous and indignant censure of the press and the public will be brought to bear upon its mtliors. On Tussday morning last, information was com municated to the Chief of Police, by Mr. Thomas Murphy, one of the Ins|>ectors of Customs, that a Urge amount of gunpowder had been brought into the city from a magazine in Brooklyn, which it was feared had been stored in warehouses contrary to 1 iw. This able officer immediately despatched a posse of policemen, who were ordered to keep a look-out for any boat which might be seen approach ing the wharves so laden. The matter was then re ferred to Alderman Hart, chairman of the commit tee for investigating into the causes of the explosion at the late lire, who, assisted by Alderman Briggs, ^icceeded, on Saturday morning, in seizing a barge belonging to the powder magazine, containing thirty kegs of gunpowder and two cases of canister, at pier No. 8, East River. They also arrested two iioaimen, and a person who represented himself as the ugent ot Hazard & Co., and took posses sion of the order-book of Messrs. Hazard & Co., from which they undoubtedly \>U1 i tin much information relative to the matter. P>ut what is most alarming, is the fact that upon further en quiry it was ascertained that six kegs of powder had been conveyed to a neighboring warehouse, which had been packed in barrels of coffee ? two kegs in a barrel, and sent on board one of the Erie and Troy barges. This was also seized. The boatmen and agent were taken before the committee of the Com mon Council, to give evidence in relation to the pla ces where tliey have been in the habit of delivering powder. Great credit is due the Aldermen for their industry and perseverance and the skilfull manner in which they conducted this business. We can, however, inform the uninitiated that the practice of shipping powder thus packed in coffee is by no means a new method. It is, on the contrary, one of the most common and ancient practices. A merchant receives an order for a certain number of kegs for shipping? he applies to the agent of the manufacturers ? the powder is senttohim and is im mediately packed in barrels or boxes, directed to ihe consignee and shipped as " merchandize" ? the Captains and owners of vessels perfectly understand the matter, and no questions are asked. We recol lect a circumstance which came under our own ob servation a short time since. A merchant in Front street was called on by a Southerner, who informed liim he wished to purchase a certain quantity of powder for the Southern market. It was furnished the following day, when the Southerner di rected that it should be marked as pow der. The merchant remonstrated with him, assuring the scrupulous customer that the Captain of the ship would not receive it, and that it was unne cessary. The Southerner, however, insisted, and the cases were accordingly marked and sent to the dock. The Captain, as predicted, refused to receive them. What was to be done! After some delay and dis cussion the boxes were returned to the warehouse, where the objectionable word waserased ? the name of the consignee substituted, and the same cases in less than an hour again sent on board and received as " merchandise." This is a matter of daily occur rence, and thus are the lives of the travelling commu nity jeopardised. Most of our readers will remem ber the explosion of a steamboat on the Mississippi river some years since, when it was suspected that :>owder had been received as freight, although the Oaptain insisted that not a keg was on board. It was afterwards ascertained that a large number of barrels supposed to contain coffee, but which in re ality consisted of powder, had been stored in the im mediate vicinity of the fires, and becoming ignited hud spread death and destruction around. We hope this subject will be thoroughly investiga ted, and some speedy measures adopted to put an end to this iniquitous and dangerous practice. The blood of thousands who have been thus made the victims of a mean and contemptible spirit of avarice, calls loudly some public and general remonstrance. Prevalence of Incendiartsm. ? The number and extent of the fires that have taken place this year ? we may say within a few weeks ? is a subject not only for grave reflection, but of astonishment to those who pass them in mental review. Such have been thfir frequency, their destructiveness, and the injury inflicted upon communities, that they will give a character to the year 1845 of a most unenviable na ture, and such as we hope its successors will not copy after. Pittsburg, Matanzas, Quebec, and New York,'4are so many sad mementos of devastation and destruction, of dread casualties, as hard to account for as to forget. It is a question with many whether they are pro perly so termed. Strong doubts sexist as to their coming into the category of casualties, and in. deed the objection is not without foundation. To regard all these conflagrations as taking place by accident, one must assume that the half of the good people of the present generation have lost all their self possession and ordinary care and caution, for, with a reasonable exercise of these vulgar qualities, liability to visitation from fire, would be incompara blyless than sad>xperience daily teaches it to be here and elsewhere. One cannot help pausing to nsk are men and women less sober, less rational 1 Have they less common sense and prudence than former ly ! Is human nature degenerating to a level with the lower animals, and lower, in not retaining ability to take care of and provide against and avoid dan ger. It can hardly be. There must he more than acci dent in all these (ires, hurricanes of destruction and explosions. Anu yet it is not easily that the mind entertains these suspicion?. Uishoneny, vice, and wreckletsnes* do unhuppily abound in this city, but what a flagrant and abandoned degree of criminali ty must prevail in society, if it can produce ready instruments of entailing wholesale misery on unof fending communities. The footpad can revel in his spoils ? the assassin may have a piea in the wild |us. tice of revenge? bad men are rarely, in any case, to t illy be reft ofsome pretext to offer inextenuationwhen arraigned for tiieir acts ; but the utmost ingenuity can say nothing to charge or account for the malice of the incendiary. And yet there is no denying it there have been incendiaries? such miracles of vil Itny have been detected, and punished, and exposed before an amazed public, too clearly even for the conscientious scruples of the foes of capital punish ment to doubt and cavil as is their custom. It is hard to conie to any definite conclusion as to the cause of the various (ires we have adverted to. Regarding them as accidental, involes the assump tion of beastly stupidity ; a belief in their being pro duced by design implies the admission o( a degree of ferocious wickedness as exisiing in society, such as would be repudiated as not even plausible in 11 ro mance. At present the matter is involved in a sort of mystery; and after all, the simple Canadians, who fancied they saw the destroying angel hovering over the devoted suburbs of Quebec, may be pardoned the su|>erstition in consideration of the gloom and mystery in which the real cause of this, as well as all the recent calamities of a similar kind, are yet enveloped. Arrival of Paokkts ? Four fine paekefs, the Uti ca, Henry Clay, St James, and St. Patrick, arrived yesterday. Fortification ok tiik Pknorscot Hiver. ? We understand f hut Lieutenant Stevens, engaged in erecting a tortifle.jlidn on the Penobacot at Buckuporl N?rrow?, received order* a uliort time nince to erect two hatterle* at thai place with nil po??lble despatch. He immediately employed a large er?w, and ha* kept them actively emnloved, ?o that in the ennrie of two or three weeki he will Se able to mount forty-Ore (runt St that point.? Bangor Cturitr, July 04 Common Council. ? Both Boards will meet this | evening ; and we trust before they take a recess, that they will do something to abate the many nui sances we have repeatedly called their attention to. Will no well-d imposed member cf the Board make | in effort to introdu ie an ordinance to improve the ;>aving of the streets und thoroughfares'? The opening of Canal street to the Bowery has been frequently 8|M>ken of, as a sub eet worthy of the serious consideration of | our worthy fathers in the Corjioration. Ornament ing the Park fountain, a railroad in Broadway, and various other improvements, have been suggested from time to time but the minds of the wor thy members are so innoculated with politics, and !>lace-making, and sharing the paltry spoils of office, tkat nothing substantia has been done since they got into office. Unfortunately for our citizens, the Ii.story of one Common Council may be considered the stereotyped history of all. No matter whether 1 Whig, Democrat, or Native, the same dull routine of business consumes one half their time. From May until May, no sooner does one party get into office, than nearly the entire term of incum bency is taken up in filling some paltry place, and nothing is done to benefit the public. The poor in dustrious classes, who have all been thrown u|>on the world, and deprived by the " Natives" of their means of existence, in carrying on some trifling industry in Chatham Square, without paying taxes or rent, did look forward with some confidence to the present Corporation, to be reinstated in their business ; but the sweet promises of the present members of the Board have all been broken. Those zealous opponents to " abuse of i>owei" by the "Natives," whose speeches were j loud in condemnation of the latter party, for de- j privin:; the poor foreigner and adopted citizen of j the privilege of selling fruit in this vicinity, still j without paying taxes cr rent, have shut their eyes and j closed their ears, and are deaf to the entreaties of j the many poor people who now call upon them in ; vain. Such paltry chicanery is discreditable to any j party. When Alderman Charlick was demolishing his opponents in the late Board, one of his most populur arguments was this very matter we recur to. The poor industrious foreigner was to be driven from the honest paths of industry, and deprived of the j means of subsistence by honest industry in Chatham square, only to become a burden upon the city, by eventually going into the Alms House ; and all be cause they will not pay rent as other people do. This was an unwise course, and would serve as a means not only of increasing but creating pauperism; and now that this party has been in office over three months, the same poor foreigner is deprived oj the poor privilege of selling, as formerly, in Chatham i square, and the " Native" ordinance is still in exist- ! ence. The fact is the present Corporation, in as far as acts are in question, may be deemed more native than the "natives" themselves. The same pro scriptive policy that was the leading feature of their legislation while in office, has been allowed to re- ! main a law upon the statute book, much to the dis- j satisfaction of the great bulk of the democratic party j who do not conceal their chagrin and disappoint- ' ment about it. The apple-women themselves have i just as strong a terror of the present Corporation as they had of Mayor Harper and the " natives," whose i hospitality certainly surpassed that of the present j Board, as they generously allowed the people to re gale themselves at the Park fountain, vCith iced wa- ' ter, in the memorable " tin sauce-pans," on the 4th ' of July, 1844. There is a fair field for some well- | disposed member in the board to render some prac I tical service to the community, and untrammelled I by party considerations; there are in the present j board several active and intelligent members, who are perfectly capable of carrying out the suggestions offered, for the benefit of the great bulk of our citi ens, especially those who block up the streets with apple carts, tax and rent free. We could, indeed, point at some two or three unaspiring young members in the board, who have both capacity and ability to do some service to the community, and though party men, true to the letter to their principles, may not be considered blind partizans. We trust that soni^thmg will be done to ' carry out the improvements suggested, and that the poor industrious |>eople who made formerly a living j in Chatham square, will be restored their privileges of not paytng their taxes, by those who were loud- 1 est to clamor against their being deprived ef them j by the " natives" while in office. The Police Department ? A Suggestion for the Mayor. ? We hear loud and frequent com plaints aboutsome of the new policemen. It is said that many of them are exceedingly illliterate, ineffi cient ? and worse than all,' insolent in their language and behavior. If this is the case, it should be cor' reeled at once ? and we hope the present able Chief will look into the mutter. Many of them have never held an office before, and now dressed, for the mo ment, in " little brief anthority," seem inclined to assert their dignity and show their activity, by un noying the harmless and inoffensive. The Chief of | Police has lately a little book containing the " llules and regulations for the general government of the day and night police." The sentiments I therein expressed we cordially subscribe to, and beg leave to refer to the fifth section, which reads as follows : ? " Member* of the department mutt he civil ami respect ful to the public, awd upon all occasions execute their duty with pood temper and discretion. No qualification is more indispensable to a policeman than a ]>erfect com mand of temper; a manly forbearance under provocation, and a temperate though firm deportment, will ensure him support in the discharge of his duty ; while violence and indiscreet altercation will destroy his individual in fluence, and may draw down public odium on the de partment." Now, in order that detection and punishment may immediately follow the disobedience of these ex cellent maxims, we would respectfully suggest for the consideration of his Honor the Mayor, that every policeman, in addition to the " star," should be regularly numbered, and the number worn in some conspicous place, so that any |>erson hereafter arrested without cause, may easily find out the name of the policeman who arrested him. ? (n case of any gross dereliction of duty, the numbers will also ensure detection, and thus benefit the de partment generally. We ho|>e this suggestion will be attended to, for we are very certain the public will never be satisfied nntil it is adopted. Sporting Intelligence. Beacon Coursk, Hobqkrn. ? Three interesting Hays of sport? the hurdle race for a match of $500, between Hops and Livingston comes off to-d.iy at 1 o'clock ; also a foot hurdle race in which there are nix entries, including George Seward and H. Hor ton, to go one-fourth of a mile and leap twelve hur dles. In the former I lops is the favorite at about five to four ; Livingston may h ive the speed, but we doubt much whether he has the spring for the lea|? Hops a day or two since made a leap of upwards of thirty-one feet, clearing a three feet six inch hurdle in fine style. Six to four is offered on Geo Seward in the quarter of a mile race. The latter will be looked to with some interest ; both pieces of sport will, no doubt, attract a iirettv good crowd to witnes.* them. They will be well worth seeing. Tr<'Ttino, Cambridge ? A pun-e given on the 24th of ?HM?, inile beats, best three in five, in harness, cunie oil' as above, for which the following four cele brated horses started : ? (Jen Dunham b. g Moscow 1 1 1 O. Kd wards s. m. Lady Swan a J 1 J. Whelplev b. K Daniel Webster S 3 3 ft. Titus s. g. Plumb Bob 4 4 4 Time 'J:4fl 9:41 3:45 The winner was rode by Hiram Woodruff, We ,re 'dud to perceive his successful ilrbut, in his new loeHlity. The sporting circle of this neigborhood will nnss Hiram. Another Mwrokr. An affray occurred at New Hope, Lincoln county, Mo , 1-boiit the Ath instant, n which .1. \V. Payne received a I. low, or blows, upon the head, from a biftet of wood Payne lingered under thi '?It. "'Is df ii is wounds until the mm nii R of the lUh.whet ho died. Two men, Stark Fielder mid Wni llnmniark are chared with the offence lloth have left th<t see. lion of the country. Fielder is said to have com<> to this rity. We derive the above facts from a latter ursine his arrest This is the second brother who has been kil led at the same place within a year. The dispute had li? origin iu some old difficulty,? St. Leuti Pap*r. Opening or thk New Pavilion on Coney Isl and. ? Grand Mustek ? Clams in Great Request. ?A few days since there was a general invitation issued to the members of the Common Councils o| his city and Brooklyn, the members of the press, ind others, to view the opening of the Grand Pavi ion on Coney Island. Il was announced the steamer :olas, would be in readiness at No. 1 pier East river it 5 o'clock on Saturday, to convey the invited ruests to the Isle of Clams. Shortly after this hour, ibout one hundred guests were assembled on board, ind about half an hour afterwards they set forth Phis is a most capacious atiair, some ninety-live eet in circumference, by about fifty-five in length, ind forty high, having four ventilators in the roof, ind hung with some twelve or fifteen lights around V most glorious place in warm weather for every hing that is comfortable ? clams in imrticular. rlvery thing went oft' with the greatest good humor, ind they reached Fort Hamilton in about an hour, where the forces on board were strengthened by jome tifty or sixty additional, among whom ware jonie military characters of fame and repute, whether for an 'attack 011 the island, or clams, the result only jould tell. The party then proceeded to their desti nation, which they shortly afterwards reached . ind a long line was formed from the new pier, pro ecting into the sea, to the capacious tent or pavilion srected at about a quarter of a mile distant. Here the party was received by the worthy host, Alonzo iteed, in proper style ; a band of music, on their approach, striking up " Hail Columbia." The poor host's arms must have suffered severely. We ex pected nothing else bur he and his aid, Capt. Beilby, ihe projector of the pier, would have at least suffered the loss of their right arms on the occasion, but we were afterwards happy to find they were left. The liberality of the host was h>-re displayed fully. At ihe very commencement he did not debar his guests of refreshments of every deseript oa, but threw his Ijar open to their demnnds. The company for some time amused themselves examining the ground and the preparations made for theirentertainment. The great clam bakeries drew forth their admiration ; nor were the great boilers full of fish and clam chowder without admirers. After this there was 4 fierce attack made upon sundry large dishes of ready opened oysters, which were soon driven out of sight. This ordeal having been gone through, some pieces of music were given by the band, and the not light fantastic toe was displayed to some extent. It was truly amusing to see a grave, sedate alderman of New York, and the sprightly sporting characters of Long Island, and a host of others, exercising themselves together in the mazy waltz, and anon, in the gay quadrille. This was enjoyed for some time, when the word was given tor an attack on the substantial, and a regular rush was made for the tables. Mayor Talmage, of Brooklyn, headed one, and Alderman Benson, of New York, took the presidency of the other. Each table was well stored with all the necessary articles requisite for enjoyment ? clams in every possible style. There never was heard such a heavy discharge of champagne artillery the mo ment the two presiding officers took their seats? as a salute, doubtless ? which was done amplo justice to by those present in swallowing the charges. In a short time afterwards, before those who went to eat clams]could get their bellies full, the toastswere given. The first was, "Our worthy host, Alonzo Reed ; long life and success to him, was given with all due honors. Mr. Reed, in a neat brief address, thanked those present for the honor they had done him, and said he wa^greatly obliged to the Common Council of New York, ana the authorities of Brooklyn, for the very handsome patronage he received from them. They were ever ready to patronize merit and indus try, wherever it was displayed. In conclusion, he begged to propose, "Success and prosperity to New York and Brooklyn." Drank with t/iree times three, and onecheer more, the band playing "Yankee Doodle." Mayor Tali.maoi, of Brooklyn, responded to the fore going, and said that Brooklyn could not but prosper; wliat with New York on ono hand, and Coney Island and Oov. Oavis on the other, their success was certain (Here there was a leud call made for " more clams," which sat those present in a, roar of laughter, and which interrupted the worthy .Mayor's speech fora short time.') In conclusion, he proposed the health of t.e Mayor and Corporation of New Y ork. ("More clams," and cheers.") Ai.n. Bkmsom said, that as one of the most ancient members of the Corporation of New York, it ever gavo him the greatest pleasure to hear their praise sounded abroad, ile had not words to express his feelings 011 this occasion, ("more clams,") but from the very bottom of his heart, he felt proud to meet so many old friends, and familiar and happy faces within the territory of Got. Davis, together with so many from the sister city of Brooklyn. (Cheeis ) If there was one spot on earth he idolized, it wns? (''more clams'')? his native city, 'New York. In her name, and{on,behalf of the Corporation of that city, he returned his most heartfelt thanks. (Great cheering.) The next toast was, "Success to New Jersey," which was responded to by K. R. B. Wright, Esq., of New Jersey ? He said that what with Oov. Davis and his territory on their side to protect and suppoit them ? ("n'ore clams'') that is a shell fish interruption of that gentleman ?(Laughter.)? The example of Brooklyn before them, the energy and enter prize of the New Yorkors to imitate, New Jersey must and would succeed. Although he was a resident of New Jersey, he took as great an interest in the welfare and good government of the city of the empire State. ? (Cheers.) Of their worthy host he would sny only a few words? a specimen of his hospitality was before them ? ( more clam *>? yes, in son>ething|more than ulami, ai d it spoke for it* elf. He wished him every succei*. and hoped he would ever possoss the patronage and support of New York, Brooklyn, and New Jersey. (Cheers.) Aid. Bk-?*o> then gave as a sentiment? "Our country; whether for good or for evil? our country." Drank up standing, with three times three, the band playing "Y'an kne Doodle." Several other toasts and sentiments were given and responded to by different parties, for about an hour, when Mr. Wright was called upon for a song That gentleman having favored the company with one or two beautiful airs, the party apparently highly delighted with their entertainment, filed off three deep towards the steam packet which was in atten dance. The vessel staid at Fort Hamilton on her return home, where most of the party went on shore and partook of other refreshment-*, and shortly after returned to the boat, which proceeded on its home ward track. The song and dance was well kept up throughout the trip, Mr. Wright and others contri buting much to the former, while th'- very excellent band engHged by the worthy host for the purpose, materially assisted the otli*r. All was good humor and enjoyment throughout, and all were loud in praise of the whole affair. Seldom has there been a pleasnnter trip enjoyed by any one 011 hoard. The boat reached her destination a few minutes before eleven o'clock. Governor Davis was not of the party, nor was he on his territory, as far as we could ascertain; thif eaused some surprise and enquiry, as it was thouaht lie was of late keeping a charp look out since the threatened invasion of Gov. Tom Dorr. The Dorr party, or any other party, might have landed with impunity on Saturday, as far as his presence was concerned. As it was, the party that did land and took possession on this occasion, caused a motu dreadful slaughter ofhis subjects, the clams. Nkw Routito New Orleans. ? The completion of the Central Hailroad, between M:ic?w and Sa vannah, has opened n new route for traveller! from New Orlear.* to New York, which promise* to become quite popular. The distance ii one hundred and ninety -two mile* to .Savannah. Ttie journey by stage* is much shorter than on thw old line by the way of Augusta, am lor this reason may gain the preference with the public Kverv arrangement is made lor the accommodation ol traveller! By an adaptation of the several stage, r*il road and ateamboat schedules, an uninterrupted com muniCRtion along the entire route is maintained, and ull loss of time by detention is avoided. It is gratifying t< witneas the progress of internal improvement* in Geor gia. An enterprising spirit is evinced by her citizonf that is fast realmnir groat results. The city of Sevan nah is ulioady the focus ol a lino of railroads that pene trate far into the interior, developing resources hitherto locked np and unknown, and bringing the hack settlo ments into connexion with the seaboard. The prosecu tion of these works is still going on with energy, and, ore long, it is expected that by these means the naviga tion of the Western rivers will he united with the Atlan tic Ocean. The extension ol the railroad to Mmilgome ry, in Alabama, is all that is now wanting to completi the connexion. Whan that link in the chain shall havi been finished, then the whole distance from New Or leans to Now Vork may be travelled on steamboats an. "team cars. The effects of this vigorous and enterpr ising system of improveme-it, in advancing the con merce, the wealth, and the credit of tho Stale arc alread* visible. ? S. O. Hullnin, July 10. City Intel F mr. ? Between six and seven o'clock yefterday even ing. a fire broke out in the trunk makers shop belonging o Mr Nathan I) Norton, in < hryslio vtreet, betweon (Jrand and Hester streets, wliirh burned a quantity ol timber and neatiyall the shop, and in a short time got con nected with three or lour frame buildings attached, which haij the tools completely burned off", and some damage done to furniture, beds, lie., before the fury of the Am could be checked. Doctor Wilhelm'i house. No. 8.H was damaged in the rear by lire, and tho iniide consi ? lerably by water The origin of the Are wa* the cave lessncKs of an old woman lighting a furnace. In i small Imil ling attached to the trunk maker* nent, having allowed lome spark* to get connected witl the wood am! shavings. An old gentleman, who-e naim we learned was Douglas*, father to one of our city tie pUty sheriff's, got into the building while on Are, mi when a short time inaide, became *o confused In the gica <moke, which wa* every where bursting through th. loora, loft* and windows, that he could not And his wa< mt again, when, he having but one resource left, threv iim?elf in betw een two bed*, which were in ti e room ind hy the timely a**i*t*nre of Justice Matsell, wh leardofthc darigerou* predicament lie wa* pi ired in rn*hed in with *ome of his men, and had him convex e out quite exhausted, but without further injury. Th? damage *nitaiaed will not amount to more than nVmit *1 (MM. None of the building* ware fntured. The Are nmpaniea, with their uiual alacrity, ware at hand in a ihon Una, Theatricals. Park Theatre. -?The lust representation of La fuive, an opera which may be considered one of the ine*t musical compositions, is to be given to-night. U has been already represented three times in this ?ity, and was attended by large and fashionable au iieuces. This doeB not surprise us, for, to many ;reat musical beauties, this opera iuld& very great cenic effect, and the splendor of the dresses has contributed somewhat to the delight of the public. ? Vloreover, the characters are delineated by urtists of superior talent, who, from tbeir first appearance in liis city, have captivated the admiration of their aearers. Their names are familiar to the public, Vl'lle. Calv6, Messrs. Arnaud, Cocuriot, Douvry, tnd Garry, are sufficient to draw a large auditory. Mueh having been said about the talent exhibited by these artists, in this opera, we will engage those of our readers who ha\e not had yet an opportunity of hearing them in La Juive, to call this evening at the Park and judge for themselves. Niblo's Garden. ? The very popular comedian, VIr. Henry Placide, is engaged at thi? establishment for four nights only, and will commence his short engagement this evening in his celebrated character of "Grandfather Whitehead," for a correct persona tion ot which he has become so distinguished. We ue unacquainted with any other artist so qualified is Mr. Placide to fill the Saloon nightly, as it has been the last fortnight, during the engagement of Mrs. Mowatt. Mr. Placide's performance'to-night is of a highly intellectual character, abounding in original |>oints and interesting situations. The Acro bat Family, who have returned from a successful trip to Philadelphia, repeat their extraordinary tour lillons and feats of strength. The vaudeville of "He's not a Miss," which was so capitally acted the rirst night of its representation, is to conclude tho performances. Castle Gakden.? This delightful resort still con inues to be well attended, and crowds repair there tfvery evening to rest themselves from their daily la bors by a few hours of rational enjoyment. To good music and good dancing, this place adds the advan tage of being one of the coolest in town, which, to the lovers of comfort as well as pleasure, is an in ducement of no small consideration in these warm days. Vawihall Garden.?' To-night, Mr. De la ltee, (he industrious manager and lessee of this splendid garden has a complimentary benefit. To the good administration and singing of this gentleman the garden is much indebted for its success, und the public for a good series of choice entertainments, which have been nightly offered to ihem at this fine place. The bill for the occasion is such as to leave nothing to desire. Call and see. Police Intelligence. Police Office, Sunday, July H.?Ji Geniltmon in Difficulty ? Great Robbiry. ? Abraham Porter, a young gentleman from Hartford, Conn., stopping at Lovejoy's Hotel, was strolling up Broadway one lovely moonlight evening last week, when he was accosted, at the corner of Park Place and Broadway, by a most bewitching dam sel of sweet seventeen, whose dark, lustrous eyes, and low silvery tones, so completely fascinated him that he accompanied her and her f. lend, Miss Klizaheth Lang, to their residence, comer of West Broadway and Anthony street. The lady gave him her name as >1 ias Klizaheth Thompson, and invited him to enter. He had not been ensconced in the snug parlor but a short time, when a violent knocking was heard at the door. " Good hea ven !" exclaimed the lady, what shall I do? where will you go to? I'm ruined? there's my husband come ? I'm ruined? what shall I do? What shall I do T said tho gentleman. Go out the back way, said the lady; and ac cordingly the gentloman suddenly became among the missing. Ha, ha, ha, laughed the Udy loudly and merri ly, as he cleared tho fence? ha, ha, ha, chimed in her friend in the entry. The devil ! exclaimed Mr. Porter in the street. What has become of my money 7 $400 in bills on the Chemical Bank, $26 in gold, and smaller notes -yes, it was all gone; he had been robbed. So he came to the Police office and made his complaint, nnd the ladies were arrested and committed. Death of an Alleged Parricide? Circumstan tial Evidence. ? About seven years ago a man named Stewart, accompanied by his son, then a young man, left his home in Dorchester, Maryland forthe west, where he intended settling. They parsed through Balti more, and in the neighhoi liood of that city the body of the father was found shortly after, in an open ield. He had been shot, and his skull was cut and broken with a sharp heavy instrument. Suspicion at Inst fell upon the son as the murderer. By the will of his father he was m i<le sole heir. It was proved that he had purchased a hatchet in Bultimore; that he afterwards told the hatchet >t an auction store in that city; that it hail bloo l-stains upon it; that his pantaloons were stnined with blood; that the watch of his father was found in the street, over which he was taken to be examined, and that in his trunk were found two large pictols, one of them discharged, and the ball of the other, when extracted, was found to be of exactly the fame u eight with the one taken from the body of his father. Ml these circumstance* strongly impressed the public mind with the belief that he was the murderer of his father. But the crime was one of such awful dye, that the jury hesitated to convict him on mere ly ciicumstautial evidence, however strong, aiuf so icn dered t> veidict of murder in the fecotid degree. The verdict was recorded, and sentence, to the lull term al lowed by law, imposed on the prisoner? eighteen years iu the penitentiary . His health had been failing for two years, and last Saturday he died, having previously par taken of the communion. His last words were that ha was innocent of the death of his father, that he had no hand in it, and was altogether ignorant of every tiling re lating toit. This is a most extraordinary case. The pri soner previous to death had sought religious instruction, and seemed to bo undarntandingly impressed with tha gi eat truth* of religion. With his last feeble breath, after participating in the most solemn religious observance, when standing, as he knew, on tho very brink af that eternity, where no lie could avail him? where he must answer for all his acts and words, nnd where lie could no more be affected by the good or ill opinion of his fellow men, he most solemnly protested his innocence. Against his protestation is to be placed a chain of circumstantial evidence, as complete and conclusive as was ever made out. establishing his guilt beyond all doubt in the minds of the Court? that expressed its surprise at the verdictof the jury ? and of all who heard the tiial. What shall we believe? Was he guilty or not ? He who knoweth all things can alone say. Tha whole is an awful tragedy. ? Buffalo Jldo., July 25. Dlorrmtnti of Traveller*. Although Sundays in general, suspend the accession, ot traveller*, yet yesterday was a manifest exception, the hotels furnishing more tlian their usual complement on that day. There are at the Amkkicais ? C. C. Tucker, Princeton; Louis Navies, Philad ; H. G. Dalton, Boston; J. Lowell, New Bedford; Col Cross. U. S. A.; J. Jordan, Ala.; H A. Micheio, do.; I'harlcs Miniquatt, < hailes'en; Bitrney, Osborne, and Duncan, Delaware; Warner, PhiUd ; A. H. Dele, Mont gomery, Ala. A?tor? J. L. New, N. O.; Charles Jafl'ron, do; Solo mon Hillen, Baltimore; W.Cameron, Conn.; Capt' J. B. Sumner, do; Dr. Webster, do; J Maynird, Philad ; R. D. Stephens, N. <>.; Dr. Forbes, Va ; Capt. .Vlatthew*. Great '?Vestern; W. Bolton, Toronto ; 8 O. Baker, St Louis; W T Raymond, Baltimore; W. R. Thompson, St. Louis; C. vv. Marsh, Boston; J. D. Williams, Memphis, .Vlr. Archer, Savannah. ? Citt. ? Col. E. C. Watmough, Philadelphia; Mr. Mc Donald, Canac a, W. J. Begeli, Ala ; Jno. Worcester N. C.; W. R. Jones, ( has. Oatsl'ord, Phil idelph'a; Chas Fish, Monticello; Col lluddack, ('has. B. Duller, Boston; VV. B. Mayes, Baihadoes; J. B. Willard, Ma?s. Faa**!.!*? T. Andie, N.O ; J. A. Varney, Charleston; I A. Porter, Conn ; K. R. Phelps, Albany; G. Lansing, ?Id.; J. Parden, N. O. Dwight, N. C.; Winslow Allen, 'oston; Ld. Black, St. Johns; B. J. Kennedy, Ire. and, Jno. Barrett, Kast Cambridge, Mass. Glork ? J. T. O. Oall, Amsterdam; Capt. Liot, Eng l.ind; Geo Gast, Philadelphia; Mr. B ynolJs, C P. Fox, 'hiladelphia; Aug. Steele, Cedar Keys; J. Hicksher, 'ari?. Howard? Jos. Morrison, Toronto; W.Howard, Balti note; Bobt. Williams, N. C.; Goodhue Anderson, Haiti nore; J. Richardson, Oswego; Wiggins and Myers, lass ; Jones and Pratt, Worcester; Jno H. Rogers, Bos on; II. Baiker, Ala ; W. Carroll, Philadelphia; Messrs. 'ope, Perkins, Gibson, Dennison, Cushman and Willis, Members of the Boston Municipal Corporation; C. C. loach, Boston; Anthony and Levy, do ; Jno. Turner, St. I.ouis; Blake and Styles, Richmond; R. H Coleyer, Mr. Belcher, Kngland. The Trramrrr of the Klre Orpnrtnieiit Ftrtd, with much pleasure, acknowledges the receipt of one liouvuid dollars, a. a donation, from James Lemon, Esq- , to the Widow and Oiphan Fund ofthe depotme^t. JOHN ?. GILES, Treasurer of the Kin- Deptrtme t Fund. The Treasurer in brh df of the ilep Tlinent tenders bis sin ?ere lb 'iikn to the d< nor of I lie nb'.ve lllienil t(ifi in sid of our liar talile fund, especi llywh u accompanied with lesimo Ii ds of approbati I 'he u itirine i, ,il a d I'eirleis act vity of hr Fire Delia rtme t ;it th- disaitr hih lite of the I9tb instant. New York, July , W45. ^'Ina Inanrmirr Coinpnny of Ilnrt fortl.? I'hr Directors of (hi* Company h,v>- I ways ac eil iiionthe ,iri' ciple I.f si-attei ihk tliei risks. ?o that in case of a swetpi g ire, their i bility to pay wmild not be impaired ; lence, b> ler ii? to this prinei. le in a business <fovr ye rs. while nanv other Companies hive been unable to |iay tb?-ir losses and sound up, thin Lumps has no e on prosperously. It* buses ?V the great fire in IMS, in this city, were paid in full and lie ore tiiey were due, and the Company have again the plennre f stain* to thoie who have h niored it w ith their p itronaue nd eonfideiice that il is now prepared to pay all lit lontrt in fnll and continue hmiiirii at heretofore. New Vork, July 23d, I8ts. A O HAZARD Ar*nt, iw Office ?:l Wall St., corner of Water. All Philadelphia S u bar rl prions to th? krai.d must he raid t? the oitLTat'THoaiaau Aor.trs, Zi. ?rkt.o I Ledger Bnildinir. Third street, near ( h?sf nut - srins? 7S cents a mouth, including the Sunday paper; or ?5 nU without it; delivered free of chirife wy |wt\,f pi,j|v Iph.s Sonde copies for --ile s>< ive daily, at I o'clock? -ice3c?ntt j^lpn^e',(KI 1 ' , ?-ry Saturday morn 'nla^ lph.a, ti . ? t " ,n xbi^mJ!.J!,;v:;, ?rr With the es.eptioiiof one p,p? , th, ?? Hamld" is read >s muclv perhaps, in PhiladalAia, as any nj per published in that ity, Sffording s valuable medium to advertisers. Advertise jfljfjlir ? past 4 o'clook. Will ipp.It iq

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