Newspaper of The New York Herald, July 29, 1845, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated July 29, 1845 Page 2
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N E W YORK HERALD. *??? iork, Tun lay, July 'A\t, IMS. T!if Arinilnlut rntl hi mi'l lt? Srcret Opponents ?Mi Canrir, iintl who will be H" 8 arc ?? ??or. \Vtf h ive s-v-rd times alluded '<> th? present po ?itionof the adiniowtnrion of the general govern ment, and the influences that were secretly o|*ra tiiiir among certain politicians to affect it ; and how ever ready the official journal at Washington Ins been to catch at sup|?osed errors and mistaken o opinions of letter writers, if has not even dared to allude, in the most remote degree, to our prophetic announcement of tli?- uiready contemplated succes sion, and the covert m tnu'uvering to counteract it, and compel the administration to give way, or be ! defeated. The nomination of Mr Polk at the Baltimore Con vention, and the consequent defeat ol Mr Van Bti ren, and his immediate f tends and expectants, gave rise To the most implacable secret hostility ever en gendered in this country among men professing the flame political creed. For four long years h id the i former office hol'Jt rs under Mr. Van lJuren been in- ' dulging in the hope < f a complete restoration to that power that the whigs had mrceede t to in 1840, and to be thus thwarted and deprived of ?he pop and pen nies th t mu-t have fallen in su< h an abundance to their sfure. was entirely too much for their pure de mocracy. Secret movements were instantly con- ; roe'ed? HL'ents were dispatched to Tennessee to |.r?'ctre i ss? nt to terms of sup|>ott. but Mr. Polk was riot to be c night in any way : he kept a profound si I 'nce. A cnTal revolt of their forces was then 1 c mt-mjiUted ? ??cretly talked of? the 1 1 ?n prepared, and finally, th" first movement?*' The secret ant - ; T-x is circu! ir " was discovered, and exposed, t<~> | the utter astonishment ol both parties, nnd the do I con fi'ure ol those whose names were found attach- : ed. The development of this document retarded, nnd fin illv privent?-d a full accomplishment of the ! hostile intention* of ih .t portion of the so called de- j imcacy of this State, who haw for years secretly j advocated the mono < f "rule or ruin." Hid their midnight political treason been undisco vered. it wouM have been followed by a stent rom~ bination with the abnlitioniftt of this State to unite their whale fore* against Mr. Polk, and thu* would \ he have been defeated and Henry Clay elected Pre xi- I dent of the Union These facts have recently been made manifest, nnd the administration are probably already apprised of them. We have thus reverted tofacts that have transpired, in order to show our numerous political readers in tie south and west, the elements that are now secret- ' 1 ' at wotk in this State, and parts of Ohio and Penn sylvania, to oppose all measures and appointment* of the present administration, unless they will quietly surrender and submit to the demands of those, who failing to rule at the Baltimore Convention, covertly attempted to ruin at the general election. Tt is well known to every close political observer, that scarcely a movement of the government of this State has been made since the election of Mr. Polk in which its secret hostility to the general adminis tration has not been apparent. Among the very first, was the appointment to the most important office in its gift, of one whose name was found prominent in the " Secret Anti-Texas Circular." Secondly, was the retention of nearly every State office-holder, whose acts had rendered them obnoxious to the en. ergftic advocates of "Polk and Dallas." Thirdly the hostile tone of the prers in this city, Albany and elsewhere, known to be under its influence ; and fourthly, the vote* against annexation of members of Congress in its confidence and correspondence, and ?h- continuous hostility of secret committees sent from A'bnnv to Washington, during the whole of th" recent session Notwithstanding all this, President Polk ha m ide m ny appointments from the body of the ver\ men who thus exerted every secret influence to de test him, and who would have been successful, had not the ??yountr democracy" of this State boldly sus t lined the measures that produced his nomination : and yet this branch of the party in this State are unsafi?fi'>d. Like Oliver, they are asking fot more, and, like sturdy beggars, threaten hostility ij their wants are not satisfied. They succeeded. 1 1 rough clamor and falsehood. in removing Oover n ?rVun Ness from the Collector-hip, in hopes o thus securing all the appointments in the Customs wherewith to make capital to oppose the present ad ministration ; but th? President and the Secretan of th" Treasury were not thus to be "headed off.'' and they -elected a gentlem in for the station wh? stands in too elevated a position in society to b made 'he tool and instrument of any particul t rdimii of the democratic pirtv. The recent grvmblings show that they have faded in this last movement, aid we may soon expect to s<*e Collector Lawrence attacked and abused as virulently as was his nrede cocor. The present general administration have but oth pi lin, straight forward course, as the day has passed. wh>n tlie peo|ile will be humbugged by politic*' humb'ig or clique* of any party, whose patriotisn Consists alone in ofTice-holrting and the distributor of the spoils of party. President Polk with hi C ibinet have onlv to recommend and sustain surl great measures of government as the people will a;> pove, and any factious opposition in Congress o' elsewhere, emanating from office-seekers and then friends, will consign the authors to the same politi c il oblivion that the so called democratic op|>onent! of annexation will ultimately reach. The administration have only to follow up a close and strict adherence to the earliest annexation of Texas ; a refusal to settle the Oregon question b) any compromise lhat yields an inch of the territon that belongs to us; the early recommendation of l tws to establish a tariff based on revenue princi ples, and the safe deposit of the public moneys, with bona fide security for every dollar entrusted to the hands of public agents : eternal hostility to all marr* moth monopolies, and protection to our commerc* and flag throughout the world? to secure to it the approbation of the people and the succession to an\ one of its members who evinces the strongest adhe rence and soundest judgment in the advocacy of these principles. this be done, and the aboli tionists and secret circnUrite? of the north ant' east may combine, and continue to combine and in trigue to their heart's content. The great an^ mighty West, including Oregon and the chivalrou.* South, including Tex^s, will overthrow all such op iK>sition. _ Treatment or the Indians.? We give in anothei column a favorable notice of the recent efforts made to remove the Potawatamies west and south of th? Missouri river. This notice is favorable to oui government, and it would appear that the Indiam are treated with a good deal of leniency by the whites. This, however, we know is not so. No Indian tribe, in the negocntion to p rchase then lands, his ever been treated with proper kindne^ by the white race. The poor red skins have been robbed, cut down, and degraded in every possible ehipe. Their noble spirits h-tve been driven into th' embodiments of brutality, and they have been forcer' into continual drunkenness and wretchedness h\ the whi'es in their philanthropic efforts to sequin n.ore territory. It is true that this whole continent m i-t sooner or later become Ani^lo-Saxonized. yet it is unnecessary to spread this energetic rac? over th ? l.iaii by driving the Imli ins to the Pacific, in the brutal, unchristian, whiskey bottle-like man ner th?t has been shown to thern ?ince the North men first discovered America. Pars FotnuTAiN. ? Where is the Fountain keeper " 11m he not recovered from the attack of the mastiff Hundreds of strangers are in town, and they have n desire to see the fountains throwing up then o? nt* City - The bill ot mortality for the ln?t week shows a jrreat improvement over i i,, i,>! .f ?? ? i k the death* numbered The Newspaper Press ? What it is and what r orcHT to he. ? To expatiate at any great length >n the power and influence of the press in this coun ty, were a waste of time and words ; its power anr' ctivity are universally admitted, often magnified, not-tly extolled, but never regretted. It is a sound md healthful public opinion tiiHt so speaks ? it woul >e a symptom of decay and corruption to hear thi? n;ghty engine disparaged and slighted. But the ?ress, no less than the monarch of old, often requires :o be saved from the indiscretion of its friends, from hose who nre blind to its abuses, and insensible of the broad distinction to be made between its legiti mate uses and its inversion. He is a most unskilful panegyrist who is content to confine his approbation to the potvtr of the press ; it is but damning it with I tint praise to inake its influence alone the ground of' eulogy. The press is not to be worshipped on ac count of these, for they are qualities ihut deserve ap proval or censure just accordiug to their application. Power ill applied, nnd influence abused, are to be feared and crushed, nnd bv a parity of reasoning the newspaper press is to be judged by its Works and its fidelity to its trust What is that tru?t ! What are the legitimate func tions of this powerful engine ? One of these, but not the highest, is to spread intelligence In the capa city of an org hi of news ;t is useful, and contributes largely to the activity, enterprise and progress of society, ludusiiy is promoted, ingenuity stimulated, commerce extended, and the distant and *stran<;eil families of our race ajiproximated and familarized with each other by the diffusion of intelligence. In ihis capacity the press takes a lofty stand, and were its influence of no wider range, the performance of the offices just mentioned would entitle ittogreat praise ? would give it a just title to the admiration which is in our days bestowed upon it. But there ia -till unotner office, and wc think a higher one, which appertains to the press. To it legitimately b.-longs the honorable one of being the interpreter of ihe in t-lligence of which it is made the vehicle ; it claims to be the instructor of the public To it belongs the privilege of giving a torn* to public thought? a riph1 direction to the national mind. Whilst individuals fraternities, and associations of all kinds are orga nized expressly for partial benefits, to accomplish selfish objects, to promote local and individual inter ests ? the press ulone contemplates the good of all, brings every proposition to the test of general princi ples, and pronounces judgment on men and their actions, solely with reference to the common weal What an admirable institution is that which is devoted to accomplish these ends ? wha* a dignified position it occupies ; what power it possesses to counteract the tendencies of ignorance and error, and neutralize the effects of human folly and depravity. We now speak of what the press might be, and ought to be? what it is, is quite apo ther thing. Unless it at least aims at fulfilling the (unctions above ascribed to it, certainly it is bespat tered with a deal of adulation and senseless praise to which it is not entitled. Unless it comes up to the description given of what it ought to be, the admi ration of its mighty power, nnd the indiscrimina ting approbation which are now lavished upon it, are the offerings of devotees as blind as those who fall in the dust before the car of Juggernaut. The truth must be told. The newspaper press is not what it ought to be. No doubt it is swift in its travels ? punctual in the performance of its daily task ? nearly ubiquitous in its attendance, and cere, moniously studious to please ? which is about as much as we might say for a respectable pedlar, such as the renowned Sam Slick, of Slickville. A fig forsucft excellencies, and those who aim no higher than to cultivate them. He who values the art of pleasing while l;e occupies the editorial chair, is not in his proper vocation at all, and the sooner he leaves it the better. Let it be filled by a better man ? by one who will not condescend to address himself to individuals ? retail scandal, or entertain his readers with gossip only fit for a tea party of antiquated vir rins. Ttie character of an editor is one of rjrea' distinction and dignity, and hi* is one of the few cites wherein it is not only pardonable but nec< s? s try to indulge in a spirit of self esteem. A man whose duty and privilege it is to issue his thouglit. by ten thousand messengers to the ends of the eaith ?who has the world for an audience when he make. lis communication, is excusable in knowing his ?x tiled station, and in a measure censurable if h? loes not. But how few are the instances of this *intl now. Instead of being the instructors, wiiter,. tor the press are the creatures of public opinion: ike the chainleon they change their hue obedient t< ?very external influence, and deign to be the mer> ?cho of every prejudice, fashionable folly, ind popular clamor generated in the licen ?ious minds of the knaves and scoundrrls wh< 'oo often are the active agents in popular movements What is the fact in reference to the paity press ot the day. Sure ly it is not the bold and independen m >ral censor, to expose ignorance and vice, and ad vacate the cause of truth ? ot the weak against the trong. The pirty press is tied hand and foot to a ?et of designing politicians, to whose schemes it m ist pander in order to preserve its miserable exis tence. It has about as much liberty as a donk< y confined by a tether to a small patch of the surround nir pasture. Such is the actual condition of a great ,<ortion of the newspaper press, which we hear every lay extolled to the skies, as rendering great services to the public, contributing to the spread of informa tion, and aiding the cause of morality and liberty All this is wrong, and the prints that swallow this pa 'atcable draught for vulgar stomachs, are inflated to such a degree as to appear important, because of their . deformed dimensions. Not but they are small enough in the eyes of the discerning. All their pretension cannot impose on those who know ihe dirty work of a hireling party press, and who i ave correct notions of the true sphere allotted to the press, by reason and principle, and sound policy The trut i is, that the party press of this nnd every other country, is neither the guide, instructor, noi mirror of the public mind; and there is no greatei mistake than to form conditions of the real charac ter of a people from the trash that is denominated their periodical literature More or less blame nt r aches to society forenconraging this trash by buying t, it Cannot be denied ; liu? it i.- one of those devia lions from good sense that characterize the conduct of the prudent, in a social state, where good and evil, error and truth are mixed up together. Not one of ihe numerous readers of party pa|*rs, who possess ?>rdinary intelligence and sagacity, but will adinii that the force of habit has far more to do in it than choice, and that even in moments of his widest iberraiions from prudence in consulting these part) organs, he makes a liberal discount from their state, ments, on account of their exaggeration and aban doned partizanship. Very proper; if the rate of discount could be only fixed at one hundred per cent, then party journals might be read ? provided also people would not be fools enough to pay for the privilege Copter Spici-xatiows ? Another Bubble ? Mom every letter we receive from the Nonhwect, men tions the great speculative mania in the copi>er ie 410ns of Lake 8u|>erior. New companies are con - -lantly starting up, like muskrooms in a night, hold nig out puwerlul pecuniary inducements to the un inut?*d to purchase etork and purchase something equally as bad. That the copper region on the bor ders of Lake Superior is full of mineral wealth we lo not doubt, and that there are honest men enga ged in getting out copper, assisted by joint stock concerns is likely to be equally unquestionable, but t has always been found that in speculations like the "tie now so prevalent near Lake Superior, there an men of very little principle and less pence, who en raged in the busin'-ss to enrich themselves by cheat 1 ig and fleecing the ignorant fortune-seeker. We, hereto le, deem it fair to caution the public in th matter. Hubble# will burst on Laka Superior at Well a? elsewhere ( o!W"i Tbe Boards have taken u 11 ? until iit? first Monday m September ne*t Important fvon* T?**<? Annexation Ratified. Tin Southern mail of yesterday alternoon brought tin se\ -ral dayslater intelligence from Texas. It i? highly interesting. [From N'?w Orleans Picayune, July 20.] Bv 1 lift Hope Howes rapt. Shaw, from Galveston, w< e appii*ed of the glorious anil gratifying fact that th. luxation of annexation ha* been finally consummated rhuo hv the honest ami unwavering conduct of a Ire people, have the machinations of traitors at home an. i ne m ics abroad, bean foiled and frustrated. Honorto ttu lepublrcanr of Texas lor the part they have taken in tin achievement of the purpose. Wegivo our worthy correspondent's letter, which em braces a clear and succinct narration of the proceeding* if the Convention up to the latest period at which it were possible to receive Austin news ArsTiw, July 7. 1845. The Convention assembled on the morning ol the 4th. and unanimously elected lien Husk to preside over its deliberations. On taking the chair, he made ? short ad dress, w hich w its well delivered and suitable to the oc casion V committee of fifteen were soon after appointed who reported by their chairman, Judge Lipscomb, an ordinance absenting, on behalf of the people of Texas, to the terms of annexation proposed by the United States i lovenment. It was adopted with one dissenting voice -but live members Absent. It w?s engrossed and signed by all the members present, it is not a little singula! that the only di??enting voice was Richard Bache, the father-in-law of your Secretary of the Treasury and In other. in- law or the Vice President. After the ne e-?ary resolution* were i>a??e<l for the transmission ot the ordinance tothe United States, a reso lution was offered by Col. Love, ami unanimously adopt ed? "That the members wear crape on their left arm lot one month, as a testimony of regret for the decease ot i Jen Jackson. Whatever difference* of opinion may ex ist i is regards his political nets, elsewhere, Texas owes I im tt debt of gratitude. To him we are indebted lor the privilege ofl econiing a member of the Great Ameri ran Uinon ? a measure so important to us, and I hope t<> vou The Convention then adjourned. It was a novel celebration of the Liberty I)ay-to surrender the Inde pendence of our nation, and by the act of tho whole jmjo ide, assent to its incorporation with another, andolfcr a tribute of rs-poct tothe man through who o influence tho measure wai consummated. On the .)th, wo appointed committees on the plan adopted bv the Virginia Conventi.m. to repot t on the vu lious subjects ?uhmitted. It called forth some discussion which was creditable to the speakers? it was the skir mish that precedes more beavj firing. The delegates to the Convention, for intelligence, in teerity and worth, would rank high in any country.? Theie" is not, j<erhaps, much of brilliancy, but a great deal of niatter-of fact sense and sound knowledge ; and I predict that we shall form and send you a sound and sen ?Itile Constitution, free from the worst features of ul traism. , , The terms of Arnexation are not, perhaps, such as we had a ri?ht to ask ; but so anxious are we to free the sub act from further agitation in the United States, that no conditions whatever will be annexed to the Constitu tion d i tt e i i n is from the resolutions pasted by the United States Congress. A despatch was received from the United States in the morning, and Major Donelson arrived on the evening of the 5th, having been detained at Washington by serious indisposition. These despatches relate to the occupa tion of our lrontier by your troops. They are now on thuir niarch-the loot by water to Corpus t;hristi. on the west b ink of tho Nueces ; the dragoons by land to San Antonio. The step is taken that will decide Mexico in her poli cy. Foreign tioops will soon bo upon the soil she claims. Her choice must be a declaration of war; or, if sho is wise, negotiation. She may acquire money by the latter- defeat and disgrace only by the former. To day a resolution was passed, requesting the President ol the United States, in behalf of the people of Texas, to send troops forthwith to our frontier. This resolution is a sanction, on the part of the people of Texas, of the movement noted above. The intrigue of those in power hore, which, in its commencement, was advised by the ex-President, has been dissipated by the power of the people. The Ex ecutive occupies no envied position? I am inclined to think he has been victimized by his friend and patron, as well as her Majesty's Minister. True to his faith, however, he issued his Proclamation, admitting a state of war and a disputed territory, which, if not intended as treason to the country, or proceeding from disappoint ed hopes, was excessively foolish. Lord Aberdeen has avowed to Dr. Ashbel Smith, that her Majesty's Government will not interfere in the question- so he writes home. This removes one of the prospects of war ; so, if you get to loggerheads with John Bull, it must be about Or-'tfon. Jonathan will tight for whales and lumber, but seems to have little fancy for it if sugar, cotton, or negroes have anything to do with the matter. _ . This once flourishing village is in a state of entire di lapidation and ruin? the effects of an arbitrary exercise of power, without cause and without precedent ; anil, although the author of all this ruin is clected n delegate he will not take his seat ; he cannot, he dare not look upon hundred* which he has in his wantonness ruined I Oeneral Tarrant, a delegate Irom Fannin, was on a vi sit to San Vntonio. He, with Mr Howard, delegate from that place, has for some days been expected. Painful apprehensions have arisen lor their safety, as many In dians are on the lrontier, who havu committed several murdeis lately. U'e are entirely exposed to the attacks of Indians and Mexican*? not a soldier on guard, and hut few fire arms. So callous have the psople of Texas become to danger that they scarcely ever prepare to repel the attack Ou mv way here I met a young man, with two voting gitK iu'tt buggy, with no protection whatever, Irom attack, almost at the very spot where young Hornsby had been killed two w eeks previous bv the Indian*. They were in high glee, Ianghmn and t?lkinfr merrily. 1 could out think ttmt an hour might consign tnem to death, or a worse fate! The Hope Howes reports only40 hours from Galveston to the Bali/e. The latest Galveston paper we have is of the I 2th iii?t The British brnr Persian arrived at (ialveston a few days ago Irom Vera Cruz. She brought despatches for the Government, and was to ieturn as soon as she heard from Washington. It was rumored in Galveston that she was there for the purpose of learning the fate of the Mexican propositions to President Jones, and if thev were rejected. that the fleet of Mexico would be down on Galveston without delay! We hope the Galve-to mans will not evacuate their city on the strength ol this fearful rumor The Hun K. L. Anderson, Vice President of Texas, died on the 10th in?t. at Fanthiop's, Montgomery county, ol lever Tho paper* are in mourning lor the sad event. Mr. Edward Bourne, a native of Coventry, England, left his residence on < lear I 'reek T.ake in a boat, on the td inst., and is supposed to have been drowned on the 1th. Ashbel Smith lias been recalled from England Speak ing of this, the Galvt iton Sews ol the 12th savs ? " We should like to know w hat he went for, what he has done, how much money he has pocketed, when he is going | airain. or what plan will next be fallen upon to disburse our public funds 7" The follow ing appointments have been made by the President: Hun Ehenezer Mien, Secretary of State; lion. W. B. Ochiltree, Attorney General; Hon. J. A. Green Secretary of the Treasury. The report* ol the crops thioiighout the country are highly lavorable; Galveston and the other cities and towns continue healthy; emigrants are fast pressing into the country from the adjoining States of the Union; and the prosjiects of Texas, view them through what phase vvc will, are prosperous and encouraging What about that Uniform. ? However efficient the new police may be, they do not cut hall so re sectable a figure as if they had u smart uniform : but what is of far more importance, it is admitted they can never be thoroughly efficient until they can be distinguished at a glance in the crowd. On Sa turday evening la>t, a laboring man was grossly in sulted by two or three hall drunken carters in Rose velt street, and ran a near risk of betngj abused b> ?he scoundrels, and certainly would have been had ne made the slightest resistance. Those who stood by, thinking it more the duty ot the police than theirs to interfere, looked about for one of these guardians of the peace, hut to no purpose. When the vurleis hud decamped, it was discovered thai there was a policeman standing about four hundred yards distant, but he might have been as many mi'es oil, nobody being able lo recognize him Irom the passing crowd. Is this not a case to prove the utility of a uniform. Western Eijectio ikmunq? I'r nirY and Piety ? The following unique sentences are K?i"g 'h* rounds in the western pa|?-rH. They are extracts Irom an address ol the Kev. Mr. Brownlow, wh? is th'- whis candidate lor Congress in the Kirst Lis trict of Tennessee, to his friends and supporters.* < iTitf ti,- 1 protest against the ioue which ?lr. Jonnson lias made lie rnakea the issue one ol bravery or cowardice. And tie complains, an I am told that I ? ill not meet him in public gatherings and li^ti* him It is not a contest between in a< to who will flj? h I . and who will not; hia fighting propensities it one thing h nd hia votes in <;ongre?a. anil hi* political principle* i another 1 have denounced him lor hit falsehoods ann ullaoies, as h? daiervea to ho denounred, ami I will tbke nothing back Mb knows w here to find me ! ! And if I am that dastarilly w letch tie would have the public believe | am. he is thn less e*cu?able for not in tlicting that chastisement upon me hebelievi-s I so richlj merit He believes I will rnn from a pistol or aclub Vow, I ven'uie to a^ert that there aie not ten whin in this entire district who will vote for me, alter I iui from vlr. Johnson, no matter what aort of weapon lis ma) ,tdv?nce upon me with. ISy simply chasing me once in me meet*, ol Jonesboro", then lie can dnve me from tin truck -settle the content lor ever ? and d sgrace me i' the eyes of my own friends Why not do tMead of talk \t he as id to Nlr. < arn lie 1 1 , ao I say to him; let u- no tiouhle the public witii our personal inatttrs, they cat. lie settled between ourselves tint, fellow citizens, I lecollect in the play of Gato nhen ha called his little Senate together at C'tica, just ! 'is i re?ar was marching on tha city , the fury and impe* ions zeal ol Sempronius led bun to exclaim " My v?|c? i still for war!" So say ? my compatitm . But I ino 'est y leply, as did Lucius " \iy thoughts, I must confers ne turned on peace!" The sequel was, Hempronioni de erted to < n-ai the ricr-t light, and l.ucius temalnix with < ato, and fought il out like a man! This sarin ^e nproniu* wl.iapetod to < aio to bewuie 01 l.ucius tha1 tie was a traitoi ! I shall shortly address another circular to the voterr ofthe district, and till then, I remain, very respectfully, Fellow ciWieua, your obedient aervant, Wm. <J. Bsowsto*. July 16. 184fi. The Gkkat Mastodon will be removed from thi nty in a tew days We advise nil to improve th> p-esent opportunity to fee thin huge nntideluvian ii i'-T- it !l<e jfreal ?! cm a,:-ity that has yet visi ted us Sporting Intelligence. Shouting on the Beacon Course, Hoboken, Ykstird.iy ?For several days past it was announ ?ed that a match for #500 would come off over this ?ouree, between the Canada horse, Hops, and the vrll known racing horse Livingston, to go 14 mile leats, and leap 4 hurdles 3 feet Sjinches high to th< teat The race to come off at 4 o'clock. This at racted a pretty fair muster of some of the most ?hoice spirits and great supporters of the turf in this leigbborhood. About five minutes before the hour ippomted, the proprietor of the truck received nii ntiniation from the owner of Livingston, that his lorse could not go in consequence of lumene6S : his took most on the grand stand by surprise, and they were quite indignant, as was Mr. Browning. ,t their having been thus deceived, and expressed themselves in no measured terms of such conduct ? being ungentlenianly and not at all sportsmanlike larticularly when it was made known that Mr ? Jrowning about eleven o'clock that morning had een the owner of Livingston, and who then pro mined that the horse should be immediately sent t< Hoboken, and not a word said about lameness. Some arsons present said, that it was shyness of ihe hurdles not lameness, that kept Livingston hack, .nd that this fact was known on Saturday. If so, there was lime enough to make the public aware in tune Directly these fids were made known, the proprietor directed that only half price should be rharged for admission to all parts <<f the course ; and those wno were dissuti.-fied still, might havt their motley returned ; but every one apjieared per IpciIv satisfied with the conduct of the proprietor und' T the circumstances: but quite the reverse with other parties. >uch occurrences will do more to destroy fair and legitimate s|>ort in this country than inything else. The public will not know when t" If'jjend upon announcements it such things are ul lowed to pass off with impunity. Hops w ts then galloped around, and took the two first h'irdles in beautitiil style, Shortly after takin.' liie s> jond hurdle, hts saddle girth gave wav ; the rider dismounted, took off the saddle, and mounted again on his bare back, and went the remainder ot the mile in first rate style, clearing the other two hurdle- most beautifully. The n-xt piece of sport announced, was for a purse of #80 for a Foot Hare, a quarter of a mile heats, foleap, each 3 feet 6 inches high, to !?et over as they please; #10 of the money to the 2d. if there were more than five started. For this race the following entries were made: North Bergen, Welch Bantam, lliram Ho r ton, Peter Williams, Jame.-i Wilson, and George Seward. About half pabt 3 o'cock, all the entries except Peter Williams, came to the starting point. Betting previous to the start, was five and 6 to four on Geo. Seward against any one; and f? to 4 on Seward an<l Horton against the field ; 2 to 1 againft the Welch Buitam The hurdles were placed around the bot tom, commencing at the qurrter post on the back stretch, to within about thirty yards of the Judges' stand; they were about 30 feet apart. The word having been given for the first heat, they all went off well together, Seward and Horton having the lead,cUse to each other. The two first hurdles Were cleared excellently ; but in attempting the third, Seward struck it and fell, but soon recov ered himself. In the meanwhile Horton cleared the fourth, and ere he reached the fifth, Seward was up with him again. Hprton endeavored to clear the fifth hurdle first, but in doing so struck, and he fell, uid before he could recover himself North Bergen and the Welch Bantam passed him: they kept this position to the twelfth hurdle, which Seward took some ten or twelve yards in advance. North Ber gen, in attempting to take it second, stumbled and fell over it; the VVelch Bantam cleared it in good style, and came in second, Bergen third, Horton fourth; Wilson tailed a long way behind. The first completed the quarter in 1 minute 8 seconds; the sec ond tn 1 minute 15 seconds. After about half an hour's delay, they went forth again for the second heat. Seward took the lead, closely waited upon by North Bergen, and he as closely followed by the Welch Bantam; a little fur ther distance was Horton; behind him again, Wil son. The first hurdle was taken as before, by a I but Horton, who, iu attempting it, found that he was more severely hurt in his fall in the previous heat than he anticipated, and gave up the contest. In the meanwhile, the others reached the filth and sixth hurdle, much in the same position. On clearing the latter, North Bergen fell behind, and the Welch Bantam took his, at but a very short distance behind Seward. The ninth, tenth and eleventh hur dles were taken in first rate style by these two, al most abreast of each other; but at the latter point, Seward shook the Bantam off somewhat, and cleared the twelfth hurdle about three yards in ad vance ? making this quarter of a mile in lm 13s.; ihe Welsh Bantam second, in lm. 16s. The other two were some ten and twenty yards behind. Geo. Seward is a fine maae young man, a most beautiful ana swift runner, and doubtless will aston ish those present in hts match with Barlow, on Thursday. A mile is certainly more than he has ever been in the habit of performing; but those who know liitn well, say that he is quite able for it. The VVVIsh Bantam certainly possesses a deal of game ; if he could only get his legs stretched a lit tie, he would astonish some of them. Common Council. Board iif Aldermen. ? This Board met last evening. The President, Oliver Charlicr, Ksq , in the chair. The minutes of tlio last meeting weie rcid and np proved. Petitions? Of Independant Order of Rachabites to erect a tent, he. Referred. Of inhabitants lor a sewer in Btoadway near Astoi House. .Untrican rnsftVu'e. ? Petition of American Institute asking aid of the Board tu procure a suitable locality, in lieu ol their present location, from which they have boei. excluded by the Boar J. Alderman ("ottr.vt ottered a resolution proposing that the Institute be allowed three months to occupy, to ena ble thein to procure suitable accommodation in nnoilier locality. Alderman Messerole moved to let the petition lie on the table The aye? anil noes were ordeied, A) es 7 Noes 6 I.atr Fire Heport.? Of Fire Committee in relation to the particular of the late disastrous firo, asking an appro priation of *-2->0, to enable the Committee to call in the .iid of properlv qualified and scientific men, to carry out the object of the Committee. Alderman Benson opposed the reception of the re port Alderman Mf.ssfrole considered the Alderman of the Third ward had no necessity to oppose the reception 01 the report. The Report was unanimously adopted, partially amended. Report in favor of directing the appointment of a Spe cial Committee to report a plan ler the erection of a suitable prison, near Jeflerson Market. Laid on the ta ble. Chapel Street Sever. ? Communication of Alderman Tillou. in relation to certain matters in connexion with Ch ipel street Sewer? Withdrawn. 4f\re. Refreshment!. ? Communication asking r sum ol $2 7.">0 for refreshment at Caitle Garden during the fire? Ueferred to Finance Committee. Communication directing certain improvements in Stone street- Referred. Papers from tlte. Hoard of ?Im'iMnlt. ? A large number of papers were received from tlio Board of Assistants, and were concurred in. Alderman Bt.nson moved that the Board adjourn until September nest. Alderman Seaman seconded the resolution. Ayes 0 Noes *2 The Board adjourned accordingly until first Monda\ in September. Board of Assistants. ? This Hoard met last evening, the President, N. Pearoc, F.sq , in the chair. The minute of last evening was read and approved. Petitions He/erred? Of Isaac Smith and others for y pier between piers No. Jl and '2Q North Itiver, being ftp propriatod lor their exclusive nse Of Win, \. Lighthali mil others for pier loot of Robinson stieet? gianteil. Of Oliver I'. Wood for permission to remove remains o his child? granted. liejuirts and Resolutions .id"fileil?\n favor of remitting fixes imposed by Vssussors on property II s and -40 llenrv street, occupied as n place of public woiship In lavo'i of relieving Ann c. Van Ranee Iroin personal tax im posed on estate of C. W. Van Ksnce In favor of grant ing permission to Amos Kendall and F O. O Smith igents of Vlr. ,Mor?e. to erect posts in the streets foi dorse's Magnetic Telegraph. InfHvorol allowing Cumming and Pollock to take as -igiiment fui building sewer in '23d street. In lavor of amending the -Ith section, title 1st, of the Ordinance relating to supplies forthe Alms House de parttaenl, m?li ing it the duty of the Commissioner t< furnish samples. In fa /or of regulating 28th street, between fitli and 7th Avenues. In favor of paying W. P. I.evy the sum of $30 for th? tent of ground, and f fill when due. for the rentol ofllct occupied by the Superintendent ol Pavements. In lavor of an amicable suit being entered into by thi ? or pot at ion. wit h the ? tenei a I Mutual and Sun Mutual n ? ii ranee < oinpanies, for the purpose of testing thei liabilit) to txx assessed lor IH44 In fsvor of appropriating the sum of $1,4*0 3S for Ward Schools ? to he placed to the credit ol ttio Board of Edu cation. Communication from His Honor the Mayor, in rrlatiot to sundry ordinances, appointments to, and removal irom oltt.o (Ordered to he pUced on file. In favor of paying 'I home* leroleman the suni of f", <0. renuered in superintending the basin an. tin I k heads at Washington maiket. Papers from the Hoard of Jbdermen Herniations, <J-r ' oni urred in.? In favor ol building a prison at Jeflumoi mnrket. That the grade of Broad and New streets, ami tin inss streets be amended. In favor of i?ay ing P. A. Voting Dm sum of J>3H J f? .. rvires, while acting ns Comptroller. Petition ol K I.. Tucker, for permission to linvc a lam j u front oi his premises, -jM) Broadway. In fa\ or of relieving I I Mcdloiu from paying th< mount lost by the defalcation of John l.iiyden, oil In ,'ii) lug one- seventh the amount. That the Hecorder be diieeted to charge the Oram lurv In ? eference to the e*| Iosioii nl the lite liie, an lie District A'torney be diieeted to assist them in the* .-nquiries The espenses not to exceed iftOO, to be pai y the i orpomnon. In favor ol causing the nuisance of standing pools ol ater >n 3 th street, to ha abated. i '? ii;icr? weie te eived and eonenrred In ? ic iloai d now adjourned to meet on the lirst Monday in September Thent ileal*. Park Theatre? The fourth representation of '.a Jui re , came oti' last night with great iclat. The ! louse was crowded, and fortunately for the amateurs le evening was cool, and the house is also a very ! ''easant one, else it miuht not have been very com. ! rtable. The artitts delighted again the public, and i if repeated bravi and jp.ikuse testified the satis- 1 iction of the audience. M'lle Cal\?, who always i ings'with mucb feeling, surpassed herself last night nd was beautiful in the last scene of the second ct. Messrs. Arnaud and CcRuriot seemed to par ike of the enthusiasm of their fellow artist, M'lle valve, and sang, perhaps, with still more feeling and ?xpr >9ion than ever. Mr. Douvry sang also, last night, ! vith a great deal of feeling; this artist has always ; teen a great favorite, and well deservesto be so, for, ' i) a fine intonation he addsa beautiful.vocal emission I VI'me Casini, whom we have reproached with being | dtogethertoo timid, sang 1 ist night in such a manner I is to show that she was endeavoring to conquer j ler timidity, and she certainly deserved the applause he received from the audience. The director of he comp my intended this representation to be the -?st one of La Juive, as had been announced, bu mviug been requested by many to give it ?nce more le has conde.-cended to do so; this opera will, there, ure, be represented another time, and this will be msitively ihe last. We feel confident that many who may have been irevented from attending last night, will avail them nlves of the last chance offered to them to-morrow light. It has been rumored that the French opera com. ?any were going to Niblo's at the expiration of their case at the Park theatre, on the 16th of August icxt. We are authorized to mention nothing j tas been decided yet in reference to the doings of , he company after that time, and that these rumors j ire consequently without the least foundation. ' Niblo's Garden. ? Mr. Henry Placide, as was an ticipated, attracted a crowded saloon last night. His < representation of Grandfather Whitehead, is highly J leserving of the encomiums it has elicited, and the I ^reat applause it commanded last night ? he repeats the character this evening. We congratulate the management on the accession of this excellent co median to the establishment; the public will support their spirited and liberal endeavors. The Acrobat Family please as much as ever, and with Mr. Pla cide are likely to crowd the saloon for the week. Uncle Sam will introduce Mr. Placide as Sam Kobbs; Mr. T. Placide as Dick, and Mrs. Watts as Sally Scroggs. Castle Garden ? The Elssler Brothers have !>een re-engaged at this delightful Garden, and will tppear this evening in their most wo.iderful feats of igility in a series of comic tableaux. The perform- j mce will begin to-night by the overture to Guttavus J the Great. The overtures to Z,' Ambastadrice, le j Chevalde Bronze and Fra Diavolo, and sundry songs and dances will complete the amusements of the evening. Vauxhall Gardens. ? This fine resort opens to night under a new manager, Mr. Barney Williams, the celebrated and unrivalled Irish comedian. The bill for to-night is a very good one. We notice quite an array of talent engaged in the performers, j which will, no doubt, secure to the new director a j crowded house. j Palmo's Theatre. ? On Wednesday evening the 30ili inst., a complimentary benefit is to be giv en to J. D. P. Champlin, an old public favorite, und deserving man. If a good bill be any inducement to his many friends, we would refer to our adver tising colums, by which it will appear a great treat is in store for the public. A debut, several amateurs, and numerous professional volunteers, are up for the occasion. This is sufficient to fill any theatre to | overflowing. The New Bowery Theatre. ? This establish- | inent opens on Monday next, under the manage ment of the sole proprietor, Mr. Jackson. The I spirit and enterprise of this gentleman deserve every credit and encouragement, which it is hojied he will meet with accordingly. Mr C. Mason, a popular tragedian, has been run ning through an engagement at the Kaglo street Thea tre. Buflalo, during the |> week, ami close J the same with his benefit on Saturday evening. Dan Marble, assisted by Mrs. Rice, is engaged at Chicago. The Slomans have been giving concerts with the greatest success in llochester and parts adjacent. Spmilding's Equestrian Cotnfiany have returned from Canada, and are now at Buffalo. Signor Antognini und Mons Gibert gave, on riiui aday evening, a final concert, at the American hotel Htiflalo, and wore greeted by a full and appreciating au Uence. They are about to proceed to the east. A new dntma, founded upon incidents associated with the lile <>t Napoleon, has been produced at the Ea ? la str?-et Theatre Uutt.ilo, withtne additional aid of Mr. Jamison and Airs, limit in two other pieces. Court IiiK'IIIk* nee. CiiANcrHT, July 38. ? Belore Vice (Chancellor McCoun ? In the niftier 01 the Triton Insurance Company on pt ? tition of Frederick Wisemen, ordered, that the receiver in thil case pay up one half the amount on the lace of the judgment. Divohcc Casks. ? An order of this Court prohibits the publication of the facts in connection with nil ca-es of livoi ce. In the lollowing cases of divorce weie gi anted a vinculo matrimonii : ? Oliver II lJ . Looker vs. Susnn Looker; Ktizu .'iris vs. hirhard Jlvit; Qiorge Fnken lata' vs. Maria Ferkinhmue; Robert Johnson vs. Louisa iuhnson; //anna Sherman 'vs. Ilenry (}. Sherman; Julia . Inm i Ril'm vs Jamrt F.dent. Divorce a mentael Ihnro, with costs ? Hachael L. Il'a'litr vs. Will torn ll'attier, di vorce a vinculo matrimonii. Margaret Raymond , hy her next friend, vs. Kzra Raymond ? Decree of divorce a rnensa et Ihoro, with costs. Jeiintll Henrty vs. Hoherl Henrey ? In this case the testimony was not sufficient, f.?r want of a witness named Dow, w ho, it wis rup|>o>cd, could identify a party implicated. Joseph I . t.ewii vs. John *1nlhon ? The complainant in this case appeared in person, ami presented a petition, which lie lead, embracing a detailed statement of the chief particulars in his Bill, filed against defendant, and pray ing a speedy adjudication of the matter, whieh lie illegeu was long pending before the Court. Tho peti tion stated, that tho cause was originally brought up be .ore tue Chancellor, and was Mih?equently referred to ?ho Vice Chancellor, in the year I841. It also set forth, that tho cause was delayed until the fall term of that year, iot withstanding complainant being leady to proceed. Vlter detailing certain particulars in relation 'o the mer ts ?f tho case, the complainant called 011 the Court not to delay its decision any farther, as he respectful v urged that the delay in delivering the opinion if the Court, had done him vary serious injury, md had put him to much expense and unnecessary trou ile. No matter how his Honor may decide, he respect ully uiged that his Honor, the Chancellor, would favor iim with a speedy decision and not subject him (com iiainaiit) to any further delay, which was ruinous to him. His Hovoii stated, that the large accumulation of tid iness had rondered it im|>oaaible for the Court to decide ipon the ca?e up to tho present time There were other ?ases hefoie ttie consideration of the Court involving s-ues ol gieater magnitude, and they had y et to be do ideil. Compi a ix a sit did not mean any disrespect towards his lonor, by the course he had taken ; but considerations nvolving personal convenience impelled hiin (o re pectfully call the attention of the Couit to the matter. r.oi-RT. ? There is a heavy ai rear of business on the lands of the Court, and the case must take its turn. Complainant hereupon, after further leading allega ions set I'oith in the petition, withdrew, when his Ho lor proceeded to hear ex parte motions. V H Circitit Coi.'kt.? J'lly JH ? Before fudge Betts -The August Terin of this Court, which commences lie last Monday in July, was opened this day by Judge ile'ts. The following ("trend Jurors were sworn Adoniram 'handler, Foreman; W. V. Brady, John Delamatre, Jas orris, Ara Hall, Samuel Pitman, Abraham Tucker, d 1 W. Varian, 1 onrad Jordan, William Lyon, John M Ira vane, Robert A Landes, James btanlierry, E. T. Wood- 1 nff. ( ornelius Wyant, and John Driven. His IIoxoh hereupon addressed them, regretting it was 'ie duty ef the Coui t to lay belore them the large cam I igue of crime which the) calendar contained at | nil season of the year. The cases, however, in 1 mint of magnitude, were not of any great inipor- ] 1 nee. Most of them consisted of chaiges against rarnen for riot end interfering with authority niboard ship One of the charges was preferred against , hi officer for improperly deseiting a seaman on a loieign lore, which the law deemed a misdemeanor. There vore two cases of perjury, and also a charge of conn aliening Theie w as also charged a party for resisting 111 olllcor of ciMtoms in the execution ol his duty- a liarge of smuggling a charge ol larceny on the nigh ? as, were also on the calendar, which presented tome ifty or sixty cases, all coming under the different heads >r classification of crime to wi ich the t ourt already re Tied. His Honor suggested to the Jifjf the propriety 1 I sitting during the torm, so eai ly as 0 o clock, to fac < ti de the business of the Court during this warm wcatli r The Jury here withdrew After bearing some motions, the Court adjourned over. Common Pi.rss? Before Ju Ige Ulshoeflar Nnlhanel larkt t'?. fsaar Hamat Slaniter This wa< an action of lander In which the defendant, it was allcred, called e plaintiff a "thief," and also called plaintiff's wife by 0 genteel nam a of "w " litmus, it appeared, i < vender of old clothes, heliinging to the "tribe of I11 ati," who figures in this capacity i;i the vicinity ot h itham street It appeared that pin intifT was engaged II business somewhat similar; an d, Ramus considering iim a formidable rival, took occasion, it was alleged, i list to slander himself and next to throw an imputation poii his wife. The def 'iice set up by Humus was that <1 received provocation. Adjourned over to this iore 100 D City Intelligence. Ai-pkarajice or thi Burnt District.? A few small ?ones and tome rags have been found amongst the mini if No. 4H Broad stieet. 80 great ha* been the influx of Iiborersfrom different parts of the country, who have den induced to come here in expectation of high wages, hat 'he consequence is wages have fallen lrom $1 per ay to 7 shillings, and hundreds are unable to obtain any inployment. Coiiomki' Office, July 28 ? Drowning.? The Coro ner held an inqueit ou the body of John McEntiee, IS lott street. Ho was seen this morning at pier No 5, iorth river, with a cart containing ballast stone. Aftor iking out the tail board of the cait lie stepped back yards upon some loose stones, and fell into the river and vas drowned. Verdict accordingly. Delihii >1 Tbkmsns. ? The Coroner held an inquest on lie body of Thomas McGinnis, at the I'ailc dead house, Verdict, came to his death by delirium tremens. Movements of Traveller*. Yesterday was little more than an ordinary day of ar rivals at the generality of the hotels, although it is evi dent the south has not as yet noured forth tho entire of tier travelling community. There are at the American ? Richard H. Dunum, Phila.; T. Lewis, do.; V. I'aimtilie, Augusta, Geo ; D. Hutchinson, Phila ; C. Sohaft'er, Natchc/.; -I no. Stockton, I'rinceton; W. B irna bee, Phila.} J. L. Patterson, Charleston; Air. Wilcox, Philadelphia. Astor? Flower Terry, Hartford; YV. Bostwicke, Augusta; Muffler it Carpenter, Ph lidelphia, J. Browne, Toronto; J. Todd, N. O.; J. J. Atkinson, Baltimore, A Webb, St. Louis; Hall, do ; J. Luthorp, Buffalo; Jas. A Vea/.i, Natchez; Bishop Uoane, N. J.; Jas. Samuel. Ha vana; T. Lockart, N O; Jno. Heiishaw, Cambiidge; .Jlias Sampson, St Johns, N. B. Cirv ? Tlios King, N. O.; Jas. A. Veazi, Natchez; A. Collins, Conn.; W. Ha> by, Phila.; H K-son, do.; Mr. Clinton, Albany; H. Coriy, Phila ; H. Thompson. Bos ton: S. < ozzeus, Albany; It. H. Morgan, St. Louis; Cochran k Harleys, Boston; ( apt. Ruddack. Fiianklin ? J. H. Stranter, Georgia Geo. D. Truest, 'onn.; James Benncs, Phila.: (ieo. P. Platte, Geo.; Mr. Weller, ( itnada; T. I*. (.all wing, Lexington; E. M. Uriflin, Vick-burgh; Mr. Hutledge, S. C.; Out. W. Jones, Cleveland; Tlios Graham, Mobile; Capt. Meyer, St. I ines; Chandler Smith, Macon. Globe? H. Al. Eder, Natchitoctes; C Ames, Jamaica. Howa kd ? J. P. Wilson, Albany ; C. A Walborne, Phi ladelphia; Kcv D. 1 larke, Boston, H. Lormey, 1 bicagot A B Carver, W. 11 Smith, Philadelphia; H. II Whit ney, Montreal; George Craig, Princeton; W. C, Bryan, Illinois; K S Kobin?on, Trenton; A P Dunlap, Albany, W. T. Bryan, Illinois. IJostruklron*.? These useful. Ingenious, and elegant article1 for curling the h ir ?nd whiskers. are for sale by G. SAUNDERS & SON, 177 Broadway. Rypoliagon Soap ? The moat celebrated of English manufacture for shaving, for sale bv G. SAUNDERS & SON. 177 Broadway, opposite Howard's Hotel /Etna Insurance Company of Hartford. ? The Directors of this Company have always ac eil upon ilie principle i f scattering their risks, so that in case of a sweepi lire, their 1 1 ility to |>ay would not be impaired ; hence, b> i.l heriiig to this principle in a business t f ov r V5 ye rs, while many other Companies have heeii unnhle to pay tlicii Inssec and wound u|i, this Company has go >e on prosperously. Its losses by the (lint Are in 1835, in this city, were paid in full Mid l>e fine they were due. and tlieConipiny have "tain the pleasure of stating to those who hare honored it with their patronage nnd confidence, that it it now prepare/l to pay all its hints in full and continue business as heretofore. New York, July 23d, 1815. A. G HAZARD, Agent, Iw Oilice 8a Wall st., corner of Water. All Philadelphia Subscription! to ths , ;lriiAi.o must be paid t? the only authorized Aoknts, Zi? I tier 8t Co., 3 Leutter Building. Third street, near Chestnut. ? I reruis? 75 cents a month, including tlie Sunday paper; or65 cents without it; delivered free of charge in any pan of Phila I delphia. Single copies for snle as above, daily, at 1 o'clock? i Price 3 cents. The Weexlt Herald is also for sale every Saturday morn ing?Price 6l4 cents, or $3 per annum, delivered in any part of Philadelphia, free of postage. "p- All the new and cheap Publications for sale at their es cabl aliment, as soon as issued, wholesale and retail. IC?" With the exception of one paper, the " Herald" is read as much, perhaps, in Philadelphia, as any paper published in that city, affording a valuable medium to advertisers. Advertise ineuts handed to the agents at half past4 o'clock, will appear io the Herald uext dav. United Stated Circuit Court?' The Clerk's Office of 1 his Court has been removed this day from the rooms ! occupied by the Clerk of the U. S. District Court, to a portion 1 of the apartments ofthe United States Marshal, on the same 1 floor, where the docket, records, aud files of the Court, will I be hereafter kept. I _ IL/" Persons desiring searches for judgments, instead ofgiv ing a general notice for searches in the United States Court will please send distinct notices. I Tuerday, July 8, 18)5. Medlcnl Notice? The Advertisements of the New York College of Mediciue and Pharmacy, established for the Suppression of Quackery, in the cure of all diseases, will her?after appear on the fourth nage, and last column of this paper. W 8. RICHARDSON, M.D., Agent. Office anil f'onslllrinv Rnn?is off he I'nlUce V, ?f. MONEY .HARK KT. Monday, July !i8 -6 P. SI. | The stock market was very firm to-day, but the trans | actions were limited. Reading Railroad, Pennsylvania fi's, Long Island and Canton, closed firm at Saturday's | prices. Norwich and Worcester went up 1 per cent ; Stonington, 1} ; Morris Canal, J. Tho banks of this city will make their quarterly re ports for August on Friday, after which, wo may expect 1 some slight relief in the meney market. The opetations of j t lie banks the quarter just closing had not shown anyinfla I tion of consequence, compared with the last returns, and I the contraction lias, therefore, been small. This quar ter comprises the dullest season of the year, and the de mand for discounts from the commercial classes are not : usually very large. Money has not at any time within j the past three months been worth over six per cent, nnd almost any amount could be obtained oti good security at that rate. This is good evidence that the banks have not been pressed for loans, but on the contrary shows that there has been a limited demand for money. The discount line of the city banks for August, will not vary 1 much from the amount reported last May, while the a<nount of specie on hand has increased The foreign ex j portation ol specie from thU p >rt si:ice May hai beeu very ! lijht, and the demand for shipment to any of the south cm pnrts has been but trifling. The banks will exhibit much mote favoiablc reports than in May last The re cent fire will without doubt, give employment to a large a nou nt of capital that has been on deposit in the banks lor some time past, and large quantities of stocks owned by the insuiam e companies may be put upon the market for sale, but theie is not in our opinion, going to be any scarcity of money, or hardly an advance in the rate of interest. The effects of the fiio will be slightly felt, during the inactivity of business, but ilie moment trade becomes l>risk and the minds of our merchants are filled with speculations, the whole thing will be forgotten and the loss made up almost before they are awaie uf it. So loag as we have time to think and talk about the dam ages, wo feel them, but the fall trade will soon ab?orb every other idea. ! We annex a statement of the Coal Trade of Ponnsyl | vania, showing the quantity transported by the Schuyl kill Canal and Beading Railroad for the week ending the 'Itth inst : ? Coai. Trade or Pennsylvania. Wtek ending JulyWlh. JulylVh. JuhytUh. 1811. 181 1. 18l5. By Schuylkill Canal, tons 14,780 12,8 5 6,063 lSy Readme Railroad, tons 9,117 $>,522 The quantity (hipped last week by the Railroad ami Canal amounted to 3i,Mt> tons, more than five thousand ton* per day. It is stated that, should the Reading Rad. road< ompany send to market '23,000 tons for the week ending the 31st inst., they will reach 100 000 tons for the month of July. The weekly business of the Canal has become reduced to n very small amount, while the in crease of business on the Railroad this jear, compared with corresponding weeks last, has been enormous. The fnctspr every statement in relation to these two companies, are sulHcient to imprest upon the public mind the true position of each; and the revolution that tias within the pant ) ear taken plm-e in the con lition of the nirairs of thexe companies, mui>t strike every one with great force. A Railtoad from Saratoga to Whitehall on Lake Cham plain is in contemplation. The road is already graded from Saratoga to Sandy Hill, a distance ef twenty miles, and a company is about forming to put the road from Sundy Hill to Whitehall, a distance of twent} miles, un der contract. By this route the dintance fiom Albany to Whitehall will be about seventy miles. The comple. tion of these roads will give us as free a communication with Montreal, by the way of Whitehall and l.ako ' hamplain, as the citizens of Boston will have by the nay of Builington and the Lake. Railroads are in contemplation all over the country while there are many Imlf completed, and others oni inenced and remaining almost Usoless. We annex a tal>le giving the Ipngth, cost, and nett re ceipts of the principal railroads in the country : ? PaiisciraL Ran. roads or ihe United States ii? Active i Iter* i ion. Lrvtth, fftl Net D ... B . _ ""'?*? Coil. incn ne. income. Portlinil Saeo and Pnrt?- 18(1. |fii| m"ii'h .V) $1,200,000 $17, IBS <52 171 Bo-ton nid Maine. HI 1.185,4(1 MJ99 floati hi and Lowell 26 I 881,716 144, DM nr., ioi 147,015 I 36,109 Afc i'i V ?&?' WEB SffjS Boston and Providence . . . . 41 1,1186,135 110 841 llnntnn and Worcester .... 41 2 <> 1 1 .078 164, (u n New Bedford Ik Taiinton. . 20 oi.Sw Vt iioo' Yi.iiM Nffiwich 'oid Worcester .. . M 2,170, 80 2'. 871 99,161 T .union Knlroad II 2,0,000 20,000 20,1(10 Wftern, .Man IS# 7.6fti,?l2 28M12 439,671 Vttie i and Buffalo, 31 316,211 7,122 48,033 Viil.nrn and !<? cheater 78 1,796,112 112,0(10 152(107 \ubu n and tyr (Use 26 7(16,617 27 3<4 52 514 ?loh .wk Old IIihLo'i 17 1,117,891 58,71:0 45.7BJ ?i rat?g> and Se ir .eemdy.. . 22 301,658 I 000 B.m Svr i'iK- and Utica 53 I, 111, *17 72 1*10 170 ?> >2 I ftica old S 'lieneet idy .... 78 P ir.'i ir,% iro iiihi I'sifl'l I'l d"n?'id \ivh .v ?l V 0 Odfl 381.800 40t ,916 I'hiiudeli hia and Bltii" r" >t i f fni yon ism 2 >o (mmi H It more md ' b o, f: . ; "i 279.(03 3ti.,9l8 II timore and V. -I, t >i ' . ? :i 7 1 ,#5*? I 10 < .??? lie ifii, I ?< V , ii 158,207 117,523 Hauling tt > 9, l5V ' II ... 341 511 Long Island ?; 1 ,610,2 M ... 50, li1*? loni.awaiida . 43 750 000 75,8(5 Total $61,571,795 $3,777,7 * The net receipts, in 1814, from railroads costing f 11, .571,794 amounted to $$,777,7$?, or about an average of

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