Newspaper of The New York Herald, August 2, 1845, Page 1

August 2, 1845 Tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 1
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THE NEW YORK HERALD. Vol. XI., No. 100? Wholo Ho. W7 J. NEW YORK, SATURDAY MORNING, AUGUST 2, 1845. Prlco Two Ctritl* THE NEW YORK HERALD. JAM GORDON BENNETT, Proprietor, circulation? Forty Thousand. DAILY HERALD? livery day. Price U cent* per copy ? $7 26 per annum ? payable in advance. WEEKLY HERALD ? t>very Saturday? Price centi per copy ? >3 I3J cents per annum ? parable in advance ADVERTISEMENTS at the usual prices ? alwayr cash in ;ulvance. PRINTING of all kinds executed with beauty ant1 despatch. ?F- All lottera or communications, by mail, addressed e establishment, must be post pttid, or the pottage will be deducted from the subscription money r?xnitt?d JAMES GORDON BENNETT, PsnpiiRTna or tru Nbw V'obk Hkcild Citiuliiiimi wt ^ r?/?rtiir of Fnltrtn nr.i^ %!?<!??? ROC h' A WA V STAGES, ON nud after August 1st. 1846. will leave r lies City Hotel, at 3>? o'clock P. M. da>ly, ? u ii ill ,ys excupied, fur Far Rorkaway. Re lion st 7?4 A. M., for New York, cross ing, leave* me Pavil iti(T ?t tM Soul It Ferry. All orders to lie left at 3(0 Pearl street. ?u) lm?rc II. CONKLIN. SUMMER ARRANGEMENT. j BLOOM INGD ALE, M ANIIATTANVILLE, AND ! KOllT WASHINGTON STAGES, Will commence running in the following | lorder, on Saturday, May rli- 17th. 1845, leaving I __^M>iiihattaiiville at ? o'clock, A. M.. mid con tinue eve.y (i. iT hour until 7 o'clock, P. M. leaving Neiv York, corner of Chatham and pTryon Row, arc A. VI., and continue everv lialf lionr uutil 8 M. Stares fo Cirmausville Trinity Charcn Cemetery and Fort Washington, every hour tnrougn urn uuv. irom / A. M. to 7 P. M. Pare to .vtaniinaanville U>? cents; CarmaiiKville 18'H; Fort Yvasnnuttoii neems. ? B MOORE, i 1V< un't,- Proprietor. MJuL LINE FOR 1U)STOi>. ! dAIly ovlvR the long i&lamjrail ROAD, VTA NEW LONDON, NORWICH ^ WORCESTER. At 8 o'clock in the Morning, from the Foot of Whitehall street, South Ferry? SanUays. excepted. Way Cr .tea are in readiness to receive baggage for New London, Norwich aud Worcester. Baggage far Boston goes through under lock. jiilCtl'rc FdiriSEIVPORT AND PROVIDENCE. FARE FIFTY CENTS FOR THE SEASON. Ou Moud ays, Wednesdays, and Fridays, over the Long Island Rail Roail to Greenport, th-uce to Newport and Provi dence in a splendid and commodious Sound Steamer. Hits L ? ne leaves at 8 o'clock in the Mnrmi.g, from the Foot of Whitehall streut, South Ferry. juICtfrc FARE TO BALTIMORE fT Through in Seven Hour*. NEW CASTLE AND FHENCHTOWN RAIL ROAD AND STEAMBOAT LINE. The unrivalled Steamboat ROBERT MORRIS, Captain J. M. Douglass, will, on and after Monday, .June 16, leave Dock street wharf, y, {except Sundays,) at 3 o'clock, P. M. Pas sengers will arrive in Baltimore nt about 10 P. M. Fare only $1. This Line is composed of the following splendid and fast Steamboats:? Robert Morris, .Captain J. M. Douglass. Ohio. . . Captain L. Davis. Constitution. Captain J. Chaytor. George Washington Captain J. Trippe. This Line leaves Bowly's whirf, Baltimore at 3 P. M. ? Tickets for Wheeling and Pittsburg can be procured on board the boat. UNITED STATES MAIL LINES FOR BALTIMORE. Fare. ? Through in Six Hours. PHILADELPHIA, WILMINGTON AND BALTI MORE Railroad line. Via Checter, Wilmington, Elktou, Havre dc Grace, Sic. -nT'iF On and alter Wednesday next, June 85th, the fare between Philadelphia and Baltimore, by the Mail Lines, will be reduced to tt The Train* will leave a* follows:? From Philadelphia, I From Baltimore, Depot Utli and Market streets. Dei>ot in Prntt street. Daily, except Sunday, at 8 A.M. I Daily, exc, Sunday, at 9 A M. And 6aily, at 4 P. M-.l And Daily, at .8 P. M. Wheeling and Pittsburgh? Ticketsthrough to Wheeling and Pittsburgh can be had at the Depot, Eleventh and Mavkt t sts, G. II. HUDDELL, Agent. For further information , apply to J. L, SsLEMMER, nt the office of Adajiin Si Co. 17 Wall street. June 24th, 1845. je29ec longTsland railroad oompan y . REDUCED FARES. SUMMER ARRANGEMENT, TRAINS RUN AS FOLLOWS, Ou aud after 14th June, 1045. From Brooklyn Urjiol ? Boston Train? tf-i A. M. d.iily, Sundays excepted, stopping at Farmingdale and St. George's Manor. Accommodation Train ? Ci>? A. M aud 5 P. M. for Farming ! dale and intermediate pl.toes, daily, Sundays excepted. Accommodation Train, 3 P. M. for Greenport, daily, Sundays j excepted, stopping at Jamaica, Branch, Hempstead, anil Hicks- . vill , and all the stopping places between Hicksville and Greenport. Greenport Orjiot ? Boston Train, daily, Snodiya excepted, at 12J4 o'clock M., or on the arrival of the steamers from Norwich. Accommodation Train? At 5 A.M., daily, Sundays excepted, for Brooklyn and interinei^ate places. Frtin Farminedal e Depot ? Accommodation Train. 6:'4 A- M. and 2>i P. M., daily, Snn- ; days excepted, for Brooklyn and intermediate place*. From JnmiMt a l^pot ? Extra Train, 1U| P.M. daily, Sundays excepted, for Brook lyn and intermediate places. The Boston Trains stop only at Farmingdale and St. George's i Manor. The Accommodation Trains stop at (he following placts on the road, going both ways to receive and deliver pasien lled/ord ? Deer Park... 69 East New York 12W Thompson . 88 Race Course 1R14 Suffolk Station 100 Trotting Course I8S4 Lake Road Station 1 Jamaica 25 Medford Station 1 18% Brur.hville .. 31 '4 Milleville . 154 I HviU P:i A, 17 miles ..... 37iu St. George's Manor. ... I 62 Clowsrille, (during scs- Itiverheail 1 SI sion Court,) 37X Jamesport 1 62, '< j Hempstead 37 y* Mattetuck 1 62*-] Brancti 37), Cutcliogue 1 6?'s Carle Place 44 Southolil . I Westbury 44 (ireenport, Acc'u. train. I 7:/>i Hickuville 44 Bosten Train 2 00 Farmingdale . . . ..... 62hJ Stage* are in readiness on tr.c arrival of Trains at the several Stations, to take j- ssengers tit very low Fares, to all )iarts 1 1 tbs Island. Baggage Crates will be in r-' oliness at tbe foot of WhitehrJl street, to receive Baggage lor the several Trains, 3U initiates be fore the hour of starting froin the Brooklyn side. jtr1 Rocfcawii v Baggage taken in separate Crates. julOrc | TU WESTERN TRAVELLERS. le.\ I 'Kbits a.M> FTuSTTjI PACKET LINK, From Philadelphia to Pittsburgh via the Pennsylvania Hail roads luid Cannl? through in days. The above line if now in fall operation and offers great inducements to persons who wish a pleasant tn^de of travelling to the west. The c*rs arc built in the most approved n.odern style, the bout.- ire litied up in a superior maimer, and evcrj- effort is made by the proprietor* to rondnce to the comfort and convenience ol traveller*. The scenery on this route i? unrivalled, and tiir Srent ^inin ot Pennsylvania internal iir'TOveineuts is well woi IV ol being seen. By this r ? ?ir< passengers aveid all the fatigues jud dangers at tendant upon stage travelling, and at the same time make an ex peditious trip. 'I ne cars leave every morning at 7 o'clock Passengers are ad vise-l t" engage their places at Philadelphia. Office in Philadel phia N. K. corner of t hcsuui aud Fourth streets, and at No*. ;j ami 14 South Third nts. A- ("UMMJNOH, Agrnt. Philadelphia. May 17, 1015. For information, in the city of New York, apply to B. H. KN1SELL. Agent lor D. LEK< H & ( (>.'? Line. 7 West it, N. K my 17 em*rrc NOTIV E. STATE N ISLAND FERRY, FOOT OF WHITEHALL STREET The St earn bout* HV LfH n i1 STA'I KN IS1.AN DliR will leave New York every lionr except 5 P. M., commencing at 8 A. M ., until 7 P.M. l/tave ^taten Island every hour except 4 P. M.. commencing at n A M., iintil 7 l\ M. N. B.? On Sundays the Boats will leave every hour from R A. M.. until 1 I". M., and from I 1 . M. uutil 7 P. M., every hall hour. JV'H PEOPLES' I. INI. (it1 STEAMBOATS KOH ALB AM V , .(hnn vj I) AIL/? Sundays Excepted? Through Di ?L ^,1 ? at 7 o clock P. M., from the Pier between "TFi ~ TH '' '? and Liberty street*. Steamboat ROCHESTER, Carnal n K. O. Cruttenden, will lente on Monday, VW^dnesday anil Friday Evenings. at 7 o'clock. Steamboat SolJTil A.viKHILA, CkiiMin W II. Truesdell, will leave on Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday Afternoons, at 7 e'clock. At 5 o'clock P.M., landing a.t intermediate places, from the foot ol Barclay street Steamboat NORTH AMERICA, Capt. M. H. Truesdell, will le.ive .in .vlond.iy, Wednesday, Friday aud Sunday Af ternoons. st 5 o'clock. Steamboat N KW JERSEY, Capt. R. H. Furey, will Isave on Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday evenings, at So'clock. P assengers taking either ol the above l/nes will arrive in Alba ny in ample tnue lor Ihc Morning Train ol Cars for the east or west. The Bents are new nod substantial, are furnished with new and elegant state rooms, nnd for (peed and accommodations nre un rivalled on the Hudson. Freight takeu at moderate rate*. All persons ire forbid tmstiug any of the Boats of this Line, without n written order from the Captains or Agents. For passage or Ireight, apply on hoard the boats, or to P. C. Bclniit*. at the office on the wnarl jy21 rc WJLUAMSBURGlfAND peck slip ~ FERRY. The Trustees of this Kerry, believing that there are many of the citisens of New York ? .nisi vicinity tbnt are unnoiuainted with the , K'.Hii ?.?. ilii.t Perry affords as a pleasant communication with Willi unshurg and Long Island, would slate that (here nri two good perry Boats on this Kerry, which leave I'rck Slip every fifteen or twenty minutes through the day tip to S o'clock, p. M., and then up to g o'clrk, at each even hour and half hour; alter which a boat leaves at !? o'clock and in o'clock. The iaet boat leaving Williamsburg m bilf-ps.t ? o'clock, F. P. 6 --Oil the evening of July 4ih, the boat will continue to nui until U o'clock. ;y1 im're 1 SUNDAY EXCURSION DOWN THE BAY, To Clifton *ail Stapletou, Suten Island? ? The steamboat RICHMOND, Capt Dougher -t V . oil Sunday, August 3d, will leave Pier No. I k.. H., Batiery, a.,d proceed down the Bav, round to ?t tlx Narrows, afford is g passengers a flue view of the Fort* ou Long and staten Islands, as well as the open sea. enjoy the inTigo rating breeze*, lauding at Clifton and 8ta| leton r.s follows :? Leave Pier J. E H. I I.ewe Clifton. I Leave St -ileu*. 10 o clock, A. M. 12 o'clock uot.h I 12!., 2 " P. M. 4 " P. M. ? P M. c /"F .'.re 6}.; cents. ' * al 3t"rr N E W KfcKR i To ? YELLOW HOOK, FORT HAMILTON, AND CONEY ISLAND. The steamboat lOLAS, Captain Richard Yates, and tlie steamboat WAVK, Capi <iu Henry Mallau, will ruu ou the above Ferry v , V'"""'. I i.onve m j leton* 12 o clock nooh I 12*4 o'clock noon 3 P.M. I 3'? " P.M. 5 " P.M. S<? " P.M. 7 " P.M. I 7)2 " P.M. every da V, ns follows:? The ! OL A8 will leive Pier No. 1, E. II. I ?'"ort Hamilton, Pot Coney Island At 9 o'clock, A. M 12 " noon. 4 " P.M. Coney Uland lor New York. 101* A. M. 1 8 p. 3. For Coney Island 'J% A. M. ja? p. m. Fort Hatniltta for New York IBM A. M. IK P. M. Pier 1 E. K. for Coney Island, At 6? o'clock, A.M. 10'2 2 " P. M. And the WAV K will leave Fort Hamilton for Couey ls'd. 7'; A. M. ID? " 2'i P. M Oil " Coney Island fur New York. ) Fort Hamilton for New York. A. M. 13 noon ?J'i P. M. A M. 12'," P. M. Vi " Oil Pn:id >ys, the morning trip will be omitted. ! /- F .re lg'j cents jv30 Iw'rh MORN L\< i LINE AT 7 O'OLOt K, FOR ALBAN Y, TllOY and intermediate landing*. from the Steamboat Pier at the foot o Barclay street.. Breakfast and Dinner on hoard the boat. Leaves New York at 7 o'clock. A. M., Tuesdays, Thursdays oid Saturday, and Troy at 6 o'clock, A. M., Albany at 7 o'clock M. Monday, Wednesday and Friday. The low-pressuie TI'OY, Captain A. Oorham, on ruesjays, Thursdays and Saturdays, at 7 o'clock. The steamboat NIAGARA, Captain A. Degroet, ou Mon day, Wednesday and Friday, at 7 o'clock. For imssage or freight, apply ou board, or to F. B. Hall, at the >tfice on the wharf. Notice ? All goods, freight, baggage, bank bills, specie, or any ntbcr Kind of property taken, ship|ed, or put on board this boit, muit be at the risk of tlu* owners of snch goods, freight, bag {n.gc, 8tc. jelgrc NEW YORK, ALBANY AND TROY LINE. FOB ALBANY AND TROY DIRECT. ?at 7 o'clock, P. M ?Tlit steamboat KM PIRK, Captain R. 8. Macy: will leave the ?tfearaboat pier foot of Conrtlandt street, every Tuesday, Thursday and Sarurd'V 'Iter noon, at 7 o'clock. The steamboat COLUMBIA, Captain Wm. H. Peck, every M siday, Wednesday and Fridav afternoon, at 7 o'clock. for Tasiaiff or r-'reight aei'lvou board, or at ttie otfii* on tb? w'-irl InSt OPPOSITION- TICKET OFFICK.-For l? Albany, 75 cents? Utica, Si? Syracuse, .$2,50 ? Rochester. S3 ? Buffalo, $3 30 ? Also, tlirou>h in the fast line, with board. 810,50 ? Alio, Oswego, $3? Kingston, (U. C.,) $4? Toronto, #5? Cleveland, (O.) $0? De troit, $<i 50? Chic t!?, ( 111 ) Sin, 50 ? North to Troy and While hall. S2, 50? Montreal, $4.50. Office No. lO'l Barclay st. v45 Im'rh M. L R \Y. Agent. FOR HALIFAX AND LIVERPOOL. t* TIle Royi|] Majl St -m,hjp, BRITANNIA and CAMBRIA will leave Boston for the 'abeve ports, as follow ?, viz:? Britannia -I. Hewitt, Esq., commander ? Friday, August 1. Cambria? C. H.E Hewitt, Esq., do. Saturday, August 16. Passage to Liverpool, $120 ; Jo. to Halifax, $20. For fieight or passage applV to D. BRIOHAM, Jr., Agent, jy25 rrc ti Wall street. FOR HALIFAX AND LIVERPOOL THE Royal Mail Steam Ships HIBER NIA and BRITANNIA, will leave Bosteu 1 for the above porta, a* follows-? Hibeiuia, Alex. Ryrie, Esq., Commander, Tuesday, July 16th. ISritaunia, John Hewitt, " Friday, An fast 1st. Passage to Liverpool $120. Passage to Halifax 20. For freight or passage, apply to jy 12 D. BRIOHAM. Jr., A*rut, 6 Wall st. DRAFTS ON GREAT BRITAIN AND IRELAND ? I'ercons wishing to remit mo ney to their mends i n any part of England. ' Ireland, Scotland or VValea, can he aapplied 'with drafts payable at sight, without dis count, for any amount, from 4.1 upwards, at the following places, viz: If* England? The National and Provincial Bank of Eng land; Messrs. J. Barnnd b Co.. Exchange and Discount Bank, Liverpool; Messrs. James Bui t St Son, London , and branches throughout England and Wales. In [kit laud.? The National Bank of Ireland, aud Provin cial Br. ".k and branches throughout Ireland. In Scoti. and ? The Eastern Bank of Scotland. National B <nk of Scotland, Greenock Banking Company, aud branches throughout Scotland. The steamship Great Western sails on the Slat July, by which all drafts can be forwarded free. Apply to W. t J. T TAPSI'OTT, jvlflre 78 South at, cor MflNkD n<M LONDON LINK OF PACKKTS-I aeket .1 the 10th Auguat-Tlie splendid and fast sailing Pai-lut S^iip ^TORONTO, Captain Tucker, will positively sail as above, her regular day She has excellent accommodations for cabin, ?croud cabin and steerage passengers: those wishing to secure liertlii, should m ike early application to W. Hi J. T. TAPH' OTT, aire 75 Sonth street, cornnr of Maiden Lane. FOR til VERPOOL? New Line ? Regular Packet wSjFVof the 2fith August ? ' The elegant fast sailing racket j?&|?.Ship 8II)DONS, Capt. E. B. Cobb, of 1100 tons, will sail as above, her regular day. For freight or passage, having accommodations unequalled for splendor and comfort, apply ou board, at Orleans wharf, foot of Wall street, or to F, K. COLLINS k CO., 56 South street. Price ?f passage $100. Packet Ship Sheridan, Cant. Cornish, will succeed the Sid dons. aud sail iKth September, her regular day. J V26 FOR NEWCASTLE, ENGLAND.? The well known, fast sailing coppered aud copper-f ?tened .ship RAMBLER, Baxter, Master' having all her freight engaged, will sail in a I'-w days. For light freight, or passage, having good accomnnodationi, Apply to WOODHULL k M1NTURN, j y2B rrc H7 South strret. iA-vf KOR GLASGOW ?Regular Packet.? The well kj^''n\.kn(^wi, fast sailing British Uarqne ANN HARLEY, Irtf 'wfiig'Tiitri master, 450 tous, will meet with quick despatch !>or freight or passage, having excellent accommodations, apply on board foot of Dover street, or to WOODHULL h MINTURNS, iv"0rc 87 S mth street W ANTED? A Ship to lond for a Southern Port V Ai-ply to E. K. COLLINS & CO. tm j?" ee 56 South street. I.I VKRPOOL LINK OF PACKETS OF THE 6ih OF AL^GUST. ? The newftnd elegant packet ship i A8H BURTON , llenry Huttlesnn, master, 1100 tons burthen, will positively sail as above, her regular day. Having very su|>erior accommodatinns for cabin, second cabin and steerage passengers, persons wishing to secure berths should make early application on board, foot of vlaidrn Lane, or to JOSEPH McMURRAY, 100 Pine street comer of South street. The splendid new ship Henry Clay, Eyra Nye, master, will succeed the Ashburton, and sail on the U'h Septemlier, her le gnlar day. jy2l rrc M)H SALE, FREIGHT OH CHARTEU-The yeryfast sailing barque HOMK. Captain Watts, bndt i?n Baltimore one year since of the best materials, carries about 1,000 barrels, and has handsome accommodations for tw enty passengers. Apply to Captain Watts, on board, at Pike street wharfVorto E. K. COLLINS & CO. i'7 re 96 Son th street OLD ESTABLISHED EMI GRANT PAS8 AGE OFFICE, 61 South st.? Passage from Fnglsnd, Ire land. Scotland nud VVales ? Those sending for their Vieuds would do well to avail themselves of the opportunity of rnnkingtl ? ir arrangements with the subscribers on very mode rate terms, by first class packet ships, sailing from Liverpool weekly. D raits can as usual be furnished lor any amount, payable throughout the United Kingdom. Apply JOHN HERDMAN, 61 South st. The mail steamer Ifibernia saila frem Boston on the 15th inst, by W nich letters can beforwarded quicklv. mv23 rh FOB SA1.K, FRKIGHT OR ? HAUf KR-Th. very fast smling N. York built packet ship YAZOO, 1 670 tons, lite oak and locust top. live osk transom, apron a<>d forward and after cants, carries 22n 0 lules New Or leans cotton, and lias handsome furnished accommodations for 26 passengers. Apply ou hoard at Jones' wharf, or to E, K. COLLINS k CO , jy2flec 5fi South street. FOR LIVERPOOL? The New Line? Re^uCi Packet of 21st August. ? The superior fast sailing packet ship LIVERPOOL, U50 tons, Capt. John El nuge, will sail aa above, her regular day. For freight or |>assage, having elegant and superior accoan modntious, apply on hoanl, west sideBurling slip, or to WOODHClL & MINTURNS, 87 Southst. The packet ship Queen of the West, 1250 tons. Capt. Thos. Woodhonse, will snecei d the Liverpool, and sail on her regu lar day. 21st September. jy22 LOOK. AT THIS ! ! JIIST RECEIVED? Another lot of French Boots, ol the best kind and will be sold at the old prire, $5, slid the best of h ieiich Call Boots made to order for $5, City made Call Boots, $3; and the greatest assortment of Gents Gait ers of >11 kinds to he found at very low prices. Also, the finest Calf Shoes, $2 and 52 50. A great variety of all other kinds. Ladies in tins Smre will tuial a grent assortment ol Gaiters Itatmins, Hlips Ties. Pruuells, Satin, he. ? or au assortment of ail other kinds Misses and Children's Hoots aud Shoes we cannot he heat in thisclty Do notmis take Hie uumtier, 361 llroadway, corner of Franklin street. ju3 Im'rh M. CAH1LL. ^ I" INK l?RENt:H BOOTS for $1 50: City M^?de, and Wfor style and dtirability they are equal to those sold for $5, ? at \ oung It Cos Imperial French Boot uid Shoe Maiin ^ facturing Depot, at No.4 Ann street, one of tin' most Fash ionable Boot Manufactories in this city. Fine French Dress Boots, made to order, for $1 50; equal to those made in other stores for $6 and $7. Boets, Shoes, Gaiters, Itc., made to or der in the shortest notice. Mending, fcc., doue in the store Wm. M. Young k Co. , Wholesale and Retail Manufacturers, No.4 Aon street, New York, near Broadway WM. M. YOUNG, and je24 lm*rc __LL_ JONES. KOULfcTi NE'S RIDING SCHOOL,, i;i? an I 131) Mercer street* MR. JOHN S. ROULSTONE has the honor to inform his friends and the iiublic in general, that his CUSj^Schoel for Instruction in Horsemanship is now open d iv Hid vening. as follows .? Hours for Gentlemen from . , . ? ? to * A. M. " " Ladies " 9 A M. to 3 P.M. , '1 erms of instrnetion made known on application to Mr RoulsWue. Mr. R. has just received from the country several fine and stylish Saddle Ilorees, which lie II autl ntised to sell at a r?a sonahle price. mv7re rjvWINIv--A complete nssortment ul Bridport Senn', llirr J. ring aud Gill Net Twines, from 5?* to IB lbs., manufne tured with the greatest care (rem the best rnatsrials. itpmnly for this market, sad for sale in lots to suit p*rehasers, by Jyll ee R K. COLLINS It CO it South it. | %lne Onya Later from Mexico. The hrii? Pelfina, Capiam Pocal, from Vera Cruz, whence she sailed on the 3rd Alt., arrived at New Orleans on the 23rd ult. Although the papers contain no event of command ing interest, yet the details of Me.xicun affairs are not without importance. [From New Orleuns ricay tine, July 24.] Verbally we learn that the Mexican Government wai to send 20,000 men immediately to , the frontier of Texas. Where these men were to bo raised is a poser of itiell, but where the means to procuie money enough ; even to start them on such a fool's errand is even a great er mystery, unless British gold is at the bottom. Wo | Kive tills rumor as we received it, and in the meantime | proceed to such matters ai wc find in our files. Not n word is said in the papers of the capital about a war with the United States. .Some of the secret ses sions ol the Senate may have been occupied with the subject, but nothing is divulged. On the 20th of June a decreo of (ion. llerrera was pro mulgated, but dated the 10th. in which he formally calls i : an extra session of Congress, to conveno on the ? th instant, lor t lie purpose of taking into consideration ? 1st, Constitutional Reforms ; ad, a revision of the acta of the Provisional Government ; and, 3d, subjects now pending j the action of the Chambers, especially those of the Uni ted States and Texas This indicates clearly enough that Mexico has not yet determined what line of policy to pursue towards us. The country is so distracted by divisions amongst its leading politicians and military rncn, that the Govern ment is unable to concentrate public opinion upon any lined plan of operations. The people clamor tor war and tho integrity ol the soil of the republic ; whilst the loaders, or most of them, are looking after their personal ! aggrandizement. V\'e alluded in a former number to certain rumors ' about raising additional troops. This protect has now as sumed a distinct form. It is proposed to enlist I a large number of recruits, under the name of " Volun- I 1 teer Defenders of the Laws," to be distinct from the ro- ' gulararmy. although organized on the same footing as to discipline. Uc. This force is to be subject exclusively to the local civil authorities, each volunteer having the I privilege to servo in the infantry or cavalry. As Con gress lias not yet passed this project into a law, we do not think it necessary to occupy oursolves with its de- I tails. Tho Committee on Military affairs in the House have also reported a plan for the cempleto re organiza tion of the regular army; b'.tthis, too, hasnot>ctre ceived the sanction of Congress. It is apparent, never i tbeless, that the eyes of Mexicans are open to the neces sity of providing further securities for domestic tranquil lity and for giving more compactness and force to the national troops. Tho news of tho revolution of Tobasco was an nounced in the city of Mexico on the -28th June. The Sig lio Dirt v Nvidt, itself the eloquent advocate of Fedora- | | tion, pronounces the affair tho mostabsurd of all military outbreaks, and adds that tho unanimous indignation of the Republic is tho only feeling it will excite "We," ! ! say the editors, " have always been the advocates of the i | principles of the Constitution of 1824, and never shall j ; cease to contend for them, because under this form alone ; | can Mexico be constituted as it becomes her ; yet we ; j would be the first to declare that all true Federalists see j , with shame and indignation these infamous military in- i ; surreetions by which miserable aspirants would sacrifice ! to their own personal interests anil odious love of power ! the respectability and the principles of a cause which ' they would iu vain seek to discredit. Tho cause will triumph, but these nefarious men will not thereby so cure the ends they aim at in committing to great an er ror ? so groat a crime." ; The papers contain full details of the plan of this revo 1 lution, hut we have given them all substantially before. | It appears that a good number of military ollicers and public officials could not be seduced into the scheme, and | some of the former made their escape from Tobasco by j sea, crrrying with them a considerable part of the arma ment of the garrison. It is too soon to know what mea ; surcs the government will propose in the premises. There is a most voluminous correspondence in tho Si glo between the French and English commanders on the Mazatlan station, the respective Consuls of the two na ; tions, and the authorities of Mazatlan, in relation to cer i tain claims of indemnity made by French citizens upon ! the city. The French do not app'ear to have taken much I by their motion. We have no room for the correspon I dence. < ien. Rangel has been sentenced by a court martial ? for his late revolutionary attempt in tho i-ity of Mexico, in which he treated the President and his cabinet with such indignity? to ten year's imprisonment, without the loss of his rank ? a truly Mexican punishment for trea son. Another authority, hut usually not so well inform ed, savs ho is stripped of rank and all employment and i banished for ten years. The ire of the Mexicans was a good deal aroused, apparently, at seeing him getofi'so I easily. We have before announced that Honor Gomez Farias had been elected to the Senate of Mexico. According to the Siglo, Senor Farias was in fome way implicated in the nttempt made by Kangel on the 7th of June, and had secrotod himself. From his concealment he ad dressed a communication to the Executive, statins' his readiness to enter upon his duties as Senator, and de siring that a day mielit be appointed for him to take the I necessary oaths. The appropriate .Minister transmitted this to tho Senate infoi ming them that tho Executive ( Jovernment had issued orders for tho arrest of Senor j Farias, having reason to believe him compromised in I the attempt ol the 7th, and that as ;.oon as it should sue , eeod in securing him, he would bo placed at tho dispo i fition of the Grand Jury, taking caro that he should be ; guarded with all due consideration. Ail tbe papers were sent to the Grand Jury, and finally tho Senate proceeded to supply the place of Senor Fa rias, ami the election, made by lot, resulted in favor of j Senor Quintana ltoo. Tho Siglo of the 27th says that ! Senor Farias still remained in his concoalment. j On the 28th, the Senate proceeded to count the votes I of the Departmental Assemblies, to fill the vacancy in i their body occasioned by the decease of Senor Cnico Sein. Senor Farias hail the highest number of votes, but , was declared ineligible, as he had already been elected j and declared Senator in place of Senor Camacho. The two next highest candidates, having received two votes ; each, wero pronounced destitute of the constitutional ( requisites, and then the Senate proceeded to draw from 1 the candidates having received but one vote each. The ; lot fell to Senor 1). t'edro Tames, a former (iovornorol J Jalisco, represented as a man of great ability and dis i tinguished learning, and a friend of the present Govern i ment. I Thus has Senor Farias lost a seat in the Senate by the I very dexterous management of his enemies. The rea [ der will bear in mind that the Siglo is violently opposed to Senor Farias in politics, and its representations should therefore be taken with some grains of allowance. The Obttrvalor Zacatano of the 19th June announces that General Paredes, commanding the third division ol the army, would tiansfer his head qu jrters from Lagos i to the capital of the Department of San Luis Potosi, 1 and he was to move that or the following day. Both houses of Congress have been engaged in the consideration of a reform of the existing tariff, us stig I gested by the Kxecutive. They have notyet been able to act harmoniously in tho matter. Tho Senate was occu pied with this subjcct exclusively on the 14th and 16th ult. The Presidential canvass continues to occupy most of the attention of the different journals, but it is carried on with much moderation on paper. The reform of the Organic Bases also calls out a great deal of public dis cussion. The Siglo, which is strongly in favor of reform, devotes a long loader, powerfully written, almost daily to the subject. The publication of the Monitor Constitutional Indeprn dmtr, in the city ol Mexico, has neen suspended, but the editors announce that they have associated themselves with tho conductors of another journal, and tliat a new paper will be issued uy them under the title of El Vitiligo del Pufhto. Senor Don Manuel Barandez has presented himself for ! trial, refusing to avail himself of the act of amnesty. He I asks, however, that he should be allowed to go at large and not committed to prison during the time previous to I his trial, he undertaking to give the amplest security to i appenrand answer his nc.cnscrs. Senores Zonea, Nantihanne/., Jimcnes and Jeuregui ! j havo bfen set at liberty. Orn. Bustamonto reached the capital on the 21st ult. ! De immediate!) ottered his services to the government 1 to maintain tho naiioiai claim upon Texas. It was thought services would bo aco-pted. The contractors announce that the line of stages to be p'lt on between Querela ro and San Luis Potosi by the 1st inst as promised, will not, in consequence of tho dif ficulty in finding coachos, commence ruunina till the 1st of September. In the latest Conrirr frnncais we have seen there is

not a word of local interest. It is occupied with foreign news, and n scientific discussion, in which it is contend- 1 '"S at great length with a writer in one of the Mexican journals. The Prndtntia of (iuanajuato of the IPth announces tlistintlie school of the children of San Miguel de Al tende, in a recent storm, the lightning struck the house, and killed instantly the'instruetor, senor Ignacio Luna and ono child, and wounded another, which died the fol lowing day. The Siglo congratulates the citizens of New Leon upon the promptitude with which justice is executed in that province. A wretch named I'astaneda made disho oruble proposals to tho wife of his friend. Sonor Vat gas. he resisted them, whereupon the biuto took her file, and that of a son and brother of his friend, lie then stole a horse anil some other eft'octs, and fled. This happened on the Oth ol April last. He was puisu* ed, taken, tried and found guilty , and on the 91st of the same month was sentenced to death. Ho had two sub sequent hearings before the court, but the judges deci ded tlmt there was no good cause for delay, and he was executed on tho 12th of May, just thirty-three days after the perpetration of his atrocities. Pretty well, this, for a Mexican court. [From N, (). Republican, July 24. | In consequence oftha annexation measure being etfec ted, a new organization of the militia of the Republic has been ordered ; tho levies under this regulation, are called the "voluntary defenders of the laws." It is stated that, among other indications of the prospect of a warst Vera Cruz, the Inhabitants are fully engaged in covering the flat roofs of their houses with sand, to the depth ol a foot or more. In anticipation of a bombard ment of the town. An official statement of the military force of the country is published, the aggregate of wliic li is about 30, 000. Ol lhi? force about 10,000 uro infantry, 2,ft00 cavalry, 7,100 artillery, 1,300 sappers and miners. AN o close our report with the interesting letter already rcfci i oil to V kba Cm s, July 3, 184.V An extra session of the Mexican < ongress has been called by the Pre ident, to take into consideration the affairs ol i'exas and the I ni ted States. The result of this will be beyond any man ner of doubt, a declaration of war. The day fixed for the mooting ol the Congress wan the tut of July, conse quently by the next moil from Mexico, we shafi receive tlie newi ol its installation. Nothing will bo done in the way of a declaration of war uutil the official news of the action of the 4th of July Convention is received, which news will be brought down immediately by the British frigate Kurydice, it is supposed Government make* no great bluster about a war, but at the same time is making active preparations secretly of a most energetic nature, aa 1 am ag'Urei: by those who know what in going on. The intention is to tend thirty thousand men to Texas, and with this object orders have been given to General Paredes, Commander-in-t iiiet' of the cantoon, stationed at Lagos, to march with alibis troops to San Luis I'otosi The number ot the^o troops is said by some to be 6,000 men, and by some 7,009 ? cannot say certainly. ? The greatest activity is employed in the fortification of Vera Crus, and the castle of San Juan de Ulua The fleet left this place on the 12th ult., destiny unknown, and has not yet made its appearance, much to the an noyauce of American citizens, who feel quite uneasy at ; the entire absence of all succour at a time when they aro sure to_ need it. Gen. Almonte has been very vrai like since his return, and preaches up "war to the knife, and Yankee annihilation." It appears that he recom- 1 mends very strongly the issue of Ulttrt of wni-iyut, and bus brought, it is said, from the United States, a copy of . the documents which were granted to privateers by ourl ' government during the war. You may rest assured o one thing, that if the Annexation is consummated on the 4th of July, that war will be the result of it, and that im mediately. Same few shouts of Federation by the troops, but merely insignificant. The people are universally in favor of Federation, but they (Jo not want it to come in a revolutionary form. [From the N. O. Bulletin, July 24 ], 23d April, 181,' On the 18th inst. consid erable excitement was caused in this place, occasioned by a body of artillerymen marching through the princi pal .streets, towards the Custom House. On their arri val at that place, the officer in command received orders from the Collector of the Aduanu Terestre, to accompany one el' the clerks of the said office with Sostigos and lay a forced embargo at the point of the bayonet on the pro perty of the only two American houses in the place, | Parrott Sc Co., and Mott, 'J'albott & Co., to satisfy a de- , maud for duties caused by a law of the State of Sinoloa, i 1834, which law was annulled iu 1837 by the tariff of : that year, and from that date up to u few days previous to the date of this, the Custom House had never demand ed from any house such duties. The house of Parrott Si Co., of course, was embargoed, on property to the amount of $4'i,#00, to satisfy the claim, only amounting ta about $4,000; after which the troops were marched to the house of Messrs. Mott, Talbott 8c Co., with the ob ject of laying an embargo on their property, but ('apt. Hope, of H. B M. frigate Thalia, interfered and prevent ed the embargoes being laid, o?e of the partners of the said firm being a British subject. Mr. I'arrott, who, for many years, lias been our Consul at V.a/atlan, suffered with much patience the indignity to his person, and ns the diplomatic relations between the United States and Mcxico are suspended, ho has no resource in seeking redress from the Mexican Government, and very properly called in tbc'Krenoh Consul to witness the proceedings, which aro illegal and unjust from the commencement, a* no judge or competent authority in tho place had passed sentence, or judgment in any shape or form, on the pro- j cecdings. Mr. I'arrott has gone before the Fiench con- ; Mil and made out his protest, and will submit it to his i government, to he settled with the other difficulties now pending with Mexico. There are at Ma/.atlan nearly a I dozen importing houses, and notwithstanding not a single j demand has been made by the Collector against them ; lor duties, havin-j, as it appears, determined to take his revenge out of the Americans. Many respectable citi- ! sens seeing these scandalous proceedings, have used 1 their influence to conciliate matters. It is proper to re mark that in the year 1831. this State parsed a law impos- | ing a duty on foAign goods imported, of one-eighth patt ! of the import difties, to defray the expenses of the State. This duty was paid up to 1837, when tho tarilf of that year took ell'ect, and tiie Central System of Government was established, the State Governments were abolished ?the General Government abolished ell the rights of the States to make and enforce laws, ft appears that all the duties have long fince been paid, agreeable to the tariff of 1837, which was a general disposition ol. the Supreme Govornment. A run. 24th.? The Prefecto of the Port has addressed a letter to the Governor of the State, complaining ia strong torms against the violent and unjust proceedings against the Americans, and very properly pointed out that they were caprices of the Collector, and from the concourse of people who were present, it wan sufficient to disturb the peace of the port and bring on the coun try a war. gfjApril 25th.? The embargo on the property of the Ame rican Consul has not been rain ed, notwithstanding a meet- I ing has taken place to that efTect The Consul is deter- ' mined to resist the payment and suffer his property to be | sold. A military force was again demanded for laying I the embargo on Mott.Talbott it Co' s property, but it was wisely refused. Overtures have been made to the Con- I sul, that it he would address a letter to the Gefe Supe | i ior de Hacienda, bis property would be released, but ! | he hat refmed, and is determined to let the matter take its course. Other outrages will follow. Two-thirds ol' ail the claims of American citizens laid before the Board of Commissioners were caused by the arbitrary laws of the States of Mexico, and thU was one of the motives why the Central System of Government was estanlished, as the Stales had* always the General Government in difficulties. Better Late than Never. ? Early in May last, we, in common witli many of our cotemporuries, gave currency to certain horrible disclosures of crime, saiii to have been mode by Wjratt, (a convict at Auburn, then am! now under indictment for the murder of Gor doii, a fellow prisoner,) to Mr J. H. Green, the "ile formed Gambler'" the particulars ol which are no doubt fresh in the recollection of our reader*. The trial of Wyatt for the murder being close at band, tbe Chaplain of the Auburn Prison, under a sense of justice to the prisoner, conn' - before tho public with a Hat denial of I the truth of Green'* statements; and we comply cheer fully with the icquest to insert the contradiction : ? | From tho Auburn Journal, July 30.] State Paison, (Auburn, V. V.) July Uoth, 1S45. Mr. Olii-iiavt ? Sir: Injustice to un unfortunate pri soner now in chains, awaiting hii trial at the next sit ting of the Court in thin place, 1 feel in duty bound to say to the public, that whatever Wyatt's character and ; conduct may have been, or however many murders he j may have committed, and may ultimately be revealed to the public through the proper channels- yet all Mr. : Green has said about Wyatt's having confided to him, ' that he, with three others, were whipped a thousand lashes at V icksburg, which had been tho cause of se ven murders, nnd that Gordon was tho seventh man he (Wyatt) had killed, and that he (Wyatt) positively kill ed the man at St. Louis, for which an innocent man wes hunt;? and that he (Wyatt) said ho killed Tucker in 1S30 between Natchez and New Orleans, is untrue, to ! my certain knowledge. Mr. Green's visits were all made in my presence, while Wyatt was confined in his cell, a room some four by seven feet in size ? hence all that passed between them could be distinctly heard and known by all three ol us. | 1 have no disposition to injnre Mr. Green, but I should do violence to every principle of justice and humanity, were I to remain silent, and see a fellow being tried for his life in the midst of that prejudice which has already condemned the criminal to a thousand deaths, by Mr Green's published declarations of Wyatt's .own confes sions, of bloody deeds and horrid murders," when in re ality, the prisoner has made no such confessions t him, to my certain knowledge. To avoid this unpleasant task, I addressed a private note to Mr. Green, calling for a satisfactory explana tion. but in his reply, he utterly refuses a sinple re traction, and the only alternative left me is to let the ririsoner sutler this great injustice, or disabuse the pub ic mind from tbe wrong impressions made by fabrica tions of Mr. Green. I hope to be spared the disagreeable necessity of re- 1 sorting to newspapers of the day , to correct any further j improprieties of \1r. Green on this subject. If I am not, J I will pivo a specific catalogue of them in my next. All Editors of newspapers, whether political or reli gious, lire requested to tfivc tho above an insertion in theii columns, .is an r>ct of justice to un injured man, and very much oblige, Your obedient servant, O E Mors ill, Chaplain. The U. S. Troops for Texas ? We yesterday received the following communication from ail oi lier of the 8d regiment of infantry, which we pub lish with much ph-amire, as the information it con tain;. must be of interest to the families and nume rous friends of the officers of the regiment : ? Nk? Oai.kaas, July 2d, 1844. Gkwti.kmkn : ? It may not be uninteresting to the t rie nds of the 3d regiment of infantry to know that they leave to-morrow morning on the steamship Alabama, for the Hay ol Aransas, near Corpus Christi, Texas, and any letters, papers, or other packages intended for tbe oth cers of that regiment, should be directed as above, to the care of the quarter master in New Orleans. The following is a list of the officers of the regiment, and of the general stall' serving with it: -Lieutenant < '.olonel? E. A. Hitchcock, commanding. Brevet Capt ? P. N. Harbour, adjutant. Surgeon N. S. .larvis. Assis tant Surgeon? A. W. Kennedy. Captains? L. N. Morris, II. llainbridge, J. Van Home, G. P. Field. Lieutenants ? J. L. Coburn, W. S. Henry, J. H. Eaton, L. S. Craig, J. | M. Smith, W. II. Gordon, D. T. Chandler, S. T). Dobbins, I 11. It Johnson, W H. Johns, D. 8. Irwin, DjC. Buell, J. 1). Richardson, W. T. H. Brooks, A. W. lJowman, <? I Hykes, C. E. Jarvis, J. C. McFerran, G. C. McClelland, i H. B. Scliroeder, J. J. C. Bibb. The regiment ia 567 strong, (all included,) In perfect | health, and eager to plant the stars and stripes on the I banks of the ltio Grande. AT. O. Pie- July 24. Till Cambria. ? The ttottnn Courier in noticing the passage of the Cnmhria, says : ? She arrived ut her dock at East Boston at Ave o'clock, making the short est western passage across the Atlantic over accom plished. She left Livoi pool at forty-five minutes after eleven o'clock on tho 10th, and arri\ed at Halifas at twenty miuutes after four o'clock, A. M. on the '-i9th t left Halifax at twenty-five minutes after six o'clock, A. M. on the 'loth, and being detained hull a day by fog on passage, arriind at this port, as above stated, in eleven days hihI five and a half hours, from port to port. l'his is txyenty hours shorter than the quick passage of the llibeiuiii, which armed September 1, lull, and twenty -one and three-quarter hours shorter than the last passage of tins same vessel, which wot completed on the lirst of Juno. ArpotvntKNTs ?T TBI President ? Stephen S. l.ovj a? Deputy Pot t master at Lowell, Ms* achusctts, in the place of lacob Hobbins, removed. through Tnai. To CoLlLUTORi A Nil OTIICK QKficKBS or THIS (/VITIiMI, Ttuivir DiriiTNiifTi I ? ? July 09, IMS. S 1 The President of the United State* has i ecoived official ' intelligence that the Convention, as wrllas the < ongress Of the Republic of Texas. have sanctioned and adopted the joint resolution of the ( ongress of the I'mted States of the 1st of March last, for the admission ol' Texas as a State ol the Union. By the 94th section of tho act of the ' ongress of the United States of the 3Uth of August, 184J, it is provided : "That it Khali be the duty of all collectors and other offi cers of the customs to execute and carry into effect all instructions of the Secretary of the Treasut y relative to the execution of the revenue laws; and, incase any difR culty shall arise as to the true construction or meaning of any part of such revenue laws, the decision of the Se cretary of the Treasury shall be conclusive and binding ! upon all such collectors and other officers oftho cus- ] torn*." In conformity with this provision of the law, it Incomes myduty to coramunicato the views and instruc tions of thin department upon various important ques tions arising out of the new relations between Texas and the United States. 1st. Although there is now a solemn compact obliga tory upon both parties for the admission of Texas as a State of the Union; yet, until the further action of the Congress of the United States upon this subjoct, and in structions founded thereon from this department, you will collect duties us horetofore upon all the imports from Texas into the United States. A simitar question arose in relation to exports from Florida into New Orleans in 1919. when it was decided by the Treasury Department, "that all goods which have been or may be imported 'lrom Pensacola before an act of ( ongress shall be passed erecting it into a col lection district, and authorizing the apjmintment of an officer to reside thereat, for the purpose of supeontend ing the collection ol duties, will he liable to dutyT" If, then, as is apprehended, imports should now be made lrom foreign ports into Texas, with a view to in troduction here free of duty from Texas, upon her for mal admission by Congress as a State of the Union, such exemption from duty , in conformity with the decision before quoted in relation to Florida, could not be permit ted "heiore an act of Congress shall be pasted erecting it (Texas) into a collection district." When Congress shall pass such an act, ample provision can be made therein to prevent the sacrifice of our revenue by the evasion of our law s, as is now believed to be contem plated. ?Jd. In all cuses where application is made to enter goods with the privilege of drawback of duties on expor tation into Texas, before granting the debenture certi cate you will 'iiligently inquire into the circumstances of the case, with a view to ascertain whctfier this ex|>or tation is intended for the consumption of the cargo in Texas, or for re-importation into the United States ; and any attempt to obtain a drawback of the duties, where tho goods are really designed lor consumption within our limits, is a manifest fraud on our revenue laws, which will be prevented by all the lawful means within the power of this department. Afier the acquisition and occupation of Louisiana, by an order of the Treasury Department, the Collector at New Orleans was directed "to consider Baton Rouge, and other settlements now in possession of Spain, whether 1 on tlie Mississippi, Iberville, the lakes, or the seacoast, ! as " foreign ports." in the i,amc order it was declared, I ?'in no Instance, however, are jouto allow drawbacks for goods which, have been lauded, and may altorwards be exported to such places." I'llla order was issued by one oi my predeces-ors ( Vlbeit Uylliitin) and was auctioned by Mr. Jefferson, then I'readent oftho Uni- i ted States. By the HOth section of the net of < 'ongrcss of the 3d of March, 1799, it is provided, " That the Collector aforesaid | may refuse to graut such debenture or debentures, in c.ite ; it shall appear to him that nnv error has arisen, or any i fraud has been committed: and, in case of such rofusal, it the debenture or debentures claimed shall excoed one hun dred dollars, it shall be the duty of said < ollector tp repre sent the case to the Comptroller of the Treasury, who shall determine whether such debenture or debentures shall be granted or not." An entry for drawback, with a view to reimportation, free of all duty, into the United States, is a fraud within the meaning of this act: and iu all such cases it is the duty of the collector to refuse the debenture certificate. In all ca*ns where the debenture shall not exceed one hundred dollars, the collector will judge for himself, whether such fraud as is before desig nated is contemplated: and, in the language of the law, " if tho dcbentuie or debentures claimed shall exceed one hundred dollars, it shall be the duty of the said col lector to represeut the case to the Comptroller of the Treasury, who shall determine whether such debenture or debentures shall be gi anted or not." By the 70th section of the act of 'id March, 1799, it is provided as follows: ? '? And the said exporter or export ers shall likewise make oath that tho said goods so no ticed for exportation, and laden on board such ship or vessel previous to the clearance thereof, or within ten days utter such clearance, are truly iutendeJ to be e.\- j ported to the place whereof notice shall have been given arid are not intended to be re landed within the United | States; otherwise, the said goods, wares, and merchan dize, shall not be entitled to the benefit of drawback." j If, then, in point of fact, tWe goods thus exported to Texas are Intended to " be relanded within the United States," they are not entitled to drawback; and, if re landed, aie subject to seizure and forfeiture, as well as the vussel in which they are thus introduced. Great vigilance will be required in obtaining ample security upuii ail export bonds, as those bonds may not be cancelled in any case of exportation of goods to Texas with the privilege of drawback, until the numer ous and important nuestion* arising under such bonds shall have been finally adjudicated. You will in no case omit to publish in the newspapers, i us now required by law, the names ol all persons who j shall be found guil'y of the violations of the revenue laws therein prescribed, as well as to seize for forfeiture tho goods, vessel, tackle, apparel, and furniture, iu all BUCh eases. As the speculations referred to would diminish the revenue, and affect injuriously the interests of the people of the I nitod States, and of Texas as a part of the Union, the utmost vigilance frod tho most cordial co-ope ration are expected from alfWicers of the customs, in carrying tliei-c instructions most fully into immediate effect. Very respectfully, R. J. Walker, Secretary of tho Treasury. Navai. Intelligence. ? The U. S. steamer Mis- I sissippi hauled out from the wharf at the Navy j Yard, Charlestown, early yesterday morning, and cume j to anchor off Long whart. About 10 o'clock she got un- 1 der way and started on iin experimental trip down the haibor, tho chief object of which wan to test the work i ing of Stevens'* cuts-off, wnich have lately heen fitted to her engine machinery. She had proceeded only a few lengths when it was" found necessary to stop her, to un ship and take in the accommodation ladders, the foot steps of which had become immersed in water from the revolution of the paddle wheels This don* at 10 13 she was got under way again, and at 10 21 passed Kort Inde pendence, not yet having a good head of steam on. At 10 3H passed Long Island Head, having run 6 miles in M minutes, being, of course, at the average rate oi 12 miles the hour. Between Long Island Head and Deer Island, she was turned round several times, making a circle somewhat less than one-third of a nnle iu diameter, and Informing the ontire circle in nine minutes. The object of this wn? to test the facility with which she may be turned round. At 11 4 started to return ; 11 14 opposite to Kort Independence, going by log *? knots against a stroag tide, and not much steam on. Here she was stopped.? Time required iu stopping was 'Jj minutes. At 11 -.'0 un der way again; at 1 1 3H came to anchor oft' Long wharf. The f-teamer was very deep, having on board about 600 tons of coal, besides all her stores, except powder. She was, nioreovcr, a good deal do', n by the head ; yet the tiial may be considered quite > i*.isfactory. In lair trim we should suppose she could make l'i knots with case. ? The cuts oil' appear to work admirably, making, as we wore told, a saving of about one fifth in the consump tion of colli. Her machinery being now completed, she will tako her powder on hoard to-day and proceed to sea as soon an t tie inspecting officers make their repoit upon the cuts oil'. Should this requite a lew days delay, she will probably make another trial outside the harbor to inoi row. She is indeed a uoble vessel.? I'm! -lug. 1. Thk Progress of Enterprise ? Tho Piittburg Gazette h is a pleasing story to toll of the rapid growth of manufactories in that city. Among >ther nulls is mentioned a tack and biaid lactory, that turn* out 4 to 600,(i0l) per day. V manufactory of anvils is al?o to lie established there Two rolling mills ol the largest si/.c aio building. There is also a cotton factory ISti leet long, 0 loot wide ami live stories high, to run 7 OHO spindles : a corresponding number of looms, and to I e propelleu by steam. A smaller mill is nearly ready to run, but of which no dimensions are given. Growth of SyraCtsk. ? The l>aily Journal frays thai ? ".Mr. Ford, one ol the town marshals, has neaily completod his enuraoralion of the inhabitants iu election district No. 6 comprising that part of the vil lage north of the canal. lie returns a little over 8. 800 This would indicate a population >?> the whole village . of not less than 0,400, and probably nearer 10,000. The ' increase in five years has been from 'iftOO to 40(H)," VVaoash ani> Erik Canal.? The Fort IVoyne Sentimt of the 12th says : "The supply of water to the canal was,cut off yesterday, for the purpose of put ting in a new aqueduct on the I?'eeder, and making oth er repairs. With a view of preventing any injurious ef fect on the health of our citizens, the water will be left in those levels on which no repairs are neoded. Navi gation will be suspended about three weeks." " Despatch is the FjIfkof Trade." ? Hriff Silenus, Oapt. Hardy, which arrived at this port on Wednes day, :IOtli u 1 1. , arrived out at Capo Haytien nth ultimo, which was a few hours less than 3D days that she had been absent from C. H. Her four last voyages wero com pleted in one hundred and twenty-two days, being an average ofun days 12 hours, for each, with ftill cargoea. ? &o*tnn %idvtrtitrr, . lit unit 1. New Transatlantic Steam 1'a< kkt Company. ? We understand that a new company has lately heen foimed in this town, and the whole of the capital sub scribed, for the purpote of building a large and powerful steam vessel to sail between this poit and New York. The steamer will bo made of iron, of rather smaller di mensions than the (treat Britain and will be propelled by means of the screw.? l.irtrp*ol Mercury. The lion. Edward Cross, a Representative in the last < ongress, has been appointed one of the Judges of the Supreme i ouit of .\ik?n?as, in the room uf the Hon. T. J. Lacy, resigned. Washington, Pa., July 29, 1848. iyoJiliinift(m ? lh location? Female Seminary ? Washington Coll tiff ? The Mimes Macomber ? Projector K?py?Ljotterie? ? New York Herald ? Potitict, tfc. It has been long a matter of reflection to the read ing public, why it is, that Washington, us important u place as it is, is not represented more frequently in your valuable sheet, by setting forth its great advan tages, that those at a distance may profit thereby. Perhaps there is no town in the United States, through which there is the same amount of stage travelling, situated as it is, on the great national road, within three duys travel of Baltimore and Phi 1 ulelpliia, and only twenty-five miles from Pittsburg and thirty-two from Wheeling, thereby possessing the great advantages to be derived lrom those Hour. | ishing neighbors. Washington contains about 3800 I inhabitants, composing a very moral and industrious I community, who keep a vigilant eye on old Satan, that he may commit no depredations in this portion of the vineyard. The old owl finds the garrison ably manned, the pulpits being filled with men of profound piety and strong intellect, who are able to combat with his whole powers combined, in his palmiest days. , ,, We have here a Female seminary for the educa tion of young ladies acquiring a finished course. The edifice is a large and magnificent building, erect ed some years a o, upon the great national road I at the verge of our beautiful but quiet village. The I shrubbery and scenery which surround it are truly romantic and sublime, possessing s?ch charms as ' easily to seduce those young ladies who so utterly ? detest u citv-lile during the close and sultry summer ' months. This institution, though :: has but recent ly come into very general notoriety, is now, I am happy to say, as fully appreciated by the public as its noble, kind, and energetic principal couln rea sonably expect. It is now under the superintendence of Miss S. R. Foster, and numbers eight teachers, and 105 pupils. The teachers, I am happy to say, are i?reat auxiliaries in the cause of female education, which is at present on its onward march, to attain that respect and admiration to which it is justly en titled, and which has been s: slothfully and negh gently attended to, on account of the great mania which seems to possess parents, in their partiality towards I hs advancement of their male children to professional life. And here let us truce, for a mo ment, the results arising from this lusty and ill-cal culated step of those who should have pondered well ! ,hp future we Ifale of their children before trainimr them t" professions which they have not the proper qualifications to fill. They are seen in every city, town, and village in our wide-spread Lnion. 1 know that even in our own neat and happy town, we are overstocked with (pucks nnd pettifoggers, ? lid we are now almost ready to cry out to the peo >le of the far west, in the language of the lhustrioua razor-strop man, " A few more of the same kind? 1 my more wanted V out there? such are the bane I (l1| effects of this hasty steu, which is still on its wav to transform all those who have any pretensions 1 w education, into quacks and pettiloggers. A word I tu the wise is sufficient in conclusion of this sub let. It would be better, far better, that they were ulaced at some good trade, to earn their livelihood, is all honest men should do, by the "sweat of their brow " than that they should gain it by epunging otT the public, ns they are wont to do in these "dig enns " Indeed, they do no more than trifle away the hard earnings of their honest parents, in ttoeir devotion to the shrine of the rosy god Bacchus. But more of this anon. Let us turn again to the sub', ect of female education. Our farmers have at last found out that there is ns much to be gained by the education of females as males. This spirit noblv progresses in our communi ty our institution has thrown new light on this all 1 important subjt-ct, which, I think, has become pretty i generally diffused throughout the Union, as its halls Ire now already graced by the fair daughters of the ' East and South', ns well as the JSorth and West.? I Perhaps some of your curious readers might enquire ??Are they beautiful!" We would just say to such, it vour business should ever call you to travel on this I rreat thoroughfare, spend a tew days with us, and vou may perhaps obtain a peep of some of the fairest of the fair, but if you have a heart to spare, take a friend's advice and stay away, as we have here the beautiful, accomplished, and sylphlike Miss M. D., Miss M W.. Miss A E., Miss M.J. McC., Miss S O. Miss S Q , Miss L., Miss T , and Miss A. O.. ill beautiful, and with numerous admirers. The first has indeed, an overplus, and too frequently receives tho?e underhanded "billet doux," which she as fre quently sends back to the luckless owner, marked "Rubbish" We are certainly living under a new dispensation, ? a great age this,? enough to put a Gethamite to his wits end. I have reference to our pretty seminary fairies, coming out with their wide brim coarse, straw hats, their bonnets teing thrown a?ide. Indeed, it very much resembles a theatrical performance to see a battalion of nearly a hundred pretty faces promenading the streets, with the rib ! hands of their straw hats combating with the breeze. Ladies hp: favorable to free trade here, as tar as ! cotton is concerned. Bustles are worn remarkably large and considerable animation exists among ' their'fair possessors who shall have the pride of i wearing the largest. It is hard to tell to what extent I they will go in this progressive age. The weil known institution oflearntng, which we 1 have amongst us, Washington College, now num I hers over 200 students. It was never in a more nourishing condition. Its eminent principal, Dr. VlcCoiidUghy, has, by his untiring energy, at length made it equal, if not superior, to its rival sister, I Jefferson College, at Canonsburg. Success to its ! future prospects. The Misses Macomber, from Boston, favored our Cood town with a visit, a few days ugo, and gave three concerts, which were very numerously attend ed Thev were richly worth attendance by those tond of fun and good singing. The ladies left im pressions here, that will not soon be forgotten by some of our young men. . _ , Professor Espy gave a series ot lectures in Col lege Hall, on the theory of storms. He was success ful in making some converts, but others again do not place much confidence m his theory. Lotteries are all the go here. How astonishing it j8 in this age of moral reform, that men can be so easily duped as to place confidence in such swin dling concerns. Several have dealt, 1 am sorry to say, in this species of gambling, and not the first prize has yet been drawn I am afraid the devil is making strenuous efforts in our religious community, to win souls from the path of rectitndc and duty. How much better would it be to give the money thus spent to missionary purposes. It is a matter of congratulation to the citizens of this place that they can no longer he deprived of reading and receiving valuable instruction ironi your highly mo ral sheet It is received weekly Ht S. A. Shmn s Literary Depot, where a genenl rush t? made for it at its delivery. , . ... Politics are assuming rather a warm aspect, both parties being sanguine of victory, while poor cring ing abolitionism, on its last legs, satisfied that tnere is no chance ot gaining the ascendancy, is ready to serve either party that ts solicitous enough to ask the favor. ... . r , The erops tn tins section of the country were ne ver better. There will be in abundance of all kinds of grain. The farmers say their wheat has not been so fine for seven years, and the same may be said of their oata. But my communication has grown out of all hontids, and I must stop. Oswego, July l)0th, IH-IC. Internal Improvement* ? The Military and Firemen ? Trade ? Srandal, frc. The great excitement here is the Oswego and Syracuse Bailroad? capital 350,000 lhe sub scription-book has been open but a few days, and nearly $200,000 have been subscribed. This i? sup posed to be one of the best routes in the western part of the State, and is intended to run in connec tion with the Toronto and Lake Huron Railroad, which will save all the navigation of Lake Erie. The people here are very sanguine, and talk largely of beating Kuflalo, and other things " too numerous to mention in this small bill ot particulars. While I am writing, the Oswego < tuards, a splen did company, are encamping in the public square ?nd will be joined in the morning by the Rochester Greys and the U. S. troops from tort Ontario, un der Captain Barnum, who will take command I n U. 8. troops are now engaged in burying a comrade '(JIIlsntTeS^ill escort them the brig Wabash , arrived yesterdav ",ro,lu'V; f Well md Canal, with MOO bushels o. wheat, which ,? h. Krm .t H5 cents, and no purchasers Alice fit e Mof scandal, m relation to a ,, \ ,Av has lust turned up, which, it is supposed, wtfl > a duel, of which I will gtve y?u th purticulars in my next. I

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