Newspaper of The New York Herald, August 6, 1845, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated August 6, 1845 Page 1
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THE NEW YORK HERALD. Vol. XIH No. lOl.Whol* No. 4076, NEW YORK, WEDNESDAY MORNING, AUGUST 6, 1845. Fries Two Coats. THE NEW YORK HERALD. JAMBS BOBDON BENNETT, Proprietor. Circulation? Forty Thousand. DAILY HERALD? Every day. Pries i cant* per copy? $7 as per annum? payable in advance. WEEKLY HERALD? Every Saturday ?Pries cants ner cotiv ? *3 191 eenti per annum ? payable in advance i at the usual prices? alway. caab in advance. PRINTING of all kinds executed with beauty oort despatch. ftjH Ail letters or communications, by mail, addressed to the establishment, must be post paic^ or the postage will be deducted from the subscription money remitted JAMES GORDON BENNETT, PaovaiBToa or the New Yoaa Herald Establish mcw VnHhwaat rnmvr of Fulton and Vw?n ROCK AWAY STAGES, ON aud after Aunn<t 1st. 1815. will leave rh? City H< tel, at 3>? o'clock P. M. daily, Sundays excepted, for Ear Korkaway. Ke turiiiiix. leaves [lie Pavilion at A. M., for New V'ork, cross ing ?t the South Kerry. All orders to be left at 3M> Pearl street. aul lm*rc H. CONKL1N. SUMMER AR/tANUEMEAl / . BLOOMINODALE, MANH ATTANVILLE, AND FORT WASHINGTON STAGES, Will commence running in the following ""'"i ?n Saturday, May the 17th. 1843 leaving at 6 o'clock, A. M., dcon tmue every hall hour until 7 o'clock, P. M. Lea* i tNew York, corner of Chatham and pTiron Row, at 6 A.M., and continue every half hour until 8 . M. Stages to Carmsnsvine Trinity Cimrcn Cemetery and Kort Washington, every hoar uirougn tne uav. irom t A. M. to 7 P. M. rare to .tinnnaitniiville U}? cents; Carmausville I IV; Ko Vyasuiuviou tt uents. B.MOORE, ITS tin -re Proprietor. PEOPLES' LINE OK STEAMBOATS KOK VLB an asao Steamboat RO __ leave on Monday, Wednesday and t'riilay Evenings, at 7 o'~ Steamboat SOUTH AMERICA, Captain W. H Trot DAILY? Sundays Excepted? Through Di rect, at 7 o'clock P. M., frem the Pier between .Courtlandt aud Liberty streets. mwwaTii'P u ii ivutlrulln 'clock , Trnesdell will leave on Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday Afternoons, at 7 o'clock. At 5 o'clock P.M., landing at intermediate places, from the foot of Barclay street ;? Steamboat NEW JERSEY, Capt. R H. Eurey, will leave on Monday, Wednesday, Friday aud Sunday Afternoons, at 5 o'clock. Steamboat NORTH AMERICA, Capt. W. Brainard, will leave on Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday evenings, at J o'clock. Passengers caking either of the above Lines will arrive in Alba ny in ample time Tor tfte Morning Traiu of Cars for the east or west. The Buatsntenew and substantial, ate furnished with new and elegant stale rooms, and for speed wd accommodations are un rivalled on the Hudson. Freight taken at moderate rates. All persons are forbid trusting any of the Boats of this Line, without a written order from the Captains or Agents. For pass ive or freight, apply ou board the boats, or to P. C. Scnuitz. at the office on the wharf. aul rc MORNING LINE AT 7 O'CLOCK, ? * FOR ALBANY, TROY and intermediate 'landings, from the Steamboat Pier at the foot s .Barclay street. Br?.tkl'a*i and Dinner on board the boat. Leaves New York at' o'clock, A. M., Tuesdays, Thursdays and^Sarordiiv, and^Troy at 6 o'clock, A. M., Albany at 7 o'clock Captain A. Gorham, on _ _i 7 o'clock. The steamboat NIAGARA, Captain A. Degroet, on Mon day, Wednesday and Friday, at 7 oxlock. For passage or freight, apply on board, or to F. B. Hall, at the office on the wharf. Nei ice ? All goods, freight, baggage, bank bills, specie, or any other kind of prowrty taken, shipped, or pat on board this boat, must be at the risk of the owners of such goods, freight, bag gage, he. jellrc N.> W YORK, ALBANY AM) TROY LINE. *?R ALBANY AND TROY DIRECT, "t 7 o'clock, P. M.? The steamboat EM PIHB, Captain R. B. Macy, will leave the sjbauiboat pier foot of Courtlandt street, every Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday afternoon, at 7 o'clock. Th? steamboat COLUMBIA, Captain Win. H. Peck, every Mdnday, Wednesday ?,d Fridav afternoon, nt 7 o'clock. for Passage or Freight apply on board, or at the nfflceonth* Whorf A. M. Monday, Wednesday and Friday. The low-rressnre steam boat TROY, Capt Tuesdays, Tliurtd'<vs and Saturdays, at 7 o'i troit, $6 50? Chicago, (111.) $10,50 ? North to Troy hall, $2..'>0? Montreal, $4.50. Office No. 10* Barclay st v2S lm*rh M L HAY Agent_ MOTIVE STATEN ISLAND FERRY, FOOT OF WHITEHALL STREET The Steamboats SYLPH and STATEN ISLANDER will leave New York every hour except 5 P. M., commencing at t A. M., until 7 P.M. Leave States Island every hoar except 4 T. M.. commencing at I A. M., until 7 P. M. N. B.? Un Sundays the Boats will leave ewry hour from 8 A. M., until 1 P. M., and from 1 F. M. until 7 P. M., every half hoar. jyll IV1LLIAMSBURGH AND PECK SLIP FERRY. The Trustees of this Fsrry, believing that ? there aremany of the citizens of New York .and vicinity that are unacquainted with the facilities this fcerry affords as a pleasant communication with Williamsburg iuiiI Long Island, would state that there asr two goi>d Ferry Boats on this Ferry, which leave Peck Slip every fifteen or twenty minutes through the day up to 5 o'clock, P. M., and then up to 8 o'clck, at each even hour and half hour; after which a boat leaves at 9 o'clock and 10 o'clock. The last boat leaving Williamsburg at half-past 9 o'clock, P. M. P. S ?On the evening of July 4th, the boat will continue to run until II o'clock ivJ lm*re FOR HALIFAX AND LIVERPOOL. The Royal Mail StHmships BRITANNIA ' ?d CAMBRIA will leave Boston for the bove ports, as follows, viz: ? Britannia ? I Hewitt, hsq., commander ? Friday, August 1. Cambria? C. II. E Hewitt, Elk, do. Saturday, August 16. Passage to Liverpool, $120 ; Lo. to Halifax, $20. For freight or passage apply S D. BRIGHAM, Jr., Agent, jytb rrc 6 Wall street. FOR HALIFAX AND LIVERPOOL. THE Royal Mail Steam Ships HIBKR NIA and BRITANNIA, will leave Bosten '^for the above ports, ai folTOws*? Hiberaia, Alex. Ryrie, Esq., Commander, Tuesday, July lfith. Britannia, John Hewitt, " " Friday, August 1st. Passage to Liverpool $120. Passage to Halifax 30. For freiufit or passage, apply to jy 12 D. BRIOHAM. Jr.. Agent. ? Wall St. -fcC- NEW LINE OF LIVERPOOL PACKET8 MnRrVonly regular Packet of 21st of August ?The splendid MAkibfist sail inu favorite packet ship LIVERPOOL, ('apt John Eldridge, ( 1200 tous) will sail punctually as above, her regular day. This elegant packet ship has accommodations for cabin se cond cabin and steerage, unsurpassed by nuy ship sailing out of the p in of New Yo'k. Those who nre p oceedi g to the old country should therefore make immediate application to secure berths, either on board foot of Burling Slip, or to W Sc J. T. TAPiCOTT, auiec 75 South street, comer of Maiden Lane. LONDON LINE OF PACKETS- Packet of the ,10th Augnst-The splendid and fast sailing Packet Shry bToRONTO, Captain Tucker, will |>otitively sail h* ve, tier n-gular day. She has excellent accommodations for cabin, second cabin nod steerage passengers; those wishing to secure berths, should muke early application to W. it J. T. TAPSCOTT, aire 7S Month street, corner of Maiden Lane. PACKKiS FOR HAVRE -(Second Line.)? The Packet Ship UTICA, Captain Fred rick Hew i itt, will sail on the 1st Septemoor. <"or freight or passage, apply to BOYD k HINCKEN, a< it No. 9 Tontine Building, cor Wall and W?ier?li, FOR LIVERPOOL ? New Line? Regular Packet -^oftheMrh August? The elegant fast sailing Paclet ???Ship SIDDONS, Capt. E. B. Cobb, of 1100 tons, will ..... -i above, her regular day. For freight or passage, having accommodations unequalled for splendor and comfort, apply on board, at Orleans wharf, foot of Wall street, or to _ E K. COLLINS k CO., 56 South street. Price nf passage $100. Packet Ship Sheridan, Cant. Cornish, will mcceed the Sid dons. and sail 2Kth September, her regular day jvitti "IK ,KOR NEWCASTLE, ENGLAN D.? The well known . [?>?? ?aih"g coppered an.l cortvr-f .tcned ?BmSihI^b ship RAMBLKR, Baxter, Master' navmg all her lieav. In uht engaged, will sail in a lew davs. F..r light freight, or passage, having good accommodations, Apply to WOODHL'LL k Mir. TURN, jy28 rrc 87 Sotnh strict. TO LET? Offices and Lofts in the new lire-proof Store ' corner of Pine and South sts, Apply to jy20 JOSEPH MeMURRAY. FOR SALE. THE Three Story Brick House, 413 Hauston street, ' built ill the best manner; warm in winter and cool in _,?nminrr; replete with every convenience. Halt the puidiHte money may remain ou bond and mortgage at 6 |*r cent. Fur terms apply to E. K. COLLINS St CO., ju!9 ec 56 South street. TO LKT, until the first of May next and immediate pos |"jM sossion given, of the 3 story house No. 104 First Avenue between 6lh and 7th streets, The premises have lately been |>ut in mmpleate order And all has been painted inside and out, last June, the Croton water introduced, marble mantle pieces, folding doors, and it is well adapted to accommodate one or more families: rent asked to one family for the residue of the year to next May is $326. Inquire at the office of John H. Power, Esq., No. 70 Nassau st. corner of John, up stain from the hours of 9 to 3 o'clock, or of Maml. R. B. Nortou the owner, at the same office on Tuesdays and Wednesday. Unjy I3*rh JT LOOK AT'THIS ! ! JUST RECEIVED? Another lot of French Boots, ol the best kind, and will he sold at the old price, t5, and the best of French Call Boots made to order for 15: City made Calf Boots, $3; and the greatest asiortmentof Gents Obit er* of all kinds to be found at very low prices. Also, the linest Calf Shoes, $2 and $2 AO. A great variety of all other kinds. Ladies in tins Store will hud a great assortment ol Oaitara, SnsKins, Slips 'l ies. Prunells. Satin, kc. For an assortment of all other kinds Misses and Children a Boots and Shoes we cannot be heat in thiacity. Do not mis take the number, Ml Broadway, corner of Franklin street. j?3 lm'rh M. CAHILL. KOULSTONE'S riding school, 137 and 139 M?rr?r Street. _ MR. JOHN 8. ROULSTONE has the honor to ^1*1% inform his friends and the public in general, that his School for Instruction in Horsemanship ii now open day and evening, as follows .? Hours for t*emlemen from ? to I A. M. " " Ladies " ( A. M. to 1 f. M. w Terms of instruction made known on application to Mr. Roulstone. , ? Mr. R. has just received from the country several fine and ctyliih Saddle Hones, which he is authorised to sell at a rea ?onable price. myTrc American Institute? Farmers' Club. The usual half-monthly meeting of the Farmers' Club was held yesterday in the repository in the Park. It was but thinly attended, but there was fully more spirit in the discussion than is displayed on ordinary occasions. On mo'ion of the Secretary, Mr. Meigs, Alder man Jkremiaii took the chair. The Secretary intimated to the Club that a gentle man who is in want of a farm was desirous of hav ing it stated there, that if any member had, or knew who had one to sell, they could negotiate on the sub ject. The Secretary again called the attention of the audience to a statement, of which he held in his hand an extract. It was found in the lust parliamen tary returns of Great Britain, and might be relied on. He thought it quite relevant to their proceedings, and exceedingly interesting, as showing the enormous wealth of that country. By the returns to parlia ment of the live stock in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, it appeared 'here were 22,050,000 horses, worth 335,000,0<X) of dollars ; l"> millions of black cattle, worth 1075 millions of dol lors;50 millions sheep, worth 335 millions of dollars; 18 millions of pigs, worth 91, 350, (XX) dollars. Total value of the said live stock 1,836,350,000 dollars. Another curious fact he was desirous of calling their attention to. There were now 500 loads of tea which was saved from the late fire, at the same price per load as common manure ; those wishing to so upply it had now a fine chance. The value of this tea when sound was, perhaps, about #100,000. Of the Highland Society of Agriculture, the Sec retary made nonorable mention, and stated they pro posed in future to be on terms of greater intimacy with them, and read a list of the premiums offered on various subjects. In looking over the transac tions of that society, he had met, and made an ex tract of a speech of one of its members, Mr. Bain, which he thought beautiful, and would read it for the club. It re:\d as follows : " People and their happiness are tho beings and the well-being of a State, its origin and its end Agricul ture i* also a manufacture, and one requiring little ex treme for consumption. Every grain beyond that sown in clear profit. Agriculture employs tho greatest num ber of hands; it is the most healthy, the most moral, and little capable of being managed by machinery. Twenty-seven millions of persons are sustained in tircat Britain by agriculture, and its annual product is $300,000,000." Mr. Kkiik suggested that farmers were liable to be too far carried away by the application of guano and poudrette. He thought they would do better, how ever excellent these manures were, to pay attention to the resources they had in the barn-yard of sup plying themselves with the best kind of manure. (A pause.) President said that as the subject of manure had been brought up, he would recommend thein to pur sue it as it was an interesting one ; he would be happy to hear any gentleman remark on it. (A pause.) For hiniselfY he could afford but little light on the subject ; he had been in the country for a few years, was something like the officer that march ed up the hill and then down again. The farm he held had a great deal of salt marsh upon it, or salt mud. Hud he remained there, he intended to make some experiments by mixing this mud with earth a-'d testing its quality as a manure. He had no doubt that this salt mud or marine grasses if formed nto a compost, would be valuable. Many farms possessed large nuantities of it Mr. Sibfii.Y had tried the effect of thts treatment on swamps and peat ; it was useful, but these lands required to be stimulated, gradually becoming more productive. He had no doubt that experiments on this subject would produce beneficial results: at present it was not much examined. Col. Clarke said that in Pennsylvania, along the tide waters where lands had been reclaimed, they were less productive at first than afterwards. Aa th'salt water disappeared or percolated through the earth, the fertility increased much In proportion as the saline matter was drawn off", vegetation in creased wonderfully. He continued to say, that mis cellaneous subjects being in order, he would present to their inspection a few s|iecimens of the wild goose berry, which he had procured when out West lately. He could not obtain any wild currants, although that fruit was ulso indigenous to the climate. The gooseberries he procured from Goat Island ? (speci mens produced and inspected.) Mr. MF.iasannounced a meeting of the Westches ter Farmers* Chit) for Saturday next : the members of this club would be welcomed if tliey went. He read the notice for the information of all who took an interest in that young society. A member thought that it would be in accordance with the spirit of the age to encourage such move ments, and worthy of their attention to attend to tliis meeting. He would move that one cr more de legates be sent to it from this body. It would serve to give some importance to their meeting. Mr. Meics, Col. Clarke and Mr. Kerr were named as del-ga'es, and permission given to as many more as liked to volunteer. Dr. Uhdehhili. arose to remark before the regular subject waa brought up, in regard to guano; he feared it wan going to disappoint many this year. It was clearly a powerful stimulant, and few persons were careful enough to use it in moderation, lie thought it waa fit ting to take notice of errors and failures as well as suc cesses in agricultural experiments. It was the case this season that in some instances tbe seed did not come up at all ; in others the young plant was injured. The injurious operation ol guano arose, in his opinion, from the ammonia it contained in abundance, which required to be diluted by rain to make it a good manure; this season the drought was injurious. In t'.ngland it was not perhaps over valued; the climate there was moist, and suitable, and it was never a failure. But if it was not always the case here, he would not make up his mind that it would not be otten found useful. The bust use to make of tho fact was to recollect the resour ces the farmer had of his own to make manure? so great that it was hardly worth looking for any other, however great the benefit. Mr Klef.t put in a word orjtwo for guano. It ought, ho said, to be recollected that in a dry season sucn as was unsuitable for guano, no manure would yield its virtues freely ; nay they would be found injurious. Of all, he thought muck tho safest; the best way to use ?uano was to mix it with muck, which was a general practice. A Member.? Well, dried muck of course. To use it damp would be to spoil the nature ef both. (Murmurs of assent.) Col. Clarke seized a short interval of silence which occurred here, to exhibit a portion of the trunk of a young peach tree, which had been nourishing beautilul ly at one period, but which became suddenly diseased, dropped into a gallopping consumption and died. Upon a close and scientific pnst mortrm examination it was dis covered to have bonn the victim of sundry malicious worms, which gnawed and chewed away the bark, the tender roots and infant fibres The aforesaid worms were found in a chrysalis state imbedded in the wood, and a very contemptiblo figure some of them cut when exhi bited before the Karnier?' Club. The Chairman here announced the subject of the day to be, " Insects injurious to crops." Mr. Reiir arose first; he said he did not know the origin of these insects, and believed it could not well bo made out, but this lie did know, that if there was any mode of destroying them, it would be of prime impor tance to discover it. He believed that they had their origin in the farm yard. No one could doubt this who looked at the heaps of manure in the farm yard, and saw ; it teeming with animal life. Why not those insects he ! conveyed on to the soil, and there thrivo and grow, and attack the plant? Now, then, tracing 1h? evil to its source, they could the better extirpate it. This could be done by composting the manure. In a conversatiou with Judge llall, who lives in the northern part of this Stato, he became convinced of the truth ol this view, and commenced composting A00 loads ?f manure at once. The mixture was composod ofthree paiti of manure one of lime, and one of earth. This was separated into a great many heapa, in which, after two weeks, an aston ishing change was visible. The \oluir.e decreased, and a few finches from the surface being removed, a dense smoke was emitted, showing the rapidity of the action of decomposition which was going on. In about four we? ks there was not found tho trace of a single insect, ami so much was it changed, that the diet, which commonly swarm on such substances, would not approach it. In the farm yard, the some manure was a moving mass. All this was easily explained. In the case of the yard ma nure, the decomposition wm rapid, and such as was pro ductive ol animal life; in the other case it was a slow and gradual docny . He was convinced the Judge would And it greatly te his advantage to have used the compost. Another thing might be mentioned. Be fore the manure waa laid on the land it was in a soluble condition, which waa that capable of affording most benellt to plant*. He would monton an other experiment. Thero was a tree in the Judge's lawn attaaked by white insects in so great numbers aa literal ly to cover it. Ho took a little Scotch snuff and sprin kled the tree with it, and in three minutes the inserts dropped off like dew. In a week's time there waa net a single insect remaining, and from that forth the tree re covered, and is now perfectly sound and wholesome. Mr Mmitm said that no auhlect was leas underatood than the hiatory of insects. There were many eurious aotiona prevalent about their habita? something like that ef the fox eating grass. But insects could ne under atood. They had their proper food, and their mothera knew much better than our mothera what was flt for them; they were taught by instinct ? we had to learn by experience. Insects know more than we do. The mo ther knows where to put her ova. Heme deposite them in the larra of other entomiea. Home have jaws; some a horse's tail; among twenty-two classes of insects there are only three or four whicn are iivjurious to vegetation; and no matter how many insects may be in your dung- , hill, they will not touch your vegetation, any more than the loz will eat grass. The difficulty you muit apply to the plant diseased. The little eiitomy is put by the mother into the ovule; sometimes into the itack of wheat; and if you do not kill it there, you will no where elie, becauie you will not find it. Just 10 with all other animal*. The larva: in my head will be contont with no other quarteri. (Laughter and scratching of heads.) One kind will eat books, and nothing else will satisfy him ; another will dine on your old aoat? he is hatched in it, and makes himself a co coon of the leavings. Insects that will eat your plants one time, will not another. The Hessian fly makes no deposit. It is said to be of the same class as the common horse lly, but this I think is not the case. Mr. Smith ended a long and technical speech, which went principally to show that (lies must be extirpated when ever they deposited their larv>r. . Mr. said it was astonishing what laborand learn ing were bestowod in investigating the history of in sects -j how many powerful miuds had been bent on that little insect. Lattraille in Franco, and Donovan in Eng land, had written works on entomology at vast expense. I.ervenbock says that from a single pair of the Hessian fly, in three months time, under favorable circumstances, 700,000 individuals would be produced. That is about ax many stalks as there are on an acre of wheat. So that a Hessian fly and his wife can produce an inhabitant fer every stalk of wheat on an acre, in three months time. The plant louse or aphis, was a nasty little crea ture, and almost universal. It is viviperous and oviper ous, bringing forth its young perfect like the larger animals. It has a great many enemies, who make it their business to eat them by millions.? It is a great scourge, and he who would rid us of the aphis would confer on us a solid benefit. The turnip beetle destroys whole crops of turnips. Aristotle , '2000 years ago, took upon him to give us a history of the bee tle. Much has been said as to the destruction of these animalB. The last suggestion, made by Mr. Smith, was about the best. It would be necessary to find out the plant where the mother puts him, otherwise he will baf fle all your skill. Mr. Haven says, that the Hessian tly made his appearance first about 1780 or 87, and obtained his name from the Hessian troops, to whom he was li keced on account of his destructive qualities. In 1792, after investigating the subject, the Agricultural Society containing trie great names of Livingston, and Haven, the only conclusion they could come to was, that the chrysalis of the Hessian fly was deposited in the bottom of the rye and wheat stalk, and would remain there after harvest ; hence it was requisite to burn the stubble, or give him a grave in the earth by ploughing him down in the fall. After giving a variety of interesting experi ence of his own as to the habits of insects, Mr. Moigs con cluded by saying that he could only satisfy himself of this that insects would he found in their flrst stages but in one place ? that they would eat hut one kind of food, and that the very best, any more than a rat would take the second best cheese out of a thousand. Hence the plan would be to cut oil' the supply of food, by making it distasteful to the insect. This he believed was practi' cable, many chemical substancos could be found, which rould be applied to accomplish this without injuring the plant in any way. He thought it ought to be tried ; that was all he could say about it. Dr. Undermill commenced by observing that insects presented a vast field for study. All the depredations ot animals of every other kind could not amount to one fourth of that caused Dy insects. It had been estimated that in one year in the United States there has been five to ten millions of bushels destroyed by them. In the State of New York alone there is commonly from one to three millions of wheat destroyed by the llessiau fly and the wheat worm. A great deal had been written upon the habits of insects, Dut there was not that practi cal application of them which was wanted by the farmer, and by which millions ot dollars could be saved. The canker woim destroyed an immense quantity of grain. The destruction of the peach tree by the peach-worm has been enormous for the last twelve years. The ofcjeet of bringing the subject helorc the Farmers' Club of New York is to moke out a remedy. The wheat crop is of vast importance to the United States, and I will allude to one way of getting rid of the Hessian fly. [The sub stance of Dr. li.'s plan was early or late sowing, by which the animal was killed by the frost. In the course ot his observations, he said the wheat-worm was first discovered at Albany about twenty years ago, and that since then it has been gradually spreading over the whole country, at the rate of about five or six miles every year in a vast circle. The remedy for this was sowing very finely pulverized slack-lime on the wheat crop at that peried when the grain begins to form. The insects are certainly destroyed by this method. t^jMr. Muni and others followed, after which the meet ing adjourned, having agreed to take up the same sub ject at their next meeting. Eluaukthi'okt, Aug. 4, 1815. Hie Town ? Its Minister ? Enthusiasm and Enter prize ? The Language of Vegetables. A ride of one hour in the earliest train of cars yesterday morning, brought us to Elizabethtown, in season to attend the services of a neat Presbyterian church in Jersey street. On entering, a pleasant and somewhat youthy-lookingjdiviaewits reeding ajliymn which was sung by ihe choir in gooii taste. After wards came a sermon of a )>eculiarly interesting character ? practical in all its bearings, and applica ble to the daily occurrences of life. I would bear testimony to the excellent character of thediscourse, and if the commendation of a stranger would give a momentary joy to our worthy instructor, then I do not hold my pen in vain. If his social, private life accords with his public teachings, ana his motives of action flow from the pure and elevated source, which he strongly yet mildly desired should govern all, then surely the end of that man will be peaceful, and the reward of the righteous will be his. A short walk home with some of the loveliest young ladies of the village, (who welcomed us to the quiet retreats of rural lite from the noisy world of our own home,) left us only time to ride to the hotel at this place, where we were engaged to dine. Kiizabethport ! Shades of our ancestors ! spirits of departed speculators! gather round and weep! Empires of the past glorious landmarks on the great highway of time, powerful in prosperity, grand even in ruins, you have all, all been eclipsed by Elizabethport ! A few years ago the place was oc pied by thrifty farmers, whose fields and orchards yielded ample return for the labor bestowed and capital invested. But a change came. The wand of the magician waved over the place, and the in habitants around saw the fields destroyed, orchards uprooted, hills levelled, long lines of avenues ex tending as far as the eye could reach. A brick building o? one block, a few uncomfortable houses scattered over the tract. This was all that the eyes of these nsiblepart could discover. Different scenes rose up before the ardent public-spirited speculators. One turn of the inagu: wand brought palaces into existence, lining their avenues. Temples and domes surrounded their public squares, surpassing in beauty the fables of fairy lands. The population in creased, and, like Tyre of old, Elizabethport be came the mart ?f many nations. " Her merchants were princes, and her wise men were the nobles of the eanli." Hut a rise so sudden to prosperity, so un exampled, met with a rapid decline. Not a vestige of her former grandeur remains? not the phantom of a palace is visible. An excellent, dinner and siesta prepared us, much refreshed, for an evening visit to the village, where we found many smiling eyes to greet our return. A wit of our company, linding the long dry weather had destroyed every article usually used in forming a bouquet, hit on a happy exi>edient for conveying to a fair one of dark eyes a token of the interest tliey had excited in the morning. After a visit to the vegetable garden, lie returned with us to the ladies, and fearing n bouquet of his novel materials might not be understood, he explained it, much in the fol lowing manner: " This," said he, " tender, is a beet-leaf, which indicates my regards are tender, and can't be beat This is asparagus, and the next an onion-toih? the first shows the regard is of ranid growth, and the latter indicates its strength. 'Ihe potato-top indicates it will always have sufficient nourishment, and the sage-leaf gives evidence that all have been well seasoned." Eoo Trade in Cincinnati. ? The Cinrinnati Ga zette gives the following statistics of the egg trade in the Queen City of the West. The shipments spoken of aro principally to New Orlean* Shipment* the past year trom this port. , . 963,000 do/. Animal city coniumption 1,313.333 " Total number of eggs brought to thin mar ket 2,178,333 " Or twenty-six million, one honored and fifteen thousand, nine hundred and ninety-six eggs. This aertainly (hows a very commendable degree of industry on the part of the Buckeye and Hooaier hens, na well as praiseworthy care in their owners and others in gathering up the product and bringing it to market. A further recapitulation shows the following results as to value Value of 10,790 bbl* of egg* (hipped from thii port, at $8 44$ per bbl >90,361 C* Value of 1,318,333 dor.en eggs consumod in this city, at 8 cents per dozen 07,066 61 Total annual valnc of the egg trade of Cincin nati $187,428 14 One hundred and eighty seven thousand, four hundred and twenty-eight dollar* and fourteen cent*. Another Riot in N. H. ? The New Hampshire Patriot has an account of a riot at the Shaker village, in Canterbury, where some eight or ten men in jured the building* of the Shaker*, breaking their doors, &c. They were urged on by one Ilillsgtove, who has children with the Shakers, indentured hj his own will.? He I* mad with the Shaken became they will not give them up when he a*k* It. The Shakers are willing to comply with the law*. Florioa Nomination. ? W. II. Urockenbroiigb, K*q., ha* been nominated by the democrat* for Congress by a legislative caucus, in place of Mr. Levy, appointed United States Senator. K. C. Cabell, Esq., is the whig candidate, Littlb Kock (Ark.) July 14i, lHI5.|g The Western " Detert" ? Tfie Highiray to Textu ? Little Rock Bridge Co.?Prq/Uable Enterpriu. Mk. James Gordon Bennett ? I am at present residing in a region of the mighty West which presents a great many interesting fea" tures, and is rapidly growing in population, energy, enterprise, and social and political importance. Yet it is comparatively little known to your readers north and south; and frequently observing in your columns interesting communications descriptive of the state and prospects of other sections ol our ex tended country, I have been led to sippose that I might possibly render an acceptable service to ma ny of your readers, by furnishing you with some account of the topography of this part of the coun try, and some of the movements which are in pro. gress for its internal improvement. We occupy at this thriving town, which is situ ated about 150 miles from the Mississippi, but four hundred by the navigation, the first high ground from the bank of this mighty river, and beyond "s for seven hundred miles, is a vast domain of rolling ground and prairie, rich in all sorts of minarals. Then comes the great desert, the Zahara of this western territory. This vast sterile region extends from Texas down to the Canadian border, and is probably from one thousand tofifteen hmdred miles in length, and one hundred and fifty miles in breadth. It has been very little described. The hunters, and the comparatively few travellers, who have traversed it, are full of descriptions of its stern magnificence ? its vast solitudes? and the solemn impressions which it makes on even the rudest and most uncultivated minds. For days and days the traveller may pursue his way without meeting a human being, and the whole scene is marked by the solemn grandeur of a vast unbro ken solitude, silent, apparently, since the birth of time. Many of the rivers flow into the desert, lose themselves in it, and after, as it were, filtering their waters in its extended wastes, appear on the other side. Such is the case with the Arkansas river. ? The Missouri, in consequence of the great volume of its waters, does not disappear, but it spreads out for leagues, and is extremely shallow in the desert. Through this region must, of necessity, be the great high-way to Texas, ai d the line of communi cation is about to be perfected by the construction of a bridge over the Arkansas, which will be verv val uable property. For this purpose the Little Uock Bridge Company has been formed under a very lib eral charter. That the stock will be profitable in a high degree, no one can doubt who understands the geography of this region, and is fully aware of the fact that this route must be the great thoroughfare to Texas. The revenues from the ferry at this time, at Little Rock, would pay 13fc i>er cent, on the in vestment, and from the rapidity with which the pop ulation ot the country and the travel is increasing, the profits would very soon be increased to 20 per cent. The facilities for constructing the brim.* as respects permanency of location and proximity ol materials, cannot be surpassed. Stock is now taken up rapidly in the Western States, and will pro bably be lilled up very soon. The sugar planters and cotton planters will be moving intoTexas very rapidly. This is the only avenue, by land, to that I new " bit" of the promised land. It is yet uncertain i whether Texas will be a tariff State or not ? whether it will join the Northern tarifl'men on account of its sugar products, or strike for the anti-tariff flag of the South, on the score of its cotton productions. This is a very interesting subject for speculation. But at present I fear I have trespassed too far on your val uable space, and so conclude for the present. Yours, truly, A Squatter. Sharon Springs, July 30, 1845. Philosophy at the Spring? American Society. Anyone who is desirous to escape entirelyfrom the atmosphere of active life, aad to avoid all associa tion with the ordinary concerns of mankind? to listen for a brief period to the hum of the insect, in stead of the sound of business? to lie down with the soft winds of evening for his requiem, and to awake to the music of the lark, instead of the thunder of a hundred vehicles in motion, over a atony thoroughfare, will here find his humor grati fied to its fullest extent. The arrival and departure 1 of the stages in the morning, conveying passengers to and from this place, is an event, and quietly, as it passes over the dial of time, it produces the only visible sensation during the day. About half past six, from the innumerable doors and j>assages of the Pavilion, [tours out a merry throng, eager to taste the honied dew which is distilled on the rosy cheek of morning, and to say a reluctant good bye to friends who are departing, or to take a last look of I those who have borne them, though it may be a si lent companionship, during their sojourn here. In this little community, we form an instructive friend ship with every one. There is no gross familiarity, or forced contact with arsons whom we would avoid ; strangers are as much aliened to each other, in all tne outward forms and ceremonies of i society, as elsewhere ; and meet with the same look of alfected indifference, yet a silent sympathy with those whom we see every day under tne same roof, mere tenants, like ourselves, springs up in the heart, and we are loth to part, although we never knew the pleasure of meeting. If is a difficult matter to classify American socie ty, rank and degree being supposed to be merged ? the more distinguished honor of being called a citi zen. We have wealth, large and overgrown pos sessions, but they have been of too rapid acquire ment to confer distinction, and are too often asso ciated with the meannesses and moral depravity, by whiclithey have been obtained. U(>on tne basis of wealth, there has not yet been sufficient tunc to erect a superstructure of those other, and nobler qualities, which belong to the true aristocracy of a country, and distinguish the time honored landhold er from the parvenue of fortune. Persons will not yield respect to those who started in the same race of life with themselves, perhaps with less bright hopes, and anticipated fortunes, but who, disdain ing tne noble path of ambition, have plunged into the nure of monev making, and come out blackened in all tne features of human ity, though bearing upon their distorted limbs their liags of shining gold. I henrd the daugh ter of a very wealthy gentleman, who has retired from business, apparently amiable in all respects but her beauty scolled at, because, it was said, "she had such an odor ? not of nationality, but of Chat ham street about her." The best description I can cire of things here, is to say, that we have white, nlue, pink and green, the fashionable balzorine, and gaudy braize, and the well appointed toggery of the gentleman we have the sick and the well ? the crippled, and those who seein too light and buoyant for earth. Those, who have left their homes to get rid of society, and those who have come to get into it. It appears to be the fashion to feign sickness of some kind or other, and there is an infinite deal of amusement to listen to the imaginary ills of many of these people, who, but for the courage to be well, one should think, would make most excellent porters and bustling serving maids. We have young middies sporting in all the smartness of their new uniforms, and with prepos terous notions of the dignity and lmimrtance which a gilt button entails ; lieutenants who have seen service, and carefully put out of sight the aforesaid button as a disagreeable association with long voy ages and short sularies; captains, and old commo dores who have so long tossed upon the ocean of brnn dy and water in the troublesome times of peace, us to "e utterly unseaworthy ; these, mingle in with the j darned patch of society, and though they will be so, j like Scratch, as Sam Slick says, are far Iroin being the worst company to be met with. We have ? but apropos of a young Lieutenant who j was seen to float for a few days in the brilliant sa j loons as gaily as the stripes from the masthead of a 74, and then suddenly disappeared. It is said that he anchored hisaflections in tlie bosom of the young and beautiful Miss V , from your city, but the mischievous puss parted cable, and sent him adrift farther out upon the waters, where he may have plenty of leisure to write sonnets to her eyebrows, and through the dim pers|>ective of memory, to trace her charms by the garish light of a lover's fancy. | Thk Springs. ? The visiting season is now at its , height ; full four thousand strangers are in town. ? Oar first clans hotels are full, yet, by the alcilful man- ! agemcnt of their landlord* in "colonizing" them to pri- : vste houses, whose lodging accnn modation* are not in ferior to those of our largest boarding establishments, nil seem to be satisfied? e?en the most fastidious. No one ' is crowded, and the daily departures make room for the now comers. VThe second rate hotels and boarding heuaes are alto doing a fgood business,? Saratoga Srntintl, Aug- * Miss Leslie, the authoress, is announced at New Harts. Charleston, S. C., JuJy 31, 1845. The Newt/ia/jern of Chartuion ? Society ? Burial of | an Odd Fellow ? Religious Feeling. Upon my arrival at this emporium of beauty and fashion, wealth and aristocracy, chivalry and sci ence, 1 had the pleasure to regale myself from a bundle of filed Herald*, which the great head of ai' book and newsvenders, kindly permitted me to over haul. After roaming throagh an extensive wilder ness of literature, mnce leaving Nashville, it was a rich treat to my wearied spirits? and a traveller toiling across an Arabian desert, viwwed with no more delight the distant .oasis than your humble servant did his approach to Charleston and the tile o! Heraldt. 1 am somewhat surprised that you keep no regu lar corresponttent here ? any quantity of incident is afforded, which a competent quid nunc might serve up in a variety of styles for the palate of your nume rous readers. The fcharlestonians are a healthy, cheerful look ing people ? every thing about the city exhibits a degree of cleanliness and neatness which places epidemics out of the question. This I by no means anticipated, having been induced to put this place down as the hot-bed of filth, foul air and fevers. In your line, there is a goodly display? political, com mercial, literary and religious. Of those devoted to the manufacture of political hurnbuggery, I need say but little, as you are aware, that notwithstand ing the mass of talent they combine, there is an em bodiment fustian peculiarly adapted to the peculiar tancy of a peculiar people.JThe Patriot has receitly lost a most worthy and talented editor by withdraw al ? Sims, the Hercules of the south, is an engaged contributor. There is also a moving attache, whom I encountered on my way here, who regales the readers of the Patriot with some admirable essays upon idl things in general, and nothing in particular, lie is yclept the admirable Swinton ? a kind of tra velling pandoran. He is by no means a green horn, but exhibits a manifest deficiency in eye-teeth, oc casioned, it is said, by reason of his friends keej> ing a bit in his mouth, to control his scribbling pro pensities whenever they are disposed to trot. The Courier, since Dick Yeadon fell into a decline from the fatigues incident to that tour he undertook to lind out who Jem Polk was, and which made it ne cessary that he should abandon the labors of the chair editorial, is now under the sole control of Col. King, who, though a most delightful writer, is so fully occupied with the cares of his regiment, that he is reduced to a mere scissors editor. The Memtrv ha? a powerful calibre ? its i*m is as keen as a Damascus razor. Society tieie is systematically appointed, ranging from B flat to C exquisite. Religion, that sweetener of human acidity, has full scope, and the large at tendance upon the divine oracles induces me to in fer that tew keep beyond the pale of salvation. The spirit of charity is, notwithstanding, sometimes considerably jostled, and the Angel of Grace caused to weep over many an erratic saint. Quite a scene was presented, a few days since, at the funeral of an Odd Fellow, when a couple of reverend gentle men took a few cross- fires fover the grave. It seems that one clergyman, of Onderdonk notoriety, had furnished the soul of deceased with his trans migrating passports to " kingdom come but, as usual upon sucn occasions, the Chaplain of the Odd Ftllows, who is a most worthy disciple of the im mersinsr order, w is expected to go through the usu al ?erem?nies. This the Episcopalian would by no means sutler ? protesting that any lurther rites were an insult to the potency of the absolution which had been administered through his authority. The I Episcopalian had attended at the bedside of the dt j parted ? no prayer for his recovery had been offered up? the oil of consolation had been poured into the I bleeding bosom of a bereaved parent. But the Odd Fellows nursed him, administered to his minutest want, soothed his dying moments with the sweei consolations of the bleeding merits of our Savior, closed his eyes in death ? but I forbear. There ar# more saints on earth, Bennett, who have a good portion of tire and brimstone in store for them, in the land ot spirits, than is dreamed of in your phi losophy. After life's fitful fever is j'er, 1 fear many of them will not repose upon a bed of roses on the plains of Elysium. Newport, August 2H, 1846. Newport before Fire ? Sea Bathing and Fishing. Whoever named the beautiful island upon which this gem of a town has a "a local habitation," the " Eden of America" need not to have consulted for that purpose any lexicon but the scenes around him. For certainly since man has fallen from his high estate ,and become the sooty, sin-begrimmed character which we are told he is, there is no spot in this part of the universe where he can arrive nearer a complete restoration of his "chartered rights," than this very Newport. Sweating and dusty, fresh from the great metropolis whose steaming exhalations make one sour and ill-tempered witn himself and all the world, I found myself here last evening in the happiest mood imaginable, and breathing an air as pure as that which played among the tree leaves of that other Eden, "long, long a?o." Your readers, of course, know that this is an old town, and that there are many old people and tilings in it. One of the objects most deserving of attention is the " old mill," whose age and singular structure have so long puzzled the brains of antiqua rians. As 1 was looking at it last night, and won dering whether it were indeed a former haunt of the spirits, a look out for the old Northmen, or in deed nothingbuta windmill, theriddlewas solved, and my speculations knocked in the head by a little boy, who, in reply to my question of what it was? said, with a knowing look, " O, that was built by the Injuns, long before the revolutionary, before anybody had any memory!" The hotels are all filled up, so that with difficulty I found a resting place, which at la:<t I did at the Ocean House, where, pulling a capital segar, my brow bared to the delightful sea breeze, and occa sionally glancing at the beautiful ladies who are promenading the piazza, I am indicting this epistle to you. Bathing and fishing are of course the order of the day here. Carriages leave several times a day tor the beach, where a roll in the surf can be taken that gives one new life and vigor. Fishing boats and pilots can always be obtained for those who en joy the sport of catching bass, tautog, &c. Here are all sorts of people, millionaires, merchants, bankers, gamblers, and loafers, all make Newport a summer resort. Among the {ormerl notice Jacob Little, Esq., who has tluslmorninggoae on|a fishing excursion. Hut hark? the gong is sounding, and I must away to dinner. Saratoga Springs, July 30ih, 1815. VitUort to this Place ? Sights to be Seen. We again take advantage of some leisure mo ments in addressings you ? to give you a feint outline of what's going on in this panorama of human ac tion. Saratoga, it is said, is losing its character | and tone as a fashionable resort for health and plea sure. This is a mistake. The far-famed and health restoring waters are indeed as much er more sought after than they have been for years. Hundreds of strangers are arriving'daily, and the principal houses are filled up. There are several beautiful and accomplished belles here at present from Baltimore and New Oi leans. Among the num ber are the Misses OT> lis, of Baltimore, and Miss W th. of New Orleans. There are several others whose names we could not learn ? but we perceive ainone the shining stars that dazzle the he misphere of the drawing and ball rooms, the beauti ful and highly interesting lady of Jacob Little, a broker of some notoriety from your city. There are many lounging places to which visiters at Saratoga resort out of curiosity. Among the number is the beautiful portrait gallery of an ec centric and amusing Frenchman, called Mons. Ed uoart. Some of his likenesses are true to the life. He is a most amusiug character, and calls many to see him, to draw from his innumerable inestimable jokes. The Indian Grove, on Prespect Mountain, is another place of resort. Some of the noble tribe of Seneca* have here pitched their tents for the sea son. The Indian Doctor is hare, and has medicated vapor baths for the benefit of his patients, and in deed it is said he has been not a little successful in performing many cures. llope nightJy take place at the United States, and ns I am now writing, the voluptuous swell ef Mr. Snyder's Bund comes echoing to my ear, awaking all those feelings to be felt, hut not to be expressed, which are incident to the mind and heart of man. Tiik Naval Gknkral Court Martial? This Court upon the trial of Captain P. K. Voorheei, of which Commodore Downea ii president, and which adjourned at Washington the 14th ult, ha*, we learn, been directed by the reviling authority to re-a??emble at New York, on board the North Carolina, to-day, the f>th of Auguit, for iome further action in reference to the above cue. Commodore Down?*, the Treiident ol the Court, ami B. K. Hallett, K?q., Judge Advocate, left the city yenterday to attend the re-aiaembling of the Court .? fVathington Union, wlufui t 0, Vnrletleu. Tlie Norwich (Conn.) Republican states that a fatal accident occurred in a pistol manufactory at the KalU on Thursday. It appears that a young man. named Albert Smith, had been engaged in proving a six bar relled pistol. The charge in ene of the barrel! did not explode, but the fact teems not to hare been discovered. In a subsequent operation with the pistol, the charge went off', and two balls were lodged in the body of the young man. One of them, after traversing a portion of his body, passed out at the shoulder; the other had not been extracted. The young man was in a very critical state. By a passenger who arrived here yesterday from Illinois, we learn that four men have been arrested at Peoria, charged with the murder of Col. Davenport, ot Rock Island. Oar informant states that he left Peoria on Monday last ; on Sunday these men were arrested, and a Bjrtiou of money described as having been taken from avenportat the time of the murder, was found upon them A man had previously been taken in Knox coun ty, 111., who had Col. D.'s watch ; he waa beaten severe ly, ami killed at the time of his captnre? enough was Hot out of him, however, to lead to the detection of the other foul. ? St. Louis New Era. A lady with an infant in her arms stepped into Congress Hall. Philadelphia, the other day, and asked for a room, saying that har husband would soon arrive with her bag^ago. One was provided for her, which she entered and immediately rung the bell for a servant girl. The girl answered the call, when the lady requested her to hold the infant until she could step out and buy a pair of stockings ; the servant took the child, and the mother has not been seen since. Othniel Looker, who was born in this State on the 6th of October, 1757, and served five years in the Army, during the war of the Revolution, died at Pales tine, Illinois, on tho -J3dult. Mr. L. emigrated to Hamil ton county in the year 1804, and was elected to the Se nate of Ohio in 1813. He was afterwards elected Speak er of the Senate, and after the resignation of Oovernor Meigs, in 1814, ^became Acting Governor of Ohio. He served in the capicity of Associate Judge of Hamilton County Court of Common Pleas for many years. In the year 1843, eight millions one thousand four hundred and forty-nine pounds, one shilling and four pence, were spent by the people of Great Britain and Ireland in tobacco! A tolerably round sum to end in smoke. If the weed had been worked into pigtail, rather more than half an inch thick, it would have formed a line 99,470 miles, long enough to go nearly five times round the world ! It appears from the statistics of the Congregational churches in Massachusetts, that the dismissions, deaths, and excommunications, exceed the admissions by 33 3. In this result the churches of Woburn, Essex North, and Suffolk South Associations, are not included. Their statistics will probably increase the number to 400 or more . ? Puritan. Many look upon Michigan as a grain growing Ltate exclusively, but if the exports are carefully ex amined it will be found that she has already given evidence ofher ability to rank with Canada in the atave and lumber trade. We bel'eve the value of her shipments this season worth $500,000. In 18-14 attention was directly turned towards her exports, when it was found that three ports el one? Detroit, Mount Clemens and Monroe? sent 73.082,000 staves and heading valued at $90,000, and that Kalamazoo and St. Clair river exported 1,200,000 feet of cheice lumber, besides square timber, shingles, Sic. equivalent to $100,000. Died at Ashtabula, July 23d, Mr. Shadrach Dodge, a soldier of the Revolution, in the 84th year of his age Mr Dodge served in Capt. Macgregor's company of In fantry, in the regiment of Col. Cortland. He fought at different times in the divisions of Gates, of Lafayette, and nnder the immediate command of Washington. Still Water was his first battle, and his regiment contributed to tho surrender of Burgoyae. His country did not for get him, and for 37 year.) lie has diawn his pension. The spirit which culled him forth to the field at the ape of 16, ku~ned within him to the last? Jlshtabul* Sentiml. A Typographical Invention has been brought out by Josiah Warren, Jof New Harmony, Ind. The Cincin nati Gazette publishes a map of Oregon from a plate made by the new process. The material is aaid to be equal to type metal, and the cost of the new method is altogether less. The inventor has sent to Washington for a patent. Four men were drowned on Thursday forenoon, atove Gordon Kalis, Mattawamkeag, by the upsetting of a hatteaux. Their names were Isaac Hall and Stephen White, of Old Town, and Gulliver, and Fergu ion- ? J L New Idea. ? Somebody has invented a machine in Kngland for ploughing by the action oi the wind. ? I'his would be capital for the western prairies, where the wind always blows pretty hard during the day, and nearly always in one direction. Thomaston, in Maine, whence comes so much of the lime used in New York and elsewhere, to lay 'up brick buildings, is almost entirely built of wood, the citizens finding it more profitable to export the lime than to use it A man, named Campbell, has been sent to the Missouri Penitentiary for99 years, formurdering Francis \! Wisdom. He will be an old man when his term ex pires. The editor of the Pittsburgh Age lighted a cigar last week at the ruins of the Monongahela House, des troyed by the great conflagration in that city nearly four months ago. It appears from a Toliasco paper that the govern ment has granted permission for the entry of vessels in ballast, to take away dyewoods. Political. The Argiu announces the death of Hon. S. # Wright, as M. C. elect from tho Newark Diitrict, New Jersey. There if an error in this. The deceased waa Samuel O. Wright, of the Burlington District. The Newark District is represented by William Wright, re elected last fall. A private letter, from a gentleman of Laurens District, states that Gen. McUuftiie, " with the exception of a slight paralysis in his right leg, is enjoying; very good health," that his constituents will not suffer him to resign, and the writer adds, "he will probably die a Sena tor." The Hon. Wm. C. Rives is about to deliver an address at Hampden Sydney College, on the virtues and service* of John Hampden. Ex-President Tyler and lady were at Richmond on their way home on Friday George Thompson, the distinguished English abo litionist, is coming to this country before long. Another Account of the Destruction of the Ocean Hoitse. ? At 1 P. M. on Sunday, the building in which was the kitchen of the Ocean House, was dis covered to be on lire, and no means adequate to its ex tinction were at hand. The alarm was immediately given, but owing to the distance of tho House from the central part of the town, tho lire department did not fHet there, although every exertion was used, until the re hail communicated to the main building, and had ob tained so much headway that, the supply of water being entirely inadequate, tho destruction of the whole was inevitable. The exertions of the department and our citizens generally, were, therefore, directed ,to save the furniture, and baggage ol' the strangers, and the resi dence of George Jones, Lsq. opposite the house, which was in imminent peril, the wind being to the eastward and blowing the heat and cinders on to it. It caught fire several times, and was only saved by cover ing it with wet carpets? eonsiderable injury being sustained in the house by the water which penetrated it About three-fourths of the furniture in the Ocean House, ami nearly all the baggage was saved. In about twe hours alter the lire commenced the whole of this splen did edifice was burnt to the ground. We have now to make tho most painful part of our record. Samuel Fow ler Gardner, F,sq., one of our most highly esteemed and respected citi/.eiiR, perished in the ruins of tbe house. Mr. (iardner and several other persons were in that part of the building which rnn east anil west, over the dining room or saloon, the ceiling of which was supported by iron rods attached to ihe roof. When the roof gave way the eeilinr of the saloon fell in, drawing in also the sides of the building. A few minutes before this occured se veral ol our citizens, finding their retreat otherwise cut off, jumped from the windows on to the piazza below, without injury, except Robert Cogge shall, who was se verely injured, and George BuiroNglis, also [severely in jured by falling with a ladder he was descending. E. P. I'eckham was one ot the lastwho jumped from a window, and ho just previously said to Mr. Gardner, "I'm going to jump from this window." Mr. G. replied, "I'm too old to jump." As Mr. P. jumped, he says he felt something give wav in the building, and immediately alter lie alighted it fell in a heap together, and was soon enveloped in flames. After it was all reduced to cinder* an engine was brought to play upon the spot where the loss of life occurred, and the headless, mutilated re mains of Mr. Gardner were discovered and recognised by his watch, spectacles, and pencil found on him. The Occan House was insured, we understand, for $3(4,000, and the furniture for $W>M, which will cover the loss. The building in which tho fire originated was detached from the house, and the second floor was used as a dry ing room, being heated by the kitchen fires. Through some defect in the chimney or flues, the lire communi cated to the wood work, which was, of course, highly inflammable, from its diy state. The houses of many of our citizens wore thrown open for the reception of the strangers, nearly three hundred in number, who were thus suddenly deprived of a shelter, and all were provided for. The Artillery company was called ?ut, ana kept guard over the property saved from the house through the after noon and night.until it was all removed to ? place of safety. Services in all our churches were suspended in the af ternoon. Before it was announced that our citizens would throw open their houses to receive the stiangera, and while the Are was still raging, an express was sent ofl to Providence for a steamboat to come down and take them off. The Massachusetts arrived here about 9 P. M., lay here all night, and returned to Providence in the morning with very few passengers. The destruction of this splendid hotel may be attributed to reprehensible neglect, in nut providing any means more than ordinary for the extinguishment of a Ore. So large an establish ment, lecatce so far from the central part of the town, ought to have had a small Are engine of its own, or at least a force pump and hose sufficient to lead water to any part ol the house. Had either of these been at hand when the Are was flrst discovered tho whole might, and probably would have been saved, as the well and cistern of the house contained plenty of water which could then be drawn, but which could not be approiched after the lire had progressed a short time unchecked. Wisdom comes by experience, and we presume the proprietor! have now pm chased it rather dearly.? Ntwjorl Hhtdi Itlandtr, Aug. 4.

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