Newspaper of The New York Herald, August 11, 1845, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated August 11, 1845 Page 1
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THE NEW YORK HERALD. Vol. XI ?, Ho. 190-Whol? Ffo. #081 NEW YORK, MONDAY MORNING, AUGUST 11. 1845. JPrleo Two CoaCa. I ARRIVAL OP THE M0N8TER STEAMER GREAT BRITAIN. THE GREAT PROBLEM SOLVED. ONE WEEK LATER FROM EUROPE. State of the Oottoa Market. IMPOVEMENT IN PROVISIONS. AFFAIRS IN IRELAND. Terrible Fire at Smyrna. ARRIVAL OF THE OVERLAND MAIL. ADVANCE Di AMERICAN SECURITIES, lie. &r. ?Wc. The Monster of tuk Dkkp. a sort of Mastodon of this Age, the Greut Britain, arrived yesterday afternoon. She was telegraphed pre- ! cisely at noon; the announcement threw the city into a 6tate of greut excitement, and housanrls rushed to the Battery, to the wharves on ihe Eh st River, to the Brooklyn Heights, and to he AiUntic steamship pier, at the foot of Clinton street, to get a Bight of her. AH along the sides of the river nnd the inlands, &c, otic of the most curi ous scencs for a Sabbath was presented to our view Ihis magnificent steamer, under the skilful man agement of Capt. llosken, came up the bay in beau tiful style, niter her passage of fifteen days over the Atlantic. She was gaily decorated wi h flags, and it was not a little singular that few or none saw the stars and stripes. This excited some surprise. Was the American among the flags displayed 7 The great problem, whether or not a steamer of the magnitude and construction of the Great Britain, aud with her principle of propulsion, coald make a successful trip across the ocean, is now satisfac torily and happily solved. The engines worked ud mirably all the way, and were never stopped until Capt. II. had occasion to sound on George's Bank. Arrived off Sandy Hook, at 1 P. M , 10th of August, making the passage in fourteen days and twenty-one hours running. There issach a deep and increasing interest ma nifested in this Monster, that we give a description of the vessel, with several beautiful illustrations., Ihe Great Britain sailed from Liverpool on the 26ih ult., and onr advices are to that date inclusive. They are seven days later than those received by the Cambria. The news is of very little consequence. There was less activity in the cotton market, but , prices remained br previously, with an improvement I in Pernarns Jo the extent of a farthing per pound. , Ths faleu of the week show the respectable amount , of 43,780 bags? an average of more than 8000 bigs thrMy The provision trade was improving ; the market was somewhat bare of American stock. There was no speculation in corn, although the weather continued unsettled. Earl Grey is dead. Another attempt has been made to have the daty on bread reduced. The produce markets were steady. Foreign sugar was rising in value. O'Connell was about to retire to Derrynane, where he proposes to occupy himself during the recess with the detaiU of various measures for carrying out his views. The 6tate of Ireland is serious? not to say alarming. The Montezuma, Captain Lowber, arrived at Liverpool en the 20th, with papers of one day later than were carried out by the Caledonia. The revolt of the inhabitants of Croatia has sub sided of itself. There has been a terrible conflagration at Smyrna. The King et Holland was on a visit to Victoria. In the manufacturing districts, trade, although not brisker, can hurdly be said to have fallen ofl. The demand for yarn exceeded the supply. The intelligence from India and China is of very little consequence. The metal market was quiet. American securities continued to look up. The quotations are in favor of holders. The firmness is mainly attributable to the desire evinced by the Pennsylvania^ to redeem, and, for the future, to maintain their credit. Sugars from Prince of Wales's Island and Pro vince Wellesley are to be admitted ut the low duties. Maple and New Zealand wood, if solely applica ble to cabinet purposes, nre to be udmitted free. ^ Sir Edward Cust, K.C.II , brother of the Earl of Brownlow, is to be the new governor of the Isle of Man. The Common Council of London have voted ?500 to the sufferers at Quebec. Councillor Ilielly is shoitly to be married to Miss Sugden, the youngest daughter of the Lord Chancel lor of Ireland. One hundred female convicts have been put on board the Lloyd, now lyi.ig in the Thames, for Van Diemnu's Land. T I ho Queen has been pleased to approve of John F. Baeon as Consul at Nassau, in the Island of New Providence, for the United States of America. The Queen has been pleased to appoint John Sim Z for Couit of the Island of Newfoundland. It is generally reported that the Earl of Lonsdale will retire from the office of IWmasier General im mediately alter the prorogation of Parliament. The governoiship of the Charterhouse, vacant by the death of Lurl Grey, will be conferred either ufe Lord Stanley or Sir James Graham. J. Doubl-dyha*. restored the Portland Vase in so 1 masterly a manner, that it would defy the mostcriti u wkere the vane had brcn injured. It is heicalter to be kept out ol harm's way. ?t Jm P"11*.1"8 "!ention ?he arrival of the 1 steumer Ed th. of eighty horse power, built in Bos ton, uiid nailed from ilnscity last March She is the first steamer propelled by the Archimedean trrew that has arrived in that country. She is intended foJ the opium trade between 1'inbny and c"na an KX MS ? Tf?n !?"yf,cont,raband ,ratlp' ^ueed Sde?. / of il 5" n,l<J ,'Miport on niuny articles of, and intends to apply the system of reduction to many others. sysiem of The Ctrxat Britain. ? In the course of fourteen I h'y I, "X'Mi a?1lJ,h G"" K! ov Z2,WM per. ons. Up to Saturrinv last, the total niiijjr -er of visitors whs 1] 000- but since then the number has hmi daily increaiin? as will be seen from the following rctun for The last lour days:? Monday, 2,720- TueB,l ? o nr Wrdnesday, 2,067; Thursday, 3 to y> We understand that the directors of the Great ' ir'?f xi'm is k Nonhero lloepital iafJ; Southern Hospita'l, ?25 Sailors Home, ?25; Dispensaries, ?20; Floating CliMpel, ?o. the total number of visitors who went on board the Great Britain, during her exhihi lion here, amounts to up wards of 8W.OOO persons. View of the " Monster" Steamer Great Britain, under fUll Sail and Steam. Pictorial, Sclcntlfic, ami Literary Descrip tion of tlic Grtat Britain. This monster of the deep? this Megatktrion, or Megaploioii, rather, of the niueteeuth century ? un earthed from its luir on the muddy banks of the Se" vern, now floats quietly iu this harbor ? a strange sight to all America. We have seen her; all who can, ought to see her. After a great deal ot labor, wc have compiled, from the English papers, the following scientific and lite rary description of this monster steamer. This we have had illustrated, at considerable expense. To see this mammoth well, the visitor should first row round the Great Britain in the small boat which take* linn off; after ascending her side, we recom mend, as the best wav of comprehending or realiz ing the great magnitude of the ship, to walk once, at least, entirely round the upoer deck; next, to de scend on the main deck, ana walk entirely round that; then, to a lower deck, where the kitchen and offices are placed; alter which, the engine-room may be visited as a conclusion. The still more curious may descend into the enormous holds and boiler rooms of the ship, in much of which there is some thing curious to be Been, and every where what ib original and new. Ihe following are the chief dimensions of the ship ' Total length, 320 feet; total breadth, 50 feet; opacity. 3.000 tons; draught of water, If! feet; en gines 1,000 horse power; four cylinders, 8!S indies in diameter; length of stroke 72 inches; chain whee! 18 feet in diameter; the propelling screw in the stem of the ehip is 15? feet in diameter, and has six arms. The peculiar features of this great work, which invest tne Great Britain with unusual interest, are ? 1st, her extraordinary magnitude ; 2d, the material used, iron being employed to a greater extent thnn in any other ship: 3d, the peculiarities of form which have been adopted, and the qualities they confer on her as regards sj>ecd and seaworthiness; 4th, the construction of the engixeand boilers and other ma chinery serving for motive power; 5th, the employ ment of the screw propeller; 6th, the use of a pecu liar mechanism, by which the power of the engine is applied to turn round the screw. In regard to her magnitude, she is larger thin any " first rate" of which we have heard; and in this respect the mechanical principles, which have led to the adoption ot" great size, are, in our opinion, sound. It is, perhaps, not generally known, that all past experience goes in favor of increased size, as the means not only of obtaining speed, but also of Full View cf the Screw Propeller. The above cut represents a full view of the Arohimedian sortw propellor, attached to the Great Britain. It U composed of " fix arms, or blades, 16 feet 6 inches diameter, 25 feet pitch, and weighs four toil*." DIMENSIONS, ETC. Power, 2 engine*, each ?>00 horse |*>u er 1000 horso. Doiler (*quare) 34 feet bv 22 in height. Furnace*, 34 ? 12 forward and 12 bait.. . Stroke ol piston 0 feet Displacement of water when drawing about 16 foet (or loaded) about 8000 tons Stowage for coal II 00 " " good* additional about 1200 " OENERAL DEBCRIrTIOM OF Tini SHIP. The vessel is entirely built of iron, with the ex ception of the bom ding of her decks and some of her cabin fittings and carved work. Iler model in some what peculiar, yet accordant with the taste (when she was buili) of many nautical men, and the speed she has since attaiued, together with her pood pea qualities, prove that their opinions were well found ed. Her fides tumble, or fall in, a good drul to wards the top derk, front about the middle of her length to the stern, giving her a man ol war like ap pearance and a wholesome rotundity in the after body. Abreast of the boilerSj which aie forward of the longitudinal centre, her sides are rather flatfish, but she Ins alter all nbitndanee of bearings for a steamer, and more aloft might hav?* produced heavy rolling in a sea-way. Her bottom bearings are am ple, and she is finely moulded with a sharp ei trance, approaching to the plough form, and an equally fine run. ller upper works, like most of the llris'ol ships, are plain, Uut substantial in finish. The hull is formed of iron plates, decreasing in thick ness from the keel upwards, and angle iron ribs of great strength. The plates are not, however, so thick in proportion to her size as those of some iron vessels since constructed, particularly those hnilt at North Birkenhead (for war purposes,) but economy in working. The reasons are these: the tonnage, or power of carrying cargo, increases in a triple ratio with increase of size, hut (he power and fuel necessary to projn.1, increase only in r two fold, or duplicate ratio, to t!i?* increase of dinien flion: thus, if the length, breadth, and depth of one vessel be double tho>e ot another, ftrtcris paribus, then the tonnage will be 2 yny/2, or.eightfolu th it of the first, but the mechumcal dowi r and fuel required will only be 2 y,2, or fourfold; rh1:'- fur euual speeds the power of engine, and expense of luel for nn eightfold cargo, are only fourfold ; a proportional advantage, therefore, is realised of two to one. So much for size: l>ut there is an advantage ilso hi regard to the effect of adverse weather, and of hea vy seaB in the case of the large vessel ; for the waves are just aa high which encounter the small, as the large vessel ? proportionally, therefore, to the size of the vessel, they are smaller obstacles to the progress ot the larger ship. The goedeflectsof size extend also to the capability of economy in long voyages. We have seen that the proportion of pow er tor an equal speed is smaller in the large vessel ; there is, therefore, a smaller relative spare occupied by the engine and by the fuel for the voyage, ? that is to say, a much larger space is available for profi table cargo. Again, as regurds passengers, a large vessel will carry more than a proportionable height out of the water; may have, therefore, more decks, and so accommodate a greater relative number of passengers. All these things, therefore, are in fa vo'- of size. There is one point, however, which may be against great size, in certain ciieunibtuncet), and this point 13 a practical one, perhaps not easily estabii. -lied d prion. It is want of employment at remunerative rates If there be not sufficient trade between Ame rica and England to All this ship with passengers and cargo both ways, or at least to fill her nearly as well as others, then assuredly the Great Jlrituin will not pay. There are some who are oft his opinion. Her owners are of the o?|>osite opinion. It ia a point we have no means of determining. We have not stat-ed, neither have we forgotten, the opinion ot some, that steam snips have been already made too large, and that we should go back rather than advance in size. They found this opinion on the instance of the unhappy President mid British Queen. This, however, is a mistake; the President and British Queen failed from a very simple cause, the feebleness of their contraction and toe exces sive fulness of their form. It is well known to prac tical men, that the strength of timber and the fas ten ings of these unlucky ships were not greater than other bmldets employed for ships of one-tlnrd less tannage. This extreme weakness of construction was notorious, and ended a3 the beet judges of such Interior View of the Monster- -Showing her Various Compartments. A B. Sinface line of upper deck. C. Principal promenade saloon : length, 10# foet by 48 feet Rt the widest part ; height 7 leet; 24 berths ou each side. L). First class saloon, or dining room ; length, 100 fee t ; greatest width, .'() feet; height. 8 feet. E. '1 lie catgo-derk, 63 leet long, by 9 foet high. F. An iron Iresh water tank ; length, 40 feet. 0. A room for a conl store, Sic. H Klevation of engines. 1. Ditto of boiler. J J. Iron deck over boiler, for cooking appnratim. K. Fore, or second class saloon, ?4 leet long, 7 feet 0 inches high. t. Lower fore snlnon, length and height as above; 40 bed places on each side of these valoous. she i* nevertheless a very strong ship, being bound securely by rodson th?" tension principle. The plates of her keel are from ^ inch thick in the middle, to 1 inch at the ends, and all the plates under water tire from jlthsto i inch at the top, except ilie upjter plate, winch in jths. i^he is chielly cfencher-built, and double riveted at many points. The ribs :ire H inches by 8J, by | inch thick .'it the bott?m of the vesff !, wad 7-lGths fit the top. Her r inr is th at ol what may be called a six mas-ted schooner, with fore anu afr sails, and lui"jer topsails), with the exception of tln> mainmast, (th? second from the bow,) which will c irrv a square mainsail and a topsail over it. She has four decks and the upper, or spar deck, is 3<)8 feet in length The engines are somewhat on the patent of Sir Mark Hrun-d,with the cylind -is, in place of being Upright, standing on an angle of about 60 degrees. The main shaft for the turning of the screw, and which is of gr^at length and large dia meter, was made at the Mersey Iron Work-, in this town ; and is itsvlf a great curiosity. On die spar deck there are eight skylights for the fore saloon, aud one large light over the entrine room. The under decks and apartments have bor rowed lights from these, aud also circular lights in the sides of the ship ? the latter of plate glass au inch in thickness. The companions, or entrances from nutters exported it would. Tlie argument, there fore, is jj<sod ag ii n^t weakness, not size. Tlie next question regards, therefore^ her con struction, th? material of which she in formed. ;ind tlie manner in which it is put together. Is she strong enough 1 And on this point we may my, without h?*t-it!ition. thai th<>ne best acquainted with such sub jects are thoroughly acreed that iron ships can be made much stronger th in timber can be ; and that, especially for use with steam, iron is peculiarly adapted The heat of the boilers, the evaporation and moisture of tlie engine-room, and the coal-dust, ar.j mo^t injurious to timber, but act very slightly on iron. Besides, for a passenger-vessel there is, in an iron ship, the absence of the very offensive smell of the btlge-wat?r. So much for the material, durabi lity being the point ttill left undetermined. Next, as to the disposition of the material, we must con cede to the constructors of the Great Britain much ingenuity and sound judgment in their ar rangements for strength; the great thickness of the bottom, one inch of solid iron plate exclusive of the ribs; th" numerous and close iron knees, the long iron keelsons, which run through the whole lioor of the ship fore and aft, the thorough iron partitions, and, above all, the complete lower decks of iron ? are devices which give immense strength, nnd seem to attord perfect security. There is but one part of the ship where th^se arrangements are impracticable, we mean the engine-room; but we are assured that the connexions introduced there render it the strongest part of the ship? this, however, is not our opinion. As apiece of good workmanship, the hull oi the vessel deserves all praise ; the workmanship is clean, smooth and faithful. But the first point which strikes a connoisseur is, the form or mould of the vessel ? her external sur face. She certainly appears handsome ; the crite rion is, that she does not seem so enormous ns one expects to find her? this mammoth ? this leviathan ? this monster of the deep! She looks trim and handy ; nnd were it not for the strange number of poles, some half dozen, which are called masts, but look more like Ifagstnfls, on the deck, one would ad mit that she was lame, hut would hardly sav enor mous. It is only when one descends the dark chaos of her interior, or paces her deck, conscious that, in a single turn from the rudder and back, he has tra velled a tenth part of a mile, it is only then that he finds himself n pigmy ? she a Brobdignag. And then, the look of utti'r contempt we condescending ly bet-tow on the insignificant little East Indiaman moored in sight, sends us home with the conviction that wc have obtained for all sen craft a new Hnd gi gantic standard of size. " She is enormous, but slie does not look bo!" This is the highest compliment we can pay.

M an 1 N. Iron floored cargo decks. O. Air chamber from boiler to lore bulkhead, of the shape of the ship 1'. Officers' berths. Sec. ti Sailors' mess-room. R. Sailors, berths ; r, small water tank. S. Water closets. T. Ship's stern-po?t, through which the screw passes. lT Shalt from engine to screw V. Dia^onnl stny from tho chip's side to the stern-post. W. Side view ol seiew stern post, in which the eud of the screw spindle revolves. X Keel under the screw, uniting the stern-post to the vessel. V". Hollow rndder foot, and of such a thickness as to receive tlie stern-post, which forms its pivot. the dock, nre fitted with door - on either side. no ns al ways to have ,t weather and a lee door, the former of which may he cl<*red during tf-tles The wiud !uss is oil a patent principle The heat bower anchor weighs about three tons, Hiid it-, iron chain cab e is o 2 h inches diameter in the metal of the link The bowsprit i? proportiunablv short, owing to the great length ot the vessel". The bow is enriched witii carved work: in the centre are the Royal Arms sur rounded by emblems of the irts and sciences of the empire, and (in illustrution of the jxiwer nnd sp*r(f of the ship) representations of the thunder bolt of Jove and tiie caduceus ol Mercurv. The entire merit ot employing the Screw as an instrument for profiling vessels is due to Mr. F. P. Siniih, in conjunction with that sm ill body ol yen tl men who built the Archimides. This was u h <nd sonie, rakish craft, with line lines, but the machine ry that was contrived lor conveying motion to the screw proved so objectionable, Irom the intolerable noise it made, that it discouraged for a time lurtlier attempts on thi* p!.n. Nevertheless th? vessel made good way, and those who witnessed her perform ances, and whose opiuions, either ns naval or scien tific authorities, were entitled to respect, almost unanimously satisfied themselves that the screw was destined sooner or later to supersede the [>ad The chief peculiarities of her form are, however, those which we do not see ? those in the water, which give her speed and other properties. The speed she has shown, in opposition to most se vere weather and heavy seas, is attributed to lier finely turned water lines These lines are formed on u peculiar principle, and presents to ihe eye a close resemblance to th * mode of construction now known as the WdV water line principle. The only part of the appearance of the bow we do not like is, the enormous H ire out of the upper part, which, howe ver, some think requisite, to raise her over a sea; we are of opinion contrary, that it gives the sea a surface to batter, as was well seen on her voy age round from Bristol, when the bull's-eyes and bows were heavily struck. Neither can we altoge ther approve of the swelling out of the sides above the water, which gives a tendency to heavy rolling, of which also the passengers complained in coming round. Otherwise, the vessel is elegant and judi cious ; and the boldness which induced the con structors to idopt ihe nioat improved form for the water lines of the bow, must be regarded as merito rious, now that it is justified by the event, ? that which was called rashness before success, is now wisdom. I? t we mu-t descend from our promenade on the eeck into the huge caverns of the cauldrons below. The first peculiarity noticed, is the engine and the enormous chain and chain wheel for driving the screw. Four separate steam engines drive round the axis of this monstrous wheel ? two at one end of the axle, two at the other ? the wheel between. The cylinders are placed apirt at the bottom of the ves sel, and the piston rods, which issue out of them, converge to the end of the cranks ot this wheel ? Each pair of engines work one crank, and th* two cranks are placed at right angles; but the chain is the extraordinary tiling ; there are grooves on the wheel ? at the end of each link of this huge chain there are teeth projecting into these grooves, so that as the wheel revolves the chain is compelled to re volve with it; at the bottom of the vessel, immedi ately below the great wheel, lies a liul* wheel or pi nion having grooves cut in its circumference of the same size, and at the same distance from each other, though m >ch loss in number than those of the large wheel The same chain passes round both wheels, and while the large wh?el revolves by the power ol the engines once, the small one revolves as much of tener as it is smaller. The small wheel has for its axis, the axis of the Archimedes Screw, which is attached to the alte r end of the axis, and protrudes throuch an Hp-mure at the stern into the water. Its revolutions give motion to the vessel by their reac tion on the water Such is the vital principle of tins Monster of the Deep. The above in a *kle view of the screw propeller. The main drum i? 18 feet diameter, and drives four chain*, weighing 7 tons. The screw shaft drum is 6 feet dia meter, and the weight, with the pull, when woikihg. is cquul to So tons on the hearings of the main shaft. TOWER, ETC. Length of keel 2*9 f?et " from figure-head tn tafruil .... 3J2 " F.xtrem ; width SI " Depth of holJ from upper or spar deck. 82$ " B'utnen. by old mei-urement, ahout . . 3443 ton Will a< commodate about S60 pa?*engari And dining accommodation for 3*0 " Crew and fneinen 340 persons die-wheel, and manv so expressed themselves in their letters to Captain Clnppell, R. N Mr Brunei introduced broad If.uher straps in the Kittler, tor the purpose of avoiding the noise caused by ?u)g wheels, and they work well; tiut in the Great Bri tain the chains, for ihe sc. me object, although weigh ing seV'-n tons, work without the sli^htvst noise i Tin displacement of the Great Biiiain will be ra- ' ther l-ss than 3000 tons wlien loaded; with 1200 tons of coal on hoard, while the displacement <>f h first rate, with all stores on board, is belter than 4500 tons, although the former is more than a third the longer ship. The form of the bottom, and the dilfereuce of ten feet in the draft of water, (the one drawing sixteen feet, the other five or six-and-twenty,) wid the finer lines, cause this great difference in displace ment, and, consequently, of the midship section. The Great Britain's midship section is, from the same cause, les> than that of a 52 gun frigate, con sequently, with the same quantity wf Canvass, the former should sail faster than the latter, even if their lines approached to similarity; but with the Great Britain's lines, more than KM) feet lor.gerthan the fri gate. and with equal stability, (of winch there is no kind of doubt,) the S|>eed in sailing alone should fie much beyond that of the frigate, save when the winds are light, and the lofty sails ol tliefrigute tell The Grand Promenade Saloons and State Rooms, I THE CABINS. The last illustrations are typographical plana of the main and fore saloons, with the Mate rooms, (Jcc. on each side. The Great Britain has 28 state rooms with one bed each, ami 113 with two, so that in addition to her crew, oflicers, tire men, Arc., the can accommodate 2."2 passengers, each of whom enn be provided with a single bed, and that without making up a single sofa, or any other temporary convenience. The walia ot the after or principal promenade sa loon are painted in delicate tint*; and along the sides are several fixed chairs of oak. A row of well proportioned pillars, which range down the centre of the promenade, serve the double purpose of ornament to the room Hiid support to the deck.? In this saloon, on either side, is a van#e of exceed ingly, comfortable state rooms and sleeping berths. About twelve ol thebeon.euch tide of the deck will he reserved for ladies, as they are made to comma nicate with two commodious ladies' boudoirs, or private sitting room*, measuring seventeen feet by fourteen feet. The adv ullage s of this arrangement must be obvious, as Udie who may be indisposed, or in vfgh^l, will be enabled to roach their sleeping berth there being the slightest necessity lor their appearing in public. The framework of the staircase, communicating, from ttn?< saloon, with the deck, is ol iron. The et urs are fur more wide and commodious than in generally liift with on ship-board. Crom this promenade you descend into the main or dining hmIooii, which is HS feet <> inches long, by 3;) feet wide. This is really a beauti ful room. A large sum of money has not been use lessly squandered in procuring lor it gaudy decora tions. not harmonizing with ita use*, but its linings are alike cliaxte anil elegant. Down the centre are twelve principal columns of white and gold, with ornamental capitals of ereru beauty. Twelve simi lar columns ab<o range down ihe wall* on either side. Betwei-u tnese Utter and the entr-tncca to the sleep* i nt{ b-rtln, are (on each side of the dock) eight pilasters, in th>* Arab ? ijue stvle, (of wlrch ctiarac ti?r tie siloon generally part ikes), beaniifutly paint ed with oriental birds and flowers. On either fide are seven dooiv, whu:h open into as "n my passagea, each of which communicates with four bedroom*. Ttie archways of the several doors are tastefully curved and gilded, and nre surmounted with neat medallion head*. Borne looking glasses are so Ar ranged as to reflect the saloon lengthways at two op pofit" sides, from which a very pleasing illusion if produced. Ttie walls of this apartment ar* ol a de lnvite lemon tinted drab hue, relieved with blue, white, and mid. At the stern end are a number 01 not .is, which range one above the other, nearly up to the stern lights.- At the opposite extremity is a large room tor the- stow mi's use. The ssloon is fit ted with row." of dinini* table ?>, of sufficient ch^hcj ?y to admit of 900 person* Hitting down to dinner at one time, with perfect convenience and comfort ? On each aide of tlif forward promenade saloon there me ;M5 berth# or Bleeping places, and in the saloon b-lowir, :W in each side, making in all, forward, 1152 To the state rooms there are pi-wages leading from the saloons, and running athwart the ship. In tne forec.wtle are berths, ;V! in number, for a portion of die crew. The ir<?n ribs, and the mode in which the ship is riveted, can be well inspected from thi<< apartment. Altogether, everything th?t skill, enterprise, and capital c^n do, to make the Great Britain worthy of her name, has been done. We understand her total cost will be about livfi hundred thousand dollars. THE EXPERIMENTAL TRIP. The following is a ^articular account of the per formance of the Great Britain, on her first experi mental trip. On passing Portishead, at 12 o'clock, the revolu tions were increased to 9| per minute, when she made a 6| log ; l(ty revolutions gave a log ot 7 knots; lftj revolutions a rate of knots. The steam was kef.t at this point for Borne time, and then increased to 12 revolutions, when >he gave 8 knots as her rate of *;?*ed. At this period, beiug then near the Holmes, the exiieriment of turning her round with the ht-lm hard down was tried. She came round in 9 minutes, makintr a circle of lather more than h til a mile m diameter. Sh<' was then tr;??d a second tune, with the helm at only 80dearee?, when .'?he c?me rounri in a most b?wu>iful ni inner in only six ntiriutss, end in a less du rance When going h straight course 1 1: a stupendous mass answered !i<-r heJm moft readilv, 1 1 iking not mole than one spoke af the whael, and requiring only one man at it. In returning homewards the speed of the engines was gr&duuliy increased to 13 revolutions, at which she i>vve 84 kmit, arid to 11} and 164 revolutions, when she went through the water at 11 knots, against a strong he n! wind, passing easily the S;-m ?en, the taste* t paddle boat out oi Bri-tc! At this rate < t going 'he steam Wiis cut oil by the expaa nion-valve ut 1 foot, or one-sixth oi the *trcke, six of the tiies not having been In during the whole irij> The eng. ne~ worked perfectly smooth, and without the slightest vibration or tremor beingfelt in any jmrt ? t the vessel. The seie\v-pr< eil>rd?* r >u tlifM e.xi?riranitti wh- rotiui.i immersec ; the Hi . A of wafer abaft being only 14 ft et 6, and a -tit 12 :<?ei | >rw..rd, ar.d no doubt existed ui the ? ji 'dj' ' an) ot those ?ieseut versed in such mat ter-. too v vvhom was AI: Smith, the patentee of the Archiru- tiiuii screw, that ii|>on the nrxt exi^ri. ineut, or when the revolutions of the engine arc in creased to 20 iu ii minute, a sp?ed of from 12 to 13 knots can b- easily obtained When the vessel was going 11 knots the screw-pro(ie!ler was only going 12, making the blip or loss only one-eighth and a third per cent Mud which slip will of com>e he dimiaished when the screw propeller is entirely im mersed When going at her best speed there was no swell whatever under the bows, her stem culling through the water just at- the fastest Thames hoair do. Kngland. Another Younr One A new journal hw be-n -tai led at New York, called You* % America. \ e >elieve the principles it advocates repudiation, mint-juleps, no taxes, and i tarnation thrashing to all the world -Punch. Jersey? The States <f Jersey ronvtntd on the. 14th inst, f?rthe purpose ot t iking mto conaidera uon the propriety of addre.~mg Government with respect to the lull just introduced into P .. I the Chancellor of the Exchequer, and entitled A. liill to determine the countervailing dutie? payable on spirits of the naMire of plain British PP'Nts, the manufacture of Guernsey , Jersey, Aldeniey, or Saik, imported into the United kingdom, *nd to nrohibit the importation of rectified or compounded spirit* from the said Islands " Parliamentary ?Another long debate has taken place on atiriirs ot New Zealand. To ?aJl who take any interest in the affair, it is say that the obstructing cause is the Colonial secre tary, Lord Stanley. . , ? Amongst (he .signs of the times may be mention ed the introduction ol a bill by the government, fo enabling Jews to hold certain corporate and other offices. Of course it will pass. but it is to the dis credit of England, in the middle ot the nineteenth century, that ihe statute book is still loaded with en actments against this proscribed and unfortunate race. If the Jews had formed a large body, and could have held monster or other meetings, or had thev been adepts in the art by which the captive contrives to make the sound of his fetters rea ch ( ihe ears of his oppressor, this poor boon, so long delay ed, would have been, ere this, conceded. An attempt was made the other evening it is hardly necessary to say it; ^as unsuccessful-by Mr. Ewait, to procure a repeal ot the duty on those tw o prime necessaries of lite, bread and cheese. Sir Kobert Peel resisted the motion, on the ground, principally, that the tariff had been to recentfy re duced, that any further tampering with it so Boon was out of the question. The rermssion ot these duties would have been a gre.-t boon to those iu the American produce trade ; but as it is, the article# are imported, after paying the duty, and compete successfully with the home grown produce. American Minister to England. -The news ^rouuht by the last mail steamer confirms the ac count of Mr. Everett's recall, and Nir Lane's appointment as Minister Irom the United States to our court. We expected M r. Everett s re call as soon as we were aware ot the decided tri j umph of the democratic party at the late ! nal election, and it much surprised us that ihe e vent did not take place long ago, when Mr. Tyjer took to democracy altogether*' President Polk, to con tinue in favor among hisdemocrauc adherents, must dismiss trom office every individual be orging o the ooi>o-ite party, however pre-eminent his talents, however u-tVl b.. services to the country Ev?ry bodv who has had the ?ood fortune ot having ?ny personal intercourse wuh Mr Everett, will liis leavint; us Never, we venture to assert, were the United States represented in this country by a more honorable gentleman, or a more accompf.shed scholar We have repeatedly expressed our hopes, nay, our firm conviction, that the different questions at issue between our government and that ot the United States will be amicably settled. We Mil Mr McLanea appointment as an indication .otitic fulfilment of our hope-1; none but a clear-sight- d, fair and upright man of business ib required to sei at once the justice and ta.niess ot our demands, and to admit them accordingly These requ sites Mr McLane possesses in a high dearee. He is a native of theState of Delaware, which, although the small est Staie in the Union, has ntoducsd some of He m<wt eminent mn of the Li.iten f r J !l,f Lane ? a ju i-t, in the most extensive irmnin* ot me word Alter fished his, he. practised as a barrister in the courts of ju?tic i" bl own State, an. I more Utely in the Supreme Court ot ih.. United St itcs.unlll le was called to til. ?? ncn i 01 ? Sr X'm>V co.,?. ?f .h- .It.,- of His political career he commenced wuh *inj at once elected to the Senate of the Uni ed state* ? an almost unexampled proof of 'he confidence he enjoyed among his He remained Senator from the State ot l> laware until General Jackson, shortly after his election to the Presidency, appointed him Cv?e7r" trv where he however, remained only about , a vear, when he was recalled for the purpose of inking of the Treasu? Department Tins "n ; ' taut post was just at that period ,he ,ov. r,,mr?t,? iamb from th. ? f later events have J W P"? ^ as to its pro f*^^'^en'to0?UWWfr<?i" P''blw ^hte, hut iwwasj nevertheless, under peculiar ci.cumstances, pre 1 vailed upon to take the management of J5J.J j most imiH>rtaHt railway com^?nie? in the Unitea which he. in a gre.ii ni^a?ure, baveil from insolvency and ruin Luring Mr Tver's 1? ration Mr. McLane was agaiii e -cted to the senate where he ha* distinguished litmseli during Se Kt Three years by .holding temperate demo cratic principles, but in nil V? a?< his adopted m>?o wou d -,;peu'" be .Stnare a? ttudio ?London Herald, July 23. - The sale of Wenham Lake Ice. American Ick ? l he saie oi ?,o un in so small quantities as jm ^rornmr.r^.iai code, to portant an lu'roduj- n< :.nt? f ,MSh unnoticed The u ^ ,,B ""^ihited in ponder 111 mahoaany 8a.w*'J"* in the shop windows. , ous blocks, as clear as ciy , , of brandy ! No publican of o "e served to a c.sto | and water " cold wit h? ut. A? far mer, unless a luni| |( Jf) wr|\, but the frothy, 'ns this .tniP''r "' in i.g practice of sucking "Sherry sputtering, gu e - j gr0und among us. Even I Ira'ot Parftnment, after their senatorial labors members oft' ( ( |iq1,or etraws, as if they j ^?'ere'so'rnariy niotlierless ^ppies. Faugh!-***. I'cCious A.-KA1R -We see in the Jwnml d" ! '"earner National, which was retaining from. Trou ; ville, and h id still her pitrket. The af mediately, and gave chase to t Phi(jh ^ f ,0 tair gave rise to ^*y"a, )(lVCS ((1 that act of police. , h ive exat-gera ei til (TormM had The individual .-Her wn? .m ^ ^t,oni|l< h? been been despatched on Hnd brought b?'k really found on bo | ow iy jwrte Os his ; - t?