Newspaper of The New York Herald, August 15, 1845, Page 2

August 15, 1845 Tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 2
Text content (automatically generated)

NEW YORK HERALD. N?w York. Friday, Aufput 1#, 1845, Our Illustrated Wwkly The Wetklt/ Herald will be published at 8 o'clock to-inorrow morning. Amouz other interesting mat. ter it will contain a full description of the steamer Great Britain, with several beautiful engravings of that steamer under sail and steam. These illustra tions give an excellent idea ofher splendor and mag nitude. Malls for Europe. The Cambria will leave Boston to-morrow for Liverpool. The letter bags will close in this city at j to 5 o'clock this afternoon. The Extra Herald , with the latest intelligence of all sorts and from all parts of this continent, will be ready for delivery at 3 o'clock, in time for the pack" et. Copies in wrappers two cents each. War with Mexico. Accounts are daily reaching us from all quarters? from Washington by our correspondents, and by the government organ itself? from New Orleans, \ era Cruz, Texas, and Mexico? all confirmatory of the opinion, that some warlike blow is meditated by Mexieo, and the probability is, th*t war will soon be declared? Amei icau property within the limits of rli it republic confiscated ? all American citizens finally ex^lled? the |>orts closed against all Ameri c 4i) vt-ssels ? in addition to what has been frequently men tii ned, the issue of letters of marque and reptUbl for the purjiose ot making depredations upon our commerce. But worse than all this, is the informa tion, coming from a highly respectable quarter, that one of the most efficient weapons of annoyance, will be an attempt on the part of Mexico, to create an insurrection or rebellion amongst the slaves ot the South, by declaring them free if they flock to the Mexican standard. This most atrocious and probable intimation if laughed at, as a very good joke, by the organ ai Washington. Instead of amusing themselves with any such witticisms as those so very inopportunely attempted by Mr. Ritchie, the President and his Ca binet ought to be very seriously engaged in delibe rating on what is best to be done in such a crisis. ? Thuy ought to be taking counsel together, as to j whether Congress ought not to be immediately summoned together, in order to adopt the course demanded in the present position of the national af fairs, and to take the requisite measures, for lmrne diately carrying the annexation of Texas into effect We are in the midst of a crisis beyond a doubt.? The information coming from all quarters of the in tention ol Mexico to make all sorts of war upon this country, and particularly that with regard to her atrocious designs in the Southern States, induces 11s ;o believe that the councils ot the Mexican govern ment have beer, influenced by British agents. It has '?eeo igain and again stated in English periodicals, by writem who affect at least to speak with some K'lthoWty on military matters, that in case of another j war with the Pniterl States, the British would at once commence [he movement by proclaiming free, dom to the slaves, and thus endeavor to create an in?'!necfion and rebellion in the Southern States by way of diverting public attention in that quarter, and creatinr in the .Nordieru States amongst the aboli tionists a party in favor of England against their own country. It is also sta'ed in some q carters that the Mexican government will be nl ' ; n< gotiatf a loan in England ami France to th* amount ( ! tm ot twelve millions in t?> en.'bh hem to < rry 011 the war with the Uni . t e - . We think all thew intimations, and ru and statement* of our correspondents from ?rters, backed as they are by the action of th' ?mmest itself in sending troops to the Texan 1. 'ier, comprise a great deal of truth ? much more than j>eople lmigine in rela tion to the probability of war suddenly breaking out The British government and British agents entertain, however, most erroneous view* about the condition of the slaves in this country, as well as the workings of public opinion in regard to the abolitionists of the North They imagine that in case of any collision with England, they could paralyze the action of the whole nation on the slavery question. The same notions have, no doubt, been communicated to the Mexican people and the Mexican government, and thus has received a considerable degree of confir mation by the movements of the abolitionists in the North, and in the violent outbreaks of some of their organs, such as the Tribune and Evening Journal ' These journals appear indeed to be more in favor o the enemy than of their own land and its institu tion. All these reasons ? backed by the secret influ ence of the British Government? may cause the Mexican government to hazard the chances of a war, in every form, as aggravated and absurd, as vio lent and vindictive as they can possibly invent. Now, in this dangerous crisis of affaire with Mexi co, what is our government about ? It appears tha' the War Department is covered with ignorance and imbecility The Secretary of War, Mr. Marcy, is not ex^tly the man to organize the military resour ces ot ihe country for immediate action, and Gen Scott, the only individual at Washington who is ca(>able of looking with a military eye on the position of Texas, has now power to give his country the benefit of his knowledge, skill, and sagacity. It seems that the War Department fcis sending hither and thither for information on the geography of Texas. Indeed, so ignorant are they on this point, that they know not what they have done, or what they intend to do They have already ordered their " army of occupa tion," now on the frontiers, one hundred and fifty miles in a wrony direction, as we are credibly in formed! Yet they think that they can get on admirably without any assistance from Congress? without the aid of public opinion? and without the war imputes of the nation In such a crisis, why does not the President at once summon Congress \ The whig opposition say that he has no right to send tToops to the frontier, or to make any warlike de monstration between the Nueces and the Rio Grande. We don't agree in this opinion But why not at once get Congress together, and by consum mating the annexation mea.-ure, at once silence this objection ? It is really humiliating in the present crisis of our national afiairs, to witness the inactivity of the Executive, and the thoughtless levity of its organ Thi3 is surely no time for jesting ? no time for jokes? -when thisgrei.t republic is in the commence ment of a war crisis in its foreign relations, which may be the heginniug of a still more glorious eru, 01 which may cover her with disgrace and shame, if not properly looked >0 by the Executive in all its branches SabaTOGA.-? The letters which rave been re cently publishing descriptive of Saratoga, give a correct view of the inconveniences to which pet, pie ?re subjected, and the absurdity of one's leaving his o*n comfortable mansion, to find "excitement" in ihat disorderly, suffocating, disagreeable place - No doubt the proprietors of the hotels, the Marvins of the United States, lor instance, do all in their power to make their guests comfortable, but all they can do is insufficient to prevent the annoyances and reculesenens of the crowds of servants. The only true way of enjoying the country, is to go to quiet Tillages, or cottages, in some retired or peaceful re treat, away from the folly, bustle and absurdity of thoae terrible watering places. The Convention Qttmtion. ? The war against this project in certain'quarters increases. Colonel Webb and his allies appear to be the principal anta gonists. This famous military chieftain seems to think that there is no warrant under the constitu tion for the assembling of a convention to amend it ?in other words, that there is no way to do it but by some patent mode concocted in Wall street. No doubt there will be a great many wild philosophers in the convention, and wild men of all sorts. But ?till there can be no doubt of the legality of these proceedings thus far taken on this subject. The great raaae of the people ooly'laugh at Col Webb'* olfactions j The Iiw Post Oflkc? Law. Whilst the administration of Mr. Polk i? probably well-disposed to pursue the course indicated by the people in relation to Texas ? Oregon ? the tariff, and the public finances, yet we have some reason to be lieve that the new Post Office system, enacted Iky the last Congress, is not going to be treated fairly and honestly by the present Post Office Department. It is very well known that the present Post Master < ieneral was always opposed to the cheap postage system, and the impression has extensively gone abroad that as tar as in hnn lies, he will throw diffi culties in the way of a fair and satisfactory experi ment being made with regard to the merits of the new system, in order to induce a return to the old system at the meeting of the next Congress. The new law establishing the cheap postage sys tem was hailed with unaffected approbation and de light by the people. The whole country had been calling for this new system, founded on the principles ot common sense, and when the boon was at last granted, they received it with the greatest favor, ap proved of the provisions of the law, and saw noth ing in them calculated to mar the salutary working of the system, provided the requisite amount of com mon sense and honesty was found in those to whom had been committed the responsible duty of carry ing into execution this great public measure. In a variety of particulars we begin to suspect thm these reasonable anticipations of the jieople are not likely to be fulfilled, in consequence of the present inauspicious organization of the Post Office Department. The functionaries of the government to whom this portion of the public ser vice has been entrusted, are treating the new law too much on a pettifogging syptem of construction. In stead of construing the law in a liberal spirit and ac cording to those principles of common sense on which it is based and which pervade it throughout, they are administering it in a narrow and contract ed spirit. The difficulties into which Cave Johnson has already got with the railroad companies, and in a variety ot other instances, springing from the gene ral c? nstitution of his own mind and the manner in which the affairs of the department are conducted, appear to indicate that he possesses the narrow, illi beral and contracted spirit of his predecessor in office ? Mr. Wickliffe. We will now proceed to give a full and accurate view of the manner in which the law of Congress has been sadly violated in one important respect. ? We have reference to the advertising of the lists of letters in the various post-towns throughout the country. First, let us give the clause of the new law which is paraded in certain of the papers here, on which the action of the Post Office has been pro fessedly founded, but which has been most grossly violated by the present head of the department: ? Sic. 18 -Ind he it further enacted. *?????* Am) all advertisement* made under the orders ot the Post maitor General, in a newspaper or newspapers, of let ters uncalled for in any Pout Office, chali be inserted in the paper or papers, of the town or place where the oflice advertising may be situated, having the largest circula tion. ? A'tw Poti Office Lau-, pis ted March 3, 1S45. This clause is simple and direct. Newspapers ? business newspapers "having the largest circulation" in tiie several post-towns and cities throughout the country, are th >se in which the Post Office Depart ment is imperatively directed to insert its advertise ments In ubcdience to this law, and at the request of the Post Master of this city, the newspapers here ? n jt ul!, but several of them ? sent in affidavits of their circulation ; and amongst the rest was an affidavit Of the circulation ot the JViric York Herald. Of this document the following is an accurate copy : ? State of New York, ) City and County of New York. J James 'ju*i>o* Bennett, Proprietor of the newspaper published in the City of New York, called the Herald, anil 8. M. lUymond. Foreman of the Press Room of said Paper, and Georjre Whitney, having charge of the count ing of said paper, each being duly sworn, severally de pose and say, ard each for hi msell deposes and says, that the circulation of said paper for the month of June, lt?45, was in number* as copied from the book*, as follows 1315. June, Daily. Extrai. JPeekly. I 7,937 .. 2,842 .. ? ?J : 13,128 . . 5,030 . . ? 3 12,213 . . ? . . _ 4 12, 14* . . ? . . ? 6 12,114 . . ? . . ? 6 12,063 . . ? . . ? 7 12.86'1 . . ? . . 12,801 8 7 .290 . . ? . . ? 9 19,122 . . ? . . _ 10 12,188 . . ? . . _ I I 12,165 .. ? .. _ 1 2 12,427 . . ? . . _ 1 3 11.966 . . ? . . _ 1 4 12,293 . . ? . . 12,259 1 5 7,091 . . . . _ 1 6 12,026 . . ? . . _ 1 7 12,717 .. ? .. _ 1 8 12.188 . . ? . . _ 19 11.745 .. ? .. _ "20 11,427 .. 2,887 .. ? 2 1 12,281 .. 4,763 .. 12,096 2 2 7,070 . . - . . ? 2 3 11,960 . . ? . . ? 2 4 12,05.7 . . ? . . _ 2 5 16,189 .. 6,230 .. ? 2 6 12,177 .. - .. ? 2 7 12.231 . . ? . . _ 2 8 12.111 .. ? .. 16,330 2 9 7.300 .. ? .. _ 3 0 12,064 . . ? . . ? 345,048 20.762 . 68,186 Making an aggregate circulation of the Daily, for one month, of 315,048 Weekly, for one month 53.186 Extrai 20.752 Of the Daily, Weekly and E*tras for the month of June, 1845 418,986 The highest circulation ol the Daily Herald, during the Inst year, being the last Presidential election, was in numbers ai follows: ? Daily. Extra. 18,240 2,8*0 Making the circulation of one day 21,120. The highest circulation of the Daily Herald, during the present year, reached 16.199, with a supplement of | 5,230? making 22,41# in one day. JAMES <i. BENNETT, S M. RAYMOND, GEORGE WHITNEY Sworn to this 3rd of July, 1845, before me. by James G Bennettand Samuel M. Raymond , and affirmed to thii 3rd July, 1846, before me, by George Whitney. ISAAC O. BARKER. Commissioner of Deeds. According to these and other returns, the New York Herald and the New York Sun, were entitled, under the law of Congress, to the printing of the lists of letters. They presented the most indisputable evidence, verified on oath, of h iving the largest cir culation, each of thrrn, in this city, and probably the largest circulation of any two independent journals in this country, or throughout the world ! Each ol them claimed a circulation of about forty thousand, of all kinds. But the details of the circulation of the Herald were given as we have stated them, by which it appears that, excluding Sunday's, our spe cific daily circulation is nearly thirteen thousand ? by far the greater part of which is in the city of New York It is?true, on many occasions the Herald daily circulation has reached tuleein and tevenUen thoiiMind , but thes? are at exciting times. As to the circulation of the Sun, wedu not esteem it as of any particular moment, in view o( the character of a leading newsimper. That sheet has more of the character of a hand-bill, issued daily by a pro prietor of four or five banks ? some broken, some suspended, and some yet going on. It is merely used a? the vehicle of this banking confederacy, and consists principally of extracts clipped from other newspapers, being altogether destitute of the elements of nn independent, busi ness, intellet r irtl, philosophical journal, according to the principles and character of journalism in the pre sent a j?e. We claim, therefore, to be, in point of business circulation ? influential circulation, and in tellectual und moral influence, tht largest ettab i$h ment and the mont widely circulating and moit ex tensively read journal in the United SlaUt, and we be lieve in the world. Of this there can be no doubt from the facts presented on oath, and now in posses, sion of the Post Master of this city, und of the de partmental Washington. If anyone requires fur ther confirmation, let him come to this office, and inspect our books, which are all open to any inqui rer after the truth. Now on the presentation of these facts, itjnight be sup|>osed that the PoBt Master of this city, and the Post Office Department, would at once have selected the New York Htraid as one of the papers in which, according to the law of Congress, the lists of letters were to be printed. Heaven help your innocent soul, no such thing Instead of selecting the New York Herald they substituted in lta place the Ntw York Tribune- a papar rnaepsd in abolition, folly, ?? fidelity, demoralization of society, and various other I iniquities, as its respectable brethren of the whig party in this city all acknowledge with shame and 'ndiguation, ? and which, according to its own showing, sworn to, and now in the archives of the Poet Office, possesses a circulation of seven thou satui one hundred and fifty-two in this city ! ? And yet setting aside our extensive aggregate cir culation?all our country circulation, and look ing at the items, which we presented in our affi ! davit, it must be clear to every one that our city circulation alone is ut least three thousand or four thousand beyond that ol the Tribune, and far beyond that of any other paper in the city. Since we sent in our returns to the Postmaster, our daily circulation, it is proper to add, has increased over one thousand, and our weekly in the same pro portion, making our daily circulation about four teen thousand per day, of which, about eleven thour and are issued for the city, making the aggregate circulation over forty thousand copies of all kinds These are the facts ? plain, cogent, and indispu table. The Postmaster had them before him. He could not, the unsuspecting reader will say, have re sisted the inevitable conclusion that the Herald was entitled to the selection of the department as one of the advertising papers in this city. Gut it appears that the Postmaster of this city does not reason in the way usually adopted by intelligent and honest minds. Neither the old nor the modern systems of logic recognize it ? yet it is probably older then either. He evidently requires, at all events, his premises to be peculiarly established before he can see his way safely to a conclusion. Setting aside, al together our sworn statements, demonstrating the superiority of our circulation, he selects a journal of inferior circulation ? a journal, too, against whose assaults and those of its party, we have again and again defended this same individual, when we considered him to be unjustly assailed, and when none other than an independent journal like ours could have been found to st?p forward in his behalf ? However, that is hardly worth mentioning. And here let us say that we care nothing for the paltry remuneration of one or two hundred dollars for ad vertising the lists of letters. But we do care for the truth ? for justice? for an honest and honorable ac knowledgment of facts. But neither truth, justice, nor fact have-been regarded in this business. And this gross violation of the.law of Congress? this open *nd flagrant disregard of fact? is justified by one of the most paltry and pitiful specimens of pettifogging that ever appropriately marked and accompanied a paltry and pitiful act of injustice. In reply to our appeal to the President for an explanation of this extraordinary affair, we received the following sin gular communication Washington, July 20, 1846. Dkar Sin, ? 1 am directed l>y the President to enclose you the copy of a report made to him from the Post Office De->artment upon a reference of your letter to it. It will also super sede the necessity of a reply to your letter of the same date, addressed to the department on the same subject. 1 am very respectfully, Vour obedient servant. C. Johnson. James Gordon Bennett, Esq., New York. Pbst Office Dkpartmfnt, ) ? _ July 19th, 1843. \ lo THi. Prk<idkmt of the United States Dear Sir A letter addressed by James Gordon Dennett to the President of the United Stages, complaining of the deci sion of the Postmaster at New York in the selection of two newspapers ior the publication ol letters encalled lor at his o.tice, has been referred to this Department, and h?s been carefully examined. By the Act ot Congress of 3d March, 18-26, section 26, Postmasters were directed to have published a list of the letters uncalled for at their respective offices, " in one of the ne wspapers published ar or nearest the place of .heir residence, for three successive week*," or, instead thereof, they were directed to make out "a number of such lists, nnd cause them "to be posted up nt such places i/i their ricinity as shall appear to them best adapt ed for the information of the parties concerned." of the id July , 1836, section 2/>, directed the publication of such lists of letters under the direction of {_ostniaster General "in more than one newspaper." 7 he Act of the 3d March, 1845, provided that "all ad vertisements made under the order of the Postmaster Oeneral, in a newpaper or newspapers, of letters uncall ed for m any Post Office, f hall be inserted in the paper or papers of the town or place where the office adver tising may be situated, having the large, t circulation and further directed, that "in case of question or dispute as to the amount of circulation of any papers," the Post " s receive^ evidence and decide upon the It was made known to the Department by the Post master at New \ ork, that some newspapers in our large fities, particularly those devoted to leligious subjects, on lil have a larger general circulation than any others, whilst their circulation wiihin the delivery of the Post OHice was very limited, and thus the intention of Con gress in the passage of the several arts to give notice to the parties concerned." be entirely defeated, and the Department be subjected to the expense of publication * ti.OUd advantage expected to be derived from it. . Postmaster at New V'ork was advised that it was the intention of Congress to have the lists of letters un called tor, published in the paper or papers having the largest circulation within the delivery of his office or it* wcinjty, and that he s.:ould select the two papers ha ving the largest circulation in the city and county of New ? ork lor the publication of the lists of letters remaining uncalled for in his office. In pursuance of these instructions, the Postmaster at -New V ork addressed a printed letter to the several edi tors in New ^ork, prescribing the manner in which the application should be made and the kind of evidence re quired, to enable him to decide which of the papers had the largest circulation within the city and county of New York. Application for the printing of the lists of letters was made by several editors, setting out their circula ln S? mann?r prescribed, accompanied by the pro per evidence. James Oordon Bennett also applied oving the general circulation of the Herald, and disre! ^rding that portion of the instructions which required evidence of it$ circulation within the city and county of V'wiork. The Postmaster at New Vork, in deciding upon the several applications, adopted the principle which is recognized by law as the proper rule in makine r^IrT Ti v! ,e trai?sP?rtatiou of the mail, that of dis* regarding all bids which are not made in the mode and 7id"n^ pre*",be^. in the notice. On that account, he ' "? ,i "'de.r lhe application of the Herald, and gave !h t Lr2 ,g*? ,!le.two papers which had applied having Vorlt circulation within the city and county of New can be n.? doubt that il *?? the intention ef Con '.1 "thue Parties concerned," of the i iT ? ,n..the 0,hce' and this object was to be promoted by the direction to print in the paper having ft k ' at,<m~th0 Part'e* interested were pre sumed to be at or near the office to which the letters tT,?n J .u' an, .the pa,,,,r having the largest circula t on within the delivery, would moit likely give notice o those interested, and meet the wishes of Congress. A recent application from the Postmaster at Lexington, Kjr., furnishes a i case strongly iHustrating the propriety of the course adopted by the Postmaster at New York.? \n abolition paper is said to be published in Lexington, ^ the.largest general circulation, mostly in tae Northern States, whilst its circulation within the limited' ? ?r withinthe Sute- u probably very The rule adopted by the Postmaster at New York to ,'he largest circulation within the city an.' ha v!! h ofNe|'' lork' was probably the best that could have been selected to meet the objects of the law The ?rVdo"te." hy- the f?"tmastor at New York, was ' 18 instructions of the Department, and his con duct meets its entire approbation. I have the honor to be, very respectfully, yourobd't serv't. (Signed,) Johnson. 1 his Report of the Department, is certainly one of the most extraordinary specimens of reason, fair ness and candour, that ever emanated from any pub lic functionary, Sancha Pan/.a could not surpas* it. Just look at the strange mixture of petti fogging, in solence and quibbling, which characterizes it The reference to the religious newspapers is an entire b?gi?in^ of the question, and is besides a falsifica tion? a downright and positive untruth. Jt is not true that these pajfrs have the largest aggregate cir culation, whilst the allusion to the rejection of u newspaper published in a small town in Kentucky, because it was an abolition |?aper, in justification of bestowing the patronage of the Department on the principal organ of the fanatics of tne North, could only have been made by such a profoundly acute, sagacious and reasonable mind as that which dictated this report No one knows belter than Mr. Morris that we had the lar gest circulation in this city ; and 'lis mean and miserable excuse thai we did not comply with the requirements of the Department is quite charac teristic of the man. C-ould lie not at once have ob tained any further information besides that contain ed in our affidavit 1 Here see the wonderful fideli ty of this officer to the law, and his agonizing anxie ty to do his duty to the very letter. The true secret of the whole business is this ? some pitiful private motive| actuated the conduct of the Post-Master ? what it is, we know not. And now are we not presented in thi? case with a pregnant and significant illustration of that narrow contracted spirit of unfriendliness to the new post o ir system which animates the officers of the Department 1 If the operation of thia spirit be no' ? ipeedily checked, the difficulties will increue, and j the ?y?t?m will b? abruptly put aa tad to befor* i haa had a fair trial. We aee ia other cases how the clause in the law prescribing the mode in which Post-Masters are to forward subscriptions to newt paper proprietors, has been made the means of op pression instead of benefit. The clause in its prac tical application lias been burdened with restrictions and impositions of one per cent here, and two per cent* there, and three per cent elsewhere, until it is generally abandoned, and newspaper proprietors are under the necessity ot requesting their subscribers to return to the old system in that particular? tranwnit bank notes as usual, but ilont touch Post -Office drafts. Let Mr. Polk see to this matter. His ad" ministration is in a very critical state. Let liim take care. A departure in any instance from common sense and strict justice in the management of the public affairs may pro duce the ruin of the administration in a very few months. Clouds are gathering? distant mutterings of thunder are heard? the heaven gather blackness? :i?storm is evidently approaching. The wise and the honorable minded man only is safe in such a crisis He prepares for the tempest. He rides out the fury of the hurricane. In the full sincerity of our honest aid patriotic desire to promote the best interests of the country, we advise Mr. Polk to inspect carefully rhese signs of the times and take the proper course. \s for ourselves, we care nothing for the Post Office printing, but we do care for the maintenance of the truth as respects the character and circulation of our lournal ? we care for the prosperity and success of the new post office system ? and we care for the re" dress ot the great wrong committed in a mean and pettifogging spirit by the Postmaster General, by which the truth and the law were violated, and un due and dangerous importance given to a disorga nizing, anti-rent, abolition journal, which is at this moment doing more to demoralize society than all the other organs of infidelity, false philosophy and rebellion that ever existed. Our Packet Ships, the Atlantic Steamers, and the Ocean Packet System ?The quick pas sage of the Cambria, the arrival of the Great Bri tain, the magnificence of the packet ships Liver

pool, Henry Clay, Siddons, and Yorkshire, now in port, astonish the public, and lead the minds of en terprising men to something still more extraordinary in the ocean packet system. All men, like Captain Eldredge, Mr. Collins, Capt. Nye, Capt. Hosken, and Capt. Bailey, are highly pleased with the vessels under their control, yet their energy and elasticity of enterprise, are constantly seeking something swifter and more splendid. It is worth the walk to visit the monstrous steam er Great Britain, and then the packet ships Liver pool, Yorkshire, and Henry Clay. As a monster, as a beautiful specimen of naval architecture, the Great Britain is a wonder. Her construction, her principle of propulsion, and her success in crossing the Atlantic, after all that has been said, are facts of no little moment in the history of ocean steam na vigation. Yet, in the progress of ship building, las exhibited in tht packet ships now at their piers, there are facts equally as striking and fully as ex traordinary. Those who have examined the cabins, the means fcr comfort, on board the Liverpool, or Henry Clay, and on board the English packet steam ers, do not hesitate to assert which is preferable. ? Those who have gone over the ocean once, are aware that a big, broad, angry wave strikes the steamship iu a way that is frequently startling; not, however, because the said wave is bigger or broader than any one that may strike a packet ship, but because a passenger, in his supposed knowledge of the construction of steam vessels, with their pon derous machinery amidships, imagines too much for his comfort. Steamers, except such as the Pre sident, are nevertheless strongly built, and are pro b.ibly safe enough. All but the ill-starred President have been successful, and several have now been running across the Atlantic since 1838. Strangers in the city should make it a part of their pleasure to see the packet ships of New York, as well as the ocean steamers. Let a comparison be made in every man's mind. Let speed, as well as other qualities, be taken into consideration. Quite a Failure. ? The meeting of colored citi zens, called by public notice, to assemble in Union Hall, Anthony street, last evening, was entirely a failure. Only one person was there at eight o'clock, and up to nine there were not more than half a score assembled. What is the meaning of this 1 Do the colored people take no interest in the Convention question, after all the noise of the abolitionists 1 ? "D'ye guv it up 1" The Independent Police.? Several of the old police officers have established an Inde|iendent Po lice; they have opened an ollice, No. 48 Centre street. Troops for Texas. ? The ship Kalamazoo, Capf McCerran, has cleared 1. r Texas. She takes out the Flying Artillery, from Fort Hamilton. City Intelligence. Smokix; ix tub Street*. ? Yesterday, in posting down Broadway, we observed a lady, who appeared very uneasy, and continually crossing from one side ol the walk to the other. Upon looking lurther, we saw the cause ol her inquietude. A large fleshy negro was walking n few feet in advance of her, and pufliing away with all his might at a long nine, the smoke blowing into the lady's face. She sidled and sidled, but the walk wa* not wide enough to prevent the smoke from reaching her. and she finally got rid of the nuisance by crossing over on to the " (hilling side."' There ought to be one street in the city where ladies can promenade without being an noyed by the smoke of tobacco. Nothing certainly pos sesses a better flavor, and tends more to dispel the little cares that flit about the soul, than a mild Havana or a real Principe. But smokers should be selfish in their enjoyment, and never furnish others with the smoke that belongs to them. In Philadelphia, the city author-, ities have prohibited smoking in the markets and public squarei. We hope the good sense of our citizens will prohibit it in Broadway and the Battery and Park, so that when " those seats" are placed in the latter, the la dies can enjoy the shade of the trees and the cool spray of the tountain, without having them mingled with ex ecrable smoke of Connecticut tobacco. The OMNiBt:sses.? It is well known that, like Mrs Caudle, we don't "often speak," but the omnibus nuisance is fnst increasing in all its disagreeable parts, ami demands immediate attention. Hardly a week passes, but a new omnibus is added to the list, which is already much too long. It is a displace that Broadway should be blocked up with omnibusses. Il any one wishes to learn the practical part of geometry, the cutting of lines, co-lines, and tangents, with the lit tie excitement of knowing that his life depends upon their accuracy, he cannot do better than cross and re cross any part of Broaiiway from Wnitehall to Blcerkci street II he escapes with his life, he will become an adept in a very short time. Tho omnibusses ought to be excluded from Broadway entirely. It would be but ? slight Inconvenience to pussengcis to step to the side ?ti eels instead of going up f!ioi?dway, while it would in calculably improve the appearance of tl.e street, anil al low persons to cross it without tieing obliged to wail upon *h? curb fur a (,ood chance to dodge, and then knowing that their lives depended upon their dexterity, r'.xc.lndu the omnibusKcs from 15 roadway, or give us an over-head or under-ground railroad. Where are ihi Hiiiluh-s. ? The magical disappear ance of all Ihe sixpences and shilling*- hus earned much conversation among the brokers. Where have they gone f Who baa got t.iem ? Ey what m>;aiis have they been taknn away 1 Soine say the mint is melting thein up Hopu so, but don't lieliev c it. Otheis sa/ the oyster bo.it captains have taken thein to circulate in Virginia, and yet another p.>rty say they are bought up to circu late in '1 exas. All this is doubtlul. One thing is cer tain, the six,.ennies are ill oft. Who can throw any light on the mibje'it. Warwinu to Cabmen - A r ibmnri named Dennis Oat ii. 1 -i duvet in the employ met t ol .(?? n c i ullionri, was jroiight up butoie the JiistiCi ?>( the Kotlith Usidi i.urt, charged wilt' extorting dou le tho usual tare from ? gentleman whom tie convej ed from tne I'aik to Omen w icti street I ne proprietor ol the rah was fined ?J.IO anu co?ts >13 in all. This should op 'rate as i. warning and example. If all on whom extortion is practised bv cab men would pursue the same course, there would soon he an end to it. Ftrk. ? A fire broke out yesterday afternoon, about two o'clock in the distillery of Messrs. Johnson Ik Laiarus, at the N. L. corner of Kohiuson and Washington streets. It orignated :u the engine-room, and was subdued in a short time without much damage. Captain Matsell and a number of the star-police wete promptly on the ground and assisted the firemen materially by keeping bark the crowd. A good move, which it is to be hoped will be continued at all fires hereafter. Coroner's Oriiit, August 14th.? Sudden Death. -The Coroner was called this morning to hold an inquest at No. 31 Orange street, upon the body ofa colored woman of very intemperate habits, namod Kliza Phenix, aged about 40 years, who died suddenly last night from the ef fects of intemperance Verdict accordingly. Mexican Affairs.? The iV. U. Bee of the 6th inat., aays : It has been intimated in the papers of yesterday, that Mr. Arangoiz the Mexican Consul for this city, intended closing his Official business here, to-day. Wc can state, positively, that such is the fact. Persona having business with the Consulate, will, therefore, bar* to bring It to a oUi? diulag tho day. Theatricals. Pare Thiat??.? M'lle Calv6 had lut night ? iplen did house for bar benefit ; tbe audience surpassed in number aay ona we have yet ia?n at the Park this sea ?on, and of courie this artist must have felt flattered at this display of good feeling towards her. The perform ance began with ",Le Protege a very amusing vaude" ville, in which M'me Richer had anothor occasion of giv. ing proof of her talent as a comedian. She was perfectly successful in delineating the character of M'me do Mar . bois. Mr. Mathicu, who aated in this vaudeville, exhibit, ed his usual talent ; we only found one fault with him ; he looked too often at the prompter's box, as if lie wished to get his inspirations therefrom. This was the fault of the prompter who should be always on the i/ui vivr, and ought never to suiter an actor to stand waiting. Mr. Mon. tasier acted in this Jplay also and went through his part with much skill. This wan followed by a pat de deux by Mr. Martin and Miss Vallee, who danced it both with great nicety and lightneis. Mr. Martin is a very graceful and expert dancer, and Miss Vallee, although a very young one, exhibits already much tulent. After this M'lle Desjardins danced a /jus ??l, with her usual skill, and was called again by the audience, who thought her performance too successful not to have it encored. Last ly, " L'Ambassadrice" was given; M'lle Calve (Henri etta) was a^ain in this opera what we had seen her in " La Killo de Regiment," the sprightly and spirited ar tist. M'lle Calve may perhaps be equalled in the role of Henriette, but she certainly cannot be surpassed. This opera seems to have been composed especially for her, and Henriette was first acted by her in Paris, when she still belonged to the comic opera. M'me Mathieur, " M'me Barneck," acted her part with the skill she has always exhibited as a comedian. M'me Stephen Cceuriot, " Charlotte" was perfect in the delineation of that eccentric character, and highly pleased the audience with her singing and acting. Mr. Montas tier played again in that opera and was as successful as in the vaudeville. This artist wants only suitable rotes to become a great favorite, for ho is a comedian of great abilities. Mr. Butcher, who acted the part of Benedict, was pretty successful, and would have been still more so, had he had more time to prepare himself, but it should be remembered that within the last two weeks Mr. Bus cher has received daily new roles, far above those he was accustomed to, and his timidity is therefore very ex cusable. As it was, he sang tolerably the duo of the first act with M'lle Calve. Mr. Bernard personified also very well "Fortunatus," the director of the Opera, and sang well the air, Che gusto, fc. of the first act. Something occurred in the course of the performance to mar the pleasure of the audience. M'me Casini, who had also a part in this opera, was taken sick. We perceived it in the beginning ny her voice being scarcely audible. We did not kuow however how to account for it, when all at once, in the ninth scene of the second act, M'me Ca sini, who had just xe- entered the stage, complained of feeling unwell, and immediately fainted into the arms of Mr. Buscher, who had run to her assistance. The per formance was interrupted for a few minutes, and two scenes were omitted on that account. It was resumed a short time after and continued without any further accident. M'me Casini came back in the 3d act, and al though evidently feeble, remained on the stage until the end. M'lle Calve, as is usual at representations for be nefits, received further proofs of the high estimation in which she is held by the public by a number of boi/uets and crowiis of flowers being sent to her from all parts of the house. To-night, for Mr. E. Prevost'g benefit, will be produced, for the second time, "Les Huguenets," the first repre sentation of which met with unequalled success on last Monday night. Mr. P., the leader of the orchestra, is well known to those who have regularly attended the representations of tho company, as they nave had many opportunities to notice the efforts of this artist to deserve the approbation of the public, and the talent with which he went through the intricate and difficult task, which has been entrusted to his musical powers. This gentle man has made himself so popular with the habituis, and the opera selected for his benefit was received with so much~euthu8ia;m before, that we feel confidnnt that his benefit will be such as amply to satisfy the public and himself. Bowery Theatric. ? Last evening Damon and Pythias was again presented to a crowded house. The lovers o1 the legitimate drama cannot spend an evening to better advantage than in soeing Mr. Scott in the characters which he if now performing at the Bowery; and then to seo the beauty and style with whicli the new theatre is finished,' is worth double tho price of admission. ? Mr. Davenport appeared as Pythias ; Mr. Henkinsas Dyo nisius ; Mrs. Phillips as Calanthe, and Mrs. Madison as Hormion. To-night a most excellent bill iR presented? Know les' admired play of "William Tell"- tho gorge ous legendary drama of tlia " Sleeping Beauty," and the " Golden Farmer," in which Mr. Hadaway performs the laughable character of Jemmy Twitcher. Let every body go early. Castle Garden. ? The Som-Am-Bull-Ole is to be re" peated again to-night. This parody of one of the finest I.nlian Operas, has become very popular for tho effect it produces on the audience. Two Overtures ore to be played, in addition to the mock opera mentioned above, and these, with Mr. Parsloe and Miss Pray, who will ap pear again in one of their favorite daiices, will make an evening entertainment not to be disdained. Niblo's ? Benefit ok Ma. Broukham. ? Thero will be a crowd to-night to respond to this admirable actor's call on the public. Tho pieces are well chosen to bring out his peculiar humor? Placide and Chippendale give their powerful aid. The "Nervous Man," and "Irish Lion" ? the former piece is excellently written and as well acted and the latter creates roars? of laughter we mean. ? Placide is very happy in Aspen. To-morrow evening is the last of these two capital artists. A comic burlesque Opera is in rehearsal, we hear, in which T. D. llice en acts the hero. Vac x hall Garden.? Oieat attraction to-oight again' The same bill to be repeated, with the same array of talent. Welsh &. Mann's unrivalled Equestrian Company gave an evening's entertainment in Syracuse on Tuesday. Signor F'ico, accompanied by Signor De Begnis give a Concert in Newport on Monday evening next, and from thence proceed to Canada. The Italian Opera troupe arrived at Vera Cruz 011 the I.'ltli ult. The company, Borghese and all, started imme diately for the city of Mexico in the stages. Mrs. Mowatt has succeeded triumphantly again, and this time before a very select and discriminating audi tory, at Saratoga Springs. Mrs. A. H. Black, formerly of Pittsburg, died suddenly near Cincinnati on the 1st inet. Miss Bramson is giving concerts at New Bedford. The New York Equestrian Company are to give two exhibitions at Newbury port in the course of the piesent week. Mrs. H. Hunt took a bene fit last Tuesday at the Buffalo theatre. C. W. Hunt took a farewell benefit on the 13th inst. at the Boston Museum. Mrs. Maywood took a benefit at Montreal on the 12th instant. Mrs. Charles Howard, late Miss Roslna Shaw, wa< drawing crowds at Montreal on the 11th inst. Mr. Dan Marble is engaged at the Buffalo theatre. Mr. Benie and company lelt Pattersonville last week, and new perform in Franklin, La. Chippendale is now in Philadelphia. Ltinneford, the manager, lias turned " mine host," and keeps a Bioadway Restaurant, rnlled " Tho Byron." ? He should have dunbed it the " Antigone." Movements of Travellrrs< The influx of travellers ami casual visitors at the prin cipal hotels, appears uuabuted, in lart yesterday, the tra vellers seemed to have increased four fold. Although an observer of the departures by the evening boats would have supposed that the city was exhausted of all its supernumerary and transient inhabitants, we found <it the Amkrii:a* ? J Lindsay Gillespie, Phil a ; Messrs Weir, I'age. and Harrison, West Point : Com Itidgley, U s N ; rhos Kenedy, Columbia, 8 C ; Slater Kirk, Penna ; S W Kitr.immon, Natchez ; Mr Geo FiUiinmon, Geo ; J Van diM pool, Albany ; (ien liarrett Wall, jr, N J ; T Blanch ard, Boston ; S B Stone, N O; Messrs Cushard Cowlos, Geo Kennedy, mid Morgan, S C ; P Barney Hayes, Phil* Ajtoii ? -Thos Hemphah, Phila ; J Holmes, do ; ( harles Hill, Washington ; W Denies, Boston ; E K Sltermuu. Sy incuse ; .1 I. Moss, Phila ; A B Coleman, N O ; two Dells ; Cnpt Ktrador, Richardson, and Short, Louisville ; Com Shields, U S N ; N rhillips. 8 C ; C S Dantzer, 8C; W Waldiou, Mich ; R T Hooper, Columbus, Benj Make peace, Providence , G. Powell Wilmington ; A Leaven worth, Vt ; VV Stevenson, Providonce. Cm. ? J W \rcher. Burlington; Com. W F Shields, U S N , J Morland, Havana; E E Eyre, Philad; Lt Weld, I' S A; l)r Haw, Washington; Jos. Bonavila, Richmond, Va . J Hurt, Philad; J B Biirrett, N C; J K Morgan. St Louis: Kogersonand ide, Boston} J < Bacon, Ky.;Coi. Dim ton, U S A; JO Oldiner, N O. Fhinius.- J M lioenu, Iltica; F. W Hudson, Cle\c land; I' Marsh, Toronto; C Foster, Muh?; Ld. Hour, Con curd; J 8 Heveland, Boston; Messrs. Massy and Holmes, Pittsburgh; T I) Dana, Boston; 1. S Warner, Loitis ville ; R P Perry, 8t Louis; A Van Allen, Kloderhook. Olose.? Mr. Thompson, Toronto; Geo Uin-lilan, N B; John '.IcCowan, John E Phelan, Jacksonville; Meiliri Clarke and Smith, U HA; H McCall, Phllud; J Knox, Washington, 1) C. Hon.in ..? I Watson, Boston; Jesse Patrick. Troy ; Jos Keeves, t'liilrui; P lUgors, do; IV Haskell, Boston; W ?ones, ?1entreal; II HrtKer. N O, Hobt McOill, Boston; I VV I' tstoi! Wheeling; J W shaw. Bui' ; ff G viatthewe, Fayotievillc, J VV'ail.ce and Robt Ru?*ell, 1'enn; Joseph fcckioM, Jos 8 Lemian, Boston; IJ ll.ilioway, Pni hidelphia, hou W Moffatt, Mr Holmes, Montreal; Ar thur Koy, Bait; J Gidoou, Washington. Brooklyn City Isi(?-11Ik mice. ? i. f0/ "V1"' "loop sunk in fifteen lee? of water near the Atlantic dock, on Wednesday. Sim had just arrived from the east, spruug aleak ami sunk before the hands conl I save her cargo. They escaped, however, by cling ing to the rigging. Rail Cam \*imi:s Beta Waoons? Yesterday forenoon a railraod car, used for transporting dirt near the Atlantic dock, run into a wagon loaded with beer bottles, making ind havoc amongst the beer, mead and gingor-pop, and injuring the wagon considerably. The horses were dis. engaged before the car struck. Bor Drownkd in Brook lti?. ? About ?l o'clock last evening, a One boy about seven years of age. while bath ing with a number of others in Storm's Creek, South Brooklyn, got out of his depth and was drowned. His name Is Morgan, and his parents reside in Oheren's build ings. Baltic street. A few weeks sinoe these people lost another child by being burned to death. Court Intelligence. IT. 8. M**sii*i,'s Oinrr.- Aug. 14.? Gnatavus M. Holmes, mate of the schooner November, wai arrested on a charge of cruel and unusual treatment towards one of the crew of uld renal, on bar lMt rofCgo to tfejs yort Pensacola, Aug. 6. 1845. Important Naval IntdKgtnce. The squadron, exoepting the brig Somen, left here last week for a short cruise down the Gulf. The Potomac f rigate is now oft the harbor, beating in ; previous to her leaving here, she was reported leaky, and it is presumed has returned upon that acco jnt. The Somers was to have left this morning with des patches for Vera Cruz, and is now awaiting the ar rival of Commodore Conner in the Potomac. She will probably leave in the morning. Com. Latimer is enguging all the hands he can urocure, both me chanics and laborers, fie is malting preparations for building u dry dock, Arc. Several vessels are daily expected from the North, to increase the squadron. 1 shall, perhai>s, have some information to give you in a few days. Police intelligence. , Aun. 14. ? Highway Robbery? As a stranger in the city' whose name was not ascertained, was passing through a street in the neighborhood of the Five Points, last night, he was knocked down and robbed of his watch, chain, seals, ice., worth about $30, also $35 in money. Subse quently officer dickering arrested a man wno gave hU name as John Dunn, charged with having committed the assault and robery. Dunn was sent to prison to await his trial lor the off'ence Burglary ? The dwelling No. 18 Frankfort street was burglariously entered on Tuesday night last, and robbed of $80 in silver eoin, u ailver repeating watch and a high ly finished dirk, with which the rogues made their es cape. Another Burghry?A young fellow named Frederick Johnson was this morning arrested and committed to pri son for burglary in the third degree, having forcibly en tered the stable of Mr. John Lowe, of the Tenth avenue, between (ilst and 62d street, with a view of robbiug the premises. William Parker, coachman of Mr. Lowe, de tected Johnson in the pet of forcing open a second door which led to the room occupied by the coachman, and wherein was kept hi* clothes, a watch and a sum of money. Conutructive Larctny. ? Officer Rue, ofthe Independent Police, No. 48 Centre street, this alternoon arrested a person named John Spencer, who keeps a second-hand boot store at No. 87 Centre street, charged with having committed a constructive laiceny under the following circumstancos : Mr. John Gillespie, of No. '205 William street, went to the store of Mr. Spencer on Tuesday eve ning last and purchased a pair of boots, for which he agreed to pay $1 in money and his old boots, and took out oi his pocket what he supposed to be at the time a $2 bill Shortly afterwards Mr. Gillesitie discovered that he had hanJed Spencer a $20 bill, anu proceeded to the store of the latter for the purpose of having the error corrected. Spencer however denied that the bill given him was for the amount stated, and ordered Mr. Gillespie out of the store, and threatened to kick him out if he did not go. The facts being made known at the Ihdependent Polico, officer Hue took the matter in hand and went to arrest Spencer this afternoon, when the accused threat ened to take his life with a shoe-knife in case the officer should molest him Spencer, however, was finally taken into custody, and the money recovered, while the accu sed stands committed to answer for the offence. Rescuing a Prisoner.? Samuel Bernard was arrested and committed for having attempted to rescue a female named Charlotte Dunbar from the custody of policemen Sherwood and Wetsell. Another Cane.? Patrick O'Brien was also arrested for a similar offence, having attempted to rescue from the cus tody of policeman Matthewson, of the 17th Ward, a pri soner named Dennis Madden. Patrick and Dennis were both locked up to answer for their respective offences. Stealing from the Burnt District.? Two men named Jnmes Kelly and John Welsh were last evening arrested for stealing bar iron from the ruins of the late fire in Broad street. Theft of Money ? Kdwaru Jones and John Shepard were arretted this morning on a charge of robbing the money drawer of C. Nully. Riotous Conduct, f-c.?A man named Charles Billings was arrested this morning for riotous conduct and mak infuse of threatening language to officers Cosso and Betty Thefts.? A female named Mary Conuelly was this morning arrested on a charge of stealing a castor and four bottles from the promises of Cornelius Salmon, corner of Mott and Chatham streets. Another female named Mary Ann Fceney was also brought up and de tained as an accomplice in the offence. Patrick Power was brought in for stealing some old copper, the proper ty of F. K. Collins, from the pior foot of Pike street. Money Fvund.? A small sum of money and a note or due bill was this morning found in the Park by police man Munson, ofthe lith Ward, to whom the owner may apply. Theft of Clothing.? John Moon was this morning ar rested by policeman Feian, charged with stealing u quantity of clothing found in his possessiomand concern ing which he could not tell a very s.raight-forward story. Jltumpt at. Larceny. ? Henry I> rancis (black) was last night arrestod charged with an ottempt at larceny ; bo was observed to go into the areas of three different dwel lings and try the basement doors. Buknos Ayues. ? We have received Buenos Ayres papers, La Gaceta MurcanlU , to the 9th of June, in which we find some articles of intelligence which will he new to our readers. The following statement, which we translate from the Oareta of the (Jth, may be consi dered as semi official, as it is evident it would not have been published without the cognizance of the govern ment : ? "IVe learn that Senor D. William Bient, Jr., Charge of the United States of America, has communicate J to our government, in the name of his excellency, the Presi dent of the United States, his profound regret on account of the movement of Captain Voorhee* in seizing the Argentine squadron, and liberating six sailors, na ives of the United States, who had voluntarily enlisted there. The government of the United States, anxious to preserve the most friendly relations with the Argentine Confederation, and to maintain, in case of actual wai , the most strict neutrality between contending parties, linn given orders for scrupulously avoiding everything which can havo the loast tendency to diminish the good understanding between the countries. For this reason his excellency, the President of the United States, is im pressed with profound regret at this unfortunate (dugrn ciada) occurrence lie only uwaits Commodore Turner's official narrative to express himself decidedly with re gard to Captain Voornees' conduct. Meanwhile, with out this narrative, whicli was not received in Washing ton at the end of December, he understands that Capt. Voorhees has acted without the orders of his govern ment. His excellency, the President of the United States, has directed that the Argentine government shall bo assured, in the most positive terms, that, as soon as Commodore Turner has given an official explanation of the transaction, the government of the United State* will hasten to do all which justice may require on the oc casion." Bloody Tragedy. ? On Saturday last, one week ago, and old Cherokee man, named Cramp, went to a house, on Van Creek, at which a young Cade wa? eat- I ing breakfast. He walked up infront of him, pushed him back from the table and said ue was much ol a man. 1'his h? repeated, and then drew a knife and inflicted a wound that almost instantly terminated the life of his uns uspecting victim. But the tragedy does not stop | here Theie being at the house, at the time, a young Justice, who made some remarks about the act and -aid that the perpetrator of it should be arresie I for trial.-? Cramp made at him with his knile. Justice mceded some distance, but finding himself closely pursued, seized a hoe and with a single blow on tiio head killed Ins | assailant. Cramp was laboring, it is said, umter the i effects of whiskey, that piutihc source of eril in our . country. Justice immediately surrendered himseli and ' perhaps underwent a trial on Monday last. ? Cktrckee i wrfi'., July 24. Movements of the British. ? We learn from ? good authority that the Kntinh have a steam war ?hip of the largest sue laid up at Peuetenguishine, about ? ?2U0 miles from Mackinac, with a full crew in attend ance, ready to sail her at any moment. They have had hut one company there until recently. They now have two full regiment* of Highland Dragoons, and have en larged and fortified more strongly the barracks at that place. Until latoly, the British have been in the habit of paying our Indians annuities. But our Government i.io tested against it, and broke it up. The Indians have heretofore lived on Druinmond's Island, American terri tory. But now they have neatly all moved to Alanitoii* line Islands, the property of Oieat Britain, where ihey are fed, clothed, and provided w.th arms and ammuni tion by British officers. On the Vlanitouliue Islands there | are now from threo to four thousand ludun warriors. ? , Chicago Democrat, 7tli init. , Mexico and the United States ? Nothing can { illustrate more forcibly, perhaps, the difference be tween the Anglo Saxon and the Spanish system of Colo- ? nization, bud races, than a co parison between the | growth and population of the two countries namod at the J head of this paragraph. . In 17911, tlie puptnation of Mexico was 6,270,000 ; in IHt.', ic v. as only 7,0IA,u09. Ju I7.i3, tlio population of the United States was 1,041,*' OOd ; in 1*10, it was 7, 230,800 ; in 1**0, it was I7,?70,00(l. * Both countries have broke away from colonial bunt*-! n^'c both had to endure a wasting revolutionary war, ' and both are now independent. Vet with what difference . ol power, ol happiness, and of freodom ! In Mexico, it in believed there are fewer peoido who cun 1 aud and write than there are iu the United States who canvot. That single fact is lull of significance. Murder ok Oregon Emigrants?' The Bainbridqe ! (Chenuiigo county, iN. V ) tiagle, ha- been Uvored with a letter from .VI r. A. Russell, of Platte City, Mo.,' Hating that a letter had been received 111 that place from thn captain ol the company, who left therein lay last for the Oiegon territory, giving information of the, murder of two of the company by the Sioux Indians, on? tue upper l'latte River. One ol the unfortunate indi-' vidua Is murdered was Aluis A Robinson, of i'i oft I county, in this State. The particulars of this lamentable ! occurrence are not fully stated. Mr. Robinson was young man, and left home in Aug , 1840, with a view of settling in Indiana After remaining in that State some time and finding his health had become impaired, lie left lor the Mate ol Tennessee. From thence he proceed*1') to l'latte t. ity, Mo., und seeing the flood of emigratiou . directed toward the Oregon, it seem* he determined upon trying hi* fortune in that new and diitant region -the hazard of which ha* com him hi* life. ? Damage by Lightning ?A correspondent 1 Ltuxbury, furnishes us with the following particular"1 About fetir o'clock on Tuesday morning, a cloudsur charged with electricity , passed with gieat rapidity over Duxhurr. The lightning first struck 11 dwelling bouse | iu which were ten persons In bed, in the different sleep- ? ing rooms, lending the chimney and interior of the houn; to shivers. But although the house v.as thus torn to; pioces, no one inmate ol it was injurnd in the slightest, degree. A lew moments alter this, a meeting house With-. 111a ihort distauce, belonging to the Methodist Kpiscopnl, churcli was struck by lightning, which tor* the chimney , to nieces, and scattered tho bricks in every direction, anil to great distance*. It tore up the floor In severel place*, and passed in almost every direction through the insula of tho hou*e, damaging It inoiu or !?** In iti coursi' and firing the rubbltb under the floor The A re wftt ?o?n ?EtlaguUhed

Other newspapers of the same day