Newspaper of The New York Herald, August 18, 1845, Page 2

August 18, 1845 Tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 2
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NEW YORK HERALD. New York, Monday, Augut 18, 1843. News from K a rope. The Hibernia, Captain ltyrie, with a week's later news from Europe, is now due at Hoeton. She has been at aea thirteen days. An Extra Herald will be issued immediately after the receipt of her news. War with Mexico. The prospect of a war between the United States and Mexico is now the topic of universal interest Every body is speculating about the probabilities o' an immediate and serious collision between the two countries. Financiers are big with schemes of an ticipated successful operation. The timid are near ly frightened to death. Wise men wonder why the President has not yet summoned Congress together. Father Ritchie cracks his jokes and his walnuts and laughs at the solemn countenances round the table, silently admonishing him to awake to a sense of his duty. Sunday newspa|>er editors, living on the crumbs that drop from the tables of the daily press and kind-hearted restaurateurs, shreik out " war !" " war !" " war !" and in every direction you find that the question of our relations with Mexico, and the chances of a war, is the all-ab sorbing subject of inquiry and discussion. No wonder, indeed, that the public mind should be thus seriously and universally awakened to a sense of the pressing importance ol the present con dition of the national affairs as respects our rela tions with Mexico. The latest intelligence from Mexico confirms all that we have again and again predicted relative to the course which the government of that country was likely to take an opposition to the consummation of the annexation of Texas. It is now perfectly appa rent that the settlement of the boundary line be tween Texas and Mexico will be effected only after a serious, and it may be, protracted struggle between the two countries. Mexico has rei>eatcdly declared that she will never consent to a recognition of the Rio Grande as the boundary line. But the United States must insist upon that at all hazards, and we h ive already taken the necessary initiatory steps. Cftr troops occupy the disputed territory. They will maintain the claims of Texas. Mexico ha denounced this movement as a direct and open act of hostility, and declares her determination to re sist it. Friendly intercourse between the two go vernments has been formally suspended Our com merce is avowedly threatened, and we expect by every fresh arrival to hear of the issuing of letters ot marque and reprisal by Mexico, and the commence ment of that systematic assault upon American trading vessels, for which we have been for some time pist pr-pnring our readers. The intelligence wh ch we published on Saturday last is sufficiently significant, and fully confirms these views. We are not left any longer in doubt as to the course upon which Mexico has determined What is to be the result of all this 1 That is the inquiry which suggests itself at once to every re flecting mind. Mightier consequences are to be evolved from the events which are now developing themselves, than many are able to imagine. We believe that we are now in the commencement of a new era in the history, not only of this republic, but of the nations of the world. It is only the true phi losopher who can rightly and intelligently explain the history of the past. It is the very highest exer cise of true philosophy, rightly and intelligently to discern the present ? to anticipate the future, and from the shadows which coming events casts be fore them, to deduce the appropriate conclu sions ? teaching, warning, advising, and lead ing men in the path of duty and of safety. ? The present is one of those epochs which at once invites and commands the exercise of such philoso phic thought and admon ition. Let us, then, in all humility ? whilst the President and his Cabinet are peacefully dozing, and the leaders of the people are forming profoundly cunning schemes for the " suc cession," and the government organ deals out its bastard witticisms ? let us calmly and sincerely re gard the present aspect of affairs, and see if common svnse and a little sober reflection do not help us to some not altogether unprofitable conclusions. It is now nearly one hundred years since the first decided murmurings against foreign tyranny and misrule began to be heard in the North American Colonies. Gradually that awful wailing of outraged and trodden-down humanity swelled into a loud and warlike strain, that broke upon the affrighted ear of ancient despotism, and summoned the followers of liberty to the rescue. In rapid succession followed fresh and more provoking aggression ? remonstrance ? insolence ? entreaty ? injustice ? petition ? rebel lion. The oppressor filled up his measure of ini quity and wrong, and the glorious struggle of the "Revolution" began. Then, Freedom dressed ia blood- stained ves To every knight her war-iong ?ung? and the fields of Lexington and Concord? of York town and Saratoga, gave everlasting token that the summons wus not unheard. The British yoke was thrown off, and colonial servitude was exchanged lor unshackled independence. That was the begin ning of a new and glorious era in the history of our race. Afterwards came the French Revolution, with all its tumult, biood and terror? its awlnj processions of carnage and revenge,? its shifting and stormy scenes of popular disorder and riot, ? like one of those terrific visions that make up the distempered dreams of wicked men. But yet that awful event was full of glorious import to mankind The allied despotisms of Europe crushed, it ie true, the master-spirit of that day, and restored the ancient dynasty. But amid all the din and tumult of that troublous time, the ear of faith heard ringing out, distinct and clear, the knell of despotic government. A new day dawned on mankind. The heopi.e, a power before unknown, had carried away the eates of Gaza, and, emancipated, stood in solemn gran deur on the plains below Since that epoch ? the birth of civil and religious liberty ? the newborn power of the people has grown up into gigantic stature. As the enchanted hero of one of our sublimeht poems exclaims, after awaking from his sleep of a eentury ? " Behold, the twi< to which I laid my head, Has now become a tree !" So growing and expanding, the sapling which was planted at the very dawn of the American Revolu. tion, and watered by the blood of thousands of mar tyrs to liberty, in this and the ancient world, has now struck far and wide its roots, and defying the utmost f ury of the tempest, offers to all men shelter and repose. The infant confederacy of thirteen States, has become one of the mn?t powerful and in" fluential nations of the earth. Man has been awak* ened from the sleep of years.. Over all lands a spirit has taken wing which is destined to carry civil nnd religious liberty the ends of the earth. Everywhere ' the people are arising in vindication of long violated rights. Steam ? the railroad - the magnetic tele graph? science tn all its departments, are g ving new impulses to the onward movement of liberty and the people. Such is the period when we see the Mgns of ap proaching war? and such we believe is the begin ning of another age ? a second century in the histo ry of free government. We may be now on the very eve of a terrible revolution amongst the nations of the earth. Petty and insignificant as this colli sion with Mexico may appear to some, yet out of it may grow, and that speedily, a conflict all over Eu rope, between the oppressor and the oppressed France and England may be drawn almost as it were insensibly into this quarrel about the settlement of Mexican and the Texan boundary, and a Heries of events follow, which will usher in an era in the his tory of mankind still more glorious than that which we have been endeavoring feebly to describe Opposition to Nbw Havkn.? The steamboat Buf falo has commenced running to and from New Ha ven, daily, at cne-half the usual price. This ar rangement was brought about by the frequent so. licitation* of a number of niiztns of this city and New Harm Gkokqktown College.? Some of the letter wri ters at Washington have been circulating various statements calculated to injure tins excellent estab lishment. The Exprtat of this city published some days since a letter affecting to give some startling information relative to an alleged recent papal bull requiring the ecclesiastics connected with George town College to refrain from any association with their fellow-citizens of other persuasions, and some remarks of a similar tenor were made by ?ne oj our own correspondents. We have reason to know from the best uuthority (hat these statements have been altogether incorrect, and we do not doubt that they were originated by persons who are jealous of the extraordinary popularity which this seminary has acquired under its admirable system of man- ' agcment by President Ryder. There is no know ing but some of Dr. Ryder's own " very particular | friends" may have had something to do with this piece of business. The real facts are these. Dr. Ryder is now on his way home from Italy, but in the meantime it is understood that the Rev. Mr. McElroy, of Frede rick, Maryland, will be appointed president of the college during the ensuing course of studies, and that the Rev. Mr. Mulladoy, its present head, will be stationed at St. Joseph's Church, Philadelphia. We have frequently, during our visits to Wash- j ington, had the pleasure of personally judging of : the excellent system of education pursued at George- I t >wn College, and the exemplary character, con duct, and proficiency of its students. Both male and female departments are conducted in the most ellicient 111 inner. Again and again we have been favored with an Opportunity of attending the i examinations of the pupils, and on every occasion we have be?*n extremely gratified by the evidences of their progress under the admirable system of in struction to w hich they ure subjected. In science languages? philosophy ? music ? and all the branch es of a thorough and elegant education, we have had abundant proofs of the ability of the teachers and the diligence of their pupils. Indeed, the estab li?hment is a model worthy of general imitation, and well deserving its popularity amongst intelligent men of all denominations throughout the land. Re-Opening of the Park Theatre ? The Park ts to be re-opened to-night, and a tine array of dra in itic talent graces the announcement of Manager Simpson. Mr. and Mrs. Charles Kean ? Mr Lacy ? Mr. Brough-Mr. Reeve- Mrs. Mowatt--Miss D'Arcy ? Miss Moss ? Miss Horn, and many other stars o^ ; greater or less magnitude are to shine during the coming season, which we have every reason to an- ! ticipate will be prosperous and brilliant in the ex treme. The appearance of Kean and his wife on our ; boards will he a counterpart to that of Forrest and Vlis* Cushman in London. Whatever may be 1 thought of Mr. Forrest as a tragedian, and our opinions are well enough known, and not altogether > singular, yet if it be true, as has been stated, that a I regularly organized effort to put him down was made in London, we do think that we of this region are called upon to exhibit our sense of the injustice o' the enlightened and liberal British critics. Let us then give Kean and Miss Tree, for by that so much esteemed name we prefer designating her, a recep tion as liberal as American hearts can dictate. Kean is only a second or third rate actor, but his wife is one of the most beautiful and classic actresses of this or uny other age. Let both have a good reception, and let us thus put to the blush ? if that be possible ? the illiberal and blackguard critics of London who hissed Mr. Forrest purely because they had com bined to put him down. The New York Custom House. ? Mr. Walker, the Secretary of the Treasury, denies that he has at all interfered with th? appointments and removals | in the Custom House of this city, and avers, posi tively, that he has left the whole business in the hands of Mr. Lawrence. Well, be it so. But Mr. Lawrence don't at all satisfy the patriotic democra- 1 cy of the ancient school in this region, from what ever quarter he obtains his instructions. The wor- 1 thy democracy of the Morning Newt called for 41 any good democrat" in the place of Mr. Van Ness ; and when the President affectionately gave them Mr. Lawrence, they called out ? " we asked for bread and you gave us a stone," and so they have called out ever since. There's no satisfying a certain class of the democracy. Lake the soldier ! under the lash of the drummer, they won't be plea sed, no matter how Mr. Polk gives it to them. Derangement of the Post Office Department The public press begins to call out against the pres ent miserable management, or rather mismanage, ment of the Post Office Department. We really be gin to fear that we are to be cursed with a repetition of the loggerheaded administration of its affairs which oppressed us in the time of poor Mr. Wick lifle. The Courier and Enquirer of Saturday last had ait article very properly denouncing the want of anterprise and efficiency of the present Postmaster General. This is only the commencement of the deplorable condition into which this department must fall under its present narrow-minded head. The revenue is diminishing ? the new system dees not get fair play ? and the greatest disorder will pre. vail before the meeting of Congress. Steam Ship Cambria, Capt. Judkins, left Boston on Saturday afternoon for Liverpool, with ninety three passengers, ten of whom are destined tor Hali. tax. Among the number for England, are the cele brated vocalists, the Hutchinson family, Don Anto nia (i. V'iza, Spanish Consul, and Edmund A. Grat" tan, Ksq., British Vice Consul, also Gen. Welsh of the celebrated equestrian troupe. Movement of Traveller*. Yesterday, as a Sandav, the Hotel* were unusually thronged not so much from the quantity of fresh arrivals, as lroin the reluctance of many previous travellers lo move on such a cay, and the ab?ence of the usual facili ties of transport. There are at the Amkrica*. ? Thomas White, Ky.; James Mulhollon, Charles lteade, Baltimore; George Little, Natchez; A VV. I arr, New Orleans; VV. Gatchell, W. It. Morris, Baltimore, Robert Howe, J. Worthington, Cj tcimiati; Js. Dugold, Mich; Mr. Deliletts, < anada hast; K. B. Ward, Va.; R. R. Warner, Geo.; K. Griffith, Phila.; I'. H. Dickinson, N. C.; Mr. Cathcart, Washington; D. \V oodruff, Tuscarora. Autor.? H. O. Heath, N. O ; ltooney and Murray, Baltimore; Judge Douglas Florida, T. Andrews, N. O ; Ji. K. Danbrav, W. B Taleferio, Va.; W Biowell, Low ell; Mr. O'Kill Stewart, (Quebec; W. T. Reynolds, lit 1 timore; W. Howard, Augusta, Geo ; Mr. Cohen, Toron to; J. W. Stanton, N. O ; W. McNorton, Alhanv; Dr. Barton, Havanna; Mr. Shaw, Montreal; Messrs. bowler and Cunningham, N. O.; W. McLain, Washington, Chas. Hosier, Baltimore; Mr. Devan, J. L. F. Scott, Washing ton. Citt.? E. G Briggs, Boston; J. K. Lucas, U. S. N. ; J. M.Lathrop, Georgia, R Field, Tennessee, T. Haywood, Maryland. J R. Johnson, Arkansas; A J. Irvine, Ala bama; John Read, do; J. Meggett, N Orl ; W. 8. Wheat ly, Fort Otsego; J. H. Provost, New Orleans; I. Haw lev, Georgia; K. H. I'almer, Philadelphia; W. Cassidy, Albany. Frankliu? -W. R. Blake, Philadelphia, W. W. Klmer, New Orleans; Richar I A. Wynne, North Carolina. S. Ilaugh, Philadelphia, P. G. Madegan, Montgomery, Ala; B h. Cutter, Louisville; Thos F Carpenter, Providence; 11. P. Resa, Cincinnati; C.Davis, Pittsburg; Aug. Sto vermon, Philadelphia; S. White, J. Brown, do; Col J. A. Rogers, Tennessee; Major J. C. Camp, Tallahassee, Florida; E Hoar, Masauchusetts. Ot-oac? H. (foodwm, Worcester; W. Thomas. Phila delphia; H L. Tai?ett, do; W. Lawrence, Boston; W. H. Lollaad, New Orleans; George Jones, do; F. Benares, Louisville, Ky; A B O. Aogstan, J, Bousquet, Merrima chi; Baron Oerolt. Washington, D C. ; P. H. Kelly, Lexington. Howard ? L. H Hale, Boston; J. L. Henshaw, Wash ington; W. Strong. Reading, ltd. Moffatt. Baltimore; 8. WT Barfleld, Atqens, G; N. ( lark, do, II Lilly, Kay ette villa; G. R. Wilson, Georgia; Captain Pea rce, Troy; K. Kvans, Montreal; Jos Knapp, do; M. Keith, Baltimore; B. Nason, Florida; < has. II Butler, New Oileans; H. L. Robinson, Roxbury; R. and J. 9 Mitchell, Alabama; Mi.-rdrr in Montreal.? On Tuesday night a murder of an atrocious character was committed on board a barge lying at the foot of the current, by Michael Lambert, the captain, upon the person of Pierre St. Tho mas. Lambert and 8t. Thomas owned the barge between them. They had had some words about midnight, and I.ambert took up an axe with which he struck St. Tho mas on the forehead fracturing his skull. A piece of bone ruptured one of the arteries of the brain, and caused his death. A coroner's inry sat on the body on Wednesday and returned the following verdict we find that the deceived, Pierre 8t. Thomas, came to his death by a vio lent blow, wilfully ir.flicted on hi* head, with sn axe, by one Michael l.ambert, of the Parish of Lanoraie. The coroner issued his warrant immediately for the appre hension of I/?mbert . and Subchief Constable Jeremie started in pursuit. The murderer crossed the river in the morning and w?s suen last on the road to Ctwmbly. ThealrlMli. Park Theatre. ? The popular play of tha " Lady of Lyon*," ii to ba produced tbii availing for tha re -opening of the Park. Mri. Mowatt will appear in tha character of i'auline, Mr. W. H.Crisp aa Claude Melnotte, and Mr. Ban a* Col. Oainaa. This celebrated play will ba fol lowed by a grand pas dt dtux, by the Minea Vallea. The performance will conclude with the farce entitled " A Roland for an Oliver," the principal charactera'Of which will be acted by Me??r*. Bass and Roberta, and Mr* Moss. The intense curiosity excited by the Europetn reputation of some of the artists engaged in the per formanco, will be gratified, and the public wilThave, this evening, an opportunity of judging for themselves of the talent of somo of the members of the new company. The plays selected for the occasion are such as will please every one, anil a just appreciation of the respective merits of the artists is to be expected from the result of their appearance in pieces in which the principal talent of this country has been seen oftentimes. Mr. Simp son's efforts to secure a good company, and the trouble he has been at to engage these artists to come to Ame rica, deserve a good patronage, some of which, in all pro bability, will not be witheldfrom him. Bowery Theatric. ? The success of this new theatre is unparalleled in the theatrical annals of this country. The house is every night crowded to suffocation, and notwithstanding its vastness, it can hardly suffice to ac commodate the crowd of visitois who nightly congregate within its precincts. Two plays of thrilling interest wil' be acted to-night, in which J. R. Scott is to act the prin cipal paits ? " Pizarro,'' in which ho will play Holla, an.) the " Shoemaker of Toulouso," in which he will appear aa Jacob Odet. Messrs. llenkins, Clarke, and llada\va> . and Mrs. Philips will also act in both, and will greatly contribute, by their acknowledged talent, to the enter, tainment of the evening. Castle Garde*. ? This delightful place ot" entertain ment, the only one opened on 8undaya, was crowded last night with lovers of religious music. This is, indeed a very agreeable retreat, and well deserves the patron age it receives nightly from the public. The burVrtv] ua Ethiopian Operatic troupe appear again this eroiung in one of their popular operas, "Black Uiavolo,* which i? to be acted with the original rnusio of the opera ot Fm Diavolo, of which it is a very amusing parody Mr Parsloe will dance a. pas comijut, au I by his agiUty add to the attractions of the evening, and to the delight of the audienco. Nihlo's. ? Rice, the renowned Jim Crow, commence* an engagement to-night in a new sphero ; the tragedy ot Othello has been adopted as au opera, and Rice enacts the sable Moor. We hear it is the richest travestie ever per formed and abounding in native airs. The piece is cast very strong : lugo, Mr. T. Placide, and to give additiona1 effect Messrs. Chippendale and John Helton play the Duke and Brabantio. und Miss Matthews appears as the prima donna iu Desdemona. Brougham, one of the greatest favorites ever seen at the garden is re-engaged and will " show forth "as the " Irish Lion." Vauxhall Garden. ? This place of amusement seems to succeed well uiider its present management. Many make it altogether their place of resort for the evening' and seem to be delighted with it. The bill for to-night is a capital one, and will, no doubt, meet with the appro, batiouot the habitues. Mr. Robert May wood, a veteran member of the pro fession and a versatile actor, is announced to appear at the Kugie street Theatre, Buffalo, during the ensuing week. As a delineator of Scotch personations, and indeed the higher walks of the drama generally, Mr. Maywood has stood for many years without a rival. His style is fine, and peculiarly his own. Welch, Mann & Delavau's Equestrian Company, are expected at Danville, Pa., and will perform in that place On Saturday afternoon, August 30th, the above company will exnibit at Williamsport the 25th, at Muncy the 26th, Milton the 27th, Lewisburg the 38th, Sunbury the 39th, and at Potts ville the 1st of September. Mr. J. P. Phillips took a benefit at the National Tlica tre, New Orleans, on the ninth of this month. Miss McBride, formerly of the Tremont Theatre, is now performing the leading characters in tragedy and comedy, at the Prince of Wales Theatre, New Bruns wick. The Swiss Campanologians gave a Concert at Mon treal on Friday last Mist Clarendon has made an engagement with Mr Skerrrtt, the director of the Montreal Theatre. Mr. W. H. Houghton arrived at Montreal a few days ago, and intends giving a Concert in the beginning of this week. Herr Driesback and his lions, are expected in Montreal on the 23d instant. Sporting. ? There will be some good trotting and pacing matches over the Union course to-day. City Intelligence. Summer Sundays. ? Yesterday was a good specimen of a summer Sunday in New York. The sun poured down his rays with a determined power, and the streets were well nigh deserted. The cnuiches, too, were not well patronised. People will not sit, in this hot weather, in a crowded church, without room even to change their po sition, breathing the air poisoned by a thousand breaths, and listen to the dull, prosy sermons, such as this hot weather can only inspire ; so the toil-worn artisan, who has spent the week in labor, goes with his wife and little ones into the fields of Ilobokeu or the woods of Long Island, where he can breathe Ood's free air, uncorrupted by the exhalations of the city, and scud up to Him, from a thankful heart, a silent song of gratitude, that he has the privilege of worshipping Him in one of His "first temples." And he returns at night to the city, with re neued vigor for another week's labor, such vigor as he would not have possessed had he remained all uRy in the hot city. Tho old puritanical observance of tbo Sabbath is fast lading away, and it is coming to be considered, instead of a day when the face should be disfigured, a day of relaxation from labor, rational enjoyment, and therefore ot thankfulness. Impositions or Cah Drivers.? Daily complaint* are made about tha exaction* of cabmen, who nevertheless continue as impudent as ever. Last night two foreigners were well nigh falling victims to the roguerv of one of the fraternity. After having agreed with the driver ol cab No. 114 to be taken to a certain part of the city, two gentlemen were outrageously abused, for refusing to give seventy-five cents to the driver, who declined going to an alderman to have the matter settled. Such doings should be put a stop to, and we hope that the Inspector will keep a sharp look out after the fellow, and all his brother knigiits of the whip, as this practice is becoming entirely too obnoxious to our fellow citizens. Sunday Excursions.? Probably twenty thousand per y>ns left the city yesterday on excursions on the North and > ast Rivers, to Staten Island, Hoboken, Coney Is* land, 'and other places of resort. The steamboats are doing a great business. Coronkk's Office. ? Death by Delirium Tremens. ? The coroner was called this morning to hold an inquest upon the body of James Dekins, a native of England, aged 28 years, who was found dead this morning in one of the cells of the city prison, where he had been placed the previous evening, in eonsequence of being taken thither in u delirious state by a policeman. Verdict? Death by delirium tremens. Brooklyn City Intelligence. Although some of the New Ycrk journals have re cently devoteil ? few occasional paragraphs to the local occurrences of the "Seventh City of the Union," but few, if any, of the conductors of those sheets appear to have extended their enquiries into Brooklyn matters, beyond those ordinary items ol news generally embraced under the head of "accidents and offences." Its rapidly grow ing importance ? as the seat of extensive factories, loun dries, storehouses, docks, and other large business and mercantile establishments? and its eitraordinary growth in extent and population, do not appear to have attracted the notice or excited the attention to which it is fairly and legitimately entitled. Nor is Brooklyn the only place in King's county deserving of a daily chronicler of pas? ing events, for Williamsburgh, with its ten or twelve thousand inhabitants, is soon destined to take a place among the sisterhood of c ities, and may be expected to claim her mo licum of tributo from the Journalist and Reporter. The Ilrrnld shall henceforth? if its presiding authority consents ? he the medium through which the various incidents worthy of note or comment, in Brook lyn and its adjacent towns, shall be truly mid impartial!) set forth. Many -.-vents there are of daily occurrence in this portion of the great "Slate of Long Island," which do not appear in the local newspapers, but which will hereafter? with the permission aforesaid? be duly and regularly recorded, so that the people u ill soon discover ?to the satisfaction of the majority. a:id the consterna tion ol a few? that "a duel's amaiig them Ukin' notes." At the members of the Common Council? taking pat tern by the '? congregated wisdom" of the fathers ol New York? have adjourned until next month, their acts and deeds will not at present meet the scan of the Herald'* Brooklyn scribe ; nor are the arrangements of the latter, as yet, completed for entering into a history of the vari ous institutions and public places of Kings county, which he will dliem it hi* duty to notice, with rigid impartiality and undeviating truth From the lart of Brooklyn having been not inappro priately, styled the " City of Churchei," it might rea sonably bo t opposed, by those who aie riot residents, that the multitude are remaikable tor a strict and proper observance of the Sabhath day . and, to a certain extent this is true. But, a* in the majority of large cities, there aro many lamentable exceptions : and, though its public authoiities areas vigilant and active, ami iti police as efficient us anv in the U. States, dog fights, riots, and dis orderly asietnblages of ruffian gangs in the streets, are by no means unlre(|uerit. on the day set apart for public worship and for rest. A proposition has been nibmitted hy the Vtavor for a new organisation of the |K>lice, and it is to be honed that such^action will be taken upon it as will effectually put a stop to the disgraceful exhibitions I have mentioned, and to remove frorn.the corners and side walks of street! the hordes ol infamo'us vagabonds, whoso sole object in assembling together is to insult respectable passers hy. If no other mode can be adopted for the sup pression of this most intolerable nuisance, an exposure of the culprit* in the Herald may have a salutary effect. A number of these individuals have, within a day or two last, been making themselves additionally ohnoilous, I'y interrupting a camp-meeting at Wallnhout, and some of them h?va been arrested, and, in default of ball, com rritted to prison. But more of this, and other important , matter*, to-morrow. Warren Tkaokdt Pardon I! kfi'hed. ? The New Jersey Court ol Pxrrions adjourned at Tren* ,".on having declined, after ? patient hearing of the application of < arter rind Parke, to grant them a pardon. Their case lias now been finally passed upon by nil the tribunals ol the State which have jurisdiction, end their guilt is established beyond a peradventure 1 hey are to be returned to \V?rrea county for f?cu tloa on the 99d ln*t. ' Latest from Mexico. Our last advices from New Orleans, bring us the following confirmation of the intelligence, (unoffi cial) which we gave on Saturday, relative to the closure of the Mexican Consulate at that port ? [From the N. O. Bee, of the 9th init.J We translate for the benefit of our readers the following notice, (published in Spanish,) by the Mexican Coiiul, ana addressed to his countrymen : Mexican Consulate, > New Orleans, August 8th, 1846. j Cv order of His Kxcelleucy , the President of the Re public, I inform the Mexican citizens residing in the Uni ted States, that His Excellency has determined that this Consulate be closed, and that 1 return to Mexico, taking with nie its archives, in consequence of the state of our relations with the United States. In compliance with this order, I will this day close my office, and will sail to-morrow for Vera Cruz, on board the Mexican schr. Ilelampago. K. Dk Arraxgoiz, Consul. The Mexican vessel Ilelampago, refused yesterday to take the mail we had prepared to send to Mexico and the Sandwich Islands. We learn that the other papers in the city have been treated in the same way. we are at a loss to understand the proceeding. Can it be (ulkiness ? or is there really an embargo or declaration of war, made known by the Mexican Consul to the commander of the vessel, which prohibit* him from the carriage of American mails ! As straws show which way the wind blows, perhaps, here may be found a true index to our international relations. Literary Notices. History ok the Schoharie County ? Maunsell At farmer, Albany ? A most interesting work and well got up, containing a vast amount of informa tion relative to the hard wars of New York, and a -ketch of the causes which led to the American re

volution. A valuable addition to the history of the country, aud of this State in particular. The work is tvell written and beautifully illustrated, and does in finite credit to the author, J. R Simms, Esq, History of tub Huguenots ? Lea & Bl.tnchard, Philadelphia? A very valuable work, ably compiled by W. S. Browing, containing u well digested ac count ol this class of religionist* up to the present time. Arercrombie's Essays ? Harper, Brothers, New York? A valuable work, from the nineteenth Edin burgh edition. 'Iiik Poetical Writings of Mrs. E. O. Smith ? lied field, New York ? A neat small volume, contain ing som* choice pieces ot this talented writer. The Improved Housewife ? Webster, llartford. According to the opinions of some ladies who have perused this work, it is a very useful publication, one that no housekeeper should be without, con taining near upon 1000 receipts, with directions for cooking, corning, dressing, and preserving every kind of dishes known. The New England Primer? Webster, Hart ford ? A f<ic simile reprint of one of the first primers ever published in this country, by the celebrated Cotton More of a curiosity than of value. The Yorwo Melodist ? New York ? A very use ful work for youug musicians, by Wm B. Bradbury, containing some pretty, social, moral and patriotic songs, with liistrMctions, Arc. A Chance Medley of Light Matter ? Harper Brothers, New York ? Some of the best papers oi die author of " Highways and By Ways," <Src., by T C. Gratian. Mesmerism ? Its Rise, Progress, and Mysteries, in all Countries. ? A most interesting and able work ?By Dr. K H ill ? It ought to be perused by every inquiring mind. It contains more information on ihe subject than some dozen more voluminous volumes. The London Lancet, lor August? Burgess, Stringer <Sc Co., New York ? A most capital num ber, containing some valuable lectures. Hunt's Magazine, lor August ? Hunt, New York ? As useful and valuable as ever. Graham's Magazine, for. August ? Graham, New York ? May be interesting to some people. The History of Ireland, Part 5 ? Sadlier, New York? A very able work. Penny Magazine, No. 8 ? Redfiold, New York ? Plenty of matter and wood-cuts for the money? 25 cents. Devotional Family Bible, N9. 7 ? Martin, New York? This excellent work is gaining in public es timation rapidly. Confessions of a Magneti/er Exposed ? Red ding, Boston ? A rejoinder to the pamphlet of Le Roy Sunderland. Those who have the one ought to read the other. The Mysteries of Berlin, Part 7 ? Colyer, New York ? Only three more numbers to complete the work. The Wandering Jew, No. 24 ? Winchester, New York. No, 16 of the same work ? Harper, Brothers, New York. The Edinburgh Review, for July ? Scott, New York? A most excellent reprint of the Standard work. Police Intelligence. Auoust 17. ? Highway Robbery. ? A man named Conrad Morcc was arrested by ofiicer Martin, about 3 o'clock this morning, charged with having knocked down and robbed Micnael Donohue of $5 in money, and n silk handkerchief. Moree was fully committed to take hit trial for the offence. .irrrst of supposed Burglars. ? The promises, No. Ofi Second Avenue, were recently entered by somo bur glars, who were surprised before thoy had an opportuni ty of carrying off any property. Last night two men, named James Moran, and Daniel Cast, or t ost, were ar rested on a chargo of being the offenders. Upon searching them, a chisel, a bowie knife, a sling shot, a box of matches and pieces of candle were found about their persons, evidently showing that they were prepared for the business. They were arrested by policemen Wright, Wilson and Cinnesly of the 17th ward. found Secreted. ? A fellow named Lewis 1). Beadle, or Bedell, was at a late hour last night found concealed up on the premises ol Mr. W.Johnson, No. 17 Kleventh st He was taken into custody and committed to answer. Dangerous Jltsault.? Three persons named Christian Moreau, John Tuttle and John G. Rehard. were last night arrested by policemen Cornell, Gardner and Ben thusen of the 17th ward, for having inflicted a dangerous wound upon the person of Jacob Hell. Charge of Grand larceny. ? A person named Cornolius Losing, was arrested on a charge of stealing a boat, sails, kc., the property of S. C. llirdsall, from Catharine Market. The accused contended that the boat had been purchased by him. He was held to bail in the small sum of $100 for his appearance. Another Case.? Henry Charloce and Sarah Crandall were arrested, and fully committed to answer, for steal ing, at various times, "silver ware, See , worth $.'>3, be. longing to Mr. Joseph W. Boody, of the Pacific Hotel, No. I(W Greenwich street. Theft of a Watch ? Patrick McDermott was arrested on a charge of stealing a watch from James Lyons of No. 36 Prince street. Robbing a Vessel? A. man named John Wilson was ar reste I by ofiicer Butley, and committed to answer for stealing $10 worth of clothing from the schr. Van Btiren, lying at the foot of Harrison street. The property be longed to Thomas Baker. Maiming ? A woman named Hosauna Smith was last night arrested and committed to prison on a charge ol severely wounding another feinalu named Levina Wil liams, of No. 44 Orange street, with a large knife. Theft of Money -Michael Baily was brought up and held to nccount for relieving a person named Boyd of $3 Thejt of Nooks ? John Williams was conducted to the Tombs and detained to answer for helping himself to a couplo of valuable books, from the store at the corner ol Fulton and Nassau streets. Petty Thefts? Andrew Long was arrested and commit ted to answer for stealing a hat, and assaulting policemen Files, Smith and Cherry. John McDonough was arrest ed by assistant Captain Dwyer, of the First ward police, charged with stealing bar iron from the ruins of the late great fire -committed. Thomas Huges was arrested and detained to answer lor stealing a box and some brushes, belonging to Stephen D. I. ay man, of No. 139 Hammond street. Sarah Ann Underbill, being in want of a further supply ol dresses, provided hersell with u couple from the wardrobe of a neighbor, for which offence she win locked up George W. Banker, also thought proper to increase Jiis own htock of clothing by helping himself to numerous articles belonging to somebody else. Ho wa accordlngly provided for in the Tombs George Cairns for a similar offence, met with a similar late. Corrertion ? In the caso of Benj. Christman, whose name appeared in the Police Intelligence, a few days ago as having been connected with the commission of some offence, the reporter has been requested to state, that the person ulluited to, is not Mr B. ( hristman, the respect ? h!? dealer of musical instruments and publisher, of No 404 Pearl street. Could'nt show tli' Star. ? A fellow named Johntiray yesterday thought pioper to " show off, ' by assuming the authority ol an ofltcei ; but a* lie could'nt let tho folk see that star, they walked him to the head quarters of Up ward, where he was requested to step up to the captain's ofllce and sottlu. Jlttempt at Pocket Picking, ? person named John Jen kins was arrested and held to answer for attempting to relieve some of his fellow citizens of their sp.iro cash. Theft of Clothing? A female named Sarnh Fulton was arrested and committed to answer for stealing a quantity of clothing from Margmet Stevens, No 74 (ircen street ? ?lllempted Suicide? A female named Jane llulbert, lost night attempted to drown herself in the Kast Itiver. She was seen to jump into the wafer. >v?s rescued, taken to the Chiel 's ofllce, and properly disposed of. Marion, Linn Co., low.t, Aug. 1, 18-15. Appearance of the Country and the People ? Crop * in the. Weft ? Farming irt Iwra ? Wealth of the West. The world wags on as ever, und I, being a little wiitfutf h, have waged my wajr nrrocB this vast con tinent to iIh centre, lo this most salubrious clime ? tli ih most beautiful and bountiful counlry? the terri tory of [own. I arrived at St. Leuis early in May, and harm# some concern an to a convenient passage tip the Up per Mississippi, J strolled along the wharf, where lay a half mile of steamboats, to see if I could, in a lew weeks, get a pussage up that river into the fron tier wild#, when, to my surprise, I learned that not a day passed without one, and sometimes two or three fine stenmers leaving for Iowa. Of St. Louis, let me say, it is destined lo become the greatest in land town in America. Its location is most beauti ful and advantageous for (lie future seat of govern ment of this migfiiy republic, provided the abolition ists will mind flieir business. I found two l acketn in port which made their re gular trip, weekly, to Uloomington, lows, 8W tniUs up thsj rivsr I embarked on board th? Msrmaid which landed me there in 2 days. Bloomington m a new village, 6 or 8 yeare in existence, containing about 1500 inhabitants Although my business war not exactly to seek the rude romance of the " Par West," I yet had expected to encounter it, and had so prepared myself ; but here I found very comfortable quarters at the hotels, and although many of the buildings are what we would expect, rude and rough, vet a more orderly, quiet, sober, industrious, social clever, intelligent, religious, refined, gay and fashion able set of villagers, are seldom to be met with in the older States ; and this remark will apply to the most of the people I have met with oa the " Frontiers ot Iowa;" a few exceptions, however> (no offence I hope to the "Corncrackers, Hoosiersand Suckers".) Then, again, if these Hoosiers hav'nt fed me, slept me and nea-bitten me, just to iny heart's content, and although they are not bookish in their manners, and although the squatters sometimes take {the law in their lists and rifles, they are not infested with a horde ot fashionable and highly refined vagrants, loafers, dandie s, and office-seekers, who sjionge, cheat or steal their subsistence from the more in dustrious. But to the subject of my letter. I intended to have written you comething of the Constitution of Iowa, and why she is not at tins time like Florida, a State of the Union, but more anon. To-day is tne gene ral election day here, and the people vote for or against the Constitution. A vote was taken last April on the Constitution, but it appears that the peo ple ot Iowa wanted for a State a much larger tract ot country than Congress was willing to grant, and, owing to that amendment, the people rejected the Constitution. But the country !? the prairies of Iowa? the beau ties of the scenery ? the smooth, dry, undulating surface ? the healthy apfiearance both of man and beast ? the richness of tne soil, and its bountiful and surpassing productiveness, has so engrossed my at tention and fascinated me here, that I have lo6t all affinity for the old sterile hills of Washington coun ty. Let me say to the farmers of New York and New England, (and I am a practical farmer, and ought to know) that if they have any inclination for the far West, they had better sell out this fall. The fall is the best time to move. It does seem to me, that when the present crops go forward to market ? the immense quantities of wheat, beef and pork of Iowa, the still greater quan tities from Wisconsin, Illinois, and Missouri, and the incalculable amount from the Ohio river ? the market will be overstocked Foreign markets will prevent the prices from sinking to ruin. But when the prices are somewhat reduced, owing to the im proved facilities of transportation, the products of this great valley of the Mississippi, are destined to bear iiard on the farmers ot the east. The wheat '?ron of this middle district of Iowa, will average 25 bushels per acre. There are farmers in this county, (Lynn) who have this year exceeded 3 000 bushels from 100 acres, and some of their lots will yield 45 bushels per acre, and that too where three or four crops haveibeen raised in successive years.? One man with four horses, (a change of team) w II nut in and raise forty acres of wheat, and with the lielp of the reaping machine, which has proved suc cessful here, will harvest it. And with the help of a boy, he will raise twenty-five acres of corn, fatten five tons of pork, five tons of beef, keep fifty head of cattle nnd horses, and 500 sheep. But with so arge a stock he will have to hire three hands one month, to put up hay, which grows on the prairie, and costs nothing. Die market at Bloomington, on the river, for two years past, 1 am told, has been ibout as follows : Wheat 50 to 62J; Pork 2 to 3; Beef 1 J to 2 ; Corn 10 to 25. This countv contains between 4000 and 5000 in habitants, ana is said to be one of the best farming counties in Iowa. Marion is the county seat. It has an abundance of water power. The Cedar river runs through it, a stream nearly as large as the Hudson at Troy, and will answer for boating in high water. This is fifty-five miles from Bloom ington, where the people of several counties about here do their marketing, and come from the frontier, which is fifty miles bevond this. This season has been most favorable for crops of all kinds. The harvest is in, without a grain being damaged. Colchester, (Conn ) Aug. 15, 1845. Examination at Baron Academy ? School Oratory ? Young Ladies' Department ? Literary Association ? Indies' Fair ? Grand Row. For a year or two past, I have read descriptions ot the annual exhibitions of the schools in " Bacon Academy," in your paper. This year I determined to be present myself, and send you the result of my discoveries. The situation of this place is delight, ful, the girls perfection, and the old folks, setting aside some of their assumed importance, full of ur banity and hospitality. They waited, with great im patience, for old Bacon to die ; and when, at last, he did so, they took possession of the thirty-five or forty thousand dollars left in his will, and built and en dowed the academy. All his property was left for the purposes of education, with the exception of a red cent, to an old faithful negro slave. Opposite the "Central Hotel," where I now sit, stands the academy, a tine brick edilice, and lofty buttonwoods on either side. A block ot granite is placed in the walls, over the door, with the words i' Bacon Academy." To the north, and next to the academy, stands the Congregational Church. It is very tastefully made, and the arrangement of the in terior appears t ? great advantage. The audience on a Sabbath will rival any city congregation, in intelli gence and refinement of manners. The Rev. Mr. Arnold, a man of singularly eccentric ma iners, deep, original und powerful mind, administers to their spiritual wants. The examination ol the smaller scholars commen ced on Monday. It was all very good, no doubt, but I did not take much interest in them. I only dropped in one day, and heard a'boy distressing him self and the audience with the hard words of scrip ture. Another scholar having adopted the godhead principle, and considering the exertion of tne lungs as constituting the main point of excellence in tnis exercise, delivered himself ot his task, as though he were driving a ten horse team through the slough of despond, and to the utter disregard and confusion ot all ssuch trifles as interroga tions, colons and periods. He proceeded thus until his progress was suddenly arrested by a hard word, and he nad liberty to sit down. Geography was in troduced. Almost every kingdom of Europe ex changed capitols in the twinkling of an eye ? rivers ran from the ocean to the tops of the mountains? und to complete the catastrophe, Africa started across the Atlantic, and came down plump on the back of South America ! The teucher hastily put a stop to t is "wreck of matter," before big own chair should slide Ironi und r him. The exercises ol the young ladies' branch was very interesting, and w?me of their compositions were excellent. 1 have only tune to give yon the following lirief description of the Tuiks, by Miss . "Nodir Whan, when encouraging the Per sian s to attack the Turks, said ? ' you need not have iny tear or anxietirisr, respecting this nation, :'or God has given them but two hands, one ? >1 which is absolutely necessary to keep on 'heir caps, and the other to hold up their trou pers ; and if they had a third, it would be em ployed to hold their pipes; they have, therefore, none to spare for a sword or shield. "* On til" "Vening of Wednesday, the "Literary As sociation" held its annual meeting. This society is composed of the senior class in the ac idemy, with the alumni as honorary members. They show powerful minds in the discussion of some of ih -ir abstruse questions. Instance the following ? "Su," ,M>se the moon is nude of green cheese, and three lozen of Willis's letters are equal to a cart load ol rotten squashes, how many cabbage stumps would it take to make a cord of hemlock wood 1" The oil in the lamps of the old snciety had stepped out, ind therefore the Methodist Church wis brill autly lighted for the occasion, and filled to overflowing Ilev Kzra W. Gillet, of New York, delivered th poetn, and it struck every note in the diapason of sentiment ami imagination, lie soared so high tbove the ordinary writers of the age, that there id difficulty in comparing hi* production with those of tiny other aspirant for fame. A friend of oars n is suggested that in was one of his sermons put into blank verse Fie was rather too limned in his selection of subjects for iscourse. We ho|?e that, another year, P?rk Benjamin, hsq. who is now a j resident of Norwich, and who sjient his early years in this place, will be selected to deliver the poem Debating societies have resulted in lasting b?n< i it to the rna-<s, and when united with " vill.ige li braries," they brim* the inirid into comae, with pictures of the great wsrld, with the latest discove ries in science, geugranh" and Hie ari<, and are widely useful. Howard and Franklin are beginning to share in the |N>puhr admiration formerly mono polized by Alexander, Ctesar, and Bonaparte. ? Won't the body polmcof 1/ , establish a library in connection with the E A- ? course i if ecientific and general lectures ! They woidd certainly be more uumerously attended th in tippling houses But we must open on the scenes of Thursday. A tent is erected on the ifrepn, in which is held the Ladies' Fair, the avails of which are applied to the support of a Colporteur in the Western States ? The place is filed to overflowing. Popics areas plentiful as snow Hikes, and melt uw?y us fast in the hi ream of social pleasure. .Some ar* wending liieir way to the exhibition rooms, where they listen to an eloquence that would have put Ci cero to the blush, and others to the spacious tent, w iving to the breese the stars and stripes. Re union* take place after years of absence. Each party as it COtne:i on. lias ita own peculiar pictu resqneness, ? the spirkling eye, the majestic move merit of the lady in black, the glowing check of the rose wreath. Not a little scandal is flying about.-? But n? for roundal, it is the most vulgar error in the world to think that it dota any harm. It vantilataa the atmosphere, and prevent! the intellect from be coming a congregation of vapours. Do you patronise play-acting 1 or do you think it very o-fie iikl II so, none of your mawkish morali ty now, for the band strikes up, and the curtain rises ?and so does the whole house. A perfect Bedlam ensues. Not fifty persons out of the thousands hear a word. The (tidies are chased up m front, the seats are broken, and so are heads, and the whole house ih knocked into pi. And where are the otficers 1 There they stand sucking their fingers. Is there any law 1 Is authority vested in any one 1 No, it mud br a democratic community. I do not hesitate to join in the sentiment ot reputable citizens in con demning the disgraceful proceedings. It was a complete beargarden, and the sooner the town send for an efficient police, or a caravan of high sheriffs, the better for their reputation. How the pieces were acted and spoken, I nor no one elte can tell you. The bills of the day had the fol lowing <?rder ofexercises. Prayer, Music, Salutary to Oration in Latin, "The" Press," "Party Spirit, "Scenes in the Opening of the American Revolu tion," "The Young Man," "Sam Patch," "Science in general, and Phrenology, Mesmerism and Fou rierism in particular," &c. In the alternoon, Greek Oration, "Statesmen," a dialogue, "The Women of our Country," "The Dangers of ditto," "The Student," und a drama called "The Robbers." In the evening, the "Colchester Amateur Club" had a performance, and the house was more orderly. They had "A Cure for the Heart Ache," performed by "Bashful Men," and " "fwas All a Farce." The c osing "Glee" was superior to any thing eke during the week. We noticed among those present during the week, ex-Gnv. Clett veland.Gov. Baldwin, Judge Oakley of New York, Hon. Eliphalet A. Bulkeley of East liaddam, and others of distinguished note. They appeared very much edified, particularly with the antics of theclownish crowd. 36 Wall (TictT, New York, Aug. 16, 1845. To tiik Editor of ink IIkrald : ? The Exjirtu of this evening states (in reference to the fire in Hammond street) that Mr. Morgan's loss is "$70,000. about one third of which was insured at the Crotou Ottice." The Commercial , same date, states Mr. Morgan's loss to "be about $35,000, of which about $10,000 is covered by insurance at the Crotou Office."? Mr. Morgan was insured by the Croton for $7000, and $?2000 of that amount had beou reinsured, leaving a risk of $.MK)0, and Mr. Morgan's loss will probably not exceed $3,500 altogether. N. Carroll, Seo'ry. Amusements. Grand Illuminated Flotilla Ball. ? The se cond grand illuminated flotilla ball will be Kiven by* Messrs. Parker & Kdge this evening. The first created the greatest interest. It was one of the most novel, rrcherche and delightful festivals ever got up on our wa ters. Its great success called for a repetition. The entertainments this evening will exceed in costliness and boauty the former festival. We have not room here to give a description of the varied ontertainments provided. The pyrotechnic display by Kdge will be worthy of his reputation; and.no one can conduct the ball more effi ciently than Mr. Paiker. We understand that the officers of the North Carolina and Great Biitain are invited. MONEY MARKET. Sunday, August 17?6 P. M. There has been quite a panic the past week among ?tock operatori, and quotations have steadily declined. Until within a day or two past Slate and Government stocks have been firm, but prices for these securities gave way yesterday, and sales were made at a decline of one and one and a half per cent. This is caused entirely by the unfavorable accounts from Mexico, and the probabi lity of there being a rupture between this government and that. It is impossible at this moment to tell what will be the rosult of a declaration of war against the Uni ted States by the Mexican government, but there appears to be at present very little cause for alarm. Affairs in that sectionj will, Without doubt, be brought to a crisis very quick, and the operations will undoubted" ly be confined principally to the territory in dispute ? Our commercial marine is more liable to injury than any other branch of business, but we do not hear of any pre cautions taken by our insurance companies, in issuing new policies, to provide against capture. The war clause has not, to our knowledge, been inserted in any policial recently issued by our Wall street companies There is very little doubt but that the Congress of Mexico will make some movement ihthis business, but it is the opi nion of many, intimately acquainted with Mexicanafl'airs, that a declaration of war will not bo made? that however anxious the leaders or the people may be to commence hostilities, the members of Congress are a moiecool headed body of men, and are perfectly well aware of the disadvantages under which their country lubors, in making war upon a government like the United States. A non-intercourse act, a withdrawal of all their consols and agents from this country, and every other necessary movement required to separate the commercial relation, of the two countries will bo adopted ; but we cannot be lieve that the representative part of the Mexican govern ment will be reckless or desperate enough to actually make a declaration of war against this country and in* vado any part of our territory. A few days, l.owovor, will settle the question. Affairs have reached a focus and must bo settled one way or another vory soon. Several of the fjney stocks have, during the past week, been rapidly approaching a level, somewhere in the neighborhood of their real value, llailroad stock# in particular have faM|n off, and Long Island, liurlem, Norwich and WorcjMr, and Stonington, have been selling at fifteen andflenty per cent below prices here- . tofore current for tKe stocks. They are selling now for all they are actnnly worth, but still there is a very great margin for a speculative advance. Many of the other fancy stocks*are now held at prices too high for an advance of any consequence, ami although there may lto sometime within the next thirty or sixty days an aeiive business done in stocks, and speculation to some extent may be carried 011, it must appear plain to all that those who operate for a decline will make the most money. We annex a tab^giving the quotations for stocks in this market for each day of the week just closed, also the closing prices for the week previous. It will be ob. gerved, on comparing, that thore has been a steady de cline in prices throughout the past week. Quotations ron this PwNcifAL Stocks in the New Yohx Market. Sal. M?n 'IVy. Weif. Th'y Fr'y Sitt. Urn* Island 65,'i M'i, 63^ 63 H 63 Vlohawk - - ? ? 58 ~ |l,r|,.in ? 66 ? 65 ~~ ft' CantouV. . ... ... . I . . 40 40 X 397/k 39 SB 37 37!,. Farmers' Loan 34)4 34,1* 34V 34 31|* ?;? 34 Vor. and Wor 69 t>? 68'4 67?.*, C6H 65 Ohio Sixes 97 - 90* 96 9B * - Illinois Sixes ? ? ? 37* ^ Ke^ckx8iV~::.".'.:>m - mx - io?* wx Penn'a. I1 ives 77 7(5), i6)4 76 76 74* StouingtoD ^ 30 29* 29 M* 28 2S)i Erie Railroad 29'.? ? 28-4 28 27 16 24 Virluburg ? ? _ ~ . .. Re?di?2"HR:. M 53* 53 43$ 4S? MK ? Morris CansJ 28*4 28 4 28 4 i# 4 27.4 27 UaitBottmi 13* ? ? ? ? ? ? A comparison of prices ruling yesterday, with those current last Saturday, shows a decline in Long Island of 'ij percent; Harlem, 3 ; Canton, 2J ; Farmers' Loan, 1 3 i Norwich and Worcester, Qj ; Kentucky fl's, J ; Stoning, ton, 1J; Erie Railroad, 3}; Roading, I; Morris Canal, 1J; Indiana sterling improved 1 per cent. The annexed statement exhibits the condition of tho affairs of the Planters and Merchants' Hank of Mobile on the Jlst of July, 1844, compared with the previous state" rnent made on the 9th of December, 1844. Pl.antkrs' and Merchants' Bank oe Mohilc. Dre. 9, '41. July 21, '44. lncr. Dec e. Billt receivable $118,938 $ 04.661 ? $?'.??I 811 .|iended debt 6H, ,62T? 637, M ? J.5W HenM 21,040 19,418 ? *.?32 Real Estate 662,906 681,. WO 18,690 ? Loss on n-ttlr'ts by comp'ise ? 2,776 2,776 $1,680,015 $1,646,395 #21,466 $55,084 UahilitUl. Dtc.9, '44. HvljftX, '44. Iner. Dec't. Circuit, on $10,890 $7,440 - $3.4.SJ Ind. deposits 17,074 4,224 - 12,0t? Cer. ific?tes at 8 per Ct. . . . 80,898 4B,?2 tlirr hanks 7.962 4 232 - 3.73J . One United St.tes Bank. 9,711 2J11 7.5M Dividends __?:!? ~ 1731 Total $135,951 $74,234 $61,714 The assets of the bank have only been reduced $33 ,640 while the liabilities have been reduced $01,714. The dxcesH of assets of the actual indebtedness amounts to $1 ,674,191. We annex the last three annual reports of the Ex change Bank of Virginia, for the purpose of showing the aggregaie movement at each period. The variation has been very trifling, and insulllcient to cause any material change in the commercial movements of those doing bu Nlness with tho hank, or in the vicinity of the institution, Exi tlANGr. Bank of ViHiiinia. . Istels. June 30, '43. Jnne 29. '14. July 1, '44. I.oans to individu ils, dir.. . ,$I,V78,496 $*, 213, 123 $2,346,719 Loom to theCnnimnnweallh of Virginia 60,000 20,000 ? Foreign Bills of Kxchange. . 48,346 36,221 1,340 Virginia St.it- Stock, itnn in t.'rrst due 257,390 247,396 271,831 Due l>y other bunks? vis: in account 129,934 188,929 ?' notes of Virginia banks 131,414 131, 962 V295.44I " nots.i of hank* rlirwlirre. . , . 44,889 88,819 j Real Estate? via: Bunking Mouses and Lots 82,935 82,550 :.2,|29 Specie 220,2811 354,138 287, ?*> $2,963 794 $1,404,622 *3,294,059 l.iahililit I. June 30, '43. Jiine 29, '14. July I, '4V CapiMlHtock $1,726,312 $1,726,112 $1,726.10" Circulation 422, ??8 OM..19I 0(i8,:?.l Due to other hks. in urcount 78,137 108,661 10,909 Dipo.it* 682,720 74?,:?8 733,191 Etcesi of A nets over Liabil ities 144,167 169,841 175,996 $1,903,795 $3,404,622 $3,294 The apgrcgutp movement of thil bank hai within tho , jr??r boon ?ll|htly roduood, whllo thore h$i been on itt?

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