Newspaper of The New York Herald, August 21, 1845, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated August 21, 1845 Page 2
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NSW YORK HERALD.) _ x?w Yorli. Thursday, Augiut 41, IMS. 1 lie Daih aud Wkkblt Herald can be had regularly fram W. A. Mundell, Marvin's Row, Saratoga Springs. War with Nrileo? 4iiothrr Step. The accounts received bv tin* way of Pensacola, and published by us 111 this city, yesterday, furnish us with the intelligence of another step taken by the Mexican government towards a war with the United States A pro/ft of a law for declaring war immedi ately an.l (or raising fifteen millions of dollars to car. ry on militai) ojierations, lias been presented by the Executive of Mexico to the Congress of that repub lie. rius took place on the 21st of July, agreeablv to tli* intimations given out by our previous accounts received by way of New Orleans. A measure lor the declaration of war was, therefore, at last ac. "ounts, before the Congress of Mexico, and theqves now immediately arises, what probability is there of that body passing directly and aJlimaltvely on the, measure and precipitating hostilities at once? On tl e probability of the Mexican Congress de claring w ar there exist various opinions. Many sup pose that they will content themselves with violent harangues against the United States and empty de nunciations of the annexation of Texas, but wil take care before they proceed to bring the country into a .-fate ol active hostility by any act of theirs.? 1 he pendency of a general election in that republic and the popularity sought tor by all parties, throws t lem in o violent opposition to the United State* an i ex .ressions of the utmost hostility to the annexation me sure. Mill it is supposed that good sense and dis cre ion?that the utter impossibility of such a weak power as Mexico contending sue eessfuUy with such a strong power as -he I n, ted Mates, will prevail with men of co.,1 "ess in the Mexican Congress, and prevent then, f rom putting the Rubicon at once. Manv, however, ditferfrotn these opinions, and with great probabili y, as being more accurate th*n those who entertain the contrary. The violent spirit? the recklessnese the ignorance and the folly which prevail in Mexico and moat pervade her counsels, m ly probably have a greater chance of succeeding 'than moderate ccun feels JU that alternative there can be no doubt that after a brief space of time the declaration of war will be agreed to, and then comes up the important question, how that is to be carried out, and what will be the form which the hostile operations o, Mexico will assume > , ft is utterly impossible for Mexico, in prosecuting a war with the U ited States, to reach us a. any tan . poUlt f ;ice? by ,he of letters of marque and reprisal, and thus attacking the American com merce that may be afloat on the Pacific. On the At lantic sea-board and along the frontier, they can be met with more than sutlicient force to settle the bu siness in a very short time, but on the Pacific, from the scattered condition of the American shipping in terests there it is possible, should letters of marque be issued, that the Mexicans may do us a great deal of damage, even in spite of the American naval force* in that quarter. In such a case, the United States government is prepared to strike a blow at once up on Texas from the Atlantic, and to proceed with the utmost promptitude and severity to punish al' t lose who may take part in theact of piracy, as it wil' be considered, upon American commerce. We do not think, however, that in case of violent or vin dictive hostilities on the part of Mexico, our go vernment ought to proceed a step without the ad vice of Cong' ss, which ought to be convened at Washington as soon as possible. Many of the ad visers of Mr. Polk at Washington, are in favor oi moderate measures-of preserving themselves on the defensive? but such a course of action it persisted in, will end in utter defeat and disgrace - -N othing but the most prompt, vigorous, determined and resolute conduct on the part of the United States government, in carrying on the hostilities, if they should occur, ought to be adopted and patron 'eed by the Executive, and in order to do that with ! c'a?d ,hf *;hole P?wer Of the nation, Congress should be called in order to enable the government lo equip a formidable fleet at sea. and a formidable army on shore, to carry out the war with vigor and despatch. The e fleet of this movement on the part of Mex ico, growing out of the Texin atlk.r, even with the apparent inactivity and neutrality of the great pow ers of Europe, is beginning to be felt in our com r/n'f II 7 ar?nS- The government stocks have been falling for some days, although the depres sion has not yet reached State and other stocks. In (act, the government stocks will be the first to fall, for the very first movement in the prosecution o. 8Uc.h f war Wl" re1u'K an expenditure of nearlv the whole of the surplus revenue now in the hands of the depositories of the government, amounting to eight or ten millions. An immediate demand" ol such a sum from the depos.tories, scattered through oi' ,hp col,ntr.v, would, of course, create a sudden pressure ln the money matket-a scarcity of monn and fall of stocks. This is the effi-ct on the stock market. In general commercial artairs the etrect i somewhat different. The imports from foreign ountues, r.tnee and England, are now, and for some time past have been increasing very rapidly. a_d are equal to, if not greater, than what thev w -re at any former period for some years past. Th", de*cription and character of the merchandise im ported in such quantities belong, probably, to tl.a class which is not freely and a, cheaply manufac tured in this country, aud, in the event of any diffi culty with European powers, would be the meanUof giving immense fortunes to the importers. Another singular effect growing out of this Mexican war will >e increased activity at the sea-ports and immense fortunes made by navy agents. Collectors and other officers cannot be benefitted at all by the9e expend i Z"' "" ??' ?> ?I1 ??n.ri"dT !????,. .gen,, of Ne? y?k_ prn?c?, month. , $100,000 each by their usual per centaee on the operations in behalf of the government. Tims stand our very peculiar relations with Mexi co at this time They are in a most intricate and important condition. A few days will determine, but at present it is the soundest |x,liCy for reason able men i to expect the worst, for the probabil.tief are decidedly in favor of war. Avoution Riots jit Lkxinoton, Kentucky. ? We have received a hand-bill containing an accounl of proceedings which have been Bent by a commit, tee to Cassius M. Clay, requesting him to discon tinue the publication of an abolition paper in that quarter. It seetnt there was a public meeting held, and that a series of resolutions were, drawn up, re qu?-!-ti n<; liirn to d'-siot from publishing his journal He has published the resolutions and all, declarinu his intention to publish the abolition pa|wr there The next mail will probably bring u.s an account of a riot in that quarter. Singular Defalcation just Discovered.? We understand that a singular defalcation has been dis covered in the money affairs of one of the Wall Mtcet jobbers that has patted out of existence. It amounts, it is said, in a series of years, to $10,000. It has created quite a sensation in a small commercial circle, and some projierty, in houses and lots, has been offered to hutli up the affair. Can the Courier fy Enquirer give us any light on the subject ! From .Jamaica. ? By an arrival from Kingston, Jamaica, we have received files of the Journal up to the 27th ult . , but find no news of any import. The colored population of thf Island were making Kreat preparations to celebrate the anniversary of their emancipation. Mrs. Carroll's Baths.? These invaluable baths, kepi in elegant style and recommended so wrongly by the medical faculty, are located at Ki Fulton street, opposite St. Paul's Church. Launch -An iron steamboat, intended lor the merchant service, was launched on Tuesday at Kant Boston. i'ttn Affairs or thi Ephcopal Church.? Some inquiry in made in religious and pious quarter?, unionist the old ladies and the iashionable divine. ? as to the position of the Onderdoak question and the state ol the Episcopal Church at this moment ? what the two belligerent parties intend to do iu re lation to the Bishop? their prospects? and how they mean to conduct their warlike o|>erations. The last little explosion which wus made on this subject ? for e\ery now and then an explosion takes place without the aid of saltpetre? grew out of a circular which was addressed by certain clergymen in this city to a certain divine in Peekskill. The origin and history of the aHair have not been suili ciently explained. We understand that during the last spring a number of the clergy, favorable to Bish op Onderdonk, in this city, had several meetings and consultations relative to the policy which they meant to pursue at the Episcopal Convention which meets in October. Previous to the preparation of this circular, these gentlemen, by a very extensive cor respondence throughout the diocese ol New V ? rk. had ascertained that an immense majority ol the clergy and a small majority of the laity, forming the members of the Convention, were in favor of the Bishop and of his retaining his present position a. Bishopof the Church. According to our accounts, a'tout ninety out ot one hnndred and twenty of the clergy are set down as favorable to the Bishop and probably a small majority, but a certain one of the laity are of the same opinion. In consequence of th'-se facts being ascertained, the circular was prepared in this city and sent to such clergymen only as were supposed to be friendly to the Bishop. It happened, however, that one was sent to a clergyman in Peekskill, who had been sometimes on one side and sometimes on the other, and lie hoping to make some little popularity out of it on the other side, published it in a long epistle to 'h * wurld, instead ol replying privately to what was a private communication. However hisertbft failed, and both he and his grand project fell to the cround. On the other hand, the friends of the Bishop, strong in the belief that they can far outnumber their op|>o nents in the Convention, are preparing to hold their ground. They consider themselves the friends of mercy and repentance, and are resolutely determined to retain the Bishop in his position. They intend in the meantime to raise an annual stipend lor him ot S"2(KX), by voluntary contribution, in order to sustain him and shame his enemies into giving up their per secutions. The Bishop's friends do not deny that he has been imprudent, discreet, and guilty of having done improper things, but they contend per contra that he has repented and ought to be forgiven ? that he has been led astray by the devil, and the same subtle influence that tempted Eve, and occasioned the fall of man, and that as the lounder of Christianity died for the sinner as well as the saint, the Bishop ought to be restored, now that he has brought forth fruits meet for repentance. The opponents of the Bishop they regard as lull of unkindness, illiberality and all uncharitableness. Thus stands the matter, and certainly the prospect is interesting and exciting. The Convention will be the scene of a terrible contest, and the wars of ihe Episcopal church may prove as important to the pre. sent age as the war with Mexico. Who knows 1 The Copper Mine Speculations ok Lake Supe rior? We have seen, by certain movements of men and newspapers, particularly in the IVibune and Journal of Commerce, that a great effort is about be ing made to get up speculations in this city in the copper mine region of Lake Su[?erior, which is re presented to be one of the richest mineral districts in'the, world. This region extends^along the southern shore of Lake Superior, in Michigan and Wiscon sin, to the extent of several hundred miles west, and over one hundred miles north and south. It is a mountainous region, and according to the si>eci mens received at Washington, and exhibited in this city, it these specimens are correct, it iniist be a very rich and curious deposite of some of the most valuable minerals in existence. Copper, silver, and gold are found there, but copper is in the great est abundance, and the yield is said to be from 70 to 90 per cent. A number of companies have been formed to work these mines, who are authorised, by leases given in the shape of "permits," under the authori ot the government at Washington. Most of these companies originated at Boston, although the most recent, and supposed to be one of the most success ful, was started by certain speculators in Troy, ma ny of them being friends and associates of the pre sent Secretary of War. This speculation was first bei:an very silently a year or two ago, but during the present summer, a great num ber of speculators, 'agents, miners, miner lo gists, philosophers and fools have come to this city for the purpose of inducing people to enter into the speculation. They represent the copper region as richer than all the wealth of India in ancient times, and being indeed the true El Dorado of this ace Twool the newspa|>ers, ?t least, have entered into this service, and are giving currency to the pro mises and statements of the speculators ? the Tribune and Jcurnal of Commerce. Such is a brief view of the commencement of n great mania for speculation in the copper mines of LnkeSuperior.Wchave received a number of written documents, papers and letters, and all sorts of com munications from the various parties engaged. The rivalry between the various companies appears te be condueted with great bitterness. But all agree in pointing the wonderful riches of the mines. Their gold is something ? their silver more ? and their copper boundless. But we think there is one metw' which they have omitted to notice ? a metal too of very great use in this ccmmercial world, and parti cularly in Wall street ? a metal found in the boulders ? not the stationary boulders, but the boulders tra velling in the stage-coacli?s, rail-cars and steam | boats from Boston, Philadelphia and New York, to the copper mines. This metal is called brass, and may be found in the living countenances of those speculators in immense quantities. The value of that already elaborated is equal to many millions of copper. Those of our readers who wish to make fortunes at once, or ruin themselves, as chance may determine, had better then enter immediately into this speculation. Wir.t. Saltpetre Explode 1 ? This question, which has recently excited almost as much inquiry in the minds of people, as "can a church exist with out a bishop," did formerly, was again tested by ex l>eriment, yesterday afternoon, at Mottvilie. Seve ral experiments have been made by several eminent chemists, whose services have been procured by the committee appointed by the Common Council to in vestigate this matter. At about 5 o'clock, the com mittee, with Dr. Chilton, Professor Kenwick, and other chemists, arrived upon the ground, for the pur l>ose of trying the final exjieriment. A cask was I placed in the ground, in which was placed an iron kettle, which contained the mixture to be of>eratcd upon. This mixture was saltpetre, united in the same proportions with the other articles which, in frorker V Warren's store, were contiguous to the saltpetre. It consisted of -12 lbs. of saltpetre, 12 lbs. of sugar, and VI pounds of mustard. The head of the cask was put in, the cask was hoo|>ed, a slow match applied, and all the preparations made for fir ing. The company, which consisted of about twen ty persons, now retired to a respectable distance, not willing to trust themselves too near the "vitiati ons saltpetre." The match was lighted, and in about five minutes smoke began to issue from the aperture through which the match was entered, and a noi-e was made, very much re wfnbitBg the whittle <>i a steam engine, in a tew minutes more, the head of the ca.-k was I blown about ten feet into the air, with an explosion about as powerful as that made by a pop rrun. "Saltpetre will explode," exclaimed a gen tleman throwiug up his hands in extacy. But Ins raptures were somewhat cooled, when the chemists I gave it as their opinion that the explosion was merely owing to the weak manner in which th* I hea<| of the cask was put in ? the expanded an I tinding a vent in the weakest place ? the sides were I not at all shattered. After the explosion, it conti 1 nurd burning a few minutes with much smoke and I a blue flame. So the question, " Wili saltpetre ex | plode," is still before the people. Thiatmcals.? Th? arrival of Mr. Charles Kean, and hia excellent ladjr-the return ol Mr. Hackftt Irom England ? the opening of the Park Theatre, and the approach of cool daya and nights, begin to torn the attention of a large portion of society to theatrical affairs, and to l?ad the mind to inquire in to the poaition of the drama in this country, and the prospects of the highest range of the art during the approaching season. In England, there is a great lamentation made over the drama. Its condition is very apparent in all its departments, and although here and there some slight impulurity may be created by particular artists, still the great characteristic of the art in that country, is inactivity and decay. During the last year, various attempts were made in England to revive and restore the drama, with some degree ot its palmy and spicy condition. Mr. Forrest, with all his talent, and all his friends, was unable to do inuch ; but he was not a greater failure as an Ameri can actor, in a foreign country, than Macreudy him self was. Mr. Forrest played to poor houses in London, and to even worse houses in the country the atres. By the aid of a numberof private letters of in troduction to Dublin, he was enabled to get up a to lerably good benefit, but even his benefit was n?t at all to be compared to the houses which other actors had about the same time. MissCush mm lias been remarkably successful in England, so far as popularity and reputation are concerned ? We understand, however, that her affairs have been b idly managed, and her advisers have not been of the best sort. We know, indeed, that she has re milted :>"2000 to her friends in Philadelphia, and that she is only in the beginning of her career in England, it she do not mar it by attempting too much, endeavoring to show off her versatility, in stead of confining herself to the highest ranks of the drama* and thus preserving her dignity. Mr. Hackett was as successful as any other from this side of the water. But still the drama, as a great institution of civilization, is in its second infancy and decay, and none of the actors or .actresses of the present day seem to possess the power of revi ving it, or of calling forth the educated and intelli gent classes, as in former times. Music ? opera ? the ballet, have carried away the senses of the age. Such is the condition of the drama in England.? What is it here 1 We believe that in this country we are in a better condition to enjoy the highest ex hibitions of dramatic skill, and to pay liberally for them, than any other people in the world. We have reached that point of civilisation ig which the high est dramatic artists receive the greatest amount of reputation, praise and money, all at the same time ; and before we have reached that state of decay when the legitimate drama is cast aside for music, panto, mime and shows. Mr. Kean and his lady, and the other talented personswho accompany them to this country, have, we believe, hi t upon the most happytime that they could possibly have selected to come here and to exhibit their art with the best hope of reaping a liberal and rich harvest. On a former occasion" several years ago, during the extreme commercia' revulsion, Mr. Kean, then quite a young man, less skilled than he now is, made a tour through this country, which was not profitable, although highly reputable. Since then, he has pained in reputation in skill and every thing constituting an artist of tlie highest character. His wife, better known to us as the amiable Ellen Tree, always considered by the best critics as one of the most chaste and finished actresses of the present age, cannot exhibit greater skill or a higher order of genius than she did on the occasion of her former visit, but we have no doubt, from the present prosperity of the country? from the public taste ? from the increase of our great and po pulous cities, that both she and her husband will reap one of the richest harvests that any artists ever did in this land. Their appearance on our shores Jias already creatcd a considerable stir amongst the the" aire going people, and we have no doubt that the anxiety to witness their first representations will not only gratify but startle them. It is a fortunate thing, indeed, for the Park Thea tre that its management has secured such artists as Mr. and Mrs. Kean, andthe others whose names are announced forthe season just commenced. And we promise ourselves and the public, at least one season in which the highest range of the legitimate drama will be properly patronized, not only in this city, but throughout the country. Sporting Intelligence. Trotting *Match at IIarlem, Yesterday". ? There was a very interesting trot yesterday, as above, between the following nags, for a purse o* $30? mile heats? best three in five, under the saddle : ? Col. Certine entered blk p. Title Page C. Woolly " gr g Major Velzer J. W. Vandenburg grm iNew York Girl Geo. Gordon rg Belcher Kay Belcher Kay was the favorite previous to the start, against the field. The first heat was won by Major Velzer, after which the odds were twenty to five on liim against the field ; Belcher Kay was withdrawn Ht the termination of the first heat The second, third, and fourth heats, the Colonel shewed hi* tact, mid lead the others, much to the surprise of those present, some two or three lengths in advance with ease. The following is the result : ? Col Bertine's Title Page 2 1 1 1 C. Woolly's Major Velzer 1 2 2 3 ,J W. Vandenburg'* New York Girl 3 3 3 2 Geo. Gonlon't Belcher Kay 4 drawn. Time? 2:46 ? 3:46?2:48 - 2:19. Newport Regatta. ? On Monday last a cup, va lued at one hundred dollars, was given by ihe Com modore of the New York Yacht Club, J. C. Ste vens, Esq , to be sailed for according to the rules and regulatioflfc of the New York Yucht Club, en forced at the late regatta in the bay of New York.? This prize was offered, to give such of the Boston gentlemen as chose to enter, an opportunity of test ing their yachts with those from New York Five yachts only entered, viz: the (iimcrack, 25 tons : the Brenda, M tons; the Coquille, 27 ^ ions; the Cygnet, 45 tons ; and the Siren, 73 tons. The race was round Counarticut Island, .the distance as ntea -ured on the cnart, 22 miles? the start given for dif ference in tonnage, was in proportion to that given in New York, which was 15 seconds per ton, lor h distance of nnles. As the distance here was on Iv 22 miles, the start was proportionally less, viz., 25 :W NX) seconds |>er ton. They started with a fresh breeze from the north east, which continued durinuthe race. The wind, for the lirst six or sev en miles of the distance, was fair, ahead for the next eight, and abeam, or nearly so, for the remain inir eight miles. The account of the arrival of the different yachts, was received from the official ti mer, Mr. Parsons, on board the " iXorthern Light " The differfente, in the time of starting, between the (Iimcrack and the other yachts, was taken by Mr Hall. The boats were moored side by side, and filled away in succession at a signal made by him. The (iimcrack, 25 tons, started at 1 o'clk and 40m. Coquille, 27} " " 1 " 41m 9?* Brenda, 33 " " 1 " 43m 23* Cygnet, 4ft " ?' ] ?' 49m 271 Siren, 73 " " 2 " 60m 18J. The Gimcrack arrived at 4 o'clock, 41m. 14?. Brenda " 4 " 48m. 69*. ( oquille " 4 " 49m. 38*. Cygnet " 4 " 19m 44?. Siren " 4 " 64 m. 67*. Sporting at Montreal? The match between Capt. Alley ne's horse " firumvegan," and Mr. Par ish'* h ne " Mida*," for a [iur*c of 200 sovereigns, came off on Saturday afternoon, at tlio St. Tierre < ourse. Af considerable amount* were pending on the i**ue, the i lilt of the sporting world were on the ground, and the race excited great interest. At half pint four the two hor?o* appeared, hoth in excellent condition. After a capital start, "Midas ' took the lead as far as the rising ground at the hack of the course, when Captain Alley ne on "Drumvegan," drew up to and passed him. "Midas ' in coming down to the flat, appeared to us rather to ?ulk, and "Drumvegan," keeping the lead throughout all the second round, won easily. The time wa? 4 min 6 sec.? Before the race fl to 4, and 6 to 4, was laid freely on "Mi dan,'1 and a good deal of money hai, wo underitand, j changed hands on the event. The match for a purse of #400, between Euclid and ( razy Jane, on the < amhrid^'o course, on Tue*day afternoon, was determined in lavor of the latter, who had it all her own war in three *uccei*ive heat*. Time, , 2m. 41*.; 2m. 43a., and 2m. 4'i. | The To* a wanda Indians.? '/he Census .? ' The j C|itef? at Tonawanda have relused to allow Mr I c looicraft to take the number of the Indiana on the I '. nnnwaiula Heservation. It ia probably known to most 1 of our citizen* that these Indiana have had considerable i difficulty with the Ggden company in relation to theii I land* , and their refusal to permit an enumeration arose j it ia said, from a suspicion that Mr. Schoolcraft'* object waa to (iscertuin their strength, resource*, Ike., and to | make the information thus obtained the ba?i? of future operations against them. The Columliui Enquirer of the (ith inst., says "the Cotton crop ia in a precarious state, and there is i not the slightest prospect of an average crop in this state. A lew days more will seal it* fate." Theatrical*. fin Tniifii lut ???ninf Sheridan Knowles' play of" The Wife," with Mr*. Mo watt u Mariana, wu presented at the Park. Owing to the unpleasant weather 'he houie wai not ?o crowded at on the previous even iog?, but waa very well filled by a highly fashionable audience. Many |*rsons who have not, heretofore, been in the habit of attending the theatre, have no objection to witnessing the chaite and beautiful personation* o! Mrs. Mowatt, but visit the Park with their families. This is highly encouraging to the lovers of the drama Mrs. Mowatt's personation of Mariana, was marked throughout, by the same beauty of expression, clearness of enunciation, and elegance of style, which have won f yr her a fame, which is seldom obtained in so short a lime by an American actress. Mr. Crisp's St. Pierre, al though not equal, as a performance, to his Claude, was very well done, and as well received The other characters were well personated. Antouia by vl r. Bass, Leonardo by Dyott, and Ferrado by Fleming After the play, a Pas tHyrun was danced by the Mist Vallees, which drew down thunders of applause. The} are a gieat acquisition to tho Park. The evening closed with " A Rowland for an Oliver." To-night the "Lady of Lyons" it agaiu to be presented, with the " Marrit Hake," as an after-piece, in which Miss Gordon, lion. ihe Hay market theatre, London, makes her first up peaiauce in America. Go early, if you would obtain u seat. Bowery Theatre. ?There was a very great di*pla> last night at this theatre, and notwithstanding the rainy weather, the house war as crowded as usual. Mr. J. li Scott acted splendidly Charles e'e Moor, and by the 'aleut he exhibited in the delineation of this character, lie well deserves to be placed in the first rank among American actors, lie was true to life in all the different situations of this cxciting diama, and the loving son, the lover, and the chief of banditti, were all well personateu by him. Mr. Henkins also was very natural in the patt of Francis do Moor, and appeared to understand well the character lie was acting. Mr. Vache, the old Count de \lojr. was very successful in his acting, and showed that he had well studied the part he was delineating Mr Clark, also, is an actor of merit, and appeared quite at home as Herman. Mrs Phillips acted well Amelia, and was very successful, especially in the last scene. Mr Hadaway was as comic as ever, and in spite of the verj dramatic cast of the play, he succeeded more than once in exciting the laughter of the audience. Tho overture which came after the " Robbers of Bohemia," was verj well played by the orchestra, and proved quite an addi tion to the entertainment. The performance concluded with Shakspeare's " Comedy of Errors, "in which all the characters were very well sustaiued. The same hill will be repeated to-night, and we doubt not that it will meet with the same success it did last evening. Castle Garden.? The " Som-am-bull-ole" kept, larj night, the whole audience in a roar. It is difficult to imagine anything more comical than these mock operas. Nothing could have been better selected, to drive away the troubles of business than these mirthful composi tions. The performance will be repeated this evening, to give an opportunity to those who have not yet seen it, to enjoy the benefit of the mirth U creates. It cannot fail to be again numerously attended. Ninon's. ? To-night the benefit and last appearance of that eccentric genius, Rice. We know of no one who has more justly earned his high position than Rico? ex cellent in private life? a deep student in his particular line. He is popular with all, and golden opinions have ever greeted his exertions. Brougham, we observe plays on the occasion. There will be lots of fun, foi Brougham's " Teddy," and Rice's " Ginger Blue," ever create roars of laughter. The concert givttn by Rotina Pico and De Begnis, at Newport, on Monday night, was so crowded, and the} were so well received that they intend to give another. They then go to Saratoga en route for Canada. The Fakir of Ava is going to perform hit Hindoo mi racles, at Liberty Hall, New Bedford. Dumbolton's unrivalled company of Serenaders com mence this evening a series of concerts at Stanwix Hall, Albany. Mr. Burton, of the Chesnut theatre, Philadelphia, lias engaged for the ensuing season the following artists : Mr. and Mrs. Chas. h'ean, formerly Miss Ellen Tree, the new Opera troupe, consisting of .viiss Delcy , Signor Ho phino Lacy, Mr. Reeve and Mr. Brough, Mr. Anderson, Mrs Mowatt, and another actress of celebrity, but new to the city ol Philadelphia. The Slomans have gone from Detroit to Chicago. Fry's opera of " Leonora," is to be produced this saa son at the I'ark. Rio de Janeiro Theatres. ? Thkatko de San Pedro d'Alcantura. ? Sra Henriquetta Pessina, a dancer ol Jreat merit, took a benefit at this theatre on the 30th ol une last. The performance was well attended, and a great number of boquets and wreaths of flowers were sent from all parts ol the house to the Brazilian favorite Thkatro de Santa Theresa.? Closed for the present. Later from Venezuela.. ? We have received, per the barque John W. Cater, private letters and papers uf the date of July '26, tiie substance oi which art as follows : ? Puerto Cabkllo, Venezuela, ) July 26th, 1&15. > Wc have the satisfactions enclose you herewith El Liberal , published at Caracas, on the 19th inst , containing a translated copy of an official communi cation, addressed by our able minister, the Hon. Vespasian Ellis, to the S-cretary of Foreign Rela tions of the Venezuelan Government, relating to the high duties, which, by the present tariff of thih country, are exacted upon flour and other articlei imported from the United States. The very forcible, and we may be permitted to add. the incontertible argument' of Mr. Ellis, urging a reduc tion of the duties upon our principal exports, or ratht-i imports to Venezuela, will most undoubtedly have great influence with the Executive, and in nil proba bility induce thatdepirtment to recommend to Con gress, next fecsion, a revision of the tarriff. Mr. Ellis observes among other things, the ful lowing, which we translate, literally from the Spanis-h: ? " Mr. Manrique is aware of the tact, that coffee pay* no import duty in the United States, which is the principal production of Venezuela ; and that only 6 per cent i paid upon indigo hides and other articles exported fron1 -hia country ; wi il ? this government has impo-ed a diitj of eighty per cent upon flour, and fifty to termty per ceil on lard, soap, butter, and other important articles intro lured from the United States. The average rate of duties imposed upon other impu tations from the United State'), including articles tha< pay duties and those which are admitted free, am unti to thirty-four per rent ; while the average rate exaete upon the productions of Vei?zueln, including the articles subject to duty and those admitted liee. amo mt? to less :han two and a half per centum. In other words, Vene /.uela exacts from the United States an average rate oi duty, fourteen times higher than that which the Unite. States imposes upon the productions of Venezuela, be ing an average of their respective importations. Having before us this unquestionable fact, derived from statisti cal documents of both governments, the undersignei begs that Mr. Manrique would be pleased to reply whe ther this is reciprocity 7" It is certainly absolutely necessary that our gov ernment should .give its serious attention to the in terests of the citizens of the t niled States, as they Have suffered from the absence of a proper energ) on the part of our former Secretaries of State, whr have generally allowed their time lo he monopolised t>y electioneering affairs and office seekers. Mr. Buchanan has the reput ition of possessing ^reat powers of mind, |>erspicuity and energy, be coming one of our first official [tersonages ; there fore, we may anticipate, through his diplomatic ex ertions, superior advantages in future for the com merce of the United States, spread over the world It is pleasing to reflect upon the prospects which are presented for the future greatness of this beautiful country ; the gradual, but real improvements effect ed. The increase of commerce with all nations, (excepting, probably, that with the United States,) opening of carriage roads from the coast to the twi principal cities of the republic ? increase of primary schools and collegea in every nart of the country ? ihs decrease of the military influence which former ly existed, and the resjiect that is manifested for re publican institutions, by the people, denote to us an onward march to the highest state of civilisation. Casting a glance over the history of this country, from the fifth of July, 1811, to the termination ol the struggle with the Spaniards, in 1824, it gives us room to admire the steady patriotism of a great bo dy of thepeople, during a period of devastation and death. The Declaration of Independence of the Department of Venezuela, emanated fr?m a bodx composed of the most venerable and respectable ol the land, and deserves to be placed with that of our own country, for its beautiful, eloquent and power ful exposition of the grievances under which the co lonists suffered at the hands of the Spanish govern ment and minions. From the year 1811, until he final overthrow and expulsion of the Spaniirdi throughout the continent of America, what cruelty md fiendlike atrocities were committed, by author ity and sxprees orders of the Spanish commanders ! The names of Boves, Morales, and hundreds ol others, are consigned to eternal execration. The obstinacy of the Spanish government had prevented a reconciliation until this year. A treaty has been negotiated between the two governments, by which S(iain recognises the independ?nce of Venezuela, and awaits the ratification of the Spanish Cortes, for its publication here in an official manner. The ladies beg to present their kindest and most "insinuating" compliments to you particularly. The /iris of this country are the most beautiful, proba bly, you ever did set your eyes upon. I'rav do re rnemb-r us most kindly to uncle Jmnes K Polk, and cousin Buchanan. Please say to them, that we should be happy to know what they intend to do in regard to the Oregon question. John Hull is a good fellow, hut we must not dig too far into his pockets, otherwise he will give us a "Punch" under our fifth rib, as the Irishman said. Our respects to the young editor, Mr. Bennett, Jr. We learn from the New Brunswick Courier that a project has been started for a railroad communication between Canada and \ova Scotia, through the Province ol New Drnnswick and the territory acquired under the late boundary treaty. The capital of the proposed com ply A'2,000, 000. V 1 Cltjr Intelligence. Militax. ? Yesterday morning the Brooklyn Light Guard, ( apt. Pearaon, marched through Fulton street and Broadway to the foot of Courtlaml street, whert they received the Lafayette Guards, of Newark, undei the command of Capt. N. Pierson. They escorted then town Broadway, crossed at the South Kerry, and aftei paracJiiii? through the principal streets of Broo'klyu, tool 4 steamboat ou an excursion to West Point, where the> were to spend the day. Both companies presented a fin't martial appearance. Makinu Ready.? Orders were received yesterday at the Navy Yard, to prepare for sea the U. 8 nhipColuni I>us, now lying at the Brooklyn Navy Yard. Peraoiu are now engaged iu fitting her with munitions of war. It is not difficult to imagine for what purpose these pre parations are being made. Mad Cow.? Yesterday morning, about 10 o'clock, a ne gro who w as driving a cow in the lower end of Canal street, began to beat her over the head with a large club which lie carried in his haud. He continued this treat ment until the cow, becoming infuriated, escaped from uis hold and rushed upon him. He, however, eluded her, and escaped without injury. They were at this time near the corner of Varick (Si Canal streets. The cow madly rushed up Caral street, and reached the corner ol Varick, just as Dr. G. W. Chapman, oi 9A Canal street, was crossing. The infuria'ed animal rushed upon him, ind gored him severely in the lumbar region. The cow "*till continued her mod career tilong ( 'until it , spreading consternation on all around. Pedestrians retreated into the stores, and riders drove faster. When- she reaches the comer ol Church street, she ran against a man who was croKSing, and knocked him down, without injuring him very severely. She now turned into Broadway, and .lear the corner knocked down two other men. She rushed up Broadway to Grand street, turned into Grand stieet, and rushed upon Mrs. McKiuney, ol >-29 Broome street, whom she tossed into the air, and goied very severely in the thigh In falling! Iier head struck upon the curb, which inflicted a se vere wound upon the forehead. The cow proceed ed, without doing any further injury, as far as Cen tre street, down which she rushed. Here a crowd >f persons running alter her, drove her madlv on, and -he singled out a gentleman upon the side-walk, whom ~he pursued He, in fleeing from her, fell into the gutter, which she leaped over without injuring him. Near the coiner of Anthony street, being well nigh spent, a man ?ei/.ed her by the tail, and wound it round a lamp post, which brought her to the ground. An axe was n >w brought, with which she was immediately killed. Wo regret to say that Dr. chapman is very dangerously wounded, and fears entertained that lie will not recover. Dr. Mott, who was immediately called to his assistance, thrust his linger into the wound, which is nine inches in length, and could not reach the end of it. It must, thcre six or eight inches deep, and Dr. Mott tears that I the liver was reached by the horn. The others are not ] seriously injured. The Mock Auction Stoiiks.? The new system adopt ed by the Mayor and Chief of Police, is calculated to effectually put a check to the nefarious practices of those | wholesale plunderers, who, iu defiance of all law, have Hitherto carried on their impositions, preying upon the gullibility of the casual visitor, who may chance to be lured into their dens, by their bate devices. The entire community look forward to the carrying out of the ad mirable system lately adopted, to put down these stores ; I and we seriously ti list the Police will continue their | eflorts until they are completely routed. Movements of Travellers. The increase yesterday ol travellers over the pre vious day was at feast double. Such' a torrent would be overwhelming, but lor the number of departures, which were even more limited than usual, from the mul titude of attractions with which the city at present abounds, theatrically and otherwise. The following must be considered as an epitome, and a brief one too, ol ' the numbers registered. At the American.? W Thompson, Springfield, Mass. ; W. Griffin, Baltimore : Charles Rogers, St. Louis ; R Rich ards, N. O.; L. T. Haines, Conn.; Dr. Hall, Boston; C C Biddle, G Biddle, Philadelphia; W J Reed, Charleston; I Leo Coyle, Washington; EJ Kilburne, Baltimore; J El lison. Adger. Charleston; J K Mansfield, V. 8. Engineer; J H McGowe, Alabama; J 8c W Kasther, Baltimore; J Leddell, Natchez; Walter Bradish, Natchez; H Archer, Maryland; Mr Craig, Georgia; Bishop Browuell, Hart ford; H Brooks, Philadelphia. Autoh. ? C G Stringer, Conn.; J W Peckham, Albany; J L De Tomasina, Spain ; A B Leroegue, Marseilles ; K Gray, Maryland; 1) it Fitzhugh, Lexington; A B Col man, N. O.; L Meak, Michigan; S J Coleman, Washing ton; Dr. Creggs, Maryland; J Fleming, Philadelphia ; J Delemax, Natchez ; A McDonnell^ Charleston ; F Thomas. Maryland ; E J Caitier, Montreal ; Alexander Neale, Va.; J Nesbitt, Georgia; II Chapin, Providence ; It H Law, Fayetteville; Robert Hall, England; W B Hall, Savannah ; J B Barrett, Charleston ; A Mellutsh, England ; Col. W D Dunn, Mobile. City? S A Shankford, SpringlieldjH Whittingham, L. I . Rev D Auld, S. C.; E Jenkins, Edisto, S. C.; Geo S Piatt, do; Mr Mawley and family, (Irom France) Philadel phia; Rodney Fisher. Philadelphia; E F Waring, Hartford; >1 E Barton, Michigan; Chas Ellis, Richmond; Newton st John, Mobile; Sam'l Lord. New Orleans; Com Shields, U S N; Major Gwinne, Virgiuia; N P Denny, Woraester. Fkanklin? J S Lathorp, Plulu ; S D Olney, Boston ; L Ford, Hamburgh, SC; Messrs Skiff, Blakefield, 1! use back, Albany ; A H Rice, Boston; D O Prentz, Phila ; S S Sufl'ora, Albany ; C Hale, Norfolk ; H Williams, Charles ton ; J K Grant, Ky ; Rev S Mills, St Johns. Gi obe? Robert Harris, Phila ; E D Ramsford, N B : Joseph Patten, do ; W Warner, Washington ; W Wade wortli, Genome ; W Eaton, Roxhurv ; Georgo Smith, Va ; Charles H Newhall. Charleston, S C ; J Sullivan, do : Dr Stockott, Maryland ; Samuel Browne, W Ken nedy, do ; Charles Kerned, N O. Hswaiiu ? Thomas Collins, Lexingtou, Ky ; L Johnson, Dostou; J M Clarke, do ; Dr Mclntyre, Tallahassee ; J P Colder, Boston ; J D Small, Phila"; George and T T Frothingham, Baltimore ; Thomas Ne con, Montieal ; A ?i Merrill, Boston ; Charles Davis, Boston ; D Hull lackoonville ; Joseph Reeves, Phila ; W T Shaffer. Hart ford ; Jno Bunshall, SC; W Dorhman, Charles Wilson, Montreal ; Thomas R Joyce, Va ; L Dennie, do; S C F airfield, Pictou, Canada : W L Stevenson, Ky. Police Intelligence. Auii. 30? John Chappell, driver of coach No. 76, was last night arrested for a charge ofstenling two $10 bills, and a $.*> bill from the wallet of Mr. Francis F. Maibury. of No. 20 Irving place, under the following circum stances: ?From the statement made to the Chief of P- ? appears that \lr. Marbury, on landing from the .teamboat Empire yesterday afternoon, ongazed coach No. 76 to convey him to his residence, and while ri'ding in the hack, he dropped his wallet, containing two $10 bank bills, a $6 bill on the Bank of Hudson, besides sun Iry private pa|>ers. Shortly after leaving the carriage, vl r M. discovered his loss, and proceeded to Mr. R dtert Kerrison, the owner ol the coach, in whose possession no found the wallet ; the money had, however, beer distracted. The driver was accordingly arrested by J I Lowe, the newly-appointed Hack Inspector, and helu to answer to the charge of taking the money and appio iiriating it to his own use. Pockrt Hckrrt ?Mr. George W. Charley, of Provi dence, while on board the steamer Neptune this muru ;pg, at the usual place of landing, was robbed of $378 in >ank bills, on the Exchange Bauk of Smitufleld, Rhode Island. Jitlrmpt at liurglnry,? James McLaughlin was discov '?red attempting to force open the door of No 70 Green wich stroet. tie \v;is taken into custody, and detained to answer. IJitchart'd ?Two lad?, named James Damns arid Geo Howell, whose arre-t on suspicion of having stolen some j; >ld watches from tno store No 35J Grand street, were nis morning discharged from prison, it being shown that they were not guilt) of the offence charged John Dunn arrested a few 'lays ago, on a charge of robbing a man in the street, wi. alio discharged. Betsey Lee, whose nr e?t fur obtaining groceries and other articles undei inlse pretences, as published this morning, was honor ? lily disctiaiged by thp magistrate of the Upper Police. Caught at the Monry Ih uwer. ? A juvenile offender was l ist evening caught at the money drawer of Mary Ann Byrnes, No. 41 Centre street. Star in Danger. ? John Bnnta, one of the Star Police last evening took up his station in a porter hou?e, and left the rogues to make the best harvest they could. He was complained of by Win. O<born, and ru doubt the Chief will attend to the matter, and free the Police force from such unfaithful servants of tho public. Another Indecent Expature ? Policeman Closcy, of the First Ward, last evening arrested a fellow, who gave his ?iame as James Brown, tor indccently exposing nil per son. in the presence of females, on the Battery. Theft of Crockeryware. ? A man named Henry Stgne, was arrested by policeman Campbell, charged with stealing a quantity of crockery waio, from the premises No fii Pearl street. Clothing Found ? Oflicer Took, of the First Ward, last evening, found a bundle o( clothing in Whitehall street Hie owner may apply at the head quarters of the First Ward Police. Petty Thefti.? Charles Lunin was called to account for stealing some hags from Fulton market. John Peters was arrested on a charge of stealing a pair of hoots from Francis Priest. Martin I)\ er was likewise arrested on suspicion of having committed a larceny. Very Cool.? A young fellow, named Wm. Dinnedoff last night entered the hat and cap store No 103 Fulton, and after being shown an assortment of caps, selected one that fitted his cranium, when he coolly walked out of the store, probably presuming that the proprietoi would tax cach suhsc quent customer an extra shilliim until the loss he had sustained had been made up. His arrest for the exploit doubtless changed his views on the subject. Grand Ltremy ? A female named Mary Murphy, w?> arrested this evening bv Prince John Davis, oil a charge of stealing a piece of flannel, and other goods, wort! f50, belonging to Mrs. Mary Downey, who was burnt out during the late conflagration. The goods were found concealed at No. 43 l.ibeity street. Theft nj Tobacco. ? A colored man, named John Wil liams, was arresteil and fully committed to prison, on a charge of stealing a lisle or bundle of tobacco, worth about $'J0, from Kben Goodwin, No. |.'?3 South street ? I'ho property was found in the possession of Morris Meckel, No. 0 Peck slip, to whom Williams hud sold it Hinamy -Jt Novel Caie ? A uother singular case of biga my was brought before the Police Magistrate* tins even ing. According to the best information that could be ob tained ill the case, it appeared that a whi e woman was married by Theodore J. Wright, pastor of the first Presbj . 'erian church, for people of color, on the 'J4th of Decern her. 18IJ, to a colored man named Henry Cornolius, and on tho 18th of Dec., 1843 the before named female wjs agiin married to George Wntts, (white) by Rev. Henry ' hnse, certificates of whioh marriages wero duly pro diiced. The singular part of the aft'.nr, however, fs tin fact that both husbands lived ill the same house ; nod fur thermore that the colored man was cognizant of his wife s oconil marriage, and that he officiated as wiiiter, S to., in I lie family of Watts, who was necessarily absent from home the greater portion of his time, and entirely igno rant of the womm's first marriage until the present time when it enme to light in consequence of discovering something impropet going forward, that induced ( oi nelius to produce in Lis own defence, tho certificate ol his marriage. . Marnin Cicero Stanley -This individual was yesterday arrested on complaint of Herman H. At will and N II. ' ni penter, charged with having stolen some promisson notes, fcc., in October last, from tho rooms occupied In Mr. Carpenter at that time, located at No. !?? Wall "tr*uVon's OrricK The ('aha a*mn. -Mr. Davis, the ?rentleman who preferreil a complaint ngsinst Phillip F.I liott, owner of hack No. 01, as noticed yesterday, for an alleged extortion in demanding exorbitant charges for the hiro of said vehicle, appeared before his Honor tho Mayor yesterday. It appeared that tho complainant ar rir?d beta from Albuijr on Seturdty lut, l*r the North A marie an, whan, on landing at tha piar, whin the boat uaually itopc, ha wu accosted by a cabman, who agreed to drive himieli and two ladies to the < "ity Hotel for $1, and afterward* to drive the ladie* to jOtli stieet. On ar riving at the hotel, it apneared^another man, who claim to be thaowner of the hack, came forward and demanded ? payment of $3 for the job, which the complainant re filled, and the ladie* w*re obliged to leave the hack, one of them being ovei 74 yean oi age. Tha defence put in wan that Elliott had hired a driver, who, it appeared, >va? not licensed; waa stated, acted contrary to the direction* of hi* employer. Hh Homok referred the ease to the Corporation Attor ney. on the ground of it* involving a point of law. The question an to thu liability of the owner in such a cane, being the only matter in diipute, admit* of no second construction. The abuse* in the cab system? the omnibuse* and hack* also ? have *o frequently been made the aubject of ju*t and indignant commentary, that miles* Home exam ple be made, which will enforce a due observance of the city ordinance*, there will be no security for the stranger or sojourner who may chance to visit oureity. Police Statiitict. ? The following statement embrace" the number of persons who appeared before Justice Taylor, at the Upper Police in tin* city from Feb. 6th to August 3th, 1846, (six month*,) to answer the compUinta maue against them. Also, the nature of the complaints, and the countries in which the delendant* were born. ? Complaints made against persons who were not arrested, are not included, and that the whole number ol parsons who were brought before the Justice might appear, the cu<>es of iusanity are mentioned. For murder, 3; rape, 'J; assault, with intent to kill, 7; burglary, 13; robbery, first degree, I; grand larceny, 13; perjury, 3; bigamy, I; forgery (passing counterfeit money) A; receiving stolen goods, 1; compounding a felony, 1; petit larceny, 63; attempt to commit larceny, 0; ottering to vote illegally , 1 ; riot, 4; assault and bat tery, -JIM); asHHult ami breach of peace, S3; resisting aa officer, 2; selling liquor without u license, 1; officer taking illegal fees, 1; cruelty to a horse, I; malicious trespass, 3; hawking and peddling without a license, I; refusing to provide lor their families, 17; keeper* of dis orderly houses. 'J; gambling on the Sabbath, 16; vagrancy convicted on testimony, 31; vagrancy convicted on con fession, 34; wilfully breaking windows and doors, 4; in toxication anddisorderly conduct, 461; escape fiom Peni tentiary, 0; eicape from City Priion, 3; criminal contempt 1; violation of ordinance a* to dirt cart*, 16; driving a horse over five mile* an hour, 1; unlawfully discharging fire arms. 3; disorderly apprentices, 3; putative fatnera for illegal children, '2!?; iusanity, 3-2. Rkcapitui.ation. MaU. Fema'e. Tot'l . Born in the I'nited States, (white and black).. . .333 102 464 " Ireland Mb 379 844 " Germany 100 18 118 " England '21 6 '26 " Scotland 16 8 *23 " France 8 4 12 " Italy 4 ? 4 " Swedon 3 1 3 " Canada 1 1 *2 " Denmark 1 ? 1 Wales 1 ? 1 " Algiers 1 ? 1 " Spain ? 1 1 " Poland 1 ? I " At Sea 1 ? 1 1,073 4 1 it 1,492 Marine Court* Before Judge Waterbury. August '20 ?No jury cases being ready, the case of Andrew ll'also n vi. Avery Smith was called up. It was an action on the part of the plaintff,to recover an amount of compensation for services alleged to have been ren dered us cure-taker, from tho 13th July to 16th August instant. by night and by day, in the Bowery Ainptii'heatre. The plaintiff having failed to prove his case, a nonsuit was moved tor. The Couit rtned accordingly. Further from Texas. ? The Texas National Register of the 31st ult., commenting oil the decree issued by the Mexican Government on the 4th of Juno last, calling upon " all the children of the Mexican nation to defeuu her national independence, threatened by the usurpation of Texas," *ays : " Texas overcame the men of the Mexican nation with too little troublo in 1S3U to dread a contest with their children, in 1846. We buried their fathers at San Jacinto, but we will give their children a grave on the Rio Grande." We have learned with pleasure, that several new settlements have recently been formed on the western and northern frontier, and that they are rapidly improv ing A settlement has been formed within the last two or three months high upon the San Gabriel, near the old Towacnnnee fort, about fifty mile* north of Austin. ? Twenty or thirty families are now located near this tort, ami it is expected thai forty orfilty more will settle there during the summer. Another settlement has been formed on the Mediua, twenty miles above Castroville, and ten or fifteen families are now located at that point. The valley is remarkable fertile and capable of producing large crops of corn, wheat, potatoes and culinary vegetables in abundant^. Castroville is rapidly im proving. There are now about two hundrei men at this place capable of bearing arms, and they are ro ?;ularly mustered and drilled every month. They have urge fields of corn, wheat and hemp under cultivation. Although most of the settlers aro Europeans, they have enjoyed excellent health, and are generally delighted with their new location. It is expected that a large number of Mexican families from the Rio Grande will soon remove to Bexar county, and settle in the viciuity of Castroville and along the Medina. ? Houston Slur, 6 <li inst. We are indebted to a gentlemen of this city 'for the following extract of a letter received by him from Pensacola, dated the 11th imt : The Frenoh brig Mercurie has just arrived from Vera Cruz, bringing dates of the 27th ult. No war had been declii'ed at that time, but the Americans were all leav ing. There is another brig just coming in. She i* supposed to be the Porpoise. Should this supposition prove correct, we will receive nothing additional by tire P., as she i?two believe, direct fiom Norfolk. Ya. In another paragraph, wo have stated on what we con sider good authority, that war will not be declared at present. The letter above quoted in some measure con firms tlint authority. But that it will ultimately he de clared, we have no sort of doubt. The recent instruc tions to the Mexican departments, as published in this paper, and private information which we have, satisfy us of the fact. ? Motile Herald and Tribune, Aug. 13. The special Committee on Finance in the Text* Con vention, have reported an estimate of expenditure* for the support of the new State Government. They put the amount at $44,300, allowing the Governor an annual salary of (2000, Secretary of State, Treasurer and Comptroller, $1009 each, three Supreme Judges $'2000 ouch, six District Judges, $1000 each. Attorney General $300, District Attorneys $300 each, sixty Legislator* $3 per day each, and mileage, Clerk* and Chaplain* the same. The Executive department i* put at $6600, the Judiciary at $17,300, and the Legislative at $-20,ti60. The committee do not include the expenses o( tha Land Office, believing it should bo made t(i defray It* own expenses. The estimated revenue is $47,492 82. By in creasing the present tax on land of 1-I0th of 1 per cent, to l-jth ot 1 per cent, the revenue would amount to $63.49'2 6-2. A provision in the constitution, to ensure a more prompt and efficient collection of tgv^*, 1* reoom mended. New Route for nth; Ma.'l to Europe ? It will be recollected that a law whs passed by the lust Gon gr. ss granting to the Post Office Department authority to employ steamers to carry the mails to European pur'*. The FFasJpui'fon Union says, that a proposition ha* recently been submitted to the Postmaster lienernl to take onot her route than the usual one by way of New foundluud, &c., and adds, that the source from which it* emanate* i? of the most respectable character. The pro position is to have two steamers employed Tor the pre sent. between the porta of New York or Norfolk and l.isbon. The argument* urged in favor of it are? Brut, that Lisbon is the nearest and most direct, frequented, Western European port, second, that in case of disaster secure harbor* are offered, without deviation of courso, at the Azores, situated in the very track and about mid voyage, where deposits of coals can be made at Fayal, to be taken in, if needed; and third, that there is less dan ger, if any, of ice. The Union remarks?" The friends ul the proposition, therefore, infor? first, that the m*ili will cross the Atlantic with greater speed and security it all seasons; then, secondly, that these mailt can be distributed at the I.Ubon Ueneral Post Office for their different destinations, to he immediately sent for by steamers to Oibraltnr, Cadi/., the Mediterranean ports, to Smyrna, Egypt, to India, and thence to < hina; by land to Madrid, Paris, and other interior plares of Spain, F ranee, and beyond; and, thirdly, that this correspond ence will reach the abovementioned places many days earlier, and at a lieaper rat* of potluge. than if carried from America to England or France; for, he it observed, letters which are mailed in England. go to the enume rated countries, via Lisbon, where mails are regularly made up and taken by steamers to those ports. It is urged, besides, that the situation of Lisbon, from whence a railroad is to be mAde with nil convenient des patch to the f rontier of Spain, and probably at an early future day to Madrid itself, and perhaps beyond, ought to be selected as the most convenient point of general rendezvous by travellers to all part* of Europe, Asia, and Africa; for there are periodical departures and arri val'! of steamers to and from England, France, and Spain, ami to and from the ports of the Mediterranean, Uc, Uc. It is said, too, that this increased intercourse with Portugal would necessaiily give abundance of freight, both lor the outward and inward passage, and hence revive the drooping commerce between the two countries; which encouragement 1s not necessary to the long established and direct trade, which will continue, without interruption, between England. France, and the United State*. Its friends allege that there is no doubt that these American steam packets would he subject to no higher port charges, or other expenses, in the port of Lisbon, than are paid by steam packots of other nations, hot that all would be treated in every respect alike.? HiUlmort. Jtvurirgy. I" Dreadful Accident at kh-lky, Ohio. ? On the lltli instant, H moot tearful disaster happened with in a mile of this place. The middle boiler of three in one bed, of the steam flouring milt of Panghurn St Kerr, exploded just us the engineer was letting on the steam to start the engine, by which two men, one of them the ungineer, were instantly killed, and four ethers badly wounded. Three of the wounded men died within a few hours; the fourth still survive*, with slight hopes of lilt recovery. "H'he engine house and stack were entire ly demolished by tho explosion; and the exploding boil er* projected to the distance of twenty or thirty yard*. The destruction of life and property in compMA All who were in the engine hou*e at the time were killed, except the one man above mentioned, and a little boy; .uid thirty orphan children, left by tlw> deceased collec tively, mourn tho carelessness or criminal parsimony of continuing to us* worn out boilers, that has made them such. The names of the killer* and wounded are, Joseph Sower*, engineer, William Hoggs, John Hugh I oh ri Moore, and Harney Bartholomew. Samuel liar tholomew and sou, wounded. The Nnthrz (Vina ) Courier of the 8th inat .stales that on Tuesday evening last a dispute arose about'a game of ten-pins, which was being played between Mr. i rane and a .sir, ickwirn, ot Vidal.a, La , opposite thi* city, which ended in the death rf ( nine, Wickwire having struck him on tho head with one of the balls. Wickwire we? taken into custody and examined before Judge (. ??ey, who relet; -d him on *??<> of flOOO,

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