Newspaper of The New York Herald, August 24, 1845, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated August 24, 1845 Page 1
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THE NEW Vol, Hi, So. !ilSI.WI)ol? Ha. M04. NEW YORK, SUNDAY MORNING, AUGUST 24, 1845. FriM.Two Cwta, I' THE NEW YORK HERALD. JAMBS CORDON BBNMBTT, Proprietor. Circulation? Forty Thousand. DAILY HERALD ? Every day. Prico 3 cent* par cony? $7 26 per annum? payable In advance W EEKLY HERALD? Every Saturday? Price cent* per copy ? $3 194 cent* per annum? payable in adTance ADVERTISEMENTS at the uaual price*- always raih in advance. PK INT1NG of all kiada executed with beauty aw; dospatch. t r- Ah letter* or communication*, by mail, addresaed to thri establishment, must be poit paid, or the portage will bn deducted from the subscription money remitted JAMES? GORDON BENNETT, fm.rmroa or iKt Nav< Yoaa Hkkalk Establish**** *n At-rfc*? A?t ftf Vnltm, itnil WisAiin PEOPLES' LINE OF STEAMBOATS FOB ALB A.N V itUlk DAI I Y? Suudays Excepted ? Through Di ps. ,j# at o'clock P. M., from the Pier between < 'niirtla idt mid Liberty streets. H irn boat ROCHESTER, Captain R. G. Crnttendeu. will Ienv-ou Moud?v W.diieml?v *>!tl Kriday Evenings, at 7 o'clock. KNICKERBOCKER, i>niaui A Houghton, will leive on Tuesday, Thursday and Sturday Evenings at 7 # clock. At 5 o'clock P.M., lauding at intermediate placet, from the foot of Barclay street SOUTH AMERICA, Capt. M. H Truerdell.will leave n Monday, Wednesday, hriday and Sunday Afternoons, at '> i'clock. Steamboat NORTH AMERICA, Capt. L. W. Brainard, will on Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday Afff'oons, ot 'J o'clock Piuengers taking either of the above Line* will arrive i? Alba ay in ample time For ifae Moruiug Train oi Cars for the east or west The B-iata are uew and substantial, are famished with new and ei%itiir state rooms, and for s|wed and accommodations are on rivaied oil tlie Hudson. Weight taken at moderate rites. ..... All |vr?ona are forbid trusting nay of the Boats of this Liae, without u written order from the Captains or Agents. For i tge or freight, apply on bosrd the boats, or to P. C Sennit* , "t tVv? niTf" on the wharf au2fl rc FOR LOXG llt< ANCIi, OCEAN HOUSE, KOItT H \ MILTON, RUMSON, EA TON TO WN, SHREWSBURY & MANASQUAN -?3 The U'-w and elegant low presume steamer EDWIN LEWIS Capt. Corlies, wiU leave sr iSS? ni_froni Catharine Mrrket as lollows : ? Leaves New York, Leaves Eaton Town, Ang.n? Wednesday, !?}? a.m. Aug.13? Wednesday, 3 r.M. 14? Thursday, 11 " 14 ? Thursday, 3 '' 15? fri ay, 12 si. 15 ? Friday, 4 " 16? S.-.turilay, 1 r M. 16? Saturday, 5 ' 17? Sunday, 6,'^ a.m. 17? Suuday, 4 ' II? Moid iy, 7 " 1# ? Monday, 3 " 19? Tuesdiy. 7)i " 1!>? Tuesday, 4 ' ?l? Wednesday, 6 " Su ? Wednesday, 10>? a m. 21? Thursday, 7 " 21? Thursday, 11 ' 22? Kriday, 7}? " 22? Friday. UK " 23? Saturday, 8 " 2'i ? S turday, 12 M. 24? Sunday, 7 " 24? Suuday, l'? r.M. 25 ?M uday, 8>? " 25? Monday, 1 " 2fi? Tuesday. 9 " 26? Tuesday, 2 " 27 ? Wednesday, II) " 27? Wtdnesday, 2 " 28? Thu sday, 11 " 2?? Thursday, 3 " 29? Kridiy, ll>? " 29 Friday, 4 11 30? Saturday, 12 M. 30? Saturday, 4 " 31? Sunday, 6 a.m. 31? Suncay, 4 " St fiies will be iu readiness to convey passeugers to all parts of the country. a!3 rc iVHIKMM. LliNt, AT 7 O'CLOCK, ry"j fia\ FOR ALBANY, TROY and intermediate ft. ? ;j?la>idmgs, from the steamboat >'ier at the foot o r' ' - Barclay street. lire.'.kl'ust and Dinner on board the boat. Leaves New York at 7 o'clock, A.M., Taesdays, Thursday Bud Saturday, ai d Troy at 6 o'clock, A. M., Albany ut 7 o'clock A M. Moiiaay, Wednesday and Kriday. The low-prrssitre steamboat TROY, Captain A. Gorham, oii Tuesdays, Thursdays and Saturdays, at 7 o'clock. The steamboat NIAGARA, Captain A. Degroot, on Moo day, Wednesday und Friday, at 7 o'clock. Kor pas.Mge or freight, apply on board, or to F. B. Hall, at the office on the wharf. Notice ? All goods, freight, baggage, bank bills, specie,. or any other kind of prop rty taken, shipi>ed, or put on board this boat, ir.u it be ut the risk of the owners of such goods, freight, bag gage, fete. jeltrc NOTICE STAT EN ISLAND FERRY, FOOT OF WHITEHALL STREET. The Steamboats SYLPH awfSTATEN ISLANDER will leav New \ ork every hour except 5 P. M., commencing at 8 A. M., until 7 I'.M. Leave Stateu Island every hour except 4 P. M., commencing at 8 A. M., until 7 J*. M. N. B.? l?u Sundays the Boats will leave every hour from 8 A. M.. until 1 P. M., and from 1 P. M. uutil 7 P. M., every hall hour. Jy'2 NLW YORK, ALHANY AND TROY LINE. KOR ALBANY AND TROY DIRECT s? at 7 o'clock, P. M.? The steamboat EM -PIRE, Captain R. B. Macy, will leave the ?kesnil'int pier ta?i ef Coertl-.adt ?tns*i, every Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday afternoon, at 7 o'clock. The ?te inboat COLUMBIA, Captain Wm. H. Peck, every Mt>.d-y, Wednesday and Friday afternoon, at 7 o'clock. ? Passage or freight applv on board, or at the office on th? for I OPPOSITION TICKET OFFlCE.-For Albany, 75 ceuts? Utica, St? Syracuse, 1 2,i0 ? Rochester. $3? Buffalo, S3, 5t? Also, through in ttielnat line, with board, $10,50 ? Also, Oswego, $3? Kingston, (U. C.,) $4?' Toronto, S5 ? (Cleveland, (O.) S6? De troit, $6 50? Chicago, ( 111. ) S10, 50? North to Troy and White hall . 82. 50? Montreal, $4,50. Office No. 103 Barclay st. v25 lm*rh M L. RAY, Agent WILLIAMSBURG 11 AND PECK SLIP FERRY. The Trustees of this Ferry, believing that ? there are many of the citizens of New York -snd vicinity that are unacquainted with thi facilities this Herry affords as a pleasant communication with Wilhainsbnrg and Long Island, would state that there ase t ww good Ferry Boats on this Ferry, which leave Peck SI iii ever v tifteen or twenty minutes through the d?y up to 5 o'clock, ('. M., and then up to I o'clck, at each even hour auil half hour; after which a boat leaves at 9 o'clock and 10 o'clock The laet boat leaving Williamsburg at half-past 9 o'clock, P M. P. S ?On the evening of July 4th, the boat will continue to run antil IS o'clock. jyt Im'rc QN OUEAT BRitaIN AND IRKLAND? Persons wishing to remit mo ney to their friends in any part of England ' Ireland, Scotland or Wales, can be supplier ?with drafts payable at sight, without dis count, for any amount, from XI upwards, at the following places, viz: Is Etfoi-Aivo ? The National and Provincial Bank of Eng In. id: J. Barned k Co . Exchange and Discount Bank Liverpool; Messrs. James Bui t It 8>-n, Loudon, aud branches throughout Engl-md and Wales. In lRti.AKti. ? The National Bank of Ireland, and Provin cial U.fik and branches throughout Ireland. I rv Scoti.aiso? The Eastern Bank of Scotland, Nntiona: Bank of Scotland, Greenock Banking Company, and branches throughout Scotland. 1 lie steamship C-tmbris, sails from Boston on the ICth Au gust, by winch all drafts call he forwarded free. Apply to W. k J. T. TAPSCuTT, jvltrr 7R South st. eor Maiden lane. *OH HALIKaA AS*i> IjI V bltfUUL. THE Royal Mail Strain Ships CAM BRIAand H1MERNIA. will leave Boeton I for the above porta, u follow*, rii ? I Cambria, C.H. E. Judjins, Esq., Commander, August 16, 11*3. Hibciuia, Alex. Ryrie, fjiq., Commander, . .September 1, 1846 I'.issage to Liverpool $120. Passage to Halifai 29. Kor freight or passage, apply to ,7rc * _ I>. HHIOH AM. Jr.. Agent, t Wall rt. KOR OLASOOW? Regular Packet? The well ? known, fast tailing packet ship SARACEN, IliO ton, .X uhauiel J. Hawkins, master, will have immediate detp Kor l>fii<lit or passage, having exollent accommodations, ap ply to the Captain on boaid, fool of Dover street, E R, or to WOODHULL et MlNTURNo, 87 8 >nth street The regular packet bsrque ADAM CARR, Robert Scott, master, will succeed the Baricen. a23rc KOR LIVERPOOL? The New Line-Regular . Tacli-t of 2ist September. ? The superior fast sailing ^aaluiikrt ship QUEEN OK THE WEST. 1230 tons, .apt I'mlip \Voodhoose, dridge, will sail as above, tier regular day. Kor freight or passage, having splendid, large and comfortable state rooiua and ckUiu, apply on hoatd, west side Burling slip, orto WOODHULL fc MINTURN, 87 South atieot. Price of passage $100. The (imsei ?nip Rochester, 8(0 tons, Cant. John Britton, will succe. d the Queen of the West, and sail on her regu lar day, 21st October. jy2t "T&C NEW LINE OK LIVERPOOL. PACKETS Packet of 26th of August ? Tlw splendid fast sailing JliMflEiitnil favorite packet ship SIDDONS, Captain E. R. Co It, will tail punctually aa above, her regular day. Tint - hip has splendid iccommod tiotis for cabin second cabin and t leersge passengers, and the price of passage ismo deraie. for which immeuwte explication thonld be mad? on board, or to W It I. T. TAP.-COTT, 7S South stieet, comer of Ma. den Lane. Persons sending for their friends can have them brought nut in thi< or t.iy ofthe line, sailing on the 1st, 6th, 1 1th, 16th, 2lst end Sti'li of each month. U rafts lor auy amount, payable on demand withont charge, in all ill principal towns in (ireat Iiritatu or Ireland. 12' rrir KOR LON DON? Regular raiket ot the 1st ol ? September? The packet ship ST. JAMES, K. R. II 1 1 ait |' ' ;er, ina?ter, will i-ail aa above, her regular day. n v . ii < very com'orlable accommod uions tor cabin, se> co id cabm suit second ami steerage paatengert, persons ahont to s cure li rtht, should make eaily application on board, foot ot Maiden Lane, u* to JOSEPH McMURRAY, 100 Pine ttreet corner of South ??. The picket 4iip Gladiator, R. L. Bnnting. will snrceed the St. James, and sail on the 20 h September, her regular day. n2lrc KOR LIVERPOOL? New Line ? Regular packet the 26th August? The splendid and fast sailing ABMHM'ncket ship HILilJONN, Caprain E. B. Cobb, of 1100 tons, will tail aa above, tier regular day. Having very sn|ierior aecomniixlntions lor splendor and com foit, for c.ilMii, second cabin and steerage passengers, [tersons about to einbaik should make early application to JOSEPH M'MURRAY, ... I0JI Pine street, comer of South. The pacfcal ship ^HkRID AN, Capt. Cornish, will succeed the nuldout, and tail the 28ih September, her regular day all rc b/ikiliL tV" LIVERPOOL? Packet ol the 6 h Sei*? mber tMMjy ~ I lie splendid new packet ship HENHY I LAY, JMliBihiK.. Nye, matt r, I2t0 tout burthen, will sail oa above, I day. H .ring i iiirpasaed accommodations for cabin, second cabin a.' I stei r t i ? neugert, persons w i?lun| to secure berths should in, ike ? arly application ou board, font of Maiden Lone, or to the inhtci iber, JOhEI'H Me.VHJ RHA V , 100 Pine it reel, Comer of South afreet. Tlie si'lendid packet tliip Patrick Henry, J. C. Delano, mas tei HHVi tnni burthen, will succeed the Henry Clay, and sail the 6 it October. all rc KM HALf.. KREIOHT OR ( HARTER-The very last sailing N. York built packet ship \ A/OO, jtKKHKmm ^70 ton*, live oak and lortiat top, lirr oak trAimorn, apron ami forward and after eanti, carries 2200 halet New Or leans cotton, and ha* handsome famished accommodations for 26 passengers. Apply on board at Jouet' wharf, or to E. K. COLLINS It CO , i Jy? *e N South itreet. INTERIOR VIEW OF THE NEW BOWERY THEATRE, New Bowery Theatre. ? The above is a moat admirable engraving of the interior cf the new and magnificent theatre, lately com pleted under the auspices of A. W. Jackson, Esq., who, three months since, promised the public that he would have it ready for dramatic representation, early in August. The public owe much to him for his perseverance and industry, in placing in the midst of several respectable and intelligent districts, one of the neatest and most spacious temples of the histrionic art in the whole Union; ;ind, indeed, it would seem, that if apathy existed with any one, regarding the heavy expenditure incurred by Mr. Jackson in its erection, that the charming Bowery i-'irls are determined to excite within the bo*oins of their gay Lotharios, a taste for the legitimate dra ma, tor the boxes are nightly filled with the loveliest and most perfect symmetry of the softer sex. There never was an age, perhaps, in which so many thea tres have been erected as the present ; but ambition and avarice lead many proprietors far astray from ?he great object of theatrical representation. Low, vulgar and absurd melo-dramus are being played, which contain neither moral, language, or senti ine t? many indeed, not fit to be seen or heard, by hose who have the slightest regard for decency. ? But in the New Bowery Theatre, some of the best tragedies and comedies are produced, and the cha racters filled by as good a stock company as any in the country. The interior view is splendid, there being tour tiers of boxes, with six private boxes tastefully decorated with rich curtains nnd embroi dery. The stage is one of the largest, we believe, in this country, and the drop and other scenery, exhibit the genius and taste of the artists employed there. The engraving above is all sufficient to give the public a faint view of the splendor and magnificence of the interior of the house. Mr. Jackson deserves well the support of his fellow citizens, not only for the erection of this edifice, but for the comfort en joyed by the visitors ? the house being well ventilat ed ? the strictest order preserved ? and in the selec tion of the pieces played, he aims at every thing which can tend to restore the drama to its pristine features, that of exhibiting vice with its concomitant evils, and of extending a moral influence through the community. The Yonkers Afl'nlr. New York, August 22, 18-lii. Mr. Eoitor : ? Having seen a communication from Yonkers in your journal a day or two ago, I beg leave to sub" mit a few tacts in relation to the subject, and hope that as you have published the one, you will adhere to the very equitablo rule of hearing both sides, and publish the other. The Catholic Sunday School attached to the Church of Nativity in this city, proceeded on Monday last to the village of Yonkers, for the purpose of pleasure and recreation. During th' time they were on the ground,a young man who does not belong to that church, shook an apple tree, and thereupon three valiant citizens, including one constable, seized him in a very violent and disgrace ful manner, and dragged him to an official persomge called the "Squire. The young man made no re sistance, not even when one of them exclaimed very fiercely, "here's the second damned Irishman I have caught to-day"? and all the way to the Squire's house, was unaccomiuwied, except by the aforesaid valiant citizens, and a boy 17 or 1H years old. Ha ving arrived at the Squire's, and the circumstances having been investigated, he was immediately dis charged. He was not rescued by a troop of "Wild Irishmen;" he was not "retaken by a small posse of Vonker's valiant citizens;" and he was not ultimate ly rescued by the "Irish." These, Mr. Editor, are the simple facts of the case, and can be vouched tor at any time. How widely different are they trom ttiose presented by the writer of that miserable apol ogy of a letter! Had the people on that excursion been any other than they were, we should never have heard of it? but coming from where they did, the un mitigated bigotry and inexcusable stupidity ot the writer, were kindled into a flame ot intense excite ment, and not knowing in what manner to vent Hit dirty spleen, he finally determined to expose his un sophisticated ignorance in the columns of your pa per. I have deemed it necessary to give tins expla nation of the a flair, in order to disabuse the public mind on the subject. Yours, Arc.. A Looker On. The Coinacii. ? We are indebted to the Treasury Department for the following abstract of the total amount of coinage at the mint and branch mints for tho mouth of July, viz : In eagle", fSft.OOO; in half eagle*, $131,000: in quarter eagles, $ft,737 60? total in gold, $191 737 50 In hall' dollars, $71,000: in quarter dollars , $10 000; in dime*. $12!?,000; in hall dimos, $40,000-totaf iu silver, $'J?4,000. In cents, $3,843. Total value of th.i coinage ol the month of Juiy last, $448,091 17. Total number of piece* of gold coined, 34,015; total number ol pieces of silver, J.473,000; total number ol cents coined, 434,36? j total number of pieces coined, 'J,840,8Hi. The KxrnEss Accident. ? The name of the man killed by the accident to the Kxpresa, on Wednes day night, was John Farren, an emigrant, lie wast stand ing on the forward deck at the time of the collision, w as stiuck by tha bowsprit of the schooner, and killed in j stantly. Several persons were knocked overboard, and otherwise badly injured. Among the former was Mr. Henry Yates, of Albany, who, witn three others, got to i the shore. The Express landed at New Baltimore, loav ing her wounded, and the body of Farren, who was bu ried there yesterday. He had a wile and child on boar J i at the tin* of the accident. The Cheioken, Review of Senate Document, No. I tO. 2nd Session 23 th C outfits:, being the Report of Hie Cfurt vlcet Commissioners, Gen R Jones, Lieut. Cot. R- **? Mason and Pierce M Butler, Esq., appointed tc prosecute an examination into the can sis ami extent of the discontents and difficulties among the Che rokee Indians. by u. w. P. A review of the report oi this rather extraordinary commission, it is thought, will be useful lor more purposes than one. It will tend in some degree to elucidate the condition of these unfortunate people, now distracted and torn asunder in their councils and it will enable us more certainly, th in in any other A/ay. to tin- uur relations o -? government to the Indian tribes; and, possibly, it may awaken useful inquiries, as to the best remedy for our very detective Indian policy. In order to proceed understanding^, it become necessary to recur somewhat comprehensively to history; for, notwithstanding the acknowledged general intelligence of the reading public, yet i' t i lamentably true, that the people of the 1 are generally exceedingly ignorant as to _the _ ad vancement ot the Indians. And prominently as th ? affairs of the unfortunate Cherokees have times been brought before the public, ye with the immediate causes of the excitement, all interest in their complaints lias abated. , The Gtierokeesare less powerful now, perhnps, than they were when the illustrious General VVashi^gto 1 appeared in person before Ins constitutional ^viaer, th- Senators of Thirteen States, and solemnly asked the co-operation of their council, as to the most pacific an<i just means ot acting towards these people; but, nevertheless, they did not occupy*! Important position The result of that consultation led to an additional cession of their lands, and a sc lemn guarantee of ihe residue within the boundaries then prescribed. These simple minded people el everv conhdence in that guaranty, and they would as soon have expected that their rivers would hi ve flowed back to their sources, or their n10,,nt^,n' have become salt lakes, as that their "{'vance ment in civilization should accelerate the o ? . of their mountain fastnesses. Hut nnny e e i _ ? existed among tliein, the eft.-cts of which were nct foreseen. From t lie ir lirst discovery hy the whites, their women had shown more partiality to the paie faces than the gentle sex of "ny.othermbe_ And perhaps, before the revolution with britam, more halt breeds could be counted among th- C ii r nkees, than all the Indian tribes combined. UunriL that war, it will be recollected, that Georgia .an South Carolina furnished as many open half the thirteen Slates besides. Many ol them hail taken refuge among the Cherokees, who J the cause of the British Crown, and acted in good faith to their treaty, made at West minste r, i? 1 between George the I'irst and the t .-hero kee C Chiefs. These tones knowing the deep hatred wh,ch exist ed against them, after the revolution, and the heavy responsibility with which they had o ^swer l.e many Indian barbarities which ha id I b< sen pei rpe tret ed upon the infant colonies during the war * . isely resolved never to return to homes, wheie s.ev< ere pi in ishment and confiscation of property ?"?*** them They, therefore, in considerable numbers, ider.titied themselves with the Indians by "???*)?. con tinned residence. Their example was >mit*'e(1 * few Scots? merchants, who, for like reaso , unwilling to become members of the 8"rr^u"dl^ and more civilized coiniiiunities. L\en nt tlii . ly day, these marriages were with hair bre not with those having less of the In*a" ^lood- 1 he e fleets ofthese marriages had no doubt been tip. V observed by Patrick Henry, whenGovernorof V ir giniu, and "dictated his recommendation for their encouragement ns the beet promoter of cirilization among them. l'atrick Ilenry had muc'M this tribe before 17??, and Ins correspondence ^ ,tii them is characterized by a great display of kindness and wisdom. The same causoa led to like reason ing in the strong mind of Wm. H. Crawford ^ while one of the frontier settlers of Georgia. J ^ J , influence which the interfusion ot tbc w^ e bloo had upon the Indian character And, notw ing that he knew that the refugee tones were c tul haters of their own race yet, he believed hu mixture better than none. Patrick '^"'y ' ; Crawford were right. No matter to what cau? we owe the light of civilization; yet, when once i shines upon the mind man cannot be as great at age aa when left in his pristine state. I n ? kindred will always invite accession. I he hjst venturers who married Gherokees, ikjsi i.. ? i- ' ? rior intelligence and skill, and toe l.uiguai surrounding neighbors, found the tune easy. The mixed blooded chiidrenlmdspe nor beauty and sprightliness, and with ^ ^ tions spoke the language o both parents. The heavy emigration to the frontier, had raised lands to pri beyond the means of many poor and adventurous young men ; such were attached to the Indian co try, as, by marriage and settlement there, lani: nothing. Accessions ot whites hv deiirees look place by marriages ot males? and byd gr the scruples of females were overcome, and Indians with white wives might also be found. The institution of slavery seemed to be intro dueed as a matter ot course. During }^e ^olut io some had been stolen from the neigi. bo ring plan* lions, others had been purchased, with ihej*asy ac qu.sitions of the white traders; other taken refuge from their more tyrannical masters. As the discipline of the red masters > has tdw ays I less severe thffn the white, the negroes became more partial to the former, and their re ,i,u a . if stolen or runaway, was almost im taught by nuture, the negro acquires the the Indian with much greater taeility ll* , ^ man; and as he thus stood as in ? p his m ster and the adventurous trader. he sool he came not only necessary, but a great ^orite But with the increasing tonanews ot the GheroKet s amalgamation with the whites, has been discerni ble a corresponding repugnance tor aI^*?*'l?n with the blacks. The negroes, like the whites, brought along their superior experience in the aru of husbandry and stock growing. With aclimat , admirably adapted to both, and excellent markets ! oil around, it s easy to perceive as a natural couse . quence th<tt many would quit the chase for the inoie , profitable and less laborious pursuits of agriculture, f The huntsman thus began to find h home market tor ? his game, and hifl skins; and the love ot and the luxuries of life every day increased. lov? of offspring naturally prompted the parent to )nani,, children the elemouts of education, and his notions of a God. So that when the early missionaries * entamonff ho Cherokues, Uiey fou.ilm iny c .o^d^a My adva itei in intelligence, and anxious to have their children taught the rudiments of education. It is a fact, however, thai the deepest opposition to their settlemeiit was^ rally among the whites and half breeds. The illitera man in all ages has been ignorant of the principle of un? ?rsal i.ouovolence. Ra.Homnj within ? narrow circus himself, hu cannot well understand how others can be actuated from any other but interested motives. It was easy also lor these rude white mon to foresco how the diffusion ot general intelligence their advantages over the benighted red man, on whom "ICfffS'AS'SL. ? jwS; l? i twecn 1781 and 1808? a period during which, impercepti i blyto themselves, they had lost much of their warlike spirit and agricultural neighborhoods even dotting tho better settlements ol their entire country. Meantime titere were many who had opposed every advancement towards civilization; and many and se.ero were the Struggles between those who preferred their native su perstitions, and the advocates of the white man s religion. It is a fact that these controversies sometimes run so high that the native wizards lost their lives in their struggles of defiance against the worshippers or the un kl!r?h7s0( whose knowledge of Cherokee affairs has sim pi v been derived from a discussion of the Cherokee question, between the Eastern rind Western Cherokess die apt to come to tho conclusion, that the advocates ?1 u Reparation and a removal we.t, who entered ,?to a i cot ? vention, with President .Jeflerson, wore, in tact, the illi torate and savage portion of tlie tribe. Never was opi nion more erroneous A reference to the names ol those who took reservations and enrolled for emigia ion, ac cording to the provisions ot the t.eaties ot 1817. 1819, which treaties were only a consummation ol the conv en tion of 180?, will prove that the most intelligent portion of tue tribo, embracing nearly all the white-, and their descendants, were then the advocate* ol e?'K"tion. an I the real beneficiaries of those treaties. The more dis cerning at an early day foresaw the consequences of a surrounding white population, upon the unlettered In dians, an 1 the reason of tne desired separation, a s ex pressed in the arrangement of 1*W. 1 he wish for hun i ? mg grounds Bnd the chase, was only a plausible pre 18 The origin of that spirit. " Westward ho,'- could then as now, be traced to the interfusion of tne Anglo-siaaou blood. As early as 17S4, some of the Cherokees ha taken possession of lands in the Arkansas then cUime t br Spain. This was regarded as a sale refuge lor thoto ,vho h id illegally acquired uegroes and other property , and who saw that in tune tiiey mu-t loose them il they rem.iaed amidst the environs of white neighborhoods. And immediately alter the completion of the additions, to the Arkansas < herokees in 1817-19, this branch ot that family united a greater compaia'ive degree oi intel ligence than those who remained within the now cii cu inscribed limits east of tho Mississippi. And it Irom the K.asteruOlierokecs we exclude tlieltosses, V anns.Adairs, Starrs, and others, who took reservations of choice sec tions of the ceded lands, and identified themselves with the States ol' Georgia, Tennessee, North Carolina i aiii Alabama, the ' Agricultural ? herokees, who behind, were far the most illiterate part of the tribe. Their iatgest numbers were, the " Mountain Indians, not one in fifty of whom spoke the Kngluli And we may here remark that, the greatest obstacle to emigration, under the pressing exigencies, hare ovei whelmed the ? herokees l.ast, has been the ig norance of tt.e great mass. Tho numbers and uamci i o tho e known as the "Treaty I'arty. comb.ned lortha c.eatest comparative intelligence ot the Cherokee | pec pic Those who have only seen tho Cherokee* through those travellod while chiefs, are apt to over rate their civilization. While those who only know them ?'? In dians. are equally prone to tinder rate them, lake oui the whites and tho mixed blooded, scarcoly " able Irom whites, and the amount of intelligence is com paralivoly small. . . The accessions to the Cherokoos upon the Arkansas, after I80S to I?I7, were steady, and before the latter pe riod they had formed a social compact under such organ ization, as gave them a right to a Mparate teoogiutioo a the treaty of 1817 abundantly shows, lhat treat) and the treaty of 1819, amendatory thereof, woro productive of many consequences not then foreseen. The United States Government having, previous to that time, determined unchangeably on the policy oi transferring the Indian tribes to the west ol the Missis sippi regarded this as a prospective arrangement or the ultimate emigration of tho whole tribe Those < hero kees who had previously gono west, and who then in tended to go west, regarded tuoinielves as sepe rated from their hretnren? they expected to enjoy peace indepen dent of the dissensions which had previous to that time unhappily distracted their councils, and what was still more desirable, they hoped to be lieo trom tho continual encroachments of the while settlements. The Eastern Cherokees felicitated themselves on being lre<-d J,1"11) those who had shown a willingness to emigrate a regarded the titU to thoir remaining lands as securoil beyond farther .fispute, and tlm> eapecte 1 no f 'ttlier s? l'Ci'ations to remove. With numbers lessened, but still possessing many ol the olomcnts of improvement among them? with annuities, and an increase of pecuniary _ vantages --with the conventional pledge ol their Gieal Father, the President, to aid them in their Uudat siren to become farmers auil husbandmen, the) forward toll,, day when th.y should attain apointnever y at approximated by any ol the aboriginal tribe . ( herokees aim whites, and hall breeds, (and the) , not tew,) who took reservations on sections of lands, were regarded by all a- having, for v?l?ab o con siderations, ceased to be members ol either braiwh of the Cherokee community, but by certain torms t hey citi/eiiized.and became membois ol iheStates w heie they resided. But as the sequel will show, tnese res* r vers had also some mental reservations b> which "'Vurr-i' ' .Ml ?>< or r.lrn... .nd open dealing all round. The United States Government concealed, at the time, the secret intention of sou" Irani porting tuo whole tribo west. Tho \t ostein Cherokees ronresentad that they weie huntsmen desiiing to pursue tti# chase. The Eastern Cheiokees that they weie civi lize, I and desired the pursuits of agriculture ; and the selfish rcservers preten led that they wished to become citizens of the Stalos. It is geneially true that all parties have paid dearly lor this apecies of deception The United State* soon became Involved in inextrica Me difficulties, for having allowed the reservations ? They were obliged to extinguish the title ot the re soi vers in Georgia at a high price. Tho other States warred upon the reservers uutil many of their selections i.... t. .??" jartr ?k iun.ot money. ri*e.n?? tl Astern country, and with larsje suma, return < knowledge of government, pre their experience and knowledge w *i;L.tltiition and. vliiedon'tUe more illiterate ,U , lorm with ttie P?" e.^ ',1C^^s Ld eo^rnmen'tor th? nation themselves with the othces a g threw -possessed themselves of the annu UM, ana more obstacles in ^f^r?^ed Themow United States than all , , ?r0,)0seil to become illiterate mountain 'ho?,a? ' f ll J prcy to those wnu> enlightened husbandmen, thus i le II ^a prey w had enrolled themselves among the h inter* The Western Cherokees did not find con. da nt ; and In their attempt* to f hoot it, they f" ,hll tiuuall> shut by the "V*B. civilisation Nor were the) Tiie Western t horokees, now a gooa uo?? thcir sa j'.iV-.' ass Fo "S",0K?v KIEV fiiMJ cNor?, hi" m n.i/ierto was a violation of chartered ^ PSssrss52 i n port of these Latin word'. o UaT# completed Ttie discovery ol t,"id ,n y , state laws ? the an ?asft S'.atos. ot a braach mint th^^ ^ rapid succession, sssaMXM - ??-.r.s!f.r rss. & "fn-HSrws: ^mlo^ct. of ^^^Vof^hTrTshireTthS t.-um their homes, aud bun r 0|intt 80ou followed same fate. Alabama and Nortl relj?unc. the example of Georgia. Ail , jnd ami the tem failed?it was resutance to the wh^wmd ^ pest? dissensions took place amo g f?vori4ble to a ;,elvos? a treaty P?^ | laD(fg an,t a removal west. coinplete cession ef thel y . t d states wa8 now com The previous policy ot the u ^ ^ tlUuk o, #ny pletely developed. They cherokees, except other country for the .0 ,W Ms?r f)000 huEU. the 7,000,000 acres previomiy cs?odeuttle dldthe tic urns men. tho W estern lieroW ? * subject, that they to this selfish policy rea*on P jeW Rlld tho leaders pietty generally yielded to this v'ow , and more intelligent ?P?n^ ?l^te " nd .oil4f the gating false" \^Arkan?M The fatal consequences of jksssw* m&**T -^'^sssrtiruiss inX people, ami lo^ed ni-o their western breth ( lierokeos were thus tliiow i of I93ii n0 m0re S5i ?K" <??'?? - u" "w.'lv,., ,u. .v.? ??? ?>? ?&}2SZ see the true inundation ot t .= is|oni 0f merc ambi into parties. They were not the divisions tiout. men, struggling lor i ' |,jc|( the Indians had impelled by circumstance , . R#em to lall 8on, \ . , rtu'id iM5* recently g??p Imdian Cai'Tivks- ^ ai lif ni thHt there werr a the rounJa ot tip* P*pe"v.j . in captivity by the Ca number of white ch'ldre c01lih,lered tabulous. In 1930, maiiciies D.v some i ' , t tllB United Sutes to the Commissioners appoint y houteau to treat with the ' '' ?Tu theVamanches, to hold ?0 out to the plains, an g arto<|out to the plains, a talk and lorn, a Heat) ? ol. ^aw ,n h# w(nt far South l"1 k?'n r?/ os They had collected there in strong lorce ?"h ,C tiTe Menicaiii and Texan, were trying to secure SjaSSS ot gn v?E.^;kss; nor to bring them away ; but P??' k mBaiures to i urge on the offers of t ^omnicnt ^to t, i an,ljoy ,0 | redeem them without dela> . 1 his gave i q(. (1|( W4r. . the captivcs. He made ail P?P"] f^,ili?g ?o sun-en- | riori. and found that they were u?t 0| a .atislac der these young cap live* .on th0..P?L?..l?nt with the tory ransom lie made the wjth the ( oui- j Indians to come in to ',oi' , to tiiose t oniiuis missioners, and he IFP captive children, and siouors tho situation ot ? measures to pressed upon them the propriety Uat it lh# Commis liave t he mi ran.o-ne.l,"'^ ! lurnillh the means .loners would grant he ?? ,?tioii, go into the plains and he would, without compe^ h(1(J ? ca|)tiyityi ?nd bring receive all the ch'l ||e confidently expected IW them into the se' uJli be properly attended to by the his representation wa* ever done, and the cap 1 ""'C^r'since remained in capUvity among tlie XZXy\l^'< Pre-emption House, > Naferville.111., August 6, 1U5. \ Wild Sport i of the IVttt. 1 have been spending a few weeks in lUinois and Wisconsin, and cannot, within the limits of a sin gle letter, begin to give a general description of the cities, rivers, aud boundless fertile prairies But as grouse, or prairie-hen shooting is almofct unknown in the East, I will give you a little description (,f the sport. Oa the 23th I dropped off the coach at this place, having come through from Galena in one of , the excellent coaches ofFrink, Walker dc C o's line. We had been passing over rolling prarue land fur , the previous twenty-four hours, and on inquiry, I : found I Wrt.s in a good country for this kind of sport, aud immediately determined upon enjoying it. The landlord, one of the most obliging men I had ' met with, and a perfect Nirnrod, *nd almost a flsh rod , for he was 6 feet 2 inches and the width of a Uth, immediately offered his services. Being one of those very hot days, we thought it prudent to wait until after dinner, when we started, four persons, each provded with a double barrelled gun. game nets, shot belt and powderfksk, See , not forgetting a huge lump of ice and some prime brandy ft took two persons to hold the pointers, Don and Fan, in the light wagon. We drove some three miles from this pretty village, taking to the open prairie, which here is slightly rolling, covered with a rich rank grass of whicfi horses and cattle are very fond As soon as the dogs were let loose, they commenced coursing with nose, the ground, and occasionally bounding above the tall grass to see if we were fol lowing in the wagon. Soon Don missed? the wagon stops ? out we jump, and carefully approach ing the dog in his rear, we find him fixed like a statue, with fore paw raised. Having cocked our guns, we boldly push him ahead, almost under our j very feet ? ttie bird arises with a Joud ilutw, and I the nearest man fetches him down without moving from the spot. Kan h is pointed another, and being younger and less cautious, has run upon the bird, who suddenly rises, is shot at and missed, but brought down by a long shot. The bustle now made starts up here and there several chickens, which fly in differ ent directions, and each man is engaged in loading and marking down the birds. Having loaded, we move forward, and having gon?* a few steps, we wake up a straggling bird, which is shot We have now bagged three or tour birds from that covey, each bird very similar to our partridge, but larger We now leal Don and Fan to the near est marked bird ? Fan has the scent, but has overrun it and lost it ; old Don is behind, and following^ with caution and certainty, we discover the bird is in motion ? the tjrass is low, but nothing seen of her ? Moving cautiously and closely upon the dogs, the bird has stopped after n smart run, and the old dog is at a dead point, while timid Fan backs him at a respectful distance in the rear. On our near ap uroach, Don starts his bird, and she is ours Thus we pick up as many as we could mark down, and becoming u little fatigued, again enter the wagou, after a little titu rf't'ie, and driving in indirect lines across the smooth prairie, the dogs once more have the scent strong, and are perplexed by the number of cross trails Quick they hunt it up, and are both at a point on different birds. We now approach, rank and file, the left man at the left bird, and the right man at the right bird? the birds rise? one, two, three, and eight move at once ? a perfect feudc joie, and any quantity of birds have dropped, but in the haste no one m irks down those escaped or those shot. Now commences the hunt for dead birds in the tall grass ? seven birds killed, and after a long hunt only five found. All loi ded, the dogs again hunt up 9omi* stragglers, which have flown in the wheat stubble, and'run in the nearest grass, where we pick them up, by the aid of the dogs, one by one. The poor dogs are now panting with neat and exer tion?we must give them a dnnk out of a tin cup brought for the purpose, and endeavor to find some I gully or small pond in which they may cool off. I he birds are very abundant, and our wagon well loaded with them. We return home at dusk with forty or fifty birds, which would sell for as many dollars in New York, and here are valued no more than common fowls. During our hunt, we shot two owlsjone hawk, two plovers, one woodcock, and two wild pigeons, which we fouud while crossing some swampy land and the wheat fields. Great numbers of meadow lark and quail were seen, which we did not regard, as they were among the prairie fowl. Grouse are so plenty here, that it is a common thing to see them on the road side, and shoot them from the top of the stage coaches. Varieties. El PaasoDel Norte is a Mexican town in Chihua hua, on the road to Santa Fe. It coDtains several thousand inhabitants, tutit if scittered over a Urge (pace and is ce lebrated for its ore lards, gardens, vineyard* and well cultivated farms. It is surrounded by a fertile and well watered country, and the inhabitants cultivate the land with more skill than in any other part of Alexico. The fields are generally invigorated by aitificial means It* inhabitants are said to >e kind, liberable and hospitable to strangers. They make excellent wine from the pure juice of the grape. At this place the Texan prisoner* I were kindly and humanely tieatei. Mr. Jfrom^, of N**w H ?ven, Connecticut, yearly consumes of the various articles u-eJ in the manufac ture oi clocks the following enormous quantities : ? 600,. 000 feet pine lumber: 200,000 leet mahogany and rose wood veneers; 200 tons iron lor weights; 100,000 lbs of brass; 300 casks of nails; I,. ">00 boxes of glass. AO feet per box; 1,500 pounds varnish, 15,000 los. wire; 100 000 lbs. glue; 30.0(H) looking glass plates. $2,400 are paid yearly for printing labels, And for screws, saws, coal and oil; workmen employed, 76; paid wages yeaily, $30,000; clocks made per day, 200; year, 50,000. Green, the reformed gambler, is lecturing in De troit with his usual success and iiclat. _ , A in in has been tiued nfty dollars in Hartford Conn., for playing an unlawful game called thimble rig gery, at which he had won ten dollars. Mis* At) by Kelly in lecturing in the vicinity of Ashtabula, Unio. Tfte recent race on the St. Lawrence, between the Ogdensburgh boat Banner, and the I'rescott boat Arrow, was won by the lormer in gallant style. During the seven monttii of the present year there have beeu built at Cincinnati seventeen stea.nbo its, with an aggregate tonnage of 3,415 tons, and at aa cost ol (3,000. The (Jenetee Republiran announce* the death o 1 Hon Dumas L. L tire at, formerly Charge d'Atfures to Portugal, and ion of tne late Hjn D Carroll tfreut, of Virginia. Tae census of Ithaca, Tompkins county, which has just beeu completed, shows a population ot 2<J50, bein^ an increase since I Aid ot 3 O soms. Si irljr IS.dJO pounds of woolhave been raised iu this town during the past year, which is about douule tae q aanlity proJueJ in 1840. A Northern nun, but with " Siuth;rn principles" no doubt, who is at present on a visit at t:le plantation of one ol our nospita ne Creoies, writing to u>s tVian I in this city, says : ?' His hallt of cotto.i are tne ojst I ever saw ? his bote'* of pujcii the best 1 ever tasted."? Iftm Orleans Picayune. Tai witcj oi ex-Grjv. Tao.n is, of M iryUai, has tiled and published a notice of iier iuleiltiou to ap,>ly to the Vugiuia legislature for a divorce. The eitiaeus oi Wilmington, N. C. have adopted measures for the erection oi a coiton factory in that city Parle Faehlims? Per Hiberula. [Kromtlie .lodes Parisian us ] Fancy straws, open worn, trimmed with a profusion of white, pink, lilac, anil blue ribbons witu bri^rit edges, ac cording to the taste of the persons, are very ina:h en rogue. Cashmeres and miuseline de laines printed in bright colors of seven or eigm sua les, olaaUt witn white, light blue and yellow, are wjrn at tne witaruig places and promenades. Crosso ir stripes have fallen to the wear of Hohtmmiennet or Qfittllrt, and are very common indeed. They wore never adopted by the fasn ionahlei, us being opposed to all i leas of taste or grace fulness in dress. Mouseline de iaines and cas.nneies, in bright colors, will be much more worn than any otner description of goods for the autumn an.i winter. l'hese aiticles, when of line wool, being quite as iirilliant at silk*, and much more advantageous lor wear. 1 arlataune dressos, white and colored ein irorlere I, will be mire worn than others at brilliant soirees ttie coining wiuter. We have seen some embroidered in two sailoi ot blue, of cherry, and lilac, that are quite distia/Ui* t-aoni zettes embroidere l in front, and Pelerines, i le.n, are the articles ol distinction in this line. Lace ( apes, and Peler ines of the same ?hape, are in great demand for evening and dinner parties to wear witu plain and plaid barege* in mode colors for ladies, and light do blue, puik.and buff lor young ladies; sloeves short, and rounded below the elbow, with hail long gloves, or materials ol diet; brace let ol marquasnte anil mantalets u le Mil ia Antoinette, 'j'arlatanne embroidered dresses and rich embroideries, were much worn at the soiree given by the Duchess of Mortemart to the Dukes of Maxe Weimar and Prince de Moutiort. fc. scape ? At Yarmouth, Cape Cod, on the 11th inat., there was a severe btorm of thunder and light ning. The house occupied by Mrs Nabhy Taylor, and her two son*, was struck; the lluiil passed Irom the wall to !lie shoulder of .Mrs. Jailor, and thence over ner sto mach down to her loot, and tearing open her shoe, pass ed out anil entered a crack iu the floor, near wheie her loot was resting. She tell Irom her chair, but immedi ately recovered herself, and, on examination, did not prove to be seriously hurt. Another Yacht Rack ? It ia said it has been agreed between Col Winchester and Mr. Mille.', own ers of the yachU Northern Light and Hiren, that a second trial in a stronger breeze should take place in Boston liay iu the flrst week in Septembor.

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