Newspaper of The New York Herald, August 24, 1845, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated August 24, 1845 Page 2
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NRV YORK HERALD. N,-w f ork. Hundajr, August 18*?. Proponed MMtlRf off Coi.(frr??? Position of the United States OoT??m*?? toward# Mexico. We think it iB indeed fully timejfor the President, in the present complicated position of public affairs ;is respects Mexico, to take into consideration the ne cessity of calling Congress together at once. All the election* for the present House of Representatives have taken place, with the exception of two or three, and in a very few weeks these will be determined Tliev consist of the States of Maryland, Mississippi, and out* ortwo others. Nothing in fact can be urged against the propriety and expediency of the imme diate convention of Congress. The relations of Mexico with this country are be coming so complicated, and the ijuestion of the 1 <ry between Texas and Mexico is becoming complex and mystified, thut it is absolutely neces sity that Congress should assemble, in order to pre serve the President from taking any step which could not afterwards be sustained, as well as to give a formal sanction to what has been already done. He should at once be nivested with all the power and authority necessary to enable him to carry on with the utmost vi^or and success, any measures which may be necessary in this great crisis. If the Me.\ican military post on the east bunk of the Rio Grande, which has always till now been held in un disputed possession by the Mexicans, be assailed and subdued by our troops, in accordance with the instructions which we have been given to under stand have been issued by our government, then it is obvious a serious question, involving deiicate ptiiuts of international law, will come up? Mexico will appeal to England and France as mediators ? and ilius a contingency arise which would place the President in an atvkward position, if Congress were not in session. For this it surely were well to pre pare. By our private correspondence from Washington, it is also proper to add, we learn that the desire of the cabinet is to avoid war, by purchasing the dispu ted territory. Can it be possible 7 Are we going to buy oif a war with Mexico 7 If we have, under the act of annexation, sanctioned by Texas, rights to the territory watered by the Rio Grande, why ' should it be paid for 1 Why, such an idea is prepos terous. To perpetrate such an act would l>e the ; same as compounding a felony, in a national point I of view. Should not Congress be convened, and the j will of the nation be txj.ress>-d, in opposition to any | such tnodeof s? itling the Mexican question ! Again, many respectable and influential citizens throughout the country entertain strong doubts as to the consti tutionality of the power already exercised by the President, in the preliminary steps he has taken for the purpose of defending the Texan frontier, and maintaining our claims to the boundary. This par ty contend that the President has n? power to do any such thing without authority of Con gress ? that he cannot, on his own responsi bility, order troops to the Texan frontier, that that is a power withheld by the Consti tutiou. Now, although we do not concur in these opinions, and although we are perfectly wil ling to allow the Executive, of its own free will, to ex-rose all the power vested in it by the Consti tution; yet it would be much better for Mr. Polk, for the success of the administration, for the honor and interests of this country, that there should be no doubt in the minds of any portion of the community as to the propriety aud constitutionality ofhis course, ?o that universa. unanimity might prevail with re gard to the patriotism and necessity of sustaining his policy. We do think that the considerations which we have thus briefly presented, are of no inconsidera ble weight. We trust they will be received and act ?d upon bythe administration. The crisis is urgent, and of the utmost importance. It is impossible to tell what a day may bring forth. every lawful and precautionary measure be taken at once. Let Congress be called together, let the national voice speak out through its representatives, and let all needful power and authority be at once conferred upon the Executive. Clergymen at Watering Places ? Our corres pondence from several of the fashionable watering places, lias informed our readers of the rather cu rious fact that many of the clergy have, this season, become possessed of a mania for visiting these re sort3 of a carnal and ungodly world, and enjoying their frivolities and follies as much as dry goods clerks, at salaries of $300 a year, or young misses just emancipated from a three months residence at one of the fashionable boarding-schools, and setting out to astonish the world with their wonderful ac complishments. Dr. Potts, a renowned champion of the highly re spectable Presbyterian Church ? Bishop Hughes, the famous Cathoiic prelate? Dr. Bethune, a very pious Presbyterian divine ? Professor Maffit, the celebra ted ltinerrtnt clergyman of the Methodist church ? Bishop Brownell of the Episcopal Church ? and others of lhe watchmen on the walla of Zion, have ai' beeu sojourning at Saratoga, mixing and min gling in all the vanities and lollies ol that uiiscella lit ous place, and d lily coming in social contact with the most wothlessand abandoned of the whole community. It is well known that the most fash ionable people at these places ? they who give the most splendid suppers and most rtchtrrhi wines ? who display the finest moustaches and the most im posing "imperials," belong to that highly respecta ble fraternity of bankers called "blicklegs." >ide by side, in cordial and pleasant communion, inter changing all th'.1 civilities of the table and the lounge on the piazza, you can find those holy men of God and the blacklegs lrein Park Row ! What a strange medley ! what singular associa tions ! How must the poor, humble, industrious, really pious clergy, regard all this conduct on the part of those who are called their superiors ! Here we have divines who enjoy munificent salaries, and deliver well turned periods in splendid churches to sleepy congregations of pride and fashion, jaunting about from one gay watering place to another ? eating game suppers? drinking tfie best wines to be got ? and shly looking out of the corners of their pious eyes on ibe alluring daughters of loveliness and fol ly that flit around them ! What 11 sad, sad specta cle ! What a contrast to the lives of Christ and his apostles ! No wonder that the pure hearted working clergy? no wonder that all pious laymen shoulu feel mortified and indignant, at the countenance given by many of the most noted divines to sue h ?cenes of frivolity, folly and vice, as are exhibited at such places as Saratoga A very great deal ol discontent is beginn'ng to manifest itself relative t< Bishop Hughes in particular, which is not at all ?trance, as his conduct presents a singular exception to the retired, industrious and soul devoted manner in which the Catholic clergy attend to the duties ol their sacred calling. In such men as Potts, Be thune.and others, "drawing room clergymen," such a departure from propriety is not so remarkable. Nav.m. Sen l ? This institution, we understand goes into operation at Annapolis, Maryland, on the 1st of October. The following irentlemen have beeD appointed otficers-.? Com. Franklin Buchanan, stf perintendent; Professor Chaubeuet ; Lieuts. Lock wood, Ward, and Passed Midshipman Marcy. teachers in mathematics, nautical philosophy, use of nautical instruments and navigHtion ; L)r. Dubarry, surgeon and teacher of chemistry. Ft'RTHR* Particulars from Brazil.?' The Min ister of Finance ordered that the duties of importa tion paid by Mes*rs. Carvalho and Rocha lor the engine and machiucry o 1 the steamboat "Paquete de Jeromerim," should lie restituted to (he firm, as Steam engines nn|>oried lor the use of the country are exempted from all duties. The provinces of Mato Grosse, Goyaz, and Minos Oerae . were in a perfect state of tranquillity. The Washington Mcrder? The Washington Union, the organ of the government, which is, oi course, supposed to be governed by propriety and common sense, and everything that is right, takes to td-k all those newspaper* which have been rash enough to publuh the det .il* of the recent awful murder of a young man in that city by a coni|? nion, and to lecture all those who have ventured to ex ress an opinion on the lacts of that awful trage dy What would the I'nion wish the |*-ople to do I i, mt.a;> to establish a censorship of the press 1 Is it the desire of Mr. Polk, who called it into exist ence, to prevent the free people of this country, or any of their organs, trom expressing their opinions ot the murderous and atrocious acts which, year alter year, disgrace the streets, hotels, bar-rooms, and worse places, in Washington 1 Here is a mur der committed under the noon-day sun, before the eyes ot the whole community, kuown to every one; and yet the government organ at Washington, has the insolence to call in question the right or proprie ty of the newspaper press, or the public, to express any opinion, or give any details of the sad occur rence. Impudence and insolence, combined with a lar^e proportion of ignorance of the present state of society, and the rights and duties of a free press, never went further than this. Troops for Texas, ? The barque Bachelor, ( apt. Horton, sailed from Richmond on Friday last lor Old Point Comfort, where it is intended she will take on board troops ami arms for Texas. ThvatrloaU. Park Theatre.? Last evening was the last night ol the engagement of Mr*. Mowatt ami Mr. C risp, prior to their departure for the South. Of course the house was well filled, and by a highly fashiouable audience. The bill was the same as that of the previous evening? "Fashion" and "Faint Heart never won fair Lady." In the former, Mrs Mowatt played Geitrude. and Mr. ( risp the Count Of their personations of these characters we have already spoken. Mr. Bass as "Old Cattaraugus" was even more at home in the past than on the previous night. The character is a difficult one to perform, being not only a provincial, but a long and arduous one to study. Mr. Cass must be an actor of considerable talen to conceive so well the character of a western farmer, after having been in America but a lortnight. The le. mainder of the cast was the same as at the last season. Mrs Barry as Mrs. Tiffany, Miss Kate Horn as Seraphina, and Mrs. Kinght as Prudence After a grand Pas De Foren by the Miss Vallees, the ovening closed with ??Faint Heart never won Fair Lady," in which Mr*. Mowatt, Mr. Cii?p. and the beautiful, spilghtly and tal ented Fanny Gordon, appeared. Mrs. Mowatt leaves us with her name, character and remembrance deeply impressed ui on the hearts of the inhabitants of her native city, to which by her talents and virtues she is an i orna ment. We hopesoouto see her again upon the boards of the Par!*. Success attend her in her Southern tour. On vionday evening we have Mr. Hackett as Sir John FalWtaff, in llenry the Fourth, a character, for the per formame of which, he has made himself celebrated in America and Europe. He will be warmly received by the play -goers ot the Paik. Bowery Theatue? The shoemaker of Touleuse," was represented last evening with the same success which it had met with before, and J. R. Scott was as per. feet in the delineation of tho character of Jacob Odet as he ha J been at the former representations. Davenport personated again very well the Duke of Fronsac, and Mr Henkini succeeded also very well in his part. Mrs Phillips as Adelaide, and Mrs. Sergeant as Margaret, were again veiy successful in personating the characters they were called upon to act, and showed that the good opin ion of the public, who rank them among their greatest favorites, is not misplaced. The "Sleeping Beauty' came afterwards, and gave another opportunity to Mr. Davenport to exhibit his talent. Messrs. Clark and Had daway, who acted in both pieces, performed their parts entirely to the satisfaction of the audience. A very great performance is announced for to-morrow night, and lew will be found, w ho will be able to with, stand the inducement and abstain from paying another visit to the Bowerj . Castle Garden.? To-night a splendid concert of sa. cred music will be given, in which the beautiful Aria from the " Creation," bv Handel, the Prayer of " Moses in Kgitto," by Hay-den, the chorus " Hosanna in Excel, ui.,-' of Handel, and other productions, by Itooke, Auber, Kev. Dr. Hawes, Kofl'ner, Bloointield, and Bishop, will be performed by the full orchestra. These Sunday even, ing conceits are always attended by the fashion ol this city, and well deserve to be so, for the talent displaj ed by the musicians in'.the performance, and the attendance I ot the proprietor to the comfort of the visitors. Nihlo's ? Once more the far-famed French Company appear at the Garden to-morrow night in Auber's opera ol ' l.\imhal?sadric. The gifted Calve- one of the greate st Syrens in the country, sustains the character for which she became so eminent at this establishment two years ago. The orchestra is of the first order, and will be con ducted by Monsieur, a sure guarantee of the excellence of the instrumental music de la trovpt Francaise. Falmo's Opera House.? This theatre is going to open next Thursday night, under the management of Messrs. Champlain, Palmo, and Tom Flynn. The Pittsburgh thaatre is now undergoing repairs, and will, it is said, re open on the 1st ot September Wharuin, Porter, Miss Petrie, Miss Porter, are re-engaged at that houte. Misses Bratnson will give a concert at New Haven to morrow night. The Acrobat family had a farewell benefit at the Alba ny Museum last night. Holland appeared in ten of lii? tavorite characters. Cricket ? The St. George's Cli b against all Ca nada ?The retnrn match between these celebrated players, will come ofl on the ground ol the former^ on the Bloomingdale lloud, near the end ot 27th St., on Thurday next, weather permitting. The Cana dian players are expected to arrive in this city 011 Wednesday, and undoubtedly the hospitality and sjentlemauly feeling they so handsomely evinced to wuids the members ot the St. George's Club, when it Montreal, will be equally reciprocated by their sts on this occasion. Every preparation is be ing made to make the whole atiair go oH in the best (Kissible Myle, ulike to do honor to the visitors and the visited. The ground is being placed in first rate ord'-r ; a t-piendid marquee will be at the service of ill" lady visiters, of whom a great number are ex pected to be present, to view this noble game, play ed, as it always should be, void of gambling and ill fe?-img. May the best men win. Movement* of Traveller*. Yesterday's hotel reconla lurnish auother barometie cal illustration of the depression in travelling, hew tiavo been the urrivals. and the departures equally in considerable We found at the *n? J. S. Chipley, A. G. Newton, Ga.; H. T. Gilpin, Phila. ; Mr. Dellington. Md-; J. B. Ricord, II. Tho mas, Charleston. C. K. linger, do.: J. B. Legane, Charles ton; Messrs. Peyntz, Henry, and benlitz, Canada; W. 8. I.iglitloot, ( ia.; J.,Mc< iough. ? olumbita; Judge Constant, Hastings; J. Paine, Charleston; 8. L Wells. I, a . As ton ? A Godfrey, Philad ; L. K. Sydney lushing, Cambridge, C. Robbing, Boston: Jno. Pendell, Ky;J. Honney well, < onn.; ( . hosier, Albany; J. R. Thompson, Princeton; C. I. Kenner; A. Jennings, do; Geo. Adger, h 10 Shaw, Montreal; R. L Coleman, Va.; G. Ballard, lo K li. Stenson, Boston; A. lleuman, N. O.; Rev. O. Moore, Va. ; C. B Smitn, .\Id : Tho?. R Gordon, Nt Johns N. U.; G. K. Holmes, 8. C.;W. Slasher, do; W. F. < oflin.. Boi'.on; M. B. Ogden, Chicago; T. H L'plor, N. O.; Mr' G01 Ion, Canada; W. Thompson, Texas; J. B. Allen. Pit 1 lad. Ciiy? H C. Fiitz, Philad; J. P. llesser, .lo; R. Small, do, 8. li. Plice, h'mithvillc; D. P. Mcllroy, Man".; ' om. Downey, L'. S N., J. Mathowaon, N. O.; J. Barnes, U- 8. P. A. Brown. Ill ; J Leonard, do; J. P .Mccormick, Baltimore; Gen. Peter Oaiiulord, Albany; W. Craft, Miss. h mf kli*? A. B Curver, Concord; H. Robinion, Dor cheater, Ohio; W Cooke. Ala ; S. Franham, N. O ; Wm. i'homaj Albany; R R. Reeves, Mobile; E T. Murphy, Ala ; O. H. Wilson, Vermont; W. L>. Forrest, Conn, Dr. vlatnersori, Cleveland; H. Sa^er, Quincy; Messrs. Max ej . Andrews, and Magee, Geo , A (4. Stebbin, BulTilo. <>uob> J E. nkelling. England; M Price, Simitlilield; I. It haster Bait.; Lt Quails, 11. li. M. 33il Regiment; Messrs Giey.GuIeii and Bell, Flo.; J. J'aiker, D. B. Car Mr Boston; Mr. Thomas, do Howahu? W. P. Cule, Halt ; D. Bethune Dttffield, De troit: J. Taylor, Troy , W. Jones, Mobile; James L Day, N. O.: John Day, do, < has Ta> J.jr, Tenn ; J. S Mitch ell, |Ala; II. Greene, Ohio, Col duggett, Augusta, Ga ; J. McAuiey.J. Vail, Honda, VV. bouglaa, ?t Louis; J. Shaw, Boston; 11. Hughes, Pittsburgh, U.K. Mahoy.MaaS. J. P. Weld* worth, Natchez. Explosion of a Powder Mill.? Two Men Kii.lkii ? One ol the powder nulls in this city own ed by Oliver VI. Whipple, exploded ^'his forenoon, about half-past nirio o cloek, t.y wiurh, we regret to say, two valuable lives were lost The null is the one called tbe " graining mill," on the bank ol 1 oncord river, about a mile from the heart of the rity , and baa been woiked without accident for the last twenty -thtee years Only a part of the woika were in operation at the time of the accident, in which two men were employed. Then names were Albert J. Brown and Oarduer Boyriton. li ia not known what occasioned the explosion The bod) of ,V1r. Boynton was blown all 10 pieces ; 01, ? of hi legs waa found acrosa the river Brown was alive when discovered. He wan thrown into the race-way. lie die. I however, in a lew minutes alter the accident. Ilia body was not mutilated, though it was completely blackened Both of the men weie about thiity years of age. Brown who is from Windham; N II., has left a wire and three children. Hoy nton, h wife and two children. The leport of the explosion was heard nil over the city It is supposed there were in amount between forty and ttfty kegs of powder in the null. Thia ia a very sail hi lair, anil no one will leel more grieved for the loss ol the two valuable lives than Mr. Whipple, whose good works and liberal spirit are well known.? Low til Couritr oj /?'rtrfay. Highly Important from Kentucky? An! Abolition? Excitement In Lexington A few day since we stated that we had received an account of some proceedings which had taken place in Lexington, in regard to the course of the True American . an abolition paper published there by Cassius M. Clay ; that a committee had been ap pointed by a public meeting, to wait upon him and request that he should discontinue the issuing of his paper; and that Mr. Clay, in his answer, published the resolutions of the meeting, and stated his inten tion of continuing his paper at all hazards. By the Southern mail we learn, that the country around is in the greatest excitement, in consequence of some communications which ap jieared in the True American, bearing strongly on slaveholders, to which were prefixed some od'ensive remarks of the editor, and making indirect threats against the slaveholders. In one of the editorials the following strong language was used:? " Remember, you wfco dwell in marble palacei, that there are (trong arms and Aery hearts, and iron pikes in the streets, and panes of glass only between them and the silver pinto on the board, and the smooth skinned wo man on the ottoman ! When you have mocked at virtue, denied the agency of God in the ad'airs of men, and made rapine your honied laith : tremble, for the day of retri bution is at hand, and the masse* will be avenged !" These remarks, and a bulletin issued by Mr. Clay to the citizens of Fayette county, and the city of Lexington, in which he defined his plan of emanci pation, incensed the inhabitants very much, and a call was issued, signed by some of the most influen tial men in that region, for n public meeting to be held on the 18th inst., to adopt measures to put down Mr. Clay's paper. We annex Mr. Clay's Bulletin: ? To the Citizens of Fayette County and City of Lexington As my opponents, notwithstanding my sickness, will not wait to hear my plau of emancipation, and seem de termined to precipitate measures to extremity, without giving me a hearing, and as they insist upon branding me as an " abolitionist," a name full of unknown strange terror* and crimes, to the mass of our peoplayl will muke a brief statement of my plan of emancipation Although 1 regard slavery as opposed to natural right, I consider law and its inviolate observance, in all cases whatever, as the only safeguard of my own libeity and the liberty of others. I therefore have not, and will not, give my sanction to any mode of freeing the slaves, which does not conform strictly to the laws and constitution of my State. And as 1 am satisfied that there is no power, under the pre sent constitution, by which slavery can be reached, I go tor a Convention. In a Convention, which is politi cally omnipotent, I would say that every iemale slave born alter a certain day and year, should be free at the age of twenty-one. This, iu the course of time, would gradually, and at last, make our State truly free. 1 would further say, that alter the expiration of thirty years, more or less, the State should provide a fund, either from her own resources, from her portion in the public lands, for the purchase of the existing generation of slaves, in order that the white laboring portion of our community might be as soon as possible freed from the ruinous competition of slave labor. ? The funds should be applied alter this manner: Commissioners shall he appointed in each county, who shall on oath value all slaves that shall he voluntari ly presented to them for that purpose. To the owners of these slaves shall be issued, by the proper authorities, scrip bearing interest at the rate of six per cent, to the amount of the value of their slaves, and to the redemp tion of said scrip, principal and interest. By this plan the present habits ol our poople would not" be suddenly broken iu upon, whilst, at the same time, we believe that it would bring slavery to almost utter extinction in our State within the next thirty years. With regard to the free blacks, I would not go for forcible expulsion, but i would encourage by all the pecuniary resources that the State had to spare, a volun tary emigration to such countries and climates as nature seem particularly to have designed them. With regard to the political equality of the blacks with the whites, I should oppose in Conven tion their admission to the ri^ht of suffrage. As mi nors, women, loreigners, denizens, and divers other cla-ses of individuals are, in all well regulated govern ments, forbidden the elective franchise, so I see no good reason why the blacks, until they become able to exer cise the right to vote with proper discretion, should he admitted lo the right of suffiage " Sufficient for the day is the evil thereof." The time might come with suc ceeding generations when there would be no objection on the part of the whites, and none on the account of disqualification of the blacks to their being admitted to the same political platform ; but let after generations act for themselves. The idea of amalgamation and paid equality is proven by experience to be untrue and ab surd. It may be said by some, what right would a Con vention have to linerate the unborn ? They who ask of equity, the lawyeis say, themselves mutt ao equity, and whilst the slaveholders have rights, they must remem ber the blacks also have lights ; nnd surely in the com promise which we have proposed between the slave and the slavohnldcr, thn slaveholder has the Lion's share. We have thus, in a very rambling and feeble, unsatis factory manner, given something of an outline of the plan wiiich we hud intended to present. It may be that my paper has not been conducted in the most pacific manner, but is there not cause for mutual reproach be tween myself and the public in which I am placed ? And those who now most denounce me, should remember that my paper was denounced even in advance, in the full avowal of all the incendiary purposes which my ene mies now affect to impute to me. I am willing to take warning from friends or enemies for the future conduct of my paper, and while 1 am ready to restrict myself in the latitude of discussion of the question, I never will voluntarily abandon a right or yield a principle August 16, 1844. C. M. Clav. Later and Important Intelligence. ? We have received Inter intelligence from Laxing ton, down to the 18th, the day appointed for the final work on the abolition press of Clay. It will be perceived from the following interesting letter, that the " True American" concern has been re moved to Ohio : ? Lexington, Ky., Aug 18, 1845. The proceedings of the inhabitants, near the Shades of Ashland are so interesting, that I feel in duty bound, to give you a few outlines for the bene fit of the readers of the Herald. The last num ber ot the True Ameriran was so incendiary in its leading articles, that some of our influential and re spectable citizens thought it necessary to call a meeting of the citizens ol this |?lace together for con sultation. Last Thursday a meeting was held, and passed a resi)lution requesting C. M ("lay to discontinue the publication of that paj>er. The committee appoint ed to wait on him. were, B. W. Dudley, T. H. Waters and. I W. Hunt. Clay replied to the com mittee in a dsgracelul and abusive manner. He told th^ru they were not appointed by a meeting of re spectable citizens, but by cowards, thieves, and as sasdins. The committee retried tlieirproceedings, and read Clay's letter at the second meeting, on Friday last, and recommended another meeting to be lieic this dap. During this time Clay issued iw? handbills, one laying down his principles, and ano ther, containing a letter which he wished to be read before the meeting to-day. This day there were |>eople from all the adjoining counties, to assist in the work of protecting our in terests from the incendiary movements of the aboli tionists. J. M- Bullock was chosen chairman of the nie<-t infs; Benjamin tiratz, secretary. The eloquent T F. Marshall arose as speaker ol the day ? he read the articles from tliegpapers ? Cltfy's answer to the coni mittee, and his last letter, requesting to be heard be fore the assembled muhitmie ot |?-ople. Mr Mar shall introduced, with some lew remarks, the report of the committee appointed by the citizens, together with the rerolunons prepared. The report will knock the anticipations ot th<' abolitionists as flat and as dumb, in this IStatc, us the last resolution has knocked tli" printing press. The last revolution is in about the?f* words ? "That that press we will slop?' peaceably if we can, or, forcibly if we must.' " A committee of sixty were appointed to proceed to the office, and take down th- press, box it up. ari l v n| i i.> Cmci i Mti. The committee went to ilie office ? the key w is giwn to ihern ? the city mnrvhal repoited progress, that in a lew hours the press, Arc., would be on the cars The committee reported at two o'clock that the pre.-* was taken down, and pledged themselves that in ? fi-w hours it should be on the cars. Ex Governor Metcalf, alias " Old Stone-hammer," ad dressed the vast assemblage of human beinus for two hours, on the suhp-ct of abolition, ana the ix-acable manner in which they Ind conducted themselves, on this I81I1 day of August, which will be long remembered by Kentuckians. I leave the meeting to write th-se few lines. I neglected to inform you at first, that C. M Clay lias been sick wiih in?- typhoid fever ler thir ty-lire days, and could not be |?rsonally present. Latkr from Texas ?By the arrival of the Re venue Cutter Woodbury, which left Aran -is on the 6tb, anil (>alve*ton on th? 8th invt., wo have received intelligence fiorn Texas a lew days luter. Major Donel rou came passenger in the Wooilhnr) . We hear nothing faither ol the proceeding! of the Convention, save that that body was hard at work on the vaiious provision* reported by the respective com mittees. The ship* Victoria and Huvinh were to leave th? Bay of Aransas on the bth inst. The U. S steamer Monmouth had arrived at Aransas in a verj leaky condition. Hhe had been kept afleut by continual pumping Tlte Oalvetton AWt itatef that the sloop of war 8t Marys arrived at that pert on the 7th in?t. from Corpus chusti. Theie are lono troops at St. Joseph's Maud, who are comfortably situated.? AT O. hie, Jlug. 16<A. Sicknks in I i.m.n on. ? A gentleman of thi? city, who lias just returned from a tour through Illinois, reports sickness to be prevalent in many places to an un precedented extent. In Kicli I'rairie, lying in Madison and Macoupin counties, not a family is exempt, and in many instances whole families Bre prostrate One case came under his observation, of a family of nine persons, all so low that not on* was able to render any assistance to another^ and many other similar case* he heard of.? The disease* prevalent are bilions fever, and favar and ague.? Minouri Rtymtrr. I Farther *?*%?? from M?x!?o. [From the New Orleans Picayune, An*. 16 1 The long expected schooner Water Witch, Captain Trenuis, arrived at this port yesterday morning from Vera Cruz, whence ihe tailed on the 6th inst. She brines letter* and paper* a* late a* due : from the city of Mexi co ?ur file* come down to the Slit of July, juat twelve days later than were received by the Relampago. .Mexico ha* not yet declared war against the United State*, although ihe received, by the Britiih brig of war Persian, full intelligence of the action of Texas upon the propositions made to her for annexation, and some rumor* of active military movement* on the part of the United States. Not onjy had there been no declaration of war, or even of commercial non-intercourse, but we can find not one word in our ample tile*, to show that, any military opera tions have yet been resolved upon by Mexico. The sto ry tliut 10,000 men were moving towards Texas, with a view of its reconquest, must be purely rumor But let us soo what the government has actually done. On the 21st of July the Minister* of Foreign Relations, Senor Cuevss, and of the Treasury, Senor Luis de la Rosa, addressed most importaut communications to the Chamber of Deputies. The general tenor of the first document is as follows The government in lull coun cil, having deliberated upon the questions involved in the annexation of Texa* to the American Union? having weighed well the evil* consequent upon the interrup tion of peaee, and the yet greater evils which the Re public would sudor if its outraged honor and tho viola tion of its territory cannot find protection by the ordina ry means established by the law of nations? has unani mously determined to resort to the extreme measure of w ar with the I uited States. The government ha* weigh ed well the responsibility of taking such a step, notwith standing the repeated provocations offered by the United 8tut*s, especially as the question of peace would seem to devolve naturally upon the new administration about to come into power; but the actual government has not sought to appear less resolved upon a just and na tional war, than it has shown itself disposed to a worthy and honorable peace. 7 The Government continue* adopting the most efflca cious mean* for the reconquest of Texas. If it has not done all tnat it could wish, it has at loast done all in its pow er, nnd the Chamber shoull not doubt either it* zeal or pati iotism. And now the Government come* forward to propose the necessary financial measure* which should

naturally precede any measure of hostility. Thereupon, the President direct* the Secretary to lay before the Chambers the following proposition*, resolved upon in full council of hi* ministers s? "1st. Krom the moment in which the government shall learn that the department of Texas has annexed it? sell to the American Union, or that tho troops of tho Lnion have invaded Texa*, it will declare the nation to be at war with the United States of North America. J J. I his war shall be conducted with a view to pre serve the integrity of the Mexican territory under its ancient boundaries; as they have been acknowledged by the bnited States m treatiesfrom 1828 down to 1830, an'd r\?5uT 1 nat'onal independence now menaced." [ 1 he foreign Secretary, Luis DelLa Rosa then a4 I??.? ,'e communication which appeared in our paper of 1 hursday, to the Treasury.] This rather eloqueiit appeal to the patriotism of the Deputies had not been acted upon by them so far as we can learn by our files, notwithstanding there is a rumor in town that the loan demanded had been granted. We do not doubt that it may be, more especially as no one appears to entertain any idea that the money can be ob turned. El Siglo Die: y IVutre, which hus usually most ardently sustained the administration, in the present in stance opposes the idea of any declaration of war. It holds that war ha* already been virtually deolared from the moment that the United States-passed the measure of annexation ; that the subsequent action of Texa* hus nothing to do with the question as between Mexico and us? that the two countries are now at war ? an often sive war on the part cf the American Union, and strictly defensive on the part of Mexico. It contends tnat Mexico should observe her treaty stipulations to ward*' our merchants, as those of a hostile nation, and that there is no occasion to proclaim a war, which can be done at any moment or not at all, being a mere ma'ter of form. Many Mexicans accede to this reasoning, and there are letters in town which weuld induce theT)elief that there will be no formal declaration of war, but that the most strenuous exertions in the power of Mexico will be employed to reconquer Texas. This, of course, would not in the least returd or otherwise affect the mea sures of resistance to an in?a*ion of Texas which tho Lnited States is bound to take. A great number of Mexicans? some of them "veterans of Independence," retired military men, General Al monte, and even Canalizo, the ex-President now in con finement at Perots? are coming forward in crowds to proffer their services to the Govurnmeut, to carry on the war in so just a cause. Vet we cannot hut believe that there is more of Mexican gascouadeia all these proffers than a real desire to fight. The citizen* of the capital heard on the 29th ult., by way of VeraCruz, that 3,000 infantry, lino cavalry, and some pieces of light artillery from the army of the Uni ted States were about to rendezvous on the west bank of the Rio Bravo, together with 1,000 Texans. They knew not whether to credit this news or not, but awaited in all confidence intelligence that the Mexican army of obser vation has thoroughly flogged this force, if it has really made so audacious a move. At all events, the o itors declare that the hour for the struggle has arrived. There were rumors in Mexico on the 31st ult., of a change of ministry. El Siglo dissuades from giving any credence to them, thinking it very unlikely that when the Presidential election was to take place on the iollow ing day, and the term of office of the present administra tion was so near at hand, that it should strike out any new cour.* of policy. El Sig'o attributes the rumors to the attacks of Henor Bo?w? upon the Oovoriiment It is impossible to form any definite opinion as to the result of the election. Gomez Farias is represented as the most popular candidate. Gen. lieriera has the strength ol the press on his side, and On. Almonte is verj anxious to bo chosen, and has volunteered to fight Texas. We need not speculate on the matter. Both ( hambers of Congress, acting in theircapacity of giand jurors, decided, on the 21st ult., that there weie sufficient grounds lor instituting criminal process against D. Manual Baianda, the ex-Minister of Justice, for hav ing signed the decree of the 29th of November, which led to the revolution of December 6th. Letters had been received in Mexico announcing the suspension ol all communications with the Department of Tabasco, on account of the political disturbances in that part of the Republic. Many of the troops under Arista had deserted, being half starved, we presume. To stimulate the inhabitants to activity in arresting the runaways, the General offers Je a head for every one brought in. I niversal complaints are made of the dilatoriness of -ongress in carrying through the reforms required by the people. The papers urge upon each house the ne cessity of expediting measure*, in order that the undivided at.ention of Congress and the nation may be given to the foreign relations of the country. El S'Kl>> i* much occupied with a defence of the course pursued by the administration, in ottering to acknow ledge the independence of Texas, in orde? to prevent her annexation to the United States. This is evidently, in the eyes of tho populace, the vulnerable point ia tho policy of the Government. 1 he most active discussion is going on in regard to the reformation of the existing Constitution of Mexico. Some of the essays on the subject are written with verv considerable force and oloouence. S inta Anna ha* denied, through one of hit friends in Mexico, that be has ever accepted from the Queen of Spain the decoration of the Order of Charles 111, howe ' er grateful It might have been to him to have been the organ through which herCatholic Majesty might testily her regard for the Mexican nation The two Houses of Congress have not yet been able to settle the details of the tariff, so long under discussion. rHi r ",B ln'?"or is s"id to be brisker, in consequence of the fear of a blockade by our naval forces ; otherwise business is dull. The Diaro pronounces a report to be utterly false which louud some currency, to the ellectthat Srs. Bravo. Bustaotente, Valencia and Almonte, had attacked the Ministry in the session of the C ouncil held on the nitrht of tiie ?0th Hit ? for the line of conduct pursued towau's Texas The same paper also denies that the Ministry ?ought to exculpate themselves by throwing tne blame upon the legislative body. < apt. Trennis reports that when he left VeraCruz there were no_ American vessels in port On his second daj out, (the ah mst.) lie saw au American vassel of war bearing towards Veia Cruz: but from tho distance he could not make her out. There were lying at Sucrifi cios, one Knglish, one Spanish, and one French vessel of war, when tho Water \Vitcli sailed, and the American squadron was momentarily expected. [From the New Orleans Tropic., Aug 15 ] The Courier publishes several lettei s from Veia Cruz to n commercial house in this city. One of them says that the differences existing between Mexico and this country "msy eventually lead to a war," and that "it will be very difficult to raise the sum" demanded to carry ??? w,ar' } 1,0 w,l'er is "therefore still in hopes that the difficulties in question will be peaceably adjusted, and the commercial intercourse lenmin undisturbed." Another letter says that " although our government has Communicated to the chambers a declaration of wai against the I nited states, yet it appears that no such formal step will be taken, but measures will be adopted | to raise and equip a sufficient force to march upon Texas, and to do the utmost to reconquer that territory.'1 So it appears that, notwithstanding the agitation of the public mind in Mexico, from fears of a war, intelligent commercial men think such an event exceedingly doubt ful And we place more reliance upon one commercial head, in matters of war, tl an upon the gasconades of a whol . ministry like that of Mexico As we have said all along, war is probable, but not certain. Ev the Elizabeth J urrived at Philadelphia on Friday, from Havana, we have the following item*; Embargo op Tobasco ?In the Dinrio dr la Ha bana of the 11th nint , we find the fallowing decree promulgated by the Government of Mexico, which haw been officially communis .ted to the minister plenipotentiary of the Spanish Government resident at Mexico By authority of Joae Joaqtiim He Herrnra, preiiilent H'l interim of the Mexican Kepuhlio, l>e it known, that in conformance to the provimon of the law of the 33d ol Kebruary, 1?S3, by Art. lat? The Port of Toba?eo ja declared abut for both foreign and coaatwise commerce, Ait. 2d ? Thin act will go into effect as far aa regardt foreign veaael*. in two roontha from the date of the publi cation of thia decree in the cubital of the republic ; and aa regard* national vuakela, from the 26th of the month ol July. Ijiitod Palar io del Oohierno Narional, Mexico, lath ol July.lMft. .loir. J nr Hr.mrnu. Centii at? America. ? The Siq/o, from Mpxico. contain* new* from Guatemala io the elfect, that treaties of |ience had been negofi.iied between Nica ragua and Salvador, but it Hj>|*-?trH by other account! received at Havana. that difficulties had occurred be tween Salvador and Hondura* The wbove in given on the authority of the Dinrio dt la Marina. Pt'KRTo Princjpk. ? Account* received at thia of fice, dated 1st of Any umI, ikIvihc ijs of the openinu of, at thai place, eighteen mile* of railroad for public use They alao Ptale, thai the heat waa bo inlenae ?a to have caused aeveral cases of death by brain fe ver; among which we notice, wnh great regret, that of Antonio Freire, K?q., well known a* the able and kindly hearted editor of the Fanal. 1 City rirt?l(i?Mi. Coroner's Orrict, Aug Ui.?Suiridr hy a Female ? The Coroner has been engaged for the last 14 hour:. In the investigation of a case ofconsiderable interest, inasmuch as strong suspicions existed that foul play had been re sort jd to in producing the death of a young female nam ed Sophia Smith, u natlre of Ulster county. in this State, aged JJ yeers, whom it was alleged had bean found dead in her room with'ei^ht punctures in her abdomen, a ban dago tied a number of times very tight round her neck, another round her head; also a piece of muslin about two yards long and several inches wine in her mouth. From the evidence adduced before the t ,'oroner it ap Eim ad that the deceased came from the neighborhood of iu;<ston, Ulster county, where her parents reside, that for some time past jshe has been attending in a thread, needle and trimming store, 191 Greenwich street, for Madam Hazard of 80 Chamber street, at whose house this unf'rtunate occurrence took place; that sho usually slept iu the buililing where tne store wax located, ami for several weeks she also boarded with the family of Mr. Robert Gilmore, who occupy a portion of the same remises ; but, in consequence, of tome pecuniary em artassments of her employer, the business of the'store was brought to a close, and Miss Smith went to re side with Madame Hazard, on Saturday last, at which time she complained of being much indisposed. The following dav, also on Monday morning, she statod that sho felt better and went to the store, but re turned in the evening more unwell than she had pre viously been, whereupon Madame Hazard proposed to send tor her family phytioian; feceased, however, waB unwilling for her to doao, and a few simple remedies were tried, and in the course of a day or two she ap peared to be convalescent Nothing further that is worthy of note transpired, until last evening, when about 8 o'clock a young female who resides in the house was in conversation with her in her room; in the course of the remarks which passed between them, the deceased observed that she intended to nsk Madame Hazard, in case of death, whether she (Madame Hazard) would see her decently buried. Being asked if she would not like to go home to her father's, she replied, "I shall never see my home again.'' Shortly after 9 o'clock last night, Madame Hazana and the young lady before referred to, named Victaire Be'auchamp,weiit "into the room of the deoeased, where we remained a short time. While we were there, the deceased said to us, "1 hope you are going to leave my room soon, 1 have Sot only one hour to stay with you." She then got on er bed and we left the room, aad entered our respec tive apartments, one of which was next to that in which the deceased usually slept " Another lady, (married) inconsequence of being disturl ed by her child, was ui> for s veral hours during the night: nevertheless, accord ing to her statement, not the least noise was heard, excopt by u servant, who, at an early hour in the even ing heard, or fancied that she heard, somebody call Ann! Ann ! (her name) twice or thrice, which induced her to get up and go to her mistress's door for the purpose of ascertaining whether she was wanted, but finding all porlectly still on arriving there, she returned to tier bed, aud soon lell fast asleep. From a little after 9 o'clock last night nothing was heard or seen of the deceased until about 7 o'clock this morning, when Madam Hazard en tered her room and discovered her lying on the floor as before stated.* A small penknife, with the blade open, was then firmly grasped in her right uand, the left hani lying on the abdomen in the vicinity of the wounds inflicted with the knife ; a pair of scis.ors also was found lying near her right side. She was quite naked ; some few articles of underclothing were under the body. A post mortem examination was mide by Dr. Israel Moores, who stated that the punctures did not penetrate the cavity of theubdomen, aud were not of a character likely to pro duce death, and gave it as his opinion that the death had been caused by strangulation. A more extended detail of the circumstances connect ed with this mysterious affair, is unavoidably deferred in consequence of the late hour at which the investigation was brought to a close. The jury, after a brief consul tation. rendered a verdict "that the deceased came to her death by strangulution produced by her own hands." Man Kili.kd. ? A butcher in Fulton Market, last night, about 9 o'clock, was cutting a piece oi meat, when his clever slipped from the block and glanced into his body, in the lumbar region. He ran for a physician, but before he reached the house, he lell dead. The name of the unfortunate person was John Vau llapp, and he was in the employ of Mr. Adair, of Brooklyn. Child hun over.? A carman, whose name is unfortu nately not ascertained, yesterday, while driving at a fu rious rate in the vicinity of the Second avenue uud First street, ran over a little girl, injuring her very severely, so much so that her lile is dispaired of. Fire.? Last evening, a few minutes before ten, a fire broke out in the large store occupied by Henry Bl.iir, 178 Washington stieet, as a coffee and spice establish ment. Tho interior was entirely destroyed We should suppose the loss wotil I amount to some thousands, as the stoi ? seemed to be well stocked. Another ? There was another alarm about the same time, caused by the breaking out of a fire iu a store in Oey street, near West, which was extinguished without much damage being done. We would call the attention of our worthy and efficient Mayor, who hai evinced a determination to break up the mock auction stoies, to another description of shaving shops that are scattered over the city; we mean lottery offi. es. Three or four unprincipled knaves will hire a small store, partition it so that they can transact business without being seen from the street, purchase a red label with " Gold and Silver Wanted" (no Joubt of it) printed upon it, ostensibly for the brokerage business, exchang ing uncurreut money, &c., when in reality all thay do is to sell and deal in lottery tickets. There aro a great many of such shops up town, the proprietors of which could not calculate the discount on one dollar at one per icent, and who live by preying on the poorest and moat gnorant of our population. Doo Dav Weather. ? On F'riday evening, altera close sultry day, a succession of showoit, accompanied by sharp lightning, and heavv peals oi'ih under, came up and gave promise of cooler weather on the morrow But we were destined to be sadly disappointed. The weather of yesterday was certainly tne most oppressive of any we have had this season? the whole city was in the " melting mood." Big drops of sweat were oozing from every pore, and the hourly decrease in gravitation was al nost percepti ble. The mercury did not run very high ( ibout 8a deg ) but there was not air enough quiver the leaves of an aspen tree, but, by patiently waiting, we snail soon have our brows fanned by the cooling breezes of September. About noon a refreshing shower came up which cooled the air considerably. Where are the Watchmen? ? \ gentleman informs us that having occasion to pass down Barclay street, from Breadway to Greenwich street, at about eleven o'clock every night, he has not or a week met a solitary watchman. This is a very retired street at night, anl being in the vicinity of the resorts of some desperate fel lows. persons in passing there at night are liable to be robbed or murdered without ptotection. Several cases of night robbery have lately occurred in that vicinity, and it is to be ho|>ed that our vigilant police ccptain will see to the matter, and have watchman stationed at pro per distances. Wooden Pavements.? About three months since. Nassau street, from Wall to 1'ine, was repaved with woodon blocks, and now it is in the same condition it was then, all afloat. One requires considerable know ledge of navigation to cross there. It is about time that the wooden humbug exploded. York Springs, August 17, 18J5. Setnery ? Codfith Anttocrary ? Fair Baltimoreans ? Pleasures of a I Vn teri ng- PI are . Having noticed in the Hi raid your characteristic independence in declaring your intention to publish a plant and unvarnished relation tn regard to water ing places, I ?sk h place in your columns for a few lines from the York Springs, in Adams county. Pa., concerning the amusements, company, dcc. This place is chiefly frequented by Baltimoreans ; indeed there were few from other places there this summer It is reached by railroad from Philadelphia or Balti more to York, and thence in coaches some twenty miles. The hotel is situated in a holl >w at the foot of a lofty hill, clothed in beautiful forest trees; from the summit of the hill a beautiful view lies .extended to the spectator. A ridge ofmounHins along the northern boundary of the county, and the gentle un dulations to the south, combine to form tolerably good scenery. Hut the strangers assembled at such places gene rallj-, afford much food for entertainment to those whose minds aie n?t entirely nbsorbed in senseles pleasures. To many brainless men and fooli-h women, whose only desire is to appear of vast itn portance during sucn ephemeral existence ; on their departure they sink again into their pristine insigni ficance, and like bats and owls, in the d-iy time, di s appear, no one knows whither. Here wi* have the rich man puffed up with the all absorbing idea of his splendid mansion and great wealth? thinking of noihing but the gratitication of animal appetite ? Epicure in his diet, enjoying at home his ham boiled in champagne, and oysters conked in slierrv wine, his pleasure is on his table. litre we have thp rich man's wife, waddling about with an ill-iiilected dig nity, looking upon all others with a scornful indigna Hon, ill-becoming ene who formerly occupied so low a rank in society. Her father once kept a green-gro cer's establishment. His family were highly indig nant at the match. She is very ignorant and mur ders the King's English sadly, and, moreover, "never reads cheap publications," it is too low. Now, |ieo i ile of this description if thev did not assume puch ridiculous pretensions, might yet be highly respect ed, but when they mount upon the horse Pride, and rid- over everv body's head they deserve all til - contempt they suffer. Among the Baltimoreans, who, by the way, ar* ?xtolled for hospitality at home, but have a singular way of showing it abroad, are some two or th^ pretty women. Miss W a belle of B., is quite pretty, and very lady-like in tier manners, and h<'S a Deautifnl hand and foot She was one of the few igreeable ladies from her city. Miss C is also i fine girl. But by far the prettiest woman here is a Mrs. P., by no means young, but one ot the most dignified and beautiful women the writer has evei *ern. Her husband is a handsome man, and a gen tleman. A Mrs. Bobbadilla. or some such name, is imong the visitors ; her husband is said to be a cap ram, but where he is, or in what Bervice, deponent can't say. . , . . , Capt. W. and lady, U. S. A , stationed in a neigh boring county, are now here. He is indeed one o nature's noblemen, and well worthy of the distin guished name anil rank he b ars. He is univer sity respected and admired, and is very popular in the army Mrs. W. is a highly educated lady, pol mhed and agreeable in h-r manners; also Mrs. M , of Bthimore, wife of Capt. M , L . S A The amusements are ten-pins, billiuids.wslks, ate The number of noisy, llI-b?h?Ted children rende the place almost intolerable, but the water is ver* efficacious in many complaints, and I must endure it a few days longer. The place was once fashionable, when the writer visited it some five or six years ago, but now the com pany is a heterogeneous mass, and very stiff and formal. Co*coito, Mass., Aug. 41, 18-W Tnwtl Between New Yo>k and Botian? EffteU of t 'etnpetit ion ? Trade in Fruit? Want of Rain, tfc. 1 arrived here the other day after a short and cheap passage from your city. The distance isabou1 two huudred and fifty miles, and I paid twenty shil lings only, or at the rate of one cent a mile, to be ' onveyed to this village. This iB cheap enough for ihe most economically disposed individuals bat decidedly too cheap lor the comfort-loving traveller Travel between New York and Boston has be come immense. To ascertain its increase and pres ent magnitude, one must travel once or twice over eucii route connecting the two cities. This summer i/ives us an idea of the locomotive propensities ot ihe Americans; of their curiosity to see the world ? When they can travel on the "Canal street plan, or at the rate of a cent a mile, they beeome migra tory to an alarming exteut. America is a great country tor competition. It can scarcely exibt without it; indeed, it will at once go to ruin as toon as the s|?culative mania ot the peo ple ceases, and the Pacific becomes the terminus of the enterprizes now in contemplation. We see this on hoard the steamboats and in the railroad earn, on half a dozen ditferent routes leadingtrom New York to Uoston, and out of Boston to all the towns 01 any consequence in New England There are now no less than five rout-s betweenJNew\ork and Boston, troin which diverge a dozen or .more railroads, shooting to every important point in this section ot the country. On these routes we see the restlesss activity of the people; the strong desire to travel ; the irresistable tendency to get into a larger and le*s populated region; an indomitable energy, that almost startles a quiet, plodding man. The rush to obtain the best seals at the tea table on board a steamboat; to ijet the best seat in the best railroad car; the lev elling operation ot cheap fares, exhibit plainly enough, the tendency and destiny of and the Americans. The acquisition of Texas produces the same feeling in the breasts of the mass that is felt by every live Yankee in obtiining a comtorta bie seat in a railroad car, after a rush from a steam boat and when travelling at the cheap rate ot one cent i>er mile. More land, the best seat, the almitfhty dollar, and the purest atmosphere, are uppermost in the mind of the present generation. But let all this go for what it is worth. I might, perhaps, be better employed in giving a tew statisti cal facts connected with the great increase in travel that has lately taken place between New York and BTc?ame on in the Rhode Island. She left New York in company with the Cleopatra and Neptune,, all with pasieugers for Boston. The Ktiode Island had two hundred and titty in her cabins. As the is no better than the Neptune or Cleopatra, it is fair to 8upiK>se that they also had two hundred and fifty each. These in the aggregate amount to seven hundred and filty. These passengers left your ci y at the same moment, to reach the same place early the next moruine, and then to scatter. Then there is the Long Island route, that conveyed at least two hundred persons from New \ ork to Boston on the same day; and the New Haven route, that conveyed a hundred more, making a total ot over one thou sand passengers. Ten years ago, three hundred were considered a very large number to leave your citv in one day tor Boston. Now, one thousand is the number. Ten years ago the fare was six and ^ht dollars; now it ^dollars. Ten . years ago there was one route, and that round the Pi int. Now there are five routes, and all good and desira ble. Ten years in America is equal to litty in E Among other extraordinary results seen in the competition in rail roads in this direction is in the enormous quantity of trait that is daily trans ported from New York to Boston the diate cities. I saw on board the Rhode Island two hundred baskets, equal to the same number of bush els, of prime caches. The Cleopatra carried t hundred and fifty baskets of the same delicious fruit in charge of Adams & Co., which were de livered and ottered for sale in Boston in thirteen hours after leaving New \ork. I . am told that the fruit trade between the two cities is now very great and very profitable. In strawberry time, probably two millions ot baekets were conveyed over one route from New York to Boston. In all early truitH the trade is enormous. All the fields in this place are dried up. There, has been no rain of any consequence since planting time ; many of the fanners are cutting up their corn stalks to give to the cattle, all hope of getting a crop hav ing vanished Both the corn and potato crops will be short. In this vicinity, these crops will tall oft at least one-third from an average, t here was a small shower this morning, which the pirchod earth drank up at a swallow, and as easily us n drunkard in your city drinks oft a glass of gin. The feelings of the people in this region are de cidedly against the annexation of Texas, and a war with Mexico. That, however, was to b? expected. This town is the seat of Abolitionism and Transcen dentalism. Several here have signed what is called a Disunion Pledge, and another called the Anti Slavery Peace Pledge. The first binds the signer* not to vote for a candidate for any ofiico " the en trance uiion which requires an oath to support the constitution of the United States " This pledge la circulating all over New England. The other pledges the signers not to aid in any way or shape in any war that may result from the annexation ot Texas. All are " come outers" here, and we may next expect amalgamation of colors in marriages. C ai.ifornia.? ~The Norhtem part ot California is said to be as line a country as Kentucky, with a mil der climate, a* the latitude 40, on ttie Pacigc, agree* with the same climate in Southern Europe. There art Indiana on the well wuoiled stream*, who have never ieeluhe face of a whde man; and North Ca itoraia a capable of supporting a population a. large as i the > whole Southern States. It w remarked by Humboldt, that the necple of tho province* of New Spain, are altogether dissimilar to the mixed and Indian race of the Southern provinces, and that an irreconcilable antipathy prevail* between them. Tho northern Mexican, are of the pu reit white race, from the northern part of Spain, descen dants of the Ooth. of Biscay and Caatile, and akin to the Saxon. Patty, in his narratives, speak* of the great fa cility with which the Americans ate incorporated, and assimilated with the Spaniards of the internal province* mum Ha x niAiUkXi'l'i Saturday, August S43? 6 P. St. There was quite an improvement to-day in itocki.? The advices from Mexico appear to have had a vary la. vorable effect upon the market. At tha board, Stoning ton went up } ; Norwich and Worcester, j ; Reading Railroad, lj ; Morris Canal, J; Farmers' Loan, 1; Illinois, it Harlem, 1}; Lour Island, I ; Canton 2; Ohio 6's j; Krie Railroad, J. The sales were to some extent at this im provement. The demand lor loraign exchange is limited, and our quotations for sterling bills have been reduced. Tha current rates are to 10$ per cent premium. On Pans, f.i.iS a f.6.23>. Amsterdam, 39} to 30). Hamburg, .35^ a3.'ij. Bremen, 78 a 78J. Domestic Exchanges are very quiet. Thera is so little doing that our quotations cannot lie considered other wise tli. ui nominal. The variation in tha rates are, how ever, very trilling from week to week. Domestic ExcHangx, Ahl- 23, 1845. . .....para }4 din. Apal icnicola . , . 2 a 2,'* tin Plul ?del|>k it. . . . par a .'4110 Mobile, spu-ie . . >4 ? ? do Baltimore a 't do Mobile, St Bk nt*6?4 a IK do Virifi ia 1 a l'? do Moutgomery ...6\ a 7S do Noith Carolina. .1'4 a 1)| il > Tuscaloosa 6'% a 7H do Charleston a I do New (Ji leans ... \ a D$ do Savannah Mai do Nashville 2 a IV do Augusta J4 a I do Louisville a 1% do Columliua 1*4 a I >4 do Ht Louia 2 a 2.!? do Macon ...IJi a IVj do Cincinnati 1 a iy4 do] Union, Florida. .71) a75 do Hafetf Fd notes.. K a \ do don lb L (k T Co.7i a 80 do Eastern uolaa... . a 1 ?i do CtroTATioxs tor tNcvimrtT Moiskt. Uncurrent Monry Uncurrent Money. Easl'n, b'ik'ble in b- V11 l4a Ohio ?2'<, AIluiiy.Troy, 8ch Jcc. a % Indiana a2S Jer?ey a Michigan s3 Baltimore a yt South Carolina. ..... . al'a Hslt-iy Fd Ik. Red Bark. }as Mobile alS Virginia al'k New Orleans alV; QroT-iioKs for Specie. Her C enl. Value. Amer. gold, old . Hk? a IH>!? Ca'olus dollars. $1 06 a 1 07 do .10 new. M O a I0d'4 Fivefrancs M3*aCa 904 II II <1.11 . . .11,014 a Ii0.'4 Douldooiis 18 10 alt 10 Poil.iiiir.e gold. .100 a Wiljj do purioi.l i 60 all 7# -p. hi. lid., liars... Kit a 105 Sovereign* . . . . 4 I) a 4 B7 do qua 99 a 100 do lisht... 4 Hi a 4 B5 Mexican doll is. .WO a 101 He ?vy guineas. 5 00 ?... do (inner. #9 a 100 Na oleons. . . . 3 8) a... The Western Kailroad Company have declared a divi .lei d of three per rant, payable on the 1st of September. Tho revenue of New Brunswick lor Customs, Sic , for the quarter ending June 30th, 184ft, compmed with the corie>pon<Ung quaiter ending 1444, has increased about ?ixiy-ieven par cant. We annex the ofAcial returns bowing the total receipt* each quaiter, with the increase from each source. IlKVEnri or New Borisswicx. Or. rndiv/f Or endm ? increase in Jim. 30, '<4. J in* 30, '45. Sterling. O'dinary Revei ue . . , 11.369 17 3 17.2 1 0 7 4,871 3 4 (??sport funnier ilnry... 330 0 3 5,307 6 5 4 976 15 2 Light hoii-e dune* .. 1,36!) 10 4 1,400 J6 ft 21 8 4 Sirk h Dl? Seam's ilo. 516 fi 4 6:ifl 6 7 BO 10 3 I'naaen'r V Kiniyrant do 421 13 9 1,0*6 12 0 60| 18 I From the Customs... 5,5'i9 13 3 6.354 14 4 7.M II I UvinFmid. 2,433 6 5 3.197 I!) II "6113 6 I iCideuul rev?nne. . . . 0 0 0 3,4i>0 l > 0 3,40i- 12 3 Receipts in aid 18 14 2 351 I II 312 6 9 Total ?23,110 10 9 3D, '118 10 5 15,8(17 19 ? The rnto of Light duty was reduced on 1st April, l"lft, from four p?nc.K to three ponce per ton, notwithstanding which, thoro has been a small increase in the revenue from that source. The aggregate receipts for tolls on the Siisquehanni and Tide-water Canal, during the present season, up ti the lfith instant, has been a little more than two thou sand dollars mote than to the same date last year. Sutm'r imsi a*ii Tin?-WATra Canal. Receipts for tolls to August lfith, 1814, $81,3.11 Receipts for tolls to August lfith, 1845 ;,3,3.'IH Increase, 184.1 $3,017 Tha incraaia in th? descending trada, so far, ha* b

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