THE NEW YORK HERALD. Vol. XI., Ho. Sm-Wbols Mo. *005. PrlM.TW* Coata. llHE NEW YORK HERALD. JAttKfl GORDO M BENNETT, Proprietor, pir dilation? Forty Thousand. DAILY HERALD ? Every day. File* 3 cent* pel W~V 26 per annum ? payable in advance. WEEKLY HERALD ? Every Saturday ? l'nce cent* Iw cony? J>3 lit cuoti per annum ? payable in advance. ADVERTISEMENTS at the uaual prices ? alwajri a*h in advance. PRINTING of all kind* executed with beauty and l*?I>atch. ?f- All lotteri or coiomuuicatio&a, by 'mail, addressed u establishment, must be post paid, or the postage viil be deducted from tho subscription money remitted JAMES GORDON BENNETT, I'lOr.-IETOF. 07 THK NkW YoRH H* * AtU K? T ABLISBM?*V Nm-thw?irt rorn'.r of Fulton nrd Nasxnti ? a fa ? ? ? MORNING LINE AT 7 O'CLOCK, FOR ALBANY, TROY and intermediate I midmgs, from the Steamboat Pier at the foot o L. B arclay street. R v tkfaxtand Dinner on board the boat. Ltri.vts New York. at 7 o'clock, A.M., Tuesdays, Thursdays mdS-.turdav, aud Troy at 6 o'clock, A. M., AJbauy at 7 o'clock V M. Mouuay, Wednesday and Friday. Tin- low-pr.-isuri* steamboat TROY, < up tain A. Gorham, on I ui'sdnys, Thursday* mid Saturdays, at 7 o'clock. The steamboat NIAGARA, Captain A. Degroot, on Mon lay, W ednesday aud Friday, at 7 o clock. r'or pmsiige or freight, apply oubonrd, or to F. B. Hall, at the office on the wharf. No; ice? All goods, freight, baggage, bank bills, specie,. or any other kind of property takeu, shipped, or put on board this boat, nu?t be it the risk of the owuers of inch goods, freight, bag ;age, fcc. jel8rc NOTICE. ' " 8TATEN ISLAND FERRY, FOOT OF WHITEHALL STREET. The Steamboats SYLPH and STAT EN ISLANDER will ure New York every hour except 5 P. M., commencing at ,f A. ,\J.t until 7 P.M. Leave Stat en Island every hoar except 4 |P. M.i commencing at 3 A. M., untjJ 7 P. M. N. B? On Sunday* the Boats will leave every hour from 8 A. M.. until 1 P. M., and from 1 P. M. until 7 P. M., every hall inur. JyU NbW YORK, ALBANY AN1) TROY LINE. M.A FOR ALBANY AND TROV DIRECT. ?; ? " 7 o'clock, P. M.? The steamboat EM St. ?.Ji. . U*. PI It E, Captain R. B. Macy, will leave the lieainboat i-ier foot of Courtlandt ?treet, every Tuesday, Tim r^daya id Saturday afternoon, at 7 o'clock. Th? steauiiioat COLUMBIA, Captain Wm. H. Peck, every Musid.iv, Weduenday a.id Fridav afternoon, at 7 o'clock. for I'.iA*age or Freight apply on hoard, or at the office on th? "OPPOSITION TICKET OFFICE.? F( c*. . Albany, 75 cents? Utica, $8 ? Syracuse, 3Em^JB^?2L$2,5<> ? Rochester. $3 ? Buffalo, $3,5#? Also, through hi Hie last line, with board. $10 50 ? Also, Oswego, S3 ? Kiin;..i on, (U. C?) $4? Toronto, $5? Cleveland, (O.) $6? De troit, $6 50 ? Chicago, ( III. ) $10,50? North to Trov aud White 'uall. 50? Montreal, $4,50. Office No. 107 Barclay st. v?5 I ni'i-h M. L. R \V. Agent. WILL I A MSB UR Gil AND PECK SLIF FERRY. The Trustees of this Ferry, believing thai tilers are many of the citizens of New York p.nd vicinity that are uuuequainted with the facilities this l*erry affords as a pleasant cvmmunication with Williamsburg aud Long Island, would state that there are two good Ferry Boats on this Ferry, which leave Peek Slip eiery fifteen or twenty minutes through the day up to 5 o'clock, P. M., and then up to 8 o'clck, at each even hour aud half hour; after which a boat leaves at 9 o'clock and 10 o'clock. The last boat leaving Williamsburg at half-past 9 o'clock, P. M. P. S ?On the e.veuing of July 4th, the boat will continue to run until 12 o'clock. jy2 lm*rc STEAM BETWEEN NEW YORK AND LIVERPOOL. THE Great Western Steam Ship Compa ny's Steam Ships The GREAT WESTERN. 1700 tons, 450 horse power, B. R. Matthews, Esq., Commander. The GKE AT BRITAIN, 3,500 tons, 1(HK> horse power. Lieutenant James Hoskeu, R. N., Commander ? are intended to ruu as follows: ? GREAT WESTERN. From Liverpool. I From New York. Saturday August 23. Thursday Sept. 1R Saturday October 11. I Thursday Nov. C GREAT BRITAIN. From Liverpool. Saturday Jniy26, 1845. Salatday Sept. 27. Sa'.urday Nov. 22 From New York. Saturday August no. Saturday Oct. 25. Saturday Dec. 20. Fare per Great Western. $100. aud $5 Stewards' Fees. Fare per Or. at Britain, from $81 to $12 ', (and $5 Steward's fee.) accoiding >o the size auil position of the State Rooms For fii'ight or passage, or other information, app.y to RICHARD TOVIN, au7 2aw4m*rc 98 Front street. DRAFTS ON GREAT BRITAIN AND IRELAND? Persons wishiug to remit mo ney to their friend* in any part of Euglaud. Ireland, Scotland or Walc?, can be supplied 'with drafts payable at aight, without dis count, for any amount, from ?1 upwards, at the following places, vis: Ire Kno i.a n i> ? The National and Provincial Bank of Eng land; Mimsrs. J. Barued Ik Co , Exchange and Discount Bank, Liver|?x)l ; Mesars. Jnmes Bui t Si S?n, London, and branches throughout England and vVales. In Iki-.laxp.? 1 The N.itioual Bank of Ireland, and Provin cial Bank aud branches throughout Ireland. In Scotland ? The Eastern Bank of Scotland, National Bank of Scotland, < Jrcenock K inking Company, and branches throughout Scotland. Tlu> steamship Cambria, sails from Boston en the 16th Au guU, by which all drafts can be forwarded free. Apply to W. & J T. TAPSCOTT, jv 19 rc 76 South st. cor. Maiden lane. FOR HALIFAX AND LIVERPOOL. t;> - ^>2^ THE Royal Mail Steam Ship. CAM BRIAnud HIBKRNIA. will leave Boston for the above port*, u follows, vii"? Cambria, C. H. K. Judjins, Esq., Commander, August 16, 18 15. Uibeiuia, Alei. Kyrie, rjq., Commander, . .September 1, IBIS Passage to Liverpool SIM. I '..isaire fo Halilai 26. For freight or passage, apply to ?7rc D. BRIGHAM, Jr., Agent. 6 Wall st. FOR GLASGOW ? Regular Packet-The well ? known, fait sailing packet ship SARACEN, 400 tons, ? Nathaniel J. Haw kius, master, will hive immediate tiesp 'ten. Kur freight or passage, having excellent accommodation*, ap ply to the Captain ou boa. d, loot of Dover street, E. II., or to WOOUIIUL.L ft. MINTllKNa, 87 8 inth street. The regular picket barque ADAM CARR, Robert Scott, itmttr, will suocerd the Sarici'ti. a23rc FOR LIVERPOOL? The New Line? Regular Packet of 2 Ut September.? The superior last aailiuu Bucket ship QUEEN OK THfc WEST 1250 tons, ip lYoodhouse.dridge, will sail aa above, Iter regular da v. Forfrright or pv.sage, having splendid, large and comfortable state rooms and cabin, apply on bo ml. west side Hurling slip, or to WOODHUlL & M1NTURN, 87 South stieot. Price of pas sane $100. The packet >mp Rochester, 000 tons, Cant. John Britton, will succnd the Queen of the West, and sail on her regto |?r day, 21st October. jj'22 Nf.W LINE OK LIVERPOOL, PACKETB .Packet of 26tli of August.? The splendid fast sailing ? nirl favorite packet khip 8IDDON8, Captain E. R. Co 'b, will sail punctually as above, her regular day. Tins ship has splendid eccominoditions for cabin second cabin and ueerage passengers, and the price of passage is mo derate, forwhicn immediate replication should be made on board, or to W ?t J. T. TAPsCOl T, 75 South atreet, corner of Maiden Lane. Persona sending for their friends can have tliein brought out in 'hi. or any oftTie line, sailing on the 1st, 6th, 11th, 16th, 21st and 23tkofeach month. liial'tsfor auy amount, payrfile on demand without charge, in all the principal towns 111 Great Britain or Ireland. a2lmc FOR LON l)U.\? Regular racket ol the 1st ol Mf,?:jjV.*epteml>er? Tlie ptcket ship ST. JAMES, F. R JNmKiV1> er, master, will tail as above, her regular day. il.iViug very connortable accommodations lor cabin, se cond cabin and second and steerage passengers, |>ersons about to a. cure b rths, should make early application on board, foot of A i a, dell Lane, <W to JOSEPH McMURRAY. 100 Pine street comer of Soutn st. The picket Gladiator, K. L. Hunting, will succeed the St. June*, and sail ou the 20. h September, h?r regular day. a2lrc Toil LI V I'.IIPOOL? New Line -Regular packet ? of tlie 25tli August ? The splendid ?nd fast sailing ?pecketslup SfupONS, Captain K. B. Cobb, of 1101 t<>.? lurlli n, will sail as above, Imt regular day. Having very superior accommodations lor splendor and com fo't, lor caiiiu, second cabin and steerage passengers, [>ersou? about to embark should make ??arly lpplie it ion to JOSEPH .M 'MURRAY, 100 Tine street, comer of South. The packet ship PHCBIDAN, Capt. Cornish, will succeed the Siddons, and sail tlie 26ih September, her regular day. all rc PACK*: I 8 FOR HAVRE ?(Second Line.> Tlie Packet r-hip UTICA, Captain K red. rick Hew i lit, will hail ou the 1st September. 4* ?>r I. eight or passage, apply lo BOYD k HINCKEN, a4 ee No. 9 Tontine Bnildirg. ror Wall and Water sis. R>K SALE, FREIGHT OR CHARTKR? The ? very last suiting N. York built packet ship YAZOO, ? 6?U Ions, live oak and locust top, live oak transom. ai.'l forward and after cants, carries 2200 bales New Or leans cotton, and has handsome furnished accommodations for 26 passengers. Apply ou board at Junes' wharf, or to E. K. COLLINS fc CO , ___ 56 South itreet. J. HERDMANTi OLD ISTABLIBHED EMIGRANT PASSAGE OKKICE, HI SOUTH STREET. PASSAGE Irom Great Britain and Ireland, via. ?mgtyLiverpool, ran always be arranged at the lowest rate. JHMfiaa n il l) raits lurmshml for any amount, payable at all the principal Banks in England, Ireland, Scotland anil Wales, on i application to J. HERDMAN, j6rc St South street. WANTED IMMEDIATELY-A ship to load for a southern port? Apply to ^ E. K. COLLINS k CO., ?Jrr V? H^wtN ntr+*t. ALfcAAMULH'ri TK.ICOHAl'Hii. * NKW AND INVALUABLE DISCOVERY, bain* * It X? 1'iid Dye, which instantaneously changes the color of the Hur to a beaatilnl brown or black without injury to the hai irsMn. The great superiority of this dye consists initaeasy iinldf of application and instantaneous effect ? all other dyes rfijttirin* fr?W t**n to twelve hour* to produce any change. Its Mil>eri r esc< Hence will be apparent to every oue upon a single ,(iji|ic 'lion. Kifruct from the " Philadelphia Daily Son."? Ai.*l*ro?:?'i Tsk-ohapm K. ? The effect of the above on the bair is truly as tonishing- It was tried yeaterday in our office, and the change fr"tn grav to black was ii.snntnneons. K.,r sale by Rnshton & Co, dmggisu, I in Broadway! lOAe tor House and 856 Broadway; comer of 14th street; Aspin wall. 86 William street; Johnson, Meore V Taylor, II Maiden lane , J W. Wright It Co. 2 Cedar street; and of the principal druKIi*'* throughout the United States, or of sole agent*. R. k O A WRIGHT, IJ Booth Fonrth itreet, jyl lm*m Philadelphia. KOR SALE. . M The stock, futures and good will of the wholesale and retail Grocery und Liquor Store.No. 1 17 South street, opposite the Hartford and New Haven steamboat land ing ? now doing a good cash business ill the ship and cabin stores, and city and country trade. The different articlea com prising the stock are all of the beat quality, and purchased at iheloweat caah price*. Toa iwrsuu who understands the bnai iieaa, auch an opportunity of making a profitable iu vestment seldom offers. 1> or further particulars, apply on the premises. Also for sale, the House and Lot No. 175 Fourth street, near I the Sixth avenue. Apply as above. al9 2w'mc WANTED ? A small HOUSE, with fonr rooms and a kitchen; rent $150; or fonr rooms and a kitchen, iu a .house where but two families reside. resa at the office of this paper. aH*m TO HOTEL KEEPERS. M FOR SALE? An old established HOUSE, now doing a good and increasing business, to which a BAlllsat ?UHL taxied It contains bedrooms to accommodate thirty persons, and if located iu the centre of the business |wrt of the ?ty. The rent is less than six hundred dollars.. One thousand dollars cash will be required. Those not having the needful, need not mike application, This sale will .renj?J'UI>'y," t0 'J1.6 1st of September. Addiess, letters postpaid, W. i\ K. at this olfice. with real name and residence. au!2 2w chl THE BOND STREET HOUSE, 0U3 Broadway, IS now ojH'n far the reception of boarders. The situ ation is one of the moat desirable in the city. The ***_ house has been newly paptred and painted thioughout ? containing between 60 and 70 rooms, handsomely furnished. Parlors and bedrooms and pantries attached? likew si rooms for siugle gent'emen. Southerners and others wishing to avoid the uois. and confusion of an Hotel, will have every utt-ntion paid to their comfort and convenience. au5 lm'rc TO LET? Offices and Loft* in the new fire-proof Store corner of Tine and South sts, Apply to jy30 JOSEPH McMIJRRAY. FOR SALE. THE Three Story Brick House, 413 Hoaston street, ffjW built iu the best mauuer; warm in winter and cool iu Ji?|flLsumtner; replete with every convenience. Hall the purchase money inay remain on bond and mortgage at 6 per cent. For term* apply to E. K. COLLINS sc CO., jul9ec 56 South street. L.OOK AT THIS ! ! J JUST RECEIVED? Another lot of French Boots, ol the best kind, and will be sold at the old price, $5, and the best of French Calf Boots made to order for $5; City made Calf Boots, $3; and the greatest assortment of Oeuts Gait ers of all kinds to be found at very low prices. Also, the finest Calf Shoes, $2 and $i 50. A great variety of all other kiuds. Ladies in mis bcore will find a great assortment ot (iaiters, oasains, Slips Ties. Prunells, Satin, fee. For an assortment of all other kinds Misses and Children's Boots and Shoes we cannot be beat in thiscity. Do not mis take the number, Ml Broadway, corner ofFrauklin street. ju3 lm*rh M. CAHILL. ItO ULSTONE'S HIDING SCHOOL, 13T and 139 Mercer Street, MR. JOHN S. ROULSTONE has the honor to k inform his friends and the public iu general, that his -Schowl for Instruction in Horsemanship is now open lay and eveuing, as follows . ? Hours for (lentlcmen from 6 to 8 A. M. " " Ladies " 9 A. M. to 3 P. M. Terms of instruction made known on application to Mi. Roulstnne. Mr. R. has just received from the country several fine and stylish Saddle Horses, which he is authorised to sell at a rea sonable price. m v7rc NEWfYORK LAMP WICK MANUFACTORY, 384 Pearl street, rear Building. JOHN STOTT intimates to the public, that he manufactures all kinds of Lamp Wick for Chemical, Solar and Astral Lamps, of all numbers, llust and Flat Wicking of the differ ent sizes; Wick made for factories to sample. Manufactures of Lamps, and dealers in Oil and Camphine iu the city or country, are kindly invited to call. Orders received at the Crocker)' Store of ALEX. STOTT, 471 Grand street, wliere an assortment of all kinds is kept on hand at factory prices, wholesale and retail. an H law ImVc GOTHIC CHURCHES. COLORED GLASS, MOSAICS, <fcc. THE Undersigned being the Agent. of a large Colored Glass Manufactory in France, will furnish the best qualities of colored Glass at much lower prices than they have been sold to this day. Church Windows can be had ready mounted, with any pattern of Mosaic made according to models, or copied on the finest Gothic Monuments in Europe. He will contract for the complete Glass Furniture of any L liurrh. Ap ply to C. CAVORET, jul6 linnod'rh No. 8 South William street. WE, the undersigned, deem it necessary for the beuelit of life, as well as recreation, not to be confined by the retail trade to such a late hour at night, do hereby agree to close our storejat 9 o'clock every evening (Saturday night excepted) for two months, to commence from this, the 1st day of August, 1845. (Signed.) B. Lewin, Jno. Hutchler, M. Woolf, W. McKimley, W. Sturges, Jno. C. Haslett. Jno. Davis, S. P. Sturges, W.Bennett, P. Koopman, Proprietors of the Shirt Stores of Chatham street, New York. au2 lm*rrc WAR ON DOMESTIC ANIMALS. LITTLE inventions are often as meritorious as great ones.? This reflection, so eminently philosophical, has been ex cited iu our minds, by the sight ol dead bodies lying on the floor of our office, where the corpses of some of our customers, for that is the title which we cannot refuse to a legion of rats, which have made a fri^tful consumption of "Courriers" and "Somaiues Litteraires.' Well, so it is, thatthis lavenous race, against which all kinds of American powders hare proved ineffectual, have got eiOQ^h in one little dose of the exce'lent poison which is advertised in our paper, bv Dr. Feuclitwanger. We are, if not more proud, at least more happy at tins victory than the illustrious Wel lington could have been at that of Waterloo; and should our friends compare the massacre which has been made iu our of fice, with that of the Dahara. we could not refuse to record so important au event, from which nil our readers may derive ad vantages, who come into conflict w ith those enemies, against which Ue. Feuclitwanger has declared exterminating war.? Courrier des Etau Uui?, of Aug. 9. DESTRUCTION OF VEHMIN.-We do positively assert that the pnqiarRtiooa ^dvejrtised by Dr. Feucht wauger. No. *3 Liberty street, lor the destruction of vermin, will |>erform all he says. We have tried them and found them to he truly effi cacious.? N. York Mercury, of Aug. 17. The subscriber will warrant in every instance all his prepa rations for bed bugs, rats, cockroaches, mice, moths, ants, flies, fleas, flies on horses and cattle, weasels, wood chucks, and all insects attacking the fields, vegetables, the trees, particularly those of tropical clumtes. All orders must be very specific as to what object. Apply for particulars to the manufacturer. DR LEWIS FEUCHT W ANGER, aul9 lin'eodmc 23 Libeity street, near William. MARTELLE & HOLDERMANN, NO. 37 MAIDEN LANE. N. Y. MANUFACTURERS and Imnoiteri of Ornamental Hair Work, Wins, Toupees, Bauds, (,'uils, Seams, Bandeau Hair, Dangny's celebrated Curled Hair. 15 inches long, and a new style of Kverlasting Curls, and all kinds of Hair Work, wholesale and retail. N. D ? The trade supplied on reasonable terms. *3 lm*ec JUST PUBLISHED, pnce thirty cents, the Fourtn tuition (Translated from the .Nineteenth French Edition, ) CONST! PATIO N DESTROY KD, Or, Imposition ofa NATURAL, simple, agreeable and infalli ble MEANS, not only of OVERCOMING, but also of com pletely destroying liaoitual Constipation, without using either purgatives, or any artificial means whatever, (discovery recent ly made in Frauce by M. W?rton,) followed by numerous cer tificates from eminent physicians and other persons of distinc tion. Sold at the National Depot of Wart on of Paris, No. 74 Maiden Lane. a?6 lm*rc TO THE DAGUERREIAN ARTISTS. I A. ARTAULT, Importer of Krench Daguerreotype ? Goods, offer for sale, at a cheap price 500 Large Daguerreotype Plates, No. 40 and 30. 500 Ounces Dry Iodine. 2<)0 Ounces Hromine. 200 Ounces Chloride of Iodine. 100 Pounds Hyposulphite of Soda. 200 dralims Chloride of Gold and Salt of Gold; new article, Quicksilver, Tripoli, Rouge, Rotten Stone, lustra men ts. and all the articles useful in Daguerreotype. 2 Gross Morocco Cases ? ? bargain Apply at Uie LAFAYrTTE BAZAAR, 149 and 151 Broadway, corner ofLiberty st., up stairs. an4 Im'rrc VOIGTLAENDER'S DAGUERREOTYPE APPARATUS. ARRANGEMENTS recently made with their brother-in law, Mr. Voightlaeuder, Vienna, enable the subscribers to sell those Apparatus at reduced rates, vix: ? Largest size Apparatus, with three inch lenses for full size plates, at SI 15. Medium size Apparatus, with two inch lenses for halfsize plates, at (71. Small size Apparatus, with one and-a-half inch lenses, lor quarter size plates, at $.'>o. Gentlemen seeding remittances in accordance with the above pricey may depend upon receiving the genuine Voigt. laender Apparatus, and not a worthless imitated article, they having procured the sole agency for the United States. Plates and Chemical of their own importation, as well as all other articles connected with th*ir art, for sale at the lowest market Prices. W. A F. LANGENHE1M. Philadelphia F.xclmnge. Referring to the above advertisement, the subscribers inform the U.iguernan Artists iu geueral, that the above Apparatus and other materials ran be procured at the stated prices, at their D'gu?rreaii Attelier, No. 201 Broadway. New York jv3 lro*rc LANGKNflKIM It BEC K E R8. _ DRAFTS AND NOTES COLLECTED. EW.CLARK.nODGK.kCO., No. till Wall street, are ? prepared to collect Notes and Drafts payable at the fol lowing places on the most reasonable terms, viz.:? Host on, Providence, Newport, Portland, Philadelphia, Har risliurg, Lancaster. Reading, Pittsburg, Wilmington, Balti more, Annapolis, Washington City, Richmond, Norfolk, Pe tersburg, Fredericksburg. Wheeling, Raleigh, Fayetteville, Wilmington, Newbern, Charleston, Columbia, Cainden, Che raw, Savmnah, Aniuga, Mobile, New Orleans, Cincinnati, Colnmlius, Chillieothe, Indianapolis, Louisville, Lexington, Nashville, Memphis, St. Louis, and most other chief towns in the United States. New Vork, August 11th, 1815. all Im'rc EA GLK 15 A T 11 S , 5)18 I*enrl Street. BETWEEN Centre and Elm streets. ? Warm, Cold and Shower Uattis, equal to any in the ritv, |2>? cents each. Good clean single beds, 12.'* cents each. Meals cts. each. Board and lodging, $2,50 per week. Newspapers from London, Liverpool. Canada and all the principal cities in the United Stntes. on tile jvmVc ESTABLISHED 1822. PETER ROSE, CUTLER, AND MANUFAC TURER OF 8URGICJ1L AND DRNTAI. IX8TRUMEXTT, No. 412 Broadwav, ixf.aii Canai. Sthkkt, Nf.w Vork. PR. would resiiectl'ully call the attention of Physicians, ? Surgeons, Dentists, and Country Merchants, to his gene ral assortment of instru aients.and Cutlery of the innat approved patterns, which he will warrant not to be surpassed in quality or workmanship by any manufactured in this country or iari ported. P. H. trusts thst is long "nd practical experience in the busi ness (having lieei ;aged in it since 1822, j will be a sufficient guarantee to parci thst all orders will be faithfully and promptly sttendrdi Murgical and Dental Instruments, Ra zors. Shears, Scissors , Penknives, lie. , ground, set, and repair cd with great care and despatch ju!7 lm?rc . TO DENTISTS. A GENTLEMAN giving np business, will sell his entire stock ol Instruments, viz: onesnperiordonbleaction Chair, Laferta's patent; one Lathe.full andcomplete seta of Operating and Mechanical Instruments; together with 150 Plate and Pivot Teeth, he. kc., for $100 cash, to close the concern. This is a great sacrifice. They have not been twelve months in use, aqd embrace every article required in the business; or they will be sold IB lot* to siit purchaser* Address " Deutist,'' Herald oflte 7 jyi| lmVh Snratoga Spring*. U. S. Hotel, August 23, 1X15. The Influence of the Herald? The Augean Stable? 1 he Pretender i ? The\Nobility of Nature ? Depar ture i if the Parvenu'* ? Your Correspondent ? Society at Saratoga Three IVeeks Since ? State of Society now ? Aristocracy ? Beauty and Fashion ? A Grand Hop ? New York Beauties ? Queen Vic toria ? Fracas at Union Hull. Saratoga has at length, under the chastening in fluence exerted by the Herald , become a very in teresting and animated temple of gaiety, fashion, wealth, taste and refinement. The Augean stable has been cleansed and purified, by the crew of vul gar pretenders to what neither nature nor education designed them for, leaving the premises. The servum ptcus imitatorium?lhe vile herd who have so long ruled supreme within the precincts of the "Court of Fashion," making day and night hi deouB with their unseemly boisterous mirth? their shallow frippery and foppery? their meaningless va pid coxcombry and conceit? finding that the nobili ty of nature? the educated, talented, intellectual and wealthy representatives of true Republicanism, would not descend from their elevated and unap proachable throne ? that there was no ho|>e of an al liance? knowing themselves to be despised and feel ing deserving of contempt. have at last, with their bag and baggage, suddenly decamped, leaving this beautiful village, with its cool bowers, shady walks, bubbling fountains, elegant hotels, charming and ro mantic scenery, and all the fun, frolic, intrigue, fol ly and dissipation attendant, to crawl back into their obscure and perils ps filthy hiding-places, in the cen tre of some mighty city, or uninteresting country town, where they no doubt will astonish, delight and bewilder their less presumptuous, but equally vulgar neijjhbvs, by fairy tales of the dignity, influence and respec tability of their position while at Saratoga. The philosophy, influence, talent, enterprise, fear lessness, integrity and honesty of the Herald , has therefore again been vindicated and the thanks of all respectable, candid, upright men and women will be its reward. At an early |>eriod, when others were praisincr, puffing and plastering, the Herald boldly de clared the truth, and defied the united powers of p.iltry scribblers and parvenue* to shake it. Your correspondent, upon his arrival three weeks since , found all that was then stated to be true. He found vulgarity, low breoding, effeminacy, affectation? coarse, rude, noisy, boisterous roturiers? awkwardness, grossness, stupidity and ignorance every where apparent. tic also found modest, well-bred, in tellectual, wealthy families, who had for years made the Springs their residence during the hot months of sum mer, to the great delight of the village, now retiring from the rude gaze, close contact, and sordid, pitifal am bition of the aping crowd. And he also dared, under the direction ofau older head, to point out, and illustrate by sketches, the state of society around him. Hero was a lovely and beautiful woman, jostled by her ci-de.vant washerwoman? here were men of taste, elegance and re finement seated between purvtnues and gamblers ? par sons and bishops by the side of loafers and pickpockets ? statesmen, diplomat), quack doctors, briefless lawyers, dry goods clerks, apprentices, brokers, authors, rowdies, poets, tailors, boot makers, hatters, tallow-chandlers, fo reigners, noblemen, aristocrats, and oil the fry of wea ?isome pretenders, which the hot-bed of misunderstood democracy has engendered. The departure of these last, has caused great delight to the modest and true aristocracy among us. The news has been carried on the winds of heaven to distant places, and every train of can now brings us a host of real fashion, wealth and beauty. The weather is delight ful?in fact, it is the very period for enjoyment, and the season is just commencing. If there are, within your hot, crowded city, any who wish amusement, retire ment, or gaiety, let them come to Saratoga. The Mar vins have excellent accommodations, and the attendance is unsurpassed. A grand hop came off' last night, in the saloon of this house. The evenings now are cool and pleasant ? it is the softest, brightest, moonlight, and sighing lover's stray through the magnificent grounds, whispering their hopes and fears ; while tairy-like music floats on the pure air, entrancing the senses and tilling the soul with holiest feeling. The belle of the ball was iMiss H , of New York. Dressed in purest white, her rounded form, ?a model for a sculptor? her auburn hair, modestly braided o'er a brow clear and lofty, while her ruby lips, which open and shut like the buds of roses, discourse most eloquently. In the quaint language of the poet ? "Her lips were red, and one was thin Compared with that was next her chin, Some bee had stung it newly." Her younger sister, seated bv her side, equally love'y, combined all the freshness of the morning dew with the sweetness of the rose ? just blossoming into womanhood, she was ? "Like the sweet south That breathes upon a bank of violets, Stealing and giving odor." There, too, was the fascinating Misa V . "Good heaven !" exclaimed an English officer, standing by our side? "There's the Queen !' "What Queen I" we inno cently asked ? "Victoria !" said he. We looked again? there she was, indeed, at least, there was her very image; the most striking likeness we ever saw? the same form, expression, height. How lightly she trips the mazy windings of the Alexander waltz, as if conscious of her royalty. Here, too, were brunettes and blonds, dark eyes, hazel eyes, blue eyes, and all that could lend enchant ment and brilliancy to the hour. We are sorry to be obliged to record a disgraceful scene which occurred last evening at Union Hall. A Southern gentleman, accompanied by his mother and sis ter, removed from Congress Hall to' this house, during yesterday afternoon. When the t>ell rung for tea, they went into the supper room and took three vacant seats? upon which a black waiter named Seymour rudely ad dressing them, ordered thom to leave, saying they were ongaged. The gentleman remonstrated -the servant, it is said, now used insulting language, when the southern er struck him with his list. The blow was returned, and a scene of tumult and disorder ensued. The other wait ers assembled? the gentlemen Parted up, and the ladies screamed. During this time, the gentleman and servant were parrying one another's blows, when the southerner seized a case knife, and in attempting to strike the wait or, cut another named (ireen from the extreme corner of the right eye through the nose, and about an inch on the other side of the cheek. The shrieks of women and the shouts of men made the supper room a perfect pandemo nium. The waiter was removed and hi< wounds dressed. The gentleman was taken into custody by the sheriff', and we understand has been admitted to bail. Mexican Items. ? In saying yesterday that the pro positions of the Mexican Minister for a loan of $K>,000,000 had not been acte<l upon by the Chamber of Deputies, wo intended to nay that they had not been act ed upon finally. Wo had before ui a paper containing their proceedings on the 30th ult., which related wholly to this loan. The committee to whom the minister's pro ject had been referred, made their report, which conclu ded with acceding to the minister's demands, under cer tain restrictions. These are not of great moment, but may be of some interest just now. The committee re commend that the loan should be either national or fo reign, or both ; they would limit the rate of interest to be paid to (i per cent ; would allow no loan from which less than one million in cash should be realized by the treasury ; ami would carefully proride that no bonds, secured by pledge of the public revenues, should be is sued, before the whole nominal amount of them shall be actually received into the treasury in rash. Those fa miliar with Mexican finance will readily see the drilt at this last restriction. It is unnecessary to enter further into this subject, till the final action of the Chamber is k?t>wn. The attack of Senor Boves upon tho government, which led to so many rumors of a change of ministry, was mad* 011 the 'iOth ult , upon his introduction of the initiative of Zacatecas for the re-establishment of the constitution of IH24. lie demanded urgently the removal of the present ministry El Jalaptno of the .'Id instant states that the Assembly of the Department of Vera Cruz voted unanimously for Gen. Herrera for the presidency. An Anglo-Mexican association has proposed to con struct a railroad from Vera Cruz to the capital, and thence to one of the ports on the Pacific? either Acapul co, Manzanillo, or San Blaii. The road wouldtiave bran ches to Tuebla and other capitals of the departments. The Assembly of the Department of Mexico has pur chased for the purpose of a palace, the magnificent house of (Jen ilerreni, for $86. (XXI. Senor D. Jose Maria Paraa has been elected to the Se nate to replace Senor Rincon (Jallardo.? N. O. Picayune, Aug. 16. Trenton Water Power.? The canal of the Tren ton Water Power company, will be again filled with water in about two weeks, ami will then flow -Jft.OOO cu bic feet per minute, and furnish at the mills titi square feet of water, under a head of one foot. The juice of water is AO a miuaro inch, on perpetuaL leases. The head and fall of the water, are lfl} feet below the Trenton Kail*, and 14 feet above them. There are now on this water power the following mills: 2 cotton mills, with 6, .MM) spindles, and 1A0 looms; 4 grist mills, with 4 run of ?tones each: 1 oil mill; 'J saw mills; 3 paper mills, with 1ft engines; 1 button mill: 1 axe factory and iron foun dry; 1 iron foundry and machine shop ; 1 calico print works, with three printing machines; 1 large mill, capa ble of holding flOOO co ton spindles, not yet occupied. ? Besides these, an iron works, the largest in the country, with one exception, is now building by Mr. Cooper, or New Vork, and will go into operation when the water is let into the race-way.? Gazette. The Charleston (S. C ) papers have the proceed, ings of a meeting held at Spartanburg, called for the pur pose of adopting some plan to relieve the people from the universal suffering likely to ensue from the scarcity ef provisions, occasioned by drought. The scarcity is so great, that the meeting recommends the calling of a mass convention of the suffering districts, for the purpose of obtaining the aid of the Legislature. George M Ijanman has been tined #20i)snd costs at HurUburg. for cjwhlding a man named Martin. Hartkokij, Aug. 23, 1845. | Proceedings of the Ameriran Institute of Jnstruitian. This Institute commenced its sessions in the Centre Church, in this city, Thursday evening. ? Prayer was offered at its opening cession by Rev. Mr. Edwards, of New London. G. F. Thayer, Esq., of Boston, stated the objects of the institute ? the improvement of teachers and common schools. He also gave a succinct account of its rise and pro gress. The following is the order of exercises for the (Sixteenth Annual Meeting of the "American Insti tute of Instruction": ? Tip tendon will be held at Hartford, commencing on the evening of Thursday, August 21 st, and will continue four days or more. The lectures will be delivered in the following order : Thursday, Aug. 21, <J o'clock, I'. M.? Introductory Address, by Rev. Dr. Hawes, Hartford, Conn. Friday, Aug. 22, 9 o'clock, A.M. ? Wm. B. Fowle, Esq., Boston, Mum., "On the best method of Teaching Geography." 11 o'clock, A. M.? George S. HillirJ, Esq., Boston, Mass., "On the Relation between Oeogra- | phy and History." 3 o'clock, P. M.? Dr. Edward Jarvis, Dorchester, Mass., "On Physiology." Saturday, Aug. 23, 9 o clock, A. M.? Prof. E. D. San horn, Hanover, N. H., "On the Duties of Examining I Committees." 11 o'clock, A. M. ? Prof. Denison Olmsted, New Haven, "Idea of the Perfect Teacher." 3 o'clock, P.M. ? A.N.Johnson, Esq., Boston, Mass., "On the In troduction of Vocal Music into Common Schools." Monday, Aug. 2$, 9 o'clock, A. M. ? Hon. Salem Town, Aurora. N. Y., "Ou Teachers' Institutes." 11 o'clock, A. M. ? E. A. Adams, Esq., Bylield, Mass., "On Intellec tual Arithmetic." 3 o'clock, P. M Rev. N. Porter, Springfield, Mass., "On the Training of the Student for the University." Tuesday, Aug. 28, 9 o'clock, A. M. ? Amos Brown, Esq., Oorham,Me., "On the Discipline of the WilL" 11 o'clock, A. M.? Prof. Charles Brooks, Boston, Mass., "On the Differences between European aad American Schools, in regard to the subjects taught." 3 o'clock, P. M. ? Henry Barnard, Esq., Hartford, Conn. It is oxpectod that in addition to the regular lectures, statements of facts or opinions in regard to various edu cational topics]will be made by persons interested in the subject. It has^been'customary to take subjects of discussion from the lectures of the day ; also, to discuss, any topic which may be presented by any one present, and accept I ed by the Institute. In addition, the Committee of Ar I rangoments present the following subjects ot discussion: ! Relations of Education with Insanity ; Causes of fail | ure in the management and instruction of Schools ; Or ! ganization of Schools for Cities and other populous I places. - - a Ktfv ^ nvTtL^^?^* ?.re ?.pen t0 the public' and 111 are earn esti > invited to attend. Committee of Arrangements? Solomon Adams, Geo. B. a'Z0,,?.0? a Les Br,ook8' ilc,lry Banian], William J. Adams I. W. A. Shepard, 8. 8. Greene, Thos. Cushing, Jr. *!"E' 'v- jected ,n 10,0 to the present miserable ?,,Y. i teaching geography, as so much extraneous matter has been introduced in them. Thev all contain a little of almost every thing? botany, geo'logy, statis tics, education, ugriculture, commerce, manufactures, icth> ol?By. Sic., ice. Such matters helped not the young mind to remember the situation and description of places. A continual revision of the hooka is necessary, in consequence of the matter con tained in them, so that a child, six years in school, learns at the close of his schooling, that what he learned at first about population, statistics, Itc., is all wrong. He preferred the drawing of maps, by pupila; has long prac tised it. Also the newspapers he considered his greatest help. When any incident is mentioned, as transpiring at any place, he requires the pupil to draw and point out its situation. A correct delineation of the earth cannot be obtained eolely from flat-surfaced maps. Globes must be used in connection. The following was the next subject considered If hat If the he, I Course to stop Whispering } A some, what lengthy discussion took place on this subject, of more interest to whispering urchins than to the pub lic; I, therefore, pass it over Next came n lecture by O. 8. Hi.i.abd, Esq., " On the rtlatinn between Geography and Jlistory." It is unneces sary to go into particulars of this address, as it is ad mitted, I believe, on nil hands, that the geography nnd history of this mundane sphere are intimately and inse parably united. In the evening, Hon. Horack Manv. of Boston, de livered an interesting and highly entertaining address on Education." He dwelt long, for cibly, and eloquently an the powers of the mind. Its growtli is the attribute of all attributes. It has an unbounded, expansive power. Before a child is three leet high, there is not room enough, under the canopy of heaven, to maintain its powers. The material world supplies no analogy, when we attempt to define it h0?. r ^ Power every where, and especially in the Halls of Congresses, wielding the destinies of nations. Not long since, those men, who are now thus wielding such mighty power with their minds, were nurslings in their nurses1 arms. x\ot long since, a Daniel, Henry and John were learning their a, b, c's. The body grows? but soon attains its maturity, because it is mortal. We never experience this halting in the growth of the mind? It knows no maturity. Parental health aJ? . habits, . before birth, (and especially diseases of indiscretion,) are turned into a curse to their offspring. Consumption, gout, scrofula, and many other diseases, descend to children, as the bust or painting of the grandfather, from one generation to an other. The definition of scrofula, by old nhvsi cian., is " a little pig !>' What grititudo must the child feel towards the parent who turns l!lm. Jntf "V6'. wit'1 I""? Piggies? And the daughter la id all over with the marks of paren tal vices-such children should he absolved from the common injunction " II nor thy father and thy mother, that thy days may be long," for their time here will be short and that full of trouble. If St. Vitus' dance and 8t. Anthony's fire is good to be introduced into the breed of man, whv not introduce it among cattle ! Would it not he well for those Americans who imitate the English breed of straight back cattle in the raising of stock also take pattern therefrom, of which they pride them selves, to remedy the curved spines of their children The viccs and evil desires of children should be treated by prevention rather than correction ? diversion rather than punishment. Never stifle their bad desires, if you can make the better ones preponderate. Adapt always a child's garments to the variable climate? never let him sleep in the same dress he wears during the day. Com ply with the regulations of nature, and nature will do her work aright, i asks should not be too soon put upon children. The precocious have never left the world the better for their living in it; an early death await such. The melancholy fate of Margaret Davdsnn is a solemn illustration of crowding precocity forward. ? An all-murderous folly ascribed her death to an inscrutable Providence. Had the laws of nature been ?.? ??.IL a result would have been secured. At birth a child occupies a middle ground between lifo and death? ordinarily a year passes before it can stand? a year or more elapses before a syllable can he uttered? then, when the breath begins to articulate, the fires begin to increase-the little steam engine within begin, to work? the body soon becomes locomotive? the arms builds cities, railroads, ships, Sic. The voice sways legislatures, congresses, and the fate of nations. Child reii are operated upon, even before born, by the tongue uttered in their country. If born in Italy, they will pos sess the smooth Italian sound-if in Germany, the gut teral tones of that country? if in New England, the t? a ri g of the I uritant. He then discussed tbo original 7 roind- The spirit that cannot die? its ca pamities of growth and all of its seperate powers arc equally susceptible of progress. He discussed the phrenological oi*an\ and the effect of certain pre ponderance ol different organs, in phreneological style. The great evil in society is not because the animal organs are too strong, but because the religious ones are too v. eak. 1 he temper of society, at first, was at a beast of prey. Doubtless Washington had as much ambition Pnf diet Arnold. But Washington's ambition was checked, and held in subjection by his religious organs It is no matter how mighty are the animal instincts if the moral and religious ones overpower them. When a steanmoat boiler bursts, it it generally said the steam was too high but the fact is. the boiler it too weak 1 he same boiler, by hooping and banding it, you might put within it the power of Vesuvius, when it would make the boat cut the water lightning like, and soon carry you to your destined port. No matter how strong are the natural instincts, it the moral ones overbalance them. 1 he growth of tho mind and itt susceptibility of influence as grows, it a large theme for consideration. The mind wil grow; nothing can reduce it to emptiness. 1 hus we fee how great and difficult the work of the edu cator " The painter and sculptor may be absent from their studios, and return finding their effort! at they left them, they can know b?fore they apply color or thi chl set just what eflect will be produced. Not so with the educator- he has to net upon mind? not inert matter? minds that vary and differ? and he cannot foresee, as the painter and sculptor, how his work will be received into his pupil s minds. He must, 'as far as possible, know the response of their minds. Every educator should also take into consideration the effect* produced by the asso ciates of his pupils upon them. The purposes of edu cation are to prepare lor the great duties of life-yea, the immortal duties of happiness. Shall we compel the painter and sculptor to study for yeara-visit foreign countries? before we will sutler him to take the forms of the material bodies of our children, and yet suffer their immortal minds to be trained by bungling and inex)>erienced pretenders? To treat all minds alike is as absurd as to treat all lands alike. Nature has fixed certain ends as the result of certain means by the means we thus secure the ends. The training of teachers it the most important part of our subject. The growth of mankind is the most rapid during the earl y period of their existence. If men con tinued, through life, to grow, as during the first seven years ol their existence, men might use the loftiest trees lor walking ttickt. But after twenty-five years has been attained by mankind, all growth there after is in versely. After forty-five a man's faith and philosophy are as though made of tlaht of stones, whereon the im prints of bird's feet have been made in tormer years, when it was in a state susceptible of receiving impressions. How important, then, that in early life these impressions should he formed of the right stamp? that the mind be filled with the fire of love, truth and beauty. All right views must then be traced thereon if at' all. It liat then tenacity to receive and hold whatever it required. Much is said about subduing and breaking down the animal propensities, as being indispensably necessary lor proper culture. Mr. Maim* maintained that it is far better to let the mind retain all ita strength, if we can on. lv put in advance the religious and moral organizations, If Luther's stubborn will and ironi nerve had been bro. , ken down, he never could hare carried through his re | formation. He would, like hundred! of others, have been pusillanimous ? without courage ? always planning no bly and well, but never executing. No great reform or ; deed tiai ever been done by ?uch persona. The break ing down of corabativeneax, and other similar organs, makes of men mere milk sops, and chicken-hearted. ? Men of energy will nevercome from children whose spi rits have been broken down. The highest spirited horse is the most docile, if properly traiaea. Break down the spirit ol a child, and you only make an additional dunce; ! and instead of a benefactor to his race, a malefactoi. ? The good in children should always be made to overtop i and overshadow the evil. We should overcome evil with good. Supercede evil in the mind of the yoang, and the Prince of I'eace takes possession. Those who | attempt to cast out evils inchildrenthrough fear, literally i cast out devils through Beelzebub, the prince of devils, i There is precocity and late development in the human I race ? from neither of which has the world ever receiv I ed any benefit. 1 have never seen much fruit to come i ! from very early, or very late gardens. The frost soon | nips them, /era Colburn was a great incarnated multi- I I plication table; but Kufus Colburn was an arithmetic of Himself. The Address wai listened to by about 500 of our ! most intelligent citr/ens, and their olmost breathless at tention during its'.delivery showed they were enjoying a great intellectual treat. 1 ask Mr. Mann's pardon for not doing his effort better justice, but the fact is, what notes I took, were written on my knees, it being a crime in this section to furnish any conveniences for reporters. Our papers in this city do not even pretend to have such "animals" attached to them, because they cost a little. This morning, at tt o'clock, the following officers were chosen lor the year ensuing : ? For President. George B. Emerson, Boston. For Vict President*.? Daniel Kimball, Needham,Mass., Gideon F. Thayer, Boston; Jacob Abbott, New York; Horace Mann, Peter Mackintosh, jr. Boston; John Kings bury, Providence, H. I.; Elipha White, John's Island; 8. C., Samuel Pettes, Boston; Neltcmiab Cleveland; Brook lyn, N. V. ; Denison Olmsted, New Haven, Conn.: Benj'n Qreenleaf. Bradiord, Mass.; John A.8haw, New Orleans; Frederic Kmerson, Boston; Stephen C. Ttiillips, Salem, Mass.; Cyrus Pierce, Newton, Mass.; William Russell, Medford, Mass.; David Clioate, Essex, Mass.; William B. Fowle, Boston; Cyrus Mat on, New York: J. H. Agnew, Newark, N. J.; Calvin E. Stowe, Walnut Hills, Ohio; So lomon Adams, Boston; Thomas Sherwin, Boston; Emory Washburn, Worcester, Mass.; Henry Barnard, id, Hart ford, Conn.; David P. Page, Albany, N. Y.; Daniel Leach, Uoxbury, Mass.: Jason Whitman, Lexington, Mass.; Asa Cuinmings, Portland, Me. ; E. D. Sanborn, Hanover, N. H.; E. A. Andrews, New Britain, Conn. For Recording Secretary. ? Wm. A. Shepard, Boston, Mass. For Corresponding Secretaries. ? Charles Brooks, and Thomas Cusning, jr, Boston. For Treasurer. ? William D. Ticknor, Boston. For Curators ? Josiah K. Bumstead, Nathan Mrtcalf, and Samuel S. Greene, Boston. For ?eiuort.? Charles K. Dillaway, Roxbury, Mass.; William J. Adams, Joseph Hale Abbot, Boston. For Counsellors. ? Alfred Greenleaf, Brooklyn, N. Y.; Nathan Bishop, Providence, R. !.; Luther Robinson, Bos ton; Oliver Carlton, Salem, Mass.; Thomas A Greene. New Bedford, Mass.; Abraham Andrews, Boston; Sam'l J. May, Syracuse, N. Y.; Roger S. Howard, Newbury port, Mass.; William D. Swan, Barnum Field, Boston; Charles Northend, Salem, Mass.; Joseph Hale, Boston. The Institute will remain in session (Sunday except ed) until Wednesday morning. You will hear again i from me. We had yesterday and day before some heavy and powerful showers, which have caused the grass to start up anew and regain its lost greenness. May we speedily have many more such. Mr. M. dwelt long and powerfully on the abuse prac ticed by teachers, in breaking down the spirits of their pupila through fear. He would subjugate wha* is bad.? He would place fear among the last and lowest applian ces. The mind must be excited to action, to produce growth. When a teacher does not command the atten tion and respect of a school, it is growing worse. The fountain: of maternal love, for the existence of her child, never dies. Time and faith must wrestle with them. With what vigils and watchings does she bend over her child during sickness of the body. She takes no note whatever of outdoor transactions? not even of the downfall of nations. Yet all this is only for the breath in the nostrils ! Then with what watchings should she watch the spiritual and mental thirstings of tnat un dying soul. The pangs of remorse, for misdirected ef forts, who can bear 1 While the mind continues to grow, no child is utterly lost. New and farther growth may cause the expulsion of the bad habits and vices. Newport, August 20th, 1845. Grand Fancy Ball ? Splendid Costumes ? Youth, Beauty end Elegance. For several dayB past, the gay throngs of this most delightful of all watering places have been in a per fect lever of excitement. Every where might be seen eager faces grouped together, in confidential parley, or anxiously hurrying to and fro, evidently 'ntent upon some unusually important object. These symptoms might have been supposed, by the unini tiated observer, to be connected with the recent in telligence of the declaration of the expected war. But a far more absorbing topic than that of the march of armies, or the possible results of warfare, was on the carpet. These portentous signs denoted an approaching epoch in the reign of fashion. A grand fancy ball had been announced, and all New port resounded with the notes of preparation. Every shop is ransacked, and each available article of gor geous dye and brilliant hue has been put in requisi tion ? tailors and mantua-rnakers have been "per plexed in the extreme," with multifarious orders for strange apparel : and each package express comes freighted with the richest materials of decoration. The throb of anxiety and the flush of expectation are visible in many a beaming face, as failure or success result from the unintermitted search fer costumes. The strong barriers of "caste" are for the moment broken through, and a community of purpose engen ders sympathy of feeling, and promotes a social in tercourse among those who before were strangers. The pleasing cares of preparatory arrangement are at length over, and the curtain is about to rise upon one of the most imposing spectacles which the halls of fashion can exhibit. Beauty and manly grace are to triumph for their little hour, in the choicest colors and the most becoming or extravagant forms which ihe whims or taste of ages have invented. But hark! The music strain of summons is heard ? the long ex pected moment has arrived, and the ball room is al ready tilled almost to sutfocation, were it not that the window frames have been taken out, and the spacious verandah converted into a supper room. Shall we enter f Although unprovided with cos- i t umes. our recent arrival will procure tor us a spe cial uis|>ensation from the general rule. Gaze around ! Are you not dazzled and drunk with heauty 7 We have trod the stately halls of Europe, and beheld the noblest forms of her bent races, but never have we wit nessed a more brilliant company than this. Bewildered by the infinite variety of color and of form, it is at first impossible to note anything beyond the general effect. Of the many hundreds present, no two are habited alike. Every country, from the mows of Russia to India's burn ing clime, it fitly represented. The costume of all ranks, ! from the Prince to the peasant, of almost every age of | modern times, are mingled in most glorious confusion. The days of chivalry, the splendor* of the age of Louis XIV., the brilliant era of Queen Anne, the quondam magnificence ot Spain, are all brought to mind by the fashions of their respective periods. The Red Man of America, the fire worshipper of the East, Russians, Turks, Albanians, bandit*. Italian fishermen, Egyptian camel drivers? in fine, almost every possible variety of costume and character, swell the glittering panorama. The proud and sublimated Celestial ha* deigned to wit ness the barbarian costumes of the west, and even the Devil himself has forsaken his burning throne. But our eyes are becoming accustomed to the unwont- i ed scene, and we may now venture to ga/.e more closely . upon some of the individual forms of benuty, which make up this splendid array. A friend, familiar with many of I the fair faces around, is fortunately at our elbow to act ; as our kind Asmodeu* of the moment. What queenly lorm is that which move* in stately elegance by the side of yonder remarkable looking man f Is she not a perfect I specimen of a handsome woman ' Her form U almost too regal for that oriental costume ? beautiful though it be? that is Mrs. C ? , of Baltimore, and her companion is the distinguished author of "Highways and Byways," in the dress of a gentleman of lier Britannic Majesty's household. And yonder beautif"l houri. who^ would certainly create as great a sensation in .Mahomet's para dise, as she does in the crowded halls ot fashion? her face is no stranger to our dreams of beauty ; she is the boast of the Quaker city. But what beautiful vision | flits vonder with the (lag of France streaming over her shoulder 1 Who, so sweet and fair, almost hallows , the costume of the picturesque Vivandieie t Ah, | poor Minette. did ho who imagined thy loveli ness, ever dream that thou wuuldst find a re- I presentative in one so lovely as Mrs. P? , of Philadel phia t But who is this, whose Eastern dress, bright Form, and liquid eye, might well beseem the " child of gentleness I' The Bride of Abydos ! Ay, and in truth i the. hudr. She is the sensation of the season the recent- | ly married wife of the great millionaire banker of New 1 York, and jonder exquisitely apparelled form? ahe with the matchless foot twinkling beneath that elegant I robe? who may she be ? One of the aristocracy of lash- i ion, Mrs. B"**, of New York j and there, seated, as usu- , al, amid a crowd of admirers, you mly see one of the | most gloriously enduring specimens of American beau- j ty, the beautiful wife of tfce handrome ex-Senator from I Delaware Would you believe that the fair Swiss pea sant, leaning upon the arm of yonderdistlnguished look ing foreigner, and this lively little charmer? the sweet Ann Page? chatting so musically with the "conducteur," are her daughters 7 Even so, and one, vet brighter, is i wanting to this brilliant scene. But soft! what slight, . hut exquisitely moulded form, glides so buoyantly through the mazy gallopade ? That light and beautiful foot, sparkling in its spangled sandal, seems scarcely to touch the floor? the poetry of motion? and mark that classic brow. Is it the Oreek girl of the sculptor, waken ed into beautiful life 7 What name ? Mrs. R , of Delaware. Verily, our "little sister" may wall be proud of her daughters ; and on yonder beautifully develeped form, and lovely face, glittering in that most perfect ori ental costume ; she is one of the brightest flower* of the " Old Dominion," MiatM , of Richmond; and there, in the sweet semblance of Jeannie Deam, ia one whose sweetly tempered character ia fitly exhibited, in the win ning gentleness of her manners, Miss O , of Alex andria. The timid little shepherded by her side, is her ?iater. Oh ! what sylph-like figure is that disguised in an oriental costume ? She appears to have stolen from gome fairy land, to make us happy by her presence. That ia iMiss W , of Philadelphia ? the darling of every one. See how gracefully she glides through the dance; behold those twinkling little feet ; she stops? a costum ed gentlemen, in passing, addresses her ; the rich blood ?utilises her cheek ; she smiles ; what a sweet little mouth? what a joyous laugh ! And here is a beautiful contrast. What sweetly sad thoughts come thronging around ail who gaze upon thee, beautiful personation of little Nell? seft and sweet as the bright creation of the l>oet'a dream. May the sweet air of thy native South ever be tempered to that delicate form. And who is this fair representative of the Gipsey Queen? her with the penetrating sable orbs, moving with such spirit in the quadrille, close to our right ? That is Mies A. A??, of Baltimore ; and there is her equally attractive, i but coquettish looking sister, in the next quadrille, representing " A my line," in the " Love Chase.*? Here is the sprightly and intelligent daughter of a distinguished member ot the New York bar; and that lady in the costume of the Berne of Switzerland, is the wealthy Miss B., also of New York; how perfect is her dress: 1 heard it was obtained in Europe by the lady her self. The lovely creature you see yonder, who has in aptly chosen to represent the " beautious Majesty" of England, is Miss W., of Brooklyn; and here is a picture of innocence and beauty attired in the costume of an an cient dame; she is the sweet and captivating Miss 8 , of New York. The rather tall lady you see in that mag nificent costume of the age of Louis XV., glittering in costly pearls, is one of the nobility of Boston, Mrs. D ; and this one still more towering above her sex, the well costumed Druidess, is one of the distinguished Miss McL 's; and the sweet and pretty Miss V , of Washington, habited as " Normahal," looks as if she would in herself be a " least of roses." But here is one of the best characters ia the room, the Dutch girl repre sented by our little friend and favorite, the eccentrio Miss C , of Maryland^and there a number more pos sessing indescribable beauty, and sustaining most appro priate characters, but unfortunately our Asmodeous has not fulfilled his duties by making their acquaintance, and without ascertaining their names, and with deep regret we are left powerless of the means to give a description more satisfactory to all. The ladies retired at 3 A. M., but the roar of the Atlantic did not cease till the rising of the sun. Havana, Aug. 12, 1846. Good Trip ? Vessels in Port ? Santa Anna ? Mar riage of the British Consul, 8fC. I beg to inform you of my safe arrival from New York, in the ship Adelaide, Captain Adams, after a passage of fifteen and a halt days; during the voy age we met with strong southerly winds and Equally weather, and a calm on the Bahama Banks, on which we anchored several times, and came from the Orange Keys here in thirty-two hours, passing over the Salt Key Bank. The ship had to anchor a little inside the Morros, because the wind was ahead. I cast my eyes towards the Punto, and saw a soldier sitting on the scaflold, dressed with a white gown and cap, screwed up since the morning at 7 o'clock, for having killed a sergeant while in a state of intoxication. Before 1 continue my letter, I must return my thanks to Captain Adams, for his good treatment to u.s There were seven passen gers on board? and all were well pleased. I have been master of vessels since 1823, and I am some what able to judge whether a captain knows and does his duty or not. More than that, I have often taken passage on different ships, but have never found one equal to Capt. A .'s ; be is watchful and prudent, knowing how to take advantage of the breezes. I will say, that one half, it not more, of the disasters, and snips lost, are caused by the care lessness and ignorance of certain captains. The ship Norma had a very long passage ? twenty five days; also the baraue Elizabeth, from Philadel phia. The .Spanish schooner Dos Ilennanos was twenty-four days from Vera Cruz. On the 9th in stant two English steamers left here, one for Europe and the otlin tor Vera Cruz. The schooner Fanny, from New Orleans for this port, was capsized, but the crew were saved, and brought in here by a ves sel which was put in Quarantine. The great ex-Presiaent of Mexico. Santa Anna, is here in the country, at a place called Marianon. His lady is very fond of tobacco leaves. The Eng lish Consul, Mr. Crawford, was married to Misa Tolm6, ex-English Consul's daughter. They are a well assorted couole ? he is fifty-five, and she twenty-four. He has given a proof of grief in losing his wife ? he was a widower five months. We have but few vessels in this port, and business is very dull. The steamer Natchez arrived from Porto Rico, and she is laid up until the hurricane months are over. Last Sunday 1 went to the Tacon Theatre to see the play. I am afraid I will make the Bostonians faint when reading this paragraph : hers the people can smoke, laugh, sung, dance, and work on Sundays. They always have plenty of mouey ; living and dressing well, enjoying good health, and the best climate. They have no banks, nor insurance companies; the merchants don't fail, nor the city catch fire. In case the abolitionists may wish to contradict me, and refer to the late fire atMatanzas, all I have to say on that score is, that only a few frame houses were destroyed, and they took fire by accident. In Massachusetts they can pray, ana groan, from morning till night; they will not prevent snow falling nor the sun oeing eclipsed by thick togs, which prevents them drying their codfish. ? They are the enemies of slavery, but they make money their slave ; (gained honorably by Yankee tricks.) You may recollect that in my letter of last April, 1 mentioned to you that a certain mulatto dentiBt, named Blackley, had been released from jail;he being thought innocent as regarded the last conspi racy : well, now this gentleman is again in prison for a similar cause. God knows when he will get out. Varieties. Ira A. Brunson, Esq., formerly of Meadviile, Pa., in the Wisconsin Herald undertakei to ihow that Mr. Whitney '? plan for a railroad to Oregon, cannot suc cced, and enUeavort to show the loan asked insufficient to build the road by the trifling sum of forty million* of dollars. He proposes that Congress shall grant a atrip of land thirty mile* wide, the whole length of the road, and when completed the road shall be owned jointly and equally by the Government and the buildera. The Springfield, Mass. Mutual Assurance Compa ny, require every houae they may hereafter iniure to be furnished either with a acuttle in the roof, or a ladder attached to the houae. The Americans have six hundred whale ships in the Pacific Ocean, valued at mor9 than twenty millions of dollars. The whole world besides has but half sa many whale ships as we. Mr. Amos Roberts, son of Col. Amos Roberts, of Grand Rapids, Mich., accidently shot himself dead while deer hunting on the 13th inst. Truman Phelps, of Catahoula, Louisiana, is the whig candidate tor Congress in the second district, to till the vacancy occasioned by the death of Mr. Dawson. John H. Harmanson, of Avoyelles, has been nominated by the locofocos. A villain by the name of Elisha White, ofPharsa lia, in this couuty, followed a girl only 12 years of age, a daughter of .Mr Abner Tucker ol that town, into a Held where she had gone to pick blackberries, on Friday afternoon last, and gngginffher to stifle her cries, repeat edly and inhumanly violated her person. A reward of $60 has been offered for his apprehension. ? Oxjtrd Ttmti. Prof Kinsley has already sent out nearly 800 vo ? lumes for the library of Vale College from Europe. La ters received by the Great Dritain left him in Am?ter dain. busily occupied in making his purchases. Prof Thacher, who is assisting Prof. Kingsley, after having spent some time in Europe, is expected to return about September. ? Atew Harm Palladium. C.ood Laud at Thirty-Eioha Cents fb* Acre. ?We commend the following statement, which, in the main, we know to be true, to the attention of emi grants. It is copied from the Kalamazoo Telr graph:? At the present rate of State Warrants, (.to cents on a dollar,) any one with $1) in his pocket, may go to the Land Ot lice in Marshall, and secure 41) acres ol land, equal toanv - in this or any other State? an investment (if improves) sufficient to support a family. Vo who think of emigrat ing to Texas or Oregon, now is the time to make a bet ter choiee. t ome to Michigan, where you can buy, at 37$ cfints |>er acre, any quantity of level, rich, well-wa tered and timbered lands ? a single tree on each acre worth more than the price of 4f? ncrea. Here you will llnd mills, school-houses, post-offices, clearings and set tlements in the immediate vicinity of these State lands plenty of work, and good pay, tor yourselvea and fami lies, and plenty of everything to eat, drink and wear. This is no exaggeration? we stato facts from personal knowledge, having visited the lands selected by the State in Kent, Ottawa, Allegan, Barry and Kalamazoo coun ties. In the latter, Irora 10,000 to 40, 0<M) acres were sa le cted of the choicest quality, being a part of an "Indian Reservation," consequently kept out of market during the great speculation of 'SH and '37. Some of thesa lands lie within ten or twelve miles of this village, tba ultima thulr of railroad travel West, for years to come. Voung men and fartnertof New Rnglandand New York, here is a field for your enterprise, which can be occupied almost without money or price. The timber on tha land will pay for clearing, even if converted into as?>e? ; and then, what crop* ! We challenge the world to beat Michigan this year ?n wheat or corn, either in quality or quautity. Come, then, to the West, where you may en joy health sod happiness, and in a few years yon will pmi the land which has cost you 87$ cents an acre at as many dollars-and cheap at that. A perfect title can be had to 80 acres of choice land for $30, If, as la allefed, State scrip can be bought for 90 cents on the dollar; $100 In railroad scrip gives The holder his piek of lots. At 00 cents an acre, with the advantage of the railway to brine projoce to Detroit, the chance is a good one.