NFW YORK HERALD. Nrw York. Monday, August 95. I"*9, The Prtitcnt CrUI?. The last news from Mexico has added to the fe verish anxiety which had pervaded the public mind. There is a provoking dubiety about the character of the intelligence, which increases, in a great degree, the intense interest which this question of war with Mexico had acquired. On the whole, the ;probabi lities of a war are augmented and'strengthened.? Mexico has not receded an inch. On the contrary, she exhibits still greater determination in maintain ing that bold and insolent attitude of defiance and threatened assault, which she assumed on the very first indications of the successful termination of the annexation movement. The delay in the action of the Mexican Congress, may be the cover of some still more energetic and decisive measures than any she has yet taken. In estimating the chances of a war between the United Slates and Mexico, we must not confine our- 1 selves to a mere survey of their exisitng relations. I We must take a comprehensive and deliberate view of the present aspect of the nutions of the world ? ' the tendenc.es of the age? the strong popular im pulse* thai are predominant all over the earth.? ' Peace ha? relied in Christendom for a quarter o^ j a century. But here and there the attentive ob- j server can easily discern the workings of a rest-; less, uneasy, quarrelsome spirit of discontent, that must, one day, ere long, break forth into open and violent action. In Europe, the masses of the peopl* are rife for revolution. Like the angry moanings of the tempest-beaten sea, there are fore ver to !>e heard ascending from the hosts of the peo ple, muttenngs of discontent, which are full of awful import. Penury and want ? hunger and thirst ? cold and nakedness, are terrible schoolmasters. But they are fast bringing the masses of Europe to a knowledge of the truth and a discerning homage of liberty. At the first blaat of the war-trump, thou sands and thousands in Europe would start to the battle against despotism and oppression. In this land? this free and happy land ? the same war-feel ing exists in still greater vigor. But it springs from directly opposite causes. We are restless, fidgetty, discontented? anxious for excitement ? eager for war, not because we are starving, but because we are too well fed ? not because we are ground to the dust by the iron hoof of the oppressor, but because we are perfectly free, and call no man master. But in both hemispheres we see the masses of the peo pl? discontented with the present peaceful condition of the world. The multitude cry aloud for war They thirst for its fearful excitement. They think not of its horrors ? of its blood ? of its desolations ? of its unuiterable evils. They think only of the ex citement? of the chances of change for the better. It is human nature. Let us also lo?k at the position which this republic now occupies with respect to the mo narchies of Europe. The United States are now in a position analogous to that occu pied by the French Republic in 1792. But it is a far more glorious position. To the people of this land has been committed, in an especial manner, the sicrt*d trust of perpetuating and defending the great principles of civil and religious liberty. Daily, by a living and practical example, we are operating on the people of Europe? far and wide we are scatter ing over the soil of the ancient world the seeds of revolution ? in all directions we are summoning the down trodden masses to the conflict with the oppres sor. Laugh at this if you please, perblind fool, bowing down to the gewgaw of royality, and kiss ing the shackles that bind thee in insensate bon dage to the throne of despotism, but there is a pow er which has now grown up into resistless might, that will, ere long, deliver thee whether thou wilt or not. The elements are now in existence and at work, which are destined to emancipate mankind and establish free institutions all over the earth. If war with Mexico come, it will be the commence ment of the new era ? the dawn of the latter day o^ light and liberty. It must become general. European nations must, eventually, be drawn into it; and if it do not coine; if annexation be quietly effected, the deci sive struggle will only be postponed for a brief period. In less than ten years some explosion must occur, involving the ancient dynasties of Europe, and ter minating in a great and wide-spread revolution in favor of the rights, liberties, and happiness of man kind. The Recent Elections. ? The first returns of the recent State elections in the south and west, rather indicated that the democrats had gained somewhat on the whigs. But the latest returns reverse this position of affairs, and show that the whigs, if any thing, have gained ground on the democrats, par ticularly in Congress, and if we take into considera tion the various elements of parties, we are not sure but the whigs are stronger than they were two years ago. It is very true the whigs have lost the State elections in Tennessee, but this may have been pro duced by the shifting and equivocation of the whig candidate on the question of annexation. In Ken tucky, the whigs are stronger than ever. They ap pear also to have gained somewhat in North Caro lina. One of the most marked indications, however, afforded by these recent State elections, is the un doubted truth that the original organization of the democratic party in the States, which was formed under the dynasty of Jackson and in favor of Mr. Van Buren, is entirely falling to pieces, and getting wea'ier and weaker every day. In Alabama this faet is particularly revealed in the defeat of the Van Buren candidate for Governor, a?d the election of the Calhoun candidate. It is very evident from these elections, that the organization of the party originally in favor of Mr. Van Buren, is rapidly pas sing away from him and his friends, and the proba bility is that it will settle in favor of Mr. Polk for re-election, provided he manages his cards with discretion, and conducts the war with Mexico with spirit and vigor. Every thing will depend on the conduct of the government during the next year. The first year of an administration, as Napoleon used to say, is a year of apprenticeship ? in the se cond year they begin to show their power, policy and talent, and in the third and fourth years they are able to do some Rood to the country, or a great deal of eril. Mr. Polk has hardly got through his apprenticeship. He is doing pretty well ? a great deal better than Mr. Tyler? but he has yet to do much more. Removal op Rails on the Long Island Tilack ? Several rails were discovered by the Pilot En. gme, to have been removed on Saturday morning upon the Long Island Railroad, near St. Georges Manor. Notice was immediately given to the workmen, who replaced them without delay, but not without causing considerable detention to the accommodation trains. The Boston trains arrived about an hour behind the usual time. The company have taken the most decided action in the matter The running of a pilot engine gives great security to the trains. It is to be hoped that the directors will discover the dastardly perpetrators of these danger ous acts, and make an example of them to the full extent of the law. The Cori-E* Mimnm Mania. ? This mania still grows. The papers, in the interest of the specula tors, are full of glowing descriptions of the vast wealth of the copper region We perceive a long article, from a correspondent in the Union, giving an elaborate account ol the Kldorado of the West There is, indeed, good reason to believe, that cer tain of the very particular friends of the government are engaged in these speculations. A company at Troy, consisting of many of the associate* of Mr. Secretary Marcy obtained from him five hundred " permits," and then the gate was closed against all others. Navai.. ? The United States f rigate Congress, now fitting out at Norfolk, is bound for the N. W. Coast of the Pacific, and is to be commanded by Cuptam Stockton Tm Naturalization Law?? We have received * copy of Mr. Macphereon Berrien'f report on the naturalization laws. It is a voluminous document, and contains some extraordinary developments, showing how the laws are evaded by part) po lti cians, hard swearing, and all sorts of fraud and cor ruption. Some ot the ^disclosures are, indeed, quite astounding. . . . . , After examining the whole of this exposition, and the whole of the evidence presented, we come to an altogether different conclusion to that arrived at by the distinguished gentleman who presented the re. port. Instead ol increasing the stringency of the naturalization laws-instead of making the term of previous residence twenty-one years? it would be much belter, much more agreeable to the spirit of our free institutions, and the dictates of common sense, to abolish these laws altogether, and to allow all respectable foreigners, immediately on landing in this country, to be at once admitted to the rights of citizenship. Why should it not be so 1 Con gress has the power to do it ? to admit every one to be a citizen at once ; and why should it not be donel Were not the Puritans of New England? the Cava liers of Virginia? the Catholics of Maryland? the Dutch of New York? and the Hnguenots of South Carolina,when they came to these shores, at once in vested with the rights of citizenship ! We do be lieve that the historical facts connected with the first settlement of this country, indicate, more forcibly than any elaborate process of reasoning, the pro priety and justice of at once enrolling as citizens all i who land upou our shores, who possess a respecta- I ble character, and announce, formally, their inten tion of making this country their permanent home. Pray, what single good reason can be given for making any distinction between men born upon the soil, and those who were born in other lands 1 Why should the natives of Kngland, or Ireland, or France, or Germany, who make this their home, be subjected to civil pains and penalties for five | years, or any term of yenrs ! Did not all come , into the world in the same way ?? are they not one blood V- were they not all born under the same 8un "t ? were not all created by the same great power 1 These naturalization laws are a relic of the barbarous past? the dark ages of tyranny and despotism. They are utterly unworthy this free land. They are a disgrace to our statute books. And of the truth of" this, we have not yet seen more convincing evidence than that afforded by this very report of the Hon. Mr. Berrien. Thk Tragedy in Chambers Street? The recent awful occurrence at ?) Chambers street, which was the subject of a coroner's inquest on Saturday last, oiid ot which we gave a full report in our paper yes day, has produced a very great sensation? almost equal, indeed, to that excited by the Helen Jewett tragedy. The verdict of the Jury, rendered under the express and reiterated directions of the Coroner, astonished every body. No wonder. Imperfect, careless, and inexcusably remiss as was the manner in which the evidence was elicited, yet there was abundant proof that a foul murder had been commit ted. The idea of suicide is unutterably absurd.? Suicide indeed! Just fancy a suicide first gagging herself? then tying a bandage around her throat then puocturing her abdomen, and tying a handker chief around her head ? But the melancholy truth is, that coroner's inquests have, of late, become in this city the most farsical affairs imaginable. The present case will, we trust, awaken public attention universally to the necessity of reforming the whole system of coroner's inquests in this city. For many years the duties of this most responsible office have been shamefully discharged. It is time, indeed, to "reform it altogether." In the meantime, we are very glad to learn that Mr. Mntsell, the excellent chief of police, and Jus tice Taylor, have taken this most melancholy case into their hands, and are determined to insist upon another investigation. The public never ought and never will rest satisfied with the present disposition of the case ; and it is to be hoped that, on the second inquest, a police officer will not be selected as the foreman ofthe Jury, and that the examination will be conducted in a proper and legal manner. There are some terrible revelations yet to be made con- j nected with this murder ot a young, lovely and un protected female ; and if the matter be not sifted to the very bottom, it will be no fault of ours. Thk Anti-Rent Excitement.? This extraordinary excitement seems to be prevailing and increasing in various counties. We believe that eight or ten coun ties in this State are now infected by this insur rectionary spirit, and the population of these coun ties amount to probably more than six hundred thousand persons. By organization and concen tration, they can wield a political power that will cheek and intimidate both the political parties of the day. We see a great deal said in some ol the newspa pers of the day, particularly the party newspapers, in denunciation of the anti-renters, but we are very | much disposed to believe that all this is hypocritical, and intended to blind and deceive the public at large. The Anti-Renters are rapidly extending their or ganization in the various counties, and we have no doubt in the approaching State Convention, they will hold the balance of power, and be enabled, through the means of a change in the Constitution of the State, to effect some such purpose as they now desire to accomplish contrary to law. They will endeavor in the Convention to excite all the prejudices of the present age against the feudal te nures of property which they say are thof* which oppress them in the various counties in which they Itve. . From every appearance? from the want of mora1 courage in the State Government, and in the leaders of both political parties, we verily believe that in less than three years the landed proprietors through out the various anti-rent counties in this State will be entirely plundered ot their property by acts of the Legislature, if not of an act of the State Conven tion. Every movement and every fresh indication seems to point to that conclusion. Fourteen Days Later from Caraccas. ? We have received our files' of " El Patriota," a semi weekly published in Caraccas, up to the 2d instant. They contain, however.no news of importance. ? The province of Venezuela was still in a state of tranquillity. The same paper contains intelligence froniNeuva Grenada up to the lftth of June. This province was also very quiet. The only news of interest was the acceptation of the loan contracted for in Bogota on the 15th of January last, between the Se rftary of the Treasury of the Republic, Don Juan imaco Ordonez, and the Arm Powles, Illings worth, Wilson ic Co. of London, agents for the bond holders of the Colombisn debt. The Aitti-War Movement.? Foremost in the ranks of the anti-war movement is the Newt of this city, which is almost daily pouring forth columns of rhodomontade against the maintenance of our rights and position, in opposition to Mexico. It would, indeed, seem that thr AV? m is fully prepared to join the enemies of its count rv This, probably grows out of its foolish abolition and fanatical no tions. Military Movements ?The United States Go vernment have, we learn, chartered the steamers Alabama and Whit* Wing, the formsr to transport the 7th regiment U. 8 infantry to Aranaas Bay, for which place aha is to leave on Wednesday next. The White Wing Is alio to proceed to Aranass Bay within a few day a, and is to take the place of the Undine. Important deapntchea, we are informed, were aent by our Government to Texas by the steamnr McKim, which vessel left at nine o'clock laat event. g, lor Galveston The U. 8. cutter Woodhury, leaves thia morning.? N. O. Hvllttin , Jlug. 16. The barque Bachelor, of Richmond, owned by Meaara llaskins U Libbjr, haa been chartered by the Government to transport troops from Fortreas Monroe to Texaa. Hhe dropped down Jamea River, Thursday evening, and will probably go to aea from Hampton Koada thia day or to morrow. It is auppoaed ahe will convey about WO men. ?Richmond fVhig, -1ug. 'J3. Hints have been instituted in the U. S. Diatricl < ourt sgainat the officers and owners of four diflerent steamboats trading to thia port, for ? violation of that provision of the law regulating poataga, which forbida the conveyance and delivery of letters, pamphlets, kc , out of ths mail i h* penalty n f?w lar esoh tfTsnen. N< Q, Theatrical*. Jl" Tm"it?*-To nl*kt Mr. Hack.tt makes hi. fir.t appwance, tine* hi* return from Europe, In hia own ttTl?fSr J?hn ^^'"hetr^.dyor the Fourth. Mr. Hack.tt he. made hi?.elf celebrated oth in I. u rope end America by hi* inimitable pe no na tion ofJack Falstaff. He will, of cour.., be greeted to night by ?crowded'hou.e. After the tragedy, the Mi..e. ? I.* <?** ce th? Polka, and the evening conclude, with tne farce of the Dumb Belle. Bowcnr Th?at*?.? The , classical tragedy of Virgl" niu. will be produced to night with a very powerful cast Mr. J. R. Scott will act Virginiu. ; Mr. Henkina, Appiu. Claudius ; Mr. Davenport, Iciliu., and Mi*. Phillip., Vir ginia. Thia tragedy will be followed by the popular play of Erne.t Maltravers.in which Maori. Scott, Daven port, Clarke, Sutherland, Mr.. Madiion and Mr.. Suther jand, and Mi.. E. Bell will act the principal character*. Between the two play., Mr. Hadaway will *ing the po pular comic .ong of the Karm Yard. Thi* i? a very at tractive bill, and will no doubt bring a very large audi ence. Ca?tlk Gardkn. ? The Concert of Sacred Mu.ic wa. very largely attended la.t night, and thank, to the talent of the mu.ician. composing the orche.tra, the different morctmux were received with an enthu.ia.tic feeling by the audience. To night, for the iir?t time, will be exhibit ed to the public, the great scientific wonder, " The Ben Franklin," a mammoth .team Electrical Machine, the only imtrument of the tame size and power in the world, which had been made to order for the United State*. A series of experiment* will be made with thi* machine? ' among other* the uArora Borealii, which will be exhi- | bited with a power and .plendor unknown to all whe I have not visited Polar Region*. Thi* i* a great curio.i. ! ty, and will no doubt call the attention ot all who take interest in that branch of natural philosophy to whom : the experiment* made with this powerful machine will prove a great attraction. Niblo's. ? M'llk Calvf. and the French Opeiia. To-night the very strong and highly talented company of French singer., commence with Auber'. popular opera of V*imha>uadricc, in which Calve (cert ainly the great 1 e.t favorite of foreign .inger.) i. once more to delight a full and fashionable saloon, which most certainly will at tend her debut. She always dre* crowded houses, and could not have selected a character better adapted to her ' melodioua voice than the one in the Ambassadress.? ' Madame C?uriot is to make her first appearance hero She i* a delightful, sprightly and dashing actresa and has a pleasing voice. Monta**ier, (hi* first appear ance) Buscher, Bernard, and Mesdames Richer and Mathieu, aid to make the distribution highly effective ? the band has been strengthened, and ha* the leader of America, Prevo.t, at it* head. To secure additional com fort to the patron, of the Opera, on the night, of the French opera, reserved seat* can bo secured during the day. The French Company play Mondays, Wednes. days, Thursdays and Fridays. The National Theatre in Boston, is to open to-night. The North American Circus, a R. Spalding, manager and proprietor, will perform to-night at Colun.bus?Ohio Mrs. Shea, formerly Mi*s Blanche Kemble, made her [?* appearance at the National Theatre, N. 0., on the The Harmoneons had returned to Augusta, Maine and gave a concert on the 23d inst. TheatriayW0?d take< * benefit t0-ni*ht at ?!?? Buffalo TtA-rno de Tacon, Habana.? Si/rnora Suare/ nn. nf 1 the stars of tnis theatre, took a bonefit on the 4ih inst Hth* era' an?ther star, wa. to have hers on the [ Mr. Arrilla direct >r of the Equestrian company which 1 on fh? A?"06 at ;Matanzi,s on the 30th of July, died on the 6th of August, of the yellow fever. I he dramatic company of Senors Robunos cave a n-r?at represe-.tation in I'uerto Principe, for the fflf ofthe .uflerer. by the last great lire in Matanzas ?f th? 8|"EI1S ? These talented children are about to give two Concerts at Palino'. Opera House to-morrow and Wednesday evening. Thev nro tnil v clever and well worth hearing. g y 0 trUly Further Particulars from Cuba.? By the Eli zabeth J., arrived on Saturday at Philadelphia, we have received our files of the Mario de la Marina up to the 12th instant, from which we glean the following additional particulars : The great rains which have followed the drought in the province of Sagua la Grande, have brought on a great change in the sanitary state of the province. The intermittent fever was raging very strongly, and few had not more or less felt its powers. The sugar cane plantations were, however, greatly improved by it, and the crons appear to be large and of good quality. A junta had met at San Juaii de las R?m? - the const ruction ot a railroad to the port of Caibarlu? a committee was appointed, and an engineer had been sent for. "?=u,anaan One of the most interested members of the com pany lor the exploration of the newly discovert gold mine of Holguin, has returned to Havana and brought the intelligence that a new vein had 'been Pr-f AW ,u glves ,stl11 finer prospects than the i'u member ol the same company is to Havana on his way to Jibara, towards the end of this month, who is appointed to enter in to tenns with a mercantile houie of that place to form a society for beginning the exploration He will, it is also said, endeavor to procure the estab lishment, on the spot, of a Royal Mint, for the fabri cation of money. ' ,an" It is rumored that one of these estatea of the nhn'1^ny ? jan,H81 W1" produce silver in great abundance, and that several iron mines have been ?nSh ?Tk ' i?? i C?PP" weuld not then continue to be the enly produce of the mmeB of this island. The yellow fever had made its appearance on se renHts1 yicthns. 6 ' and many had ^ready fal The insubordination in the troops continues toe* hib.t itself by the attacks of privates onZ, "officers' . uun Alasa, a private ot the 7th company of the Bat talion of Artillerv, In garrison at Havana wal con deinned on the 29rh ult., to capital punishment for having wounded the sergeant of his company' In ?n^rauon, however, of hl8 Previous good^onduct <?f liLa ^rn?r' Ht mlueht of several field officers of Aksa s regiment, commuted the penalty of dfath Kw&yea? entl0n ,n ,he Prison called los .9? of the 5th instant, the remains fl leld Marshal Juan Montalvo y O'Farrill were stri'irrpH "" 1 afterwards in a vault, con Havana W?' 'he ,Teneral Cemetery of Havana. The ceremony was attended bv all rh?> peopfe'. e-' ma"y n?tabIe8' a"d a ?reaf concourse of City Intelligence. Strange Developments. ? A disclosure has been made within a few day*, which involve! in a case of rrim con one of our wealthiest and most distinguished citizen*, and the wife of a down town merchant. Tne lady ii well known among the Broadway fashionables, while her huiband ii an every day gentleman. The merchant has threatened a public exposure ; but the capitalist, thinking that his wealth and standing in society will pre vent him from so doing, now, in a threatening manner, dares him to institute legal proceedings, as ho intends, if he does, to put his great wealth against the competency of the merchant, aud by that means prevent his getting justice. But the merchant being assisted by several staunch friend*, is determined to bring the matter to trial, and is about commencing legal proceedings. The case will be before the public in a few days. \1ock Avctions? Good. ? At the door of ono of the enteel swindling shops in Broadway, our vigilant and etermined Mayor has placed a couple of the star police, to warn all persons from entering there. The cause of this move was that about forty dollars had been paid at that establishment, by a greenhorn, for a brass watch, and the auctioneers refused to give up the money, when it was demanded by the officers They accordingly were stationed there for the purpose above mentioned, and on Saturday evening were still there. We under stand that legal proceedings have been instituted against the proprietor or one of these establishments, on a charge of swindling. This is encouraging. Our worthy Ma) 01 will receive the thanks of ail our respectable citizens, if he follows up his determination to root out these nuisances from our city. Coaonta'i OrricE, Aug. 24. ? Death by Drownino.? The Coroner held an inquest this forenoon at No. 139 Charles street, ou the body of a hoy named Daniel Ba nighan, aged eleven years, who it is supposed, went to the river yesterday to catch fish, and accidentally fell into the water and was drowned. His body was reco vered about nine o'clock this morning, when a small fish, wrapped tip in a piece of paper, was found in his pocket, verdict in accordance with the above facts. Fotrwo D?oww*ii.? The body of a man named George Brooks, a native of England, aged 4A jonrs, was yester day found floating near the pier foot of Kobinson street, N. R. The Coroner held an Inquest upon the body at the Alms House this morning Verdict? "death by drowning." Sudden Death.? A person named James Riley, on Friday evening last, after accompanying a sister of his ? short distance 011 her way home, returned to his resi dence in Eleventh street, between First and Second Avenues, was taken 111 and almost immediately expired. The Coroner held an inquest uiion the body this morn ing, when the .jury rendered a verdict "that the de ceased came to his death by disease of the heart." CARPKTtxo? A Nkw Arhci.k. ? We saw on Sul urdiiy, at Mr. WiswHIV, mi Mttin Mrert, several pieces of cotton carpeting, of double, or about two yards in width, which wm? manufactured at Htiiden, Worcester county, Mass., by Thomas H Bullock. It was ot heavy and firm texture, and lor richness and brilliancy of co lors, equal to most of the woolen csrpets. The colors are said to be as fast as those of the best cetton prints, and the texture more durnbla thsn that of wool. It is remarkably chasp. being offered at retail at 7 ft rents per double yatd, or 37J cents per square yard. Hhould the representations respecting them prove true and we have no reason to doubt tliem ? cotton will soon super cede woollen carpets When on the floor, no person would sus)?< t them to be made of cotten. Not being half the price of wool equal in appearance and dura tion, we have no doubt they will soon coma into finnral use, and that jii imrnicia Miilimas will b? done m (ha nanuiMturt of lh*w -Otrntmuth From the AnthRmi Region. Delhi, August 22, 1845. Newt from Albany? ProbabU Policy of Oovernment ?Schoharie County, Agitation and Capturei of Indians liter*? Pregnant Revelation*? Identity of the Anti-Rent and Indian Confederacy? The Coming Trial*? Public Feeling too Intente? Con clusion. You are aware, as well from my previous letters, as from other sources, that we have been in daily expection of news from Albany of such a nature as to reveal what is the actual feeling ol government in regard to the late transactions here, and what is to be their policy. I am enabled to state that a ray o' light has fallen on the unbroken mystery. To-day 1 Judge Wheeler arrived here from Albany, attar hav ing an interview on the affairs in which this town and this county are so deeply interested. He does not bear any official communication, more than one to the Sheriff, authorizing him to offer, in the name of his Excellency, Gov. Wright, a reward of 500 dollars for the apprehension of Scudder, the suppo sed murderer of Deputy Sheriff Steele. But al though there is little in an official way promulgated, J have learned that the Gov. has approved of the strenuous efforts that are made here by the citizens, and that as soon as a f<4w formal proceedings are o&erved, a sufficient force will be sent here of the regular army, as will ensure order and peace, and relieve the citizens from their military duty. I think this may be relied oil; and further, that had a regular representation from the Magistrates of the county, of its true state been made, there would have been steps taken at once at head quarters, to calm down the anxiety that prevails. Thera were six more prisoners brought in to jail this morning from near Middltown, anal hear there are more coming. Besides all these, there came to day the news that a posse, which left this town a day or two ago, in a westerly direction, encountered yes terday some scattared members of a large body of Indians, that hail assembled for the suspected pur pose of cutting off the Delhi men. Twelve of the Indians were made prisoners, and with twenty-five disguises, were given into the custody of the sheriff of Schoharie county, whence they came. In that county they are ready and ripe for a revolt, and well prepared, as the confederation of Indians is widely extended in it. It was divulged in the eveidence of Northrop, who was before the Coroner's jury again this morning, that the only thing that prevented the threatened attack upon Delhi last winter, was the non-arrival of one thousand In dians from Schoharie county at the place of rendez vous, where a very large force of Delaware men actually met, and marched seven milas for the pur nose of carrying into execution their project, but at last wheeled about for the reason stated. They had resolved to burn the town and liberate the prisoners in jail, and leave the place from one end to the oiher a monument of terror to their enemies ? at least so swears one who was a chief in the ranks on that occasion. I call this a wonderful disclosure. Now if it were not now established beyond doubt,could it be for one moment believed, that several hundred citizens of Delaware county could be found capable of dis guising, arming and marching for the purpose of
committing a wholesale outrage on property, on justice, and may we not assume, on life! All ihis is fact to the letter. And may it not happen again 1 ? Who can tell what mav be done or attempted, when this town is again at the mercy of depredators! ? Let it be recollected that the ardor that now ani mates the armed ranks of honest farmers now here under arms, will wear away. Men cannot nurse their wrath forever, nor neglect their own affairs until the law's delay brings about a tardy arrange ment of the present turmoil. Now is the time to settle the business, if it can be settled ; if it cannot, let the authorities say so. They must quit smoking the pipe of peace with the Indians, and seize the hatchet of justice at once or e;lse declare that it is buried for ever in the grave of Steele, and that the red men have no superior power by which to be controlled or punished. My attention has been called to a statement made by a New York paper, by hearing very loud denun ciations of its truth on every hand. The statement is in the Tribune, of a lew days hack, and to the effect that the nnti-rent associations are not answerable for the acts of the Indians; and that they are distinct confedera cies. Perhaps it is not worth while taking up the mat ter, although a large number of persons here speak of the statement as a false and mischievous representation. One or two remarks for the sake of truth. This asser tion, then, of the Tribune, is totally unfounded, and at variance with the sworn admissions of the anti-renters, and Indians ttiemaelves. 1 have heard Squire Morse tes tify before the coroner's inquest, that he, as an anti-rent er, swore in Indians, to be taithfnl to the common cause. I was present when Daniel Northrop admitted, upon oath, his being a chief, and the number of his tribe ; that Mar tin Kelly, president of the Middletown and Koxbury an ti-rent association, called the "natives" to him, and told them to pursue Tim Corbin, when at Brag Hollow, in September last, serving a declaration ; and also that John B . (we suppress the name, as he is not arrestee,) one of the executive committee of the anti-rent associa tion, swore him (Northrop) in as an Indian, in the lullow ing words : " I do, of my own free will and accord, come forward to join this body of men, promising, in the pre sence .>1 Almighty God, to do all in my power to support Mie constitution ; that I will go out at all times wheH deemed necessary; and will reveal no secrets of the so ciety made known tome, necessary to be kept." Fur ther, this person stated that the Indians, when on duty, were to be supplied out of the fundi of the anti-renteis ; that his own, and his son's dresses, were provided for them out of those funds, as were those of all the Indiana. Again, we have the oath of Dauiel IV. Squires. He swears that he was sworn in by John .Vleyham, a person notorious as an anti-rent lecturer, and with others, told by him, in a harangue addressed to them, that thoy must stand by each other, and pay 110 rent, nor allow the land lords to collect any, as they had no titles ; that there were plenty of Indians, from other places, that would assist them. Squires further testifies, that he was ap pointed one of the executive committee of the anti-rent ers, and as such, sworn in in these words : "I do solemn ly swear that I will abide l>y the constitution and pledge of this association, and not reveal the secrets of the so ciety in any shape or manner;" that having taken that oath, he swore in several Indians, bought eight pair of pistols, and paid for them, as a committee man, out of the funds of the anti-rent society, and distributed them gra tis among the Indian* ; that disguises wero made at his house, and likewise distributed; and that the treasurer ol the anti-renters allowed him for this outlay of money, as well as a 5 dollars paid for calico for disguises. So much for the connection between the Indians and anti-renters; which is enough to satisfy any rational mini that their objects are identical, and in reality but two orders of- tho same body, themselves; if any more testimony ii required, however, jto satisfy the 'Tribune., is to be found in the voluminous records of the sworn testimony of at least a score of Indians and anti-renters now in Delhi jail. Another topic a good deal spoken of here is the allega tion of the anti-renters that at the late tragic all'.iii at Andes the deceased fired first, and made it necessai y for the natives to defend themeelves. The friends of tho de ceased are greatly incensed at this, and declare it ab surb to imagine that he would attack two hundred armed men. Mr. Wright, who was close by the victim, and all others who were there, take this view of it. The anti renters, however, immediately after the sale, went to a magistrate, when some half score of them swore that Steelo fired first. It is but right to state hore that some of these individuals have, since their arrest, swerved from their oath and denied that they had made any such pre viously. Dr. Calhoun, who attended the wounded rnnn, olso gave it as his opinion that Steele could not havo fired after he was wounded, and if he fired at all it must have been before; but bo it as it may, it is not worth any more consideration, anil dcserves|to be mentioned only because it is a point much discussed, and one to which a good deal ol interest is attachod here, and all over the country. At noon yesterday it began to rain, and toward ten o' clock it increased to a perfect deluge. It lasted for ? or 7 hours, and did an infinite deal of service to the crops, which to-day look most promising ihe weather being exceedingly sultry. About a hundred mounted riflemen were out iu the rain, and when they returned, they cut anything but a chivalric figure. It appears to me now timu to draw this letter to a close, and in doing so, 1 would ftin <los<j also a scries of reflections into which I involuntarily slide when not oc cupied on the anti-rent disturbances. Sometimes it ap pears to me likely to wear away, and give place to sober second thought. But I become shaken in this belief, when I recall tho inefficacy of tho example made last spring, by the sentence of three Indians to the State prison from this county, by the systonmtic and daring perseveuuice of tho remuuktiaiits, the widely spread impression in fa vorof the abstract right of the tenants, and the very gon erul disposition thare is to put the landlords in the wrong The b.-st ob ervcrs *ee nothing in things as they are, in dicative of a lestoiation of harmony. .Many look to'the infliction of summary punishment on those now in cus tody h* a wise and politic course; and I am sorry to say theieaie not a few who betray an indiscreet zeal in favor of vengeance. It would be desirable to see people cool er; I trust that before the unfortunate captives nro put on their trnils, the temper of the public mind will he more calm and considerate, but at the same time, let the luw be fearlessly dealt out, and it is for the authorities to take due precaution that it will be vindicated. In tl.e mean time, affait* will remain foi soma six weexs in tiatu quo when the trials of soma of the prisoners will iirohubl* take place. ' The Delaware Outrage? More Arkkstm? In terest! no Particulars ?We have been frtvorrd with h Slip from the Albany Argun, dated, August 23, 6 !'? M., containing the following letter: Dm. hi, Anguit 31, 1A4.V Ye?t?rday, Richard Morte, a Juatica of the Peace of the town of Andes, of whoae arreat you have been advi sed, hwl an eiamination before N. Hathaway, K.aq Moras, J. P , ia a leading anti-renter in that town, and a man of considerable influenre. lie liai adminiatered the oath of aecrecy, or, a* they call it, the Indian oath to se veral who were in the affray of flie 7th He stated, be fore that day, that if any one ahould aii|>ear and bM at tlie ntle, they would be ' floored oi knocked down *o <| nick that they would not know what hurt thein, and that un der the new law, the ollemler would have to be tiied in the town where the offence inn committed, ami that no w&riant could he obtained against such oll'?nder in the town of Andes." Another Ju tice of the Mmn town has officiated on several occasions in administering a like oath. Morse was present on the 7th, had c.onversation with tho Indiana; and when desired, in common with oth er citi/ens, to attaint in piencrving the peace, would not. He waa committed to answer to the charga of aiding, abetting, and Mumbling with armed and tliiguiNtl men, to ratlrt the ?ktcutlon of prootn, Uit ? '?mug tw<? yrt???an *tr? UaugM In trm MM I dlttown, John Beedle and Dr. Jonathan Alabun? Alsbun baa bean a leoturer, and at a lata meeting of the National Reform Aiaociation, in New York, made a bitter and vile attack upon the reputation of oar lata under aheriJTSteele. There ii aa Indictment pending against him in Ulster county, for iome participation In the outragea in that county. Toi? morning, Daniel W. Squires was, on examination, committed to auswer the charge of procuring the attend ance at the sale on the 7th, oi disguised and armed men, urging them to gain the victory now, if ever. This is the man who was taken by T. Corhia a few days since, and in whose possession Corbin found some ten or twelve In dian dresses of disguises; and a pistol taken from him a year ago, when he leceived a coat oi tar and feathers. ? auires is now under indictment for participating in that ur. John Bush and Alex. 8. Giant were also brought before the justice, and waiving an examination, were committed,? the former for being present disguised and armed, anil participating in the outrage committed in March last, in Andes, when O. N. Steelo and C. K. Par ker were taken and confined, and saved only by the he roi?w of Mrs. Hunting. Tiie<whole number committed to answer by the Jus tice, is eighteen. Of this number, twelve have been committed on their own confessions, charged with hav ing, on the 7th of August instant, at Andes, assembled together, with more than three others, armed and in dis guise, to prevent the execution of civil process; and also, while so ussombled armed and disguised, felonious ly killing O. N. Steelo, under sherifl', &c. The posse which left here on Monday noon, under Col. B. T. Cooke, of Franklin, hearing that some chiefs from this county, Scudder among the number, were har bored in Blenheim, Schoharie county, proceeded to that town. On the way they weie met by a messenger from the Sheriff of Schoharie, informing them that the Indians had lately made a stand at Brimstone meeting house, in Blenheim, and would tight? advising them to go to Oil boa, where the sherifl'had a posse, and unite their forces before attacking them. Oen. Gritfin, who wits with the Delaware posse, replied, "wo have come to fight !" and proceeded directly to the stand occupied by the natives, it seems there were about 100 of them disguised and arm ed at the meeting house, having a banner, on one side of which was an Indian chief, and the motto, "Victory or death." On the other side, " King, show your title f" ? they were of the tenantry of John A. King. They dis persed about an hour before the arrival of the Delawaie posse, taking with them their flag. The posse scoured the country for some four or five miles round, found one mask in the meeting house, and Id or 20 Indian dresnea in a barn near, and took 11 prisoners, none oi whomwera disguised? most of them were inon against whom indict ments are pending in Schoharie. They were ilelivered over to the sherifl of Schoharie Nono of the fugitives from this county were captured ? although some infor mation was received. A posse under the command of T. Corbin, left here on Tuesday for Middletown and Colchester, intending to join one which left the day before, under Col. Wheeler, and together to visit the Beaver Kill, Sullivan county, where it is said a large number of Indians from this county are secreted. They sent in the two prisoners who arrived last evening, since which no word has been received. I am told by gentlemen who havo visited the iiriected towns, that it is melancholy to witness the loss of proper ty which must and has already lollowed this outbreak. ? Great numbers of farmers who have not completed their haying and harvesting, fled before they were pursued, save by a guilty conscience, and have left their crops un protected and uncared for. Two prisoners have been brought in this evening from the Kast Branch. Their names are Scott and Russell? they are implicated. They wore arrested about one o'clock this morning. Looking rather suspicious, and giving no satisfactory account of themselves, they were taken and sent in. The whole number of arrests inside is 67, including the 11 arrested in Schoharie. S. Brooklyn City Intelligence. Lack or Public Snmr, Public Buildincs, (kc. ? This city of churches and palaces, notwithstanding its boast ed superior civilization, audits sixty thousand inhabi tants, has scarcely a sufficient number of public buildings for the transaction of its ordinary municipal business. ? The walls of the capacious structure which was intend ed for a City Hall, are still in ruins ; the loug projocted public hospital, is still only an imaginary edifice: the Park, (so called) is an unsightly plot of unenclosed ground, situated in a miasmatic and unhealthy portion of the city ; Fort Green, the once favorito resort of the BrooUlynitos, is rapidly giving way to the levelling ope rations of the steam Paddy ; and the only promenade of which our people can be proud, is (thanks to the narrow minded and supine legislation of our city fathers,) the property of private individuals. There is no plane for the reception of lost or stray children, other than is pro vided by the worthy Coroner of Kings county, and his amiable lady. There are no sewers in any part of the city : and, as yet, no arrangements have been made for supplying the inhabitants with pure and wholesome wa ter. The only public buildings, of any extent or impor tance, in the county, are the Poor House, and the Jail. ? The latter is said to be one of the most admirably con atructed edifices in the United States ; and its interior arrangements, under the management of its present pop ular keeper, (Mr Van Voorhees,) are infinitely superior to those of any other prison in this State? not only in refe rence to its cleanliness, but also as regards the rigid or der ami discipline which are enforced. Connected with the Alms House buildings, are a Poor House and Hospi tal ? the whole being under the management of superin tendents appointed by the Board of Supervisors. There is but one complaint made in the raanugemcnt of these places, to wit, that no provision has been made forgiving a Christian burial to the pauper dead, who (to the dis grace, be it said, of our public authorities,) are consign ed to their last resting places with as littlo ceremony as they would the carcase of a dog. Exkmplabt Watchman.? One of Captain Stewart's posse of watchmen, named Follier, was arrested ok Saturday night, by order of the Captain, for lighting and creating a disturbance in the district which he was em ployed to guard. On being seized, he committed a vio lent assault upon Mr. Stewart, tearing his shirt and doing other injury. The offender was very properly placed in the hospitable charge of Klias Pelletron, Esq., keeper of the public cells, and will be examined to-day. Mad Doe.- Between three and lour o'clock yesterday afternoon, a dog evidently in a rabid state, was killed in Sand street, near Dr. Cutler's |church, but not, we regret to state, before it had bitten two or three other dogs A great number of persons were on their way to chuich at the time, and such a scampering as took place among divers fashionable individuals, was " a sin to Moses." Lamentable. ? A young female, nineteen years of age, the daughter of respectable people, was arrested at a late hour on Saturday night, and committed to the cells, on complaint of her brother, who charged her with various acts of impropriety, such as keeping company with lads, remaining in the streets until a late hour. he. She was released yesterday morning, on making solemn promises of amendment. Street Rowdies. ? His Honor the Mayor lias not yet acted upon o'ir suggestion in relation to dispersing the gangs of rowdy boys who congregate at the corners of several streets in Brooklyn, every Sabbath day, to the f;reat annoyance of respectable passers by, and especial y of ladies, who are continually insulted by their rude behavior, and frequently obscene remarks. We fear that there will be no effectual corrective of this nuisance until the names of the offenders are publicly exposed. Caution to Bnvs.? Several boys were arrested yester day by the Sunday officers for bathing in the river near the docks, and thus offending the delicacy of females, who resido in the vicinity. Thev will be kept in prison all night, and will probably be discharged this morning by the police magistrates, after being properly repri manded. Bnt/TAL Assault. ? A man named Murdock, who had been in Harkins's tavern, near the Catharine ferry, boast ing of his adherenca to the principles of Native Ameri canism and liis dislike to foreigners, was dreadfully beat en on Saturday night by three fellows, who oscaped ? Had it not been for the timely assistance of a cartmnn named McOivney, a warm-hearted "native of Erin," and a most powerful and athletic man, poor Murdock would inevitably have been killed. Mobals or Flatbush.? On Saturday morning, a voting gentleman connected with one of the most opu lent and respectable families of thi* wealthy and aristo cratic place, was arrested by officer McCormick on a charge which involves his paternity to the offspring of a "little illegitimate," of which one Ann Donnelly is likely to become the mother. As the accused solemnly protests his innocence of the affair, it is but fair to give liim a chance for a full investigation of the charge prior to giving further particulars. Bad Meat. ? A complaint was made at the Police office on Saturday, by a female named Peacock, that a butcher | in the Eastern market, bad intentionally sold to hersome stinking and unwholesome meat. An enquiry into the matter will he instituted this day, A Male Fubt.? James Patterson, the man whose ar rest for an aggravated assault upon his wife and child, breaking his furniture, kc., we mentioned in Saturday's II r> nlH, was fined $'>, and held to bail in the sum of $200 for his good behaviour He promised bail, paid the fine. we:.t home in the evening, turned his wife into the street and completed the workhe had commenced before, by breaking his clock in pieces, and setting fire to the frag ments, breaking up two tables, and all his chairs, so as not to leave one to sit upon; and in fact, destroying all the goods and chatties be possessed. He then decamped. Movement* of Trnvellers. The following may be considered as the majority of yesterday's travelling community? at the Amebicam ? J. H. Murtile, Geo; 8. Burband, T. White marsh. N. O.; 11. D. Ellicott, Baltimojo, J. J Lutz, Mary land; R Hobertson. Charleston; 11. Ferguson, 8. C.; Geo C. Kuha, Boston; H. Richardson, Natchez; T. W. Brad bury, Peterboro; Thoi. Habttthaer, Baltimore; N. J Bentoo, Ala.; V. Horsey, Baltimore: 1' Fraser, do; Messrs Duncan, Roland. Gibson, Peck McPhail, < o/ens, Capt*. Kello and Momford, Lients . McClay , Morris and Lathrop, Texas; Judge Morton, Maryland; Count Ogins bio. I'hila. Astob? W. W Clapp, Boston;.! I) Welfield, Phila ; Charles and John Sharpley. Quebec; J Kellog. litica; R Bare. Paris; U\ J. Gordon B< leveland; E J. and H. R. Nightlinrale, Providence; Charles Buinett do; W. H Hill, Boston; W. Brewster, Detroit; 0. H. Honeweli. Cincinati; H. E Steele, Penri ; I. Stone. Philadelphia; R Geddes, N.O ; L B. Bent, Baltimore; T. D. Johnson, 8t Lou if; J. Cade, do,; J Hrugg.Ala ; F. Masteraon, NO; J. E. Todh'in'er, do ; J S Murphy, Conn. City Albert Erskine, Huntington, Ala.: L London, Wilmington N.C.; W i Taber. New Bedford; M. Mor Han Ohio; Cotter, Ga ; Robert Ferris, Ala ; Amoa Day, Boston; L. F Hughes, St Louis; J. M. Cobhs, Jos Ro barls, U.S. A.; 'I . M. Wordsworth, La.; J. Jones, I'hila. Kbanxlin? Mr. Miller, Ohio; J Leonard, Baltimore; J. M. Hashell, Ohio; D. M. Williams, Va.; Jacob V. Thomas, iron works, Pa.; 'R. Beech, Buffalo; F.. w. Ste phenson, Cnnada; E. Coster, Cleveland; George Relter, Pittsburg: Joseph Anderson, Wilmington; J. wright, Ky.; Morris Thomas, do.; O. C. Lock wood, I hlla ; W. ( Wardlaw, S. C.; Nor. Bolger, Ithaca. Globe Mr. Thomaeem, Spain; Laryeghe, Montreal ; Messrs. Foster and Cozens, Philadelphia; O. C. Ilarseey. New Orleans. , . . ? . IIowabd? M. < Into, Louisville; W.I. Ages, Boston; J l ouch, Chicago; W. B Ciimmeny, Phiia.;J. Al lham, Kyte Kingston, <V .11. Porter, |Niagaia; D. S. Hammond, Newport; J. P. Fisher, Boston: J. O. More, Fla ; A. F It W. II Howe, Worcester: Mr. Wilkings, N C ; A. Fisher, Ht Louis; G. T. Forest, N.C.;C. M. Reed, Washington; J. Snow, Boston; C. Hayes, Pittsburg, Mr. McKae, Fla.; Gen. R. Haaluck, and W. B. Gownn. Phila. The Chicago Ktwt Miya that a company of fifty two miners arrived in that city on the 9th from (lalena, oa thalr way ta Lake Superior Thes* man ar* In tha employ of in* lMt?n copper Com??Mi Ift4 ?r? tUiw**4 hi , Police Intelligence. Auouit 34. ? Arrttt of a Fugitive front Juitict.? Mr. i Henry Ingraham, constable of Hartford county, Connec ticut, arrived in thia city thia morning, with a requisi tion from Governor Baldwin, of Connecticut, for the do livery to the authorities of that State of a fugitive from justice named Patrick O'Bryan, who stand* indicted by the grand jury of Suffield, Hartford county, with Laving on tne evening of the 3d instant, violated the person of m you tig and respectable girl named Margaret Mayhanr while on her return home from the residence of some friend* whom she had beenfvisiting. The girl, whose agois about fifteen years, in consenuence of the outrage com mitted upon her person, has been in a very critical situa tion. and until within a few day* pa*t, was unablo to testify against the accused, who was arrested in this city this forenoon, and is now in custody, awaiting the return of the officer with the warrant from Governor Wright, when he will be taken back to Connecticut to be tried for the offence. Burglary and Arrett. ? About 8 o'clock this morning, officers Alonze 1). Corey and Henry Itice, of the Star Police, while in the vicinity of Pearl and Fletcher streets, discovered something wrong about the premises of H. 11. & R. Lawrence, dry goods merchants, and on entering their store, found a man named Andrew liiackraam, bu sily engaged in packing up some valuable goods. The officers arrested him and conducted turn to the Police Of fice, where he was detained for a further hearing. Caught.? It will doubtless be recollected that a few days ago, a young fellow, while driving a horse attached to a cart at a furious rate in the neighborhood of First street and Second avenue, knocked (Town and ran over a little girl aged 7 years, injuring her so severely that her life i* despaired of, refuting to stop when requested to do *o, and mado his escape. This morning ho was ar rested by one of the 17th Ward Stnr Police. He gave his address as John M. Gunton, of First street, between the Bowery and 'id avenue. He waa fully committed to answer. Pickpocket Caught? Jeremiah Davis, while at the Chat ham theatre on Saturday evening, took the liberty of thrusting hi* hand into the pocket of Mr. John L. Mint, with the supposed intention of abstracting a few of them "mint drops," or something of adequate value, for which breach of good manners, Jeremiah was dotained to give a sutisfaetory account. Another Cate. ? Wm. Andrews, aliss Smith, was arrest ed on a charge of picking the pocket* of a stranger. Burglariea. ? A fellow named Daniel Kennedy, was ar rested and held to answer for burglariously entering the house No. -1'J Houston stroet. Alexander Myers was also urrested on a charge of attempting to enter the prem ises of Mr. McCaule) , in the 15th ward. i "Honor to whom Honor it Due." ? About a fortnight ago a female named Jeanette Wilson, was se?t to the Penitentiary on account of her connection withadisor derly Iioumi in this city, and Aid. Hart received much credit for the interest which he manifested in breaking tin the establishment alluded to. Within the brief space of a few days after that period, this same Jeanette Wil son was again found in this city, and arrested on a charge of being implicated in the robbery of a gentleman con nected with one of the Hevenue Cutters, of a large sum of money. A* Aid. Hart was so highly lauded for the part he took in sending her to Olackwell's Island, it may not be improper to enquire, to whom belong* the honor of obtaining her discharge from that establirhment. The Common Council having settled the saltpetre question, will, it is hoped, turn their attention to this subject, and give the public sume light upon it. Conscience Stricken. ? A family living in Arch street, Philadelphia, who were sometime since robbed of a quantity of silver articles, had them recently re turned, by being thrown into the dining room, through the window. Independent Police Office, 48 Centre street.? The undersigned moat respectfully inform Banking Institu tions, Insurance Companies, merchants ard citir.ru> generally, that they have established an office for the purpose of transact ing both criminal and civil business, in a manner which will not only tend to advance the peace and quiet ?f the citizens of New A ork, hut will afford protection and assistance to incorpo rated institutions and citizens generally, which heretofore they have been deprived of. They Keep at tlieir office a Loss Book, in which can be recorded all robberies, forgeries, or false pre tence cases; and the lustant that such notice is given at the above office, their business will he attended to by active and experienced men. If they succeed iu the recovery of property, or arrest of the parties complained of, they will ask for such compensation ns is but fair and just, aud if not successful, uo charge is made for services rendered. They also will travel to any part of the United States, if required, either on criminal or civil busiuess. All communications addressed to either of the following persons will be promptly attended to: ? GEO. RELYF.A, JOHN M. RUE. Constable, WM. 13. BARBER. RANSOM BEEMAN. W. W. FREAM. N-w Yoik. August 25, 181i. MONEY MARKET. Sunday, Augu*t 544?6 P. M. The ?tock market for leveral days past has been in a very feverUh state. The anticipated advices from Mexi co were early in the week looked for with the greatest anxiety, and as it was supposed the next accounts would be unfavorable, a steady dccline in stocks wi' experienced up to Friday. On the afternoon of the 22d instant, we received news ten days later from Vera Cruz, rnther favorable than otherwise, and the stock market yesterday decidedly improved, and quotations advanced from one to two per cent. The complexion of our accounts from Mexico is so much more favorable than anticipated, that a very marked improvement was observable in the feelings of commercial men gen erally. The prospect of a war with Mexico is not now so great as heretofore, and the change that has taken place in the public mind upon this question, within the past d*y or two, must lead to an improveraant in all kinds of business. Many fancy stocks have, since the war fever commenced, fallen oil" five and ten per cent, and the mo ment all chances oi a rupture have disappeared, there must be quite a speculative movement iu those stocks. Government and State stocks have been depressed by the probability of a war, and United State t>"s have fallen about 4 per cent. Thu recent wor movements have no doubt been made use of by certain parties, to place themselves in a positio n tocommit extensive depredations upon our commerce the moment an official deckratien of war was made. Some time since, we conversod with a gentleman, of high character, who assured us that he had actually seen a blank letter of marque issued by tho Moxican minister Almonte, bofore he left this country. The document seen was in the hands of an individual engaged in com mercial pursuits, an owner of several fiiiO, fast Bailing vessels out of this port, admirably adapted to the priva teering business, and which would, without doubt, be devoted to that service. It is roasonalilo to suppose that there were other blank papers of this nature issued by the same party, and we have no doubt some of them were obtained by individuals who have fitted out ves sels in anticipation of a rupture between Mexico and tne United States, ready to pounce down upon our packets any moment. The report made by Captain Pell, of the Havre packot ship St. Nicholas, confirms theso statements, and must satisfy every one that there art cruiser* on our coast, prepared to make capture*, as soon as tho two countries were p.aced in a hostile posi tion. There is no way to obviate the dangers and diffi culties of these movements, but by arming all vessels* having valuable cargoes on board. Our packet ?hips should, by all means, be provided with a few " long Toms" and a single Taixhan gun. Thus armed they could bid defiance to the largest privateer afloat. The safety of these splendid and valuable ships, and the lives of the passengers and crews on board, would be ensured by these precautionary measures. The expense would be trifling compared with benefits derived, Bnd passen. gers would embark with more confidence, than on board an unarmed vessel crossing the Atlantic. The probabili. ty of a war between Mexico and the United States, is becoming less and loss every day, but there are despera does enough in the West India Islands and on the Span ish Main, to man a few vessels and cruise agaiftst our commerce, war or no war, making the supposition of a war, or the rumors of war a pretext, and if capturod, ar. gue that they supposed war, had been declared. Com. m id ore Jones took possession of Monterey upon such a supposition, and a few privateers could capture some Of our merchantmen upon the same plea. Our government has established the precedent, and the Mexicans may carry it out. YVo annex a table giving the quotations for stocks in this market for each day of the week just closed, also the closing prices for the week previous. Some of the fancie? in the list have varied one and two per cent ilrofAi ions r'is the PaiwcifAi. Stocks ifi the New Yore VliHKCT. Sal. /Hon. 7Vy. W'rrf. TVy Fr'y. Sat. ? S* = ? - P 32 .4 n n* 3i)* jiH Vo u7dW^r .MM ?? ??* 5 fc?;ss;;:.v ? -x - * ? * ' Siiei I!.".'.! 1??* ~ ~ l#n* ,#n 100 100 ?^". Vwe? - 74 74W 74 74* 74* 7S ?8M MS? 28S W\ 29* ??.ro.d ? U M ?)? *'>? v irkiliurf ...... ....?- 7a 7,i ? ~ 714 U H. B*nl SX J'* ? 5 J* J* ? RpitdiMK RR ? .MX S? 41 i*% 48 49 VJorrisCsnal V M 27 27*4 27* 27* 2? ItMtBoswa - 13X - IS* - ISX 13* A comparison of prices ruling yesterday with those am rent last Saturday, shows a decline in Long Island o' 1 per cent ; Harlem, 2} ; Cnnton, J ; Farmer's Loan, } Illinois ?'*, 1 ; Kentucky (Vs. Reading Railroad, 4, and an improvement in Norwich and Worcester of } percent' Stonington, J, and Morris Canal, 1. The quantity of each kind of merchandise arriving at tide water on the canals of this State, during the year I A4 1, with the average price and total value of each kind, we give iu the annexed statement. There appears to he many defects in the system of charging tolls upon mer' chandise transported on our canals. Agricultural pro ducts valued at t'J3,37l?,OI3, paid a toll of % 1 ,014,31ft' while *(J,lftl.H<W worth of manfactures paid only f.lOH,449 and worth of merchandia* only paid $A8ft ,* 147, and $4,742,407 worth of other articles only paid $l72,9?H in tolls. There is a good deal of bad pollcyin compelling '>00 387 tons of agricultural product* 1? pity *1,014.344 in tolls, and 884, ?78 torn ofpr?4uc?? of forest to pif Mlf MM.M1 u MiU.