Newspaper of The New York Herald, August 27, 1845, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated August 27, 1845 Page 1
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THE NEW YORK HERALD. T?I.ZLtIo.))15.WhoU Vo.?m. NEW YORK, WEDNESDAY MORNING, AUGUST 27, 1845. Files Wwe Cents# From Saratoga Springe* , . . ttaitKD States Hotbi., Aug. 25, 1845. A Visit to Saratoga f akt ? 7%t Neio Hotel ? Ro mantic Scenery ? The Sulphur fipriHg ? New Steamboat ? Beauty' $ Daughter ? ? The Goddess of Fashion ? TTie Red Man and the Anglo Saxon Racc? Destiny? An Elegant and Costly Struct ure ?Abode of The Graces? The Exclusives? An Illus trious Ca'onel and Immortal Philosopher? The Weather ? Arrivals. We paid a visit to Saratoga Lake yeBterday, for the first time. This beauteous and placid lake, lour mi leu distant, at onfce the pride und boast of the sur ictindlng Country, has been selected as the site of a magnificent and elegant fJala^eg flovf rrr progress ol erection by our worthy hosts, the Marvnis, at the Sul phur Springs, which is iutended to be dedicated to fashion, pleasure and all the sparkling gaieties of life. The drive trom here was moat delightful ? the sce tyrv romantic? the compuny agreeable ? the dav fine ina evei;y bqdy apparently in good humor. Upon otir arrival we found an elegant steamboat, the 11. B. Coleman, commanded aj Cap!. L'. R. Oould, | ready to convey us to the recently disCovpjea sfll pher spring, a distance o( about 7 miles. The Cap tain is a <.'entlemnnly little man, quite enthusiastic on the subject of his new boat, the virtues of the magic waters, the beauty of the scenery, ond the prospi els ripening for the future. As we were slowly gliding through the sheet of silver, Z ' A m rror aslfa bath for Beauty'* youngest daughters!'. We dditld not but reflect on the vast changes which time had brought abodt? the strange and stirring events which have become a jtoftion of oUr history. Here in this peaceful valley ? on the shores of this quiet lake, embosomed in hills clothed with lof ty oaks attd ej'reading pines; once the hunt ing and fishing ground of the ted man. ? the goddess of fashion was about erecting her "littering throne. The wealth and beauty of the Anglo-Saxon race hi*d come to visit it. and in place ot the wigWain a W'l 'he shrill war whoop, an ele gant and substantial hotel W;t3 ;o"n tcf rise - " As from the stroke of an enchanter's wand , through whose spacious galleries the merry voices of dark-eyed maids, from luxurious und cultivated circles ? the soul-stirring strains of delicious music ? Ihe "parkling jest, and joyous laugh of happy Childhood shall eebo? and re-echo in unfettered harmony. Verily, there afP ft o bounds to man's ambition ? a once mighty and powerful people, who owned no master save the Great Spirit ? who, with a step, free und elastic, trod these hills in blissful ignorance of what is called civilization, have passed away* forever, like the leaves of au tumn. They haVe shrunk and withered before the onward and rapid march of superior intellect and wisdom? their hunting grounds have become the farms of the white man, and where the war fire burned most brightly, magnificent cities have been reared. Who shall say that a time will not come in the history of man, when we proud and haughty Anglo-Saxons shall bow in humble suppliance at the foot of an invader? that we shall not become the hirelings and slaves of seme yet unborn but mightier race, who may approach as the whirlwind's blast, and sweep away our possessions ? who shall pierce the dark and mysterious ways of des tiny, or tell what the womb of time has yet in store for humanity? In the midst of these reflections, we arrived atiour des tination, and hastened to sip of the sparkling waters from the bubbling fountain, and inspect the grounds whereon the costly structure is to be erected. The sce nery in this neighborhood is ol the wildest and most ro mantic character/ combining loveliness with dread mag nificence. Embosomed in groves, whose mysterious shade speak of a voluptuous repose, ttnd invite to a hap py indolence, this elegant hotel wilt rise in justness and beauty of proportion, like the fairy creation of Aladdin's Lamp, to cnain the imagination and enchant the taste. ? Walks planned with all the delicacy of the most fasti dious art. are destined to lead through the grounds of this noble mansion, and delight while they invite the wanderer. Fountains, the silver murmurs ol whoseTwa ters, vaulting ambitiously to the skies, and sporting in graceful forms in the circumambient air, will impart a delicious coolness to the landscape; while jtartrrrn af the choicest flowers, sprinkling with beauty the borders of the lake, will fly to kiss theirjrellection in its placid waters. In the halls of this new abode, where the Gra ces are destined to And their final resting place, music floating in celestial harmony, will court the surround ing echoes? tesselated pavements of marble will rejoice in the geutlo pressure of the tiny foot of beauty twink ling in the dance. Oilding, painting, the most costly garniture, will lend their triple effect to its saloons? in its chambers of repose, furnished in sumptuous Parisian style, the garish eye of day, yielding to a more subdued light, will invite to cool and refreshing slumbers? "The doors that know no shrill alarming bell, Self open into Halls, where, who can tell, What elegance and grandeur wide expand, The pride of Turkey and of Persia land." We shall visit this delightful spot again to-morrow, however, and your readers may expect a farther descript tion of its beauties. We will merely say at present tha the princely palace now erecting, will be finished for next season, and is intended solely and exclusively for the benefit of the select and intelligent few, who wish a quiet, elegant, and retired place of sojourn during the hot months ol summer. Noparvenucs will be allowed to enter, and disgust the eye of taste by their shallow, conceited coxcombry. The vulgar and aping crowd will find no opportunity to profane this sanctuary? but ease and refinement ? beauty and loveliness? wit and gaity, will here seek a fitting temple, far from the busy haunts of affectation and ignorance. We have two very curious and interesting specimcas of humanity stopping at the United Stales, in the per sons of the renowned and chivalrous Colonel Webb, of the "regular army," who has been rusticating for some time part at Caledonia Spa, Canada West, and his no less illustrious particular friend, Fourierite, politician, philo sopher and editor, the immortal Horace Greeley. It is among the most amusing things in the world, to see these two " shining ornaments" of society? fellow laberers, as they are, in the same cause? enter the draw ing room by separate doors. Both seem anxious to spread their particular views on matters and things in general, and may bo found earnestly conversing with their friends on the present " disorganised and immoral state of so ciety." " What can the mighty difference be, 'Twixt tweedle duui and tweedle dee." The only difference we have heard of as yet, is a report that Horace is writing a treatise on bran-bread and saw dust-pudding; while the Colonel is taking lessons at the " shooting gallery both, however, have the same ob ject in view. The weather here is most delightful ? cool mornings and evenings, and a host of fashionables arriv ing daily. Latest from Delaware Cot. tty ? Delhi, Aug. 23, 1&42. ? The work goes bravely on. In addition to the six prisoners mentioned in my last, as having been brought in yesterday, deputy sheriff Preston brought in another Irom Roxbury, Allan McKane , and last evening a detachment oi five men irom Corbin'a posse, under Col. Wheeler, arrived with Ave more, viz. : Hotea Jenkins, E. Vermilvea, Darius Robinson, William Tompkins, (brother ot tho constable and collector, now in the state prison) and Solomon Beemon. The last named was dis charged this morning. John Whitson, Jr., was brought before the Justice to-day for examination, and committed to answer the charge of murder, on hia own conlession. Richard Morse, Esq. , the Justice from Andes, was to day admitted to bail in the sum of f.L>00. Some interesting facts were drawn out on the exami nation last evening of Dr. Alabun, as to the organization of " Indian associations," ike. Stc. He mentioned one having between 7U0 and SOO members, mostly from two towns in this county, although tome were from Ureene and Ulster counties. A prisoner who had taken the oath of secresy as a member of one of these associations, was to-day exam ined before the Coroner, and refused to answer some important questions, as he believed himself restrained by that oath ; and although the nature of it was fully ex plained to him, he was still so conscientious us to answer not at all, or untruly. This evening, a posse of 40 men, under Deputy Kheriff Preston, left here, charged with the arrest of some -M or .10 more who are implicated in this affair. A Speciul Orand Jury for the next court (General Ses sions) was drawn this day, and it is one from which faithful and fearless discharge of duty may bo expected. I have seen and conversed with a gentleman who has been with Corbin's posse, in Middletown, and he informs me that the Indians, as they were informed by good au thority, had made a stand on Dry Brook, in the edge of rister county, and had two field pieces. The position they have chosen is one of difficult access, and the force under Corbiu has been so reduced by detachments sent with prisoners, that it would be unsafe to attempt any very important mors. That the Indians have assembled in some quarter, is very probable, for of the 2?0 who were at Andes at the sale, only about 30 or 40 have been ar rested, and the remainder non m. Besides these, there aro others so implicated, who were not disguised, and not present at the sale, that they have deemed it advisa ble to seek safety in flight; anu it would be very natural for a greater part of them to band together for theii com mon salety. ? jilhany Jlrgui. OirrRAUE.? A letter received from Pineville, da ted 20th instant, states that, a short time since a ne gro was shot near the old six mile house, under the fol lowing circumstances Three colored men, named Daniel Pooler, John Locklayer and More, were co ining up from Charleston, and, somewhere near the old ?jx-mile house, met a negro with a basket of peaches. Pegler took two, and, on the negro's complaining, was ?bout putting them hack, when the fellow said, ''as you nave taken but two you may keep them." John Lock layer then came tin, and took hia hand ftill. The negro jgain complained, and said hia master would soon be there, and he expected him there every moment: and want a short distance and put his h-.sket down, and commenced grumbling ? wheiauponLrcklayer shot him. Pegler told him ho waa wrong in doing so, and if the g had been charged with buckshot he might have kill LIm I nrlf lonnr r? At J ? - Pegler told him ho waa wrong in doliiic so and if the run had been charged with buckshot he miirht have kifled him. Locklayer replied he did not c*Te abouti? a, d ,f the negro's master said anything .bout it, he wouid shoo him also. A gentleman aoon came up, and the told him what had happened, but he passed on wltfe'ut iaterfareaot.? CA?W?f(0n Ciuntr. To have a clear impression of the extent and ca pacity ?f this important establishment, it is alto gether necessary to walk over it, and examine its various departments and its internal arrangements. Ttie engraving at the head of this article conveys a good idea of its external appearance, but although this is attractive, it only serves to do justice to the outside ? the material of the building, to the neglect of the better part? the mechanical skill ? the enter prise ? the intellect engaged in realizing the objects to which it is dedicated. In the first place, let us observe that, as seen in the engraving, it is five stories high, has a front of 25 feet on Fulton 9treet, and extends rearward on Nassau street 70 feet. Its site is one of the most ad mirable, for its contiguity to the Post Ollice, the Ex change, the City Hall, the wharves, hotels, courts of justice, and every centre of resort and source of news. A constant stream of passengers are on the move by the two leading thoroughfares which here cross each other, attracted as much, perhaps by the chance of hearing something new by purchasing the last Herald , as by their ordinary business. Besides the five stories mentioned, there is a baFe ment floor of equal extent with the others, and dedi cated to a very imi>ortant purjKrae. This flat is di vided into three apartments. The middle section is the presB room, where the Daily and IVeekly Herald is printed. This room occupies, perhaps,. three-fourths of the whole space contained in this basement eto ry. On the front is the mail room, where the papers are received, directed and made up, to be forwarded to all the fc>oints of the compass. The rear section is the paper room. Here is always stored a Bupply of paper large in proport ion to the vast consumption of the journal, and here it is prepared for the press. Below this room is a subterranean apartment oc cupied as the boiler and furnace rooms, while under the mail and press rooms a similar but larger space on the same level is used as an emporium for fuel for the whole establishment. In addition to all this under ground room, there is a space about five feet wide excavated from the street which runs parallel to the whole length of the building, from front to rear, covered over with iron grating, and communi cating by a door with the press room. This not only admits a current of cool and refreshing air to ventilate the under stories and reduce their neces Varieties. The salary of the Governor of Florida has been fixed at $1200 per annum, with a Secretary whose salary in sot down at $609. The Secretary of State is to receive $tiOQ; the Comptroller $800, and the Attorney General $300 and fees. The members of the Legislature are to be paid $3 per diem and 10 cents mileage. The Legis lature after doing thus much, adjourned about the 4th instant. No less than twenty potatoe starch factories are in progress of building in the county of Franklin, says the Recorder ? more than fifty tons of starch was made at the factory of Abiel Abbott, E?q., in Fatmington, the last winter. We hear also that a number of starch fac tories are going up in the western part of the State. In a case before the Court of Common I'leas in Boston, Judge Wells ruled that orders payable in goods, must be paid in such goods at fair ca*h juices, and! not at "si* months prices,'' as contended by the defendants. Verdiot accordingly. An appeal was taken to the Su preme Court. The number of slaves in the world may be esti mated as follows, in the following countries In Brazil, ?J, 500,000; United States, 2,600,000; Spanish Colouien, *00,000; French Colonies, 2.50,000; Dutch, Danish and Swedish Colonies, 100,000; South American Republics, 400,000. Total, 6,6'>?,000. A man named W. Cadwell has been sentenced to four months imprisonment in the county jail at Hartford, and a fine of $200 for keeping a house of ill fame. This is the first conviction under the new law of Connec ticut. Thomas Lynch, a mnn of mature age, who wax tried last week in the Hudson county Oyer and Terminer for a revolting attempt to abuse a little girl of ten years, oscaped from the custody of the .sheriff, while the jury were out He appears to have found a horse, and rumor says, was seen coining towards this city. The Sheriff has offered a reward for his apprehension. A nervous young lady, having purchased a < lal vanic lting, hung it carefully out of the window the other night in New York, during a thunder shower, as she was afraid of lightning ! She will not be as nfraid of ringi by the time she shall have been twice wedded. Wilson, the driver of the carriage which w?s run over by the railway train a few day since in Albany, has been arrested to day and held to bail in the sum of $l,f00, tor his appearance before the magistrates to-mor row morning. We. learn that Wilson is the keeper of a livery stable at Cohoes. It is stated that C. M. Clay lies ho sick at Lexing ton, that ho has made his will. It is thought by some he will not recover. In the mean time the office of the Tme Jlmtrican is on its way to Cincinnati, Mr. C, having ?iven up the management of it to his relatives to await he course of things. H. C. Curtis, muster of the barque Warwick, from Bangor, was murdered at St. Croix on the 1st inst, by one of his crew, named John Moore, lie received four stabs, two of which were mortal. Moore is in prison, and will be sent home for trial. Criminal Shot. ? Wilson Lewis, who had jast broke jail at IHernando, Mississippi, chnrged with pass ing counterfeit money, was shot near Memphis, Tennos see, on the 11th, by ore of the sheriff's posse, who was endeavoring to arrest him. He died immediately. General Bradley, of Nashville, passed through Cincinnati on Monday last, on his way to Washington, having in his possession the military coat and epaulets of Oenernl Jackson, which are to be deposited in the Na tional Institute. "O. K." ? For a long time people puzzled their brnins to discover the meaning ol the cahnlistic letters " O. K." Recant events, however, furnish a key to the mystery. What can they mean but for 1 Oil this Konti nent''? Oregon, (California, Kanada, and Kuba. Hon. Daniel D. Barnard has been appointed the M?t Orator bafora the Phi Bats Kappa Society of Yale sitrily increased temperature from steam, but is a quiet and secluded spot, where the Herald carneis assemble at the peep of dawn to make the metaphy sical and abstruse calculations necessary to the ac - curate fulfilment of their diurnal duties in supplying the city with the Herald. Here they receive their pa|iers, and from this spot they start with all the regularity of London mail coaches from the gene ral post office. After ascending a few steps, we are in Fulton street, and close by the front entrance of the pub lishing room. We enter and find an apartment nearly square, well lighted, and finely situated. Here the subscriptions, moneys, accounts, and com munications, are received ; and here may be found at all times within business hours, the cashier, book keeper, collector, and subordinate clerks, each of whom has his own share of the inside and outside business of the journal to transact. This room, not occupying all the flat, the rear portion is occupied by the otttce of the New York Medical College, a pissage to the interior and upper floors of the build ing. and by two stores ? one that of a bookseller, and another a fancy tailoring establishment. ? Around this is alwaya a stir of newsboys, who are indefatigable in looking out for news and late edi tions, and of passers-by and casual visitors, who never can ref-ist the temptation of looking ut the Herald bulletin, which adorns the exterior angle of the building, and strikes the eye from any point of the surrounding arc of 250 degrees of a circle. The editorial room i* situated on the second flat, and approached by a flight of steps from Nassau street. This important department covers nil this flat, with the library which is on the hinder section The receipts into the Dixon Land Office ave rage about $1000 per day, sirico the opening of the office by the present Receiver and Ilerorder, principally from emigrants fiom Pennsylvania and Mar) land, who have come with their families to make this delightful region of country tlieir home. The population of middle ami northern Illinois is increasing at a vapid rate ; more ac tual settler* having come n within the past two year* than the previous lour. Come on, there is room for thou sands left ? Catena Sentinel. The contractors on the Illinois and Michigan ca nal, advertise in the Ottawa CoMtitutionalist for 3000 la borers. The trial of Win Wyman, President of the late Plienix Hank, Charles town, for embezzlement, is expect ed to commence at Concord next week. A free colored inan, named Louis Tougard, has been arrested in New Or leant, and committed to prison on a charge of choking his own child to death. The llnuring mill and establishment at Upper Hahway, known as Florence's Mills, was destroyed by Are on Sunday morning between 3 and I o'clock. We have not learned the cans j of the tiro or the amount of the loss. The mills were burnt once before. The following announcement is from the Point a-Petrr Commercial ol the 11th ult "The colony has just lost its chief. Rear Admiral (iourboyrj died on on the 7th instant at hall-past "> in the morning. The in telligence of this event, finally painful and unforteen, has thrown tho wholo town iuto consternation." It appears that Pennsylvania now produces annu ally 1ft, (XMMXX) bushels of wheat and l5,(!:)D,(XK) hn.-hels of other grain, and is capable of increasing the amount fourfold: that she will send to maiket this year 'i, (100, Oon tons of anthracite coal, yielding a return to the State of $7,000,000: that she manufactures thrco-fuurths of the iron made in tho whole lrnion, and has the means of sup plying the consumption of the world; that she lias a bi tuminous coal Held, through which the main line passes, for 130 miles, containing 1,000 square miles, or 6,400,000 acres, when all Europe contains only 3,000 squaie miles of bituminor* coal land. J, '.Mr. Hirnni W. Simpson, an agent for the sale nt tickets on the regular Providence route to New Vork, was knocked down on Saturday afternoon at the Provi dence depot, Boston, by George W. Williamson, agent of the opposition line. Simpson's eyes were very badly blacked up. A lady who was enjovinqr a comfortable nap, fell from hei seat against the uoor of the pew, which being unfastened, she was precipitated into the aisle. Three geutlemen, (supposing she had fallen in a tit.) immediate ly sprang towards her and taking her in their arms, car ried herny main strength from tho house; she was, of course, wide awake, ami probably sufficiently mortified to prevent h?r from sleeping in church again tor a month. ? h'nrceater Trnn tcrijit. A spacious Hotel is to be erected in Concord, Mass , upon the site of tho "Miiddlesex House." which was destroyed by tire in June last. The foundation is laid, and the woikmen arc busy in getting it along. It will he put up at a cost of some eight or nine thousand dolluis. The .Mnnrliffter Democrat says:? "The Select man of Manchester refused to license the circus fiom New York, that is now exhibiting in the neighboring towns. Dr. E. K. Kane, of Philadelphia, who l>'(t this country about two years since as physician to the Chi nese embassy, has returned home in the ?t.'nmer Great Britain, having in the meantime travelled between 80,000 and HO, 000 miles. Another ad in Massachusetts. ? The Old ("olony Railroad is progreea'ng rapidly, and from present appearances, it earns that It will soon bo finished. A steam engine lias been put upon the track for the purpose of drawing the dirtcais to South Itos ton, and is now actually employed on the road. It i supposed that in the month of October, the cars fot re conveyance of passenger* will run over part of Ji ? road ? (Jw'ncv Patritt, of the floor. On the f ront, lour spacious apartments are connected, ao us to appear like one, while they at pleasure be. separated by folding doors. Here are seats for the gentlemen in charge of distinct de partments of the Herald, as well as accommodation ior the numerous and famous corps of reporters at tached to the Herald, in all over twelve beside the editor himself. The library is well supplied with popular and standard works of the most useful de scription for reference? an indispensible adjunct to to a well organized establishment. Un the next floor is the book printing rooms. The compositors room is placed in front, and employs half a score of hands occasionally, and seven con stantly. In the centre is a chamber used to pre serve on file the voluminous newspaper publications which it is desirable to keep? both American and foreign. The press room is the next farther back, and contains the requisite accommodation for exe cuting this part of the work. The fourth story is the job printing department, presided over by a foreman of skill anil intelligence, such being indispensible to the great amount of work done here. At present all the theatrical bills for all the New York theatres are printed here, ex cept for one or two called the cheap and nasties, which would not lie treated with at the Herald es tablishment ? such small affairs being left to the hungry and starved journals which cannot get along without such employment. There are ten hands employed in this department. There are in all six working presses here ot the well known manufac ture of Hoe & Co., viz: 1 super royal, 1 double su per royal, 1 medium, 1 double medium, 1 foolscap, and one hydraulic press of high power. All these arc located in the back room ? the remaining space in front being occupied by the compositors. Another accent of a dozen steps brings us to the Herald printing room. It is spread over the entire iloor, and is capable of containing fifty compositors at work. Its arriingement affords great facility for the despatch of business, and in this is adapted to the accomplishment of the surprizing feats done bv the Herald in printing news far in advance of all competitors. One complete longitudinal section of this floor is taken up by the coni|<ositors' desks, the other by the tables, forms and desks, necessary as appurtenances. Twenty men are daily emjJoyecf h'-re. < >ne hundred gaslignts illuminate it at night, and windows in proportion bv day. There is a <;ood supply of water on this flat, and a command ing view of the city towards the south, a part of Long island, the bay, &c;. As a specimen of the Herculean tasks in the printing line done here, we mav observe, that by the arrival of the Washington m ill, brmgingsoine interesting political intelligence, thirteen columns have been received at midnight, and appeared in next day's Herald.. In one double daily sheet, there has been not unfrequently as much matter set up inside of one working day, as would make a book of 350 octavo pages of ordinary print. Sporting Intelligence. ? The Charleston Mcr curu of the l!)th inst. says: ? "Our 8|>orting friends will doubtless lie gratified to learn, that the nute of pre paration in sounding lor the next Southern campaign, in the racing region of our State. Several stables have been made up, and walking exerciie commenced. Col. Hampton's string at Milwood, near Colombia, is unusti nlly long and uncommonly formidable, it consists of Herald, six years old, Sally Morgan, six, and < astanet, four. These three are all celebrated, having been dis tinguished by their several performances on the turf also, a bay litly, four years old, by Monarch, out of Kllen I'orcy, by Oodolphin; a bay lilly, 3 years, by Monarch, out of Kitty Heath? a chesnut filly, 3 years, by Boston, out of imported Emily, and a grey lilly, 3 years, own sistor of Gamma. \Vc understand the above are all moving finely, and Ktunrt is calculating with confidence upon Herald's ability to stand his training well, and eclipse his more youthful achievements. There never was a doubt in our own mind, had the circumstances of the great 1'eytona stakes been reversed; had I'eytona been c,o ipelled to travel instead of Herald, subject to all tho changes and chances incident to n long journey, chango of water, lood, fcc., what the result of that race would have been. Whilst at the North they are specu lating upon the degree of cxcitement to be produced by a match between Boston and Wagner ? wo know of no event more likely to draw together the genuine friends of the turf, than a contest between roytona and Herald; over our own course next February. We should think this could very easily he brought about. I'eytona is in Virginia, and must return home at the end of the racing season at the North. I annot her gallant owner, Mr. Kirkman. be prevailed upon to tako Charleston in his way to the YVest I Latkefkom Laoi'an ra. ? By the barque Venezuela, at I'liiludelplun t rum Laguayra, advices from that place to the .">th instant have been received. Our newly appointed <'h_rce d'affaires to that government, the lion. O. II. Snicldx, arrived on the 31st ultimo, per barque Venezuela, ami proceeded the next da) to (.'a raccas, to enter upon the duties of Ins office. His prede cessor, Mr. Kills, returns to the United States by the same vessel. Mr. Shields is tho third Minister we have had in Cnraccas, in the short period of nine months. In | the l.ihrral of the 10th ultimo, there is a letter from Mr. Kllis to the Secretary of Foreign Affairs to this Govern ment, on the subject of the exorbitant duties charged on American produce, and the onerous law for the punish- : inent of captains of vessels for mistakes in their mani fests. Mr. Ellis haspursued this subject with untiring indut try, and should his talented and estimable succes sor deem it advisable to " keep the ball in motion," fie Government may yet be induced to do something to re lieve our trade lroin the unjust taxation to which it is subjected. The Cassard, a beautiful French vessel of ; war, mounting 'JO guns, visited l.aguay ra pievious to the sailing of the Venezuela. A small daily paper has been i started at l.aguay ra callcd E I Vigia, (the look out) the j chief object of which is to furnish tho merchants with j correct information in reference to the shipping. This is thu Brat daily journal ever published in Ve nezuela, j and the lirst newspaper of any kind ever attempted in l?aguayia. Tiie Weather in Key West. ? During the last fortnight it has been oppressively warm, the mercu- i ry of Fahtonheit standing at from Hfl to 93 degrees in the (fmde? and from I IS to IQO degrees in the sun, nearly every day We have had rain too, in frequent and co pious showers -but still the mnsquitoes have not made their appearance. Such an occurrence is unpreceden ted in the history of this Island, and we are at a loss to account for it. ^ Steamboat Acctiient on the North River. ? The Souih America broke her wheel soon after landing at Newburg, on Sunday evening The passen gers remaining on board (the S. A. lying at anchor in the river about amile above Newburgh,) were taken off and brought up by the Niagara. The injury was a compara tively slight one, and will be soon repaired. The truth i?, the 3. A was disabled before leaving New York, and eught not to have attempted the passage,? ?4<4any wfrgus j Ha^tforu, August 25, 1H45. Fiiiil Rtxnit ? Hartford, Ntvo Haven and Springfield I I'rttem ? Farts ? Important to Hartforillurui Nor wich Public? New York ami Hartford Rail Road ? Storm * ? Building * and Familir n struck by Mq.'dniwf. Ob the Hertford arid Springfield road, ('25 miles in length,) belonging to the Hertford and New Haven Kaiiroad Corporation, a "smashing" business is being done. Four trains run up and down this road daily. It is built in a su[ierior manner to even the West* n. And ihe new cars on thi s road eclipse those of all other roads, to my certain and experimental knowledge. Kach train carries from 150 to 201) pas sengers, and often more. We will suppose they car ry 150, which makes only two car loads, whilst three car loads is about me average? this would aive them l^H) passengers during the week ? as there is no Suudav train. And during the year 107, 600 i>a,?sengers. When the Hartford and New Ha ven Company were coiisidering the expediency of constructing this road, one of tne(I)irectors,who was well acquainted with the amount of iravel between I Iartlord and Springfield, sUted that us soon as the third year alter the road went into operation, they would carry annually 50,000 passengers, between the two place.*. It has been in oiwation only about nine months, and they have thus far been carrying double ihe number of iwsjengers, that this Director said would be carri"d in the thiid year, and for which larsj- statement he wae considered almost wild ! ? This put of the rond has been the means of increa sing the receipts of the Corporation from 110 to 150 !>sr cent, whilst the expenses of running aud ke*^> iag the road in repair, have not been increased in proportion. The fare for the 25 miles between this city mid Si'rinztield is 75 cents, whilst between Hart ford and New Haven, a distance ol 3.3 miles, it is ?'150! ? and yet it is only 10 miles lonuer. The ex i r ? t ire on this road is probably charged for shaking oil' the gout from those persons who may rifle over the same. But seriously, the tare, is out rageously hi?h ? it is equal to tlie old stage fare be tween I larlford and New Haven. The conipmy ought to keep up w itli the spirit of the Hire, and re duce their fare r.i a reasonable price, $100, for the 35 lair from Meriden (the half way station between Hartford and New Haven) to persons who wished to go and return the same day, to either city. 1 hey are now reaping the benetits, in ihe shape ol in creased and increasing receipts. Merchants in this city, us well as Xtw Haven, are also generally l>n eliited thereby; because the manufacturers of the ?;reat manufacturing town of Meriden, now visit us often to make purchases and to sell their gf10(JB) whereas before, their business was done chiefly by correspondence. Gentlemen of the railroad direc tion, do not stop here in your well begun work, but carry out the same benificent fare between Hartford and New Haven, and you will have, in addition to increased receipts, that of which you are now defi cient, the good will of the entire public. You are well aware that even the three trains you run over this part of your road, are not near so well filled (not liiucn over naif) as the four trains you run hence to Springfield Gentlemen, the fare is too high. With the fact before the public, ot the great increase of receipts, it is not surprising that the stock of this company has run up from 50 to 95 and 100, and no stock in the market of any account. It is now held by |)ersons for permanent investment. The Western Railroad Company are contempla ting running a night train through, from Boston to Albany, a la lightning speed, 30 odd miles per hour, at onlv $2 fare, in competition with the Boston via New York route to Albany. This line, if put on, will make only four stoppages between the two cities merely to bait and water their iron horses. This will be, as Davr Crockett would say, "going ahead !" The fares on this road are onercus, and cause much complaint. A combination between the Norwich, Western, and Springfield roads, in opposition to Buckley'? celebrated line of stages between this city and Nor wich, carry passengers from Hartford to Norwich, and vi't versa for 82, whilst the regular fare be tween Norwich and Springfield, for a person going tliither or westward, is &3 30. Therefore, all per sons bound from Norwich to Springfield, or farther west, will save $1 30 by purchasing a ticket for Hartford, and if going on, to buy one at Springfield for their westward destination. This information is pro bono publico, and the public will please take due notice thereof, and govern themselves accord ingly. All persona who desire to go from Norwich to ilartford, or Hartford to Norwich, by paying #2 at the stage office, in eitherjof these two cities, can ride through a most delightful country in splendid coaches, drawn by four ol tne best of horses, and (?a re I ul drivers to manage the same, in about one half le?8time than is taken by the cars, through the most barren part of Connecticut and Massachusetts. The survey of the New York and Hartford Rail road, via Danbury and the Harlem Railroad, pro gresses rapidly, and more than justifies thus far the feasibility of the route, as has been maintained by its friends, ft is more feasible than the average of roads that have been built. Its entire length will be between fifty-five and sixty miles. Between this city and Plymouth, a distance of twenty-five miles, it passes through a portion of the richest lands and largest manufacturing towns in the State; viz.: West Hartford, Parmington, (in which town are several manufacturing villages) Bristol, Ptainville. and Ply mouth. in which latter town the surveyors are now at work. Farmington "mountain" can be passed without any excavation, with the slight grade of sixty feet to the mile. The meadows in that town can he got around at the basin. The Bristol formi dable ridge can be very easily surmounted at the north end of the town. From this city to Bristol, sixteen miles, there is a natural valley, formed, in the direct route for the road, by the Farmington river. And from Bristol to Danbury, thirty-nine miles, the Honsatonic valley, forms an easy, acces sible grade, also in the direct route. Notwithstand ing the bluster of our New Haven friends, who are iitraid that if this road is built their half do/.en draw bridges, and some thirty other bridges on their con templated New York road, are " demissed." We shaft show that nature intended a railroad should be built between New York and Hartford, via Danbury. So, dear Bennett, look out for the Engineer's report Home four weeks hence. After which, we shall call loud and strong upon you New Yorkers to subscribe liberally to this stock, for the sake of your city, your country, your pockets, and your children's pockets ; and for the benefit of, and for the despatch in circu lating throughout Connecticut, Massachusetts, Ver mont, New Hampshire, Canada, and the North Pole, the latest news contained daily in the New York Herald. Hartford, and ail the towns on the line of the road, will do their best in taking up the stock, and then we shall look confidently to New York to " foot the bill." We Hartforders, however, cannot do so well with $200,000 as we could have done prior to your recent great fire, as we have that sum to fork over to New Yorkers en account of that lewder explosion. This route will be at least three hours shorter than the present railroad and steam boat route between New York and I lartford, and. consequently must form the great thoroughfare be tween Boston, and nil the way-stations, to the City Hall and Herald Office in New York. This route is also entirely inland ? no Sound to be crossed ? no ferries to be crossed ? and no half dozen immensely dangerous drawbridges (aye, not even one) to be crossed. Thursday, Friday, and Saturday last, we had se veral powerful showers, which caused a port of scalding, suffocating va|>or to rise from the parched and heated earth. < ?n Saturday afternoon the most powerful of these thunder storms committed some damage in this city. The lightning struck the large bum in rear of the hotel. 44 Talcott street, killing ? valuable race horse, and a sow with her family. The fluid apparently struck the barn in three places, shi vering tlutimbers "like hghning " There were some fifteen or twenty other horses in the barn, all unin inred. Also some half dozen other hogs in the p*n were uninjured. A staple in the timber through which the fluid passed to the earth was thrown out some two rods on the barn floor. persons in dwellings near the barn were very much affected by the shock, nearly falling from their seats. The same electric cloud also struck the "reat bridge, situated some sixty to eighty rods south east of said barn, shivering those m.tssy timbers consi derably. This shock knocked over N. Lyman, Ksq , together with the chair in which he was sit ting, in his counting room, some ten nids south west from the bridge. A family seated fifteen rods west of the bridge, were all prostrated by the stun ning effects of the fluid The north church was also struck without any damage. CotfRT FOR THK CORRECTION Or ERRORS -ho chester, Aug 1845 ? Present : Lieut. Governor, presiding; Justice Jewett, and twenty-three Senator*. ? Ordered, that this court terminate it* present session on theeigh'h day of September next; and that the next term he held at the Capitol, in the city ol Alh?ny, en the 27th day of September next, at 10 j 'clock in the fore noon. No. II), C. Joslin, 9<!, v?. K. Adams, J. A. Spen cer concluded for appti. C. P. Kirk land was heard for respt. Arrrnyo* SrsHO*.? C. T. Kirkland concluded for respt. J. A. Spencer was heard in reply. Decision post* poned until December neat. Religious Intelligence* The A-tnuti. Convektio* of the Diocese or W*?t er.i New Yo*k.? The proceedings of the Convention. ? re before u*. as sketched in the Rochester papers. Tha Bishop's charge presented an interesting epitome of tiie ministrations, which, notwithstanding the injury of May last, under which he has so long labored, (illusion to which was made, with acknowledgement to the friends from whom he had received ofttces of kindness) were many and laborious. The electionjfor Treasurer, resulted in the choice of Chas. Seymour, Em., the present incumbent. The Treasurer ol the Kpiscopal fund, J. W. Williams, ofUtica, reported the amount to be $37,000? of the in come of which $2,218 bad been paid to the Bishop, up to the 1st of May last? being less by some $'200 than ?u paid last year. The deficiency was subsequently direct ed to be paid. The fund raised for education and musionory purpose* was reported to be $4,006, disbursements $3,019, besides $3000 appropriated to churches in the diocese. Judgt* ton brought up the subject of Bishop Onder donk's holding a Professorship in the General Theologi cal Seminary of New York, under resolutions which, after reciting the sus|>ension of Bishop O., proposed to instruct the Trustees representing the Western Diocese, to exert themselves to procure a special meeting of the Board of Trustees, to consider the expe icncy ol remov ing Bishop O. from -his Professorship. This proposition was discussed at some length? Messrs. Dayton and Judd taking the affirmative, and Messrs Van Ingen, Windsor, of Lockpert, Horatio Seymour, of Utica, Worden, of Canandaigua, and Loriiig, of Waterloo, in the negative ; when, on motion of Mr Worden, the resolu tion was unanimously postponed until next year. In the course of this debate, Mr. Van Ingen stated the fact that the moment the Bishop was suspended, he sus pended himself practically from the duties of the Profes sorship. Others took the ground that the resolution was ? n unjust reflection on the Trustees? and that it was a subject too remote from the proviuce of the Convention to be entertained. The election* for standing committee and delegates to the general convention, resulted as follows Hi Com ?ii r n.t .? He v. Dr. Itudd, Jtev. Dr. Hale, Rev. Dr. Sbelton, Rev. Eli Wheeler ? Clerical. Mr. James Kees, Mr Wit, C, Pierpout, Mr. Robert C. Nicolas, Mr. Horace Webster ? Lay. Delegates to ths Oinuil Convemtiok.? Rev. Dr. Proal, Hev. H.Gregory, Rev. J. V. Van ingen, Rev. 11. Inge I soil ? Clerical. Mr. David Hudtou, Mr. Charles 11. Carroll, Mr. Geo. B. Webster, Mr. Jonas Kuril. jr. ? (.ay. Two chuichus, St John's, of Buffalo, and St. George's, of Mumlord, Monroe county, were admitted to the Diocese. The Convention adjourned, sine die, on Fri day. The PaoTi ? UriK orn. C urn h in 18*22 and 1 843 ?The Banner cl the Cioss lurnithes the lollowing state ment of the number of Kpiscopal clergymen and bishops in the United States, at the beginning of the above years: 13 Maias New Hampshire Vtrmont Massachusetts. . Khode taliud . . Connecticut . . . New York New Jersey. . . . Pennsylvania 27 Delaware 3 Maryland 53 Virginia 27 North Carolina 9 South Carolina, 26 Ohio. ft Georgia 3 1K2 Kentucky . 4 Louisiana 1 Missouri 1 Western New Vork. 0 Mississippi 0 Tennessee 0 192 Alabama 0 a 121 10 100 102 20 iO 56 19 Michigan 0 Florida 0 Indiana 0 Illinois.. 0 Wisconsin 0 Iowa 0 Arkansas 0 1815 24 11 13 116 16 12 12 23 7 15 19 10 4 4 333 1,231 Pennsylvania. . .Bishop White. . . Bishop Potter (elect.) New York " Hobart... " Onderdouk, Eastern Diocese. " Griswold Massachusetts " Hast burn, New Hampshire " Chase, Rhode Island " Henshaw, Vermont " Hopkins, Virginia " Moore .. . " Meade, Maryland " Kemp.... " Whittingham, New Jersey " (.roes... " Doane, South Carolina. . . " Bowen... " Gadsden, Ohio " Chase. . . " Mcllvaine, Connecticut " Brownell(9)" Brownell, Illinois " Chase, North Carolina " Ives, Kentucky " Smith, Tennessee " Oley, North Western Diocese " Kemper, Michigan " McCoskry, Louisiana " Polk, Western New York " De Lancey, Georgia " Elliott, Delaware " Lee, Alabama " Cobb, Missouri " Hawks, South Western Diocese " Freeman, (26.) Kspense or ScrroaTinu Public Worship in Salem ? A. D. 1841..? The following table shows the amount ex pended for religious worship in Salem, last year, as raised by voluntary taxation in the several societies. No ac count is made here of the sums accruing from ministerial funds, private subscriptions, or charitable contributions, the latter of which are made in all the churches Minister's Sexton's Expenses salary. salary. Bethel, 1 $700 10 00 Cromhie street, 2 1,900 90 00 First Baptist. 3 1.000 74 00 Second Baptist. 4 1,000 90 00 all expenses 50 00 15 00 all expenses 50 00 Christian, 5. fast, 0. . . 1.200 Ktjuil Rights, 7 221 Friends, First 1,500 Howard street. 8 900 85 00 Independent, 9 1,200 80 00 Union street, M. E., 10. . 490 40 00 North, II 1.M0 90 00 St. Peters', 12 1.000 94 00 Snath, 18 1,000 107 00 Tabernacle, 14 1,200 80 00 First Universal, 15 1 ,"00 75 00 Second Universal 600 40 04 of mv tic. gratis 107 75 300 00 158 00 Z75 00 gratis 250 00 50 00 350 00 23 00 560 90 150 00 209 00 275 00 187 00 gratis Other expen't 45 45 160 00 147 00 182 09 25 00 250 00 25 00 273 15 50 00 50 00 100 00 154 00 215 (0 200 (10 140 00 250 00 39 00 200 <0 $14,906 1,970 00 2,993 75 2,790 60 1? Rev. 2? Rev. 3? Rev. 4? Rev. > -Rev. 6? Rev, 7? Hev. 8? Rev. Mr. Carlton; Mr. Sessions; Mr. Anderson; Mr. Banvard; Mr. Katon, Dr. Flint; Mr. Mars; Mr. Mann; 9? Rev. 10? Rev. 11? Rev. 12? Rev. 13? Rev. 14? Rev. 15 ? Rev. 16? Rev. Mr. Thompson; Mr. Moulton: Dr. Brazer; Mr. Mason; Dr. Emerson; Mr. Worcester; M r. Everett; Mr. Lee; Fatal Occurrence.? An unfortunate aftair "oc curred on the steamer Lynx last Saturday afternoon as she was about to leave the wharf. It appears from the evidence given on the subsequent examination, that during the day C aptain John Atchison discharged a deck hand named Kelly, paid him off, and ordered him to go nshore, in consequence of his quarrelling with a dock passenger. As the boat was about to leave, the captain saw Kelly at the bar, and remarked to him in a mild tone? "I thought 1 ordered you to go ashore; you have been paid off, and you must go ashore." The captain then went forward, Kelly following and cursing violent ly. Kelly was armed with a pistol, which he cocked, presented to the captain's breast, and snapped; threaten ing at the same time to take his life. The captain struck at Kelly Willi a chair; the latter retreated to the pantry, was disarmed and thrust out by the bar-keeper. The captain continued to order Kelly to go ashore, aud fol, lowed him with a chair, and Kelly continued to use boia terous language and resist. When on the upper guards the captain struck at Kelly with a chair, and the blow, which was described by a witness as a light one, wai re ceived by Kelly on his arm. The latter, in retreating, then fell backwards over the railing into the river, striking in his descent his head ana shoulders on the lower guards of the adjoining boat. Kelly sunk imme diately, and was seen no more. After an examination before Justices Butler and Kretschmar, which continued until midnight, Captain Atchison was discharged.? Hiisouri Reporter, Jlug. 18. Indian River? Its Prospects. ? The schooner Caroline arrived here on the bth inst., from Indian river with several of the settlers, who are removing from the country. They state that the great duration of the dry season prevents them from planting with success ; that nothing like a crop of corn, cotton, or other staple, can be produced there. It is much to be regretted that emigrants to the Southern Peninsula will waste their money and energies in attempts to cultivate any of the ordinary crops, which experience, for years past, has shown to be totally out of the question. We have en deavored, at various times, to set forth the advantages which it has over every other section of our country for the successful culture of Tropicul fruits and Sisal henlp; and if new settlers would but devote their attention to these articles they would leap a certnin and profitable reward for their labor. The country will not produce any other staple article profitably ? but it will produce these ; for they are to some extent natives of .South Flo rida , and they are articles that must ever command a steady price, as the population of our country increases. Their production not being dependent upon the rains, or the fertility of the soil, but upon the poor land and pati ent labor of the culti\-ator. may always be depended upon. The laber required, too, in their cultivation is much iese than that of any other crop ; and the farmer, with two or three slaves, or other assistants, turning his attention to this subject, may at the same time, grow ali his provi sions, attend to liis stock of cattle and ho^s for which the country is well calculatediand extend his fields every season.? Key Wett Qmtette, Jlng. 9. California. ? Tne northern part of California is said to be as tine a country as Kentucky, with a milder climate, as the latitude 40, on the Pacific, agree* with the same climate in southern Kurope. There are Indians on the well-wooded steams, who have never seen the face of a white man ; and North California is capable of supporting as large a population as the whole South ern States Tt is remarked by Humboldt, that the people of the province* of New|8pain,are altogether dissimilar to the mixod and Indian race of the southern provinces, and that an irreconcilable antipathy prevails between them. The northern Mexican are of the purest white race, from the northern part of Spain, descendants of the Goths of Biscay and Castile, and akin to the Saxon. Patty, In hie narratives, speaks of the great facility with which the Americans are incorporated, and assimilated with the Spaniards of the internal provinces. Horrid Atrocity. ? Allred Kichardson, a free negro, living at Fishing Creek, says the Frtdtrirk Herald, made a most grievous assault with an axe, on Harry Blucher, another free negro, by striking him se veral severe blows on the head a day or two ago. The offender has been taken in custody and lodged in Jail. The report of his having killed the man and cut his head off is untrue, the man being still alive and mending The dispute originated about a watenaellon.

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