THE NEW YORK HERALD. V' "-"-*' -w?o,. .-wo. new YORK, THURSDAY MORNING, AUGUST 28, 1845. ?? Additional New* from Texai and Mexico Threatened Revolution In Yucatan. The Southern mail arrived yesterday, brings'later advices from Texas and Mexico. They are of , interest. It appears that Mexico is likely to become divided | in u war with this country. The Argus, at New Orleans, from Laguna, report! that on the ftth instant, a Mexican brig ol war, two days from Vera Cruz, arrived at Campeachy with the procla mation ol' Garcia < oude, letting lortli tlie intention of the government to declare war against tho United States, and 1 coiling upon Yucatan for her quota of troops to meet the 1 general government. The authorities, after deliberating | for four hours upon tho demand ol the Secretary, return ed an answer that in case of an invasion ol' their own ter- : ritory by the United States, that they would raise a suffi cient force to repel the invaders, hut that they would not Uiist in furnishing troops to .Mexico, iu a war against the I United St.ites. [From the New Orleans Picayune, Aug. 19.] Tho steam schooner Augusta, Captain Oillete, arrived yesterday from the Rio Grande, whence she Railed oh the 12th Inst A letter has been received in town by her from u responsible source in Matamoras, dated the Oth instant, which throws some faint light upon the movements in that quarter. Tue general in command Rt Mntamoras received Inti motion, through Senor Arrangoiz, of the intended move ment of the troops of the United Statos upon the "dis puted territory." We do not know whether this general be the same Senor Garcia, who, some weeks since, being ordered to build a fort to protect the city, " selected a soft spot, where the digging was easy, and set his mon to work." We presume it is the same man, as we learn that erpry point on tho Kin Grande, assailable by our troops, has been declared by him to be nearly, if nut yet perfectly, protected. Extract of a letter, dated Matamoras, August 8th: ? "Some persons generally well informed thiuk that the Government needs money much, and wants to hold up the prospect of a war to get their loan approved, iu the hope that loreign iutcrfeienco will soon put an end to difficulties. Foreign influence seeins to be at the bottom of tlie ideas ol tins Government, which on the other side is threatened with a new revolution, according to some letters from the capital.The next mail will prob.ibly have something of the debates of Congress on the Loan Bill and War." Tho position occupied by Gen. Taylor is about I AO miles Iroin Matamoras. If the Mexican contemplate in vading Texas without delay, they will have encountered the General and his little command of about 1,000 men bythis time. We sinceiely hope that the preparations now being made to re inforce the troops at Aramas, will be expedited by all possible means. It is staled that the bill authorizing a loan of $1 j,000, ?00, to carry on the war has passed, and that it has al ready been negotiated. We will venture a prediction on this circumstance. Time will show whether or not England and California are not mixed up in this loan. We had threo arrivals yesterday from Texas. The Mary left Matagorda on tho loth The steamer Pa triot, from this port, in crossing the bar at Pass Cavallo on tho 12th inst. ran on lied Fish Island and bilged. Her cargo would be saved in a damaged state. On the 16th inst , in lat. 28 19, long. 91 37, the Mary spoke the U. 8. chip Falmouth in company with the brig Lawrence on a cruise ? all well. The Hope Howe* left Laguna on the Oth inst., and re ports that a Mexican war svhooner arrived at Campeachy on the 0th, with a requisition upon the Yucatan govern ment for troops. The Yucatecos told them that il the Mexicans went to war with tho United States, they must find their owu men; that Yucatan would not. The Galveston papers coutaiu favorable accounts from the interior in relation to tlie cotton crops, al though some complaints are made of the di ought. Three lions have lately been seen and chased in the county of Brazoria, and one of them was killed, weigh ing 400 pounds. In color and size they were said to re semble the African lion. The information which we gave in this paper of the 1st instant is confirmed by this arrival, (icn. Arista, with his starving, unpaid, and deserting troops, amounting to about 3,000 men, whom wo left at Monterey, was ad vancing east, and had reached on the 12th instant within a day's march of Matamoros. (ion. Parades, whom we mentioned as being at San Luis I'otosi, hut about to march on Monterey, with four or five thousand men, is now said to he actually on tho move for the latter city , whence he will contiuue his route to Matamoros or other poiuts higher up on the river. Gen. < iaoua, too, is on his way to the same frontier line, with 3,000 troops, a? is report ed These three bodies compose the army of 10,000 men, we presume, of whose advance upon Gen. Taylor so many idle rumors have been circulated. That they are not a* yet quite prepared to measure arms with the Uni ted States troops, and do uot intend at present crossing the Kio Grande, we think may be inferred from tlie facts, that no general-in-chief has yet been named for the eonduct ol a campaign, nor have any contracts yet been enteied into for provisions and other necessary supplies lor so large a force. Information has been received by the Augusta, that (Jen. Bustnmeuto has been ordered by the Supreme Gov eminent into New Mexico, but in what capacity we are not informed. Intelligence had been received at Matamoras of the re quisition of the Government upon the Congress of Mexi co for authority to negotiate the fifteen million loan. It was even rumored, not only that the authority had been granted, hut t;iat tho loan had actually been nego tiated Both rumo?s were doubtless premature. The Washington Newi of the 7th inst., says, that intel ligence has been received at the War Department that I no reiuforcements have been made to the Mexican troops ! on the Kin Grande. Those already there are reported ' to be wholly unprepared for a campaign. As usual, they j are neither paid, led or clothed. The Mexican citizens i of San Antonio are said to be highly gratilied at the pros poet of the protection to be afforded them by the forces of the United Mates, as well against the irregularities ol the Texans, so often i.-ocessarily quartered upon them, as al so against the Mexicans beyond the Rio Grande. The Secretary of War and Marino has been ordered to open his office at the city of Austin. The Galvrslon Jfewi, of tho 12th, says in relation to the ciops "Tho accounts of the cotton crop*, which we have heard from tho interior, still.continue favorable, al though the late drought is beginning to affect it injuri ou>l>. In some few places the cotton is suffering from lice, and tho holls are beginning to fall. In Jefferson and the coutigious counties, the crops are said to huvc been cut short nearly half by the drought, while in west ern Texas, the rains have been very seasonable, and the crops never better." The ship Utiecn Victorin, ('apt. ltanlett, nrrivcil last night from Aransas Bay, whence she sailed on the 12th inbt , a' 4 I'. M. < apt.* It. lias kindly iumishcd the fol lowing : The U. S. ship of war Falmouth, Capt. Sands, with des patches. left at (he same time for the Balize, and has not yet arrived. TIjO U. S. brig Lawreneo, Capt. Jarvis. also left in company for the Bilbao, with despatches, and ar rived yesterday, and sent them on board the (^ueen Vic toria, lying inside the Bar. Yesterday the Lawrence lay of!' and on, waiting orders. Ship Snviah was off the Aransas Bar on the 12th, un loading; tho steamer Monmouth was i longside of her whan last seen. Tho schooner Two Friends arrived at 4 P. M. an the 11th, and lay off St. Joseph's, near the tamp. Schooner Ilosetta left the Shell Bank for Corpus Christi on the I Oth instant, with her cargo on board, and was ushoro on the 12th, on the Hats. A schooner with American colors arrived just as I left, but did not loarn hor name? supposed her to be the Swal low. August ISth, at sunset, taw tho barque William Ivy, with tioops on board, steering W. S. W., 30 miles from the 8. W. Pass. August 16th and 17th, saw schooner Mary Wilkes, with norses onboard, becalmed off South Point, at an chor, with a strong northerly current. Also saw schr. Kn erprlse in company with her, botn honnd to Aransas Bay. Found the current strong to the eastward all the passage. Tho steamer Undine had crossed tho flats between Aransas and Corpus ( hristi, and was transporting troops and store* Iroin Shell Bank to Kinney's Itanche, where the whole of the 3d Infuntry were on the 12th instant. ? The Undine had made one trip, and was returning to make a second, when she got aground, and lay three days with two companies of the 4th Infantry on board. ? She aueceeded in gutting off on Tuesday morning, the 12th, and proceeded to Corpus Christi. (ton. Taylor was on board the Undino at last accounts Me left Camp St Joseph on Monday morning, the 11th inst. At St. Joieph's, waiting orders to move, were com panic F, I!, h. aid (i ?Captains Page, Morrison, Bucha nan A >d Aldan? 4th Regiment Infantry. Also, company F? 2d Artillery, Lieut. Bragg commanding, waiting tho arrival of their cannon. Company II, ( apt Morris, w as at Shell Bank with stores and sutler's department. It was reported that the remainder of the troops were to go to McOlowan'a Bluff, which was thought would be the best placo lor a depot. The Hanche being too lar from son. and not too well supplied with food and water. An exploring party hud been sent to the Bluff to select a good lauding, dwC. At Shell Bank there is no water, and at St Joseph's tlie water is not very good, although abun dant by digging six feet and sinking barrels. There was no sickness mining the troops. The air w as very fine anil the nights cool, \v ith a countaut breeze from the sea. ? Plenty ofthe boat kind of fish at all tho posts, and within guu-shot ol tho tire* and cooking-places plenty of deer, Iresh beef (two cents per pound) and wild birds. Some few wolves even passing through the camp; and not a few rattlesnakes and tarantula spiders on St. Joseph's Is land. Tkxas Lkttkrb.? Persons in the United States writing to their friends in Texas should remember that it is necessary to pay the postage of their letters to New Orleans. I'nloss this be done, the letters aie not lorwardcd. Many persons seem to think that this requi site no longer exists; but as Annexation is not yet com pletely ratified, thoy aie mistaken. We mention this t.ficxuse w t are informed that since the action of the Texan Congiess upon the Annexation question, nearly a barrel of letters have accumulated in the Post Office of this city with the postage unpaid, and it may save much disappointment to know this fact ?TV. O. Pic. ?'Jm*. If>. Miutahy MorrMt NTs ? The response of ourciti7.cn ?oldiers to the requisition of the Oovernor is just as we bud anticipated. I here will be no want of troops, and niiy number ol them that may be desired, to impress jVexico with the means at the command of the United St.ites to repel and punish any acts of hostility into which her blind lin y may urge her. .All the arms, ammunition, and equipments, requisite for the two companies of artiller} , arrived yesterday from Baton llouge, and this part ol tho volunteer force will take their departure on Wednesday next, on tho Alabama, lor Corpus christi. The Count r of Ust even ing ssys that four roRimenta of Infantry will he immedl ately called into the service and organized, but that their movement* will depend somewhat upon circum stances. Yesterday the U. S. troop* from Fort Pike, numbering forty-seven men, under Lieut Liana and Lieut. Strong, arrived in this city, destinod for Texas. The U. S. brig of war Lawrence, which sailed from Aransas Hay, on the 11th instant, is lying at anchor oil' the Hali/e to act as a convoy for the United States troops destiued for Texas. [From N. O. Bee, Aug. 1!).] We understand that Governor Morton hat counter manded the orders previously issued, and will issue his proclamation, in coiil'oimity with the requisition of Gen. Gaines, ordering out four regiments of volunteur troop* for Texas. This morning at 9 o'clock, ("apt Korno's first company of volunteer oitillery, destined for Texus, will be mus tered into the service of the United States. The ceremo ny wi.I take place at the gun house of the company on Girod street. The second company of volunteer artille ry, we understand, are also ready lor duty. F.ach com tuny will be in possession of four field picces, one twelve and three six pounders. General Taj lor has not heard of any Mexican troops being within annoying distance of him It is hardly pro bable from his nresont position that he could have re ceived the intelligence, should such hare been the tact. j lie had already crossed the Nueces, and pluute I the L'ni- ' ted States Mag in the anoient department of Taniaulipaa, I he hud only to sleep upon hi- arms and await the ap- j pronch of tlie Mexican army, it having been decreed.it will be recollected by that government, that the passage ot the Rubicon, by the United Statos troops, would be considered as a declaration of war. [From the New Orleans llepubli c.in, Aug. Itf ] A meeting of the Irish citizens of New Orloau>was called last evening, for the purpose of taking the neces sary measures preparatory to the organization of one or more companies of volunteers for Texas. The call seemed to be enthusiastically responded to. We dropped in about 8 o'clock, and think that there were then pi esent between four and six hundred of the bold and ardent sons of t!io Gem of the Sea. [From the Mobile Herald, Aug 20,] We understand that over oue hundred thousand dol lars left this city yesterday, in charge of 1'urser S Uam- I *ey, of the Navy Yard at i'ensacola, on hoaid the pilot- ] boat Relief, lor the use of the Heme Squadron, now con centrated in tho Gulf. Havana, Aug. II, 184,ri? The American Consul has \ excitcd some surprise here by his conversations on our relations with Mexico. He stntes, with apparent coil j fldence, that, war exists between the Lfnited States and , Mexico. That the committee of the Mexican < ougrcss , to which tlte subject had been referred, had reported in ; favor ol the loan of I ft, 000, 000 asked lur by the Minis ter ol Foreign lielations, ttiat orders had been given and i approved by the war committee to match ilo troops (said to be boOO) nearest the frontier, ten leagues east of the ltio Bravo, there to entrench themselves and tesist any attack made upon them. It is understood that the Mexican ''onstll, C. ltijou, late Secretary of State ol Mexico, (now here) has received intelligence of a more decided character, that war is absolutely declared. General Santa Anna is in very low fpuitf, disapproves war at thi- time, and thinks Mexico was never less pre pared for it. The whole country is excited upon fede ralism, and can-iot be brought to direct their attention and energies to the defence ot the country. The ablest fenerals are absent, himsell here, and General Woel in !u rope. It is also understood that their little navy is sent to Jamaica for safety, (earing to trust them in Commodore Conner's reach. 11 war exists, as it is al leged, between the two countries, ihe I'resident of the United States should immediately issue his proclama tion, declaring pirates all privateers and cruisers not fitted out in Mexican ports and commanded by Mexi can officers, with a certain portion of the crew Mexican citizens. Without snch a proclamation, we shall have tho whole Gulf inlebted with nominal privateers, but real pirates, of all nations. I would suggest that the whole pross of the South should urge the most active and en ergetic prosecution of the war; for since the Seminole aftaii, ignorant foreigners of low and high degree, think our Government inadequate to conduct a war with either skill or energy. ? Corrctpondence Charleitm Mrrc i try. IIaijcigh, N. C., Aug. 24, 1845. Appearance of the City? Public Building i ? Hotels ? Religion ? the Bar and School *, fyn. Having never seen in your paper any correspond ence from any town in this State, and supposing that one from the capital, our centre of attraction, might not be uninteresting to begin with, I proj>ose sending you occasionally my views of matters and things here and elsewhere throughout the Old North State, through which 1 propose making a tour for the benefit of my health. But do not suppose that my bodily infirmity will give any coloring, whether dark or bright or unreal, to my pictures, for, to tell yo i the plain truth, my illness is the result simply of indolence, a very common ailment down here, and will soon wear off after I become active in my correspondence with your readers. I have just been four days in the "city of oaks," a? Raleigh is called, from its being surrounded by little proves of this staunch old tree. My residence is the Eagle I (otel. Tins liolf I faces the inacnilieent Capitol, a building only second to that of Washing ton, and towering above the little city as doth a mountain above the mole hills. The Senate Cham ber and Commons are beautifully ornamented and suitably furnished. There is a capital painting of Washington in the former, and another of Colum bus landinginthe latter; both by thefirstartists. The building is made of granite, procured,! am informed, not a mile from the town. The Governor's Palace, so called, is a very plain, lowly building, presenting a striking contrast to the beauty and granaeur ot the State House; but it answers ull the purposes, as Governor Graham is himself a plain man, though very dignified, and has a nice little modest wife that m ukes but little noise, and belongs to the Methodist Church. She, therefore, gives no parties, and lives with her sober lord almost a secluded life. It was otherwise, 1 understand, with his predecessor, who was a hail-fellow-well-met with all, and fond of re galing his f riends in all manner of ways. In his time, champaigne ran in rivers, and was drank as freely, Fayettville street is the main street, having the Capitol at one end and the Governor's House at the other. The hotels are four in number, and seem to be well supported by travellers, notwithstanding the great Southern Mail Line does not pass through here. Raleigh is well provided with churches ? there are three of them, and the pastors are all men of talent, and able to grace uny church in the North. ? The Methodists seem to be the most numerous, and made up of the middling classes. The Episcopa lians, as usual, the silk-stocking gentiy ? and the Presbyterians and Baptists as stiff and blue and big otted in their ways as elsewhere. There is one Catholic Chapel, but no Priest. Tfie Episcopal Church, considering the wealth that belongs to its members as a body, is the most insignificant struc ture ot the whole. To this congregation belongs the Ex-Secretary of the Navy, Oeorge li. Badger is no common man. His easy, graceful and master ly eloquence at the Bar is rarely surpassed. Raleigh is also well provided with schools. It has a very large and flourishing [seminary for young la dies, who come here to be educated from various parts of the South. Also several minor establish ments for the same sex, and two Military Academies ?f some reputation. In case of fire, though, 1 should deem the city of oaks on the edge of ruin, having no fire company of any consequence, and very few pumps, supposing she had. The Commissioners are very censurable in this respect. There is not much stirring, politically, at present, except a disposition on the puit of the citizens and State generally, to nominate the Editor of the Reg ister, a whig paper, to the Gubernatorial chair, il the present incumbent refuses to erve another term.? The printer is careless about the matter. One word about the black population. In Raleigh 'hey are perfectly their own masters, having all they wihh for, and living happily. They are attended to both religiously, anci in all matters of bodily cam fort. Our abolitionists in the North are quite in the dark on this subject, at least as far as 1 have seen in this State. Varieties. In Philadelphia on Tuesday, four of the bauds on board the steamboat Cnhansey , named Charles Lock, John Custer, W'm. Sloan, and Richard Hann, were arret ted upon warrant* issued from the Mayor'! ?ftice, on the charge of manslaughter, in causing the death ot Theo dore Miller, by throwing him into the river from the Co bansey. Two of the defendant* only, Lock and Custer, wete held to bail, In :MOOO, for a farther hearing The other* were examined as witnesses. During the thunder shower on Saturday, the Tre mout House in Littleton- the only public house we be lieve in the place - together with all the buildings con nected therewith, was coaiumed by lire caused by light ning.? IVarrHltr S;iy. Wood, indicted for aiding and abetting in the nmrderof the nogo Tucker, at Indianapolis on the 4th ult , ha* been tried, found guilty and sentenced to three year's imprisonment. Robert iJale Owen has been named, not nomitia nated, ns a candidate of the "Young Democracy" of In diana forthu fluted Slates Senate John Witherson, a United States soldier, drowned himself by leaping from a steamboat on the Ohio, a few days since. It now appenrs that the three mon were but slight ly injured l>y the explosion of fire damp in oae of the coal mines of I'ottsville on Saturday last. Captain C orastork, of the steamboat Massachu setts, and Mr. Hodges, of the ('ailton House, New York, have purchased a part of tha estate of tho lata Robert Johnson, K?q., adjoining tho beach at Newport, on which they Intend electing au eaten*!*# hotel, to in readi na?? for tha n?*t season The Pkess Room. ? The engraving which heads this article, gives a view of the interior ot|tbat de partment of the Herald Establishment, known as the Press Room. It is fifty feet long, and the whole width of the building. Although below the ground surface.it is well lighted by day by a row ol windows, as seen in the cut, which receive the light through the grating on Nassau street. In tne centre, nearly, and running the whole length of the room, stand four sup#rb double cylinder presses, whose perform ance is too well known to be dwelt on here. Two of these are used in printing the Weekly Herald, the other two the Daily Herald. ? the former being the larger, as is requisite they should, in older to strike off the immense sheet on which the It 'eekly is printed. Sixteen hands are employed to work these presses, and five more to do the remaining work, in which, by a subdivision of labor, each lias his own particular employment. These twenty-one persons consist of eight "feeders," whose duty it is to place the blank sheet in the press, eight "flyers," who receive it at the opposite end, printed ; the toreman, to superintend the work, and an assistant; an engineer, who keeps up a constant, proper, and unfailing supply of steam ; the receiver genrral and his assistant, whose duties will be afterwards detail ed. On the interior side wall of the building is placed an ingenious contrivance for hoisting and lowering the forms to and (rom the press and com positors' rooms. It consists of a square wooden tunnel of sufficient capacity to admit the largest forms to pass up and down unimpeded ; this is done without any more manual labor than attaching the form to a hook at one end of a chain, which passes over a pulley placed at the upper extremity of the tube, the weight of the form being exactly balanced by so nicly udjusted a counterpoise, fixed to the other end of the chain, that a slight touch of the hand serves to communicate the motion requisite to elevate or lower the form at pleasure. Close by this fixture is a speaking trumpet, through which, oral commu nications are made from the upper to the lower re gions? all through the six stories, with rapidity and ease? thus saving the time and labor which would be imposed by going up and down at every call. From the Anti-Rent Region. Nineveh, Broome County, August 23, 1845. I arrived here last nijjht from Catskill in the mail coach, having, in the course of my journey, passed through Delhi, Delaware county, the scene of the anti-rent difficulties that have lately disgraced this section of our State. At Delhi I found the prison tilled with prisoners, in all amounting to fifty-six' who have been arrested for participating in the late cold-blooded murder of Steele. They are guarded from escajie by the hardy yeomanry of Greene, De laware, and Chenango counties, who have volun teered to preserve law and order at Delhi. 1 ob served, on my arrival at this village, a tall, raw boned youth, of about nineteen, with an " ear pierc ing fife" to his mouth, marching up and down the hotel stoop, playing, in patriotic strains, to awaken his surrounding countrymen to the " alarms of war," Yankee Doodle and Hail Columbia, in a manner that could not have been surpassed by Kyle, at the Olym pic. Scudder, the chief, who directed the Indians to fire, at Andes, has not yet been arrested, although there are several scouring parties out in search of him. The number of anti-renters in Delaware county, I should judge, has been somewhat exaggerated. I believe there is not over five hundied in the county, thoogh that number of determined men, with a cour ageous leader, misht easily attack the prison at Del hi, release the prisoners, and frighten the hheriti'and his |K>sse out of the county. Some fear the organi zation of the anti-renters, in their Indian apparel, tor this purpose; but I am of opinion they will remain I quiet, and allow the law to take its course, us has i been the case in Columbia county. It is truly de i plorable to find men, members of Congress and Stall* Senators, the friends and champions of the anti renters ? men who have been elected to make laws, and who have the necessary ability to ornament any | position, truckling, with ambitious holies for politi cal honors, to the sordid interests of the tenantry in i this section, to gain a few votes, and, perhaps, eni broil their Smte in a civil wat ? they are, however, j duly appreciated h^re. So much lor anti-rentisin. Now for the country, the crops, and the market In travelling over the Catskill Mountains, and lassing up the valleys of the Delaware and Susquehunnah ri vers, the scensry is picturesque in tlie extreme, the land in the valleys very fertile, and the eye is met with light* of tires on the hills, lighted by the hnrdy pioneers of the country, forth'- purpose of clearing their lands, and to enjoy the richness ot its soil the next season, in fields <>f flowing wheat. Thousands ol cords of timber (hemlock and pine), valuable in
your city, is in this way annually destroyed, in con sequence of there being no wav to convey it to your market. Iiay can be purchased here for from $5 to $7 a ton, which in your city brings $22 a ton. Mut ter sells here for ten cents i>er pound, which l>rtngs eighteen cents in the city. And this extraordinary difference in price, one hundred miles from Albany, is accounted for by the New York and Erie Rail road not being finished. The farmers here greatly want this railroad completed And as much as your city would fie benefitted in the cheapness of goods that would be transported by it, why do not yourcapiiahsts, the Astors, the Whitneys, and oth ers, put their capital to the wheel, and have tins great State work accomplished ! Have they not I city pride enough to prevent I in, si on outstripping you in growth and wealth 1 Or are they too much in' i terested in the northern canals and railroads of our j State, to invest their money in this improvement I ? Perhaps your late lire will impede the completion of this work, but nevertheless the newspaper press ot the State should continually keep the necessity for the completion of this railroad, before the people. The crops in this part have been very good, and the people healthy and prosperous, many of them being now engaged m fulfilling the requirements of our ridiculous nulitia law, doubtless preparatery Another convenience ie in the shape <t a carri itr* , containing the printers ink to supply all iheS' presses, and which is moved along with ease from one place to another as wanted ? thereby obvi .iing waste, and the other detagremens of cnrrying ii. The two smaller presses move with a velocity greater than the large, in the inverse ratio of their size, and are capable of dirowing off 5,000 copies per nour each. They are all set in motion by a steam engine of sixnorse power, which, with the furnace and boiler, and all its appurtenances, is placed beneath the paper room, on a still lower lloor, the front |)ortion of which, or that beneath the preys room, is a great receptacle for fuel, not only lor the engine, but all the departments of (lie Herald esta blishment. This requires a considerable consump tion of coal; but great as is the amount, ii is re ceived from Nassau street by an inclined plane, and distributed without more than the merest trifle of labor, by the hoisting machine, to all parts of the building. The moment the form comes from the composi tors room to the press room, at two o'clock at night, the whole twenty-one hands are expected to be on the spot, to go to press instanter. Not a moment is lost ? a cluck being placed on the wail to admonish them of' Time's flight, so that it may be truly said all goes on here as regularly as clock work. At seven o'clock in the morning, the vast edition of the Herald is struck off, when Uie men retire until two o'clock in the afternoon for the evening edition. The first edition of the Weekly Herald is printed on Friday, and on the same day transmitted by the southern, and also the western mails, except for Pennsylvania ? by the eastern and northern mails on the next day, and the foreign paiiers at the earlest opportunity. liy four o'clock in the morning, the carriers are at their posts to receive their paiiers, and an hour afterwards comejthe newsboys forjheir's. The car riers number about twenty, aud have a place set apart lor their accommodation outride the press room and beneath the grating, through which it is lighted ; the papers being handed out from the re ceiver general through an aperture in the wall, be tween this space and the press room. The news boys are past count ? probably several hundreds col lect here at six o'clock, when there is anything in the pa|>er in their opinions piquant and exciting. They are supplied through another aperture, such as is already described, and all collision or confusion is thus prevented between them and the carriers. The counting, receiving, arranging, and folding of the Herald by these indefatigable couriers, presents a scene of industry not to be equalled. Against the partition wall which divides the press to a brush with Mexico, for the edification ol them selves, and the laughter of travellers. Disti iuiancks in Schoharik ? Bi.fniifim, (Ou.no ?,) August 23, 1345. ? We are in a state of rebellion anil in surrection : our ahcr ifls ami constables have been inter rupted in the exercise of their several duties, and their lives threatened by disguised man in this town, should they again appear amonK tlieni. One constable has been taken from his bed at midnight, dragged some four miles from home, and tarred, for having served civil process : another intercepted, and his papers taken from him ; the sheriff and his deputy taken and insulted, and open threats made to shoot the sheriff" and his deputies, inso much that iirocess could no longer be served by any of ficer, whether for rent or otherwise ; and open resis tance to any force that could be sent against them, also threatened- until the consummation of like threats in the county of Delaware, in the murder of Steele. This has been openly exulted in, and approved of by many in this part of our country ? until those of the people in clined to the preservation of our institutions could for bear no longer, and called on the sheriff of the county to come to their aid, with men and arms sufficient to exe cute process, to preserve the peace, and put down these insurrectionary movements. As the conservators of the praro, and in the execution of their several civil duties, they have nobly sustained themselves : and the call of the people to aid them has been obeyed with the utmost promptness. The posse assembled from different towns in this coun ty, anil marched from this village on Wednesday morn ing, to the disaffected parts of this town, headed by the Sherift'and his officers, and G.W. Cummins, Esq., as mili tary commander. They were joined on the ground by a force of some 150 men from Delaware county, under the command of Oen. Grilfln and Col. Wooster, in pursuit of the murderers of Stoele, and other fugitives from justice in that county , and to aid our posse, it it should be neces sary, against any opposing force. They were also join ed by others of the posse irom the tow n of Jefferion and its vicinity? in all amounting to about ?'iOO men, deter mined to sustain the laws. The disaffected, however, did not show themselves in force to light, hi they had threatened ; but, as is understood, were embodied in con siderable numbers in a wood at some distance, and out oftho resell of tho posse? and fortunately the shedding of blood has so far been prevented. Sevotal suspected persons havo been captured, and are now undergoing examination. Some do7ens of Indian dresses and false faces wore found, and a flag which hail been raised near a church, which had been tho place of rendezvous of the anti rent forces, with an Indian paint ed en one side, nn.l inscribed "Victory or Death"? on the other, something rel ituie to resisting the payment of rent. I believe This w as said to have been taken and carried away as a trophy by the men from Delaware, to whom too much praise cannot be awarded for their acti vity rind intrepidity in the arrest of suspected persons, an! the performance of their doty. They returned the same dm , and our poise the uext day again scoured the town, and brought in other elipNtM persons- and yes tarda) afpart of them made an excursion into the towns of Conesvifle and Broome, undei Deputy Hhui iff" I.emily, and O. W. t ummini, E?<j., in command, and made sumo further ai re1 ts and executed some civil procesi es The main body were discharged last night, retaining suffi cient to'guard the prisoners (hetwecn 30 and 10) .it this place --whose examination has commenced this morning, and which will probably unfold a full connection ol tho anti-rent associations w it h the disguised, masked Indians, and a sanction and direction ol their operations and ful ly show that their determination has been rebellion and open resistance to the authorities, so far checked only by (he promptness mid patriotism of our peace-makers It is now ascertained tfcat on Tuesday night a large body of the insuiganls were prowling about the load between here and North Blenheim, to interrupt the ??die ? iff and his guard, and take the public arms designed for u.ehere.on their way from Schoharie to this place f ourteen disguised men were aocidetunlly discovered crossing the road in the glen n short distance above this village, on tho west side of the Schoharie creek, end traced to a small copse ot woods a few rods south of the road, and west of the village? where they could, under cover of the shade and openness of the trees, end on ac count ol its elevation, overlook our heretofore peaceful valley, and see, by the moon's light, and hear, almost, all that was passing m the village. There might have been more than the above number, but so many w ere counted by the person who discovered them, a part of them carrying untlghted torches, and telling the person who discovered them that they wore going a-flshing. On the alarm, however, being given, the villagers, though mo?tly destitute of arms, provided themselves with such as they could get, with clubs, &c , and were on the alert through the night, determined to dplend to the last, Irom any attack which might tie made, and by which means it was piobably in evented. The ?h*riJ), by not coming through the infected paste* on the from the mail room in front, is placed a long, flat desk or table, in the press-room, where the papers are placed, to be cut, counted, and distributed by the receiver. Tins is done with amazing accuracy by two persons ? one in charge and nn assistant ? and considering the great demand and anxiety there is for this journal, long experience, and t e dexterity acquired by practice, is only sufficientto perform the woik with ease and regularity. In this desk the re ceiver kei'ps his money luid books, pro tem, until they are delivered to the cashier above. On his letr hand, in the wall, are the two apertures through which bis papers are conveyed, as already mention ed ; in iront is another, through which he passes the mail papers to the mail room, whilst, overhead, there is nil! a fourth, for a similar purpose, in regard to the publication office overhead, where numbers of the Herald are supplied to transient customt rs. iJehmd the press-room is the paper-room, where a large supply of this article is always on hand. Here it is damped, and prepared for th* press, by a person who attends to this as his particular business. Tiie mail room occupies the lront section of this basement, and is .-'-parated by a partition wall from the !>v ess-room. This is un important department, retiring attention, and method in its supervisor, who has live persons employed in assisting him. At an early hour, say 5 o'clock, these five persons are up to their eyes and ears 111 work ? folding, direct in;; and mailing the morning edition, and by seven o'clock the w hole is on iis way, each copy to its re spertive (.destination, where if it does not arrive regularly, the fault is in the Post Office. An exten- j sive knowledge of a statistical kind is required in ! the superintendent of this department, for he must have at his fingers' end the routes, time, mode of conveyance of the several mails, and be familiar with rui' roads, stages, steamboats, packets for fo reign countries ; and he must not only possess this knowledge, but have it ready lor use at the earliest moment, in order that no time may be lost in dis persing the news, and that subscribers may have no ground of complaint. Many other details worthy of mentioning, are passed over, as it is difficult to enumerate them all. When all the presses are going at once, it is a curi ous spectacle, and tins curiosity is a good deal heightened by the crowd of newsboys, the departure of c.irriers, the preparations of mails, the clatterof the machinery, and the cry of the newsboys in the streets, announcing the important tact to all within hearing and a little further, that the llcrald is published, and ot their service on very moderate cash terms, con sidering the value of that famous journal. As this consideration takes time, to do if well, we here pause for the present. road until after daylight, was saved from the attack with which he had been threatened. Had the village been in aufficient forco and sufficiently armed, the small wood would have been surrounded, and a part of them at least who beset us, arrested. We have so far escaped worse than savage warfare, for which we are indebted to the vigilance and promptitude of our peaceably disposed citizen*; and we feel under the greatest obligations to our friends from Delaware, for their prompt and timely assistance. We may, with the present feeling, keep in check and perhaps put do wn.any further outbreak Bat our exertions should be immedi ately backed by the higher authorities, and should a few troop* be sent in by the Governor, I think the whole tiling may be put down. If it is not, I fear the people may take the matter in their own hands, and the remedy be worse than the disease. Since writing the foregoing, terms of amnesty and : << icc have been sent in by some of the prominent anti renters of this town; but a general surrender and dis closure of their terms of association, their Indian oaths, &.C , Ice., and a satisfactory assurance of no further oppo sition to the authorities only, will, I think, be accepted. Miould such terms be complied with, the settlement will probably be effected as far as it can bo legally and advi sedly done. '1 fie young men have been out last night, and brought in a dozen or two more dresses and faces, and have ar rested one of the Delaware fugitives, who calls himself Kilmer. Some suggest the idea that it maybe Scudder, u. ho is presumed to have been concealed iu this town; it is however probable no persons have been sent to identi fy him.? Albany Argnt. In this comitythe anti-renters are at present peaceable, but we are sorry to say that within the last few days some of them have been seen within its limits, armed and disguised, and apparently ready to resist legal pioccss. We trust that these ill-advised persons will see in the prompt and efficient measures which have been taken in Delaware ami Schoharie counties, a sufficient reason for abandoning any pians they may have formed for inter rupting the execution of the law. The thinking portion ol the anti-renters are hostile to all violent proceedings, and we know that there are hundreds of farmer* in tliis county, holding land under th? old tenures, anil as much opposed to their spirit* and requirement* as possible, who condemn most emphatically the vindictive courEe pur *ued by the "Indians." May their wise councils prevail, to the prevention of any disturbance* in this section; for above all interest* end at all li?7irds the supremacy of the law* must be maintained. ? Tiny Whig. Mwi'RKiors Disappearance of a Ladv. ? On the 13th in?t. (now two week* fince,) Lemira M. Har ris, wife of S\ Ivsstnr Harris, of Coey mens, slid daughter ol Martin bloc um, ot .Manchester, Vi , took passage irom < mans on h< atd the American I'.agle, with tlia inten tion ol parsing the night wit li relatives or iiiends in this city or I'roy.endol proceeding tho following morning in the >tH^e'to Benaiugton. Having acquaintances here an I in Troy, and h ?vi g occasionally made short visits here and tneie, no alarm was experienced by tier bus briii'l mid family at Coeymans, or her parents at Ben ni.igtoii, ni : 1 1 hj mutual letters and inquiry tier depar tun- and hi n,>e .-iiv.1 weie ascertained. Since then the nn'?t snMou. M>irh has been made by hur husband and lather, ai ! notuce f her ha* been discovered The list t imt know n ( hci is that she was on board the Vmerican i mle steam' oat, and that she probably reached this citj 1 very place between tins and Ben nington has 1 een thoroughly searched. There are now ! the worst apprehensions tor her fete. There is scarcely I a doubt that -he has been murdered, or has been abduc ted and is held in concealment. Mrs. H. wa? a highly | respectable resident of toeyuians, about 13 jeais of age. and of good appearance . and bad with her about >?!() in money , a gold watch, and a largo trunk of clothing Albany Jlrgut. Fortifica tioks, &c., on run Lakes. ? We clip the follow1 1 iik from the Oswego Advert i Mr : Our govern- I ment must be anticipating warm work, when its officer* are directed to aseei tain the practicability of sending a revenue steamer from the I akes to the Ocean. This is rather reversing Lieut. Maury's plan of bringing np Ocean steamers from the Gulf ol Mexico and the Gulf of St. I. aw rence, and having a giand naval engagement on Lake Huron or Lake Michigan. The rtitaor to whicn we referred yesterday, in relation to the removal of the U. S. steam* i Jefferson, has arisen, we understand, from the conversations of I apt Howard of the IT. S. Revenue service, who is engaged in exami- 1 ning the rapids of the St. I.awrnnc.e,with(a view of ascer tinning the practicability of taking down such a veitel, by lighting her. The better opinion here of per*ons ne.. 1 , painted with the navigation of the Ht. Lawrence is that toe Jefferson cannot be pasted down before the St. Luw. renoe raaal is completed, From Saratoga* Saratoga Springs. J U. S. Hotel, August 26, 1846. $ luiku Sonauet? Fishing ? Good Dinners? The New Hotel? The Fashionable* and Upstarts? Sulphur Spring ? Bathing ? Moonlight ? The Arrivals? iAtve and Matrimony ? An Inquisitive Humming Bird ? Conversation between two Young Ladies ? A Hop. We rode down to the clear beantiful and Lake again yesterday with a purty of gay Virginians, on a fishing excursion, and for the purpose of sipping the waters of the Sulphur Spring, whose virtues are sudto surpass those of the Virginia mountains. Lake Sonasset? or Lake of the Woods, as it was called by the Indians, is four miles from Saratoga nine miles in length, three-and-a-half in width, and varying from ten to one hundred feet in depth. On its banks the fairest water lilies grow in wild luxu riance, filling the soft air with sweetest perfume and intoxicating the senses with delight. Within its bo som the finest stri[>ed basa. perch and pickerel tempt the gourmand and the angler to leave the dull mono tony of Saratoga for a duv's sport and a good din ner ut the old Tog cabin, inhabited by a hospitable farmer near the Sulphur Spring. Within its forests all descriptions of game may be iound, and on its wild shoresthe ]>oet may meditate in peace. Lake Sonasset is destined to become the abode ot fashion, wealth and beauty. The magnificent palace about to be erected on its borders will draw the (tite and curious from distant States to visit it. The Marvins. with a liberality which must ever give them the lead as the most successful aspirants for the patronage of la haul volte, laugh at exj>ense. The new hotel will be graced by mirrors which from lofty ceilings sweep the eround ? ottomans of the most curious and costly fashion, and ornaments, to the perfection of which luxury and taste have contributed their h ippiest combinations, will be employed to make this temple of gaiety, frivolity and luxurious ease, surpass the Seraglios of Eastern lands. The most accomplished derorateurs have been employed to exhaust the fertility of their fancy in devising means to render the rising structure worthy of fashion and her glittering train. iMcrbmeoi sd ciety alone will liml a reluge here from corroding ennui, and from the vulgar press oi fashionable pre tension. The solid and wealthy planter from the sunny South? the princely merchant from our At lantic cities, the white sails of whose proud argosies glisten in every clime ? the skilful and enlightened manufacturer, tae produce of whose looms contribite to the wants of countless thousands ? the man gifted with expensive tastes ? the dreamy and ambitious student? the philosopher, the statesman, the man ot leisure, the poet ? will lieru lind a suitable and ap propriate retreat ? to the exclusion of the Dutchers, bakers, tallow-chandlers, oilmen, brick-dust factors, old clo' men, gamblers, and tin kettle pedlars, who have heretofore jostled and trod on the heels of the ' exciusives," while all that is most tender, fair and beautiful among ? "Woman! heaven's last, best gift to man," will render this a second tiden to each wandering Adorn el' our globe. The brilliancy of the next season will open on thin delightful s; ot, where a spring of purest sulphur, whose waters the faculty have pronounced mora efficacious than those of the fumed Virginia Springs, will invite from all quarter* of the Union, the young mid the old, the seiiou* and the gay, the artificial beauty and ttic simple maid of nature, to seek renewed health in cooling draughts from the sulphuretted stream. Bathing houses, furnished in oriental style, are to be erectet, in which beauty's daughters may lave their weary limbs. All that wealth and refined taste can pro duce will here be found, while its vicinity to Saratoga will make Sonasset the most delightful residence ima ginable. F.vening had flung her lengthening shadows far o'er bill and dell, e'er we left this enchanted spot. The full moon poured her soit mild rays o'er the waters, and lit them up with smiles. Fur from the busy haunts oi men, here, in nature's solitude, it were indeed* happiness to re pose. The arrivals at the United States are daily increasing. Wo have more southern families among us than at any former period. Among the arrivals yesterday were Jiidgu Douglass, Tallahassee, Florida ; J. Meredith, lady and daughter, Baltimore ; Mr. and Mrs. Miller, Savan nah ; Miss Clarendon, the actress, and Mrs. Clarendon, New York ; Charles Suydam, New York: Wm. whit lock, New Orleans ; J. H. Brown, U. 8. N.; Thomas J, lianks. <Ja.; Mr. Atherton, lady, and two daughters, Philadelphia ; John Finch, Liverpool, one of the most celebrated manufacturer* of iron in England ; Benj. Finch, do ; P. Bryce and daughters, Columbia, S. C., and about forty others. 'While straying the other day through the mystic windings of a verdant alley, the following conversation between twe " belles," on the subject of love and matri mony, was repeated to us by an inquisitive humming bird? fit messenger for such a theme? who, snugly en sconced within the clustering leaves of a tulip, had un petceived overheard it all ! Mm L*tnfisn.? Well, my dear, how do you get on with Mr. R. ? Will it come to any thing at last ? Now, do tell me? I'm positively dying to know. Miss Die-awat? (very pathetically.)? I dont know. Ma says 1 may keep him in train and not discard him, in case 1 should get no better otter. And how do you manage your beaux ? Miss Languish. ? Oh, gloriously? you know I'm a girl of spirit. Last night I kept him at a distance, and nearly broke bis heart. A rich nabob from the South fluttered round me all the evening. Oh ! he said such | soft things, I declare ? pressed my nund twice, and posi i lively wanted to kiss me. 1 wish 1 could catch him. Miss Dik-awat. ? What, and desert poor S ? Mifs Lawocuh.? Pshaw ' Menaremade to be jilted. Thiuk of the splendid jewels, town and country house magnificent horses? beautiful dresses. Lord ! only think? all the paraphernalia of fashion. Ma, too, says that love and marriage are too different things. Marry first, love after. Mms Die-away ? Your ma is a very sensible old lady. But I suppose 1 mast put. up with K ? , unless some richer lover otters. The little fluttering tell tale, whispered in our ear in numerable projects suggested by the yoang ladies for the management of their future husbands, but being un der the strict promise of secrecy, we cannot betray the confidence even of a hamming bird. We have a hop to-night at the United States Hotel. Literature. A French Grammar, by Count de Laporte ? Otis, Uroaders Sc Co., Boston. ? In the acquisition of any language, a grammar is most needed by a scholar. But, unfortunately, few grammars fully^ answer the l>ur|>o?e for which they are designed. Hut this work forms a rare exception to the preceding remark. Its author has acquired a high reputation in Boston as a teacher in the University of Cambridge, and his talented education renders him peculiarly com petent lor the proper production of a work such as h?- has now ottered to the public. This volume is not a compilation of others previously published by Manesca, Wanos trocht, and several others. It is an entirely new work, written in a new style; a grammar which compels the student to reason and compare, by which he not only remembers, but he understands the French language ; and, instead of being diflicult to him, it becomes pleasant and satis factory This work has been followed by two other publications ? the "Speaking Exercises," and the " Self-Tenchiiig Reader"?- which are both compli mentary to Count De Laporte's writings. They all possess intrinsic merit, and will attract attention and impart the best instruction to the scholar. They are earnestly recommended to teachers, and to one who is not acquainted with the French they are in dispensable and invaluable. Mysteries of the Inquisition, parts 1 and 2 ? Rnrcess, ^trincerA" Co., New York ? The admirers of the horrible and terrific, may be nmply gratified by a |?enisal of this work. The Unconstitutionality or Slavery? Marsh, Boston. ? We presume this is a rejoinder to Gov Hammond's Letters on Slnvery, but the writer. Lysander Spooner, has not been quite so successful with his subject. The Florentine Histories, vols. 1 and 2 ? Paine ?.V Burgess, New York. ? Interesting works, neatly got up, at a reasonable price. Essays on Human Riuhts and their Political Guaranties ? Greely <fc McElrath, New York.? A clever work by E. P. Harlbot, of this city. Blackwood's Magazine, for August? Scott Co., New York. ? As usual a capital number. Encyclopedia of Domestic Economy, part 10? Harper Brothers, New Vork? Tins highly useful work is fast progressing towards completion. Krli.ev's History of Ireland, pirt H ? Sadlier, New York. ? An interesting and valuable work. Im.i stratki) Shakipeare, Nos. (i.?. and ftt? Har per Brothers, New York. ? A very populur and beau tiful work. ? Military From New York ? The Independence (Juarrls,, Capt. Cuirns, arrived in this city from New York, by the Worcester Railroad, about I o'clock to-dajr, accompanied by Dod worth'* Cornet Bnnd Thev were received at the depot by the New tngland Ouards, Cap tain J. I' Bradlee, of this city, with Kendall's Brat* Band, and were escorted to the City Hall, where they were received by hit honor Mayor Davis. After exchanging salutations with the city authorities, thev were escorted to the mansion on the Boott estate, in Bowdoln Square, where they will take up their quarter* during their stay in this city. This company is said to b? one of the beat disciplined in the country ; and we learn that they will mrrcn to the Common this afternoon at A o'clock, where they will give a specimen of their skill in military ma notuvre*, and will afterwards dins at Concert H?U.? !>??? ton 7Van?crtp<, ?i?f . Jft.