Newspaper of The New York Herald, August 29, 1845, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated August 29, 1845 Page 1
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THE NEW Vol. 11^ lo, ?!i7? Whole Ho. lUDU. NEW YORK, FRIDAY MORNING, AUGUST 29, 1S45. Mm.Two Outi. IMPORTANT FROM THE ANTI-BENT REGION. Movement of the Anttiorltle*? Delaware County Declared In a State of Insurrection I Very important intelligence relative to the affairs in the Anti-Rent region, was received by yesterday morning's mail from the north. Alter considerable delay, (rov. Wright has issued his proclamation, declaring the county of Delaware in a state of insurrection; in other wo:ds he has pluced that county under martial law: a step that oucht to have been taken immediately after the murder of Sheriff Steele. This important movement, however, if carried out with vigor, will produce a crisis among the An ti-llenters, and forever settle the troubles in the dis turbed district We shill now see the moral, and perchunce; the physical effect of this proclamation on the nerves of the rioters. Proclamation, l!u Silas JVright, Governor of tin ? Stale of Xcw York. Tlio Sheriff, District At orney, Judges of the Couiity Courts, unJ other officers of the peace, and citizens of the county of Delaware, have laid before me a body of evi dence. to satisfy me thut the execution ol civil and crim inal process in that county has been forcibly resisted by bodies of men; that combination* to resist the execution of such process by force exist in thut county, and that the power of tho county has been exerted, and is not suf ficient tooiiable the sheriff and his deputies, having such execute the came; and have applied to mo to exert the authority with which I am clothed by tho 10th section ef tho act entitled "An act to enforce tho laws and ptoserre order," passed April 15, 1S1">. The evidence presented to me establishes satisfactori ly the following, among other facts : ? That the execution ol civil and criminal process began to be resisted by holies if men, in the county of Dela ware, as eaily us March last. That combination* to resist tho execution of such pro cess by foice, under the denomination of anti-rent or equal light's bs-orin*>ons, commenced being formed, in that county, more than ono J car ago. That these associations hive engrafted upon their or ganisation a force of disguised, masked, nnd armed men. fubjec.t to the orders and direction* of tho officers of the associations. and by and through which forco, under the protection of it* disguises and masks, tho rea'stauce to tlx' execution of legal process is to bo made, and is mado. That the members ol thii armed force lire denominate'! Indians, or Natives : aro organized in bands called tribes, and Intro their lenders and compandors, called cintfs, having names in imitation of Indian chiefs. That the officers of llie associations, und i ll the mem bers of the armed force, aie sworn to observe anil sup port the constitution of the association, ami to keep se cret nil things communicated, or known, to them, which require to be kept secret, atid,ln the enso of the disguised und uruit d men, the further claire i* added, that they will stand by each other as long us life shall Inst. That the avowed und declared object of the a*"oeia tions is to prevent by force tho collections of rent, and that the express duty of the arm* d force is to resist the execution ol process issued for that object ; but thut the cases of resistance by force against tho execution of le gal process, and the discharge of their duties by the otfi cers of the 1 iw, have not been entirely confined to pro ceedings for the collection of rents, but have been ex tended, in some instances, to other legal process. That these associations, and organizations of a disgui sed. masked, and armed force, aro not confined to the county of Delaware, but exist to a great, if not to an tqual extent in several adjoining counties, and that the organizations, urmed and unarmed, wherever they exist have an I nvow a common object, make common cause, and act in entire concert and co-operation. That in all the piominent and flagrant cases of resist ance t j the process and officers of the law, in Delaware and other counties, the members of these armod bands of disguised and masked men have been the prominent ac tors; and that, in the county of Delaware, before the pas sage of the law above referred to, this resistance had been carried to such an extent, as to require tho utmost exertion of the power of the county to preserve peace and order, nnd csecu'e criminal process only. That oarly in the month of May, after tho passage of the law of the lAth of Apiil last,' above referred to, the Shetiff of the county of Delaware applied to the Gover nor, under the 'id section of that law, and received au thority to organise an armed guard of 40(1 men, to aid him iu the preservation of order, and the execution of civil and criminal process within the county. Tfi at a si rone lieliug has existed in the county against thut provision of the law, which charges upon tho county the expense ol such an organized and armed force, the citizens contending that it was unequal and unjust to re quire ol them to encounter, in their persons, the labor anl peril of enloicing the law against these armed com binations of their own and the adjoining counties, and thereby subject the property of Delaware county onlv to the tuxatiou necessary to meet the expenses thus incur red; and that the Sheriff has been unable to organize a guard, under the second section of the act, of sufficient strength and permaueucy to enable him to execute the civil.process placed in his hands. or calling for execution. That the consequence of this state of thins* has boen a substantial suspension, in tho county of Delaware, of all process for the collection of rents, from the closo of the seiious disturhai'Ces there, in March last, until a very recent and very signal instance, to be hereafter particu larly noticed; the Sheriff having undertaken, within that time to execute and carry out such piocess in but one instance, und in thut, a voluntary settlement between the parties relieved him, before the poiut was reached at which resistance has been usually met; and he having, in numerous other instances, declined to rcceive and at tempt to execute such process. Thut some time during the last month, pursuant to proceedings by way of distress for rent, against a mnn ny the name of Mosef Karl, of the town of Andes, in tho county of Delaware, the Sheriff' had uppointed a day for the sale, upon the piemises, of tho property distrain ed, and, upon the day of sale, attended at the place, and mot a large collection of persons, whose appearance and conduct satisfied h'm that their obioct was to prevent his s:nlo; not one of whom would make n bid upon any part oftho property offered for sale, and from whom lie learn- I ed that a disguised and armed force of somo sixty men was secreted iu the woods adjoining tho field where he was trying to sell tho liroperty; w hereupon he adjourn ed tho sale to the 7th day of the present month, ut the sumo place. That, on the 7th day of the present month, the Sheriff attended at the place of sale, accompanied by his under sheriff, 0.<man N. Steele, Enutui S. Kdgerton, a consta ble of the county, and Peter P. Wright, the agent of the landlord, who attended to bid upon t tie property. These persons found upon the premises a forco of disguised, masked and armed men, about 320 strong, by which they were surrounded as soon as movements were mnde indi cating a piepuration to enter upon the solo ol the pro perty, and by n portion of whom, in obedienco to the or der of one anting on their chief, the horses upon which Steele and fedguiton v. ere mounted, were shot and kill ed, and Stetle was mortally wounded and survived but six hours, three balls caking effect in his person, and lrom twelve to twenty guns being tired. The execution of civil process was thus tosutud, the enforcement ol the law prevented, and tho order and peace of society deeply and irreparably disturbed and broken in this in stance. That this cold and cruel murder of a most estimable and valuable citizen, and bravo and faithful public oflicer, for no other cause or provocation, than the discharge of his otllcial duty, as he had solemnly sworn to discharge it, has to aroused the energies of the patriotic and law abiding citizens 01 the county of Delaware, as to enable tho She rift", lor the purpose of the arrest and punishment of the murderers, their aiders and abettors, to organize a guaid. or posse, under the second section of the law re teirodto in conformity to tho authority obtained from the Governor, in May last, for that purpose ; nut only for a very short period, which has already expired, or is just about expiring, and without the hope or expectation, on the part ol the .Sheriff, of being able to avail himself of the aid of that guard, or posse, tor any other purpose than the execution of the criminal processes, to which this startling murder may give rise. That it Ins been subsequently ascertained that, in ad dition to tlm disguised and armed force of 220 men, which ni'tunll} surrounded the Sheriff and his a?*i-itants, and shot down the under-sheriff, an additional similar force olfoitj picked riflemen was stationed in the bushes by the s i dc ot tho road, and near to tho place of salo, with diiectfous to watch the i>osse, which it was apprehended would follow the sheriff, and come to his aid ; to order it to halt, if it should attempt to pass; and to shoot down the men who composed it, if they should not obey the order to halt ; thin making the whole di-gunied and Arm ed force, a semblod upon this ocea?ion, to resist the ex ecution ol the law, and of civil proccss, 2fi0men, or more than that number. That considerable portions of this disguised and armed force wcim drawn from two of tho adjoining counties, and were not citi'ens of the county of Delaware That the?o organizations to resist the law and the exe cution ef its process, have extended themselves to tho magistracy ol the county of Delaware, an A that justices Of the peace of tome ot the towns in that county aro found enrolled as members and ofUcers of the astocia ciations, if not tinder tho Indian disguises, bearing dims to re?ist the law by force ; forgetting the onth of ollice they have taken, and taking tuemsclves, and administer ing to others, oaths to conccal violations ol the law : To the ministerial oftlreis of the comity, mid that consta"ies are also found members of one, or both, of these combi nations : To the otlieers of the towns, and that supervi sor, the members of the local legislatuie ol the county, are members ot the Anti-Rent associations, sweating to support their constitution and pledge, if not Indians, eweii ring to bear arms against tho law. That one of tho obligations, which every person takes upon himself, on becoming n member of an Anti-Kent as sociation, is to make fixed ami regular contributions to the funds ol the association ; that u stipulated rent of two cents upon the acre of all the land held by the members of these associations is levied and paid to tho treasurers, to meet the expenses of the organizations ; that the moneys thus i ollected aie paid out, "nder the direction of a committee, to purchase materials toi dresses, masks, aims and ammunition for the Indians, and to pny the ex penses of their subsistence ami entertainment, when cnlleii out, as well as to meet the expenses of law suits and litigations ; and, where there is a surplus in the treasury, to pay the India is for their time spent in the service to m liich they are devoted. That 1000 or more persons have enrolled themselves and taken the prescribed oath, as Indians, within tho single county of Delaware, while a much larger num ber have become members of the Anti-rent Associations, ulid that tho obligations assumed towards each other, certainly by tho Indians, if not lit tho members of the u. or lations also, strongly imply, if they do not ex pressly enjoin, eflorts on tho part of theso nt liberty to lest UH tlioso unier arrest, and in the custody of tho liw, lor acts performed as Indian*, or members of an association, and in furtherance of the object* of those organization*. That, since the murder of the Under-Shcriff' Steele, in the manner before rel -ted, the proceedings of the au thorities and citizen* of the county of Delaware have been marked by a most praiseworthy vigilance and en ergy, to arrest and bring to justice these resiiters of the law und distuiber* of the peace of the county; that many arrests have been made, and fifty or more prisoners are now confined in the county jail, either awaiting exami nations, or committed to answer to charges of crime, ?ome twenty or more of whom are charged a* principals or accessaiies in this murder. It may be added, too, that individuals, and assemblages of men, have, within the period mentioned, frequently appeared in the public highways, in the fields, woods, and other places in the county, and sometimes in the face of the Sheriff and his officers, both disguised and ni med, in open violation of the provisions of the act on titled "An act to prevent person* appearing disguised and armed," passed iSth .January, 1S45; and that such persons so committing offences, subjecting them to pun ishment in tho state prison, have not been arrested, thus affording evidence that tho power of the county, as faith fully exerted as the Sheriff and his officers could exeit it, has been insufficient for the execution of criminal process, and tho preservation of criminal law within the county, in cases where the violations of that law have not been attended with consequence* calculated to shock tlio feelings of citi/.ens, by the imminent danger to, or the wanton destruction of human life The fact that the law makes no provision for mounting the men to be employed by the Sheriff aa a posse, or guard, or for payment lor the r.orvicc, or for tho subsist ence, of horses for their use, is stated by him as ouc pro minent cause of his inability to enlist and organize an ef ficient body of men for the service required. The na ture of that service palpably required that a large share, at lea^t, of ilie Sheriff's guaid should bo mounted, and it is scarcely possible that any moderate number of men could have made him an efficient posse, all serving on foot In the fa e of these facts, 1 cannot entertain a doubt that tho testimony presented firings the case fully within the provisions ol the 19th section of the act of the 10th of Aptil lciit ; that the execution of sivil or criminal process h?i been forcibly icsistod in tho county of Delaware ; that combinations to resbttho execution of such process by force do exist in that county ; that the power of the oountv lias been exerted within tho true intent and mean ing ol'the act, and that it is not sufficient to enable the office:* of the county having such proccss to execute the same. I do therefore, hereby, in conformity with the provi sions of ttie said l!)ilj section of the said act, proclaim und decline ttio County of Delaware to be in a state of in ? unoction, according to the provisions, and true intent and meaning of the art of the '.egisla'ure of this State, entitled " Vn act to enforce the laws and preserve order,'" passed IStli April, 184(5. In making this itecluiation. it becomes my duty to draw tho pai licular attention of all tho citizens of the State, and especially the citizens of Delaware and the adjoining cour'ies, to tiie provisions of the 20th scction of the act refcried to. A iij | el ton who fill all, ofterthe publication of this pro clamation. resist, or assist in resisting, tho execution of legal process ; or who shall aid, or attempt the rescue or escajie of any ptisouor from lawful cu-tody or confine mei't, or win- s iid 1 1 resist, or aid or assist in resisting, any force ordered out hv the Governor, in the county of De laware, is, bj this section of the law, upon conviction of either of theie offences, to be adjudged'guilty of a felony, '? and punished by imprisonment in tho Stato Prison for a term not less than two years.'' It becomes my further duty to invoke tho especial and earnest attention of all civil and military officer" of the Stato to this Proclamation to the provisions of tho two acts of the Legislature particularly referred to in it, and of the responsible duties it devolves ujkjii them. They ?ro the guardian* of the law for tho people of tho State, wliom they have been appointed to repie?ent and serve They have been selected to expound, administer and ox ecnte the law, ?n1 they have solemnly swoin that they will faithfully discharge the duties of their respective offices, occoiding to tiie best of their abilities. To such officers within the county of Delaware, and the surrounding counties, this appeal comes with pecu liar force. It i* to enforce the law in thoir immediate neighborhoods that tho aid of the State is invoked ? Around and among thom the spirit of insuriection, of combined and organized resistance to the law, prevail and shows itself. The discharge of their whole duties, and tho faithful redemption of their official oath*, aro de manded alike by patriotic feeling, moral duty, and a plain sense of personal justice; and especially, if any one among their number, holding a public trust, and resting under the obligations of that oath, shall become lost to a just sense of hi* duty to himself and his State, and shall yield ti the insurrectionary influences around him, it is incumbent upon tliem, while they boldly detect and ex pose and bring to justice the delinquent, to show by ilieir better conduct and example, ttiat our free institu tions axe not to bo surrendered for a state of disorder, and violence, and crime und murder, even though some few of their constituted guardians should not be proof against such delusion. To the freemen of the State I can make no itronger appeal than is presented i'i the simplo narration of lucts I have set forth. These fact* show the regular progress to its result in crime and bloo J of every attempt to set asiuo the regularly constituted tribunals of civil society, ?irganized for the protection of personal right* and the redress of personal wrong*, to make might the measure of right between citizen and citizen. Mask* and dis guise* are never assumed to protect men in the jierform mice of acts towards their neighbor* which the judg ment and the conscience approve; and no other acts will promote tho pcuce, order or prosperity of socicty, or the happiness, or true interest of him who perforins the action. Secret onths are only administered to add to the protection of the masks, when tho conscience proclaims that he who is trusted to look behind the mask may be n* dangerous as ho w ho looks upon it; that tho danger is in tho truth, and is to be apprehended from all who can tell it. When the mind becomes so deluded as to r-ily upon protections like these, and to net from the promptings which a sense of locurity of this character, if indulged will never fail to engender, high crime* are the certain fruit, and the charm ol the protection vanishes only when the guilt i* inclined. The intelligent freemen ot our State will not seek to change their peaceful and hap py and prosperous institutions, the fruit of the toil and blood of our revolutionary father*, for government re*t ing upon such n basis and producing such fruits. Jus tice is the emblem of their government, and her light is truth. To the tenants who disapprove of this disguised and armed force, and have refused to give their aid or coun tenance to its organization and nction, and they are be lieved to constitute a numerous and influential body of men, the present present! a peculiarly appropriate occa sion to mark more distinctly their separation from pro ceedings which cannot fail to he fatal to a good cause, and to prejudice good men. If they lcel that tho tenures by which they hold their farms are onerous; not in ac cordance with the genius of our institutions, or the spi rit of our people; and that they ought to be changed to freeholds; let them see, and feel also, that the natural sympathies of the great body of our freeholders must be with them in these impressions, and that the *urei way to avert these sympathies is to attempt to accomplish a worthy end by unworthy means. Let them remember that their present tenures have resulted lroin voluntary contracts, freely entered into between themselves, or their woithy ancestors, and the landlords from whom they hold; ami that the readiest, if not the only way, to make t!:o ehango they del ire, is by a contract equally voluntary between themselves and those same landlords. Let them he aj.snred that, if they fulfil their contracts hitherto, and ofl'er terms of commutation of their titles, which are just, and which appear to be so to fair and impartial minds, an enlightened public opinion will bring about the acceptance of such terms by tho landlords. To the proprietors of these leasehold estates, the land lords ol these tenants, the present crisis should not be without its lessons of wisdom. Indefensible as have been tho attempts to repudiate their solemn contracts, and to wrest Iroin them, by force, the remedies secured to them l.y the constitution ard the laws lor breaches of I those contracts, they should not tail to see, at the foun dation of the e lawless proceedings, a rapidly growing I di- satisfaction at the perpetuation of tenures, not in sc. I cordance with those by which tho great body ol the : lands of our country are held, and not consonant with | the feelings ol our people. And, while tho now er of the State must, and will bo exerted to enforce the law, pro | tect private rights, preserve the peace and order of so I ciety, give security to the lile of the, and pre , vent the prevalence of anarchy nud violence, so far as it ; resls in their power, they should be ready to remove tho rallies ol like troubles lor the future, by a prompt and ! liberal arrangement ofairenrs of rent, whenever an op j portuoity shall oiler; and, by tendering generous terms to the tenants, upon which they will change tho tenure* i to fee simple titles, put an end for ever to this perpetual I relation of landlord and tenant - a relation already >o | Iruitlul of nn) thing hut peace and prosperity to eithe! of tho parties, hven if it shall become necessary to employ tho military power of the State to enforce the law, ns connected with their peculiar interests, thev should I o prepared, ujion all occasions, and under all circumstance*, to show to the public that it is no pait ol their object 10 be benefitted in their pecuniary interests by the misfortune* or the laults of their ill-advised and misguided tenants; but that they are ready to consider, generously, the ability and the means of each tenant to pay, and, even if a coerced sale of hi* property must be tho only rule of settlement, lb tthey aio prepared to be come liberal purchase) s nt *uch sales To the disguised men themselves, and to thos? les* woithy than they, who press them forward into the dan ger from w hich they thomselve* shiink, I have only to say, that wrong act* never servo even a good cause; that persistence in crime cannot mitigate the heavy I weight upon the mind and conscience, of tho fir?t crime; and that no dirguises aro perfect enough to protect the | heart from the e)e of llim who *ees it* thoughts and in 1 tent*. Kor the sake of the character of otir State and of our ! people, ns well as for tho peace and prosperity and her I mony of our society, I earnestly hope the day may not I no distant, when 1 may be called ujton to discharge an : other and a lar more pleasant duty, under a provision of ! the same law under which I now act, by revoking thi* ' Proclamation. Yet the law must be enforced. Our institution* mint be prnseived. Anarchy and violence must be prevented. The live* of our citizens must be protected, and murder must be punished. And when that portion of our citi zens who. now transposed by pesfion and led away by ?ingular delusions, aie ready to strike down the law and its ministers, shall become convinced that a different course is alike the part s f wisdom and of duty, and shall again submit them-elves to the laws of the State, then, and not before, can I expect to be permitted to peilorm that more pleasing duty. In testimony wheteof, I have hereunto alhxed the Pii vy Seal ef the State. Witness my hand, at the ft. ?.] City of Albany, this twenty-seventh day of Au gust. in the year of our Lor l ono thounmd eight hundrtd and forty-five SILAS WRIGHT. HERALD>ESTABLISHMENT---THE COMPOSING ROOM. The Compositor's Room. ? This occupies the whole of the fifth or upper story of the building. There are twenty hands constantly employed here, and room for thirty more, when, on any extraordi nary occasion its full strength is to hi* brought out. It is well lighted and ventilated, and from the L'reat beiaht of the building, there is a fine prospect from the roof, to which there is access from this room, through an orifice over head. One hundred gas lights light it by night, and a refreshing current of air passes through it, over the surrounding roofs. Of water ? an e^s^ntial to health and comfort every where, but doubly needful in such a high locale , where the frequent demands of this sultry weather would impose a labor too heavy to be borne, were there no other means but a descent from on high ? there is a plentiful supply, which serves to mitigate the terrors of these dog days, of printer's ink and soiled hands; for, be it known, some of our compo sitor's pretend to no trilling degree ol taste in dress, and assume the right of taking up as much of the fashionable side of Broadway as any of the other miscellaneaus candidates for notice who throng ihat great thoroughfare ol high life, both above and below stairs. At one end of this great room stands the proof reader and foreman's desks; on the opposite end nearly, a stone cistern, supplied with water: also, the necessary conveniences for the internal a. ^ex ternal application thereof. In the centre of the in ner side wall stands a time piece, to guide the ope Neiv# from the Sent of War. The only news received from New Orleans, by the mail yesterday afternoon, was the annexed:? [Krom the X. O. Picayune, Aug. 20 ] The war rumor increases, and the excitement ?rows still more intense. The official orders of the Oovernor to the Adjutant and Inspector Oeneral of the State. call ing on him to furnish, forthwith, for service in Texas, from the Kirst Division of the State Militia, two compa nies of artillery, with field pieces complete; and from the Militia of the state, two regiments of rillcmon and two regiments of infantry, equipped for service in the best possible manner, appeared in the Courier of last evening. Before the time at which these orders appeared in print, they having been previously communicated to (?en. Lewis and hy him to Major Gaily and ('apt. Forno, these two latter officers had mustered u volunteer force all sufficient to fill up the two artillery companies, rapt. Forno'a command is mustered, as we write, at tiio Armo ry of the Washington Regiment. Major Gaily'* men, we understand, are busy down tor. n, and to prove that ho is "always ready," the new and formidable field pieces of the State, under his con trol, are ranged along St. Peter street, opposite the Ar senal. Companies F and (J of the 7th regiment of Infantry, ar rived last evening from Baton Rouge, on the steamer Arkansas No. 6. They are under the command of Major Seawell, Lieut. N. Hopson, Lieut. K. N. Page, and Lieut. Oantt. They are m route for Texas. Besides the Artillery companies under Major Oally and ('apt. Korno, six companies (B, C. F. G II and 11 of the "th Infantry, about 200 muskets, will embark for Texas in the steamship Alabama, to-morrow evening. The oflfc in attached to these companies aro Captains Mr wkins, Lee, Seawell, Moore, and Holmes; Lieutenants Hritton. Mop son, Ilumber, Page, (!antt, ami liana. An officer will re main at Korts Wood, Pike, anil the Bnrriic.ks below tho city, to take chaigo of the public property. The Adju tant of the 7tli Infantry, Lieut. Gatlin, proceeds with the Regimental Head-Quarters in tho Alabama, expecting to join the commnndcr of it in Texas ; that officer be'iig with the command of four companies in Pciu-acola har bor. Surgeon Craig accompanies the six companies (In Monday morning the 13th of August, a Oeneral or der was issued inthis city for two companies of Artillery, each to consist of fifty-sir men. including officers, to re pair to Texas. On Tuesday, tho following day , lit II o' clock, A. M , at the Washington Regiment Armory, Ma jor Cooper, Adjutant Oeneral of tbis (.Major General Oaine's) division, mustered into the *ervice of the United ?states, ('apt. Korno's company of Native Vmerican Ar tillery, (belonging to the Washington Regiment,) con sisting of eighty-two men, including officers. Hurra for Vankee Doodle ! [Krom N. O Bulletin, Aug. 20 1 The refusal hy the authorities ef Yucatan to join the Mexican Government in a war ag linst United Slates, i. an important f*ct, that i arinot Uil to exercise a politi cal influence on current events It shows at len^t that the feeling of hostility, which is so clamorous against ?his country at the capital, does not extend to the remote departments The province of Yucatan has ever been distinguished for its liberal notions. It fought against Santa Anna, and resisted the establishment of < entralism successfully. And for some time p st, its position has heen one of almost entire independence of the Oeneral Oovernment The eieut is no doubt within the ri col lection of our leaders, that during the revolution which broke out thore ?evoral years ago, Yucatan formed an alliancc with Texas, and co-operated with the Texian fleet, under Commodore Moore, in waging war upon lexico. Tho population, we are told, are superior as a gleat mass to the rest of the Mexican.. The proportion of whites, of the Kuropean Spanish blood, among them is greater, and education is more extensively diffused. The people of that province have shown a decided capa bility for self-government, but their remotene-s has pre vented the exercise of an influence, that, if e*erted. might yet redeem Mexico. Considering tho character and the positieu of Yucatan, it is not at all surprising that the public authorities have reiused their sanction to hostilities against the United Stutes. We should rather expect them to favor than to oppose the progress of An I nexat ion. The same feeling, to a great extent, no doubt, I pervades the liberal and enlightened classc throughout Mexico. They .ire conscious of the total incompetence of the Mexican rabble to govern themselves ; ari l la ! mentlng over the certain ruin which turbulence and | anarchy are bringing on their country, would gladly 1 welcome the extension of American institutions, and re ! joice to see tho "area of freedom*' advancing its boun j dary south of Tchuantepec. NK.NKRAt. ORIlKRH. Kih i'tivk Ofhck, August 1H, 1815. To Oeneral Johx S. Abwait, Jltljiitatil nnrl Inspector- General of the State ?f Inuiniann : Sia ? In pursuance of a requisition to me from Major ' General Gaines, of the Unitu<f States Army, to furnish two companies of Artillery with field pieces, complete for sot vice In Texas, you will older Major-General Lewis, of the First Division of Louisiana Militia, to raise by vo luntary engagement, if po.siblo, otherwise by draft, the I two companies complete ; you will furnish them with | the aitiliery and equipments required from the Arsenal, rations of the men, and ensure that punctually which is indispensable here. Against this wall, and running from one end to the other, is along case for matter set up, or in process, and for tn itter to be distributed. Two or three feet from this, towards the longitudinal centre, and parallel to it, is a bench, on which are kept the forma, before and after they are sent to and re ceived from the press-room ; this bench or table has a number of drawers, in Which are kept the imple ments and accessories u?ed in preparing the forms lor press, to and front which it is conveyed by the ingenious hoisting machine connecting the upper and lower extremities of the edifice. The hours of work are from 10 o'clock, A. M? till 2 o'clock at ninht, out of whieh time are to be de ducted one hour tor dinner and two for ten. All this time is required to set up the great quantity of mat ter, for which the Herald cannot be approached l?y Competition, for the system, order, and facilities that characterize this important department, as well as every other. It is not unfrequent to see twenty co limns of new and original matter in the morning Herald, ^nd that of the smallest type, win Ut the even ing edition will bring out of later news still, as much a- the whole fresh matter of one of the penny p ipers; or as they are better called, hand-bills, which pro I ess to tell the people, in tliu morning, something they do not know, but in nine cases out of ten such pre tension is mT' wind. There is a good deal said about the performance of the Harpers in book print ing, but after all, what is it to the feats done in the Herald newspaper printing establishment, where there has been often as much matter set up within the compass of one working day, and published in the next Herald as would make a book of three hun dred and fifty octavo pages. Let the bookmakers match that, if they can. and direct him to place them forthwith under the orders of General Gaines. I am, very respectfully, Your obedient servant, A. MOUTON. Adjutant Gknkrai.'s Orrtcic, ) Headquarters, New Orleans, Aug. 18, 1845. j Gkntrai. OBnER ? No. 13. To Major-General Joiiv Ltwiox Lewis, Commanding First Division, L. Af. : Sir ? Vou are hereby ordered to raise within your divi sion two companies of Artillery, to be mustered into the service of the United States for three months. You will raise those companies by voluntary encase ment, if possible, otherwise l>v draft, and place them forth with, completely equipped for active service, under the orders of Major-General Gaines, ol the United States Army. By order of the C ommander-in-Chief, J. S. AllMANT, Adjutant and Inspector-General. Eucutiti Ornric, August 19, 1845. To General John S. Armaxt, Jldjutant and Inspector- (General of the State: Sm - I have received a communication from Major-( ie neral Gaines, commanding the Western Division of the United States Army, requesting " that four Regiments of Infantry and Riflemen from the Militia of this Stato bo or ganized and held ready for service in Texas, to move thither at short notice, which shall be communicated ut the proper time, when they will be duly mustered in the service.'' In pursuance of his request, you will forthwith or ganize two regiments of Infantry and two reifiments of Riflemen, and equip them in the best possible manner lor service. Vou will issue orders to the Major Gene ral* of the Divisions to invite Volunteer* lo engage in this service, and to report to yon as soon as possible, any companies, Battalions ar d Regiments tlmt may be or ganised and tendi>r their services. I rely with con fidence on the patriotism of our citizen soldiers to com plete the requisition by voluntary engagement without resorting to a draft, and I desire you would communi cate to those in the vicinity of the capital, the great sat isfaction 1 feel at the ardor they have exhibited to en gage in the services of their country, from tho moment it waf known their services might be lequired. 1 am, very icspectlully, > our obedient sorv't, A. MOUTON. Aivm ta's r Gkvi hai 's Of ricr,, > Head Quarters, N. Orleans, Aug. 19, 1846. > Gknkhal Order, No. 14 By order of the Governor and Commander in Chief, two Regiments of Infantry and two Regiments of Rille men aie forthwith to be organized and equipped in the best possible manner for scrvico in Texas at the request of Major General Gaines, commanding the Ve tern Di vision of the United States Army. The Governor has di rected me to express to our Citizen Soldiers in the vicin ity of the Capital, his great satisfaction at the ardor which they have manifested to embark in the service of their country the moment it w?' known their services might be required, and that be relies with confidence on the patriotism of our citi/ena throughout the J*tat<\ to meet the requisition by voluntary engagement without resort to a draft. The Major General . of Divisions w ill, therfore, forthwith i-stte orders to tho officers under their command to invite the sei vices of volunteers, and organize them without delay into companies, battalions and regiments. A* soon as n company, battalion or re giment is organized, t tie Major General will report it as ready tor service to the Adjutant General. Should the legiments, or any part ol them, be called into service, tin y will be furnl?hed by the United s<ates With every requisite supply of subsistence, arms and am munition. and camp equipage, at the barrai ks and forts in 'he vicinity of New Orleana, together with steamers and other vessels for their transportation to Texas, and also with wagons and horses lor the transportation of supplies after landing in Texas. Nevertheless, the Major General! will report to the Adjutant General the state of tho arms, munitions and other equipment* of the corps they may organize, and iiro all their exertions to make it as complete as possible. By Order of the Commander-in-Chief. J. 8. ARMANT, Adj. and Ins. Genoral. [From Mobile Herald, Aug 2I.J The steamboat Creole, we understand, has been char tered by Government to proceed to I'ensacola, and thence convey tho troops stationed there to Texas. The Creole has been undergoing repairs, >Vc tor seme length of time at one of the shipyards, and will come out of dock on Friday next, "just a* good as new." and will leave here next day for I'ensacola. We wish her and her ollicers a pleasant, as well as a profitable trip. [Correspondence ef the N. V. Herald] Pensacola I'av, Aiijr. 20, 18IA. Movent rnt t ?>/ A aval Form, fyc. The frigate Potomac Kill lies here, awaitnw re pT i rt?. On the 18th the U. 8 sloop of wur John Adams, and on the 19th the IF S. Miemnshipa Prince ton nnd Mississippi Hrrived here, bringing from the North fi iy-iiinc urn for the flag bfaip Potomnr, the term ol service of whose crew is daily expiring? Book and Jon Printing Rooms ? The Book | priiiting room in on the third floor, and contains I three apartments in fiont anil one ia the r?-?r The , latter in u*ed as the press rootn and store room for , paper, bnt is so constructed as to afiord places for eight or ten printers when work is throng. Ttie front rooms can accommodate twenty easily. Here is kept a large quantity of the various kmu.- ot type necessary for that brarch, including a variety tor circulars and orher light jobs In fnis department are printed works in all languages, the proofs being 1 read and gn iranteed correct, irrespective of ih ? ?u- i tlior's sii|>ervi~ioii; and it is pretty well known that 1 some of the finest specimens of book printing done m this city h ive been performed here. The fourth story is exclusively taken up by the jobbing department. He-tvy work is that which is mostly taken. All the theatrical printing of New York with a trifling exception or two is done here, > aii'l an incredible quantity of circulars is turned out ' daily. Ten or twelve hands are daily employed here ? a larger number than is in any other otlice in the city oil similar work. TMe flat is divided into two room"; the front one is forty feet long, and is that in which the compositors ply their labors. It contains nn endless variety of type suitable for all ilit- ramifications and details of this description of work, and is surrounded by shelves laden with all kinds of wooden type ever known, from 15 inches down to one inch in length. The press room contains no less than six working presses, including a hydraulic of high power, and the largest press in tins eity for posting bills. Here in a list : one super royal, one double su|>er royal, one medium, one double medium, one foolscap, and tli- hydraulic press. Half of them are bus-y from morning till night, and the quantity of work done, j although immense, is steadily increasing. One foreman of exiierience and intelligence has charge of these two departments. During the present and the succeeding month (Sep tember) there will be 1(X> men claiming their dis charge, among them between 20 and 30 petty offi cers. However, as prosjiects now are, they and more can be spared, as the war spirit of Mexico, it appears, has condensed itself into the iierson of Al monte, and a few of his satellites. Two sloeps ol war are now in the ofl'ing, one supposed to be the .St Marys, from Texas, icc. with latest dates ? should she get in betore the mail closes, I will ad vise you. A severe squall passed over this bay yesterday, accompanied by ttmnder, lightning and rain, with hailstones, some of which measured four inshes in circumference? most of the ships dragged a little, but the U. S. brig Porpoise most, lhe Eastern barque Abbot Lawrence, lying at anchor at the Na vy Y.trd, in ball ?st, was driven ashore, but after the squall, by aid of the boats of the squadron, was got ?n, without damage. The Porpoise in attempting to moor alter the gale, fouled tin Princeton, but cleared without damage to either. Advices from New Orleans by this mail, confirm the supposition that the sloops in the oiling are the St. Marys and Falmouth, last reported.the former at anchor off Galveston Bar on the 10th, and the latter off the Bar of Aransas on the t>th inst by the re venue cutter Woodbury, direct from Galveston, at New Orleans. Should the ap[>earances indicate war, our first in titnation will be the arrival of the slooi>-ol-wnr Sa ratoga, from the coast of Mexico, where she has be< n detailed for observation, Arc. in winch case J shall advise you. The Falmouth and St. Marys are both at anchor, and bring no news of importance. There is ano her large vessel in the offing. The mail is closing t New Orleans, Aug. 20, 1845. The Case of Creswell. la the columns of your p.i|>er of the 31st ultimo, I perceive a letter dated New Orleans, which coi> tains some matter relative to the aflray in which Creswell lost his life The writer is exceedingly severe, particularly on Sweatier and Pond, parties in the atlr.iy. Your willingness to do justice in all cases, satisfies me that you will make room for this letter in your columns. Considerable animosity was entertained by Cres well towards Sweetxer, and he was heard to remark, more than onee, that " he would use him (Sweetzer) up" the first tune he caught him. Sweetzer and , Pond were going through Phillipia street towards I the market to get tome coffee ? Phillipia street run- ! niii2 directlv through F'oydr. is street market, when , they reach' d Konnu Campbell's house and were j about passiag, Cn-swell took hold of Sweetzer by 1 the shoulder, swing "damn you 1 have got you now," turned Inm facing and knocked him to the ground. Pond interfered, as Creswell was ii much larger in n, when Scott, a friend of Creswell, also interfered The flght became general ? Creswell got Sweet/' r flown again, had him by the nose ? in fact part of if h i- gone Sweetzer drew the knife and stabbed Creswell, his own life depended on that move. Creswell and his friend Scott were largs, smart men. Sweetzer is not more than live feet six, Pond is also very small. They were tried together to deprive them of each others testimony ; hut were honorably acquitted by twelve men, whose standing is but to he known to be appreciated by every man Mayor Heard was foreman of the jury, which con sisted of merchants, of first stnnding in New Or leans; they received the warm congregations of all which that court room contained on the day that tliey trHve tlie verdict, and it has been approved by all, with the exception of the deceased's friends, whom we could not, of course, presume to be satis- | fled. Military from New York ? Our New \ork guests, yesterday morning, breakfasted at the I avi lion by invitation of Lieut. I e Favor, ofths < ity Ol rsjs. In the"afternu"n it mined, anil tliev didn I go ronnd much. The Guard Will have n parage ami drill upon the om awn this morning at 10 o'clock, .1 the vwuat permit. The Orsjr* mans tlwfrparsds yerttrday afternoon. not u it In funding the hsavy fall of rain-looked sptandidljr ?ot a L'ood tosking went to Dsdham- -partook ol an ele Sunt collatmn at that place, and came homo highly pleas ed with their trip They w ere areomimnied ny the offi cer* ot the New York Kutlllsri, in full uniform ? Boston /'??(, , ii<( >?. From Saratoga Nprliigs. United States Hotei., Aug. 27, 1S45. Sobriety? Temperance Is<ture?? Celebrated Dimnet ? Mum Clarendon ? New* from Mexico? The Aft of Intellect ? The American Eagle? Piazza* by Moonlight ? Young Widow* and Old Bachelort ? Woman at the thould be ? Amazon* of Cupid't Regiment ? Plumbt't Gallery. One of the distinguishing characteristics of the present era, is its sobriety. Saratoga exemplifies it ? for though the sparkling glass lends its brilliancy to the vivid thought, and renders the piquant repar tee more sprightly, still the restraint of moderation reigns pre-eminent. We have now temperance lec tures by moonlight, from a worthy and industrious individual, who is here peddling cigars, and is bless ed with the sobriquet of Thomas Loyd, Jr. This interesting specimen of a Washingtonian gave us a lecture from the musician's box, at the Spring, a few night since We arrived after the discourse had commenced, and tound brother Loyd, with a small taper, attempting to illuminate the crowd, consisting ot two very fat men, four very lean ones, eight in teresting tea-drinking, sentimental young ladies, and about a dozen boys, of all sizes and complex ions, who appeared deeply interested in the doctrines of this most abstruse science, so learnedly and elo quently revealed by the se?rar i?edlar. We have also lectures every evening by Prolessor Mallit, on mat ters and things in general ? dif-courfes on Sundays from celebrated, well fed, sleek divines, who have visited Saratoga for the purpose of converting its ungodly fashionables, who have heretofore diversi fied the time '' VVth fiddling, feasting, dancing, drinking, masking, And other things, which may be hud for asking " Last evening too, the beautiful and intellectual ac tress. Mist l larendon, gave a dramatic lectuio and read ings from Shakspeaie, Bnlwer, Byron, and other au thors, in the saloon ot thi ? house, which was well atten ded. The people hcie also seek the Herald with avidity, and fo. m themselves into cliauet for the purpose ot hear ing the last news from vicxico and Washington. This then is the i'ge of intellect, in which the arts and sri euro* a< applied to the happiness and greatness ?f man are destined to attain perfection, and o'er this vast con tinent, the scepUe of ti e American Kag.'e now stretching jUelf in conquering majesty , is fated to wake lethaigic nations to pursue the career of greatness and impiove me nt leading to islory ami renown. Already the thtoes of a might) social i evolution are engendered in then onib of time an I our hardy, chivalrous ant enterprising popu lation? ardent and inspired ? outstripping the bounds of conventional . emercaiion, is sweeping across tli.< plains 01 Texas, swelling as it flows ? with the speed-- tliO'igU not the destruction. of the tempest. and destined at no dis tant day, to cap tl.e very summit of the Apalachian moun tains, and flood with a more generous, mo*e vigorous, and more enlightened civilization, the vast, fertile, luxu rious and nugnty plains, which lie beyond. "Westward the star of empire, takes it? way."? The piazzas of this house by moonlight present a bril liant anl animating spectacle? gay flirting young wid ows and flinty hearte l bachelors ? sentimental, pretty, j couuettisn damsels, with mouitachied dandies, perfumed i and corsetted The sy lph-like foim of some rosy cheeked > \ ankee girl ? the languishing, voluptuous cnarms of a | Southern belie. There moves the rounded, beauteous form of \ii?s 8?, a charming creature, who lias just numbered seventeen -iimmera, engrossing all eyes, and swaying with abso lute empire ml male heart* Her eyes glisten with a r.e lestixl blue, like a bed of violets fresh kissed by the morning dew, and ca*t glances of softened beauty, which | enutrate and enslave the soul while the least of the auburn tresie wnicii float in graceful prolusion ovor he i aluba>ter shoulders, would set a dozen young poets raging. When this fair sylph joins in the gny and giddy dance, (lie seems like a sunbeam sporting in a flower garden, rendering the light uioie gladsome from her presence. The tr.lleg envy her the bmux court her -.miles? the philosopher when he gazes on her finds him self recalled to earth, and the metaphysician forgets his abstractions in her smiles. She lures grave scholars Irom their studies; and Professor M., amid tue distractions at" his pulpit exhibitions, and his devotion to pretty and piquant* actresses, would undoubtedly acknowledge that she was " woman, as she should be." " Her overpowering presence makes you feel, It would not be idolatry to kneel." The phantasy of the charming Misses to hear the sound of their own diver and fluted voices, is a desire always craving, and never fully satisfied. The streams of soft ami interminable nothings that flow from lips pouting like an opening rose bud, might attract admiration, were but a momentary pause allowed for reflection. The skill with which these ama zons of cupid's regiment manage the dangerous bat teries of thuir brilliant eyes, masked by the ivory and flitting fan, would be worthy the attention of an expert engineer, anxious to dip deep into the mystery of defend ing leagured citadels, while tho fairy feet enforcing the eloquence of the eyes, twinkle in unison with each glance. Unhappy the swain who subjects himself to the attack, his only safety is in flight ? if he but stays to par ley with the enemy, he is lost. One of the chief attractions of Saratoga just now i* riumbe's Daguerrean National Miniature Gallery, which is thronged with beauty and fashion at all hours. Here lovers meet and exchange miniatures and vows of eternal fidelity, while the visits of the curious and gay from all quarters, have made it a fashionable lounge. St. Mary's Geo., August 19, 1!<15. Singular Can of Murder? Flight, Capture, Etcape, Re-arrctt, and Second Etcape of the Murderer. All is now quiet with ua. Our community has been recently excited by the apprehension and ex* Vnmation of >i murderer Junder circumstances some what peculiar. The murder was committed more than a year since. You have, probably, published the particu lars, but a republication is necessary for my story. On ttie 17th of June, 1844, Isaac Goodall, member of the House of Jlepresentatives of Tennessee, went over to ( iallatm, in Luinmer county, and stopped at Lewis' tavern ; an ox-cart was passing the tavern door, when Goodall hallooed " whoa" to the oxen ; Lewis came out and saifi if Goodall interiered with ihe oxen he would kill him. Goodall put his hand on Lewis' neck, and said, " Why Pete ! what is the nntter?" with a smile, trying to disarm his resent ment. Lewis drew a pistol, and shot him dead on the spot. He then esca|>ed ? was apprehended in Louisiana, discharged for informality, supposed in the writ of arrest? fled to the West Indies, and after wandering as a fugitive and vagabond on the face of the earih, fell into the hands of Mr. J. T. Davis, now a teacher in this place, but who formerly fol lowed that profession in Tennesse, and num bered with his pupils the little daughter of Goodall. Mr Davis' steps seem to have been directed by Providence, on board the St. Matthews, (the steam er which plw? between St. Mary's and Savannah) where he at once recognised the form before seeing the face, of the murderer of his friend. Lewis shunned him. went on the upper deck, and tried to avoid him. Mr. Davis went up and inquired his name, and was recognized by him, and had him immediately arretted and tak- n Irom the boat to the Magistrate, and thence to jail. Truly, murder will out! Hut, after all this, Lewis whs brought "P ? wnf habeas cor put, and discharged. The discharge was wholly illegal, as the law requires a majority of the Court to act, and a majority were against the prisoner ? two only, of live, were in favor. A latge reward, papers sav 08000, was offered for his arrest and delivery. The Governor's reward did not exceed $1000 All, however, 19 now quiet among the Orange Groveu Mr Davis has the satisfaction of having done his duty in arresting the murderer, whose es cape is certainly to be deplored. I From Albany Argus, August 37 ] In our column* to-day will he found an important Pro clumation by Governor Wright. It will be perceived, that in view of the eerie* of violations of law tn<l defi ance of the constituted authorities, reuniting (n the mur ilerofa valuable ritiren and faithful public officer, which have signalized the course of event* in Delaware county. and in conformity with the prori*ion* ol the act ol April last, it proclaims and declare* the County ot De law are to be in a state of insurrection The series of violations of law. and combination* to resist and defy the execution of process, are set fo th with great clearness arid forco fo much so. as to leave no reasonable doubt a? to the justice and expediency of the cour?e of the Executive indeed to leave him no othei alternative in the discharge of hn high dutie*. The appeals, respectively, to the freeman of the State ?to the tenants who disapprove ol the disguised and armed force by which these violations of law have been perpetrated? to the proprietor! or landlords of these leasehold estates? and finally to the ditguissd men them selves como with equal truth and force, and cannot fail, we think, to sink deeply into the mind* of all to whom they are addressed. We cannot but hope that they will be felt, and will produce results that will arrest these disorders, and bring back the region of insurrection to acomtition of peace and order, and a full compliance with the law* of the commonwealth. We do not doubt that vigorous acts will follow thia proclamation. Adjutant General Karrington proceeded > esterday afternoon, in the steamboat, via Catskill, to Oelhi. and will see personally that its requirement* are promptly carried out Thk tMvsrEtiiorv Disapfiaranc*.? W? have rea son to believe that these apprehensions, (speaking of the mysterious disappearance of Mr*. Leonora \1 Har ts, ) so far as the life of the lady referred to i? concern ed, are quite groir 'ess. If, as is underatood. another individual, of th * ?ex, with whom the lady wa* acquainted, has neared, it i* probable that they will ultimata1 f together. -JlUnny Jiurnei, Jiug. 37.

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