Newspaper of The New York Herald, August 30, 1845, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated August 30, 1845 Page 1
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THE NEW YORK HERALD. Vol. XI., Ho. iiUS.Wholt Wo. 4100. NEW YORK, SATURDAY MORNING, AUGUST 30, 1845. Mm "Two Outf. HERALD ESTABLISHMENT, The Editorial Room. PERSSE & BROOKS' PIPER WORKS, Windsor Locks, Connecticut; Warehouse 65 and 67 Nassau street, New York. STRONG SC. The Editorial Rooms.?As represented 111 the engraving, me editorial department occupies four rooms, in die front of the second story. These rooms ure separated bv folding doors, to shut and open at pleaiure, and make, apparently, but one line, long chamber, when the doors are open. The lur ther is tfce front one, winch comprises a transverse section ?f the building, and is occupied by the ed itor, and has a private entrance from the staircase, by a pasaage outside td, and parallel to the other rooms. At the opjiosite end of them, is a spacious case forholding those books and papers in immedi ate ret|u sition. The desks for the use of the re porters md gentlemen whose duties are confined to distinct departments of the paper, are placed along the wallf on either side, and well lighted with gas. In the cmtre is a table, on which mail papers are laid whie being used ; while files of late journals are suspended at hand from the walls. Here may be seen seated ten persons at once, and olten more, when all the reporters happen to be together at a time. This, indeed, rarely happens, as the duties they perform,require BUCh a measure of vigilance, is so little sedentary, and imposes so much activity, that their locations are mostly far separated in ac quiring the news ot the city, law intelligence, and particulars of all remarkabld movements over all the country. Another apartment is in rear of these, and used as a library. This ailords access to all the standard works in English, and other modern languages. It is judiciously selected, rather than extensive; and is worth, from this fact, five times as much, in point of utility, as others more bulky, but less select. To the perfect organization of the editorial is at tributable the accuracy, authenticity, and variety ol the intelligence which radiates in the columns of the lkratd, from this us a centre, to all the ends of the earth. A place is prescribed for every thing; mind to scrutinize, supervise, and analyze every thing, and a station for the owners to the utter ex clusion of all contusion in carrying on the operations of the department under one sole director, the edi tor, who imparts a unity of purpose, and a congruity to the whole, not to be otherwise acquired. Ilence it is that the news from Europe and the distant corners of the earth is hardly arrived, until it is, as though by magic, announced in the ubi quitous Extra. Hence it is that a morning transcript of great political meetings, religious conventions, and consultations for the amelioration of man and the annihilation of all his enemies, for which our city is famous, is presented to the readers of this journal, albeit the orators slept and the audiences snored, while the indefatigable reporters were com piling the veracious history. Persse and Brook's Paper Manufactory.? As an appropriate accompaniment to the general description of the New York Herald establishment, we give an elegant and accurate engraving, repre senting one of the most extensive establishments of the kind in this country?the paper mills of Messr* Persse Brooks, (k> and (>7 Nassau street, New York. These mills are situated on the bank of the Connecticut river, at Windsor Locks, Conn. The adjacent country, lorming a part ot the celebrated valley of the Connecticut, is richly cultivated, and presents a beautiful appearance in this season of the year. The main building is 1:15 feet long by forty wide, and two stories high; with 'his is to be reck, oned an additioual wing, 70 feet long by 40 wide, maktngthe total length of the building 205 feet. The latter building or wing is the machine and finishing rooms. The power which sets in work the machi nery of this mill is a water power, and is derived f rom the Enfield canal, which runs past the building, and as well as the railroad quite close to it, both giving great facilities for the transport of freight to and f rom the manufactory. The water power is one of the most valuable, retaining throughout the year a uniform and unimpaired force, more than sufli cient for the end required, and is not affected per ceptibly even by the present great drought. The ma chinery set in motion by this water power, consists offtwo large water wheels, nine engines, two 62 inch Fourdrinier machines, and all the requisite ap pointments to make such an establishment thorough ly efficient. There are from 90 to 40 hands constant ly employed in variousmanual processes. The mill is capable of turniiig out 20,000 pounds oi paper per week on the average throughout the year, and the annual value of the article manufactured amounts to $'125,0W0 at least. The consumption of raw material in the shajie of rags is from twelve to fifteen tons a week; three-fourths of these are of home produc tion. Tneee otherwise worthless commodities are transformed with amazing celerity at this mill into paper, an article essential to ci vilized life, and subserving more than any other the most important purposes of man. A couple of days is the usual time taken to metamorphose some tons of rags into piper ready for use; so that the reader of this may hold in his hand what but a few days before was a tattered gar ment. Hut although this is the usual time taken in the manufacture oi paper, the foreman informed us that in four hours he can turn out paper ready for use, but necessarily inferior in quality to that which is subjected to the bleaching process for a longer time. In the manufacture ol paper, the rags are first sorted in the rag room, then dusted; they are next conveyed to an implement called a rag-cutter, and cut up in small pieces, to prepare them for the action of the boiler ; in the latter they are boiled for twelve hours, and afterwards washed and purified of all useless matter; the steep chest next receives them, in order o be bleached ; from thence they go into the beating engines, where they are belabored until reduced to a pulp, of proper consistence and quality. Alter all this, the material is ready for the machine, to be transformed into paper, cut and fin ished. The distance to these mills, from New York, is 136 miles, which is travelled by steamboat ana railro; .in seven hours. They are halfway be tween nartford and Springfield, and twelve miles distant from each of those towns. This establishment furnishes us with all our pa per. Since we have begun to receive supplies from it, we have paid to Messrs. P. ifc B. over $300,000, and we now pay them fronij $700 to $1000 a week. .Ilcctlii; of Sailor* for tUe Kejgulatloii of Wages. Therf was a large meeting of tars yesterday, at two o'clock, P.M., at the Franklin Hall, Chatham square, for the purpose of taking into consideration the subject of seamen's wages, and of devising some means t>secure a fair and lixed remuneration, es pecially oa long voyages, for sailors leaving this port, alitor u long delay, which seemed quite un necssury arid only warranted by the absurd custom of procrastinating, which is universally prevalent in nil the meetings of the day, political, religious, and social, Mi. Kellogg took the chair, and the meeting was opened by prayer from trie IIev. Mr. Chase. ltevu. Ml. Stewart being called for, made a few re mtuks vxpiessivc of his sy in pa thy with the sailor-his res ii cs- to co-operate inhis temporal and spiritual wel fare. Put of liis inability to enter into the business ot the meeting, ai he had hut just returned from the country, mi I bin sot so much us neard the specific objects of this h ..cni'.ly Mu. K?i i oriri stated their nliject was the important one hi regulttlng urn: fixirg the wages of tho seamen of this port, an.i'to come to somo specific conclusion as to the l e t muint-r of a-cofij ladling it. 'i'liey wanted to get {.I i a mouth, and a* much more as tl ey found practicable (>pidiuso) He observed that that met their approbation, hut rep retted that there were not over hall as iiiiiiv hi should he present, to carry out the pro pa a! ii1 t! ere we>e enough to do some good, and he triis'e ! tley would tit to go ahead. At Charleston it was a will uiini'i i torn! price lor itie services of the sailor, wi.ow ii. not asked ? hat .o demanded.but at once brought ?? i i ? pi'ig office rod engaged a' lilteen drdlara.? 1 it. If i iikiuil price i only thirteen dollars, with an ml v.iiice, i?' sixteen w ithont an advance, ami no more was g.t'en evei in packet ships. He thought they could get sixteen collars, for not u meichuut of New , oik would refuse it it they had prudent and sober men to denl with. i!e w. nil not speak longer, us lie was no minister nor J tver our speech-makerof any kind. Mr K. concluded by uggt ti c, the inn rduction ol a piiuted card, setting tortli t'Mjriusoho and common resolution, which ought to he kc(it inviolate by all. Mr. Si.ii sw s:li. demanded t'neirattention for a few mo men's to tie few words he had to say; and he bogged of them net to mistake him for one who was no seaman, nor run away because he had on a long coat He assur ed them ?e was a sailor, and ran away fiom the service on accouit of the very grievances they met there to re dress?of that tyranny tliey desired to throw oil'. His position vha that of one who looked on at two old sailors playing ugame at chess?he could see the chances better tliun eithei of them. So with respect to the sailors,whose position he ch-ai ly observed and knew. Their object being to nettle the rate of wages in such a way as to he equivalent to the wotk done, was a fair and just one,netting more than every master and merchant would agree to, il'i ightly sought,were it for no other reason than to get a gion name But this is the dilliculty?it was not the man who owns oi commands the ship was their worst enemy, bii those who robbed them of the mind to see themsel vet righted, and do their own business There w as not a rlass in the w orld so independent us the sail ors, if they t'Ut chose to he so. Mechanics can ho picked up in scoies at any place, but us sailors ran only lie made n one place, on the hioail ocean, his services are 'lie more valuable, and none deserves his pay so well, and ho is beneath a man w ho would refuse him fair wages, tin! his just rights, which he exhorted them to pursue f his w as far better than living in the wild ami reckless (tanner too common among them, and he had experienced it all, until he threw oil'the shackles that hound hint. When he did this, he found he could do his own hti-isess, and have w hat wages he liked, as an in dustrious, sober sailor He again adverted to the speci tic object of the meeting, which wns to substantiate a rate of wages for a pellicular part, but lie could nut un dei.tnmt why they weie not entitled 10 the same wages in other ports?tor a man is a man in all parts of the world, (t'heers) The idea of stinting a sailor bemuse you send him on a long voyage, is not the thing fvir his ta?te (I.slighter.) Die advance paid to I i milords w as the key of their trouble Tbeie is nut a merchant in the city w ho would not give a dollar a month inoie w ill,out this advance, ami the motive ol sail ors to get tin advance is, that the law will not allow a months wages in case the ship is cast away; but mer chants would lie glad to guarantee a month's wages to ?ol et sailors, on the tei ms of no advance Mr w. eon c.luded by recommending them to associate together, anil tesolve to have their tights; it would do them more good than all 'hu societies and sailors'homes put toge ther. (i beers) Mr ? i ahh lollowed He said they had been waiting a long time to ste it the world would do them justice, hut it was now time to do for themselves They had seen man) meetings, and societies, and schemes devised, but in the midst ol all tills, it wae usually forgotten that Jack is a very poor man. ami he had to pay the reckoning in most ca-pn. (I.Riignter ) Ills lis-wrt whs full at thinking that tin iisands of y oung Americans and those ol other co'intiies, hi the bloom of lite, where toiling away their health an I strength, and hnngii g on a piemaiure grave, tor tne In I gat ly n item fit) cents a day. Me thought on looking at some of the mottoes on those walls that tliey had come to tne light place lo -eek their ngnit . to a spot oe.hcR'cd to huniMint) For. certainly if there I my h niuiiuty in the world. it is h?-t shown in defending the HMilor ami asserting his rigti'a. (' herra ) It had been said tlint sailim had m-gia ted themselves . but he asked that the blame ho put whi re it belongs What mo tive was held up?what em-ouiageinent had been given to iliem to benato like men. to loisake his cups, to dross w-11. and keep good company ' But a few years ago, the name ol a sailor w a- enough to depi ive him ol all so ciety which hnd any show of dei enoy, while he was and jt not hall paid for his work There are many projects going on for the reform ot inHnkiml and the amelioration pf humanity ; hut there was something more noble in the Asilor movement than thorn all together. He does not wan' I" br brought up into notice he wants to hniig him-cIf into notice. On tho wall there they saw the notto "Kquality." What was the equality of the -Hilar? Co he trampled upon and degraded And what was Pete in the Calling ol a sailor to mako ni-n dishonorable 1 Joothei man on earth has so much entrusted to his c .re Vheie i? the met chant w ho would pick up t wcl? e di on |en loafers in I lie strei t? o' tins city, put them on board In ship hound for ti e Kast Indies or t hum. in charge ol he cargo' None : they would as soon scuttle f-e craft AiS yet they will entrust their vessels and their hound los wealth to a crew ol- twelve diunken ration and wh;1 because they know tliey are honest; that they are reg larly educated to discipline and lawful cop trol anil that there 'is, with all their vice*, some thin: ennobling1 In the boneit ^heart and profes sion of the sailor, peculiar to themselves?(warm ap Sluuse) ? Lot the Sailor, by his good conduct, establish is character, arid secure to himself the name of being a man of mind, and then he will discover his true value, and make others admit it Who says a dollar and a half a day is too much for a blucksmit or carpenter? If those who pay them could get twelve men lor a year to work at that or less, making their 30 or 50,000 dollars a year, he would say he was doing a stroke ol busines, I tell you le would not grudge them their dollar and a half a day. But twelve sailors aie sent on a long and perilous voyage, and if they do not make this sum they hear nothing hut exclamations of bad trade and worse times, and are finally kicked out ol the office ? (cheers.) This is sailors' equality. What is that other motto I? ' 'Labor is the source of wealth.'" Now, if it is, why are not the sailors the richest men on the eaith? Why, be cause there is too much of "sailor equality" in It. O! what it is to be an American citizen, with iiis equality on the sea, or on a foreign shore. He has only the name ol it; and if in distress or misfortune, ho applies to a Consul for aid, he will make biin an Irishman, whether he he or not? (Much laughter) Mr. Clark concluded at some length, and pleased the audience greatly. Captain Wilson and Mr. Kklloru each spoke, and a collection was taken up On motion of Mr. Clarke, a committee of three was appointed to wait upon the merchants.and ascertain how far they were willing to comply with their demands, be fore they proceeded to stiike lor wages. The Committee is composed of >ir Clark, Michael King and another; and is to leport nt the next meeting, to lie held corner of Catharine and Oak streets. They then separated. Vkry Interesting from Oregon.?Another Re volution Proihblk in Calikornia.? We received by yesterday'a Western until the following late und iut resting intelligence from California and Oregon. According to the advices, there is likely to be an other revolution in California, and that the emigrants to Oregon are making tine progress?line for a trip through uninhabited regions. [From the Western (Mo ) Expositor, Aug. fi ] A company arrived here on Thursday last, part of wiiom were from Oregon, and the rest from Calilornia.? The parties met in the wilderness on their way in, and then came here together. Mr. J. M. Sluvely. from Ore gon. informs us that he left Oicgon en the 10th of Apiil last He states that tho settlers have a fine prospect for an ahundHiit crop this year; and that they were making ample preparations to have every thing necessary for the emigiation which went out the present year. He in forms us that he met the advance party ol the Oregon emigrants who went out this year, on the 8th of.July last at (ireen River,about itill miles this side of Fort Hall. Tho emigrants woro travelling in detached parties, the last of whom he met only one day's travel beyond Foil Laramie Nothing had occurred to them on their route w orthy of particular notice. They were all well sup plied with HQ abundance of provisions and their stock and teams had stooj the trip exceedingly well, with the exception of their hones. These he states were poor, and teemed much jaded and exhausted. There was no sickness ot any kind amongst the emigrants. He states that the number of cattle was immense. The emigrants numbered about J37-'> souls, large and small. Owing to recent disturbances in Oregon with the Wal lawalia Indians, it was anticipated that the emigrants would he harrassed tiy them on their route. They were advised however, ol this anticipated attack, and intended gatheiing at I'ort Hall in sufficient numbers to repel any attack that might bo meditated ngainst them. Mr. sluvely is of opinion that the settlers in Oregon will have dis turbances with the Indians during the coming winter,but nothing rerious was apprehended from this unexpected outhieak. Ho states that many of the settlers are in favor of orga nizing an independent government, thinking themselves too far from the United States for piotection unless tho American government would act with more promptness and decision than it lias done heretofore. Major M. Harri , I ettei known here us " black Harris," was in Oregon, and engaged in hunting a better road than the one now travelled Irom Fort Hall to Oregoncity. Mr. Nhively brought a laige number of letteis for the different sections ol the United Stales From Mr. Siinpington. who left California on the lib of Apt il last, we have confirmation of the recent involution w hich has been published heretofore '('lie citizens ot the country have appointed a Governor of their own, but it was anticipated that another revolution would soon take place, and tnat the old government would be re-establish ed He brings no other news of particular importance. On yesterday evening another small company, under the superintendence of Mr. L. \V. Hastings, left our pi ice lor < alifoiuia They seem to be men ol the right stamp fur such an undertaking, and leave right willingly lor the plains. Apparently regardless of all dangers, they venture lorward buoyed up with hopes of success, and stimulated to deeds ot daring, by Hie desire of bettering tln-ir condition and that of their friends who have gone before them. The season of the year for such a jaunt, is unusually late; hut they seem to think not,and appear ilc termined to show to the world, that nothing need prove an obstacle to our crossing the plains. Success to them Below we give the names of the company and their lesi deoce : ? Lanuiord W. Hastings. (Captaia.) San Francisco, ? ul i fornia. Dr U Sample Alton. 111., (0 It. H in. high;) O d. Uumham.t incinuati, Ohio; J \uih, .south Alabama; A. II C/osby, Lexington, Mo ; W.N Loker. T. Merange, st Lotus. Mo ; T E Robbies, St ( hailes, Mo ; J Bristol. N. V i ity;t Venerable, llagerrtow n, Wd ; J. (}. Ward, II Rankin, Springfield, III.: N il Smith, H. Downing, J. II stebbins. I' Mendeohail, H. Smith, St. Josephs, Mich , J. A Simpson, t < arroll, .v Bancroft, P. S. Plijl lips, t Little, T F. Waters, Iow a. Another Camp Mektiko Khit. Wr ire tntnnn ed by a gentleman who came down on the Adcluidt Irom the * ampmeetirig, that an alarming difficulty oc curred between that boat and the Miner. \ good deal of competition existed, and alter starting (about twelve o'clock P. M ) for the city, they passed and repassed <? veral timet Finally the Miner w ;is lUD into hy tho A. at she was crossing the how of tho latter, whether by accident or design we have no' learned it nil events thej got fast, and while the h uid- oi <? 1 h v ere endea voring to separate them, they got bit i fight; coal was used as a iiii-silc. and the glass tattled out ot the win dows considerably. During the melee, the A. pushed the M ashore, and there a part Ol a tiee fi ll on the lattor. This increased the alarm. As there was a large number of passengers, many of them Inmate t, Oil the boats, much 3(prehension was excited of course. Pittiburi , ug.'M. Fredr-rika Bremer will nr.! conic lierc ?? she ins tended, this summer A (Fairs i., the Anti-Kent Region-Troop* Ordered Out. The following intelligence from Albany and the < lfturbed districts is of un interesting character Troops are ordered intoservice-a corporal's guard as yet, however?and the Executive is apparently' determined to use its authority to put a stop to any further riotous proceedings on the part of the Anti Kenters. We hope that the present movement of the Governor will not result as the last one did?in broad farce, or eomething like it :? nr [From the Albany Argus, Aug. 39 I n??";? uP?n inquiry at the Adjutant General's theti ! ? ? (.'overnor has ordered into the service of the State, in Delaware county, a company of Light In of t i?htr0|m< nadlIla' ?'??go county, and two companies that Ft i. " antrJ' recently formed in Delaware county ? that it is expected the companies will be filled ui> to ion men each; and that the battalion thus comZed "s placed under the command of Major Thomas Marvia of be aware county Of this force, 100 men are to be i!rle ,i ?n??' Wl' order'' t0 mount another hundred thinir u ?^Cer ,n command, and the Sheriff, shall think the service requires it. m!,!.!^'1"!''8 01 lnfantry aie put under orders to be in instant readiness to march, in case their commanders hall receive notice that a further forco is wanted thJ 'i!"? St?P"' tai?on promptly upon the publication of the Governors proclamation, we are assured will be followed oy such others as shall prove to he necessary 0 ensure the execution of the law, aad the service of '"''ess, both civ'l and criminal, in that county ? It is confidently believed, however, that the force now Hinre my last, the posse muter Vcrthn^hai 'ratnro'ed bringing eleven prisoners. The ono which went out under Deputy Sheriff Preston has also remnied bring' ing five prisoners?one of them, James Coulter is Su pervisor of the town of Bovina. He has been admitted to bail. He was a committee man of one of the associa SL |tcems t0 h?Ve 1,eenthe business of these com them!, t?- l'rof"re! arms and disguises, and distribute them gratuitously among the nativos. They also have charge ot the finances, and pay the expenses of keeping tion ofTe^aw 'hs&ui,ed *?rco '? resist tha due exec* st !lh|e^!rnir.'ff 2 P?S8e of about 30 men, under Lieut F started for Drv Br A h (?r0,1'er ?' Lhe latc ""''or Sheriff !nid. i y ,Brook- having with them a prisoner for a fl a theTi JtV hee" an. '"dian. I mentioned in my last !, '7a of disguised men in the edge tio , and fnrt flits 'Cy hadchosen ? strong posi 1 /! ? themselves among the mountains It ts to disperse those dosperadoes that Lieut. Steele was this morning despatched. Some ant.cipatod warm work ami dicato UenjC!m 'how '* t.he"??mbly w??l<l ?ecm to in ,i f 1 .. m' however, inclined to think thatthev will done ?n approach of danger, as they have l.Uherto P^i":neetin^0f?Vrcitizens held last evening in the monument!! th?Um " W8J res?lved- to erect a suitable Somo verv ah e mTm?ry of <?"r lamented fellow citi/.eri. Hon ( iZfli. ' appropriate remarks were made by Ksi! Th! f H ' ? K Wheeler, and J. Palmer, raised , !t necessary for the purpose are to be ? . c I by subscriptions of not moro than $*<2 each Some matter in?hn! l'? and 'nfiuential citi/.ens have taken the mattei in hand, which is a sufficient guaranty that we vkt es7tCi"sTes>in! T0rtl,yof ,he man and Zse noHe virtues it is designed to commemorate. I sent vfti, n*% August 36, 1843. rent troulWes h?? .!,terday's mail, of the anti of prisoners ? *7"'! do'"S". ot the posse-thc arrest position amonir ii, ? 8 5? that there was a dis position among them to sue for peace prLtal! !!?'? W.aS 1,eld hero this afternoon of the Sf Blenheim b!o! an!'"rent associations from the towns these beiiir'the eh!?r ,y0n.0,r|l!e, Jefferson and Summit; thefi^pVomUM'7id?^'01^ ^ ?v?v> princJide* ofCour in'thntionx'?? ?nd n were*ot nt ii,,orty' Btrt it'ls"* Lrd !mf!r the be8t' M l>e?co is now restored, gation as laras it in! ii?"16 to swallow as the investi imiiortant facts an 1 hid!?! had ,)0Sllllt0 develope lieved have ,infn!?i! , . ?,e" Pur?ne,l, would, it is bo the government a, 1 *!?. ' " fou' conspiracy against A general resist?!!! n."'" u'ed authorities ol the state, however wwk and fLn.K Mb?11,on wer? calculated on, the murder of Steele waJto hlth!" "tterTp? ",a>' ?0,,m-and merit of active opo ratio!. Th m Mgnal of'he commence sustaining ihat trnZ!!?' ! ?t'ecess thevmet with in their canfo and ???! ? ."i1 ha" U,row " a dampei over stand against our litrte!!? n0t ?, ,l e,,0UKh to make a previous to th!lr i!u' It i? admitted that the day that while iomo f?! !I 0UJ' ,h?y hald a meeting, ami sol ved to!un?eac!!nlin ?* ?Khlin?'thc* ?"??y day before thoir dil " ?" for himself?though the not fu*ly ascertalned the"obrV?J'ghl ^ M our village was sn m..!k ^Ject tho party by which chiel there can be no doubt wl hTdZ I I W.a8 m'8" who composed it. Lnouirfi h n k J? 8'duo to some Heed the re.olntions nassSd .a di'c,0,edi and in which I believe are to b? , i m meetmg to-day, and ? how that the Indian J 1 are *,lfflcient to tho general Anti rent mb'nat,0B? are identified with may deny U have L"","0!'?!'0"8' however much they h-.siness t ouil!7hof e it'miv^ t0,.l? w[th ,hi? "eaty Will show. K ' 11 may r?sult for the hest. Time cSS;,"1 rSTc^il'S4?M*,hc Whether the whisw wSTi f iP? 8 i8 not >'et developed Jo not know Some of w,th ,hpm aKain or not, I think, as the matte! now rt.'ed?' T'!' n0,: and 1 ,houId would Thomas Smith 'hat very few of them puhlicafiou of a garhle.!!r ? !?8? ' ('mP"cated in the ho? lately become aj Art r!?'8 'P,,e'' o/ Uov objects 11(> I "''PPOsed for political the prisoners, and threw -7 !nd t0"day i" behalf of tlicir examination, Ac ovory obstacle in the way of We have'7,7'!!'?!M7''harip Republican.| peace on re more >i?i'iir *?-? t Jh*rn B probability ol t? the unpleasant state of!?' ,hia ro,,nty ' Part of this cou!?;a eK'8tinK'" Ihe leatlintr M ish manifested bv Owing the south the leading men to' remedy tiii. elil ! ly 80Tn" 01 visable by the authorities andZS! i' . 'Ieel,,e(l B'l a proposition to the anti renters^and i! ?.8 t0 m8ke that proposition, committees are h!i accordance with the purpose of amicably arranging matters. John Mav u aTtT, ?k w,lgle>'' of North Blenheim, yesterday Pectof XLW ' End informed him ?f ?.? "ew a I IVJT ?- ,T.e,faW * ??P7 ol tl,e Proposition made rL fv 1 Ojlboa, and it we recollect rightly, the conditions were nearly as follows:? 1st. Pertain men of influence among the anti-renter* named in the writing, wore to use their influence in causing nil uisguises to he delivered up to the authori ng"^!' 'liej Were to U!,e their influence in preventing thiL?V"?ns "ppe?rt"K >" disguise, and were to pledge themselves to assist the olKcers in arresting all nersons i? disguise or guilty of any breach of the peace ? Jra. they were to use their influence throughout the ?SuSixr?? *""? s~d ?i?i?' ~i*? fim,oheSe t'0.t>di.tions were complied with, the people of Gilboa promised to release those now in custody dis band the posse, and refrain from arresting any more on suspicion ol appearing in disguise. The examination of Newport, August 27, 1&15. Character of Things Here?Philosophy on the Run. The first thing, almost on our arrival here, we give you a dash of Newport?that fashionable mart and dazzling bazaar of gaiety and beauty?a theine' too, which poets, in their fond imaginings, pour forth, young misses chaunt.old maidens squeak, and widows yawn. Oh, delightful Newport' We ioin in cadence, while choruses reverberate and h?ll? and distant hills convey the echoing song. WJ.y Xf, i y grouping isles?like guardians to the faithful watch?the sea-gtrt shore, ilie briny wave inspires the song; while bustled Nereides, by moon Vvue' '',e sparkltngspray, Oh yes, delightful Newport' Within thy walls I the sceptre aide by side the shepherd's crook ihe iieer and plebeian?the millionaire and bankrupt?the languishing smiles of misses just sixteen, and gouty groans of ! [? no,t. 9;x(y?the flourished rhetoric of nm's in 6|ie,iking of their daughters' charms?the honorable recant, of gentlemen of honor-to save a V? nf nU !? dou,,ti,tl,emellifluously bland" intonations ? H yeTfoHrUWfive,n L ?fh?pe' and widow? ."well lorty"fue' "m orderly confusion" - aro h,ut Part of tho motley group gathered within this modern babel, wherein are found hf tongue ol almost every kin, as well " the glass of fashinn the mould ot form"?of ladies, the healthful, but unwield ly Kngliah, the delightful French, the graceful Andalu siau, the charming beauties of our own snnnv south the elegant northerner (to whom that ?? je ,1, all ladies claim, truly belongs) and anviono mnfi and old maid, in the expectancy of the fair state ?nnd widows likewise, with plantations?all a drug Arid tin hea'ates 8 1'a?d-and^frtaUons" na.^e, and amid beauties, sons I argna. trotted out and trotted hack again the smiles of widows valued by thoirpurses: iiiiiui.itives of both sexes prying i?-of course merely ior conversa tion sake to know how much it in thought that such . one ? worth ; and married ladies wiK one si bi .ty-" love s labor lostand day Tmam lovers t\k "LI" y" "1? romp ; a,,d Part'ng scenes take place where tears ami natlios How. as the Hectors from their Andromache* bid adjeu. AH these delightful Newport, are thine and more thy dilapidated halls are palaces Thv i ' meads, perennial Edens-tliv waor* tering old maids, angels of mercy thy widows virgins -thy landlords, " Israelites W.thout guiie"-and thv agnelu / ?K P' ,n eatin? shnl,e wel1 dressed ?<??? ... ,, OoDEIfSBTIROH, Aug. 23, 1?|5. / if eather?A Railroad Enterprise?7Ju Coun tess Vespucci. 1 have indeed, found a day of rest from my tra vels and a spare moment in which to write you ? but do not experience any refreshing results from the cool breezes, which are said to be so peculiar to shade, at which position it has stoml/d f jojjjg foylie s? ""'cZnt:>*r ?? about to tie built from Burlmuton bl'lt f r" n'"' to he the hobby on which the chi J^ ?8,on' sren,s this village, but of the whole deflnX, "0t. ?"iy Lawrence ride with great zeaI Wh ??? ?? ^ The whole a mount* fW "'i u '""""of do'ub? the lie ofZeWeurUUed7oC?7 "b,aim"'"J1* half of a million of dollam, anT the resuK^he first days subscription Boston, was an inc rease only of eighty thousand dollars to the amount Staled above Two millions I believe is die mount SS The^eCrlb< l' be,0re ,h? work wK commenced. Jhere is, however, a good deal of spirit manifested in relation to the matter throuirh out the whole ol Northern New York and X cantell what energy and perseverance willaccom? The articles published in fhe papers of your citv'.n rel,(,on to the Countess." wind, nan" s sml c.entlv expressive, has "tickled the folks" here wdn rtully. . he Countess remains enclosed with in her mansion walls, (nil who has seen them wonld H-?y I hey were nearer fifteen than tetiw. high) though there is a rumor ..float of her speedd demrture, (vrhaps never io return Faith .1,. ^ folks" here have so ,eW of the .??,Sh \f' Xt Ihev mu.t (it cant i?e otherwise,) |ee| the lo, , i V very sensibly. They will have nothino .? ' r about, and will be unable to tell of having seen he? a certain number of tunes at the window .!.?!!!? .k dft. "c, Sc..Hut I inii,t ml'? M o}m," hx bhngs it is so intolerably hot y From Saratoga Spring*. United States Hotel, Aug. 28,1845. A Refreshing Shower?Evening?Music?Swiss Mi nst rels? Pico? Rema rka ble Individuals?A Member of the Aristocracy?A Wealthy Sufferer ?The Chevalier?Arrivals and Departures. We had a delightful shower yesterday, which cooled the atmosphere, and made the parched earth rejoice with great, unbounded gladness, at the visit of the sparkling rain-drop so long a stranger to its bosom. Huge delight was exhibited in every tree, leaf and (lower. The petals of the rose opened to receive the glittering habitant of the black cloud, which falleth upon the just and the unjust. To wards evening the wind lulled, and the bright stars ot heaven peeree forth from night's sable curtain, filling the heart of beauty with happiness and unutterable joy. Then was heard tfie voluptuous swell of delicious music borne u|x>n ihe fragrant night breeze, and low sweet toned voices poured forth harmonious warblings, entrancing and captivating the senses. We hastened down to the piazza and there found a band of wandering Swiss Minstrels, consisting of two men with a violin anil a cla rionet?a matronly woman of ahout forty, still beautiful, playing the harp?anJ a most lovely maiden, with prophet eye, dark as the avalanche which o'erhangs her mountain home. She played the guitar with great skill, and her rich contralto voice reminded you of the glorious Pico in her palmiest hour. The tinupe sang with much feeling several wild Swiss airs, whicn were rapturously applauded by the assembled crowd, consisting ot the beauty and fashion of the "United stales." Tics morn ing the air is pure and hiai ing?in fact it is the very sea son for enjoyment at Saratoga. I have sent you irom time to time sketches of various curious characters among us. There are, as the Razor Strop Man piquantly remarked, "only a few more left" which deserve en passant a favorable notice. Iio you see that large (at man, over dressed, with the vulgar affectation of a tailor's apptentice on a holiday.? His watch chain ostentatiously displayed round his neck, would almost serve for the cable oi a seventy-lour. The rings on his fingers would set tip a deserving young man in the jeweller's trade. He affects det airs de marquis? talks loud, affects to know everything, and seems proud of showing his ignorance and vulgarity. This is the celebrated Mr. T , who has long retired from the business of candle manufacturer, and in the strength of his purse has forgot the civil humility of the shop. He may generally be seen talking to a lady with a turban, and makes loud pretensions to belong to some exclusive aristocratic clique. ns direct our enquiries to that uneasy billious looking individual, who is now sauntering through the saloon with lorgnette levelled at the assemblage, whom tie subjects to the rigid sciutiuy ofa drill sergeant on a field day. Who is he I Some distingue momber of the aristocracy no doubt. With what an accurate eye he surveys the company?the cut and quality of their ha biliments. That is Mr. , the wealthy "sufferer," or vulgarly speaking?Tailor of Broadway, Gotham.? Tiied of cutting coals, he cuts the shop, that he may cut a figure, and from his curious and wandering glances, has undoubtedly an eye to professional "cabbage" on his tour. There, too, is ( hevalier II , putting his segur with all the equanimity arising from a philosophical indiffer ence to duns. He has lately espoused the daughter of a rich merchant. The' hevalier is u roue of considerable matrimonial experience, being lately divorced from his former wife, on the grounds of a silly prejudice existing in her inind against allowing him to do as he pleased. May he be more secuie in the possession of his second love, and her fortune, which last he considers not the least attraction. The ' hevalier is a perfect huancial genius. Versed in prices current, mercantile circulars, bills of exchange, the doctrine ol freights, ships, colonics and commerce. Too great seclusion and addiction to his studies, on the theory of notes of hand, and bills of exchange, in his private residence in Mdri lge street, has induced him to seek a more bracing air. There were very few arrivals this morning, and, we understand, several Southern families intend leaving to day. Commencement at Harvard.?The Annual Com mencement exercises it Harvard Iniversity, were performed yesterday, agreeably to the ordor previously announced. There was an unusually large concourse of spectators present on tho occasion, including a large number of distinguished gentlemen from other Stutes. His Kxcellency Gov. Bnggs, Lieut. Gov. Heed, and the members of the Kxecutive <.'otincil, wore escortedlrom this city by the Independent Corps of Lancers, under tiie command of Captain Korristnll. The performances by the young gentlemen to whom parts had been assigned, are said to have been of a high order. After these were concluded, the degree of A. 11. was coulerred upon the graduating class, til in number; that of A. M. on sundry graduates of former years. The degree ol M D. was conferred upon a laige class ot me dical students, and that of L.L. D. on a still larger class of graduates of the Dine Law -School. The honorary degree of L.L. D. was conferred on Ben jamin Merrill, of Salem, Henry Wheatou, United States Minister at the Court of Beiltn, and Hufus ( lioate, of Boston. The honorary degree of I). D. was conferred on the Rev. George O. Ingersoll, Rev II J. Ripley of the New ton Theological Institution, and Rev. Hosea Ballou, Jd, of Medford. The honorary degree of A. M was confer red on the Rev. K. H fhnpin ol Charlestown, George A. Wood ol New Vork, and Noble Butler of Louisville, Kentucky. As soon as the ceremony of conferring the degrees was concluded, says tho Daily Advertiser, His Kxellency < iovernor Briggs rose, and ad'dresMng the President, sta te 1 that the Board of Overseers, of which he is the presi ding officer, on receiving official notice of his intention to resign the office of President ot the University, had, on the report of a committee of that body, ot which the Hon. (jutney Adams was chairman, passed certain res olutions, which they had instructed twin to present on this occasion.?Boston Transeipt. Aug. 1*. T.ik and Feathering in Lexington.??(hi 1 tirs ny mghf lest, some low rhiiraoterH, tit Lexington, note an aft irk upon several free negroes, of good char - - and tailed nn 1 I, rhered one ol them. Next day the citizens held a meeting, denouncing the proceedings and disclaiming all connection between it and the dav' light movements ot Monday. They also passed a reso lution tendering the services of ten men in each u ard to Mt with the watoh - Louisville Journal, Aut <i? Varieties* Butterfield & Co. are going ahead with the con struction of the Magnetic Telegraph between Albany and Utica. The post holes are dug half way to Little Falls and the posts are upon the ground. It is intended to have so much of the line as extends from L'tica to Little Falls in operation by the time the State Agri cultural Fair meets at the former place. Ten years ago the entire annual e.\|>enditure of the State of Indiana was $7-">.<kmi. averaging about 12j cents only to each person. Her debt is now twelve millions of dollars, her poll tax one dollar, her property tax in creased eight told, her treasury bankrupt, and the in terest on nor bonds not paid ! The interest on her internal Improvement debt alone is $700,000 annually, and her entire debt, if paid in silver, would weigh three hundred and sixty tons. The St. Louis New Era says that in Mexico, near the capital, they are cultivating sugar with great suc cess, and produce an article of very tine quality. They cultivate extensively an herb called Miscall, which they use in place of hemp, to make bags and ropes ; of its root they make a very palatable fermented beverage called Pulke, and from it they also distil a considerable quantity of whiskey ; it is a stout prickly plant, and makes a good hedge. An Indian Temperance Meeting: was held upon the Cold Spring Indian Reservation in Cattaraugus county, N. Y. on the 4th instant. More than 1,000 people were present, about one-third of whom were Indians. Oood order and decorum were preserved during the entire day. After a Temperance Address by W. J. Angell, Esq., the venerable Governor of the Tribe, Blacksnake, now in his P7th year, arose to speak to his brethern Thomas W. Dorr is at present sojourning in Woonsocket (R. I.,) at the residence of Olney Ballon.? We learn that he is preparing an address to the people o f that State, which will appear at an early day. Four new churches are now being constructed in Racine ; one by the Protestant Episcopal, one by the Methodist, one by the Bajkist congregation, and one by the Catholic society. A patent has just been taken out by Capt. Daniel Nason, Jr. of Kennebunk, Me., for an ea'irely new method of making ship's sails. At a recent election in Warsaw, III., several dis graceful fights took place. A number of Mormons were compelle i to leave the ground. There are in the United States 85 Railroads, com pleted, or in progress, with an aggregate extent of 3,906 miles, of which the aggregate cost was $119,341,897. A Slave insurrection was attempted on the 6th lust., on Mr. Haley's plantation, Compte, Louisiana. The leader was shot by Mr. H. while rallying the gang, which then surrendered on the spot. Some undefined disease is prevailing among the horses on Long Island?18 having died within a few days. Working on the Sabbath has been made a penal otfence, by special enactment of the City Council of Richmon.d Virginia. By a law of the Republic of Texas, 13,284 acres of land are set apart in each county for the support of pri mary schools, and '2-41,400 acres for the endowment of two colleges. A correspondent of the National Intelligencer sjys that the only safe-guard against the explosion ol steamboat boilers is the test of the hydraulic pump. A pumpofsutlicient power to test the largest sized boilers can be constructed of such lightness as to be convenient ly carried on a wheelbarrow. A Professorship of English Literature and Belles Lcttrcs has been established in the University of Ver mont, and the Rev. William Shedd, of Brandon, Vt., an Alumnus of the institution, has been chosen to fill it. The Galveston News says that red-fish, trout, drum, and flounder are very abundant in that harbor ; redfish are caught three feet long and weighing 80 pounds ; and thnt deer are so plenty on tha Island, that nine have been killed by one discharge of a double barrelled gun. According to one of the Jones'journals in Texas, the executive of that country is the prince of hum buggers. lie humbugged, it says, England, ho humbug ged France, he humbugged Mexico, and he humbugged the United States. And finally he humbugged himself. What a profound statesman the Docter must be. The first enure cargo of tobacco ever sent to St. Petersburg from this country, was taken out by the Henry Shelton. which sailed from Baltimore a few days since. It consisted of 700 hogsheads and was valued at $100,000. Business of ILhway.?We give below some statistics of the business, ?tec. of this place - Though necessarily imperfect, they will give some idea ol the trade of the town -.?Woolen Factories 3, Cotton Wadding 3, I'iano Forto manufactory 1, File manufactory 1, Clothing establishments 4, Glue manufactory 1, Hat manufactory 2, Watches and Jewelry 3, Regar manufac tory 1, Karthernware manufactory I, Cabinet makers 4, Coacn lace weavers 2, Grist mill* 8, Saw mills ft, Bakers 2, Blacksmiths 10, Lumber yards 2, Master Masons S, Drug Stores 3, Grocery Stores 20, Printing offices 3, Co'ton Print Works 1, Dyeing Works 2, Chemical Works I, Malleable Iron foun.try 1. Carriage makers 18, Boot and shoe makers 8, Saddle and harness makeri 3, Trunk maker* 1, Silver platers 3; Limeburners 1, Chair maker* 4, Iron and wood turner* 3, freight boats ft, Brick yards 2, Painters and Glaziers 3, Coal yards 3, Hay pross I, Master Carpenters 10, Hardware stores 3, Dry Good* and Grocerie* 10, Millinery and Fancy 8. In addi tion to the abovo there are a large number ofclerman and Scotch hand-weavers. In 1H36 the amount of goods manufactured per year was estimated at $2,500,000, and the number of persona employed in the various factories Ht 2000 The amount of business now done is much less, Imt trade lias greatly improved within a year past, and the town is rapidly returning to its former activity. We have no means of exactly estimating the population, but should judge it to bo rising ol .'>000 The Rahwav Bank has a capital of $150,000. There are nine Religious .Societies, including one Catholic, which has no church edifice.? fiaftway , Idvocalr. New Article of Titans.?Yesterday we noticed landing from the steamer Balloon twenty-five neatly packed bales of broom corn tassels. Upon inquiry wn were informed that it had been grown up the Missouri rivor, and is a portion of a crop which will amount to over one hundred hales The twenty-live shipped hero has been sold in New York to arrive at five cents per pound. If sales can he effected at this rata we should think it to be a profitable crop as the culture If very aim nle and requires hut little outlay either of capital or Is bor. ? St. /cuss Era, .dug, 19

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