Newspaper of The New York Herald, September 1, 1845, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated September 1, 1845 Page 2
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NEW YORK HERALD. Slew York, Monday, September I, 18*#. Foreign Intelligence. The steamship Caledonia, Captain Lott, it now due at Boston. She left Liverpool on the 19th ult., and ia, therefore, in Iter thirteenth day. The Great Western will be due next Saturday or Sunday. Yews for Kuropr. The steam ship Marmora, Capt. Page, will leave to-day for Liverpool and Constantinople The let ter bags will close at noon precisely. !V#w and Interesting Movement lit the Sel rn< r of Life Insurance. We have recently obtained some exceedingly interesting statistics and oilier valuable information relative to the science of life insurance. The great point established by the data to which we refer, is that the applicaton of life insurance to invalids can be established on a more secure and equitable basis than to persons in health. As this subject is one obviously of great interest, and as the investigations which have been instituted with reference to it, have been productive of much valuable and novel information, we believe that we will perform an ac ceptable service to the public in presenting a careful anilyt-is of the elaborate details before us. The oldest tables now in use for life insurance are the Northampton, formed by Dr. Price, from the hills of mortality kept in the parish of All Saints, Northampton, England. During the years 1735 to 1780, this parish contained little more than one half the dumber of inhabitants of that small town, and formed on so narrow a basis, is of itself inapplicable to determine the chances of mortality in the general population of u large country?yet, this is the table adopted in most of the assurance offices, and de pended on to insure lives. The next table, or set of tables, called the Swedish, was constructed in a very satisfactory manner upon returns carefully col lected in the years 1735 to 1776, from the whole insu lation of Sweden and Finland. These tables have been corrected by others, oilicially compiled during the years from 1775 to 1795, and from 1901 to 19(15; and'show an accurate exhibit of the chances of mor tality amongst the whole population of two coun tries, but not the relative chances among the differ ent classes of that population ; hut the climate of those countries, as the severe and rapid changes of the seasons, and other circumstances ariecting the duration of life, differ so much from a milder re gion's to render this set of tables insulfictent,or in a lplicable for the determination of the average mor tality in a large part ot the United Slates amongst so much greater a population. The third table was formed in France by Mr. Pareiux, mostly during the years from 1669 to 1696, and taken from the re gisters of deaths among the monks of four monastic orders in Paris, as to men ; and for female life, from the registered deaths of the nuns in Paris, and thus taken from select lives, differently circumstanced from the general population of France, and, there fore, bad data for showing the mortality in a general population. The fourth, called the Carlisle table,was formed during the years from 1779 to 1797,upon a po pulation of 6,000 in that town; the tacts were collect ed byDoct. Hey sham,and the calculations formed on them by Mr. Milne?a basis too small to form tables applicable to a whole country ; and during the above period of nine years, the health of the inhabitants might have been better, or worse than usual, and the period too short for making a correct average. In the year 1825, there was a committee of the British House of Parliament appointed to inquire into this subject; they found in favor of these (Carlisle) ta bles, that they corresponded with each other, though formed independently of each other. The Northampton table is the one adopted by the greater number of the assurance offices in England, and was strongly recommended to the committee of the British Parliament, as the best adapted to show the average mortality among a whole population; it being on the safe side, and taken from among the 'shoring classes, and not representing the duration of life too favorably, so as to call for premiums too low to cover the risks incurred, or too low to insure the stability and prosperity of thccompanies. The table was corrected by Doct. Price, by information collected from other towns, and its general applica bility has been confirmed by subsequent experience But this applicability was contested because the du ration of life was found to hav. increased since the time the Northampton tables were formed, a differ ence of 70 years. This increased duration of life has subsequently earned ground, as well from vacct nation, as temperance societies ; the better medical treatment, better nursing of children, and cleanliness in houses and persons, and thereby healthiness ot persons. The position of Dr. Price is, that mortality it always proportionate to theeau?es of it, and agreat i provement having taken place in the general mode of living among people within the last 20 years, so has longevity increased. The vice of intemperance in eating and drinking has greatly disappeared, and the physical condition of mankind much improved in consequence. When people may have a provision in life in urance, to which they can with certainty have resort in case of death and infirmities of old age, by taking something from their present earn ings. instead of wasting money in excessive eating and drinking, and other pleasures of life, often des tractive of health, they have an inducement to pre serve their health, by avoiding irregularities of life-^ and enjoy a comfort of mind and heartfelt satisfac tion, superior to all sensual gratifications, esj>ecially a sens* of performing a christian duty. With respect to the duration of life, Mr. G. Davies> Actuary of the " Guardian " Company, procured a complete series of the reports of Mr. Morgan, Actua ry of the "Equitable" company, and theorised the facts upon the subject in that order and form to draw good practical rules, and Doct. Mitchell calculated a table from them, according to the rules used in the Equitable for insuring lives on the Northampton ta bles. The probable duration of life at 20 years,is 33-43 vears longer ; but according to the facts from the results, its duration has extended to 41-05. A life gtV) years, according to the Equitable, is 29-27 ; but according to the results of the reports of that office, it is 33-97 years. A life, according to Doct. Price, or Northampton tables of 40 years, has 23-08 years yet ol duration ; but facts prove 27-10 years. Mr. Babbage and Mr. Gomperts went over nearly the same facte, and, so far as they went, confirmed the correctness of Mr. Davies' theory. In the evidence before the Committee of Parliament resjiecting fe" male life, Messrs. Glenny, Bailey and Mor gan severally stated no essential difference, still in favor of woman over man. Mr. Finlaison, Actuary of the National Debt Office of Great Britain, proved the superiority of the lives of females over males, to be very considerable. This gentleman also stated that there had been a very considerable prolongation of human life in the last 100 years: Says he," I made an observation upon nearly 25,000 people during more than 30 yeara, and the expectation of life as it now ja, and as it was.a century ago, is as 4 to 3." Mr Finlaison calculated the mortality that prevailed dur ing the years 1814 to 1822 amongst 50,682 out pen. stoners of Chelsea Military College, and 20,210 out pensioners of Greenwich Naval Hospital, lives ot the worst description under 45 years of age, yet the chances of these lives were better at every age than ?he chances given by the Northampton table, and after 50 as geod as those given bv the tables of Car lisle by Dr Price. From France, the returns obtained confirm the theory that the value of life has improved with the improved habit* and condition of the people. Ac cording to documents, the annual deaths in Paris during the age of chivalry, 14th century, was one in 16 to 17 persons ; during the 17th century, it was one in 25-50, and in 1824 in was one in 32-62. In other parts of France, the deaths during 1791 were one in 29; and during Ave years proceeding 1825, it wki one in 89 persons, and the value of life has doubled m France stuce the " good old umee," and gained nearly one-third since thv revolution. From the table constructed by Dr. Price, the average mor tality in London during ten years, ending with 1780, one inhabitant out of 19 3-5th died annually. Mr. j Milne haB shown that in 10 years, ending with 1810, there died annually in London one person in 34-19. From all this, it is shown that the old tables repre sent the duration of lite too unfavorably, or below the true rate. Mr. Pavie9 and Mr. Naylor both state the decrease of mortality in England. The benefits conferred by life assurance have perhaps been inore extensively embraced within the last fifteen or twenty years than in any former period : but until the year 1841, healthy lives were alone insured, and, consequently, a vast proportion of applicants were rejected by the various offices be cause medical science had not so lar progressed, and the numerical method of vital statistics had not been so advantageously applied, as to enable men with security to themselves to assure the lives sf those who were afflicted with either transient or permanent sickness. This desideratum has at length been furnished ; and the "Medical, Invalid, and General Life Assurance Company," under a competent directory, with an ample capital, a nu merous body of shireholders, and the superintend ence of a board composed partly of medical men and partly of gentlemen whose experience quuh lies them for the prepared to assure lives,however invalided, and throw open the advantages which re sult from the employment of kindred institutions to persons of all ages, rank and cond'tion, to the in firm, as well as to the healthy, to the delicate as well as to the robust. This is the only office yet in exist ence where persons of unsound health, or actually afflicted with acute disease, may have their lives in sured upon payment, of course, of a premium com mensurate with the fatality of the peculiar disease under which they are suffering. And, moreover, such insurance may be effected for the period only during which the particular disease generally con : tinues, or for a month, a year, or any other specific period which may be named. Strange as the asser tion may at first Hppear, it is nevertheless true, that the mortality of unsound lives may be calculated with far greater accuracy, and with much less de viation from the average, than that of sound and healthy lives; a fact which the statistics accu mulated by this new Assurance Society have estab lished beyond a doubt. One very interesting fact has been established by the statistics accumulated by this new Insurance Society; that is, that in this country the average mortality is considerably less than in the old world. This is quite contrary to the general impression on the subject, but the facts has been irrefragibly esta. blished, that, in the United States the infiuences ad verse to human life are less powerful than in Europe. We cannot, this morning, devote more space to this interesting subject, but we will recur to it, and in the meantime commend it to the attention of the public in general, and particularly to those whose circumstances and health may be such as, of them selves. to attract to it their special regard. It is really, in every point of view, a subject worthy of careful study. Progress of the Revolution in the Newspaper I Press?The Government Organ?Major J. P. Heiss?we believe that is his title?one of the two ostensible proprietors of the Union, the organ of Mr. Polk's administration, has recently visited this city with the excellent and laudable purpose of collecting a corps of reporters. Mr. Heiss expected to be able to pick up, to use the classical phraseology of the west, " a first rate team" of swift writers, but the result of a few days inquiry served considerably to illuminate him on that point, and he finally made an arrangement not with u splendid corps, but with one of the old attaches of the Globe, dead and buried some time since by the fiat of James K. Polk, who is empowered to engage some half dozen penny-a liners at munificent salaries of six and seven dollars a week, and perhaps a new 3uit of clothes at the end of the session. Messrs. Ritchie and Heiss wish to re-organize the whole system of Congressional re porting. They desire to break up the old plan of i publishing reportsof speeches furnished by the mem bers themselves, and declare their intention of giv ing full and impartial reports of all the orations de livered on the floors of Congress altogether irrespec tive of (>arty considerations. The project conceived and attempted to be carried out by the Union, is laudable in the highest degree. It affords another proof of the progress of that revolution in thenewspiper press of this country, which we have originated. But we very much doubt the possibility of this effort be ing attended with success. In the first place, the conductors of the Union have no practical know eigeof the manner in which a impular newspape' should be conducted. Ofthat we have had abundant evidence. Here, for instance, we have at this mo ment the question of Texas annexation, and, grow ing out of it, the probability of a war with Mexico? a subject which is, of course, attracting the interest of the whole American people, but how has it been I handled by the " organ I" Floundering and blun-1 dering, the Union for weeks together, in the eariy stages of this question, went directly counter, no, only to all the democratic impulses of the party of i which it assumes to be the accredited mouth-piece, I b it also to the practical common sen*e and intelli gence of every sensible observer. Thanks, howe ver, to our repeated and affectionate admonition and rebuke, the Union has been gradually opening its eyes to a perception of its duty, and the true view of t ie present crisis, so that we now have the gratify ing si>ectacle of a re-issue in the government organ ?although greatly diluted and weakened, of course, of those intelligent and |>opular views? popular be cause intelligent?which we have given from day to day on this question of a war with Mexico. But this shows the utter incompetency of the Union as an or gan ot the great popular masses. It has some ability as a retailer, but none at all as a manufacturer of public opinion. This weakness and incompeten cy will characterize its efforts at reporting If it attempt to report the speeches of whig members in full and with impartiality, it will offend " the party." It if gives the speeches of the democratic orators us s|s>ken it, will make itself still more objectionable. ik> much nonsense?so much bad grammar?so much incoherence?so much "bald, disjointed stuff" is uttered on the floors of Congress by sundry of the representatives of the people, that a faithful record of their daily sayings would furnish materials for universal pity, ridicule and laughter. No, no. The Union has a most praiseworthy intent, but " it wont do." It is really a most meritorious design to ustonish the country with the singular spectacle of a, ".government or gan " giving full,fair and impurtial reportsof the pro ceedings in Congress, but the thing is impossible. The idea of establishing a popular and influential I newspaper out of the city of New York, is preposte i rous. oinpared to this great metropolis, Washing ton is u mere village. It is only here, in this city? marked out by its location, its so rapidly augmenting population, its possession of all those elements that are essential to the creation and continued prosperi ty of on? of tho?e great marts of commerce and crowded centres ot civilization, which engross and embody, as it were, all the predominant and onward impulses of that region of the earth 111 which they are situated,?that a journalism can be estab lished which informs, instructs, guides and go verns the popular mind. New York is the PanB ?the London of the United .States. Every year this fact becomes more apparent. From this city, as from a great centre of intelligence, radiates the public opinion of the whole nation The journalism of the country beyond this city is but a reduplica tion of that which is eliminated here. Hence it ia that the Herald?a newspaper conducted on per teclly indppsn lent 'principles?bound to no party? "hackled by no eliquium?owning no ruling inf'ii enee save that of truth, justice, sound philosophy and devotion to hitman liberty and progress, and ???published in this great tnetro|K)lis, maintains such a commanding position. Coxxob Council..?The Board of Assistants will meet this evening after their usual summer recess. The Board of Aldermen will meet on Monday next The inhabitants of our vast metropolis have, alter ? severe struggle, passed through the dog-days, amid the various nuisances that have, from tune to time, been complained of, viz.: dirty streets, cab abuses, omnibus raoing, and the heavy catalogue to which we have so repeatedly called their attention. The "saltpetre explosion" having occupied the attention of our worthy fathers of the Corporation, during the recess, we trust they wili now turn their attention to the necessity of reforming the numerous abuses that exist in various quarters of the city, and not run out the lull measure ol their lime in the same manner as their predecessors. Law Courts.?The law courts will nearly all be o|>en this week. Some important cases will come up during the present term in some of the courts. The Court of Oyer and Terminer will have to dis pose of some important murder cases, and also the case of the delinquent watchmen, who neglected to attend at the scene of the murder of Livingston, in Canal street, in August, 1S44. The Patriotism of the Republic.? The appre hension of a war with Mexico, has developed in a most remarkable and gratifying manner, the patriotic impulses of the country. In all the cities and towns of the south und west, the " war fever" is becoming more and more intense every day. Vo lunteers are offering themselves in all directions.? The lirst gun fired by Mexico, if she persist in her insane belligerent movement against this country, will develope the sturdy and vigorous power of this republic to defend and extend itself in such a man ner us will astonish the nations of the old world. Naval.?Sloops of war Saratoga and St. Mary arrived at Peusacola on the 20th inst. Capt In gram arrived same day to relieve Capt. Gerry of the brig Somers. Commodore Connor was to have 1 -ft Pensacola for Vera Cruz on the 23d, having shifted his broad pennant on board of the steamer Mississippi. The leak on board of the Potomac has not yet been discovered. For Europe.?Packet ships Shenandoah, (in place of the Columbus,) for Liverpool, Utica, Hewitt, for Havre, and the steam ship Marmora, for Liverpool, Gibraltar, Malta and Constantinople, will sail tnis day?the two former at 12 o'clock, the latter at 3 o'clock. The steamer will reach Liver pool in fourteen days, thereby affording to mer chants and others a fine opportunity for the trans mission of letters. SriiKU in Transportation.?Packages of goods are conveyed by Adams & Co. in six days from New York to Cincinatti; and in four and a half and five days from Philadelphia to the same western point. Theatricals. Park Theav ar?To-night Mr. and Mrs. Kean make their first appearance in the tragedy of the " Gamester ?' They will he warmly received by a crowded house. Mrs. Kean earned a reputation in this country, while playing here several years since, that will create a great desire to see hornow-and Mr. Kean has many admirers. After the tragedy, the evening's peiformance will close with the farce ol u The Boarding School." | Bower* Theatre.?" Julius Ctesar;" a graud tragedy ( from the father of tiie English drama, Shakspenre is to he acted to-night, by the powerful dramatic company oi the Bowery. The overture to "Zampa" will he play ed next, to be followed by the very popular drama en titled "Hobin Hood, or the Outlaw of Sherwood Forest." These two plays, performed with the talent heretofore displayed by the company, will prove a great evening s entertainment to the habitue, of the Bowery, who wil no doubt muster again very strong to-night. Mr. J. R1 [ Scott is to act the characters of Mark Anthony and Rohm Hood. Castle Gardfx A grand Soiree Muticalr, is an nounced for to-night, at the Garden. The overtures to several of the most popular operas, will be played by the powerful orchestra, with other pieces of much worth which cannot fail to gratify a music loving audience - The Cosmoramas will be opened as usual, and alford an opportunity to those who never left the United States to admire the splendid sceneries of foreign lands. The at traction to the Castle is very great, it being ono of the most agreeable places of amusement for spending the evening. Niulo's. Lei HuouitroTs?This, the most success ful of all the operas performed at the Park, is to be given (alter much preparation,) to-night. It is excellent ly well cast? Md'llo Calve, M'me Casini, .Messrs tr ?and, Garry, Douvry, Bernard, and Buscher, all having rd/rj suited lo their voices. At the Park, Md'llo CalvO and Mons Arnaud were so eminently successful in the HuTuen.u, as to be called out twice during the piece This says much for the artists, and more for the apnre ciating public. To-night the Saloon will be crowded in every part, both by French and Americans. There being no speaking in a*y of the grand operas, persons o, all nations can understand and admire all their eminent musical production i. Monsieur Prevost has brough. his orchestra to the highest pitch of perfection. The pleasure derived at the opera, is considerably enhanced by his great professional ability. The Acrobat Family took a farewell ., Museum Saloon, Albany, last Saturday evening The New \ ork h<|uestnan Company management of Messrs Rockwell and stonJ form at Bangor, (Me.) on the "th andSth fn.t. ' The Airman Troubadours, and Original Sable gave another F.thiopian Concert at U ashinrtimio n Vi' | Boston, last Spoiling Intelligence. Trottihg at Cettrev.lle, I.. I._o? Wednesday a very interesting stake will come o0' over this excellent rack From the well known equality of the I different animals ontered, it is exciting considerable at tention among the admirers of trotting. These nags have often come together before, and first one ami then ! It has won, and none of the horses have been victors bni I by a mere trifle over his opponents But n.ia ? to decide which is the best nag of tho th ?xpeoted matches are announced to come oft over (nher during the following week. am* track to-day, on the ground oMhe^sf Geo1*0''' I,'nJ'ed Bloomingdale road, by four of the^t Veoree*' ri s against four of the Philadelphia nlnv?r. / I?? " ' ,ub following arc the name, of C partii, ?r "?0' The St. Gkosoe'i. p.... Mr. Wright, ,\| R Ti!;tMU' " Groome, ' , '.,T nor> tetcroft' .... Movement, of 'I'l-nvT llei-a ofthr;VsV,:,.-:.,k-,,,,:|i.;;. h^r,'ro,'ort,?n i? crowded withURveileVs who'la': U"'"' ''^'^hcless, I parture, in order to witness the 7et"u,' ei,*le'' theii <ie their arrival, of Mr and Mrs it "PPenrance, since There are at the Kca"' M u,e I atk Theatre. I ditto; W.A. Hayne Chariestoi, t?' at('be/-> A. Fisk, ladelohia; / H. Marshall V s' { '"['espie, I hi I Natchez; J. W. Wallace Phii ?'i,'.i, i Metcalfe, Mobile; J. P D11nkinVHssinV V\ w- McCoy, Reynolds, ditto. ' ' ,e' Charleston; J. M I ? ,n""' *? |f Lyman. Providence W F st? ' n phi*; ? Umict ditto i sr,,tt Uyto-' <"v' ""Mom J ditto I) < Levy, Charleston !,' A 'Miter, I Thomas Lockliait No <? n 'Wains, Boston; Jones, Mobile; (J rope ditto T'ii'!") "a"in'orol ^ O.Hayes, Boston; A Woodnitr v I1' ?',er,town< K- Horton, Boston c ^ ' ""'or, [ Watkinson, Middleton, uhite, ditto; J. S. ' B Rogers, Bostoni ''t; f81'* ''S* '? Geo ; L. Hojes, Boston; At * i ' Rhodes, vlusillun; ? ariienter, ditto; < ! P. Smith i'Jal' n,,'ln,|,',P,ltl?; w lord, (. I). Goodwin .liiin i , 1.' W- c>?", Hurt Ohio. B ",?W."o'pir'LnTtu^reo^a'0'' Mc''0" >ggs, Phila; I. t Warnoch ?Vie? 'i> IT' N ' ' J 11 Lewi* Owens, do; S. Mi,i.iioto,! piVu I ton; H. Mnllith, Phila. uessis 'si , ov,', ">om,Tren VVilijann. Otselrn: F a i... .. ???'man, Hoaier, R. B. Bellow'hostoir |v||!ch,'ll; ,'h'f?; " Warner, do; ft. II t?ypt, i? p it",,', V rt l."*' Ferdinand l errv ,l<> i f heteot, Louisiana A Tons-ant do; A. J. Tift. Va. I I' R ( 'AI.IKOKMa Tl i i ioi aw Jh"1/"'/'/"??'(Mo.) /?;, emigrnntv tot i iljiori ;, ''r, ' " "fttll coinpanv of Mr L W Hasting, M a" "hde, the dircci ol tioil Aftln at the South?Wl It fry Movent onte. We received, by the mailt yetterday, further intel ligence of the movementa of troope to the Beat ol war in Texas. We also received a letter from a correspondent at Aransas?a squatter, who is ac quainted with every inch of soil in Texas and Cali fornia, and who can snuff* a candle at a hundred yards distance, with perfect ease and satisfaction. According to the news from Aransas, there is yet no appearance of a fight lrom the Mexicans: A Kansas Hay, (Tfxas,) Aug. 14.184.*>. Knowiug that von are a military man. I take it loi granted that yon will feel the most lively interest in the movement ol our troops, and in everything per taining to a probable war with Mexico. 1 therefore send you a sketch of Aransas and Corpus Christi bays, the present theatre of military movements ana warlike preparations?showing Gen. Taylor's first landing on St. Joseph's Island, and his lirst encam|> uient west of the Nueces, on the Gulf shores ol Texas. This map was originally sketched by one of my brother squatters on the Island of St. Joseph's, an< was subsequently verified by hasty examinations ol 'he officers of Gen. Taylor's army. For general accuracy, it is, therefore, worthy of reliance. The first lauding was on St. Joseph's Island? from thence the route was by the depot on Shel Island ; and from thence, over the mud flats, See to the present encampment, on the main hind, at Cor pus Christi. From St. Joseph's Island to Corpu Christi is about thirty miles, and the route is ovei water, varying in depth from three and a half to tit teen or eighteen feet. The Courier des Etat* Uni says that Napoleon's unity would have rolled iq their breeches and waded from the island to th< main land. Thia^tiught do very well for French men or New York editors, but the unsophisticated l>eople out West would call it pretty tall wilding.' Corpus Christi is the great point at which the "arm> of occupation" is now rapidly concentrating. A few days more, and five thousand choice troops will be assembled on that spot. Should circumstances require it, their numbers will be swelled by tnou sunds of volunteers from Texas and the Valley ol the Mississippi; and an army may yet proceed from this encampment, and enter upon another" conquesi of Mexico. It sorely cannot be the object of our government to commence the war. If war is to come, let Mexico begin it, and then let her look out for the blow that will follow. Gen. Taylor is undoubtedly told that he must not be the aggressor. lie has a difficult duty to perform, lie is in a wild country, with Mexicans on one side and Texans on the other. He must make roads, establish posts, and build forts on our new frontier. While he iH preparing to re jiel a blow from the one, it is equally his duty to sec that there is no intpro|?er interference on the part ol die other. If war is to come, it will not be proclaim ed from the capital of Mexico ; but it will be com menced on the banks of the Rio Grande It be comes the duty of the American General, then, to prevent all lawless depredation?to restrain all law less hands?to ullow no crossing of the line by un authorized desperadoes, no burning of houses, in stealing of horses, no cutting of throats, no hanging. For the performance ol so difficult a duty our government has, it is said, selected one of its ablest generals?an officer of judgment, courage and experience. They are placing at his disposal the liower oi our army,and are surrounding him bv those choice spirits, which are every where to be found among our educated and gallant young officers. They are stripping our coast of troops, leaving only, here and there, un old fogy with a few young officers and the skeleton of a company, to aci as a sort of police guard about our fortifications ? Let them now authorize the General in the field, in case ot emergency, to call for volunteers and militia from Texas, and all will be well. If volunteers and militia are required, let them come from Texas lirst, and, if necessary, from the Mississippi valley after wards. Let them be called for by the (leneral who conducts the campaign, and not by an old alarmist in the city of New Orleans. It will never do to trust to the discretion of General Gaines. 1 le is too much like Father Ritchie, " ardent as a southern sun can make him." lie is one of your hair-trigger old gen tlemen, who. whenever there is the least excitement, goes oil'half-cocked, as a matter of course! Like an old dragoon charger, he hears war in every bugle note?he snuffs it in the breeze from afar?pricking up his ears, gives a snort, and, with head and tail erect, sets out to join the distant ranks, and hopes to make yet another charge ! He has ever had the dis position to defend his country?he was once, no doubt, a gallant und valuable officer; but that wa. 'a long time ago." He ought now to seek thai quiet und repose so necessary to age and the decline of life. It is now too late for him to mingle in the strife of contending armies, and to lead on those dar ing spirits, whose prowess must, in the last resort, decide the fate of nations. Cannot the Executive hold him in check, and prevent his doing mischief! ritis is all that the people can expect. The country certainly wih notlook to hiin, at this late day, as the leader of its armies?it has younger men. Would ii not be well for our,legis'utors to provide something like a (tension or retired list for our old and worn out officers who 1 ave done the state good service 1 Would it not be well tti provide some arrangement which won d enable thein tol retire in comfort, anc leave theirfpiaces tobe filled'by young and efficient menl A single injudicious and unnecessary cull foi militia wjllcost the C"U. try more money than woulo support Gen Gaines and all his old associates, on a ictired list, during the remainder of their lives Be sides, it will do ihe country no good to have iiu young men drawn from their business jiursutts by such ill-timed calls. My brot ertsquatter would be as much astonished to see his iketcli published in a New York P<tp*r? ne would be to find himself landed plump upon th? moon ! Send me half a dozen Heralds, and I will ,'ive him one, and circulate the others among th? lighting boys in Texas. [From New Orlcam Bulletin, Aug. 23 ] The continued healthiness of our climate during the present season may he consideredn happy circumstance under the aspect which our rotations with Mexico have assumed, ft is seldom that a summer is experience" here so entirely free lrom the malignant diseases pecu liar to a southern 1 ititude. If the season had happonec to resemble many, or indeed a majority of such as hav< preceded, serious impediments might have been in tin way to hinder our government in the march of troop) ami the forwarding of supplies and munitions to the scenc of expected hostilities in Texas. When the yel low fever breaks out in New Orleans, the pestilence is very apt to spread to adjacent points on the Gulf Coast Mobile and Galveston seldom escape, nor indeed any other poit on the seaboard, with which a frequent com munication is kept up. Iii the event of the prevalenct of fever here, then, it would hardly have lieeu possible to cross troops over to Western 'Iexes in largo bodies, without exposure to the contagion. The spread ol tnis plague in our army might have been inevitable; audit may readily bo imagined how dreadful must have been its ravages among a crowd of nnacclimuted men, many of whom were for the first time exposed to a Southern sun. Our continued exemption, therefore, lioni an epi demic, may well be regarded as a theme for uncommon felicitation. A better summer lor military operations could not have been selected, if the right of picking and choosing out of twonty seasons past had been toudereu our Government. And it may be said that the move ment of troops is attended with as little risk from sick ness now as it would have been in the depth of wintei. The salubrity of the climate is almosfwithout parallel loi the mouth of \ugust. and there is every indication the' the season will, to its close, continue to wear the same auspicious aspect. [From the New Orleans Republican, \ug 23 ) At the present time, or in the course ot a few days, oui naval force in the Gulf will be somewhat formidable - WJion all arrive, there will lie fifteen sail of ve-selso* war there, under our national flag, viz : The tiigate Potomac 34 guns Sloop-of-war St. Mary, 22 " " Saratoga 22 ? " " Falmouth, 2-> " " John Adams, ?? " " Marion IK " HHg-of-war Somers, " " " Lawrence, pj " " " Porpoise " " " Dolphin, " Revenue Cutter (Woodbury, 0 ?' Steamer Mississippi . 12 " " Princeton, ?? " Gen. i'ay lor, ? " Col Harney, i; i> " Monmouth, ? '248 guns. Ol those, by last accounts, the sloop-of-war Marion, the brig Dolphin, and the steainei Col Harney, were un their way. The Ingate Potomac, and the brig Porpoise are at Pensacola, repairing. The sloops-ol-war Falmouth and John Adams, and the brig Somers, are also lying u that (dace, arid the steamers Mississippi and Princeton have recently ariived there. [From N. O. Picayune, Aug 23.1 Qns~*~ The L*. Jl. Quarter Master, stationed iieio, has receive' a letter Pom the Bay ol Aransas, dated the 14th ii,it supposed to have been conveyed by the Falmouth t< Peu-acola. It anno'incr s the lo?s ol the schooner Swat low, with stoies for the no q>? in Texas ; the particulai of which will tie foundjlielow The letter also men tions a rumor which prevailed at Aransas, that Mexico had declared war upon this country . The prcsumptioi is. however, that this inmor i eached Aransas from thi city, and was founded upon the commnnicatiuna ol th> Mexican Ministers to the Chambei of Deputies on the ?21st ult This presumption is strengthened by a iettei received here from an officer iinnci Gen. Taylor, dated ( orpus Christi, the l.ith instant According to tho Can rirr, this letter states that oui Poops had lelt St. Joseph's Island, and wero encamped on the main laud?all in good health and fine spirits no enemy near?none ex pected. A courier had been despatched to Mctamorus and returned, who reports only ton men at or near that place. This does not indicate thnt. Gen. Taylor is in any im mediate danger, nor is there any thing very warlike in the intelligence otherwise. The camp of General'!'. i? very pleasantly situated, an t a line breeze almost con stantly prevailed. We copy from the Caurirrot last evening nn extract 1 of a letter just received from an officer ot tli.r I , H. Dra goons, which guv- some partiruIn i - of the march of the | even companies ol'2nd Dragoons from Fort Jessup into j Tt :tas : ? N ?( ni.nni in i, Inly 31, IBt.V . The seven companies ol Dragoons ariived here to-day. I alter a v< i' ol in day s lrom Fort JeMUP Wb shall leev# on the 1st of August for the Trinity, | sad tbenca for tha Ban Antonio, wbaro you (kail again haar from ma. Tha command stood tha march vary wall, n I hopa to do good aarrioa whan wa reach tha diiputad boundary. Purser liamtey arrived at Tensecola on the (iOth inst., ironr Mobile, with $100,000 for tha use of the squadron. tettera were recivad in town yeiterday by the U- 8 Quartermaster, Col. Hunt, from Aransas, via Pansacolu announcing tne loan of the schooner Swallow, Captain Vliner, on the 12th inat. Aa ahe was going in, over the bar of Aranaoa, ahe struck, and on the following da) was faat going to pieces. Capt. Miner, with bia crew, 1 tne lan reached the land in safety, saving hiM papers, a part ol 'lie clothing of the crew, and some of the rigging. The Swallow cleared from this port for tire Bay ol Aransas on lie 7th instunt, having been chartered by the l/niton Stutoa Government. Her cargo consisted of 600 barrels ?if coals, aomo stoma, und clothing belonging to the 3d regiment of Infantry, of which latter ouly u portion was savad. The vessel herself is a total loss. [From the St. Louis Era, August 23 J Major General Lee, of this division, has made a publi cation, expressing his willingness to rwiso a force ol ">.000 volunteers, to march against New Mexico asaoon is he may bo authorized so to do. He declaroa his wil linguess to command in person any force that may be thus raised, and is ready to enrol the names of such as tre willing to enguge in actual rough service, and to meet danger in any form that it muy present itself 1'here are many bruve uien in our city and State who would make good officers and reliable soldier* in such an expedition. There will he no difficulty in raising an implu volunteer force, if the government will giant the minority and lurnish the means and facilities, and will entrust the command of the expedition to men who will command tho public confidence No person should ?hink of joining such an expedition who is not deter mined to march and hold out to the last, and to over come every danger and difficulty. Sam a Kr:, Jnly bth, 184o. The all-absorbing question since you left here last pring, with a majority of the Mexicans, has been.wlie her tni her this department will be embraced within the limits of Texas in care of annexation by the United Slates. I am tirmiy of the belief there are a large portion of the inhabitants of this country anxious for annexation, und they aie looking forw ard to the tune with anxiety for its onsummation They say that Texus has since tier inde pendence always claimed the Del Norte lor her boundary, tnJ we are in hopes that boundary will he insi .tod on both try Texas and the United States, if they are left out by the United States, their case will be a bad one, as Mexico is aw are ol their anxiety to be admitted into the Union ? They are somewhat alarmed, since hearing that it was the intention ol Garcia Condi to visit Now Mexico this ?ummer or fall. 1 believe, if he should arrive before the limits of Texas are known here, there will be strong op position made to his entrance, and 1 should not be sur prised if arms are resorted to to repel him. New Mexico nas become heartily tired of the Government of Mexico, arid would make a strong elfort to throw oil' the yoke it the promise of a little uia was offered them; they ore ripe lor revolt. I think that this excitement is kept up by ome of the most influential and wealthy men of the pro vince, who, I am inlormed. hold themselves ready to act at a moment's warning They are in expectation of hear ing from some of their friends in Missouri by tho caravan, nlvisiiig them the course they are to pursue;?some an ticipate a force from our western frontier this fall to take possession; they will find mauy friends if they come, the) will be greetod as the deliveiers of New Mexico. Re port says that Garcia Condi will send lor the Camanches to treat with them; the object of this treuty is not known There has been an expedition sent against the Vutaws, commanded by a Charvis, of Albiquei nothing iias been neard of its results yet. W'e are but few Americans in Santa Ko at this time; the place is quite dull, no business loing. The Tlasare lias been better than it was ever known; there has been more gold got out lately than for merly. If G. Condi reaches here before the arrival ol tne caravan, we anticipate some difficulty from him and the Southern troops that are here. 1 shall be on the watch, and send runners to meet tho caravan to advise them not to attempt to outer, if he has command, or has a force to sustain him. If he docs uot reacli here before (.heir arrival, I think, if the Americans are united with (he American party of this province, we may be able to sustain ourselves until we get aid from homo, or we may ho abio to retreat to Bent's Eort. Under the present an 'boriiies.tho duties will bo tho same as last year. Durand is still custom house officer and veryfiiendly to Atnui icons There is still a manifest disposition on tne part of the Vera Cruz soldiers here to pillafu us, and they would have done so if they were not in dread of the inhabitants that are friendly to us. New Mexico has lost one of its nest men in the death of 1). Marano Charvice, who late ly died in consequence of tiie amputation of his leg; it was done too late, mortification had taken place. [From the Norfolk Herald, Aug. 27.] The U. 8. packet schooner Onkayhec, Lt. Com'dt Sin clair, sailed Irom this port on the evening of the day she received her orders, (2(Hh inst ) and proceeded directly to sea, bound to Corpus Christi, with despatches for Gen. Taylor. The follow ing is a list of nor officers : A. Sin clair, Lt. Corn'dg; Geo. K. Sinclair, 1st Lt; Morris B Beck, Surgeon; Act'g Master, J. J.Guthrie; Passed Mid shipmen, Wm. H. Jarueison, C. H. B. Caldwell; Captain's Clerk, J. D. Ohiseliu, Jr. City Intelligence* Tin: Hotels.?The Hotels aro fast filling up with mer chants trom tlio country. The merchants of this city think the prospect lor the fall business is hotter than it nus been any season for several years past. Tin: Points on Sundat ? We took a stroll through the five Points yesterday, and were really astonished at the clrunge that has taken place there w.thin a few years, formerly, Sunday was the day when noise and riot hold complete sway thera, and when the drinking shops did their best business But now, many of the drinking shops are kept closed, and those which are open for tin sale of liquor are very careful that no noise or riot shall he had about them. Several of the Star Police are stationed there to preserve order, and the prospect looks quite encouraging that the five Points will y et become quite a decent and respectable place. By the way, are tuosc holes, where a mixture of logwood chips and rum is sold, under th^iames of brandy and wine, licensed' il they aie, it would he well to enquire into the pro priety of licensiug them; and if they aie not, it certainly is the duty ot the authorities to see that they are closed, uid that immediately. Take away the rum lrom the five Points, and tliut part ot the city will present a very lilterent aspect fiom what it does at piesent. The in iianitants w ill either become pretty decent sort of people, irnsivo orl'ni mai?r to some other part, not quite st icar the very heart of our city, Hull persons, the au horities, landlords, and our citizens generally, take hoi., at this matter, we cau have, in twenty years from now* instead of the diuuketi, bloated, idle characters who now live there, the Five Points inhabited by honest, in nistrious mechanics and laborers. Ki:roaMi:as in Chatham Street.?There is ail odd set of geniuses who meet every Sunday in Chatham Square a hose avowed oljoct is the complete upsetting ol tnc present order of society and the substitution ol a state .vherein nobody would have any particular right to any thing. This they cousider would he a perfect state. t'huy are petsous in their own opinion ol very enlarge), views, anil embrace fourieiites, Oweiiites, (.irnhamites National Heformers, and some of nearly all the other iter and ists that aie to bo found in this Croat Babel. Vac Jusen, the carman, who used to hold fortii from the bank steps to the highly moral and leligiouN lawyers of Wall street, is one-of these worthies, and with his long han uul unshaven beard presents quite u patriarchal appear nice. Those leformcrs are very enthusiastic, and think thct in u few y cars the whole world will become converts 0 their creed. Borne ol them talk of removing to Call omia. Heaven help the Californian*. Kt n Awav.?A pair of horses attached to a hack stand ing at the loot of CourtlHniit street, took frigh' yesterday ilturnoon about one o'clock, and ran at a furious iat< io'vn the pier, and Vitow themselves Hiid the rarriagi into the dock The horses tried to swim, but weie 'fragged down by the weight of the carriago. Boats im mediately put out,and after great exertion the horses and carriage wcie recovered without any other injury than 1 good (licking, w I : -. in t us warm weather is quite rc freshing. Visir to Boston The Independent Tompkins Blues, a military company which separated lrom the old Temp kins Blues, of this city leave to night on a visit to Boston, where tiicy intend lumaiiiiiig several days, and will be cceived by the Boston I-ight Infantry, under commam ? if i apt. John < Park. The Bight Infantry (the Tigers) it will he recollected, were here in the summer of 1H44 and were received by the I-ight Cuanl and attended by (he Tompkins Blues. Another Cask hi- It aim:.?Officers Bird and Mans field this morning arrested a fellow named Alexaiidet ? iiaham, a member of k.ngine or Hose Company No 14, on a chaige ol violating the persoti of Oeorgiana A Lovejoy, about Hi yeais ot age, redding at No. 5i> t hryi 'ie street. From (ho lB'-ti which have coine to oui knowledge, it appears that the unfortunate girl was sit ing at the window of her apartment, opposite the engine lOttse of the ulore-aid company, when the accused en ded Ire room, threw her down, and forcibly accom dished liis villanous purpose. The mo'her of the giri was itisent at tins time,and no one was within reach,lutrendei ior any assistance. The complaint will he fully investi gated to-morrow afternoon, when, no doubt, further pttr iculars w ill lie elicited. Fiki:.? A fire liioke out last night in a hair-cutting sn loon in Broadway, a few dooi s below Blccck>-r sticei nit the officers of the Fiftconth Ward Star Police extin guished it before the arrival of the engines. IIi nawav Cai'OHT.? A lad, apparently about thirteen teats of ago, who has been play ing truant for the las oitnight, was caught thi< evening by his parents in Nas Mii street, and taken home. The American Misuse Convention is to hold its next annual meeting in this city, on the 7th, Bill and tlti if October, t ourses of lectures to teachers are to In given by Mr. Hastings, Dr Hodges and Vlr. Hill, eminou musicians, under the direction of ttie " Choral l.'inon." Accident.?About one o'clock night before last, du ring the alaiui ol fire, a liieinan named John Matthews, was knocked down and run over by an engine, and very uidly injured He was carried to Dr. Bostwick's otllci ? u t liambers street, where Ins wounds weie dressed, am every attention rendered him that Ins unfortunate situs ion demanded. We learn that there were no booet ? token, but his chin was cut ?tf by the wheels passing ? ver him, aud in other respects he was very much iruised Coroner's Osi k i . Aug. 'M.?,flceidental Briussfsr I'ne ( oroner was called lliii morning to hold an inquest ipon llie body ol a boy, named tlwen MoCabe, win vent yesterday to h.ithe in a pond in the neigliborhoo. it IJlli street ami 1st avenue, where le got out ol hit depth and wan drowned. round I),, .? nsd The body of an unknown lad. appa leutly about 1. year* of age, was this morning lotim dinting in the Kastltiver, loot ol Wall street. Wneti lound, he Wat. almost destitute ot clothing. An/a/ .'biiHrn/, The i orotier this morning held an in quest at No '11 Madison street, oo*the body ol John Oilli gin,a native ol Ireland, aged -1M years, who came to hi* is-ntli tinder the following clroumstaiices. It appears that the deceased has recently been in the habit of sleep tig on the roof of his dwelling. Shortly after retiring to his quarters last night, he rolled ofl into the stn e> (there being no railing on the edge or thoiool) and dieu instantly. Verdict accordingly . r<rI' of .Supposed lojontu nlf ? An infant w as thi ...timing ioiiml in a sink in the rear ol -Jfitli street, nea l"e\ington avenue, wheie it has doubtless been threw, by some unfeeling wretch. Heath my l.ttiittninh ? A Mr Atlanta, a houw rright, aged about OT yours, was killed by lightning in aco, on Wednesday alternoon last He was at woik on house, and the lightning struck him on the side, ran own through hi< boot, ami killed hire Instantly It alio mad through tha house The Anti-Kent Disturbances. Affairs in the Anti-Rent region appear to be with out change. About three hundred troops are order ed out, and the matter will now probably reat for the present. We annex the latest intelligence:? [From the Albany Atlas, August 30 ], Delaware County, Aug. ^7.?1 have been in this county a lew Jays, and am compelled to admit thai he real condition of afl'iirs la worse eron than rumor, ever prone to exaggeration, had led me to exnoct. I have, however, tew tact* to report to you in addition to those you have already received aud published. In deed, the printed reports can give but an imperfect idea of the slute of 1'ecling thai prevails throughout the dis trict, and particularly in this district, 't he developments elicitod by tbe soarchir.g enquiry now and for three weeks past going on "before the Coroner, the publica tion of which, however, is justly considered injudicious iu the prescut stage of the business, exhibit au extent of organization among tbo Indiuu forces, and a degree of disaffection throughout a large portion of ttiis and the I neighboring counties, that lias astonished the most ap prehensive and is truly appalling to every honest heart. The authorities and people of this county, not included in the rebellion, ure deserving of the greatest praise lor the alacrity und energy w ith which they have uudertukeu to unmask the whole baseness of the anti-rent system, and bring the oflendors to justice. It is, however, very doubtful whether the power of the county alone will no sufficient to effect the completo suppression of the insurrectionary spirit which is so rife and so wide spread ax tbe pending examination shows it to ho. If ever it is to be done offoctuully, it most bo dune now, for if the luw is not fully sustained, iu the present struggle, the disorganizing purty will gain such a head as will, it is to be feared, overthrow all law and si b<ti tute its own riotous code in its stead The number of arrests made by the Sheriffs posse, daily reported, are calculated to convey u false impression of the compe tency of the locul authorities to quell the difficulties un der whicli this county now labors, hut the lucent reve lations have shown, and overy day's developments aro adding accumulated proof, iliat the task is too mighty for the unaided power oftlio county. Unless the State gov ernment extends the itrong arm of its authority in this diiection. it is to be feared that, active and determined us are the well disposed und iuw-loviiig citizens in toe effort to wipe out the dark stain that rests upon the county, their best directed and most strenuous exertions will fall short of their aim A luigo part of the county, including most of the eastern towns, is virtually in a state of in surrection?no attempt has been made to collect the rents or to issue any process in those disulfected parts since the murder of Steele, and it is fully believed that any such attempt would bo lollowed by the most disastrous conflicts, attended probably with fearful loss of life August idth, 7 I". M.? The stage has just arrived, bringing Adjutant lien. Karringtou, bearing the proclu tion of liuvcruor Wright, by which the county of Dola wure is declured to be in a state of insurrection. A large crowd arc now listening to the reading of the important paper in front of the stage house, and the gratified ex pressions of the multitude attest the joy aud satisfaction afforded by the prompt response of His Excellency to the representations of the civil authority. 1 have just s on one of the posse who traced Scudder to Lexington iu (ireono county, lie staid at tho house of Elder , iu that town, two nights previous to the arrival of the poitiouof the posse of which uiy informant was a mem ber. City Brooklyn Intelligence. The Suffused Covey In. a mi Mystebv.?To the dis grace of several persons, heretofore deemed respectable, whose names ire hire, this allowed mysterious outrage turus out to be a brazen and a brainless hoax on the part of the individuals to whom we allude. A reporter for a widely circulated aud influential public journal, seeking ?in the performance of his often unpleasant duty?to ascertain fads, that he may give to the world " the newest news," ought to be the last person selected upoi> whom to impose a practical jake, (as such absurdities err sometimes called :) ami the guilty participators in such unpardonable freaks deserve to be visited with the severest reprehension and indignation of an insulted community. The writer of this, who is not alone in giving credence to the story hi icily related in yesterday's lb raid, in rela tion to a body said to have been found, under suspicious circumstances, near the beach at Coney Island, h.v since, at much personal inconvenience, (not unattended with expense,) endeavored to ascertain the whole truth ot the matter, and he now regrets to state, that he be liovcs, from the diligent enquiries lie has made, that the whole atl'air is a fabrication, originating with one or more persons interested in the summer business of that delight lul placo of resort, whoso object was to create a sudden excitemont, and a consequently increased inllux of visi tors. Let the contemptible authors of this villanous experiment upon the gullibility of the public, now relish their joke " with what appetite they may." A Quiet Sabbatii ?There were very few occurren ces yesterday in Biookiyn, or its vicinity, to mar the order and quiet which should be observed in every well regulated community on the Sabbath. With the excep tion of two or three cases of drunkenness, and an equal quantum of riotous and disorderly conduct consequent upon intemperate indulgences, this city might safely challenge the best regulated in the United States, in its decent and proper regard for the day "set apart for reli gion and for rest." The visitors to Coney Island, Bath, Stc., were, however, as numerous as usual at this season of the year, aud the incessant clatter and noise in the streets occasioned by their numerous vehicles, caused much grumbling and dissatisfaction among those wins are conscientiously opposed to Sunday pleasure excursions'. Militia Thaininoj.?-These inglorious and unpopulir exhibitions commence in Brooklyn this morning, and many a business mail will be called from his store and bis workshop?and many a young clork or mechanic from his employment?without any possible advantage accruing either to themselves or the public, it is, how over, scarcely honorable or fair that the officers Jei.gat cd to attend to this unpleasant duty should be traduced, maligned, ami insulted?as they too olten ure - because they are called upon to act in accordance with a very objectionable statutory enactment l,et those who writhe aud complain at the hardships and inconvenieuco? tnoy ure compelled to endure, await patiently a bettor older Ol things, when legislators ate less moved by consi leia tons of "expediency" in party tactics, and when our law givers uie more disposed than they appear to lie at present, to act honestly and truly " for the greatest good of the greatest number " Po.lce Intelligence. At'o. 31.?Grand Larceny?Nelson Miller, John Volt aud IJenicl Idosou, were arretted lust night on a charge of being jointly concerned in stealing a valuable gold watch belonging to Mr. John J. Kldiedge. Capture aj an Escaped Convict.?A penitentiary con vict, named William Smith, who recently eltbcto I hi* e.-capefrom Black well'.. Island, was retaken last night iti the city, and sent back to serve out his term, with in* leiest. .?It empt to Stuh.?Henry Murphy was arrested last night and committe i to answer for attempting to stab * policeman. Hiolout Conduct.?A regular row look place nt at early hour this morning, between engine companies Nos. It ami-JO. Brickbats and every other available missile were hurled at each other in profusion. One of the ringleaders, named Thomas I ormick, was secured and tielu to answer. Perjury ?A complaint was preferred by Mr. Tfaomaa Sewell, against a person named .Jonathan Knapp, charg ing mm with having committed perjury, in swearing fslsely in a suit recently tried in the Marino Court, in which case the latter was plaintiff and .Mr. Sewell th* defendant. Small Cry.?(Jeorge Johnson was brought up. for stealing some money from the ti 1 of Mr Kowlor, No. 30S Second stieet. Mary Ann Kay was called to account, for picking the pocket of Phillip barrel of some small change ; and (ieorge Johnson was arrested for helping himself to a small sum of money belonging to his em ployers. Starvation in South Carolina.?We are sorry to hear that so many of our worthy and wealthy citizens are making up their minds to leave our district on account of the failure of the corn crop. It is most true we are in a " tight squeeze," but relief will be bad. I'he Legislature will furnish tiie means, and agents of the State will bring n supply of corn, at lea t to Colum bia. The lower country, very generally, have acted most liberally in all proper appropriations. When our situation is truly represented, and a judicious plan pro posed, the Legislature of our State will not be backward in moving oil the subject. Ask what is right, and it will not tie denied. A loun was mado to < haiieston in her calamity. Ihe same will not be refusod the upper coun try in her tenfold worse condition. But what are those to do who have no means to pay, and no crenit to sustain them I i horc s the tub. Will individual cliurity be suf ticient. W e know not. Our Hdvice now is, make all the industry > ou can in the fall crops use all economy?rely on thajustice of the Legislature, and not on its chaiity, and finally, keep cool, ana don't despond.?Yorknlli (3. C.) Miscellany, .lux. I'.i. Kki-ortm) Murder in Nile*.?Yesterday morn, ing, about 2 o'clock, we are informed that a Mr* l-owler, living in the town of Niles, in this county, was most cruelly murdered by his lather. It i, said that the old man, who wus in the habit of drinking to exce-s, on londay night retired greatly intoxicated. Waking about 2 o'clock, he commenced utilising his wife, who at length, the door being List, made her escape through a window, pi oi ceding to her son's, at a short distance, for protection The son. wishing to protect the house, pro ceeded thither; hut upon opening the door, was stabbed iy the lather completely through the body, with a large sbaiii iron, and ti|Hiii tailing, blows were repeated, so that by ttie time another soli had made his appearance, no less than twelve horrible gashes ha t been indicted ? Vt the time our informants visited the spot yesterday nni mug, the son. who is said to lie a worthy man, was dill alive, hut there was no hope of his recovery 'iurn Journal. Riot and Bloodshed?A disgraceful row took place at or in front of the "Climax," south side of die public square. La Kay ette, la , about 2 o'clock on the J.11 inst, between some Irishmen and native-born citi zens?which resulted in serimis injury to severe] per sons. < luhs, stones, and mi-sile* ol various kinds, as well a? firearms are said to have been used by reine of tho belligerents One of the Irishmen was picked up in tie street, after the "Iray" was over-his head badly cut an I bis skull fractured so as to render it probable that 4 iAth will ensue. Mr. Ezra Bush, and a Mr. Hotehkis*, a e also, as wo learn, much hurt, the lormer having been a veroly beaten, it ia said, with a bar of iron or club. - Tppwanor Jon. vat. Heading Rallroiul. . u T , e New Vohk, the ilftth August, IfitA. John Tucker, Esquire, President of the Philadelphia and Heading Railroad Co , rhiluilel|*hia : I). ah Sis : As n stock and bondholder of the Philadel phia a?d Heading llai road Company, my attention has .Mil attracted recently, as you may naturally suppose. t>y the punliciitionA in relHtion to it The allegations are so Mriously proposed, that I truit you wi 1 excuse me lor calling upon you for information, ?nd a clear and full explm .tioii ol them The ''OmI a y is ilistii.rtlv charged with selling daily ' ond,, in, tho market to pa; the expense, of transporting ?oal, and that tho nature ol son,, ol tho bond, of the company Cve been changed from plain bonds to tl.o.e <tCUif(l by a .. J,m??.T?W"e.k,|>' arc"""u o{ tho business of the road i y fa',e1)' "fated, and that the transportation ?k.? ? auP?" J'011 r *'ofk? csunot bo conducted for loll than M per tutu tnd laiUy, that for tho lut iitm month*

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