Newspaper of The New York Herald, September 3, 1845, Page 2

September 3, 1845 Tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 2
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NEW YORK HERALD. \? ?r l urk, Wdliit'wliiy, ?,plniil>fr J, 1849, Kon lgn \i w?. The Caledonia maintains lier reputation; she is " slow and sure." She is now, however, in her fif teenth day, and we inay, therefore, hourly look for lieview*. The War, We have no further accounts to-day f rom the seat of war in Mexico or Texas, nor from New Orleans, nor Washington. Everything still remains in doubt and enshrouded in mystery. Humors are thicken ing of every kind and variety, but nothing tangible appears on the face of theni. Some of the latest ac counts state that the Mexicans have yet made no appearance on the l!io Grande ; others fear General Tuyloris tn danger. It appears from the best infor mation derived from various sources, that the war department at Washington has made some grave blunders in fitnng out the expedition to Corpus Chrtsti, where General Taylor has lixed his head quarters. It seems from this statement that the ar tillery companies have been sent there without pro l<er cannons; and that to render these troops of any service in case of an attack Iromt lie Mexicans this government is compelled to forward cannon fit lor service. Strong comments arc made on this state- j rnent against the President; but, we tlunk, With no justice nor discretion. If the fault has been com mitted, it must rest with the heud of the war depart ment, Secretary Marcv. It there is any truth in the accounts we have re* ceived from Vera Cmz, the Mexicans must have reached the Rio Grande before this tune. If they pass it, we may exj>ect soon to Itear of some action of a very important nature between the two armies. J We hear nothing further of privateers, but the anxie ty of the republic is increasing every day, all hems, eager to learn what will he the result of all the decla rations,threats and protestations put forih by Mexico, as well as the preparations made by the United States government to re|>el attack. DlsorgaiilztifIon of the Whig Party?Who Killed Cork ttoliln t One ol the most interesting signs of the times in political matters, is to be found in the condition of the whig party, and the events which are now tak ing place, and which may lend to the utter disor ganization of its elements. Ever since the election of Mr. Polk" and the defeat of Mr. Clay, the leading whig journals and politicians have been discussing the interesting question, "Whokilled Cock Robinl" Every section of the party seems to attribute this mighty result to some other section. The ccntro versy is still carried on with a degree of bitterness betimes, equalling in intensity of the hatred which originally distinguished the feelings of the demo crats towards the whigs, and vice versa. As a spe cimen of this curious controversy, as to the killing of "Cock Robin," and the exhibition of the utmost f eelings of the enmity of the whig party, we will give the following extracts from two of the leading whig papers of this State. The first, from the New York Express, thus reads:? The *1lhany Evening Journal, iu the course of a de fence of Gov. Seward's connection with the Anti-Kent ers takes occasion to say : ? " The Express was n warm and frequent eulogist of Gov. Seward. In its present condition, it assails him for measures which it formerlv vindicated." Not so. Because, from iriendship to Gov. Seward, and from attachment to the bonds of the common party, that united us, the Ex/tress kept silent, it does not follow that it vindicated Gov. Seward's Anti-Kent policy, his threat ened veto of the New York Registry Law, and unwil ling acquiescence in it, or his zeal as an American for the repeal of the Irish Union with Great Britain. Beyond the social circle, and until Gov. Seward made what the public felt and knew to be Anti-Clay speeches in West ern New York, we may never ha*e uttered disapproba tion, but we felt a disapprobation of many of his senti ments, nevertheless. The second is taken from the Albany Evening Journal, as follows: We pass over the incidental rascalities of this article that our dealings with the Express maybe direct and brief. The imputation against l/overuor Seward, of ma king " Anti-I lay rSjieeches in Western New York," is false, base and .malignant. Gov. Seward, virtually with drawing hiinseiffrom pressing professional duties, devot ed tbe tour months preceding the lust I'residential elec tion, almost wholly to the cause. His efforts were disin terested, faithful, zealous and efficient. No man during the campaign sacrificed more, nor were any man's servi ces more needed. All Western and Northern New Vork, from K.rie to Ksscx, will not only bear grateful testimony to the patriotic and effective labors of Gov. Seward, but will rise up and pronounce the accusation of the Erprtls a gross calumny. Without the united, zealous and persevering efforts of Gov. Sew ard ami his friends, this State would have been lost by twenty, instead of five thousand majority. They did their whole duty, regardless of the secret slanders of those by whom they are openly calumniated now. The campaign was planned and directed by otbevs Gov. Seward and his friends fought, and fought faithfully, in the ranks. If the result was inauspicious, the responsi bility must rest where it belongs. That the battle was lost by madness and fully, is too true to be denied. But the misconduct and blunders of others shall not he laid at our door. The loss of this State to .Mr. ( lay is attri- . billable to two distinct and independent causes, one of | which is chargeable to his friends in the city of New York, and the other to himself. In the spring of 1844 the "Native American Party,'" then composed of men from both parties, earned the city of New York. This was claimed with demoustiatious o! joy, by the Express, Jlmerican, Courier ,(? Enquirer, and Commercial %,-ldcertiser us a Whig triumph The scenes of intolerance, prose ription, rioting, See., which followed, not only stimulated locofoco adopted citizens to greater exertions against us, hut drove thousands of this class, who had been whigs, from our ranks. This miserable crusade cost us more than the .'>,000 majority against Mr. l lay in this State. And lor this, those who claim exclu sive devotion to him, are responsible. The patriotic, independent letter ot Mr. f lay, from Raleigh, N. C,, against the admission of Texas into the Union, made a perfectly safe issue for us in New Y'ork. The Abolition newspapers and the Liberty party leaders, eudeavoured to agitate against us, but the great body ot the Abolitionists, with a clearer and better view of tlicir duty, were going with the Whigs against Texas and ?Slavery. In an evil hour, Mr. < lay wrote a letter to Ala bama, saying that Slavery had nothing to do w ith the Texas question, and that personally he bad no objection to its annexation. That tutal letter sealed his fate, and deprived the country of a Whig President. The moment it was received, the issue and its aspects were changed Loco Kocos and Abolitionists, inspired witli confidence, redoubled their efforts. Our Chief, after the respective armies were in the field, had changed front. This lost us our vantage ground. But no man faltered. Kverv Whig, tho' his flint was drawn und his weapon dulled, fought it out with iudumitahle and unshriiiking courage and devotion. That ill-omened letter, to say nothing of the others equally ill-timed aud gratuitous, cost us more than the 6000 majority which I'olk fcreived jn this State. We present these facts reluctantly, and only in vindica tion of honest, faithful, never-flinching Whigs, whom malice and falsehood seek to hold responsible for a ca lamity produced by the two causes to which we have been forced to advert." Here is a sample of the feelings of bitterness and hostilito with which the leading sections of the an cient and venerable whig party assail each other. It will be recollected that this war among former sects and familiar friends broke out between the Courier nn<l Enquirer and the Tribune ; that it has been conducted for several months past by these two journals, until it has reached a point, beyond which advance was impracticable, without a libc suit to finish the campaign. The war is sustained between the leading whig journal in Albany and an other in this city; and in die midst of the controversy we are enabled to arrive at the real sentiments oj the whigs on the subject of their lamentable deteai of last year, and advance a step or two in the ex plication of the heretofore controverted and ab struse question, "who killed Cock Robin I" This important inquiry is now settled. The reply of Thurlow Weed, our venerable, amiable, pious, phi losophical und excellent contemporary at Albany, is most conclusive on that point. The cause lie assigns as having produced the defeat of Mr. Clay in the Ntate of New York, and consequently throughout the Union, seems nearer the fact than anything we have yet seen. Thurlow, for the first time, has the best of the argument, and sets forth truly what pro duced the fearful defeat of the whig parly last vear? and accomplished the utter destruction of the Ken tucky "Cock Robin " \ et there is no use in mourning over the death op Cock Robin; let them rather summon tbe seers, physicians, and collective wisdom of the party, and see if he cannot be revived. Why should they not endeavor to set him upon his pins again, and have another trial of strength w ith that audacious Mr. Polk, who, springing from obscurity, wielded the bow, nnd shot the fatal arrow at the whig favorite* We are fearful, however, that the wings, by their own difficulties, are going to destruction, und will soon linally disappear from the face of the earth.? All the recent events and present movements which are taking place uround us?all their leading jour nals at war among themselves?all their leading men at swords points, pulling and hauling in every direction?the absence ot every principle of cohesion or union among them, leads to the conclu sion that the tinaldisorganization ol the whig party is near at hand. One of their leading journals, that pink ol philosophers, the Tribune, is engaged in instructing all the lower classes ot society in the most ridiculous and dangerous principles,such as So cialism, Fourierism.Anti-rentism, O'Connelliam, and everyothertsm hut that of common sense. All these ap* p *ar to be taken by the hand by that journal, and to be elevated into the great movements ol the age and the sign of the progress of civilization among the masses. But not content with that, we see the Tri' bunt breaking ground in a new discussion, and en" deavoring by all sorts ol misrepresentation and per version of facts, to get the working classes of both sexes united against their employers. A most fear ful coincidence in the movement may be found in the events of 1829, when the working men were first united on similar principles,by that philosopher of the day, Tliontus Skidmore, the hem of whose gar ment, none is worthy to kiss save his successor, Ho race Greeley. The result of that movement, and the seeds thus sown, inuy be found in the present disor ganizing state of society,not only m our large cities, hut in the interior ol the State, among the steady | farming classes. These are only a few brief view# of the present j temper and condition of the whig jatrty in this city and throughout the State. Their disorganization and demoralization seem to be going on with strik ingrapidity. Their journals exhibit the most ultru and savage ferocity towards each other. They are car ried away by all sorts of opinions, and advocate doc trines adapted solely, it would apj>eur, to sow agita tion and discontent among the masses ot the whig party, or endeavoring to stimulate religious preju dices and narrow hatred ugailist particular classes of citizens on account of their birth. In fact, the agitation and demoralization carried on by the whitr journals and leaders of this State, present an aspect as disagreeable to our moral feelings as that pro duced on the bodily senses by the decomposition of the dead horses which have been killed by the heat of summer, and now float uji and down the North River?tilling the air with noxious elfluvia, and forcing every rational christian to put his finger to his nose and retain it in that position for hours.? Alas! for the glories of the ancient whig party. The Post Office Revenue.?According to the | statement published by the government journal at j Washington, it would appear that under the new law ! the revenue ot the Post Office Department is falling ort' from thirty to forty per cent. A great many i>er sons fear that this falling off will create a revulsion 111 the public mind, and lead to a repeal ol the law by the next Congress. We hope this will not be the case. It we take into consideration the services of the Post Office Department, we will be satisfied that they are suliicientlv remunerated, and that it will be able to support itself. It is probable that the amount of postage payable by government to the Department will be unequal to the deficiency already indicated by the returns. Under a former system, the govern ment had all its postages paid by the commercial and other interests of the country. But there was good reason it should be so. The postages required by he services of the government ought to be paid to the Department by an appropriation from the genera| treasury, thus making the tax more easily distribu. ted throughout the country. On this view of the progress of the new system, there is every reason to believe that it will be suc cessful, provided it have a fair chance. There are some points indeed, that require aii improvement, such us the re-payment of all. postages particularly. If this principle were introduced by the next Con gress into the post office department, it would in a short time be able to dispense with the subsidy now made to its finances. Cash in advance is the principle for such purposes as those contemplated by the po3t office. Coupled with this reform, some improvement might be made by reducing the com pensation to railroads and stage combes, and also | by discontinuing a conveyal of mails over difficult and out of the way routes. We trust the post otfice I department, under the new system, will be fairly tried, and that its results lor so far, will be justly and impartially laid before the next Congress. Agitation among the Working People.?We understand there is a very considerable agitation among the working people of both sexes throughout the city. This, excitement may be turned to politi cal uses during the present fall election. It has been, we understand, produced by a series of arti cles which have appeared in the Fourier organ, re presenting the working |?ople of all trades and occu pations, as ground down and oppressed by their em ployers, and attempting to show that the present tftate of society is radically wrong, and leading the minds of the working people to contemplate a redis tribution of property among the whole population in equal portions. In 18*29, Tom Skidmore started a similar agitation among those classes, and we are no tstire but philosopher Greeley may have fallen heir to the mantle of Skidmore, tor he shows himself his most apt disciple, and eminently intent on rais ing anew this agitation attempted by his predeces sor. Colored Convention at Syracuse.?A colored convention was held at Syracuse last week, lor the purpose of adopting measures to procure the f ree dom of voting at elections for the colored people oj this State, on] the same terms as it is enjoyed by the whites. By the jiresent constitution of New York, colored people are allowed to vote only when pos sessed of a projierty qualification to the amount ot two hundred and fifty dollars annually. The con vention complains bitterly of the restriction of the right of voting in their case, and have determined to remove it, it |>ossible, through the State conven tion, now before the people for confirmation. It ap|>ears, from what this convention sets forth, that there might be l"?,00i) colored voters in this .State, and that if they are qualified, by a removal of the present restrictions, they would be able to control the destinies of this State in all future elections. One Day Later from Havana ?By the ship Norma, which sailed on the 22d ultimo, we have pliers one day later from Havana. They contain, however, nothing of importance; we notice only that heavy showers had hegun to tall on the day of the de parture ot thai vessel?the first that had lallen in (Im part of the island tor the two and a hall months pre. vtous. These showers have, tt is said, quite re stored the ho|>es of the planters, which had well nigh been destroyed by the long protracted drought. Great hopes were entertained ihat they would ex tend to Canasi, Yutnuri uud Cumbre?the inhabi tants of which places suffered considerably from the want of water. j Travel to Furore.?Thirty-four passengers le ' Boston m the Hiberuia tor Liverpool, on IVlonda j In the face ol this, one of the Boston papers mei lions that the Great Britain sailed tin Saturday wn only fifty-five passengers?twenty-one more the went in the Hiherma And these fifty-five ai equal toa hundred, for had the public the fullest eon] dence in the monster steamer, she would have ca ried twice the number she did The fact that Ne York IS the great centre ol travellers in this part the globe, is not to be disguised. < ither cities inn necessarily be. tributary to tins. Naval.?The United States frigate Brandywine, Capt. Parker, from China via the Sandwich Island arrived at Rio Janeiro on the 20th July, and would sail lor the United .States on the 1st of September. I The sloop-of-war St. Louts, and brig Perry, were also at 11 io, and would leave for home about the ame time. The U. S. frigate Raritan, Capt. Gre. ,'ory, and brig Bambridpe, by the last aeeounts, were at Montevideo. Kxkmition Law.?A very important decision of the Supreme Court, in relation to the exemption, will be luund in another column Theatricals. P*rk Theater.?Last night Mr. and Mra. Kean woie again enthusiastically welcomed tiy an audience uu crowded as that of Monday. They sustuineil the char ters of Benedick an 1 Beatrice, in " Much Ado About Nc thing." Mra. Kean baa received auch general applause iu the latter character, as to have made it par txaallmc her own, and almost placed herself beyond the pale of criticism. We have not seen her in this character for six years past, nor can we say that the lupse of time has dimmed the coloring of the portraiture, or impaired the vigor of personation, liur first " encounter of wit" with Beticdick.full of the sportive levity and reckless volubi lity which, like the Hash of the sworJ, ever heralds an aim at some vulnerable part, was exquisitely modified by thatl jealous pride which guarded the passion she hared not avow. She particularly excelled iu the arbor scene where, overhearing the commentary upon her charac] ter. she is led to analyze her own heart, and finds it nur tures a passion she has endeavored to avert by pride, levity and indifference. The soliloquy commencing - " What fire is in mine ears Can this he true f staini i condemned for pride and scorn so much was given in that repentant aud solf-reproving tone, not more demanded by the wrong she has done hersolf in concealment, thaii the apathy with which slio has treat ed tier suitor. The sudden change the utter abandon ment of the gay and heartless coquette, for the woman of deep sensibility; and the discovery that her heart was capable of love, amid all that richness and buoyancy of nature which could unsettle it, were rendered with uu earnestness which vibrated like a deep and solemn chord, where all had been before light umi thoughtless The intensity of "Benedick I love on, 1 will requite thee !" bad the bachelor beard it, was sufficient to hide m liify him lor tho coldness and sarcasm which, so long, baa been his portion. Mr. Kean, in entering upon genteel comedy, lias nut only extended his sphere of versatility, but, we think, shows to peculiar advantage in this newly adopted walk, lie lias great sprightliness, and seemed to enter into the character < mi amine. His iron vows of celibacy weie recorded with a force which would render 'hem appa rently incapable of recantation, and his general avusion I from the ses, but particularly from his "evil genius," | was hit olf with admirable light tness and much sincerity. His gradual disentanglement from the misanthropic vows he hud imposed on himselt, and the dexterous sophistry whereby ho seeks to justify their sudden vio lation, w ere given with great effect: and wo have sel dom seen mote highly-finished by play than iu the scene where the bachelor is dying to avow the love, even tiemtding on his lip, yet is purtially restrained by the lidicule to which vacallutiou exposes liini, as well us the four of Bea'rice's pride aud petulance. We have seldom seen a comedy better cast, or more j ably tilled. If, in his own language, "comparisons be not odorous," we would particularize Mr. Buss, whose Dogberry was as good a picture of official consequence and vapouring inanity, "as any in Messina'' To-night, Mr. aud Mrs. Kean appear iu "Tho Strunger." I Bowefiv Theatre.?A very large audieuco filled again last night, this splendid theatre, to witness the second representation of Julius I'lesar and Robin Hood, and 110 performance ever drew, perhaps, from any audioncc, more enthusiastic applause tliau these two plays did last evening. 1'izarro ami the Jewess, two dramas of very great interest, will be acted this evening, to the delight ol all who feel interested in dramatic performances Those who have not seen these plays should call at the Bowery, where they will be produced with great accu. | racy, by artists who have hitherto exhibited greut talent, and who will not fail to do justice to the public and themselves on this occasion. ( asti.k Garden.?The weutiier was last night rather unfavorable to this place of amusement, and the audi. | euce was not such as the performance announced would have drawn had it been more propitious. Xotwithstaud. ing this drawback, and considering the circumstances, a tolerable number of the fashion were assembled there, and all expressed tiieir satisfaction at the skill displayed by the musicians during the peformance of the ditfereut ' overtures und airs which composed the performance ? The cosmoramas also attracted a great deal of notice and some inpaiticular drew the admiration of many who visited this place for the first time. Another musicul en tertainment will be given to-night. We call the atten tion of the public to it, as it is well worth their atten dance. Niblo's.?The opera of Les Huguenots (decidedly the best yet produced) is to be given again to-night. Calve and Aniaud wore highly successful on Monday?so much so, as to be called out twice during the evening. The whole piece is excellently well supported. Madame Ca sini, Messrs. Garry and Bernard aid materially its admi. rable tout ensemble. The music, though of a profound und sombre character, bus much sweet and delectable music ?the scenery and dresses arc conceived in the best pos" siblc taste, and the difficult music of the opera is mastered by the great leader, Prevost, with his usual professions [ | skill. The suloon will, doubtless, have another crowded | assemblage of the fashion and beauty of the city. Vavxhai.i. Garde*.?The struggles between North and j South are not alone confined to tlio turf. The votaries ol Terpsichore, also, are in doubt as to which section of the country shall bear off the palm, and, in order to settle the mutter, there is to tie a gruml match dance this evening at the above place ol entertainment. On the result, which is to be decided by competent judges, depends whether Mr. Miles or Mr. Trice, the rival dancers, are to ha entitled to the sum of four hundred dollars, which is the amount of the stakes. Previous to the dance, the Southern Band of Minstrels give one of thoir unique en tertainments. The Monstbocs IIvdbaboos.?This extraordinary piece of antedeluvian remains is exhibiting daily at the Apollo Rooms, -tin Broadway, and is daily visited by crowds of the curious ; ami it certainly is n sight that none should omit witnessing. A skeleton of one hundred aud fourteen feet in length, and seven thousand five hun dred pounds rn weight, certainly " takes the shine off" any thing of modern production. It only remains heiea short time, and those who intend visiting it ought not to delay. A New Move amono the Natives.?A company of young Thespians, some of whicli were members of the old " Forrest Dramatic Association," have taken Vauxhall Theatre, and are having it painted and fitted up in a handsome manner for the purpose of "spout ing," or, in other words, playing tragedy, comedy, and farce, among themselves. The cotnpuny now numbers | eighteen or twenty members, besides two ladies. From a school of this nature came Kdwin Forrest, J. It. Scott, Kirby, Jamison,Wheatley, youngWallack, and a number of other American actors. They open in about two weeks with the tragedy of the "Wife." Mr. Tempi.eton. -This eminent Knglish vocalist, is expected to arrive here on Saturday or Sunday by the Gieat Western. The fame which has for years attended this gentleman's performances, has long cxcitod a wish among our musical friends that he would visit this coun try, and now that he is so near our shores, they are all on the qui rire. Mr. T.'s voice is n clear, high-toned, per fect tenore, combining with it an extraordinary falsetto, , which he uses with great effect and judgment. For the . last three years he has visited the principal cities of I (,rc.it Britain and Ireland, with a success unequalled, f where lie gave a series of conceits and lectures, inter- | spersedwith the melodies ot Scotland, and Ireland,which ' lioni their great novelty aud combining uintisemeiit with instruction, became more popular among all classes, than any solo performances ever before attempted. The peculiar qualities of his voice arp heard to great advan tage in the beautiful ballads of Scotland bis native land?and Ireland, as well as in the gay, bold, dashing music of some of the Knglish and Italian operas, in whirh we are told he altogether discards ear singing, but " takes the heart by storm.'' He will get a right hearty welcome. Mr Rice, the I'ianist ol < hai lestown, is now fulfilling an engagement at the Maelzel's Saloon, Boston. The Picture Gallery of the Boston Museum opened last night lor Vaudeville performances Miss Julia Drake took a benefit last night as the Wash ington Theatre, Boston. 1 here appears to tie some difficulty between the mana gers of the I1 loatingl heatre and the Printers of Rondout* New Vork. The Misses Bramson gave a concert last night, and will give another this evening at the 1'nion Hall. Hart ford. Mile Fanny, tiie only living Orang-Outang in this country, is to he exhibited this week at the Albany Museum. The Iowa Indians commenced their exhibitions last night, at the Rockaway House, Boston. The Orphean Family discoursed sweet music at Gene- | va. on Friday night. They intend to go to Rochester shortly. HATiiRR Nettled.?We cut the following from ? Philadelphia paper of yesterday. It will he seen that the Philadelpliians are rather nettled at our superior enterprise. We understand that our city ico bout leaves for New Vork on Thursday next, to undergo repairs in one of the dry docks there. She is receiving fuel, ami otherwise for her trip. It is humiliating to tho me'ha preparing lor her trip. It i nirs of Philadelphia, that whenever a vessel wants to go into a dry dock, she is obliged to be sent to New Votk. < aiinot stock enough he raised here to build n dry dock ' Akrivai, op run Massaciu -setts.?Thin new steam ship arrived yesterday Irom Poston. Her | average sjieed under steam was, we understand, eight miles an hour. JSlie [wta.-cd the Great Britain. Steam Ship Great Britain.?This packet was seen off Montauk at mam on the .'list ult , twenty hours out. This is rather slow "regress. EbEc.Tto.Nijr Vermont ?The et ctiiin lor State olliccrs hi this State took place yesterday. Bpsixksx of Bavjoi; The Shi/ijiintf tAni < port ot Bangor contains the names ol sixty vr mostly schooners, which anived there on Frido; and several on the following dav. Of those which ed on Friday, Ul were Irom B ton, 7 from Mule Newhuryport, several from other ports in Mnssacle two from New Voik, and one from Philadelphia. Not mm: Firn-i Todd, sentenced in Ibiupl county under the new Seduction l,aw was not Die fit A man named Morrow was convicted at the March te in Schuylkill county and sentenced to two years i prisoriment. I'UUa. (Jax., Sept, J. City Intelligence. Militant?The Wright Guards paraded yesterday morning. and were going on a target bring excursion. Nirnr AaraiCiN Ward Meetings ? On Monday eve ning the whig* held their ward meetiaga, and last eve ning the nitive Ainericani held theiri, in aeveral wards. The latter were not very fully attended, hut there were many ajaeehea,w hich partook largely oftho " Hope, the Irish and the Dutch." The nnmhera which the natives mutter, are ao many Muck murks against the whiga ; and between the tw o, the democrats will undoubtedly curry nil before them. NewCar.?A handsome new car \vu* exhibited yester day morning opposite the l'ark. It is one of the lino that runs from City Hall to '27th street. (IkosS OlTRAGE aid False Imprisonment.?A most flagrant and inexcusable outrage was committed on Sun lav last, in the State of New Jersey, upon two respecta bly n, who were on u visit to Trou ble residents of Brooklyn ton Kails and its neighborhood. It appears that on the Friday night previous, the store oi Messrs. ilend riokson is Combs, at Trenton Kails, Monmouth to., hail been burglariously entered, and robbed of wool len cloths, dry goods, hardware, kc. The inha bitants of the place were, of course, "all in arms" for the detection und arrest of the offenders, aud ra ther than he disappointed in making a capture, they very sagaciously determined to take into custody the two geutiemeu above alluded to, viz Messrs. Mariott Mc Kinney and I'atrick il. Monughau. Although these strangers protested that they were transient visitors, on a pleasure excursion; and notwithstanding that | they ottered to satisfy their sapient and inveterate accusals, by all reasonable proofs, of the mistake which the latter had made," they, und their trunk, weia ordered to he searched, and their persons were subjected to the most unjustifiable anil unbecoming in dignities. Their vulises w ere broken opon ; their bag gage was rummaged over ; they were escorted, in the custody ofulticurs and by a rabble body guard, to Kuton Town, (a distance of three miles from the original place ol arrest;) and had it not been lor the accidental presence of Mr. Bowyer, of the New York 1'olice, (whose shrewd ness aud discrimution in such matters, are well known,) they would inevitably have been consigned to a common Jail, us felons. Not before their innocence and respeetuhi lily were made completely manifest, were they permitted to depart, aud then only under conditional circumstances, of, to them, an insulting and degrading character. Great indignation has been excited by this occurrence, among the relatives aud l'rionds of Messrs. Mohughau ami Mc Kinney?in Brooklyn and elsewhere?and, no doubt, the trespassers upon their liberty, will he called to an swer for their luck of judgment, their rashness, and their temerity. Mi'sical Lectures.?We learn that Messrs. Warner, Hill, and Hedges, gentlemen of high professional ability in their respective departments, will give a course of lectures and lessons to primary musical teachers, ladies, X.C., in October next. The defective maimer in which the elementary'priiiciples of the musical art have usually

been taught, has often led us to wish that something might be done to improve the qualifications of teachers , and though a mere ten days course of lectures is quite inadequate to the purpose, still we are glad to see even one important step taken, aud hope that this may be fol lowed by others, until the object is fully achieved. We find that Messrs. Hodges and llill are not, as was stated in yesterday 'spatter, connected with Mr. Hastings in the above course of lectures ; but that tlieir associate in this case is Mr. J. K. Warner, the well known translator of Weber's Theory, See., and that while their course of lectures holds no connection whatever with the "Choral Union its only relationship to the American Musical Convention is such merely as arises from its occurring at the same time. (iooo.?The man whom the Mayor bus stationed in Chatham street, bearing the banner on which is painted in large capitals, " Bewaro of Mock Auctions"?walks up and down by these establishments with a most deter mined look. Two of the Kunks have given it up tor a bud job, und closed their shops?and probably the others will soon become tired und iollow their exumple, as bu siness is particularly dull. Now if our worthy Mayor will puisne the same course with the genteel swindling shops on Broadway, our country cousins will be under eternal obligations to him. Will Saltpetre Explode??This question is now n prominent one in the catechism?hut unlike the other questions.thore set down, it lacks an answer. " Will salt petre explode?'' We don't know. A committee was appointed by the Common Council to decide the ques tion. But after nearly two months, we are as much as ever in the dark. Why do we not have the report? Se veral pounds of mustard seed, sugar, cofi'ee, and snltpe tro. were set on fire at Mottville, and a barrel head was blown out, for the purpose ol trying the experiment. Will saltpetre explode? What say you, gentlemen? Yes, or no ? Will Salpetre Explode??Mr. C. F. Durant, of No. '21 Wall street, has sent to the Mayor a communication in answer to this questioa, a copy of which we have be fore us. It is rather elaborate, occupying six pages.? Tbe ground taken by Mr. Durant is, that saltpetre will explode whon united with carbonaceous matter, and that it was saltpetre which caused the explosion in Crocker in Warren's store. Mr. Durant does not treat the sub ject theoretically, hut practically. He has had many op-1 portunities for testing the explosive nower of saltpetre. Jle refers to the blowing up of the snip Harold, in 1839, and says it was similar to the explosion in Crocker Ik Warren's. "In both cases," he says, "the carbonaceous matter ignited the saltpetre, and the inevitable results were explosions, xvith detonations proportioned to the strength of confinement." Mr. Durant oliers to prove by experiment, at his own expense, the same results witli the same matter. He thinks that R? lac is a highlyin flammable substance, that it nnswers the place of sul phur, and converted the saltpetre into gunpowder. On the whole, the communication is one of great interest, and displays a great deal of practical knowledge. I.i fact, anything now-a-days is of interest that throw s any light upon this vexed question?"Will saltpetre ex plode ?" Bad Taste.?Some of the eating houses on Nassau street have everyday before their doors two or three] huge turtles lying on their backs,anil gasping for breath. A label is placed upon them stating the hour at which they will be " served up" at so much per bowl or steak. If these are placed here for the purpo* e of tempting epi cures to partake ol them when cooked' we shoultl think ] they would fail to produce that end. Such an exhibition is in very bad taste, and wc think the gentlemanly pro prietors of these establishments would advance tneir | own interests by discontinuing it. That Pavement.?We don't know of a greater street nuisance than the wooden pavement at the corner Wall ami Nassau streets. A lew months since it was newly laid, and now it is all allout in mud and water. A pair of stilts w ould be quite serviceable in cro.-sing there, and wu would recommend, if this system of paving be con tinued, that a depot be established at the corner, where these could be procured by pedestrians. Will the au thorities see that Nassau, above Wall street is paved ? ui:d will they see that it is paved with something more durable than pine wood. Board or Supervisors, Sept. 'J.?Cute of Dr. Reetts? I This Board met last evening. A few petitions asking relief from orroueous taxation were received and referred, when the case of Dr. Reese, which stood adjourned, was resumed The Defence.?Mr. Chardevonk, School Commissioner of the Fourth Ward, was the only witness examined, llis testimony was favorable to the coutse pursued by Dr. Reese, in the discharge of his official duties as ( oun- j ty Superintendent. Mr. C. w as the first witness exam ined for the defence. The case will bo resumed this afternoon at 4 o'clock. Coroner's Oekice, Sept. '2.?Jtcciilental Drowning. The Coroner held an inquest at No. M'2 West street, on the body of a boy ua ied Charles Cooper, aged 5 years, who was taken out ol the dock nearly opposito, having, as it is supposed, fallen overboard froin the schooner Ac commodation, ot which vessel the father of the deceased is captain. Verdict, accidentally drowed. Death luj Delirium Tremens.?The Coroner held an in quest this afternoon at'he Aims House, on the body ol a man named Pierre Keglier, a native ot Canada, aged ?2!' years, w ho was this morning lounil dead in his eell in the'fity Prison, having been attested on Saturday last lor some minor offence. The jury, in rendering their verdict, that the deceased came to his death by delirium tremens, took oceasiou to state, that in ttirir opinion, there should lie special provision made at the City Piison for the care of persons brought into said prison in a state of intoxication, or laboring under its efleets. -Inothrr Case, of Drowning.?Tho Coroner, also held ! an inquest upon the body of Captain Thomas Morris, master of sloop Hercules, lying at the foot ol Liberty street, who tell overboard last night about 10 o'clock,, ami was drowned before assistance could be rendereii. He appeared to be about .>0 years old. Ills place ot na tivity could not be ascertained. Los* ok tiie Steamship Ha nook.?We learn Irom the Huston Conner of yesterday, that the iron steam er Bangor has been destroyed By lire. It is stated that site was burnt to the water's od^e. We do not see how that could lie, us ihe 15. was built of iron. Castiihk, Sunday, Aug. 31, !> o'clock, P. M. \t twenty minutes past three, this P. M . the steam propeller Itangor, front llostuu, hove in sin-lit. At a .jur.iter to four o'clock sho wan noticed to hear away, and in ten minutes smoke and flames were seen (by the glass) to issue Irom her Ah quick us linhtninn she sped tier way to bong Island (Islesborob ami put into Pendle ton's I lather The smoke w as rising from her as long as could ho seen, and alter dark the light was visible. \I the tlrat notice, l.iout. Koss, with his usual promptness, hail the revenue lioat Veto under way, u ith hii extra crow, and Dr. Brelgliam, the collector, on hoaid Also, ( apt. Bakeniun. ol schooner Pembroke, and a number o( boats, stalled foi the scene of disaster. In about one hour's time Irom starting, the vessels weio anchored in the harbor w here the steamer lay. |Ten o'clock The Veto has just arrivod Irom the island, and the llungor is burnt to the water's edge \ number ol passengers came up in the Veto, and mole 011 hoaid the Pembroke, on the way. ( apt. Parker and olli cers remained by the boat The fire was discovered in the fire-room, and caught at the bulk head, near the end of the boiler. After the discoveiy ol the fire, she was run on shore--crew and passengers all saved, with most ot the baggage ; freight a total loss The boat was full of a valuable cargo, lor ibuigor, Castine. Sac Kvery body onboard deserve credit for their coolnoss on the occasion, Indies and ail As to insurant e, it is not now understood here. Mr. Jerome, ol the expie-a, is on hoard the Pembroke, not yet arrived. There weic thir ty-four passengers on board. boss about j.'>0,000 no insurance. AiiRivAbs krom the Orkoii* ?'The Inez, Irom the Sandwich Inland*,arrived at New Bedford on Sunday. Among the passeligors in this ship were Doctor I. b. Habcock, lady and two children, and the ilev. II. VV Peikhrs. lady and lour children, recently mcmheis of ttie Matliodist Kpisconal mission at Oregon. We men tioned in 11 paragraph published laid week, that H city riivcrnment had been organized in the Wallamette Val ley, Oregon. The lir?t Mayor chosen is Mr, Oeorge Ahoiliethj. iormely of this city, who went ont in the capacity of mission steward to the Methodist mission in that country. Mr. A. is very favorably spoken of by i apt. Wilkes in in . oai rative ol the exploring expedition, recently published We perceive by our late advices fiotn the Sandwich Islands, that the ' iti/ens ol Oregon are anxiously wait ing for the printing establishment which was sent out to them in the Toulon. This ves-el arrived at rnllno on the 1'ith of tunc rind win to depart in a lew d"ys for the "andwich Islands and I alnmlda Itiver Mr. Abernethy, at this time, is probably acting in the double ennfeity of Muyor ol Oregon, and editor of the Star of the Waat. Brooklyn City Intelligence. The Watch Dkpabtmant.?We venture to assert that there i? no city iu the United States, with so large a po pulation as Brooklyn, that has so ineugre and inefficient a watch. To this fact may tie chiefly attributed the fre quent burglaries that have lately been committed, and the almost absolute impunity with which thoso felons es cape, whose depredations are nocturnal. At no one time are there more than twenty watchmen on duty, iu a city ot now vast extent, and containing upwards of sixty thousand inhabitants, and even these EVe very inade quately paid for the labor which they have to undergo, and the long and tiresome beats it is their duty to travel. But the new I'olico project of Mayor Tallmadge will, if curried into effect, make matters still worse, as he pro poses a compensation to watchmen, not exceeding two and a half dollars per week, a sum which no respectable or honest man would accept for the performance of the often arduous and unpleasant duties connected with this department of the municipal government. There can be no doubt a radical change is needed i*4he police regula tions of Brooklyn, but not such chuafee as this. Greediness r-oH Office.?In relation to the vacancies which will shortly occur on the Bunch of the Municipul Court, by the expiration of the respective terms of the present incumbents, there are, it is said, not less than thirty persons who have patriotically ottered to take upon themselves the heavy responsibilities of the stutions now idled by Messrs. Downing, Garrison Hiid Church. Among tlie*e commenduhly disinterested individuals are three or four gentlemen, at present holding lucrative olHccs under the Common Council, and who, like Oliver Twist, still " cry for more." Manners ano Botciieu's Shops.?Great complaints are made by many residents of Brooklyn, espucially those ol the sixth word, that they have 110 markets hear them to supply their ordinary wants, and that they are com pelled to purchase their meat at the shops of butchers, who have to pay heavy rents for their premises mid ex orbitant sums for their iiceeses, and who consequently, iu the majority of instances, are under the necessity ol charging higher than the usual market prices. It is u still greater objection, that several of the individuals engaged in this business have no practical knowledge of it, aud have to dopeud upon those lroin whom they buy us to the whoiesomeuesK and quulity of their meats. Gasihi.ino.?We wore informed last evening that a young tnan, residing in tlio fourtli ward, the son of a highly esteemed citr/.cn of Brooklyn, hud attempted to commit stucido by hanging himself in consequence, it is said, of hoary losses sustained by him iu lottery and faro speculations in New Vork. lie was discovered by one ot the servants in time to save his life. Accident.?A youth, residing opposite Mr. John Teas dale's tuvern, in Bu>rtiiu street, near Fulton, was very seriously, if not latally, injured on Sunday last, hy acci dentally falling from u second story window of the house iu which he lived. Resinnr.u.?Messrs. Folliard and Kcnisen, whoso uti iortuiiHto inattention to their duties, a few days since, ob tained lor tlieui an unenviable notoriety, sent to the Common Council their resignation us watchmen, on Monday evening. Police Items.?Officer Sweet, ol Providence, It. I., came to Brooklyn yesterday, with a requisition upon the Governor of tins State, for the surrender of Mary Gray , the female implicated with her husband, (who lias lied) in u constructive larceny, the particulars of which have been published. The accused readily cousonted to return with theolticerto Providence, and thus Naved both expense and delay. The compluinant was Mr. John A. Little field, of Providence, aud tho unfortunate " trea sure trove," occurred at the corner of Clifford and Eddy streets, iu that city. Warrants were yesterday isstiod against Thomas ? ox, for an assault and buttery upon Mary Uoscncrast ; and, against Barney I.ynch, ior an alleged misdemeanor, on the complaint ol Klouzor Smith?all of Brooklyn. James Kelly, who only arrived in tiiis country on Cas tor Sunday last, was yesterday moriiing examined on u charge ol attempting to puss a spurious F^Oiiili of Tenth Ward Bank, in payment for a glass of liquor, at Hat field's tavern, in the eighth ward. A spurious $10 bill ol Commercial Bank of Columbus, Miss., was also found upon him. He was committed lor trial. John Lewis was yesterday morning arrested on a charge of breaking open a trunk, lie longing to a young man named Charles Vine, on board the brig Aldrich, (lying at Thompson's dock.) and stealing thorelrom an overcoat, aud sundry other articles of clothing. Com mitted for examination. Poller Intelligence. Sm't. '2.? Second District Police Court.?There ap pears to he considerable neglect on the part of the su perintendent of repairs, Sic., in completing the proposed alterations at Jefferson market, for the accommodation of Justice lloome, and his efficient clerk, Mr. Mountfort, who are at present obliged to transact their business at tho head quarters of the Ninth Ward Police,where many important papers are necessarily thrown on the tloor and left exposed for want of proper places to put them in.? The painters employed to put on the finishing touches to tho new building, left their work on Saturday at an early hour, since which time, up to last evening, nothing had been seen of them. Surely, under the before mentioned circumstances, the work ought to be prosecuted and completed with the utmost dispatch. Residents of the 8th, 9th, 12th, 15th, and 10th wards, having business with the police magistrates, are remind ed that Justice Koome is located for the present at the head quarters of the 9th ward police, Jetterson market, where complaints and applications for warrants, &c., must be made. Stealing from a H'ashtnh.?A feinalo named Caroline McKmney was culled to account this morning lor in creasing her stock of linen, &e., from a tub on the premi ses ot No. 1 II Grand street. Caroline stands a chance of being provided for at public expense. Pickpocket Caught.?A fellow named (leorgc Johnson was arrested last night on a charge of attempting to pick the pocket of John O'Neil. .! Threat.?A woman named Williams, hailing from No. 28 Broome street, was arrested last night for threat ening to commit uii arson. Insulting females.?John Mulligan was arrested and held to answer fur insulting u female in the streets. Rubbed in the Street by a \Voman.?As a little girl was passing along Stanton street yesterday, with a bandbox containing Uve Tuscan bonnets, the property of Mrs. Walter, No. 4til Pearl street, she was accosted by u woman, who seized the box and ran off with it. .dttempt to Pass Spurious Hills. ? A woman named Maria Mullen was arrested last night, charged witli having attempted to pass a spurious lmnk bill to Kdwaid Stuettnor, of 195 Walker street. .Grand Larceny.?Mr. Klhridge O. Katon, a passenger on board the new steamship Massachusetts, while asleep last night, had his watch, worth about $1)5, stolen. This afternoon, officer Gilbert K. llays proceeded to the vessel and arrested a fireman, named Jeremiah Simonson, on suspicion of having stolen the property, and, on search ing him, the watcli was found in his possession. Ilo was taken to the Lower Police, and committed to answer for tho offence. Theft of a Coal.?A man named James Thornton was arrested this afternoon, charged with stealing a dress coat worth $18, belonging to .Myers Leistrcntrcat, of No. 51 Orange street. Charge fwith Grand Larceny.?A few months ago, 19 pairs ol gold spectacles and a gold eye glass, were stolen from the store of Mr. Wise, No. 457 Broadway, and the thief or thieves eluded the vigilance of the police until Hr.ero Leonard and Whikehnrt, two this evening, whon offici gentlemen attached to the office of the Chief, arrested a man named I'eter O'Connor, while endeavoring to sell u pair of the stolen spectacles, they being the second pair that he had offered for sale. On being arrested, he stated that he obtained them from a man named Thomas Durniti, w ho keeps a store in Orange street. The before named officers proceeded to arrest Durnin, whom they also took to the Lower Police, where ho was detained to an swer. il^ovruicnts of Travellers* \ esterday's Hotel registries exhibited but u very dis proportionate catalogue ol arrivals, compared with'thoso wc have been accustomed to record The following is a compendium. At tho Awkmhas.? F. Burton, Georgia} J. Day, Florida; J. M. Goldsbury, U. s. N.; If. Walker, Tenn.; 11. Chaffin, Charleston; H. A. < Juvelan l, South Carolina; J. B Bor dontown, L B. Mi/nor, Detroit; W. II. Hawkins, Kali Itiver; N. Darlie, ditto; I W. Bruce, Baltimore; W. Coleman, Philadelphia; W. K. Clarke, Mobile; Thomas Mumtooi, Schenectady; II. S. Spencer, Utica. AsToit?-J. Itohenhaugh, Darlcn; J. II Holmes, Phila delphia; Mr. Dwight. do; ( apt. Darling.Fort Jessup; Dr Moriarty, Boston; II. Briggs, do; W. S. Anderson, do; K. Wethereil, Baltimore; Mr. Beck, Burlington; W. II. Ba con, Boston; W. Knox, \lhany; W. Cropen, P. Kelly, s C.; Mr. Itohoits. New Orleans; W. Mcl.ain, Washington L'itj ; J. Shepherd, Boston; J. Cooke, Augusta, Geo; R. O'Kelly, Baltimore; Ed. Lambert, Philadelphia; C. ('. Hazzani, Mobile. Cirv -Cnpt. Gardner, Philadelphia; J, M. Hart, Mo bile; J. Hart, Maryland; J. W. Reeton, Philadelphia; ( apt. Palmer, ship Southerner; K.. V. Doenby, Hartford; I. II < Immplin, Philadelphia; I). Daggett, Washington: J. C. Ryan, Mobile; Noah Walker, Baltimore. Kraxri.ix W. Montgomery, Cono.; Mr. Whcelock Totnpkinr Co; Mr. Staples. Washington; J. Holmes. Buffalo; W. Freeman, Mobile; J. Ingersoll, Boston; Geo dockland, Anne Arbor. T. Wilson, Michigan; D. M. Peck, B.C.; H. Ila/.znrd, Va; T. P. Williams, Geo. Gi.ohk col Biimford, Washington; Mr.Coleman. Ct.; K. Mathews, N. C.; K.J. Priugle, Charleston; W. I.ard ner, Philadelphiii. I Iowa no?P. D. Will jams, Troy; J. Andrews, do; K.Ga biglier, do; I Vim Wagoner, N J.; P. K. Brewster, Erig land, J. J. Coles, Mass.; R, Taylor, ( t ; ?. French, Bos ton; J. T. Thompson, Ky ; C Brett, Baltimore; W Mc Dowell, B? H.; S. Peters, Baltimore, J. Fisher, Philadel phia; Mr, Hutledge, s. c.; Geo. Patterson, WestAeld; Messrs. Gardner, I'.nker, Barstow, Boston; J. E. Kankii Ky; M. Dayton, Boston. IIoutk to Orwion and Camfoknta.?The Ureal South Pans in the liockv jMonntHiriH, on the road to Oregon, is in north latitude 4*J" 17, .14, Hint in longitude ?ti? U7, 60, west trorn Washington, or I<?>??, ^7 .>0 wont of Greenwich, heing directly opposite the doiiiinioni of the Tartar princes of Northern I'.urope. The climate i? not much inilder than in the name poititioii in the Kastern llemiiiphere. tin tlie toth of August at nun rise, t'apt. Fremont's thermometer indi cated d.'l" (Fahrenheit ; ) water froze in hit ramp during the night, and fires were necessary for comfort, the iniiiiiiit of the Great Pass, near which ho encamped, he ing re i en thousand feet above the level of the sea. The isrent on either aide of the Pass i? no gradual a? to he dmost imporceptililc The route offers great facilities lor the count ruction of a railroad, and the time i* not far Ii?t?nt when tlio spices, tear, and silk* ol A*ia and India will come to the Atlantic States hv thin route Speaking of tliis remarkable Pass, Captain Fremont *a>*: " It In no manner resembles the place* to which the term is commonly applied- nothing ot the gorge like eharaetei and winding ascentsot the Allegheny passes in Aniorica. nothing of the great St. Bernard and Hiinplon passes in Kurope .Approaching it from the mouth id the Sweet Water.a sandy plain one hundred and twentymile* long, conducts, by a gradual and regular ascent, to ttie Sum mit. about seven thousand feet above the sea ; and the traveller, without being reminded of any change of toil some ascents, suddenly find* himself on the waters which flow to the Pacific Ocean. I was agreeably dis appointed in tho character of the streams o? this (west) side of the ridge. Instead ol the creeks, which description had led me to expect, I find tail I lirond streams, with three or four feet water, with n rapid current. The fork on which we are encamped is upwnrds of a hundred Irrt wide, timbered with giovas ami thickets ol the low w il low." It appears that the navigable streams Sowing into the Atlnntie almost join similar rivers Sowing Into the I'aciAc, the portage hoing leas than two hundred milot. Mookkm, Clinton Co , Aug. 15,1345. Canada?Province I Lint?Curiotu 'Rtrait f?North Eastern Boundary?Northern llaihoad?Travel ling on Ijnkr Cliumplain. The readere ol your paper who arc to constantly greeted with your corresiamdence Irom cities and fashionable watering places, may be surprised at a letter from so remote and unknown a place us this. But its proximity to Canada (being bounded on the north by Canada,) give us an opportunity of noticing many things which can be known no where else, and which may be read with interest by those who wish to learn the history of the times. No river or lake, or other natural division, sejair ates, at this place, the inhabitants of the United States from the subjects of her Majesty iu Canada. A mere line, like the boundary of a farm, divides the citizens of our great and glorious country from those Irom whom fealty is offered to the lords and homage to the sovereigns of England. At a place like this, when the transition from one place to another requires but a moment, we can murk the ditlerence of the people of the two countries under almost the same circumstance of soil and climate.? It seems to me that such a view is full of interest to him who wishes to trace the relation between the thrift, enterprise and social condition of a people and the government under which they have for any length of time existed. What are some of the dis tinctive characteristics ol our people and their con dition compared with those of Canada 1 On the one side are wealth, enterprise and general intelli gence?on the other, poverty, dullness of business, and almost universal ignorance. On one side, tieo ple have, by the constitution, allediul titles to their real estate?on the other, vast seigniories arc par celled out to tenants who hold them by the huagr tenuri. Here school houses and district libraries afford education to every man and child?there the want of schools is keeping the masses in intellectual bondage ; here the ingenuity of our people is iiiani lesting itself in contrivances to lessen labor and to improve the social condition?there the "stereo typed dullness" of the people |iermitsthem to plod on with the same implements ol agriculture and in the same modes of living that their ancestors have used be!ore them. Canada was settled by the French, under Cham plaiu, about twelve yeurs before the Puritans landed at Plymouth Its colonization was carried on by them until the English, under Gen. Wolfe, gamed possession in 17K3. Since the latter date it has be longed to Great Britain. The valley of the St. Law rence has a tine soil for agriculture, and Canada West has a climate like our own State. She has ample water power, superior advantages for com merce tlirou h the St. Lawrence and the upper lakes, and yet over this whole country is spread the blight of poverty, ignorance and social degeneration. And to what is tliis chargable 1 To the influence of tile Papal religion as is mentioned by some? Maryland was settled by Catholics, under a Catho lic proprietary. It is said that the French were never successful colonists; but was not South Car olina settled by the Huguenots ! The fact is, the condition of Canada is not entirely owing to Catho lic influence, or its French origin, but to the sy triu ol coloiuzution which checks the enterprise?pros trates the energy of the people, und makes thein slaves. The Commissioners for the Boundary Survey have recently completed the work in this vicinity. A span of one rod on each side of the line is cleared of timber, and at the distance cf a mile or two, iron monuments are erected. These htc about four inches thick, and are exposed to view above the ground, about four feet. They are, 1 am told, lixcd into the end of a cedar shall, which is deeply placed in the ground. (>n the south side of the monument are in ruised letters "Albert Smith, U. S. Cornr."; on the north, "Lt. L. B. B. Estcouit, II. B. M. Comr.and on the other sides, "Treaty of Wash ington,'' "Boundary, Aug. 9th. 1842." Such is the line which bounds the "Area of Free dom" on the north-eastern part of the United States. May the fidelity of our government, and the patriot ism of the people never let it lie south of 54 degrees 10 min. on the north-west. Since my last, from Pittsburgh, of the 22nd ult , I have seen one of the Commissioners of the North ern Railroad, who speaks with confidence of the linal completion of this work. Nearly two hundred thousand dollars has already been subscribed in the county of St. Lawrence, and about twenty thousand was taken at Pittsburgh, on the first day of own ing the books. Capital is wanted, however, beyo: d the means of this country, and the people of Boston hp* looked to, to take up the greatest portion ol the stock. J would, in common with a large proportion of the travelling community, bespeak a favorable word for the steamboat "JSultus," which plies through Lake Charnplain, in opposition to the boats of ti.e old company, who have, during time immemorial, "bled" the travelling community with enormously high fare. She is a line boat, of good speed, an<1 has a fine commander. The dd company are trying hurd to run her oil, bul she should, and must be sustained. KAIal* f-WSIIION? FOR UKNTI.KM F. N' S HATS. Introduced on tlio :#?li nit., by fit LEAKY St CO., I Astor House. I"'l lie Cutlery?rum {trial n;; over '4<KI different patterns?of tlie m.ieul'iituii' of .1 Rodger* St Sons, Wnsten holm, Orooke St Co . with a complete variety ol Scissors, Hoot and (iliter Hooka, Tweezers, Nail Nippers. Ste.. belonging to the toilet, for isle by 4?. SAUNDERS, 177 Bretdw iy. Portable Miuvliijf Cnura, of the iitout com pact form. containing all that u requisite for the toilet, iiiclud lug the Metalic Tablet, Strop, for sharpening anil keeping razors in the most perfect order, by u. saunuers, 177 Brmuiuiy. Dyspepsia.?Tikis (llstn ssiii'; s-ompluliit In ? weakness of the digestive organs, and, like every other dim a., is rinsed by impurity of the blood. The g istrte juice or thud peculiar to the stomach, when secreted from ImiI blood, is ileb I iuut in those wonderful solvent properties which are of surli vit d iin|a>rt"iice to diuestion. Conscqueiitlv the food, instead of heiiiK speedily dis'ojved, oflen becomes absolutely ipoiled or ptitrifi-d 111 the stomach ; hence b id breath, sour belching, r.ostiveuess. pains in the stomach, cholic, dysentery, cud ra morbus, and oilier dreadful complaints. WuitMir's I % 111 a s Vkuktahi.k I'll i s are a certain cure for Dvspep-11, because they clean e the stomach and bowels front all b.lious Immort, ami purify tlm tiiood Konror live of said I' lis taken at night on going to lied, will in all cases give some relief, and if continued fir ? short 1 me, wdl not only make a perfect cure of Dyspepsia, hut will nssuredlv drive pain or dis tress of every deacription f oin the body. Caption?As mauy II i principled personi are industriously engaged in selling coon terleit I'llls, the public should be eatreinely careful to puiclisae from none except advertised agents, pcrsoua of kiiowii integrity, or at the ortice and general depot, 298 (ireenwirh atreet, New Y'ork. N. B ?In all cases tie particular to ask for genuine Wright's Indian Vegetable Pills. Unite A Coatar, Mat tern, No. 15(1 ilrondwny, New Vork. Fashion rou Fall, 181.1. Crown?7 inches logo, bell, !i Ifi yeoman, 'a curve. Tip?Moral. Brim?2'? inches wide. Curl?Small and round, rather lul ler at sides, meeting at front and rear with a very line turn ? Set?Slightly rolled at aides, and the under part of the lirim 3 Ifi sloped, and I inch curved. Bind?IMOineh wide, heavy rilih'd, with Imckle. Binding?II-Ifi inch wide,fine rilih'd. I 'ifi Broadway, Aligns! 26, 1845. N. B.?The fashions for Youths' and Children's H its and l aps will he introduced Sept. 15, 1845. n30 #t MONEY MARKET. Tuesday, Dept. !4?B P.M. The sales of stocks to-day were quite large, hut quota tions for many ol the luncies were below those ruling yesterday. Bending Railroad declined J per cent ; Illi nois [ ; I.oi g Island J ; < anton -} ; Morris Canal, Pennsyl vania o'a, and Mohawk closed firm at yesterday's prices. Norwich and Worcester went up J per cent; Ohio d's J i Harlem 11 The corporators ol the Atlantic and St. I.awronce Rail Road, to lend from Portland to Montreal, have given notice that the amount of capital stock required to he taken before the organization of the I orporation. (f 1.4100,000) is subscribed, and liavo called a meeting of the subscribers, to bo held in Portland on the loth inst., for the purpose ol organising, by tho choice of directors, ami adopting such other measures as are necessary.? The subscription is the result of the lesolute etforls of the friends of the enterprise, and the public spirit of the citizens of Portland. During tho si* weeks qndiug l.Mh August, the Troy and (Jreenbttsh Railroad has carried 114,334 passengers, being an average of about ft50 por day. The trade on the Troy and Schenectady Railroad has this year in creased, during the month of July, forty percent over tune. The revenue from customs, received at this port, up t? the 1st of September, for the years HI3, 1811 and 1815, ha* been as nnbesed Hr.vr.Ni i; from Ui'stoms?Post or Nrw York 1813. 1814. 1845 January 5t8,0lfi 1,870,615 1,677,961 mbrusry 407,81ft 2,l01,|nn 1,317,1'* March 636,596 I,691.860 1,571,68" Moil 1,833 263 1,80(1,626 I 514.**> yi y 043,256 1,861,874 1,'.80 38J Iiiiih 6112 li:rr 1.000,361 1 .71'0(1 b'ly 1,31.5,180 2 181,050 I.CM.791 MlgllSt 1,171,1,08 3,138.951 i 7.,1.771 Total for eight months. $7,072,292 $16,772,170 $13,181,8'" There Iihs been a foiling oil this year, compared wPh last, ol *3,5101,11.1, equal to about seventeen percent. R appear* that the revenue at this port alone has lallen off in eight mouths more than three and-a-half millions ?f dollar*. We have no return* fiom other poits very full hill those received show a decrease this year comp?rotl with Inst.The aggregate decrease in the revenuefrom cue. oms received at all the ports of entry, for the first eight months of Is la, compared with the corresponding period in 1841, will not vary inueh from six million* of dollars tn amount nearly equnl 'to the surplus revenue on depo ^it to the creditof tho Secretary of the Treasury on th?

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