Newspaper of The New York Herald, September 7, 1845, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated September 7, 1845 Page 1
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THE NEW YORK HE R A L D. Voi. *?.. ?... 4:tO~WHol? No. 4109. NEW YORK, SUNDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER % 1841), Fries Two Cents. EXTERIOR VIEW OF THE NEW BOWERY THEATRE. MR. AND MRS. CHARLES KEAN IN THE GAMESTER. Last Scene of the Last Act. NtoC.EE The New Bowery. Tiie above is a very correct engraving ol the front of the new Bowery Theatre, which Phrenix like, has spuing lip from the ashes of the building de stroyed by fire, for the fourth time, on the evening of the 24th of April last. Within a tew days after its destruction, preparations were made under the able direction of A. W. Jackson, Esq., the present enterprising proprietor, to have erected a more spa cious and handsome building than ever before ex isted on the cite. This was pursued with such alac rity as to be almost surprising, und on the 4 h of August following, one of the finest theatres in this city was opened to the public, with such a stock company, which we doubt cannot be sur passed by any other compnuy in the Union. We have before given a view, together with art account of the interior, and it only remains tor us, to de scribe tbe exterior. It is situated on the north side of the Bowery, about three hundred yards from Chatham Square. It has 75 feet frontage, and an entrance by a large flight ol seven steps. In front there are four massive circular flu'ed pillars, near u|M>n <50 feet high, of the Doric order, with capitals id a composite character; the whole surmounted with a very neat cornice. The lower piazza is about 14 leet wide, at the rear of which are four capacious double doors giving an entrance to the inner passage, leading to the lower tier of boxes. On the right of this piazza, at the tide, is the Ticket-office ; on the left the ollice of the Trea surer. Beneath these, between four hand:-ome iron lamp posts are the entrances to the pit and gallery, on a level with the pavement. So that the rubble is kept quite distinct from the upper ten thousand that visit the theatre. About twenty feet above the pi azza is a |*nlcony having a neat iron railing to the front; 4MB balcony is 14 feet wide, and affords a good view of nil that is passing in this great thoroughfare. The building is terminated t.t the extreme ends by two massive square pillars, which give the wholeu very neat appearanc\ and bespeak much for the taste and judgment of those engaged in its restoration. The whole building is upwards 90 feet high, and when the theatre is open ibr per formances, which is pretty much throughout the year, the stars and stripes float gutly from above the centre of the cornice. There is no theatre in this city,that is in such high f tvor with the masses as the present one. Even a thermometer above 510 d?-g in the shade, has not, since its lust opeaine prevented every part of it front being crowded to excess. And, certainly, it talent, energy, and enlerprize, deserve success, here it is not ill bestowed. The Old .Jersey Prison Ship. During three months confinement in the summer ot 17HI, and one of the "eight hundred and fifty souls" that hulk contained, half-starved for bread and famished lor water, consequently drove to des peration, frequent daring attempts to escape were made. I witnessed several of them, and they gen erally ended tragically. They were always under taken in the night, after wrenching or tiling the bars of the port-holes (Hie was an old sixty-four) Hav ing been on board several weeks, and goaded to death in various ways, four of us concluded to run the hazard. We set to work and got the bars off, and watted impatiently for a dark night; we lay in front of Mr. Kamson's door, inside of the pier head, and not more than twenty yards distant. There were two guard sloops, one on our how and the other of! our quarter, a short distance from its "The dark night"came?the first two were lowered quietly into the water?the third made some rum liiing. I was the fourth that descended, but had not struck nil*from the vessel before the guards were alarmed, rind tired upon us The alarm became general, and I was immediately hauled on board fhey manned tli?-ir boats, and with their lights and implements of death, wete quick in pursuit of the unfortunates, cursing and swearing, and bellowing und firing. It was awful to witness tins scene of blood It lasted about one hour?all on hoard trem bling for our shipmates. Th- se desperadoes r> turn ed io tlie*ir different v? reels, rejoicing that they kill ed three of the d d rebels. About three jears alter thi-q I saw a gentleman in Tntui street, near Nassau, who accosted me thus:? "Mauley, how do you do I" I could not recollect lnm. "Is it possible yon do not know rue; recollect the old Jersey," end he immediately opened his vest and hared fits breast. I immediately said to him, "you are James McClean." "I am the per son," he replied. We both stepped into Marrinors' public house, at the corner, and lie related his mar vellous escape to me. "They niir?iieil me?1 frequently (lived to evade them, and when I came up, they fired on me. 1 caught my breath, and immediately dove again, arid held my breath till 1 crawled along on the mud. They no doubt thought that they had killed me. I, however, with much exertion, though weak ami wounded, made out to reach shore, and with much languor got into a ham, not far f rom the ship, u little north from Mr Kamson's house. The fitimer, the next morning, came into his bam?saw me laying on the Moor, and ran out in a fright. 1 begged him come to me mid he did. I gave an account of my self?where i was from?how I was pursued, with several others lie saw my wounds ; took pity on me, and acted the part ol the good Samaritan ; sent lor his wife, and bound up my wounds, and kept me in the barn till nightlall?took me into Ins house? nursed ine secretly, and tli?n furnished me with clothing, iVc.; and when I was restored, lie took nie with him, in his market boat, to this city, and went with me to the west part of the city?procuted me a passage over to Rergen, and I landed some where in Gommnnipaw. Some friends helped me across Newark II iy, und then I worked my way, until 1 reached Baltimore, to the great joy ol all my friends." II .lames McClean is still living, I should be much grit'ilied to be informedot the (set. When this affair occurred lis was sixteen or eighte*n years of age T"?n ^?w}Y"rk, Rep's tnb?r 1st, Hi* Fishkill, Dutchess Co., Aug. 22, 184.). St verity of the Drought m FLshkill?Late Crops? James Lenox's Chunk?Its Appearance?Rev. Dr. Alexander?The Elect and Cod-Fish Aristo cracy, Spc., 8ft6 The severity of the late drought his been felt full as much in the town of Fishkill, as in any other part of the State of New Yoik, and as much, perhaps, a.< in any part of the United States. It being the largest town in either of the counties east of the Hudson river, in the State of New York, and pos sessing, probably more wealth than any other town, mainly devoted to agricultural purposes in the State, the t fleets of the drought in this, a?in all other part? of the country, will be a matter of regret to you and your renders. The h ty crop has been sadly defi cient; so much so, in fact, that some of our largest tanners, instead of selling a portion of what they have raised, will he compelled themselves to buy, or dispose of their stock. The great scarcity of w t> r has also occasioned much inconvenience? wells, many of which h ive never before been known to give tint, lntve become perfectly dry. .Sprout Creek, a stream much resorted to by the late Dr. Heed of Poughkeepsie anil other gentlemen, fot trout and wind li-huig, has censed running; tin' like never having occurred within the recollection of the oMest inhabitant. Potatoes are "small potatoes" indeed, and many of the farmers have commenced cutting up their corn for fodder. Wo are glad to find a disposition manifested among our farmers to view the drought as h matter that will ultimately tend to their advantage. Last Sabbath we attended (be private chapel erec ted by Mr. James L'liox upon Ins farm, where we heard an excellent discourse by the Rev. Dr. Alex ander. of the Ihi irie Street Presbyterian Church, X. V. The building is of Gothic structure, neat in its appearance, and pleasantly situated upon the public road, leading to the village of New Hamburg. On the left in a gate and porter's lodge, the road through the gate leading to the faintly residence; opposite the porter's judge is a small hut handsome school house, built lor the children of ihe farm hands, and all is lustily and conveniently laid out. A dilb rent pastor is engaged every summer, or for as long a season as they spend in the country. He is gene rally chosen from among the graduate.- of Princeton College, and thus from preaching to a small congre gation, is liie better enabled to qualify himself for a regular call. The Rev. Mr. IJaanatyne is the pre sent pastor, lie remains with them during the sea son, after w hich he goes to Washington, to take charge of the t hurch formerly under the care of the Rev Mr. Tuston. Among tiie visiters to the chapel of Mr Lenox, we saw Gen'l Talmadge, accompa nied by his sou and daughter, .Mr. and Mrs. Van Rens-cluer, whose couniry residence is adjoining thai of Mr. Leir There never has been in low life a stronger ellort to rear up what might he truly termed a codfish aristocracy than lias beer'., and now is making try certain families in this t-h.iie professing orthodox Calvinism; tliey arrogate to themselves e.xclusivr ness even in matters of religion, and by actions, if not by words, thank their Creator that they are not i> ? oilier men. Upon entering their churches, a stran ger is at once struck with the division of the con gregation into two distinct and reperate classes? the elect and the non elect. The various members of the families and such neighbors as possess large wealth comprising tile elect; and their workmen, unassuming farmers, and strangers, are consigned to that portion of the building appropriated to the non-elect. The doctrine of their church is that (!otl. according to the counsel of his own will, and for his own glorv, hath lore ordained wh ii.-oever corneu to pass, and that all beings, actions, and "?vents, both in the natural and moral world, are under his providential directio <, and they .>ct as it p-rfectly s.itisti d thai the same law that elected thmii to worldly wealth, has also elected them to lie ,'en, forgetful that if poverty, or being a shoe maker, debars a man from making his " calling arid election sure," they will have to forego die |deiiRUrr of meeting hereafter the being whose will, and ri"t the will ot Providence, elected them in their posses sions. Bbrmn, line county, Ohio, August 18, 18lo Intellect of the Aye?Slate of tin Crop*?Rivuhy of Protprrily? Paper Money. There is a part of the intelligence of mankind dis tinguished for their eagerness to possess knowledge, admired for their liberality in moral, religious and political sentiments, and are always v.ell informed concerning the movements and doings of States and nations that exist upon the face of this globe ? These are fact that can be observed in every com munity. It is ulso equally tine, that so far as tnv observation has extended, and the same is confirm ed by the expressed opinion of others, that this class of people sir- readers of the Herald, Kehgioua de nominations generally cry out against the Herald in triis section, though with less holy horror and j-kI ous wrath than in the Krstern States. This kind of persecution, however, ia fast receding, as intelli gence, on liberal sentiments, advances. We are terribly burned up witii the drought in tins northern |sirt ol (>luo. Corn is fluttering, potatoes will he a total failure, grass crop is destroyed by the continued drought, and stock of all kinds are flutter ing for feed. The wheat crop is good, though no thing more than a middling crop ; those able will hold on to it. There is a great struggle between Milan and San dusky cities, for the ascendancy in point of bn-unesa in the produce line. Milan has been ahead tor the laat two or three years, but they are about to be overthrown, and left high and dry, by the iron ho *<i that rushes through the county with a velocity only 's telegraph. surpassed by Morse's telegraph. In this land ot enter prise ?nd fertility, it has got to be dangorou* to own re.i! estate in any contemplated city, for yon know nor the hour when you will be run round by a rad io id, or split asunder by the passage of canal boats. M ins lie Id is about connected with Sandusky city by a railroad ihatdelies competition. It is destined to do a good business, and all minor points are used up. Let me predict that in less than three years, lit ? ten large and elegant warehouses now in Milan, Will be left to the monopoly of ruts and mice; and whs re but a short time ago thousands of bushels of wheat ran through, the wheat-spouts, yet the time is not far ahead when nought but the heads of foxes wdi be seen sticking through the same. The downfall of one place only builds up another. Vermillion, which for many years has been buried in oblivion, begins to raise its once exhausted frame, reston d by its sleep and desertion, and now is about to enter itie field of autivity, by die natural growth of its resources Huron, once the only business place between Cleveland and Detroit, has b?en lor years one continued Sabbath. It is udmil ted by all observers, and it is a fiet upon which we boast that we have here upon the western reserve, more enterprise among the people, more pier among the priesthood, and more genuine virtue in the ladies, God bless them! than any portion of these United States, Texas ex cepted, for lam not wo well acquainted there. Phi losopher Dick ill inks that the mill* nnium will take place here upon the earth, when ihe improvements in the arts and sciences are carried to that degree ol perfection, that they are allowed to go in this state of being. There should be added to this, when in telligence is so far diffused,as to cause every person to subscribe tor the Herald. But the lite of man has already been cut down Irotn four and nine hundred years, to thirty aid seventy years, on account of his knowledge. Wiiat in the name of philanthropy would a be in the case above referred to I We shall have any quantity of bank paper when the new banks get fairly into operation. The de mocrats will be in a majority in the next Legislature, but they will not repeal the whig hanking law of last winter, until it has hadafairtiial. Cat Kit.u, Aug. 20,18 to. State of the T arn?Fashionable Affairs?Progrtit, fyr., Your paper has quite an extensive circulation here, and your agent, a quiet, gentlemanly young man, will make a fortune by attending to his business. This was once a great place, and is now a town ol some importance, but, with the bursting up of the Cutskill and Canajoharic Railroad Company, which was succeeded by the taking the iron off the road lor some twenty-six miles, and selling it to a Boston company, the town has been gradually making " stern way." Some eight years ago we had a happy, industrious and enterprising population, and rapidly increasing in prosperity?church worship was sacred, and is now, as tar as it goes?tin* schools were attended, stores Nourishing, mechanics and laborers busy, and a constant and happy intercourse with the neighbor ing towns and fanners. Wood-cock are iptitc scarce, owing to the drought ?the Surrogate knocks them info pi some once or twice a week, and represents them us being most delicious?our swunips abound with them in ordi nary seasons. We have had quite a ll ire upliere lately in fashion able life. A couple, (the lady a most beautiful and fashionable woman,) from your city, who ranked themselves among the. upper ten thousand, purchas ed a beautiful place in the suburbs of our town, and resoled as comfort ibly together as could be expect ed. However, "all is not gold that glitters"?tliey. disregarding the holy bands of matrimony, " agreed to disagree," and left for parts unknown, on two steamboats, between two days?furniture, bag and baggage following thereafter?the reasons for which you can better imagine than I can describe They are supposed to be now in your city, living " united apart." There is some dissipation going on in this village, Scarcely a night pas'es over our heads without the pencc-ioving community being interrupted in their slumbers by songs and serenades. Of th** hotels we have three?first Van Burgen's? next the Temperance House, kept by Lines?next the Cat-kill House, kept by Ityer White. In my next, I will give you something more in teresting, and it you please, a history ot our great men ana nabobs, who are now all strict church and temperance men, hut who commenced the world, by si lling whiskey and other kinds of hardware; also i history of banking institutions, freighting re tab I. <hmeiits, their management, ?Vc. Tines to Co.nry hi.and ?The Kerry Company run three boats, the Chief, loins and Trojan, to-dny from iheeitv to Coney Bland, and by referring to the advertisement, it will seen they leave at va rious hours, between 3 A. M. and 5 P. M. from dif ferent parts id the city. They also touch at Fort Hamilton each wav, going and coming. The steamer I'elegraph also lakes a trip to Coney Island, 011 board ot which, every satisfaction will be aflord. ed to those who patronise her. See advertisement Longevity? are living within eighty yards of the Friend's Meeting House ia this city, eight parson- whose united xgef count six hundred j earn : ?i\ at them livo in thieo luljoming house* end the uthcrtwo live directly irrca the street. 'I hay reside within fifty yards ot cncli other. taaac II Starr aged 8.'i; Margaret Kris in do 93; Sarah Shipley do 78; Thomns Ship Ivy do 74; John ( finite do 71; ( aloli Starr do 78; Surah Wonfey do t!9, Ann i larke do tis-iiflfl.. H'ilttiinfUn (l)rl.) Journal. From the Clarion Ihmorrat we obtain some stati-ties of the immeiim amount of iron Iiuiinoss done hy the manufactories in that email county la avion* to the year 1.143, there wrrrn established but eirht lorqe* and furtiacos?now there aie in full o|ierRtiou twenty-raven, f.fiutn of which have been the work ot this year ' OsiMes thaie ??v, at moro are to be undertaken t efore the ex I i ration of the ten These faoti w?1i for the h*> ?tone State Kori'l^ii Ettornturc, iVf. . Tlie following new works h.ive recently been issu ed :? Balfour's (J. O., Esq) Sketch of New South YVales, liost 8vo. 6s. cl. liuuiiehl's (11.) Four Lectures on Organization of Indut try, Hvo 4s. cL Barnes' Notes on Isaiah, Hvo. Us. cl. Uickersteth's Promised Glory t?f the Church of Christ, ?4nd edit. Vol. XL., of Christian Family Library, fc. Hvo. as cl. Black's Tourist's Memorial of Scotland, a Seiies of 20 Views, royal Hvo. as. swd. Banyan's Pilgrim's Progress, a Poetical Version, illus trated, 12mo. 4s fid. cl? Hvo. 7s fid. cl Christian Man a Contented Man, by Rev. Robert San derson, D.D., 18mo. Is fid. swd. Chart of Anglican Church Ornaments, col. 4s 6d. in Cose. Christ, our Rest, by the Rev. D. Pitcairn, Sod ed. post Hvo. 7* fid. cl. Dark River, an Allegory, by tho Itov. Edward Munro, 12,110. 2s. 61. cl.

Epodes, Satires and Epistles of Horace, translated by the late Rev K. Howes, fc Hvo. 0s. cl. Carter's (R ) Psalter, 1 vol. royal Hvo. A'l Is. cl., A'l 2s. cl. gilt edges Foreign Library, Vol. XVI. " History of the Eighteenth Century," by F. C. Schlossor, Vol. VI. Hvo 14s. cl. Gardeuer ? (John) Modern Abacus, or Pounds,Shillings and Pence Circulator, 12mo. 9a fid. cl. ' rift ot Lovo and Friendship 32mo. Is Gd. cl. gilt. Harrison's (Rev. W.) Grammar of the Greek Language, '2d ed. 12rno. Is cl. Hints on the Nature and Management ot Duns, 1 vol. post Hvo. fij. cl. History oi Ireland, by John D'Alton, Esq., 2 vola. Hvo. ?1 cl. lettered Howes' (T. II.) Lessons on the Globes, on a Pluu en tirely New, new udit 12mo. 6s. cl. Jackson's View of the Formation and Discipline ot Armies, demy 8vo. 3rd edit. 12s. cl. Jous?e's Pianoforte Preceptor, rovised and modernized, by 11. West, R.A. of Music, oblong 4to. 2s fid. swd Letters of the Marchioness liroglio bolari, fc. Hvo. 3s cl. Lajng's (S., Esq.) Notes on the Rise, Progress, iec., of the Schism from tlie Church of Home, called the Gorman Catholic Church, fc. fis. cl. Lovite (The); or, Scenes Two Hundred Y ears Ago, by Elizabeth Murphy, 3 vols, roy al 12mo. A'l lis fid. bd?. Litlie llo-peep. and other Stories in Rhymes, with Pic tures, by F. L. M.. small 4to plain 2s 6d., col. 4s 'id. Mill's (James) Sportsman's Library, Hvo. Ifis cl. Miscellanies, biographical and Critical, by W. ? . l'ros cott, Esq., Hvo 14s. cl. Mc' rie's (1'homaa, D. I).) Vindication of the' ovenau teis, 4th edit, fc Hvo. 3s. cl. New Eonland and its Aborigines, by YV. Brown, post HVO , HS , cl Duly ii Fiddler anil O. '1'., translated from Danish by Mary llowitt, 3 vols. post8vo. A'l lis fid. hds Past and Present, liy Thomas Carlyle,2d edit, post Hvo. Ills fid cl Political Dictionary, vol. 1, (Knight's Library of Re ference.) 12 mo Us. cl. Practical Cook, English and French, by J. Brcgion and Anno Miller, fc. 7s fid. cl. Reminiscences of the Coronation, Ac., by the author of " The Fortress," 1 vol. post Hvo. Tie. cl. Home, its Ecclesiasticaland Social Life, 1 vol. poet Sve. 10s flil. cl. Scott's (W., M. A.) Piano Trigonometry and Mensura tion, for tho use of tho Royal Military Collego, Sand hurst, 8vo 9a 6(1. hrt Story of a Hoy al Favorite, by Mrs. Oore, 3 vole, poet 8vo. tils 'id lids Text Book to Heresy; or, the Evils of Tractarianiem and Puritanism compared, 12mo. Is6d.rl gilt. Wright's Improved (lame Book, oblong tto; lor one year As , two years 10s., three ynrs Acton's (Eliza) Modern Cookery. 3d edition, liino. Ts Cd. cl. A Horn's (E. A.) Sea Side Pleasures, fc. fivo. 3s 6d. el. Archbold'e (J. F ) Law and Nisi Prius, 2d edition, 12mo. ?1 ts. lids. Arnold's (T)r. T.) Christian Life, its Course, Ac. 4th ed 8vo. 12h cl. Hoe Keeper's Manual, 12mo. 2s 6d. cl. Boniface's (VI) Modern English and French Conversa tion. 16lh edit 18mo. 8* swd. Bruce'* (Rev. John) Cypress Wreath for an infant's Crave, 2d ed. 18ino 3s 6d. cl Urunnow's (E. V) Glance at Hahnemann and Homoeo pathy, Hvo Is 6d swd. Buigess (John,) A Word to Wcsleyan Methodists, Ac. t vo Id. swd Butler's (Mrs) Poems, new edit. imp. 32mo Is. swd. ( haracteristic Traits and Domestic Lite oj Frederick William III. King of Prussia, translated fiom ihp Ger man ot Bishop Eylert, by Jonathan Itircb, Hvo. 7* tld. cl ( haracteristic Traits, Personal, Moial, Domestic and delusions, of Frederic William III. King of Prussia, from the Gorman oi Bishop Eylert, by Jonathan Birch, 8vo. IJs. cl. * ? ( hover's Lectures on Bunyan's Pilgrim's Progress, royal 8vo. 6s. cl. Englishman's Library, vol. XXX. Todd's lush Church, 12mo. 4s 6tl. cl. Ellis's (Mrs.) Young Ladies' Reader, to Hvo. As. roan. Fenwick Do Porquct, I.e Traducteur rarisien, 12mo Ss (id Cl. Kiongrnphin Btitannica, vol. II. 8vo. plain, ?1 10s. col. xi 17s (hI cl. f oster Brother (The) a tale of War of i hio/ra. edited by Leigh Hunt. 3 vols royal 12m?. ?1 I Is 6.1. bdt. Gardener (John) The Modern Abacus, TJnio. 2s .'xl cl Holland's (Mrs ) Emily's Reward; or, the Holiday Trip to Paris, |8mo. 2s (id. cl Holly Urnnge, 12ino As. cl. Howell's (Owen) Westminster Abbey, and other ro oms imp 32mo Is. swd. (lliistiHtions to Byron's Works, 1 vol. 4to. ?1 10. cl. ' Jameson's (Mrs.) Hand-Rook for the Public Gailerios of Ait in and near London, new edition, 12mo. 10*. cl. Legend* of Rubeeahl, llmo. 6s. cl Lin.lah , or, the Festival, by the Author of' The White Ro?e Wreath,' demy Hvo. As. cl. Loudon's (Mrs.) Glimpses of Natuie. 37 illustrations, ltlnio 3s 61. Cl. mi , Mahon on Civil Engineering, edited by Peter Barlow, t (Ol. tto. lis. cl. Marry af*l (Captain) Piiate and Three (utters, now edition, 1 vol. royal 8vo. I7?. 6d. cl. gilt. Memoir of Goorga Heriot, by Wm. Stephen, D. P.fc. hVO. 7s. fld. cl. Murray's Hand-Book of North Getmany, new edition, I ,'rno T.'s. cl. Naturalist'* Library, People's Edition, Vol. 1, l2:no. 4s Ad. cl. Nursery 'I alas, three series, each complete in its*If, ( piare 0?. each, cl Orphans of Waterloo, 12mo. 6s. cl ' Phsimsceutical Latin Grammar, by Arnold J. Cooley 13mo A' ri Pick'* (Aaioii llBde SnrJent ?< oncordanoo super roy si eve it*t ol, i'innock's (Wm) Grammar of Sacred Geography and History, ISmo. 'Is. 6d. bd. Pinnock's (Wni ) Grammar of Ancient Geography and History , ISmo. 4s. Gil. hd. Practical Christian Library, ' Bishop Taylor's Contem plations,' lShio. 9J. swd. Hose's New Biographical Dictionary, Vol. VIII. 8vo. 18s. d. .Sintram, a new Translation, with Design* by Selous, royal ISmo. Os. cl extra Standard Novels, Vol. XCVIII. ' Tho Prairie Bird," llim. Gs. cl. Undiiie, a new Translation, 9 Designs, by Tenniel, roj ul Lhrio. .'is. cl extra. Urquliart's (Rof.- H. J.) Toems, Sacred and Classical, 8vo 7s. (id cl. Whately oil the Kingdom of Christ, 4th edition, svo. 8s. cl. Wheatley on the i oramon Trayer, new edition, 8vo. 8s. bds. Wolski's (F. A.) Now I'ronch Gramn ar, w ith Exerci ses, l'lino. Its fid. bd. Wood's (Helen) t onversations on Euglish Grammar, 7th edition, I'dmo. 3s. Varieties. The Cincinnati Commercials ays:?A discovery of vast impoitauce has been made by a mechanic in tins c'ty?it is n now kind of cannon ball, the destructiven- ss ot which cannot b&'questioned. When it was shown to the commandant at Newport barrack-, that gentleman immediately advised the inventor to lay hi- invention ? which 1ns rost him litre years labor?before t'no Presi dent of the l/aited States and t,h.o Cabinet, and, before any stir was made, proceed to Europe and secure the pa t>. it there The inventor, wo are toil, sailed in tiie last steamer. We have the full particulars ot tluadiscovery, flit I do assert with perfoct confidence that ono war ves sel loaded with these halls, and two or three cannon to lire them, could sink a British fleet of ten sail in us many minutes It is terrific to think ol The Paixhanguns are nothing by tho side of this invention. The remarkable columns of eaf?, vvhirh n short time since burst from the salt wells of tho upper dis trict of the Kanawha Salines, have entirely failed, and what is more astonishing, the salt water has disappeared along with them. So complete has been the failuie, that in some instances, the propi tetors hare abandoned their furnaces. Several persons ot tlm Jewish persuasion, in Cin cinnati. wctelined $3 cacti lor Violating the laws ol ?Moses by keeping open their stores on the Seventh Day. This is the first time that lite Christian Magistracy ever enluieed obedience to the laws of Yiose* by those piotet"; ing themselves to be governed by those laws. It is stated th it the Canadian Government have granted tot ol. .lohn Princo, it Sandwich, the piivjlege of selecting '2I miles square at any point on the north side of Lake Superior, tor the purpose of oxploiing tot copper. The grunt is for 31 years. Mr. Longwortli, of Ciocinn iii.estimntes Imt c rap of wine this year, at five hundred barn I- lie has culti vated the grape for several years, n d finds it profitable. .Tttdtfe Miller, troin n Held of his, on Moscow Plains, containing thiity acres, lm-, the present season, harvested nine hundred bushels of wheat.- HillsdaU triiirllr. At the Cnrnmrncement of Brown University, last week, the honorary decree ol LL. I). w-?s conlened on his Honor John Reed, Lieut. Irovertior ol the State ol' Massachusetts, and on the Hon. Joh Dotiee, Chief Jus tice ol the Supreme Court of the State of Rhode Island, and 0:1 the Hon VV'm. < . Rives, of Virginia. The Courier du Havre Mutes, on the authority of n letter from Paris, that ,\I de Sallgin, the French Minister at Texas, had been oidered to icturn to F ranee. The Delaware SIieritT has been directed by the l.i<1 y to whom the sixty-four dollars of rent collected of Moses F.a ilc, he long*, to present it to the widow of the lamented Steele. A machine designed to page account books li x been recently patented by Mr. W. Shaw, of Liverpool The machine, winch occupies a space )????? than three square lent, is so constiucted as to number the pages ol a hook, whether bound or unbound, progressive!) , fiom one to ten thousand ; the simple movement of ft lever performing tiro combined operations of taking and du trihuting ink. transferring the same to the ligme-, mak ing the impression, and changing the figures to the >ac ceediug number. The machine, it should be remarked, is equall y applicable to the numbering of bank not * am. railway tickets. The labors of the surveyors' who Iihvs recently been in the Southern poitions of Florida seem to demon strate tiie coirecti.e s ol the opinion which all who have carefully e mi mined the subject, have entertained upon (lie piacticsbility of draining the Kverglades 1 hey Hie found to he considerably above the level of the sea : and it i% supposed that an enlargement ot tiie Miami, and other rivers flowing from them into the Vfluntic, will drain the water from millions of acres. If this he ever done, South Florida will indeed be the garden of our country ; for, in addition to its adaptation to the cultuie of tropical fruits and hemp, this immense tract will af ford unequalled advantages ot soil, climate ami position for the sugar, cotton, rice, and tobacco planters.?Kty iVtti (ia Trite. The Pittsburg /'not fays that on Tuesday nl ternonn. the boiler used at the steam flatting Machine, on the bank of the canal, between the Hand-street bridge and the Acqueduct, in Allegheny city, exploited, doing much injury to the machinery anil the building. The machinery, we learn, is entirely ruined one side of the building was blown clear over the canal a part of the boiler passed through a pile of boards adjoining the building, and lodged in Mrs Warn'a bedroom, a consid erable distance from where the explosion took place. The Engineer was slightly injuied?no other person hurt. The great river Vistula, and nil its tributaries, have hurst their hanks during the last month, ami have flooded a wide district ol country all the way from the foot ol the i arpathinn mountains, through (fillicia. I'o laud and Ihussia, to the sea at Danxic. The rain- which produced these floods fell on the 17th, 18th anil 19ih July. The ancient cathedral of St. Dennis, near Paris, is about to receive it new roof of iion, licad with plates of copper, which lias cost 400.000 francs. The repairs of this building, which were begun by Napoleon, are now neat!) completed. In the height otitis glory, it was his wish that his remains mid those ot the dynasty which he hoped to found, should te interred in the vaults ol this venerable and benutilul cathedral \VV have not Been Litke Poydrtisbo liiyh in many months as i? wn yesterday. The new and stupendous caui ewnjshy which it is traversed were entirely sub merged lor a while. Tho storm scorned to mock at the new bridges recently eiected by the Municipalities ncross so many corners A miniature Mississippi poured down the breadth of Camp street, beating on its swollen tide the dibrit ot grocery stores, dry goods shops and wins vaults The side streets more resembled mountain torrents-.?they were very grand to look at, but most formidable to cioss We have heard no estimate of the loss occasioned by the flood, but, judging from what oc curred within the sphere of our own observation, we should piesuino that the number of dinners which re mained untasted, when fit to be tasted, must have amoun ted to many thousands.?X. O. Picayune' JJug | 8. On Thursday afternoon, a meeting was held at the i ity lldl!. Richmond, to devise some means of estab lishing a tletter, wiser, and more efficient system of pub lic education. Gov. McDowell presided, and in hia speech lie alluded to the astonishing and disgraceful tact, that, while in Connecticut there were not more man MH) persons over dl years old who cannot read or write, in the Old Dominion theie were not less than 00, UOo persons of the same age. w hose intellectual faculties were paralysed or extinguished. A letter from Lake Superior says:?Native cop per. in large masses, continues to be found?the best spe cimen of which is that recently discovered near the lake ?bore by MaJ. Campbell, sub Agent This specimen weighs about sixteen hundred, is purer than the copper of < ommcrce, and is altogether the most beautiful speci men ever seen. Ttic beautiful yacht La Coquille, .lohn C. Jay, !?'.?()., owner and master, arrived at our port this morning lrom Now V'ork. She started from New York on Tues day morning, arrived at New London, Ct., in twelve hours; and stopped at the latter place fifteen hours, arri vi ig in Boston in thirty-six hours from New London; m ihing the wituie passage lrom New York in forty-eight hours.?Jtoeton Journal, -lug. o. The Hint in the case of the celebrated Arredondo Grant, in fiondu, after twenty years litigation, has been determined in the Supreme Court. The grant includes vBii.iiCi acres on Lake Orange, and the largest holder by this decree is John H. Lewis, Lsq., ol Huutsville, who in right ot wife, becomes possessor of 61,000 acies. There is a rumor that a man named Ruyan has been arrested in Montreal, who is believed to have been the principal actor in the dreadful murder of the Castner family, tor which two mcu were executed. He was known in Philadelphia as a horso dealer. llt-port of nn Important Law Case lately Tried In Iowa. Mary Maxwell r$. Dinah Heckntr. Assault a-?dBar r>.nv with a Ksruiu-PAN.?T coi n. sol for the plaintiff, in his opening address, stated, that this Vus ail aggravate.1 case of assault and battery, com muted on his client, the plaintiff by the delendant, with torn: and aims, staves, brickbats and frying-pans, (he begged the jury to recollect him.) He reminded the jury that they were the guardians of socie ty , and it was their duty to inflict such damages on the plaintiff as would deter her from the commission of such acts lor the future, nnd art as an example toothers, who were dispose,i, like tho defendant, to take the law i:i thei: own hand '. The first witness called on tho part of the plaintiff'was luna itivers, who being duly and properly sworn, testi fied that ubout three months since she saw the defendant pull the plaintiff's hair. On her rioss examination sha sml that she did not know what a frying-pan was ; was sure it was not a gridiron. The next witness was? Maiic istr Pi nm?Saw the partios scolding each other; saw tlie defendant strike plaintiff with something? eiint toil what it was ; it rcsombled a tin plate with a stick ticil to it; .iocs not know what a frying-pan ia ; hoard tlmt aunt Sally had a frying pan ; cannot say for what purpose frying pans are used, expecta that frying 1 ins are trying-pans. On her cross-examination, this witness testified that the arlklo used in tne assault was black, and had a hole in it. Defendant's counsel lequostcd the court to note this important point particularly. Km nr. u Ot'MBLt?Testilied that she saw the affray; doieu.iant positively struck plaintiff with a frying-pan. On her cross-ex am inst ion, she certainly knows what a frying-pan is ; it is not a tin kettle nor a copper boiler u ith n cover ; does not know that she ever saw a frying i an made of wood . knows what knot bowls ara ; a Ira ing-pan is not a knot t>owl ; a trying-pan is a tin ket tle with a tail to it ; she thinks that tho lrying-pan was eith'-r cruel- it ole in it ; is pertain she saw day-light through it ; never wore glasses, because her fight is good. 1'ho plaintiff's counsel then rested, remurking that he considered the assault and battery triumphantly proven. The defendant's counsel then rose and addressed the court in an eloquent mannur. May it please your honor, t:;is . an important case. I may say it is an exceedingly i iiportent case, a case involving pnuciples ot law and justice ol the greatest magnitude He would not pro ceed in his defence, but would rely on clearing his cli ent on some points of law, to winch ha would heg the attention of the court. He would move for a nonsuit oil the following grounds, viz : 1st. It is aliened in the plaintiff's declaration, that the weapon which it said was uted in the affray xvas a frying-pan : in the lace of tin's explicit declaration what does the plaintiff's counsel prove by his witnesses 1 Dinah Rivers testified that she saw the defendant strike plaintiff with a tin plate that had h stick tied to it. Now we all know that a fry Ing pan is not a tin plate with a stick tied to it, and his other witnesses were not any more explicit. find. if the judge was of opinion that the article used was a trying pau, then ho would insist that as it was pros en to have had a hole in it. it should have been stated in the declaration that said lrying-pan had a hole or crack in it, which bole or crack did admit tho light. lie would not take up the time of the < ourtany longer but this was an important rase, and the points lie rais ed were of the utmost consequence, not only to the par ties to this suit, hut to tho country generally, and he could not with justice to his client huvo said less. The learned Judge admitted the importanco of the mo tion and ol tlie points raised by tho deiendants counsel ; he tiad reflected on tho subject, and had Come to the con clusion tnat it was not a frying pan that was used, and that if it wore, the hole or crack should have been de scribed in tho declaration. He would, therefore, grant the motion lot a non-suit. Tub Wvman Case.?The Court of Common I'lean, on Wednesday, ut Concord, decided adverse ly to the motion ol Mr. Choate, on the part of the defen dant in this case, and sustained the indictment objected to. ( ol Rogers then commenced the evidence lor tbe pro-cc ution. Which will now be introduced at rapidly as possible. The third day of the trial has elapsed, and only questions ol law have been settled Mr Web ster is quite unwell, and will probably leave the casein the cate of .Mr. Choate and Mr. flour, and leave town. Statistic* op Cadomkf..?One house in this city Imh, we tire told, prepared and sold, w ithin die last three years, IT ooo pounds ol < alomel. The consumer ?ays the apothecarv for the medicine, at prices varying from $50 to $ 00 per ponnJ Hutting the above quantity at only >00 it would appear that the price paid lor it has exceeded a million of dollar*. It Is supposed that th# quantity mauulaolurad by othtr bouses ie at lea at ,i* time' at much. H so, the cost of calomel In three re?r? lies been "00 WOO. ot an average of twe millloe ! *i annum fftil 'Jee Wsf 'ft

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