Newspaper of The New York Herald, September 12, 1845, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated September 12, 1845 Page 2
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NFW YORK HERALD. Stw * ork. Friday, September 14, IK4.1. WEEKLY HERALD! MAPS OF TEXAS AND The Disputed Territory. Tb" "''My n,raid, to be issued to-morrow morn- ! in?, at So clock, will contain an accurate and finely engraved ma,, of Texas, according ,o the latest and most careful surveys. Also, a map of Aransas and I ?>r,'us lristj Bays, the present seat of warlike 1 operations in Texas. The latter will exhibit the va- I nous positions of the army of occupation, and has been made with great care and accuracy. ! Every one should be thoroughly acquainted with the geography of Texas and of the disputed territo- i ry. \\ e have been at some pains and expense to ! furnish our readers with the means of acquiring this inform it.on, which can be obtained at the small cost of six cents, by purchasing the Weekly Herald. The War with Mexico. It is a dtfTicnlt matter to arrive at the true state of affair, in Mexico by the intelligence from that quar cr We yesterday published that the news brought by the Saratoga was less warlike than the previous accounts. To-day we find, through another source. the intelligence is very warlike. Which are we to believe 1 We shall soon ascertain, however whether the Mexicans prefer dollars orballs. Thev' wnl probably prefer dollars. TrlaU of the Anti.Renters at Hudson and Delhi. The trials of Boughton and his associates have begun at Hudson, and are likely ,0 prove as tedious as they were last year. Some persons have been ? earful of disturbances before the close of the pr - ceedings, but as regards the people these fears have thus far proved unfounded, and will remain so we wish we could say as much for the lawyers who have become eminently pugnacious all of a sud den, and put the Court under the necessity of com mitting two of them to prison. It is to be hoped that their brief confinement will have a salutary in fluence on those gentlemen, and that the strong hand of the law will prevent them from again laying hands on each other Columbia County has now reason to be alarmed indeed, since heraunosphere has become ? ) impregnated with turbulence, that even an Attor ney General cannot snutt it without feeling consi derably quarrelsome. Although a great deal has been ?id and written withm the last few weeks in regard to the Anti-Rent disturbances, and the various topics mcidental to the discussion, there is still one which has not been sufficiently noticed, perhaps, because those who have i an 0PP0rtl?nity to observe it are few, or else in capacitated by prejudice from perceiving it. Very !hL h?8e 7h? W"te ,Ue SeVeraI "papers of 2 have b7n In De'aw'are county since the late tragical scene there, and still fewer of them are al together without a leaning to one side or the other ? accounts they receive are second hand, and from persons under the influence of strong feelings, who perhaps, without being conscious of it, are partial and uniust. 1 What we allude to as escaping the notice of these persons, is the morbid state of public feeling which prevails in this county, and especially in Delhi the scene of the excitement attendant upon imprisoning examining and committing the prisoners who are brought in by the troops, and also the head quarters wrests Ind"^ ^ 8ervice ol ,nakin* arrests, and the inactive employment of guarding prisoner. Making aII due allowance for the as^ ty of feeling caused by the murder of Mr Steele who was much resected and sincerely deplored' yet a stranger cannot help deploring the disgraceful rsr/i8,,ir,t o< that the lew and order party are daily in the habit of making, and we regret to say that the officials em ployed in administering law, participate largely ln je unseemly ana injudicious display of hostility to wards the accused. In the first place, when the pri soners began to arrive ,n Delhi, they were receiled us<? a,ld 'breatening language, and open pro testations, that respect for the character of the coun try alone, prevented its law and order loving inhabi tants from wreaking signal and summary vengeance upon the unfortunates who were in custody In gaol, again, hardly a visiter who goes in to satisfy his curiosity with a sight of his neighbors in durance vile, bur indulges in taunts and revihngs. such as m?n ought to feel ashamed of using even towards a convicted criminal. On their exam.nat.on too be fore the Coroner's jury, m the presence of magis trates, lawyers, and the 6liU of the citizens of Deb hi, a vein of sarcasm and invective runs throuirh whatever ,s addressed to them on the par ofle Wecmo?, ,?d opprobrlJ, ? ?n.panne?..,.m>d,bylh0? ^ ?Wh.u to Pr..er?e, l-wt, decency decorum proceedings. Now, over and above the bad taste of all this, it is unjust towards the prisoners, pernicious in its general eflectB on the public mind, and highly dis graceful in any court of justice. It may be thought excellent tact on the j>art of the prosecution, t? brow-beat a man, surrounded by persons excited against him, and to extort admissions through in timidation, but an impartial bystander will place all such conduct in another category. Side by sice with it, too, will be placed the obvious satisfaction derived from the exhibition by those who pretend to understand the meaning ol decency, dignity, and manliness We certainly should expect to find a good deal of the latter in Delaware, from the repu tation it ha9 borne, and from its natural and social features ; but the scenes witnessed in Delhi, do not go to confirm the correctness of such expectations. Indeed, they do not seem to be aware at all of the truth of the maxim, that all persons are to be consi dered innocent until proved guilty. In ignorance or contempt of this truth, with professions of respect for law and order on their lips, they look upon the accused anti-renters as concerned in the murder of Steele, as a matter of course ; and upon the assump tion of their guilt, they treat individuals as though deserving of one thing alone?punishment. We have no sympathy with criminals of any kind, nor ever had ; we have called loudly and re peatedly for a stringent execution of the law, and have always deprecated sympathy with those who incur its penalties But we do not like to see it administered by the mob, nor perverted by those who are paid and sworn to execute it. Therefore, we cannot look with any degree of toleration on any public demonstration, or individual act contrary to its letter or its spirit. We wish to see the murder ers of that worthy man and exemplary officer, Mr Steele, punished, but we want to see a legitimate course pursued in detecting the guilty. The accused have their rights, as well as their prosecutors ; and we believe bofti to be equally essential to the rights of person and property. At this view it becomes of great im portance to the ends of justice, that none of this animosity should enter into the proceedings at the pending trials, and with ail sincerity, we say, there is room to fear its interference therein, to the preju dice of the traversers Delaware is frightened from its propriety; the effervescence of hostile feelings is not checked by a firm and decorous in terposition of official influence, nor is the least soli citude manifested in any quarter, to maintain the dignity of law, by a course of moderation and con dilation. The services of the hangman are of more value in the eyes of the excited people of Delhi, than any other; and if left to themselves, they would, according to their own declarations, be in immediate and extensive requisition. This feeling mast be curbed. Too much zeal on the part of the prosecution, is just as dangerous aa too little; and we have the be..t reason for knowing r bat it is far in excess, unless greatly changed with in the last two weeks. It is particularly pleasing to know, however, that a sulhcient State force will he present to prevent any inconvenient interference from without, with the trials. In Delhi the trials of the anti-renters will com mence on Monday, the 22d instant. Judge Parker will preaide on this important occasion, and every friend of justice, law and order has reason to be glad at that arrangement. He is eminently qualified as a firm and unswerving judge, a sound lawyer and a man of vigorous and disciplined mind, to conduct the arduous proceedings i? ft fi, an,, |>r maQ His presence will have a salutary effect m prevent lugall^seemly exlnbjuons,"such as that which has aken place ,n Hudson lately, and in restrain,any improper manifestations of feeling or or against the accused, of which there is good reason to expect more or less 1,18 tootrtie that a great deal of as perity prevail. ,u the minds of some of the citizens of elaware, and a disposition to secure the convic tion of as many of the prisoners us possible, as a primary object. Now, the pure administration of the law is not at all promoted, but prevented by such xcessive zeal, and it is highly satisfactory to know, that it will receive a check, if needful, from t v* excellent Judge who is to preside at these solemn investigations. Anti-rentiam must he put down by ue course of law, and at once too, or a revolution of blood will be the sad fruits. The Anti-Slaverv Discission at Brooklyn.? As our readers will have perceived from the re ports in our columns, the American Hoard of Com missioners of Foreign Missions, now in session in one of the elegant churches, which ornament our p easant sister city of Brooklyn, have taken up the slavery question, and a controversy has arisen on rubJ"ct' whl<* been conducted with a de gree ot vigor, keenness, acerbity, and bitterness, i quite characteristic of clerical disputation, in all rime past, from the days that Paul withstood Peter face to face, down to the present wicked genera | uon. Nothing novel has been presented on either side of the house, even the invective and sarcasm, | * hich the holy men employ, being as stale and I commonplace as?some of their sermons. This controversy will end as it has begun. It is I idle and ridiculous in the extreme. All these dis putations on the subject of slavery, are got up by li ttle clqun of enthusiasts, some well-meaning, and others hypocritical, who are entirely ignorant of the true merits of the question. The emancipation of the negro ,s utterly beyond their reach: and it is quite absurd and impohtic to distract and rend the churches by these unprofitable discussions, or by any ecclesiastical legislative enactments, inflicting spiritual pains aud penalties on slave-holders.? Slowly, but surely, the African races are at jntrs are at this moment undergoing a process of emanci pation?the only species of emancipation which is f and Practicable. The natural course of events is freeing them. In Maryland, Virginia, and Ken tucky, the negroes are fast disappearing. Look, for instance, at the last census of Maryland, and see how, in every county, the African race is fading , away and giving place to the superior race-the white race. Every succedmg year the labor of the slave in the slave States, is becoming less and less productive. The time is rapidly approaching when white labor must be substituted for it. Thus "ra dically, without violence, without convulsion, without injustice, the question of the abolition of slavery is in process of settlement for ever. As the white population of this country increases, the black races will disappear, until they shall have faded utterly away, just as have the red races within the last two hundred years. 1 his is the only sensible and true view of the quesnon, and it is one that is rapidly growmg in the public mind. The squabbles about the matter in the ? churches are calculated only to excite the pity and regret of the wise and good. Far better for 'these professed missionaries of the cross to confine them selves to the great and avowed objects of their or ganization, rather than by their unseemly public dis | putations to cast discredit on Christianity itself. , The Degeneracy of the BAR.-The fracas be | tween Mr. \ an Buren and Mr. Jordan, has naturally , excited a great deal of remark ,n the newspapers I and in private circles. But it does not appear that a ? correct view is generally taken of the origin and I causes of the disgraceful and lamentable occurrence I It is very true that Mr. Jordan has been somewhat noted for his abrupt, disrespectful, and occasionally I insolent demeanor, not only towards his professional U ?7n',. eVen towards the bench itself: and I t tat. Ir \ an Buren is a young man of an impulsive, ' and perhaps rather passionate temperament, may I also be very true. But the fracas had its origin in causes other than the peculiar idiosyncracies of the I parties. Uj-natured men-snappish men-peevish | men?passionate men, of mature, as well as of younger years, encounter one another in forensic disputation at the English bar, tor instance, but we do not hear of such scenes as that in the court house at Hudson. The truth is?it is a melancholy truth, but we must tell it?this fracas is to be traced to the demo ralized condition of the bar in this country. A great deal is said about the licentiousness ot the press, but the licentiousness of the bar has grown up into fearful magnitude?not only in their conduct to one another, but in their treatment of witnesses, of jurors, and of the judges themselves, our lawyers are daily guilty ol the most disgraceful scurrility and vileness. And often even parties not concern ed in the case at all are assailed in the most unjusti fiable manner. Who has forgotten the case of the late Colonel Stone, tried for libel on an Alderman, in which his counsel, David Graham and Hiram Ketchum, appeared to think that their chief duty was, not to defend their client, but to assail the pro prietor of this journal, who was neither prosecutor, defendant, witness, nor in any way whatever con cerned in the case? And such cases are of daily occurrence. We know very well that at the New York bar, as at the bar of all the other States, there are gentlemen, in every sense ot the much abused ' term?men whose legal skill is not surpassed by their courteous demeanor. Hut we are sorry to say i that the blackguards far outnumber the gentlemen. Can we not obtain any reform of the morals and j manners of the bar? Ur are we togoon from bad to worse, till at last our courts of justice will be con- i verted into regular arenas for pugilistic encounters? lawyers, jurors and judges, entering the ring and ! mauling one another for the amusement of the spec- | tutors ? The Dedication.?We have a full report of the proceedings at the dedication ol the new Univer salis! church in Fourth street It may be given to morrow. Execution or Green.?We give, in another co lumn the particulars of the execution of this murder er. It was stated by the clergyman in attendance that he made a full confession. Military Movements.?Maj General W. Scott, and family, arrived at the American Hotel yester day. The General proceeds to-day toWestpofht. Vermont Election.?We have received a few additional returns from Vermont, which with those already reported make an aggregate of 112 town*. In theie, the vote for Governor i* a* follow* Kellogg. 10,7S9j hlada, 11,871, Shelter, 3,758. In 1844 -Polk, 10,7n? Clay, 18,798; Birney, 2,31s. Whig net lo*? in 112 town*! three thousand and thirty-seven'. In 172 town*, .*>3 de mocrat*, 80 whig*, and 10 abolitionist*, are elected to the House of Representative* Whig net Ion, 41 ! Ademo cratic senator is elected in K*se\ county. The whig* by very small maiorities, have elected senator* in Cale donia and Grand Isle counties, last year represented by democrat*. The next senate will probably contain 7 de mocrat* and 23 whig*. In the House, the whigmajori ty may be from '20 to 25. Democratic State Convention ?This body as s rribled at Springfield yesterday, and was very tally attended On the nrst ballot for a candidate for Governor of the State, Isaac Davis, of Worre*. ter, nad left vote*; Charles Ci. Greene, of Boston, 180, and Frederick Kobinson, of < hailestown, 100. Mr Greene then withdrew hi* name, and the Convention withdrew to dinner. On the second ballot Iibvih had'241 | votes llishop, 140 vote*; Robinson, 88 vote* The Hon l-aai- Davis was then declared candidate lor the office ol Governor, and it W Bishop, candidate lor Lieutenant Governor Celebration of the Thirty-Sixth Anniver sary of the American Board of Cominls. ?loners for Foreign missions, at Brooklyn, THIRD DAY? We published yesterday u full report of the pro. ceedinga up to that time of this Board, by which it will be seen that considerable excitement exists among its worthy members on the subject of slavery, and longer connection with slaveholding churches. The views expressed by ninny grave and reverend gentlemen on this exciting topic, were of the most novel and extraordinary charac ter, and will undoubtedly lead to strange aud curious results?indeed, we should not be surprised, if a separation between the northern and southern churches was to take place. .morm.no session. The Board met at if o'clock?Hon. Theodore Fre linghuysen in the chair. The meeting was opened with prayer by Rev. Dr. llawes, after which the Secretary read the proceedings of yesterday. Chancellor Walworth mured to havethein corrected, in order that it would lie understood that the report 011 j slavery was not upon the subject generally, hut only no far as" it was connected with the missionary churches among the l herokees and Creeks. Dr. Anderson said the recommendations of the report had never before been acted on by a missionary meeting, but he hoped the Convention would now act upon it, and then go 011 unitedly with their appropriate business, their proceedings characterized by courtesy towards each other. He felt il they did not act on the question of slavery, the proper action would take place at tho pro per time. , Hev. Dr. Stowk wished to make a single remark, which would obviate many objections to the roport of the < ommittee upon Slavery. In making up their report they had been actuated by tbe fact that certain members of the missionary churches among the Chcrokecs and Choctaws wcro slaveholders. A knowledgo of the fact would enable them to keep to the point intended. The Rev gentleman then went into an argument to show that the bible view of the case was not incompatible with | slaveholding a anil adduced the instance of Christ's re- 1 gard for the Roman Centurion. He admitted that slavery j is a great social wrong, but thnt individuals were not to lie held personally responsible for it. The Lord had never rebuked Jacob for po ygamy ; but lie did not infer trom this that concubinage whs right ; it only showed '.hat God sometimes had patience with social wrongs, and illustrated the bible method of dealing with them He supposed the bible regarded slavery as it did polyga my, and it had not prohibited the latter War was another gieat moral evil, and stands in the same category with concubinage and slavery. Mr. Willia.ms, of Karmington, Ct. said the arguments used tended to mystify the principles ef the report ? They seemed to turn perfectly plain He hoped this mat ter would be decided uright, as there was a great portion ol the people who were looking with great interest for our decision. He understood the report to say that slave ry was right in the church ami wrong in the world. If he understood the bible aright, Ameiican slavery would soon be destroyed, root and brunch. St. James "had de nounced all who withheld the price of the laborer. He would ask if there was not some in the church who did so ? He instanced the case of an inhabitant of Turkey asking admission into a mission church, and asked il he would be refused on account of his pol> gamy '. He would go for makiug this matter plain. If it w as the intention of the committee to take ground ngaiust the social evil of slavery, why not say so, and either have it adopted or rejected. .Mr. Perkins, of Philadelphia, thought that the slave j himself was responsible fur the evil until he made an at tempt to tree himself, and he did not see why tho report ! should not aim at him as well ns the slaveholder. Hon. Mr. Child*, of Lowell, Mass., contended that I every man, even if connected with social evils was en- j titled to admission to the church. He had heard it sug gested whether a lawyer could be a good man, and to this il had been answered that " it depended very much upon how he behaved!'' (A general laugh). And so it was w ith the slaveholder. He enquired if any one had ever supposed that slaveholders wore responsible for the evils which resulted from slavery. Ho did not con sider them so steeped in guilt as to exclude them trom the Holy Communion. He judged from what he hsd ob served, that the churches in his section would not with hold their support of this board on account of their con nection with slavery. The report hud taken ground that a man may be a slaveholder, and yet a good man He would like to have this point settled, and called upon the doctors of divinity for light thereupon. Rev. Dr. Bacon, of New Haven, remarked that now was the proper time to decide this question, and the Board was not departing from their legitimate bnsiness in taking it up; and he hoped a vote would be taken, which would decide it for all time to come. He consi dered that the grand difficulty in regard to the question was a confusion of ideas; the refusal to make a distinc tion exceedingly obvious between slaveiy and slave holding. It was a lundamentnl distinction. The brother from B.C. wrongly supposed yesterday that it was in tended to denounce liini individually lor his connection with slavery. The master did not make the man a slave and this was the distinction. Dr. Bacon now alluded to the tjuasi feudal tenures in this state as analogous to slavery, and ought to be dissolved as soon ns they can be safely; they were an invasion of the rights ol man. The guiit did not belong to the holders, but to those who fabricated the system. It was, however, an evidence of sin God never intended that mas should be a slave. It was a violatien of all liis ordinances. Slavery was an evil which belongs to society, and not to the individual Slavery is a relation between master and servant, which law has created, and the master in many cases stands between the slave and the law to protect him from its abuses. AH the church can do is to enquire whether the master exercises the rights given him ac cording to the christian law of lore?and if he does so, you have 110 right to say he shall not be admitted to com munion at Christ's table. Dr. Bacon now offered several resolutions, illustra ting these views, which he wished appended to the re port. Rev. Mr. Phelfs related several anecdotes to show ttiat slaves would not take their liberty when offered to them 9 Itev. Arteml's Bollard of St. Louia, Mo., said lie had told liia parishioners, that slavery was a great moral, so cial and political evil. He was opposed, however, to (iarrisonian Abolitionism He thought a man might he a christian and a slaveholder. There was no man more w illing to see Slavery abolished, but it must be done in a proper way. He w as no advocate for the system. He recollected seeing a pamphlet written by Rev, Dr. Smy lie of New Orleans, in defence of slavery, and the reply of Gerritt Smith. He was present also, nt a conversa tion between some clergymen on the subject, when one remarked that lierritt Smith's reply was so conclusive, that it would probably open Ilrotlier Smylie's eyes. Not, replied another, while there arc $40,(MMi on his upper eyelids. The amendments of .Messrs. Phelfs and Bacon were new referred to a committee of five, who were request ed to report thereon as soon as possible. The Board now took a recess uutil five o'clock. COMMUNION OK THK LoBd's Si FFKR. At three o'clock in the afternoon, a large majority of the corporate and honorary members and patrons of the Board, partook of the Holj' Sacrament in Rev. Dr. Si-en ckb's Second Presbyteiian Church. The Board met at'tivo o'clock, at the First Presbyte rian Church, and after the reading the report of the com mittee to whom was referred a portion of the report of the presidential committee, and the report of the com mittee on Indian missions, the Board proceeded to the election by ballot of officers lor the ensuing year. The Hon Theodore Frehnghuysen was unanimously re-elected president, and Thomas S. Williams vice presi dent. Messrs. Anderson, Green, and Armstrong, secre taries; Henry Hill, treasurer; and Messrs. Scudder and llale auditors The gentlemen composing the presidential committee were likewise re-elected for the coming year. The special committee of five to whom was referred the amendments proposed by the Rev. Amos A. Phelps, of Boston, and Dr. Bacon, of .New Hampshire, to the re port on the subject of slavery, will make their report this morning. The exercises of yesterday concluded with religious services in the Second Presbyterian church inClinten street. Movement* of Travellers. The Hotels still continue ciowded to excess, tne departures bearing no proportion to the apparently mexhaustahle increase ot arrivals. At the American ?Lt. Walsh, U S.N; J,l). Baker, I'h iladol phia: Sept. Norris, Philadelphia; V. P Pelham. S. Weir, Lewis (passengers per Iowa); ltd. Stockton. Princeton; 11 L.Scott, U S. A; Major Gen. Scott, ('. 8 A; H I' (iile, Fredericksburgh, Gen Howard, Baltimore; Judge Wayne, Georgia; Dr H. Miller, Virginia; Lewi. Gibns do; W. D. Smith, < liarleston; T. Williams, New Lon don; Rev. H Howell, Philadelphia. Astor ?Mr Towney, Boston; Rev T. Smith, Charle ton, E N i hilds, Washington ' it> . N. Browne, Salem. Thomas Thompson, < onn. It D. .Morris, Natchez; G. D Stewart, N. 13, J. M. Scotland; C. McGarley, Jamaica; W, ('.and F. R. Rives, Virginia; Thos. George, Pbilad. A. Vail, Georgia; E Merton. Boston: E. VV Howard, Pio vide: c?; Vol. Failders, Louisville; H Crowell, Boston, v.. W. Andrews, Philad; Edw. Wallcott, Vliarles tlpham, 1 F. i oleridge, Boston; A. Baker, S I ? J.W.Lewis, Boston; J. B I urtis, do; ( option Alleyen. Montreal; Ed Raymond, Bostar);' . Andrews, do; S. O'Meara, do; W. and II. Davenport do. Virv--W. Mitchell, Richmond, Va; J. Holborne, Phi ladelphia; W. Taylor, Troy; J Allen, Roche-ter; J J Finley, < asr ades, Va, J Cleveland. Philad; F. Flint, Illi nois; L. J. Bradley. Tenn, N It. Gould, Newport; F. A Hoisman. Boston; S Watkins, N V ; B-t Lewis, Fit; J E. deRopas, ' araccas; J Rihas, Has ant; J llogau Uti ca. J. H. Bibb, Charleston; Ambrose and Andrew Pe/zi ni, Richmond, Va Fra!*xlii?.?J. Thomas, ( olumbns; George Harden, Oakfleld; B Sherman, Bufiato, L Paul, Albany, W. Tay lor. Troy; Jno. Doves, Mobile; D Feller, Ptiilsd; Mr, Miller, Kingston, Canada; O H. Perm, Cin; J. M. Bomes cran, Ala; A. McMullen, SaJem, W. Evory.t onn; H. II Broughton, Hartford; Dr. Turner, Ogdensburgh; A Smith, Baltimore. T. H. Halsey, Floridy; Mr. Dickey, Ohio. Glore -John Dorr, Boston. It H. Wilder, N. O; lion J. W. Wilde, Geo; Mr Reynolds, England; Thomas May' wood, Prov; James Johnson, Miramichi; W. P. Butler, S Ci George Blanchfotd 1'. S. A; Tho?. Valdwell, 1'hilad; R. H. Wilde. HowAan't?M. H Thomas, Albany: ? Jenkins, N. C; R. H. Paliner, Pittsburgh. S Read, Philad; J S. Wliee lock. Boston; J. 8;on*on, Boston;.!. Votings, ' anada, VV, Joseph Perkius, VVarreti co; VV H Edinger, Va; Hliet wood, lly de Patk; W 1 Tresdwell k redericksburg; I) D llowiird, Boston: Rev ^ Tucker, Ohio; AI Mr. Irityre, Philad; J. II Speed, Memphis; W F. Parscale, do; B. H Teppen. Vliss; J < arnpbell, Philad: K J. Higginson, Boston; I, H. Bailey. Erie, Mich; L S Mill, Mass: F T, Boardman, Ala I VV. Hall, Albany; W. Backwortli, Miss, H. A. < hevers, Ship Waldron; George ' hapin Providence. Houghton'* Tkiai,.?The Hiulton dfttrlle of Turwlay stai<-n that Hown to that date, although the trial of Houghton (big Thunder) had then been u week before the court, only tvo Jurors had been selected and that it would undoubtedly lie three or four dayi "?or# before they would he able to get a lull panel msnsn Theati tenia. Pitt Thkatek.?The comedy of "Money" was re peated lait night to a very tT?wded house. The furniture and general decorations of the etage beipea* liberality on the part of the management in ita production. For the comedy, it present* as varied a gallery of human portraits and shifting panorama of charactor, as wc have erer seen grouped in one drama. The character of Clara Douglas does not possess suffi cient scope for Mrs. Kean's capabilities. From the first, u dependent on the bounties of a mercenary and worldly baronet, she exhibits that passiveness of a tried and sub. missis o nature, calculated rather to elicit sympathy than awaken any histrionic power. Nor does her change of fortune give her a greater prominonce, till the last act, wticro her secret generosity receives its lull reward in the hand of her lover. Here the passion so long con ceoled and purified by the ordesd through which it has passed, bursts with its native intensity. We think this is trie most powerful scene in which we have witnessed \lrs. Kean's tragic powers. It was thoroughly warmed by the sensibilities of the individual, which alone, like the breathing of Pygmalion on his statue, can animate the personation. Alfred Evelyn, from the strong intermixture of irony and bitterness, is a light-comedy-part bettor adapted to Mr. Kean's potvers than any we have seen him in. The scene in the gambling room, where, to revolt his future father in law, he dares fortune and defies every vicissi tude with the recklessness of habit, was delineated with much spirit; ii we might suggest a fault, we think the manner and tone were too boisterous. In the last scene he played with great depth and fueling. Fisher, the disconsolate widower, who, like Gold smith's Croaker, takes a pleasure in making his friends perfectly miserable, presented as rich a performance as we have, for some time. seen. Tho courting-scene be tween him and Lady Franklin, (Vlrs. Vernon) in which he forgets his " sainted Maria" in his anticipated union witli that " devilish fine widow," was inimitable, as the laughter of the house te-tified. it was, indeed, a rioh burlesque upon our vascillating nature, which can, so soon change the cypress for the myrtle. To-night will be repeated the Stranger, with the co medy ol the Honeymoon, for Mr. Kean's benefit. Uovvkhv Theatre.?The play of the "Conquest of Tarauto" was given last evening to a crowded house, and was followed by the beautiful drama of " Robin

ilooU." The whole of the performances gave great satis faction, and we must particularly compliment the mana ger on his admirable method of producing these plays.? A great treat is in store lor the frequentors of this thea tre, Mr. Hambliu having been engaged for next week. To-night we have the play of"Richelieu"anJ the "Rakes< Progress." Castle Garden.?Barney William* and his troupe still reign supreme. They have given some of the newest and best negro songs that we have ever heard. Their engagement is drawing to a close, and we would advise the many strangers now in town, to go to this place and see how such things are done in New Vork. Niblo's Garden.?Tho "Queen of Cyprus," beyond all dispute the most gorgeous of all the operas yet pro duced by the French, is to be played to-night. It was acted on Wednesday to a very crowded saloon. The audience were delighted with the music, especially a duet in the third act, between Mr. Garry and Mr. Arnaud; it was absolutely cheered; we have never hourd either of those singers with greater pleasure. Calve was, as usual, very successful. It would require a lengthened description to convey any idea of the magnificent, gor geous, and costly dresses; nothing like them was ever witnessed in New York before; the armor of Mr. Garry forinstanoe. The scenery was beautifully designed; in deed, the whole piece i* well worthy of a visit; and Americans should not forget that the performance con sists entirely of singing, so that a knowledge of the French language is not necessary to fully onjoy the delight afforded by the music of this popular spectacle. Miss Delcv.?This young lady makes her first appear ance. in America, at the Park Thoatre, ou Monday even ing next, as Amina in the opera of " La Somnambula."? She is the daughter of Rophino Lacy, a celebrated musi. cian, for many years connected with the Italian Opera House in London ; she has spent the last three years in Italy, filling the situation of Prima Donna at most of the leading theatres in the Italian States. Some time since she made her diput at Drury Lane Theatre, London, with the greatest success. The London Morning Herald speaking of this occurrence said :? " Miss Delcy played Cinderella last night for the first time before a Loudon audience. Her voice is a fine rich soprano, with, at once, great and delicnte powers of exe cution. Her success was unequivocal. Her first air did not prepare us for the powers which, as the opera pro ceeded, she very beautifully manifested. Miss Delcy has great originality. There is nothing hackneyed?no thing common-place in her execution. Her voice is of a very fine quality and of great compass. It is, moreover, not an instrumental voice ; she sings from the heart ; u great matter, when prime donne are so often fitted up like musical snuff boxes, to do certain airs, and no more.? We must award to Miss Delcy the highest praise. Her acting was also very agreeable?simple, unconstrained, and like the victim ? our old househeld friend the fairy tale. Mis* Delcy was clamorously received throughout: and was, of course, called on to leceive the applause of the audience, the finale having been previously en cored." Swiss Bell Rinoerj.?The last performance but one of these artists takes place to night at Falmo's theatre.? Thev present an increased attraction, being aided by the Anglesea Singers, Mr. Marks, Mrs. Timm and Mr. Timm, arid the evenings entertainments will he varied with songs, violin playing, and Mr. Timm on the piano, and they themselves will give some of their choicest pieces, among them the Aurora Waltzes, Irish Quadrills, and Virginia Quick Steps, concluding with Lucy Neal Herr Driesback and his Zoological Exhibition will be at Oswego during the present week. Miss Petrie, formerly a favorite in this city, is perform ing at Pittsburgh. Dumbolton's troupe of Ethiopians arc performing in Philadelphia with their usual success. They open here on Monday next, at I'almo's Opera House. .fames Wallack, jr., and his wife arc staring it at the Holliday street theatre, Baltimore. City Intelligence. Letter Carriers' Fees.?Since the reduction of the postage, the increase in tne delivery of letters has been very great, but the correspondent reduction in tho fees of the carriers has not been carried out. As it is now, the charge of two cents lor each letter that is delivered in the city, is exorbitant, and could certainly be icdured without hardship to those interested to one cent. We recommend tho matter to tho Postmaster's consideration. Hotel Fronts.?We are not disposed to find fault with strangers who are visiting our city, but there is one objection we have to them, which is, their congrc | gating in such crowds after meal time about the front of the hotels. They really present a most formidable im pediment to passers by, particularly it they arc accom panied by ladies, for in addition to the crowd, tiie pave ment is entirely flooded with tobacco juice, and the at mosphere impregnated with cigar smoke. Why not, after meal times, if the smoking rooms of the house are not large enough to accommodate them, take a walk, or smoke in their own rooms, or go anywhere where they would not interfere with the progress of the hundreds of passers by who are now iorced to turn out into the middle of the street Mystkriocs Disappearance.?Mr. John II. Uough, the well-known advocate of Temperance, arrived in this city on Friday eveuing, the 6th instant, from New Haven ?stopped at the Croton Hotel: after tea he dressed and went out; went to the store of Messrs. Saxton and Miles, since which he has not been seen or heard of. lie was dressed in a black dress-coat and pants, black satin vest, black hut, (l.c (lay maker, Boston,) boots newly footed ; from the appearance of his baggage it was his intention to return soon, but his friends fear that some accident or foul play has befallen him. Obstruction to Side Walks in the shape of oystors that have a " most ancient and fl-.h-like smell," are very annoying to the passengers through the streets that lead to our principal terries, not only on that account hut also from the obstruction they ofl'or We have received seve ral cornmuni-ations on the subject, and would sail the attention of the authorities to the fact Cokonir's Oeeice, Sept. 11.? Sudden Oral A.?The Coroner was called this afternoon to hold an irx|net-1 at the Alms House, on tho body ol Jane Smith, a native ol New \ ork, aged 34 y ears, who died suddenly 1 ist night it her place of residence No. 134 (Jieene street. Vei < 4 t, deatli by tho spontaneous rupturu ol a blood vessel of the lunys. Dkatu ok Jnrx.K Story.?We have the pitififul duty to announce the death ol Joseph Story, Lis. 1J-, one of the Justices of the U. S Supreme < uurt, and Dane Professor of l.aw in Harvard University. He expired at Ins residence in Cambridge, last evening, at a qiiaitei before nine o'clock. His pulse ceased to beat, and his hands were cold before eight, I'. M. ills disease was stoppage of the intestines, or stragubition, the same sickness which ended the life of Mr Ueguie ill this city in 1843. Judge Story was 8.') years of age He grade itad at Haivard University in 1734 a d was appointed u> the Judgeship ot the United States Court by President vladisou in 1811 He tins fi led a high nflica hi th - judi Cial ? crvioo of his cuunli y , and a higher station in tin public uy e, and he has loft a space which will not he easily filled. Lou ok tub Brio Canton, ok iiRtrNxwicK (Me.) AND THRRK LlVK* ?We learn that the tiril! which aine in collision with steamer (Jeoigia, on Tuesdav morning last, as the Utter was on her passage up from Norfolk, (as previously reported.) was the Canton, ?>i Brunswick, Me ; from Havre de (trace bound to Boston, with 300 tons pig iron on hoard. She was oil Poplar Isl and at the time, about half past '1 o'clock, and was struck amidships, and so badly stove as so cause her to fill and sink in fifteen minutes, with every person (five in all) on hoard. The captain and mate (brothers) afterwards as cended the rigging, such being their presence ol mind, and reached the topmasts, which were only a tew feet shove water, and there remained until alter day light, when they were Ialien in with by a hay craft, bound up the bay, which took them oil, and they reached here la t evening. The three other men were drowned. The captain's name we did not learn. The brig was a new vessel, this being hei second voyage, and was insured in ttio Warren office, in Portland. Wmnirun llrpuhtican, Nrpt. II Tiik Way to do IT.?We nee by the < lincinnnti pspers that the commanders of forty -five steamboats have signed the following card: " We, the undersigned, masters of ate irriboat*.do hereby pledge ouraelves not to employ, upon any pretext whatever, ' any man or men/known as '.Steamboat Runners,' or to allow any boat to tend a bill on board, upon our arrival at port, that may employ such men Brooklyn City Intelligence Hack mo Cab Nuisances.?New York i? rot the onlv place in the world in which people are anuoyed hy the impertinence* of hack and cab meu. Anew line of om nihufie* ha* recently been itarted to run bcroas the Jowerpartof Brooklyn from (he Fultpn to the South Ferries anu w* nroprietor and driver* havt daily been annoyed, insulteil and uuu.od, by a vet ot men whips in hand and imprecation* on their tongue*," who imagine their buainei* to be injured by this innovation upon the monopoly they have heretofore enjoyed among the travelling public. Tha nuisance has, nt length, become so intolerable, that, yesterday, Mr. Tunis Van Brunt, ot No JS7 Aduuis street, made complaint against two individuals who had not only u*ed violent und abusive language to the omnibus drivers, but had, moreover, grossly insulted ladies for no other alleged cause thau their preferring thn new accommodation to the cabs. One ol these meu was stated to be in the em ploy oi Mr. Wade, and the name ol tho other transgressor was unknown. Warrants wore placed in the hands of ollicer Parker for the arrest of the accused. Military.?The Fusileer Guard of this city, under the commaud of < ant. Joseph J. Mellon, will visit Flush ing, L. I., on Tuesday, the Itith instant, for target prac tice. Police Items.?A complaint was entered at the police office, by Mr. Terrcnce Urady, that Mr. Peter Griffin, a printer, residing in Brooklyn, hud obtained from him $5, by false pretences. The defondantj who is said to be a respectable man, protested his innocence of any inten tion to defraud, anu he immediately guve boil lur his ap pearance at tire Oyer and Terminer. Mr. Ephrnim Putcrson, of Sands street, charged a per son, named Patrick Tyman, with having intentionally passed upon him a spurious $5 bill. The accused denied all knowledge of the note being had, af!d he was permit ted to depart on paying costs and indemnifying the com plainant from loss. An incorrigibly dissipated woman, named Salone El lis, who had escaped from the county penitentiary at Flatbusb, to which place she was sent a few weeks since as a common scold and virago, was brought up in custo dy lor committing a violent assault upon her husband, a tailor, living in Pearl street. She was sent to jail for the term of six months Terronce Mclntyre, of Jackson street, was sentenced to pay a fine of $o, lor an assault aud bat'ery 011 Cornelius Vaudoveer. Edward Dally was sent to prison, in deiitult of huil to keep the peace, on a charge of beating his wife. Daniel Finnegan, ol Hilary street, arrested 011a like charge, was dischaiged lor want ot testimony against him. Affd n warrant was issued for the arrest of Peter Zabriskie, for committing on assault and battery upon Hachael Uuderhill. An Affecting Scene.?A young, neatly dressed, and very good looking female, n uned Alary Ann Coyle, who gave her re-idence as at No. 46 Grand St., was brought before the magistrate on ths complaint of B. Stilweil, Esq , uttorney at law, who charged ItSr with having an uoyed hiin at tiis office aud elsewhere, by importunities ol an improper character. Mr. S., who is a newly mar ried man, staled that he knew of no other way of getting rid of the unwelcome visits of the girl, than by pursuing the present course; and as it appeared that she had once before been arrested 011 a similar charge, at the instance of Mr. Stilweil, and had been dischaiged on a promise not to offend again, she was now committed to prison for ten days. She implored in the most piteous accents to be saved lrom this disgrace, but the justices were im movable, and she was liurrled off in custody of officer Kelt, sobbing and crying sa if tier heart would break.? she said she was a tailoress, and that her parents live in Second street, New York. Curious Aiirest.?Officers Powell and Clayton, hav ing, as they supposed, obtained a clue to the where abouts of the young man Davenport, who lately robbed Gay's Express of a large sum of money, went into Hon ry street, near Middagh,.on Wednesday evening, and there found a man exactly corresponding with the de sciibed appearance of the person whom they desired to capture He was in company with another man who was exceedingly wrath that his friend should thus be pouoced upou, und in consequence of his violence, lie also was arreated. On beiug taken before Justice Down ing, it turned out that although the officeis were mis taken in their men, they hail neveitheless caught " a customer." The person first arrested gave his name as John Devyr, and it appeared that ha had recently come to this city from Providence in company tVlth bis quasi friend and fellow prisoner, (Alexander Murray,) and that during their cruise among the lions of New York, the latter had been robbed of all his money. Both the individuals weie auhjor.ted to a close searching opera tion, during which, to tlio astonishment anil gratification of Murray, a great portion of nis lost money was found in Devyr's possession. Under these circumstances, Mr. Devyr was committed to jail, to await his trial for grand larceny. Proc lamation.?The Mayor of Brooklyn has issued a proclamation, offering a leward of $100 for the apprehen i sien of the person or persons who were concerned in the outrageous act of cutting the hose of a fire engine ou Saturday night last We understand that the hose which was thus mutilated was attached to the machine belonging to company No. 9. More Burglaries.?These midnight depredators have lately extended the field of their operations, by visiting the houses ol persons in some of the small villages near Brooklyn. Unless the police of the city be bettor regu lated, and the watch department he materially improved in discipline, and increased in numbers, the inhabitants of this county will have to "sufTer some" during the en- . suing winter, from the hordes of villains who are now aware of the impunity with which nocturnal felonies can here be perpetrated. Rhignation.?Jeremiah Lott, Esq., who has acted as clerk to the Board of Supervisors of Kings county forty four years, resigned his situation on Tuesday last, in consequence ot debilitv and ill health. County Jail.?It has been determined upon to have the fiont of this large and beautiful edifice completed immediately, under the direction of Gamaliel King, Esq. whose plans have been approved of by the public au thorities. Circuit Court. ?In tho libel suit, (mentioned yester day) brought by George A. Phillip vs. William H. Starr, the jury, alter being in consultation all night, returned a verdict in favor of the plaintiff for $300 damages and ?osts. An action of trover, instituted by Louisa M. Pease vs. Morris Reynolds, for the recovery of a piano forte of the value of $300, which it was alleged the defendant had illegally distrained upon, (when making a levy for rent at the house of a family in which the plaintitf boarded) was speedily brought to a close, by the Court's granting a non-suit, on strictly technical grounds. Two suits brought by the Trustees of Williamsburgh against Hiram Rosa and others ; and by the same against Alexander Tuttle (impleaded with Uchenck Way) were, by consent, referred to the decision of N. 13. Morse, Esq. district attorney of King's county. An inquest was taken in lavor of the plaintiff for $513 86, in an action instituted by Oliver D. Burtis vs. Abra ham D. Iligble, to recover the amount of a promissory note. Otkr and Terminek.?Several prisoners, who have been indicted by tho Grand Jury during the present term, were arraigned, for the purpose of pleading, prior to being put on trial. Among them were Charles Fay, charged with an assault upon Amos Madden, with intent to kill him; Moses Carson, James Lewis, and George McConkcy, for grand larceny; Jacob Potter and Peter Oarthelmes, (a very small boy) for arson; Geo. Tomp kins alias Joseph Farr and John Sweet, on several indict ments for passing counterfeit money; and James Kelly, or obtaining money under false pretences. Police Intelligence. Sept. 11.? Mysteries of New York?Initiation Fee?A mmried gentleman from the Green Mountain State, after taking a peep at the Bowery Theatre, strolled towards that distinguished part of the metropolis termed the Five Points, and entered one of those numerous dens of infamy to be met with in that quarter, where, during a brief so journ at No. 40 Orange street, he was touched to the tune of $140 in the real stuff,.and about $1000 in bonds, Sic. This morning one Bridget McGowan, with whom the stranger sciaped an acquaintance last evening, was brought up and hooked lor uri apartment in the Egyptian Mansion House, nlias the Tombs. Another Touch Case ?A female named Maria Haffmeis ter, was brought up this morning, and held to answer to a charge of stealing a gold pencil case and a dissecting knife, alleged to be worth $20 from James D. Brownlee, of No. 175 liroadway, while in hercompany at a house in Crosby street. .Isiault anil Battery.?Mr. J. F. Carter, of the tirm of Shaw Si Carter, carpet merchants, No. 400 Pearl street, was arrested yesterday and held to hail in the sum of $1,000. to answer for committing an assault and battery upon the person of Mr. liernardus J. Ilaight. Fasting Counterfeit Money.?A man named Thomas Wy nant,alias John M. Thay er,was arrested this forenoon on a charge of having passed a counterfeit $10 hill on the Hudson River Bank in payment for a watch On search ing him, a counterfeit $100 bill.un the Tenth Ward Bank*, a lOiinteifeit $;<> bill on the Farmers'Bank of Senses County, one $3 i ill and two $9 bills, also counterfeits, on the f'hippeway County Bank, arid a quantity of lottery and policy tickets, weie found in bis possession. Wy u ii.t was folly committed to answer. Those persons who have taken had money in payment forgoods will do well to call at the Lower Police. More Property Iternrered.?Officers Itelyea and Beeman of the Independent Police, and Prince John Davis, last evening recovered 11 boxes more of bouts and shoos, which had been obtained by fraudulent pretences, from the firm of Johnson, White it Junes; also a large amount ot hardware, cutlery, &c . which had been obtained by the same means, and which the accused parties had sent to a wholesale auction establishment lor the purpose of converting the same into cash The helore named effi cient officers have already reroveied property to the I amount of about $0000, belonging to Johnson, White & ! tones Truly this may be contideird a capital begin ning in their new enterprise. Jir. rit of Burglars - On ti e night of tho 31st of July ' Inst, the dwelling ot Nicholas K Anthony, Esq , No 14 Grammer<-y t'mk w is feloniously entered and rohhad of llveranri gin sware wmth about $14. Until trie pre ent lime, however, the logins esc pad detection. It acpesrs that* ehnrt tim? H ter the robbery three cut rlass tumblers, which had heon stolen, were given to Al bert VicIivfiuie hy a young fellow named John WoraD, who was tnen an estcd, as also a companion of Ins named Lew is Lockwood, on a charge ol having committa l tho offence 'I hey weie both held to ana ger A brother ol Moron's, it is said, ri now in the State Prison for a grand 1 rcony. Ilrutal .'Is soul I ami Battery ? As two respectable and i .offensive Germans.named $ rancis Joseph Varman and 'ohn Yunnan, father and son were last night puss ing through 40th street, on their return home from their employment, they were assaulted and brutally beaten by several rowdies, who struck them with slung shot and other weapons, and by which Francis Josenh Var man was seriously, if not dangerously Wounded. Two of the offenders named Paul Shucks and John < olton, have been arrested and fully committed to answer. Hurglarit ?The workshop of Mr. J Phelon, carpenter, No Inn Seventh at. was last night huiglm iously entered iind robbed of h large quantity of tool-, lie. 'toother Case of False Pretences? A per-on named David Gilmen, alias Gibson, was arrested yesterday by officer Campbell, on echarge of having fraudulently obtained ; fiom Mr. ft. W Werner, of New ark, notes of hand to the amount of $150 He whs taken to the tombs preparatory to being delivered up to the hiiI'io'itiaa ol New Jersey. Petit Larcenies -Asahel Raymond was arrested y ester day by officer Norris. of the tenth Ward, charged with having stolen two eoats woi th $'i0 from Lewis i'noper, of Vari.lewnter st. Officer J. H. Whikehart, last evening arrested a man named Wm Andrews, on a charge ot stealing a flu# dreii coat worth $90 Iron Jamti Latham, of No. 10 Water ft A woman named Flizitfcath Harm,} was also called to aeeount for stealing about 30 i am cbildren'a stocking# from C alvin l.uiham, of No. f Walker at. Htguffly?An individual by the name of Hubert Car penter, who' la amid to ba upward# of sixty yean, of age waa arrested yesterday by officer Willis, of the thir diatrict Police Court, on n charge of bigamy, from thi evidence adduced it appears that the accused lost hi ttrst wild In the month of February last; and alter i? maining a widower for the long period of two months, he concluded to cut short his troubles by providing him self with a second wife, whom he met with in the per son of Matilda Fisher, a blooming girl of nineteen, to whom he was married by the Rev. Mr. llice, of Willei stiect church, on the tith of April last; but ere another six months had expired, the old hero took u fancy t another of still more tender years, and .^rs united b the Itev. Mr. ball, of Brooklyn to a Miss Hester Cornell' Smith, aged 13. For this manifestation of his partiality for the fair sex, Carpenter was held to auawer. The ..MUle U rum son a."?Mr. K(lltori-8lr I had the pleasure of attending last night, at I'ncmi II all, as li a concert as i ever listened to lit Hartford. Miss JosF.rili .. Bhavison is. as the certilicaler appended to her ailver'is.iiie,;t testily wiihoilt doilbt. one u! the hrst Pianists living; not, however, that she excels, at her present age, ( ID years) many w ho eould he found, hut It is exceedingly .prestionahle wlietho there are scarcely auy to he found ill this, ur any other country who, at her age, could tiurpai* her# Lait fvcoiiifcfi niter tnc con cert, I passed a lady and gentleman who hud been present, and the iortner renia. ked toner attendant ru the most emphatic m onier. that " I would like to attend lor a wet k such perlor ?nances." A certain gentleman, also not remarkable lor Ins inu sicaleulhusiasin, said in my hearing. ''*? ell, il the citizens ol Hartford do not nttend the concert Of Miss B to-night ( v\ ed.ies lav I they ought to go witliont music lor sn months to cuine ?Hartford Times. FALL K'ASHION?1845? FOR UKNTLK M K S' H HATS. Introduced ou the 30th tilt., by ?106tm LKAlt VSc CO.. f Aator House MONK Y MAItKKT. Tliurarlnjr, Sept. 11?G P. 31. 1 There was a very evident improvement to-day in quo* tatioiiM for stocks; the transactions were to some ex tant. Norwich and Worcester went up j) per cent Heading Hail Hoad 1. Long Island 1. Farmer's Loan J Pennsylvania 3's 1. Kentucky G's j, Ohio ti's Unite States Bank |. Erie Rail lfoad, nnd Canton, closed fir at yesterday's prices. Morris Caual fell olT J per cent Holders of sterling coupons, Maryland Loan due o the 1st of July, 1843, can receive payment for the sam at the Loun Office in Baltimore, if immediate applicntio ta made. The receipts of the Western Railroad for tho week en ding Sept. 6, 1841 and 1943, wore as follows:? Whstkrn Railroad. Week ending Sept 6, 1845. 1814. Passengers 811,363 11,199 Freight,sic 8,361 7,029 Total. $19,726 $19,028 The receut advices from F.urope in relation to the har vests, have not been very satisfactory to speculators i ffour, while operators in Cotton have been compelled keep quiet, and wait further accounts before decidin how to move in th? market. There ace so many inte osts in this country, depending upon the harvests < Creat Britain, that until the question is settled, five com mercial world must remain in an unsettled state. London being the groat commercial head, whatever affects coin mcrci&i matters in that place, spreads over the world and frequently creates more injury abroad than at honn There are many speculators in Flour in this marke who are anxiously looking for tho most unfavorable a< vices from Great Britain in relation to the crops, in at ticipation of a demand for a portion of ourlargc surplu littlo dreaming, perhaps, of the serious embarrassment such an event would produce in noarly every section this country. The effects Of bad harvests in Grea Britain, we have heretofore experienced, and it would b well for us, in a commercial poiut of view, if we shoul never see another. We are so intimately connected wit F.ngland in our commercial relations, aud depend upo the manufactories of that country, lor a market for ou Cotton, that anything affecting the prosperity of one has a corresponding effect upon the other. The drain o bullion from the Bank of England a short harvest ere ates, reduces tho volume of the currency, increases th measure of value, and brings about low prices nominal ly.but very high prices actually, when wo consider th. state of the currency. The period of short harvests be traced by the returns mado by the Bank of England and the sudden and serious ductuatious in the amouc of bullion on hand. Wc annex the Bank of England returns for twelve years, within which period there were three short liar vests Bask o?- Kwusn. Circulation. DepOiiti Bullion oecuritie Oct., HOT... 19.8(10,000 13,000,1100 10,90?r000 24 2fl(i l'(i( Aue, 1834... 19.147,000 14,334,COO 8,272,000 24,079,00 April 1334... 18.491,100 11,289,000 6,32i00n 26,228,00 Jau'jr ISM.. 17,262,000 19,169,000 7,076,On* 31941(0 May ?' ... 18,081,000 13 273,000 7,Ml 000 20.131,"01 Keli 1837 ... 17,808,000 11.230 000 4 , 32,000 .11 .''Hi.tK' April 1838... 18,987,000 11,202.000 1 0,120,000 W.638.00 < ?ct. " ... 19,249,000 9,327,(8)0 9,437.00(1 22,0f4.W> Dec. " ... 18.469,000 9,033,000 9.36 1 000 20,707..'0 Oct 1839... 17,012.000 6,734,000 2.42.4.000 21.939,OIK Oct, 1810 ... 17,231.000 6,762,000 4.11.1 0l>0 22,782,00 Jan. 1812... 16,613,000 7,918,000 4,779,000 22,680,00 Oct. '? ... 20,061.000 9 368,000 9,638.100 42,473.'01 Nov. 1813... 19,114 000 10,9 0.000 12 098,000 21,392,001 Dvc 2 19,121,000 10.911,01(1 12,27.4.000 20.936,01 Dec. 30 19,098,000 11741,000 12.85.1 000 21,0 7,001 Ap<il 25, 1841. 21,427 0> 0 13,615,100 16,015.000 22,140121 In 1835, the bullion became reduced to nearly six million pounds sterling, tben advanced to inon than seven and a half millions in 1H3S, and fell to ?4,032 000 in Feb 1837. At this time the tremendous comrncr cial revulsion swept over Oreat Britain, destroying prin cipally those engaged in the American trade, and finally spread over the States, carrying down before its terribif strength, a very large portion of all classes. Kron Feb., 1837, to April, 1838, the bullion in the Bank in creased from ?4,032,000 to ?10.126,000, and there ap peared at that time a very favorable prospect of a spee dy recovery from the bankruptcy and ruin that had del troyed so many largo and wealthy houses, but the har vests of that and the succeeding year, proved short, am a drain of bullion took place that reduced the amoua in the Bank in less than eighteen months, ?7,601,000 oi $38,000,000. This drain was the result of * demand foi bullion to export for the purchase of grain, and in 183H and 1839, thirty-six millions, four hundred and twenty" five thousand four hundred and thirty-two bushels ot wheat were imported into Great Britain, in 1837, the importation of wheat into Great Britain only amouotei to 1,966,9.12 bushels; the importation of 1838 and 3' therefore, shows an increase ol nearly one thousand pe cent. The importation of wheat continued quite large up to 1843, and it will be seen that the bullion in the Bank did not increase very rapidly, until the importation of grain had nearly ceased. Bui.i.ion n* the Bank or England? Importation ofWhea into Great Britain?Average Price or Wheat Pe Quarter. Jivtragepric Bullion Wheat import'd, oj Wheat pe in Bank. Quartrrt. quarter. 18*9 ? ? 1,364,220 66. 3 1830 9,171,000 1,701 884 61. 3 183 1 8,217,000 1,491.631 66 . 4 1632 5,293,146 324,435 58. 8 1833 10,900.000 82,346 53.11 >834 8.272,000 64,643 46. 2 >835 6,329,1100 28,483 39. 4 >836 7,C6:i,0fl0 31,344 48 . 6 >837 4,032,000 244,619 53.10 >838 9,147,000 1,853,048 61. 7 >829 2 525,000 2,700,131 70.8 1810 4,115,000 2,812 101) 66. 4 181 1 4,48-1.0(141 2.772 560 64.4 1811 9 648,000 2,759 . 65 60 2 1813 12,2 4.(Kill 920,800 55 6 1844 16,013,0.0 1,068,370 ? We are able to follow, by this table, the years of bad hai vests, hy the decrease of bullion in the bank, as easi ly and as coriectly as though thy dates were marked out From 1831 to Hit, the importation W4< very small, and the annual fluctuations in the bullion were more limited; but the large importation of wheat in 1838 and '39, in connection with the depressed state of cominer' cial affairs, produced an exportation of bullion lo such sn extent that the Bank of England eonl I not have weathered the storm, had not the Bank of Franca nidel her in herextremity. A heavy loan ftom the Bank of France saved the Bank of England, but ttie effect of two bad harvests in succession, in connection with the resui of the (peculations of previous years, upon commercial affairs throughout the world in general, and in Gieat Bri tain in particular. deranged the movements of the gov ernment, and brought about e change in the ministry in 1441. A single short harvest In Oreat Biitaln cnut I not cre ate so much distress as two eticceesive ones, and then tee times generallynow ere more la. ornble for such an event than in 1838 and -39. There hail bean for several years previous to that time a very great expansion in all th* Operations of trade and commerce; ciedi'i had become inflated and every one had his hualness extended be yond immediate control. A crisis in commercial affair^ was Immediately followed by two very short harvests nnd the effect upon all classes was terrible. We have now about recovered from the ruin caused by thate*. plosion, perhape only to he once more prostrated Should the harvests ? f England be but little below the usual overage, the deficiency will be supplied a? usual iro n the continent, should tho d mimd be large, supplies will be required from the colonies in North America but should the harvest be very short, an importation o flour into Great Britain, diroc.t from the United States will he made to some extent In such an event, we might export, perhaps, five million dollars worth of fl iur lo Great Britain,nr four millions more than the nsu alqnarnit/ As an offset to an increase in the exports Hon of breadstuff's, there would bo, without doubt, a de* crenss in the value of cotton exported tenfold, or In otli ct words, where we gained one dollar in the exportation ol breadstuff* to Great Britain, we ehould Ion ten in the

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