THE NEW YORK HERALD. ??i. U., Ko. 9ft7_Whol? Ho. #199. NEW YORK, SUNDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBERI28, 1845. PtIm two Oudf Oliutrotu Effect of Lightning-National Institute. Washington, D. C., Aug. 12,1846. Dear Sir :?Accompanying this I take the liber ty of sending, if thought worthy of attention, an account ot the disastrous effect of lightning during a thunder gust, on the 30th ultimo, in the vicinity of this city; with a drawing. I have the honor to be, sir, Very respectfully, Your obedient servant, J. OOLDSBOROUGH BRUFF To Francis Markoe, Jr., Esq., Corresponding Secretary, N. I. Washington, D. C., Aug. 8th, 1846. The following account and observations, accom panied by a drawing, I have made from an exami nation of the premises a few days after the oecur renee, representing the melancholy effects of light ning, ana the imprudence of the unfortunate per sons in placing themselves, during a thunder gust, i directly under und near conducting and attracting points:? The gust occurred on the 3t)th ultimo ; the meteo rological observations, for part of the day, were as follows i?At 9 A M., the barometer stood at 29" 16, the thermometer, (in the shade and open air) at 82" ?wind SW, and brisk : weather partiallv cloudy. 12 M., barometer 29" 16, thermometer 86"?wind SW, moderate, cloudy. 3 P. M., barometer 29" 11, thermometer 86"?wind SW, and moderate, with thunder, lightning, and indications of rain. About 3 80 P. M., a strong breeze, with thunder, light ning and raia. The cloud from whence the light-; ningchiefly emanated, seemed very low, anil of, that peculiar hue indicative of much electricity; it was long and narrow, ranging in a SW and NE di rection, over the north-western portion of the city. At about 4 P. M., several vivid flashes were quickly succeeded by sharp peals of thunder?one ot these flashes slightly injured the top of a brick house in the city. The house was provided with an electri cal conductor. The premises I have represented in the drawing, and the subject of this account, are situated about 2? miles north ot the President's house, upon the de clivity of a hill, at the base of which, from opposite the east end of the house, and about 200 yards from it, runs a brook, called "Piney Branch," which meanders in a southerly direction. The house stands upon a cleared and cultivated space, bounded on the east and south by the aforesaid brook ; on the SW, by the highest grounds in the vicinity? about 300 yards distant; anil from thence, round to the north, by hills covered with a thick growth of tall trees, principally oaks?of about the same dis tance from the house ; on all other sides, by hills of less height, and vale:-. all thickly wooded, but gen erally of a smaller gri wth. The house is pituated, longitudinally, east and west. On the small farm, around the house, at# a few scattered young fruit trees, with none other near, except the tall oak close to the west end of the dwelling ; serving, in this in stance, as the conductor. This tree appeared to be about forty feet in height, (the drawing represents its character), distant from the house exactly four feet, nnd about three feet north of the centre of the building. It inclined over the house about five feet. There lay upon the ground, at the north-west cor ner of the house, (nearly under the oak) an iron kettle, of about two feet diameter. In the kitchen room, (west end of the house) against its west end, stood the dinner-table, covered with knives, forks, Acc , as left after dinner. The table was hall its length nearer the north than south corner, and, consequently, almost opposite the body of the tree. Between the table and the north cor ner, nt the height of four-and-a-half feet, hung a bright hand saw, above which, and perpendicularly with it, was a small oak stud, its foot morticed in the upper log of the wall, the other end supporting the outer rafter. Nearly under the corresponding stud of the opposite side, was a cast-iron coffee mill, secured to the side of a small cupboard, about four feet above the floor. On the ledge formed by the upper surface ot the top log of this end wall, and in which the studs were stepped, there lay, over the coffee mill, at the foot of the stud on that side, se veral old knives, Arc , and between the studs, over the table, a broken gun-lock. Mrs. Boose, with an infant in her lap, sat in a chsir at the ci rner of the table, in front of the saw, and three feet from it; her husband, the proprietor of the premises, sat also in a chair, on the opposite side, and reclined his head back against the corner fit the cupboard, a tew inches below the coffee mill, and one foot from the wall. He had been sleeping in the chamber, at the opposite end of the house, but. probably awakened by the thunder, had got up and placed himself in the chair in the kitchen, as just described, about ten minutes preceding the fa tal stroke. A very young boy was playing under the dinner table, one older sat in the corner by a cupboard, and south side, and one still elder, was in the bed chamber. At about 44 P.M., the oak was struck by light ning, near the top; the fluid descended to about the height of the house, and branched?one portien pas sed down the south-east side of the tree, to within akeut four feet ot the ground, where a small twig seems to have again divided it, anil the bark was strip[?ed off in two parallel stripes of about i broad each, and li inches apart, down to the grsund. The other main branch, and doubtless the largest, perfo rated the clan-board opposite the tree, at ten feet above ground, (marked N in the drawing), leaving a burnt hole, of about one by two inches. It de scended the stud (J) behind the lady, splitting and splintering it superficially; split the saw-handle, where rivettea, killed Mrs. Boose and her infant, and left a minute scorchpd orifice in the floor, di rectly under her chair. The stud on the opiajsite side was completely bursted, and shredded to its centre, except about two inches of the upperend. The principal force of the fluid seems to have been exerted at the lower end of this stud, where lay the old knivps. (The drawing represents the api>ear ance of this stud?II ) A splinter was thrown off from the cupboard, where the mill was attached,and Mr Boose (directly under it) killed. The three boys in the house at the ?ime, were un injured, but on account of the rain, and terror, they did not venture out till near an hour after the calami tous vtsitation. They then alarmed an uncle, liv ing about half a mile to the north of them, (a brother of the unfortunate lady, and the gentleman to whom lam indebted for these particulars.) Oa entering the house he found it filled with the fumes of burning horn, from his sister's comh. Mrs. Boose sat in the chair, with her head reclining back; no maik was found upon her. The infant girl lay upon the floor, near her mother, and had several dark striiies down her face. The fatlier lay on the oppo site side, with Ins liPiid close to the foot of the cup bonrd, in f ront,and his feet extended out on the floor. The top of his head was marked by a scorched and bare circular spot, about the size of half a dollar. Their countenances were nalurnl and serene, par ticularly that of the lndv,on whose lips a smile seem ed to play. Mr. B was 49 and his wife 45 years of Rge. They were vpry industrious and religious people, and left a large number of friends nnd acquaintances to de plore their loss. There were three older hoys away from home at the time of the catastrophe. I was informed that several trees on the hills to the north of the prci lisrs were struck from the same cloud. J. G. B. The Extent <">! . I'^iTitox.?The Equinox lino pngsstl over without doing any injury, and was cha racterised oaly by a superabundance of rain. Border ing the lower lake its effect* have been more aenaibly felt The northern portion of Niagara county waa visl tod by a violent gain accompanied with hail. A gentle man who wa* on Lake Ontario at the time, aay* that the gale wa* T#ry severe, and the ?cene terrific The fir*t appearance of the storm wn* indicated by black clouda, thunder and lighting, und the appearance nt a distance of about half a mile of four water spout*. The gale waa tremandou*. accompanied by hail of an enormoua *ixe. Thu window* of the steamer Express were all dashed in and the scene on board was one of great consternation At Toronto the rain fell in torrenta, accompanied by a high wind, and the thunder waa most awful. Hail of a large size, and fragmants of ice, were picked up in seve ral parts of the town. Much glas* was broken hy the hail Tha storm did great damaga among tha fruit tree* on the ridge road to Beansville. In other places trees wore torn up by tho roots, fence* destroyed, Ac., but fortunately no lives lost. The storm extended as far south and east as Utica.? At that place the lightning struck a tree on tho grounds attached to the residence of the late (len. Kirkland, tear ing up the earth, as if with a plough, for several yards ? Poring the storm, the house of Amasa Howe, Esq , in Peerfield, was struck, and a dog 1) ing by astnve killed. The persons in the house, although considerably stunned and knocked in every direction, fortunately escaped without injury A violent gale also prevailed in Deer field, which blew down trees, chimneys, fences, Ac. In addition to the above, we learn from the Ultra (7s xtllr, ot yesterday, that much damage was also done in the town of Whitestowo A complete tornado swept a space of half a mile in width, just below the village, be twe? n (Jen White's late office and the Bauquoit creek, taming uptiee* hy the roots, overturning chimneys, un roofing and canting up buildings.*- About 13 or 14 feet of one oi the Oneida Institute building* was torn off and rnriied several rods. Mr. Dart's house lost three chim in)*, ono of which went through the roof and fall on ? hod. The orchard* In the track of the hurricane were graatly injured.?Buffula Ssp(. 34. SINGULAR AND DISASTROUS FREAKS OF LIGHTNING. INTERIOR OF THE WEST END. OUTSIDE VIEW OF THE HOUSE. Showing Position of the Family at time of Stroke. Perspective of the North-West or Principal Front. GROUND PLAN OF THE BUILDING. Ljj? NOV I 39MV1 REFERENCE 8t a?Chair in which Mrs. Boos* was killed, (a small scorch- /?Corner where a boy sat. o? Hand-saw. ed hole dirMtly under chair marked s.) g?Windows. p?Burnt hole where the fatnl shaft entered. b?Chair in which Mrs. B. was killed. A t?Oak Studs of about 4 Inches square. f?Old knives, fco., on ledge. t?O'ning Table. k?Splinter caused by the fluid. r?Broken gun-lock on do. d?Coffee Mill (p. in end elevation ) m?Plaster broken out, probably by the coneussion. ??Hole in floor, under the lady's chair, caused by the ??Cupboard. n?Hole made by the electric fluid. electric fluid. I'rogrf m of the Civil War In Illinois?Mor mon Troubles?Great Kxrltement. [From 8t. Louis Republican. Sept. 1!) ] Warsaw, Sept. 17.?At this place and at Quincy, 1 find a state of excitement of which it is hard to give a Just de scription, (or there are all kinds of reports and stories afloat. As well as I can gather the facts at Qulae? and hore, they are substantially these -The citizens, under the style of anti-Mormons,have determined to drive the Mormons out of the county. The first difficulty commen ced in Adams county, which adjoins Hancock, in what is known as Morley's Settlement, or precinct. In this quarter, which is near the town of Lima, a party has been out burning the Mormon houses, barns, stacks, Sic. In this war of extermination, they include not only the Mormons, but all who are suspected of favoring the Mormon cause, or of harboring Mormons about them. The reports vary very much as to the number of houses burned. At Quincy, the number was stated at from fifty to sixty; but 1 think this is a large estimate. The anti-Mor inons are divided into two companies. One is known ns the "Fire and Sword" Company .whose duty it is to set fire to.Mormon buildings,and drive the occupants oil' The oth er division act as spies or guards, generally not appearing or taking a veiy prominent part. I am told, that a company of the fire and sword men were out in the Morley Settle ment on Saturday, and on their return they reported flust they had burnt thirty-three houses, and had got through before supper. At Quincy, it was reported that, among the buildings burned, was a mill, and that in a conflict between the parties one or two Mormons weie killed, and three or four wounded. 1 do not know how much reliance to place in these reports, but Irom the excitement I think them not improbable Mr Head, the Clerk of Hancock county, has fled from ( aithage, the county seat, with the records and papers, to Quincy. I was told that the Clerk of Brown county had also gone to Quincy, but of this 1 am not certain. It is expected that the troops from Adams and Pike coun ties will he immediately called out. A messenger was despatched te Governor Ford at Springfield, on Sunday last. Warsaw is under considerable excitement; and at pres ent is vigilantly guarded by armed men At a place called Itocky Branch, about six miles from this plsce. Gen. Wil liams is encamped with a number of men- anti-Mormons. The General is the commanderof this Brigade, but I sup pose will operate against the Mormons?law or no law. i estorday, a deplorable circumstauce occurred about seven artiles from here, which I believe will form the element for a much wider difficulty than anything which has yet transpired. The story, as well as 1 can gather it in the contusion of reports, follows : It is said, that on Sunday or Monday three men entered Carthage, and enquired for Mr. Barkenstos, the Sheriff, who is a Jack Moimon, and very obnoxious to the anti Mormons. Mr Backenstos mi*In his escape. Tester' day, Franklin A. Worrell, a merchant of Carthage, and a Lieutenant in the Carthage Greys, was out, with about I i or 14 other persons, when they came up with Back enstos ami a number of Mormons, at a place called Prentices' Shanty. The Mormons hockoned to Worrell and his party to keep away, but they either did not under stand the signal, or disregarded it. On their approach, two guns were fired. A ball from one entered Worrell's breast, killing him instantly. The corpso is now in this town. The other hall entered the cap of the man by his side.As you mnysuppose.this has added fuel to the flames, and this morning I find a majority of the citizens here preparing to go out, and nothing is talked of but a gene ral battle,and driving of the Mormons from the county. Numbers of people, especially women and children, are leaving the county as fast as they can get awny. I found a number with their baggage and household af fairs, on the hank of the river. Thus far the Mormons have fled in every instance, making little or no resist ance; hut they cannot flee much further, and they must either stand and fight shortly, or leave the county. It Is reported here, and credited, that the same process of burning out the Mormons, has been commenced in the upper pert of this eounty. It Is seid thet they heve com menced horning the Mormon honeoe to the Ls Harpe settlement and Camp Craek settlement. The deter mination appears to be to burn the Mormon houses, but the Anties claim that they will not injure tho sick, or widows, nor destroy the ^rain. When they iiud sick persons, or women, they give them no tice to leave?in fact, but few wait for the notice, ami as soon as the bouse is vacated, they set fire to it. Alarm and excitement pervade all classes, and terror is depicted on the countenances of all the families I have yet seen. This week, I believe,must bring matters to an issue. From the apparent concert with which the enti-Mormons are acting?their simultaneous attacks? the deep and deadly hatred which they entertain to the Mormons?the fact that the Mormons from all the set tlements out of Nauvoo are being driven into the city?I judge a fight must come off this week, which will probablv give a predominancy to one party or the other. I shall wait the result. It is very doubtful whether the Governor or civil authorities can act in time to pre vent the worst results. There is a report in this place said to have been brought in last night?that three hun dred Mormons, with some pieces of artillery, had march ed towards Carthage. Their purpose, it is said, was to bring away the family of Backenstos. The report is not much relied upon by the more intelligent citizens I send you with this a copy of the IVanaw Signal, from which you will see the temper of feeling prevailing here. It is stated in the Nauvoo Nrigbbor, that accounts had been received there of the destruction of lorty-lour houses and out-houses in OreenPlains and Lima districts. The iNitghbw insists that the shots flied upon the anti-Mormons at the meeting on Tuesday, were tired by their own party, and that the Mormons knew nothing of the occurrence until the next day. A partial list of the houses destroyed is published in the Nauvoo paper? and it is added : " All that we shall remark on the above is, that Col. Williams is at the head. We had for some time heard a rumor that the mob were preparing for ' further outrages,' but were really in hopes that, us our people had given no provocation whatever, that lew and order would govern the old citizens. Our people, thongh they have been basely treated and shot at, as can be prov ed, have been quiet, net retaliating even in self-delence, seeking peace at all hazards.'' The same paper says, that writs against the " twelve " and some others, upon the charge of " treason," have been issued in that county. The planing mills, carding an Bust, " * ' machine, kc., belonging to Norman Bust, about a mile from Lima, were burnt. Mr. Worrell, who was killed by the Mormons, as stated above, was in command of the guard at Caitharge on the day ef the*mnrder of Joseph and IIy rum Smith. [From the Warsaw Signal, Sept. 37.J It has become our painful duty to announce the death of one of our most estimable citizens by the hands of Rssssslns. Franklin A. Worrel, of Cnrthage, is no more. While riding across the prairie, in company with some friends, yesterday about 11 o'clock, some Mormons con cealed in the hazel rough, nine miles trom this place, fired upon him. The ball took efl'ect in his breast and caused almost instant death. There was a wagon in company, which brought bis remains to this place. groor Frank, he was one of the noblest spirits in our county, and his death has kindled and will kindle a flame that can no ver be quenched until every Morman has left the vicinity. Revenge, Revenge, fellow-citizens, is now the word. Mr. Worrel was in no way connected with the proceed ings In the south of the county, and his assassination was only provoked by that fell spirit of revenge that seeks his victims indiscriminately. ? There is no longer peace for Hfancock. Blood will and must flow if necessary to rid the country of tho cursed authors of our troubles We learn from Mr. Reynolds, with whom Mr. Wor rell was riding, thet Backenstos was scan by him and Mr. Worrell aear the place from whence the shot was
fired. They rode towards him slowly, to enquire the news, When about SOO.ysrda off, they saw a man enter the brush and presently the shot was fired from the spot where he entered. The place where the murder took place was at the point that Backanstos hod ordered a rendezvous; so that it appears to have been the act ol the Sheriff's Mormon ptsst. It is rumored in town that the people of Lee county, Iowa, are driving the Mormons as in this county. We know not whence this news comes, and cannot vouch for its correctness. Things in Clay County, Ky.?We copy the fol lowing from the Ltxington Observer of the 20ih tn stunt. A gentleman of our city who has just returned from Clay county has given us the following informa. tion in regard to the occurrences to which we alluded in our la?t paper : " On the arrival of General Dudley at Manchester, on Wednesday, Sept. 10, he found the population laboring under the greatest possible excite ment, caused by their fears oi an attack on their town by the Irionda of Dr. Baker, with a view to his rescue. The guard hastily summoned by the jailor were totally un provided with the most necessary articles of apparel, without bedding of any sort, and completely exhausted by the long watches and the excitement to which they liad been subjected for a fortnight previous. This being the season lor securing their fodder?the main reliance for their stock during the winter?their presence at homo was especially nocessary, and consequently great dissatisfaction existed among them, with a strong de sire to return to their homes. Great efforts were con stantly made by the lriendsof the prisoner to excite dis content among them. They were told that the jailor's summons was illegal?that consequently if any attack wore made and any person should be killed by thein, they would be murderers in the eye ol the law, that they would never be paid for their services, Sic. Being ge nerally uninformed men, these statements had great ef fect U|>en them?desertions were frequent, and it was the opinion of the jailor end his oflloers that it would he perfectly impossible to detain them much longer. From all we learned Clay county has been lor years in a do plorable condition?for fonr years no courts were held? no debts could therefore be collected, no punishment in flicted tor the most aggravsted crimes?no taxes were paid, and no musters have been held among the militia lor fourteen years. It is to be hoped that the prompt action of the Kxecutivo in sustaining the officers and enforcing the law, will have the effect, so much to be de sired, ol restoring order and peace to the community.? At the time we left, things were becoming inoie quiet, ami the citizens less excited. House Burned by Mice.?The residence of Mrs. M. H Bmtiou, of Bath county, was destroyed by fire last week, in the following singular maunar. The fire was first observed issuing tiom a drawer in a bureau, in which there were Lucifer Matches, and it is presumed they were ignited by mice knawing at them. The mice in this case were the incendiariesjund the matches were their Are. Another instance of the fruits of culpable negligence, in leaving matches laying loosely about ? Luciler Matches are made by dipping a pine split in phosphorus and sulphur combined, in a liquid state, and then coating it over with melted sulphur. Phosphorus and sulphur combined will burn by coming in contact with the air. All the mice had to do was to grind off the outer coat, and the inner, especially in wann weather, would ignite.?Chariestou-n rm. Hty Sicrnks? in Ohio.?It is stated in the Cincinnati Alius, that never since the earliest settlement ot the west has fever and ague been so prevalent as at this time. In the immediate vicinity ef that city, on the Hi ver and Whitewater Canal, persons are now suffering from its influence, who have resided ou their latins nearly forty years, and not heretofore had the slightest touch of this unwelcome visiter. In the city there are numerous cases of it ; warm days and foggy nights in the west appear to contribute greatly to the increase of the fever and ague. Some attribute its presence to lecal cause*, the vicinity of canals, but as it is general this season without their range, this oamx>t be the principal generator of the epidemic. Clerical Intelligence. Thf Roman Catholic Chirch.?There were in thil country 69 year? since, but 1 Bishop and 25 priests of this denomination, with a few scattered churches.? There are now 21 Bishops and nearly 1000 priests, with 700 churches, and aheut 600 missionary stations. They hare -Pi academies, 21 ecclesiastic al seminaries,36 houses for religious women, and 26 orphan asylums. Their increase is at the ratio of nearly 100 per cent, every ten years, being, of course, largely aided by emigration.? The increase of the general population is 34 per cent.? There are two societies in F.urope whose principal ob ject is to convert this country to the doctrines of their church, viz : tho Leopold Foundation in Austria, and the Society of St. Charles Borromeo, in Lyons The lat ter transmitted to this country in 1840 $163,000, and in 1842 $177,000. The ceremony of the dedication of the new Church of St Columha, on 26th stieet, near the 8th avenue, will take place on Sunday, 12th October next. This new Catholic edifice will'supply ample accommodation for the upper part of this city, where the Catholics are nu merous and rapidly increasing under the care of the Rev. J. P. Barke. The corner stone of the now edifice for the " church of St. John the F.vangelist," in the town of Stockport, Columbia County, N. V., will be laid with appropriate solemnities on Wednesday A.M., October 1st, at 11 o'clock The Rev. James H. Fowles, of South Carolina, has accepted the call of the vestry of the church of the Epi phany, in Philadelphia, to the Rectorship of that church, and will enter upon his duties early in the ensuing month. The Rev. Frederick J. Ooodwin has accepted the unanimous call of the vestry and congregation of Christ Church, Middletown, Conn., to the rectorship of said church, and has already entered upon his duties. The Rev. Ovid A. Kinsolving hos removed to (larks* burg, Harrison county, Va. The Rev Alfred B. Beach, (Deacon,) is officiating in Christ Church, Cooperstown, Otsego county. The Rev C. A. Foster has accepted the rectorship of the parish at Muncy, Pa. The Rev. Joshua Weaver has resigned St. Matthew's i hurch, Sunhtiry, Pa., and taken charge of Trinity Church, West Troy, N. V. The Rev. Joseph Ranson has resigned the parish of Immanuel C hurch, Norwich, Chenango Co., and accept ed a call to that of St. Timothy's, Westford, Otsego county, in this Diocese.) Tho Rev. II. Channing has gone to live at Roxbury Mass.. in a Fourierite community, and it is rumored says the Olohe, that H. Greely is to he called to fill the vacancy. The L'niversalists of the U. 8. have 1084 churches, (a gain of 412 in len years,) 670 preachers, (gain of 381,) and 640 meeting houses, (gain of 388.) Bishop Chace met hia friends and those interested in his missionary labors in the West, at the Vestry-room of St. Andrew's Church, Philadelphia, Friday evening Kentucky Methodism.?We learn that ihe Ken- > lucky conference of the Methodist Episcopal Church decided, by an almost unanimous vote, to adhere to the "Methodist Episcopal Church, South." The vote stood, ayes 146, noes A. A Predicament?The morning (rain of cars on the Hoston and Maine Railroad met with an unex pected obstacle yesterday forenoon in coming in from Dover. A large ship, launched at Medtord, was fast jammed in the draw of the bridge, with no prospect of being removed until high water In the evening. Hero was u predicament. Attar poudaring a short time, tha conductor look the hack track as far as tha junction at Wilmington, and then came in over the Lowell railroad, adding some thirty miles to tbo distance usually trsval ed.?Billon Tr ante rip t, Sept 26 Anti-Rent Trials. Delhi, Sept 25, 1845 Delaware Oyer and Terminer?Don. A. J. Parker, prm ding Judge?J A. Hugheton, Etc/ , Dietrict Attorney Samuel Sherwood, Eeq-, of New York, for the People Trial eor Murder?Fourth Dat. The Court met at 9 o'clock this morning. The greet eit interest is manifeited throughout the village In iU proceeding*. Most* Earlc wii arraigned upon an indictment char King him with murder. The prisoner i* the lessee of the Perm on which deputy sheriff Steele was ihot He is a fine looking, hand.ome man, 85 years of age, with bald head, red cheek*, blue eye*, powerful frame and about ft feet H inches in height. During the reading of the indict ment, which i* drawn up in u similar form to those read yesterday, he looked the District Attorney steadfastly andsteraly in the face. .. Hon. Samuel Gordo* and Hon. 8. S Bow**, as ius counsel, entered a plea of not guilty, reserving the pri vilege of altering it if they thought proper after reading the indictment. . David Scudder, Nathan Travis, Cornelius Keator, John Lockwood and George Tompkins, were arraigned on an indictment charging them with an attempt to rescue pri soners at the battle of Shacksville?plea of not guilty. Smith Sandford arraigned upon indictment for murder similar to that of Earle's, plead not guilty. Wesley Dunham *rd Andrew Moscript similar indiot ment?plead not guilty. Abel A. Kuller, John Crosby, Harvey Hubbell, Rich ard Holcott, arraigned upon an indictment charging them with an attempt to rescue prisoners, being disguised and armed, and riot?plead not guilty. Hon. Samuel Gordon,, counsel for Zera Preston, in dicted for murder, gave notice that he wished to alter the plea of not guilty to guilty, of manslaughter in the first degree The Court remarked that they would not decide but take the matter into consideration. Augustus Kettle, boy of 19 years of age. was arraigned upon an indictment for murder. Hon. Samuel Gordon us counsel entered a plea of guilty of manslaughter in the third degree. John rhu-nis on a similar indictment. Mr. Gordon entered a plea of manslaughter in the first degree. Trial ior Ario*.?Thomas Turdv was now placed on trial upon an indictment charging him with arson in set ting fire to the house of Morgan L. Livingston at Fish Lake, Boviua, on the 30th of April last. We reported the ovidence in this case, but as it was of a very uninteresting character, and the prisoner acquit ted by the jury without leaving their seats, will not trouble your readers with it. The case occupied the at tention oi the Court up to about half-past 5 o'clock,when the case of Van Steonburgh was called on. Trial ok Johx Vax Stekibcroh, kor Murder.? Counsel for Prisoner, Hon. Samuel Gordon, Hon. S. 8. Bowue, Hon. Mitchell Sandford. The Clerk called James Dean as a jury. The District Attorney challenged to the favor. The Court appointed H. Y. Gould and G. D. Beardsley as triors. Mr. Bowne objected, on the ground that they had ta ken an active part in the late difficulties. The Court now proposed Judge Cowan. Objected to on the same ground. Harmon Treadwell was offered. The Defence objected, stating that they should chal lenge him peremptorily, if proposed as a juror, and that he was unfit to serve as a trior, having expressed an opin ion In favor of convicting the prisoners. Jacob Hathaway and G. 1). Beardsley were now sub stituted as triors. They were accepted and sworn. Mr. Sherwood. Mr. Dean, (the juror) do you belong to an anti-rent association' Mr. Bowse. I object to this mode of procedure. The Court, however, stated that the question was pro per. The door had been opened by the decisions in the case of Polly Bodine. Any thing that would show bias was to be allowed. The question was put, and Mr. Dean said ho had been connected with an anti-rent association; he lived on a leased farm; had once subscribed to a paper for the sup Sort of the association; he had attended meetings of In ians. A long and tedious examination was now entered into. Dr. Wilcox was called, who testified that he had heard Mr. Dean say, that he believed the disguise law was un constitutional; he believed so from having read the con stitution. Mr. Saxdford spoke to the triors. He remarked, that if what are called up-renters are to be admitted as jurors, why not admit those who are called down-renters. One was just as impartial as the other This man had never been disguiseu, but he had attended anti-rent meetings as every body has?from motives of curiosity?but he had expressed an opinion in regard to the constitutionality of the disguise law ! If he is to be set aside for this, they Bhould call upon the court to set aside every up-rsnter who had expressed an opinion in favor of it. He was willing to admit honest up-renters and honest anti-renters The Court charged the triors, that they had bean sworn to judge whether this juror.was without bias. The Court reviewed the testimony, and stated that the law now was, if the proposed juror had been connected, however remotely with the matter, he must be set aside. Mr. Bowse wished to know if the Court meant by "th* matter" the issue between the people and the prisoner. The Court said that if this case had grown out of anti rent disturbances, those who had been connected with them were incompetent to serve. The triors ac cordingly set Mr. Dean aside. Bartholomew McFarland was next called, and ob jected to by the District Attorney. Set aside by con sent. Samuel W. Smith called?Challenged to the favor by counsel for prisoner. Set aside by consent. Corxelius Frazicr called?Challenged to the favor by counsel for prisoner Decided to be competent? Counsel lor prisoner now challenged peremptorily. The Court adjourned to meet at 9 o'clock to-morrow morning, it is very doubtful whether a jury will be ob tained this week. The same course pursued at Hudson will probably be adopted here. SPECIAL CHARGE OF JtTJGE PARKER. The Grand Jury appeared in Court, when Judge Parker said he had sent for the jury that he might bring belore them the case of a most flagrant outrage commit ted last evening, of no less a character than that of an attempt to shoot down one of the picket guard. (Tha Judge then stated the outrage aa given above.) Thia state of things, said Judge Parker, is most lamentable : and it is evident that this whole system of rebellion had its origin iu the anti-rent organization, for before anti rentism broke out, no such acts of violence were com mitted in this community. Judge Parker alluded to the inhuman murder of Steele, and s&id, alter such a person had been thus shot down, and that too while in the faith ful discharge of his duties as a public officer, it was hrped that the enormity of the offence would cause those engaged in these diabolical outrages to desist?that vio lence would cease. You must hoid the anti-renters re sponsible for this act. In a time like the present, said ' the Judge,when rebellion and insuriection exists to such mi extent, everything calculated to keep alive such a state of things should be promptly and effectually check ed. Judge Parker spoke of tne disbandment of one of the anti-rent associations of Delhi. Sic., and expressed himself as highly gratified te witness this evidence on the part of a portion of the anti-renter* to separate from an organization which had been fraught with so many evils. All honest men, said he, should take thatcourse. No good citizen ought to adhere to that dangerous alii once, but should at once separate from it. This outrage, gentlemen, calls for a thorough and vigorous examina tion on your part, aud you will, 1 trust, give it your im mediate and prompt attention. The Grand Jury then retired to their room. Illinois, Sept. 96, 1846. " Hig Thunder" not Doctor Houghton, Proven by Throe IVitneiseo?Tho Proeecution Setting up the Howl of Dot pair, <J-c,, 4'C. The oath of Jones, the Yankee pedlar, who testified that he saw Boughton in citizen's dress when Big Thun der was burning the Sheriffs papers, has been corrobo rated by three more persons, who swore to the same fact. This is an alibi, and therefoie Doctor Boughton will be acquitted by the jury. It has been amusing for a spectator during the progress of the trial to notice the sanguine expectations of the District Attorney. The Attorney General has openly remarked in the pre sence of hundreds, "that Boughton must go te Sing Sing, that he'd have him ready by the first of next week," and enquiring and wondering how Jordan felt now, as there were no hopes for Boughton. But now the tables are turned, and the prisoner snd his friends are in their glee. Mr. Jordan has shown him self upon this trial to be possessed of nisi prion abilities It was in Columbia county, where he was born,and old < olumbia should bo proud of such a son. The Judge, (John W. Kdmonds) the Attorney Oeneral, and the emi nent counsel for the prisoner, are all natives of this county, and as three bright shining lights in their profes sion as you can And anywhere. Boughton must be ac quitted on this indictment. fFrom Albany Journal, Sept. 29. J The story which has found its way into some of the Albany papers, that Warren W. Scudder has been arrest ed in steunen county, and is now in the Jail of that coun ty, is undoubtedly false No letter or other information has boon received here to that effect, and no one credits the story. Loss or the Steamboat Lexington.?The steam er Columbiana. arrived yesterday evening from the Missouri, and brings news ol the loss of the steamboat l.exington. Mcf'loy, master. The Lexington was from Weston, and left that port on the atternoon of the 12th. Op Tuesday, between four and five e'clock, P. M., she grounded at Rockcastle bar, and in backing out, her ? tern flanked down against a snag, knocking a hole in her hull opposite the alter hatches, and breaking her timbers some three feet, from the knuckle to the kelson. Vll efforts to stop the leak proved unavailing, and the boat is a total loss. Her cargo, part of which was some one hundred and twenty hogshead* of tobacco, is also lost. There is insurance on the cargo to the amount of $800,900, in this city, and the boat is also insured for $6,000. The passengers and crew of the Lexington i am# down in the Columbiana?St. Dun Hepub Sapi, 18. Oswego and Syracuse Railroad ?Release* have been obtained for the right of way lor nearly the entire route on this road. The holder* of the land on the east side of the river have given the right of ? ay almost entirely Something ovei $900,000 o! the stock of the road has been taken on and near the line ol the road The books will l># opened in the city ol New York to aeeuie the balance, $140 000, required Mote voiatde is the route, that it is considered certain that the whole line (M miles) cao be put in operation with ? heavy rail, for the capital stock, $3*0,000 ?Orwego rertieer.