v.* ji THE NEW YORK HERALD. Tot. XI., Ho. aSH -YVbola Mo. *130. NEW YORK. MONDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER 29, 1845. Mm Two cue*. Berlin, July 28, 1846. Important Commercial Movements?Our Manufac turing Operations?Progress of the New Refor mation?Railroads and their Tendency. The political horizon continues without a cloud in this quarter of the globe, nor is there any appear ance of the peace and tranquillity of Prussia being disturbed either bv war or rumors of war; but the religious horizon is not so clear. At the present moment public attention is chiefly engrossed by questions of internal jwlicy, such as the manufacturing mterest, the construction of rail roads, and other improvements. The situation of th" industrious class- s gives rise to many complaints. The operatives sutler severely by the reduction of wages, and the master manufacturers cannot atlbrd to raise litem, as the prices of all goods, cotton, linen, and silk, are so low as hardly to leave any ie<" profit. Ttieae circumstances huv- led to meetings ol several of the principal manufacturers from dif fe ent parts of the country, who have concluded on petitioning the governments of the Xoll verein tor ad ditional protection by laying higher duties on foreign goods. It is not improbable that n radical change in the system will ensue, and more especially in the practice of charging tha duties by weight, which is liable to many objections. Thus the liner and lighter fabrics are admitted comparatively Ht a trifling duty, which hardly enhances the price of the Hrticle, (such as the fine muslins of France and Kngland, fashion able light silk goods, tec. tec.,) although the wealthy classes would purchase thein even if die prices were a good deal higher. Common English calicoes, on the other hand, are subject to an enormous duty, and the lower orders are compelled, therefore, to put up with an inferior article of this country's man ufacture. The next branch calling for higher pro tective duties, are the cotton, linen and woollen spinning factories The importation of cotton twist from England into the Zollverein has gone on in creasing lor several years, till it has reached about 50(1,000 cwt., in 18-14. There arc indeed a number ol spinning establishments in this country, but they are unable tc supply the demand for cotton twist ei ther in quantity .jT in quality, the amount produced being hardly one-fourth, and the numbers they spin not higher than b'O's. It is argued, however, that if the duty on importation (which since 1818 has been two Prussian dollars on IU0 lbs.) were raised to eight Prussian dollars on 100 lbs. so many spinning nulls would be established within the limits of the Zoll verein as to supply all the demands of the weavers; besides the impulse that would be given to naviga tion by impoicirig 600,000 cwt. of cotton-wool in Prussian 6hips from the cotton-growing countries on the other side of the Atlantic,direct to Prussian ports instead of buying it r.i Liverpool or at Hamburgh. The linen-thread used in Germany is nearly all spun by hand, a bimll quantity only by machinery. You are not aware that spinning llux by machinery is but of recent invention in England, where it has been brought threat perfection, and large quantities of linen yarn are annually exported thence to all parts of the globe. The importation into this country amounted last year to upwards of -10,000 cwt. Before this immense increase of spinning mills for iinen-thread, a considerable amount of hand-spun yarn was exported from Germany to Eng land, and the change of circumstances not being foreseen at the time, it was thought unnecessary to provide ugainst the importation of that article, and the duty was fixed at only half a Prussian dollar per 100 lbs. Since the introduction of machinery, how ever, a complete revolution has taken place; the German hanuspun thread is no longer exported, and many districts, where flax is spun in the old fash ioned way by distaff and spinning wheel, (for in stance in Silesia and Westphalia, where whole vil lages and communities get their living by it,) have gradually lost their customers in the last eight or ten years, as it was found that the linen manufac tured of machine yarn looked more even, and had altogether a better appearance than the hand-spun. They are now clamoring for a protective duty, and it is proposed to charge lour Prussian dollars for 100 lbs. on unbleached linen yarn, and five Prussian dollars on bleached and dyed. Woollen yarn is also imported from England in large quantities for the manufacture of stalls and hosiery, exceeding even 'he linen yarn in Hniount. In this department, as well as in the former, there have been many spinning mills established in various parts of the Zollverein, but not sufficient for the consumption, or else tlicir machinery is not adapted for producing the different sorts required for the woollen stufls now in use. The duty on this article has been hitherto half a Prussian dollar per 100 lbs.; it is now proposed to raise it five dollars. A meeting of delegates from all the States of the Zollverein assembled lately at Gnrlsruhe (in the Grand Duchy of Baden), for the purpose of consult ing on the various alterations which are to be adopt ted in the tariff system. To this conference peti tions have poured in from all quarters, praying .'or luriher protection on all the articles enumerated, and many others " too tedious to mention." The duty on foreign iron was raised last year already; this afleets some of the railroad companies considerably, who did not take higher duties into calculation, when they contracted for their rails in England. An application has been made to Govern ment in consequence by one of the companies, ask ing |>erniis6ioH to import their rails at the lower rate ot duty, as they were ordered under the old sys-em, and would thus be subject to a kind of expost facto law; but it is not likely this petition will be granted Oil the whole there seems to be no doubt that the scale of duties will be raised, as some of the higher powers are in favor of it, and great jealousy is en tertained of the English manufacture. The religious movement in Germany, of which I gave you some account in my last, is going ahead with considerable force and spirit. A number of Roman Catholic priests have joined the new chureh, some of whom are men of eminence and literal? talent; lor instance, Dr. Schreiber at Frieburg in Baden, who was Professor of Catholic Theology at that University, but has now formally renounced his allegiance to the Papal See. The same step was taken by a learned ecclesiastic of Ureslau, in Silesia, Professor Theiner, who has lately joined the Ger man Catholic Church. This sect cannot fail to ac quire great consideration by men of such abilities taking the lead, and accordingly we find it progress ing steadily, and spreading into several parts of Pro testant <fermany. it lias penetrated to Wurtemberg, Hesse, Darmstadt, the Electorate of Hesse, and the free city of Frankfort, where congregations havp been established, and the Protestant churches are opened to them with the sanction of the authorities, to perform their service in, during those hours ol the sabbath when they are not occupied by the regu lar congregations. itonge and Czerski continue to visit the cities and towns of Prussia, and to officiate as preachers to the new church, assisting at the same time in the selection of resident clergymen from such Roman ' 'atholic priests ns have seceded and declared for the reform. At Ureslau, the mem bers of this sect amount already to liOtfO from a pop ulation of about 83,COO, where of about 33,000 are Roman Catholics. The Prussian minister of reli gious affairs, M. Eichhorn, does not appeal to view tiiem with a very favorable eye, having refused hitherto to allow the i' otestant churches under his jurisdiction, to be ' sed by the German Catholics, (or Apostolic Catholic Christians as they call them selves,) but the public in general take so great an interest in tlrem, ; he will scarcely be able to hold out much longer, in the mean time their ser vice is performed in the o|>en air, in fields, church yards and gardens, or else in private departments In this city, the members amount to about 3(100, and they have elected u clergyman of the name of Jii auner, who was formerly a Catholic priest in Bo hemia, and gives great satisfaction. No other place of worship being open to them, they have been ac ? comrnodated with the lecture room of the < gymna sium (College), hut this holds only 700 persons and is generally crowded. The King and Queen are gone to the Rhenish pro vinces, where they expect to meet Queen Victoria at the romantic palace of Stolzenfels, near Coblence, on tlio Rhine. A crowd ol princes and potentates will he ready to receive her, and a succession ol splendid fetes and entertainments will grace her ar rival This will probably take place early next month, after her Majesty has first visited Coburg, Prince Albert's birth-place, which she is very anx ious to see, and where she will stay about a week and then proceed to Stnlzenfels. You may easily im?2ine ihnt grand military reviews and parades will not lie wanting, as the Prussians value them selves particularly on such matters, and everything here is conducted en militaire. fnternal improvements are quite the order of the day, and new railroads nre being constructed from one end of the kingdom to the other. One of them, in a nnrihwest direction, jeadtng to Hamburg, a dis tance of about 180 miles, is cxpecte'l to he open in two years time from this,or thereabouts. Another to the southwest, through the province of Thunngia, will connect this city with Frankfort on the Maine, i,i>that when the French railwaya now in confetn i.Ltion are tiniahed, the journey hence to Paris may lie p< iformed in fifty to sixty hours. A third and most important railroad will soon he commenced to Koniflsberg in Prussia, nboat 400 miles, to the east of this eity. It was surveyed a short time since hikI the direction of the road approved of by govern ment, and thus within a very few yeara one im mense viaduetory line will extend from the borders of Spain to those of Russia. The Prisons of the Anti-Renters at Delhi, The above cut, front a drawing made on the spot by one of our corps of reporters at Delhi, gives an ac curate idea of the temporary jails in which the anti renters awaiting trial are confined, with the Court House, Village Church, and Academy in the back ground. Upwards of one hundred prisoners occupy these log-cabins, which are guarded niglu und duv by a strong body of the militia of the county. The County Jail is also filled. Every possible attention is paid to the comfort of the prisoners. They are well fed, and are daily visited by a physician. Many of them are mere lads of sixteen or seventeen, who appear to take the matter very coolly. But the el derly prisoners now begin to look quite dispirited, and are evidently alarmed at the turn matters have recently taken. Delhi is a beautiful village?situated in a lovely val ley and surrounded by lofty hills covered with forest trees. The court-house is a substantial and com modious edifice. Many of the private dwellings in the village are built in a very tasteful style. Among these may be mentioned the handsome cottages oc cupied by Judge Hathaway and Mr. Howe, the post master. Delhi was rapidly growing in prosjierity and business before the insurrection broke out. It is to be feared, however, that it will experience for years, the bad eflects of the spirit of outrage and rebellion that has manifested itself in the surround ing districts. Aiitl-Rcnt Trials?Interesting Proceedings. Delhi, Sept. *J6, 1S45, Dataware Oyer and Terminer?Hon. Jl. J. Parker, Pre tilling Judge?J. A. Houghton, Est/. District Attorney ? Samuel Sherwood, Esq., of Mtw York, Counsel for the People. Trial or John Van Stf.enbi-ro for Mcruer?8k cord Day. The Court met at 9 o'clock, and proceeded to empanel a Jury in the case of John Van Steenburg. The Clerk called John Mc.Muilen-challengod to the favor by the DUtrict Attorney?set aside by consent. < ornelius Waiuwright callod?challenged to the fa vor by counsel for prisoner. Alter examination the counsel agreed to receive him as ajuror?he was accordingly sworn as a juror, and as a trier, in place of Mr. Hathaway. Ira Wood called?challenged by counsel for prisoner ?set aside by consent. Wm. Brownoll called?set aside by consent Jacob Hathaway called?challenged by defence. Examination?Has formed no opinion as to the guilt or innocence of the prisoner; has read the newspaper accounts of the affair at Karl's sale; thought they were not infallible; not so good as evidence. The triers decided he was competent?challenged pe remptorily and set aside. DanielB. Weeks called?challenged by defence lias formed no opinion aa to the guilt or innocence of the persona pre.ent, armed and disguised at the Karl sale, where Steele was shot; has heard nobody say they ought to be iiung; challenge withdrawn. Mr. Weeks ley?rn M a-iuror,alld as 8 trier in the place of Mr.Beards A Prisoner Arraigned. Wm. Brisbane, a celebrated Anti-Hont Lecturer, pre sent at the Karl sale, was now arraigned upon an in dictment for murder, similar to tlioso previously read ? Plead Not Guilty. " This is the noblest Roman of them all." lie looked indeed a hero! erect,proud and undaunted; his eye dashed with indignation like an imprisoned eagle When the ? ourt asked him if he had employed counsel to defend him he drew himself proudly up to his full height,look ed the judge boldly and sternly in the face, and with a urmi tone and broad Scotch accent, inquired how lie was to obtain counsel, or any thing else, while cooped up in ) under jail. YVith flushed face and excited marine-, his Ji*l"l eloquently extended, he was proceeding when .Mr. Gordon interposed and whispered him to bo silent He obeved the friendly advice, hut his lips compressed, arid ho held his breath with difflrulty. His expression was ore of resolution and defiance. It seemed to say?"Oh ' m-L?5"a a2d. "u 71"'1 ehnneo on my own native Highlands, and I would ask no favor from Up-Uentcrs ? and I confess 1 should pity any man whom he encounter ed ini enmity. He is said to lie a man of great natural anilities, possessing extraordinary influenec with the . ut t0 "hat purposes have they been turned I 1 he Kourt proceeded with empanelling the jury. W m. A. Millard called.?Challenged by District At torney. Examination.? Lives on leased lands i has frequently expressed the oninion that tho rrigiual title of the land lords to the lands lying between tho two branches of the Delaware River wns not good, hut lias become so by possessjon ; does not belong to an anti-rent association ? ins sympathies, however, have been enlisted in tho' cause of the anti-renters ; has been bnil lor one of tho prisoners at the request of his whe ; has some conscien tious scruples about capital punishment; they would not prevent him, however, in rondering a verdict in ac cordance with the law and the facts ; thinks the distress warrant should be abolished. MomMrrcHELL Hansford spoke to the trier s.--( lontle i"?id N,1r Ha?df,"'d.) ?? your decision in the ?.' lJ?? Juror now drawn, will determine the n, r,, .? her any man not entirely committed on n s question against us, is to have a seat upon this jury, hnn?f? . r? addreM 70,1 8t "orn? length. We desire an nH.M/. impartial jury, and that desire has tieen ma miested to all here present try withdrawing a challenge who?e l* ?"d allowinR yo? ?o he the triers lor tiro < otmse Lor ren,?r' " > ?" 8,0 known to he. Tho form o J 88 prisoner have a responsible duty to per shTl'nnt h.nVU 1"rform il "O that if his blood he shcil it Ihiirftiirti ru,,nd In our skirts. It is not the people of ?r w1?,'?' of the whole Ht a to are Is w without I?,S?/l ,??d mi,,t "?,t ,,e *hed thi" '8nd of bvtha n??lrlVJ a!?" r09?n This juror is challenged that h? i. ? Attorney for fsvor. not on tho ground and ,,?i. Hie" "nt|-ren1t,er himself, but ontorta.ns feelings and prejudices generally m their favor. That he regards ?t r 11" '?"""j""''1 V8,id and perfect by pos'ession that they have the right, though he doubts tho pro. pnety of allowing them to collect their rents by distress warrant. 1 hat he resides in the midst of the anti-rent er s hut is opposed to all and every kind of force and all resistance to law. That he has airier) in procuring hail for one prisoner at the request of his wife, and on account of the sympathy he felt for her in distress Now, it is mnnifest if this man is to be set aside every man will he, that is not pledged against us, and tho peo ple will he permitted to pack a jury of thoir choice ' his man lives in the midst of the anti-renters?hut few men would have exhibited more moral courage and firrn no** *h8n he has done, in remaining steadfast to tho principles of law and order. He doubts the policy and ri!? J.CBn K.uoianteoing to landlords peculiar facilities in in ?VOB ?( nnt'~t0 have the power of rendering ? imnGit711? 'h*ir own ^*8vor, issno (heir own executions, a'n\ in thil own con?t?l?ls?a to levy and collect them; thin* from mIUs " 7?" have heard, he differs in no Jury at the ?L??nor , who rhi.rge.l tho Grand no personal?fth" ('ourt' 11 '? known that I havo frsmoiial action on'thfe I .hiocYh^T' ,hBt 'ny ?"'y tl.eie violation. Af "'J?0* been ?n opposition to hey Void to?he.eme; in1 WBrn ,8"d>?"?" that unless h .verciHHva?ed hlSF*"'' harvest of armed men." But the counsel (or the people say that the ground of favor is shown by his aiding in procuring bail for a prisoner, at the request of his wife? on account of sympathy far her situation. Must we then forego tho sympathies ofour nature, and forget that we aro men. I must confess that my sympathies hnre been strongly excited by the scenes I have witnessed since 1 came to this place, and I would despise myself, if I could go to yonder log pens, and see 200 wretched men, whose blood is sought by an excited populace,?the voice of pity I have not heard in these streets, but only tlio lan guage of denunciation and vengeance,?yes, I would despise myself, if 1 did not sympathize with and pity the aged and widowed mothers of some of theso prisoners, \v iiu have come 20 miles on foot, without a shilling to pay their expenses,to see their sons in jail awaiting their trial. The counsel inquired of the juror, if he had no scru ples of conscience in finding a verdict against a man thnt would result in a sentence of death, iio was answered that tie had not; but since he came here he begun to feel lie might be wrong; and who does not, at this exhibition ol a keen desire for wholesale butchery?thus attempt to depopulate a county 1 The learned counsel concluded by saying?give us*a fair and impartial jury, and wo uro content; but do not permit the people to pack such a jury as they please, for the county will not be satisfied. Samuel Sherwood, Ksq., counsel for the people, rose is reply. He said :?I had hoped from the character of counsel, lrom their talent, their abilities, that this cause would be conducted with propriety ; but it seems they have thought proper to go into other matters, which ex cite the feelings? to talk of packing juries, h;c .with the same object. They had alleged that there was no title in the landlord save possession. [Mr. Sanoford here explained, that he had said the original title was not good, but had been made so by pos session.] Mr. Sherwood continued. ? 1 have, when I first com menced the trial of causes, examined the title to these lends, and am surprised to hear counsel say there is no title. The title Has been fully ucklluw leilgad by govern ment, and in fully established. It is asked, why give the landlords the distress warrant ? Kor the best reason?if you did not, ho would never give his propeity into the bauds of the tenant. Tho learned counsel tallied about packed juries. What does he mean ' Have they not been summoned ? Tho expression could only be used for bad purposes. We have been told we shall bring a storm down upon us. What storm t Who fears the storm ? Do your duty and there will be no storm?save the one here?"a tempest in a teapot." There is no oi her storm to fear. Mr. Sherwood went ou to show that Mr. Millard was enlisted in the cause of the anti renters, and, therefore, unfit to serve upon the jury. The Court remarked to the triers that there wero but two sets of men who were immediately interested in this guestion of Anti-Hcntism?the landlords and the tenants? the one was interested in the collection of rents, the oth er In resisting their collection; both were therefore unfit to serve on this jury. But excepting these, any man n itliout bias might serve. The great muss of the com munity were not of this class, nor should an expression of opinion that the laws should be enforced, disqualify. This man was a tenant, however, and his feelings were Enlisted in fuvor of their proceedings. The court reviewed the whole testimony, and the tri oi* set Mr. Millard aside. Gideon B. Beardsi.ky called ? Challenged by Delonce - Has formod an opinion that all the men at the Karl sale disguised and armed were guilty of murder. ( hallenge for favor withdrawn. Challenged peremptorily?set aside. Wm. H. Manwarhno called?Challenged by Defence? \fter examination declared to bo competent. < hallenged peremptorily?set asido. . IIarsian Trkadweli called?Challenged by Defence ?Itesidcs in East Kranklin. There has been great ex citement there; have expressed opinions on the subject 0. Anti llcntism; has been called to serve on a posse; has said the allair at Karl's was an outrageous affair; thinks those who fired at Steele were guilty of murder; has three sons on the posse; has read tho newspapers; has formed an opinion that some of the persons engaged at the Karl sale were guilty of murder; somo of man slaughter, some of misdemeanor; desires some of them should be hung; has no feeling against the prisoner. Mr Gordon was sworn and testified to tho fact, that Steeiiburgh's narae was in the indictment as one of the murderers of Stet le. Set aside. John Muisson called?Challenged by District Attor ney, on the ground that he npplied to tho Court at some time previous, to have his expenses paid. It was shown, however, that he had paid his expenses himself; has a brother-in-law (John Phoenix) indicted for murder. Set aside by consent. Wm. k. Owes called?Challenged by Defence ?has In en no the posse; has formed an opinion that tho men assembled at Karle's armed and disguised, would not he executed, oxcept the ringleaders; lias no prejudice against the prisoners. Challenge withdrawn. Mr. Owen sworn as a juror. James McLean called?Challenged by Defence?Has formed no opinion. Challenge withdrawn. Mr. McLean sworn as a juror. Wm. H. Oakley colled?Challenged by Defence.?Has formed no opinion?might have said those who were at Karle's sale would be beld responsible?those who gave the command and shot Steele would be guilty of murder. Has held no conversations with any one on the subject of the lato difficulties. Challenge withdrawn Mr.Oak Icy sworn es n juror. Elijah C. Smith called ?Challenged by Delonce.?Has a son and cousin on the posse. Thinks some of the poo pie at the K.ar'o sale guilty of murder ; thinks Carlo would bo considered as guilty ofmurdor ; has no strong prejudices. Set aside. John Ilenwick called?Challenged by the District At torney.?A witness was culled who testified that Hen wick had declared himself strongly opposed to the pro ceedings of the posse, aadsai l lie was an.Antl-renter. Sot aside by consent , j Wm. Ciammer called ? Challenged by tho District At torney. Set aside by consent. Walter Bennett called ?Thought his feelings would prevent his giving a fair and impartial verdict. Set aaide by consent. V.'m. Gladstone called.?Set aside by consent. Warren Uraon called?Challenged peremptorily by counsel for prisoner. Set asido. 1.Wm Heed, Jr. called -challenged by Dcfonce?Chal lenged peremptorily. Set aside. The Court now gave notice that the panel of jurors exhau.ted Up to this tlmo there were five jurors sworn, and the counsel for prisoner had exhausted six of their twenty peremptory challenges Judee pAMBta by consent of counsel, directed Deputy Sheriff Seott to summon titty taloxmau from the body of tlio county out of the village of Delhi. Court adjourned till to-morrow morning, at!) o'clock IlUBSOtt, Sept. 27, 1846. The Pig Thunder Trial?The lieauly of our Cily The Suming iid of ,fl. I. Jordan, En.?The Jury, 4 c. iff Tho evidence in this important trial is at important trial is ut length brought to a close, and whether Dr. Doughton is or is not the Big Thunder of Copnke, that mighty monster ? ,^n ? ? - whoso hydra head and fantastic costume so "frightened our sherill last winter, will soon bo decided; an alihi has been proven strongly and clearly, and tho attempt made by the prosecution to impcacb tho character of those proving it, lias been decidedly and utterly futile. The general impression throughout the city is, that the Dr. will go clear. This may seem to some as the effect of iierjury, but to all impartial and candid minds who have been In attendance and heard the evidence I lor nnd against tho prisoner, the conclusion must he inevitable, that Big Thunder is not Dr. Boughton. Our Court House, for the last week, has assumed rather a recherche appearance, and the sombre walls and cold formality of a criminal court turned into a heaven of sun-shine by the smiles and Treatsty of our pretty women. Oh '. lor a pen dipped in tho golden rays of the setting sun, to describe them ! It would be wrong to individualize, but to correct the mistake of one of your correspondents of .this'City, I will state that the bright eyed rosy cheeked, and languishing Mies W?, is not of Jersey city, hut ttie interesting ami accomplished daughter ot General W , of Sing Sing, whom Madam Rumor reports to he engaged in marriage to the I'rince of Lindenwold. Counsellor Jordan is now summing up on behalf of the prisouer, and it is thus far tho greatest nisi print effort 1 have ever heard. He lifts, turns over, and twists the evidonco adduced by the prosecution, in such a sarcastic, manner, that makes the audience almost in voluntarily applaud. Upon Sheriff Miller in particular, he iiours out the chunk bottles of his wrath, bitterly and malignantly. His remarks will most probably take up the whole day and evening. The ladies appear to be exceedingly delighted with his witticism and jesting, which occasionally intersperse itis address. The Attorney General will commence on Monday, and
the case be submitted to the jury on Tuesday afternoon. The jury seem very much fatigued. Chicago, 111., Sept. 4,1845. Strides of the I Vest?Herr Alexander and his skill Well?here 1 am in the " prairie city" of the west ?and a city, it is too, that surprises every one who visits it. Only think of a place like this, growing Uj> in the wild prairie, in the short space of ten years, it now contains over twelve thousand inhabitants, and is certainly the most business-looking place west of Buffalo. It has nothing, however, of pic luresijaeness about it, for it is built upon a level pra rie, at the point where the Chicago river empties into the lake. It is, however, laid out with regu larity, with wide streets and good plank side walks, and really has some fine houses. On the west, you see the boundless prairie, stretching as far as the eye can reach, interspersed with little wooded islets, with pretty farm houses peeping from their friendly shelter. On the east is the grand expanse of l.nke Michigan, with its bright sanded shore, and clear blue waters. The harbor, here, is an ex cellent one; indeed, the best on the lake, and is crowded now with steamers and shipping. You can have no idea of the amount of trade at this point. To see the streets crowded with wagons of wheat?the vessels loading from the warehouses, and the constant stream of travellers coming ana going in crowds on every steamer, wsuld surprise even you. In fact, it seems that the place must have grown up by magic?that no human agency could, in so short a space, accomplish so great a change. By the way, speaking of magie, puts me in mind of Herr Alexander, the great German magician, about whom ws have heard ao much through the southern press. He has been in this city for a week past, exhibiting his almost supernatural teats of diablerie. I have never seen anything at all ap proaching ths wonderful skill with which he per forms Ilia leats Ha seems todo just what he pleases, to set at naught all the laws of nature?having al most control over the minds of his audience. I have seen ad the most celebrated jugglers who have hitherto visited our country, but Herr Alexander is not to lie classed with these. Besides being a man of finished education, he is a perfect gentleman in his manners, with prepossessing ap pearance, and the finest eyes I ever beheld. He evidently regards his profession as a science, and seems as much delighted with his experiments as any one else. I was informed to-day by a gentle man ?f this city, to whom Herr Alexander brought letters, that lie came to this country with the high est testimonials as to his character, and recom mendiag him to the confidence of the American psople us a man every way worthy of their patron age. But you will see him for yourself, for I hear he is soon to be in New York. Let me bespeak for him in advance your favorable notice. Wh'le I am writing, I must not forget to say to you that should you make this "tripof the flakes," to secure a room on board the steamer Nile, (.'apt. Van Allen. This is the pleasantest and safest boat on the Lakes?quiet in motien?and always clean and neat in all her appointments. I am just about taking a trip to ths celebrated Kock river country, and will try and write you from Galena. Mr. Bennett:? Yon have, doubtless, seen in the Spirit of the Times during the last twelve months, a series of sketches signed "G. de L.," purporting to be extracts from the writer's journal, kept by him while on service in Florid.i. The writer, it can easily be seen, belongs to the 3d Regiment of Infantry, from the continual glorification which he bestows upon that regiment, and I suppose few who know him have failed to re cognize Lieut. II. under his assumed nom de plume. My object is not t > criticize these extracts, but to c.tll attention to an article in the Spirit of the Times of August 23d, in which the writer claims for the titli Regiment of Infantry the credit of having " many i# tune and oft" gone over the ground in the vicinity ot the "Ocklockonee" river, (in Middle Florida) before the 3d Regiment had entered Florida or even suspected they would be ordered there. That all this is true is well known to the Army at large, and ought to h ive been known to Lieut. H ; but the claimant of justice to the gallant tith, (which saw more hard service than any other two regiments ever in Florida) has onntted to state that (in addition to the scouts on the " Ocklockonee" he has enumera ted,) five companies of that regiment, in conjuuctiorf wuti several companies of the 1st Regiment of Infan try, (the whole under command ot Col. Davenport of'tlte 1st) "scouted," thoroughly, the country'both cast and west of the "Ocklockonee" in February, 1H-IU ; this last, also, before the 3d Infantry had en tered Florida. The spirit which has led " G. de L. ' to glorify Ins own regiment is a good one, but be is old enough both in years and rank, to know that he should not be guilty of injustice to other regiments, while upholding the merits of his own ; which, by the way, is too well known and gallant a corps to require any such proceeding, as its merits are of the highest order, and it will, no doubt, add to the luu rels it already possesses, others gathered in Texas, (where it now is) provided it lias a chance. These remarks are due, in justice, both to the tith and 1st Regiments of Infantry, as the sketches,'which have called them forth, have been po wtdelv circulated, and you will, no doubt, give them a place in your widely disseminated journal. U. 8. A Pii.ixg it Jokks.?Speaking of wags?what is more waggish than a dog's tail when he is pleased 1 Speaking oi taila--we alwnya like those that end well Hogg's, lor iaatance. Speaking of hog*?we saw one of these Hnimal* the other day lying in tne patter, arid in the opposite one a well dressed man . the Bret had a ring ' 'ter had a ring on hie linger. The man in his iiose, the letter hail a ungon hi* linger w.is drunk, the hog wa* sober " A hog i? known by the company be keep*." thought we; to thought Mr. Porker, and oil he went. Speaking of going oft", puta us in mind of a gun we onca owned. It went off one night, and we haven't neeti it since. Andapeaking ol guna reminda us oftha " obaolete idea." We had one?a gun; not the ohieleti idea?and it bust.?IY 0. Picayune '"St- Louis, ilept. 1845. IVade of St. Imuim?Number of River HoaU?Aba. htionut* ami Abolition of Judge Lynch?Mes meric Office Holders?Political Parties?Their Situation in the IVest. Why don't you have a regular correspondent in our growing and prosperous city?one who would represent correctly the views of our citizens, upon, the various questions that arise, ana enlighten the benighted ?.? the Km ? It is really amusing to hear wh.it opinions Hre formed of the West by citizens of the East. A writer in the Herald, who calls himself a wag, and who has wagged uway up into " Iowa," sjieak Uig of St. Louis, says: " 1 strolled along tiie wharf to see If | could, in a few weeks, get a passage up the Mississippi riv-r into the frontier wilds " lfad the writer perused ihe columns of the Herald for the past few year.-, he would iiot have made such a great display of ignorance as in the above ? l or the benefit of your numerous readers I will at ite that when the rivers are in a fair stage, thev can accommodated with passages up the Illinois Mississippi and Missouri rivers, daily. There are some eight regular packet boats plying up the |||j noie, making a trip u week, and so arranged as to ' daily, Sundays excepted. On the Mississinoi four packets making each two trips per week U) heokuck. wliich is at tiie toot of the lower Kapids ? here are besides 8 to 10 which run above fhirlinV on, Hloonnngton, Catena and Dubuque, and as far P as >t. Anthony falls The Missouri packed make their regular trips to Lexington, Independence and Weston. Occasionally a boat visits CouncH Bluffs and once u year the American Fur ( ompa ny send a boat up to the \ ellow Sione, 2700 miles i above us, with provisions for th -ir companies and ?ring, on their return, the result of rlmir winter's ' trappings. Had those who live mthe Kastern States i an opportunity o witnessing the hustle and actSfv j on our levee, and .he large stores upon Main, Mar- 1 ket, fourth, and other streets, they would not call it a benighted place : and were thev to see our ac complished, gayly attired ladies, as"thev promenade wlouYmd 8/rwetS and avenue8? 'ht-y would not ask w hat kind of dresses are worn by .St. Louis ladies. ! Another writer, who asks permission to addr??s a spTaking of ihlf' fr?'n 'L1e ci,'y ol" rn"u"d8. in sivs "ff n 10 aSslM ,h'' 8llives escaping, says? If one of those agents should be caught de with, T/1 U re w d have justice meted out to him, without fear, favor or partiality from that eccentric Ol I gentleman Judge Lynch'* The writer may wish to see such persons strung up, but when he speaks of our citizens wishing such punishment me ed out to .hem, he greatly misrepresenTE While we hold the man who entices the slave from his master in utter contempt, and would gladly Sm to have the iiend arrested,still we have an abiding confidence in the laws of our State and place implicit reliance in the officers to enforce tobmitn?h bdrn* that t^e punishment is sufficient to bring those tanatics to their senses,without calling in the aid of that eccentnc"old gentleman." We have _iven strong evidence that no more Lynchinc shall kjr:-,rmn .our c,ty'in ,he im^ffiSS . black villains who sent two amiable and much be h lm^ri!rT^Vthe;r ?Tn,ime|y grave and fired the building of Collier Ar Morrison, at which a fire I man lost his ife. The inhuman beings had a fair and impartial trial, were convicted lawfully, and lated awBT7ien 'manded HS,an anient of vio ladJ? ? TLet n.? on? nanie Lynch law as a favorite P?S c?,h^com'^. 'er ha,i"S 8'Vea ample I lie act that has cast reflection upon our city, bv he barbarous treatment to a slave some years ag.i thLmafn?.hCe ' spate lied t wo worthy citizens and sent them to their account "unhousel'd, ununneal'd "has HnvV0" '!} tl,e strongf8t manner,and at this day no onepretends to justify the rash act,thou"h all tlfere are suchVh1 inl"ior counties mere are such a lot of vagabonds, counterfeiters horse stealers, and all manner of rascX, that it ?s impossible to convict them, for the reason that thev bring forward some of their own gang, who have no regard to the solemnities of an oath, and bv them prove an alibi, and thereby escape merited punish ment. In those counties they endure them until for ?CndCea8e8 |'1 a rirtue' and ,h*"n resort to aims, and compel them to leave the country vi ,T,? ? '* m.,t'l"cable foes lo the slaveholding ord -Hv bw,L ra f^W 'tlle good Christians, orderly loving, l?w abiding citizens of the east term the interiJfT?? mak'ng die?r>9elvea|familiar with the interior of a massive building, at our seat of nveVwho"1' ? ware your agenis or representa tives, who are detected enticing slaves from their !yr rnaf learn some useful lesson with in the walls of our jienitentiary The old Democratic party is divided into hards or ifHie^'nftT 81 ,he hards con,roI ail offices both Stolei and government. But one soft has been se L'E by president Folk. The question is asked how came he to receive the appointment? But one Pre?if!?|e a"swer can be given; and that is, that the li .v.n imagining trouble ahead, wus desirous of having some one wffo could see into futurity, so as to be on his guard to meet or head ihe hunker party Now this officer is a firm believer in mesmerism' J?'r\?ya1Ce' ' and w'tb his subject, Charley? who has been ruralizing at the "Shades," a well known resort near our city, preparatory doubtless to some great undertaking, the result ol'the Mexican war, the Oregon Question, the Sand 7 stars or who are to have the printing of the next Congress?pro fesses and confidently believes he can foretell with ber,mi?ey " '* ,o hal'l>enL ^l>ch an officer would whJ li J" ?c1l,!?ltlr"]to 'he administration. And [Ton mm i Pre8lden[ Po|k took that qualifica ut>Tn him The?1'0"-W ? cVnterred 'he office upon him. The appointment is looked upon as a good one, and gives general satisfaction. The Democrats of our State have things all their own way. For fear of losing their power, the legis latures at their respective meetings have increased the number of counties until they have got to % The Constitution allows only 100 members in the lower house, and each county is entitled to one member; so St. Louis county, with her tio.ooo inhabi tants, is placed 011 a parwilh a back county contain ing only a few hundred. A Convention is to be held the 3d Monday in November to form a new Consti tution. Representation, Banking, the Flection of Judges, are the leading questions which will be agi tated in the Convention. The parties in that body will be Democrats 4H, Whigs 1-4, Native American 4. The revision of our laws, authorized last winter, was conferred upon a democrat who hails from Newton countv, the most remote south western county in the Mate, binding on Arkansas and the Indian territory, and the printing given to the Mis This pape ennrian?a hard paper. This pajier claims the prim ing as a right from the several locofoco offices in the region of our city, and made quite a fuss because a mistake was made in one instance, and taken to the Republican The tobacco inspectors lor the two warehouses in our city were selected from an interior county, where scarce a hogshead is seen, but it is all for the good of the party, and to apiieasc some noisy politicians, old inspectors who first sug gested the idea of an inspection in our city, and commenced in an old frame warehouse, must stand aside and make room for those who are of service to the party, and all for the benefit of the dear peo ple humbugging still reigns in Missouri. Your Washington letters arc perused with much i nterest. The question is often asked how does Bennett?whose name is hs fnmdiar to the ear as our old Sol Smith?get the earliest information from the prison houses; even Father Hitchie, who is supposed to be in the secrets, lias hard work to keep up with you. Land Granting in Georgia.?The Georgia Jour nal of the 9th inst says the last week at the Capitol has bean one of great excitement. To tho astonishment of our citirons. at least four or five hundred persons from every section of tho State, on Tuesday last, presented themselves to apply for reverted lands About four thousand applications were made, and it took the Trea surer.with the assistance of four clerks, near two days to receive the money and the applications. When this was over, the lists for the drawing had to be made, and upon them ten clerks immediately went to work, and, by working sight and day, finished them so that the lottery commenced on Friday Afternoon, was continued until near midnight on Saturday night, and it closed on yester day about li o'clock, M. Never, before, in the same length of time, was there so large an amount of business disposed ot in the State House. The grants are now pass ing wilh'great rapidity, and will all, iu ten or twelve days, he recorded and ready for delivery to the fortunate drawers er their agents. Indian Hoitii.itiks.?Tho Arkama* Intelligencer of the 30th ult., states that the Indian* on the fron tier are quiot and peaceable, with the exception of the : Kickapoos and t'amanches, who are arrayed in *r"" against each other. The Camnnchcs have said that the Kickapoos should not hunt upon the prairies, and the lat ter trine, assisted by volunteers from several *n,B" an" scattering tribes, liave proceeded to the hunt fully pre vuuoi nig u ii'f", iinvp in i/i rrvic - , pared to meet the I'amanrhesin battle if thev are molest d. The Camancbes lately took a 'little king of the Kickapoos prisoner, and detained him some time, intend ing to put him to death, but finally released him. He> is very popular with his tribe, and has gene out with the hunting party to revenge himself upon the (wmanches. The Intelligencer learns that the Mexicans have lately had a hard battle with the t'amanches, killing one hun dred ef them, end teking prisoner the wife of the princi pal ww-chlef Tirtitiii. Christopher Hughes, the late American Minister at the Hague, received, upon closing his relations with the Dutcli Government, a note trom the Minieter ol Foreign Affairs, conf erring upon him, by command of the King, the " Cross of a Commander of the Order of the Oaken Crown." Mr. Hughes, in his reply, thanked his Majesty for the honor thus intended to be conferred upon him, but declined the honor of the nomination, in asmuch as all orders of knighthood were repugnant to the institutions of his country. Two new kinds of wheat have recently been in troduced into this country?one from Oregon and one from China. From s ome experiments, made this year, in Frederick county, Maryland, the Oregon wheat pro duced fifty bushels to the acre.and the China wheat fifty five bushels. The China wheat was originally obtained from a box of China ware brought from the north of China, in which a few heads were found. The Oregon wheat was discovered in that territory by a missionary in 1839 Professor Richardson, ol the Medical Faculty of Transylvania University, having deceased, the Faculty invite from the members of the medical profession, appli cations for the ? hair of Obstetrics and tlio Diseases of Women ami Children The appointment will be a per manent one. and the person selected is required to make Lexington, Kentucky, his permanent residence A man jum[*ul overboard from the steamer United States, on the 22nd instant, about fifteen miles from Cleveland, and was drowned. His name was John Nel son, that he was deranged, lived near Sandusky, came on board at Huron, in charge of bis wife, who was taking him to his friends in the State of New York. Captain Whitaker immediately put about and made search for him, but as quite a sea was running, without success. Hunter Hill, charged with the murder of Major Smith, was brought on to Norfolk, on Friday morning, in the steamer from Baltimore, and was the most abject looking creature that was ever seen?he was crying and praying during the whole of the passage down the bay. He wals immediately taken to Suffolk, and on passing through Portsmouth he begged and prayed in the most piteous manner not to be handcuffed. We learn from the New Haven Palladium, that a disgraceful fracas occurred in New Miiford, on Friday last, between Terry Smith, formerly United States Sena tor, and George Peck, who tenants a farm near by. The ex-senator is said to have grossly insulted Peck, and re ceived in return a most unmerciful flogging. The potatoe disease which made its appearance in this country last year, but which happily is lets pre valent the present season, has extended to the British Province of New Brunswick, and in some districts has done great damage. Mrs Sigourney, who has long been dangerously ill of bilious fever, is, we are happy to learn, convales cing. We learn also, from another quarter, that Mr. Marsh, the distinguished representative of Vermont, was quite recovered from a long indisposition. Mr. Whitney, the projector of the great railroad from the northern Lakes to the Oregon Territory, arriv ed in 8t. Louis, on the -20th inst., from the Missouri. He has been on a tour of exploration of the route for this great work. Leaving the Mississippi at Prairie du Chien, he crossed over to the great Bend of the Missouri, and expresses himself highly gratified with the soil and ca pacity of the country to sustain a dense population, and with the favorable character of the route for the enter prise which he proposes and urges with so much seal. The party?seven in number?are in excellent health. A Mr. Jared Way, of Lauderdale Co. Miss., was most inhumanly murdered a lew days ago. His bo dy was pie-ced by six or seven shot in the right side, and several stabs in the left. His throat was cut twice fiom ear to ear, and he was otherwise mutilated. The body was found in a field, about thirty yards from the fence, and there were evident signs of a desperate struggle No clue to the dreadful deed. A debute on slavery will take place in Cincinnati, on the 1st of October, between the Rev. N. L. Rice and the Rev. J. Blanchard. Question?Is the practice of slave holding in itself sinful,and the relation between muster end slave, a sinful relation ? Mr. Blanchard af firms?Mr. Rice denies. The Hon. John P. Kennedy, M. C. lor Baltimore, has commenced a series of addresses to the mechanics and workingmen of his district, in the Patriot, on the danger of the abrogation of the Tariff. There were a large number of converts to Mor monism on board the steamboat Rochester at Albany, on Friday night, en route for Nauvoo, most of whom were from Lowell, .Mass. Bosworth C. King, of Onondaga, has left that place under charge of various forgeries committed at the Syracuse Banks, lie has heretofore been considered a respectable man. Gov Stratton, of New Jersey, has issued a pro clamation for the election of a member to Congress, in the place of the Hon. S. G. Wright, deceased. The elec tion is to take place on the 4th ol November next. According to the last census, the gross population of the West India Islands was 888,209. The number of slaves emancipated, according to the compensation re turns, was 683 899. A remarkable cave, once a refuge of the early christians of Africa, as appears from inscriptions, had been discovered near (iuelma. The Arabs never dared to enter lest they " should he seized by its guardian an gel." M. Thiers has gone to Spain to survey the battle grounds for a graphic narrative of Napoleon's Spanish camnaigu*. The Grand Jury of the United States District Court, have found a true bill against Samuel Foxcraft, for making spurious quarter douars of the United States coin. Hon. (J. W. Terrell, late Texan Miuisterto France and F.ngland, returned to this city in the Hope Howes, on Tuesday last, and left by the Houston steamer the next morning. Oen. T , we are happy to state, comes hack somewhat improved in his health, which has long been delicate.? Galieslon Gazette. The Alton Telegraph savs: We deeply regret to state that Schuyler Strong, tfsq., one of the most distin guished members of the Illinois Bar, put a period to his existence, at his rcsidenco in Springfield, a few days since. Trouble* of Markctmen. Dear Sir:? Daring the past month, the Corporation, of your city ha* passed an ordinance preventing the farmers bringing their produce in wagon* to trie Washing ton market from approaching within a block, of the raid market. To this most inconvenient and bur densome restriction, I ask, tor a moment, to call your attention. Until the present time, it nas ever baen the uninterrupted habit of the farmer to drive his team up to the market, where he might despatch his sale* with tolerable comfort to himself ana pur chasers. Now, placed'otf at a distance, unable to wuich, and benefit himselt by the daily fluctua tion in prices, or ascertain the most saleable com modity for his morrow's load ; subjected to the ex labor and annoyance of hand-carriage; the ready game for speculators and basket stealers, in view of the precedents he has enjoyed, he deems this exhibition of Aldermanic authority an unright eous innovation. But it is not of the .inconvenience oiily, to which he is put, that he wonld complain.? You will observe that this ordinance refers only te those transporting their produce in wagons; the al leged reason being that these wagons render the street impassable?the which reason, let me add, is an exaggeration, save on particular occasions. Now, Pir, by far the largest proportion of the summer ag ricultural supplies of your market is brought in boats from the shores of Dong Island and New Jersey. In order to be. able to compete with our brethren who are possessed of the facility of such transportation, it is necessary that we should meet them in market npon the equal footing of like convenience for our purchasers, and like advantages and privileges for ourselves. But of these, the "City Fathers," as they are called, have disinherited us of the unjust and un merited inferiority they assign us, forsooth, because suture gave us no broad bay on which to float our cabbages and beans, do we complain. There is reason and equity in our complaint, and we ask re dress. As to the assigned cause for our being ag grieved that wagons render the street impassable, 1 have before said that it was an exaggeration, except on perhaps some one or two occasions. 1 know sf none myself; but I will not contradict the "Fathers." Besides, 1 have always believed, and 1 have thought it a general matter of belief, that this market was in tended for the importation and sale of snch products as our wagons are laden with. I cannot forbear men tioning an incident in connection with this recent ordinance the morning after its enactment. A farmer, whose intelligence and uprightness, as well as mild and amiable aeinirtment nave won him the respect and esteem of all who have the happi ness to know him, on this morning, unaware of what decision had been arrived at upon thissubject, drove up, as usual, to his accustomed stand, when h-* was peremptorily told to leave, and occupy an altogether different spot. He enquired simply the reason why. whes he was assailed by most violent abuse and imprecations his horses taken by ths head and recklessly backed, to the imminent dan ger ofupsetting his wagon, and destroying his whole load (>n expostulating, lie was caught by the throat, thrown down, severely beaten, ana then, with his clothes torn is rags, dragged off to the watchhouae, whence, after considerable difficulty on the part #f his friends, in gaining a full comprehension of the truth, he was at last extricated. The ruffian whs attacked him was a member of the Polics ! I would suggest to the "City Fathers," that such a creature as this requires a removal from his old position, as well as ths wagoa of Your obedient servant. Long Isi.andrr. Sign or a Tumors Winter ?It is a remarkable fact, that bees, this year, so lar as we can learn, says the Harford, (Md.,) Timti, tiavs almost universally re fined to swarm; and in some instances, after Ailing thsir hives, they have commenced laying up (tore on the out side. Much extraordinary conduct of these weather wise and provident insects, it is thought, Indicates a win ter of unusual length and severity.