Newspaper of The New York Herald, October 1, 1845, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated October 1, 1845 Page 1
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THE NEW YORK HERALD. Vol. XI., No. 450- Whole No. 11.11. NEW YORK, WEDNESDAY MORNING, OCTOBER 1, 1845. Price Two Cents. Import it nt from Illliiole?Owe thounnntl Mor mottelit tUe Klclil. More Illood?U?l. Tre? meiKloUfl Ett'llciai'iil. The western mail of yesterday brought intelli gence of considerable importance Irom the seat of war in Illinois. It api>ears that efiorts for a compromise between the Mrties have thus far failed, and the Mormons have now one thousand men in the Held, including three hundred artillery, and we may expect more bloodshed. | From the St. Louis Republican, Sept. 'JI ] Warsaw Sept. 18, 1SJ5?In my letter of yosierday I till not allude to the death of one of the anti-Mormons, named Samuel Mcliratuey, as the fact was not ascer until late in the night. Mcilrutney was with tho party engaged in burning houfea on Hear < reek, and fled with the lent, but he and Air. Lindsey, who was wound ed, were ou worse horses than the others; and in the rear ot the company. Tho Mormons tired upon them when at the bottom ol' tho hill, and consequently I did not sea or hear tho tire It was not believed in the camp of Col. Williams, trior in Warsaw, that McBratney was missing, until in the night. The fact having been ascer tained, about 11 o'clock at night, a party of men went out from Col. Williams' camp, to search for him. They found him in the prairie.dead, lying on his hack, his arras and legs spread out. When ho was brought to town, 1 went to see the body, and nevoi saw a person more mangled. lie had boon shot in the shoulder, the ball passing out at the side, nnd through the arm to the skin; another hall entered the hip. There were three orfour deep snlire cuts over the hoad, and then seven or eight deep stubs in the neck and chest. I am at a loss for a motivo for thus mangling the body, for the shots he hud received were sufficient to have secured his arrest, and must have disabled him from making any resistance alter he fell from his horse. The body was interred the next morning without any parade; but his death added much to the excitement. I have said that a proposition from the Twelve K.lders of tho Mormon Church at Nuuvoo, was received in War saw yesleiday afternoon. I insert a copy of it, that tne reader may the better understand the objections which the citizens entertained to acting upon it. To Col. Levi Williams, and tho Mob Party of whom he is the supposed leader, who have been and are still en gaged in burning the houses and property of the peaceable citizens of Hancock county? We, the undersigned, a committee of the citizens of the city of Nnuveo, have selected u committee of five, viz f'oter lUws, Andrew il. Perkins, Andrew H. Der by, David D. Vearsley ami Solomon lluncocke, who will he the bearers of this, to confer with vou, and inform yon that it is our intention to leave riauvoo and the county next spring, provided that yourselves and all otheis will cease all hostile operations, so as to give us the short but necesiury time tor our journey; and wo want you to return us nti answer in writing by our said committee, whether you will cease your destructive operations and vexatious law suits,and give us the opor tunity of carrying out our designs peaceably. i Brigham Young, \masa Lyman, John K. Page, Willard Richards, L"1*" George D. Smith, Charles C. Rich, T. P. l'ratte, Isaac Morley, EaOrson Spenser, John Taylor, ?1 It .1 ll.l.nn I IZimhol] H.N?uyoo, Sept. 16, 184. ? hJ!jU. c?l"muuicatiou, instead of being conveved hv s!;? hv'm,tteeV "V* P"rl,orU t0 t'". was term, of" ft* C*",p' "rt.,oa,e'? to be well pleated with the lot'! under TnVr,HU ProP???d. ^utwcrc unwilling "to the mob narti ?n^*?h?n of the communication is "b;HSr:;r~= ce.ved, involved this admit.iin BeUovTng'Cohere the,f?r'??,,,a 7 ?f effeot'"f a compromise, and stavine !li ' , hZr detraction of life and property, 1 consen ted to go to Vauvoo, and endeavor to induce the Twelve so ?>.^a,su,Jrarni??a stopped as 1 wa. about entering the city bv another ?fU k' ? 1 l!l- ?ac'1 instance thev were very civil ant) n?? ?iK " Tv?|tha"m ",0 Nbu?? on busl: nest with the Ty.elve," they ottered no further resist ?{o?,'. ' "sw but few persons iu tho streets of Nauvoo Mr. Backenstos, the Sheriff, had left about an hour W?r? my nrrivai, with a body et troop. for the vlcinity of W.r ?*w . 1 h* ???'?? upon the Temple en.l Hot.l V. ?L,!eM,lr i for the present,and every thing was quiet and peacea ner'sn vCwi'tl! ne OCC(uiio,n,al appearance of armed men, ge iieriiiy with n gun and knife. bef^tth!imCthUnCil ?f Tw?lv? at Mr. Taylor's, and laid oxMmi. toThlm (lt!"r,'?"e of my vi8it- 1 endeavurod to ?? , 0 !..em t,ho position in which tho phruseolorv oi the proposition ]daced those anti-Mormons who hn,F7,?i ?on.?orin any w0ay''wWch?would ,nT&^fr.?ct charge of crime, that their proposal would be acted upon and a committee appointed immediately to confer with poTd faith^ullv'cm H th.oir. l>roPositl?n was made in that did not ois'7/f 57. not object to th? modification, as and icsXnr J , th0 t"'rm" 01 compromise. After a long "'"ory. discussion, they declined making any rlnrn r"r ?odl.flcatlon. ard I left tho meeting. M) jnfe. event. oTthe 55 T?S *j'd the meeting was, ttiat the 57 ?f.the Preceding duy, tho Might of tho Antie- and the confidence expressed by Mr. Buekonstos in his third prochimation, that he could succeed in arresting the burn ers, had produced a decided change in their feehiies Irom Anrohl w,10ntl'e proposition was written Consi I ' J," w*', mamfosted to withdraw the proposi nl n f 'iai! r,pented declarations wore made of ritiiu mJ* to determination to maintain their po sitien, and to punish those who have destroyed the lttw0Pfaaed to*?7 ,fr5q"5ntly dec'ared that if drill th.v 1.4 ? furnwh 'b6"1 Protection and re dress, thej had the power and would exercise it in i u red? t h em * '"n1 v e 8' retaliate on those who had injured them, ihey certainly can bri.ig into the field a large body of well armed men, but I fear they lack the essential of good soldiers, vi, ecourmge i was ac compamod on the trip by a warm* anti-Mormon- n dis creet young man?Mr. Brown; odSto show the manner he? st.f "g" are viewed bjtefcersons here, i may t\'5J a conversation which (incurred with Mr B A Mormon, who had boon burned out, gave him a descrin tion of tho manner of proceeding : "Two clerks " amd ^ 0U1 5rkom Warsa^and i^ited me to emmy my house, and then set tiro to it, doing up tho thins iU?t as politely as if thoy had been selling me a bill of #60 worth of goods." Tins is a pretty fair description of the way things were done, and the truth is. that there were pe tv T^7wh'y in tha d-truction ol pro P?rty. 1 hose who are, reason thus : Thev snv that is?. th0rI?""" 01,1 *"?*??' cnn,|ot live together an 1 phatie as wJS^al0Vth ?' th9lrfrosW?nce is the most em pnauc, a* well as the easiest way to show them lhn? thoy must cave. The season and the crop? they av are favorable for them to go, and thev mav'a. & convinced now as at any other time of the ?. . their going. This is the reasoning of'tho Kiro and Sword 'l*?!?1 in Nuotoo all night, during which time Mr a re(lui8itio?i for Six hundred more men. About sun rise on Friday morning, the alarm irun ?rB? cannon stationed on the hill near the Temnfa was fired, and before we left the citv the people were the country Kach party ? about equally afflicteTwilh it, and from this rau.o neither party can muTter i . f m lorco. I was requently told that the object of this ai?, t lorce was to visit Warsaw and ancst tho citi/cns who were engaged iu the depredations. citizens who 1 returned to War aw, having effected nothing, so far as a compromise yvus concerned. Upon th? smJ.T of the intelligence ol ihe number ol men under the co.-nn and of llacke. los, most of the citiren. JL oosse'V Uiheer Mi?r8 ini')1;C"ted' ai"' f'eir families, ?rossed the Mississippi, to the towns of Aiex.n f-hurchvill.. where, I behove, thoy will await assistance from the anti-Mormons of other part. U.a IS',?1'?","""0""' 1 ?if, , ,iav? n? disposition to givo up the con re t; in| ulrZT,] ?! V'*"n "Bve gon" now to re Montirelle te tak.Th } invite,l Col. Allen, of ".1* Z'SStf-ztSz,?' ?r'? several of tho adjoining counties A?Vk 0n> Mormons say that assistai 1 h' k SBrnC t"n0? th* from several adioinimr count?? ^ Pro"er*d 'hem My own ..lumorl'Thar b!;ri:'sid' ? wdl''"rU of l0,W" assistance than they expect receive less ncli$rfyw.?w '"oSefhilri """-P^ents in the der the commandTf MrMo^um iT 'T"" !? "" "n" the place ol action of Wednss.lay'near s^" V'CI,?f The other, under Mr. Miller w"^ encam^H eCn.' lB'n" of'liarle Creek, about eight mile, abov^a??'" mh whole force, from the l.est information I eo.riH- J,f" was from two hundred and fifty to four hundred HiVm!!"' it was represented to mo at^ "", ,,lo',S|> stronger . During Friday ^ l,0,nK much eoinmuiiieation to Col Williams in whir?ni " wr,tten the Colonel, and the lee.lett of ^ t'he^?Zl .?\ r*V"T<* submit to tlie laws, and to b, dislt wTlh scce?^01" B'"' give up the arms in their l,..!"'^1<E"!,in*ly ' ?? state, and a piece of cannon which he' sxbl tS ^ 5 J* tamed by fraud, lie gave "1,^,^.11 ." ithe): *?a<l,oh; Saturday to reply, ami if thev IsileH hi 0 0 c'oc,, of every man engaged in tho outrages " to thsTiworH0'^! nm ftt a lo>a to underatanf] whnt th? J '.. .' threat of putting men ? totheswoM" I'mik' kj qtientiy use. in his proclamation,. M'e must catch a man before ho can put him to the awonl .?j 1T. fore, fake it thnt he mean* to retaliate on them e ? /.*' by burning their properly, or something ?f tha't kTnd No reply, 1 understood, would bemad, by Col Wit lisms to this communication, nor could It lis ...,i Ji ' !?? VVarsaw, about one o'clock in the night of Frh 1? whnt course they would pursue My own belief |? thZ' although the Mormons^have now in the field the strong eat party, and havo excited considerable fears in tho ranks of tlie Antiea, tliat the latter will yet rally, and carry the warfare further than it lias yet been carried. They will, if it is renewed, attempt to revenge tho deaths of Worrell and McBratuey. Symptoms of trouble wcie manifesting themselves at Keokuk, I. T., when 1 left The citizens of the township had resolved that the Mormons should not live in their township, and they h i I sent a petition to the Governor requesting him to havo all removed. We subjoin the third proclamation of Backenstos, in which he gives his version of the fight on Wednesday. He states that two of the Anties were killed, but in this, he is probably mistaken. Important.from Argentine. The Brutus, Capt. Adams, arrived yesterday from Buenos Ayres, with advices from that place to the 1st of August, inclusive. These advices are of an important charneter. re lative to the interests of the Southern republics, and the interference of England and France in the uf fairs of this continent. There does not appear any action by the English and French minister in the affairs of Buenos Ayres and Montevideo further than what we have previ. ously published. It is clear, however, that there is no triple alli ance including Brazil as a third power. Brazil acts independently, and has her force in a proper condi tion to prevent any encroachments on her territory. The Government of B ienos Ayres were pressing all the men they could find in the country?in some i cases not leaving sufficient to take care of the cattle. It is apparent from the following notice in the Itritish Packet of the 26ih of July, that preparations were making by England and France to take a de cided step to overthrow Rosas or keep him within a limited place. II. M. Stgpm Frigato Gorgon,) Buenos Avkes, 21th July, 1843. ] Although the protection afforded by the Argentine go vernment to tho British residents in Buenos Ayres has ever been most complete and satisfactory, and the fullest relianoe is still placed in their intention and desiro to respect and protect their persons and property, never theless it becomes a duty on the part of the senior officer in command of il. M's. ships in these roads, to provide means of embarkation for such of his countrymen who may hereafter think proper to remove from this city. Under these circumstances he is induced to rouuest'that the masters of British merchant vessels will comply with the instructions contained in the accompanying me morandum. CHAS. 110THAM, Captain and Senior Officer. To the respective masters of British merchant vessels in the roads ol Buenos Ayres. On the afternoon of August 1st, tho English and French ministers left Buenos A) res for Montevideo, in conse quence of not being able to arrange matters with the Buenos Ayres Government about the war with Monte video?the former asking Gen. Rosas to withdraw his troops from tho Banda Oriental and his vossels of war from Montevideo, and the latter refusing to do so, and denying tho right of the former to interfere in their lami ly quarrels. On the evening previous to leaving, the English min ister had an interview with Gen Rosas, but of the nature of the interview, nothing certain was known. It was supposed that the English and French would blockade the ports at the north side of the river, where tho adher ents of Rosas had command. Business for some time previous was almost at a stand, and the paper currency loll some IS to 20||. Doubloons from being worth 208 dollars, rose to 200, and dollars from 13 to 10 for one silver; however, things began to revive a little, and produce was agaiu ottering ut ad vanced prices. The Monte videans were confident that the English and French would put an end to their troubles, but nothing was publicly kuown as to the measures that would be taken by tho agents of the English and French. The firilith I'ac.krt of the 23th of July, says : It be comes our ungrateful duty this week to announce that, according ta all appearances, the "pacifying" ministers of England and France are about to rekindle the war in La Tluta, which, through similar agency, was kept alive from the battle of Arroyo Grande to tho victory at India Vluerta. This singular contradiction, with the avowed object of their mission, can with difficulty be accounted for without oft'enco te .the honesty of purpose of their governments, or to their own good Bense. Howovcr, we cannot trust to our feelings at present to enlarge upon this subject; and will theretorc postpone auy farther re niuiL till a mo>? fitting opportunity The Oactta of July SO, publishes advices from Ilio de Janeiro, going to show that a more amicable feeling ex isted at the Brazilian Court toward the Argentine go rernmeut, since the chntige of ministry. Vigorous mea sures had been taken to prevent Fructuoso Rivoia, the expelled President of the Oriental Republic, lrom em barking on board a schooner bound for Montevideo. Several numbers of the Gnceta are filled with deposi tions aud other olHcial proceedings relating to the murdei of a Scotch family named Kidd, consisting of nine per sons, at San Vicente, near Buenos Ayres. A reward of ten thousand dollars was offered for tho discovery of the murderers, this being part of a larger sum contributed by Governor ltosas, the British and t rench ministers, of ficers of the British and French squadrons and others, to lie expended in measures for punishing the authors of tho deed. Tho murdered persons were Andrew Kidd, aged A3, Jane, his wile, 30, Anna, Diego and Isabel Kidd, aged 24, IP and 30, Jane, Robecca and Samuel Preston, children ot Isabel, (who was the widow of Hiram Trot ton,) aged 10, 8 and 3, and an infant of 4 months. Further from Peru.?Advices from Lima, as late as the 5th ol August, have been received. Our Charge d'Afldires, Mr. Jewett, had arrived at Lima, and was to have been presented to the Peruvian au thorities on the 6th. The Peruvian Congress had ratified the convention with the U. S. Government, making indemnity for injuries sustained by our citi zens during the *' Patriot" war. The annexed letter gives the latest naval intelli gence from the Pacific. U. S. Fr.AO Ship Savannah, |, 10th .)une, 1845. Interesting Haval Intelligence?Affairs in the Pacific. This will reach by the ship Orpheus, Capt. Iliil. I send you all the news I can learn for your valua ble paper. There has been some little disturbance between the English and the government ol this country. The British minister here was insulted by the soldiers on shore, and he demanded satisfac tion immediately. The Collingwood hne-of-battle .-hip, Feiguard Irigate, and sloop-of-war Daphne, all laying here, got their vessels in order for battle, and had they not given satisfaction at the appointed time, no doubt John Bull would have given them a warm reception, for the Collingwood has eight Pdixham guns of a hpavy calibre. The Collingwood is under tne flag of Admiral Sir George Seymour, a brave old man. We have been laying here ever since the 20th Maich, waiting for the store ship from New York. Alter her arrival we shall proceed to the Islands,and it is not certain, as tar as 1 am informed, whether we shall go to the East Indies or not, but I fully ex pect we shall?the sloop-of-war Warren sailing trom this place on the 19th May tor the Islands, East In dies, and home, all well. The schooner Shark left here on the 19tli May, tor Panama, with our late Minister, the Hon. Mr. Picket. The sloop-of-war Portsmouth, Commander Montgomery, sailing trom this place on the 18th May, for Valparaiso, took up We the Minister for Chili. We are now under the com mand of Commodore J. D. Bloat; he is u tine man, and so lar every one ih much pleased with him.? Cur ship is in tine order?in fact every thing goes on as smooth oh clock work The French Vtven6 arrived herefrom Valparaiso, 2 f June, and the French sloop-of-war Triumphant. We are all making this plnee our winter-quarters. 1 send you a list of our officers : C ommander, J. D. Bloat; 1st Lieutenant, R. B. Hitch cock, 3d do, George Miner; 3d do, R. FPiokney; 4th do. It S. Trapier; flth do, W.A. Wayne; 8th do, J. 11. Carter; Acting Master, W. K. De Joughe; Purser, D. Kauntle roy; Burgeon, Dr. Chase, fleet surgeon; Assistant do, W. Wilson; Captain Marine, Marston; Lieut, do, II. W. <ducen; Com. Secretary, M. Bloat; Purser's Clerk, H. Ilongli; Midshipmen, John K. Wilson, Kdward C. Janet' John M. Kcll, 1 homns J. Miller. Snmnel P. Griffin, D. Phcnix, W. P. Tolee, Robert R. Carter, I* G. Wat niongh, John O. Whittaker; Bontsmain, Geo. Willmuth; Gunner. J. M Cooper; Carpenter, F. M. Cucee; Sail maker, Wn,. Ryan; Master'*. Mate, J. D. Anderson; \ eoman, J. A. fx indie; Purser's Stewards, J P. Gill, Transferred from (hit Ship In athere in thr Squadron? W. R. Gembor end J. H. TUlotston, to the sleop Ports month; O. K. Morgan, W. Jackson, to schr. Shark, Midshipman J. Carmichael, of this ship, and Boatswain I Walker, of the Warren, and Mr. Byces, from the Be lief, all go home passenger* in the Orpheus, on the sick ticket. We are all in excellent health,and m good spirits; and expect to have the pleasure next May or June to rend your valuable paper in New York. We heat the fastest French frigate in the Navy, Vivenf", from Valparaiso to this place. We have been at sea 276 days, miles run, 34,046 ; average miles per hour 5.J. So you see we are a fust-sailing frigate. British Provinces.?There was a political out break at Annapolis, n few weeks since, between tin liberal* and the friends of the Government, in whici < nly the Attorney General's horta sustained " personal injury, his master being burnt in etllgy. The fcngllll experimental squadron is expected soon at Halifax The British Government have refused to remove th< restrictions imposed on American fishermen, notwith standing our treaty stipulations.- Bangor Whig, Sept. 'it AfTuiru tn Texas. [Prom Now O; leans Bulletin. Sept. 22.] The pent adricer from < orpus Christ! may be awaited wi'b Interest, under tho expectation of hearing some tbiug fuithn and more definite us to the ultiui.tio desti i utlou of our little army. We are disposed to look upon tho encampment at i orpus Cbristi, as a temporary ren dezvous, judiciously selected for the collection and con ce itiation of our toicos. but it certai ily cauuot he the lutention that tho army shall stop there. The position is 1st in tho teai ol the legitimato boundary of1 e.xus, aod to make that our t?oiut of military occ tpatlon. would be tantamount to a -tinunder of the vast territory 1) ing between 'he llio Grande and the Nueces. It Was jwu dent to make a halt there at first. As a depot and a point for r-eotsrn ^oncr aud pie ,-u ration, none more conve nient. could have been selected on thecoast. Its dis tance ft out the Itio Grande w.n a secutny against sur jirisn by any hostile movement of the Mexicans, while its 1 icatiou on the sua shoie furnished the best facilities lor the disembarking of troops and landing munitions o! war. Sow, however since the place hits answered tit1 the purposes of a reiulezvout, ami our scattered batta lions are collects 1 into a w ell appoint.?d and tormidablc army, it is tune to move the camp We confidently anti cipate that d'a) 1 n's division will march to the Kio itrande, with the view ol occpjying that river uk thu line ol our wostern boundary. It is not at illuulike ly tliat the movement is already being made The terri tory belongs to us. ami the duty cf tl.o government is to : tako possession. To loavo a question of boundary open i for negotiation to adjust, when it can ba settled at once by the occupation ol vacant ground, would be the height of lolly; besides, the experience of our government has already shown the difficulty of settliug boundaries by diplomacy. The best course in such caios is to tako possession tirst, nod negotiate aiterwards. We trust that the executive is carrying out this energetic policy.? There are signs abroad, and discoruibU, that indicate some decisive movement is contemplated. If it is the intention of the United States to insist upon a title to the Del Norte, now is the time to secure it, by tho urmed oc cupation of the eastern bank. [From New Orleans Tropic, Sopt. 22 ] Tho editor of the Hod Hiver Republican says that a gentleman who travelled to Memphis with Ashbel Smith when he descended tho river, was informed by that gen tleman, that be had seen a document which was intend ed to he addressed by < apt. Klliott, on the part of the British government to the goverumeut of Mexico, pro testing against a declaration of war by the latter. There may be some truth in this. It is highly probable that the British government would protest iigainst ii declara tion of war by Mexico, but it seems to us that Mr. Bank head, the British Minister in Mexico, und not Captain Klliott, is the proper person to mnke the protest. Mork Mexican Ne\v?.?The southern mnil this Hfieruoon brings us some additional news from Mexico, brought by the steam frigate Princeton. [From .Mobile Herald, Sept. 23 ] riNSACoi.A, (Fa.) Sept. 20, 1845. The U. S. steam frigate Princeton came to anchor off the Navy i aid about 8 o'clock this morning, four and a half days from Vera Cruz. The Princeton brought no news indicative of war, further than what we have so often hoar(U-4'thoy were making preparations.'' It ap pears that flho-city of Mexico was in great commotion growing Wit of a report which had reached that place of Commodore Conner's taking Vera Cruz, and Gen Taylor's marching into Mexico with an additional number of fifteen hundred Texian volunteers.? These fabrications were no doubt pronagat-d to force a speedy and pacific adjustment of the difficulties between the two Governments, and 1 am fully persuaded now, that this much talked of war will all end in smoke. The Princeton left the sloop Saratoga at Vera Cruz, where she will remain until relieved by some other vessel. The course now adopted by Commodore Conner in arranging his squadron so that his Government may he almost daily advised of the news from Mexico, cannot fail to receive the approbation not only of the Navy Department, but his countrymen generally. Important from Hayti.?The brig Geo. Henry, Cnpt. Blakely, arrived yesterday morning in ten days passage from Turks Island. There is nothing important from any part of that spot on the Atlantic-!! We find, however, in the Turks hland Gazette of the 16th instant, some rather interesting intelli gence from llayti. It confirms, with additionalpar ticulars, what we had before published, of the cap ture of two Dominican schooners of war by the Haytiens. [From Turks Island Gazette, Sept. 1(5 ] By a gentleman who arrived here, on Sunday, in the Governor Mathew, Irom Cape llayti, we have loomed sumo particulars as to the present state of that country. It appears that matters are drawing to a crisis. The llaytiau Government have at length taken active and decisive measures, aud a strong force hv laud, as also ik m, bail been directed towards fne Dominican terrt tory. On Wednesday the 3d instant, a squadron compo sed of a corvette of 18 guns, a largo top sail schooner, and three smaller schooners, sailed from the Cape, met and drove the Dominican naval force of three schooners, on shore under the batteries at Monti < hristi, where the crews having landed and assisted by tho batteries, kept tne llaytians at hay for several hours, but finally two of the Dominican vessels were burnt, and the third captur ed. The squadron returned to Cnpe Ila> tl, late en the Monday evening following. Tu thu meantime a large force had left tne Cape by land, and marched nn a point commanding the communication between fort au t'latt and St. J ago, whilst another army was to take the south ern road, und attack the ci y of St. Domingo. A blockade of I'oit au I'lutt, was proclaimed through the streets of the Cape, but no official notice had been given to the con-tils, und it was douhtod by those gen t'emeu, whethu- the inure proclamation, would warrant thu capture or detention of a foreign flag, endeavoring to enter I'oit au Piatt. A briguntiue had been purchased by tho Ilaytiun Go veiument, to be armed a* a man of war. The President General Piortot, had ariived at the Cape and inten leJ to tako tne fk 1J in per on. A large supj ly of fire-arms had been received. Trade was dull and a long drouth had mano fruit and vegetables scaicu and dear. Vknk/.uei.a?Uy the Caracas, at this port, we hav<> dates from Puerto Cabello to the 11th of September. The letter of our correspondent at I.air syra foils us by tine arrival, for the first time in t wo v are. The letter received by the exchange it below. \Ve have, hotvever, tiles ot the Caracal Ubeial, and the I'igia of JsOgUtyra, from which we extract the following particulars : Kxport.s ef Coffee, up to date, at Laguayra. 102,676 qtls. compared with 115,200 at the same time lust year; Cocoa 22,026 fanegas; Hides 33,117. Tlie correspondence of the late Charge d'Affairei, the Hon. Vespasian Kills, with the Minister of Koreign Re lations ol Venezuela, continues to attract the attention ot the public at Caracas ; and that, too, with no slight credit to our late Charge. We are pleased to notice this fact, as we have been for some timu endeavoring to draw the nttention of our own people to the importance of the movement commenced hy Mr. KUis. In the l.iheral of the 30th of August, we And the an nouncement of the death of Juan Manuel Valdez, at the city of Angostura, on the 31st of July. As one ot the old leaders in the first revolution in Venezuela, his actions won for him the most enviable reputation. The official report of the custom house at Puerto Ca bello gives, for tnc first six months of the year 1645, du ties collected, $150,016 40. The value, as estimated, of the exports from tho same port for the same time was $025,109 Or,.?Phil. U. S. Gaz., Sept. 30. Anil-Rent Affairs. [From the Hudson Gazette, Sept. 30 ] The evidence in the case of Dr. Boughton, alias Big Thunder, was brought to a close on Friday night last, after having spent nine days in the examination of wit nesses, nud twenty-one since the commencement of the trial. We had inteuded to publish the whole of the tes timony to-day, hut we find to do so would exclude every thing else from our columns ; we shall, therefore, pub lish ihe balance next week, when wo shall speak of this trial more fully. Many parts of the testimony is very full and to the point, and especially that of Abraham Carle, who swears that the mask and cap worn by Dr. Boughton belonged to him, and tho calico cat to hi* brother ; that he was in the room when he put the dress on ; saw him act as " Big Thunder'' through the day, and immediately after the burning of the papers, went into Bain's tavern mid assisted him in taking off the dress. On the other hand, mi attempt was made to prove Carle insane ; in this the defence wholly tailed, and the next point w as to prove en alilii, or, in other words, that ho was in citizens'dress around the ring while the Sheriff and Big Thunder were in itj with what success tho ver diet of the jury will determine. One thing, however, is very remarkable, that if Dr. Boughton was in citizens' dress, aud in a crowd of from 1000 to 2000, as is attempt ed to he shown, mostly engaged in the cause, that none of the witnesses of respectability and standing which wero brought on to the stand, could swear to their see ing him until after the timo when Carle swears ho took off the disguise. We do not mean to forestall the vordict ol the jury, hut shall wait patiently lor their decision. Mr. Jordan commenced summing up on the part of the defence on Saturday morning, and did not close his re marks until after 5 o'clock. (in Saturday evening tho Attorney General commen ced summing up on tho part of the prosecution, and had not concluded his romarks when the Court adjourned yesterday noon. [From the Albany Atlas, Sept. 30.] The Dtlatrare Gazelle gives the ages of some of the unfortunate men now on trial at Delhi. The criminals are mere lads, ovidently seduced iato crime hy the incite ments of older and more wicked men, acting through the agency of secret associations. These cases are reported in the letter of our Dehi correspondent /adok Pratt Norttaup 17 years. Smith Sandford 18 " ?lames Clayton 20 " Barbour Stafford 20 " F.dward Mason 19 " Heauly L. Kussel 19 " i Augustus Kettle, minor.,..?........... Andrew Moscript 17 " Ail these withdrew their plea of not guilty to the charge of murder, and entered a plea of guilty of man slaughter in the 4th degree, thus acknow ledging thoir participation in a crime consummated in tho blood of a fellow being Stpam Packkt I.ixfto Jamaica ?It will no doubt grntily our mercantile community to know that the piojecl ol a stenm packet line between this city and Ja maica, originally mentioned in this neper some threo ; w eeks since, bids fair to be completed. We hope soon to ley heforu onr readers additional feet* in this connec tion. ?IV. O. Tropic, Sept. 33. Oregon. Rocky Mountain Pass, 18-15. Independence Rifle?Antelopes?Elks?Grisly Rear, American Hyena and Silver Foxes?7V Great Mountain Puss?Cotton Wood?Snake Indians? Fish and Fish Rait?Game,tfC. We are now across (he N. F. of Platte, which we here leave, having travelled up this stream many hundreds of miles. It is estimated to be about eighty inil-s through the Black Hills; among which I forgot to merit.on we passed the Red Butts (Hills) which are as red as a brick, and the earth com posing which lot ks its if it had been burnt. On the'ifuh July, we saw large bands of buffaloes in the. evening. The whole plain was one dense ttubs of hutl dors; some of the company killed two or three in the eveuinir, and next morning not 11 bmf do could be found within ten miles of our camp. u.. .1. .1. ? .l: : ? ? i ! Such is the nature of this animal, that when In distended, he does not stopfer manv miles. We Iwre found water scarce between the N. F. and Sweetwater, and sedge and dust plenty. On the 27th we reached lire far-famed Sweetwater, a small but beautiful stream, with wide bottoms covered with grass and scattering trees, cotton wood and willow. We encamped near Independence Rock, a huge pile of solid stone, about fifty to one hundred feet high, lying in the plain, some hundred ot yards distant from the main ridge. This rock is a very prominent object, and may be seen at a great dis tance. Upon this rock many travellers have cut their names. It was while they were cutting their names upon this rock, that Messrs. Lovejoy and Hastings, two lawyers from Mis souri, were surprised and taken bv a band of Sioux Indians, about a year since. They were de tained a short time, and then restored to the com pany unhurt. This is a celebrated point for game. I fere are found butndoe, ilk, and antelope, in great numbers. It was'determined to remain here a week, for the purpose of curing buffalo meat. The coun try here is a wide sandy plain, intersected with high rock ridges, almost entirely of solid rock* which rise up in the plain, and runoff in varioitsdirecfions. To your right, about 20 miles off. is a ridge of moun tains that divide the waters of Platte from the wa ters of the Missouri river. On the 2-<th, there was a ,general start made by all hands to kill bufialo. We went in small bands, about three or four men in a party, and many went to the distance of iorty miles. Perhaps no tnen ever acted so impru dently as we did. It so happened that there were no Indians near us, or we must have been taken. The Sioux und Chians had gone down south of us, for the purpose of attacking the Crows and Snakes. Five others and myself were out fivi days, forty miles from camp, beyond the ridge of mountains mentioned above. We saw any quantity of bufialo, elk, and antelope. We killed several buffaloes, and woundad many more, as is generally the case. We found them in such numbers, that you could look in no direction without seeing hun dreds. They were generally in large bands, and the bulls kept up a tremendous bellowing, like our bulls, and which could be heard at a great distance. Mr. Nesmith and mvself fired at one about 20 yards distant. Both our balls passed through his lungs, and ne tell in his tracks, so fatal were the shots. It very rarely happens, however, that they fall immediately. While out on this trip, we saw great numbers of the sedge hen, a fowl twice as large as the prairie chicken, of the color of the black turkey, but form ed like the prairie chicken. It is said their flesh lias the bitter taste of the sedge, as they live among it, and eat it. This taste may be avoided, by taking oil'the skin, and then they are excellent eating.? They have the habits ot the partridge, and fly ex actly like them, and are easily killed with a gun.? The grizly bear is very plenty in this region, and we saw one in the open nrairie. Several were killed by the company, but they are not good eating at this season of the year. Our course, now, is up Sweetwater, for many miles. On the 3d of August, we first saw the eter nal snows of the llocky Mountains. This day, Col. Marlin brought in the foot of a large carniverous animal, resembling the hyena, but which has no known name. It tnight, with propriety, be called the American hyena. He had seen several of them, wuich he described as being as fierce und bold us taf* grisly bear, out not so large. T he animal is of a dark color, with very large and strong teeth, and of size and power sufficient to kill a buffalo. I have seen several silver foxes, an animal ljjsaw no where except on Sweetwater. It is a beautiful little animal, about the size of a small dog, ot a b'ight yellow color; has a tail about six inches long, tip ped with a ring of deep black. It runs ve'y fleetly, is very shy, and burrows in the ground. From the time we struck Platte, clear through to Oregon, we saw wolves in great numbers, but saw most in the Duimlo recmn. Ou the 4ui day of August, Mr. Payne died of fe ver, on the banks of Sweetwater, we buried him U|>on n high lull, in the wild, lonelyprairie. An ap " v the Re (tropri.tte prayer was made by the Rev. Mr. Garri son It wus a scene wild and solemn. To-day, we tieard u very loud and curious sound, resembling one solitary loud clap ol thunder. The day was as cloudless an could be. It was supposed to be the est'H|?e of rras from the mountain, and I wus informed by an old mountaineer, Captain Gant, 'hat such reports were often heard in this region.? On the 5th of August, we entered the mountain pass, wniclt is about forty miles through, and as good a road as any we have had ; and on the 7th we cross ed tne main dividing ridge between the waters of the two great oceans, the Pacific and the Atlantic. The first Pacific water we saw was about two inileSjWest ot the main ridge. It was a noble spring forming a small swamp some fifty yards long, and twenty broad, covered with rich and luxurious grass. I can say here, once lor all, that the range from Independence to this point, is most excellent, except perhaps at a very few points. In coming through the mountain puss, which is a wide, beau tiful valley, you leave the Wind river mountains on your r ight some ten miles. These are the tallest peaks we saw, and the tallest was measured by lit. Fremont, as he informed me, and was up wards of 13,OIK) teet above the level of the sea.? Their summits were covered with snow; but let me say they cannot be compared to the Cascade Mountains. This night we had a considerable frost. On the flih a yonng man, whose name was Stevenson, died of fear, and we buried him at noon on the hanks of Big Sandy.? On the l()th August we encamped upon the banks of Green river, a beautiful, clear, bold, running stream over a pebbly bed, and so called from its green co lor. It is here about fifty, perhaps sixty yards wide, and contains some fine fish. The margin ol this stream is lined with cotton wood timber, about one loot in diameter. Thisatfords a place of great re sort for the mountain hunters, as they here spend die winter, and subsist their horses on the bark of the cotton wood. They fell the trees, cut oil the tender branches and give them to their horses.? Great quantities of the timber have been destroyed in this way. The grass on this stream grows very tall in the bottoms along its banks, and until the snows become very deep, the horses can subsist up on this grass, by pawing away the snow from over it On the next morning we crossed the river by fording it, propping upour wagon beds with blocks ot wood. The lord was not too deep, but was very narrow, and by driving a little too low down the river, many of the wagons were pretty well filled with water. No serious injury, however, was done. On the 12th August, while we were yet on Grern river, we had a hard frost, and thin ice in the water buckets. At this point we were informed that the Catholic missionaries had discovered a nearer route by way of Fort Bridger, and we therefore determin ed to go by way of that trading establishment About this time, having passed through all the dangerous Indian tribes, all the companies separa ted into small parties of from two to fifteen wagons each. We were now in flie country of the honest and friendly Snake Indians, and from this time for ward we put out no guards, and always turned all our stock out. Until this time, it had been our prac tice to bring our mules and horses inside the camp alter dark, hut let our oxen and loose cattle runout all night. Our loose cattle and oxen were never once interrupted on the road, until in the neighbor hood ot Dr. Whitman's and Walla Walla, where they were sometimes driven ofl by the Indians, that they might be hired to bring them in. On the 14th we came to Fort Bridger, n small trading |>ost he longing to Mr. Vnsques, and situated upon Black's Fork of Oreen river. There is here no fort in fact, but only a lew cabins, which answer for trading hou ses. Along the margin of Black's Fork there is a considerable body of cotton wood timber, larga enough for house logs. The river bottom here is wide, and the grass very fine. No horses could be procured here, except a few from the Indians, as a few days before we reached the place, a party of Chians hud run oil all the horses belonging to the establishment. We found n good many Snake In dians here, from whom we purchased dressed skins, moccasins, and leather pantaloons. At this point wc found Mr. fx>vejoy, who piloted u* to Fort Hall, as Captain Grant was only to be our pilot to Green river. On the loth, we left Fort Bridger, and came twenty miles to Big Muddy, a slow, muddy stream, with tniry banks and brackish water. This stream is celebrated for the number of beaver which have been taken there, and is a creek ?>f ordinary size. The wat~r was not very pleasant. On the 17th we reach ed Bear river, a most beautitu! stream, about twenty yards wide, fordalde almost any where, full of small ripples, and celebrated for the number of its fish.? We found in this stream but two rpecies of fish,the mountain or sjieekled trout nntf another kind. They were generally about one foot long, and we caught them in great abundance. This stream runs be tween ridges of tall mountains on both sides; but there is at all points, except one, wide level bottoms on one or the other side of the river, and these bot toms afforded us a range and road as good as the Platte. This stream is alsc distinguished for the great number oi geese and ducks which annually reed in its vicinity. We killed numbers of them, and we had fine living on Bear River. (Jo Platte eveiywhere, we found the grass full of grasshop l>ers, some very large ; and on Hear River we found swarms of them ; and in many places the ground was literally alive with a clumsy inoffensive insect, called crickets, from their resemblance to the largest crickets in the States. They are larger than any cricket, are entirely black, and make the best fish bait we could procure. I w procure. I was informed by Mr. Noland, that the Indians gathered them up in great numbers, and roasted them 111 hot ashes or upon beds of burning coals, and after taking ofF the shell, they were dried in the sun, and pounded into meal, out of which the Indians made a sort of soup. The grizly bear subsists ui>on tliem in summer, which gives his Hesh a very strong flavor, unpleasant to the taste. Your friend, Pktkr II. Bkrnett. Key West, Sept. 15, 1845. Affairs in this Place?English Vessels Wrecked.?Po litics ire. The usual monotony which has prevailed here during the summer, was agreeably changed by the arrival of troops on their way to Texas, and the de barkation of the companies stationed at this port tor a similar destination. There hud been some little feeling of anxiety manifested by the ladies, at the utter defenceiessness of the Key, by the with drawal of the soldiers ; but their fears have been most happily allayed in the organization of a corps of citizen soldiers, and the additional prospect of a union of our B B's and F F's, us artillerymen. A martial spirit is truly the ascendant one with us, and if we except the groveling feeling in fuvor of wrecks, it might with probable certainty be antici pated our becoming a community of soldiers. This is truly a laudable spirit, and what with drilling and a handsome uniform, we hope to strike the adventurous Mexican with much terror, should he dare invade this abode of innocence and virtue. Our church matters are quiet; the Onderdonk ex citement has not reached us. although there is some V#? IVItiUllV MUU IVUUIIVU UUl Ullliuu^ll HlVl v. la OVHUV, little religious leeling pervading the breasts of sin ners, and the Methodists are doing a good business in turning the evil one from a successful campaign. The summer has been dull enough. Day after day have our longing eyes been stretched in vain from the cupola, in liopes of seeing a sail, and dai ly have we been disap(tointed. At last two vessels got upon the reef, both Eng lish, one barque, the Feronta, Captain Davis, from Falmouth, Jamaica, bound to London, with a full cargo of sugar, rum, and pimento. The whole has been a total loss, with the exception of some 70 puncheons of rum. saved and brought down here. The other was the schooner Atalanta, Allison, mas ter, from Matanzas, bound to Cowes, with sugar. A large portion of the cargo is damaged, be side the vessel leaks badly, requiring pumping day and night to keep her free. She is now being hove down, but what her condi tion is, I have net yet learned. The schooner Charlotte, Lewis, from Lagttna, with logwood, bound to New York, out in here, when some twenty days out, leaking badly, sails split, and in want of water. A survey recommend ed her discharge, and the caulkers are working on her. 1 had lorgot to mention that politics just now are an exciting topic, and the leaders and tails of par ties pretty much as they are elsewhere?hum buggers and humbugged. The way the "distin guished" soap each other is a luxurious lather, and what with a "fervid eloquence," "commanding ora tory," fee. tec., I ex|>ect nothing more than that our small capital of brains will be entirely run awav with in the excitement of the coming elections. It is a very remarkable phenomenon in the polities of our little community, to see rht most active and zealous lovers of the people, those nure patriots who stand with a watchful c tre over t'teir pockets and interests, nlmost invariably candidates for office, gatherers of grain from the public crip, biters ana growlers for the love of sjioils. HARTFORD, Sept. 29, 184i>. The Ixite Murder Caw?Slabbing Case. I have only time to write you that .Aaron White, who for three months past has been confined in our jail, upon suspicion of being the murderer of Moses Whitney, on the fourth of July last, after two examinations, has been released. This late Moses Whitney is the third murder that has been committed in our city, without the murderers being found ! There is some thing rotten and corrupt in our police system. Right upon the release of White, another scene, almost murderous, took place in R. D. Hubbard's, (Esq.) office in Main street, in this city. Jabez Ripley (who is well known in your city, and who formerly kept the United States Hotel here), and William Saunders, the tailor (whom Captain Water man, a few years since, landed on an island, in the Sound, for his then disgraceful conduct on board the New England), had met at Hubbard's office to settle a bill. It is unnecessary for me to write the oaths and imprecations which jwssed between tliem. Shortly, Saunders drew a dirk, and using threatening language, was ordered out of the office. He went, but soon returned. He acted more bois terous than before, and was again ordered out. and went The third time he came, and was ordered out for like conduct. This tune Ripley went to the door to see if Saunders had gone, when Saunders immediately sprang towards him to dirk him, but Ripley pushed him back twice. The third time that Saunders came thus towards him, Ripley struck Saunders over the head with his cane, which broke to pieces. Saunders then stabbed Ripley in one arm. Ripley retreating and seizing a chair which he kept between himself and Saunders. Saunders followed him around the room stabbing him in his other arm, his face, head, Arc. The exact number of wounds I know not, but am eiad to say that none are considered mortal. Four or five craven ly.arted persons sat there and saw it go oil, until one ^Tt last seized a chair, and broke it over Saunders' head, for the reason that he was afraid Saunders would kill Ripley. Saundem threatened to take Ripley's heart's blood. Another lawyer coming into the room, took hold of Saunders, and stopped him. Now, dear Bennett, how is Saunders punished? Merely by being compelled to give *890 bonds, within three da>s, for his appearance before the Su perior Court, to answer for an " assaultand Sat urday, Sunday and Monday, he is permitted "to run at large." This is Hartford justice! This is the way Hartford authority protects the lives of our citizens! And this is the boasted J9th century!? And Hartford is within the bounds of the " land of steady habits,"' 111 which city no less than three re cent murders have been committed undetected, be cause our authority would not offer reward enough for the murderers! 1 think our people had better continue their taunts about Southern and Western justice, to complete their disgrace ? Fleet on Lake 8rpimoR.?The rapid increase of commerce on Lake Superior is one of the marvels ot the day. In ltt-U the American Kur Company suppos ed that the schr. William Brewster would rot before she could pay for herself on l.ake Superior, and therefore transferred her to l.ake Krie, leaving the brig Astor and the schr. Algonquin, the only American vessels of any importance on Lake Superior. So suddenly lias the l.ake Superior country grown into impertance, that the tteet on that Lake now consists of the schrs. Napoleon a large vessel of ISO tons, with cabins and stnte-rooms, just launched at the Sanlt?the Algonquin, Swallow, Un cle Mam, Merchant, ( hippewa, Ocean and f ree Trader. propeller Independence is nearly over the portage, and the steamer Julia Palmer and sohr. Mechanic, are to be taken over this fall, making a Beet of eleven vessels ready for the business next year The brig Astor, lost last season, was the first American vessel on l.ake Su perior. She was launched in the summer of 1836. Away from Home.?A disgraceful affray occur red yesterday in front ot our office, while the streets were filled with people returning from church. A law yer ot New York and a morclnint formerly of that place, were the combatant* The former charged the latter with writing anonymous letters, subjecting him to a large amount ol postage. The lie was given to this, and from words they fell to blows, and fought desperately. They were separated at the moment both were about to be precipitated down tho cellar steps of t'armichael & Spencer's store. It is somewhat strange that these belli gerent gentlemen were nut immediately arrested for a gross breach of the peece.?Albany Cittern, Sept. 90 Brooklyn City ^Intelligence. More Light WARTtD.-At tbe meeting of tho Com mon Council, on Monday evening, ? resolution was of iered by Aldermen fowler, proposing to have the light ing of the city done by contract Almost any plan that can be deviled, woujd be prelerable to the one now in existence, a. a ma jority of the streets, m every section and direction, are, on the darkest nights, left without any lights to guard the wayfarer against accidents and rob bery, and houses and stores, without protection, from the advances of burglais. In connection with this subject, it miy be remarked that if a gas company should he es tablished in Brooklyn, and conducted on lair and liberal principles, it could not fail of being a profitable specula tion, and would inevitably be popular with the people.? The city, already large, is daily becoming more exten sive, in buildings and population; and the introduction of some method by which the streets could be properly and uniformly lighted,would really be a public blessing. Buch an establishment is more especially desirable dur ing the preseHt exceeding dearth ol watchmen. Rownr Clerks.?The impression has been somewhat Seneral, that the chief patrons of the numerous disoi - orly dance houses in Brooklyn are persons of the very ! lowest class of society, ami that no one having any pre ; tensions to respectability, frequent places ot so degrad ed and despicable a chaiacter. We have, however, good : authority for stating that the most profitable and pro I fusely extravagant customers of those establishments are | } oung ami fasnionably dressed clerks connected with stores in New York, some of whom assume the most ludicrously important airs, and pretend to an aristocra cy which would much oxcite the risibilities of their employers, it might be ot service to many merchants if they would, even but for a short time, keep a " sharp look out" upon the evening and midnight adventures of somo of their juvenile assistants. Williams bur oh Police.?Several complaints have lately been made before Justices Coles, Soper, Leay craft, and itemsen, who compose the chief magistracy of Williamsburgb, that many burglaries and other de predations have lately been committed in that section of the Slate of Long Island. The offices of the "village" are consequently in the greatest anxiety to learn the names and whereabouts oi their unexpected and unwel come visitors, and will be happy to receive any infor mation which will enable them to obtain an early in troduction to the gentlemen. Utility or the Press.?There is no city or town in the I'nited States, where tbe existence of a fearless and vigilant newspaper press is more absolutely serviceable | than in Brooklyn. The numerous aristocratic families and ]K>litica] cliques which here hare so long held sway, ! and the natural and hereditary insolence oi some of those who have, by accident, become invested with so " little briel authority," would be intolerable in the extreme, were it not for the wholesome influence exercised upon their actions liy the lynx eyed guardianship of those who are connected with this great "iever of liberty." We know three or four of these spoiled and pampered minions of party who superciliously affect to despise the press, and to treat its agents with disdain; and we also | know that every sneer which they thus venture costs | them a pang, and every smile which they hypocritically assume is at the expense of a deep and bitter sigh. | These "petty tyrants of the hour" may yet have cause 1 to learn that "though it be good to nave u giant's | strength, 'tis dangerous to use it like a giant." Law Cot'RTi.?At the Police Office yesterday, only two or three arrests were made, on complaints of a very or dinary character. A man named John Lear, (not a lineal descendant of Shakspeare's King,) was committed to the : County Jail for six months, for feloniously appropriating to himself a bar of iron. A complaint was entered by Richard Donovan against ; Wm. Tyson, for an alleged misdemeanor ; und an inves tigation of the charge made by D. D. Van Alstyne, Esq., i against Mr. B. W. Stillwell, was further postponed until ; 1-2 o'clock this day. A civil suit was tried in the Municipal Court, in which a Mr. Donahue was plaintiff, and Mr. Robert Nichols, a Sailing-.Master attached to the Navy Yard, was defend ant. The action was to recover for work and labor done by the plaintiff; and the defence was a breach of con tract. Alexander Campbell, Esq., appeared for plaintiff, and N. K. Waring, Esq. for defendant. Decision reserved. Target Excursion.?Mr. JohD Stoothoof was the for tunate winner of the prize at the target excursion of the Jackson Guards, on Monday last. Militia Mi stkr.?Tho entire of King's County was in commotion yesterday, in consequence of a general mi litia muster which took place, and which was very nu merously attended. Com moil Pleas. Before Judge Ingraham. Sept. 30.? Thomas Wilson rt. Geo. //. action of assumpsit to recover a sum of $iti? 26, alleged to be due on account for a quantity of clothing furnished to defendant. It appeared that plaintiff is a merchant tailor iu Broadway, and defendant is a grocer in Front street. Plaintiff made a proposition to defendant to trade with him for groceries, defendant in return to deal with plaintiff und take clothes in exchange for the groceries, i'hey subsequently agreed to settle accounts, in some live or six months, when, it was understood, that if a ba lance was due in lavor of plaintiff, defendant was to give hie check for the amount, and if in favor of defendant, he, defendant, would credit it to Wilson. The defendant hereupon acknowledged an amount of some $41 due to plaintiff, which he tendered to plaintiff, declining to re turn the gross amount of plaintiff's claim. Verdict tor plaintiff $43. Ernest Etidler ft. John Barling. ? Action of assumpsit brought on u promissory note lor $54 78. The note was put in, and plaintiff proved his case. The defence offer ed was, that the parties bad previously entered into an agreement, by which it was stipulated that plaintiff was to deliver to defendant a certain quantity of soda-ash I at a stated price, and at a strength of 00 per cent; an( | whs to receive in return soda chrystals, at 2j cents. Th ' soda was delivered to defendant, and the defendant, afte - delivering a portion of these chrystals, gave his note t> plaintiff in lieu of the balance, lor a certain amount. Defendant alleges he gave, in mistake, the note for a lar ger amount than he hud a right to do, and that the soda ash was deiicient in quality. The note upon which init was brought, was givon in renewal for the note passed in relation to the soda-ash. It was put in for the defence that there was no consideration given to make tbe note a valid instrument in law Oven uled. Verdict for pl'ff in full amount, with interest stnd costs, which are alio to no piUU. Before Judge Paly. f?EPT. 30.?S. C. Trempler vs. Wm. Lohr.?Action of trespass to recover damage) for assault and battery, al leged to have been committed by defendant, at the slaughter house of plaintiff', in Pitt street, some time in the spring. It appeared that the parties had bean in dulging in drink, in company with some friends, and [xiying tribute to the "jolly god," enjoying themselves, when tho' fumes of " king alcohol" having got into dt leudant's head, he took up a pewter quart, (attar having some contradiction with plaintiff) and gave him a taste, not of its " contents," but of the outer bottom, about the Itead, which made the claret flow rather copiously. It was put in for defence, that plaintiff was the aggressor, Which the jury not being disposed to credit, rendered a verdict for plaintiff of $?'>0 damages, and 6 cents costs. Sutuiam ,j- Mahbit vs. Olmelead 4- Fanning.?The jury in this case, noticed in yesterday's Herald, rendered a verdict for defendant. Oliver Davison vs. Peter Powell.?Action of trespass for assault and battery, which stands adjourned over. U. 8. Circuit Court. SrrT. 30.?John Dagget, Jr., vs. Oroat and Elision.? This was an application for an injunction to restrain the respondents from publishing an edition of the Hew York Directory for 1845-6, complainants charging the defend ants with a breach of their copyright haviDg also pub lished a similar work). Motion denied. Court Calendar?This On jr. CoMWorr Pleas?Part 1.?Nos. 3'1, 35,61,93,117,137, 133, 161, 6, 38, 45, 55, 63, 79,119, 133, 139, 165, 171. Part V.?Nos. 136, 138, 140, 143, 144, 146,148, 153, 154, 156. Varieties. The Carthage Repuhliran says that a rumor reached that place a few days since that Oen. William 1 tillom. the Senator from Smith and Sumner, had died lately at Livingston. The Republican doubts the truth of the intelligence.?Haehrille Union, Sept. 33. A young man named Wm. Quinn. a porter in the store of Wm. R. Hanson St Co. dry goods merchants, No. 33 Chesnut street, Philadelphia, was killed on Monday morning by the falling of a box ot goods upon him which was being'towered through the hatchway from the up per story 'The accident was caused by the parting of me rope where it had been spliced. Quinn's head was crushed in a shocking manner, and he survived but a tew minutes. He was a native of Ireland, and was but recently married. A man belonging to the steamboat Empire, was diownedon Sunday nt Troy by falling into the river lrom the guard ot the E. The man bad lost his hat over board, and was attempting to regain it, when he lost bis balance and tell, his head striking against the Troy, un der which he passed and disappeared. Painful developments were made on Saturday week relative to alleged fraudulent transactions by Mr James H. Jury, a merchant of Richmond, Va. He was arrested, aud alter a brief examination before the Mayor, committed. - We learn from the Pittsburgh American, that on Saturday morning a Are broke out in the brass foundry of Messrs. Stephenson and Heed, which was entirely de stroyed, and from thence spread to the clothing store of Messrs. barren be McUurk, which was partially burnt. John McUuian, an Irish laborer, was killed on Saturday morning last, in Baltimore, by the caving in ot a hank which he was digging, on Topnleton street, be tween Lombard and Pratt. His head waa shockingly mashed?producing instant death. Mr. Everett has declined the public honors which were tendered to him by the committee of his friends, who recently assembled at the Merchants' Kxchange, Boston. We learn from the Otwego Advertiser, that Judge Tuiril, our commissioner to the Sandwich Islands, left Oswego on Saturday for his post. He goes out in the frigate Congress. A terrible tornado laid waste 9,(500 acrrs of fhe towns of Fowlarand Edwards, in St. Lawrence county, on Saturday. Sixteen buildings were destroyed and their contents scattered to the winds. In one rase a log house wax carried off"to within three logs of the ground, and the inmates uninjured. Is another caso, a woman was in labor in a frame house, the noise was heard, the woman was removed into the cellar, and the house passed o8 over her and her attendants and no one hurt. No one has been seuoiisly injured. At Bathurnt, N. B , Kronen Fullerton haa been sentenced to be hanged, October lSth. for the murder of Alexander

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