Newspaper of The New York Herald, October 4, 1845, Page 3

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated October 4, 1845 Page 3
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World'* Convention?Third Day. At the opening of the session this morning, Mr. Kyckman introduced his plan for the reformation of society which was accompanied with the following resolutions 1. To empower tha Government at ary time to limit em'?m'i?n so that no excess may derange the operation of the lawa. ?1. To abulia# the right to declare or wage war except on our owu tenitoryln our own defence. 3 To establish Free trrde, and by these two measures saving the nation Irom the horrors of wars, with nil the waste and demoralization of armies, navies, custom-hoe se- mvl exueusive embassies abroad. 4 To ran ier the ohiigntiona to cultivate, inseparable fioai the right to oten land. 6 To ves' in the General Government the sole right to issue circulating medium. 0 To make it the duty of Government to loan to all n-eful pioductive enterprises, on good security, money at no n oiu then U per cent interest. 7 1'n exempt iroin fotfeiture lor debt or misdemeanor, the land the debtor cultivates, so muali of the stock, im plements. mid crops as may bo necessary lor the support of his ismily, and the continuance of nis industry, also of his residence, hou-ehnld luuiiture and clothes 8 To aholi-li all vindictive and revengeful punishment .for ciimvs, imposing only such restraints as may bs : thought m cesssry to prevent u repetition of offence-sand tl.o?e lestiaiiits to ho so applied as to have a reformatory influence. 1). l"o limd the right to vote, and the right to be elect ed or appointed to ufflce, to those adult residents, male or female, who are or have beeu up to the time of their elec'loii oi appointment to office, engaged in pursuits of Uielnl Industry. To secure a perfect industrial, moral, intellectual and physical education, to every child, cost what it may; the means ol' pat ing the expen o of the whole government to aiisc from taxes upon monopolies, lands to he taxed in the invene ratio tu the wotk they furnish to the cul tivator, the fitness of the soil to be cultivated to be con sideicd. We do ulso declare that the right to independence is ah-olute in every town, county, State or number of State* upon the following conditions, viz; 1. .Acknowledged and clearly defined boundary to its territory. 'J Luws so far established in authority as to prevent their subjects from committing depredations upon neigh boring teni'oi iei or the citizens thereof. 3. Hncli pinct ral development of industry as will fur ni-h support to 'Itoir subjects in such a manner ns to prevent poverty, idleness, ignorance or oppression irom depieriiitiiig tile character of the tieople. And the loirgoing conditions being complied with, eveiy town, county State or number of States may of right establish it.ell as a sovereign and independent State or nation, and can have r.o just reason lor doing > otherwise, except that they may receive greater benefits from becoming members of a confederation than thoy could obtain it they remained separate. I lie added explanatory remarks to each resolution. Me concluded by saying that by his plan a system of gov ernment would lie lormed to every man's satisfaction. ' | Mr. os Rooskvklt next addressed the conven tion and laid hefote them a long string of resolutions, ! defining hia plan (or the reformation of the world; and afterwards exhibited a diagram, with all his principles laid down with mathematical precision, and which look ed very well on pnper. t Mr. < oilins then proposed to have a committee ap- I pointed, to whom should he referred all the various , plana lor tha reformation ol the world, whose duty it would lie to report on those they deemed moat feasible. ' Mr I Cannes then laid down on his plan, which wa*, t! ?t evt iy man who sits in thia room should lav his I and upon his heart und go forth doing a. ha would be 'dune by. icjeet all creeds and mles of conduct whether ( derived from the Christian, Jewish, or any other dispen sation which would require us to kill our neighbor for the love of God, and to accomplish this object he moved that the convention adjourn *i- e dir. Mr Peebles said, ' that the whole courso of Mr. 0>? en's life has been oppo soil to the Christian religion, (hisses loud and deep from all (nuts ol the house ) Mr Owrs said, if the gentleman is right, we ought to fear him. and it wrong we ought to pit) him. Mr Cumin* mid, that every man's plan should be treated with fnih?aiaure; it shows his weakness for him to present a cinde plan, but he was entitled to he heard patiently ; he (Mr It.) hud peculiar views and he claim ed 'he right to piesent them | Mi. Hav then got up and presented his plan for the eradicating of all the evils which humanity is inflicted w ith, ui ising from the present dcpiaved state of society; it is tie in or t scientific document yet submitted to the ' convention, exhibiting the most thorough know le ge ol liuic n nutuie in all its phases and the profoundest ro- I .ceaich?it is complete in itself, defying rondenm ion or ah.i'igment without spoiling its sy inmetrv. and we will, itneieiuic. give it in full, verbatim literatim et spellatim, uo't only teinark that the problem is at la.xt solved, the w oi Id can t>e it-generated and Mr Hay is the man to do it. During the leaning of there resolutions the sticklers for piesoiit lot in- were uucourteous enough to laugh at each resolution, evidently to the mortification of Mr. May, who as he said himself, could not see what the d 1 the v were amused so much about. Mr. (in commenced ? "I am a citizen of the old world, and s member of the old world's republic. My religious ami political creed is, truth, sound reason and honesty.'' j ' Resolution 1st?Train up a child in the way he should go. and when he is old he will not depart from it"? und that is to read and understand the Bible, the Koran and the theology of hina and Hindostan. An i hDo to write and understand the five common rules of Arithmetic. ; 3 No dueling t'leigy ami no church property except the ed fices tor public worship; the love of money is the ro"t ol all evil 8. No hiieling judges, counsellors, nor lawyers, and nil matters of contioversy to he adjusted and settled by arbitration without fee or raward-a gift bliodeth the eyes and prevent* justice. 4 No incorporations ?no chartered rights?no privi leged pectins, and all the office* to he filled by the voice <i the . s einbled people being householders.?|t ries of ; that's l ory l>m Turn him out, pull him down, I say v out w th turn, &c ] p ft 1 very householder shall be entitled to a vote in the j election of officers to nil places of tiust, to uphold the [dgnity of law and order, to administer justice and to [ k- cp tiie peace. a 6 A jgol.i, silver and copper currency shall be the I only medium of exchange throughout '.lie world's repuh llic (That's BeiitonRni-he's a hard?hustle him out | 17. 'I he statute* and laws given by God lor the govern ment ot man It i nil us now recorded intho Bible, are to he Urn o ly code ol luws throughout the world's republic, an i lhe penalties 'hereunto nttuched to be strictly and tp'icl ly eulorced with punctually and without par Itaiy." I in I'ncttnitxTthen put the resolutions to vote, and i they w eie unanimously lejerted. very much to the chu > giinol >he mover, amid great laughter, j., \ii Htv, nothing disromfitted, saitl lie had a few more i which be thought would ceituinly meet the views oi the : Cor V- i.tioii, nod he had no doubt they would nuss unam t mvusly 1 1st That man i-t a compound, being composed of mat ? t?r. miiid and > pit it. L -Id Man is a lu-e agent; he is horn free as the wild ass. | Tin' i?nge iii the mountains is his pasture, and he search f eili after evriy green tning to saiisly his camtferous ap i petite, [t?it'nt laughter, withenesnf sit down, read on, | hoar I i n out, he is metaphysical, 4sc. J i:id Man is a probationary heing ? 1st, u child; 2d, a hoy: Sd, n man physical; 4th a man rational at 4.1 years t 4th .Men Is an HCCountahle being? 1st, tolnmsell, lor ?nf egp [? no ol gootl; wild ass, you'll reform us all Ihe is ? rouse r.] evt i) t) ? tight. word and action; and also to his family, l to li s lnrnl assot iates, antl to the inhabitants of the :woild,and to the nnhorol his existence. [Laughter J Mil 1 in Is destined for eternal purposes, toeteriial happiness or ittinal imseiy, according to his meriius or ' Jeu eiitier in ttii- life, accuitling to his circumstances and puAeti . (tines ol "<lood? that's as clear as mud ?the t man must ho ciazy"? and general laughter, in which | v.r Ot> m ,jo lied heartily ) ' li \ tin n> the dentine of circomstanccs in the scale ! ot atiiu atetl nature he is. also, hy his organization, the r oeat it of dice instances hy Ins own power and freed. m [of w i<i and action 'I hut the producers of wealth, commfoit and bar niony. volui lai) re-ign theirpriviluges, sell their rights tn lupociitn at fui fail- spue lies, ambitious impostors, anil ptoniises of Itittiie h tppiness. which aie never realised, nned is the man that uusti th in man. H It tmhition begets wire pullets, falsehood, Iraud, dvCt i , and ell the ills that tlesli is heir to. !>ti, flu-violators ol the law of nature and sound ron so shall he punished with remoise, misery and death, Kin, ividiially and nationally the hypocrit and the de iver shail he lliemsolves deceived i I lit r Knr hy the vainglory of man, spiritual fornica iti'-n Hnd the corruption ol lilecamo into the worltl; and \* in sou,nl reason -en s her standard, the worshipping el" n en and images will soon come to an enJ. (?' What s Hi,-/ Head it again , Nil Hay. \ ou nie too deep for lis lb id ii agftin, w ilsl ass. What's spiritual fornication?" ,V Ac) tlin l-'or hy the worship of images of men and ol gi ld ami silver, is the beginning, the cause and the cini el all evil. lit i I'1 e emmenent ancient phelo?ophors, Mosps, ! and lawgiver*, the patnarcli", the piophets, Jean- | " lirist. tin \po-.i|e*,Vahoniel.Confucioiia, and allihe re li_ i est an i poliiionests <>i the old woiehl's lepuidic aie aiii nits in i o'<tiding the dm in to sound reason, the law ? I ol in-tuio and ol thai iho creator and preset ver ol ali | things in lime and eternity, and their watchword is, he ? w i oi hy pociitical iinpostois, which come in sheep's clothing i in i l?nbeing read, theio was an uproar of confil-ion widen was deiiiemiig. Mr. Ilay, tho an'hor of t!)b ip n . id affair, did not know ? hat to make of the fuss. ? nil finally i meci the ret in laughing .Mr. Owen mat ri , > hide his ?'imiiii-hed bead f.rMi II.i) has taken tie fi| in-Ill II/hum Ollt of nis Ii tods COinj letelvj and to a n,, who ia evidently mi com eient to undertake sin-h a in,i, I -ii iia ihe legem ration ol i..un. lb tusk will l>? , , i, .. I he convention did not pioperly appreciate Mi li, tnli ittis, tor in iheir stupidity in not understanding p . a,.-in .- il his leaolutinus, they could not dii ci vet tin i point-,, ami unanimously rejected them. \,i J. iin fun n then moved tout u vole of thariki tn given to dr. I In v for hi? lurid plan, and requesting h.m to <jp/? " it to ihe convention. 'I ne coiiveutioii then adjourned to 1 o'clock, when Mr. Ilovay 1 ubiiiittHil his plan of reform, when another plan f ,,-it noni ,i Morg, and the n-maindcr of tho n ft or noon lolou ivus taken up hy .Mr Owen. I I he convention adjourned, to meet at 9 o'clock this unoruinf i.foitE or m* Tornado?Kxfractof n li-tfcr, rfnted Saincr-i't, (Nfiitara County,) Sept. 23, 184").?We l? , i,ml oi o of ili ? most tremendous itorms here, ovot k, ?ivii i - it"* partol the country The liuil tell us large , -c e(IKJ, son.o ol the stones weighing half a pound. | i.,n ili '? l!"' 1 hlow hard enough hoip to do any da ni.i.e. m mil more than one mile tiom beic, tlieio nie a ,,viiVi 1 - f'ims laid entirely waste One man had his I ?, ;i,l two b .rns blown entnely away, Ins oichard PI,, I, ,i i en, n'id some of ilie trees blown quite out of , ,, ,, lb- iil-.ii bad a minib?-1 of rattle killed lij being blow " iht" si' and f lung Near Ihe lane, it is said, h i.I aium-s lell ti* inches leng. Court for tmk Currkction op Error* ?Alba ny I'i, ii 1 -il'ty. Oct. 4.? I'm sent- Senator flock cc presi nin" and 'it other Senators, and Chief Justice Bronson. iVo 4 1 t-orii* and al. appellants vs James t dawtord ad ministrator, kc. Mr. J. I', llrady waa heard and con cluded fut tho appellant. Mr. II. F. Clark was heard for the lespouount. Important from th? ,n .UcnbaigS ?#??. ??'?*?' Wuef ikenpti. oj AW York Counuljortkt Peopt, ? IVtal of John Van HUetikurghfor Mard-r. Concluded -Judge Parker', Charge la Hu Jury-Verdict: OuJiy of Murder- Uncharging Pr nonce, At about half past nine o'cioit last evening. Air. sher wood having summed up tha oaaa on th* part of tha paoola, Judge Parker rose to dalivar nit cu.rge to tuo jury Tha Couit room wai ctowdad to excess, aud graced with tha beauty and loveliness of Uelbi, who i had loft their homes, although tha rain fell in torrents, to listen to tlia charge of one of the most eloquent and learned Judges on tue bench, lie commenced by say '"uextlemx*:?It i? evident from the patience you have exhibited on this Mai, that you feel t..e deep lesponsibi lily resting upon >ou, and ihe iiuportai. ce ui the cause It is doubtless the lirst time in your lives that vuu have been called upon to pass on a c line of this magnitude, and probably it never will be aguiu. The prisoner at the bar is indicted fot murder, and it must alway s be a paiulul duty to sit iu Judgment upon tin lile ol a lellow being. Ap; eais have beeu made to your sympathies by counsel?lull amatory appeals calculated to arouse your | passions and piejudices?wi'h these you have nothing to do. Vou arc to pass on the facts and the law; you have simply to say if the prisoner is guilty of what he stands charged. The court and jury have nothing to do w ith sy mpathy. II they had they could not adminis er jus tice Much has been said clearly ioreign to the cause by counsel, about their position. VVith ti is you hsis u?. tliim' lo tlo. Everything said by them, except in lela lion to the witnesses, tlio law, and facts ol the case . from tha nuruoso The duty which devolves upon y oil is to listen to the facts, ir thero is a reasonable doubt in your minds as to the guilt of the prisoner, he must have tho benefit ol it, but it mu.t be a reasonable doubt , no thinir else will give you power to acquit. I he ptisonei Is indicted fo' Lrder in being at the Earle sale on the 7th August, and is charged with the murder of uudet sheriff'rtieele We must examine the law and the facts It is conceded by counsel thatamurder was committed and that is the first question for us to consider. 1 will not stop to detail all the facts. It it enough to say , that on the 7th of August last, the Sheutt proceeded to tarle's for the purpose of destrainmg his pioperty loi rent due Ohailotte I). Ver plane It ; the sale had been pre viously advertised accoiduig to law. The abend lound upwaidsol iOO men assembled oil that occasion disguiseu anil armed ; an atlcinpl was made to sell the property, aud it resulted in the death ol Usmon N. Steele. It is shown by tha evidence that twelve or fifteen guns were discharged by persons pieaent; none by the ?henn or those with him A murder is conceited?it was commit ted Tho great question lor you to cousider is. is tue prisoner legully responsible loi this murder. The Judge here read the definition of murder lrom the statute, and briefly commented on it. It all assembled at Eaiie s wete engaged iu the commission ol a ielony, ail weie guilty of murder, whether they Hied or not, under the third subdivision of the statute. 11 there is prool thai the prisoner went to Katie's with a premeditated design te kill Steele, he is also guilty ol murder under the lust subdivision ol the statute. I ought to premise by say ing thatif he went there with others, who had loruiea tins de sigu, he is equally guilty with them. Tho Judge now read the second subdivision of tha statute, aud reuiaiked, if a pcrsou was to fiie iiito that crowd, aud killed some one though without premeditated design, it would be murder. It is lor you, (the jury) to say it comes umlei this subdivision. The prool is that the prisoner went lo F.arle's with Indians disguised and armed, who shot Steele, and you will temember that if the murder was committed even without premeditated design, by a large body of men engaged in the commission oi a ielony, ah are guilty ,though tliey did not lire. 1 he question is,weie the?e men engaged in the commission ol a Ielony I 11 tliey weie, it was uiuider. If, on die other hand, tue as sembling was only a misdemeanoi, tnen U is inuusluugli er in the first degiee. There has beeu much discussion on this subject among counsel, aud it has been denied thut the act of January inado assembling, disguised auu armed, u Ielony. Ju< ge Parker now read from the Ah section ol the act of 1?4S. This section provide# tuat all persons assembling disguised aud armed alter the pas. sage of tho act, shall lie puuisnable by Hue, iinpiison ment in thu county jail or state prison loi two years, at the discretion ol the court. He then rend troin tue He vised Statutes iu relation to felony. " '1 he term Ielony , when used in this act or iu anyotber statute,shall be con strued to mean an off nee lor which the ofl'euder, on con viction, shall be liable by law to bo puiiisbod by death, or by imprisonment in a State prison." It is important continued the judge,that the question should bo definite lyseitled whethei the men attaile'a were engaged in the committal ol a Ielony or a inisdcmouuoi ,it may control the whole case. It is claimed hy deleiidaut's counsel that it is not necessarily a Ielony undertne late law, because a prisoner shull be punished in State Prison. It is not. however, that tne guilty snail be punished in Stato I'm son but that they uie liable to be so punished, which makes it a Ielony. Tho act, therefore, passed January, Itvl.i, deel ring persons assembling disguised and armed, liable tu punishiaon'. in State I'nsou, makes it a felony Thoie are many cases analogous. Manslaughter in the fourth degree is felony, although puiiisuuble by inipn sonmeiit in the county jail, tine or State i'rison. It is my duly to advise clearly and explicitly as to the law lor prisoners" benefit hereatier. It thoto is any eirorin construing the law, theie may be an appeal to a hlgliei tribunal. Itistheduty ol the Court to chaige you on the law though, as I belore remarked, you are the judges of the Inw as well as tho tact-but you cannot al ter the law?you are under obligations to proiuuuce the law as it is?) ou did not make it, auu you cannot aKer u i>v your verdict-you are not responsible lor it. The statute defining the crime of murder differs somewhat from the common law. Coses that were then muidci are now manslaughter. By the statute, peron. engaged in the committal of a misdemeanor, where death taken place, are guilty ol mausfciugliter by the common law tney weie guilty ol murder. In common jaw vuu* om"v . ~ this case let mo call your attention te the lacts. lint* case i?v u'w J :? and sou how the law applies. Is the pnsonei re sponsible lor mutder under anv of the subdivisions ol tiie statute relating to murder fit is claimed bytlit counsel lor the imople tiial all disguisod aud aimed ai Earle s on the 7th of August, wore engaged iu a Ielony and il arrested and tried, tnotigh no murder was commit ted liable to punishment in the State pnsun. It the pri soner was there acting with others disguised and aimed when Steele was killed, ho is guilty ol murder. It is al leged that tho prisoner fired his gun upon this occasion It is important to ascertain if this is the lac.. "lhecouit licic reviewed the teslimuuy on this point, and coutinu ed ? It is said bv counsel for prisoner, that this evidence i is to be looked upon with suspicion, as those who gat. it have b-en engagod in the commission of criuie., fctc Vou are tlio judges, and must decide whether this lesti mony is conclusive. The Judge hetc alluded to what was said by Win. Beside, in lelation to prisoner having discharged his gun at Davis' Spring. It is important loi vou to examine<or " is Vtl>' V k"?* whether the prisoner filed at tlio sale 1 lie Judge then leviewed the attempt to impeach witnesses. lou mils' judge of all this evidence A good .leal has been said by counsel about many indicted tor muider, ami equally guilty with the prisoner, having been allowed to put in a plea oi guilty ol manslaughter; but this is out of the extraneous matters that you huve nothing to do with-it has nothing to do with the case. Appeals have been made to you lor meicy. It is undoubtedly true that in such cases as this, mercy should be shown, but it belongs to the Court, and not to the jury_box Vou must try this cause according to the law ana evi dence, as il is, or you do not discharge your duty, l on luive sw orn to do to-you aie bound by solemn oblige tions to tegaid the law and the evidence, regardless oi in e)ii< 1 ice or uncalled lor *ympathy. V ou should uvoiu all considerations ol this kind, brought uj> by liigemou counsel. I leave the case with y on, gentlemen, undei the law and lacts, as they exist. 11 this is murder, yon may liud it under some one of the sub divisions il tin statute The witnesses swear that he went to Katie . disguised and armed. Whether lie fired his gun on thai occasion, oi not, you must cxnmine the evidence to de cide. His design is a question lor you to determine t ertain it is, that two huudieduien met there disguised Why disguised? To prevent detection and lesist the law Vou must judge of the intentions which control oil that mass of men. if you deem it necessary to go into this branch of the evidence. I have advised you us t> the law? it was my duty to do so. Vou are int; iu w?ii wo" ??; "'*v ?- ? to make it, or bend it, lor or against the prison er. 1 doubt not you will do your dutv. 1 he con sentiences to the prisoner have been talkei sequences to the prisoner about?with this you have nothing to do?you canno'. look nt or anticipate the consequences?you did no' , .,,,..,111,1,1 Villi ll:isg tilt till 1UUIV lit *'I ainivsjuis,, ...... 1 - make the law?feu do not paxs aeuteiiM?you paMonth* evidence and leave the coiut to do their duty. It then U* iti?*lit nuts iv?? v i?v vv-.. -- . be a leasouable doubt, wquit the prisoner?but it m is' be a reasonable doubt. Mercy doe*, not belong to 5 ou but to the executive of the Mate. I leave tho cu*e with you. Vou n?u t agrco on a verdict?it is ol va*t jmpoi lance to the prisoner and the public--aid ? tru*t tna verdict will be approved oy your contcieucea, lor that is the only tribunal you ate at present responsible to. Hon. Mitchki 1. Sanofokp excepted to th?t part 01 tn? chaige, stating that hection 7 ol the act ol 18to made a.* semiring aimed unci disguised a felony. The c Marge was listened to with the closest attention and the jury , at in conclusion retii ed ty* consider on tin verdict. The ("on11 met thin morning at half-pit-t six o'clock. Tne j ti i y CHme into Court und at ted the l -oui t to iuttruci them, whether a perton hoitig at the P.atlo talc dirguioi and hi med. ami not having died vv at guilty ol a hiony. .lodge I'll;KI n ttaied thut such wits the Ihw. 'l hu jury retired. The < oint met again at nine o'clock. RkMaHRS OF JfDfiK i'.VRKEIl. Judge remarked that he Itatl some sugges lions to mako to tho liar Mini Counsel lor prisoners Ihete it a vast Hinount 01 botii.cts hetoicthet ourt it'inly 100 peiKons stand indicted for murder! It it no' e\p? fed thu nil indicted lor this ollcm e will lie lump it it not necessary that they taonld bo?public jtislic d if not icqoiie it- mercy forbid* it- all the tynipatiiici ol our nature icvolt at tho idea of wholesale rlnuglitei It it not host, then (continued Judgo I'arker) that thos> micled lor murder, and against whom tho pioof I clear that they weie piesent, disguised and anneu when Steele was killed, should plead guilty of man slang1 ter- it set rus to me so. It would save a van amount of time, labor and expense. A great mans who are thut indicted, owing to ti e extensive and dangerous combinations taut lias existed, have boeu thoughtlessly drawn into the commission of crime and infraction o the laws. Where per-ons plead guilty, there is some opportunity tor the Couit to bo merciful?thev are in clined to he so. Ilo advised, theieforo, that all arrests cease, except .in flagrant cases. He intended to remain until the jail w as clenr-the county restored to peace, and nil those in custody or on hail disposed of. Ho ad vised that tho counsel lor prisoners and counsel for pio secution, meet and consult on the subject. Tho < ourt would do tho same. Tits Vrrwct. The jury row came into court, and their fotcman an nounced that they had agreed upon their verdict The < lei k put the usual question; and in thrt little moment w hich iuteivened between question and atiswei, a thousand hopes oi'd leais were stiiiggiing lor mastery in the hr ast ul piisoner and spectaton. Tho verdict was announced?Guilty of Minder. The counsel lor piisonct demanded that the jury bo polled, which was ?ccorditigly done, and each one aimwcind ihat it was his verdict. Tho prisoner slightly changed color, and was remanded to jail Harvey Holdall indicted for being disguised and arm ed al ShHC.knviile, plead guilty. Pined ft-di. David Hcudder, same offence. Pined ftAO. Hie hard lliilcott, sumo ofteuce. Pined ft J6 The court here took e reoess until 11 o'eflook. Vpon i again assembling, i-HiMiao u. close and Henry Whipple were arraigned upon an Indictment charging them with riot, and being disunited and armed A plea of guilty w ti entered, ana they were discharged on their own recognizance*, to ..eep the peace for one year. Hon. .viiTCMt u. .^isnroao now roae and aaid he had of fences <C a milder character to piaeent, and hoped the court would aUo discharge them on tbair own recogni zance*. He w i*ned the court to discharge amen who had never been armed and disguised, who ww a fore gn er, but who happened to ha at the Larle sale?WiUiam Brisbane. The Cocar remarked he was indicted for murder. Mr Ss.iDFoan--It cant be possible Coi'RT-ltn nevertheless tnefact. Mr. SA*cro?D?Well, your honor, 1 have another case, in whlcn mercy should be extended?the case of D. W. squlies, who wan never disguised or armed. We ask, (berilore, that ha be ducbaiged uu his own recogni ze ce Judge PanxRa.?He, also, is indicted for murder. Mr SA.voroHD, (witn apparent astonishment,) ? Is it pos sible, > our honor f Why it can't be'. Mr. Saufird tnen went on to state that Fquires could not be charged with murder, as he was not armed or disguised, See Ha then asked that Meset Carle, whom he represented as an old man, incaicaraied in a dungeon ? deprived ol the com mits of life?who would die in jail, before trial, of sick ness and suffering, and was guilty of no crime, be dis chaiged. Mr. Seiidtord then went ou to state that Moses Karle always wished to pay his rent, but had been com pelled by the Indians to resist the execution of the dis uess warrant, Sic. TheUisiHici Attorxx* rose in reply, lind charged Brisbane with being one of the prime movers of the af fair at Karie'a?an auti-reut lecturer--and guilty of per jury before the Coroner's Jury. He aUo alluded to r.arle as being a man devoid of leeling, and tho cause of Steele's deuth?to Squires, as one who assisted in plan ning the murder. See. The Court said they wished to hear no argument on the subject John Latham was assigned on an indictment charging him with murder?a pleH of guilty of manslaughter in the first degiee?accepted. John M. Beiudsley was arraigned on a charge ol being disguised and anned?plead guilty ?plea accepted, and sentenced by Court to pay a tine of $60. Darius Robin-ion was arraigned on an indictment charging him with robbery, and being disguii-ed and armed, piead guilty of being disguised aiid ttrmed, and was discharged on his own recognizance. Hubert Ktitherlord was ariaigned ou an indictment charging biui with being disguised and armed?plead njl guilty. John Whitson, Jr , indicted for murder, was now placed at the bar. A. Puiker,,counsel,made some explana tions palliative ol his conduct before and alter arrest. A plea ol manslaughter in the 4lh degree was offered and accepted. Wesley Dunham, indicted for murder at the Karle sale, was placed at tho bar; atlidavita weie ottered to show that he was not disguised, and knew nothing of the intention to kill Steele, fee. A nolle prosequi wag entered 111 this case by advice ol the Court. William Ferdon, indicted for inurder, now plead guilty of manslaughter in the 4th degree, which wus accepted. Cbancey Daley, indicted for stealing a horse, plead not guilty. Jonu F. Jersey was arraigned upon an indict ment charging him with murder?plead not guilty. Henry D. Wickham, indicted for murder. It was shown that he was not disguised or armed, and plead guilty of manslaughter in the 4th degree. Tho Court took a recesR for dinner* Upon again as sembling, Deliverance King, indicted for being disguised and armed, was discharged on his own recognizance to keep the peace for one year. Junius Hays, David W. Hinckley, and Thomas C. Ki lls, same oDance; discharged oil their own recognizance Henry Shaver, a poor ignoiaut fellow, indicted lor murder, was placed at the bar. Tho Court ordered a nolle prosequi enteied, aud the prisoner was discharged. John Liarnhont, who has been imprisoned lor some time, was discharged, there being no indictment against him. Archibald McNain, indicted for kidnapping,armed, dis gu.sed, U.C., plead guilty to the last cnarge. Fined pat). Jnmes Burnhont, who plead not guilty to being dis guised and armed, now withdrew the plea, and entered a pica ol guilty. Fined $25. . William Bryant and Chancey O. Wulcott plead guilty to buing disguised and aimed Bryant lined $60; Wul cott, $lo0 Levi Jenkins was arraignod upon an indictment lor being disguised and armed. Plead not guilty. Miles Bramble, two indictments for being disguised, armed and riot. Ou one indictment fined $160, und on tho other entered into recognizaucos to keep tne peace for one > ear. John O. Liddle and Andrew Liddle plead guilty to being disguised and armed. Fined $60 each. Win Vermiljea, aged 16, gave bail to keep the peace for one year. lluincr Bcrgon, two indictments for being disguised and armed; Fined $60 on one, and entered into recognizance to keep the jieace tor one year. W'm. Smith, indicted lor being disguised and armed, entered into recoguizuuce in the sum of $600 to keep the peace. Jadotban Van Amburgh, who has been in prison fot some time, was diachaigeri: no bill found. Martin Worden, Warren Keator and Cornelius Keator, indicted for being aisguned, aimed, Sic , entered into re coguizauces in the sum of $600, to keep the peace for one j our. Abraham Uadlcy, indicted lor murder, plead guilt) of manslaughter iu the 4lh degtee, and discharged on his own recognizance, to keep the peace for one jcar John F. Crosby plead guilty to being disguised and armed, und riot. Discharged on his own recognizance, in the sum ol $500, to keep tho peace for one y ear. Alexander Beckwitb plead guilty to having been dis guitod. Kntercd into recognizances to keep the peace lor one year John Hendricks and Nathaniel Hendricks plead guilty to an indictment for buing armed and disguised, and riot Knteied into lecugnizances, iu tiie sum of $600, to keep tho peace. Abel (Jould was arraigned upon an indictment for at 'cmpt to lescuo piisoners. This man whs out on bail, and run away to Veiinout, whore ho was caught. A wile and seven children, and a promise of future quiet, caus ed the Court to allow him to he discharged on his own lecognizauco, in the sum of $500, to keep the peace for olio ) ear. Levi Jenkins, arraigued ou an indictment for being armed and disguised, plead guilt) - fined $76. Homer Sau llord, arraignod on an indictment for being iikguiso.1 and armed, and riot?pica of guilty?fined $60. ' online Connolly, indicted tor uttuinptto rescue pri soners ; plead guilty ol conspiracy to rescue, and not guilty to the re?t; sentenced to pay a fine el $100. James A. Mills, indicted for being armed and disguised ?fined $60. (taorge I.ynch, indicted for being disguised and ai med, conspiracy and attempt to rescue; plead guilty to all ex cept attempt to loscue; fined $101), and sentence sus Win. Tompkin'i indicted on charge of riot, being dis guised and armed. Discharged upon his own tecogni- j /.auce. '1 homas Dury indicted for attempting to rescue and being disguised and armel ; entered a plea ol' guilty to the last cliaige. Sentence suspended, discharged on his own lecogmzunce. (Abel A. Fuller,indicted for being disguised and armed, and riot ; plead guilty of being disguised and riot. Fined <?50; entered into tecoguizances to keep the peace for one year. Toe Court now adjourned till to-morrow morning, at J o'clock, when they will proceed toempannel a jury in the case of Moses F.ule. Judgo I'arker, by the merciful and munly course adopted to-day towards the prisoners who plead guilty, uas won for himself immortal lienor He h is done more oy this one act to restore peace, quiet and order to the county of Delaware, than all tne bayonets this side ol Texas. These signs ot mercy will have a good effect upon the remaining prisoners,and is the best evidence to tue auti-renters tbut the administrators of the law have no riuxirc to oppress cr wrong them. As cacll case was brought to the notice of the Court, fudge Tarkcr would aildiess the offenders firmly but mldly, cautioning them how they offended for tne fu ture. He would occasionally review their past conduct ind show how utterly unavailing and absurd were all ittempts to resist the law; that detection and punishment always followed the commission of crime. All those who have been discharged to-day by enter ing into recognizances to keep the peace, it will be oh L-ived, still remaiu uuilcr indictment and aie liable to >e arrested and sentenced for the offences to which they nive plead guilty. Of course this will not be done while hey lemam peaceable and orderly. John Vax Bruit's, Attorney General, and Judge Rug {lea arrived hero this evening It is understood the lor ner will lemuin and assist In conducting the coming trials Judge Rl'ikilks will try a few civil cases where Judge I'arker hus formerly been employed as counsel. City Intelligence. I'rimarv Ki.I'itioxs. The t'umuiy Flections tooli ?lace on yesterday, lor the nomination of t andidate* foi t-semlily, Stc., See A split has taken plsrc in the 4lh -Vaid? the Al'iaunan arid Assistant Alderman h.ivnn iail a tiial ot stieugth in the selection of the candidates ilderniaii Divrer, wtio is highly popular in the Ward, u.ct-eded in currying his ticket by a sweeping nnjoii ) tver that of the Assis H' t AlJei man Puisim In the 1st v art he nominations Ky.Udeimun Charlickwere unani mens y approved Rohbkrv?On Thursday night, a countryman took longings at I'carsail's eating anil lodging house, in Ful on street, near the Ferry. On reining to bed, he hui.g ip hi* pantaloons, as usual, and retired to rest. On ? waking in the niorning, tie found his pantaloons, hut is pocket hook, containing *90, had been taken out. He nad slept in a single room, and locked his door, an . norefore wondered how the money could have been 11-,en out. But on looking under his tied, he found a 111 iIt and pillow, and evei j appearance ol a man having ,.iin Itioio. I'roiiahly some rogue concealed himseli here bolore the country man retired, for the pur, osc ol

ohhing him. This should teach all people to L ok un ler their beds before retiring. No cluo has boon obtain id to the robber. Ft*nioi s Daman.?Any passenger in the stage o Messrs. Palmer, Hiocum k i o., (Eolith Ferry line.) on last Saturday evening, about six o'clock, when it run iver a laborer and broke his legs in Btoadway, near the ?'ity Hospital, or any other person who saw tho occur oncg will confer a Invor cn the it jured man and greatly serve the h forests of humun.ty, by leavit g his or her uumo and editress at No. S4 < edar st. l a i.i roe si a ?There will be, no doubt, a great om gra Lion fiom this city |.sii<1 vicinity to t aliforniu, next spring. We understand that a company ol several hunartd'. with a constitution alreudv limited, intend emigiating in April, and bung led ou by a gentleman who lias spent several Tears in that country, will at once set up tho standard of independence. There are two routes which ire in consideration, one is a tedious journey ot saveial months, ncro-s by land from St Louis, ami the other a comparatively short voj age, entirely by wstor, excep' mg u few miles ot crossing at the Isthmus of Panama ? I'tic last route is viewed the most lavorable. We under stand that the plans olthis company um to tie made pub lic in a low weeks. Doubtless there are many young and rising spirits, who fiom a variety ol causes are tat lereil in this country, who would in California have op portunities ot expounding themselves. Nevertheless people should be very oarelul about leaving an old ooun iiy tor a new one. < alcilliitions of the hardship*, priva tions and trials which must neeesisnnly ensue should h# carefully made These modern Canaan* do not always prove what they are eapectedto. Very Lfttr from Month Amrrlca. The aitoniahingly fast sailing ship Courier, Capt. Wolfe, arrived yesterday morning from Rio de Ja neiro, in one of her usual quick passages She sailed from Rio on the 2Sthof Auzust, touch ed at Pernambuco on the 6ih of September, and brings advices from Buenos Ayres to the &th of August, inclusive Among the passengers m the Courier are the Hon. Alexander H. Everett, our Minister to Chins, returned on account of ill health, and Ainoy Ed wards, E*q.,l*ite American Consul at Buenos Ayres and hearer of despatches to our Government and the Argenttue Minister. It is said that Mr. Ed wards returns to this country as a sort of special agent from Gen. Rosas, of the Argentine Republic, to enlist the American government and people in his cause against the Banda-Orientalists and the French and English, who have impudently interfer ed in the affairs of the southern republics. There is very little doubt of the intentions and tendency of the existing Argentine government in the present war against Montevideo, and were Rosas to be successful, he would next turn his attention to Brazil. It is his policy to subvert the government of that empire, and to bring the whole of that va.-t country under his administration. It is in conse quence of this that Brazil keeps a large fleet in readi ness to act in case of emergency. The Journal de Commercio of Rio, of August 28, contains advices from Montevideo to the 17tn. On the 2d, Admiral Brown, commander of the Argen tine squadron, made sail for Buenos Ayres, but the French and English o|iened their fire upon liim and compelled him to come again to anchor la the afternoon of the same day the whole Argentine squadron was captured by the French and English and brought into the harbor of Montevideo ; it con sisted of two britfs, a sloo|>-of-war and two schoon ers, mounting in all 61 guns. No military movement had taken place on the land side. On the 11th of August General Oribe o|>ened the Legislative Chambers in due form, out side the wall-* of Montevideo, having assembled the deputies of 1838 The Montevideo National of August 13, savs that a vessel from Buenos Ayres hid brought informa tion that Rosas had called a meeting of the citizens, to be held on the 12 h, in the plaza, at which they were to determine whether there should be peace or war. At Montevideo the British and French command ers were fitting out a Hotilla of small vessels, des tined, it was said, to attack the island of Martin Garcia. On the 21st of August, in the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies, notice wus given of a series of ques tions which would be put to the Ministers, requiring explicit information concerning the relations be tween the Brazilian Government, that of Argentine, and th:*t of the Oriental Republic. Also to what extent the Brazilian Government had taken part in or assented to the operations of the French and British naval forces in the La Plata. A report being current at Rio that the Brazilian naval commander in the La Plata had acceded to the request of the English and French command ers, that he would unite with them in forcible mea sures to compel the Argentine forces under Oribe to withdraw from before Montevideo, the Journal takes upon itself to say that the report is unfounded, and that the Brazilian squadron would not deviate from a cou'se of strict neutrality. The Journal of the 21st contains various official papers, issued at Montevideo; among them are, a joint declaration from the French and British Min isters, Baren Defl'audis and Mr. Ouseley, that their mission and purpose were simply to ensure the jier fect independence of the Oriental Republic, unac companied by any idea of invasion or acquisition i f territory ; and a notification that the port of Buseo was blockaded from the 1st of A ugust, neutral ves sels being allowed until the 12th to withdraw. The British and French commanders had landed a thousand troops, with orders to attack Oribe if he commuted any hostile act against the city of Mon tevideo. There is nothing later of any importance trom Buenos Ayres. The English and French Ministers bad received their passports, and gone to Monte video. The American frigate Raritan, and brig of wur Batnbridge, was at Kio on the 28th, the latter to leave on the 29th for Montevideo There bad been serious mutiny on bonidthr whaler Oscar, Oapt. Ludlow. TheCtqfftin shot the ringleader, and put three of his companions in irons, and arrived at ltio on the 27th of August. [From Buenos Ayres racket, Aug. 2.] As this weok has been one in which very impsrtant events were expected to take place, we have waited till the last mom-nit in order to be able to give our readeis abroad every possible information in regard to the pre sent posturo of affairs. All we can state is, that the Envoys of England and France, obeying, no doubt, in structions framed on tho assumption of a far different state o( things than that which actually exists in the Kio de la I'lata, made certain demands of the Aigentino Gov ernment, which the I itter justly considering offensive to the rights and dignity o! an independent nation, very properly declined to comply with. In consequence of this refusal, the Ministers requested their passports, which having been forwarded to them, they embarked yesterday for Montevideo. However, it appears that this withdrawal of their Excellencies does not involve an intei ruption of diplomatic intercourse, as it is understood that M. Marueil continues in his character of Charge d'Aflaire* of France, and that Mr. Ball remains iu chat go of the British Legation. In our next publication, we shall prohuhly be enabled to speak more fully. In the meantime it is gratifying to observe that the alarm crea ted among the British residents by Capt Hotham's ill-ad vised notification, has entitely subsided, and that the con fidence deservedly placed iu General llosas's Govern ment is general and unbounded. The Lady of Mr. Ousely, II. B. M.'s Minister P!enii>o tentiary, sailed hence on Sunday last, in H. B. M.'s steamer Firebrand tor Montevideo. lb r.Nos Avars Market, Aug. 2?Doubloons, Spanish, $250 a 269 each; Doubloons, Patriot, 240 a 246 do; Plata, macuquina, 12 a 12) for one; Dollars, Spanish, 164 u Hi each; do Patriot and I'atacones, 15) a 16) do; Six per ct Stock, 78 a ? per ct; Exchange on England, 3| a 3); do ltio Janeiro, 16 a 16 per ct premium; do Montevideo! 14 a 16 do; do United States, 16) a 15) per U S dol; Hides, Ox, for England and Germany, 55 a 5* per pesada; do France, 45 a 48 do; do North America, 44 a 45 do; do 8pain; 45 a 46 do; do salted, 40 a 46 do; do Horse, 2u a 22 each; Calf skins,-15 a 47 per posada: Sheep skins, common, 30 a 31 per doz; do fine, 30 a 38 do; Deerskins, 10 a li do; Goat skins, 26 a 31) do; Nutria skins,'5 a 5) dol per lb; Chinctiiti skins, 70 a 80 per doz; Horsehair, shoit, 30 a 10 perarro lia; do mixed, 45 a 10 do; do long, 100 a 110 do; Wool, common, washed, 22 a 28 do; do picked, 35 a 40 do; do shorn from skins, 35 a 40 do; do mestiza, dirty, 20 a30do; fallow, pure, 16 a 20 do; do raw, 10 a II do; do with grease, 16 a 17 do; Jerked beef, 26 a 28 per qtl; Horns, mixed, loo a 150 per thousand; do Ox, 450 a 500 do; Shin bones, 70 a SO do; Hide cuttings, 24 a 26 per 100 lbs; Os trich feathers, white, 9 a 10 per lb; do black, 7) a 8 do; Salted tonguus, 7 a 8 per doz; Salt, on board, 16 a 16 per tjuega; Discount, 1) a 2) per ct per month. The highest price of Doubloons during the week 266 dollars. Th^ iowest price 240 dollars. The highest rate ol Kxchang upon England during the woek 8j pence. The lowest do 3) pence. Brooklyn City Iiitelllgriict'. M ilawchoi.v St'iciDC.?Andrew Oakes, Ksq. one of the Coroners of Kings county, was called upon yester day to hold nn inquest at the house of Henry A. ilurlbut, Ksq. No. "9 Pierpoint st.eet, upon the body a young wo man named Ann Harwood (or Howard) who: commilted .uicitle umler circumstances of a truly melancholy na tore. She had been engaged hut two weeks as a domes tic in the family, and during that period was much de piossed in spirits, in consequence (as it whs subsequent ly discovered) of having been heartlessly abandoned by n husband to whom she had secretly been united only three months ago. She was employed by Mrs Ilurlbut it an Intelligence Oltice in Grand street. New Voik, in I when so employed represented herself to leu spinstrcss. She asked permission of,Mrs. H, that a young nan (wnose imme she iinl not mention) might occasion < 11 v visit her, which request was granted, on couilition hat her friend should not be too proline or fiequent in us attentions, and should not remain long w hen he did come. It appears that he called iq o i the girl but twice Hid that 011 his second visit somh angry words passed letweenthem ou account of tii< having taken from her eleven or twelve dollars, literally stripping her of all tmo money that she possessed. She told liiin not to make his uppeaionce at the house again until she sent for him, utd he too rigidly obeyed her injunction, for she never igain saw him. She was several times after this ob erved shedding tears by some of the members of the amily.and Mrs. Hurllnit ultimately determined to know the cause of her evident despondency snd grief On i !>ei ig thus interrogated she ndtnit'ed the young man ol whom she had spoken was her husband} h.tihey had iieen privately married because of his sutn.g he was a ninor (entitled to property when he became ol age,) and diat any publicity given to their union would be injuri ous lo him; that lie was a silversmith, or silver plater, hy trade, that his father, a collector, lived in North 1 Moore I'reet, New York; and that he worked for a Mr. Bailey io Brooklyn, ('lacing implicit reliance in all ha | statements, she consented to become his wife, and lie end of her hiief and unhappy career now known. She has from day to day anxiously sought for her leert* int husband, without success,until she Decame disheart ened, and?to use her own words?until she " cared not I what became of her." I- rom the statements which she 1 made to her truly benevolent end kind hearted employ ,-r. ii wnulM appear that she was an orphan,?her father I tnd mother having not long since died in Now York, i ii.l having no other relatives in this country than a sis- | ter and brother,who lesido somewhete in Pennsylvania Shu was discovered in a dying state in her bod yester lay morning, about 7 o'clock-having the bottle clo-e ' beside her which Intd contained the fatal opiate. A la bel marked "laudanum" found in another part of ? he room, which hail neen detached Irom the vial, but upon which no name was published by which the ad dress of the druggist could he ascertained. Doctors Mitchell and Brown attended the unfortunate woman until sho dioil, rendering her all the assistance that could possibly be all irded under the circumstances | The utmost kindness and attention were paid to the deceased by the Members ol the family in which sho lived, and to their honor be it said, they de termined to give to the corpse, at their own expense, a , respectable funeral. It is to be hoped that the man. if ' such he can be called, who has thus, by his unprincipled ; and cruel conduct, sent to a premature grave a pure and confiding girl, may bo discoveiod, and made to pay re tribution lor the pangs which his victim has endured. J 'l'hc Mormon Wat : ll jht nt thf tnti Mormttm. [From St. Lotil* Republican, Sapt 24.] The lntalligem-* by the La Clad*, from Wat saw, is of little intceit. AH wia quiet at the time ol ber leaving there?the town Jesorted by anti-Mormons, except a few women arid children, and no tidings of the wheieahouts of Backenetoe and his posse The whole county was in possession of the Mormons and thoso acting with them The anti-Mormons, we learn, are st a loss what to do If they return to the county, they run the risk of indict ment for the various acts ef arson committed within the laet ten days ; end if they do not go back their property will be at the dis|K>sition of tho .Mormons, to be stolen or destroyed, js they may think proper A letter Irom Certhnge. written by James W. Biattlc, and addressed to O. C Skinner, of Carthage, now in Quincy, and A. Williams of the latter place, is published in the Qum<y Courier of Monday morning It gives the anti-Mormon version of the manner of the death of Worrell and Mc Bratney?differing in some respects from the details heretofore given Ly us- and closes with charges of theft against the Mormons now in aims. We observe that a meeting of citizens of Quincy was called for Monday evening last, to "take into considera tion the disturbances in Hancock county. The Courier recommends that the tone of the meeting should tie amicable and conciliatory, and thl-iks there are few citi zens disposed to rush into extraordinary measures, on behalf of either party. The mediation o( the people of Qninoy may bring about an adjustment of the present difficulties; but we have no idea that any permanent ar rangement can be made, by which tho people composing the respective parties can get along together One or the oiher must leave the coHuty; and the people unght as well address themselves to this question at once. It is understood here, that Gov. Ford, of Illinois, re fused to take any measures whatever to put ail end to these disturbances, expressing iiis determination to let them fight it out This may be very prudent conduct on the part of (Jov. Ford; but it is unworthy of an execu tive officer, and disgraceful to the State It is, moreo ver, an abandonment of his sworn duty, for which, as it affects seriously our republican institutions, he should he held to a strict accountability. (From the St. Louis Republican, Sept 25] Governor Ford seems to havo abandoned his first in | tt ntion, ?o let the Mormons and anti-Mormons tight it 1 out. indifferent which whipped; and has issued two proclamations, which are ; ublisbeil in the Gazelle ol last evening. Exuggeruted statements, lec.eived at Springfield, probably produced thi< change of purpose, and induced liiin to make a call ft r five hundred men I from the citizens of Sangamon, Menard. Cass, Scott, Pike, Morgan and Greene counties. He also calls upon (sen HaMin, Cols. Baker, Weatheifoid, Mrrriman and Boyce, to aid in raising this force. He says, in one ol these papers, that "this time, there is no'mistake but that an insurrection does exist;" he appoints Beardstowu as the place of rendezvous, and this day as the time for ! the gallant militia to make their appearance. in tho secoud proclamation, issued last Sunday, hav ing received information of a battle, in which eighteen anti-Mormons and three Mormons weie killed, and a number of anti-Mormons were taken prisoners, he calls " upon all the young men of Sangamon county to come to Springfield at three o'clock ol the slternoon of Tues day next (last] ready for service. The state of things existing in Hancock (he says) must not continue; the law must be magnified and restored to its supremacy, or I otherwise our government is at an end." We don't know how many volunteers answered this call, but we guess not many. There is no truth, at all events, in the attle, which is made the foundation of this proclama tion. OuV intelligence from Warsaw is later than the date of the document itself, and no such afl'air was known to havo occurred at that time. The prairie "skrimmage" and race between Backenstos and a por tion of the anti-Mormons, doubtless, gave rise to the story. Kt lilopln n SiTi tiudei s.?HuIiiio'h Oprrn II nine.?Many will enquire, wli/ the pub ic atienion is so to tally diverted irorn the attraction ol th- h rench or Churlish Ope ra, to ' ~ ' " - . . ra, tii the Ethiopian Operatic Company at Palmo's. The rea son is self evident to the thousand* who for the last three weeks filled to overflowing, the scene of their amttsrmeul If excellent taste, pe feet harmony, sod diversity of action can constitute perfection, all are concentrated in Germon, Honing ton, Pelliam and the whole company, who this evening will ( renew their popular, pleisi g and enlivening Concerts. Pain In the Side and Hresst, Headache, lose of Appetite, sick Stomach, with sometimes a vomiting of )ii I - ious matter, costiveness, indigestion, a yellow tinge of the skin and e> es, Sic , arc the common symptoms of a due ;sed liver. WRIGHTS Indian Vegetable Pills will iu all cases re more the above disagreeable svim Unis. and msv be telied on us a c cure for Liver Complaint. The first few doses will afford immediate relief, and if continued a shoit time, so as completely to free the system from all morbid and corruit hu mors, they will most us,ureuly restore the body to a state of lie Itri. WRIGHT'S Indian Vegetable Pills also a d and improve di gestion and purify the blood,and therefore give health and vigor to the whole frame, as well as drive disease of every kind from the body It should also be remembered that a man named Win. M Spear, who sells medicine purp be Indian Pills, at 'he corner of Race and Froi t streets,Philadelphia, is nor m agent of mi ie, neither can I guarantee genuine any th i! lit- has for sale The only security "gainst imposition it to purchase from peo ple of nublenii-hrd character, or al the Office and General De pot, 288 Greenwich streel, New Fork WILLIAM WRIGHT. The Plum be National Ungntrrelan Gal lery'on the np|a*r corner of Broadway and Murray street", is a place th I .ought not to lie omirred by strangers and others who have not called nti P-of-isor Plumbe, either professionally or ol ? rw.ue ; it is admitted by all who h ,ve i isitei! his exten sive gallery,to be the finest collections that they liivc ever seen, and many go awav with specimens o< themselves and friend > lliit money could no) purchase, A*K your Phya'.clnn, and he will tell yoxi that all specifics of a spiiituons, alcoholic, or even watery us lure arc positively iiyu'iou, to the Hair, causing piiyriasio On the sca'p, dry ness of the Hair, prem iture Baldness t rey Hair, fkc. H ILL'S I - I llible Ongueut, is an old and (eouii e rem. dy for the above diseases, as well as all others w ith which the 8c dp ai.d Hair ire beset. As a toilet allele it is really beauti ful. See ad> ertisemeut in anolh-r column. Chemical Ualsnm, or Hall Invlgorator.?A remedy lor all diseases im Mental to the 11 ir, and its r? o rative in ail esses where Baldness is not beyond the reach of art. Mpritb ok thk Chemical Balsam or Hair Idviooila tor ?it prevents baldness, it removes duidruf and cu'ane -us scurf it keeps the hair in its natural color and presents it from turning grey It is now presented to llie world with a firm be lief tlia" is u lieantilul end healthy restorative of the Hair, it yv II be found, "it trial, nnequalcl Prepared solely bv K PHALUN, No. 211 Broadway, Agents?(? Fish k Co., Washington, D C.; Aver it Phelan, 76 Broad street Columbus, On.: K. B Tuttle, Philadelphia, IV ,ii : H. Rice, Cnriier of Court and Howard strerts, Boston; C. B Brow- r, No 105 h ulton street, tirooklyn; M. J. Flet- her. Mareb Ulster Co., New Vork; V.B. Lockrow, 51 Beaver street, Albany, The Fall Style of Geutlemen'g Hat* are now ready for the season, 1845, which tor lightness and saia-riority of color cnmi't be surpassed, which is a very important part of the HAT, retaining the color till it is worn out. Any article sold in this establi-hinen' is ne ver misrepresented but sold for whit it is. Alto, me fall style of Boys and Children's f apt, of various patterns. Gentlemen can have their ha,s made to order in anv shape or style thev wish. C. K NOX, 110 Fnlton st, betweeu William and Nassau sts. Fine Green and Black Tea*. -Very supe ri ir O dong 4s ; extra line do lis ; k oung Hyson superb arti cles, Is, .'is, and lis, st the wholes le and reis I stores ol the Cau t-n Ten Comp nv, 163 Greenwich street, near the cot er of Courtlandr, and 121 Chatham street, (between Pearl and Roose velt ) Tliis is the oldest and largest Tea establishment in America. Their r-i ll ation fur upright d?ding, and fur the very high quality ol' their goods, stands, and doubtless will lor ever stand, unrivalled. We earnestly commend families, country merchants, and tli" whole public, to this very respecta ble establishment. , DIUHKY MARKET. Friday, Oct. 3-!4 P.M. There win a very general decline in quotations for stocks to-day; Stonington fell oft' J per cent; Norwich and Worcester, 1J; Krie }; Ilea.ling. 1; Morris (.'anal, I J; ! Farmers' I.oan, j; Illinois,!; Long Island, I}; Canton, ?; Harlem, J; Ohio fl'a.J; Penn. 5's closed firm at yester day's prices. The market is very heavy, and the trana | actions limited. By the arrival of the stpRm ship Cambria at Boston, ) from Liverpool, we have advices from all parts of Eu j rope fifteen days later than those received by the Bri taenia. The commercial news is not of avoryirapor tant character. The markets for our principal staples were in a very healthy state, nnd the London money market was abundantly supplied with capital, seehii g employment at a very low rate of interest. In relation to the hat vest, tho accounts vary but little from those re cnived by the last steamer. There had been an unfavorl able change in the weather, but as the bulk of the crops | had been gathered, there had been but little change in the corn maskets. The potatoc crop throughout En rope will be a failure, as well as in this country, which must have, as the season advances, a great influence upon the consumption and price ol grain. The partial failure of the harvests of (treat Britain has turned the attention of doalers in that country to the crops 01 this and considerable anviety was manifested as to the result of our harvests. The railway speculations continue to increase, and it is impossible to tell where they will stop, or what will be the result. The weekly returns of the Bauk of England from July ldth to Sept. *>th, exhibit a reduction in several of the departments:? B *va or Eioi.AJrn. July 12 July 26. ..'ins:. 9. Sryl it Notes isrued ?2tl'iB2,lOO nil .IkS 28,9) ,3W. (1 lidcoiilXbulliou 13.142.1,17 11,2(1. 126 U. Ill,836 13,298,11 S lier but ion 2,140,1103 1,999.394 1,969,769 1,979,199 II kin* Dr/i'l. lie r J,J(8.006 3,121,972 3,340,710 3.608.18(1 t'uhlic deposites.. 2,9(1,908 1,014,767 fl,474,7tri Oth r depositee .. II,316,419 10.741, oil 10.187,789 8,107, .13 Seven day and other flills ; 1.081,146 1.061211 1.110,'20 1,(21,(49 reru't securities 13,11A(I.:14I 13 3i,314 13,221,844 13,408.61* O her -retinue*.. 11,292.221 19,607 077 11,631,119 11 967,081 .X Otaj 0,(161,979 7,912.185 7,682 465 8,211 at 'iold Slid si'vrr coin lU.OM 119 998 528 9(9 473.511 The actual circulation ol the Bank of England lor the four periods mentioned in the above table, was as an nexed:? I CiacuLnTiov or Tiir. Bsea or Emilsup July 12. July M 9. July 12 July.* 9 .-x/TV.a Notes issued lO.f.'.Z.OflO 29 2 3.520 29. Ill (i*1! 28>f"'. ' Notes oil hand 8.060.970 7.94;.ia5 7,682 46.) Aclnsl circulation.?31,613,030 21,201,831 21,436.740 20,697,799 The circulation on the 6th of September was smaller than at any previous time within the pa*' months, and from August 9th to Sept Oth, had decreased X7H1 ,H,> or nearly four millions of dollars- Acoireipon mg e cteaso had taken placo in (he amount ol bullion on hand. The latest hank accounts would, if made out in the old form, present the following lesults: UaMitm. _ . '*??"?? Circulation. uic.Bmik Secnnti ill 88! 724 post bills ?21,719 489 Bullion 11,426.81* Public deposits 6.474.70! Private deposits 8,107,213 36,701,402 -10.309,il:? Tqe halanca of assets above liabilities is ?3 ,?()*, i?o, as stated under tho head rost. ,, 'l,,nk h*< declared a letniennuol * **? and . half per cant, deducting 7d. in th. poUD(J" for payment of the income ts*. After the payment of a^0dr thore wou,(1 ?? left a .urn of *iM?, to u ?3 M,.m #fre,t Tl,e r,,t 00 the 8l,t of Ai^uat was ^*84 609 an |r?,? which th? dividend, amounting to h?d to U d.dHct.r^V T ,n,#"nti,,? ,0 *U *" vary tound cond.1t "hows the bank to be In a ? of interest. has been ibuln?tWUh,Undla? **?? The book, ol M.b.cril',10 ." 8 Very f,ir diT,4*ad ?nd 8} recuse Radio J , ? ,tock of the ?*w**? subscription to the b.lanceTYh' "I" u* Saturday and Monday, ?. 4* i | Howard'. Hotel. The capital .took o, ^ c ^6"' V ! *360.000, of which $300 000 have line of road will be thirty-six mile, long, aod it,, u mated that it can be built for #10,000 per mile, which if not exceeded, will make it the cheape.t roa.lin the country. Our capitaliata and business man are deeply interested in the completion of this road, and it it highly necessary that the stock .hould be secured in this city and not let the books be opened in Boston. This road will offset any attempt to draw the western trade from us city by the Ogdensburg and Champlein Railroad ? an will give us a railroad communication from tide hai'm!0 tl>! LUke8 ?f ?uly l90mil?. instead of about I ^* ' 0 present distance. O.wego i. rapidly in i cieasing ,t? commerce, and, as a Uke port, will very IHaT V""0"8 th? lar*e,t: favorably located nearly at the head of Laka navigation, it must command a very arge part ol the carrying trade of the Lakes, parUcu larly after a railroad connection is made with Syra cuse and the line of western railroads. The reduced cost of the road must make it a good investment for the capital expended. There perhaps, never was a movement, rather too spe culative we must confess, in it. character-within the commercial history of Great Britain,whichwa. anything like so general as the present movement in railways. Capitalists of every denomination,and members ofueaily ? 'ery slass of people in the United Kingdom, aie an gaged io these speculations, and their only prospect of success rests in the speedy completion of the projects they have taken in hand. Thie excitement is not con. fined to Great Britain, but has spread over the whole continent, and is rapidly spreading over this country. Hie immeiiso capital aliesdy invested in railroads in Great Britain, and the anxiety to inciease the invest ment so rapidly, is looked upon by the alarmist as the most positive evidence of a panic in the money market' and in commercial aflairs generally. Panics or revul sions in the wholo commercial system of any country have not been brought about by the reverses which have overtaken or may overtake any particular trade or diss ol men in the country. When any single branch Of business becomes inflated, and speculation ranges vary high in that alone, there is very little danger of a general panic in the market, or a general break down in the commercial community. Of all species of speculations, we look upon the railroad speculation as being tke most beneficial to the country at large, and attended with less danger to the mercantile classes thsn any other. It absoibs capital, thereby restricting and checking other speculative movements, and the construction of the roads draw out the resources of the country, and deve lope the elements of trade more rapidly than any other thing Our object is to prevent speculation as much as possible in the articles of trade end commerce; and so long us we keep there things in their proper channels, so long as the supply desired is governed principally by the wants for consumption, there is very little dauge of the currency becoming expanded, or prices iullated So long as the currency continues contracted, and the operations of the banks confined to a proper limit, a very great speculative movement cannot arise, or the lawsot trade become much deranged; and we do not look upon railway speculations as being likely to produce any of these evils. During a period of the most extensive speculation this country ever experienced, the people of New England invested millions of dollars in railroads, and wa are dis posed to believe that It was the drain of capital from many of thoae who became at that time interested in these works, that prevented the various speculative movements of the day from spreading the ruin and deso lation in that section which fell upon every other portion of the land The large investments in the roads then In u state of completion, contractad the resources of those interested, and prevented their engaging in the specula live bubbles of the day, which soon after exploded leaving but a wreck behind. The railroad speculation ol that period was looked upon as the snail in the fable the moral of which has, how ever, been fully exem| li fted. The railroad speculation of the present day will, without doubt, bo evou more beneficial m it* effects than I the lest, as it has become more general, and must operate as a greater check upon any expansion iu commercial I -Hairs. The immense cost of the railroads of Groat Bii 1 tain has required a much greater expendituie in propoi 1011 to the length of road constructed, than in this coun try. it will hardly be credited that two roads, leading rorn the centre of London, iu length only three and three-quarter miles, cost about #11,oiKi,two. Th# Lon don and Black wall, ?\,299,0?0, and the London and Greenwich, XI,010,10, or over #1,500,000 per mile. These two roada, constructed at this enormous expense, enter a city having a population only about five times larger than that of this city, and pay handsome dividends while New York has a railroad running the entire length of the island, about nino miles long, and costing lor the whole line no more than one mile of the London and Iilackwall railway, that has never yet paid a divi dend. The railroads throughout Great Britain coat about throe times as much per mile as those of this country, and aro kept in running operation at nearly three times the expense, notwithstanding which they pay a better average rate of dividend than thoae of the United States. Wo annex a list of contemplated railways in France, with a statement of the capital they will respeotirely to quirc. and the interest it is calculated they will respec tively pay to their shareholders: ? CONTEMPLATED RaILWAVS IN FRANCE. Capital. Intmit. 'I'll- Northern line to the Belftiin fruitier liO,000,000 fr. OK Per ceil Paris and Strasburg and eml.ranch in puts, 130 000,000 7 " Tours And Na-tp?, 35 000,000 " Creil to 8t Quputin, 3:1 000,000 5 Ken poitti to HaZrlrouck I6.000.tu0 4 " Paris to Lyons 2l)0,M)0,i (Hi 6K " Lyons to Aviguon and Orenoblp.. 105,000,100 5 " Total <669.000.000 Here is an investment ot more than a <100,000,000 in seven railroad companies, estimated to pay an ave rage rate of interest ot nearly six per cent. There is no otner mode ot investing money in Europe by which it will pay a higher rate of interest than in railways, and even in this city, where the legal standards of interest range so high, railroads pay better than anything else I'lie aggregate railroads in the fnited States par five per cent. Some pay as high as eight, ten, and twelve per ent. Twenty-four pay six and three quarters per cent, hut the average is full Ave. Several of the railways of lireat Britain pay ten and twelve per csnt per annum, while an immense amount of capital is seeking employ ment in pomniercial pursuits, or in other investments, at two and three per cent. Uld Ktork KxrhMiiige. I IKOOO NY'SfVs, ?1. '"'If 50 ?h* East Boston Co l-lfc 500 \Y Ci'yi's, ias?, ?? 13(1 Reading KR sl? ro* . 3000 (lhio 6's, I860, 97>|j 150 do Jnyj 7000 Illinois Special 37N 250 Long Island RR 70C ' 250(1(1 Pp u'? 5'? T) 50 do slO 70l? 1(00 Kudu g IIH Bds 65 .i 75 do ?30 69X? sh* I'hecm Bsi.k, 17 a .'.0 StoniiigtO'- RR s<0 :ilC 90 Mechanics' rank III) 50 do 3I\ 25 H-iok Com. scrip 96 100 Erie KR 33k 50 L Island Bank 102 225 do 31 6 '5 Morris Canal 23S 25 Wilmington RR 34 250 ll<> 21'?? 50 do s*0 34 210 do b 10 235* 50 do a 10 34 K 10 do tlh 50 Harlem RR fills 3. 0 d ) S3 100 Nor ll Wor RR 7?S 50 Farmers' Tniat alO 34 25 do T-IN 50 do 34 50 do ?60 74?a 275 Canton Co 42K 50 do "2K 50 do b30 42K 50 do M0 71 k 30 do bOO 42 5? do snw 7lAa Sccosiil Board. 125 Morris Canal 2J 51 Erie RR *45 31C 5 t "i gl~V 5P-T .?** Si*.!** 8S Vevr auipk Kxs tlsogs. 50 sh. Farmers' TrestbM irf ?sh. Morris Canal ^ b* 21? .50 Canton Co 150 do 51 cash t'K 25 do ciah 2i 42K 100 do hlO 23 ?3 50 (lo bJ V3 m) 1 tgi pi PR cash 70 <5 fo >90 22 rt * *2 ?d 50 di cash 21 51 Nor 'v VV,'r 1 tifo'eHR ;||l i(i do b 10 7IX 25 do 110 31^ ?4 do cash 73K 50 d 1 slO ;h?2 I r5 Ho *3 '3K 25 do .,3 9 \ 25 d > WK 25 do >10 ttfc, 50 do s3 73K 95 do hi 31 25 do slO 73K Married, On the IJth ult , by the Rev. Dr. Barry, Mr. Richard Bui., of this city, to Harhiet, widow of the late Mr. H 1 Arthur, of Hitrrv, England By the Rev Ur. Spring, Pnolm H. FaeivtwoaTH, ol Lowell, to Ann Cult t Wi:n?tics, of New York, laughtorof the late Hon. a. C, Webster. Died, On the 8d iuat, of inflammation of the head, John 8. Vvrks, in the 34th x ear of his ago His friends, and those of his brother*, James E. and -tamuel P Ayres, and In* brother-in-law, Edward Wier, ue invited to attend his funeral this alternoon at 5 o'clock, from the residence of James E. Ayres, No So Amity street. . On Friday, 3d inst., Mrs. Maroarkt Kciv.wife ol Jr. no* Kein, aged 47 years The Iriends of the lamtly, and those of the son-in aw, Mr Philip ' aflery. are reipectliilly requested to* nod the Imieral on Hunday, 5th Inst., at 3 o'clock, at he late residence, No 34 Bayard street.