Newspaper of The New York Herald, October 5, 1845, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated October 5, 1845 Page 2
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NEW YORK HERALD. <V(w York, ManiUy, October 5, IMS. Itellgloui .Movement* of the Age. The journals received by the last steamship are lull of intelligence, discussion, and speculation, re lative to the extraordinary new movements affect ing the religious and social institutions ot the con" tinent of Europe, which now occupy so much ot public attention. A great revolution in popular opinion is sweeping over Germany, Prussia, France, Italy, and England itself. All Christendom appears to be agitated and convulsed, and a mov e ment has fairly commenced which is destined to lead to the grandest results. A new reformation, in tact, is in progress. But mixed up with the on ward movement, is a host ot strange, ultra, wild, | and contending influences, which give to it a cha racter full of novel and extraordinary interest. A general re-action appears to have taken place throughout Continental Europe aguim^^he eccle- i siastical despotisms to which the [>eople have been ' subjected. The religionists have divided into two great parties?one clinging to the old systems, the ancient traditions and venerable forcwe of "the i church"?the other spurning long-recognised autho rity, rejecting the antiquated bcKc\ >V Vne \egends of the past, and boldly demanding for all the right of private judgment in matters of faith. The battle between these conflicting parties has not been con fined, as our readers must be aware, to a mere warfare ot opinion. It has produced physical coll ision?civil commotion?the shedd ing of blood ? and the shaking of civil dynasties. In Germany the "new reformation," as it is called, is procceeding with a degree ot tumult and violence, that threaten terrible consequences. In Prussia, the " orthodox" and " movement" parties, are daily exhibiting greater ascerbitv of feeling, and the King has been forced into a policy, which, will probably, lead speedily to a decisive, and it may be bloody conflici between the two opposing forces. Switzerland has already been the scene of civil war. In Italy and France, the same antagonism of opinion on reli gious matters, exists. Even in Great Britain, we see the same elements of revolution at work. The war upon the established system of religion is waged with greater violence and bitterness than ever Meanwhile, the philosophers, infidels, rationalists, socialists, all sorts ot reformers, are busy?wild and visionary theorists announce on all hands their ex travagant and ultra notions?the foundations of popu lar opinion on religion, society, government, every thing appears to be moved?change, transition, revo. lution, appear everywhere to be the order of the day. Here, in the-United States, we perceive the same extraordinary revolutionary movement. On all hands men are calling out, as in the days of the prophet of old? " Who will show us some new thing V' The old sects are split up and divided into fragments - All the churches are torn and distracted by internal difficulties and quarrels. What does all this mean 1 kWhat'do these strange signs of the times portend T We believe that all this tumult?all this agitation of the churches?alf this wildnessand extravagance of opinion?betoken the advent ot a better era in the history of mankind ?the approach of the latter day of more perfect light and liberty. The human mind has been thoroughly awakened from the slumber of ages. The Reform ation of Martin Luther was the beginning of a new era in the fortunes of the human race. We are now ot the verge of another great epoch. Men are gradu ally emancipating themselves from the bondage of antiquated error. The seeds of civil and religious liberty, some two centuries ago, and ove, which, in many parts of Europe, the cold and wintry blasts of by-gone ages had swept, all but killing them, now begin to spring forth. Republicanism has taken firm root in the popular mind. The grain of mustard-seed has lived and flourished till it has grown into a mighty tree, its roots stretching far and wide over a vast continent, and.itsleaves?nnywe not without profanity say 1 for the healing of all nations. The church as well as the state?religious formularies and religious creeds as well as politics, begin to experience the influence of the newly-created but gigantic power of human liberty. Hence these religious agitations, which now convulse Christendom to its centre. By and by, however, the din and tumult of the conflict will cease?right will everywhere triumph over wrong reason and common sense will take the place of superstition and implicit faith?and humanity, freed alike from religious and civil despotisms, will go forth to new fields of conquest and triumph, wider and more glorious than poet or philosopher has ever yet imagined. The World's Convention.?We continue our reports cf the World's Convention, and give their proceedings up to last evening,when they adjourned, after introducing the question of the liberation of Dr. Boughton, the anti-renter, and Babe, the pirate. This body, with delegates from all portions of the I'nited States, and some from foreign countries, has now been in session four days, and have presented to the public some of the most ridiculous and absurd tneones whichever entered into the minds of fana tics and visionaries for the amelioration of the hu man race, utterly inconsistent with i,all right prin ciples of government and reason, and clearly the productions ol ignorant visionaries, who are incap able of managing the most unimportant matters. How ridiculous it must appear to all persons of ludgmentto see those fellows who cannot even write their own names, or correctly spell the sim plest words, offer, with the greatest effrontery,their pi ins for the reformation of society, and the over turning of that code of government under which so mauy millions have lived in the enjoyment of all proper rights and privileges, and insisting that the public should swallow their crude undigested theo. ries, and rush into a state of anarchy, which would be the inevitable result. Just look at the re|>ort of last evening's proceedings,and judge of the eanity of these " reformers." The Poor Hodse System of England.? Wretchedness of the Masses.--A most heart rending t.rpoU of the misery?the abject wretched ness of the English poor, has recently been made in the course of an investigation into the conduct of the governor of the work-house of a place called Andover. The most sickening details of the suffer 1 ngs ol the unhappy wretches confined in this " bae ttle" are given in the evidence. It apjiears that the poor creatures were daily in the habit of fighting for the putrid fragments ot cartilage that adhered to the bones which came from the " governor's" ta ble ! The sick were robbed of their necessaries? the female inmates subjected to beastly ussaults? and a systematic course of outrage and cruelty per petrated for years under the very noses of the " guardians of the poor!" And this is only a sam ple?one solitary case?of the abject poverty and misery of the English masses. What a contrast to I tie condition of the same classes in this country!" Stra.m Ship Great Britain.?It is understood ihat a great many bets were made that the Great Britain would perform her first trip over the Atlan tic in fifteen days, she was so near to that time rhat a dispute arose relative to the payment of the wagers. Ihe Liverpool Courier of the 10th ult., thus settles the matter for the English side of the l?ets:? No one, we think, who lairly consider* the question . an heve any dooht as to who are the losers in the bets respecting the Great Britain it was wagered that she would perform the voyage in fifteen days She sailed hence at 4 p.m on the 3fith of July, and arrived at New \ ork at 3 p.m. on the 10th of August But when it was i p.m. at New York, it was 7 44 p.m. in Liverpool , and luun I p.m. on the'Jdth of July to 7 44 p.m. on the loth of August is IS days'3 hours and 44 minutes. It will not do lo Liverpool time for the vessel's starting and New \ oi k time for her arrival. In popular parlance the dif. 1? renre is not considered, but for the decision of a wa-. ger it must certainly lie taken into account. Government Despatches?Important despatches from the American Minister at Brazil to our Govern in. ur, were brought by Thomas H. Stoneall, IT. 8 Navy, who arrived in the. ship Courier, and pro ceeded directly to Washington Theatrical*. Park Theatre.?The audience at the Park were very much disappointed last evening. Just before the rising of the curtain Mr.Barry cam* forward with a physician's certificate, stating that Mrs. Bland was not able to ap pear, and that Mrs. Skerret would perform the part of Lady Teazle. This was', of course, a drawback but the School for Scandal went off remarkably well; Mr*. Skerret made a better Lady Teazle than could have been expected under the circumstances. Mr. Bass as Sir Pe ter was very happy. Mr. Roberts played Charles Sur face. Mr. Barry as Joseph, Mr. Bland as .Sir Benjamin, Mrs. Barry as Lady Sneerwell, and Mrs. Vernon as Mrs. Candour. The evening closed with the extravaganza o t Fortunio, in which the lively Mrs. Skerret played For tunio. On Monday night Mr. and Mrs. Kean commence a re engagement, and appear in Much Ado About Nothing. Bowrav.?We had a repetition last evening of the "Rutttan Boy," the "Mountain Drover," and the "Black Rangeis." The house was crowded as usual, and the performance went off with much eclat. Scott in the "Ruttian Boy" iully sustained his well-established repu tation; he was received throughout with marked ap plause. The house was crowded to actual suffocation aud the performance went oil' much to the satisfac tion of the entire auditory. Some few disciples of "king alcohol" having kicked up a row in the lobby near the upper boxes, wore promptly put in safe keeping. The police in attendance deserve every credit tor the erticient manner in which they discharge their duty. Castle Garden ? The Burlesque Opera Singers again appeared last night, in the laughable burlesque of "Som am Bull-01e,"with all the original music ofSomnambula aud Buy-I-dare, a burlesque on Atiber's La Bayadare. These burlesques kept the audience in a perfect roar of j laughter. To-night a concert of Sacred Music is given- ' and we understand that the manage: s have prevailed upon the burlesque company to pestpone their other engage ments, and remain at Castle Garden a week longer. This j is good news to the lovers of fun. Niblo's Garden.?The performance of the "School for Scandal' wasropeated last night to another immense au dience. The caste that have played this piece are decid- ; edly the best;th*t have ever appeared in it in this city.To 1 morrow night the comedy of"i hauge Makes Change,"is produced. Green-room report speaks highly of its merits, and embracing as it will, the great galaxy of tal. ent now assembled at this theatre, we feel sure it will i be given with every elfect. Mr. Nibio has spared no j pains or expense in the getting of it up. Ethiopian Serkraders at Palmo's.?These gentry last night closed their third week's performance. We | have so often spoken of their merits that we can but now say that their unique entertainments afford the utmost amusement to all who witness them. They are so im portuned by families for another week's delay, that they ; have consented to remain for one week more, at the ex piration of which time, as the house is let to Mr. Tem pleton, they will be imperaively necessitated to with, draw from the scene of their triumphant success. Ole Bull will give his second concert to-morrow eve- | ning, at the Taberaacle , he will be assisted as before by | Mr. Outfield and Miss Nordhall, and will himself petform some of his most favoriA pieces. Among others the Carnival of Venice, the Mountains of Norway, and the i Sicilian Tarantella, concluding with tho Polacca Ciuer- i riera. Sig. Vattelini and lady have altered their intentions relative to going to Europe ; instead of which they ure about to take a tour to tue South in company of Siga. Pice and Sig. Antognini. The admirers and supporters of the Italian Opera in this city are making endeavors to retain them in this city. A troupe of Negro Minstrels called the Harmoneon Family, are playing at BangA-, Me. An Irish harper named Wall has been tickling the ears of the Montreal folks. Mr. and Mrs. Kean were to take their benefit at the Front street Theatre, Baltimore, 011 Friday last. Great Speed.?The Long Island train arrived on Saturday afternoon, at about three o'clock, in eight hours and minutes running time from Boston The run was made over the Long Island road, nine ty-six miles, in two hours and twenty-eight minutes, j with one hundred and thirty-five passengers and : their baggage, being two minutes quicker than it has ever been performed. The new steamer, Traveller, made the run across the sound, twenty-nine miles, : in one hour and forty minutes. It is now asserted 1 that the run from New York to Boston and back to New York can be made by daylight in the longest i days in summer. Irish Repeal.?The last accounts from Ireland, represent the repeal cause as in a melancholy state of decay. O'Connell piteously deplores the failing ofl in the "rent"?the repealers are split up into civil factions?the people appeur to he at last awa king to a sense of the humbug?and the whole move i ment is virtually dead. If that accursed spirit of agitation and demagogueism be indeed effectually exorcised from Ireland, we will soon see that beau tiful country rapidly rise to a prosperous and happy condition. City Intelligence. Result or the Convention.?The Episcopal Con vention so upturned and discomposed matters and things in general, that even the clock on St. John's church stop ped when it did, and has not gone since. New Ai ms House.?The corner stone of the new alms house on Blackwell's Island is to be laid on Wednesday next, probably, with the usual popping of champagne corks and clattering of knives and forks, Extensive Robbery.?On Thursday afternoon, about j 3 o'clock, while the family ol Mr. Sylverstone, of No. 44 ' Catharine street, were attending the .Synagogue, some 1 robbers entered the house and stole about $200 in gold. Pocret Picked.?A gentleman from Boston, by the name of Walsh, had his pocket picked of a wallet con taining about twenty dollars, while standing in front of Colman's window yesterday. The precautionary re quest?"Beware of pickpockets,'' cannot be too closely obeyed in this city. Where pickpockets flourish blessed are they who have no money. Abrest.?Shephard Knapp, Esq , President of the Me chanics' Bank, and Mr. Edmonds, cashier of the same in stitution, were yesterday afternoon taken before the City Magistrates at the Tombs,and examined on the charge of compounding a felony on the subject ol forgery men tioned in the papei s of yesterday. The farther hearing ol the matter was adjourned to next Tuesday, and the parties were permitted to go on their parol. Rorbert.?On Friday afternoon, the lodgings ofa watch-dealer, residing at No. 250 William street, were entered, and several Tiundred dollars woith of watches and jewelry stolen. No clue of the robber has yet been obtained. Another Monster Steamer.?There is now being built at the yard of Mr. W. H. Brown, at the loot of Twelfth street, another monster steamer for the People's line?she is 330 feet long. Ill feet breadth of beam, and an entire width of 76 feet. She is built very wide, so as to render her of as light a draught hs posssible. She is calculated to draw but 3 feet U inches of water.? She is to have a 100 inch cylinder, with an eight feet stroke. Steamer Hendrick Hvdssn ?Wonder upon wonder ! This is par Excellence the wondrous age. So soon as we have recovered from the bewildering feeling caused by viewing one wonder, still staring, we come upon ano ther. Only a few weeks since, the ?own was all alive with a discussion of the size and beauty of the steamers Cirea' Britain and Oregon. And now another wondrous steamer has presented itselt lor our inspection. The Hendrick Hudson now lies at the dock in the yard of the Novelty Works. She is 341 feet long, 36 leet beam, and 10 feet hold. She has a 72 inch cylinder, with an 11 leet stroke Her wheel is 35 feet in diameter, with a face ol 11 leet 6 inches. Her engine is 1200 horse power, and she is about 120n tons burthen. She pas built by Wm H. Brown, and her engine by SecorSti'o. We yestei day paid her a visit, and must confess that the reports winch we hud heard of her, were mure than realized. As we entered the ladies' cabip, a scene of almost eastern magnificence hroke upon our eye; every thing that beauty or comfort could imagine, seemed to be here pro vided. The floor was covered with a splendid carpet. The wide, spacious berths, were hung with curtains of rich satin damask. The sofas were large and rich, and several splendid chandeliers hung from the ceiling. There are in the ladies' saloon, twenty-four spacious berths, and twelve large state rooms, each containing two berths. Every thing in this cabin appears designed for comfort, as well as beauty The gentlemens' cabin is wide and specious The forward cabin contain* 102 berths, all furnished with hair mattrassea of the best quality The eld fashioned rush-bottomed seats are here dispensed with, and chairs provided instead. The after or dining cabin, contains no single berths hut has forty state rooms, each containing two bertha. These are all provi ded with the conveniences of a gentleman's chamber. In the saloon on the upper deck are 00 more state rooms; several of them are so arranged that they may be thrown into one, so that a family travelling would enjoy all the conveniences that they do in their own parlors. The manner in which the saloon is fitted up is very beautiful The furniture is ol the richest kind, and in the centre of the roof is an arched sky light 36 feet long, and made of the moat beautiful staiued glass Both lore and alt of this saloon there is a wide promenade deck On the whole she is one of the handsomest and most conveni ent and comfortable steamboats ever built. She will plough the Hudson with a grace such as befit* the occu pant of that nobie river. But shade of Ol I Hendrick Hudson ! If we could call thee hack into life and place thcc on a rock of the Palisades and bid thee gaze on that river which two hundred years ago thou entered with thy little brig?should wo hid thee gaze and shouldst thou see t)>in noble steamor pass, christened with thy name proving that thou art not forgotten, ns thou saw her puff away and skim over tho water with the fleet ness of a bird, woubbt thou not wonder and swear that we had reached the climax of all earthly improvement 1 The Hendrick Hudson lielongs to the People'a Una and will b> put on the river in a lew week*. If any thing more were wanted to ensure her a large share of patron age, we would state that she will be commanded hy < apt. Robert (J ( rittenden, the lormer gentlemanly rommnnder of the Rochester, and the oldest steamboat captain in New York. The Hendrick fiudaon will ha open to the impaction of visitor* in a tew deya. j World's CooTentlon?Fourth Day. At tht opening of the Convention thke morning, Mr. George Evans, editor of the reform paper^ entitled 44 Young America," which is the ergan of the New York reformers, submitted Ins plan of re" form, which he introduced with the following re marks : Mr. Chairman, Ladies and Gentlemen? It ii one thing to conceive a plan or a scheme for a perfect state of so ciety, and another thing to devi-e the means to arrest in the speediest manner the widening extremes of wealth and poverty, and their bauefnl consequences, in what we now call civilized society, and to place mankind on the high road to social improvement. I profess only to aim at the last named object. I might paint a beautiful pic turo of a dwelling I should like to possess, and of scenery in which 1 should like to dwell, and the picture might not he without its uses ; but I should be improvident if I spent so much of my time in painting as to neglect the means necessary to obtain the object of my desire.? There aie delegates to this Convention from a distance, who have but little time to spend, and are anxious to hear practical measures proposed, and some have gone away disappointed Among the plans proposed to this Convention, I have seon much to approve, and some thing to di approvo. In the plan I am about to offer, I havo embodied what I approve of, and wil now submit it without fut ther preface : 1 The proper object of civilised society is to guaran tee to every indiviiual the Rights of Nature, the means of existence and happiness, which are the common inbe ritanc ? of all. ?J. In the formation and administration of a govern ment, to effect such a guarantee.every adult should have an equal voice, and a majority should rule according to justice. 3. All have an inalienable right to life, and, of conse quence, to the use of land and the other material ele ments necessary to sustain life ; to such an education as shall fit them for nil rational enjoyment ; and to liberty of speech an 1 action, unrestrained, except against en croachments on the equal rights of others. 4. To secure the right of soil to all, it is necessary that the government snould limit the possessions of fami lies or communities. 6 There should be free emigration and immigration in all countries, and free trade between all nations, ti Governments should he supported by direct taxa tion on property. 7. There should he no State debts. 8. Thero should be no standing armies or navies ; but, till equal rights shall be established throughout the earth every citizen should bo a soldier. 'J. Till the right of soil shall be restored to the people, all wars with a foreign nation ought to be carried on bv the landlords only. ... , ,, , 10 All public officers should be elected by the people, by districts, only one of each kind in a district. 11. There should be no laws to enforce or violate con tracts. , 13. All governmental privileges te individuals,compa nies, or classes should be prohibited. 13. All roads and public works should bo made by the State, county, or township governments. 14. No power should bo delegated lurther that can be beneficially exercised by the family, township, county, or State. 15. Legal forms should be simple, and justice prompt ly administered. 16. The circulating medium should be of intrinsic value, and exclusively regulated by the government. 17 A Congress of Nations should be established,which should settle all disputes between nations, and decide upon a universal language to be taught to the children of each natiou in addition to their mother tongue. 18. Constitutions and laws are binding only when in accordance with natural rights. 19. The master-evil in all nations culled civilized, the main cause of poverty and its consequences, ignorance, misery, and crime, the sole cause of slavery of every grade, is the monopoly of the soil ; and the leading mea sure of practical reform in all these countries, is a re storation of the land te.the people by political action, or, in failute of that, by revolution. 30 The United States of North America are most fa vorably circumstanced for a restoration of the soil, and the most practicable measures lor this purpose are,1st, to limit the quantity of land to be hereafter acquired by individuals or associations, and 3d, to prevent all farther traffic in land by the,government, and to make the Public Lands fiee.on the principle proposed by the National Re form Associitions and its Auxiliaries throughout the United States. This was the last pl?n oa'ered for the consideration of the Convention; and the action of the Convention of the several plans being next in order, Mr. Bovat addressed tiie Convention in explanation of his. We had not room Tor Mr, Bovay's plan in yes terday's paper, in consequence ol the arrival of the steamer, and we therefore give it now. We, men of Brotherhood and Charity, in world's con vention assembled, do tully accept the following words ol Jesus Christ, as containing the whole law offman's growth and progress. ? Thou shalt love the Lord thy God, with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind, and thy neighbor as thy self." And we submit the following practical propositions to the world. 1. Tho Governments of the Earth shall recognize and establish the natural and inalienable right of all their citizens or subjects, to a portion of the Earth, sufficient to provide for the support and developement of their physical nature. . j 3. To provide for the support of governments by di- j rect taxation upon property. 3. To establish free emigration and immigration, and take off all restrictions upon legitimate international and domestic commerce. 4 Provide the means of physical, intellectual, and moral condition for all. 3. Establish, within the limits ol the moral law, per fect freedom of thought, speech, and action. 6. Admit before the state the equal rights of both sexes 7. Establish a new moral government, to be lodged in a Congress of Nations. Mr. Bovay then said that by God, he means the Great Power which brought this universe into existence, the law and power which pervades the world, the life and soul of the universe ol which matter is the body; he then spoke upon the practical proposition* in his plan, anil said that man is possessed of an inalienable right to the use of the earth and water necessary for his subsistence. By the present system of society, he said every thing in heaven,on the earth,and in the sea,is appropriated,except air; and the reason that that ia not appropriated,is because it is not tangible, and as long as they are appropriated, there can bo no equality in man. Mr. Bovay then touch ed on Abolitionism, and said he was in favor of raising the negro to a level with the whites socially and politi cally, and that the female sex should have the same po litical rights as the males. He concluded by saying that he is in favor ot a moral government, whose duty it should be to givo recommendations for the guidance of the people, but without the power of enacting penal laws, or using any force but moral iorce. Mr. Mokkv next addressed the Convention, and insist ed there must be a mutual exchange of labor, as the man who works in iron is necessary to have implements with which to cultivate the ground, and the iron man was en titled to a shfire of the products of the cultivator of the soil He went further than Mr. Bovay, that gentleman contending that every individual had a right to a portion of the earth, while Mr Morey, in addition, said that every man had a rigtit to a portion of the minerals and; other things under the earth?he was opposed to the commu nity system. Mr. Ryckman is opposed to the present system ol taxa tion, and of allowing men worth $190,000 to buy the pub lic land without being obliged to cultivate it, and having that unproductive land taxed lightly, while all the bur dens of taxation are laid on the improved land,that which lias been made productive by the sweat ol the tiller, and insisted that the present system was a taxation upon poverty. He would have the vices of society taxed, and all unproductive property, that which did not add some thing lor the general good of society, and if this were done, the United States would soon arrive to a state of grandeur as a nation, and he the means of diffusing hap piness throughout the whole world. Mr. Jxo. A. Coi.lixs rose and said that it did not come within the province of the Convention to discuss any ab stract individual rights, which man compromise! and gives up for his social and political rights when he be oomes a member of society. He thinks that the present unequal distribution of property is the greatest evil which we have to contend with, hut still he is opposed to an equal distribution of the public laud as a remedy, for there would still be grades in society, and the vices which we see now would still be in existence. He thinks that all the plans which have been presented would accomplish a great deal of good, but it is impos sible te fabricate a system suitable for every society ; for himself he is in favor of the community system, as lie thinks it possesses advantages over the others;but he is desirous of having the plan of every man set forth, as the exertions of all are|cor>verging to one point, viz :? The amelioration of the human race. Mr. Collin* then went into a defence of the anti-renters, and exhibitod I)r. Boughton, alias Big Thunder, as a martyr to a lalse code ot laws. Mr. Rowki.i., Chairman of the Finance Committee, said it was very unpleasant to he dunning the conven tion every day for money , that all collet-ted yesterday was $7 41 and $3 subscribed by two ladies ; the whole amount collected was $33 18, ofwliicli $|n was paid out, and that tins evening (Saturday) $30 more would he due Mr. Owixthen submitted Mr. Bovay's plan to tbe Convention for acceptance, each proposition by itself, I and they were all received. Mr. Finch's plan was about to be submitted for the ac tion of the Convention, when Mr. Pai.mi r got up and said, that he sees a radical de fect in all of the plans offered, one which would kill ' them all. The great evil of society is slavery, not ne- | fro slavery alone, (be inay be railed an abolitionist, but ' e does not care) and lie does not see that any of the j plans yet presented contained a remedy for its abolition He goes against every system which wilt not abolish slavery, and reminded the Convention that if they do not take some action on that subject, their own liberty would he endangered, Mr. Finch's plan was then submitted to the Convcn- > tion and accepted, 10 in the affirmative, and 7 in the negative. The following is Mr. Finch's plan, which was left out of the Htruld yesterday, for the renion above men tioned New V or a, Oct 3, 1846. The period has arrived when we, the friends ol hu manity, will not waste any more time or labor on objects of minor importance, w hich if obtained could effect no ! permanently beneficial change in tbe condition of our rare, but abandoning or ovetlooking tbe local and tem porary advantages of favored individuals and classes, we will henceforth devote all our energies to the attain ment ot those superior objects and advantages for all, set forth in the following tesolutions, by direct action on the Governments of our several countries. Therefore, Resolved, That the following national measures are naCessary for the good government and the greatest prosperity and happiness of tbe people in all countries, and tliHt we will use our best endeavors, by all peaceable means to obtain them. I A graduated Property Tax, equal in amount to the full exigencies of governments when wisely adminis tered. 3 The abolition ol all oilier customs, duties and taxes, national, county and parochial 8 Free and protected logics* and egress for all per sons, into and out ol all countries, and the free inter change of all improvements and commodities between nations. 4. Wars, henceforth, to cease, and ell difference* be* i twean nations to b? adjusted br an annual Pnnrr... S 8S".t0 b* 'ieid ln roUtie" in ,ach ?l the Jjfl'erent 6 Full liberty of expression of conscientious opinion, upon all subject* without restriction opuuona mi??? wtoZAsdS?'J*" """?01 "?'b ".t ?QCOurlKe.! t.y any*wo'rUly'>t#mJ.tBt^,nr? ?wlatertr?tHit sar """? '?j a. a.'six of?. N!a,i?aa1' physical, intellectual and moral education of the best description possible for all,and more e.pecUUv otharwiw (inJ w eal th*c r eated by^lw^ional'emjioymenl of the poTr and unemployed, beneficially for Wm and lor the n. 14. A change of the vicious nn<l ,ip?m i: stances by which the productive classes are now sT" character 0,h?r* possessing a virtuous and Superior one'la^^iaj^'^^c^shuV^be Uugbt ttTaff'the^hildron in each We in addition to their Mother tongue ' JOHN FINCH, of Liverpool, Gt. Britain. .. Afternoon Session. ?di',rM?;VV?t.i'Ur Mr. Evan, to ters as an oppressed minority, having a right to ho 1^"' cs in their own cases, owing no allegiance to ?JJi g ment. and as suffering under far areafor onn,!? .S?var?- I that which caused the revolution in this coint"v?n Th? whole address was a tissue of the crude ?n,i notions spouted bv the National Reformers VI,lonary Mr. Moray followed. Speaking of the' rirht. ?rm. jonties, he said that he knew of no natural riJL.i jorities; they had none but was giva? th.m vn '?D "l?" implied or expressed Sowen"?VSta in'a^/ott lion. He preferred the ballot box to revolutions as a means to effect change, and mentioned the affairs of tho fauldw-?h* "V* t,?ne friendly to tl?em, but candidly con fessed if they had acted wrongly, he could not help it whU'^orceodn^dlay,he reSOlUU?nS Mr. Finch arose and said he was an Fn<ri;.i,m._ to afinw me ri c a ns, who claimed so much liberty ought to allow the liberty of 8|>eech (applause.) He reneafed ibert^fnT88 1" 1'UC? ',erso"al- political und religious liberty in England as here, but it was not gained bv rev oiution. Mr. Finch spoke of the various violent strug gles spread upon the page of English history denouncing Reform"it iII Vh?the ?reat peaceful revoTuHonsoffto fn?2 nf ill a P#nny. postage system, ar.d various re forms of late days as the true objects of pursuit H? next showed the fallacy of talking about natural rights all persons being divested of a portion of their natural' ?ghuUre * dar larger portion1 of social and poUUcai "ghts. The deer, the fox, the beaver, were social an ! inals ; was man less so > It could hardly do to compare lated being ?r a,limals' or talk him a* an i*o Mr-Bovsv ca",e ne*t.and made the sublimo discoverv that there was too much talk about natural rights for if their e\istence were admitted, why not call upon the government to restore them at once. The five millions nnhl^?^^ ,n ? K'anJ demanded the ten millions of public lands ; give them but that, without the spades narrows, or hoes talked about, and with nothing but a and live (apJliuseT ' W?Uld POke? dlbb'e 8"? plant get the"?f E.n*la?d and America could (cheers ) pe?P ?f America " ill do it saidr amonn??H S?'J A.*!8 *est of a11 tha' had been said amounted to this-that all men ought to he a u'Festion'of st?l7 tb8t W#S '? be acc?mplished, was a luestion of still more moment. The freedom of the public lands was, in itself, true ; but neither it no? anv other political truth, was the remedy required. There ral?C#'oo many minds?^too many theories of a political wide 2nd 2?d?lii Incorporation. Reform must be wide, and gradually progressive, to be effective. The ???TWi??sVery good for ,ho Present state of ex ? ?l ? W .'e Ao""'" wa" ,0 keep body and soul together; but it was well to teach that a higher state of existence is practicable. Trade was carried on by the violation of truth ; the reverend P7o(e?s "n wa2 th2?t??dn " dec^Pt,on- and aU society so constructed, rttir trt. f *K 8 must do an injury to an other. (( heers.) It was now inculcated that the more people were inspired with a love of wealth, the more w ealth h? ^''dered haPPy i this is an utter fallacy, for wealth has increased along with misery. There are 40 countrv inata4nrS m CJty,' thcre wcre 400-000 in this country tn 1849. More people were starving for want of employment, and yot there were premiums offered to any man who, hy racking his brains, would invent a ma fn? VV. P .the labor of his 'c'iow beings. In point ing ou the remedy, Mr. C. was very severe on cartel that ? i * *i?. ' bad lh? c'iurch in their favour, and in that, an almightv power; if not an almighty, they had money and the press in their favor. The press 7nd n! *?. PerhaPs' a Part of what they said, and possibly say a word or two of truth, it would Lot tell im.Vt I studl.ed t0 P'??? it" customers, and the editors ?"ldb? cueugh to confess it; unlike the clergy who professed to lead and purify the mind, the writers for the press were its humble followers. Bread and but ter was a powerful argument, and would always be so His plan sought to begin at the right place, and that was to supply every man with physical sustenance and the place8 e"J?ymenti tha rest to foUow in its proper i nartnoftwhioi!"Clu*i5Vf,M,r" CoUin's address, during a ' part of which a good deal of notice was taken of the re porters present, two of that body arose and disclaimed - ,f?s si.1;," ! Mr. Owen bore testimony to the liberality of the New I Vork press in flattering terms. y tne wew i Mr. Evans again addressed the Convention in defence of his land scheme, at some length "cience ?,n!u aroso. and a"ked the President when he would be ready to hear something on the other side He wished to say something aga-nst the existence of slavery, antl-rentism, and almost everything he had HetrUS'adtha< on Mondaywould ready?"go o^n ?go*on^? 0" hear him now; we are being su?c"ent Sthen.0 d? S? immediately. "'ere not The President then put the schemo of Mr Evans to the vote article by article, all of which were adopted The President said the time of adjournment had ar rivod, but he wished to state that Clinton Hall could not 1 be had longer; therefore their future meeting. wo.Hd take place in Franklin Mall, to which place they wou <1 tnljourn until Monday, at nine o'clock, There are to ocloTrT there tC-day at ,0< ?'clock a" and 7 I Meeting of the Reformer* nt Franklin Mall, Last Evening. Tho meeting last evening was well attended?the room being more than two-thirds full. Mr. John A. Collins addressed the meeting in an elo quent manner on the subject of education; when a ban ner, with a inotte of "Liberation of Or. Hough ton" paint ed upon it, was placed on the platform amid considerable hissing. The secretary of the meeting^Mr Bovay, then inform ed those who hissed, that if they would come forward and give their reasons for dissenting, they would be heard with attention. Mr. Pekblks got up and said that he was in favor of the liberation of Dr Boughton on the principles of humanity, but he did not think it a proper subject to be introduced at this time and in this place; when Mr. Bovay said that the confinement of an honest man for maintaining the ' rights of the people, was a fit subject to be introduced at ! any time before a collection of honest men. (Loud j hisses. A Mkmiikb then moved that the sense of the meeting be ! taken on the motto, which was seconded, and the secre tary then put the question, and the motto was rejected. A motion was then made that the banner be removed, when a member got up and asked if this was a meeting got up in sympathy lor Dr. Boughton. Mr. Bovay said the meeting was got up for no particu lar purpose. (Laughter on all sides ) - Here a roan attempted to interrupt the meeting, and repeating the attempt several times, the t Chairman called out lustily? Will y<>? fit down, tir ? And the answer was, '? I will, fir, with great /ligature " (Laughter ) Mr. Collins thought it not generous to introduce this subject at present, as notice before hand should he given. A Voice then moved that the sense'of the meeting be taken on the liberation of his friend Mr. Babe, the pirate. (Loud applause, with cries of " I second that motion.") The motion to remove the banner was then put, and the ayes and nays being about equal, the Secretary de clared that there was a tie. A division was called and seconded, butihe* hairman did not count the vote. The gentleman who proposed that the sense of the meeting on the libeiationot Babe be taken,then rose and said that he caino there for the purpose ol gaining in formation, as all the knowledge he possessed was ac quired in the workshop, that on his coming in the sub ject of education was being discussed by gentlemen, Irom whose argtrments he got valuable information, but the Secretary then introduced that Bannei-(Tremen dous cheering) ?And if the Secretary had a right to take ttie sense of the meeting on the liberation ot Bough ton, he certainly had the right to take the same course on the liberation of his Iriend Mr. Bube, ho would there fore move that that banner he removed.?[Tremendous cheering. A messenger arrived in great haste to say that the plaster was falling in conseqnunce of the stamp ing of feet. | Mr. Kvans, the Secretary ol the meeting then recom mended the gentleman who was Babe s friend to look into the subject which le . to the confinement of Babe, and he would find that he is illegally confined, and if he liadany reasons why Babe should bo liberated ho ought to give them. S|Mr. Babe's friend proceeded and said that as the sub ject of Babe w as now pinned upon him he would explain his reasons, that Babe should he liberated ; in the first place then, Mrs Ann Stephens says sa, and the is high authority you know. (Here followed an outburst of ap plause which shook the old f ranklin Theatre to its foun dation ; in spite of the warning at to the plaster the feet of those assembled kept ponnduig at an awlul rate ) In the second place Mr Babe, like I)r Boughton, says he is innocent. Hiid I don't tee why we should disbelieve him. (A perfect uproar of applause, kicking ol feet, knocking of canes, umbrellas, and clapping of hands, which continued some time.) In the third pisce Babe's counsel said there was no positive proof of his guilt (More applause with cheering and clapping of hands) And in the fourth place Balm says thai if he can only Bud a man who is somewhere oa the face of tint earth, he will come forward ami twear that be is innocent ;ifere all of the plans which people are in the habit of taking to express applause were put in requisition, the assembly being more like inmates of a mad house than a body of reformers; such a cheering, clapping of hands, and bellowing. Iiasf net been heard in the old Franklin since the palmy days of Jack Helton. Mr. Kvans then got upand said,that he did not envy the feelings of such people as could make themselves merry on a subject which involved the imprisonment for life of I one man, and the probable death of another. When Mr. Bark's friend again rose and said that the chairman introduced the question and forced the meeting into the predicament they were in. He marched up with a tumbler in one hand, and that banner in the other, and it was that banner which was the cauto of all the confusion, lie hoped Dr. Boughton would be freed ^sometime, but if he is guilty, and lias offended the law, he is like his friend. Mr. Babe,and he should not be liberated while bal>~ -vas kept confined, they both should suffer. This little speech (if the applause that followe, ".is any evidence) met the views of the meeting, and the gentleman again moved that that banner be removed, when a motion was made by the chairman that the meet ing adjourn, and the affirmative side of the question was only taken, when the chairman declared the meeting ad journed. The moral to be drawn from the evening's procoedings, is that if Dr. Boughton trusts to the expres sion of sympathy in this city for his liberation, he stands a very fair chanco to remain some time in the state prison. The Civil War at the West?Preparations for Battle. [From St. Louis Republican, Sept. 26.] Highly colored and inflammatory publications reached us yesterday, by the Die Vernon?one, Proclamation No. 4, from the pen of Mr. Sheriff Backentos, commander of the Mormon posse; and the other, an extra from the Warsaw Signal office, dated 011 the 'J4th, and giving an account of various alleged outrages committed by the Mormons on the property of the anti-Mormons. Some of these depredations are stated in our correspondence, and as they all partake of the same general features, it is hardly worth while to notice them more particularly. Backentos's proclamation embodies a ridiculous cor respondence between him and Col. Williams, in which the latter was required to deliver himself, and others of the "mobbers," up, to be dealt with according to law? and to surrender the State ordnance and guns into his hands. Col. Williams declined any communication, saying that if Backenstos were worthy of the notice of a gentleman, he would meet him on any field ! Backens tos says he is directed by the Governor of Illinois, to collect all the public arms placed in the hands of the several anti-Mormon companies, and to retain them sub ject to the order of the commander in-chief. It was re fiorted that Gen. Hardin had reached Augustu with a arge body of men. This report was unquestionably un true. It was confidently stated at HaiAiiual, on Wednes day, that a party of troops from I'ike county had gone up that day, by land. 'I hey would reach the scene of trouble to-day?possibly yesterday. The Anties arc evidently gaining ground, for many, if not a majority of the forces oalled out, will be disposed to act withtthera, and insist upon the removal of the Mormons. Warsaw, September '23, 184A.?Tuesday, 10 o'clock, A. M.?Sheriff'Backenstos has issued another proclama tion, which 1 enclose, containing the usual amount of falsehoods, which marked his proclamations No.'a 1, 'J, and 3. 1 have learned that Uoverner Chambers, of Iowa, has ordered one brigade to be in readiness to defend the citizens of Iowu from Mormon aggression. On Monday, McDonough county sent down four delegates, to ascer tain the true situation of affairs in this county, and re quest also the anti Mormons to send two delegates to McDonough, to meet two delegates from Nauvoo, for the purpose of arranging a treaty ofpeace between the belli gerents of Hancock county. The delegates from Mc Donough say, that the Mormons must and shall leave. I sincerely hope, that some arrangement will be entcred into, to accomplish their quiet and peaceable removal, and that peace may again be restored. Should this not be the result of the deliberations of the delegates, the anti-Mormons are prepared to take the field with a re spectable force, and will not rest until one or theothei of the parties are expelled from the county. The Mormons have commenced their'thieving opera- j tions on a large scale.. About one hundred aud fifty head of cattle have been stolen from the old settlers by the roving bands of Mormons that are now prowling over the county. B. K. Marsh, who rosides about five miles east of Warsaw, lost, 011 Sunday night, thirty-one head of fine Durham cattle. All kinds of loose property have been taken. I have been informed that Joshua Cole, ef Afechanicsville, left home one day last week, armed with a rifle, pistols, and bowie knile, to repair to Warsaw for tho purpose of joining the anti-Mormon forces, and has not been heard from since. It is believed that he has been killed by the posse under Baakenstos. 1 The citizens who left Warsaw to seek protection in Missouri, have returned to their homes, and 1 hope that this will be the last time that, they will have occasion to evacuate their town. Skvk.n O'Clock P.M.?I have opened this for the pur pose of informing you that Major General McCailen, of the Mh Division Illinois Militia, has ordered out the 3d brigade, under Brig. Gen. W. B. Stapp, and directed Ge neral Stapp to proceed forthwith to Hancock county, to protect the lives and property of the citizens, now ex- : posed to a lawless band ol Mormons, who are patrolling ; the county under the command of J. B. Backenstos, , She lift, and who, under color of law, is endeavoring to I oppress and destroy all such persons as he considers op- i posed to him, and to Mormon tyranny and aggression. Gen. McCailen has advised Col. Williams of the calling out of the 3d brigade, and requests Colonel Williams ! to inform him how affairs stand in the county. Colonel Williams has issued his orders this even ing, calling on the fourth brigade, he being senior Colonel, and directed the brigade to rendez vous at Warsaw and Carthage, and has advised Maj. Gen. McCailen of this step, and requesting him to sanction this order, which will be done without doubt. F.xpresses are hourly arriving, which Rtatc that the Mormon posse are making a clean sweep in this county. Guurds are stationed at all the cross roads, and no person is allowed to pass without a strict search of their persons, and are told that if they make it known, their lives will be the lorfeit. The whole county is in a blaze, and nothing but the expulsion of the Mormons will ullay the excitement. News of the most cheering kind is pouring in, ami if the Anties stand fast, all will bo well. A young gentleman has just arrived from Keokuk,and reports that the citizens of Keokuk were raising a com pany of men to drive the Mormons from Sugar1 ink settlement, in Lee county, Iowa. Also, that the of Fort Madison were determined to prevent the in ol the Mormons who had lett Augusta, Iowa Territory, for the purpose of aiding their brethren in Hancock county. Antl-Kcnt Trials. Dki.hi, Oct. 1846. Delaware Oyer and Terminer?Hon. Ji. J. Parker pre siding. The Circuit Court was in session this morning, Judge Ruggles presiding. The Oyer and Terminer met this afternoon at three o'clock. The District Attorney moved to call on the trial oi Moses Karle for murder. Hon. Sam. Gordon, Hon. S. S. Bowne and Hon. Mitchell Sandford, as counsel for pri soner, made application to put off the cause forthe term. Attldavits were presented setting forth the fact that seve ral material and important witnesses were absent, with out whom they could not proceed to trial. That the defendant could not have a fair and impartial trial at present, in consequence of the excitement existing in the county of Delawnre, and that they intended to make an application for change of venue. That the counsel have had no opportunity to prepare themsolves, and to ': with the defendant. consult i The Court were occupied most of the afternoon in hearing the argument which grew out of the motion.? I The Court remarked they would not decide the question j this afternoon, hut would do so in the morning. The probability is that the motion will bo granted. > As the Court was about ndjourning, Amassa Parker, 1 Esq., rose and said he had an application to make 011 the part of Wm. Brisbane, who had been imprisoned for 1 some time, and who was indicted for murder. Col. Tar- ; ker went on to state that Brisbane was an uneducated, : but naturally intelligent man, who had become cele- j bruted as tin anti-rent lecturer, who happened to be at the Karle sale, though not disguised nor armed. He had had a conversation with the prisoner, and believed he was innocent of nil ciime, though he had probably acted imprudently. He believed that if now set at liberty on his own recognizance, te keep the peace, he would be j as serviceable in allaying excitement as he had been , guilty of causing it. The Court said the facts bad bettor be laid before the [ Attorney General, who was present, and some under- I standing arrived at if possible. The Court then adjourned. I understand that a man named Miles Bramble, who 1 was discharged yesterday on a criminal offence, upon ' payment ol a line of 'MAO, with another indictment to which he had plead guilty, was again arrested this after noon, he having been guilty of abusive and inflammatory language relative to the Court, Sic., calculated to excite rebellion. lie probably will be sentenced on the indictment. Movements of Travellers. The occupation of the columns of the Herald, yester day, with a profusion of foreign intelligence, excluded the usual summary of Fiiday's arrivals at the principal *' ou to-day, hotels. These and the subsequent, ate added and both exhibit a considerable diminution of the trav elling community. Amehicax?H. Lloyd, Lloyd's Neck; Mr. Spencer, West Chester: A. Catomel, Mobile; Pary, New Orleans; Piuigrce, Pittsburg: Dr. Tyson, Baltimore; Hon. H. John son, Louisiana, J. A. Gadston, Charleston; J. H. Mackee, South Carolina: H. Jones, Bridgeport, In; R. H. Gurnett, Virginia; A Wingell, Boston; 7'. Lockwood. Mobile, P Derkman, North Carolina; Chas. Delaiglus, Kla; P. A. McKae, Miss; J. Vanderpool, Albany; Capt. Swartout, ' U 8. A. Astor.?J. Thompson, D. C.; Gen Armstrong, King ston; J. Cornell, Md.; W. Hatch, V. Bedford; T. I'earce, Geo. Hone, Boston; C. D. Anderson, Bait.: Hon. A. H. ' Everett; W. C. Hamner, N. O.; Thomas Booker, London; E. Thompson, N. B.; W. Fellows, Louisville, John Bar ton, Baltimore; H. Kenton, Boston: 9. Sawyer, do. J. C. Great, 1. Hara, J. Weed, Albany; Dr. Hertele, N. C.; J. Dunlop, Ky ; Seth Fowler, Boston; Lox B. Moore, James Usgley, Matanzas; W. W. Corcover, Washington; R. W. McKoy, Columbus; K. Murray, Charleston; (Ten. O'Don nell, Baltimore; A. North, 8. C ; Gen. George White, Augusta; George Raymond, Ohio; Geoige Bancroft, Washington; Mr. Wilkins, Canada; Mr. Thompson, Dy. Oom'y Gen. City?Messrs. Voting and Hale, N O.; R. I'otts, Tren ton; Thomas Rust, Richmond, Va.; 9. .Shepherd, Buffalo; L. II. Goodrich, Ark ; J. Greenwny, Va.; D. H. Gilbert, . _. .. _ ^J(. Boston; Eli Baker, Phila ; ('apt. Vieder, H. Livingston Hudson: T. Adams, Norwich, Mr. Gordon, Ohio; Thos. Eastland, Louisville; R. Hopkins, Va; J. F. Brown, Washington; W. Mathews, Baltimore; Dr. Cragan, Washington; W. A. Maore, Philadelphia; E. P. Patterson, Washington City; Col. Whitney, U. a. A. Frahkmr?.Mr Denton, Boston; J. M. Forbes, Phila.; Mr. Poindexter, Pittsburgh; A. Stevens, 1. Mi*. N.H ; Moore and F.lendoch, Buffalo; W. Rhodes, Richmond; W, Denton, Boston; G Phillips, Rochester; T. N. Rich, ards, I'hila.; J. M. Sanderson, Phila.; D..May, Ala.; Dr. Langenhorn,Phila.; W.H. Beardsley, do: BenJ_ Reynolds, Phila; M. H ' Phenix, Canada; C.J True, Rochester; Dr. Ames, Conn. ? , ? Gi.ore?G. Hastings, Phila ; Park Benjamin, Norwich; W llale H Fldridge, I'hila.; Mons. Johanno, Paris; B. E. ( air,' Florida; Mr. Pcvott, Phila.; A. P. Hassell, Ohio- T. K. Middieton, Thila; Thomas Roe, Mr. Tucker, Howard-Rev, Mr. McCleod, Scotland: J. P. Holdrn, Louisville; W. Gordon, do.; Oeerge llend, Mount Mor ris; I). Sharp, Boston;'!' Ilae, N ().; R. Carter, Boston; ( oi W Butler, H. C.i J. Wadhemr, I'ecn.: J. Am. id, Buffalo; W.H.Tyler, Pittsburg; J. Ingale, Mr. Gardner. Troy; D. Clarke, Boston; II Bowes, Geneva; J. Harvey, Locliport: H. Parker, Boston; General Mason, lexis. W. P. Rathbone, Kinderhook, J P. Halo, ( inn; J? *:? Do well, Canada, A. McDowell, do, Clias. Kobinson, To ronto; J. Pickens, Boston; J. Richardson, Va; W. R. Watts, Geo; H. Matthews, Toronto. Brooklyn City Intelligence. Police Ovkicb.?A respectably dressed young man, a native of Rhode Island, who calls himself William Alien, but who is also known by the alias of Hoyt, was arrested by otHcer Clayton, in the city of New York, for having defrauded a tailor in Atlantic street, Brooklyn, of a pair of pantaloons. He took a particular fancy to the cut, pattern, and style of the inexpressibles,and carried them to his boarding-house under the pretext that, if they fitted him, he would become a cash purchaser. He wa",under this pietext, entrusted with the property, and the pre sumption is that the garment well suited him, as he did not again make his appearance at the store of the wor*hy fabricator of fusliionahle clothing. He was yesterday tried before Justice Church, who found him guilty of k constructive larceny, and sentenced him to six months imprisonment at hard labor in the county jail. He made a very eloquent and ingenious defence, and it is to be regretted that one possessing so much ability?and evi dently fitted lor a better sphere of action?should be compelled to serve an apprenticeship at getting out stone. Brooklyn News.?A New York evening paper of yes terday, made an attempt to inform its readers of soinn of the passing events of Brooklyn, and its labored effort gravely stated that "a young lady, the member of a re spectable family in Hicks street, was at the point of death in consequence of having taken laudanum." if the sage author of this interesting and delectable paragraph had taken the trouble (as he ought to have done) to read the Herald, he would have avoided the commission of a most egregious blunder, and might have furnished the sub scribers to his journal with some facts connected with a very deploiable case of suicide,which was fully reported in this paper. A Small Business.?The members of the Common Council of Brooklyn have sagaciously resolved to rent to Messrs. Sutton and Weeks tor thirty -five dollars per annum, a stable which has long been used by Andrew Oakes, Esq , the Coroner, as a "dead house," he having no other place assigned to his use for so absolutely ne cessary a purpose. Hereafter, in all probability, some of the sume gentlemen will be willing to receive into their houses, until an inquisition can be held, the putrid bodies of those who may be " found drowned" or to whom some other fatal casualty may have occurred. The citizens of Brooklyn must, of necessity, much ad mire the spirit of economy thus manifested by their highly respectable representatives. Police Intelligence. Oct. 3.?Robbery. ? Yesterday afternoon, the boarding house of Mr. Solomon's, in William street near Duane. was entered yesterday afternoon,by some daring rogues who ascended to the third story, and forcibly opened the room of some pedlars, who were at the time attending the Synagogue, and rifled their travelling boxes, con taining about $2000 worth of property, with which they made their escape. Jirrest for Robbing a young man named Os car Spear, on the fourth of July last, helped himself to $00, from the coders of his father, and left for Now Or leans. On roturning to the city yesterday, with the in tention of asking his father's forgiveness, he was met by a person claiming to be a brother, who immediately caus ou his arrest, on a charge of grand larceny. Another Robbery.?Tho premises of Mr. Sylvestine, ?>. 44 Catharine street, was entered on Thursday after noon, while the members of the family were at the Syna gogue, and $200 in gold coin stolen therefrom. bittern pi at Burglary.?A man named Benj. Osborn was arrested for trying to break into the store No. ll'JMott street. Burglary and jltsaull.?Patrick Cook, last night, forci bly enterod the dwelling of Mrs. Elizabeth Willoaghby with the supposed intention of stealing, and on being de tected by the occupant, committed a violent assault upon her and hor child. - ? scape of a Ft male Offender.?A few months ago, a co lored female named Ann Hays, aged if* years, was ar rested on a charge of killing her newly born infant, but in consequence of tho delicate state of her health at tho time, it was deemed advisable to Hend her to tho Belle vuo Alms House until she should have sufficiently reco vered to admit of her transfer to the city prison. On making out the monthly return of the inmates of the Alms House, a few days since, it was discovered that the accused female was non est, having made her escape from the some means or other. Sailing under Wrong Colore.?A man, who refused to give his name, was lust night arrested in the streets dis guised in female apparel. Ilo was detained to answer for the offence. Petit Larcenieo.?A. Shey und Thomas O.ean, was ar rested last night for stealing a coat from Jonathan Leach. Francis Akin was brought up and detained for stealing $t> from J. Kerach. A female named McCann, was arrested and held to an swer for stealing a quantity of coral from Jane Ann Blair. Theodore Shaw and Deborah Shaw, were arrested and detained to answer a charge of stealing a quantity of clothing. Wm. Squires was also brought up on a charge of steal ing a valuable coat from the steamboat Columbia. Constructive Larceny,?An individual who gave his name as Wm. Munay, was last evening arrosted for a constructive larceny in having taken from a stranger, while in a state of beastly intoxication at a house in Hosevelt street, a detached lever watch, under the pre tence oftaking care of it, luit who, aiterwards, endeavor ed to dispose of tho same. Murray was a rested on com plaint of a person namod Michael Donovan, who was pre sent when the watch was taken, but presuming that his intentions were good, allowed the matter to iest until he offered to dispose ofthe watch, when he caused him to be arrested. Tho owner of the watch will recover the same by applying at the 3d District Coutt, Jefferson. Market. Common Plena. Before Judge Ingraham. Oct 3.? Thomas H. Dilks VI. George C. Hathorne, Jr ?This was an action of ejectment, brought to recovei possession of two lots of ground situated in Mercer street, the site of the " Phumix Horse Bazaar." Plain tiff, it was shown, owned the lots in front of the Bazaar in Mercer street, and subsequently entered into co-part nership with a party named Cowan. They both leased two lots adjoining the rear of the building and erected the Bazaar. They dissolved partnership in the Bazaar business in January, 1345, and let the premises to a third party, assigning their right, title and interest. The pro perty, subsequently, got into d fendant's possession* who claims the front Tots on the ground of their being copartnership property, which he derived the title :o in virtue of his purchase. Dilks, the plaintiff, claims title to those two lots in front of the building, his original holding, which ho alleges belonged to himself exclusive ly, before and subsequently to the building of the Bazaar ?there being no other passage or entrance to the pre mises, except by passing through his lots. Verdict for Claintitf, subject to tbo opinion of the Court on a case to e made, be. William Johnson, it al. vs. Henry II. Godet, et al.?Ao tion upon a promissory note lor $>363 37, made by a party named Brent, payable to Godet b Co., and by them en dorsed and passed to the plaintiffs. No available defence was put in, and the Jury rendered a verdict for the plain tiff, $353 37, with interest. Before Judge Daly. Jlymer vs. Knaufft?The jury in this case, already no ticed, rendered a verdict for defendant. Davison vs. Powell?The jury in this case of assault al ready reported, rendered a verdict for plaintiff, six cents damages. Ilogg and Delamater vs. Charles Wright?This was an action of assumpsit to recover a balance of $63. due by a party named Bosworth, who had ordered plaintiffs to ma nufacture a cannon of peculiar construction,and gave$30 on account and plaintiffs security for payment of the ba lance. The defence set up, was that Bosworth had or dered the cannon with a view to take it to Washington to try certain experiments in the art of gunnery. Wright becoming his securtiy for only $20. The gun subse quently blew up and proved of no value, and Bosworth also states he paid up all save the $20, for which he got Wright security. Verdict this forenoon. Marine Court. Before Juiige Smith. Oct. 3?Andrew J. Moore vs. George Miller, et <i/.?This was an artion brought for labor and services by plaintiff, on the church and parsonage of the Moravians, corner of Mott and Houston streets. The defendants are the trus tees of the church. The plaintiff claimed to recover un der a notice, served upon the defendants, under the me chanics' lien law of 1330. The plaintiff proved that he had done certain work on the houses, as sub contractor to John II. Menil, the contractor of ea.'d buildings. The defendants proved that after the receip.' ?/the notice of the plaintiff, they received a notice from ft?enJl, the con tractor, that he disputed the claim of the sa.'d plaintiff. The counsel for the defendants moved for a no "suit, on the ground that the plaintiff having chosen to bri..'k hi* action under the statute, and that statute directed i.hat after the contractor disputed the claim of the sub-con tractor, tlio contractor anil sub-contractor are to have the amount of the claim adjusted by arbitration, which is to be the amount of recovery against the owner, and the plaintiff not having shown that the account had been ad justed in accordance with the requiiements ol the sta tute, that he had not made out his case and insisted that the plaintiff should be nonsuited. The Court directed a nonsuit. P. W. Tillou, for plaintiff. R. H. Shannon, for defendants. Court tor the Correct ion of Krrors. Albany, Friday, Oct 3, IS-lff?Present?Lt. Gov. Gardiner, Ch. Justice Bronson and 22 Senators. S. A. Willotighby, plaintiff in error, vs. E. D Comstock, prest be. Senator Porter delivered a written opinion for affirmance. Senator Bockee remarked that the de cision seemed to involve the constitutionality of the General Banking Law ; and as that question was not ar gued in this cause, and was to come up directly in the case of Oifford vs. Livingston, now on the Calendar, he did not wish to commit himself upon that point, and should therefore ask to be excused from soting Senators Lott and Beers and the Lt Oovemor were in favor of affirming the judgement, expressing the opinion that the decision did not involve the examination of the constitutionality of the General Banking Law. Jud? ment affirmed, 16 to 0. No. 4. J. Ferris and al. applt. vs. J. Crawford, admr. be. Mr. H. F. Clark was heard for respt, Rnnrrl of Mupervlaora. Da. Reksi:?This Board met on Friday eve ing, Mr. Benson in the chair, when the case of Dr. Reese was continued The Couar intimated that they did not wish to exam ine Hny more witnesses on the points in the testimony already introduced, as it took up an unnecessary length of time Some witnesses were examined, who testified in faror ol Dr. Keese's general course of public conduct since he became Superintendent of Public Hchoolt, alter which the case for the defence closed. Two witnesses were examined in the rebutting case, when the Board adjourned, to meetoti Friday next. New Orleans, 21th Sept. TS45 The deed ia done. Thomas Barrett, of Tyler mem ory, is our Collector of the Customs no longer.-? Dennis Preeur, of the "Old Hunker" school ol De mocracy, is hia fortunate successor, and the "Young Democracy" are making a terrible fuss about it. It is now moved, seconded, nnd carried by acclama tion, nmnng the new Democracy, carved out of the annexation question, that James K. Polk, or as they call him, the "duck river lawyer," is not the man they took him to be, and shall never serve another

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