Newspaper of The New York Herald, October 6, 1845, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated October 6, 1845 Page 1
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THE NEW YORK HERAlfl. Vol. XI., No. !435 - Whole No. 4137. NEW YORK, MONDAY MORNING, OCTOBER 6, 1845. I'rlce Two Cenli. THE SEMONS YESTERDAY. Charity Obligatory upon Christiana, and Sc iential to Salvation. A Sermon preached in aid of the Brooklyn Or phan Asylum, in St. Paul's Church, on Sunday, October 5, 1845, by Ret. Dr. Pise. How then, is it lute supposed, or to be said that they are (rod's! even the Chaldeans themselves dishonor them. They cannot restore the blind men to his tight, nor deliver a man .from distress. They shall not pity the widow, nor do goed to the fatherless.?Babak, chap. vi. ver. 36, 37. 39, 40. In order to impress the minds of the people ol God, with regard to the worship they owe to the true God,and the aversion in which they should hold the trods of the pagans, and particularly in the instance oi the Chaldeans, the text points out especially this characteristic attribute of the God of Israel? that, he not only can perceive the wants of his , people, but at the same time that he has the power 1 to remedy those wants, and the mercy to carry out that intention, and power to pity the fatherless and take care of the widow. This is, as it were, made the characteristic distinction by the Prophet, and the same distinction we may make on occasions like the present, between the worship of the idol of mammon and the worship of the true God of Chris anity and of Catholicity. The idol which is worshipped by the former, is that of gold and sil ver. the treasures and substance ef this world; and these treasures they prefer to the worship of the true God. The fulfillment of their duty pre scribed by the Christian religion, by the Mosai cal religion, and even by the Taw of nature itself. 1 came this morning, my beloved brethren, at the request of your respected pastor, to bring be fore your consideration the wants of the orphans, who have found a reluge in the institution connect ed with the church. I came to plead the cause of the fatherless, the homeless, the helpless. I do not come to plead the cause of those children, who, though deprived of their parents, are provided with prottctors and guardians, and even placed in afflu ence itself. Bui I stand here for the purpose of vin dicating the cause of those poor children, who, be ing deprived of their parents and protectors, look to you as christians und catholics, whose duty it is to supply the places oi those taken from them. It will be my purpose, this morning, to show you that you ure called upon, not merely for the performance of a work oi charity, to ussert and sustain thiB orpean asylum, but called upon as to the peform ance of a personal duty?not merely as a work of su|>ererogation, but as to perform an absolute duty on ihe present occasion. 1 shall, therefore, briefly, and familiarly too, develope these two propositions: In the first place, that it is your duty to come for ward to the assistance of the orphans, and particu larly to the support of the Orj hun Asylum connected with your church. Secondly, that this performance of aduty will be abundantly rewarded in the present, and also in a future life. To these two propositions, I now call your attention. First, then, it is the duty of toe Christian, it is (lie duty of the Catholic.to con tribute to the support and the education of the or phans. It is not, as I have just remarked, a mere worship of supererogation,a mere act of charity, but a positive coniandment given by our divine legisla tor, by the leader of the Jewish people, and one in scribed by nature's hand on the tablet of the human heart, demanding from all, as far as in their power, to afford some assistance tow aids the protection, the education, and support oi the helpless and fa therless orphan. First, it is a duty prescribed by the law of nature itself, that the helpless and unpro tected shall be taken care of. This we find carried out, not merely in the rational, but in the irrational world. If, llien, we find it respected among the irrational, how much more ought it to be carried out and observed in the rational worldl The phi losophers of the Pagans perceived, and, in some respects, at least, acted up to this law of nature, for some oi their greatest legislators, some of their most famous and wisest men?Plato, for instance? gave it as his opinion that where children were edu cated and trained up under the influence of proper discipline, the laws and decrees would he almost useless in the State; but that where educution is neglected, and children are permitted to grow up deprived ot the salutary iufluence of discipline, no decrees or laws would prove sufficient to restrain them, and make them useful to the State. Lycurgus, the legislator ot the Lacedemonians, inculcated the same truth, and in such a manner expressed it, that for the delinquencies committed by the chil dren, he made not the children themselves, but their parents or their guardians icsponsible, und ulso for their errors and even for their crimes. They per ceived, und they acted upon this law of nature.? They felt that all mankind compose but one and the same tumilr, and that as in an individual family all are entitled to be provided for ; so in the great hu man family, those who are not, have a claim on those who are in affluence; and even those not having a sufficiency, have a right to be provided for according to the means of those who are placed by Providence as tneir protectors and guardians. But this law ot nature became in the process of time' very much ellaced, and it became necessary that this Jaw should be revived and enforced under the most solemn circumstances, and with the sanction of the Omnipotent himself, in order that the people of Israel might see the necessity of carrying it into effect. Hence we find in Deuteronomy, 15th chap ter, the following decree given to Moses by the Om nipotent from Mount Sinut: "If there be among you a poor man of one of thy brethren within any of thy gates, in thy land, which the Lord, thy God giveth thee, thou shalt not harden thine heart, nor shut thy hand from thy poor brother: but thou shalt open thine hand wide unto him, und shalt surely lend hun sufficient for his need, in that which he want eth." This is the explicit and solemn law given by God himself to the Jewish people, lut they should be charitable to the poor, relieve their waufs und give them all things necessary for their support?reminding them that us long as they should be a people, there must necessa rily be a poor brother; and so long as there should be a poor brother among them?so long the luw re quired that they should extend their charity and be nevolence to him. And it this be the case in respect to the poor in general, I ask you if the luw is not still more binding, ana having greater claims, when there is a question net merely ot the poor at large, but ot the Helpless orphan?the child that has been lelt from his very cradle fatherless, and in destitu tion and misery 1 Unless you become their fathers, relieve their miseries, and contribute towards their education, support and protection, you do not obey the Jaw. Hence we find that in virtue of this law, charity was practised by some of the most dis tinguished?some ot the most venerable men of their times?among whom, Pope Pius stands peculiarly distinguished. For we find in the book of Tobias, that he was in the habit ot visiting the poor and re lieving the distress of the miserable and wretched? of giving money to even those who stood in need of it, as in the person of Capillas, who was in want, and when he found any in misery, he relieved tliem and comforted them?he fed the hungry,and gave clothes to the naked, and was careful to bury the dead. It, then, those who were under the cloud, according to St. Paul, were influenced by such sublime charity? such disinterested charity? such kindness of heart?aucb sympathy, how much more a'e we not hound to exer cise the.-e virtues I We who have passed from under that cloud and enjoy the meredian sunshine of truth and jus* tire ; not merely us followers of Christianity, but as de ciplcs and members of the Catholic church. Yes, we tiro especially bound to be charitable to all, but particu larly "toward the orphan, by the law ol gince", by the command given by Jesus Christ, and by the obligations of our holy church. The religion of Christ is a religion ol love. It is built upon love and established on charity All its precepts, all it* doctrines, seem to blcud in this one precept : " hove ono another." " This is my pre copt," snys Jesus Christ, to the beloved disciple , John, " thul you lovo one another." And it was by this charity that the primitive christians, our ancestors in the iaitli, were, us you know, peculiarly and universally distin guished. You remember the exclamation of the Pa gans, ol the Komuns, of the (Jrceks, who beheld the ex traordinary love and chaiity ol the primitive Christians " See hnw they iove ono another." K.ven the apostles established an especial ministration'foi the widows; they warn objects of their peculiar charity. And if theoblj gation extended toward them, how much more shoulo inns tie extooded towards tlio orphans, w ho are unable to take care of themselves, to provide for themselves, towards the oiphan depending entirely upon our charity. benevolence, and sympathy as men, ns christians, but above all, as Catholics. Hear the lequirement which our divine Saviour has made through the Kvimgrlist, St. I.uke "givo in aims that which is ovor and ebovi shove in thy substance." Here is not merely a recommendation, it is not merely suggestod to do this ; it is not ninety stated that you will bo benefited by do ing this; but we haven positive commiindment--"give that which is over and above," tic ; and tho violation ol this command will be visited by too severest chastise ment. II it were merely a counsel ot perfection, the vio lation of it would not he punished; but the violation ol this charge w ill be punished, and that in the most severe and most nwlul manner, according to tho declaration ot oiiroivine Saviour himself?" 1 was hungry and ye gave . not to oat, I was naked and ye clothed mc not, sick gnil in prison and ye visited me not, I was u stinnao and ye look ine not in; therefore, depart from mo," k Vie,'therefore, And that it is a precept of the law ol na ture, ol ihe law ol Moses, and ot giace, and not ineiely a counsel under that law to support, to educate, to assist tho poor orphan; and this threefold luw is founded on the power oi Ood, and oct? on the supieine sovereignty of the Almighty. It vindicates the providence of Ood. for it would aiguo injustice in the Almighty to cooler blessings ol every description, comlorts,wealth and pro tection, on certain portions of children, and from ano ther portion ol children to take all tboso blessings and Cunions, if that providence, in depriving these cbil dren of their parent*, did not command you a* chris tian* to take the placet, of those parents who have been taken from their helpless offspring. Does it not, therefore, teach the providence of God, as even the very infidels have declared 1 Because, by this system, God bind* the rich to the poor, and the poor to the rich : he makes the orphan dependent on thoso who support him by the tie of gratitude ; he makes the rich the lathers oi the poor and the orphans they take care of, and so he fulfils the commandment imposed on him, and vindicates the providence of God : whereas, if you neglect to com ply with this duty, ami violate this precept of charity, you encourage the infidel in his exclamation, as record ed in tho l'salms, "Where is God?"?the God of the poor man, of the helpless, of the poor orphan. This is " " infidel, " " the cry of the infidel, when he sees.the orphan neglected and in distress, and those who are able refusing to com fort him. But as a Christian, if this precept were car ried into eflect at the present day, tnero would be no need of theories, of social systems?no need of associa tions founded upon principles not Catholic or Christian. But tho Cutholic Church has carried to its fullest extent this beautiful and necessary principle of charity. In her religious orders, established for this purpose, whose members havo devoted their lives in the redemption of captives, and even consigned themselves to slavery to rescue their brethren from the manacles of barbarians ; but, above all, in the establishment of that sisterhood, the great object of which is to comfort, protect and sup port the orphan?an institution which has excited the admiration ofthe whole world, and which has been re cognised, not merely by believora and Christians, but by infidels, as tha greatest friend of humanity ; and even when the monuments of religion were thrown to the ground during that commotion in France which grew out of the spirit of philosophy, so called, statues were erected to the memory of St. Vincent de Paul, as a iriend to humanity ; and the devoted ladies of this societr, by performing their duty, and carrying out the principles of their founder, in taking the plaro of mothers, and, as far as they can, of fathers, to these orphans, do the most perfect act, and excite the wonder and admira tion of the universal wrj^d. It becomes our duty to enceurage them ; for what can they do without your charity, your aid, und your concurrence I They are ready to devote themselves to this charitalilo pur pose ; but without tho means, how can they effect it 7 1'hat beautiful and comfoitable edifice has been erected by the charity and benevolence of some, for the nrotec tiou and sustenance of these orphans ; and shall it he said that you will be so hard-hearted and recreant to your duty, as not to give yoyr hearty concurrence to this glorious and Catholic institution 1 But this duty is founded likewise on the sovereignty of God. God is the supreme master of all things. "The earth." says the psalmist, " is the Lords, and tho fullness thereof" The universe is his ; he has created it Ail that it contains is his ; he is the author ol all. The sun he has placed in the firmament?the moen'is his. The deeps he has separated from the dry land, pcoplod with inhabitants, and marked out its destined limits ; the deep is his. Ail things,whether in the heavens above, or on the earth, or deep beneath, are his. Man, the lord of all, so constitut ed by the Creator, is his ; and whatever man possesses, he possesses only for a time, not as a rightful owner, but merely as a constituted steward ; and the gold he has hoarded and the silver he cherishes even as his life, will one day be demanded of him and pass in due time into the hands of another. Whatever you have, then, is only lent to you;] and if it be more than is necessary for your own sustenance and that of your families, a portion | of that, in virtuo of his eternal sovereignty, he com mands you to give to tlieso poor children, that you may comfort, sustain, and protect them. Now, if you refuse to givo a portion of y our gold and silver to the orphans, you deny the sovereignty of God, and refuse allegiance to it; you defraud the poor, and in a particular manner you defraud the orphan. Consequently you take from the orphan that which belongs to him, and that will be visited with the most awiul chastisement; if not here, in the world to come. But our Divine Savior referred to alms-giving in a particular instance. He styled it jus tice, not charity ; justice which he demands of you in virtue of his sovereignty over you, as well as the orphan. He says in St. Matthew, " take heed that ye do not your justice before men, See." and these words, and this word justice is interpreted by the wisest commentators, alms giving. Tuko care, then, how you comply with justice in Jiving alms for the support of the orphan, und let it be one in u spirit of true charity, not in ostentation or vaiD glory. Now, beloved brethren, if we believe in the truth of Christianity, and <he solemn and unequivocal declaration of Jesus Christ, its author, we must feel and he convinced, that if wc are not charitable, we cannot lay any claim whatsoever to the real title el' Christians, nor to that of members of the Catholic Church; for St.John savs, "fie'who has tha substance of tnis world, and sees his brother in want, and closes his bowels against him?how can the charity of Christ be witli him ?" Consequently, it is a necessary condition of your salvation ; for you cannot have the necessary grace unless } ou feel efficient active pity for the orphan?unless you pity, aid, cherish, educate, and contribute towards supporting and protecting them, you can havo no claim whatever on tho kingdom of God- -the charity of Christ cannot abide in you. And feelingly does the wise man express the punishment and the re ward inflicted on the hard-hearted, when he says in his own beautiful language?" a hard heart shall fear all on tho last day, hut a tender one shall be rewarded." And if it be possihlo?if there lie uny mark by which we can distinguish a hard heart, is it not thut heart which be holds the wants of the homeless, fatherless, portionless orphan, and closes itself against him, aud refuses all assistance and contribution I And there is no better sign of 9 tender and truly Christian heart, thau the fact ol beinr liberal towards those helpless young members of the church. Therefore, these laws of Moses and of Grace are all founded upon the providence of God, founded on the supreme sovereignty of the Al mighty, and if you fail to comply with this law, yuu despise the ordinances of I'rovidence, and even reject the supreme sovereignty of God himself.? But a fev more remarks with regard to tho pro mise of the reward, you shall have, if you ob serve this commandment. You will have n reward, first, in this life, and what is infinitely more valua ble aud desirable, a reward in the life to come. I'aul teaches that pity is above all things?having the promise of this life and the promise ofthe future. Now what does the npostlo mean by tho word pity 7 Pity may admit of a variety of significations : but I am not rash in the asser tion (for 1 find it in St. Thomas, tho angel of the schools,) that Paul meant in this text, charity towards the poor. Now it is no assertion of mine, rashly made, that charity, liberality, and alms-deeds, must be remunerated in this life ; because, 1 find this declaration in the divine and in fallible oracle of the scriptures themselves, and, conse quently, it wo believe in the divinity anil authenticity of the holy scriptures, we must believe that we will be re warded for our cnarity in this life, and the more wc exer cise it, the more we will he remunerated. "Give," as the Holy Ghost says, in Kcclesiostcs, "unto the Lord his justice, because the Lord will return it to you seven told." Give thHt which is merely lent, and instead of missing it, you will he rewarded' sever, fold. Again, in Proverbs. "The Lord giveth back with interest to him that has pity on the poor." And if he does this unto those in general, who help the poor, with how much more in ter* at will he repay the charity of those who are|liberal and charitable to the destitute orphan 7 Again, ill the Prophet Lniah, "When you pour out your soul to the hungry, you will be like the fountain, whose waters never cease." A souice ever-giving, evt-r-abniidant, and, at the same time, ever-fed supply from the fountain that never fails, which pours out its waters of charity, and still replenished with streams that supply the plaro that gush forth. And there are truths-these are articles ofthe christian faith, which, to call in question, is to dis pute the authenticity and truth of the holy scriptures themselves. "He who giveth to the poor, shall not want," ?ays the Holv Ghost, in Proverbs. Is this t tie or not 7 If it is not, tho scriptures are not authentic. If it ho true, why, then, lefuse to give7 because y ou have the solemn declara tion of God himself that you shall nover want. And, my beloved friends, on this auspicious day, you have an opportunity to prove whether or not y ou believe the oracles of tru.h; hut not only on this day, hut always, iu supporting tiiis institution, having the solemn pro mise that neither you nor your posterity shall ever wnnt. And I have never seen the good man wanting his bread; and finely, of all good men, I believe the chu rituble man is justly ranked among the best; thus we find, that even in this life, that the chnritable man must he rewurded and remunerated, and that with interest, to use the expression of the Holy Ghobt himself. Hence we may say that if you give a small mite to the orpha n, us tar us you can att'ord to givo it, it will ho increased and returned with interest; hut if you refuse, hy the same authority you must he convinced that the mite, instead of being profitable, increased, and transmitted to your children.snail betaken from you; you may,perhaps, go down naked to the tomb, and your children leIt in a wotse condition than the poor orphans now requesting a sustenance. But this is not nil; there is an eternal re ward pronounced to the charitable not only in this life, but in the eternal world. First, we are assured, hy tho Holy Spirit, in the hook of Proverbs, that " charily foi giveth sins." l)o you understand how 1 It is because charity disposes the heart, and infuses into the soul those sentiments which are absolutely necessary to obtain the remission of sin*. It soften* the heart, and it is impossible for the hard heart to obtain tho remission of sins; hut the heert that is soft proves itself such, con tributes to the suppoit ol the poor, and especially the or phan. "Riches," us the Holy Ghost says in the honk of Proverbs, "are tho ledomption ol the soul of man a sliong expression. And yet these ate the words of the Holy Ghost, and trite a* truth itself. Riches, when pro perly made use of; when you prope.ly distribute a por tiou of them among tho poor; when you are charitable w ith them, then God will so dispose it that you may have every assurance of the salvation of your soul heie ufter. Therefore, riches are the redemption of tho soul ol man. In Kcclesiastes, again, it is written that "Alms w ill preserve grace;" and so long as grace is preserved, so long have you an assurance of future happiness. Con sequently, hy giving, shall you have tho ussiunnce of fu tine happiness. But, on the contrary, if you givo not, you havo no assurance of fiituro happiness. Here, then, Deholil the difference between the Chaldean i.lols and the God of Christianity. The Chaldean idol* havo eyes, hut they see not, nor have they any power to aid the po ir mill destitute; but the God of Israel i.eeth their wants, has power to aid them, an.I mercifully contri butes to tho support of the orphan indirectly, through Uiono Christians who take the place of their fathers and mothers; and hero is tho difference between the men who worship tho God of Mammon and tho tiue God. Tho worship of Mammon is unjust, ungenerous and without hope hero or hereafter; the worship ol the true God is charitable, benevolent, mer ciful; having a certain hope in this life, and what is still more valuable, a hope ol life in tho woiid to come. Be hold then tho contrast botween the two now, and above all, at tho hour of death. Contemplate it. A man, though lie may call himself a christian, anil boast ofthe denomi nation of Catholic, still, if he hss not acted on the princi ples of his religion and the precepts of his church, what shall ba hi* state' He shall hear a voice lrom eternity summoning him from ail lie possesses to an everluating , state of misery?"Thou fool, thi* night thy soul ihall ha required of thee ,'' then where in all thy riches 1 But the good man, who haa been charitable, kind and generous in the sustenance of the poor orphan, has all the bless ings pronounced by the Holy (ihost, and feels the decla ration of the venerable Tobias, that "alms wilt not suffer the soul to go into utter darkness.'' The body may crumble into dust, in the darkness of the tomb, hut the soul of the charitable man must wing its (light to the bo som of the God of the widow, and the fatherless orphan. Christians,Catholics! what more have 1 to ctt'er? The or phans are before you;the institution that shelters thein is in sight; the ladies devoted to charity are before you. All call upon you, not merely for your temporary offerings to-day, but for your permanent support every day. They are a part and parcel of your own church and con gregation; you must sustain and support them, and con tinue to do so. In flno, 1 would conclude with thu words of St. Augustine?"Give what you cannot retain, and re ceive what you cannot lose." ' Give a portion of your wealth which you cannot long retain, which shall be ta ken from you: receive what you cannot lose; receive in return that treasure of immortality which will defy the moth, which robbers cannot lay hold of, and which no man shall be able to take from you. At the conclusion of the discourse a handsome collec tion was taken up, but had the weather not been very unfavorable, it would have been still larger, and a more fitting response to the eloquent appeal of Dr. Pise. St. Paul's Church, New York. The Rev. Mr. Hubbard, of North Carolina, Chap lain in the United States Navy, preached in this church yesterday. He selected lor his text the 16ih chapter of St. John, 33d verse:?"These things 1 have spoken unto you, thai in me ye might have j?eace. In the world ye shall have tribulation; but i?e ol good cheer; 1 have overcome the world." These are the words of comfort and consolation, which our blessed Saviour delivered to those apostles who accompanied him in his painful pil grimage, when they were about to be deprived of the presence of Him who addressed them, when they should sutler affliction, resist temptation, and contend with the evils ot the world alone, in this parting hour, the words, " be of good cheer," must have sounded tremblingly in their cars. As Jesus did not pray for them ulone, but lor us and all man kind, so have we the same blessed assurance to be of good cheer. The world is just the same to-day as it was then; its manners are now as false; its spirit the same as in those days when the apostles set out alone; we have in our age more ex perience, but no more wisdom, and likewise no lewer enemies. When the oppression ol the world lies heavy upon us; when we are overcome with affliction; when we are borne down by disease; and when we are tempted to doubt what the issue of all this shall be, let us bear in mind this glorious assu rance, and set it down that the world shall be over come, and the gates of Hell shall not prevail against us; and this, my brethren, is assured to us. This is what our Saviour says to every person who will serve him, to every soldier lighting under the bau ner of the cross?"Be ol good cheer." He over- ] came the world, for he showed himself insensible I to all its promises and temptations; in the inidst of a proud generation, he pronounced his benediction on the poor and smitten, and sought companionship with tliose who thirsted after righteousness, and gave bimseif to the love ol virtue and the practice of deep philanthropy; he Bought the support of truth over power and greatneis of interest, and as he nays, he lived and gave demonstrations of it in his prac tice. fn the second contemplation on the Mount, how easily he set aside the temptations of the world, and how sternly and at once did he resist the temptation ; how many temptations were laid before him, yet as a man he overcame them. We, surely,with this blessed assurance, can resist temptation?we can renounce the world, set our affections on things above,that wo may do the will of our Father above The life of Christ is set for our imi tation, for St. Paul says Christ lived and died forus, that we might imitate him?" Be of good cheer, I have over come tno world." lie then said that the life of Christ has changed the whole system of the world. He is of as much force in the moral world, as the sun is in the planetary system which controls the movements of the planets?that without that great regulating power would roam in endless space, and so will Jesus gradual ly, but surely bring hack our rebellious race. Great as uas lieeu the change which Christianity lias affected, subduing the evils of human passions, converting the sensualist into the lover of virtue, the mocker into the penitent, the unbeliever into the believer; the greatness of the change is still to he seen in the great struggle be tween good and evil in the world. What did our Savior himself say, " And I, if I be lifted up, shall draw all men after ine " He has likewise infused iuto his disciples, a life and spirit that will resist all temptations of the world ; and when the soul of man is inspired with true virtue, what is poverty or teproach to him ; sickness nay waste his body, but bis integrity does not waste ; tempests and war may rage, but ho has the asstuance his neavenly father reigns over all ; riches and honor may perish, the greatest m-y fall, hut faith, hope, and charity, endure for ever. By virtue of his resurrection, Christ overcame the world, and his disciples shall rise too from the dead. When, therefore, the cares of life oppress you, and seem likely to overcome your resis tance to the temptations'of the world?when the dread of death boars upon you, take courage, for there is hope' "Be of good cheer, for 1 have overcome the world," says our Saviour. Serviced at Dr. Pott*' Church. The services at this church, yesterday, were not so numerously attended as inioht have been supposed, but we presume that the excessively rainy weather prevented a goodly number i'rorn attending, who otherwise would have come. The nppearance ot this church, with the subdued "artist's light" which the colored windows throw over the building, is beautiful in deed. We remarked that some of the news were labelled "riot sold," so that there is still a chance tor those who are inclined to invest capital in reli gious stock. Previous to the sermon, Dr. Potts announced that those of the congregation who wished the church to be regularly organized, would find a peti tion addressed to the Presbyters to that eliect, and which would be ready for signature on Tuesday evening next. He also announced that a Sunday School was about being established, and that a col lection will be made next Sunday morning, lor the purpose of purchasing a library tor the school. The Revcsend Gkmtlemax then proceeded to deliver a lecture, taking a* hit text from the 1.1th to the 24th verses of the 14th chapter of St. Luke, in which is de tailed the parable of the Oreat Supper, and from which ho deduced the extreme reluctance of mankind to ac cept the Gospel as given them. Ho argued that the dif ferent reasons that were assigned by various classes of men as the cause of their wilful pei versenoss in living without God. were futile in the oxtreme. There were, he said, threo classes who rejected it?first, those who reject it all as an idle tale?those who plead the pre sence ol worldly, and those who do not want to go to the Gospel Feast, because they do not liko the associa tions. Their pride revolts at tno sacrifices they are call ed on to make, and this couatitutes a most formidable harrier. He then went into a review of the doctrines of justification by faith and justification by works, and con cluded by some remarks on the unjustness of blaming the church tor the falling away of individual momhers, saying that we ought to frecollect that this church on earth is not a collection of perfect beings, but merely intended to fit them for the perfection of heaven. A hymn and a benediction concluded the exercises. Anglo-American Chnrch. The attendance here yesterday was rather small, owing to the inclemency of the weather. After the usual preparatory ceremoniee, the Kev. Mr. Mar cus took the following text, from Matthew xxn? 11th and 12th verses:?"And when the king came in to see the guests, he saw there a man who had not on the wedding garment? and he saith unto him, friend how earnest thou in hither not having on a wedding garment 1 and he was speechless." The Reverend gentleman commenced by saying ?The gospel dispensation is represented in this par able, under the similitude of a wedding feast, pre pared by a bounteous prince. To this least the friends of the prince.were first invited, hut when they would not come, the highways and hedges were senrched to find guests. Under this allegory, our blessed Saviour intended to teach the Jews, how they had rejected Christianity, which had bid den them to the wedding feust of lite. Hut he also intended it for the Gentile Church. They who sat down to the feast may all be dressed in nearly the same manner, so that no |>eciiliitrity is noticed. Hut the ouster ol the house comes in, and linds a uueM without a wedding garment. This neglect is an of fence to the whole company, and the servants are called and bidden to cast him out. Now, every one must perceive that the assembly presents a striking image of the Church of Christ. All nrc invited? there lives not a sinner who may not partake ot the bounteous least. We are all seated at the table? our right to seats there is not disputed. Hut, my brethren, our security would sutler great abatement, if we reflected on the remain der of the parable. We must be prepared at any moment to meet the scrutiny ol the gaze of the master ol the feast. It we have not on the wedding garment, his eye will strike us, and better then had it been thut we were among those who,from the hghwaye and hedges were compelled to enter. This want ot the garment signilies the wuntoi the spirit, which distinguishes the christian ; Irom the heathen, ihe infidel, nu.i the .Mahometan. Al | though the guest|may bo Invited to the least, he may bo | utterly unpicpare I for the master?he may elude the | guests, he may resemble theni and pass without remark ?hut the moment the muslor ol Ihe least appears, Ins eye will fall upon him.;But why,say s the ? hrisiinn, ore we to he warned?- why ure we to ho addressed a* though the wedding garmout were to us a strunge apparel I Lot us look around upon the multitudes sitting at tho table ol the Lor.1, ami see how many have on the weddrig gar ment. Mark the guise and hearing of those Intruders? they have eyes full of adultery?their hearte are lull ot covotouineo*. Havo we never recognized those in the assembly of the faithful' And if the T.ord should sud

denly appear and doom thoao intruder* to etemal woo, who wouldguot acknowledged the justice ol the sentenoe' We msy sometime* find in christian communities, those who might battle the most rigid examination. In form, in texture, in color, their garments are nearly the same as those of the faithful. Accordingly, they preserve their station till they fancy their title is secure ?but the time must come when these must meet the eye whose scrutiny cannot he deceived. And now, brethren, let us imagine our Lord present to surveys his guests. Are there nnne who would expect to hear the grout question, - Friend, how earnest thou hither not having the wedding garment* The Asiatic princes often provided for their guests garments lit for them. But their munificence cannot be compared to that of our Lord. Ilis stores are ever open, and to all who make known their wants, he will gladly furnish ap parel. Let us listen then to Christ himself, and buy , white raimeut that wo may be clothed. We have but to throw ourselves und our pride, our high thought* that 1 exalt us against God, and our low thoughts that grovel in the dust?we have but to part with them, and the best robe shall lie ours. The angels of God will rejoice while they invest 11s with it?we shall sit down to a least that shall surpass all others. We shall drink new wine, with our Lord. We shall hunger and thirst no more The garment of peace shall he ours, and the spirit of heaviness shall be banished from our hearts forever. Divine Service at Or. l'yng's Church. This is a neat and simply constructed edifice, sit uated in Beekman street, of chaste Gothic design. The interior is neatly fitted up, its dimensions being some fifty feet by forty. The area consists of sev eral tiers of pews. Three large gallaries, also, con sisting of |>ews, surround the interior. The organ is fitted up immediately opposite the pulpit in front, over the main entrance, and possesses very excel lent tone and power. Four large windows at either side afford good light, and three windows nre also filaced at the frpnt, near the pulpit. Ninechande iers hang tastef ully suspended from the ceiling, und altogether the church has a very neat and comforta ble appearance. At hall-past ten the service was commenced ; the congregation was rather thin, owing to the wetness of the day. Dr. Tyng preach ed the gospel of the day, taking his text 'from the 1st chapter of the Lamentations ofJerenvah the Prophet, 12th verse. "Is it nothing to you all ye that pass by 1 Behold, and see if there be any sorrow like unto my sorrow, which is done unto me, wherewith the Lord hath afflicted me in the day of his fierce Htiger 1" Notwithstanding the sufferings which the Savior endured,many passed by him with derisions, and of thejnultitudethat passed by him in his hours of tribu lation, but few sympathized with him, and to them he seemed us if nothing. The great multitude feel they have the benefits of his death and passion, and still they pass by him with ingratitude, regardless of the miseries and torments he endured for the sins of man. The multitude feel tliey all have derived spiritual advantage to their souls by the sufferings of the Saviour, and they treat these sufferings as no thing in this world; and those who thus deny hitn, ungratefully, in the records ol the gospel, "pass him by." Thus are many pleased with the eviden ces theyjeceive ol the goodness of God, and yet they puss by his law ana his inestimable works, wlucn are all the dispensations of God, established in Christ. All hopes of salvation which are sent for man by God are founded bylus power upon earth, and all future expectation of salvation are sacred through Him, whether we look to the present life or the life to come. A crown of glory awaits us througli the interposition ?f the Saviour; and. in the whole history of the Revelations, no event has oc curred of such deep importance to the christian as that of his purchasing for us salvation by the shed ding of his own blood. The death of the Saviour presented an event the most extraordinary, and spake the truths to the world, and no stronger evi dence could be given of its importance?it was the ultimate point to which the wickedness of theanti diluvian world was carried by gratifying their known hostility to God himself. It was not alone exhibited in hatred to the will of God, but in the act of guilty man. God alone was competent to make atonement Tor the sins of man by the shedding of his blood. The death of the Saviour spoke in a manner not to he misunderstood, that sin would not go unpunished. The Lord will magnify his justice by the death ol his own son. upon which his justice will follow. The followers ofChrist were hound to have a reverence for the Church and a reverence for God, nnd bow down before the divine holiness und con template the justice of Christ. The leaders of iniquity could show nothing in proof against the benevolence of the holy scriptures, and God so loved the world that ho gave his only begotten son to save them?he commanded them to obey his divine injunctions, and through the merits of thb Saviour, man could derive all temporal and spiritual blessings, by his efforts, for the love cf Christ All things were given to man by God, and we were bound to love God. who laid dow n his lifo lor his sheep and afterwaidsdiodforus.The sinner could alone obtain forgiveness through the merits ol Christ, and the sinner in his heart ought to embrace Christ. This was calcu lated to raise the hopes of the sinner, and to laise the load that over-burdened his heart? encouraging him by looking up to God. This was a subject that conies home to the freasts ol all. and it was through the righteousness ot God that man could be saved by the lenussion of his sins. He sent his son, bearing bis own likeness, to suffer deutli as designed by him to establish the great truths ol Christianity, and notwithstanding the preachings and teachings of the Gospel, how many men were there who, with perfect indifference, neglected the holy injunctions of the scriptures ' The Itev. Dr., after dilating at farther length upon the goodness of God towards his people, und commenting on the ingratitude of the world in in dulging in sin in violation of the laws of God, concluded. Dr. Itusir* Discourse Lnst F.vfnin^. The Society Library last evening presented quite an array of fashion and beauty, and was crowded to its utmost capacity, by an attentive auditory Long before the hour of meeting, every avenue leading to the hall were jammed up to suffocation, all anxious to witness Dr. Bush's exposition of the principles in connection with Swedenborg's doc trines and theory, in relation to those "spiritualized bodies of another creation called Angels, in con nexion with the science of mesmerism." Dr. Bt'sic, soon after the appointed hour, made his appearance,and all was hushed. He commenced the services of the evening, by singing the fifty-third selection, which was sung by several among the congregation, accompanies by the organ, with ex cellent taste und execution. The Rev. Dr. Bush hereupon commenced his dis course. The theme of his discourse was the fu ture life of man. lie proposed to submit tlie theory of Swedenborg to a sufficient test founded on the revelations of the gospel. He held it, that it would be impossible to have man differ in his spiritual and material body. After death, man took with him his thoughts and feelings.? The more man knew of himself in this world, the more he knew of himself in the next. Mes merism find a particular bearing upon the pschysi cology of the human body. They should take the generul truth of mesmeric influence as granted, as that was already too well establish-.d. Man had within him an inward assurance tfiat there were multitudes who were looking for the light, and they were firm in the belief that yet the veil would be raised, and he believed that Swedenborg alone would raise the veil, througli Mesmerism. What, ever may be the opinion in relation to Mesmeri sm he held it to be a Providential attestation of t he laws of mental operation. The claim of Swedenborg waathat through the phenomena of Mesmerism, he was able to hold communionwith the spirits of ano ther world, and inform himself upon their state and mode of existence. Those who were can.-iidly in jiursuit of truth, could find it in the numerous works now published on the subject of Mesmeris m; and those who doubted upon the subject, should inform themselves by testing the experiment. If Mesmerism was true, Swedenborg was right. He (Or. D ) hud tnkpn up tho subject from a consciousness of its truth and im portance,Rird as to deception,he had no one todeceivebut tiimsell; and he trusted those who were sceptical would not attribute to him any desire to mystify or conceal all, the facts and developments upon the subject. Somnambu lism was u mosmeric influence acting upon the human system, which was known long hctoio mesmerism w as heard of. Man in this state was reduced to a sense be tween sleeping and waking. In this state man is as it wore taken out ol the body. The senses in this state woie awake; tnat is, tiie internal senses. This is a state quite distinct from tho mcsmeiic. state, and Sweden borg had experienced a degree beyond this powor of mesmciistn or somnambulism for twenty nine years.? The Kovannd Doctor, in illustration of his subject cited a case in which a lady had been influenced to such an extent by what lie called the " sphere,'' or quality in tho atmosphere which surrounded tier. The sphero of what is called the inner man had influence in the operation by the laws by which it is distinguished. The spiritual sphere of man was the light of ins lovo emanating from him. The spheres of the lovers ol evil were ail in hell, and the sphcies of tho lovers of (lod wcro in heaven. Theso spheres ,'lowed from bensts, trees, and ani mals, All conjunction and disjunction in connection with spheres, was n well established theoiy, and spheres were made light and possessed a heautiliil o-lor in ttio good spirits, ami pestilential odor that was intolfrable.il] the wicked spirits. The man who leads a had life, leads a life encompassed with the foul and letid air ol dung hills and sinks ; hut thoso who lead a goo I life, live in a sphere of beautiful odor. The sphere of ni-ji"' is ins image existing without him. Those who, under tiio in IInenee ol mesmerism, while blinded up and bandaged, could tell the name of a person coining into a rooin, had the faculty to recognize it only by its sphere, w h.ch ena bled them'thus to establish the truth ui the theory. A curious tact in connection with mesmerism was tire sym pathetic influence it exercised over the subject. It was a ascattained feet, that il a men pinched the operator, tho ttlfiject would be suro to leel the pain sy nipathotically. From these facts, it was to be inferred that the influence of the spirits had tho pow er to change the thoughts fiom one body to another. There was a sort of connexion be tween heaven end hell in relation to those dift'uront classes ol spirits Sw edenborg told thtm that in speaking with spirits,he found they knew his entile thoughts,gnu could conceal nothing from them. It urtsmeritm is tiue, Swe denhorg ii true; and it wis developed that spirits were 1 invariably beings who had passed lioui a material to a spiritual body. Swedenborg, if true, presented un en tire new system, which was a providential discovery, and would eventually unite all the world of christians i into one universal community. In connexion with the jiowers of memory, mesmerism had also an ext?aordiDa ry bearing upon it. In illustration of this theory. Dr. B. j cited some further extracts from Hwedenborg, and went on to say that in relation to this theory, the impressions produced upon the mind were indelilde, and the most ; minute idea that entered into his mind were written as if with a diamond Man had a spiritual and external me mory, and the minutest idea would reinaiu lor ever upon his spiritual memory. Thus, all would appear on the last day, clearly and indelibly. He next evening in tended to further prove the soundl ess of Hwedenborg's theory, in relation to the spiritual influences upon the external world. The spiritual world, he maintained, i was laid open by Swedenborg, if they believed mes- . merisin was true, and sceptics should hesitate before they made light of the subject. The audience here- I upon separated, Dr. Bush announcing his intention to show that Swedenborg was commissioned by God, in his next lecture. More Anti-Kent Trials. _ , ? Orlhi, October 3d, 1845. Delaware Oyer 4 Terminer? Hon. A. J. Parker, Tren ding Judge?John Tan Buren, Attorney-General?J. A Hughston, Eei].. District Attorney A plea of guilty ol manslaughter in the first degree entered in the case ot .Moses Earle. Judok PiRsts s Rfmakks?Sri'ErH or thf Attornec General. Tho Court met at l? o'clock. The counsel lor Moaes Earle, indicted for murder, stated that they had conclud ed to withdraw their application for a postponement, and enter a plea ol guilty ol manslaughter in the lirst de gree. Judge Parker said-After this application I deem it my duty to state to tbe counsel on both sides, my reasons in relation to it. We havo all heard the trial of John Van 8teonburg, and know the faots from it that would be proved on the trial of Earl ; he was not at the sale dis guised and armed, but was only engaged in the resist ance of process?this will bo conceded clearly; Earle was carrying out a misdemeanor, and aperson was kill ed; loraierly this would have been murder; it is now by statute manslaughter in the first degree. However guiltv Earle was in point of fact, he was not guilty of murder in law : he cannot be convicted of murder unless there was a premeditatod design on his part to commit that crime. 1 do not think from a careful examination ol the case that a fair jury would convict him of murder neither do 1 think he intended the death ol any particular person. I have consulted with the rest of tbe bench, and think they all concur with mo in opinion. I also sub mitted the fact to Judge Kuggles, formerly a district at torney ol considerable experience in criminal jurispru dence, and for some time past a circuit judge. I think nothing could be gained by a trial ; he could only be convicted of manslaughter in the first degree. During this great excitement, if men are willing to come for ward and plead guilty ol the commission of crime,I think it advisable to reoeive these pleas. I deem it my duty to speak thus frankly. Such a course will save great ex pense and consumption of time. The Attornkt General now rose and said that as he had expressed an opinion yesterday that Moses Earle was guilty ol wilful murder, several ol the counsel for prisoner had charged him with being under the influence ol a pervading excitement ; he asked the court to make a few suggestions explanatory of his views. This was the more proper as he differed widely with the court as to the law ol this case ; and was wholly unconscious of being undor tbe influence of any feeling or prejudice un favorable to tlie prisoner. The Executive of the Stnte had authority by statute to order the Attorney General to attend any Court of Oyer and Terminer in the State, and to assist in such public prosecutions as might be pending therein. The theory on which the statute rest ed was, that a public otficer, remote lrom tbe scene of disturbance, and having a mere public duty to discharge would be free lrom any passion or feeling'which crimes might excite in the neighborhood where they were com mitted. In pursuance of an ordergiveu under such an au thority he was here to attend those trials, and so lar as he knew himself, he had not the least unfriendly feeling to wards any of the nrisoiiors. Moses Earle he never saw till yesterday, and he hoped he need not assure the court and Mr. Earle himself, that he would not be guilty ol the inhumanity and indecorum of pronouncing any prisoner before trial, guilty of so grave an offence as murder un less bis information as to the facts and his examination ol the law had brought him to a solemn conviction of the truth of bis assertion, und the motion of the prisoner to put oil'the trial had rendered tbe declaration necessarv. J he lacts on which he relied to convict Earl ol murder were briefly these. The original resistance originated with Earle; it was to avoid the payment ol his rent-he invited the Indians to tho sale on the fatal day; lie fur nished them with provisions, he declared before the mur der that be should fight it out to the last, and he respond ed to the ietnark of the dying Steele in his own house, which was " Mr. Earle I if you bad paid your rent mj lire would have been spared," by saying, ?? I would not uay if lorty lives were lost j" being thus, so far us Mr V an Buren knew, the only person in the U. S. who justi fied this atrocious murder utter it was committed. U u dor this state of facts, Mr. Van Bureu thought that the jury would have a tight to find under the 1st subdivi sion of the statute in regard to murder, that Earle was guilty ol i.eiug either accessory or pi incipal iu the kill ing ot Steele, lrom a ? premeditated design to effect the death of the person killed or of any human b.-ing " His associate was of opinion that Eaile might be convicted under the 2nd subdivision. Now theCourt had announced that they took a different view of the law. The court supposed that the indictment was based upon the convic tion of Earle with the misdemeanor of resisting the she riff, and that the dcatli followed without any design to effect death under circumstances that would make It manslaughter, according to the provisions of the Revised Statutes. He did not suppose, by any means, that that Statuto intended to reduce all murder which was accom panied with, or preceded by the commission of a mis demeanor, to the offence of manslaughter. Nor, he sup posed, did tbo Court so think. In his opinion the misde meanor of Earle was merged in the felony lie committed and tbo facts proved would authorize a jury to finJ him guilty ol wilful murder. B ut the qne-tion now presented to the prosecution by tbe Court is this, Will you proceeo and try Earle lor muider, when tbo Court nro ol opinion that be is only guilty of murder in the first degree, and w ill feel it to be their duty so to instruct the petit jury w hen they commit tbo case to tliern at the close ol the trial i Most clearly we will not. We coulo not put this county to the expense of a trial which may, last for weeks, when the court now an nounced their determination to charge the jury that ho i. only guilty of the crime to which lie now oilers the plea "I guilty. Mr. Van Buten said that it was true, in crimi nal cuses, the jury were judges of the law and facts ; hut he would not, in any cusc, ask a jury to sot aside the unanimous opinion of the court, and find tbe prisoner guilty. Certainly, he would not do so in a case where human life was involved. He never would feel authorised w ith Ins limited experience and a knowledge el law vast ly inferior to that of tho court on his single o.-inion to call upon a jury to take the life of a fellow creature iL opposition to the well considered and unanimous opin ion of the court. On consultation with his associates, therefore, he had determined to offer no opposition to re caption ofEarle's plea ol'guilty ot manslaughter in the , 1st degree. Daniel W. Squires, t. notorious personage in conncc I tion with the anti-renters, and who was indicted as an ac cessory to the murder of Steele, was brought into court, and by his counsel offered to plead guilty ot manslnugh tor in the 1st degree. The plea was accepted by the coup! sel (or the people tinder advicu of the court. Itii nARD Morse, a justice ol the peace, of Andes, was arraigned on au indictment for a conspiracy, and plead not guilty. John Oliver and Eewis Delimiter, plead guilty of being disguised and nrmed, Sic. The court fined Oliver fih0, lloicmuter $26. John Hi.akihter plead guilty of being disguised and at tned. 4tc. Sentence suspended?recogufxed in tbe sum ol j.iOO to keep the peace tor one year. John l.oi kwoou plead guilty of being disguised Uc. luted $ 1 '?<). Alonzo Sani oro, indiclod for murder, plead guilty of manslaughter in 4th degree?plea accopted. Daniel Roihnson and John VorJfoMAN, not indicted? discharged. DavidHai.leck plead guilty of being disguised and armed-sentence suspended, recognized to keep the peace lor one year in tbe sum of $600. Wm. Brisbane, (the Scotch anti rent lecturer) indicted for murder? plead guilty of manslaughter in tbe recoud degree. Nathan Travis, who had heretofore plead not guilty, withdrew that pica, and plead guilty of conspiracy.? Court lined him $so. W m. i< eh don, w ho bad lierotofore plead guilty of man slaughter in the 4th degree, was (nought into court, ami sentence suspended?recognized to keep the peaco lor one year in the sum of $600. No cases being ready for Dial, tho Court adjourned until to-morrow morning at half past 8 o'clock. Santa Anna.?By the lust arrival lrom Jtlavtrau, we leum thut Gen. Santa Anna, the ex-President o| Mexico, is still living in ease and elegance at the famous country seat ol Dr. liavia. It is situated about 0 miles front Havana, in the district of Marianao It is a sumptu ous residence, and might well be doomed a palace Tbe General has recently purchased a magnificent carriage horses, ike., mid otherwise given evidence ofn design to make Cuba a permanent residence, uuless some emer gencyin the afrair* of Mexico,fortunate for his partisan, should recall him to tho scones of his former wonderlui and most eventful career. It must lie confessed that lie and saesrail* ft 6 11 ro,irement with admirable lasle and sagacity, !? torn all parts of tho earth news is receiv thus t?k? ?'t* ? leguUl. a"d frc'I'tont packets, lie can rn ,age earliest movement in hi. fn vor, communicate promptly with his friends ut home, ami at the same time share in the enjoyments and lu.xu "ociety m Havana -.V. O. Picayune, Sept 27. . I)i kls.?On Thursday n dud was fmight in the vicinity ot thin city between Air. G. Abxanthr uiimsHy and Mr. Augtistin McGrudor, with pistol*. At the second shot both geutlemeu wore wounded? itamsuy iu tho abdomen, and McGtuder under tbe lett eye. A meeting took pluco on tho same day at half-part six o'clock in ttic moining, ne.'T the plantation of Madame Tronic, between two mechanics, which tosiiltod in the spilling ol a little blood ut one ot the combatants. Wo boar of one or two othar " scrapes " to be settlod to day or to-morrow A. (> Picayune, Sept. -27. Court for thk Cor recti on of Errors,?Al bany, Saturday, Oct. 4, 1M4A.?Present?Lt. Gov. Oaroiner, Chiel Justice Branson and 17 Senator*. No 4. James karris et al appl'ts vs. James Crawford, adm r &c , icspt. E. Sandlord was heard for respondent. THE BRITI8H JOURNAL8 ON AMERICA AND AMERICAN AFFAIRS. [From the London Globe \ In some speculations on the actual position of Mexico and the United State", relative to the annexation of Texas bv the latter, a morning contemporaiy cou?irters a paclfte solution of their disputes to be an inevitable result from the financial embarrassments of the former country We agree in this conclusion. War, even on the ieduced scale of traus-atlaiitic operations, without the means of raising supplies, becomes a physical impossibility. And to i nch a point an incapable government has brought the very considerable natural resources and extensive terri toiy of the Mexican republic. This annexation of 1 exas, howevor, iutroducos the far wider consideration ol the probable destinies of the United States themselves. On this goueral subject, speaking with caution on such re mote and vast contingencies, a few remarks may not, un der present circumstances, be out of place. We shall say nothing here ot the loose morality and grnsping spirit displayed in many recent acta ol the United States. Wo believe such policy to be er roneous on a mere calculation of expediency. In na tions, as in individuals, internal strength, and consi deration lrom others, which is an element of power, are invariably weakened by deviations from strict in tegrity of purposo. Yet, after all deductions for er roneous policy and defective machinery in their in ternal government, wo see abundant elements of power in the polity of the United States. We cannot, therefore, join in the anticipations of many, that this ereat empire is destined, at no distant day, to fall in pieces by its own unwieldy bulk. Even our contempo rary in the article to which we have alluded, thinks that ?' the contest which tho neighboring States to the South of the U nion aro too weak to wage, will break out Pi its own bosom." We think the instinct of self-preser vation will inten.ose.to prevent final separation between the Northern anS Southern States ; and. certainly, no Co reign power in the vast continent of the two Americas can successfully compete with the federation, while ^Deductions from the whole history of mankind teach us that great empires dissolve only from two causes extreme? debility in their own government or immensely increasiue euergy in that of some nation. 1 he Kastern monarchies of Greece (which had previously ulaved the same part) fell before Rome from the latter cause 1 ho empire of the Uesars fell before the barba rians of the North, chietiy from the former. But the ex tinction of a nation is no easy mutter. and we find nel tliei of the producing causes in the bmted U were mere waste of time to demonstrate that no Mval in po wer or energy exists from the Atlantic to th- Pac ^ In fact, the question is one ol race. I he British origin indicates the superioiity of the people of the U ruled States over colonists of Spanish or Portuguese descent. In that wild, almost boundless arena, the listless uido lence or irregular activity, of the descendants of colo nist? from the South of Europe, can never be a match for the sustained activity and superior intelligence possess ed by those of British descent. Neither can we see such elements of weakness in the internal condition of the United states, to warrant the belief that they wjll irpht into a number of petty and insignificant repubhex There are it is true, ou every side evidences ot redundant, nnietimes misapplied energies ; and these, wanting the :SSt central authority than Hurt jx ???? edbv the American constitution pan aloiie supply, but we see 110 symptoms of the weakness which surely i,recedes the dissolution of an empire. . , Perhaps at some distant day two great States may be formed out of the Northern end Southern provinces of th? uion; but such a contingency is too remote to he taken into the calculation of contemporary interests? The United States must be the dominant power in the vast regions of Continental America. Nor shall we re gret such a result. Whatever may be the defects ol fhat government, it is immeasurably superior in intelli gence, in civilization, in all that marks an advanced stage of social refinement and commercial activity, to'itsMend torial neighbors : and tlie affinities of race and language are indestructible links of sympathy. Me may wish that tiiis activity and energy were controlled by a firmer application of the restraints of law and custom , w )llc^? possibly, nothing but an old established government can supply : yet the English uauon can never survey the immense territorial development of our former depen dency without deep interest. The Oregon question involves considerations too comprehensive, and details too special, to allow of its being more than alluded to in this place. VV e may, however, remark, tn jtattsan!, that the projected canal across the Isthmus of Panama would entirely change the position of tho United States with repoct to tho colo nization of that territory; it would accelerate the gradual Inarch ot inland emigration, and material y alter the pee. tion of that territory, in respect of its value to the Arae^ ricans themselves. Kvery consideration which has a ^ouud policy for its source, urges the expediency ol an ?arly settlement of the Oregon dispute. Let workmen o-ce begin to excavate the soil tor the long projected work' which is to connect the two oceans, and the hopes of the United States will rise, and their demands be urged with proportionate tenacity. [From the London Times.} But if the termination of this affair bo pacific, it esta blishes in tho most potent and indubitable manner, tip* superiority of the Anglo-American race, and of the United States Government over their neighbors. 1 bese advantages tne \mericens will es infallibly assail. Itis now proved that no coi.sideiation of prudence, justice, or good faith can restrain them from seizing 01 acquiring the possessions of contiguous states. This much may be foreseen?that these excesses and encroachments will only be limited by opportunity an l public caprice, until it become the interest ol some great European power to oppose them. But what is not foreseen either bv the \mericans or by ourselves, is the eflect of these acts of violence or fraud, leading to immense extension of territory, upon their own political and social condi tion Thus much only we do venture confidently to pre dict?thnt these changes involve rhe creation of such conflicting interests, the existence of such opposite cha racters and designs, the prevalence of such lormidaple passions, and the growth of such an enormous and in congruous people, that the feeble tederid government of America will eventually forfeit its precarious auiho nty and the contests which the neighboung states to the south of the Union are too weak to wage, will at lust break out in its own bosom. Wo, of our time, havo I seen the gigantic growlh ol the Ametican democracy, h ,npii' iii.'t enormous in if; internal coriuption and its 1 external crimes as in the progress ol its population and its productive powers; but, unless the eteinal laws ol public morality and ol history be suspended, these same phenomena announce the certain approach of a period of aiarchy and letnhution It is uot moie possible that such u system should be carried on without leuding to disastrous consequences, than that society should con tinue to subsist without government or law; and the re action ol tho same principles which have now been al lowed to assail Mexico, and appropriate Texas, will one day be felt in the heart of the Union. * * With reference to Calilornia, we adhore to the opinion we hove had occasion to express with reference to the Oiegon territory. Little is to be apprehended lrom inva sion by land, as long as the coast is open and the country protected by sen. The interests which may hereafter extend colonial enterprise to the shores ol the Pacific are inseparable from the commerce ol the east and the navigation of that ocean. Great Biitain is for all practi cal purposes nearer to thoso coasts than the Atlantic States ? and wc lhavo no appiebension that the American Government will commit itself to acts of violence, which must lead to the total destruction ol its fisheries and com merce in the South Seas. They will observe a certain discretion, even in their invasion of all rights ; and, how ever we may lament the deplorable state to which Mex ico is found to be reduced in this emergency , we cannot but rejoice that tho peace of the w orld 1.1 likely to be preserved. _J Mormon Wars.?The lioreas came down yes terday and brings a lew items ol news lrom the seat oi war. The inhabitants of Warsaw had principally returned to thoir homes, and the Mormons to Nauvoo. The Mormons were still in the ascendency in Haucock county. In McDonough and the upper part of Adams county there was a considerable excitement. A commit tee from Uuincy went to Nauvoo on the J4th, to nego ciate and mediate, and try and prevent the further effu sion of blood. It was said that they intended to try and prevail on the Mormons to agiee to wind up their busi ness and leave that part of the country within some de finite time ; and that if they tailed to give assurances ot removal that tho committee would intimate to them that they might expect the people of Adams county to co 0'ieretc with the anti Mormons against them. It was sup posed that if the quincy committee failed to eflect a peace, tnaf the war would re-commence with redoubled ;ury. Many persons from Missouri, Iowa, find different counties in Illinois were said to be ready to join the mob against the .Mormons. Orin P. Rockwell, the lellow who attempted to assassinate Gov. Boggs, appears to be ring leader umong the Mormons at presnet. He is the person who shot Mr. Moire!, and seems to act as aid te> Bacxeii stos. A rumor pre vailed that Gov. Ford had orderedout a contideialile body of niil.tiaiuMcr U.ecomnmii<i o Gom John J. Hardin, and that they were on tbei ms.ch t^the seat of war, but there was a grcnt diveisity o Igome as to what thoy would do when 'J?? troop* supposed that they would 'f*, 'in arresting the eome that they would rfe WOIll(, rednceljoth house-burneis, and others that tnuy law Rn(1 parties to submission, "ml ") """ ouler-.. so;,i to have been very busy in The Mormon ^ |1|alt(j|lterjng a large number of capturing, faying in a heavy stock ol provisions ; "|C?l,a.'.ita were said to be busily engaged in lumag lovitig band lcj j, th0 ao,0,tQ,l bouses ot the retugeos fn Iowa the Governor had ordered several companies ?f ,hc militia to hold themselves In readiness to act so a. to prevent the peace of that territory from bomg dis ""a'number of Mormon families had removed from Iow a to Nauvoo. Some pel son supposed that if the quincy ( em mil tee failed in their object, hostilities would be te ,;?wed the next day. The Mormons ipeatwith great confidence ol their ability lo maintain their rtgnt?. Ol the inability of their opponents to put them down, the parties coma in conflict again. a J"?eh '? ovelpow. will be presented. The mob, which reinforced eredhy superior numbers, will be *p?ewill by their friends lrom every direction, probably be sacked and burnod. an' y Uack Iies but^hoied, arid dhven off ^ch oi.stos, Bedell and Hockwad< ng i |r| Uad#r? Ii'rtne" opp?^.amUViu" ?" ? St. /a)an All?, Jl ? There nre now published in bower ,wenttunine newspepers, ?nd.,n Upper ? en.da, M making a total ol ???