Newspaper of The New York Herald, October 7, 1845, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated October 7, 1845 Page 1
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THE NEW YORK HERALD Vol. XI., No. 356-Whole No. 4138. NEW YORK, TUESDAY MORNING, OCTOBER 7, 1845. Prtee Two Cent*. THE NEW YORK HERALD. JAMBS 60RD0W BENNETT, Proprietor. Circulation?-Forty Thousand. DAILY HERALD?Every day. Price 3 cents pet copy?$7 lb par aunum?payable in advance. WEEKLY HERALD?Every Saturday?Price 8J cent* per copy?$3 I-J4 cents per annum?payable in advance ADVERTISEMENTS at the usual price*?always cash in advance. PRINTING ol all kinds execmted with beauty ana despatch. 'jy- All letters or communications, by mail, addressed to the establishment, must be post paitfc or the posing* Will be deducted from the subscription money remitted JAMES GORDON BENNETT, PaorstBToa or vaa Ntw Yoaa Hcsai.d KiTsSLfauuKV, *nHih Vt>ssor a+v* BEACON COURSE?TROTTING. TUESDAY, Oct. 7, at 3 P M, purse $300?mile heets, beets in 5. in harness. D Bry .nt enters gr m Lady Suffolk W. wheelan. br m Duchess Same Day, purs* $40, mile heau, bast thraa in five m harness : H Jones enters br m Lady Washington ThosMcKaou bgP tar Smith C eBrtiuc b g Trouble W Cliuto k b g Tom Mot to 07 lt*m PHILADELPHIA HUNTING PARK COURSE. TROTTING. THE FALL MEETINO over the above Course will com meuce ou Tueaday, the SSch of October, and continue two day*. Ne. 1?Tuesday. 30 h October, purse $300, two mile heats, umler the saddle, free for all horses that n*? sr won a purse over No. 3-8am* day, purse $150, $50 to the second best, mil* heals, the b-st in fire, in harness, free for all horses thai have never trotted lor money. No. 3 - Wednesday, 39th October, parse $300, three mile heats, in harness, free for all trotting horses. No. 4?Same day. purse $150, $50 to the second best, two mil* heats, under the saddle, free for all horsea that have never trot ted for mouey. h ntries for No. 1 and No. 3 to be made 011 Saturday, the 13th of October, at the Course, iu Philadelphia, and st Green at Losee's, Chatham square, ou or before 9 o'clock PM, in New York. Entries for Nos. 3 and 4 to be made at the Course the evening previous to each trot. fflTwo or more to make a race in each purse. Members will please apply for tlieir fall badges as it has been found necessary to cancel those already issued. o3eod(kev Hun*t o!8m . jR FOR LlVERPOOLr?ReKular Packet of the 11th roifgVOctr?The first class packet ship VIROINlAN.Capt mMmmKuHeu n. Will sail as above her regular day. Pe.sous intending to embark should make immediate ap plication onboard, foot of Nbiiden lane, or to JOSEPH McMURRAY, ... Corner of Pine and Sonth sts. the superior ship Wateiloo, W. H. Allen master, will sue ceed the Virginian, and sail on the 11th Nov. o7rc FOR LI VERl'OOL?Packet of the ,6th of Oct.? MbfgVT1'* regular, well knosru packet ahip OXFORD, JaMMBnLuntaiu Katliboue, will sail for Liverpool as above, her regular day. Having unsurpassed accommodations for cabin, second cabin and steerage passecgcrs, apply to J. HERDMAN St CO., ?TC CI South street. OMi POR NEW ORLEANS?Louisiana and New tMWVYork Line?Regular Packet, to sail llthinst?The JHHKselegaut fast sailing packet ship TENNE83EE, Pray, m-stcr, will p sitivelv sail a* ab- ve, her regular day. For freight or passage, having handsome furnished aecommo datioun, apply on boaid at Orleans wharf fo t of Wall st, or to ? . , , K K. COLLINS It CO.,56 South st. Positively no goods received on board after Friday evening, 10th init. Agent in New Orleans James E. Woodruff, who will promptly forward all goods to hi* address. Packet ship Louisville, Hunt. master, will succeed the Ten nessee and sail 1st mat, her regular day. o7 , ONLY REGULAR LINE FOR NEW OR ?LEAN8?Packet of the 10th October?The regular snackct ship UNION, Capt. Rattoone, will tail pos - tivwiy 011 FricUy.Oct. JOtn. h*?r rtfular day, and be succeeded by the 1 euneuee, on the 11th intt. For passage, which is low, apply on board, foot of Maiden lane.orto W. ?t J. T. TAPSCOTT, o7 75 Sonth st-. comer of Maiden l.ane ~ KEjULARLI E of PACK (.To FUR MO .BILE?Packet of to-morrow?'The splendid fast sail ?ing packet 'ship WAVER Y, Captain Smith, will sail punctually as above, her regular day. Tins ship haa very superior accommodations for cabin,se cond cabin aud steerage passengers, who will be taken at very moderate rates, if early application be made on board, at pier 13 r, R, or to W. ?t .1. T TAP8COT+, ?7 fC 75 South st, corner of Maiden Lane. THE LONG ISLAND INSURANCE COMPANY. Capital -400,000 Dollars. OFFICE 41 FULTON STREET, BROOKLYN. THIS COMPANY continue* to Iusure against loss or da mage by Fire on their asual favorable terms. Ail claims (?resented to this company for losses by the late disastrous fire laving beeu paid, they now find their capital nearly entire. B W. DE LAMATER, President. vOlmisrrc E. C. FINN, Secretary. the easTrTFer mutual Insurance COMPANY. |~|FF"ICE No. <1 (late 49) Wall street, continue* to insure " against loss or damage By Fire dwellings, warehouses .and other buildings. Also, ou Household Furniture, Mercian due, he., as heretofore. DIRECTOR8. John Bronwer. Wakeman Borritt, James Mciiride, Philip Embury, John Moorhead, Stanton Beebe, Joseph Kernochan, Daniel Avres, H?iry W. Hills, Charles N. S. Rowland, Robert J. Dillon. Nathaniel L. Griswold Jr. Thomas Nesmitn, Russell Stuhbius, .Robert Boorman, George Coggeshall, Abel A. Low, Stephen Holt, GeorgeTomeroy, Joseph Gaillard, Jr. David Thomson, rs . JOHN BROUWER, President. GOLD 8. 8ILLIMAN, Secretary. RoegaT J. Din-Oit, Counaeland Attorney. a3 lm*m OFFICE OF THE CROTON INSURANCE CO No. 3ft Wall Street, Adjoining Mechanics'Bank, intheCityof New York 'T'HIS COMPANY lose by the recent fire $35,000. Their A assets over and above all elaimi against them eseeed $150,000 They continue to iusure Marine ana Fire Risks, at fair rates. TRUSTEES. James Harper, William B Coiiens, Edward Richardson, Herman D Gould, James Phalen, Theodore A Meyer, 8 A Lawrence, Cyrus Chenery, Edwin R Tremain, Lawrence Hill, 8 M C ran dull, W H Townsend, John Breast*, Robert Lane, James Crnikshank, John T Gilchrist, J Leauder Starr, J H Snydam. Charles L Vose, John B Lasala, Zadock Pratt, Samuel Sherwood, George C DeKay, James Cook, Lorina Andrews, E T Aldrich, Joseph B Nones, George Whittker, Leonard Appleby, Thomas Mouahan, Asa 3 Crosby, George Palen, John J Herrick, William Burgoyne, Abraham Van Nest, SAMUEL A. LAWRENCE. President JOSEPH B. NONES, Vice President. Nicholas Carroll, Secretary. Cant Ssanavl Candler, Marine Insp. Also, luip. for "Lloyd's" for the port of New York. an3m OFFICE OF JEFFERSON INSURANCE CO , t No. 50 Wall street, opposite the Exchange. ? THIS COMPANY continue to insure against loss and s mage by fire on roods, wares and merchandise, and a I againstlosa by inlana na^ip^ition^n^vessels and their cargoes Thomas W.Thomm KlishaRiggs, Thomas T. WqtxWft, Anson Baker, R. R. Bob.on, M. D., Joseph Drake, Thomson Price, Joseph Allen, Moses Tucker, James E. Holmes, John R. Davison, John P. Moore, John-H. Ue, t Wm. K. Thorn. Caleb C.Tnnie, ThomasMorrell, Francis P. 8a$e, Eugene Bogart, John C. Memtt, Robert Smith. THOMAS W. THORNE, Presidmt Ggoaor T. Hoer. Secretary. a5ve Orricg or thi: Jimaeorr Ihsuisnce Co , 7~ New York, July 34, 1845.4 ffiHE Stockholder of flnsCompany are requested to call at X the office of the Com; nuy andsignily whether it be their wiah to fill up their resp< < live shares,or to receive a number of share* equal to the pre?--m value of tneir stock. The Stockholders residing out of the city are regoested to convey their intention by post, to the office No. 50 Wall st. T. W. THORNE. Pres't. Gao.T. Hora.See'y. jy25 rrc FRENCH ARTIFICIAL FLOWERS AND FEATHERS. HENRY It KAHN, Importers, 53 Nassta st, up stairs, near Maiden lane, have received per late arrivals, a complete as sortment of Artificial Flowers and materials for the same. ANo. se> oral eases of Marabout, Ostrich, Willow and Fan cy readier*. Th0 above goods have ell been sale cted at Paris by Mr Hsu ry himself, and are offered at the most reasonable prices. *6 lm*rrc 13Rni?!H NOUVEAPTES DE PARIS PETER ROBERTS. No. 873 Broodiest/, IVIPOKTER. JOBBEli AND RETAILER, * 1NV1TE8 the attention of the Ladies to his splendid stock of 1 Embroideries and Lace Goods recently received, compris ,ng the newest and most desirable styles of" the present season, ?t pries* which Will maintain the reputation his store ha* lona held ss the cheapest in the city." 75 lots fine Linen Cambric Hdkfs, from auction. 1 f5!f. Ltnen Lawn do, riviere borders, Irom $1 to $3X each, remarkably chean. 1 rue clear Linen Laws Hdkfs, up* borders, from $7,50 to $9 per dog. 11use clear Linen Lawn Hdkfs, fancy borders, 1 do do do, eol'd and Jack printed borders. I do do do, embroidered, from $3,75 to $15 Men* Kmi roiderrd nnder Hdkfs, high neck. I'o d?, with collars. Do do. various styles, from $1 upwards. Rich Embroidered Mualin aud Applique Lece Cepee. Upwards of ?li n-.-nnrolilered Evening in Riviere, Polka, C<iron i'.?m?, 0;w?ii?h Flounce, tc.fc?.,lrom $3J)0. Crl irrd Em.'-cv-i.t d Osanudie Hounce, from $3 to $13, n.onlly sold trom JA to $?. A frw very nch Thresd Lace Capea and Berthee. wry low. Thread, Chsnfiily, Brassels mid other Veils and demi Veils, arsr ons of splendid hlack Brussels Laces. WINTER HOSIERY, lower rhan the regular retail price*. European Correspond? Paris, Skit. 16, 1845. State of Thingt in Brief? Fmnconi'e Immense Am- 1 phitheatre?Effect of Literature on Religion and Politics?Anticipated Revolution in Ocean S.tam Navigation?The Railway System in Europe? The Speculative Excitement in the Share Market ?American and French River Steamers, 4'C-, <J"C Of all months in the year, this is the most inaus picious for opening the European Correspondence of an American Journalist, and of all epochs for many years back, the present is assuredly the moat unfavorable for the excitement of any interest di rected towards Europe, from the other side of the Atlantic. The political firmanent presents one un varied aspect of the most unclouded serenity. The winds are hushed and States are sensible of a pro found calm. The implements of war are kept bright only for reviews and shamfights in Hyd Park and in the Champ de Mart, and the only arms used in earnest, are those of industry and the arts. Railways and canals are projected on a stupendous scale. Gigantic steamships sweep the oceans and unite the populations of distant quarters of the globe. Speculations involving thousands of millions of un told capital occupy daily Lombard street and the Place ae la Bourse. Paris is, however, socially, un usually deserted, even at this season. The fashion able world is in a state of suspended animation here. Some of the places of public amusement are closed, and those which are open are but thinly attended ?to this, however, there are one or two striking ex ceptions. The celebrated Franconi, taking advan tage of the close of his Circus on the Boulevarts, has realised a project as bold as it is novel. It is no thing less than the construction of an Amphithea tre on an immense scale, similar to those of the Greeks and Romans. This structure has been erected a! the summit of the ascent formed by the Champs Elvsiet. Immediately outside the great Tri umphal Arcn of N apoleon, an extensive oval area has been levelled and enclosed, and is surrounded by an amphi theatre, consisting of twelve tiers of seats, ; rising one above the other, so that the entire assem bly can at once command a coup d'ceil of the per- I formances. Ths structure is of wood, with orien- 1 tal decorations. This erection is said to offer ac- . commodation sufficient for twenty thousand specta- | tort! It has been open three times a week tor the | last two months, ana notwithstanding the deserted state of Paris at this season, assemblies of fifteen thousand persons have been on several occasions collected there. The performances, which take place in the afternoon from three to five, consist of horsemanship, races, chariot races a l'antique, tcc., and are supported by the magnificent stud and the entire troup of upwards of 100 performeis attached to Franconi's establishment. Another exception to the desertion of theatres, is offered bv the Porte St. Martin, where your countryman, Risley, with his children, is nightly attracting overflowing houses He leaves here for a short engagement at Vienna, after which he gees to Lcndon to fulfil a winter en gagement at Drury Lane. In the literary world, the announcements are chiefly confined to works of fiction. The success of the Mysteries of Paris has made the fortune of its author. Eugene Sue sold that work before it wa? published, for six thousand dollars, and bound him self under a penalty of two thousand Ave hundred dollars, to give his future works on the same terms The publishers netted about fifty thousand dollars by the Mysteries, and tbe author having thus learn ea his own value, paid the forfeit of two thousand Ave hundred dollars, and put an end to the con tract. He sold the Juif Errant for forty thousand dollars, and it is said that two thousand dollars were paid by the American publishers tor receiving early proofs for translation. Thus, Sue may be said to have received the largest sum ever paid to any author, (not excepting Scott himself) for any single work of fiction. The effect produced by this work has been im mense. Although statesmen do not choose to ac knowledge it, no one doubts that it has been the immediate cause of the public excitement against the Jesuits, by which the administration has been driven to negotiate with the papal government to withdraw them; since, otherwise, the government must have entorced the laws against them. Mean while, Sue's work has been proscribed by thi church, and denounced from the altar. Catholic^ known to possess it are excommunicated. All this, of course, has only augmented its circulation. Sue has just announced a new work. Let Sept ptchts Capitanse, (the Seven Cardinal Sins), the publica tion of which is advertised for January. You have heard, of course, of the faux pat of Vic tor Hugo. These things pass with Utile notice here They are not treated as civil questions,butare prose cuted before the criminal tribunals. The lady is in prison, and the poet has gone to amuse himself on the Rhine, from which he is already transmitting letters tor publication. The question of the application of steamships, in the event of a war, has lately engaged much atten tion, both in England and here. It is admitted that, notwithstanding the large number of steam vesseh that have been constructed in the British dock yards, and the scarcely less numerous fleet, built by France, for the nominal service of the Post Office, but with the real viewB of offence and delence, it. the contingency of war, not one constructed ic either country is really efficient for the latter pur pose. The most unaccountable and disgraceful blunders have been committed in these proceedings on both sides of the channel. The Prince de Jotn vilie has shown that the French steamers, whatevei may have been the intention of those who con structed them, are fitted for nothing but packets, and are utterly useless lor the purposes of naval war. li has been demonstrated that when the British steam ships have received their machinery, fuel and Btores, thty cannot take their guns ! Tins is on a par with the calculations which enclosed the Great Britain in the dock at Bristol. Much attentioa is attracted it. England, by the attempt now commenced at New York ana Boston, to adopt the principle of the suba queous propeller,used as an auAiliarv to packet ships This is regarded as one ot the most promising m the projects which have come from your side oi the Atlantic. It is more especially felicitous in its fitness for war steamers. The screw, as applied in the Great Britain and other similar ships, is objec tionable, inasmuch ae it impedes the sailing powei ot the vessel; but this will not be the case with b stern propeller, which can be raised out ot the water In short, if the line of steam-sailing packetB now proposed can be successfully established, it is pro bable that ull the liners must ultimately adopt the principle, since they can scarcely withstand the competition to which they will be exposed, and u seems doubtful whether even the Cunard steamers may not be compelled to give way and reform their construction. The railway mania continues at its height, spreads over Europe and even extends to the Eastand West Indies. The railways now in actual operation in France are the following :?Two be twsen Pans and Versailles, one following each bank of the river, the Paris and Rouen Railway (the extension to Havre being in an advanced stage ot construction) and the Paris and Orleans Railway and a tew others. On passing over these lines, the first impression produced on an American is the strikiug advantages they have over the lines of rail way in the United States, in the superior ease and comtort of the carriages, the greater expedition ol the travelling, and its greater cheapness. As these are all points interesting to every one, and as there is no reason really apparent why the same advanta ges should not be attainable on our railways, 1 shall describe distinctly in what they consist. Each train on the French lines is composed of three dit> unci sorts of coaches. The first, called the coupe, is in form like an English private chariot, the pas sengers having windows bctore them as well as be side them, and billing with their laces to tin horses. Each coupe usually has seats for three oi lour passengers. The secoud is called diligentes, and resemble ah English family coach, the pasoeu gers sitting lace to lace. Each ot these coachet nave places lor four passengers on each seat, auo therefore contain eight persons. Both ot thes? classes of carriages are stufled, padded and cush ioned in the most luxurious and expensive style. The windows are admirably tilted and constructed, and are ot plate glass and quite.airt'ght. In short, the appointments of these vehicles are in no essen tial particular inferior to the best private coaches used in Pans or London. The third class of car nages are of the same form as the second, but not so roomy in proportion to the number they accom modate, and not so expensively stufled, padded and lined, bull, they are sufficiently capacious and cushioned for the perfec ease and comfort of the passengers, and are certainly superior in every re spect even to the best constructed carriages on any American railway. The fares in each of these c asses are different, although they compose the same tram, and, of course, move with the same expedition. Thua on the Versailles Railway the lure in the coupes is two francs; in the diligentes s franc and a halt; and in the third class coaohes, a franc and a quar ter. The distance to Versailles, by the railway, I being fourteen miles, thiB is at the rate of less than two cents per mile tor the third class coaches. Take another case: The distance Irom Paris to ! Rouen, by the railway, ta above eighty miles, and the fare in the third class is ten francs, being at two ! and a half cents per mile. The rate at which these trains travel, is generally twenty miles an hour, stoppages included. On our railways, on the other j hand, the carriages are lessexpensively constructed, and are proportionately less commodious for pas sengers. The average speed, including stoppages, seldom much exceeds fifteen miles an hour, and 1 the charge is usually about lour and a halt cents per mile. Thus from New Vork to Philadelphia, a distance of ninety-five miles, is travelled in abou, j five and a halt hours, at the cost of four dollars, i which gives the above rates; and other lines will j be found, with few exceptions, to give n<-arly the same result. Would it not be worth while lor 1 railway directors to consider, whether, by taking a leal front the book of European railways, they might not afford increased accommodation to the public, with, perhaps, increased profit to them selves 1 r' .In England, where the expense of construction has been so enormous, and where the speed attained is so extreme, the cost of travelling in the third class carriages is about two cents a mile, and in the se cond class about four cents. II, however, we are behind Europe in our rail ways, how immeasurably are we not in advance of everything here in our magnificent rivers and steam ers. To speak lor a moment of any steamer navi gating the Thames, the Rhine, the Seine, the Loire or the Rhone, in comparison with even the poorest of the boats on the Hudson or the Mississippi, would be in the least degree ridiculous. They are immeasurably behind our's in every respect in which it is possible to regard them. Ia speed, power, capacity, accommodation, splendor,?every thing They must cross the Atlantic and take a lesson of us, or they will soon in this art of inland nav iga tion be a century behind us. The excitement lately produced on the Bourse, immediately before and immediately after the for mal concession of the Great Northern railway. (Irom Paris to Brussels) to the company represented by Rothschild, Lafitte and Hottinguer, far exceeded anything of the kind whic i has occurred since the revolution of July. The gambling in these shares, as well as others,has spread through in all classes even , to the lowest. During the last two or three weeks, the Bourse has been a perfect Babel. The police have been summoned daily to keep something like order among the mob which throngs it. The suf focation and crush of the inside of the building, has become so intolerable, that many of the weal thier speculators have established their chairs daily in the vestibule, sending their clerks back and tor- j ward between them ana the interior, to tnlorm them of the course ol the sales. A certain corner has been tacitly appropriated to the smaller gamblers, those who deal in single shares, or batches ot from five to ten ; the great dealers now doing nothing, save by hundreds and even thousands. These smaller fry consist chietiy of servants, who bring here all their wages and perquisites. It is said that the house ol Rothschild, which be fore the adjudication of the Northern line, en grossed half the entire number of shares at par, have already netted the enormous sum of one hundred and fifty millions of francs by the transaction. There is probably exaggeration in this, but that these g. gantic capitalists have realized an immense sum is certain. This great line of railway is to extend from Paris to Brussels, passing through Amiens and Valen cicnnes, and having branches to Boulogne and other principal places. It is already in a very forward state. The construction of the railways of France ia usually commenced by the government, and after they are completed, they are farmed for a limited period (from forty to eighty years) to a company which reimbtirseB all the outlay. At the expiration of the period thus contracted for, they are to return to the hands of the Government, and their profitB to be brought to the account of the general revenues of the country. In the present case, the Rothschild company have received a concession of this line lor a period of about forty years. The entire length of the French part of the line Irom Paris to Valen ciennes, is about 120 miles. It is expected that the part of the line from Amiens to Valenciennes will be opened in eight months from the present time The part nearer to Pans will be later. The vast European importance of this railway will be appre ciated, when it is remembered that it will conneci Paris with the numerous lines with which the bur lace of Belgium is reticulated, and thereby com municate with the Rhine, and the lines ot railway communication in progress in Prussia, the German estates and Switzerland. A magnetic telegraph is erected, and in operation between Paris and Rouen. In all its external ap pearances, it is identical with those erected by .Vlorse in the United States. The wires are in the same manner carried over rollers or sheaves at tached to posts. supporting them at a height more or less considerable, and these are placed at the sides of the railways. The telegraphs here were erected by Professor Wheatstone, ol London, for the French Government. I have not yet had time to go to see them at work, but will give you a full account of them in my next. A formidable rival to General Tom Thumb has just appeared in the person ot an English youth Irom Somersetshire, born of humble pirents on the 4th of Jan., 1831, and now in his fifteenth year. His height is thirty-lour inches, oeing one inch less than the American. He is said to be much more graceful than ioni Thumb, and to oe perfect in all his proportions. Foreign Extracts. East India Cotton and Sugar.?The Committee of the British and Foreign Anti-Slavery Society nave presented to Sir R. Peel a document contain ing their opinions upon the national advantages which would accrue, if the government were to en courage the growth and importation of East India cotton and sugar. After speaking ai the dependence of England for her prosf>erity on foreign countries, inasmuch as they supply her with materials for manufacturing cotton wool and other articles, they say: " To show the nature of this dependence, the following statis tics are given with reference ts cotton wool, al though similar statistics might be given in connec tion with articles of equal importance, such as su ,'ar, linseed, hemp, <tec. In 1825, the imports ol American cotton amounted to 366,618 bales ; in 1830 o 512,664 bales; in 1835 to 676,568 bales ; in 1840 to 456,025 bales; in 1841 to 983 536 bales; in 1842 to 464,441 bales ; in 1843 to 1,286,233 bales; and in 1844 io 1,158,323 bales. This prodigious increase in the mpply of cotton wool tor die manufactures of thi? country, however advantageous it may have proved nitherto, is no guarantee for the future and perma nent prosperity of that great branch of national in dustry." They then show how a war with the Uni ted States would paralyse all their operations, and argue that it is absolutely necessary that this state ol dependence should no longer exist, as British India can supply them in abundance, and quote trom M r Gladstone's speech in the House ol Commons, to show the vast amount ol capital engaged in the ma uufacturing interests, the immense Hinount of slave produced cotton that is used, in comiwrison will) that the produce of tree labor. And how deeply in terested manufacturers Ought to be on this subject They then go on to show the interest the niercautili world have in it, as the medium of communication oetween the seller and buyer. "He seeks a market tor his goods, and the United States at the present lime is one ol his best markets; but he is subject b> many grievous disadvantages and drawbacks. Two may be enumerated?the American tariff which se riously limits his sales, and places the balance st trade against him, and the nou-employment to a vast extent of British shipping in the carrying trade be tween the United States and Oreat Britain." And by a statement of the imports and exports trom Great Britain to the United states,North Ame rican colonies and West India Islands in 1840, they mow the actual balance of 32,578,000 dollars to havi -xisted against Great Britain mat year, and an ex cess of 2,075,106 tons American shipping to liavi ?e?n employed during that year. The effect ol all mis muy be seen in the tacts that,in 1832, the amount >1 cotton wool consumed in, the U. States was onlj 192,412 bales, while in 1844, it amounted to 346,74-t bales. From this, |they argue that not only is the market of the United States becoming restricted to the British manufacturer, in consequence of then rising manufacturing powers, which consume her own cotton wool, but they also fear that English manufacturerers (who are entirely dependent on America for cotton) will shortly find great rivals in the Americans in the markets of the world. This competition they say, could be met, and the disad vantages overcome by relying on their own re sources. II British India could be made the source of supply to England of cotton wool, "British ship ping, instead of American, would be employed in ihe transport of merchandise both to and from Brit ish India. The amount of tonnage employed by the United States, with this country, is reckoned at nine-tenths of the whole. There can be little doubt, that when these facts are fully known, merchants and manufacturers will be equally anxious lo draw their supplies of this article from British India, to the groajest possible extent, as a mere question of profit." They then go on the philanthropic view of the case, and nay that bringing the cotton of British India into competion with that of the United States, would go far to annihilate American slavery, also, that low as upland cotton is now soiling (fld ) it might be raised from India lower still It has al ready,by its superior cheapness,superceded Brazilian cotton, and they adduce various cotton brokers cir culars to prove that it could also compete with Ame rican prices. They then go on to snow that three things are requisite to accomplish the great ends in view, viz: quantity, quality and price. Regarding the ith respect to the capabilities of British India first,"with for supplying the British manufacturer with an ade quale quantity of cotton wool, there cannot be two opinions among those who have paid any attention to the subject. Cotton is indigenous to the soil of India. Its inhabitants have been fumed in times past for the extent, texture, and beauty of their cot ton fabrics. It is the opinion of scientific and prac tical men, that India can produce cotton in the pro portion of millions to hundreds " And tney quote the works of Dr. Ravle, Maltebrun, and Mr. Crawford, the author of the Indian Archi pelago, who say that the three Presidencies con tain land capable of growing cotton to an illimitable extent, and from the extent of the provinces, and the number of them, easily accessible to seaports, there is a balance to the dilliculties of transit which materially present themselves, when Central India only is mentioned. Though British India still ma nufactures goods, it only exports them to a very li mited extent. Capital and machinery, combined with the high rates of duty levied on India goods imported into England, have destroyed its power'to export. There has been a large increase in the ex port of cotton wool from India to Great Britain and China since the year 1825, and the sum total is as follows, viz.:?"A comparative statement of the quantity of cotton exported from the whole of Bri tish India to Great Britain and China during the five years ending 1811-42, gives the following re sults:?Great Britain, 830,629,890 lbs. ; China, ; 452,795,315lbs. (English). The average export per j annum has been during this period?to Great Bri tain, 66,125,96(5 lbs ; to China, 90,559,063lbs." The ; export to China is considerable, and since the peace with that country, will doubtless increase. . The second consideration viz: quality, they dispose of in a very satisfactory manner, and again quote i in hi a vti j cauoiaoii/i j iiiauuri. auu a^aiu ijut/ic from Dr. Rayle, who says as follows:?i( It is like wise distinguished from the American short stapled cottons for some good qualities. The first of these 1 is color, by which yarn and cloth in which it is em ployed are much improved in appearance. The second is the swelling of its thread, which, when the cloth is bleached, enables the intermediate va cancies to be filled up, giving the whole a more sub stantial appearance. The third good quality is that in dyeing, it takes the color more uniformly than other cottons. The best quality of the Bombay cottons are those from Broach and Surat, which, in nood seasons are found to be equal to middling bowed Georgia. With res|iect to long-stapled cot tons, the presumption is that they can be grown in India of an equally line texture with those of Ame rica " They also quote from the evidence taken before the I louse of Commons to show that the par tial failure of India cotton has depended not upon the mal-adaplation of the soil to grow it, but to the miserable management of the natives who have had the charge of raising it. They also quote from Dr. Wallich, the superintendent of the Botanical Gardens at Calcutta, which is highly encouraging as to the possibility of growing a good quality of cotton in India. From the facts collected it is be lieved that the quality of Indian cotton may be bo improved as to rival, in every respect, the produce of the United States. Of this there can be little doubt?that larger quantities of Broach and Surat cottoq would find a market in this country, if this supply could be relied on. The third consideration is rice, and on this head they say that it varies iu different districts, and the expenses of transit vary also. The tact, however, of the yearly increase of its present importation into England in its imperfect state shows that the opera tion is profitable. Its price in Great Britain depends on its cleanness, a feature at present little attended to. " With respect to improved cultiva tion, that is likely to be accomplished by the exam ple afforded by experienced men now in the service ef the East India Company. As a proof of this it may be mentioned that at Dharwar the natives are cultivating about 3000 acres after the American mode, with every prospect of success. As to clean picking, that can only be secured by constant super intendence and vigilance. Probably premiums giv **n to the cultivators for the best picked cotton would be attended with beneficial results. As to oleaning, the churka used by th? natives of India appears best adapted to the cotton grown in India ; the t-awgin injuring the fibre, which is said not to be quit* so strong as the American. The churka, however, does not clean above 40!bs a day. whilst by die saw gin 1400 or 1500 may be cleaned. An instrument, however supposed to possess the excellencies of the churka and the sawgin, has been constructed in this country and sent to tne three presidencies for trial." They then make some remarks regarding the pro priety of reducing the land tax, and tax on tools now levied in India, and providing the means of cheap transit such as good and safe roads, canals, bridges, and other improvements of a similar character, and invite British capitalists to take advantage of this chance and secure to India and England markets of the richest and most important kind, whilst in re turn England would confer upon her the most solid advantages. If it should be said that in destroying the American market they would loose 17,000,000 customers, they would, in giving India that market, gain 100,000,000 in,return. "At allevents this is eer tain, if India can supply cotton of equal qualitjr and similar price with that from America, she will con fer a vast boon on this country, and Bhould she be able to supply it at a less cost, which it is believed with proper attention she may, she will be a mighty instrument in the hand of Divine Providence of breaking down one of the most execrable tyrannies that exists on the face of the earth. These conside rations should secure for this object the warm sym pathy and hearty co-operation of every British pa triot and of every'Christian philanthropist." Mr. Arbuthnot, in the name of the Prime Minis ter, gave them the assurance of Sir Robert that he would not fail to call the attention of Her Majesty's advisers to the suggestions withfwhich the Society had thus favored them. Great Increase of Population.?Census op Michigan for 1845?We have obtained as yet but few returns of the census which is being taken in this state, and which is to be completed before the first Monday of November. The result in five of the oldest and longest settled towns in Jackson county shows an increase since 1810, equal to 21 or 22 per cent. In one of two towns in St. Joseph county, from which we have seen returns, the result thows an increase of nearly 90 per cent in the last five years; and in the other, but from which three sections, or one twelfth part of the area of the township, had been taken away since 1810, the pre sent census Bhows an increase since 1810, equal to about 32 per cent. No accurate estimate of tne pro bable rate of increase of population throughout the state, during the last five years, can be formed from the tew returns yet received. The electoral votes of 1814, as compared with that of 1810, would in dicate an increase of a little over 25 percent in four years, equal to about 32 per cent 111 five years; but the number of scholars returned for the fast school year, as compared with the returns of four or five years ago, would indicate a much greater increase. Although the state has not probably advanced in ,iopulation for the last five years, as fast as it did oetween 1830 and 1810, yet there is no doubt that it is increasing at a ratio about rb great as most new states at the like periods of their growth, and one st which she is rapidly overtaking and nutatriping the smaller sized of the old states. The lowest estimate that can be formed of our present or pro spective rate of increase, would gives us, in the lower |>eninsula alone, in less than a quarter of a century, a population of over a million inhabitants. Instead of being the fourth smallest in point of population of the twenty-six states of the Union, as *he was in 1810, Michigan will then be one of the middle-sized of some thirty-five or thirty-six states ; tnd instead of having, as she did in 1810, less than one eightieth part of the seventeen millions consti tuting the population of the Union, as shown by the census of that year, she will then have over one fortieth of the forty millions which will by that time be contained in uie United States.?Detroit Fret Pres$, Sept. 30. An American Man or War.?The U. S. war steamer Jefferson, Capt. Whitcombe,isnowlyingin y. The Kingston Harbor, having arrived yesterday' Jefierson is an iron vessel, about 460 tons burden, pierced for 24 gnns on a flush deck, but having only two guns mounted. Her steam apparatus does not seem to be of much power, being of the Propeller kind, but she is heavily sparred as a three masted schooner; and is said to sail like a witch. She is certainly a very beautiful craft, and like all Yankee men-of-war, is kept m admirable order. When she cast anchor yesterday, she was visited by Com mander Fowell, II M. S. Mohawk, and the visit was afterwards returned by the American Officer ? At present both vessels have the flag of both nations flying at their Fore and Gatf.?Kingiton, Canada, IVhtu Sept. 30. A Hkavy Maryland Law Suit?The Haters lown Natl states, that tha hairs of the late J. T. Mason and Thomas Harbine, have, or are about to institute legal proceedings in the Circait Court of the United States,Tot the recovery of the Montpelier aetata, situated in Wash ington county, and containing upward* of Ave thousand sores of land. Anti-Rent Trials. I Delhi, Oct. 4th, 1844. Delaware Oyer and Terminer?Hon. A.J. Parker, Preeid ing Judge?John Van Bur en, Attorney General?J. A. - Hughtton, Esy , Dielricl Attorney The Court met thia morning at 9 o'clock. Arraigned and Dieehargtd- Valentine Kettle Was ar- i raiened on an indictment charging hira with being dis- | ruiaed and armed, and kidnapping -plead guilty. On ac count of hn youth sentence was suspended, and be was discharged on recogniz ncea. Jason Sandford was arraigned en sis indictments, chancing him with being disguised and armed, kidnap- I ping and murder Bendlord is a boy 18 years of age, | end is said to have been under the immediate eonrorof i Daniel Northrup. the chief of the Andes tribe The Dis- | trict Attorney proposed entering a nolle, prosequi in the indictment for murder, and discharging the prisoner on recognizances to keep the peace for one year. , The Court acceded to the suggestion, and he was dii ChL^f8andford, indicted lor robbery, bain, disgutaed and armed, plead guilty. In consequence or his youth the Court sontencei him to pay a fine of $60 for J*1"* armed and disguised. Suspended sentence on the in dictment lor robbery, and discharged the defendant on recognizance* being entered to keep the peace lor y<Joiin Bardslee, indicted for conspiracy, Ac. plead not *U?eorge Tompkins plead guilty to an indictment for being armed and disguised, Ac. Sentence suspended, and discharged on his own recognizances to keep the peace for one Tear. .on The Court now adjourned to Monday morning, at 9 o'clock, when a trial will probably be brought on. Delhi, Oct. 3,1946. The Ladiee Industrial Association? Statietice of MtC lenery?Fair at the Academy?Village and City Belle*? Foung Bachelore?Beauties of Delhi. After witnessing the heart-rending scenes about and within the log prisons, of this once peaceful and happy village?being compelled to listen to thu details of trials for murder, pleas to indic'mants, ate. atc.,aDy. thing which promises pleasure, will, of course, be hailed with delight The ladies of the Episcopal Church here, have been engaged for some days past in getting up a fair and entartainment for charitable purposes. It came off last evening in the rooms of the academy, which had been tastefully decorated and brilliantly illuminated for the occasfon. At about 8 o'clock, we entered the halls, which were already thronged with eager and curious visitors. Here were the sweetest annd loveliest girls in i hristendom. . Unlike the cold formality and attestation, which reigns throughout the fashionable circles of a city here all was freedom, gaiety, and good humor. There was no stiffness, awkwardness, nor conceit?the voting ladies were neither formal, artificial, designing, nor sentimental, but lively, coquettish, rogueish and wittv?full of fun and mirth. The piquant repartee and sparkling jest circulated freely, while happy, joyous strains of laughter, echoed right merrily through the There'a much that is dangerous and .bewitching About the ?imple maid of nature. Tell me not that city belles are more relined, elegant, and intellectual-more magnificently arrayed?fascinating and brilliant?that they possess more refined and cultivated tastes?and have better opportunities for exercising them ! But tranaport me. a bachelor of five and twenty .from the smooth, allt tering varnish and pretended refinements of city lile, to these wild and romantic hills-place before him the scene of last night?let him gaze on those dark lustrous eyes, swimming in their own ethereal essence the rounded and voluptuous forms?the pouting lips?silken tresses?animated faces and well rounded insteps of the congregated beauties there assembled, and if he ? the most inveterate woman hater in the world, somehow or other htf will begin to think of matrimony, a home-o fireside?children?dometic joy-connubud bliss, etc. He thinks perhaps for the first time in his life, how swoet it would be to have some one to share his auocaaa and console him in affliction?how lonely and desolate is his own hearth, where he has sat Joyless and companionless for years-he begins to feel that " it is not good for man to be alone," amlto ponder on what he ahall do to save himself from-everlaatinr perdition. He has no fear ol curtain lecture* nor molding, but like a man, la resolved to brave his fate. ? , 1 have no doubt such were the sage reflections of many young bachelors, and hope they may prosper in their good intentions. It would be difficult to say who was the belle of the evening?there ware many who had olaima to that dis tinction. Miss E. S.. with eyas of violet blue, borrowing flashes of Illumination from her smiling and dimpling lips, may well contend for the palm-her form, cast in nature's finest mould, might rival the cestus of Venus. Eyes of admiration scan her beauties, and while they look they languish. She seems " Like Pygmalion's statue waking ; The mortal and the marble still atstrile, And timidly expandliig into lile." she has a competitor in the charming and coquettish Miss 8. T., who is all happiness and love?like sparkling and vivid champaigne, where she touches she intoxicates Her delicious form inclining forwards, each molioi 1 showing the perlectitude of its Grecian contour -, while her eyes, dark a* the night, beam with liglituing fla.he? of happiness. The graceful and fa cinating Miss A. a wreath of myrtle twined with her auburn tresses, seem ed the embodiment of archness and coquetry. Miss O of Hobart, attracted much attention and won the hearts of all beholders. , " Her form was fresher than the morning rose, When the dew wets its leaves." The lovely Mrs. P. and brilliant Mrs. 8. like Juno s swans, moved in one circle ard dazzled those who gazed. Mis* H. P. and Mia* A. P were the centre of a coterie, who seemed faacinated by their conversation and many "^Upon the was one of the pleasantest evenings we have ever spent, and all seemed gratified. Affairs in Canada?We have fine autumnal weather. The dry goods trade continues brisk, and we believe that remunerativ*. prices have generally ecu obtained at merchants' auctions. Holders ap pear wishful to clear oil Blocks. Several ot our re gular trading vessels with general cargoes have not ^TheHon. L. J. Papineau haa entered Canada. He is at present with some members ot his tamily in St Hyacinth, about 20 miles from here. He intends to visit Montreal in about a week. He has been ab sent about eight years. Some excitement has been caused among the Pro testant population on account of several of the win dows of St. Ann's chapel ot ease in Gritlintown having been broken, which was attributed to the Irish Roman Catholics resident in that suburb; it appears however, merely to have been the work ol some drunken men in an aflray among them selves. . ... An act will be applied for during the coming ses sion of Parliament, lor power to construct a rail road Irom St. John's to the province line, at or near Missisquoi Bay, in the Eastern townships, to be connected at that point with the Boston and Wel lington railroad, with a branch into the neigibonng townships. Application will also be made tor leave to construct a bridge from the main land on the South Bide of the St. Lawrence to /lie a la Pierre, immediately opposite Montreal, lor the purpose ol establishing a more convenient ferry across the river than any yet established. The number ol emigrants arrived at Quebec up to the 27th ult., was 24,910, showing an increase ot 6,004 in favor of 1846. The increase in the number of cabin passengers is 513. The number ot vessels arrived to the same date was 1296, showing a diner t*nce in favor of 1845 ol 171 vessels and ol,oo4 tons, as compared wiih the same period last year. The Beauhamoir canal, twelve miles in length, to avoid the cascades and Cedar rapids?is now com pleted, and will be fully opened on the 13th inet. The Montreal district and county cattle show have taken place this week. The stock exhibited show some improvement since last year. Some ot the finest animals were imported Irom the U nited states.?Livingston'* Montreal -Letter, Oct. 3. American Ocean Steamers, Mail Lines.?The The Post Master General has issued proposals for carrying the mails of the United Stater as herein specified, to wit;?1. From New York to Liverpool, in England, and back; or to Bristol, in England, and back; or to Southhampton, in England, and back. 2 From New York, by Cowes, in England, to An twerp, in Belgium, and back ; or to Bremen, in Ger many, and back: or to Hamburg in Germany, and uack. 3. From New York to Havre, in France, and back : or to Brest, in France, and back. 4. From New York, to Lisbon, in Portugal, and back. 5. From New York, by Havana, in t!uba, to New Or leans, and back. 6. From New York, by Havana, to Chagres. in Colombia, and back ; with joint or separate oners to extend the transportation to Pa nama, and up the Pacihc, to the mouth of the Co lumbia, and thence to the principal port in the Sand wich Islands; or from Charleston, to the same, and back ; or from Pensacola, to the same, and back ; or from Mobile, to the same, and back ; or from New Orleans to the same, and back. 7. From New Orleans to Havana, and back ; with an offer to ex tend to Kingston, in the island ol Jamaica; or frem Mobile to the same, and back ; or from Pensacola to the Bame, and back ; or from Charleston to the same, and back, with an offer to supply Key West. It is intended, out of the foregoing list of routes, to make selection of one to Europe, and one to the Gulf of Mexico and the Pacific, as may best be de termined, after proposals for service on all the routes are submitted?not relinquishing, however, the right to place a greater number in operation, if it shall be deemed expedient. Shortest Passage ever made between Quebec and Montreal.-The steamer ' Quebec, Captain Luckin, left the Napoleon Wharf, Quebec, on Wed nesday afternoon last, at a few minutes past hve.&nu alter stopping at her usual landing pliMps, Three Rivers and Port St. Francis, arrived atlhis port at twenty minutes before four o'clock; distance being ISO miles, beating the steamer "Montreal" by nearly one hour ? Montreal Htraid, Oct. 8. I Court Intelligence. Gc.vksal Sessions, Oct. 0-Before Recorder Tell* raadge, end Aldermen Stonaall end Be neon. M. C. Pet tenon, Esq., DUtriot Attorney. The Ovtober Term ef this Court commenced this morning , the following ca eee, comprising the calender, viz : Kor manslaughter, 3; assault and battery with intent to kill. 3; rape. 1; attempt at rape, 1; bigamy, 1; forgery, 3. burglary, ?; grand lar ceny, 9; false pretence*, Si conspiracy, 2; riot, 1; Total 34 new cases. Previously convicted, 1; previously in dicted, 18; disorderly conduct, 6; bastardy, 1; total, M old cases Total of old and new caaes, 60 The following grntlemen were sworn as Grand Jurora for the present term, viz Nathaniel Wood, foreman i Robert Adams, Jacob Aims, Patrick Brady. David C. Crane, Oeorge Childs, Aaron Chichester. WilliamE. Col li*, Samuel N. Dodge, Joseph P. Dean, John Falconer, Edward Green, Jacob Hals cad, Drake Mills, William E. Millet, John McLane, Charlea Oakley, Benjamin G. Rushton, Martin M. Smith, Oliver B. Tweedy and Daniel Wilson, who after a brief charge from the Recorder, re tired to commence their duties. The names ofeighty-four petit jurors wore called, but only a small portion of them answered to tboir names. Finet? Several persoiu summoned to attend as grand and petit jurors, were fined for uon-attendauoe at the last and prasent terms of this Court. Pita of Guilt?Cord Myers, indicted for stealing $75 worth of clothing from the store of Mr. J. H. Ward, in Maiden Lane, on the 4th of September last, wee permitted to plead guilty, and he was sentenced to be imprisoned in the State prison for the term of two years. Forfeiture of Boil?The following persons, who had been admitted to bail, failing to answer to their name* when called upon for trial,their respective recognizances were declared to be forfeited:?William Wallace, in dicted for a grand larceny, in stealing $89 worth of pro perty from John H. Evehab, No. 11 Whitehall street James Wilson, for stealing about $66 worth of property from Thomas S. Somen and $85 worth of clothing from Counsellor Sickles, in Nassau street; also, $35 worth of property from Messrs. Thomas fc Coit, of No. 51 William street .. . William 8mith and Thomas McKinney, severally in dicted for petit larcenies. The Court then adjourned until 11 o'clock to-morrow forenoon. Court of Chancery. Before the Hon. Lewis H. Sandford, Assistant Vice Chan cellor. Oct. 6.?Dicisions.??noeA C. March ve. Stephen Lud turn and others?O. H. Piatt aDd J.?L. White for com* plainant ; E. Sandford for defendants. Decided that there was no fraud or irregularity in the Loan Commissioner^ sale to Ludlum. Bill dismissed with costs a* to Sayra, and without costs as to the other parties. Deposition of Bloomer suppressed. New York Lije Insurance and 7Yuet Co. vs. Manning and others?W. Betts for complainant ; R. Manning for defendsmts. Decided that no part of the payments made are to apply upon the principal; and that lrom June 1, 1813, complainants are entitled to interest at 6 per cent, only. Decree'for foreclosure and sale. Mary A. Dobson vs. Eliza Racey.?S. A. Crapo and T. W. Tucker for complainant; E. Ward and W. W. Camp bell for defendant. Decided that the deed to Harrison and from him to Racey, were in effect a sale by Racey as attorney for Dobson to himself ; and that it upheld. Decree for redemption and an account of rents, &c. All further directions reserved. Joseph O. Conklin vs. Elkanah H. Conklin and others?* 8. W. Gaines, for complainant ; J.T. Bradys for Okell and others ; J. McKcon and S. D. Craig for heirs of Mo ses C Decided that Elkanah Conklin took a life estate only in the lands, and that each of his sons took a vested remainder in fee. That the limitetion over on the failure of male heirs was void for remoteness. That on the death of Ebenezer and Isaac C , their father* inherited their shares in remainder, and on his death all his childran and grand-children inherited the fame from him. Alao decided, that so far as the improvements made by the sur viving sons (believing they were sole owners) enhanced the present value, they sheuld be allowed in a partition. Decree accordingly. Edtr Le Foy vs. EmtctUors of Abraham. Le Toy and others.?A Nash for complainant; E Morrill pro *#; F. Wilson for the i ther defendants.?Master's report con firmed except as to Henry Le Foy's support after Abra ham's death. No costs to or against Henry's executors. Decree for an administration account of the estates of Hester, Abraham, Henry and Thomas W. Le Foy, and surplus, if any, to go to complainant Receiver conti nued and empowered to preset ve the property. Jlndrew Lofsky vs. Daniel Maujer and others.?C. E Appleby and M. Hoffman for complainant; C. Paget and J. N. Piatt ior defendant Decided that there was ne payment or merger of the rent, and complainant ao luired a lion on It by his foreclosure bill and receiver. Money decreed to the complainant The Assistant Vice Chancellor announced that he would call his calender on Monday next. In Chancery. Before Vice Chancellor McCoun. Oct.6.?Decisions.? Wm. IViilit et al re John Jaeok At'or.?A bill was filed in this case against the defend ant to compel him to perform a certain covenant in a lease made by him to complainants, which lease gave title to certain property, and expired some three years igo. The lease contained a covenant to grant a new lease or pay for the buildings erected ou the premises, the ground rent to he ascertained and charged 5 per cent in terest. Astor tendered a new lease for a term ol 18 jeara, and the ground rent to be SIM, complainant to (iay all taxes, or be ejected. The complainant made the tease omitting the covenant to pay taxes, which lease Astor refused to give, and said ho would execute the lease he promised to give under the covenant in relation to the payment of taxes. That the defendant specifically performed his covenant by executing the lease in the form tendered to him by complainant, and to be executed as set forth in the complainant's bill, and a copy of which is thereto annexed within 30 days, and that the defend ant pay the complainant's costs of this suit Southern Lift Insurance and 7Yiut Company vs. Thos. E. Davis et. at.? Ordered, that the plea stand allowed, With costs to the defendant, to be taxed, end with liberty to the complainant, the Southern Life Insurance ana Trust Company, to amend the bill by striking out the uames of the Messrs Branch ft Co , complainants,ii they shall be advised so to do within 30 days, and on payment of said costs-and if they shall not elect to ameud the bill, then, that the complainants leave the same 30 days, in which to reply to ana take iesue upon the said plea John R. Hurray, Executor, vs. Preeid-nt end Directors of the Mechanics' Bank.? Decree adjudging and declaring tne will and the trust therein contaiued of no force or effect to revive debts barred by statute \of limitation at the time of the making thereof, or of the death of the tea utor; but that the debts in Judgment in favor of tba Me chanics' Bank, and others, being .debts of rocord, are af fected by statute of limitations. John Laser ence, Jtd'r., to. Corneliovt B. Loser one o end othsrs.?In this case it was ordered that demurrer be al lowed, and bill be dismissed with coats, to bo paid out of tbo estate in the land of the complainant, as administra tor. Eliza} Domott et. ol. vs. Maria Mc Gowan.?That demurrer be allowed, and bill dismissed with cost*. Superior Court. Belore a full Bench. Oct. 6?Decisions.?Stephen Coupel vt. John C. Lin die.?Appeal dismissed with $7 costs. Robert Megan rs Patrick Kasos. ?Judgment aflrmod. Charles Ji. Httksher vs. fi'tn. Dec key.?Judgment re versed and cause remanded back for new trial. Coats of certiorari to be paid by defendant in error. Phi to Price, impleaded ado. John Leslie.?Jodgment of aon proe. granted. Chas. C. Poppe Senior vs Bar sit la Ransom.?Judgment aflltmed. Thos. Dunham and Ertdk. Diamond vs. John Keenan.? Judgment affirmed. James W. Cameron et al. vs. James Albro.?New trial granted on payment of costs, Ac. Mark Htaley vs. The Mutual Safety Insuranet Class ny Judgment for plaintiffs on demurrer to 4th and 6th pleas, and for defendant on demurrer to 3d and Sd plena, with liberty to each party to amend, and pay the coats. B. A. Campbell et als. vs. Edgar Harriott?This also came up on demurrer, with a like decision, and with li berty to each party to plead and pay tha costs. John Merkle et alt. aas. Day and Ashley.?Naw trial de nied jidalphus N. Gorerneur vt. F. A. Palmar.?Naw trial granted. Circuit Court. Belore Judge Edmonda. Oct. 6.?Polly Bodint.?Mr. Clam, District Attorney of Richmond County, moved to hava the trial In tha eaee ol Polly Bodine, brought on as soon as possible. The Court intimated it would be prepared to commanoe the trial on the third Monday, and accordingly set it down on the calendar for that day, being next Monday week. This long and embarrassing case will, it is expected, be finally disposed of at tha next trial. No civil business was disposed of. Several jurors were sworn in, when the Court adjourned over to this (Tuesday) forenoon. Before Judge Vanderpcel. Hebeat Corput.?Judge Vanderpoel decided, in the case of Michael B. "Wolfe, arrested under a writ of no exeat, and who gave bonds that he would net leave the State without permission from ,h* 90U,'t. which he violated, having gone to v'1rB'?J^', May laet an eot was pained by the i^^latuw^of Ule State, empowering sureUes fur partiee belore the f ourt ol Chance, y to sSnender their J?* wa? hrou* lit beck from Virginia to New York, and was fm*"en?ered by hi* hail, tie Honor held, that the aur render was in accordance with the proviaiona of tha naw law, and Wolfe wa? remanded Com anon Plena. Before Judge Daly. Oct. 6.?Alexander Newman vs. D. L. Sweeney.?Action brought to recover of defendant, as surity for a party na med Staff one quarteri rent, duo of pramiaea No. 18 Dutch atreet?amount $63 SO. It was set up in defence that an eviction of Staff was made from the premises,and that during the quarter for which suit was Drought, the owner of the premises a4joining, made some alterations for b&ildlng, and certain improvements, which itvjurod tha house No. 18 Dutch stroet, and compelled the tenant to vacate, he deeming it unsafe to remain in poaaeaaion. I'laintiff hereupon (homed that he offered the last qaar er's rent to the tenant provided he removed lrom the ^ramleae. Vet'1 t thia fuienoon ire Judge Ingraham. Alexander (n . neiers. P Par, \rtt end SyhanueJ Raptij*?Thin wa> an action on a not# tor $300, dat#o in May, 1845, end drawn by e party named Stewart, and made payable to defendant*' order, and by them endaf* .oil It was shown for dafence that the note we* mteap l.lied contrary to arrangement, being originally ?<*?"<? i party named Reed, lor the purpoae or ????>?? counted at the Fulton Bank, whereupon Reed applied it, jontrsrv to agreement, to the payment of an old check, which was not paid at the bank Verdict lor defendant*

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