Newspaper of The New York Herald, October 12, 1845, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated October 12, 1845 Page 2
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iVKVV YORK HERALD. New York, Sunday, Otlober 14, 1N4?, F?r?lgti InUllifcnee, The Greiit Britain intends to be as long in cross ing tiit* Atlantic this time as she was on her first trip. Mlie is now in her fifteenth day. ?ew Kellylous Movement?Catholicity and Protestantism. I he success which attended the lectures delivered last season, at St. Peter's Church, by Dr. Pise, main ly owing to die publicity given them in the columns of this journal, has stimulated that distinguished di vine and Dr. Powers to the announcement of ano ther course, in the same church, on the distinctive tenets of the Catholic faith, and the leading doctrines of Christianity. This evening, the first of the new series will be delivered by Dr. Powers, and the sub ject is chosen "The Bible"?a theme affording a wide scope for the display of the theological acumen extensive biblical erudition, and commanding elo quence, which characterize the public efforts of that ab.'e and popular divine. One of the most frequently iterated charges pre lerred against the Catholic clergy by their Protes tant antagonists is, that they prohibit the reading of the Bible. In this day such an accusation is quite unfounded In former times, before the reforma tion ot Luther?in that dark night of ignorance and crime, which preceded the dawning of civil and reiigious litierty in Christendom, it is well known that the clergy endeavored to keep the masses of the people in ignorance?enchained in the gloomy dungeons of ecclesiastical despotism. Under the influence of ambition, wicked passions, and the devil, the priests prohibited the reading of the sa cred Scriptures by the common people. But now the whole aspect of the case is changed. Catholics read the Bible with the same freedom as Protes tants. There are now no prohibitory edi cts debar ring the people, who adhere to that ancient faith, rom free access to the revelation of the will and law of the Almighty. In fact, the Catholic Bible is much arger than the Protestant Bible It includes several books of prophecy and historical sketches of sogiety in ancient times, which are prohibited by the! rotesiants. Thus, it is a singular fact, that the Catholic believes more of the Bible than the Pro testant does. Dr. Powers is going to tell us what the Catholics be .eve concerning the Bible. He intends ,o go fully into the question of the authenticity of the ?acred record?defend its genuineness and autho rhlri?? lh\Ca\lls 01 '"fidels?and vindicate his etiurch irom the charge of hostility to the universal diffusion and study of the Bible. His lecture will we doubt not, be highly interesting, and we shall report it accordingly in full. We know nothing of the distinctions of religious sects and parties We ?gard all the> divisions of the Christian church as bm aW i iD de,aila and observances, but a l owning one origin. And thus we are ever ready to advance and publish the truth, be it spoken pIll^r0feStant, ?rCdtho,Jc. Presbyterian crE^sco* GaMBUNff and Gamino Houses.?We have ob- I served with a great deal of painful interest, recent I developments m this city of the awful consequences ! ?f Me vice of gambling, j and the ruin into which several young men have been led by frequenting the fashionable " hells" of this metropolis. The par ties most deeply concerned in the late case of a S, Id !t tmp'0y?ent 01 the influential firm of Holford, Bancker & Co. are still at large. Is no ttus something similar to compounding a felony Is it not quite as bad asgthe offence charged agains the officers of one of the banks in Wall street ihe1tlicerWUnderg0ing an investigation before CTIiFeaf/oVel0prnent8 relative t0 the tmplcyi o Holford <k Co. are, however, only a drop in tht ocean-a single crevice, through which we obtaii a casual glance at the system on which is foundec the numerous gambling houses in New York. Ma ny of these establishments are fitted up in the mos splendid manner. Elegant suppers are given ever night to those who frequent them. The choice* wines and most expensive luxuries of the table art lurnished as incitements to the visiters. The "de Coy-ducks" have an especial look out for young men occupying confidential situations in banking houses and large mercantile establishments, and with what success, we can see from the late,melancholy exam Yet we doubt very much notwithstanding all the fuss nowmade about these swindling establishments m consequence of recent disclosures, whether they' a" hoCnoer ffiUttllySUPi,re8Sed- ln ^ and honor, the proprietors of these "banks" consi Wall Mrwlt Tk"1* ?a a ^ Wllh the brok"8 of treet. They ean employ as able counsel?far Mllv" lawyers spend the "needful" as libo rally as can their brethren down town. All the fuss, therefore now made, will merely have the effect of blinding the public, and after a while,when the law yers have made as much as they can out of both parties, the whole thing will be thrown overboard and we will hear no more of it. In the meantime he banking houses up town will merely consider that they have got the beUer 0f those down town m making an unusually fortunate "transaction " Wau or the Petiicoatb.?We give in another column the particulars of a strike among the fe male operatives in the Alleghany factories for the " ten hour system." It is an amusing account, and in the riot which followed the strike, the Amazons had it all their own way. We are in favor of wo man mob law, especially if the actors are pretty; a nd we hope that they will give the men a good wholesome thrashing. There is no mistake but that the factory owners oppress the female opera tiv es in every conceivable way, to wring out of tl .-m all the work in their power; but let the wo r .en once get the whip hand of these two-j>enny calico philosophers, and they will make spindles ol them in Jshort order. This 6meuU of the girls in Alleghany is probably the Arst legitimate " milling match" we have ever had in this country. Revolution in the Temperance Ranks?A great hubbub has recently taken place in the ranks of the temperance men. It seems that the third and fourth rate men have rebelled'agatnst the leaders, who haVH for some time past been getting a living out of the grand movement for tha reformation of aoeiety, and the suppression of the vice of intem perance. Humbug of all descriptions has its day. Peo ple at Inst open their eyes. So now the humbugging orators and leaders in the temperance movement, who hare been seeking out of it to gain political in- \ Auence, or a high moral standing in the community, or a share of the coppers collected at the meetings, sre seen in their true colors, and tne dupes are be ginning to come to their senses. Ceime at the West.?We copy from the Chica g > Democrat an account of the arrest of several murderers and horse thieves. It will be read with interest. It exhibits a state of crime at the west that is truly appalling to all lovers of good orderand the laws. It appears that there is a regularly organ ized band of desperate rascals at the west, compos ed of lawyers, tavern keepers, and such like men, who have it in their power, from the nature of their business, to commit innumerable crimes of the most atrocious character. Murder, to them, is al most child's play. Naval?U. S. store ship Lexington, hence for Teiss with troope, Sic., was spoken on the 25th ult. ofl the Bemeni Islands. U. ?. mail schooner On-ka-hy-ee was alno spoken about the same time and place, Irom Norfolk for the Gull of Mceioo. All well. Tiirkb'Days Later from Havana.?By the Rrrivai ol the Cnatoval Colon,Capt. Smith,we are in receipt of Havana papers up to the 2d instant. There is no news of any importance tn them. We refer to our shipping list for the marine news. Ttatfujrow, fin">^r-TwTdI5!SH artist u about to give, in this city, a series of those j u entertainments which have nam ed him such extraordinary celsbrity and popularity in Europe A great deal of interest is felt amongst the musical circle, relative to his career on the other ide of the water and we have taken the trouble of obtaining some of the details oi his professional his Mr.1 Temple ton was born at the village of Kicker ton, adjoining Kilmarnock, in Ayrshire the birth place of Burns, the great national poet. At the age his eld^T ieP?88e88eda V01Ce Which educed eldest brother, then one of the most-celebrated concert-singers and teacher, in Edinburgh, mind 7" ?? II hi. torn a, years of age, he was appointed precentor, or leader he at Dr. Brown's church, in Edinburgh InTt r '? ^ forraer,y held by Mr. Wil son ) This church was invariably crowded by visi tors, attracted by Templeton's solos. He then com menced as teacher of singing, and was constantly employed by the best families; but ambition would not suffer him to rest here, and alter obtaining three months leave from the church, having promised his pupils new music and an improved style, he started tor London. He immediately placed himself under approved masters. He accepted a situation as first singer m Southampton and Portsmouth, where lie became a great favorite, and where he remained until Captain Pollhill became lessee of Drury Lane when he accepted an engagement. He was injudi ciously persuaded to practice incessantly on the day ot his debut; but this did not prevent him from ma king a highly favorable impression, in the character of \oung Meadows, in Love in a Village; and Mrs Wood warmly complimented him upon his success. Although Braham and Wood were at this period engaged in the same theatre, Templeton re ceived an ample share of public patronage In the May of 1833 Madame Malibran was announced to appear in her iavonte character in La sT?l, bulu. She heard Templeton, und chose him for her teuor: she wrote to him, to call upon her to orae uce duets, Arc. Iiis first introduction to this lasci" nating woman was tn her bed-room, after the foil eign fashion; and seeing the confusion of Ternnle ton, she was not a little amused, but soon eaveffin self-possession, by exp aining the cuai?? ?r k country. He received' many^valuable hmts in tl and subsequent interviews from this hmhiv-ri&d queen of song, who often rallied him upoffis wm.1 of confidence rnhts own nowers r?pnmL j to visit Italy, and nSdSSJX'SSSfiPiff u cour.8e foreign training. "The Encrliah will then give you full credit Tor the talent poasess, and reward will foUow " U nowever. at that period found mom rh? J 'm^eton? ? *.? to, tS m I.(Si to periorm the first tenor character in both the great houses, Covent Garden and n Lane, an exploit unparaUe led in the historv ofvtf ealists: for instance. Deriormmn tk? o X. . tAr*on uuparaiieieo m the historv nf vn i,...ijL01' as a second at the ether _ , La SomnamebuIafMlIr,bmn0anrd<Tempfctonwere""!^ original Amina and Elvino in England ,!J r ir composer came round to the sbJf .L. *ej ~iThe pie ton after the performance aX mbraced Tem" tng bun the most flattering comdhuenti^nnH1*^' tears of exultation, promitng ??m he w?,?w' Wlth for him a part that would " immonal.L hS ? Th'e method that poor Malibran took to mspire TemS? ton with a knowledge of dramar c P somewhat ingenious ; when she wiJLd k* Wa'a press rage, which she could not otherwfse hrm^*" to do, sfiegave him a hearty pinch on th^rm gh,n appearing to the audience to bestow cSreSS* Slh ssrsMrjss; Maire^an had not only to ap?ar rf^ 5 U de%n> parched with thirst. It KeU geneml,v<llUttlly> that draught porter was her favorite bevei J^he theatre ; and as it was necens?rv tn ?m7 ? ? ' stage lor the prompter to tell her all ihM . In 1 which she wis perfectly inlcent f ,L 8Vact-pf which the English managers producJS oifas-rhe ponfTK "XuS'osohrrfe P\\?{ ot an assumed) state of fatnoip und ,. t,nstea'I wr Templeton wj in"' ZTw" *e"y<TI?S sr na, all of whom live in the st'vle of Anh r, ?7 properly so, as the nobility of genius iS therein predated as the highest rank and nnhU?? k p" On the 18th of December, l^ Mr T,mniT' commenced as lecturer?hii ZL? Templeton taken from the beautiful, butifffij, fefi of Scots, and the public, however prepared for am a singing, were certainly astonished'at his tlffi! elocution In short, Mr. Templeton never apwSs to such advantage on the stage as he does uThE n<-%\ fy-adopted and very successful ent?r,.; the possession of which he himself wo* lalUr : .ftvrK'?o ! luTT ot Ma'y Queen of Scots,u he w? unT hie to discover one applicable to thA aubjecT Thf," song was not till now known to he nf El. hl9 ation, though it has beeS the most attract veT"" of the entertainment. Other original m f 5?rUon at ?? to &g,^.KiyutSS'"croW Sporting Intelligence. Trottiro at the Blacor Course, Hoboker.?Lady Sutlolk and Moscow come togther 011 this track to-mor row in a three mile trot. This ii generally presumed to be rather too much for the latter at present, but in time the knowing ones will have to look out. Races over the Urior Coirbk, L. I.?The four mile stake did not AU, instead of which a purse of $800 will be given by the proprietors, $300 of which will be giver to the second best horse, provided three start. This ought to produce good sport. The northern stables are doing well Arclo America!* Shootiro Club.?The shooting match announced to come oA' to-morrow is postponed. Cbiceet.?The Brooklyn Star Cricket Club hold a special meeting on Tuesaay evening. See advertise ment. Death or the Celebrated Troti kr "Ice Poret."? This well known animal, the property of Mr. Sandford, died on Tuesday evening. A yoit mortem examination was subsequently held by Dr. Dixon and two other med ical gentlemen in the presence of several persons, when it wss tound that his death was caused by an enla'ge ment of the heart, congestion of the lungs, and large ab scesses on each kidney. The Boat Race came oil at the Long Dock, Harsimus, on Friday afternoon, for which were entered the follow ing boats: The Oipsey, entered by Brothers Roberts. The Batteiy Pet, entered by Charlos Thomas and John Connor. The New York,entered byWm.H. Bolton, to be rowed by a picked crew. The Day after the 1 air, entered by Brothers Tenykes The Dew Drop, of l'oughkeepsie, entered by John Beard and Mott Lyon. The George Washington, entered by Francis Bigelow and Edward' oady. The ilookimanivy, entered by Wm. H. Bolton. I It was two mile heats, one boat to win twe heats to win. The following is the result: Battery Pet, 1 1 George Washington, 3 3 New York, 3 S Oipsey, 4 4 Won by about ten yards. In the frit hest, the George Washington broke one of her oars which threw her chance out. The second race for one pair of sculls did not come on, Roberts was ready and willing but his com petitors were aot. The attendance was but limited. Yalhts Hirer ard Northkrr Light.?The race which was to have come off at Newport this month, between the yachts Biran and Northern Light, will not take place in consequence of the withdrawal of the yacht Siren. Mail Facilities ?The Ctmcordia ! remarks that five vcars ago it w?? laughed itt lor predicting fhe establishment of a daily line of boat* between New Orleans, Natchez and Vicksburg. It b is come to pass, however, and that without any concert of action, that boats now ply as packets be tween these cities every day in the week. The In ttlligenctr suggests to the Postmasters of the three cittea interested, to make an arrangement to trana mit a daily mail by these boats, marie up an hour be fore the time advertised tor starting; and the editor also recommends an application to the Postmaster General to have the mails for the Southwestern fron Uer!?'i_ Mississippi Valley?as far up, at least, as V icksburg?forwarded altogether by the great South ern route, that is, via New Orleans. TIMfttflMlf* Pah* Thcatu.?A play, written expressly tor Mm. Sheridan KmwIm, entitled ' Love," waa rapie ?euted at this bouse last night. In London, whan drat brought out, it wai aa successful as might ba^axpactadof any production from such an abla dramatist as Knowles; and yat its success cannot hava bean the raault of ita in trinsic merits alone, for assuredly it is far beneath the works of this author in general. The beautiful acting if Mrs Kean must hare helped it forward to popularity.? Take away that rei? and tbers is vary little lait, except the part of "Huou," to arrest attention or elicit strong or refined emotion. But what could even Knowles, with his Irish genius, make of "Love"?love, a subject so hacknied since the creation, so marred, caricatured and bothered?that is the best term?by poetasters and all manner of puerile scribblers, that it has became offen sive to every well-formed mind. Love ! Faugh. Oive us war?shipwreck?tickle up soma catastrophe for us, Mr. Knowles?even a saltpetre explosion, if properly dramntized, would prove, by odds, more acceptable than "Love." And yet there were a large number of persons at the Turk, who, one and all of them, appeared as much pleased as though they had never heard of the subject before Mr. Charles Kean's "Huon" we need hardly say, was excellent?Barry as the Duke, De Walden as Prince Frederick. Mrs. Abbott as the Empress, and Mrs. Sker rett as Catherine,did well the little their respective parts imposed on them, for, as we said before, there is exceed ingly little pith in them all put together. The after piece was "Turning the Tables," at which we all laugh ed right heartily, as in duty bound, having taken the pains of going to see what was to be seen. "Romeo and Juliet" comes off to-morrow night. Bowert Theatre?The thrilling drama of the " Black Rangers," was again performed at this theatre last even ing to an immensely crowded house. After this, the Irish drama of the " Idiot of the Shannon," and " Ruymond and Agnes" were performed. The multitudes that nightly flock to this popular place of amusement, is good evi dence that the conduct of the management, in sparing do expense in gratifying the public, is properly appre| ciated. Castle Garden.?The performances at this popular place of amusement went off last night in fino style.? The company now leave there. Wherever they go, suc cess will attend them; and they richly deserve it. We understand that the garden closes for the present. We feel it our duty to present to the gentlemanly proprie tors of the Garden, the thanks oi the community, for the neat and beautiful style in which the garden was fitted up, aud the proper and interesting manner in which the performances have been conducted. To-night a fine concert of sacred music will be given at the Garden. Niblo'i.?The performances at this theatre to-morrow evening,will be very the comedy of "Lon don Assurance" is to be played, with H. Hacide in his original character of Sir Harcourt, Mrs. Mowatt as Grace Harkaway, Mrs. Crisp as Lady Gay Spanker (this is her first appearance in America), and Mr. Crisp as Daz zle. The famous drama of the "Golden Farmer," with the inimitable John Sel'ton as Jemmy Twitcher, will conclude the evening's entertainment Ethiopian Ssrenaders at Palmo's.?Last night there was an ontertainment well worthy tho fame these Serena ders have attained, for they have really not only achiev ed a passing reputation of an hour, which is forgotten when they leave the busy scene of their labors, but they will be long remembered in New York as the best band of minstrels that have ever appesu-ed. Their voice* accord in such perfect harmony, their musical skill on the banjo, accordion, tambourine and bones, which, | in the hands of Pelbam, really take rank as absolute in ; strumeuts. All add to the effect of their songs. Har j ringtou and White, with their banjos, those primitive ! guitars, display true science. Stauwood's accordion I who has not admired! Some of the quick steps,particular ly the one of "Love not," are performed more beautifully than we have ever heard them; but Gerraon, the inimi I table Germon,with his mercurial tambourine, how admi rably he throws in his accompaniments. In fact, they are, to use Captain Tyler's phrase, a company per sc. - I Yielding to the great wish that has been universally ex i pressed to hear them in propria persona, they will give ? two more concerts on Monday and Tuesday evenings, in | citizen's clothes and white laces, in which they will be ' accompanied on the piaDo, and sing several songs, glees, and quartetts of a legitimate kind, such as "The Old Arm Chair," "Hail Smiling Morn," and other songs of that kind. They will, however only suffer a partial eclipse, for the conclusion of their concert will be in Ethiopian character. Thus we shall he able to say that black is white and white black on the same evening. Mr. Jenkins and his new company commence a series of their entertainmonts on Monday next, at the Wash ington Hall, Newark, N.J. Mr. John 9. Whittaker takes a benefit on Wednesday evening, 16th instant, at the Bowery Circus. Madame La/.are, the harpist, has arrived from Havana. She will shortly give concerts here, i The Slomans are at Cleveland, Ohio. Booth, the actor, is seriously ill in Boston. His life is despaired of. The Howard Athenaeum, in Boston, is to be opened for 1 dramatic performances to-morrow evening. Josephine Clifton is'performing at the Pittsburgh thea City Intelligence. A:vothkr Steamboat Robbery.?Steamboat robbe ries seem to be on the increuse. No sooner does the ex citement occasioned by'one subside, than we hear of ano ther. Last evening, Mr. William D. Parsons, of the Pa cific Hotel in this city, took passage in the Oregon, at Albany, for New York. He engaged stateroom No 30, and on retiring, locked his door, and placed a wallet containing $686 under his pillow. When he awoke in the morning, he found the door unlocked and the money tone. $330 of the money was in 10's of the Burlington ank, of Vermont, and the balance in small bills, ot this State. Cannot some .measures be taken to prevent the alarming increase of steamboat robberies. Steamboat Impositions.?A correspondent (to whom, hy the way, we would recommend to take lessons in the art of penmanship, hit chirography entirely puzzling us,) complains that himself and several of his friends were imposed upon by the Captain of one ot the North river steamboats. He says that they left St Johns by the canal boat, and between Whitehall and Troy found a great number of bills scattered all over the cabins, giving notice that the steamboat would start from Troy at 6 o'clock, A.M., and that the fare was onj dollar. The company accordingly went on board, expecting that the price of passage would, of course, bo what was stated in the hand nills which the agents had so plenti fully scattered about But when they called for tickets they were charged $1 60. They of course protested, and produced the handbills placing the fare at $1. The clerk answered this argument by saying, " gentlemen, there is no date upon these bills." We have a copy of the bill before us. It reads " Morning line for New V ork and intermediate landings, passage $1." This seems al most too small au imposition for a respectable steamboat Company to be engaged in. The passengers, however, were forced to pay $>1 60. That Clock. ?When is that clock on the Postottice to be regulated ! When the present Postollice was a Church the clock was a moral Mock and told the truth -now it lies most unconscionably all the time, excepting twice a day and then it is forced to tell the truth. Poor Policy.?A thrill of joy flashed through our soul this morning as we entered our office?Nassau street, which lor a long time past has been several inches deep in mud was actually being cleaned. A number of men were at work with noes and brooms, and the mud was scraped up in little lulls. But no carts arrived to take it up, and we looked out about noon and saw that having been left, and wheels passing through il, it was again ail over tue street. This was the case Horn Fulton to Spruce : street. This is rather poor policy. The Weather.?For a few days past we ha. e had re i gular dog-day weather?sultry, misty, steamy and sticky. Beside that, we have had some half dozen equinoctials. Which was the genuine one has not been determined. The rain poured down on Friday evening as though not only the windowi,but the doors and waste gates of heaveD were opened. Robbery.?Some time during Friday night, the dry goods store of Messrs. Simmons fc Reed, 637 Broadway, was entered by false keys, and robbed of silks and other goods to the amount of about $400. Where were tht night police? Fieteiw Hi-sdred Dollars St oi.ex.?Information bar been received by officers Welch and G. F. Hays, of an extensive robbery in Philadelphia on Thursday night A gentleman named Powlotte, boarding at Mrs. Briggs, 33 South Second street, Philadelphia, was robbed ol $1 600 in Americen gold, which was contained in his trunk. His trunk was supposed to have been broken open by a fellow whose name is Miller, alias Mitchell, alias llarwood. Coroser's Orrirr., Oct. II?The Coroner was celled this morning to hold an inquest upon the body of e bo) 10 years old, the sou of Mrs. Hiker, of Bethune street who lelt home on Thursday afternoon, for the purpose of catching fish from the end of (no of the piers, and was yesterday found drowned. It is supposed that he lost iiis balance and fell in, as when found the Ashing rod was firmly grasped in his hands. Pcspi.ctlt Sate.?The subscriber, a builder and ar chitect in this city, is conversant with the store No. 46 Liberty street, occupied by P. B. Fuller-, and in conse quence of a notice in the New Vork Htrald, has examin ed said store from its foundation to the roof, end pro nounces said store perfectly safe. The lUrald states the storo to have " settled back nearly a foot from the perpendicular." and that there is a " crack at the corner of the second story." That there is a trifling crack in the front is true; but tho statement of its settling back is a mistake of the report er, in consequenco of the settlement of the old adjaeent building. I pronounce the said etore not only safe, but perfectly secure EDWARD J. WEBB, Architect. Matt- Robhehy.?On the 26th of Augu#last, the mail marie up at the Geneva Poet Office for the city of New York, was stolen between that office and the rail road. The extent of the robbery is not fully known. A man of the name of Mason 11 Heeley, employed incarry iog the mails between the General Post Office and the cars, was (incited week hefore last by P. Dorshaimer, E-q., special agent of the Post Office Department, on sua | uicion of being implicated in the robbery, and on exam ination was committed for trial at the next District Court. ? Wayne Srntintl. Adams <te Co.?We are requested to state that Mr. Bruce,who was injured by the railroad collision last week, wan not as then atated, an agent ot Adams Je Co , but conducted the express business between Newark and New York on his own account. All the articles in his carpet bag when stolen, have been recovered.?Nmark Adv. nf Friday. filr if (he American luiiieU al ifihloU, The general eherecter of the exhibition U one of ? pe culiar interest in many were. The immense variety of buoy article* of all description*, that are there, almost bewilder* ? visiter. Among one of the most useful inventions, there is one for the furthering of the facilities for enabling the blind to have books of a durable material, and the plan adopt ed is a good one; in pleoe of the usual embossed letters on paper, we have here an article composed of a metallic amalgau, which, when in a state of fusion, being properly moulded on the aoitolavey matter in which the impres sions desired are made, uirnishes a fine hard au0kce with the characters raised durably. This plate of mewl,which is of surprising lightness, is then placed on a slip of wood, or a roll of zinc, in the manner ef mahogany ve neering on other woods, and thua at a very small cost an excellent article ia obtained. Maps and other vehi cles for instruction, can be also prepared in a like man ner. This composition, is an invention of Mr. Josiah War ren, of Indiana. The labor of individuals for the allevia tion of the unfortunate situation of those deprived of sight, is creating quite a revolution in their lot; and, while formerly a blind person was obliged o rely solely am the exercise of his remainiag senses, we have now hundreds of contrivances, by which they are almost raised to an equality with those who have their eyesight. In fact, from the various ex bibitions given in this city bv the blind pupils, thoy ap pear te have as much mental clear-sightedness as many have physically. Walking past one of the pianos that are exhibiting in the cloth room, we picked up some information regard ing the piano trade, from one who is in the business, which is somewhat interesting. The Americans have long been called a musical people; and truly the num ber of pianos that are weekly manufactured in New York is somewhat a proof that they are so indeed; but we think that did manufacturers in general pay less regard to the outward adornment of the instruments, and give an article that, with a plain exterior, had equally as Ane a tone as the very expensive ones, they would find it much to their advantage. In Germany, for instance, in aome of the humbleat cottage*, where a traveller leaat oxpects auch a thing, there will be found a plain piano, on which all tba member* of the family are capable of playing; in thia country, the mat* of the people, who would gladly go to a small axpanse in pur chasing a piano, are unable to obtain one short of a cost of two or three hundred dollars. However, the manu facturers doubtless consult their own interests in what they do. As it is now, there are about twenty-five pia nos turned out weekly from the various workshops in the city, and upwards of two hundred men are employ ed in this business. It also givos employment to a nu merous tribe of iron founders, wire makers,lock makers, ivory cutters, machinists, and mahogany dealers. The belle, who in the evening, delights a whole company with her playing on it, makes up the list of the history of a piano forte. The cloth room is an interesting show. This lias been the great battle ground of politicians for several year* past, and probably more words have been wasted on the subject of the manufacturing interests in this country, than any other part of the political economy of our country. On all sides we have had statistical ac counts of mills, machinery, enterprise, protection, free trade, and all the hacknied phrases in use. However, here we see the result ot the advance of manufactories up to the present day. Large towns have grown up under their shadow, thousands upon thousands are em ployed, and whatever may have been the causes that have led to this state of things, manufactories are flourishing. Caasimeres and woollen good* are made of aa fine a quality, and aa durable and as cheap in every respect as those made in Europe. To give some idea of the amount of wool consumed by some of the mills, we may state that in one establishment alone, viz the Middlesex Mills, they use daily the fleeces of 1J00 sheep ! Cotton goods, such as drills, domestics and sheetings, are manufactured also of a quality that can not be excelled. A large export trade of these goods is carried on between the United States, China, South America, Afrioa and Bruzils, and in those countries we not ouly compete successfully with, but wo obtain the decided prelorence over the English goods. Goods oi this class have been shipped from Englaud to China, marked as if they came trom Lowell, Mass., thus show | mg that the English themselves are aware of tne pre I l'erenee given to American goods. The British troops al Madras even have been clothed in American cottons.? The reason of this preference is because we employ a better article ol cotton fer our coarser fabrics. The En glish endeavor to make up by their high finish of goods lor the inferior quality of cotton that they use for them American flannels have completely superseded English ones in this market, and i'i fact, but very little is imported. The price of labor here is much higher than it is in England,also the iste of inte rest of capital. These two circumstances are somewhat against our manufacturing all articles as cheap as they do in England, but then, let us look at the condition ol our operatives here iu comparison with the English working classes, and we think every one will say that we are better ofl'even at our high prices. The number of articles of a faucy kind at this Fair, aro also indicative of many peculiarities of the American na tion. They ere fast approaching the ingenuity of the French in this line, and ere long, instead of French nice ties being current over the world, as they are now, we shall have American fancy articles holding a high posi tion. The minor articles, by which, we mean those that do not occupy the attention of capitalists, but are the re sult of individual labor,are daily multiplying. Our dress is French in its appearance; our houses are furnished with articles in the French style; in articles of Ayouirte we are fast rivalling them?in fact, the great body of the people are blending the taste ol France with the sturdy democracy of Republicanism. Wo refer to the adver vertisement for the programme of entertainments to Brooklyn City Intelligence. "KErr the Babhath Dav Hoi-y."? With all the boast ed morality of Brooklyn, there is no place in the United states where the enforcement of this truly wise and sa lutary injunction is more absolutely necessary. On every Sabbath may be observed at the corners of various streets?in the Third, Fourth, Sixth and Seventh Wards ?gangs of beys and half fledged men, in company with full grown and thoroughly matured vagabonds, ready to insult all decent and respectable persons who may be on their way to church, or who may quietly be leturning to their homes after their appropriate devotional exerci ces. If the nefarious acts of these scoundrels were ex clusively confined to a sex they dare uoi assail, it would be unnecessary for any one connected with the pi ess to "note down" their brutal and oowardiy transactions; but as their villaiuv is almost exclusively directed against unprotected females, it becomes the duty of every indi vidual possessed of a spark of manhood to hoot them from society, and to call upon the public authorities to sup press with a " strong arm" nuisances so grievous and in tolerable. The May or has been earnestly invoked to use his high authority lor the ummary dispersion and pun ishment of these shameless rowdies, but, as yet, the re quisitions have been without effect, and the glaring evils complained of romain unabated. More " Small Potatoes."?rieasant and prontaole as are lrequently the duties of police officers, there are times when their vocations are far from being either ad vantageous or agreeable. Within two or three weeks past, we have known that several of the municipal corps of Brooklyn have been compelled to engage hacks, cabs, and other vehicles, lor the purpose of removing to places of safety people found in the public streets iu a beastly state oi intoxication, or in other works, dead drunk Any reasonable man, or set of men, would readily suppose that, for such services, the Board of Supervisors would allow a lair compensation, in addition to refunding the money really disbursed on.those occasions. It is, how ever, a fact that this body has refused to endorse all such bills, and that the poor constables, policemen and Bun day officers have to pay for their "patriotism and pr jper performances" out ot their own pockets. Sudden Death.?A man by the naine of George Milne died suddenly on Friday night, at the corner of Baltic and Hoyt street*, it was the oniuion of Dr. Decker,who was called to attend him, that he bad died in a fit ol some kind. The deceased had been uddicted to habits ol intemperance, but was not under the influence of uoi at the time of his death. The Coroner held an inquest yesterday morning, and the jury returned a verdict ol death from causes unknown to them. Court or Sessions ?On account of Judgo Vander bilt having appointed yesteiday for the trial of civil causes in the Common Picas, tho Couitof Sessions was adjourned until to-moriow, at half past 10 o'clock, A. M. Common Pleas.?The assumpsit case in which Mr. Car penter is defeudant, (before noticed in this paper) was further postponed until Wednesday next. It is an action under the lien law and will bo oi a highly interesting character to persons connected with the mechanic arts , laborers and journeymen as well as contractors and em ployers. An action for assault and battery, and false imprison ment was tried yesterday, in which a man named Mi chael Mallonv.was plaintiff and Bamuel Felt, a police of fleer of Brooklyn, defendant. The suit originated in an arrest made by the defendant on the eve oi the Fourth ol July last,during a riotous assemblage of pseudo patriots, and it was alleged that he had exceeded his authority and had used undue violence. The defence, conducted by Alexander Campbell, Esq , was a triumphant one arid the jury, without hesitation, returned in favor of Mr Felt. Hollo* Intelligence. SiTllUDi*, Oct. II?.4 l.ady'? Pocket Picked.?Mr* Mercy M Gordon, while travelling in company wi'.li he: daughter in one of the Harlem Railroad can laat even ing, waa robbed of Her pocket waa cat with aooie ?harp instrument, ber purse taken out, end after the mo ney was abstracted, it was put hack into the pocket, with out,the thief being detected. A young manwho sat next to Mrs.*) manifested considerable uneasiness, but cot so much as to excite any suspicion. Jieeualt with Intent to Kill.?A female named Hetty Jackson was arrested last night on a charge of having severely wounded a young man named Edward Herbert, at a house in Anthony street, in the vicinity of the Kive Points, with a knife, the blade of which was about six inches long. It appears that an intimacy formerly exist ed between the parties, which has been succeeded bythc most hostile feelings towards ouch other, and each have in turn been arrested for committing assaults of an ag gravated character. On the present occn^ion, the accu sed on entering a rum shop last evening, found Herbert under tha influence of liquor and asleep, when she im mediately seized the knite and made four plunges at him with it, stabbing him in the right side, the left shoulder and his head, 8he was fully committed to answer. Meteob.s ?Two splendid Meteors were observed M Now haven, one on Monday and the other on Wednesday, in tha evening of each day. The one on Monday when first detected, had passed the zenith about ten degiess: and when it disappeared behind a hen vier bank ol clouds, its position was about forty-live de gree* above the horizon; and hearing about seventy de grees West of North by compass Time of observed flight about one second. No report was hetrd or listen ed lor. On Wednesday evening, about the same hour, a f;iand meteor burst lorth near the planet Mars, anil slow y sailing westward through a track of SO or 70 degrees, exploded into numerous Iragments. Its light wns bril liuntly white, and its blazing train was of a reddish hue Time of flight three or four seconds. In brilliancy It eclipsed the moon, and the shedows whioh it ceet were strong. Its apparent aize waa about one fourth that ot the moon. The observer* did not wait for the report ot the explosion, which would probably have been heard, had attention been given. At explosion, it* ele vation was twenty degrees, and Its hearing fifty-six de gree* West of true South, ao that It la lair to presume that our hrethran in Naw York city had a still mora glorious view of thia caleetiai it ranger. i Meeting of tli* Notional Convention of mora wid oardenara. This body resumed iU titling yesterday morning | General Taflmadge in the Chair. Altar the olacUon of a Central Committee to gather information to be aent to the Couvaution next year, Solon Robinson, the Chairman of the committee appointed to prepare an addresa to the people ef the United States submitted an address, whloh was unanimously adopted. Mr. Mnos celled the attention of the Convention to that part of the address which referred to the rot in the potato, lu France examinations were made and it was found that thei? the ravages by disease in that almost in dispensable vegetable hasre almost been astounding. Mr. Solon Hoaintov referred to that part of tha report which stated that wheat could not be grown to any ex tent south of Tennessee,on account of tho weavil, which, although a southern insect, is acclimating itself gradual ly and travelling northward. He would propose the fol lowing remedy: the wheat to be threshed immediately alter being harvested, the graiu to be exposed to the euu and when hot to be removed to tight bins, and one bushel of lime to every one hundred of wheat mixed with it. ? The PaxaiDCNT suggested whether kiln-drying would not answer, to which Mr. Robinson replied that he has not uuy positive information as to whether it would or not?but in the West,where one man will sow SOU acres of wheat, and where he has seen the most beautiful wheat rot on the ground for want of labor to harvest it?it would not pay to kiln dry it; where he lives, even without that labor, wheat raising hardly pays. If the evil increases to any extent, wheat growiug must be abandoned in his region. The President enquired of Mr. R., whether the weavil is the same insect which has been working its way from Canada to the Northern States for some ypars past, and attacking the grain when it is in tho milk, as the farmers say. Mr. Kou inson said he did not know whether it was the same or not, but the weavil attacked the wheat in tho stack ; in the evening one would see myriads of flies a round the stack, and in a short time the substance of the grain would be eaten and nothing but animal matter would remain. Wheat attacked in this manner makes very nauseous flour, which nothing but hunger would make him eat. Col. Class, of New York, gave an account of another insect which infects wheat; it breeds when the grain is in the milk. He has seen peach trees suffer from an inaeot resembling a wasp, which deposits an egg near the root of the tree and turns into a worm about three-quarters , of an inch long; as a remedy, he recommended white washing with lime and a solution of glue, and as a pre ventive, the giafting of the peach on Virginia wild j oherry or plum trees. The gentleman then spoke of the grape which grows wild in almost all parts of the United | States, and which required but judicious pruning to make excellent wine and raisins. The Zante cur rant, the" date, and the prune could all be raised to porfection in the United States, and from Maine to Texas the silk worm can be raised; and the fifty millions which wa send annually to France, Italy, and other conn tries could be saved. In France, he said, the people were sometimes obliged to carry the eggs on their persons to procure the necessary heat to hatch the worms, whiih is not necessary in this country. Mr. Robinson said that his friend Col. Clarke had been talking of grapes and other good things, but if we eat too | much of them, we will tequire medicine, and that we should grow, too. He theu exhibited a section of a stalk of the castor oil bean,which grew twenty feet high, and a bianch of which, at ten feet from the ground, was capa ble of sustaining his weight. Oen. Tallmaqk then said the subject under debate was the disease in the potato, and if gentleman had nothing further to say on the subject, he wished to make a few remarks on the Hessian fly. The reason it is called the Hessian fly, is because it appeare#immediately after tho British imported tho Hessian troops into this country; and it is presumed that it came in soane straw which those troops brought with them, it is also called the Canadian fly. Another fly has appear ed which attacks the wheat when it is in its milky state; it came from Clinton county to Albany, and within three years past has showed itself in Kenssalaer and Co lumbia counties; and two years ago in Ulster and Dutch ess counties, but has not come below these counties yet. He had a crop of very nice looking wheat, twenty-five acres, but he observed it ripening with the heuds erect which is not the regular wuy, and when he commenced to harvest it, he found the heads to contain nothing but chat)'; inconsequence of this fly , he has not sown any wheat for two years past. On tho subject of the potato, which he considers of more importance than wheat, his opinion is that the American institute should of fer a premium for the best essay on the dis ease of that vegetable, and the committee should correspond with kuropo and South America on the subject Tho bones of the Mastodon show that a class of animals have existed which is now extinct,and in the vegetable kingdom he thought the same thing happened, and cited as illustration, tne weed called john smart, which formerly was the greatest post the farmer had to contend with, and of which it is now very difficult to procure even a specimen. The Lombardy poplar is like wise almost extinct in this country, Hnd 110 man has ever seen a twig of that tree grow from the seed. It has been propagated from cuttings;no new life has been in stilled into it. but all of the race wnich has existed in this country has been propagated from the slips which were introduced into this country, and they are now stunted, and will soon be extinct. The same life in the potato was brought with the first seed, and we have gone on raising from the same seedling which originally came from the country of its birth. He recommended the growing of potatoes from the seed, which is contain ed in the tops or apples of the vine, and the importation from Mexiooofsome to raise from?and suggests that the decay of the potato may arise from the same cause as the decay of the poplar. He stated that it required from two to three years to raise potatos from the seed. Mr. Mkics succeeded in getting potatos from the seed in two years, which were oue and a quarter inches in diameter, and recommended tho substitution of other vegetables for the potato, as that vegetable may be be coming extinct. Mr. Solon Koiiinson thinks the best way is for people not to eat either potatos or wheat for a couple of years, and go to the West and live on hng and hominy.? paughter) Adjou: ned sine die. Movement* of Traveller*. The principal hotels yesterday ware but sparingly oc cupied by fresh arrivals. They were, nevertheless, suf ficiently crowned with a stationary population, that give them their usual appearance of business and activi ty. There are at the American?E. K. Chandler, Georgia; Capt. Hetselo, U. 8. A ; Frank Prince, Boston; D Sharp, d.>, John liar vey, N. C.; Thos. Bryan. Geo; George Sbackl'ord, Phils; F Dale, Boaton; H A. Brigham, Troy. Afroa?E. Burstall, Quebec; J. McHarg, Albany; A Morale, Matanzas: Goodwin und Ford, Boston; Doctor Campbell, Montreal; Professor Gray, Cambridge; E Colman, Boston; Mr. Dorman, Fla; J. D Gardner, Bos ton; John Priern, St Louis; D. Wharton, Philad; Hy. Hall, Mobile; J. Wood, England; G. Richmond. I'rov.; Rev. Mr Bacbman, Aug. Ga; G. Wiltshire, Cin. City?A. Kellogg, nTO; Mr. Mentergue, Woodstock; Mr. Maplain, Cambridge : D.C.Weston, Duauesburgh; Osca Durand, Albany; J. M. Northrop, Louisville; W. C Newball, Lynchburgh; A. C. Elliot, Philad; W. Ly man, Albany. Franklin?O. H. Holley, Conn.; E. Dunham, Maine; F. Knowlen, do; Jno. Randal, IX A. Oris, Waddin gton; C. A. Hor, Ohio; W. Smith, Alabama; A. Bramman, Os wego; Wm. and Frederick Boyd, Boston; J. H- Mason, Providence; S. M. Jewett, Vermont; A. Elly, Water town. Oi.ohk.?Geo. Martin, Boston; Mr. Gordon; Baltimore; C. H. Fisher 1'hila.; J. H Fowle, Alexandria, D C.; G. \lanay, Canada; w. R.Bali, Florida; Ilaitler, San Ti hanea, Florida. Howard.?Judge Striker, Rome; H Loomis, K. Mof fatt, Montreal; Mr. Pollock, St Johns, N. B ; W. Quirk, Charleston; Major Cutting N. V.; A. G. Gooch, Tusca rora; Dr. Sherwood, Hyde ('ark; W. Douglas, Wetumpka; A. P. Hart, Troy;H Bullutt, Lotiisvillo, Ky.; Geo. Grin nail, Dewitt; W. Wendall, Albany; H. Mathews, Cana da; Hon. Chessendon Kllis, Waterlord; Cant. Seymour, Hudson; J. C. Baneemer, Indiana .James W. Custis, Vir ginia; KrastiiSfBacon, Michigan; George Warner, Mich ; E Covington, B. Bradley, Boston; John F.vans, Toronto The Moiimon Troubles.?We hear by the Die Vernon, that Gen. Hardin was at Nauvoo, with the troops under his command, and that order reigned there, as well as in other parts of the county. A general or der, issued by Gan. Hardin, will be found balow, setting forth bis views and determination. A correspondent in forms us, that on the General's arrival at Carthage, ha found there the guard which Backenstoa had placed in the Court House. To these men he gave twenty minutes, in which to leave the town, and they availed themselves of the privilege in double quick time. We have receiv ed the proceedings of the second meeting at Qtiincy They recommend to the people to accept the proposition made by the Mormons?already published?to remove trom the State next spring; but to accept it as an uucon ditional proposition to remove, not implying any oMigu tion to purchase the Mormon property, or to find pur chasers for it. They do not endorse the enumeration oi grievances set forth in the Moimon proposition. They declare, that it is now too late to at tempt the settlement of the difficulties upon any other terms than the removnl of the Mormons fro* the State. They recommend to the people of tho sur rounding counties to wait with |>atience the time ap pointed tor removal. 1 hey express the opinion, that the I eace of Hancock Co cannot he restoied while Backe. lis remains Sheriff, and that he ought to resign tout <d flee. They propose that th? people of Nauvoo shall ap point commissioners, to whom application for the pin chase of real estate mar he made; nud suggest that alt If gal prosecutions lor alleged oflenccs, during the presen excitement, shall be suspended We have also the pro ceedings of meetings of the citizens of Henderson conn ty, and of Warrau county, Illinois, speaking in equalli techied language against the continued resi ten-o of th. Mormoas in the State. A meeting has nlso been held *' Churchvilla, in this Plate at which sympathy for the old settlers of Hancock county, and a detoimination to air' them in any future troublei, was strongly expressed.? St. Louie Hep., Oct. 3. Coal ?One of the articles id the October nuni ber of the National Magazine and I idantrial lie rord is on the subject of the coal held in Alleghany county, Md. The field is divided into the uppei end lower, or northern and southern districts, cu vering 42 and 239 square miles respectively Of ibis whole amount 215 square miles, or 138,000 acres -ire underlaid with available coal fitteeu yard thick This, in the common way of workinp would yield 50,000 tons per acre, or 32,000,000 .. -ons per mil -?a quantity said to be greater than the enormous annual consumption and waste c. Great Britain. In all the British minea the coul i ielow ground at depths varying from 30 to 1,6lN feet, the Alleghany measures are nearly ullalior. ihe water lever. The ex|>en?e of working the lat ter is therefore much 1< ss than thut of working tin former. Court por tiik Correction op Ehkorb. ?Alba ny, Friday, Oct 10, 1044 ?Present, Lt Gov. OxrdinerHin il Senators. No. 4 N. Grout et ?l plfT* in error, vs. G I'ownsend, deft In error. Mr 8. Htevons was heard In Iff- in error. Mr. M. T. Reynolds was heard lor deft u C'onrt Calendar?Monday. Surr sina Coust.?Nos. M, (18, 34, 90, 187, 78, 78, 91 to 94, 90 to 108. , Circuit Court.?Nos. 18 10 31,8,7, 30,38, 79,30, 33 34,3J. 0mm IhtMttfaftM* (IkRKJuL ItMiom, 0?t 11?Before Recorder Telt midge, and Alderman ttondall tad Charliok?M. C. Pat terson, bq , District Attorney. Tkt Case of Madanm CatflU.?in the oessiqf this per son, Jama* M. Smith made aa age Station to the ?*?rt far a postponement of tha trial, la Biiaaijiniiija of tha ab sence of matorial witnesses for tha dofanoa. Tha court J ranted tba motion of counaal, and tha trial wa* put awn for Monday, tha '20th imt The Cm* of John Sullivan.?In the caia of tbi* indivi dual, who stand* indicted for a grand larcaay in embez zling good* belonging to E. Owen, hi* employer, John Mcheon, Esq. moved that tha court exclude Wm. M. Price and Jame* T. Brady, Esq*. as counsel for tha pros ecution, and the associate* of the District Attorney, on the ground that they ware mot authorised by the Statute law to prosecute criminal pleas of this oourt. Mr. Mc Keon then demurred to the indictment, on the ground that it did not set forth that the defendant * as not an apprentice, and over tha age of eighteen year*. [The indictment stated that he wa* over twenty-one years of ?ge J Both motions of counsel for defence were denied by the court, as not being tenable. Thiol foe a Misdemeanor.?Two lads, named John Mc Nevinaad John Hutchinson, ware then tried for having, on the Sd of June last, blown the smoke of soma assafes teda into the apartment ot Mrs. riaiissa B. Stanton, of No. 34 Cherry street, fromthe effects of which she be came seriously indisposed, as well as saveral of her children, who were in the room at the time. Mrs. Stanton testified that the accused occupied an ad joining room in the house No. 34 Cherry street, and on goinglnto her room on'the 3d June, she perceived a noxious vapor which appeared to be issuing from the tube of a tobacco pipe, introduced through an aperture in the partition of her room, end that occupied by the accused. .Mr. Stanton testified that on entaring tha room between flO and 11 o'clock at night, he found that the room was impregnated with a noxious vapor, and that it was discovared to proceed from a pipe item intro duced Irom the room occupied by the boys. The de fence coiled a number of witnesses to prova tha good character of the lads, and that thay wars not tha offend ing parties. t The jury, after a brief consultation, rendared a verdict of Not Ouilty. Sentences?John F. O'Htgan, convieted of a libel on Justice Oerrison, of Brooklyn, was sentenced to be im Srisoned in the City Prison for one month, and pay a no of $10. The Court then adjourned until Monday morning next. marine Court. Before Judge Smith. Oct. 11.? Gosling vs. KoppTeman.?Judge,o Opinion ? Thii is an action on the case brought by the plaintiff* against the defendant to recover damage* for defendant'* harboring and hiring plaintiff's servant. Oesling hired one Brenuer a* baker and carver in his restaurateur un der a written contract to serve for one year, and if eue month's previous notice was not given, Brenner was te he considered as bound to serve another year. Before the expiration of the term of service, Breuner left Gos ling, and after trying, ineffectually, te get a plaoe, was employed by defendant, who also keeps an eating bouse. Gosling gavo defendant notice after he had hired Bret* ner, of his previous engagement with him, and notified defendant he would hold him answerable if he employed him after such notice. It is net pretended in this case that there was any enticing away, but merely a " harbor ing and hiring after notice," and the questien is, can suoh an action be maintained 1 It has been held in England, in the case of Eawceit against Beavres and wife. Trin. 44; Car. 11 in B. R. 4 Leving's reports, page 63, which was a case similar to this : " That the action lies without incitement, they having notice that he was the hired servant of suiether." It does not appear whether thin action was founded upon a statute or the common law. In the case of James vs. Le Hoy Uth John Rept*. page 476, the court, in deciding whether this aotion would lie for harboring an apprentice where no notioe was given, says, "the master is entitled to his earnings wheth er the defendants did or did not know be was an appren tice. In caso of a hired servant, the employer must have notice to make himself answerable " In Blackst. Com. vol 1st, page 449, the commentator remarks, "al to if a person hire or retain my servant, being in m> ser vice, lor which the servant departoth from me and goes to serve the other, I may have an action of damagas against both the new master and the servant, or either of them; but if the new master did not know he is my t^f. vant, no action lies; unless ho afterwards refuse '.<j re store bim upon information aud demand." In ti,g case of Blake vs Sanson, 6th T. K p. 444, the co;<tH says? "An action will lie for rsceiving or continuing to em ploy the servant of another after notice." "A person who contracts with another to do a certain piece of work for him, is the servant of that other till the work is finished, and no uther person can employ such servaut to the prejudioe of the master, the very aot of giving him employ ment is affording him the means of keeping out of hia former service " These appear to be the principal cases tolavor the puff's right of aotion. A different doctrine is held in the case ef Adams ?n>l Baseald's case: Mich 83. Elizabeth, in Kings Bench, 1 Leonard's Reports, page 448, the cose is thus reported : " An action upon the case was brought, and the plMotiff declared that where such an oae, his set vant, departed his service, without cause er license, the defendant knowing him to be his servant, did retain him in his ser vice, aud so kept him. Tanfiold? The actio* doth not lie, for if my servant depart out of my service, end an other doth retain him, an action doth not lie at the com mon law, if he do not procure him to leave my servioe, and afterwards re-ain him, or immediately taketh him out of my service; and this action is not grounded on any statute Gaudy?The action lyeth for his damage and wrong done to the plaintiff. **?nnrr?Contrary, tor the wiong is in the departure, and not in the retainer; and upon the statute it is a good plea to say far tie uc fendaci that the party was vagrant at the time of tjie re tainer and the (seiens) doth not alter the matter.'*' Two doctrine in this last case is, because the actian <1 not founded upon any statute, and the wrong is in the dtpar ture, tho act of the servant himself, and not in the in tainer by the defendant, the action dees not lie. This decision is thus commented upon by an eminent coun sellor; in a case similar to this, he says it is "founded upon clear lessoning, fully stated, as it fell from the -ui?Kw> =0.mtuii, tit tua leamea nun uccuru'B reporter. It affords high evidence of the law." Sir Edward Has den nay* that " Leonard's Rcpotts were always in high estimation" en powers. Page 17. Lord Nottingham, it: the Duke of Norfolk's case, 3 1 ch Cases 81, says, that Leonard, "of all the books that have lately co ne out. is one of the best." Let it also be rasnembered thtt Pen ner, who concurred in thif judgment, wss for mere thai twenty years a Judge of the Court, and Tanield, be other ot the Judges, was a learned and ami nent jurist, and was shortly after this promot ed to the Chief Justice's *01 In Cemraon Pleas In an anonymous ctte, reported in Kielwey, 180, e di? tinction is taken between the action for ail act of defer daut by which the servant is taken from his master' service, and the voluntary harboring ol a sarvant wh has of his own accord abandonad his master. In the 11 tor case, the three judges agree thet no action lies. "Th plaintiff," says the court, " may well sey be had e be servant, but he has not an action against the harborer. In the abseace of all statuary law on this subject, th question arises, if this action can be maintained by th common law I We have seen by the authorities abo* cited that in England it has been decided both ways. A d if we weigh the authorities we should feel dispose to decide in favor of those, against maintaining the ?< tion, as entitled to the most deference. But if all thai cases had been decided in favor of sustaining this actio still we think we would be warranted in overleoku them, because the spirit and genius of our governme and its institutions are diametrically opposite to those Great Britain, in this State we kuaw, " all men a created equal, and that they are endowed by their Cr? tor with certain inalienable rights?among these ere lifj liberty, and the pursuit of happiness"-we hold too, tb men have the right to pursue their business as th< please, and where they please, as long as thi do not molest their neighbors unlawlully, a respond personally for any breach of contract If we establish the principle that this actioncaa be ma tained, it must he upon the basis thet 1 man bes e rig to aeli himself into slavery 1 and if he can do it to year, he can do it for lite. Men in this State is not p perty, and cannot be bought and sold, or mortgaged such?he cannot, therefoie, mortgage him>elf, Let seo what would be the consequences of carrying ( the principle contended for by the plaintiff in th s it A man agrees with anothor to woik for htm for life, fo stipulated sum |ier annum; after a short serviue he comes disappointed and quits. What js the employe remedy?he cau sue the employed lor damages con nuent upon a breach of his contract?but can he cam ino man to return to him and labor for him?not eve Court of Chancery would compel a return of the empl ed. That Court, in e case where the manager of e th tro had employed a certain actor for a specified to after he haa contracted lor the same period with an<R ?Manager, refused to grant an injunction either fcga> ihe actor's appearing, or the managers employ ing, v ifamblin vs Dimielord, 2 Ed. ch. Repts. p. MO To h les'rained them, would have been Creating the rels of lord and villien, a which can never ho to at?d in a State op venose soil the mott abject slave comes free the moment he touches it- a State when uan can become a slave unless he make* himself to t principle tecogniied by all civilized nations. to wit ?oramistion ol crime, whereby he forleita his trre< )ur legislators have lor a long tenet ot years thm poper n retain the law again" usury .upon the piini hat a men's necessities and do?piir often drives hi jiveany amount demanded lor a loan. If wash maintain the principle that man has a right to sell .elf, there wouli be n much greater ueresslty for ? ate confining the duration ol ancb agreements thai those limiting the pei rentage a man shall receive 01 loan ot his money. For despair would olten make a oil his body?and were it pos"ible. his soul?for a ? ciency to sustain his famishing Wmily. The fact there cannot be found among any of em reports any actions as this, sustained, or attempted to he, is it evidence that the publio opinion among the prole* nas been that it could not lay. I therefore gif*J nent lor the defendant. Superior Court* Before Judge Vaiularpoel. Oct. 11 ? Redmond rt Wheeler- In this otte, sir noticed, the jury found for plaintiff $7,481 H7, with < Jh l oiifmin, vs. Hopeiji et all ?The Jury in this ilready not'eed, rendered a verdict for defendant. Jam rt II. Leather vs. IFif/iem R Coxzme.?Shtna I'his was an action ot slender to recover damsges eg dofenda it, who is an ex-Alderman end proprietor o American lletel, by plain'iff, who hud been I Joyed in said house as a waiter. The alleged sis; 'vss uttered lti November las', defendant having ace the plaintiff of stealing silver ware. The defeuce ? I'-is, that ttie plaint ill took away silver waie froi 1 dinariet ol tho establishment, which he ill 'no' 11 ml were never found. The jury will render as verdict on Monday next. Common Plea a. Befuie a lull Bunch. ,. Oct. 11?Dkciiioss- Reuben Smith inn. ve.' Jo), j I I.ache Motion to set aside report of Referees mtd lavor of defendant. This was au action of assuinpll recoverthe value of a quantity of carpeting eiii Sloth. It appi aied that deteudsnt ordered the 141 ing. u Inch he declined accepting. The oil OlOth ordered hy defendant's wile, but before it was cut 1 'ant turn-elf countermanded the order. Report firmed with coat*. Jalin lh uce ode. William Hobby Report conflrmoi coete. John Graham, Jeeiynte, vs. Bkilip Mekddle el. J udgmeut for defendant on demvrer with coste.

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