Newspaper of The New York Herald, October 13, 1845, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated October 13, 1845 Page 2
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NEW YORK HERALD. Ktw York, Monday, October 13, IMS, Steamship CJreat Britain. This steamer is now in her sixteenth day. It her profiler was altered, as contemplated, it was not to increase her speed, if we may judge by appear ances. She may, however, have had bad weather; aha certainly felt a gale yesterday if she was any where near this port. AntURenttam?A>v Upright Judiciary?Tho Unprincipled Party Preaa. There are now gratifying symptoms of the entire suppression ot that threatening spirit of agrarianism and rebellion, which has recently manifested itself with such alarmimr violence in the anti-rent dis tricts, ua they are called, of this State. The strong arm of the law has been exerted with a degree of vigor and promptitude, which has been entirely suc cessful in striking terror to the hearts of the mis guided men who had banded themselves together in illegal associations, and inspiring all good citi zens with the conviction, that the peace and stability of society will be pfes^^ed. This happy result has been owing to the manly and faithful administration of justice by Judgs Edmonds at Hudson, and Judge Parker at Delhi, assisted by Mr. John Van Burcn, the Attorney General of the State, who has, in the management of these anti-rent trials, well earned the approbation of the community. The conviction and sentence to the State Prison lor life, ot "Big Thundet," and the conviction at Delhi of Steen bu-gh, one of the murderers of Steele, the officer of the law who fell a martyr to his fidelity to duty, to gether with the energy and vigor manifested in the arrest of great numbers of these concerned in that and othsr outrages, and in the adoption of the ne cessary measures in bringing them to deserved punishment, have already had the most salutary effect. Peace and order have been restored?the ignorant and reckless have been impressed with the utter folly of rebelling against the laws?and anu rentistu has received an effectual check. The judiciary of our State has thus shown itselt to be equal to the critical emergency in which it was called on to fulfil the solemn trusts committed to its hands. And yet we find several of the party organs most zealously engaged in assailing the motives and conduct of the Judges who have thus, by their firmness, integrity, and patriotic fidelity to duty, saved the institutions of our State from de struction ! The Albany Argus, an organ of the demo cracy, and the Courier tf Enquirer of this city, an organ of the whigs. with a meanness characteristic only of the most debased party views, in the midst of the most important crisis, when the rights of property? 'he maintenance of the law's supremacy, and the safety of society, were endangered by rebellious and incendiary mobs, have actually come out and attempted to cast discredit on Judge Parker impugning his motives?and falsely asserting that he had usurped the powers of the Executive, and transcended thejust an ! safe exercise of hisfunctions as a judge. Every intelligent and impartial man? every one who is not given over, body and soul, to the vilest purposes of party, and who has obser ved the course of Judge Parker?knows full well that to his decision, firmness, energy and strict justice, tempered with a becoming leniency to those who were less guilty, must be ascribed?in connexion with the influence of Judge Edmonds'equally faith ful and energetic discharge of his duty at Hudson? the happy change which has taken place in the asj>ect of affairs in the interior of this State. Before these two ministers of justice commenced their labors, the in surrectionary movement presented itself in a most f ormidable attitude. The demagogues who headed it a'ul the ignorant and misguided men who followed t'tem, really imagined that theycould set the laws at defiance, with perfect impunity. Emboldened by ma nifestations of imbecility and timidity on the part of the Executive of the State, and goaded on in their wicked career of rebellion and outrage, b)bthe de praved organs of political faction?such as the Al bany Atlas, Argus, New York Newt and Tribune? the anti-renters were daily becoming more insolent and outrageous. They had murdered an officer of the law, and boasting of that cowardly and most brutal crime, announced their intention of maintain ing their resistance to the laws, even unto blood.? But this spirit of insurrection and violence is now beheld prostrate before the insulted majesty of the law ; and many of those who were so recently ar rayed against it, are now penitent supplicants for its mercy. And yet this unprincipled party press has the audacity to assail the judiciary by whose instru mentality the rebe'lion has been checked, and with unblushing impudence takes its stand with the crazy fanatics who attempt to excite sympathy for such chaps as " Big Thunder," and those concerned in me innuman muraer 01 ivir. Meete ! This movement on the part ot the party news, papers is, however, quite in keeping with their whole conduct in relation to the anti-rent rebellion, and also with the conduct of the miserable politi cians ol both parties. The spirit of agrarianism was diligently fanned and fostered by Seward and his faction?tampered with by Bouck and his clique? and truckled to in the most despicable manner by Gov. Wright and the party now in power in the State. How the enemies of republicanism must have chuckled over the melancholy spectacle of the party presses and corrupt party politicians,pandering to the evil passions, the agrarianism, and the rebel ious spirit of those concerned in the anti-rent move ment ! But an upright judiciary, and the independent press,have vindicated the patriotism and integrity of the republic Never, indeed, has there been afford ed a more signal illustration of the value of the in dependent newspaper press of the United States than in this instance. Whilst the JV?c York Tribune, the Morning Neirs, and other miserable organs of Party, were encouraging the insurrectionary move ment, the independent press was daily exerting all its influence and power in favor of the supremacy of 'he law, and the maintenance of the peace and good order of society. And now that the upright, manly, and honorablejudges to whom was happily confid ed, at a most important crisis, the vindication of the laws, and the punishment of the guilty, are assailed, abused, misrepresented, and calumniated by these same corropt and hireling organs of party and fac tion, the independent press is still found on the side of justice and the republic-ready and able to repel the unprincipled assailants of a faithful judiciary. These singular facts relative to the conduct of the newspaper press, indicate most truly that the safety of the institutions of this land, and the maintenance and supremacy of those glorious principles on which the foundations of the republic repose, depend, in a great measure, upon the mighty indejiendent prsss? uncontaminated by political corruption, and support ed by the good sense, intelligence and patriotism of the American people, without regard to faction or party. This great truth is daily becoming more apparent. And just as the independent press grows in influence, so decay and sink the vile presses of faction. Their day is drawing rapidly to a close,? bnd when it does come to an end, it will be a glo rious triumph for the cause of truth, liberty, and the republic. New Hotel. -Colonel Thome lias commenced operations for the erection of a magnificent hotel on f is property in the burned district. It will be con structed and managed entirely in the French style, and will be a most desirable residence fur foreign ers and families who may desire the superior con veniences, comforts, and cook'ng of an hotel con ducted in the best Parisian style. Colonel Thome came over to this country for the purpose of su|>er i mending the erection of this splendid edifice. Steamship Britannia, Oapt Hewitt,from Boston, nrrived at Halifax on the 3d instant, and left on the lame day for Liverpool, with fourteen additional passengers. Mormon Difficulties,?Gov. Ford has issued a third proclamMion relative to the Mormons. Every tiling in the neighborhood, at present, wear*a peace able aspect The American Institute.?There is quite a fal ling off in the Fair of the American Institute this year. It has, indeed, been sinking from year to year, and the number W visitors has been annually decreasing. What is the cause of this 1 Located in the great metropolis of the Union?possessing so many facili ties tor becoming indeed a national institution, com manding universal respect, and advancing in an eminent degree the science, arts and industry of the whole country?liberally endowed by the State?it does seem strange, that this "American Institute"is comparatively such a paltry and humbugging af fair. It is, however, very easy to explain the mys tery. Bad management?the continued control of a petty clique, characterized by all the vices of clique urn, selfishness, illiberality, stupidity and in" justice, have been the causes of the lamentable decay and degradation of the Institute. A few in dividual manage the receipts?know where the money goes to?till the most important offices?pack the committees?supervise and over-rule, as they please, the decisions of the judges?and effectually cripple the institution of all its means of usefulness? its reputation and value as a great public body, os tensibly devoted to the most important public ob lecta. Efforts have been repeatedly made, and persever ed in with a zeal that deserved success, for the pur pose of reforming the Institute, and throwing of! the baleful influence of the clique that rules it. Bu1 they have ail, as yet, tailed. The clique is still all powerful. Flaming annual reports of the astonish ing prosperity of the Institute are still issued. Bom bastic addresses, by the members of the clique, ;>uffing themselves ad nauseam, are still spoken at :very "Fair." The "Premium Committee" still control the decisions of the Judges. Paltry musical entertainments are given, in the hope of catching a Few additional "quarters." Fireworks are nightly discharged "at an enormous expense," to please the children. The whole atrair is turned into a bur lesque on a scientific and patriotic institution, and candies, soap, and cooking-stoves, continue to mo nopolize the exhibitions, and the pewter medals, generously distributed at the expense of the fortu nate artists to whom the prizes are adjudicated. We thus speak of the failure of this Institute, more in sorrow than in anger. Ihstead of occupyiug such a degraded and disreputable position, it ought to be able to command the respect and admi ration of the whole country. Well managed?con ducted with liberality, justice, and a high and honor" able sense of duty, on the part of all connected with it?the " American Institute" might now possess an ample revenue, and ample means of every sort, to be a munificent patron of science and the arts? stimulating and aiding invention, genius, and skill in all departments of industry and art. If the Insti tute had been thus managed, Niblo's Garden would not be able to contain a tenth of the really merito rious and interesting articles sent annually for ex hibition. It is not too late to make another effort to reform this Institute, ft is lamentable to see it following so rapidly into decay and ruin. Let the Legislature of the State be called into institute an investigation into its affairs, and let all honorable and worthy men con. nected with it, whose counsel, aid, and disinterest* ed exertions in its behalf, have been contumeliously rejected by a selfish clique, unite in a last endeavor to convert it from being a nice little concern in the hands of a few individuals, to what it was intended to be and what it can yet be made?a great national institution for the promotion of science, arts and in dustry. Newspapers and Pr nters in Washington.? We jierceive that there will be great competition amongst the newspapers in Washington during the ensuing session of Congress, in the matter of pub lishing the reports of Congress, or what they call the debates in Congress. Ritchie and Ileiss have pub lished their proBpectns, and announce in a style quite characteristic of green hands at the business, their intention of issuing what th y call the " Con grcxsional Union." Gales and Seaton, of the Intelli gencer, likewise announce their design of publishing the reports, and Blair and Rives have also issued a circular in which they give notice of entering on the same field. This competition and enterprize in reporting the debates in Congress, originated, we believe, at the extra session, after the accession of Mr. Tyler, and was produced by the new system first introduced by this establishment, the Herald of New York. One thing particularly strikes us in these enterprizes. When Blair and Rives gave up the Globe to Ritchie and Heiss, at the order o' the President, it was generally understood that they had abandoned the field altogether, and entirely relinquished the busi ness of reporting the debates in Congress and every thing connected with public affairs. But it seems they have not. They appear to be still in the field, and with greater force than ever, determined to give the best reports of the debates in Congress, uninfluenced by " party basis" as they call it. This we do not believe they can do, nor can any |?aper in Washington, for they are all so completety under the influence of cliques and factions, that it is im possible for them to be independent. That high course can be taken only by a New York journal such as the Herald. And we mean to adopt it and beat them all, through&ut the whole season of Con grew. Blair and Rives in undertaking the continuance of their Congressional reports, seem to be prejwtring a nest (or themselves, in order to be able to operate effectually against the administration, provided it do not accede to their'wishes. The movement also in dicates, that there may be seme contest about the printership of Congress, and some confusion in the ranks of the democratic party as to who ought to be printer. The President has appointed Mr. Ritchie his organ, but it does not follow that he is to get the printing of Congress, unless Congress choos .? to be under the dictation of the President. On the whole, there will be, we cannot doubt, a grand scramble for the spoils in Washington amongst the printers, and some curious developments may be anticipated. Thkatricaus.?The theatres have been in the full tide of prosperity during the past week. At the Park the houses night after night have been crowded to suffocation, and the second engagement of the Keans has been even more brilliantly successful than the former. To-night " Romeo and Juliet" is to be repeated, with the improved readings in the princi pal parts,and lull and accurate versions of the whole play, which secured lor its former representation such unbounded and enthusiastic approbation. Mr. Kean intends to play in all his best rolrt and give in each the original readings which attracted so much attention on the part of the critical admirers of the Shaks|>earean drama on the other side of theAtlantic 80 highly successful was Mr. Kean in his represen tations of the principal Shakepearean characters in London, that one of the plays had a splendid and uninterrupted run ol twenty-three nights. "*w York Census. . . .. 1846. 1840. Twenty mos counties l.ft.vi.im 1,498,934 Onondaga 70,376 fi7i?14 Total 1,733,900 1,446,840 1 ,.)?fl,H40 Increase l&O.OHO These returns are from a little more than one-half the .state. The aggregate increase will not be tar from three hundred thousand. n porting Intelligence. Thoi riso os 1 hi: Bkacos Coi'asa, HoaoRfis.?A trot of considerable interest comes oft' to-day on the above track between I.ady Suffolk and the Albany horse Mos cow, best three in five, in harness It will be the first meeting between' these two horsea thi* season Moa row has improved very much of late, having on Friday last beaten Dutchess, who a ilay or two previous had F Suffolk. The sport will commence with match at hair past two o'clock, provided the ri.r favorable at ten 0 clock this morning. 1 he match made some time since between Henry Clay and Nawburgh for *400, to coma off on the Union Courie, is to take place on thia courts on Wednesday next, in consequence of the former track being harrow 1 ea up. Theatrical*. Pabx Theatre.?We have, during the past week, had another noble illuatration of the taate and liberality of a New York public. The receipt! of the Park Theatre mutt have averaged more than eleven hundred dollars per night. What a bi illiant array of sparkling black ey ea and alabaater complexion! have been congregated within the walls of "Old Drury," to witneit the triumph of mind, exemplified in the originality, diguity, force and paaiion with which Mr. and Mrt Chariot Kean have in vetted the highest creation! of Shakspeare's genuia! Mr. Kean'a personations of Hamlet and Jlomeo, two Shake spearian character! the moat like one another, at least in adventitious circumstances, have raited hi* reputation at an actor immensely. Men applaud him, old ladies fall in Jove with him, and young ladies, who are not allowed to fall in love, beatify hit wife with a graceful enthusiasm aod tender melancholy which shows itself in tears.? " There are no faces truer than those that are so washed.'' Mr. Kean's Hamlet is the triumph of mind, exemplified iu the originality, dignity, force and passion with which he invests the part. The grief that " passeth ahow " absorb* him from bis entrance to hi* death. It ia neither loud nor vehement, but it i* intense, occupying his every faculty, faiteuiugupon his very aoul. The next great element, the dread discovery ot his father's murder, combined as it is with the harrowing circumstance! of the perpetrator beiug his father's brother and his mother's husband, brings on that disturbance of the facultiea which shows itself in the disorganization that has excited so much discussion as to the reality and extent of Hamlet's madness. Here shone out one of the traits which constitute Mr. Kean's claim to originality. There was an indescribable manifestation of disordered facul ties made palpable to the spectator throughout. How it was to operate was uncertain; but it was there. The perpetually recurring expectation and suspense created an intense and momenta!y interest. The third element was, the suppressed but still struggling love for Ophelia, which was shown in occasional and most touching lapses into expressive tenderness. These were peculia rities which we cannot remember to have observed in any of the representations we hxve before seen. There was also a finely discriminated filial reverence towards " his lather's spirit," which elevated the entire portrai ture. The trite anecdote of the simplicity of the coun tryman. who being asked, after seeing Oarrick, " Who played Hamlet," replied, " It wasn't played at all, the gentleman was there himself." has been quoted as the greatest compliment ever paid to an actor Mr. Kean ronews in us the recollection, by his absolute identity and concentration in the part he plays. Ophulia, as imagined aud represented by Mrs. Kean, is a new character. Sound thought, combined with sense, has been made to take its lower and its proper station ; it is the accossory, not the principal. Like all Shaks peare's delineations, this is founded on the realities of the human heart, and here they are of the deepest and most delicate interest. They vibrate in the nerves of every parent who fears the betrayal of his child's affec tions?of every female who has ielt, or who has resisted the effects of such seductive assaults? of all who have sighed ovei the intellectual wrecks which are but too ot ten exhibited in mournful receptacles ol madness ? Ophelia is the personification of rank, beauty, inno cence, accomplishment, and above all the most acute sensibility, sinking under conflicting feelings and du ties. In the earlier scenes she is obedient to her father, affectionate to her brother, confiding te Hamlet, grace ful to all?in the latter there is no violence; the intellect hus waned, and she falls like a rose whoso leaves arc scattered by tho wind : her foot loses its firmness, her arm , its elasticity, her eye its expression, and as she sits rock ing on tho floor in helpless insanity, we feel that the cruel truth of the portrait is worthy of Shakspeare's ge nius. In the delivery of the text, the sweet tones of Mrs. Kean strike upon the ear like? "Silver voices of the bells ol air, Summoning choiisters to morning prayer"? And her bye play is beautiful?she says "fine things without uttering a word." We did intend to notice the performance of Jlomeo and Juliet, admirably played on Thursday last, and put upon the stage in a most costly stylejbut we must defer the pleasing task until another day. The revival of this I beautiful play gave great satisfaction to a crowded house, and we hail it as a promise of that frequent recur rence to the best works oftlio classic drama, to tho revi val of which, the theatre has of lute shown so liberal a tendency. During the present season, the Park Theatre hus been conducted in all its departments with such spirit and elegance, that as a place ol fashionable rosott, it has never been equalled since its foundation. Bomkrv Theatre.?The star of this Theatre ia in the ascendant, and in order to give it a higher lift, the Mana gers produce this evening the favorite Drama of Putnam, which had such on immense run last winter. Mossrs. Coney He Blanchard will also appear in the Drama of the Forest of Bondy, with their dogs. The whole to conclude with Scan Mag. Xirlo's Qardex.?Messrs. Chippendale and John Sef ton take their benefit this evening, and we have the play of London Assurance, with a caste, including .1. Placide, Mr. Chippendale, Mr. Crisp, John Sefton, Mrs. Crisp and Mrs. Mowatt. As if this was not treat enough for one night, the after piece will be the Galden Farmer, with John Sefton's immortal "Vel, vot of it." Pai mo'i.?The Kthiopian Serenadcr* to-right givo a splendid Concert, partly in citizen's clothes and white ! faces, and partly in Kthiopian character. Their perfor mances are so unique, wc need-not say a word on the subject, more than to say, that as Palmo's is let for Wed nesday evening, to-night and to-morrow are tbeenly two chanres left ol hearing these unrivalled performers. Swiss Bell Rutgers?These gentry perform this ce?U!inwan i^e? ? na<iIe" They bare had great sue cess down Last, from whence they have just returned it.?' rg'm u concort* previous to their depur . ? -- picriuus 10 mcir depar ture for Meiico, whither they are bound in a few days. Mr. Templeton announces his first entertainment for next Wednesday evening, at Palmo's. Chexev Familv.?This amily.from Vermont, will give thir Introductory Concert this evening at the Society Li brary. Their performances are in the style of the Hutch inson family, and are said to be equal to that family's. Tho French opera company commence an engage meut of four nights at Baltimore, to-morrow evening They are engaged by Burton for tho Front street thea tre. M. and Mme. Checkeni are entertaining the good folks of 1 ortlaiid. Me., with songs, dances, Sic. The Harmo ...wevugc, UBUVOl, i I1C i neon Family of Kthiopian singers are also there. The Howard Athemcum opens to-night in Boston, with | the School for Scandal, and a Day After the Wedding i The managers have a strong company, comprising ! Metdames vlaeder, Chippendale, Walcott, also Messrs. i Walcott, Howard, Sullivan, Ac. They announce en gagements with the Keaus, Seguins, Mrs Mowatt, Mr. Crup, Hackett, Murdock and 11. Placide. Mr. Booth is announced to appenrat the National The atre, Boston, this evening. From this his health must be : restored. J. M. Field is performing at St. Louis; also Sol Smith. City Intelligence. The Weather.? Yesterday wan a blue day. The hearts or many of the most pious were sorely stricken by being kept from church on account of the rain. It was a very unequal day. In the morning it was hot and mis ty; about 9 o'clock a hard rain came up, and by noon a heavy gale of wind tore awnings, blew off hats, and blew over some of the long and airy tons of men.? Chatham street presented a curious appearance about 1 o'clock. Nearly every awning that was out was more or less torn, and was slapping about with the wind in all directions. We suppose this must be the deferred equi noctial storm, which, according to precedent, ought to have come off three weeks ago. It rained very hard all the afternoon. Marriage at Hari-em.?On Wednesday last,the deni zens of the pleasant villago of llailem were on the tip toe of excitement to witness the consummation of the nuptials of one of Karth's fairest daughters, for several years past the reigning belle of the village. At 12 o' clock, the happy couple made their appearance in St Andrews Church, escorted by a large number of friends and relatives. The I.ady has been lor some time an in structress in the Sabbath School of St. Andrew's Church; and as she entered the church, her class of young and lovely girls, beautllully decororated with flowers, pre ceded her to the altar, strewing her path with the choic est and most flagrant flowe rs of the season. The mar riage ceremony was pronounced in a clear and audible tone by the Village I'astor. The company then separa ted?many with hearts sorrowful at the thought, that she was lost to them forever; but all wishing I he beautiful bride long life and happiness with her devoted husband. Coroker's OrrrcE, Oct. 12 ?Fntul Occident.?The Coroner was called this morning to hold an inquost at No. S Walnut street, on the body of a woman named Su san Dickson, a native of Ireland, aged thirty-one years, who came to her death in consequence of injuries by a large log or sparol wood rolling u|>on her in a ship yard, into which she had gone for the purpose of gathering chips, in doing which, she removed a sort of wedge that held the spars togother. Verdict accordingly. Run Ovir and Injured.?A femalcnamed Mary McGov ern, was last night seriously injured hy being rur over hy a cart. She was taken to the tith Ward Station House and medical aid procured. She is likely to recover. Movement nf Travellers, Yesterday the arrivals at the principal hotels wore not less numerous than they are generally upon Sundays.? The following is a summary : America*.?Thos. Black, N. C.; C. W. Davenport, Geo.; Mr. Higham, Charleston; K Green, Hartford; J. A. Dexter, Boston; A. II. Giesse, Detroit; Martin Van Buren, Kinderhook; W. K. Dickinson, Md.; E. C. Chand ler, Geo. Astor.? Eraatus Corning, Alhuny; T. Alden, Boston; Capt. I'ichell, Baltimore; Win. Borne, Dr. Mulliken, Ma ryland: Thos Connell, Joseph Keeves, Baltimore; Dr Wisr, Phila ; E Bruce Ward, Richmond; Aaron Bird, N. O ; H. Willis, Boston; J. W. King, ' in.; Col. Nat John son, Buffalo; Mr. Temple, D. Pratt, Cicero Prime, Alba ny; D. Clagett, Washington; N. Carter, Manchester, England. ( itv?C. C. Hudson, Richmond; H Johns, Danesville; Mr. Hard, 8. C.: J. W. Bacon, Waterloo; I , Hates, Bote ton; W. Conner, Hartford; Robert Wood, Quebec; W Petry, do; N. Millikcn, W. !.; K. A. Lasdalo, do. Prarsi.in?C. Storm, Michigan; A Loomia, Cleve land, Ohio; F.. laileton, lndiRno|>olis; Daniel Baker, Wetervliet; F. E. Phelps, Detroit; A.J. and F. A. Leslie, Ala ; H. R McKee, T. fc. Amsden, D. A. Lathorp, Freder ick W. Kohinson, Troy. Gi.obr?J. McDaher, Ohio; Mr Sadler, C. W.; J. W Bryant, Flos J starkpool*. A. Blimey, W. R Lee, Mr Brewgen; A. I). login, W. Hutchinson, Boston Howard?D. H Browne, Ohio; John Me.Larkcr, do; H. Terry, Lowell; B. Bowmen, Philad; D Kennedy Albany; James Blenkman, Canada W ; Geo. Gallagher, Ala; II W Derby, (in; <) l? Snow, Me , Mo?e? Kim ball, Boston; Tho. I*. Hart, Mexico; T. It Wechenbergh, D Stocking, Charleston; A. p llewott, Troy; Charles Emerson, Boston. (X/- John H. I eyton, b?q , Imn resigned his seat in the Senate of Virginia, from the district compos* 1 ol the counties of Augusta and Rockbridge An elcotion is to be held on the 18th of November next, to supply the vacancy, Hell glome dmNt Yesterday. "tiuL?"U?,t,?,? Chi'.oh?Dm. Adams's Die. feAt n A con,lruot*d edifice, aome 00 feet by 40, situated in Broome etreet. immediately off Broadway. I'a interior ia vary cbaately fitted up the whole area of the building being neatly laid out in news which are taatefully cushioned and carpeted ; and a gal' lory surrounds the interior of the building, in which alao. are placed row a of pewa neatly furnished The pulf.it .a aituated in front, oppoa.te the eniAnce over which ia placed a well built organ, of auliicient tone and power for the aize of the edifice. The building from ita fort nI??hlppearanC?'.iWOnl<1 indicat* ^e wealth and com fort of the congregation who frequent the church aa the entire ia fitted up in a coatly though neat atyle A verv nlnt ?!f h congregation thronged the edif&e last eve uing, to hear Dr. Adams's ditcourae on "Romo an it wan DrJ At ha"-P?t seven o'clock the lUv Dr. commenced the aervice of the evening in a very im ,nan^r -"?? ch?ir. accompanied by the organ ?utio? *0V* hymn* with "cellent taste and exe announA,dA'Mforhe?h#Up?n comm?"?<l his ditceurae, announced for the evening. The government of Uod ia administered in uriadom?infinite iu ita nature, following ell time and eternity. The wbeela to"<r "B* ? Complicated mechanism, appear h??mo 0pr"J " "till the machinery, when harmonized, all work, well together. In the same way, Providence had arranged the Univerae. The clouds hough obscuring the Uod of day lor a time, yet were ohriltu .ert ibK ?^e hi' ''Bht, a,ld tho nilld precepts of ?.??. n?!Y.y #J bro,ken through the viatn ol agea. Eng lish puritanism bad worked Ha way through time, and y 5?r?n comP'*ted. It had workeifthrough the iTw h?n*rh i .0Ine,T uncie,lt dynaaty waa establish th.m Lhriat waa born. The Roman Pontiffs wielded eh J I!1,!" before the foundation of the Saxon Monar chy, and the axe and the scafl'old were part of its liisto iiimnfr?me ^ "tended her arm through the world in almost every clime, and they aaw her extending even waa and'u'oml TTl* A?The historyofKorneu.it a? Rome as it is?Rome pagan, to Rome paf.al, em thlm.. h? W C re1uired their refleclion. Her ana hemas-her excommunications?her tiara of old?her h r'n "ini A'rv ?m. mod*? da,*-all her ancient and mo dtrn history?demanded the inquiry, how could she voar ac<lJ,,reJ hor immense power ? Rome, founded 7o3 year, before Christ, was always distinguished for her !.'Ary. Pro*ye!** an(i the vast accession of territory which it acquired. The Abyaiujau empire waa destroy ed, Macedonian flourished, aud this was succeeded by the 1 ^r^I!UtttjAll oilier kingdoms became provinces f the Roman Empire, and all the world poured forth ita treasures into the Roman Empire, until she proclaimed fo*Cu.#?f ^^S f the, WLor'di" and Rome Ucame the S?aifh J P?war of the world, having all sorts ef wealth and luxury under her dominion, until about the twelfth century alter the birth of Christ. Kings them- i seh es came in chains to pay her homage, to multiply tho splendor of hor dominion. The triumphal arch still ie- I maine.l?the colliseum still remained, raised in one year j by twelve thousand Jews and Christians, the spot where many Christians had shed their blood. The arch of Titus I stood, another evidence of the cruelty attached to the government of Rome. Pilate was induced to aid the

.u?!i!naac,nflclnS Christ, because they apprehended 1 that the Saviour waa about to usurp Roman power. The savage amusements that characterized the Caligula's the iJomitiau's?the Nero's?and the other tyrants that filled the throne, marked the era of its reign in tyranny and Mood 1 he fourth century had arrived before Chris tianity had been tolerated, in this century the church took its place next to the throne, and the axe of the church became identified with tho edict of the kingdom and power had thus accumulated, when the very civil officers ol the State sunk by this course into utter insig mt cance. 1 he very clergy, in these days, became seme of the municipal officer. of the State.andat this time com - 8t.ru.BBle.lor the auccession. Rivalry sprung up at this period, and superstition became a chief ingre dient in the proceedings. Rome had acquired by this sy stem of ecclesiastical supremacy, universal dominion over kings themselves, who would tremble at the rod of ma.l u")8? Splendor, gold and purple ermine, marbl? palaces, and every sort of luxury, marked the w?i7,1 in these days; and even now the visitor would observo a disposition to revive this ancient splen dor by the pent,ffof the church, who goes forth in tra^ anlg.n? gi '?CCTpanied by soldiers, in all the pomp and splendor ol an Emperor. Thus Romo still adhered ;rpvnr?v1hy8,-Cm ? euI>romacy. P?mP and dominion. Oregory the Great,in accounting for the images introdu ce fnil'n ch"rc ' s t,hey wcre done tor tho sake of i/AiA1'8 un ceremonip? and pictures and candies, were all thus accounted for-dressing pictures shio The" idnliaJli0ny' 7X f??*?ced to aid io lhe wor of It h a.n^ B of tho ieet of the statue ?i / . which statue was originally a statuA nf in ri,Aern? LmpU,-athe, -r?0t 0f wbic^ " polished with the i ?.u 0 11- Heathen mytlioiogy almost ruled them; and the bronze and marble that had been worshipped for centuries, still remained, and glitter and J license mid ifoMau nfiAriiuva imn* the Ti'nd^ tb.?hoxtraordjnary bold?whAh^Papftcy*adApon I 'nd- i be mon who had exceeded in the arts wb.p w ere'l I tUe7e e ardn ?T"WTI.'6 tll0S? Wh? built lhe church were6 a?d it would b, hard for the ltomaA7hurch to divest it-' the influence this system had acquired over it ? lhe ontiff upon his throne, and poople kissing his boots the rite) of the church, all showed the existence ol towed?tnstcm> ,"'Ol0gy i0 tbe sy6tem. wbich showed that t owed its conlinuance to the existence of tho aits foi , -."b "'reel, neai dih avenue, was solemnly dedicated to ssv rr;1 v cSz?i i; l- vT.'n . ' "mong whom were Rev. Mr Varella Klit cross, They then marched again to the altar-tlA Bishop .prink lin^ the uiKlience w th holv war aft-J ? ; 4u? T igsW was from the 1st chapter, and loth and , 1C verse " " have no pleasure in yeu saith the Loid of Hosts neither rising ofthe JunAAo c 0t J:?"r, band' Kor Prom ,he ,.m.g?iona .0th0 B<?ng down ofthe same, my name shall be great among the Gentiles, and in everi place incense shall be offered unto my name, and a pure saith the Lord^f Hosts ?hTLbe *mong the Heathen, saun the Lord of Hosts." J he words of prophocv declare to the Je ws the coming of a time when God should cease to accept the sacrifices they then ottered him hut when his name should come up as an oblation from Gentiles and Jews from the rising to the settinv of the inn present occasion brings this prophecy to our minds The but the prayer and praise which arise within these walH are not merelyfor the consecration ol these ^sensible ma ir"now ^ teAbAd'and Chrat.i,?n tO God 'ho b--'?'tba? ,J . P . a^emoleu, and shall continue to assemble harp But it is not from the simole dedication that the church derives its importance. It is nrowhRsieH ih.? .i cn"rch verse is fitting temples for the Almighty , God is not to be restricted within wnlls But Je,u, rhri.i ii.rA. A the Church, has taught u. that there7. A worship whAb ha? built temples in every land in the world and ?. n continue to build its temples while time endures Here you will hold communion with God, and ho with v ou and thoee whom Uod has put here will , ' . > tbe name of the Church ofjeTiA Chri.T Forth.7.0?," posethe temple erected. The sacrifice which Jesus performed on the Cross, l,e continues to make on the Church'* altar All approach to God m ?t h? through him the Saviour of men. It is here we will AT. template him He shed hi. blood for us Al?w gre.T then, beloved brethren, is the glory ofthe I In rcA l,! not that Jesus Christ came once aud et,red it i. ???>at a flash or ray of in rv "OI o7e7harw,?\fB^ o?t-obni2^ blessed snciifice which will bp offered thm!.ui i and blood of our blessed Savmr.tiH > from ail sin to-day as tl ey were 1800 vI.A ago on the cross ol Calvary. I know iho? A i . is rejected, but of all the doctrinos revealed'in tl!e? N>'w t estament, there is none so clearly expressed ami so full of comfort as that of the Real Presence lean. in.J ihn sacrifice, a. the last mark of his divins love that He <niglit never bo absent, but alwavs nresem ? .1 .. Then, beloreu brethren, when w e offer this J ill ~4 is not we that offer it, but our Saviour There a.o AAnv sacrifices, but ol all. this is the onlv true one. The.Aare many altera, but in reality there & but one. There Te meny prleats, but in reslity there is but one, even JeSu! Chriat our Savior. et u. then, beloved brithren pro' perly regard the pnvileges we enjoy. Let no thoughf no action escape us that shall do dishonor to the d^trine" we profess. Let u. render our temple more worthy bv our lives, by following in tbe footste|,? of our biesse<f Ha viour If we do th.a, we shall ,?0? arrive where outward sacrifices shall ccsse to be neressary and we shall sit bi the right hand of our father, and the m.mT.ofhi love will lurever be spread over us performance o?Ma?.'.': Mraraoni" concluded by tbe We are sorry to be obliged to record an neglect, to say the least, on tbe part of those who Asn aged the business part of the dedication. On going to th. A ouf importer wee rudely reiu.ed edm.ttanoV eve , ? MI'?f'lp ig.!. ? ?'oct ?' h" "tfendence? and ?Trd yo?Mv? he AAh0tr'k,e'per8 ,h"' if h" " co,,ld n?' .fiord to pay he might stay away." On his offering to pay, however, he w*. observed by another one of lhe door keeper, who, being a gentleiiaiiiy man, undersiooo ni. object end would not allow him to pay. 1 ho.e Ah .ave toe control of auch afiaira should dace men at The loor who understand their business. Apart from this uig'tTAnTATting 16 'le,llCal?ry coleni?nie? we,e Capt. Fremont's Expedition.?Yeetrrday Jacob Crum, and seventl other men, who went out with ';w|>t. Fremont, on hi* late expedition, returned to the .?it jr. (;ram, we understand, was one of the hunters Tor Hie party, and complains much of the tyranny and abso iileism ot Capt. Kieimmt. lip also disagreed with Capt F about his wage*. lie left ( apt. Fremont's party some where in the territory belonging to the chajenna I hree days after Captain Crum depar ted, eighteen others left Home ol the eighteen, being nick, ware discharged ind others being dissatisfied, refused to go farther Those who returned make load complaints of the rigor ot .he Captain's discipline, and say that many ethers of his man were duaetistied , but their statements must he ta ken Witli many grains of allowance From the mate rials of which nis party wm composed, a vigorous disci pline was, no doubt, required to bring them into due ?uhjection, without which the ends and purposes of the expedition could not be tccompUehed.?Sf Leun Hty Oh. 4. Lpojt ?^^3,^2^*7*. that ? iSflVJS?-.nd^in.ntiyWul USLSTSaw?ara mo .^d by a lady of large fortuue. to become her liege lord. ?'? ?*? en .queUy^weeUhy rfrterof the,?a Ldy.l. uboutto e?pouM? ? young me?.whohM long been popu larly known a? a barkeeper in the city. A Cuance to Make Mostr-A gentleman named Martin, engageJ as a confidential clerk at an Mtabliah ment in Kiont street. New York, and who roitdea n Brooklyn, wu assaulted in a cowardly manner in the boxes of the Bowery Theatre, a few nights since, by some persons who represented themselves to be connect ed with en "India Rubber" store in Fulton street. 1 he gentleman is so anxious to find out the actual where abouts ol his assailants, that l e will pay to any one who can give him the proper information on the subject, any reasonable amount of money. A Fioht.?Although there are very few more orderly and better conducted establishments in Brooklyn, than the " Military Garden." disturbances will sometimes occur oven there. On Friday night last, a difficulty took place between Mr. William Lane, of the United States Navy, and Mr. Thomas Costigan, originating in the non tulfiltneut of a contract, made by the former to takei Mr. Costigan as master carpenter, to the F ort at Key West, uow under contract, to bo constructed under the Erec tion of Captain Dslton. Mr. C. conceiving himself in jured in the premises, indiscreetly, (as we think,) struck Mr Lane a violent blow in the face, whereupon a general row took place, which was, however, promptly sup pressed by Mr. Van Felt. Mr. Coetlgan alleges that he had " much good causes" for acting as he did and the probability is, that a law suit will be the result ol this tmeute. Police Items.?The bad weather, consequent upon the i .1 ? Ruaiaaaa 11 varv Uf*nI'fifl" 1 ULIf. L | I I,,us. " . ? >, equinoctial storm, made police business " very scaree yesterday. The only arrests made were by a portion of Captain Powell's watch-Messrs. Peter Wikofl, William .?? ? ? ?? n n;nr>. i? D.iftid o r*H Inn n Wlir. Slater, John P. Rcqua, Benjamin Burtis, and John War cho. The delinquents were John Corly, arrested for as sault and battery; John Lubey (or Lukes) for a like of fence ; and Stephen Hawden. oaught flagrante deltctu, iu a very equivocal " love scrape," by Messrs. Wm. Peck, of No. 101 York street, end Edgar S. Bark, of No. 80 Maine street. Alleged Bioamv.?A young female is now in custody in New York on a charge of intermarrying with a per son named Langdon, connected with the Fultou Ferry Company, she having another husband living. It is sta ted that there will be some rich exposures growing out of this affair, which will inculpate three or iour eminent ly respectable individuals belonging to the two cities. Brooklyn Advertisements.? Many applications have been made by manutacturers, merchants, tradesmen, and others in Brooklyn, to have one or two advertising co lumns especially assigned to their use, under a distinct head, in this paper. It is probable that au arrangement will be made which will gratify them : and, in the in terim, ihe cards of Messrs. Lucas, Schmidt, and other BrookJynites may be referred to as worthy of particular attention. Police Intelligence. Oct. 13. ? Defrauding the Revenue.?A man named John Tolland, was arrested this morning, by officer Hatchett.on a charge of attempting to smugglo a quantity of broad cloths, cassimeres, linen, Sic., from the ship Roscius, in which he recently arrived from England. It appears that the accused had displayed considerable in genuity, in order to carry his plans into effect, having made up the linen into full sued petticoats for ladies, and the broadcloth into cloaks, tho size of which,an Alderman would find but little cause of complaint. The accused was delivered into the custody of the U. 8. Marshall, be for whom he will havo a hearing to morrow. Violating City Ordinancei.?A person named William Meyers was arrested yesterday, lor selling meat from a cart in the street. Diamond Breastpin Slopped.? A diamond breastpin was last evening takeu from a notorious thief on suspicion of having been stolen. Tho person having lost one, will do well to call upon officer Brown of the Sixth Ward. Larceny.?A person named John Augustus Ghent, was arrested on the charge of stealing a trunk containing a silver watch, a quantity ol shirts, books, Ike , of the value of $31, belonging to John Mackay, of No. 391 Pearl street, from the lauding at the South Ferry. Robbed ol the Five Points.?John Trocliman, of the cor ner of Albany and Washington streets, while in a house in Anthony street, on Friday night, was robbed of cloth ing and money, ol the value of $19. An individual named Thomas Connor was arrested on a charge of having com mitted the offence, a portion of the stolen property being found in his possession. Circuit Court of tUe U. S. Present Judges Nelson and Betts. This Court for the last threo days have been occupi d with hearing an argument not yet concluded in some important excitement suits which wore tried at the last Circuit ; verdict having been taken subject to the opi nion of the Court upon questions of law. The plaintiff in all the suits is Mr*. Williamson, a daughter of the lot Thomas B. Clarke, who claims to recover one third of the large and valuable premises at Greenwich in the neighborhood of the 9th avenue and 31th and 35th street which were sold by her father in his life time as trustee under certain acts of the Legislature. Suits for the n mainder.it is understood, are ponding, brought i-> t' two other childron of Clarke and will probably c. , ? ' upon tho decision in these cases. Mrs. Mary Clnrke, in the year 1801, devised a part of her farm at Greenwich and a lot in Broad wayjto trustees, and to receive and pay the tents to Thus. B.Clarke during his life, and at his death to convey to the surviving chil dren. The Legislature accepted tho resignation of the trustees and appointed Clarke in their stead, authorizing him to sell or mortgage one half of the premises with the assent of the Chancellor, for the support of himself and his children, and the titles of the delendants have acciu ed undor conveyances in pursuance of this appointment. The plaintiff maintains among other points that the acts were unconstitutional and void; that if valid they confer ?d only a salutary power,which was violated in the con vey aiiccs, the consideration not having been entirely cash, and that in one case the sale was void, because the premises bad been previously mortgaged and the sale thereby exhausted. The defendants maintain that the acts were valid, they having been so adjudged by the Suprome Court and the Court of Errors in 1837, in Cochran vs. Van Surlay, where the same questions wero discussed and decided ; and that sound policy requires that the titlos which have been acquired on the faitn of that decision, should not be disturbed ; that under the will the children during the life of Clarke had only a contingent remainder, or possi bility depended upon their surviving their fattier, and must, thereforo, resort to a Court of Equity for redress if their rights had suffered ; that Clarke, under the acts, held the entire fee as trustee, and a court of law cannot enquire into the due execution ef a trust power, espe cially as he w-as vested with discretion as to the manner aDd terms of sale. The case on the part of the plaintiffs was ably and in geniously presented to the court by Mr. D. D. Field, who was followed by Mr. John Jay and Mr. Daniel Lord for the defendant. Mr. John Authon also associated with the defence, commenced an argument on Saturday, which will be continued to-day. Mr. Anthon stated in his opening that the premises ill question wero estimated at a quarter of a million of dollars, and that the tract reserv ed lor tho children by the act of the legislature,and which they had eRjoyed was of equal value. The importance of the principles involved as well as the amount at stake, and the fact that the highest judicial tribunals of State has already passed upon the priacipal questions, com bine to invest these cases with an unusual degiee of in terest. CotiRT for the Correction of Errors, Oct. 11? Present Lt. Governor Gardiner and 22 Senators.? Ordered, that the Court will hear no argument after the 13d instant until F'riday the 14th day of November next, at 9 o'clock A M.? to the end that the causes which shall have been theretofore argued may be examined. No. 5- James F. Cuitiss and all. piffs. in error vs. J. J. Knox, President &c., deft, iu error. Mr. T. Jenkins was heard fordefondant in error. Mr. J. A. Spencer was heard in reply. Decision postponed until December. No. C. C. Cartlidge and al piffs. in error vs. J. J. West and al. defts. in error. E. Sandford read the case on be half of the piffs in error. navigation of the Ohio River. Placet. Time. Stale of River. Pittaburg,. . . Oct 7 5ft and riling in channel. Wheeling,. ..Oct. 8 ft feet 9 in. in channel Louiaville,. ...Oct. ft 3 ft 10 in. in the canal. Cincinnati Oct. 7, 4J ft on flat* and ban, ria'g - ....'..L.J L J ...JUL The Plumbe National Oasuerrlan Uallery, no the upper corner of Broadway and Murray atrerti, nerd, only to lie vi.il- d to be awarded by viaitori the Inn heat praiae Ins jiiat y celebrated K<llrry an richly mrrila, liy examining thoae at the h air and thine in this U'llrry. It will he aeen, that the Pru'eaaer haa not done himaelf injmtice, hy exhibiting it the Fair belter picturea than thoae which cover the widla of thla eitrtiaiTe Oallrry. IIIII'h Infallible Ongncnt la the only apeclflc which can produce living teatimonv? real evidence of effectual ?-urea produced in the loilowing diaeaaea ol the hnmin acalp ai d hairIt ia warranted, if properly uied, to eradicate the woratcaae of Pitynada, DandrulT, Scnrf, lie , atav all caara of falling off of the hair, poaitively reatore it to bald heada of yoitrg or adulta, ch luge red or grey haira to a beautiful da> It color, and make the ha r moiat, aol't early. Itc l.adiea, try it?be anre y< u get Hill'a (Jenuine Infallible Oi.gnrnt, for which are adverliaement. MONKV MARKET. Still tiny, Oct. 14?O P. M. Throughout the paat week the atock market haa been very much deprcaaed, and quotationa have gradually tmt ateadily declined. Pricei for meny of the fancy atocka now rule nearly ai low aa previotia to the recent tpeculaliona, and from preaent appearances we ahould judge that a lower level than heretofore reached, would he experienced before the market took another turn. Why the atock market ahould at thia time he ao much lepreaaed, ia impoaaihle to tell. Theie ia no.viaible cau t for pricea ruling ao low. We annex a comparative table, giving the quotation' for aomt of the itocka tiaed in thie market for apeoiiln tion, for oach day of the paat week, and at the clove m die week previoua. There haa been a falling oil several per cent, and tho tendency ol pricea ia toe further decline. luoTannivi roe rat Paiitotrat ftTocxa in thi New \ ? Maaart. Sat. ftfnn. 7Vy. Wed, T7i 'y Fv'y Sa> '.ong I aland 70V 70V 70 V 69V 6* 69 67!-, Vlohawk ? 47 ? ? ? ? larlem ? 63 V Bi ? 64 V 04 64 danton 42 V 43'4 12'6 42 UN 42 4 IN w'armera' l.oan 34 34 34'? ? 34 34 V 34 \or. nndWor 74 74 N 74 73V 72 72V 71V Jliin Sixea 9) , 97V 97V 97V ? 97V 97V tllinoia Aitea ? ? 37V ? ? ? Indiana ? ? 37 37 ? 17 ? Kentucky Hum - IOlV 101V ? 101V 101V ? Pcnn'a. bivra 77 77 77 76V ? 76V ? iuningtou 31V ? ? 31 31 31 ? K.ne Railroad 34 V 35 33V 34V .14 34 34 Vickabtirg ? ? H1, ? ? a U H Bank ? _ _ _ _ _ Reading RR Jl 30* 50V *>V 40 M \forria Canal ?V 24 21 33V 13 23 V Kail Boaton......... ? 14 V ? H 14 V ? ~ A powpoilaon of priooo ruling yoitordojr, iWllfc UMM currant ?t the close of the previous week, ahows ? decline In Long Island of 9 per cent; in Canton, IJ; Norwich and Worcester, 3*; trie RaUroad, |; Reading, 1- Morris Canal, i; Farmcrs'Loan and Ohio b'?, closed at previous prices. Some of the railroad stocks should range higher than the current notations. The earnings of the Long Island Road, are sufficient to permit the declaration of a fair dividend. The Norwich and Worcester Company makes a very favorable exhibit or receipts to the 1st Inst. This year to the 1st instant, the receipt* amounted to $187 438 09, sgainst $162,648 61 to the same pe riod' last. At this rate the aggregate receipts for 1845 will exceed those of 1844 about six thou sand dollars, and amount to, at least, two hun dred and eighteen thousand dollars. The gross receipt, in 1843, were $151,403, and in 1844, $213,837. Out of the receipts for 1844, the company paid a dividend of three per cent, amounting to $49,500; running expenses, $67 . 090; interest on debt, $49,664; sinking fund, $25,000, and had a surplus of $21,783 for contingencies. This year, after paying the same amounts for expenses, interest, 9tc., there will be a surplus of more than twenty seven thousand dollars, part of which, and only a part, will be usod up in extra running expenses, being a surplus to be carried to the credit side of accounts for another year. There will be no dividend to stockholders on the 1st of January, 1846. From the present receipts, the company cannot declare but three per cent per annum, and the dividend for 1645 was paid last July. We annex a statement showing the position of the company in 1844, and the probable position at the close of this year. Noawioii a?n> WoacKSTia Railboas. 1M4. 1845. Receipts for the year.... $313,837 *318 837 Interest on debt...... *!?'oo? Runuiu* espenses, tie 67,800 ?7 00B ?uiki'g fond on debt 35,000 35,000 Dividend. $? per share, on to&iSSimizSSl -mm SSS-mm ? Partly estimated. Part of the surplus in 1844 was used up in paying a balance due on extra cost of extension of road, and a pert of the surplus this year will be used in extra running expenses, connected with the day trains to and from Boston. It appears by this that only one dividend of three per cent can be paid out of the yearly receipts, and that there can be no dividend in January as anticipated. The Norwich and Worcester Railroad stock is therefore at present only a three per cent, instead of six at par value; and but a lour percent stock at current prices. This road must eventually ,ut the rate it has been progrossing.be a much better stock than it is at present. The sinking fund is accumulating very rapidly, the appurtenances of the road are increasing, and notwithstanding the great competition, the receipts are annually increasing. These things show that be | fore the lapse of many years, this road must become a i permanent six per cent stock, at least. It must always be a favorite route to Boston, on account of the expedl I tion with which the trains ptss over it, and connected | with the Long island road, will command most ol the summer travel between the two cities; its local bus! 1 ness is also improving, and altogether, the prospect of S ultimate profit is good. The current price of this st? ok is as much as it is worth as an investment. The receipts and expenditures of the Long Island Railroad Company, are not made so public as those of some other roads in the country,and very little is known about their financial condition. The monthly reoeipts are regularly published, but the sources from which .hey are derived are not given. The expenditures on this road are probably less than on any other of its length in tho country; and the company can, therefore, cany passengers at lower prices than any other. The income of the company for September, 1845, was $87, 148 52, being $8,970 88 more than for the con esponJing month in 1814. This includes, without aoubt, the re ceipts from their boats, as well as from the road. The increase of business on the South Carolina Rail I road for the hrstnine months of this year, ending Oct. 1st, has been $123,333. The receipts annexed, for the first nine months of the past five years, are exoiusive of the 1 mail contract and the profits of the bank. South Cabolima Railboau. tint 9 For the monihe. year 1812. .Receipts for passengers and freight . .$311 1813. .Receipts for passeugers aud freight. -??$J6 3.' 5i 1311..Receipts for passeugers and Ireigbt.... 380.174 593.6 7 1815. .Receipts for passengers aud freight... .3j7,68I a* .Deo * Partly estimated. At tho close of the year 1812, the tariff of charges for freight were reduced fifty per cent, and for passengers forty percent; and the increasod receipts in 1814, am1 so far In 1845, give a striking illustration of the effect which a reduction ot charges on freight and passage has upon the profits of this as well as any other railroad company In the country. This road is 202 miles long, cost $5,671, 452, and paid a dividend in 1844, of five per cent. The Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Cerapauy have de clared a dividend of three per cent, for the past twelve months, payable on the 1st of Novem ber, which leaves a surplus to be auded to tbe contingent fund. A dividend was also decltred on the Washington Bank of three per cent, for the last six months, payable on the 1st proximo The reduotion of fare on the Washington branch havinc been attended with such favorable results,as regards revenue, a reduc tion on the Baltimore and Cumberland road is it con templation. The capital of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Com pany, upon which the dividend is made, is $7,000,006, consisting of 70,000 shares, of $100 each. The city of Baltimore owns 35,000 shares, the State of Maryland 5,000, and individuals 30,000 shares. The treasury of Baltimore city will receive of this dividend $106,000, end the treasury of the State $15,000. The capital of the Washington branch of tho same work is $1,650,006, of which the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Corapaey is owner of 10,326 shares of $100 each. The State of Ma ryland ownj 5,600 shsires. individuals hold 674 shares From this werk the State will reoeive $16,500, exolu sive of the bonus for each passenger. The whole reve nue en the two works, which the State ef Maryland will derive lor the year, from dividends, will be $46,060. The receipts of the Reading RaUroad Company far September, 1845, compered with the same month in 1846 and '44, have been as annexed : ? Readiiso Rail Road. Sept. 1843. 1(44. 1845. Business $13,825 85 $72,175 09 $132,111 <7 Coal Transported, Ions.. 30.513 52,510 180,222 The transportation of coal on this road this season, has exceeded the roost liberal estimates. It was estimated last fall that 700,000 tons would be transported en the road from Janmry 1st to December 31st, 1848. The transportation for September, in that calculation, was put down at 87 a 90,000 tons, whereas the actual amount carried was 100,923 tons. The actual business has ex ceeded the estimates for eaoh month, so far, in about the same proportions. The capacity of the cars new en the road, is equal to the transportion of 1,000,000 tons per annum; additional cars will be added, so sa to make the capacity of the road in 1840 equal to 1,400,000 tons. At present there are on the road 1,000 wooden oars of three tons each, and 1,600 iron cars of fire tons each. 1,000 more iron cars of fire tons each, will increase the fuciii' ties of the road forty per cent, or equal te a business or 1,400,000 tons. The company will transport that amount oTcoal, if they get these additional cars, as theru has been this season, mere offered at the mines than the cars now in use could carry. Had the facilities of the com pany this year been equal to the supplies offered, it would hare transported more than a million of tens to market The receipts of this oompeny, for a week in October, for the past three years, hare been as annexed. Wttk ending Oct.1, IMS. Oct 5. 1841. Oct 4,18(5. Business $15,408 95 $(7,572 31 $13,131 >3 Coal Trsueportrd 8,1,0 I3,(i88 2t.0t>? At this rate the receipts for October will be lerger than those for September. Old Stock Euhangs, $1900 Ohio 6's, U0 97v 100(10 do s90 972 12000 do 972 ion alias Phemi Rk 87C 101 Rk Com, full 98 175 Viekshurg Bk 8 !b7 Farmers'Triiat 34 75 Morru Canal 23* 180 do 232 00 do >00 29 ?3 50 Look IsIs nd R R 88* 100 do slO 88 400 do 88 50 do h 10 88 50 do h:t0 80 0 do aJO 8714 .110 do 87* Second Board. 100 Reading R R si 50 50 Morris Csaal blO 25Nork WorRR 72 50 do s(10 50 do MM) 72 '4 25 do h3A >0 do alfl 7'X 50 Long Island RR boo '5 Morris ( anal 21 150 do s3 50 do l>IO 24 5- 25 Canton Co 50 do hlO 2414 90 do MO Itsw Stack (exchange. 50 sins Farmers' Tr .30 13* 26 shns Canton Co b30 50 Morris ( anal ch 73 15 do 15 d? 23* 2* do nw 50 do 23* 25 do b30 ?50 do si 23 * 25 Nor * Wore sew 425 do 231. 60 Ho si 60 Ixmf Island RR bs8 88* 26 do eh 50 do al6 00 l?0 do ch 109 do ?* 60 do 188 do sS *8 68 do 25 do blO ?? 308 Canton Co 41* 25 do SlO 41* 50 do 50 N A Trnst l?* 50 Nor k Wore RR blO 12 4.50 do 71 350 do 71 25 do anw 71* .50 do a45 71 1.50 do ? 00 71 50 do M< 71 50 do b30 72 100 Reading R R 60 100 New Jer.ey R R 17 100 Harlem R H 50 do 83* 75 Erin R R 34 M .*? oo 61 AO ilo N* iS io

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