Newspaper of The New York Herald, October 15, 1845, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated October 15, 1845 Page 1
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THE NEW YORK HERALD. Vol. XI., Bio. SIM?Whole No. 4140. NEW YORK, WEDNESDAY MORNING, 0CT0BERJ15, 1845. Price Two Cento. THE NEW YORK HERALD JAMES GORDON BENNETT, Proprietor. Circulation-?Forty Thousand. DAILY HERALD?Every Jay. Pric.J ceatt per eopy?$7 $Sper annum-pairable in advance. WEKLY HERALD-Every Saturday?Price 6X cents par copy?$1 l*H rruta per annum?payable in adrauca. ADVERTISEMENTS at the usual prices?always cash i advance. PRINTING of all kiads executed with b.auty and despatch. If^AII letters or communications, by mail, addressed to die establishment. muat be pest paid, or t> e postage will be do dootvd from the subscription money remitted JAMES GORDON BENNETT, Proprietor of the New Yoaa Hkbald Estaumshmknt, Northwest corner of Fulton and v assan street* KlCjuh"aN1) GAtiTlJfTiS^ROA? ON MONDAY,the 29th day of December next, by virtue of a decree of the Court of Equity for Wake County, at its Ao'umii Session, 1815, in a suit of tha Governor, for the use of the State of North Caroljua, to fireclose a Montage there tofore executed bv the Raleigh and Gaston Railroad Company, * ' iCo to indemnify the State against rertaiu liabilities for said Com pauv, I will sell at public Auction, at the Court House door in thr city of Raleigh, to the highest bidder, the whole property of the Raleigh and G iston Railroad Company aforesaid. ( so far aa tilt tune is known to me,) consisting of87 miles ol Rail road, reaching from the City of Raleigh to Gaston on the North side of th- Roanoaks river, in the direct line of public cut yanre to Petersburg, City Point, Richmond, Washington City, Baltimore lie Ac , together with all Bridget, Depots, Workshops and Tools, Warehouses, Water Stations, Engines, Can, Ac. Ac. Also, the stock of Iron. Lumber, and Fire Wood, which may then beoe hand, and all other articles own ed ami used by the said Company for keeping up said Railroad, and trausportati -a on th- same. From the nature of the pro perry it will be sold en masse. The purchasers, by the terms of the Decree, and the Act of the Legi nature in relation to it, will become, ipso facto, a body corporate, by thr n.me and style ol the present Company, and will acquire all the franchise, privileges, rights and unmu uitns .ow possessed by it. for the term of 80 years, which its charter has yet to ran. These franchhvs and privileges are of tne most advantageous kind to the Compniqr. and may be foand atlaigeiu llnnr charter, contained in tha 2d Volume of the Revised St itutea of North Carolina, page 299, which is to be 1MB at tha Seats of Govcrnmeut, auil m most ol the Public Libraries of the States ol the Union. '1 he whole purclinse mouey must bear interest, at the rate of ? per cent pier nunnra, from the day qf tale, and be paid aa fol lows. to wit: 225.000 at the end of tlx mouths, and ine residue in four instalments, at intervals of ten months eaali?say 1st, 29tli J'iue, 11116, $25,000 2d, 2'i;h april, 1817, ose-fourthof the remainder. 3d, 29th February. 1818, one-fourth of do. 4th, the 'cub of December, 1848, one-fourth of do. 5th, tiie 20th of Oct <ber, 1849, one-fourth of do. The eott of this Railroad and its appurtenances, complet only five years since, was $1,600,080?one half of which w borrowed; creating a debt bearing interest, on tailure to pay which. a sale has heeoma necessary. The grading, bridges, depots, Ac. are executed in an excelleut style of workmanship. Cas run daily over i-, carrying the Mail of the United States, (it beiug a pert of tile Southern Metropolitan route,) at a com pensation of $100 per mi'e, Or $8,700 per annum. And, traver sing a fertile region of country through nearly its whole length, its freights for the transportation of Produce and Mer chandise, independently of the receipts from Passengers, afford aeousiderabla addition to the ordiuary sources of profits on railrsads. Though not, now, yielding a profit on the large sum expended in its construction, its income has been increasing for some time past, anil it is confidently believed that it would produce a reasonable return upon a more moderate amount of capital invested in its purchase. Tne sale will be made without reserve, at the time and place aforesaid, at which those inclined to purchase, are respectfully invited to attend. ... The purchase money must be securedby bond with approved CHARLES L. H1NTON, Pnblic Treasurer of She Slate of North Carolina, a flit e ? " and Special CominisaHter of tha Court of Equity, in this cause. Raleigh, N. C., October 6,1815. ilv" The following papers will insert the foregoing adver tisement 60 days, nnd forward their bills for payment, with a Sip r containing the same, to the subscriber: Boston Atlas, rw York Herald. Baltimore Patriot, Philadelphia U. States U.izctt-, Richmond Enquirerand Richmond Whig, Charleston Courier, Mobile Advertiser, New Orleans Picayune, and N.C. Standard. C. L. H. ol] 3m m PEOri.ES' Lifs'E oh STEAMBOATS fou alb aw > s<3.'r-i-''i 402 DA1LV?Sundays Excepted?Through Di i " ^rest, aft o'clock P. M., frum the Pier bctwerr .Courtis Jlit and Liberty streets. ___ 3 train boat HENDRICK HUDSON, Captain R..G. aMMoeu. will leave ou Monday, 'Wednesday audFriday Eve nings, at ?o'clock. _ _ Steamnoat KMCKKRBOCKKJt, Captain A. Houghton will loiivc on Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday Evenings, ai 6 a'clock. At 5 o'clock P.M., landing at intermediate places, from the foot ?? Uarcluy street ;> Steamboat bOUTH AMERICA, Cept. 1* W. Braintrd, will leave on Monday, Wednesday, Friday and Sunday After noons at 4 o'cloclr. I Steamboat NORTH AMERICA, Captain R. H. Fnrey, will leave flu Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday Afternoons, ait o'clock Ptseaugera taking eitlier of the above I.ines will arrive in Albr. ?7 in ample tun* tor Use Morning Train ol Cars for the east Oi west The Be us are new and substantial, are furnished with new aat elegant state rooms, and for speed and accommodations are ua ivalled ua the lladsoe. Freight t'lkao at mmierateratee. All persons are forbid trusting any of tha Boats of this Lisa Without a writteu order from the Captains or Agents. For passage or freight, apply ou board the boats, or to r. C. Be mi tie, at the otter on the wharf. o!3 FOR NEW ORLEANS?Louisiana and New .York Line?Regular Packet, to sail Tuesday, 21st mmwiust?Tli# elegant fast sailing packet ship SUA ?> 3 ii. t,, Hose, master, will posieively sail as above, her regular day. For freight or passage, having elegant famished packet hc eominodations,apply on board at Orleau* wharf fo. t ol Wail st-? or to E K. COLLINS fc CO., 56 South st. Positively no goods received on board after Monday evening, 20th tuit. ... Aceut iu New Orleans James E. Woodruff, who will promptly forward all goods to ln? address, e {'ai kel barque Oenessee, Miuot, master, will succeed the S i-k.oerre.mid sail 1st Nov.. her regulai day. o14 FOR FREIGHT OR CHARTER?For Liver ,pool or Bristol?The well known British barque ? HOr.Ht.-i 11T R. J. Wall email, master, will be ready to receive freight lit a few days. ^.orjwrtmuUrs, appfyj 14rc 7j South st. cor. Maiden Lane. NEW LINE OK PACKETS FOR L1VER .POOL.?Packet of 21st October.?The splendid, fast .availing and favorite packet ship ROCHESTER, lOct -iieu, Capt. John Britton, will sail ou Tueaday, Oct. 21st, her regular day. The ships of this line being all 1000 tons and upwards, per aons about to embark tor the old country will nut fail to see the advantages to be derived from selecting this line in prefer ence to an y olher, as their great capacity renders them every way mure comfortable anuconvenient than ships ol a small class, and the.r accommodations for cabin, second cabin and steerage passengers, it is well known, are superior to those ol any other line of packets. . ... , Persons wishing to secure bertha should not tail to make early application on board, foot of Burling slip, or to W. fit J. T# l'Ar8COIT, At their General Passage Office, 75 South street, OUR Corner of Maideu lune. ig- BLabK BALL OK OLD LINE Ok LIVER .POOL PACKETS?For Liverpool, only regular packet of the 16th of October. _ j ig.iiiicent fast sailing favorite packet ship OX FORD, burthen 9M tous, Capt. J. Ratlibone, will positively ?nl on Thursday, the 16lh of October. It is well kuown that the accommodations of the Oxford arefuteo out in a very superior maimer, with every Corne ll.e.re that can.lot but adu to >he comfort of those embarking. Persons proceeding to the old country or sending for then friends, will liud it to their interest to select this couvryance' For p assage, in cabin, second cabin and steeiage, and to se cure toe best berths,early application should be made on board, loot of iiet kinan st, or to Jut subscribers, ROCHE, BROTHERS fc CO. oU rc 25 Fulton sireet, next door to the Fultou Bank LIVERPOOL Se MOBILE LINE OF PACKETS, To sail on the 15th of October?Thowrll kuowu r*LpVpacket slog COLUMBUa, Capt. Wood, will sail on MMfe vVedHshdag. as above, or passage free, s ins packet ha, acSwtjntiodatioiu for a limited number of Second cabin passengers, in a new house on deck, which will betaken at steerage rates, by applying on board, pier 9 C. A. TEN EVCK, 67 South st. North River, or to C. N. B.?Cabin passage $60. Tneship WILLIAM AND JAMES, Capt. Reed, will sail as above lor Mobile, ou Wednesday nest or passage tree. Ap ply to C. A. TEN faVCK, nil giis'rh 67 South street. "NEW LINE kOR PfEW ORLEANS? I'.caet of tbe 15th of October?The first class ship LuN _L) iN, Capt. Baker, will be despatched as above, and most d-sirsble conveyance for cabin, second cabiu and steerage passengers For freight or passage, at lowest rates, apply on board the aliip.at Murray's wharf, Toot of Wall st, or to a\i m JOHN llEHD.viAN fc CO 61Sonth>t. THE only lLgular Line of Packets lor NEW .ORLEANS?Packet of toe 16 h October?Tin __^^<pleiidid and fast sailing packet ship BlLAh _lvn..vir.ta, Capt C C Barry, wi.l positively sail on Xhursd.sy, October 161 h, her regular oay. , Persous about procesdiog to New Orleans, will hnd it much to their advantage to select this line in preference to transient ships es th-ir punctuility iu sailing may at all tunes bedepvad ed on, lusd the price of p assge is very reasonable, fur which, and to secure births, immediate application should be midc on board foot of Maiden Lane, or to W. fc J. T, TAP8COTT, o 1"m 75 South St., ooruer of .Vlaid'n Lane. FOR LI VKH POOL? The new and splendid ? picket ship RAPPAHANNOCK, Captain Drum B iioud, hurihan H00 tons and upward \ will positively sail uu .ununlay, Ihe iRth instant, her regular day. This ele gant v.'ssel offers a most desirable opportunity for those aboul to embark lor tin- old country; having superior accommodations ny ship now ap lor the above port?there is two la<ge and *' til M c numodioiit lieuset on deck, well ventilated and any. Also, several private Mate rooms lor lainilies, all of which will be taken at second cabin aud steer.,ge rales. Those wishing to secure beitlis should not full to examine this Invorite ship's tCi ooimodation, before engaging elsewhere. For passage in leco d cabin and steerage at Ihe lowest rates. Please apply on board, pier No. g North river, or lo " JOHN HERDMAN fc CO , 61 S.,ulh street near Wtll street. Jf. B. Passage can alao he secured be the above ship Irom |, iei pool, or liy any ol our line, on the most reasonable terms, fur Weekly VPP rtun.ty mid drafts fm any amouut furuished, naftkla at all ilia principul towna iu Gteat Britaiu and Ireland Oi*? tK -..a, ? ?. ' FOR MOBILE?New Line?The splendid Packet slop OAEELLE. Capuun Tri ad well, ?no goes to the city With freight aud passengers, will huve un .. uespatch for the auove port. For lt< is;><? or passage, iu either cabin, second cabin, or steer ,mr II ol which will ba taken at much less than tl.e usual rales, J* Living to JOHN IIk.KDMAN fc?Q j j. FOts LiV KKl'UOL?The New Line?Regular JlfKTucket of 2lat October.? The superior last soiling ^KM|?par.kct ship ROCHESTER. knti tons buithen, Juniniiiiiou master, wtll sail as above, her regular day. S o, height or i*ss?ge, having splendid, large aud comlortable ? . rooms .nil cabin, '"P' 01,0 ' r South street. P, ire of passage $106. 'J lie packet ship ilotlingaer, 1050 tons. ( apt. Ira Bnrsley will snccid the Kochestgr, and sail ou her regular day, Hat NoveBbOt* imr ? > issa s22rc DOGS! DOGS!! MGENTLEMENgwho are desirous of owninge good warranted Do*, to eoawer any purpose required of thrill, ere requested to apply at the bar, 55 Fulton St., ' comer of Cliff, from 12 to I P. M , as tlie AHvertiier is pre- ! pared to supply them with Newfoundland , Fancy Spaniels, Terriers, Bull Terriers, Ratters, Wateh Dogs, kc. Tin most > sati factory references given if required oil !3k'5*r i HUSK HILh STABLES. 34th street, beiweeu Bull's r * and 3d Avenues, nud nearly opposit- Bull's Head, lust arrived from the country, and for sale at the above stables. M Horses, among which are four fast trotting horses, 2 fast pacing do,, several pairs farm horses, some flue irt norsei s3 2in*r; _ . ast pacing do., several |uurs tarm horses, some ni cart norses, a few good road and stage horses, and shippers. e R H NORTHliUP, Proprietor. KOBtRTSON'S PHU5NIX HAT AND CAP MANUFACTORY, 103 Kiftton Street, between William and Naiiat u. CM THE Success whish has attended the efforts of jpusthe Proprietor of this Establishment, to introduced^ into use a aaperior article at aii extremely low price, encoara ..a* ?w . aapenor u. . , , gei him to make increased eiertiona td merit the petronaf* of the Public, The peculiarity of hi? system of conducting bu siness consists iu uie establishment of the most rigid economy in its various departments, as well as in auiinvariable adhe reuce to "Cash on delivery,w relieved from th? oppressive ei Metises o tlie more extravagant crafumeu of Broadway, and subletted to none of those losses which are the certain accom pauiment of the "credit nrinciide." g He is enabled to offer the different articles m his line at the following reduced rates HATS. Firut Quality Nutria Fur $3 J? Second do d? ? M First do Moleskin 3 00 Second do C A^S * * First Quality Cloth $1 SO Second do do 1 00 Third do do.... 75 all lm*m FALL FASHION 1915. WM. BANTA, No. 94 Canal Street, Corner of Wooster Street, and No. 130 Chnthnm Street, fl OFFERS to his frieuds aud the public s luge assort dfSL meut of Hau of the newest style at the following low pigcrs. viz :? Short Napped Silk Hats $2 50 Fine Moleskin Silk Huts 300 Superior " " " 3 50 Nutria For 3 00 First Quality Nutria Fur Hat. 4 00 Alao, a choice variety ot Children,' Caps, Boys Fur and Silk Hatv, Gentlemen's Travelling and Dreaa Caps, kc. See. alO lm*r MILL'S FALL STYLE WELLINGTON HATS fa NOW READY, at the well known establishment, 178 Broadway, Howard Hotel,at the following prices : First quality Nutria $4 50 2d do do 3 50 First do Moleskins 4 50 2u do (o 4 00 3d do do 3 00 J. D. Totten and R. J. Tiffany would be pleased to see their riends u above. s5 lm*rh LOOK AT THIS. IMPORTED FRENCH BOOTS of the best quality at the extreme low price of $5 00. The best of brencn Calf Boots made to otder $5, and a great assortment of fine Calf Boots $3 anil $4; finest calf Shoes $1 50 to $2 25; also agrtat usoitment of patent leather Boots, Shoes and Ositers. Lady's will find iu this store the greatest assortment of Ositers to be found in the city ; also Buskins, Slips, Ties, India Rub bers. Prunella Slips, white aud black satin, kc., Sic. I Jfl Likewise Boys Calf Boots and Shoes, Misses aud Children i and cdors, our own manufacture; i to, ail kinds and cdors, our own manufacture; also the best oi 'rench?roods,tnd warranted the beat aud cheap aa the cheapest at 367 Broadway corner Fianklin street, ol Im'rrc M. CAHILL. BOOTS AND SHOES AT RETAIL. J A lasge and splendid assortment of city made Boota aud Shoes, of the mostappruved styles and workmanship, for sale twenty-live per ceut cheaper than at any other atore in New York Just received, a few eaaes of ftne Freurh Dress Boots Gentlemen so disposed, can furuiah their understanding with an elegant pair of Boots, at prices varying from three to five dollars. a!7 lm*rc FRENCH & EVERETT, 73 Maiden lane. J FINE FRENCH BOOTS FOR $3 50. CITY MADE ?For style and durability they are equal to those (old in other stores for $5 ; five French Imperial dress Boots made to order for $4 50, equal to those made in othei ?tores for $6 and $7, and warranted to gave satisfaction, at YOUNG t JONES' French imperial Baftl and Shoe Manu facturing Depot, one of the most fashionable Boot and Shoe establishments in this city. Gentlemen that are in want ol a pair of dreaa Boota, will find a taring of filly per cent by getting them of ns. Mending also done in the atore. WM, M. YOUNO It II. B. JONES, t!7 lm*me No. 4 Ann st., near Broadway, New York. TO COUNTRY MERCHANTS-BOOTS AND SHOES JE. JOHNSON (late Wilson k Johnson) has on hand, in stoie 142 Chatham street, directive _ opposite the theatre, one of the beat assorted stocks ol Boots and Shoes that can be had in the city. Gents Kip. . Grain and Seal, Thick and Thin Soled BooU and Shoes. 5?'d aud aewsd, from the Eastern manufactories; Laidies alters. Buskins, Ties, Slips, lie., of every description. A greater variety of Childrens' Shoes than auv other store in this City. Oeutlemen's fine Gaiters, twenty different kinds. Gents Buckskin Shoes, Spoitsmen'i, Fishermen's, and Seamen's Boots. Store open till 10 o'clock in the evening, giving country mer chants an opportunity of examining the goods at their lei'Un s9 lin'mc l'UfUMSHED HOUSE WANTED. A SMALL and neatly furnished House, or part of a large oue, with useof kitcheu, is wanted lor a gentleman ,and his wife and two daughters, from about lOiii Novem >r until April or iviay next, 'the situation mutt be conveni ent to Btosdwav, and not higher un thauBleeckerit. Any person having the requisite apartments to let to such a small family, where there will be no childreu to injure the furniture, and who would be satisfied with a reasonable rent, may obtain agood teuant by addieasing n line, wiili terms and other parti cnl?ri, to J. K. H , box 1279 Tost Office. nlO 2tawto24rc PARK PLAGE HOUSE. MThis Establishment has during the past Summer been newly furnished throughout. A few families and a lim ited number of grntiemeu may here be very pleas autlr accommodated for the whiter on as favorable terms us at any oilier house equally well conducted. JAMES O. ELLIOTT, No. 1 Park Place. N. B.?For 3 or 4 Rooms without board, at No II Park place, apoly as above. s2J lm*rrc HOTEL DE PARIS. jgA ANTIONE VIONEH, one of the late proprietor* of ? ??? the Perkioa' House. Boston, respectfully informs hi> Xal^frieudt anil the travelling public, that he has opeuert the house No. 290 Broadway, eutrauce on Jteade street, called tin Hotel De Pari*, where he will be hanpy to aecumm date thos, who may wish to patrouise him, with Board and Lodging, by the day, week or month, on the most reasonable leims. *3 lm*rrc MORNING LINE AT 7 O'OLuOrv, KOR ALBANY, TROY and intermediate ?landings, from the Steamboat Pier at the foot 0 Barclay street. Breakfast ana Dinner on board the boat. The low-pr>-ssure steamboat TBOY, Captain A Gorhan,, on rnesdays, Thursdays and Satnrdays, at? o'clock. The steamboat NIAUAKA, Captain A. Degroot, oa Moo lay, Wednesday and Friday, at 7 o'clock. For passage or freight, apply on board, or to F. B. Hall, aMie yffice on the wharf. Notice?All goods, freight, baggage,bank bills, specie, or any rther kind of property taken, shipped, or pat on board this boat, must be at the risk of the owners of such goods, freight, bag rage, itc. jelSrc NEW YORK, ALBANY AND TROY LINE. FOR ALBANY AND TROY DIRECT 'from the pier at the foot of Courtlandt _ .street. the Passengers taking this boat will arrive in time to takeorih Morning Train of Car> from Troy west to Buffalo, and n to Saratoga and Lake Oeorge. The low pressure steamboat EMPIRF., Captain R. B. Ma ey. every Taesdsv. Thursday and Saturday at 6 o'clock. "" " Win. H. Pi The steamboat COLUMBIA, Captain Win. H. Peck, every Monday, Wednesday and Fhday afternoon, at 6 o'clock. bor Passage nr Freight apply on board, or to C. Clark, ettlw offce on tbs wharf Freight taken on the mo it reasonable terms. Freight must be pur in charge of the Freight Agent, or the company will " t. No ?" * not be responsible for loss. No freight taken after 5 o'clock. s21 FOR SAVANNAH?Packet of the 13th October. .The splendid well known last sailing packet brig EX iCF.L, Capt. Smith, will positively sail on Monday, the 14th October. Iter regular day. The accommodations of this brig for cabin, second cabin and steerage passengers, cannot he surpassed. Persons wishing to secure berths, should not fail to make early application on board, foot of Maiden lane, or to W. fc?J. T. TAP8COTT.7J South street, ollrc comer Maiden lane. t HOR LIVERPOOL?Packet of the 16th of Oct.? The regular, well known packet ship OXFORD, iCantain Ralhbone, will sail for Liverpool as aboTt, her regular day. Having unsurpassed accommodations for cabin, srcond cabin '?"I steerage passengers, apply to Hr J. HF.RDMA* A CO., iriga FOR SALE, FKr.lOtiT OR Cll AKTEK?The hf."'Ky very fast sailing packet ship LOUISVILLE, 313 tons, tfnlBlkwc'arrit a 1300 hales New Orleans Cotton; was built in uiii city, with live oak and locust top; newly coppered mud patent It lied. Has handsome accommodations for 24 passen gers. Apply to E. K COLLI ^8 & CO. J. HER OMAN'8 OLD ESTABLISHED EMIORANT PASSAGE OFFICE, HI SOUTH STREET. fcSfia .PASSAGE from Grrat Britain and Ireland, via. MEMY Liverpool, can always be arranged at the lowest rate MMMms ind papi famished for any auiouut, payable at all the principal Bans in England, Ireland, Scotland and Wales, >n England, Ireland, Scotland and Wales, on application to J. HERUMAN, i*rr si Hnurli street. ? bOK LI VERt'OOL?New Line?Regular Packet J...-"'1" elegant fast sailing Picket Shin UAKllICK, B.J. 11.'i'nuk, master, of 1104 sail as above, her regular day. For freightor i assage,having accommodations uneqnalledfoi iphudor or comlort, apply on board, at Orleans wharf, foot ?4 U/all al r.mt ear In ol Wall street, or to E K. COLLINS It CO., M Sooth street Price of passage $100. rrirr ?n lniswfi^r #i"v. Packet ship Rosciua, Capt. Asa Kldridge, 1200 tons, will sac reed the Gitrrick and sail 26fh Nov . her regular day. s?8 NOTICE TO RAI LROAD CONTRACTORS PllOI'OSALSwill be received at any time previous to the 22d (lay ol Novemher nest, at the office of the subscriber No.6 Wall street, in the city of New Voik, lor the grubhiug, gr ding, masonry, superstructure and bridging of the Bear Mountain Railroad, in Pennsylvania, 2V miles in length, eiteud n.g Irnw Hear Mountain to Dauphin, on the Pennsylvania Ca n i, eight tnilesahnve Ilnrnsburg. Plana and specifications are ready for luspection at the tiudersigned'aollice. The work to beenmmenced immediately upon closing ol the rontr.?.t* J P MAN ROW. New York. Sept. ?$d. 184.3 ?2J lui'r M "TIIE ALIJATA SILVER WAKE," ANL h ACTURED hy Wm. Ch aidless, 432 Hudson st c-.nnot be d t?cted from Wlnlixg Silver, for t?,< iniHer tnu Wiue in uaed the whiter it become* W. CM ?l?* niAiiuti Ct?irr? Hteriiug Silvrr Bjmotis, horksand Jewelry, ch?*t|* and is i repared to but Old Gold and Silver, German do, Peerls aiid Dianiouds, to any amonnt. Be sure to look out for the fi.f" IJJMJ l-etwsen Barrow and Morton stt. Wm. C Madias*, established IU3, lata of Clarluou St. s2A Im'rc KINK AKTfe. /\1L? PAINT I NUB C leaned, Lined and Keatnred, by "a--.. neVKU Opinion of the Bey of Tunis on India Rubber. /j'ljs!** r<$ JU^V>je\/J\ U r> --r *>SJ'> ^bW ^ o-.W eii 0^ rM^ r_ p)_. ?. ;w, <? y *3Jtk)a '/'?*>H ? l:^{) ^v c^s'^1 Js m0 O " V +\\_ ??*t ?? - fcj, Some two or three years ago, Mr. Day, of Maiden Lane, the ingenious and enterprising India Rubber Manufacturer, Bent out as presents to the Pacha Bey of Tunis, at the solicitation of some of his Highness' friends in this city, a portable India Rubber Boat, a pair of his celebrated Corrugated Boots and Breeches, and an India Rubber Vessel to be used in transporting water upon the backs of camels, in the place of goat skins. In acknowledgment of these presents, Mr. Day has just received from the Pacha, a magnificent box, made of solid gold, richly set with diamonds,and accompanied by a very flattering letter, of which the above is a true copy from the original,and the following a literal translation of the same. "GLenr to God! From the slave of All Powerful Ged, the Mouchir Aohmet i'aoha Bey, Emir ot the Tunisian Armies. To our Ally, John Howard Payne, Consul General of the American Government, at Tunis. We have received from you divers objects formed of a material which water cannot penetrate, and which your letter whereby they were accompanied declares to nave been sent to us by the inventor, Horace H. Day, of New York, in the American country. This is the first time v.-e hove seen any thing of the sort lrom nu American.? They have gratified us much. There will come toyeu, herewith, a box of Gold, adorned with brilliants. We desire that you will have the goodness to send it to Mr. Day, that he may have a remembrance of us, as we have ?if him, in the productions which ho has placed in our possession. May God have you under his holy guardian ship. Written the 28th dayof Jomadhi El-Aouel,the year 1*261, [corresponding with June 3d, 1846.]" The following very gratifying communication from the American Consul at Tunis, also came with the present: U. 8. Consulate, Tunis, June 3d, 1846. Sin : The departure for America of Mr. William R. B. Gale, my late Vice Consul, enables me to forward you an acknowledgment from the Pacha Bey of Tunis, in re turn for the India Rubber Boat and other articles of the same material which you entrusted to me for his High ne?a. The original letter in Arabic, which his Highness wrote to me upon the subject, is enclosed, and accoinpa ing it, a literal translation. Believe me, sir, it affords me the sincerest pleasure to find American skill thus appreciated in a lar distant land, and to have been rendered the medium for extending knowledge of the ingenuity of my countrymen. I have thenonor to be, sir, Your very obedient servant, Joh.v Howinti Pay jck. For Mr. Horace H. Day, Maiden Lane, New York. We have seen this beautiful box, and we congra tulate its fortunate possessor on this magnificent tri bute to his genius. It was forwarded to Mr. Day with great care by John Howard Payne, who has so long and ably represented our country abroad.? Setting aside the intrinsic value of the ?present? which cannot be less than ?500 sterling, and quite equal in value and splendor to the one sent some years since to President Jackson?the box contains a very ingenious compliment to the skill of Mr. Day, and will doubtless be treasured as a rich heir-loom in his family. The rim of the box is studded with large diamonds of great value, whde the brilliants on the cover are very ingeniously arranged so as to represent a boat. From the bow rises a diamond flower, the forget-me-not, as a token ef the Pacha's grateful remembrance, and in the stern, the little flower ImmitrteUe, equivalent in Oriental language to "May you live forever," while in the centre rises the India Rubber Tree, around which a seiyent en twines, thus denoting the application of science to the manufacture of Caoutchouc, and that nature yields to human skill, comforts, lnxuries und for tunes. It must be deeply gratifying to Mr. Day to find that his ingenuity is justly appreciated by fo reigners, while at the same time it is highly credita ble to our country, that we have among us those, whose genius ana skill elicit such magnificent testi monials of admiration. Character of the Chinese by Caleb Cashing. [From Newburyport Herald, Oct 13 ] The introductory lecture before the Lyoeum, on Fri day evening, by Hon. Caleb Cushing, was of an exceed ingly intereating character, well worth the price of a ticket foi the whole courin of lectures, to every hearer. Mr. C. has a much better opinion of the intelligence and capacity ol the Chinese than those who have had no opportuuity of intercourse with that people hare been wont to entertain. A large class ot the peeple are learned ; as a nation they are industrious and ingenious beyond others, the whole country is like a bea hive.? Learning has the first place in public estimation, and books are as numerous as in Europe. A catalogue which Mr. Cushiog had in his possession of a single library, occupies ten volumes. Public measures aro debated by the populace as much as in the United States, aud public opinion has as much influence in China on the govern ment as with us. The latal error of the Chiner.e has been in giving too epicurean a character to their habits and their government. One illustration of this oitad was the fact that at the close of all letters to one another, the written salutation is " I wish you tranquillity and pro motion." They lack only military skill and Oisdipline to make them a powerful nation, capable of repedling in vasion or of overrunning contiguous countries; for no men are braver, or die more learlessly in the ranks.? From the tone of Mr. Cushing's remarks we should infer ihat he supposed they would ultimately attain this military skill and discipline. Mr. C. remarked that the fate ot the Chinese should be a warning to those Utopian dreamers among us, who would devote all intellectual and physical effort to the arts of peace, to the extinction of that martial spirit without which independence cars never be maintained.

China does not need any foreign trade. Within her own territory she produces every thing requisite for the wants of her population. The Impenal commissioner repeatedly assured Mr. C. that this commerce from the outset had been literally forced upon them by the English and Americans adversely to the interests and tlve wishes of the Chinese government and people. Newspapem as well as books abound andcirculsMe freely among the Chinese, and the Pekin Uazttte, par ticularly, penetrates to every part of the empire. Ttvuy annually publish a rod Book, similar to our Ulua llos k, giving the names and emoluments of all public oflicenu. In regard to the population of China, Mr. Cashing seems to be of opinion that the Chinese census does not overrate the number, and that the threo hundred and fifty millions which they claim, is not far from the true number. The land and the water of a country, as large as Europe, teems with swarming masses living alike in boats on the rivers and iu houses. In the southern part of the country two crops a year are produced, and the poorer classes subsist on a little rice, and tlie flesh of dogs, cats, rats, Sic. To the cities and towns there are no carriage ways, the streets are only narrow loot paths, and no horses or other beast of burthen are kopt to re q ure large ranges of pasturage. The population is crowded into the narrowest limits, by a long succession of ages of peace and industry. The compensa lion asked by the servants which Mr. C., in his chaiacter of Ameri can Ambassador, employed, was only five dollars a month, and out of this they found their ow p food and clothing. The Chinese have long been acquainted wi th all tho improvements in the arts, upon which Europeans pride themselves, as tho inventors, with the exception only of the steam engine. Machinery has not been introduced among them, because of the effects it would produce among such a crowded population,by throwing immense numbers of handicraftsmen out of employment. Hence the success with which English anu Americmn manu factures are sold there, notwithstanding the cheapness of Chinese labor. Mr. C. intimated the possibility that the introduction of these ioreign manufactures in the coun try, might, at tome future day, produce the same Change in China which the introduction of machinery would,and by throwing out of employment great numbers of work men cause a revolution in the country. He euprvsted a belief, however, that our commerce with China was susceptible of much increase ; that there whs now no great maritime po wer engaged in navigating t|\.e Pacific, nut that tho United States were destined ti> have an immense commerce upon that vast ocean, and to be the great controlling power upon it. Ot course, wn suppose, he looks not only lor the annexation of Oregi n, nut of California and the whole western coast of Mexi co, before the consummation of this piediction. The wrong impressions whioh have obtained in regard to the Chinese character, have been caus. id by the always difficult and often erroneous translati ens from a primitive language, which frequently make vfhat in the -/riginal was rational and serious, appear ing the tran slation absurb and ludicrous. New Mail Arrangement.? The Mnntgomery (Ala) Journal ot the 1st inBt., aays; We niifteraiana that a new route is in conteniplaliou Which Wli I expedite t'ie Northern mail to tins place 12 hours in advance ot the prevent lime. Several experimental trips have been uiade at the desire ol the department, and so Successful ly as to leave no doubt of Its easy practicability- passen gers arriving here twelve houra before the mail. The route is through to Atelanta, the terminus of tb e Georgia Railroad, and thence through La Grange, Wast Point to Chchaw. and tins place. Columbus will be aapplicd by a way route, and the distributing ofllce will be lemoveil to La Grange or this place, which gives a great gain in I speed. Varieties. Ralph Waldo Emerson has been engaged to deli ver a coone of lectors* ioBoitou during the coming win ter. It will be upon "Representative men," embracing portrait* of Plato, HweJenborg, Montaigne, Shakspeaie. Napoleon, and Goethe. The lecture upon Napoleon, in an incomplete state, wa? delivered before the Institute last winter. The Milwaukie Sentinel says, that a gentleman who drove into town on Friday by the Muskego road, met, between Milwaukis and Vernon?twenty-five miles ?one hundred and seventy-eight wagons, loaded with merchandise or emigrants and their baggage, and passed fifty-five teams drawing wheat, coming, of course, to wards Milwaukie. In June, 1841, a young man who was in business at St. John, N. B? suddenly disappeared under circum stances which induced his tamily and relatives to mourn for him as for one dead ; and dead every one supposed him, till very recently, when it was ascertained tiiat in stead of becoming food for fishes four years ago, he had slipped away trom his creditors, hid away in Northum berland county, Pa., and there became master of a large property by marrying a rich widow. Dr. (Jilbert, of fiettysburg, Pa., a few weeks since operated successlully ior cataract upon the eye of Mrs Lustricken, of that county, aged 08 years. Her husband presented Or. Gilbert with the handsome sum of $mio, as a recompense for the incalculable benefit derived from the oporation. Mr. Uriah Stewari, of Franklin township, Alle gheny county, Pa., put an end to his existence on Satur day last, by cutting his throat with a razor. Mrs. Stewart was absent at church at the time the deed was done. TheiVetp Orleant Bee of the 3d instant, says?"We understand that two gentlemen of this city?one a mem ber of the bench, the other a member of the bar?lelt yesterday morning by the Mobile mail bout, to settle an affair ot honor this morning at Pass Christian, with rifles at the distance of twenty paces. We see from the Mayesville and Lexington pa pers, that active preparations are being made to obtain a charter for a railroad from Maysville to Lexington at the approaching session of the Legislature. The Boston Board of Aldermen on Monday voted not to concur with the Common Council in their vote providing for the choice of Mayor. The vote stood 4 to 4, and of course the proposition was lost. Robert Cogswell, one of the persons nominated for Senator by the Liberty party in Kssex county, de clines the honor of being a candidate. It is again reported that His Royal Highness, Prince George of Cambridge, is to be appointed Major General, Commanding the Province of Nova Scotia, re lieving Lord Falkland and Sir Jcromiah Dickson, and thus assuming both the civil and military command oi the Province.?Montreal Herald, Oct 10. Collision at Ska?Rkcklkss Conduct of a Cap tain.?The ship Sardinia, Captain Foster, arrived at this port fiom Liverpool on Friday, the loth instant.? In conversation with somo ot the crew, who appear to be men of intelligence and respectability, we learn that, on the night of the 7th instant, about midnight, and whon in the vicinity of George's and Newfoundland Banks, the Sardinia came violently in collision with an unknown brig, which appeared to be crossing her bow, carrying away her fore-top mast and the ship's fore-yard. The night was clear Hnd the sea smooth at the time, and the ship was sailing eight or nine knots an hour. The brig was struck in the fore chains, with sufficient force to have sunk her instantly, had the blow been re ceived amidships Immediately alter the collision cries were heard of "save us, save us," and the passengers ot the ship urged Captain Foster to stop the vessel and as certain the extent of the iDjury, but he obstinately re fused to do so, and with an oath ordered the men to put on more sail, which order was obeyed. The Sardinia had three large boats, and the hands were auxious to man them und go to the relief of the sulterers, but their hu mane feelings could not be gratified. This is an extraordinary case, and we hope for Capt Foster's sake, and the cause of humanity, that the state ment as lurnished us is exaggerated, though from the manner and character of our informants there is little room to doubt its correctness.?boeton Timet. if the above statement is true, what a set ot cowards and brutes must the officers, seamen and passengers of act of I the Sardinia have been to allow such an act of gross inhumanity to bo onactod in their presence.?boston Journal. Syracuse, Monday, Oct. Is, 1st, 1 o'clock, A. M. ? Dcs i huctitk Fiae at Salira.? 1 have this moment re turned from witnessing, at galina, the total destruction by fire of the flouring mill owned by Jason C, Woodruff ot this village, and JohnC. Beach of fikaneateles. Also, a ?alt mill, owned by James P. llaskin. The total loss in the former case is about |10,000?insurance, us near as I can learn, foOOO. The salt mill was worth at least $0000 ?no insurance. The loss will be severely felt by Mr. Haskui?more severely than by either of the others. The mills weie supplied with water from the Oswego canal. The fire broke out in the salt mill, which was wrapt ill flames beloie discoveied--and from that, the fire com municated to the gable end of the (lour mill. The fire unquestionably orif mated from accident. Court Intelligence. Ormiii Htnioni, Oct. 14.?Before Recorder Tall madge and two Aldermen. M. C. Puterson, Ksq , District Attorney. Pit* of Guilty.?George Koper alias William Jackson alias John Chauncey. entered a plea of guilty to an in dictment for grand larceny, in having stolen a number of rings wortn $45 from the store of Messrs. Hammond It Co. of No. 44 Merchant's Exchange,on the 6th of June last. His plea was recorded and the Court sentenced him to be imprisoned in the State prison for the term of two years. Trial for Burglary.?William Cirman and Abraham Ltinyea, colored men, were men i-lacod upon their trial for having on the 19th of Heplmuiuir last, burglariously entered the shop of John f. Anthony, a barber, No 13 Duane street, and stole $570 in gold and silver coin From the evidence adduoed, it appeared thai the accused and a man named Patterson (not yet arrested) entered into an arrangement to rob the premises, winch was to be effected by Lunyea inducing Anthony to take a walk, while the ether two committed the robbery. The money was divided amongst them the next night at Brooklyn ; but Lunyea subsequently returned to Anthony the share of the money that he had received for his participation in the affair. The jury acquitted Lunyea, and found Carmen guilty of burglary in the first degree ; and the Court sentenced him to be imprisoned in the State prison for the term of 10 years. ?Another Trial for Burglary.?John Adams was next tried for a burglary in the third degree, in having on of the 3d of the night of tho 3d of September last, broken into the porter house of Vlr. U. Farley. No. 166 Cherry street and stealing a small sum of money,among which was a coun teifeit Mexican dollar. The jury found the accused guilty of petit larceny only, and the Court sentenced him to be imprisoned in the penitentiary for the term oi six months. Nolle Prottyui.?A nolle uroteyui was entered in the case of Oeorge Oowne and William Walton, indicted for a misdemeanor, in neglecting their duty in not attending to the case oi Livingston, a colored barber, who was stabbed in Canal street, as there was no testimony ad duced to convict of neglect. The accused were watch men at the time of the occurrence. The Court then ad journed until 11 o'clock to-morrow forenoon. Court of Oyer and Terminer. Before Judge Edmonds, and Aldermen Hart and Dirrer M. C. Pateraon, Esq., Diatrict Attorney. Oct. 14.? Can of virion.?This trial, which has been specially aet down for this day, commenced at 11 o'clock. "The prisoners are reapectable looking people, consisting uf Jacob Haughwout, Eliza Haughwout, aliaa Hannah C. Payne,Cecilia and Mary Anne Payne,daughtera of the latter. The two latter, are remarkably pretty looking girla, about fourteen and fifteen yeara of age, and aeemed to excite a good deal of sympathy in court. Mr. Graham intimated that they intended for the de fence, to try Mr. Haughwout aeperately, and Mra. Haughwout and the daughtera aeparately. Mr. PzTEHsoN wished to havo the case go generally to the jury, and all the priaonera to be tried together. It was subsequently arranged, that the trial of Mra. Haughwout should take firat place aeparately. The pri soner hereupon took her place by her counsel, and the court proceeded to swear the jury. Alter considerable delay in swearing the jury, a large number on the jury panel having been set aside, on the ground of entertaining conscientious scruples aa to find ing a verdict of guilty, when death would be the penalty in cases of araon, the following jury were sworn George Kinnard, foreman : William Dalley, John W. Hall, Edward A. Tappan, John Fletcher, Willium Wal ford, W. F. Larrabee, Richard Westlake, George Barnes, William A. Brown, M. F. Laxtou, Henry M. Hoyt. The trial hereupon commenced, at half-past a o'clock. The prisonor was then arraigned. She stood indicted for firing her residence, situated at the corner of Broome and Laurens street, 011 the morning of the doth June last, at about 3 o clock in the morning. Messrs. 0.1 Graham and James M. Smith, Jr., appeared aa counse lor the prisoner, who pleaded not guilty. Mr. Patkuson hereupon opened the case. The prison er at the bar stood indicted for firing the house men tioned in the indictment. The house was fired in a pe culiar manner, with shavings and camphene, which were placed in six different parts of the house. He would be able to show that the prisoner at the bar had been implicated with the others impleaded in the indict ment. The furniture in the house was insured ; and the question of the prisoner's guilt was to be inferred on circumstantial testimony, it being difficult, at all times, to produce direct proof in such cases. They wouid also be able to shew that the beds in the house had not been slept in that night; and in a claim put in by the prisoners at one of the insurance offices, they stated that all their clothes were burned, and it could be shown that they were not burned. Mr. Graham hereupon said that lie would be able to establish the fact of the prisoner's being married to Mr. Haughwout; and if this were shown, she could not bs indicted in low, as it was an established maxim, that in cases where the wife acts under the control of the hus band, she could not be indicted. Mr. Fatehson would be satisfied if they proved the fact of the marriage, to meet the defence on this point as a question of law. Andrew W. Twist was hereupon called and examined by Mr. Paterson?1 resided last June in the house corner of Broome and Laurens streets; 1 occupied part of the premises about 14 months; I have no family; I have a wife, and slept in the premises on the night of the fire, the upper part of the house was called Broome street sa loon ; it was kept by Mrs. Haughwout and her two daughters; I was aroused from my sioep about ton or Of teen minutes after 3 o'clock; I was aroused by the heavy knocking at the front door; I got up; the watchman told me the house was on firs; I went out to see how far the fire had spread; 1 saw the smoke and the dames; when I got up iu the upper part of the house the fire was extin guished ; alter 1 looked at the premises 1 took out my luruiture; 1 found water running down on the floors; I went to Mrs. Haughwout and told her to have the water prevented from running down on the door; 1 cannot say where the lire had firsi been; it was on part of the seconc story :it was about half an hour utter I got up that I went upstairs; I saw vlrs. Haughwout in the house aiter tin lire was out in the morning; I saw shavings spread on tht steps on the stsircaiej some were wet ami some were diy; I saw no shavings in any other part of the house; 1 saw some goods removed from the house thtee or loui weeks befoie the fire occurred; it was old furniture; l saw a sign removed; it was an old sign, ou which was painted "Oyster Saloon." Court?What has that to do with the case ! Mr. Patkuso-i ? 1 mean to show that these goods wore subsequently charged against|the Firo Company. Count?We are not trying a case of lraud against the insuiance company. Mr. Graham ?In the course of the trial it will, too. be made appear that this is an indirect mode of defence lakeu by the Fire Company. Mr. P. -I mean to show the motive all throughthe case. Court.?1 don't see how you can connect the matter ? Witness.?1 saw Mr. Haughwout employed in re moving the iurniture; Mrs. Haughwout was not em ployed in doing so Mr. Graham.?Then there is no testimony against Mrs. Haughtwout. No cross examination. Mr. Amdkksox, Chief Engineer, examined by Mr. Ta tenon.?i discovered the tire oathe morning in question in the second story between tho front and back iloort; I saw the partitions burned; there was a closet there; I went up to a large garret aud saw something burning there, about ten leet tiom the stairway; 1 could not tell what was burning there; I ordered No. 11 Company to play on the stairs: they could not go; I ordered No. ? Company then to play; I opened a room in the third story aud louud lire burning there; I then got No. 11 pipe in there and found the hie burning; 1 found in it shavings rolled up in u bed quilt; this was in the third story back room; 1 opened a door leading to a pantry ou the stairs; I also lound fire there and shavings also; I met Mr fireiinau there; he was pulling down the partitions; I discovered the shavings before this; 1 should consider it impossible that the house took fire accidentally; i did. not observe, as 1 recollect, seeing any beds in the iiouse Croat Examined by Mr. Gsaiiam?1 believe it was about 3 o'clock when I called; I said on a former exami nation, it was between d and 3 o'clock; 1 was about an hour altogether in the house; I left about daylight; when I lett my house it was night; 1 went through spring st. to Laurens street; I did not see Mrs. Haughwout there wlion I got there; 1 did not see her at that time. [A plan ol the premises was hore put in, and the local ities were pointed out to the jury ] . MrDhicvsan, Assistant Engineer,sworn?Examined by Mr. 1'aterson?1 was at the house tho night of the flro; was directed by Mr. Anderson to go up stairs; tho roof of the house was on fire; 1 louud a lot of shavings in the attic, in two different places; 1 found lire under the stairs; I saw Mrs. Haughwout on the liist floor, in the hack room; she had no hat on; I observed one or two beds in , the hack room in lite third story; they weie wot; the ; clothes had been turned up on one ol the beds; I think I | remarked it at the time, aud they had not been used, as I they appeared to me. Ciott Examined by Mr. Gkamam?Tho beds were wet and muddy; I supposed, it they had been slept in, that they wouid he turned down; I was talking to Mr. and Mrs. Haughwout at tho time; there were very low at the fire that night; the house is a brick house, and stands back from the street. Joh.v Marsiula sworn?Examined by Mr. Peterson? I am a Surveyor of the North fliver lniurance Company; I surveyed the house after the fire was out; 1 went there the morning alter the fire; I made a sketch of the house; i saw Mrs. Haughwout there; I asked her " how the fire happened," and then asked hor to get in'; Mr. Haugh wout opened the door; 1 went in and asked how the fire occurred; went in Ihe back room;;Mrs. Haughwout wus in the house; I cant awearthat she was near; 1 asked her some time alter if she had any insurance: I asked her to show me the policy; she said she had an insurance in the Bowery; sho said she could not tell what amount; she said afterwards on going through the hail, "Jacob where are you going ?" the man wont out of the hall and made no answer; slie told me sho suspected a man who had been hanging around the premises; that lie came in and asked her lor alms; she said she told him to go to soma one in the Ward and get it; she said he came thero again; 1 asked her it she lost any thing by the fire; she told me she had lost seven or eight mahogany chairs and two large trunks of clothes; that thoie were clothes in the pantries, and that they were all burned; we tliou went up stairs and saw where tho fire was; I saw a keg and a bus ket oi shavings iheie at the time hi two dilf'eient places, I saw some beds there. Crott-examined by Mr. Graham ? I went there about 7 o'clock in the morning; I saw Mr. and Mra. Haugh wout going to the house, l examined all the house; I did not see the young ladies there at the time; she knew me, Jacob was ahed at this time. Hiram Ri.sskll, caipenter, sworn?Examined by Mr. Taterson?1 wasatilio tire; at the time 1 examined the premises I saw shavings and tho remounts of garments; they weie in different places. Krkdknicb Dkarih, watchman, testified that he saw the (lie on the night in question and gave the ulaim; lucked at the door and was let in by Mr. Haughwout who told him the inmates were all up, saw the priaoner, her httfband and two daughter*; none of the family at tempted to put out the fire. Mr. Hisbaud, the Secretary of the Bowery Inaurance Office teatified priaoner had insured in his office [The Kilicy waa produced.] She gave tho name there aa annah E Payne; I never knew her by any other name; 1 did not know ahe waa married. Mr. Graham??The fact i* Mr*. Haughwout has been married to Mr. Haughtwaut for four years. Court.?What ha* thia at all to do with the cu?1 Mr. 1'atersow?I offer thia policy in evidence Court ? I rule it out. It is not material in whose name it waa taken out. Hannah E Payna iaoneofberdaughtara, Mr. Smith oflered another policy of insurance effected in the name of the priaoner at the aame oflice in 1U37.? [Ruled out ] Mr. Patebsow.?I now propose to prove another policy in North River Insurance Co. effected for $4,M0 in the names of all the prisoners. Couht ?I don't see how 1 can let it in at this stags of the cause. We have got enough of this for the present. James Whiti.oce?Lives at the corner ot Laurens and Broomo sts, and saw the fire; i saw a woman at the time; sua had a lighted candle; I commenced taking up the carpet, and the woman said nothing atiout the carpet; I did not see any shavings there; I saw this woman in tho kitchen, with a knife; 1 stood at the foot of the stairs; I peeped through a door in the first floor, and saw (hav ings on fire; titers were other women there; the two daughters; they came hack and spoke to the woman; I saw the beds there the night of the tire. Pftkr K. Wabnkr testified that he was Secretary of the North River insurance Company. A parson left a list, at the office, of claims upon the company. It was not the prisoner. Witness was withdrawn. Albert Williams sworn?Testified he saw Mrs. H. the night of the Are; she was dressed in a calico dress; the Misses Paynes were there also; I saw no Are while I was in the house. Mr. Smith hare stated they intended to argue that Mrs. Haughtwout, as the wife, had she acted under the coer cion of her husband, could not be held to answer. Mr. P. objected until the testimony had first concluded. Court?The marriage has not yet been proven. Mr. Smith?It is in testimony on part of the prosecu tion. Adjourned over to 10] this forenoon. The Celebrated Butler Correspond ene?. Before the Vice Chancellor. Hoyt vi. Mackenzie and others.?The argument on the motion to dissolve the injunction in thii case was renew ed this morning by E. W. stoughton, Esqr., as couniei for Wm. Taylor, one of the defendants. The first ground that the counsel relied upon was that the letters were not the subjects of copyright or literary property, and were not within the meaning of the law literary compo sitiono to which the authors were exclusively entitled, that the Court of Chsmceir would interfere to restrain by injunction the publication of any pirated work except upon the ground that the author of such work was enti tled to the exclusive literary property therein. lie then referred to the case of tree vs. Pritcbard, decided by Lord Eldon, and to the case of Wetmora vs. Scovell, 3d, Ed wards' Chancery Reports. When a bill was filed by Wetmore to restrain the publication of certain letters written by him to Charles K. Mitchell, the Member of Congress who was tried and convicted of forgery some j ears since,and whoiwas promised aid by Scovell, Slamn and others, to relieve him, if possible, on condition of delivering up the letters. It was alleged by Wetmore that theso letters were upon purely private and confiden tial matters, and that they had been addressed to Mitch ell in the confidence and trust they would be secretly kept, and their contents not disclosed. That in violation of this trust, ho had delivered them over to Slamn and others who had threatened to publish tnem in the papers called the New Era and Jlurora. The bill prayed for an injunction which the Vice Chancellor refused on tha ground that they were not literary compositions, within the meaning of the law, and in which the complainant could have an exclusive literary right. In the course of his argument the counsel admitted that Judge Story had decided there was no distinction be tween private letters and those of public concern, but that such decision was contrary to the English authori ties, and to the decision of his Honor in the case of Sco vill vs. Wetmore. Upon this ground then the counsel contended it was clear, that while the authors of one class of letter! were entitled to protection, on the ground that they were literaiy composition, the authors of ano ther class were entitled to no such protection?and the counsel insisted that the letters in question belonged to the latter class, in which the author could not have any literary property. Mr. Stocghtox then stated that it was difficult to define with accuracy the difference between one class of letters and the other, or to state with clearness what those literary characteristics were, which gave the stamp of property to a composition and gave the authqr the exclusive right to publication?that some general rules, however, might be laid down to guide the Court to a conclusion?but it seemed very clear, that where letter* passed between ftiends upon subjects purely per sonal, describing the character and peculiarities of their business, of their family, or domestic telations, See , they could not be claimed as literary compositions ; so, too, where the letters disclosed schemes for personal profit or aggrandizenent, or for the obtaining of office by dis honoiablu means,or political chicanery, it was absurd to contend that they possessed the elements of liteiary pro perty ; that to constitute literary property in a composi tion, it should treat of subjects calcula'ed to amuse or instruct,or benefit the public at large; that many familiar letters writteu to friends were ol this description, those of Chesterfield to his Son, those ol Pope, Swift and others, ail of wh.ch were entitled to rank high as literary com positions. He then stated that upon an examination of the letters in the book, with hut few exceptions, they would be found destitute of all attributes necessary to constitute literary compositions ; that they were letters principally from Van Buren. Butler and others, which described their own personal views and movements, and discussed the means necessary to promote their own purposes in obtaining office and emoluments, and dis closed a mass or corrupt political machinery, all aim ing at the accomplishment of their various selfish plans? >ui there were some exceptions to this among the lettera found iu the book; that anioug these were the let'ers writ ten by Mr. Bennett, who appears to have been honestly ind faitly laboring to establish a newspaper for the benefit if that political party for whose inteiest he had been la boring for many years previous; that bis plans and views were detailed in his letters in a bold, straight-for ward m anner, as to the way he pioposed to accomplish, it,and in doing this, bo was loliowit g the legitimate pro essiou of the editor of a newspaper, desirous to procure the means tor that which furnished him a living. There were other exceptions, none of which, however, could he considered as literary compositions ; that the author was not entitled to the exclusive copyright in them, be cause they weie generally ol a demoralizing character. The learned counsel then cited several cases, among I which were two, one of which was brought to restrain a [ pirated edition of Don Juan, and the other to restrain the publication ol an edition of Cain, where the Lord Chan ! cellor refused the injunction, on the ground that the works were of an immoral and injurious tendency. Tho ' Counsel then read some of the ietters from the book, and was about to read others, when he war interrupted f>y the Vice-Chancellor, who called upon Mr. Hall, the counsel lor the complainant, and asked him if he relied upon the fact that these letters were htera-y composi tions, in which the authors had a right ot property, stat ing it as his opinion, that they wero not so, and that no copyright could be taken out for them. Mr. Hall, in reply, stated that he relied upon the right of property, aDd the Vice-Chancellor then intimat ed to the counsel for the defendant, that he need not fur ther proceed with the argument of that part of the case. The counsel lor the defendant then proceeded, and in sisted that even admitting the right ot property in these letters,that Mr Hoyt,being the leceiver of a considerable number ol those letters, could not claim a* to them any right of property or restrain their publication?and that such right of property belonged to the authors, and that by sending the letters they had not parted with that right ?that the receiver acquired no right except to read and keep the specific letters sent?that he, as receiver, had no right to publish copies, and, therefore, had no right to restrain others from doing what he himself could not do. Mr. Stoi'ohtoi* then said that independent of ell other grounds, considerations of the bignest public conse quence demanded the publication ol these letters; they were written by men who bad been, aud some oi whom were still high in office; they disclosed the means they had used to obtain office, and the vile purpose to which those offices had lieen prostituted when obtained ; that the public should know and mark such men?that they* might aiterwards know who were and who were not worthy ot trust, and that these considerations fully justi fied tho publication of these letters and the manner in which they were obtained, aud that Mackenzie had atoned for many ;>oliticai and moral sinaby giving to tho world a book like the one in question. Tho counsel in conclusion stated that his client, Mr. Taylor, was select ed aa the bookseller, having extensive lacihties to exteud the woik?that he bail 110 connection with the parties who printed the work. We are sorry that wc are oblig ed to condense the learned counsel's argument so much, but we must do so in order to make room lor the gentle man on tho other side. Suffice to say that he was listen ed to with marked attention by the Court and a number ot spectators and listeners, among whom weie Macken zie and several distinguished members of the bar. Mr. J. Pbkil-ott Hall, the counsel for Mr. Iloyt, then commenced hi* aigument in opposition to the mo tion lor the dissolving ol the injunction. He staled, that if the Court of chancery could not in a caae like this, interfere to restrain the publication of letters obtained under circumstance* like these, then the private attairs of every man might be exposed to the world, and ho would have no redress ; but ho coutanded the court had such power, and that it hud been exercised iu numerous instances in this country and in Great Britain. He then cited an authority in -J Story's lie port, where Jndge story held that the author of letters of whatever de scription, possessed the right of literary property in them, and that such light would be protected by injunc tion, though he did not bold that such right would lie protected ou the application of the receiver, but of the author. The counsel then citod the authorities tending to establish the same point, lie then contended, that these letters having been surreptitiously obtained, Iloyt had a right tor the autbota and lor himself, to fallow the pioceeus into whomsoever hands they might go, and upon that principle he had a right to restrain the publi cation of tnese copies, und to call lor an account ol such as trad been sold. He then cited several authorities upon ttiia point of Ins argument. He contended that these tetters were not oi a demoralizing tendency, and that in particular ? iiuller't call to litt uncancel ud" Jute, was al together of a religious character. 1 he rest ot the coun sel's argument went to prove, that the arguments ot the counsel on the othet ride, and his position to dissolve the injunction, were not sufficient for that purpose. Mr. StouuhtM) replied briefly to.some ol Mr. Hali ? remarks. . . , , . His Honor took the papers, and intimated that ha would give hi 1 opinion this morning, at ths opening ot tho couit.

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