Newspaper of The New York Herald, October 18, 1845, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated October 18, 1845 Page 1
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THE NEW YORK HERALD. v.. x,NEW YORK, SATURDAY MORNING, OCTOBER 18. 1845. THE NEW YORE HERALD. JAMES GORDON BENNETT, Proprietor. Circulation?Forty Thousand. DAILY HERALD?Kvery day. Price2 cent* j*r copy?$7 ?t*' a''"" m - payable in advance t HERALD?Every Saturday? Price 6l4ceutiper t?nv??l \9K^ _i ' i, np.nniju-r,*rry nnturnay? rrice o,% C< l**r ^"non-piyiblr iu advance. AD\ Kit i I8LMENTS at the usual prices?always cash in 1 kind, executed with heantv Mid despatch .i i i ''!tter, conmuncitimu, hy mail, addressed to the establishineut. muat lie ,?>?t paid, or I* e postage will be de ducted lrom the subscription money remitted JAMES GORDON BENNETT. Proprietor of the Ntw York Hkrai.d Estauushmkist, Northwest comer of Kulton aud Nassau street*. RALEIGH AND GASTON RAILROAD flflilQBl AbMCS FOR SALE. ON MONDAY,the 29th day of December next, by virtue of a decree of the Court of Equity for Wake County, at its Autumn Session, 18411, in a suit of th* Uoverimr, for the use of the Slate of North Carol ina, to fo-eclo?e a Mortitaice there tofore executed bv tlie Raleigh and Gaston Railroad Company, to indemnify the State against certain liabilities for aaid Com pany, I will ?"ll at public Auction, at the Court House door in the city of ltil.igh, to the hiKhest bidder, the whole property of tliu ltabigh and Gaston Railroad Company aforesaid, ( so tar u the name is known to me,) consisting of 87 miles of Rail road, reaching from the City of Raleigh to Gaston on the North side of th- Ronioake river, in the direct line of public rmiv ynnce to Petersburg, City Point, Richmond. Washington City, Baltimore. lie Ste , together with all Bridges, Depots, Workshops and Tools, Warehouses, Water Stations, Engines, Cars, lie. Ike, Also, the stock of Iron, Lumber, aud Fire Wood, which may then beou hand, and all other articles own ed aud used by the aaid Coinpauy for kcewiug up said Railroad, aud trans|M<rtati"n on ill'aaine. From iue nature of the pro perty it w ill he sold en mane. The purchasers, by the terms of the Decree, and the Act of the Legislature in relatiou to it, will become, ipta facto, a body corporate, bv the nsme and style oi the present Company, and will acquire all th i franchise, privileges, rights and immu nities now possessed by it, for the term of 80 years, which its charter has yettoruu. Tli-ae francbi-es and privileges are of the most advantageous kind to the Company. Mid may be found Rt large in their charter, contained in the 2d Volume of the Revised Statutes of North Carolina, page 299, which is to he seen at the Seats of Government, anil iu most ol the Public Libraries of the States ol the Union. The whole purchase money must hear interest, at the rate of 6 per cent per annum, from tboalay of sate, and be p ud as fol Mia or i" lows, to wit : $25 000 at the run of six months, and the residue in four instalments, at intervals of teu mouths each?say 1*1, 29th June, 1816, $25.8110 2d, 29th April, 1817, o. e-fourth of the remainder. 2(1, 29th February. 1848, one-fourth of dm 4th, the 2ith of December, 1818, one-foOrth of do. 5th. the 29th of Oct >her, 1819, one-fourth of do. The cost of this Railroad and i's appurtenances, completed only five years since, was $1 GOO,one?one half of which we borrowed i creating a debt bearing interest, oil failure to |wy which, a sale has become necessary. The grading, bridges,' depots, (kc. are executed ill au excellent style of workmanship. Ca s run daily over ir, carrying the Mail of the United States, (it being a part of the Sontlieru Metropolitan route,) at a com pensation of 5100 per ini'e, or $8,700 per annum. And, traver sing a fertile region of country through nearly its whole length, its freight* for the transport*) ion of Produce and Mer chandize, independently of the receipts from Passengers, afford i considerable addition to the ordinary sources of profits on . ... - -? rail reads. Though not, now, yielding a profit on the large sum expended in its construction, its income lias been increasing for some time pa t, and it is confidently believed that it would produce a reasonable return upon a more moderate amount of capital invested in its purchase. The sale will he made without reserve, at the time aud place aforesaid, at which those inclined to purchase, are respectfully invited to attsud. The purchase money must be securedby bond witli approved sureties. ? - - CHARLES L. HINTON, Pnblic Treasurer of the Slate of North Carolina, and Special Commissioner of tlie Court of Equity, in this cause. Raleigh, N. C., October 6. 1845. |?7*" The following papers will insert tlie foregoing adver tisement 60 days, anu forward their bills for payment, with a paper containing the same, to the subscriber: Boston Atlas, New York Herald, Baltimore Patriot, Philadelphia U. States Gazette, Richmond Enquirerand Richmond Whig, Charleston Courier. Mobile Advertiser, New Orleans Ticaynne, Mid N.C. Standard. C. L. H. "13 2m in FOR SAU GERTIES ANTU CATSKIL. THE Splendid Steamboat JAMES MADI SON, Capt F. J. Copperly, will leave the foot of Cedar s'reet, every Monday, Wednesday, aud f.iturday at 6 o'clock, P M. For freight or passage, apply 1)11 board, orto O. F. Wainwright, Agent, on the wharf. s?9 tin*mc ' ^OTICK? ?^.-?aur sxatl;n island FERRY, FOOT OF WHITEHALL STREET. On and after .Monday, October 29th, only one boat will run on this Ferry, aud the trips will be as follows:? Leave Staten Island. Leave New Vork. B A.M. 9 A. M. 10 do 1| do 12 M. l)i V. M. 2)i P M. 3)4 do 6 do 6 do olGrc REGULAR U. S. MAIL LINES BETWEEN CINCINNATI AND LOUISVILLE. MORNING LINK at 10 o'clock A. M. BEN FRANKLIN Ne. 7, J. B. Summons, .master. PIKE No. 8. J Armstrong, master. EVENING LINK at# o'clock P M. SIMON KENTON, W. McClain, master. BEN KIIANKLIN No. 6, W.McCUllan, master. These boats, forming two daily lines, will run regularly, lea viug punctu lly at the hour, aud will take freight and passen gers to snd from intermediate landings, at the ustt-l rates. Freight w.ll be received for these lines at the Mail Wharf Boat, loot ol Broadway. Every effort will be used to accommodate shippers and pas seugers. ?11tn*rrc 8TRADEK It GORMAN, ) Aln.nt_ ROGERS fc SHERLOCK, PEOPLES' LINE OF STEAMBOATS FOR ALBANF -tj jf/a DAILY?Sundays Eicepted?Through Di ? re*, at t> o'clock P. M., frum the Pier between .Courtlaadt and Liberty streeta. ^Steamboat HENDRICK HUDSON, Captain R.G CnHMunu. w.ll leave on Monday, Wednesday and Friday Eve nings, st 8 o'clock. Steam boat KNICKERBOCKER, Captain A. Houston, wilt laave on Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday Evenings, at C o'clock. /It 5 o'clock P. M., landing at intermediate place*, from the foot Barclay strret :? . Steamboat SOUTH AMERICA, Capt. L. W. Brainard, will leave on Monday, Wednesday, Friday and Sunday After Boons, at 5 o'clock. r Steamboat NORTH AMERICA, Captain R. H. Furey, will leave on Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday Afternoons, at 6 o'clock. Passengers taking either of the above Lines will arrive in Alba ny in ample time lor the Morning Train ol Cars for the east or west. Tht Beats are new and substantial, ye furnished with new ana elegant state rooms, and for speed and accommodations are an trailed ou the Hudson. Knight taken at moderate rates. Ail persons are forbid trusting any of the Boats of this Line, without a written order from tire Captains or Agents. For passage or freight, apply on board the boats, or to P. C. IcSvit.-r. ?t the office on the wharf. o!3 BeSpi MORNING LINE AT 7 O'CLOCK., FOR ALBANY, TROY and intermediate ? landings, from the Steamboat Pier at the foot o .Barclay street. Brv.iklast aud Dinner ou board the boat. Leaves N*w York at 7 o'clock, A. M., Tuesdays, Thursdays and Saturday, and Troy at 6 o'clock, A. M., Albany at 7 o'clock A. M. Monday, Wednesday aud Friday. The low-pressure steamboat TROY, Captain A. Gorham, o? Tuesdays, Thursdays and Saturdays, sf 7 o'clock. days I The steamboat NIAGARA, Captain A. Degroot, on Mon day, Wednesday and Friday, at 7 o'clock. For passage or freight, apply on board, or to F. B. Hull, arfeir office on the wharf. Notice?All goods, freight, baggage,bank bills, specie, or any other kind of property taken, shipped, or pat on board this boat, must be at the risk of the owners of such goods, freight, bng gnge, kc. jeltrc K REGULAR LINE OF PACKETS FOR 8A VANNAH ?The splendid and fast sailing packet brig CLINTON, Capt. Andrews, will positively sail ou Kntuiday, Oct. lllih. her regular day. To secure bertha, early i plication should be made immediately on board, foot of Maidru Lane, or to W. k. J. T. TAPSCOTT. 75 South st, FOR NEW ORLEANS?1< irst Regular Packet? With Despatch?'The first class fast sailing packet hip ROSE STANDIBI1, Capt. Spencer, will sail as above, her regular day. The accommodations for cabin, second cabin and i passengers are unsurpassed by any vessel in port, and as a num ber of passengers are already engaged, |iersons desirous ofsecu g berths should make immediate application on board, weat side of Burling slip, or to ol# rrc JOSEPH McMLRKAY, cor Pine and South su. FOR FREIGHT OR CHARTKR-Kor Liver ,r>ool or Bristol?The well known British bsrqne flmmmbOCHRllIR, J.Wakeman, master, will be reedy to receive ireight in a few days. ^^^^"'fiVP^'VjTT, Hrr 75 South St. cor. Maiden Lane. PACKETS FOR HAVRE?Second Liue.? The packet ship ONEIDA, Capt. James Knack, will sail on the 1st of November. For freight or passage apply to BOYD k HINCKEN, 1,2 me No. 9 Tontine Building SB Wallst mvdiai v d< FOR MOBILE?New Liue?The splcudid I'nckel EEL ship GAZELLE, Captain Treadwell, wno goes to . the etty with freight and passengers, will have im espuirb for the above port. Lor lr> iglit or passnge, in either caMn, second cabin, or steer age, all ol which will Ira taken at mucn less than the usual rates bv applying to JOHN HEKDMAN k CO.. Ugfog FOR LIVERPOOL?The New Line?Kegnlar SfltwwWracket of 2lst October.?The snperior fast sailing jffiHlbl'arket ship ROCHESTER. 900 tons burthen, John Britton master, will sail as above, ner regnlar day. For freight or passage, having splendid, large and comfortable state rooms and cabin, apply on board, weat aide Burling slip, orto WOODHULL k MINTURN, ?7 South street. Price of passage $100. The packet ship Hottinfuer, 1050 tons. Capt. Int Bnrsley will succeed the Rochester, and sail oo her regular day. list pjevemher s?2rr FOR LIVERPOOL?New Line-Hegnlar Packet tJgrA(V"f 'h* Tfllb Oct.?The elegant fast sailing Packet flSCkJ&Shir GARRICK, B.J. H.Trask, master, of I too tons will sail as above, her regnlar day. For freighior passage, haviug accommodations nneqnalledfor splendor or comfort, apply on board, at Orleans wharf, foot ol Wall street, or to K K. COLLINS k CO., 5# South streM. Price of passage $100. snip Packet ?nip liosciiis, Capt. Asa F.ldridge, 1200 tons, Will sue feed the Otmcli and wail 2#1h Nov . her regnlar day. s2# OFFICE OF THE NEW YORK (LAS LIGHT CO. , ... October 13th, IM). THE PRESIDENT and Directors have this day dectarvd a dividend of four and one half Per cent ou the capital stock ofthw company, for the sis months ending 1st August last, jisyable to the stockholders on and after Saturday, the 1st Nov. "Vlie transfer book will be closed from the 25th instant to that date. By order, C. L. KVKR1TT, Secretary, olito Nl rc Kleven Days Later from Mexico. The Joaquin arrived at New Orleans, on the Hth instant, from Vera Cruz, having sailed thence on the 26th ult. Our files are complete from the city of Mex ico to the 20th ult., and from Vera Cruz to the 22d. On the 15th, Gen. Ilerrera was formally proclaim ed President of the Republic, and upon the morning of the 16th, he took the oaths of oilice, in the pre sence of both Houses of Congress, assembled in the Chamber of Deputies. The President pronounced a discourse upon the occasion, which, though much more brief than an American President's message, is yet too long for our columns. We can merejy in dicate the rules of policy by which his administra tion is to be guided. Older and peace he holds to be essential to the na tional well being- To ensure these, he will endeavor to obtain the united and harmonious action of all the ad ministrative departments, and to keep himself aloof from party conflicts, tolerating honest differences of opinion, Dut nothing like positive disobedience, tumults or out breaks. Tho prompt and rigorous administration of justice, and the improvement, morality and discipline of the army are named as prominent among the duties assumed by the Executive, to which he will give his best efforts. The pure and rigid administration ol the finances of the country, and especially the equitable payment ol the pub lic creditors, without any show of favor or preference, is announced as one of his most urgent desires. This branch of the message leads thol'resiilent to deplore the ut ter insufficiency of the revenues of the government, and gives him an opportunity to demand the prompt and ener goticco-operation of the legislative bony to remedy the evil. All the powers of government are paraly zedfor want of means. In pointing out particular evils from this source the President says :?"The army cannot move?territory usurped, will remain usurped?and the hone of recover ing it being once lost, the usurpation will be successive ly und gradually continued until it embraces the whole Republic, and, I shudder to confess it, Mexico, with so many elements of abundance and of greatness, will dis appear Irom the number of independent nations.'' The security of the State in its foreign relations will be one of the most constant employments of the govern mont. it will aim to presorve and to form friendly rela tions with foreign powers, avoiding all occasions for con troversy, "but guarding always the sovereignty and in dependence of tho republic, its honor and dignity, and the observance and respectability of the national laws." Such is a very slight outline of Gen. Herrera's Mes sage. The render will note one paragraph above which has reference !o the Annexation of Texas ; the last ono in auotatiou marks evidently alludes to the difficulties with France. Besides there there is nothing whatever to iudicale'the e.istence ofjFraucu, the|Uuitod States, or Texas, or that there exists the slightest national diffe rences with either. El Veracruzano of the 20th announces that the last previous conducta had been attacked by robbers, and that two soldiers were killed iu the affray. El Locarno lor (a new paper) denies this, having been assured by one of the conductors that there was no attack of the sort upon the conducta or its escoit. Tho Mexican papers give the most minute details of the military and naval forces which the United states has concentrated upon the frontier and coasts of Mexico. The Vera Cruz journals arc very watchful as to the Gull squadron, serving up full lists of ships and guns to thoir morning readers, as a kind of appetizer for bteak fast. A letter is given to the public from Gen. Tnclan, the brave defender of I'uebla against Santa Anna, in which he announces to the Secretary of War that on the Nth ult., Gen. Cosine Furlong had offered the services ol twenty-six battalions, four regiments and one brigade of artillery, in defence of the Supreme Government and the national territory. These troops were first organized by the city olTuehlawhen the French squadron lay ofl'Veia Cruz. They have thus again been placed at the disposi tion of the Government, and great expectations ore en tertained of the good effects ol the example set by Puebla One ol tho papers of the interior speaking of the re-, ported arrival of Gen. Gaona's division at Matamoras, ex claims : " Heaven grant that it may be truo, and that it may not be composed of more officers than soldiers, and that it has carried with it the means of subsistence ; be cause, if it comos to die of hunger, as has been almost the case with the troops now there, instead of improv ing, it will only aggravate our condition." Thero was a report current and credited in Tampico on the 7th ultimo, that an expedition had been planned at Corpus Christi by our troops, for taking by a coup lit main 'he city of Matamoras ; that the expedition was to be composed of five thousand Americans and Texians, with eighteen pieces of artillery ; and that it was only delayed till it could be joined by some cavalry, shortly expected, "to be composed of Florida Indians and two companies from Bexar." The editors lament this, be cause they " know of what rapacity and treachery such enemies are capable," and because the city is not in a proper state of defence. They advise the inhabitants of the frontiers to unite with the veterans of the army of the north, and thus form the first line of defence, "which the enemy cannot pass without marching across the mangled remains of those who compose it." Every Mexican naper we open speaks of a war for the recovery of Texas, as a matter of course. There is no longer any talk about a declaration of war, but the plan seems to he to go about the reconquest of Texas at the earliost convenience of the government and people. It may suit the convenience of our government to bring this controversy to an earlier issue than Mexico desires. The papers give at length the circular of Gen. Paredes. dated the 6th ult. at San Luis Totosi, in which he defends himself from the charges brought against him by the pa pers of the capital, whom he accuses of the most disor ganizing views. He professes implicit confidence in the Sovernment, and a determination to sustain the Organic uses, and to resist by arms the plans of the seditious,of whatever class they may be, and thus secure the peace and tranquillity o? tho nation. La Rsjtrranza, of Tampico, of the 3d ult., says, that let ters have been received which declare that Paredes was only awaiting the arrival of $60,000, hourly expected, to take up his march for tho ltio Grande. We should, per haps, add, that Parodes in his circular declares that the most perfect unanimity prevails in the "army of reserve" under his command : that every man fully adopts the sentiments which influence himself and aictatcd the cir cular. The papers of the capital are evidently still in doubt as to tne ultimate views of this " Mexican War wick," as he has been called. The first act of the Senate after the inauguration of Herrera, is deplored by the FKario. It referred to the af fair of Gen.Kangel, in disposing of whose case the Court Martial and the Government appear to have come in col lision. The precise story of this Itangel case wo have lost sight of, but the vote in the Senate was *24 to 11,upon which the official organ exclaims?"Thus has been sanc tioned, in tho court ol last resort, the most scandalous impunity!" This is not a very good commencement for the Administration. The destitution of the Government is so complete that means are.wanting for the payment of necessnry daily expenses. tAll the papers continue to discuss the chancos of a re volution. The existing Government being evidently too weak for the emergency in which it Is placed, it would appear that that military aspirant who possesses most money and most audacity, and who is willing to favor with soft words and promises the views of the Federalists, is the most likely to obtain temporary power. Arrival from Texas. The Cincinnati, arrived at New Orleans on the 7th instant, having left the Bay of Aransas on the evening ol the 28th ult., whether she had taken troops. On her return she touched at Oalveston, whence she brings us dates to last Saturday, the 4th instant?a fortnight later than our previous ad vices. Through Galveston papers we learn by this arrival that Capt. West, wounded by the explosion on board the steamer Dayton, of which he was acting as clerk, ha* died of his wounds, as also some two or three other per sons. from the same cause?one a cabin boy and another a United States soldier. On the -26th ult., the Phoenix, of Richmond, arrived at Aransas in 24 days from Fortress Monroe, Va., with two companies (D and E)' of the 4th Regiment of Artillery, under command of Brevet Major Morris, 4th Artillery. Gen.Worth arrived at Aransas by the < inrinnati, hav ing gone on board at Tampa Bay, at which place the steamer touched. The barque Pacific arrived on the '20th ult., at Aransas from Now York, with flying artillery and horses on hoard. Thirteen horses were lost on the passage, from being placed in the hold, us is alleged. Theio appears to bo no indication of any hostile move ments on the Rio Grande. Castro, chief of the Lipans, lately came to Corpus Christi in company with the Secretary ot War and Maj. Hays, and while in camp was treacherously shot, though not mortally, by some unknown ruffian. In the letter ol our attentive correspondent, the reader will see furthei note of Castro. A company of Camanches was lately seen travelling in the direction of Matamoras, ^and a detachment of the dragoons had gone in pursuit. It is said that the volunteers from this city are suflcr ing a good deal from diarrhoea and bilious lever. Trad# at Corpus Christi is very brisk, and almost dailj largo number* of Mexican traders arrive in camp. Thir is deemed a sure indication that there is no considerable body of Mexican troops within a reasonable distance. There were no United State* vessel* of war at Aransas when the Cincinnati sailed, hut she lett there the Her man, with troops from Old Point Comfort, anil the Fame Wni. Bryan, Hosella, Two Friends, Gertrude, Cornelia and T. h. Hunt. The steamboat White Wing had hoot< discharged from tho service of the Government. There are a number of vessels at Aransas from New York, Baltimore, New Orleans and other ports in tho United States. Capt. McLean, with the steamer Loo, has gone int the Nueces. The dragoons will go up the Nueces for their winter quarters, says the Ntwt, and perhaps some of the infan try?a majority of the srmy will remain at Corpuo Christi. Lumber i* in great demand at Corpus Christi?all sorts and kinds of merchandise find u ready sale. Pota toes are in great demand : sweet potatoes are worth $1 76 per bushel. Arrangement are making for the putting up of public, building* lot the accommodation of strangers, and fo. making other permanent improvements. Thero are, at thi* time, a great many Mexican horse ? and mules at Corpus Christi, and large numbers are dailv arriving. The Mexican trade is interrupted. Traders are com ing In from all tho principal towns on the Rio Orande eitending from Matamoras to Loredu. Gen. Taylor has spies constantly ranging ths countrv to the Rio Grande. and is promptly informed of every movement of any importance. We make extract* from our correspondence with offi cers of the army, who have kindly found time to remem ber u?, to show the state of atfairs in camp Corpus Chhisti, Sept. 27, 1844. (Jen. Worth, with a portion of the nth regiment of in fantry, landed heie yesterday. The other portion wilt be here in a few days, i think the force liere now is about 26 or 2*>tK) (about 200 officers.) Nothing new since 1 wrote you last, (I think the 21st or 33d). Capt. Kerr (dragoon*) was out a few days since on a small scout, about 40 miles trom here, and he speaks in raptures of the country. He says, it is beautiful be yond description. Then it is " ornamented"' in every direction by clusters otdeer, turkies and wild horses. We heard, yesterday from ("apt. Crane, about 34 miles up the Nueces, and that he finds no obstructions in tho river for light draft boats. So far, the least depth was 4 feet 2 inches, lie is expected to return in a few days ; his party were in small boats. Corpus Christi, Sept. 22, 1844. 3? V portion of tho 4th infantry has arrived, as also Captain Ogden's and Captain Kello's companies of the tith intantiy. These two latter companies are from Key West. The other companies of the Kth and 4th are looked lor daily. A company of the 2d artillery, commanded by Lieut. Duncan, has arrived ut Aransas, and will be here shortly. Lieut. D. came from New York on board ship, with till horses. Some of them were placed in the hold, as 1 understand, and 13 died. Huy before yesterday two Lilians visited us in compa ny with Col. Cook, Texas Secretary of War ; " Captain Jack Hays, of the Spies, and Col. Howard. The Lipan chief, Castro, is a noble looking fellow, about 6 feet 1 or 2 inches and built in proportion. Hays takes my eye He is a young man, not over 27 or 30, very youthful in appearance, modest and retiring in his manners, but it is said he has the courage of the lion,and he has complete control over the Lipans. Castro, Hays and myself took a small " blizzard" together, and Castro told him if ho wanted the Lipans to go against the Mexicans or Camanches, he should have all the warriors. Hays has constant communication with the Mexican bor ders. Ho says that at Matamoras there are about 800, at Monterey about 2400, and at Loredo about 100 soldiers. At Loredo they aie making preparations to receive a large force. It is Hay's opinion that if we, remain here, the Mexi cans will not come to uttack us, but that if we go to the Rio Grande we shall get a fight. All wc have to say about the matter is, it our Government wishes us to go to the Kio Grande, let them ffi ve the order and it shall be done. We came here for a fight?it's in our line ol busi ness. Hays says whenever he wants to know anything about Mexico, he tells one or two of his trusty fellows to " go ami bring him a Mexican he says ho has book ed several out of Loredo anil other towns on the bor ders. Scaritt, (engineer corps,) has returned from his tour of reconnoisance. He reports that fifty miles from here, upon the Nueces, as alsi upon a stream (or S of ponds) called Sweet Water, there are beautiful loca ?ant ( rnin6^"16"1"' pl^?ty ?' wood an(l K?<"1 water ing ti. V ' (on&,nce,s')'? now out with a party survey tfnn 1"'i practicability for steamboat naviga the interior. lonK80me ofu? ^ b? moved intl groatimjio *tance Ualv?',t?n and Ka8'?? Texas i, of no gpSppfflEESM well arranged and agreeable aftair. Judge Terr^l wa? an opponent of Annexation, and so avowed himselTat fk? dl"uer' tbo same time declared his readiness people a g??d oitizen'in ^o decision of the ,.\Vf',ave be<"?ro mentioned the nominaUon of General Henderson as Governor ol the new State. The Houston TtUgrajsh says it is not probable that any candidate wiU be nominated in opposition to Gen. H. J'"? ,locket brig Umpire. arrived on the29th ult., from bo i ?*"" ah? 1 reasurer s office at Austin, including the records and pa''??. "P t0 l.h? commencement of President Houston's second term, is confirmed. loa ' a.-T'1!'?? ?'?dli0.?> ? brother-in-law of Gen. Houston died at his plantation, in Liberty Co., on the 20th ult lie was much esteemed. mo uit. ne ex^act^Th0. fon3 ?f TCXa'We mnk? or two the 24th ulT:l S 19 fr0n the Civilian of Upon the hrassos we believe that the product of cotton resulted from the anticipation of increased immigration and we understand that the same cause new keens the price up to nearly fifty cents per bushel. On the Trinity ve believe both the corn and cotton have turned out a fair medium crop. The rains during the summer throughout Iron, ho rywWere,>Brt ,4nd in aom? neighborhood* the crops have been uncommonly good, while in others thev have comparatively failed. lne> " . 'J1 a 'a'er number of the Civilian we find the fol lowing extract from the Brass*! Planter : Phe weather is again fine for cotton picking, and the yet,rspnasrmTheavriel0irVle Coun'r,r " botter than ,or years pest. The yield of corn and potatoes is abundant and those persons in the United States whose prospects have been blighted by drought, would do well to emi nbfn(J? ?M'a V?i -? ^t cattle, rich lands, and a I plenty to eat and drink, if milk and water would be ta ken as a substitute for more exciting liquids. In fact thfn w . ?lement8 of * great State, except popula tion. We want men, and of the industrial classes whose i*no0.rg>? wfVe pei Ith? "source. 04 our country and cause it to blossom like a garden aS &g? Ssrstrs**?? e*hiifrSr;l0r ai faw morni"&8. has had that frosty and fathnde! 5 \ * foramot,N October in more northern Btitudes, and so welcome to the lovers of the gun and the chase. 1 he present wholesome state of the atmos phere and the lateness of the season, give assurance hnVlthta 7- I pr.?Ve B,1Ioth?r >'ear Of uninterrupted good l s ?! It is scarcely possible to conceive healthy season than w? have had. We antici pate an early commencement of the business season The United States forces now; or soon to be at the camp near Corpus Christi, number 4,216 men, composed as follows : 10 Companies, 2nd Dragoons ; 10 do 7th In 10 l7Vd i r?'? ,n,antry ; 16do. 2nd and 3d Artillery ? Artl?lerv ; 10 do. k* '' * d?' V?'Un,ee,: j vol unteen^n'tbe*ground* " " f0rCe ?f ?Ver 200 Texan J"f?""ation ka8 been received by a gentleman of this IP ,camP. t0 the effect that the above force is Grande* 1,1 Present position to the Kio Bvrdh^ VThe kUm A7'E7r7 ,TO, M, RIjER Mrs. mSfn 4 *-?Jd H,,d diabolical outrage com mitted at Greene, Chenango county, of which we cave exo. ite genprnTa???? . ' j1 a " * " Republican, continues to i K ne?l attention in that community, but thus far baffies investigation. We shall have in the next Che Bu^icfc'^hough rB8"" a committee's inquiries. Mrs. mSal i th?ugb most of the time deranged has I Ihl knSwLUofl,D 7aU' a *ta,em?nt. under oath, of .11 delirimwSnd wk? Th? accountsshe gives, when delirious and when calm, are consistent in relation ?' to some eve n*t her ?f T ^ And ?t?here 7*1?,nsut- aKain,t probab,. does not fiel it 1 u, ^5 t? commit suicide. Our friend !tiitflm?n? # ^ to furnish portions of Mra. B.'s e 1 wfth on. ? " 8uPP?8ed that this outrage is connect of which active e?WHy commli"?d.<or the development ed that X? Bolt i'? ma.k,nf. 11 wi" bo ?collect. I ly a year and i hii'r rlanKl?,msappeared mysterious- | known T?n m 'f aK?' *r wh08? fet? nothing is yet nrf7n-" J wo men were arrested on suspicion who live di* charged ^thousdi th"1 "ley- P'?v?d an .\{hS? ,'nd w.? brother after'an MemiH r ' Were arre,ted- The held as a wftn?. 0D,,Wa8 ''"charged, but he is not ce^rihatVhl lien* ^eopU' ,n the meantime, it 1. that herllfero n ."t reason will be restored, or she suffers the ntmn t ?n"'?i 'n ber 'uci<l intorvals prehenalon Ust she is ZmidTT' ,0 an #p; begging her frL7,\Z oom?d to die by violence, and XsErtl?MM' th8,r effort810 r?8toro her erilf Svymnt, Rivbm.?The long SIC in a fair 15'I1*" at 1 broken UP> *nd w'0 duvs dirtv street baY*ng our lull share of dufl, cloudy tiuued rain on S!t!.!?d h,!d road8 Wo h8d bght but con Tuesday but on tv *!fy j"*' 8 rePctitionol the same on he^Vdy nearly a,day **TThe'riv^i^h 'T" i,ead"y,a"d hlv and i? .tin ,h? river had risen considera- 1 navigable for thl I rapidly, and now promises to be lection to this as 'ar^?8t ?l?d boats. We have no oh- I fme for the ri'vtr te"!1"?" ba8 heen waiting for some | hnve been ext?Vse fi' a?,d frei?hU tb? ?pis1I boat, tag. however 7??f.8n,1,r hi*h" 1 ,lere i8 on? ''""'Ivan sideralile mischief ? rain-'< "?i"t have done con wrfting th^ahove 1 th? cotton in the fields. Since morninr tho rit?JrT?,iUn^orat*n(' that UPto y??tenlay class b?.u ?.Kou^cityT..WaJ"'"1- . TW? "?C?"d looking out for the first SiZ.3 V*?fd,y' and*ear.Dow Sam Dale,was Preparing?o^a^Me,h?in? ,?.l 7 .? ' th? The elniidv sl>. j l? ,eaT? Mobile at the last news. ?^i:ksssLW' SemlmherEL^0,JNTRY Advocate of cptejnbcr 25th, announces the first frost of th#? sea ion, adding a confident hona th.# iV?siii ? j.i followed hv o noPJ tnat it will be immediately Vijled verv e^nSi1 ,of ,tho '<ckne.. that ha. pre tacking alinu^t everI i i,lr'n* th? latter summer, at the pr?.on?M chaied'w & 'h? "ftio"- Tha lnal of was commenced on*he Xlth Ono'oi tK?ff Mr-.B,*#,0W lad Kive hnndrs^ iJn ?o ol the four is a mero sake of which Mr. Bigelowww idlUd'fed h?"#y r?r tH? C ','h" .'.I,, ? ,"f 2d """? plaining lou.llv orths. !?"y ?,ur P'^'era nrtt com sustained /rom tho laV^raTn,ic\t.he a,,Picked co,to" and stained, and more is rendered % ?. . ,,ubaSt!n ?,ut wKwSfSiSisst'SiTz"i ?'4'* Kntl of the Mormon W*r. [From the St. Louis Republican. Oct. B.j The subjoined documents may be regarded as closing the Mormon difficulties, at least until next spring. To the Jlnti-Murmon Citizens of Hancock and the rur I runnding Counties. Crsr Cahthaok, Oct. 4, 1S4A. We lubinit for your consideration copies of a corres pondence between ourselves and the " Twelve" at Nau voo Moving witnessed with deep regret the deplorable i condition of things which exist* in this county, as it regards both the peace and safety of the community, we have applied our most strenuous efforts to restore confl denceand set on foot a permanent settlement of the diffi culties which distract this county. We sincerely trust 1 that object is in a fair train of being accomplished. The Mormons have pledged themselves by word and | in writing, to remove from the State. Aside from these pledges, there arc reasons which incline us to the opi nion that such is their intention. Vou desire to see them removed. We think, also, that for the preservation of peace and quiet in this county, they hail best remove ; and we have so advised tbem. But it is not consistent with a proper sense of justice or humanity, that families of women and children, should be driven from their homes by threats or violence, at this season of the year, to breast the storms of winter, unprotected by the cover ing of a roof. Five or six thousand of the Mormons, including the entire church organization, their prominent men, and all their Church juuicatoiies have pledged themselves to remove next spring ; and, judging from appearances, they will do so. The history of their church has shown that wherever the leaders go, the members will follow. This is a part of their religious duties. When, there fore, this colony shall have started lor a home west of the Rocky ^Mountains it wil bejtlie best possible evidence that all design removing, and will remove. Many citi zens of other counties than Hancock, have resolved to accept the proposition of the .Mormons to remove in the spring ; and most or nearly all of those with whom we have had an opportunity of conversing, hare expressed themselves satisfied with the agreement of the Mormons to remove as submitted to us, if it is carried out with good faith. At the solicitation of men of all parties, and from a conviction of the necessity of the measure, Gen. Hardin has determined to station a portion of his troops in this county, to maintain order, who will continue in the field until the Governor shall order them to be disbanded. We have also recommended to the Governor to appoint an Attorney to act tor the State, who shall decide what process the military force shall execute; and thus pre vent them from being harassed by being called out to act in frivolous and improper cases, and at the same time to check and restrain the troops from any improper action. Order and quiet uro again restored to your county, and men are daily returning to their homes and business, without approheusien of illegal and improper interrup tion. These measures, we think, ought to satisfy you. All that some of you might demand, could not be granted consistently with the rights of ethers. Vou should be satisfied with obtaining that which is practicable and probable. We beseech you, therefore, to be quiet and orderly? and at the same time warn you not to violate the law. The troops stationed in Hancock will enforce it at all hazard*. llemember : whatever may be the aggression againit you, the sympathy of the public may be forfeited. It cannot be denied that the burning of the houses of the Mormons in Hancock county, by which a large number of women and children have been rendered homeless and houseless, in the beginning of winter, was an act crimi nal in itself, und disgraceful to its perpetrators. And it should also he known, that it has lod many persons to be lieve, that, even if the Mormons are so bad us they are represented, they are no worse than those who nave burnt their houses. Whether your cause is just or unjust, the act* of these | incendiaries have thus lost for you something of the sympathy and good will of your fellow citizens ; and a resort to or persistence in, such a course, under existing circumstances, will make you forfeit all of the respect and sympathy of the community. We trust and believe, for this lovely portion of our State, a brighter day is dawning; and we beseech all parties not to seek to hasten its approach by the torch of the incendiary, nor to disturb its dawn by the clash of arm*. Your fcilo w-citizens, JOHN J. HARDIN, 8. A. DOUGLASS, W. B. WARREN, J. A. AlcDOUGAL. Na'-voO, Oct. 1, 1845. To thejirit Preiidenl and Co unfit of the Church at JVau roe : Having had a free and full conversation with you this day in reference to your proposed removal from this county, together with the members of your church, we have to request you to submit the facts and intentions stated to us in said conversation to writing, in order that we may lay them before the governor aud people of the State. We hope that by so doing it will have a tenden cy to allay the excitement at present existing in the pub lie mind. We have the honor to subscribe ourselves, respectful ly yours, kc., JOHN J. HARDIN, 8. A. DOUGLASS, W. B. WARREN, J. A. McBOUGAL. Nactoo, Oct 1, 1844. To Gen. John J. Hardin, IV. B. Warren, 8. -1. Vouglate, and J. .1. McDougal : Messrs.?In reply to your letter of this date, request ing us " to submit the facts and intentions stated by us to writing, in order that you may lay them before the governor and people of the State," we would refer you to our communication of the 94th ult.,to the " Quincy Committee," kc., a copy of which is herewith enclosed. In addition to this, we would say that we had commen ced making arrangements to remove from the county previous to the recent disturbances ; that we have now four companies organized of one hunred families each, and six more companies now organizing, of the same number each, preparatory to a removal. That one thousand families, including the Twelve, thn High Council, the Trustees and general authorities ot I the church, are fully determined to remove in the spring, iudeeendent of the contingency of selling our property ; and that this company willcomprise from five to sixthou | sand souls. | That the church, as a body, desire to remove with us, and will, if sales can be effected so as to raise the neces sary means. That the organization of the church we represent, is such, that there never can exist but one head or presi , dency, at any one time, and all good members wish to be with the organization; and all are detei mined tore move to some distant point where we shall neither in fringe or be infringed upon, so soon as time and means will permit. That wc have some hundreds of farms and some two thousand or more houses for sale in this city and county, and we request all good citizens to assist in the disposal of our property. That we do not expect to find purchasers for our Tem ple and other public building* ; but we are willing to rent them to a respectable community who may inhabit the city. That we wi?h it distinctly understood that although we may not find purchasers for our property, we will not sacrifice it or give it away, or suffer it illegally to be wrested from us. That we do not intend to sow any wheat this fall, and should we all sell, we shall not put in any more crops of any description. That as soon as practicable we will appoint committees for this city, La Harpe, Macedonia, Bear ( reek, and all necessary places in .the county to give information to pure hasers. That if all these testimonies are not sufficient to satiafy any people that we are in earnest, we will soon give them a sign that ennnot be mistaken?we will leave them .' In behalf of tho Council, Respectfully yours, kc., BRIGHAM YOUNG, Pres't. Wiu.*no Ric s Anns, Clerk. Cams Carthaok, Oct. 3d, 1846. To the Firit Preeiient and High Council of the Church of Latter Day Saintt. Since our conference with you yesterday, we have ar rived at this place, and have held free conversation with the Anti-Mormons of this and the surrounding counties. We have read to them your statement made to us on the 1st instant. We have informed them that you indivi dually made similar statements to us, with the most so lemn protestations of truth, and with every appearance of earnest determination to carry out your expressed in tentions in good taith. In the resolutions which were adopted on yesterday, in this place, by the delegates from nine counties, (the citizens of Hancock being excluded from the meeting,) it was resolved, (as we are informed, not having seen a copy of the resolutions,) to accept your proposition to remove in the spring. Since we have made public the statement by you made to us, there seems to be a general acquiescence in it by citizens of other counties, and of this, so far a* to agree to restrain and withhold all further violfnca, and that you be permitted to depart in peace next spring. We are convinced that affairs have reached such a crisis, that it has beoeme impossible for your church to remain in this county. After what ha* been said and written by yourselves, it will be confidently expected by us and the whole communitv, that you will remove from the State with your whole Church, in the manner you have agreed in your statement to us. Should you not do so, we are satisfied, however much we may deprecate violence and bloodshed, that violent measures will be resorted to, to compel your removal, which will result in most disastrous consequences to yourselves and vour opponents, and that the end will be your expulsion from the Mtate. We think that steps should be taken by you to make it apparent that you are actually preparing to remove in 1 the spring. By carrying out, in good faith, your proposition to re- 1 move, as submitted to us, we tnink you should be, and 1 will be permitted to depart penceably next spring for your destination, west of the Rocky Mountains. Kortho purpose ol maintaining law and order in this county, the commanding general proposes to leave an i armed force in this county which will be sufficient for that purpose, and which will remain so long as tho Go vernor doems it necessary. And for tho purpose of preventing the use of such force for vexation* or improper objects, we will recom mend the Governor of the State to send some competent j legal officer to remain here, and have the power of de ciding what process shall be executed by said military force. We recommend to you to place everv possible re{ straint in your power over the members of your church, | to prevent them from committing act* of aggression or retaliation on any citizens of the State, as a contrary course may, and moat probably will, bring about a colli sion which will subvert all efforts to maintain the peace in this county; and we purpose making a similar re quest of ywur opponents in this and the surrounding counties. With many wishes that you may find that peace and prosperity in the land of your destination, which you de sire, we have the honor to subscribe ourselves. V'ours, inc., JOHN J. HARDIN, W B. WARREN, H. A. DOUGLASS, J. A. McDOUGAL. Professor Wines' Sixth Lecture on the He brew Common wealth, at Clinton Hall. Professor Winks commenced his lecture by say ing, it had been shown in the preced ing one that the laws ot Moses were, both in substance and iorm, eminently democratic;?that even alter the substitu tion of the monarchy for the republic, the Kings were, for a long time, rather popular magistrates, than arbitrary and despotic sovereigns. The ob ject of the present and succeeding lectures was to show the great principles of civil and criminal ju risprudence embodied in the constitution of the great lawgiver. The Mosaic code is by far the iuost ancient body of laws that has survived the ra vages of time, and it is the earliest written code of which we have any certain information. Yet it was delivered in a state of high perfection. The precepts of the decalogue alone contain more sublime truths and maxims, essentially promotive ef the good of niankind.than all the proiaue writings of antiquity could afford. This could not be if Moses had written simply us a man, without the inspiration of the Supreme Being Lnw is the measure of right?it gives every man a rule of action. F.verv just law is dictated by reason and be nevolence?its object is " the greatest good of the great est number." Salui pnputi ruprema lex. God himself, therefore, descended on Mount Sinai, and gave the law to Motes, which contains every essential principle ol human duty. It had an immediate reference te the He brew people; but not to them alone. On the contrary, it affected, and was designed to affect, the whole human race, in its deepest and most precious interests. The law contemplated man as about forming a community, and laid down rules, not merely fit for individual con science,but as indispensable prerequisites of a social state ?TheProfessor here passed to some observations relative to the constitution of courts, and the forms of judicial procedure in use among the Jews. Each city had its own municipal authorities, of which a court, for the trial of civil and criminal causes constituted an essential part. The number of Judges, however, was not fixed. Jose phus mentions seven, without distinguishing between the Urge and small towns. Care was taken thai every man should enjoy the benefit of a regular administration ef justice, without going far to seek it, and without great expense. The decisions in the municipal oourts were in most cases final) in those of great magnitude an appeal lay to the National Court at Jerusalem But little is said about the mode ol judicial procedure. Society was in its infancy?the people were bound together by almost in dissoluble attachments, which had been strengthened by a strong feeling of honesty and honor prevalent. In such a state of society, to have prescribed legal forms would have been nothing less than to teach the people both the " vices and devices" of which they were so hap pily ignorant. He enjoins, most pointedly, that the judg ment shall be given without fear or favor. The place of holding the Courts among the Israelites was the city gate. The parties themselves appeared to conduct, and generally managed, their own cuuses. In cases where life was involved, two witnesses, besides the accuser and informer, were necessary to conviction, and it was made obligatory on the witnesses themselves to bear the first hand in the punishment of the criminal?the intention being, evidently, to prevent false witness, in matters of lite and death. In ordinary trials one witness was suf ficient. The witnesses were examined separately, in presence of the accused?this was the case on Christ's trial. An oath was, in all cases, administered. Much has been said, and many scruples have obtained under the Christian dispensation in reference to oaths. The great apostle of thelGentiles, however, has laid down the maxim that an oath is the test ot truth. The scruples appear to have originated in consequence of a misconstruction of Christ's sermon on tho Mount. The werds, "swear not at all," have been thought by some to forbid nil judicial ?aths?by others, to relate to their frequent and habitual use. But in the time of Christ a species of chicanery had entered into all judicial trials. The Pharisees had taught that no oath was binding unless the name of the Supreme Being was mentioned. Thus a man might swear by the king ur by Jerusalem, or by the hair of his head, etc., and break his oath without committing perju ry. It was against a corrupt gloss of this kind that out Saviour directed this part of his discourse. He meant to impress upon all men to avoid this species ol' chicanery, and be true to their simple yea and nay. That he die not intend to forbid judicial oaths is evident, from the fact that he testified himself under oath on trial, to his messiahship and divinity. The Professor dwelt on this subject at some length, and mentioned the case ef Boaz in the book of Ruth, where there were no lawyers, jurors nor advocates He then spoke of the original law relative to property. Moses legislated for people who had their property to gain by the sword?his object was the equal distribution of the conquered territory among his followers, which once distributed became inalienable. There could be no actual sale of land among the Hebrews. This was a wise la it prevented poverty and sorved to attach everyone tive soil. The object of the jubilee to his native soil. The object of the jubilee was to put an end to all debts and strife. The Sabbatical year was also established when it was ordained that the land should re main (allow for the succeeding year. This was for both moral and agricultural interests. The original law was that only the sons could succeed to the estates of the father ; this, however, was slightly altered on the peti tion of the daughters, who were allowed to succeed where there were no sons, provided that she did not mar ry out of the tribe to which she belonged. The influence ol' the patriarchalgovernments is seen in the obedience children. Tbi of the children. The duty of sons neve r ceased, end that of the daughters only by marriage. Fathers chose wives for their sons. The professor here alluded to the main excellent maxims contained in the laws of Moses, parti cularly those relative to the stranger, the widow and the fatherless. The law which made the wages of the laborer payable before the going down of the sun, forbidding a man to keep the ox or ass of his debtor when found astiay, ftc , all prove Moses a man of large and magnanimous spirit No ancient or modern code is so considerate ol the rights and feelings of human nature, or breathes so pure a spirit for the children of poverty and sorrow. Professor Wines' next lecture will be delivered on Monday evening, and will treat of the Jewish laws rela tive to usury, debt, &c., and the laws respecting mar riage, including the question of the deceased wife's lister. Te In Varieties. 1 e Nashville Union says :?" Every information eceive shows that theie has been more sickness in nessee this summer than has prevailed for ten years. many counties it has been fatal, but at present health becoming restored everywhere. A man named Johnson was killed at a ball in the town of Roxborough, C. W., by a companion, a young man named McLaughlin, a few days since. Johnson be came noisy and quarrelsome?was requested to be silent but refused, when he was struck in the throat by Mc Laughlin and killed. Ilollis street church, Boston, has made a present to the Rev. John l'ierpont of $5000, being a part of the fund of the church. The society has entered an injunc tion against the proceedings, and the result will have to be decided in a court of law.?Post. Alden Sibley, Esq., ol Pawtucket, gathered, on Wednesday morning, from vines of the second growth this season, most delicious strawberries, the first vinei having been mowed down soon after the ftrstcrop of fruit had been gathered. Hon. Henry Hawkins, ol Alexander, died ot small pox on the afternoon of Thursday sen'night, after an illness of ten days. The Gas Company and the authorities of Toronto have had a dispute-to the company have plunged the city in darkness, and refuse to supply gas. J Wm. A. Jeffrey, Senator from Franklin co.,North Carolina, died a few days ago. Our river, says the Augusta Chronicle of Saturday, gave promise last night of something of a freshet, hav ing been rising for several hours at the rate of one and ? half to two feet per hour. This was produced by what would be regarded a " rainy day," having commence.! about six in the morning ana continued throughout tin day, slacking up a few minutes at intervals. And as thi is the third day of that character within the last three weeks, we may now hope for a navigable river the re mainder of the season. It appears that Gen. Houston has gone post haute to Texas. The Port Gibson (Miss ) Correspondent of the 1st inst., says : " This distinguished personage made whs; may be termed, without the least fear of contradiction, h passing visit to onr town on Saturday last. He stoppe ' just long enough to euquire for the nearest road to Texas." A young mulatto woman in Pittsburgh the other I day complained that the father of her baby, a white man, had atolen her child. The Alderman, knowing that ? writ of habeas corpus would be a slow process, issued h search warrant for the ekifd's clothes, which the woman described. The constable found them and returned thei.i to the mother, with the child in them ! The Fayetteville North Carolinian says: We have it from good authority that Gen. Romulus M. Saun ders has been appointed Minister to Spain, and that he will leave this city early in the spring. We must saj that we are much gratified at this intelligence. The Cherokee Advocate announces the death ol the wife of the Rev. R. M. Loughbridge, of the Creek Mission. Mrs. L. was originally irom New Vork, but had spent several years in Alabama, a teacher, until her marriage with Mr. L. two years and nine month, before her death. She left two children, the last only I J days old. The talk of building a State House in Alabama t.f marble, in case the seat of government he removed from Tuscaloosa, of which thera seems to be great probabili ty. A writer in the M'etumpkn Whie says, that the mui hle can he obtained in any quantity a short distance above Wetumpka, on the Coosa river ; and that, by em . - k tha ploying the convicts in the Penitentiary on the work, materials for a noble building could be supplied for about $4)5,000, including tho support of the convicts dv - ring tho time of their labor on if Court Intelligence. UtNKRiL Skisioki, Oct. 17th.?Before the Recorder, end Aldermen Stoneall and.Divver.?M. C. Paterson.Esq., District Attorney. Trial of William Culler for Forftry, returned.?Consi derable Jelay occurred this morning, in consequence of the absence of Alderman Charlick, who was on the bench during the proceeding of this trial yesterday ; af ter waiting for some time, Alderman Divver made his ap pearance as the substitute of Alderman Charlick, and by consent of the District Attorney and Counsel for the de fence the trial was proceeded with. Hknry T. Vail, on being called and sworn, testified that he was paying teller of the Bank of Commeroe , the check for $1,563 in the name of Charles King tc Co., was paid by him. on being presented by a young man named Uillispie ; witness remarked to Mr. Cutter, that he had suspicions it was a forgery and compared the sig nature with others in possession of the bank ; Messrs. King 5c Co. at the time the check was paid had a balance of $15,000 in the bank in their favor. C W. Mcrbitt testified, that he knew Cutter and had had some conversation with him in September, 1644, relative to the forgery ; witness never held out any threats or inducements to him to divulge any thing in regard to this forge ry ; witness was a police officer at the time and called upon Cutter for the purpose of con versing with him upon the subject of the forgery, and told him so. The Disthict Attorney then proposed to prove by this witness, the confessions made ny Cutter, which was objected to by Mr. Bonney, one of the counsel for the defence, on the ground that the law would not permit any person charged with crime to say any thing that could be used in evidence that was likely to convict or criminate them in the matter. Witness Mcrritt here took occasion to correct him self in relation to time at which he had the interview with Cutter, which he thought was in August last after seeiug Cutter, witness sent for the officers of the institu tion. The Court decided the testimony, in relation to ad missions, tkc. made to Merritt, were admissible, inas much as they were made without threat, hope or reward, and as those confessions were made at an interview held between Merri:t and Cutter, but the Court denied Un application of the District Attorney to examine Mr. 8te veus in relation to any confessions made to him by Cut ter, as he had held out inducements or promises of favor to him to reveal his guilt, and it was subsequent to Cut ter's interview with Merritt The Court then took a recess for an hoar. Evkrimu Scsmo*.?Charlks W. Mcrritt on being recalled, testified as follows I called at Cutter's house; I told him my name, and that I had called to see him in reference to the iorgery on the Bank of Commerce: 1 asked him if he knew a man by the name of Oillispie; when he asked the nature of' the business; I told him in reply that the forgery of the check fur $1563 paid to Oil lispie had been brought home to him; he (Cuttei) on re ceiving this information nearly fainted, and I had to bold him up; after a short period, he asked me what object I had in view, I made no reply, but again asked him if he knew GiUispie I be said that he did. Mr. Graham here rose and contended that the informa tion thus imparted to the defendant, and the subsequent condition, must be construed as a threat or intimidation. The Court decided the objection set forth by counsel for the defence, was tenable as being tantamount to a threat. The testimony of Mr. Merritt relative to the informa tion he imparted to Mr. Cutter, and the conduct of Mr. Cutter on the occasion, were ruled out Examination returned.?From information imparted to me, I discovered that others were connected with the for gery; but of my own knowledge, 1 knew nothing of the facts that others were actually concerned in the for gery. Mr. Stevex* recalled?I derived from officer Merritt the information of the forgery on the 30th of August; I saw Cutter immediately afterwards and delivered him up to the authorities. The delence called no witnesses, and the case was sub mitted to the jury under a charge from the Recorder, who, without leaving their seats, rendered a verdict of " not guilty." The Court then adjourned until to-morrow morning. Superior Court. Before Judge Vanderpool. Oct. 17.? Cyrue Hamford (an infant by hit next friend) i?. JtdediaK W. Hunt.?Thif was an action of replevin to recover a quantity of dry and fancy goods which were located in a store 426 Grand street, it appeared that de fendant hired the store for plaintiff, who opened in the dry goods business and closed in a few days, whereupon defendant took possession of the goods in order to se cure the payment of the rent of the store which the de fendant had taken lor the plaintiff, who was the nephew, and became security for the rent. The jury rendered a verdict for plaintiff, 6 cents dama ges and 6 cents costs, assessing the value of the proper ty at $83 17. William IVhitlock, rs. Felix Collomh et al.?Action of assuirsit, to recover a bill of freight for cotton which was shipped from Mobile, on board the ship Splendid, in the month of April last, and was consigned to a house belonging to defendant in this city. It was set up in de fence that the cotton was damaged during the voyage, and that plaintiff, therefore, could not recover. The plaintiff rejoins that the damages were not sustained on board the ship Splendid, but previous to the cotton be ing placed on board, and during the time the cotton was being sent down the Mississippi river. Mstrlne Court. Before Judge Smith. Oct. 17.? Jae. Keating vt. C. Connolly?Action of tres pass to recover damages for alleged slander, uttered by defendant against plaintiff in accusing him of having sto len a key out of lus, defendant's stable. The plea of jus tification was set up in defence, which not being deemed satisfactory, the jury rendered a verdict for the plaintiff of $100. Circuit Court. Oct. 17.?McCarthy vi. Hodget?This tedious case, al ready frequently noticed, will conclude this forenoon. Court Calendar. Supaaioa Coi-ut?This D*v.?Nos. S3, 57 , 68, 16, 98, 11, 31, 60, 67, 80, 98, 7, 189, 72, 69, 96, 78, 88, 44, 17 , 27, 66, 107, 188,73,104, 68. Court for the Correction of Errors?Thurs day, Oct. 1H.?Present?Lt. Gov. Gardner and 24 Senators. Ordered?That the Court will take up no cause below number 11, until the 14th day of November next, unless in cases where the counsel of both parties consent. No. 7. P. A. Hargous plff. in error vs. E. Ab lon and al. Deft*. in error. Hegularly called and passed. No. 7J. M. Wolff and al. Pitts, in error vs. C. L. Koppell Deft, in error. Q. Wood was heard for Plff. in error. E. C. Benediet was heard for Deft, in error. The Factory Operatives.?The girls held a meeting on Mondav afternoon, at which the em ployers were expected, having been invited by a com mittee of girls, in consequence of their having declined attending on the Friday previous, when a similar meet ing had been called by K. C. Kleeson, which was not re cognized by the employers. To obviate such an objec tion, In this instance, the meeting was called, and written invitations to the employers, carried to them by girls lately in their employ. None, however, attended on Monday, and Mr. Fleeaon read to the meeting the correspondence between Craig, Kiddie and others, appointed a committee at the meeting on " the Island,'' and the employers, in which the latter pledged themselves :? 1st. To estaolish the ten hour system here, when adopted by the manufacturers in the east -, 2d. To exclude from their factories children under twelve years of age. Mr. Fleeson then advised the girls to go to work, but not to cease agitating the question, until the ten hour system was adopted. This was strongly opposed by the girls who reluot antly agreed to give up the strike, provided the employ ers would. 1st. Attend the adjourned meeting of the operatives on Tuesday, election day, at 3 o'clock, P. M. 2d. Renew the pledges made in their letter to the com mittee, and 3d. Discontinue all prosecutions against friends of the girls, growing out of the outbreak of Monday of last week. So, the conduct of the parties to-day will settle the question of a return to work, or an Indefinite continuance of the strike.? Pittiburg Journal, Oct. 14. or New Orleans.?No city wae ever blessed with more delightful weather than that which we are now enjoying. After the rains of last week it cleared off rapidly, and we now breathe a pure, invigorating atmosphere, cool and bracing enough for a northern autumn. The health of the city was never better; contagion could scarcely exist while the air is so pure, the temperature so agreeable, and the skies so clear. To our friends in the west and north we would say?Return, or you will loee the most exhiiirating part of the season. Strangers need'no longer apprehend dis ease in venturing into the city. It has been healthy all summer, and now it ia no more hazardous to visit New Orleans than Quebec. Business promises to oommence early and briskly, and all will rejoice to welcome hither their truant friends, and the induetrioue, enterprising stranger. N. O. Picayune, Oct. 7. COMPIJCTION OF A GREAT ENTERPRISE.?Th? Montreal Herald, of the 14th met. says :? On Saturday last, the remaining link in the new chein of navigation from the ocean to Lake Erie was opened, and a uteamboat passed through. It is known as the Beauharnois Canal, and by overcoming the repids from Coteau du Lac to the Cascades, unites Lake St. Francis above with Lake St. Louie below. The St. Lawrence navigation is now completely provided for, from Montre al to the Welland, excepting a portion of the Lachlne Canal, which we hope to eee finished by the end of an other season. The Welland Canal, also, on its enlarged scale, will be open to the public, we hope, next season. When both these are done, a chain of water communi cation for vessels of large burthen, will be secured from the Atlantic to the farthest shores of Lake Huron nnd Michigan. "Hales of Forfeited Lands '* }'' ?^P" wards of 33,000 acres of those lends will be offeradfor sale in Ritchie County on the 4th,end in Wood County on tha 17th of November next. Previous sales, iti is contributed to the settlement and improvement of this section ol the State; The Ismdon Timet estimates the capital pi seven ?'^tr.T?f '07 new companies, either date, at ?484,? king a total of .

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